CN101067101A - Prepn process of new-type fuel - Google Patents

Prepn process of new-type fuel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101067101A
CN101067101A CN 200710072000 CN200710072000A CN101067101A CN 101067101 A CN101067101 A CN 101067101A CN 200710072000 CN200710072000 CN 200710072000 CN 200710072000 A CN200710072000 A CN 200710072000A CN 101067101 A CN101067101 A CN 101067101A
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Prior art keywords
slime
garbage
straw
fuel
rice
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CN 200710072000
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王文杰
王飞龙
王胜
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王文杰
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste

Abstract

The present invention discloses preparation process of new type of fuel, and belongs to the field of fuel technology. Crop stalks, corn cob, ox and horse excrement, coal slime, domestic garbage and other organic waste in certain weight proportion are crushed, mixed and shaped into ball or block as the new type of fuel. The present invention can improve countryside environment and save energy source.

Description

一种新型燃料的制备方法 A novel method of preparing a fuel

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种新型燃料的制备方法,具体地说是利用各种农作物的秸杆和废弃物,将其制作成一种新型燃料的方法,属燃料技术领域。 The present invention relates to a novel method of preparing a fuel, particularly the use of various crops and straw waste, be made into a novel method for the fuel, fuel technical field belongs.

背景技术 Background technique

目前,市场上流通的燃料种类多种多样,尤其广大的农村多用农作物的秸杆和毛材做为燃料,所以形成了农村的大批柴草堆积如山,这些柴草垛给农村的防火带来极大的隐患,如遇着火很难防救,有火烧连营一烧半个村庄被火吞噬的危险,也很不卫生洁净,给建设文明村庄和小康生活水平,带来诸多麻烦和不利,很不尽人意。 Currently, the flow of fuel type on the market varied, especially in the vast rural multi-purpose crop straw and wool material as fuel, so the formation of large piles of firewood in rural areas, these rural fire firewood haystack to bring great risks, such as fire Crackdown difficult Prevention and Relief, there is a burn hazard Huoshaolianying fire engulfed half the village was also very clean and hygienic, to build a well-off standard of living and civilized village, bring a lot of trouble and negative, it is not the of man.

发明内容 SUMMARY

为了克服上述不足,消灭农村大柴火垛,有利建设新农村,本发明提供一种新型燃料,将农作物和农业的一些废弃物及牲畜粪便进行充分粉碎添加部分粘合剂和助燃剂煤泥等物,将其进行充分搅拌,然后用手工或者机械制成燃料球或块,作为燃料进行燃烧,称为新型燃料或生物煤。 To overcome these shortcomings, the eradication of rural big pile of firewood, favorable building a new countryside, the present invention provides a new type of fuel, some of the waste and animal waste and agricultural crops were thoroughly pulverized and added accelerant part adhesive slime and other matter , which was sufficiently stirred, and then fuel pellets or monoliths made manually or mechanically, as a combustion fuel, coal or biological fuel is called novel.

本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:物料配方配比有四种:1、农作物秸杆40-70%、玉米芯8-12%、牛马粪便8-12%、煤泥12-18%、生活垃圾3-7%。 The present invention solves the technical problem using the technical solution is: Material Formulation ratio of four: 1, 40-70% crop straw, corn cob 8-12%, 8-12% cattle manure, slime 12-18 %, garbage 3-7%.

2、亚麻残渣70-90%、煤泥12-17%、生活垃圾3-7%。 2, flax residue 70-90%, 12-17%, slime, garbage 3-7%.

3、稻草40-70%、稻壳25-50%、煤泥8-14%、生活垃圾3-7%。 3, 40-70% straw, rice husk 25-50%, 8-14%, slime, garbage 3-7%.

4、锯沫木屑70-90%、煤泥12-18%、生活垃圾3-8%。 4, sawdust wood chips 70-90%, 12-18%, slime, garbage 3-8%.

上述四种配方配比的制作和生产工艺是:首先将较长的农作物,秸杆、亚麻残渣、稻草、锯沫木屑、牛马粪便、生活垃圾进行充分粉碎,再加入粘合剂煤泥等物进行充分搅拌均匀,使其成为泥状,然后进行整型,用手工或机械设备做成球状、块状或中间带孔的各种型体,经风干,烘干或自然干燥,收集燃烧、出售。 The ratio of production of the four formulations and production processes: first the longer crops, straw, flax residues, straw, sawdust sawdust, cattle feces, garbage fully crushed and then added to the adhesive slime and other matter stir thoroughly, making sludge, then an integer, a spherical body made of a variety of type, or intermediate bulk perforated by hand or mechanical equipment, air-dried, drying or natural drying, combustion collected, sold .

本发明的有意效果是:经科学配方配比将松软的农作物、秸杆、亚麻残渣、稻草、锯沫木屑、牛马粪及生活垃圾经粉碎和搅拌后经成型干燥变为硬质的燃烧物,它体积变小,存放方便,材源广泛,质地硬朗,耐烧耐炼,可用作燃烧取暖,发电等,经黑龙江省煤炭产品质量监督检验化验结果,该新型燃料可达到低热值为:18.81MJ/Kg。 Intentional effect of the present invention are: The ratio of soft scientific formula crops, straw, flax residues, straw, wood sawdust, cattle manure and garbage crushed dried and stirred after molding becomes hard combustion, it smaller size for convenient storage, extensive source material, texture, tough, fire-resistant anti-refining used as combustion heating, power generation, coal product quality supervision and inspection by the test results, Heilongjiang Province, the new fuel can reach as low calorific value: 18.81 MJ / Kg. 即4500大卡/克,它使用方便,有利环境卫生。 That is 4500 kcal / g, it is easy to use, enabling environment and health.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进一步说明图1生产工艺流程图。 1 to further illustrate the production process of the present invention FIG embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.

具体实施方式 detailed description

实施例1、在农村农场取农作物秸杆60T、玉米芯10T、牛马粪10T、生活垃圾5T,进行充分粉碎后,加入煤泥15T进行充分混合搅拌,加入适量水活成泥状,用手工或者机械设备制成球、块或型煤体,然后烘干,入库。 After Example 1, taken 60T crop straw, corn cobs 10T, cattle manure 10T, 5T garbage in rural farm, sufficiently pulverized, added slime 15T sufficiently mixed and stirred, water was added q.s. live mashed by hand or equipment made ball, block or briquette material, and then drying, storage.

实施例2、在城市工厂取亚麻残渣80T、生活垃圾5T进行充分粉碎后加入煤泥15T进行充分混合搅拌加入适量水活成泥状,用手工或机械设备制成球、块或型煤体,然后烘干、入库。 Example 2, the residue was taken after 80T flax plant in urban, domestic waste 5T 15T sufficiently pulverized coal slurry was added sufficient mixing an appropriate amount of water was added with stirring into a pulpy live, made balls, blocks or coal by hand or machinery thereof, then drying, storage.

实施例3、在产稻区取稻草55T,生活垃圾5T、稻壳30T用粉碎机将其粉碎后加入煤泥10T,用实施例1,2的方法进行加工生产烘干,入库。 Example 3, taken in the production of rice straw 55T, garbage 5T, 30T husk using a mill slime pulverized after adding 10T, the dry processing and production methods of Examples 1 and 2, storage.

实施例4、在林区或木材加工区取锯沫木屑80T、生活垃圾5T进行充分粉碎后,加入煤泥15T进行充分混合搅拌,用实施例1,2的生产工艺进行生产加工然后烘干,入库。 After Example 4, in the forest area or wood processing wood sawdust taken 80T, 5T sufficiently pulverized garbage, slime added 15T sufficiently mixed and stirred, with the production process in Example 1, the production process of the embodiment and then dried, storage.

Claims (1)

  1. 1.一种新型燃料的制备方法,包括该产品的生产原辅材料的配方配比和制备方法,其特征是:原辅材料的配方配比农作物秸杆40-70%、玉米芯8-12%、牛马粪便8-12%、煤泥12-18%、生活垃圾3-7%;亚麻残渣70-90%、煤泥12-17%、生活垃圾3-7%;稻草40-70%、稻壳25-50%、煤泥8-14%、生活垃圾3-7%;锯沫木屑70-90%、煤泥12-18%、生活垃圾3-8%;制备方法是将较长的农作物,秸杆、亚麻残渣、稻草、稻壳、锯沫木屑、牛马粪便、生活垃圾进行充分粉碎,再加入粘合剂煤泥等物进行充分搅拌均匀,使其成为泥状,然后进行整型,用手工或机械设备做成球状、块状或中间带孔的各种型体,经风干,烘干或自然干燥,收集燃烧、出售。 A method for producing a new fuel comprising the formulation proportion and preparation method for the production of raw materials for the product, characterized in that: the formulation ratio of raw materials 40-70% crop straw, corn cob 8-12 %, cattle manure 8-12%, 12-18%, slime, garbage 3-7%; flax residue 70-90%, 12-17%, slime, garbage 3-7%; 40-70% straw, rice husk 25-50%, 8-14% slime, garbage 3-7%; 70-90% wood sawdust, slime 12-18%, 3-8% garbage; preparation method is a long crops, straw, flax residues, rice straw, rice hulls, wood sawdust, cattle manure, domestic waste sufficiently pulverized, slime and other adhesive added was fully stirred to become muddy, then integer , made of spherical, massive or perforated intermediate device manually or mechanically various type body, air-dried, drying or natural drying, combustion collect sale.
CN 200710072000 2007-04-02 2007-04-02 Prepn process of new-type fuel CN101067101A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100487091C (en) 2008-04-22 2009-05-13 刘明全 Herbivore dejecta fuel and method for manufacturing same
CN101812347A (en) * 2010-04-30 2010-08-25 张景文 Cow dung compound granule fuel and processing method
CN101824351A (en) * 2010-05-14 2010-09-08 哈尔滨圣炎科技发展有限公司 Biomass energy-saving clean solid fuel and processing method thereof
CN101880565A (en) * 2010-07-26 2010-11-10 宁夏嘉进盛环保节能科技有限公司 Biomass solid fuel and production method thereof
CN101955830A (en) * 2010-09-16 2011-01-26 王德明 Biomass particle fuel
CN102002409A (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-04-06 付振和 Method for preparing solid fuel with animal excrement as main raw material
CN102444435A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-05-09 刘明全 Method for generating electricity using cow dung as fuel
CN102618345A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-01 罗泽云 Biofuel, production method and production device thereof
CN102719293A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-10-10 张雄杰 Method using gastric contents and waste adipose tissues of cattle and sheep to prepare biomass pellet fuel
CN102746914A (en) * 2012-07-25 2012-10-24 黑龙江省辰光能源科技有限公司 Biomass carbon powder, coal slime and cow dung briquette
CN102899114A (en) * 2011-07-28 2013-01-30 李昌燮 Method for manufacturing fuel by using foodstuffs garbage and animal sewage
CN102952602A (en) * 2011-08-19 2013-03-06 遵义市奇坤秸秆能源开发有限公司 Processing method of biomass (waste) fuel product
CN103468342A (en) * 2012-06-06 2013-12-25 安徽阜阳永志环能工程有限公司 Straw biomass energy source block
CN104498125A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-08 柳州东侯生物能源科技有限公司 Method for preparing weedtree biomass energy fuel
CN104877726A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-02 刘恩泽 Post-coal-era renewable energy resource newly-produced coal and producing method

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100487091C (en) 2008-04-22 2009-05-13 刘明全 Herbivore dejecta fuel and method for manufacturing same
CN101812347A (en) * 2010-04-30 2010-08-25 张景文 Cow dung compound granule fuel and processing method
CN101824351A (en) * 2010-05-14 2010-09-08 哈尔滨圣炎科技发展有限公司 Biomass energy-saving clean solid fuel and processing method thereof
CN101824351B (en) 2010-05-14 2013-08-21 哈尔滨圣炎科技发展有限公司 Biomass energy-saving clean solid fuel and processing method thereof
CN101880565A (en) * 2010-07-26 2010-11-10 宁夏嘉进盛环保节能科技有限公司 Biomass solid fuel and production method thereof
CN101955830A (en) * 2010-09-16 2011-01-26 王德明 Biomass particle fuel
CN102002409A (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-04-06 付振和 Method for preparing solid fuel with animal excrement as main raw material
CN102899114B (en) 2011-07-28 2014-08-13 李昌燮 Method for manufacturing fuel by using foodstuffs garbage and animal sewage
CN102899114A (en) * 2011-07-28 2013-01-30 李昌燮 Method for manufacturing fuel by using foodstuffs garbage and animal sewage
CN102952602A (en) * 2011-08-19 2013-03-06 遵义市奇坤秸秆能源开发有限公司 Processing method of biomass (waste) fuel product
CN102444435A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-05-09 刘明全 Method for generating electricity using cow dung as fuel
CN102618345A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-01 罗泽云 Biofuel, production method and production device thereof
CN102618345B (en) 2012-04-18 2014-05-14 罗泽云 Biofuel, production method and production device thereof
CN103468342A (en) * 2012-06-06 2013-12-25 安徽阜阳永志环能工程有限公司 Straw biomass energy source block
CN102719293A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-10-10 张雄杰 Method using gastric contents and waste adipose tissues of cattle and sheep to prepare biomass pellet fuel
CN102746914A (en) * 2012-07-25 2012-10-24 黑龙江省辰光能源科技有限公司 Biomass carbon powder, coal slime and cow dung briquette
CN104498125A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-08 柳州东侯生物能源科技有限公司 Method for preparing weedtree biomass energy fuel
CN104877726A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-02 刘恩泽 Post-coal-era renewable energy resource newly-produced coal and producing method

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