CN101058320A - Transmission and control system for wheel-pedrail machinery and walking mechanism, wheel and pedrail walking mechanism, supporting device and engineering machinery - Google Patents

Transmission and control system for wheel-pedrail machinery and walking mechanism, wheel and pedrail walking mechanism, supporting device and engineering machinery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101058320A
CN101058320A CN 200710108508 CN200710108508A CN101058320A CN 101058320 A CN101058320 A CN 101058320A CN 200710108508 CN200710108508 CN 200710108508 CN 200710108508 A CN200710108508 A CN 200710108508A CN 101058320 A CN101058320 A CN 101058320A
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CN
China
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wheel
control
mentioned
support
main
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CN 200710108508
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚实现
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姚实现
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Priority to CN 200710108508 priority Critical patent/CN101058320A/en
Publication of CN101058320A publication Critical patent/CN101058320A/en

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Abstract

The crawler wheel traveler comprises the crawler wheel vehicle, crawler wheel engineering mechanic, with its traveler structure and or crawler wheel being able to connect with support part and the main body with bigger freedom of movement. A crawler wheel structure has hydraulic suspension device, drive device, using axle of various lengths or having displacement device. The crawler wheel traveler and support device has big freedom support being able to act as the traveling leg. Its drive and control system comprises the a wheel comprises the wheel traveling drive system and crawler traveling drive system or crawler support device drive system, with the drive system under synchronic control system between drive systems, synchronic control system between traveling steering system, crawler traveling steering system or crawler support device system steering, crawler mechanical, engineering mechanical control uses non contact control.

Description

Wheel-pedrail machinery and traveling gear, wheel and creeper undercarriage, bracing or strutting arrangement and and transmission, the control system of construction machinery and equipment thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to comprise that embodiment correspondingly relates to a kind of walking machine, traveling gear, bracing or strutting arrangement, gets off and transmission, control system, and construction machinery and equipment transmission, control system.

Background technology

At present, known technology is corresponding to come with some shortcomings, comprise: wheel is fulfiled away mechanism and comprised that the wheel of wheel-pedrail machinery fulfils away mechanism: creeper undercarriage only can up-and-down movement, support, walking between the front and back wheel of wheel traveling gear, can not move and comprise sidesway, swing, swing up and down, rotate and turn to, have can not independent support, walking, the wheel traveling gear has only by general truck mounted and hangs the form of captiveing joint with main body; This take turns fulfil away mechanism do not have the walking synchronous control system, turn to synchronous control system.Adopt the wheel traveling gear of hydraulic pressure, liquid gas, oil gas or air suspension system not have driving and turn to controllable function.Creeper undercarriage does not have rotating part, can not be used for bracing or strutting arrangement such as supporting leg.Bracing or strutting arrangement such as supporting leg adopt the fixed type supporting way that can not walk, perhaps for not with the wheel supporting way of driving.The crawler travel portion that crawler type is got off directly captives joint with the lower running body support frame usually.Two parts at least of construction machinery and equipment only adopt the contact control technology by pipe and/or line control as getting on the bus and getting off.

Therefore, the corresponding existence of above-mentioned known technology comprises as the deficiency that drives, rotates, turns to, activity, collection, support, walking, comformability, Applicable scope etc. are restricted: wheel is fulfiled away mechanism and is used and fail prolonged application for the moment.So far there is not wheel to carry out this kind of construction machinery and equipment.Wheel-pedrail machinery and wheel are fulfiled away mechanism: the creeper undercarriage function less as can not be used for bracing or strutting arrangement such as supporting leg, have can not independent support, the wheel traveling gear stiff comprise mobile, the action, walking, turn to and be difficult to synchronously, comformability, Applicable scope etc. is restricted.Two parts at least of construction machinery and equipment adopt the contact control technology, are unfavorable for this transmission and/or control way and complete machine or its partial function expansion of two parts as getting on the bus and getting off at least.Adopt the wheel traveling gear of hydraulic lift hitch can only servo-actuated, can not drive.When the fixed type supporting leg is used, be furnished with the existing machinery of this supporting leg such as wheel crane, excavating machine, Article grabbing machine, backhoe loader etc. and when holding state, can not move and comprise walking, work.

Summary of the invention

In order to overcome corresponding the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides that a kind of wheel-pedrail machinery, wheel are fulfiled away mechanism, wheel traveling gear, creeper undercarriage, bracing or strutting arrangement, crawler type is got off and and transmission, the control system of construction machinery and equipment, it can correspondingly overcome above-mentioned deficiency and have corresponding beneficial effect.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:

1. a wheel is fulfiled away mechanism, comprising: main body, take turns four fulcrums and/or twin axle wheel traveling gear, and two fulcrum types and/or a pair of or two creeper undercarriages is characterized in that:

A. described creeper undercarriage be furnished with can make at least its crawler travel portion comprise its part outside between the described wheel of taking turns traveling gear or between the wheel and the support portion of external movement, above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this support portion at least;

Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part is furnished with arm-type support portion, above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this arm-type support portion at least;

Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part is furnished with: but can swing, collapsible lifting, scalable, can turn to or the rotary type support portion, have swing part, folding part, lifting portion, pars contractilis, turning part or rotating part formula support portion, arm-type, T shape, U-shaped or frame type support portion, perhaps, hybridly comprise above-mentioned two or more hybrid support portion, above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this support portion at least;

Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part and main body bonded assembly hinge are to have vertical hinge or vertical peaceful hinge to hinge, perhaps, described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part is by having vertical hinge or vertical peace is connected with main body to the hinge of hinge, this creeper undercarriage comprises the form that has the support portion, and this support portion has the appropriate section of hinge usually;

Described creeper undercarriage comprise that its part is furnished with or with described take turns traveling gear comprise its part be furnished with comprise shared be furnished with the trigonometric expression that has mobile device and/or have at least at 3 be connected and/or supported at three point formula support portion above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this support portion at least;

Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part captives joint with main body by subframe, strut member, fixed support portion or movable support portion at least;

Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part is furnished with: comprise its part collection at this creeper undercarriage, launch or collection and deployed condition under can support the support portion that it comprises that its part supports at least, walks or turns to;

Described creeper undercarriage is furnished with at least to adjust its distance and comprises mobile device and/or be connected with main body by this device at least;

Perhaps, have above-mentioned one or more structures, and the described traveling gear of taking turns has following b structure and is included as the described traveling gear of taking turns of b;

B. the described traveling gear of taking turns comprises that its part passes through at least: but can swing, collapsible lifting, can turn to or the rotary type support portion, have swing part, folding part, lifting portion, turning part, rotating part, arm-type or hydraulic suspension formula support portion, perhaps, hybridly comprise that above-mentioned two or more hybrid support portion is connected with described main body, this is taken turns traveling gear and comprises: the form of being furnished with drive division and/or turning part;

The described traveling gear of taking turns comprises that its part comprises that by having bracing or strutting arrangement the support portion that has supporting leg is connected with described main body, and this is taken turns traveling gear and comprises: the form of being furnished with drive division and/or turning part;

The described wheel taken turns two fulcrums and/or shaft type wheel traveling gear at least and is furnished with at least to adjust its distance and comprises mobile device and/or be connected with main body by this device at least in the traveling gear;

It is described that to take turns traveling gear be single shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axis structure, and/or, be less than or more than wheel four fulcrum type structures;

Perhaps, have above-mentioned one or more structures, and described creeper undercarriage has above-mentioned a structure and is included as the described creeper undercarriage of a, at this moment, this is taken turns traveling gear and comprises and can adopt: single shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axis structure, and/or, be less than or more than wheel four fulcrum type structures;

C. the described traveling gear of taking turns is used instead or is adopted: take turns three fulcrums and comprise single shaft, twin shaft or do not distinguish shaft type and take turns three fulcrums, take turns above many fulcrums of four fulcrums and/or single shaft, twin shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axle, take turns trapezoidal four fulcrums or many fulcrums and/or single shaft, twin shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axle, perhaps, wheel many fulcrums of rhombus and/or single shaft, twin shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axis structure has at least two fulcrum types of above-mentioned a structure and/or a pair of or two described creeper undercarriages and comprises that its part is positioned at or lays respectively at monocycly at least this structure and/or this wheel traveling gear, wheelspan is little, the wheel traveling gear that bridge length is little or shaft length is little comprises that the sidepiece of its part comprises both sides;

D. described creeper undercarriage is to have three fulcrum types of above-mentioned a structure and/or three, perhaps at least four fulcrum types and/or at least two pairs or four creeper undercarriages, it usually in the same way, oppositely or mix to and being connected at a distance of certain distance with main body, wherein, a fulcrum type and/or a creeper undercarriage are vertical usually in three fulcrum types and/or three creeper undercarriages roughly is connected when seeing between two parties with outside body end or the end, this moment, described principal length can corresponding adjustment comprise lengthening, the described traveling gear of taking turns adopts the wheel traveling gear of above-mentioned b to comprise its structure when perhaps, having this structure;

E. described creeper undercarriage have above-mentioned a structure be included as the described creeper undercarriage of a comprise with body end and/or end outside be connected, at least one traveling gear, of taking turns is taken turns running part, and is taken turns support portion or and take turns and the support portion in the described wheel type traveling mechanism, at least be connected with described main body by mobile device, at this moment, this is taken turns traveling gear and comprises: be less than or more than wheel four fulcrums and/or single shaft, twin shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish the form of axle;

Perhaps, described creeper undercarriage comprise its part with described take turns traveling gear comprise its part be furnished with comprise shared be furnished with the trigonometric expression that has mobile device and/or have at least at 3 be connected and/or supported at three point formula support portion above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this support portion at least;

F. described creeper undercarriage has above-mentioned a structure and is included as the described creeper undercarriage of a, and adopt: but forward is connected with main body and reverse operation and/or inoperative structure, but forward is connected with main body and forward work and/or inoperative structure, but oppositely be connected and forward work and/or inoperative structure with main body, perhaps, but oppositely be connected and reverse operation and/or inoperative structure with main body, above-mentioned work, inoperative includes and launches and/or collection, perhaps, has above-mentioned a kind of structure and the described traveling gear of taking turns has above-mentioned b structure and is included as the described traveling gear of taking turns of b;

G. the described traveling gear of taking turns is connected with the main body movable and comprises the wheel traveling gear that can adopt above-mentioned b and the movable type of attachment of main body, described creeper undercarriage is connected with the main body fixed type or rotary type connects, this moment, this creeper undercarriage comprised: be less than or more than two fulcrums and/or a pair of or twos' form, this creeper undercarriage is connected with the main body fixed type and/or the rotary type connection accordingly;

H. or, have above-mentioned a kind of structure at least, and described creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise its part:

One, comprises hinge with main body bonded assembly position, when side is seen, comprise that the top, bottom, inside, outside, end, front portion, front middle part, middle part, postmedian, rear portion, left part, right part or the mixing portion that are positioned at main body at least comprise above-mentioned two or more mixing portion;

Two, comprise hinge with main body bonded assembly position, during vertical seeing, comprise that the top, bottom, inside, outside, middle part, sidepiece, the sidepiece that are arranged in main body at least comprise that both sides or mixing portion comprise above-mentioned two or more mixing portion;

Comprise when three, work, inoperative, expansion or collection through and/or be positioned at: the described top that comprises the part wheel of taking turns the wheel of traveling gear, front portion, rear portion, between, sidepiece, outside, inside or mixing portion comprise above-mentioned two or more mixing portion, the end of described main body, front portion, front middle part, middle part, postmedian, rear portion, left part, right part, top, bottom, outside, sidepiece or mixing portion comprise above-mentioned two or more mixing portion; This process, be positioned at respectively and comprise: symmetrical, asymmetric, in the same way, reverse, oblique or hybridly comprise above-mentioned two or more hybrid process and/or be positioned at;

Four, comprise hinge with main body bonded assembly position, comprise being higher than main body, being lower than main body or identical with body height;

Five or, adopt above-mentioned two or more structure;

The above: at least, comprise equal or more than; Connect, comprise that movable connects; Creeper undercarriage comprise also be, hold concurrently for or as the crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement; The support portion of creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement, wheel traveling gear includes: have lifting unit, turning part, angle portion, wheel or crawler travel portion strut member or above-mentioned two or more structural form.

2. a wheel is fulfiled away mechanism, has the structure of claim 1, and its feature also comprises:

A. described main body is for having the main body of rotating part and/or equipment at least, and this rotating part can be used for comprising being provided with at least gets on the bus and/or equipment;

B. described creeper undercarriage is supporting leg type creeper undercarriage or crawler type supporting leg;

C. described creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise that crawler travel portion is furnished with the turning part, this turning part comprise be furnished with gear mechanism, hydraulic efficiency gear, pneumatic shuttle, electric device or above-mentioned two or more comprise and mixing or compound type mechanism and/or device;

D. describedly take turns traveling gear, creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement or wherein two or more is furnished with cannula portion, comprise and being furnished with: the telescopic jacking system of sleeve pipe comprise have the turning part, tumbler or can connect the telescopic jacking system of sleeve pipe of turning part or tumbler, perhaps, the structure that has this structure and above-mentioned c;

E. described the wheel fulfiled away mechanism and had pedal position, comprise: described creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise the double pedal position of doing of its part, and described creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise on its part and/or object nearby is provided with pedal position; Pedal position comprises ladder, step, ladder, staircase, be used for pin steps on portion, is used for the people top and the bottom;

F. described the wheel fulfiled away mechanism and at least also is furnished with the thing of pushing away device and/or supporting leg;

G. or, adopt above-mentioned two or more structure.

3. a wheel is fulfiled away mechanism, has the structure of claim 1 or 2, and its feature also comprises:

A. described the wheel fulfils away that mechanism is furnished with or part is furnished with driving system, speed control system or transmission with speed control system comprises described this system of claim 4, but complete or this system partly can or need described take turns to fulfil away embodied when mechanism places complete machine, main frame or chassis;

B. described the wheel fulfils away that mechanism is furnished with or part is furnished with steering swivel system and comprises the described synchronous control system that turns to of claim 5, but this system complete or part can or need described take turns to fulfil away embodied when mechanism places complete machine, main frame or chassis;

C. the described movable wheel traveling gear and/or the movable creeper undercarriage of fulfiling away mechanism of taking turns is furnished with flexible transmission and/or control part, this flexibility transmission and/or control part comprise transmission and/or control flexible pipe, flexible cord that this control comprises travel controls, work control, turns to control;

D. or, adopt above-mentioned two or more structure.

4. a traveling gear driving system, speed control system, transmission and speed control system comprise: wheel traveling gear driving system, and/or the creeper undercarriage driving system is characterized in that:

A. the described traveling gear driving system of taking turns is connected with the creeper undercarriage driving system or with crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement driving system, comprise: be in transmission connection, at least comprise by power part and/or the connection of corresponding driving section being in transmission connection, constitute described driving system;

B. the described traveling gear driving system of taking turns is connected with wheeled or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement driving system with wheeled or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement driving system or described creeper undercarriage driving system, comprise: be in transmission connection, at least comprise by power part and/or the connection of corresponding driving section being in transmission connection, constitute described driving system;

C. or, structure and its two kinds of driving system control linkages of comprising above-mentioned a or b, comprise: by control part connection, contact control linkage, contactless control linkage, contact and the hybrid control linkage of noncontact, being provided with control system between this two driving system comprises wired and/or the wireless type control system, constitute described speed control system and/or transmission and speed control system, above-mentioned control comprises the synchronous and/or speed synchronization control of transmission, and above-mentioned transmission and speed comprise that respectively transmission is synchronous, speed synchronization.

A traveling gear turn to synchronous control system, comprising: wheel traveling gear steering swivel system, the creeper undercarriage steering swivel system is characterized in that:

Described take turns traveling gear steering swivel system and creeper undercarriage steering swivel system or and wheeled or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement steering swivel system be furnished with the synchronous control system of turning to and be included in to be provided with between these two kinds of steering swivel systems and turn to synchronous control system, or these two kinds of steering swivel system control linkages comprise: by control part connection, contact control linkage, contactless control linkage, contact and the hybrid control linkage of noncontact, be provided with control system and comprise wired and/or the wireless type control system between these two kinds of steering swivel systems, above-mentioned control comprises and turns to synchro control.

6. wheel traveling gear, corresponding comprise wheel, suspension part, axletree, vehicle bridge or wherein two or more, it is characterized in that:

A. described suspension part is a hydraulic lift hitch, and described the wheel have drive division and comprise that axletree and/or vehicle bridge are provided with drive division, and when this hydraulic lift hitch was furnished with rotating part, this takes turns the transmission of traveling gear and/or control part can be through in this rotating part and/or outer;

B. described axletree is at least two axletrees, and wherein the length of at least one axletree is less than the length of some other axletrees, and an above-mentioned axletree can be made of axletree more than a section or a section, and above-mentioned axletree is axletree and/or vehicle bridge;

C. described axletree is at least two axletrees, and wherein at least one axletree wheel traveling gear or its part have moving part, and an above-mentioned axletree can be made of axletree more than a section or a section, and above-mentioned axletree is axletree and/or vehicle bridge;

D. describedly take turns employing and take turns four fulcrums at least and support the walking structure, wherein at least one wheelspan is less than some other wheelspans, and this takes turns four fulcrums at least, and to support fulcrum in the walking structure can be to take turns or one take turns above the wheel and comprise folded wheel;

E. or, the described traveling gear of taking turns adopts described the wheel to be at least wheel four fulcrums support walking structure, wherein take turns two fulcrums at least and support walking wheel traveling gear and comprise that its part has moving part, it can be to take turns or one take turns above the wheel and comprise folded wheel that this at least four fulcrum supports a fulcrum in walking structure.

7. a creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement, crawler type are got off, and comprise crawler travel portion, it is characterized in that:

A. described crawler travel portion adopts: can be oppositely or the movable that can be used for its reverse collection, work or inoperative comprise the oscillating type support portion, liftable oscillating type, swing telescopic, elevating and telescopic type, flat or have turning gear formula support portion tiltedly telescopic, collapsible or rotary comprising, perhaps, adopt frame, T shape, U-shaped, telescopic boom or emanant comprising to fix and/or movable emanant support portion;

The described crawler travel portion of b. described crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement is furnished with fixed type and/or movable support portion;

C. adopt above-mentioned a kind of structure at least, and described crawler travel portion is provided with the turning part, and this turning part comprises can be provided with gear mechanism, hydraulic efficiency gear, pneumatic shuttle, electric device or wherein two or more comprises and mixing or compound type mechanism and/or device; And/or, can be furnished with cannula portion, comprise and being furnished with: the telescopic jacking system of sleeve pipe comprise have the turning part, tumbler or can connect the telescopic jacking system of sleeve pipe of turning part or tumbler,

D. or, two or more described crawler travel portions by the support portion comprise respectively by the support portion, together by support portion, part together by the support portion, comprise that fixed type and/or movable support portion are connected with main body and/or comprise that its part is connected and/or comprise that with the turning gear supporter corresponding bearing or support are connected that this connection comprises with turning gear by the support portion with part is together hybrid respectively: emanant comprise fix and/or movable emanant, in the same way, oppositely or mixing to the layout connection mode.

8. a wheel-pedrail machinery, construction machinery and equipment transmission and/or control system, comprise: relate to two-part at least transmission and/or control system, this at least two parts comprise: get on the bus and get off, equipment and main frame, device and main frame, it is characterized in that: described transmission and/or control system have: contactless control part, contact and the hybrid control part of noncontact, contact transmission and contactless control part, perhaps, the hybrid control part of contact transmission, contact and noncontact;

Perhaps, has above-mentioned a kind of structure, and be provided with control setup on getting off comprising on described two-part at least at least a portion, this control setup comprises: the control setup of described transmission and/or control system, relevant with transmission and/or control system at least control setup, be used for the control setup of transmission and/or control at least, above-mentioned control setup comprises control cock and/or controller.

9. one kind comprises the wheel-pedrail machinery of taking turns shoe vehicle, wheel shoe construction machinery and equipment, and comprising: traveling gear is characterized in that:

A. described traveling gear is that claim 1,2 or 3 described wheels are fulfiled away mechanism, and the main body that the main body of described wheel-pedrail machinery and wheel are fulfiled away mechanism can be same main body or shared main body;

B. has above-mentioned a structure, and have driving system, speed control system or transmission and speed control system and comprise the synchronous and/or speed synchronous control system of transmission, comprise described this system of claim 4, at this moment, above-mentioned each system and the described homogeneous system of claim 3 can be same systems;

C. have above-mentioned a, b or a and b structure, and have steering swivel system and comprise and turn to synchronous control system that comprise described this system of claim 5, at this moment, the described homogeneous system of this steering swivel system and claim 3 can be a same system;

D. two parts at least of described wheel-pedrail machinery have: contact, contactless, or contact and the hybrid control part of noncontact, contact transmission and contact control part, contact transmission and contactless control part, the contact transmission with contact and the hybrid control part of noncontact, perhaps, has above-mentioned a kind of structure, and be provided with control setup on getting off comprising on described two-part at least at least a portion, this control setup comprises: the control setup of described transmission and/or control system, at least relevant with transmission and/or control system control setup, at least the control setup that is used for transmission and/or control, above-mentioned control setup comprises control cock and/or controller, this at least two parts comprise: get on the bus and get off, equipment and main frame, device and main frame;

E. the creeper undercarriage of described wheel-pedrail machinery and/or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise comprising of its componental movement and/or non-motion: work, inoperative, expansion or collection, swing, flexible, lifting, rotation or above-mentioned two or more mix the path of action and/or scope through and/or have: the top that comprises its part of described wheel-pedrail machinery, bottom, end, front portion, middle part, rear portion, between, sidepiece, outside, lining portion or mixing portion;

F. get on the bus to be furnished with and to make this mobile mobile device and/or be furnished with the packaged type counterweight of getting on the bus;

G. or, adopt above-mentioned two or more structure.

10. one kind comprises the wheel-pedrail machinery of taking turns shoe vehicle, wheel shoe construction machinery and equipment, the structure with claim 9, and its feature also comprises: the equipment of described wheel-pedrail machinery setting is at least:

A. simple function equipment, and/or the multi-functional two function operation devices that comprise;

B. one, two or more equipment;

C. or, have the structure of above-mentioned a and b.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, compare with corresponding prior art that the beneficial effect that is had is corresponding to be comprised: the movable scope of wheel traveling gear, creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprises that work, inoperative scope obtain enlarging, function increases.The wheel traveling gear is movable to comprise action.

Creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement: but independent support, walking removablely comprise sidesway, swing, swing up and down, rotatable turning to as land locomotion; Deployable, collection help using and include complete machine stability and the compact conformation that is beneficial to it and uses it; All can support, walk when expansion and collecting state.Can have concurrently mutually, function increases,, can walk as supporting leg as creeper undercarriage as supporting leg; The ground contact area of the strong point is big, the strong point with strong point distance big and/or distance can do certain adjustment, so the performances such as comprising stability that supports, walks further improves.The wheel traveling gear that has is like this too.Creeper undercarriage that crawler type is got off and/or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise that its part is movable.

Creeper undercarriage is rotatable to comprise rotatable turning to.Wheel is fulfiled away mechanism and is provided with corresponding driving system, helps operation, walking, shared and singly use power.Wheel is fulfiled away mechanism and is furnished with control system such as speed control system, steering control system, helps speed synchronization, turns to synchronously and operation, travel controls.Adopt the wheel traveling gear of hydraulic lift hitch to have driving, turn to function.The wheel that comprises construction machinery and equipment, wheel-pedrail machinery is carried out two parts at least that vehicle, wheel carry out construction machinery and equipment and can be adopted noncontact or contact and the hybrid control technology of noncontact such as remote control, remote control add control technologys such as wired with getting off as getting on the bus, help transmission and/or control way and at least the complete machine function expansion as the control of getting off being comprised the control of the equipment that increases getting off.Also have, can increase wheel newly and carry out this kind of construction machinery and equipment, so can further enrich existing construction machinery and equipment and satisfy social needs.

Therefore, adaptive capacity of the present invention strengthens, and Applicable scope obtains enlarging, better working stability etc., suitable practical application.Comprise: wheel-pedrail machinery of the present invention, be furnished with the present invention wheel and fulfil away the machinery of mechanism such as car, hoisting crane, excavating machine, Article grabbing machine, backhoe loader etc., and be furnished with the machinery of crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement of the present invention such as supporting leg and/or creeper undercarriage such as wheel car, hoisting crane, excavating machine, Article grabbing machine, backhoe loader etc., both can on highway, travel with fast speed, can comprise walking on the scope of operation, work again in relatively poor road conditions, this corresponding comprising: utilize this crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement such as supporting leg, when utilizing this creeper undercarriage to support, be with walking, the work of carrying.In addition, the specific embodiment also has the beneficial effect explanation.

Description of drawings

The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

Fig. 1 and part thereof are respectively wheel-pedrail machinery of the present invention, take turns the organigram of fulfiling away mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 1st embodiment etc.

Fig. 2 and local be respectively Fig. 1 wheel to fulfil away mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement also be the schematic top plan view of embodiment etc. of getting off.

Fig. 3 and part thereof are respectively wheel-pedrail machinery of the present invention, take turns the organigram of fulfiling away mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 2nd embodiment etc.

Fig. 4 and local be respectively Fig. 3 wheel to fulfil away mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement also be the schematic top plan view of embodiment etc. of getting off.

Fig. 5 fulfils away the organigram of mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 3rd embodiment etc. for the present invention's wheel.

Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 fulfils away the organigram of mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 4th embodiment, wheel traveling gear embodiment etc. for the present invention's wheel.

Fig. 8 is wheel-pedrail machinery the 3rd embodiment of the present invention, and wheel is fulfiled away the organigram that mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 5th embodiment and wheel are carried out chassis embodiment, wheel traveling gear embodiment etc.

Fig. 9 is that schematic top plan view and Fig. 8 of Fig. 7 gets off, takes turns the schematic top plan view of fulfiling away mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement etc.

Figure 10,21 fulfils away the organigram of mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 6th embodiment, wheel traveling gear embodiment etc. for the present invention wheel.

Figure 11 fulfils away the organigram of mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 7th embodiment, wheel traveling gear embodiment etc. for the present invention's wheel.

Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of Figure 11.

Figure 13 and part thereof are respectively wheel-pedrail machinery the 4th embodiment of the present invention and take turns the organigram of fulfiling away mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 8th embodiment, wheel traveling gear embodiment etc.

Figure 14 be Fig. 1,2 and Fig. 5,6 partial cross section look scheme drawing.

Figure 15 and local be respectively that Figure 13 wheel is fulfiled away mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement, got off, the schematic top plan view of the embodiment of lower running portion etc.

Figure 16 is Fig. 7,9 Fig. 8,9, Figure 13,15 local structure scheme drawings.

Figure 17 is Figure 18 local structure scheme drawing.

Figure 18 fulfils away the organigram of mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 9th embodiment, wheel traveling gear embodiment etc. for wheel-pedrail machinery the 5th embodiment of the present invention and wheel.

Figure 19 fulfils away the organigram of mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 10th embodiment and the embodiment that gets off etc. for the present invention's wheel.

Figure 20 fulfils away the organigram of mechanism, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement the 11st embodiment and the embodiment that gets off etc. for wheel-pedrail machinery the 6th embodiment of the present invention and wheel.

Figure 21 is the local vertical section scheme drawing of the present invention.

Figure 22 is the local vertical section scheme drawing of the present invention.

Figure 23 is the local schematic top plan view of Figure 20.

Figure 24 get on the bus and get off for the present invention transmission and/or control comprises remote control principle of work and diagram of circuit.

Figure 25 for the present invention wheel fulfil away mechanism speed control system, turn to synchronous control system principle of work and diagram of circuit.

Figure 26 fulfils away transmission and/or speed control system the 1st principle of work and the diagram of circuit of mechanism for the present invention's wheel.

Figure 27 fulfils away transmission and/or speed control system the 2nd principle of work and the diagram of circuit of mechanism for the present invention's wheel.

Figure 28 fulfils away transmission and/or speed control system the 3rd principle of work and the diagram of circuit of mechanism for the present invention's wheel.

Figure 29 fulfils away transmission and/or speed control system the 4th principle of work and the diagram of circuit of mechanism for the present invention's wheel.

The corresponding respectively relevant portion in conjunction with following corresponding embodiment of above-mentioned each description of drawings comprises preposition part illustrated together.

Among the figure:

1. wheel is carried out (formula) traveling gear, the solid or telescopic hollow pillar of air core tyre formula car 15f. of 8c.,

Be called for short wheel and carry out, wheel, or iron tyre comprises train formula wheel, but the upright bar shaped slide down dynamic formula of 15g.

2. wheel is carried out (formula) machinery, and the 8d. axletree is called for short axle, concavo-convex fastener,

3. wheel (formula) traveling gear, 9. pendulous device, 15h. connects strut member, or the outside

4. crawler belt (formula) traveling gear, the 9a. jacking system, supporter,

5. swing telescopic boom, 9b. hydraulic pressure or electric gear mechanism, 16. oil cylinders,

5a. swing arm-type support portion, the 9c. steering hardware, 16a. hydraulic connecting rod mechanism,

5b. swing telescopic boom support portion, the 9d. hydraulic lift hitch, the 16b. connecting rod,

5c.U shape or frame also be lifting (also 9e. chassis, the 16c. rocking arm,

Be lifting) telescopic support portion, 9f. rolls or the sliding translation device, 16d. kingpin formula support portion,

5d.U the shape framework, the 9g. moving member, the 16e. spindle arm,

5e. fixing telescopic boom support portion, the 9h. guide rail, the 16f. kingpin,

5f. swing arm, 10. equipment, 16g. turns to or wobble gear,

5g. fixedly telescopic boom or telescopic boom, 11. working arms comprise digging arm, 16h. pivoting support or bearing,

5h. supporting leg, multi-functional arm etc., 17. hydraulic rams,

5i. folding arm-type support portion, 12. operator'ies compartment, 18. push away the thing device,

5j. preceding lifting arm (part), 13. shovelings, 18a. reserve tank, or fuel tank,

5k. back swing arm (part), 14. twin beams support, 18b. operator's compartment and/or the pin of getting on the bus side by side

5L. the support portion, 15. take turns shoe gets off, and the portion of stepping on comprises ladder, ladder,

5m. the crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement, the 15a. turning gear, the 18c. subframe,

6. hinge, or combination articulation piece, the 15b. turntable, 18d. grips railing,

7. rotatable getting on the bus, telescopic liter 19. main bodys of 15c. hydraulic pressure circular sleeve also claim vehicle frame,

8. actuating device, falling unit, 19a. fall L bracket or portal frame,

8a. drive axle is called for short vehicle bridge, bridge, the 15d. outer tube, and 19b. crawler travel portion,

8b. axle drive shaft, 15e. turns to inner sleeve, the power part that 19c. is complementary and/or driving section and fuel tank etc.

The specific embodiment

Fig. 1,2,14,22 is depicted as that wheel-pedrail machinery 2, wheel are fulfiled away mechanism 1, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4, wheel is carried out 15 embodiment that get off, and rotatable getting on the bus 7 is located at wheel by turning gear 15a and carried out and get off 15.Get on the bus 7 with get off 15 corresponding have be in transmission connection, control linkage also can have and be electrically connected, this connection can be adopted the mode through the central swivel coupling that is built in turning gear 15a.Get on the bus and 7 have the turntable 15b that is located at turning gear 15a top; Above the turntable 15b: preceding left side is an operator's compartment 12, the hinged equipment 10 of approximate mid-section, and the rear portion is power part, driving section and the fuel tank 19c etc. that are complementary.Equipment 10 has working arm (as excavating, grab thing, multi-functional arm etc.) 11, the working arm 11 and the hinged elevating ram 16 between 7 of getting on the bus.Get off and 15 have main body 19; Be furnished with on the main body 19: four wheel drive, four-wheel or two-wheel steering (2 ws) and 4 also be four-wheel land support type front and back wheel traveling gear 3 and a pair of hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery or electric caterpillar band traveling gear 4 its also be crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m.Main body 19 roughly middle and lower part is provided with fluid power, hydraulic machinery or the electric mechanical driving device 8 of taking turns traveling gear 3, and this actuating device 8 is in transmission connection by the drive axle 8a of front and back axle drive shaft 8b and front and back wheel traveling gear 3.This takes turns traveling gear 3 also can select hydraulic-driven or motorized motions make for use.15 the main body 19 of getting off is provided with operator's compartment and/or the pedal position of getting on the bus comprises ladder 18b.

Two creeper undercarriages 4: all having main is the arm-type support portion 5a of swing that oscillating oil cylinder 16 is formed by swing arm 5f and pendulous device 9 thereof, and also is that swing arm 5f and hinge 6 are articulated in main body 19 1 ends by support portion 5a respectively; Oscillating oil cylinder 16 is articulated between swing arm 5f inboard and the main body 19; When overlooking, a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 can be " eight " font in the same way and roughly and be positioned at and comprise and be concealed in the present embodiment both sides when comprising its part work, inoperative, can be the almost parallel shape when the wherein a pair of crawler travel 19b of portion work, inoperative and be concealed between present embodiment both sides and its front and back wheel comprising.Accordingly, main body 19 can adopt and has corresponding height drop height type structure herein.The 19b of crawler travel portion of each creeper undercarriage 4, portal frame (forked bed) 19a, the telescopic jacking system 15c of hydraulic pressure circular sleeve, swing arm 5f connect successively, and the 19b of crawler travel portion has hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery or Vidacare corp 8; Wherein, the 19b of crawler travel portion is captiveed joint with portal frame 19a, the telescopic hollow pillar 15f lower hinge of portal frame 19a and telescopic jacking system 15c or captive joint, telescopic jacking system 15c directly or by connecting strut member 15h is captiveed joint with swing arm 5f indirectly.

Telescopic jacking system 15c, mainly by outer tube 15d, turn to inner sleeve 15e, hollow pillar 15f successively socket constitute.Pivoting support or bearing 16h up and down are set between outer tube 15d and the inner sleeve 15e, but be provided with hoist cylinder 16 between hollow pillar 15f and the inner sleeve 15e, dispose two concavo-convex fastener 15g of upright bar shaped slide down dynamic formula and turn to drive the crawler travel 19b of portion relatively with telescopic lifting up and down and the revolution that is respectively applied for hollow pillar 15f, recessed (vertical elongated slot) can place telescopic hollow pillar 15f to go up, also can place and turn on the inner sleeve 15e, male member (rectangular) correspondence place turn to inner sleeve 15e to go up or hollow pillar 15f on.Outer tube 15d is divided into the two parts up and down that leave suitable height and width spaces, up and down two parts be fixed on connect that strut member 15h goes up and by its be connected with swing arm 5f or up and down two parts directly be connected with swing arm 5f.Spindle arm 16e by this fixed in space on inner sleeve 15e and can swing and drive inner sleeve 15e revolution and turn to reach the 19b of crawler travel portion.5L representative in support portion shown in Figure 22 comprises the various support portions of support portion 5a.

Creeper undercarriage 4 also be the steering hardware 9c of the 19b of crawler travel portion, be located between telescopic jacking system 15c and the swing arm 5f, steering hardware 9c has three kinds of makes: one constitutes (not shown) by oil cylinder articulation steering arm 16e.Two by oil cylinder 16, curved rod 16b, spindle arm 16e hinged successively constitute promptly shown in Figure 14.Three are made of promptly shown in Figure 2ly the 16a of hydraulic connecting rod mechanism articulation steering arm 16e, connecting rod mechanism 16a is made up of the oil cylinder 16 that is hinged, connecting rod 16b, rocking arm 16c.Outside these oil cylinder 16 rear ends and this rocking arm 16c rear end are articulated in before and after the swing arm 5f respectively.Main body 19 1 ends are provided with and push away thing device 18 (Fig. 2 is not shown), and its shoveling 13 is by twin beams support 14 is hinged with main body 19 1 end bottoms or drive axle 8a side by side, hinged side by side pair hoist cylinder 16 between shoveling 13 and the main body 19.Therefore, two creeper undercarriages 4, can present embodiment both sides to end range applications comprise when being concealed in both sides the crawler travel 19b of portion descend land supports, walk.

Fig. 3,4,21 is depicted as wheel-pedrail machinery 2, wheel is fulfiled away mechanism 1, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4, taken turns and carry out 15 embodiment that get off, present embodiment is rotatable gets on the bus 7, wheel carry out get off 15 structure with above-mentioned Fig. 1,2,14,22 illustrated embodiments get on the bus 7,15 the structure of getting off, wherein creeper undercarriage 4 also is that the creeper undercarriage 4 that the section construction of crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m is different from above-mentioned Fig. 1,2,14,22 illustrated embodiments also is crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, and this difference is:

One, creeper undercarriage 4 adopts swing telescopic boom support portion 5b, this support portion 5b mainly by hydraulic pressure swing two-stage telescopic boom 5, and the swing that is in transmission connection with it with hydraulic pressure or the 9b of electric gear mechanism (comprising retarder) formation.Two telescopic booms 5 respectively are articulated in both sides, main body 19 middle part by hinge 6, two gear mechanism 9b respective fixation are at 19 liang of side lower parts of these hinge 6 sub-bodies, the bearing pin of hinge 6 (hinge) is captiveed joint with telescopic boom 5, and wobble gear 16g and gear mechanism 9b that bearing pin is divided into are in transmission connection.Two, creeper undercarriage 4 adopts and turns to hydraulic pressure or the 9b of electric gear mechanism formula steering hardware 9c, and the steering gear 16g that gear mechanism 9b is in transmission connection outer tube 15d up and down in the space between two parts with suitable height and width and around (as integrally manufactured) turn to inner sleeve 15e periphery, turn to gear mechanism 9b and be fixed on outer tube 15d outside.The effect lower gear 16g of gear mechanism 9b can about revolution drive inner sleeve 15e and telescopic hollow pillar 15f revolution and reach the 19b of crawler travel portion and turn to.Above-mentioned structure is the structure explanation of Figure 21 in conjunction with the relative configurations of the telescopic jacking system 15c of hydraulic pressure circular sleeve of a last embodiment.This structure explanation also is the structure explanation of following embodiment Figure 21.5L representative in support portion shown in Figure 21 comprises the various support portions of support portion 5b.When three, overlooking, can be oppositely when 4 work of a pair of creeper undercarriage, inoperative and roughly be the dip-parallel shape and be positioned at the present embodiment both sides, can be the almost parallel shape when the wherein a pair of crawler travel 19b of portion work, inoperative and be positioned at the present embodiment two ends, main body 19 relevant portions can correspondingly have height drop height type structure for this reason.Four, main body 19 is not established and is pushed away thing device 18.Five, a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 can be used in the scope of present embodiment both sides to two ends.Six. the operator's compartment and/or the pedal position of getting on the bus comprise that ladder 18b is located on one or two telescopic booms 5 and turns on the body skin with hydraulic pressure or the 9b of electric gear mechanism.

Fig. 5,6,14 is depicted as wheel and fulfils away mechanism 1, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4, takes turns and carry out 15 embodiment that get off, wheel is carried out to get off 15 has main body 19, main body 19 is furnished with: four wheel drive, four-wheel or two-wheel steering (2 ws), four are lighted ground two of support types wheel traveling gear 3 and a pair of hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery or electric caterpillar band traveling gear 4 it also are crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m.Approximate mid-section are provided with to can be used for supporting and get on the bus or the turning gear 15a of suitable part such as equipment above the main body 19, and can being provided with in the turning gear 15a can be used for getting off at least 15 comprises with get on the bus transmission and/or control linkage and also can be used for the central swivel coupling that is electrically connected.Main body 19 roughly middle and lower part is provided with fluid power, hydraulic machinery or the electric mechanical driving device (not shown) of taking turns traveling gear 3, and this actuating device is in transmission connection by the drive axle 8a of two axle drive shaft 8b and two-wheel running mechanism 3.This actuating device outside is for being connected in the reserve tank or the fuel tank 18a of main body 19.Wheel traveling gear 3 also can be selected hydraulic-driven or motorized motions make for use.When present embodiment is provided with power part, driving section and fuel tank of being complementary etc. or present embodiment do not adopt when getting on the bus, this takes turns traveling gear 3 also can adopt mechanical drive.Get off and correspondingly to be provided with operator's compartment on 15 and/or the pedal position of getting on the bus comprises ladder 18b.

Creeper undercarriage 4, having is the swing telescopic boom support portion 5b that oscillating oil cylinder 16 is formed by swing telescopic boom 5 and pendulous device 9 thereof mainly.This oscillating oil cylinder 16 is articulated between swing telescopic boom 5 inboards and the main body 19.This swing telescopic boom 5 has the one-level telescopic boom of preposition extension arm.The 19b of crawler travel portion, the 19a of falling the L bracket, the telescopic jacking system 15c of hydraulic pressure circular sleeve, swing telescopic boom 5 are fixedly connected sequentially and constitute a creeper undercarriage 4, and creeper undercarriage 4 also is that swing telescopic boom 5 and hinge 6 are articulated in both sides approximate mid-section on the main body 19 by swing telescopic boom support portion 5b.The 19b of crawler travel portion has hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery or Vidacare corp 8.When overlooking, can vertically be parallel shape in the same way and roughly when 4 work of two creeper undercarriages, inoperative and be positioned at present embodiment one end, end both sides and wheel top, can be the almost parallel shape when wherein two 19b of crawler travel portion work, inoperative and be positioned at present embodiment end and wheel front portion.Therefore, two creeper undercarriages 4 can be in wheel-pedrail machinery 2 both sides to end range applications.

Telescopic jacking system 15c mainly by outer tube 15d, turn to inner sleeve 15e, telescopic hollow pillar 15f successively socket constitute.Turning down supporting 16h and last pivoting support (not shown) are set between outer tube 15d and the inner sleeve 15e.Inner sleeve 15e top has spindle arm 16e, and spindle arm 16e shown in Figure 14 is like this too at this moment.But be provided with hoist cylinder 16 between hollow pillar 15f and the inner sleeve 15e, dispose two concavo-convex fastener 15g of upright bar shaped slide down dynamic formula and turn to drive the crawler travel 19b of portion relatively with telescopic lifting up and down and the revolution that is respectively applied for hollow pillar 15f, recessed (vertical elongated slot) can place hollow pillar 15f to go up, also can place on the inner sleeve 15e, male member (rectangular) correspondence place inner sleeve 15e to go up or hollow pillar 15f on.

Creeper undercarriage 4 also be the 19b of crawler travel portion steering hardware 9c by the spindle arm 16e at inner sleeve 15e top and and the preposition extension arm rear portion of swing telescopic boom 5 between the pivotally attached hydraulic connecting rod 16a of mechanism constitute, this connecting rod mechanism 16a is made of oil cylinder 16 that is hinged and curved rod 16b, so spindle arm 16 can swing and drive inner sleeve 15e and hollow pillar 15f revolution and reach the 19b of crawler travel portion and turn to.Above-mentioned telescopic jacking system 15c part is referring to relevant, the similar section construction of Figure 21 and Figure 22.

The other end can be set up and push away thing device and/or counterweight to keep whole machine balancing on the main body 19.Also can have when getting on the bus with its rear portion lengthening and/or increase the weight of or increase counterweight at its rear portion and/or new part etc. to carry out balance.This pushes away the thing device construction and pushes away the thing device with other embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 7,9,16 is depicted as wheel and fulfils away mechanism 1, wheel traveling gear 3, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4, takes turns and carry out 15 embodiment that get off, approximate mid-section are provided with turning gear 15a above the main body 19, and can being provided with in the turning gear 15a can be used for getting off at least 15 comprises with get on the bus transmission and/or control linkage and also can be used for the central swivel coupling that is electrically connected.Turning gear 15a can be used for supporting and gets on the bus or suitable part such as equipment.Dispose on the main body 19: four-wheel or two wheel drive, four-wheel or two-wheel steering (2 ws), trapezoidal four are lighted ground two of support types wheel traveling gear 3 and a pair of hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery or electric caterpillar band traveling gear 4 it also are crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m.When two wheel drive,, a figure left side takes turns the 8c driving for having two of long vehicle axle drive axle 8a; Figure is right when four wheel drive adopts two of short axletree 8d to take turns 8c also to have the drive-type structure.

The kingpin 16f bottom of the right short axletree wheel traveling gear 3 of figure can be changed into car fork support portion formula single wheel or dual wheels formula traveling gear wheel type traveling mechanism when needing as the employing car fork support portion of existing three wheeled motor vehicle, bicycle etc.If need not turn to function directly car to be pitched the support portion is fixed at main body 19 and gets final product.3 of above-mentioned formations or four are lighted ground support type structure.8c, short axletree 8d, kingpin formula support portion 16d are taken turns in the figure right side two, main body 19 figure right-hand members connect and compose the right driving of figure successively or the short axletree of on-propelled is taken turns traveling gear 3, it can rotatingly be located at main body 19 figure right-hand member bottoms by kingpin formula support portion 16d; Support portion 16d mainly is made of with following periphery pivoting support kingpin 16f and last periphery thereof; So kingpin 16f can turn round with respect to main body 19.When short axletree wheel traveling gear 3 adopts drive form, be furnished with between kingpin 16f and short axletree 8d that hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machine, the electronic or short at this moment axletree 8d of electric mechanical driving device are corresponding to have a drive mechanism, this actuating device is taken turns 8c by short axletree 8d and two and is in transmission connection, so this two is taken turns 8c and can drive.The spindle arm 16e that kingpin 16f top is provided with and and main body 19 between pivotally attached turn to oil cylinder 16 to constitute steering hardware 9c, so the right short axletree formula wheel traveling gear 3 of figure can turn to.

Main body 19 roughly middle and lower part is provided with fluid power, hydraulic machinery or electric mechanical driving device (not shown) and it is in transmission connection by axle drive shaft 8b, drive axle 8a and figure revolver 8c.These actuating device two outside main bodies 19 are provided with reserve tank and comprise fuel tank 18a.This reserve tank comprises that fuel tank 18a outside portion and main body 19 are provided with the pedal position that can be used for operator's compartment and/or get on the bus and comprise ladder 18b.This takes turns traveling gear 3 also can select hydraulic-driven or electronic make for use.When present embodiment is provided with power part, driving section and fuel tank of being complementary etc. or do not adopt when getting on the bus, this takes turns traveling gear 3 also can adopt mechanical drive.

Creeper undercarriage 4, having main is the arm-type support portion 5a of swing that oscillating oil cylinder 16 is formed by swing arm 5f and pendulous device 9 thereof.This oscillating oil cylinder 16 is articulated between swing arm 5f inboard and the main body 19; The telescopic hollow pillar 15f of the 19b of crawler travel portion, portal frame 19a, the telescopic jacking system 15c of hydraulic pressure circular sleeve is fixedly connected sequentially, telescopic jacking system 15c is captiveed joint with swing arm 5f, and a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 also is that swing arm 5f and hinge 6 are articulated in approximate mid-section both sides on the main body 19 by its support portion 5a.The 19b of crawler travel portion has hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery or Vidacare corp (not shown).Telescopic jacking system 15c mainly by outer tube 15d, turn to inner sleeve 15e, telescopic hollow pillar 15f successively socket constitute.Pivoting support (not shown) up and down is set between outer tube 15d and the inner sleeve 15e.But be provided with hoist cylinder 16 between hollow pillar 15f and the inner sleeve 15e, dispose two concavo-convex fastener 15g of upright bar shaped slide down dynamic formula with the telescopic lifting up and down that is used for hollow pillar 15f with turn to inner sleeve 15e revolution to turn to relatively to drive the crawler travel 19b of portion, recessed (vertical elongated slot) can place hollow pillar 15f to go up, also can place on the inner sleeve 15e, male member (rectangular) correspondence place inner sleeve 15e to go up or hollow pillar 15f on.Above-mentioned structure with or roughly comprise relevant, similar section construction among Figure 14,21,22 with relevant, the similar section construction of other related embodiment.Different is: present embodiment spindle arm 16e is located at and turns to inner sleeve 15e bottom and portal frame 19a top, behind spindle arm 16e and the swing arm 5f between the lower inside pivotally attached turn to oil cylinder 16 to constitute steering hardware 9c, so creeper undercarriage 4 can turn to.

Figure 16 shows that present embodiment creeper undercarriage 4 and another structural form crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, this is configured to: adopt folding arm-type support portion 5i, its mainly by lifting arm (part) 5j, back swing arm (part) 5k before the pivotally attached successively and between pivotally attached lifting and angle oil cylinder 16, back swing arm 5k with thereafter between the hinge 6 pivotally attached jacking system 9a be that pivotally attached hydraulic pressure pendulous device 9 is oscillating oil cylinder 16 formations between hoist cylinder 16, these back hinge 6 outsides or inboard and the main body 19.The 19b of crawler travel portion, fall L bracket or portal frame 19a, steering hardware 9c, support portion 5i and connect and compose a creeper undercarriage 4 successively, two back swing arm 5k are hinged with the hinge 6 that is positioned at approximate mid-section both sides on the main body 19, and the fixed part of hinge 6 also can be main body 19 appropriate sections.Lifting arm 5j was inner and/or outside before steering hardware 9c was located at.The 19b of crawler travel portion has hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery, electronic or electric mechanical driving device.Steering hardware 9c mainly by external bracing body 15h promptly before lifting arm (part) 5j, can rotating periphery in it have steering gear 16g kingpin 16f, be located at pivoting support or bearing (not shown) between kingpin 16f top and the supporter 15h, be located at supporter 15h with fall between L bracket or the portal frame 19a pivoting support or bearing 16h and be located at this supporter 15h upward and the hydraulic pressure or the 9b of the electric gear mechanism formation that are in transmission connection in steering gear 16g.So, under the effect of gear mechanism 9b, can drive kingpin 16f revolution, reaching creeper undercarriage 4 also is that the 19b of crawler travel portion turns to.

When overlooking, can be in the same way and roughly vertically when a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 comprises its part work, inoperative that parallel shape is positioned at the present embodiment both sides and short axletree wheel traveling gear 3 both sides comprise it to wheel 8c both sides, can be the almost parallel shape when the wherein a pair of crawler travel 19b of portion work, inoperative and be positioned at both sides wheel 8c.Main body 19 figure left ends, configurable its structure of thing device (not shown) that pushes away is with above-mentioned embodiment.

Therefore, a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 can be in present embodiment both sides and an end range applications.

Fig. 8,9,16 is depicted as that wheel-pedrail machinery 2, wheel are carried out the chassis, wheel is fulfiled away mechanism 1, wheel traveling gear 3, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4 embodiment, and rotatable getting on the bus 7 is located at wheel by turning gear 15a and carried out and get off 15.Get on the bus and 7 15 correspondingly have transmission and/or control linkage and comprise also can having and be electrically connected that above-mentioned connection can be adopted the mode through the central swivel coupling that is built in turning gear 15a with getting off.Get on the bus and 7 have the turntable 15b that is located on the turning gear 15a; Face above the turntable 15b: preceding right side is an operator's compartment 12, and approximate mid-section can be used for being provided with equipment such as equipment of the present invention 10, and the rear portion is power part, driving section and the fuel tank 19c etc. that are complementary.Present embodiment other parts structure comprises that 15 structures of getting off are equal to relevant, the similar section construction of Fig. 7,9,16 illustrated embodiments; Main body 19 structures can be corresponding different.Figure 16 shows that present embodiment creeper undercarriage 4 and the another structural form of crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, Fig. 7,9,16 illustrated embodiments illustrate.

Figure 10,21 is depicted as wheel and fulfils away mechanism 1, wheel traveling gear 3, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4, wheel and carry out 15 embodiment that get off, and other parts construct that same Fig. 7,9,16 illustrated embodiments are relevant outside the present embodiment creeper undercarriage 4, similar section construction and Fig. 8,9,16 illustrated embodiments are got off 15 relevant, similar section construction.Wherein, the right short axletree 8d wheel traveling gear 3 of present embodiment figure adopts and turns to or non-turning to (shown in the figure) structure; Main body 19 structures can be corresponding different.Figure 21 structure is in above-mentioned Fig. 1,2,14,22 embodiment and Fig. 3,4,21 embodiment explanations.Telescopic jacking system 15c of the hydraulic pressure circular sleeve of creeper undercarriage 4 and following section construction thereof comprise portal frame 19a and relevant, the similar section construction of structures such as hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery or electric caterpillar band running part 19b with other related embodiment.It also is the telescopic fixedly telescopic boom of hydraulic two-stage 5g that creeper undercarriage 4 adopts a pair of fixedly telescopic boom support portion 5e, its one-level telescopic boom (also can be support portion 5L shown in Figure 21) front end with or captive joint with the telescopic jacking system 15c of hydraulic pressure circular sleeve by being connected strut member 15h.When overlooking, it also is splayed with oblique relative or be in-line positive side (as shown in phantom in Figure 10) and be fixed on the turning gear 15a main body 19 on one side that a pair of fixedly telescopic boom 5g is chevron pointing.Can be when a pair of crawler travel 19b of portion work, inoperative that the almost parallel shape is positioned at or part be positioned at main body 19 both sides and/or the right wheel of figure traveling gear 3 to wheel 8c both sides.Therefore, under the effect of fixing telescopic boom 5g, two 19b of crawler travel portion also are that crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m can be at oblique flexible scope work, inoperative.

Present embodiment also has two kinds of structures to be: one, a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 is positioned at above-mentioned position and by falling L bracket or portal frame 19a and jacking system such as the telescopic jacking system 15c of hydraulic pressure circular sleeve directly or indirectly as be fixed in main body 19 both sides by subframe.Two, have above-mentioned one structure, and be fixed in main body 19 both sides by the support portion again.At this moment, creeper undercarriage 4 turns to same prior art.

Figure 11,12 is depicted as wheel and fulfils away mechanism 1, wheel traveling gear 3, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4, wheel and carry out 15 embodiment that get off, and other parts construct that same Fig. 7,9,16 illustrated embodiments are relevant outside the present embodiment creeper undercarriage 4, similar section construction and Fig. 8,9,16 illustrated embodiments are got off 15 relevant, similar section constructions.Wherein structure such as main body 19 approximate mid-section, figure right part shape can be corresponding different.It also is the telescopic support portion 5c of lifting (also being lifting) and hinged by preceding both sides in support portion 5c and hinge 6 and the main body 19 that creeper undercarriage 4 adopts U-shaped or frame; The lateral part of U-shaped framework 5d be built-in about the telescopic boom 5g of two one-level telescopic booms, about all be furnished with a telescopic oil cylinder or shared a pair of telescopic oil cylinder (not shown), this oil cylinder between two telescopic booms and its outer arm and be positioned at about two arms also can be positioned at outer top of its outer arm or outside portion; An each hinged lifting (lifting) device 9a is lifting (lifting) oil cylinder 16 between two longitudinal parts of U-shaped framework 5d and its hinge 6.Support portion 5c in addition two kinds be configured to: change two longitudinal components of support portion 5c into little space type two longitudinal components or change into one widen comprise the heavier-duty longitudinal component and vertically and main body 19 top middle front parts hinged, this longitudinal component front portion still connects telescopic boom 5g, this moment and overlooks these two kinds of support portion 5c integral body and be respectively narrow closed-in construction and T shape structure, accordingly: turning gear 15a moves after can be suitably, above-mentioned hinged place is furnished with hinge 6, still hinged one or two hoist cylinders 16 between this longitudinal component and the hinge 6; Above-mentioned not shown.When overlooking, can be when a pair of crawler travel 19b of portion work, inoperative that the almost parallel shape is positioned at or its part is positioned at the solid or air core tyre formula wheel 8c both sides of the right wheel of figure traveling gear 3.Hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery, the electronic or motor machine crawler travel 19b of portion, fall L bracket or portal frame 19a, steering hardware 9c, support portion 5c and connect successively.Wherein, the 19b of crawler travel portion, the kingpin 16f of L bracket or portal frame 19a, steering hardware 9c of falling are fixedly connected sequentially, and the built-in telescopic boom of steering hardware 9c and telescopic boom 5g is captiveed joint.

Creeper undercarriage 4 also be the steering hardware 9c of the 19b of crawler travel portion, mainly by external bracing body 15h, can rotating periphery in it have steering gear 16g kingpin 16f, be located at pivoting support between supporter 15h and the kingpin 16f and/or bearing (not shown) and/or supporter 15h with pivoting support and/or the bearing 16h between L bracket or the portal frame 19a and be located at supporter 15h inside and/or exterior hydraulic pressure or the 9b of electric gear mechanism and constitute.Steering gear 16g and hydraulic pressure or the 9b of electric gear mechanism are in transmission connection, so under the effect of gear mechanism 9b, steering gear 16g can drive kingpin 16f revolution, reach creeper undercarriage 4 also is that the 19b of crawler travel portion turns to.

Present embodiment also has two kinds of structures to be: one, a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 is positioned at above-mentioned position, does not establish steering hardware 9c, and this moment, its corresponding fall L bracket or portal frame 19a that increases was directly or indirectly captiveed joint with the built-in telescopic boom of telescopic boom 5g.Two, a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 is positioned at above-mentioned position, does not establish steering hardware 9c and telescopic boom 5g, and this moment, its corresponding L bracket or portal frame 19a that increases was directly or indirectly captiveed joint with support portion 5c, and the right wheel of figure traveling gear 3 can not adopt and turn to structure.Creeper undercarriage 4 turn to same prior art.

Therefore two 19b of crawler travel portion also are that crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m can be at the flexible scope work of side direction, inoperative under the effect of telescopic boom 5g.

Figure 13,15,16 is depicted as wheel-pedrail machinery 2, wheel and fulfils away mechanism 1, wheel traveling gear 3, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4, wheel and carry out 15 embodiment that get off, and rotatable getting on the bus 7 is located at by turning gear 15a and got off 15.Get on the bus and 7 15 correspondingly have transmission and/or control linkage and comprise also can having and be electrically connected that above-mentioned connection can be adopted the mode through the central swivel coupling that is built in turning gear 15a with getting off.

Get on the bus and 7 have the turntable 15b that is located at turning gear 15a top: face above the turntable 15b: preceding right side is an operator's compartment 12, the hinged equipment 10 of approximate mid-section, and the rear portion is power part, driving section and the fuel tank 19c etc. that are complementary.Main body 19 is provided with four-point the land figure that supports move to left dynamic formula wheel traveling gear 3, the right fixed type wheel of figure traveling gear 3, and main body 19 ends are provided with a pair of hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery, electronic or motor machine creeper undercarriage 4 also is crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m.The roughly middle sidepiece of main body 19 is provided with operator's compartment and/or the pedal position of getting on the bus comprises ladder 18b, and corresponding being provided with of operator's compartment 12 rear flank portions grips railing 18d.Main body 19 roughly middle and lower part is provided with fluid power, hydraulic machinery or the electric mechanical driving device 8 of taking turns traveling gear 3, this actuating device 8 is in transmission connection by the drive axle 8a of axle drive shaft 8b and fixed type wheel traveling gear 3, and this takes turns traveling gear 3 also can select hydraulic-driven or motorized motions make for use.The figure dynamic formula wheel traveling gear 3 that moves to left can adopt hydraulic-driven or electronic structure or not have and drives structure.Hydraulic pressure or electric rolling and/or the sliding translation device 9f of portable wheel traveling gear 3 by parallel longitudinal is connected with main body 19.Translating device 9f mainly is made of two guide rail 9h, moving member 9g and driving oil cylinder 16 thereof corresponding and its rolling and/or sliding block joint.Usually two guide rail 9h are located at main body 19 bottoms, moving member 9g is connected with figure revolver traveling gear 3 axletree 8d.Therefore taking turns traveling gear 3 at translating device 9f effect downward moving can comprise that needs such as collection are non-moving according to operation, walking, non-operation, vertically move shown in the vertical two-way portable cord in figure bottom.

Creeper undercarriage 4 adopts folding arm-type support portion 5i, its mainly by lifting arm (part) 5j, back swing arm (part) 5k before the pivotally attached successively and between pivotally attached jacking system 9a be hoist cylinder 16, and hydraulic pressure pendulous device 9 be that oscillating oil cylinder 16 constitutes.This oscillating oil cylinder 16 is articulated between the swing arm 5k outside, back and the main body 19.The 19b of crawler travel portion, the 19a of falling the L bracket, steering hardware 9c, support portion 5i connect and compose a creeper undercarriage 4, two creeper undercarriages 4 successively and respectively are articulated in main body 19 1 ends by back swing arm 5k and hinge 6.Wherein, the kingpin 16f of the 19b of crawler travel portion, the 19a of falling the L bracket, steering hardware 9c is fixedly connected sequentially, the angle oil cylinder 16 of articulation steering device 9c between steering hardware 9c and the preceding lifting arm 5j.The 19b of crawler travel portion has hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery, electronic or electric mechanical driving device 8.Creeper undercarriage 4 also be that the steering hardware 9c of the 19b of crawler travel portion is mainly by external bracing body 15h, the kingpin 16f that can rotating periphery in it has steering gear 16g, be located at the kingpin pivoting support 16h between supporter 15h and the kingpin 16f bottom, not shown be located at pivoting support between supporter 15h and the kingpin 16f top (referring to and/or same Figure 21,22 is relevant, similar section construction), and hydraulic pressure or the 9b of the electric gear mechanism formation mainly being located at supporter 15h outside and being in transmission connection in steering gear 16g.Kingpin formula support portion 16d just can not comprise steering gear 16g with above-mentioned steering hardware 9c structure substantially.So, under gear mechanism 9b effect, can drive kingpin 16f revolution, reaching creeper undercarriage 4 also is that the 19b of crawler travel portion turns to.Figure 16 shows that present embodiment creeper undercarriage 4 and another structural form crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, it is in Fig. 7,9,16 embodiment explanations.When overlooking, can vertically be positioned at present embodiment one end in the same way when a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 work, inoperative, can being roughly when the wherein a pair of crawler travel 19b of portion work, inoperative, the parallel longitudinal shape is positioned at present embodiment one end and figure revolver 8c front portion.Therefore, be under the effect of oscillating oil cylinder 16 at hydraulic pressure pendulous device 9, two 19b of crawler travel portion also are that crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m can be at the work of present embodiment both sides to end scope, inoperative.

Figure 17,18 are depicted as wheel-pedrail machinery 2, wheel is fulfiled away mechanism 1, wheel traveling gear 3, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4, truck mounted chassis and engineering machinery chassis 9e, 15 embodiment get off, main body 19: cab forward type 12, the power part that is complementary is set thereafter, driving section 19c, the approximate mid-section both sides are provided with fuel tank 18a, bottom roughly front middle part and rear portion respectively is provided with two a fulcrum types wheel traveling gear 3 of taking back compound hydraulic lift hitch (oleo-pneumatic suspension mechanism) 9d of rotary device 15a on having, and the anterior and approximate mid-section in bottom respectively is provided with a pair of two fulcrum type creeper undercarriages 4 that have a turning gear 15a, and it also is crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m.It is hinged by compound hinge between it 6 that hydraulic lift hitch 9d horizontal compound gone up jib and compound lower swing jib, on a pair of transversely arranged oscillating oil cylinder 16 with compound go up jib hinged, down and compound lower swing jib hinged.Compound upward jib top is provided with turning gear 15a and is installed on the main body 19 by it, and the lower swing jib is captiveed joint with drive axle 8a.Compoundly go up between the jib, all have horizontal connection support portion between the compound lower swing jib.Hydraulic lift hitch 9d and turning gear 15a constitute hybrid support portion and promptly fold and turn round, swing up and down and the hybrid support portion of revolution, lifting and revolution.Wheel traveling gear 3 adopts hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery, electronic or motor machine type of drive, and promptly drive axle 8a has hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery, electronic or electric mechanical driving device 8.Actuating device 8 corresponding with power part, driving section 19c, and part transmission and control linkage such as control part, this connection can be adopted three kinds of modes: one. the built-in central swivel coupling of turning gear 15a, this connects through central swivel coupling; Two. adopt pipe, line comprise flexible pipe, flexible cord through and/or without the connection mode of turning gear 15a; Three. adopt above-mentioned one and the connection mode of two combinations.

Creeper undercarriage 4 has that its bottom, left and right sides can be subframe or crawler travel portion strut member among main body 19 Figure 17, and main body 19 tops are provided with turning gear 15a, both sides and respectively are provided with a hydraulic pressure, hydraulic machinery, the electronic or motor machine crawler travel 19b of portion.Crawler travel portion 19b one end can adopt the perk structure that helps walking.Scheme left creeper undercarriage 4 and be located at main body 19 bottoms before the front-wheel traveling gear 3 by turning gear 15a; Main body 19 bottoms before and after another creeper undercarriage 4 is located at by turning gear 15a between the two-wheel running mechanism 3.Another make of present embodiment is only to keep a wherein creeper undercarriage 4.

It also is that the steering mode of crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m is for wheel traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4: one. utilize turning gear 15a to turn to, promptly turning gear 15a drives corresponding wheel traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4 it also is that crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m turns to; Two. each is taken turns traveling gear 3 and adopts two independently actuating devices 8 and be responsible for driving the wheel 8c of one side respectively, and this moment, drive axle 8a correspondingly was divided into continuous but two independent sectors and respectively belong to one side wheel 8c.Like this, control the rotating speed of two side wheel 8c or just changeing, reversing and can driven wheel traveling gear 3 turn to; Three. creeper undercarriage 4 parts of front and back creeper undercarriage 4 both sides have the structure that can distinguish transmission and control rate, forward and reverse walking; So present embodiment can turn to.

Therefore, the bottom of the compound lower swing jib of the effect of actuating device 8 and hydraulic lift hitch 9d also be descend, expansion effect lower whorl traveling gear 3 supports with managing to make do, walks, when pendulum on the compound lower swing jib driven wheel traveling gear 3 also be rise, during folding certain angle, can by wheel fulfil away mechanism 1 promptly take turns traveling gear 3 and creeper undercarriage 4 land jointly supports, walk.

Present embodiment main body 19 tops both can be provided with the compartment, also equipment can be set, and also can be provided with to get on the bus and get on the bus as car hosit; Or the like.

Figure 19,21 be depicted as the wheel fulfil away mechanism 1, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4,15 embodiment get off, present embodiment adopts the structure with two wheel traveling geaies 3 and two pairs of creeper undercarriages 4, also is the structure that adopts wheel four fulcrum types and crawler belt four fulcrum types to land support, walk.Two wheel traveling geaies 3 vertically are located at main body 19 two ends.Figure the first from left is located at main body 19 1 ends to the creeper undercarriage 4 that respectively has the arm-type support portion 5a of swing by its swing arm 5f and hinge 6; Right another of figure is located at middle front part above the main body 19 to the creeper undercarriage 4 that respectively has swing telescopic boom support portion 5b by its swing telescopic boom 5 and hinge 6.Main body 19 top approximate mid-section are provided with turning gear 15a and also can be provided with as not needing.Among Figure 19 the part of figure outside the right a pair of creeper undercarriage 4 comprise main body 19, turning gear 15a, two wheel traveling geaies 3 and transmission thereof and/or control part, figure the first from left to creeper undercarriage 4 and transmission and/or control part etc. should have the structure of part and unitary construction with or roughly same Fig. 1,2,14,22 illustrated embodiments 15 structures of getting off, but wherein do not comprise and push away thing device 18, change portal frame 19a. into fall L bracket 19a in addition.

Scheme right a pair of creeper undercarriage 4: it swings arm-type support portion 5a is that oscillating oil cylinder 16 constitutes by the two-stage telescopic boom of built-in telescopic boom cylinder and the pendulous device 9 of outer arm hinged inside thereof mainly; The other end of this oil cylinder 16 is located at main body 19 by hinge 6; The telescopic jacking system 15c of its hydraulic pressure circular sleeve, hydraulic pressure or the 9b of electric gear mechanism formula steering hardware 9c, the structure of L bracket 19 of falling comprise that unitary construction is that this structure of structure shown in Figure 21 illustrates in Fig. 3,4,21 illustrated embodiments.L bracket 19 bottoms are provided with the 19b of crawler travel portion.

When overlooking, figure the first from left can be " eight " font in the same way and roughly during to creeper undercarriage 4 work, inoperative and be positioned at present embodiment one end, both sides, can be the almost parallel shape between present embodiment one end, both sides, front and back wheel when the wherein a pair of crawler travel 19b of portion work, inoperative.Accordingly, main body 19 can adopt and has the high low head structure that is complementary herein.Can be in the same way when scheming 4 work of right a pair of creeper undercarriage, inoperative and roughly be parallel shape and/or chevron pointing is positioned at present embodiment one end, both sides, can be positioned at present embodiment one end, both sides when the wherein a pair of crawler travel 19b of portion work, inoperative.

Therefore, be under the effect of oscillating oil cylinder 16 at hydraulic pressure pendulous device 9, creeper undercarriage 4 also is that crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m can work in the scope of present embodiment both sides to an end, inoperative.Two wheels of present embodiment traveling gear 3 also can change into by movable support portion such as other embodiment and comprise movable shown in Figure 20 support portion and main body 19 bonded assembly forms, and the wheel traveling gear 3 of other embodiment is like this too.

It also is three or three above embodiment that present embodiment also has three kinds of structural forms: one, save two wheel traveling geaies 3 and relevant portions thereof such as running part, other structure is constant.Two, save two wheel traveling geaies 3 and relevant portions thereof such as running part and main body 19, two pairs of crawler type bracing or strutting arrangements 5m and/or creeper undercarriage 4 and comprise that its relevant portion such as pendulous device are connected with the non-rotating part of turning gear 15a such as bottom or its outer support such as corresponding round bearing or support etc. usually by its hinge 6 respectively; Certainly, the two couples of crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m and/or creeper undercarriage 4 also change into or wherein a pair of non-movable structure as corresponding its movable device that saves of changing into, change captive joint into being connected of the non-rotating part of turning gear 15a such as bottom or its outer support such as corresponding round bearing or support etc. usually or fix and movable hybrid the connection accordingly.That this connection comprises at least is emanant, in the same way, oppositely or mix to arranging connection mode.Three, have above-mentioned two structure, and two pairs or wherein a pair of crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m and/or corresponding at least the present invention other one or both crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m and/or the creeper undercarriage 4 of changing into of creeper undercarriage 4.The quantity that above-mentioned structure also can increase or reduce crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m and/or creeper undercarriage 4 is as adopting 3, at least 5 or 6 etc.Above crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m and/or creeper undercarriage 4, usually adopt swing telescopic boom support portion 5b, fixing telescopic boom support portion 5e and, also can adopt the mode of the shared at least above-mentioned a kind of support portion of part employing certainly not with the flexible support portion that constitutes or above-mentioned at least two kinds of support portions.Can constitute thus more than three kinds or three kinds crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m and/or creeper undercarriage 4, and crawler type get off 15.Its support, walk, turn to, collect, principle such as work and/or mode with or roughly with present embodiment and other embodiment appropriate section.

Figure 20,23 illustrated embodiments are that wheel-pedrail machinery 2, wheel are fulfiled away mechanism 1, wheel traveling gear 3, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, creeper undercarriage 4,15 embodiment that get off, and rotatable getting on the bus 7 is located at by turning gear 15a and got off 15.Each the hinged a pair of wheel traveling gear 3 of 15 main body 19 two ends of getting off with the arm-type support portion 5a of swing.Get on the bus on 7 the turntable 15b: preceding right side be operator's compartment 12, its inboard for equipment 10, above-mentioned rear portion be the 19c such as power part, driving section and fuel tank that are complementary.Working arm or bucket arm cylinder 16 before working arm 11 upper articulations of equipment 10, working arm 11 rear portions are articulated in turntable 15b, hinged working arm oil cylinder 16 between working arm 11 bottoms and the turntable 15b.Figure right each take turns being configured to of traveling gear 3: the axletree 8d of solid or air core tyre formula wheel 8c be located at hydraulic pressure on the strut member 15h, hydraulic machinery, electronic or electric mechanical driving device 8 is in transmission connection; Strut member 15h, swing arm 5f, flat hinged perpendicular (standing) hinged combinational hinge spare 6 are hinged successively, combinational hinge spare 6 is articulated in the i.e. figure right-hand member of main body 19 1 ends, hinged swing arm 5f's swings up and down oil cylinder 16 between combinational hinge spare 6 tops and the main body 19, the oil cylinder 16 that swings of hinged swing arm 5f between combinational hinge spare 6 and the swing arm 5f inboard, hinged wheel 8c's turns to oil cylinder 16 between strut member 15h and the swing arm 5f inboard.Each takes turns being configured to of traveling gear 3 a figure left side: hydraulic ram 5h, swing arm 5f, flat hinged perpendicular (standing) hinged combinational hinge spare 6 are hinged successively, combination articulation piece 6 is articulated in the i.e. figure left end of main body 19 other ends, hinged support oil cylinder 16 between supporting leg 5h and the swing arm 5f, hinged swing arm 5f's swings up and down oil cylinder 16 between swing arm 5f and the combinational hinge spare 6, the oil cylinder 16 that swings of hinged swing arm 5f between combinational hinge spare 6 outsides and main body 19 outsides, solid or air core tyre formula wheel 8c is located at the swing arm 5f outside by axletree.Swing arm-type support portion 5a mainly by above-mentioned: the combinational hinge spare that is hinged 6 and swing arm 5f and respective hinge thereof swing up and down oil cylinder 16, the oil cylinder 16 of swinging constitutes.

Other 6 is a hinge among the figure.The hydraulic pressure of creeper undercarriage 4, hydraulic machinery, the electronic or motor machine drive-type crawler travel 19b of portion are located at roughly middle and lower part and comprise between the wheel 8c at wheel traveling gear 3 of main body 19 by its main body and subframe 18c.

Therefore, under the effect of wheel traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4 can lifting, reach wheel, shoe and wheel and fulfil away mechanism supports, walking, wherein when creeper undercarriage 4 separately during supports, present embodiment can be under the effect of the 19b of crawler travel portion pivot stud.

The present embodiment wheel is fulfiled away mechanism 1 and also had two kinds of structures to be: one, 3 employings of wheel traveling gear swing up and down structure, save the part that swings.Two, have mainly by two edge-on formula A-frames and between the compound triangle formed of bonded assembly transverse bracket also be 3 connections, supported at three point formula support portion.When side is seen, two compound gusseted portions one in front and one in back also are being positioned at main body 19 bottoms and being connected with its movable of the first from left right side, two edge-on formula A-frames of each compound gusseted portion wherein: go up that respectively roll by its pivotally attached fluid pressure type in the angle or sliding translation device 9f is connected with main body 19 1 sides, the bridge of outer inferior horn fifth wheel traveling gear 3, inner lower angle connects the track support frame of a pair of creeper undercarriage 4.Two vertical lifting devices are oil cylinder 16 about being provided with between track support frame and the main body 19.Like this, under the effect of oil cylinder 16 and translating device 9f, creeper undercarriage 4 can oscilaltion between wheel, and wheel traveling gear 3 can swing up and down, and therefore, wheel is fulfiled away the wheel of mechanism 1 and carried out convertible; This structure is not shown, but wherein with visible other embodiment of the part of Reference numeral and respective drawings thereof.

Below the foregoing description is further comprised total, corresponding explanation, this also is the explanation of above-mentioned another structure of appropriate section:

Get on the bus 15 and get off and 7 can adopt and comprise between it and can adopt multiple transmission and/or mode: one. adopt prior art, comprise that above-mentioned transmission and/or control by central swivel coupling constructs.Two. shown in Figure 24 for adopting the form of prior art drive structure and telecontrol engineering structure, that is: the hydraulic tubing of corresponding definite central swivel coupling and/or circuit quantity, hydraulic control device that is complementary such as the hydraulic multichannel control cock that hydraulic tubing (oil circuit) with central swivel coupling is in transmission connection, the remote control receiving actuating equipment of controlling this hydraulic control device are set getting off on 15, and/or the multichannel electric controller that is complementary with central swivel coupling line electricity bonded assembly, the remote control receiving actuating equipment of controlling this multichannel electric controller are set; This hydraulic control device such as hydraulic multichannel control cock and/or multichannel electric controller corresponding respectively with the relevant portion transmission and/or the control linkage of getting off on 15, as shown in FIG.: with wheel traveling gear 3, with creeper undercarriage 4, with push away transmission and/or control linkage such as thing device 18.Accordingly, the operating control such as the remote control equipment (RCE) of this remote control receiving actuating equipment are set in 7 the operator's compartment 12 of getting on the bus, being generally electric wire bonded assembly remote-controlled launcher with this operating control preferably is located at apart from 7 bottoms of getting on the bus that the remote control receiving actuating equipment is nearer and accessible or obstacle is little of getting off on 15, with realize closely, noiseless or disturb less high quality remote control, reaching gets on the bus 7 pairs get off 15 transmission and/or control.Three. above-mentioned one and two hybrid control technologys comprise that above-mentioned two structures of employing add above-mentioned one line traffic control technology.Above-mentioned telecontrol engineering both can be the radio control technology, also can be control technologys such as laser control technique, infrared ray control technology.Above-mentioned transmission and/or control comprise turn to, transmission and/or control such as operation, non-operation.

Also have a kind of structure to be: equipment 10, other equipment or other device and main frame, also can be according to above-mentioned principle and structure above-mentioned transmission of corresponding employing and/or mode.Being beneficial to transmission and/or control is particularly advantageous in and comprises multiple device, equipment transmission and/or control to a plurality of.

Wheel is fulfiled away mechanism 1 and is had and maybe can adopt following multiple driving system, speed control system, transmission and speed control system (comprising velocity balance system, speed coordination systems, speed synchronous control system):

One, shown in Figure 25 is that electron steering also is the automatic control type speed control system, it is mainly used in wheel and fulfils away the velocity balance, coordination of mechanism 1, synchronously, and it is mainly comprised computer chip, carries out the speed setting power element of the instruction that this speed setting element sent, can be comprised that also the element of this power element regulating control forms by the speed setting element such as the micro computer of crawler belt and/or wheel speed sensor, reception and this sensor information of processing.Usually, sensor passes to regulating element with crawler belt and/or wheel as the velocity information of wheel 8c, regulating element sends regulating command after handling this information, the speed setting power element carries out regulating control based on the instruction of speed setting element to driving (transmission) system corresponding creeper undercarriage 4 and/or wheel traveling gear 3, so that the speed of travel of the speed of travel match wheel traveling gear 3 of creeper undercarriage 4, the speed of travel of wheel traveling gear 3 cooperates the speed of travel of creeper undercarriage 4, the speed of travel of perhaps taking turns traveling gear 3 and creeper undercarriage 4 cooperatively interacts.The element of speed setting power element regulating control comprises: wheel traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m comprise its part.This speed control system technology comprises principle of work, also is that following two, three, four, five speed control system technology comprises principle of work, and also is principle of work that turns to control technology and the technology of embodiment.

Two, shown in Figure 26 is hydraulic pressure and mechanical mixture formula driving system, also be transmission and speed control system, comprise speed control system, power such as engine-drive connect auxiliary gear box, auxiliary gear box is exported two branch road power at least: the whole transmission of the power-transfer clutch of a branch road, Hydraulic Pump, fluid control valve and left crawler belt and with the whole transmission of right-hand track chiain transmission and control linkage successively, comprising: during Hydraulic Pump of an employing, be divided into the form of two-way and difference transmission and the whole transmission of control linkage left and right sides crawler belt by fluid control valve; When two employing fore pump actuating devices comprise two Hydraulic Pumps of auxiliary gear box, promptly be divided into two-way (as scheming shown in left two dotted lines) respectively by fluid control valve and whole transmission transmission of left and right sides crawler belt and control linkage.The whole transmission of the power-transfer clutch of another branch road, change-speed box and revolver and take turns whole transmission transmission and control linkage successively with the right side.Being provided with between two branch roads with above-mentioned one described electron steering also is that the automatic control type speed control system comprises its part, usually, this speed control system comprises that at least two sensory information input ends of the speed setting element of its part are communicated with two branch roads by speed sensor respectively, and two instruction output ends are communicated with fluid control valve, change-speed box by speed setting power element (not shown) respectively.Illustrate: above-mentioned connection can be selected multiple mode of communicating for use: contact is communicated with, contactless connection, and contact and the hybrid connection of noncontact for example are communicated with and another branch road wireless communications with a branch road is wired; Two branch roads are wired connection or wireless communications for another example.

This speed control system technology comprises that principle of work is with above-mentioned one.Two branch roads all have power-transfer clutch, have can select a branch road power for use and use two branch road kinetic forces simultaneously to reach saving in power, reach operation, use advantage easily.

Three, shown in Figure 27 is power hydraulic system, also be transmission and speed control system, comprise speed control system, this system is substantially with above-mentioned two, difference is: will scheme a right branch road mechanical drive and change hydrostatic drive into, be that change-speed box behind the power-transfer clutch changes Hydraulic Pump, fluid control valve into, comprise: be divided into two-way and transmission and the whole transmission of control linkage left and right sides crawler belt respectively by fluid control valve when this branch road adopts a Hydraulic Pump; Be divided into two-way (as scheming shown in right two dotted lines) respectively by fluid control valve and transmission transmission at end of left and right sides crawler belt and control linkage when adopting the fore pump actuating device to comprise two Hydraulic Pumps of auxiliary gear box.

Four, shown in Figure 28 for being hydraulic electric hybrid drive train system, also be transmission and speed control system, comprise speed control system, power such as engine-drive connect auxiliary gear box, and auxiliary gear box is exported two branch road power at least: the whole transmission of the power-transfer clutch of a branch road, power generating system, electronic stepless speed regulation switch and left crawler belt and with the whole transmission of right-hand track chiain transmission and control linkage successively; The whole transmission of the Hydraulic Pump of another branch road, fluid control valve and revolver and take turns whole transmission transmission and control linkage successively with the right side, comprising: when adopting a Hydraulic Pump, be divided into two-way and transmission and the transmission at end of control linkage left and right wheels respectively by fluid control valve; When adopting the fore pump actuating device to comprise two Hydraulic Pumps of auxiliary gear box, promptly be divided into two-way (as scheming shown in right two dotted lines) respectively by fluid control valve and whole transmission transmission of left and right sides crawler belt and control linkage.Being provided with between two branch roads with above-mentioned one described electron steering also is that the automatic control type speed control system comprises its part, usually, this speed control system comprises that at least two sensory information input ends of the speed setting element of its part are communicated with two branch roads by speed sensor respectively, and two instruction output ends are communicated with fluid control valve, electronic stepless speed regulation switch by speed setting power element (not shown) respectively.This speed control system technology comprises that principle of work is with above-mentioned one.One branch road has power-transfer clutch, has can select a branch road power for use and use two branch road kinetic forces simultaneously to reach saving in power, reach operation, use advantage easily.

Five, shown in Figure 29 for being hydraulic pressure, the electronic or hybrid three kinds of driving systems of hydraulic electric, also be three kinds of transmissions and speed control system, comprise speed control system, power such as engine-drive connect power generating system or Hydraulic Pump, and power generating system or Hydraulic Pump are exported two branch road power at least: the electronic stepless speed regulation switch of a corresponding branch road or fluid control valve and the whole transmission of left crawler belt and with right-hand track chiain transmission at end transmission and control linkage successively; The electronic stepless speed regulation switch of corresponding another branch road or fluid control valve with take turns whole transmission transmission and control linkage successively with revolver transmission at end with the right side.

Being provided with between two branch roads with above-mentioned one described electron steering also is that the automatic control type speed control system comprises its part, usually, this speed control system comprises that at least two sensory information input ends of the speed setting element of its part are communicated with two branch roads by speed sensor respectively, and two instruction output ends are communicated with electronic stepless speed regulation switch, fluid control valve or electronic stepless speed regulation switch and fluid control valve by speed setting power element (not shown) respectively.Therefore, two branch roads have hydrostatic drive and control, electric energy transmission and control, an and branch road hydrostatic drive and control the three kinds of transmissions and the mode of another branch road electric energy transmission and control.This speed control system technology comprises that principle of work is with above-mentioned one.

Six, manually control formula, adopt prior art, comprise that wheel traveling gear 3 has travel controls gear and/or stepless change control forms, creeper undercarriage 4 is corresponding to have with step change, the stepless change of this gear and/or stepless change control constant speed coupling or level and stepless change traveling control device is arranged, and this device comprises automatically controlled or the electrohydraulic control formula.

Below further specify, this also is the explanation of above-mentioned another structure of appropriate section:

Said system comprises in the branch road can not be provided with power-transfer clutch.Power can select two to exert oneself to be two outputting power for use as driving engine and the structure that is in transmission connection with two branch roads respectively as Figure 26, Figure 27, Figure 28 medium power shown in the corresponding solid line part of driving engine two ends dotted line with an end, part two branch roads that can correspondingly save auxiliary gear box and output thereof this moment are as to the branch road part of power-transfer clutch etc.Driving engine can adopt band turbo-charging electronic fuel injection engine electricity-controlling throttle, and power generating system can adopt electronic control type.Above-mentioned one, two, three, four, five speed control system adopts wired and/or wireless type usually.Fulfil away mechanism 1 when wheel and promptly take turns traveling gear 3, when creeper undercarriage 4 all adopts same transmission such as hydrostatic drive or mechanical drive, its relevant driving section such as auxiliary gear box or control cock etc. can adopt the speed synchronization structure, can not adopt above-mentioned control technology this moment.Hydraulic pressure, electric energy transmission are laid easy, easy operating.Electron steering also is that the automatic control type speed control system is accurate, reliable, convenient.

Above-mentioned comprising: the described traveling gear 3 of taking turns is in transmission connection with the driving system of wheel support device or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m or the driving system of creeper undercarriage 4 and wheel support device or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, this is in transmission connection and comprises: be in transmission connection common power portion and/or corresponding driving section at least by power part and/or corresponding driving section.

Above-mentioned speed sensor also can be built in Hydraulic Pump, and this comprises the Hydraulic Pump that can adopt built-in velocity response valve.

The manoeuvre portion of above technology is located in the operator's compartment 12 usually, also can be equipped with remote control equipment (RCE) certainly.

Wheel is fulfiled away mechanism 1 and promptly taken turns the control that turns to of traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4 and have a following structure: one, adopting above-mentioned principle and structure to constitute electron steering also is that automatic control type turns to synchronous control system, that is: 1, shown in Figure 25, but wherein " speed " is changed into " turning to synchronously ".2, wheel traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4 all adopt prior art, and between the steering control system of this traveling gear 3 and 4, be provided with described electron steering also be automatic control type turn to synchronous control system comprise above-mentioned 1 the structure, this system turns at least two sensory information input ends of synchronization regulation element to comprise that with traveling gear 3 and 4 relevant portion is communicated with on it by corresponding sensor such as steering angle sensor respectively, and two instruction output ends are respectively by turning to the synchronization regulation power element to be communicated with the steering hardware of traveling gear 3 and 4.Two, wheel traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4 all adopt prior art, comprise turning to of manual control traveling gear 3 or 4, control turning to synchronously or roughly turning to synchronously of traveling gear 3 and 4.Therefore, may command traveling gear 3 or 4 turn to, and the turning to synchronously or roughly turning to synchronously of control traveling gear 3 and 4.The manoeuvre portion of above technology is located in the operator's compartment 12 usually, also can be equipped with remote control equipment (RCE) certainly.

Can be hydraulic ram such as spademan formula supporting leg with pushing away 18 changes of thing device, be specially: vertically outwards suitable this position main body 19 that extends also is provided with this supporting leg.Can comprise that taking turns the free time end setting of fulfiling away mechanism 1, wheel-pedrail machinery 2 pushes away thing device 18, hydraulic ram such as spademan formula supporting leg or other equipment at the free time of embodiment end, promptly on the main body 19 of on this position main body 19 or vertical outwards suitable lengthening said apparatus or supporting leg are being set, this device or supporting leg also can be connected with the outer other parts of main body 10 such as drive axle 8a or axletree 8d.Relevant portions such as wheel traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4 and equipment 10 comprise being connected of part with its power part that is complementary, driving section 19c, control part etc.: be in transmission connection, control linkage, assist connection.Creeper undercarriage 4 shown in Figure 16, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m also are the creeper undercarriage 4 of other embodiment, another make of crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m.

The operator's compartment and/or the pedal position of getting on the bus comprise that ladder 18b comprises following structural form: pedal position comprises the up and down all or part of ladder that is linked to be of ladder 18b, and other position of 15 can be arranged in and get on the bus 7, get off.The pedal position that has comprises that ladder 18b is not shown because this will be according to practical application such as operator's compartment and/or the situation of arranging of getting on the bus comprise specification, position, wait to determine towards, sense of motion.Pedal position comprises ladder 18b, grip railing 18d also can be located at and/or set up and comprise get off on 15 other position for example front portion, rear portion, corresponding sidepiece etc. in other position.Pedal position comprises that ladder 18b also can adopt other make, and for example, pedal positions collapsible, telescopic, makes such as folding retractable is hybrid, rope ladder type comprise ladder, ladder.Each embodiment relates to the hinge of main body 19, can be the part such as the part integrally manufactured or welding of main body 19.Operator's compartment 12 rear lowers and main body 19 or and its upper spider between can be provided with hydraulic pressure four connecting rod lifting mechanisms, comprise operation with the rising application that is used for operator's compartment 12, this moment relevant portion can corresponding adjustment as: operator's compartment 12 is not fixed in main body 19, power part and/or driving section and fuel tank 19c and operator's compartment 12 have suitable distance, reserve the suitable position that this mechanism is set, main body 19 can correspondingly extend etc.

Getting on the bus among the figure 7 can change with respect to 15 the direction of getting off, for example change into be different from direction among the figure oppositely.

Getting on the bus on 7 also is to get on the bus 7 and get off hydraulic pressure or electronic mobile device such as guide tracked slip or rolling mobile device can be set between 15, be used to get on the bus 7 can with respect to get off 15 move regulate also be keep getting on the bus comprising of complete machine 7,15 the balance of getting off.Wherein, the guide part of mobile device such as two guide rail vertically be located at get on the bus 7 turntable 15b bottom and/or between and be positioned at turning gear 15a both sides, the slip of mobile device or rolled portion and hydraulic pressure thereof or electric driving part are located at the both sides on turning gear 15a top.The pipeline portions such as get on the bus 7 transmissions of moving, control that relate to accordingly adopt or part adopts the towing chain mechanism with flexible pipe line (as flexible pipe, flexible cord) also vertically between guide part such as two guide rail.Therefore, under the effect of mobile device, get on the bus and 7 can 15 move the aforementioned effect of playing with respect to getting off.Can be furnished with the embodiment that gets on the bus and also can adopt above-mentioned structure.Certainly the also optional suitable position such as 7 rear portions of getting on the bus that is used in is provided with or increases the mode that counterweight comprises portable counterweight.

6 is hinge.Hinge, i.e. hinge, hinged (being hinged) located, portion, comprising: hinge, articulated mounting, mechanism, parts, pivoting setting, connection, pin type hinge etc.; Above-mentioned can have parts such as strut member (as frame, bearing, ring ear etc.), bearing pin and/or pivot.Combination articulation piece, combination hinge comprise mutually.Work, operation, construction, application comprise mutually.Power, transmission, driving comprise mutually.Inoperative comprises collection.Transmission and speed control system, driving system and speed control system, representative, also representative, as, comprise, have, as, for example, comprise mutually again.As, and for example comprise mutually.Hydraulic pressure, fluid power, hydraulic machinery comprise mutually.At least, comprise equal or more than.Hydraulic pressure, liquid gas, oil gas, air comprise mutually.Application comprises work, collection.Electronic, electric driving, electric tramsmission, motor machine comprise mutually.Adopt, select for use, use, for comprising mutually.Hydraulic pressure, hydrostatic, fluid power, hydraulic machinery, liquid gas, oil gas, Kongxiang should, corresponding, respectively, corresponding, relevant, similar, the gas that is complementary, electronic, electric driving, electric tramsmission, motor machine includes it: comprise mutually.System, technology, structure, mechanism, device, portion etc.Technology, system, device, equipment, mechanism, element, body, portion, towing chain mechanism, drag chain system, conveyer chain technology comprise mutually.Partly, parts, support portion, structure, structure, form, mode, commutation, control, manipulation comprise mutually.Formula comprises that mutually for example " formula " comprises " formula structure ".Control, control such as comprise transmission, speed, turn to.Main body also claims vehicle frame, mainframe, frame; Comprise: vehicle frame, comprises synchronously mutually main balance, coordination.Frame, frame, main support, support, underframe, framework, bottom row circular sleeve also is a round buss.Walk body support frame, frame or bracing frame etc., more than include secondary form.Lifting, lifting comprise mutually.Get off, lower running body (portion) comprises mutually.Support, walking comprise mutually.Arm, mechanical arm, arm-type support portion, support portion comprise mutually.Suspension, suspension comprise mutually.Pedal position, ladder, step, ladder, staircase, being used for pin, to step on portion, portal frame also be forked bed.Being used for the people top and the bottom comprises mutually.Machinery, gear mechanism, retarder comprise mutually.Arrange, establish, be provided with, be provided with, have, be furnished with, have, hinged, walking, speed, rotating speed comprise mutually.Be hinged, be connected with, connect, be connected with, captive joint, movable axle, bridge, axletree, vehicle bridge comprise mutually.Connecting, connect, be communicated with, install, adopt, select for use, use mutual chartered steamer shoe also is wheel shoe formula.Draw together, above-mentionedly include directly, indirectly, symmetry, non-symmetrical mode.Wheel also is wheeled; Crawler belt also is a crawler type.Be located at, generally promptly: be arranged on ... on; For example, be located at main body, wheel-pedrail machinery comprises that wheel carries out vehicle, wheel and carry out construction machinery and equipment, wheel and carry out the chassis, promptly be located on the main body and/or with main body and be connected.Wheel is fulfiled away mechanism.Be positioned at, be concealed in mutually and comprise.Wheel is carried out the chassis and is comprised that wheel-pedrail machinery chassis, wheel fulfil away mechanism, wheel and carry out mixing, combination, integratedly comprise mutually.Get off.Fixing, fixed type, maintain static (formula) and comprise mutually.Wheel shoe chassis, wheel are fulfiled away mechanism, wheel is carried out to get off and comprised mutually.Point, fulcrum, angle, wheel, wheel land to support and comprise mutually, and this is taken turns chartered steamer and fulfils away that mechanism comprises, takes turns traveling gear, creeper undercarriage, draws together single-wheel, the overlapping wheel as two-wheel.The crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement.Vertically, vertical, tiltedly vertical, inclinedly comprise mutually.Creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise mutually.Move, motion, movable, action, walking comprise mutually.The wheel shoe is got off, is taken turns shoe lower running body (portion) and comprises mutually.

More than each speech comprise: though the title difference, structure, effect, the phase jljl that effect is identical, and the equivalent that is equal to of structure, effect, effect.

Equipment 10,, and other formal construction and position be set complete with part representative, equipment 10 can be simple function or multi-functionally comprise two function operation devices 10 it comprises at least: excavate, load, grab thing, fragmentation, disassemble, milling, ditching, suction thing, brill, lifting, concrete pump, equipment 10 such as multi-functional, and the earthwork, building, road, carrying, industry, agricultural, forestry, equipment 10 such as military, can change the equipment 10 of facility, other equipment 10.Certainly, other does not have 7 the embodiment of getting on the bus, and wheel is carried out chassis, wheel and fulfiled away mechanism 1, wheel and carry out the embodiment such as 15 that get off, and also can adopt this equipment 10 as required.Also have, also can be provided with two or more equipments and comprise equipment 10.

The support portion of creeper undercarriage 4, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m, wheel traveling gear 3 also is the telescopic support portion 5c of lifting (also being lifting) as swinging arm-type support portion 5a, swing telescopic boom support portion 5b, U-shaped or frame, fixedly telescopic boom support portion 5e, folding arm-type support portion 5i, support portion 5L etc. include: have lifting unit, turning part, angle portion, crawler travel portion strut member or take turns strut member or two or more structural form wherein.

Compact integral structure, need not to increase complete machine length and/or width usually.The complete machine bottom comprises that the length and/or the width of getting off generally need not to increase or increase seldom.Grounding pressure is more preferably than prior art when having two pairs of creeper undercarriages 4, helps support, walking, work, inoperative etc.When launching, wheel traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4 or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m can improve the stability that comprises complete machine of embodiment.

Wheel is fulfiled away main body 19 tops that 1 embodiment of mechanism and wheel are carried out 15 embodiment such as grade that get off: also can not take back rotary device 15a, also can by or required compartment, equipment are not set, get on the bus etc. by turning gear 15a; This is got on the bus and comprises that construction machinery and equipment is got on the bus, transport trolley is got on the bus etc.Being used for hinged hinge 6 parts of taking turns traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4 or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m on the main body 19 also has the mode of vertical non-centering layout to comprise: the layout of taking back, and the layout that takes over, the outside is arranged, disposed inboard.Solid or the air core tyre formula wheel 8c of wheel traveling gear 3 can adopt single-wheel or overlapping two-wheel 8c.Taking turns a fulcrum is that a fulcrum adopts single-wheel 8c or overlapping 8c of wheel such as two-wheel 8c as wheel traveling gear 3 four points, trapezoidal four any of lighting the ground support type.

Wheel traveling gear 3, can all or part of employing hydraulic pressure, fluid power, hydraulic machinery, electronic or motor machine drives and/or the steering-type structure, for example, adopt the present invention's wheel traveling gear embodiment illustrated in fig. 20 3 structures, existing roadbed turns over the wheel traveling gear structure of complete machine, soil stabilizer etc.; Adopting this structure hour wheel traveling gear 3 can select the support portion of creeper undercarriage 4 of the present invention for use, for example, the wheel with functions such as respective drive that the 19b of crawler travel portion of crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m is changed to being complementary promptly becomes wheel support device; This change also can adopt prior art such as hydraulic pressure or powered wheel technology to comprise its support and connection mode.At this moment, also can to adopt three fulcrums also be the arrangement form of three creeper undercarriages 4 to creeper undercarriage 4; Usually, wherein mono-creeper undercarriage 4 do not have the above support portion but can determine whether as required to keep lifting part, this creeper undercarriage 4 comprise the 19b of its crawler travel portion can above-mentioned take turns the forward and backward of traveling gear 3 or an end to wheel 8c between and by attaching parts and/or can turn to turning gear 15 to be located at main body not have axletree 8d or bridge 8a 19 this moments here; When being located at main body 19 by attaching parts, creeper undercarriage 4 is original part such as turns to as turn to oil cylinder 16 and can correspondingly be connected with main body 19.

Non-trapezoidal four another kinds of lighting the wheel 8c of ground two of support types wheel traveling gear 3 are configured to iron tyre and comprise track with (as the train formula) wheel, so this wheel 8c also represents and/or also can be that iron tyre comprises that track is with wheel.Therefore, this another kind of taking turns traveling gear 3 is configured to iron wheel type wheel traveling gear 3 and comprises track with (as the train formula) wheel traveling gear 3, so this wheel traveling gear 3 also represent and/or also can be that iron wheel type is taken turns traveling gear 3 and comprised that track is used and take turns traveling gear 3.Other takes turns the present invention traveling gear 3 and comprises its part, also can corresponding employing comprises using instead by hydraulic lift hitch 9d and/or swinging arm-type support portion 5a and main body 19 bonded assembly correlation techniques.

Creeper undercarriage 4: 19a of falling the L bracket and portal frame 19a are interchangeable.Comprise the needs of collection etc. according to walking, operation, non-operation, can be to the angle of a pair of or a creeper undercarriage 4, highly, vertically position etc. is adjusted, wheel traveling gear 3 embodiment illustrated in fig. 20 is so same; Crawler belt is generally steel and comprises alloy, also can adopt other prior art, as rubber caterpillar type etc.; The 19b of crawler travel portion can adopt other prior art such as trigonometric expression to comprise that crawler belt is triangular form and arranges and the drive sprocket high-position placed, preceding perk formula down etc.

Wheel traveling gear 3, creeper undercarriage 4, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement 5m with pipe and/or line transmission and/or control, this pipe and/or line can be laid on its support portion and comprise on the arm, and heteroid this support portion comprises that pipe that arm is can corresponding employing different and/or line structure and laying mode comprise that corresponding prior art such as flexible transmission and/or control technology comprise: transmission and/or control technologys such as flexible pipe and/or flexible cord, follow mechanism; For example: when a support portion had folded part, the pipe and/or the line as folding arm of relevant folded part adopted flexible pipe and/or flexible cord structure.When two support portions have telescopic section, adopt in telescopic section such as telescopic boom and/or towing chain mechanism that outer horizontal or vertically-arranged are complementary comprises that the transmission of liquid and/or electric towing chain mechanism and/or control constructs.When three support portions have telescopic section, telescopic section such as telescopic boom adopt transmission and/or the control structure of being furnished with flexible pipe and/or flexible cord drum mechanism built, and this drum mechanism built mainly is made of the flexible pipe track adjusting wheel of the external hose reel of telescopic section such as telescopic boom, built-in respective numbers, the flexible pipe and/or the flexible cord of respective length.

Paired in the accompanying drawing, symmetrical two parts, usually a description of symbols part or wherein in conjunction with two parts description of symbols.This description of symbols can adopt abbreviation.

Fig. 7,8,9,10,11,12 illustrated embodiments, also can adopt to change its minor axis wheel traveling gear 3 into two fork support type single-wheel traveling geaies for example two V shape single-wheel traveling geaies of existing three-wheeled motor vehicle, wherein its kingpin 16f be changed into two V shape support portions.

Whole and the local size of each embodiment, just, the position of length, width, ratio, certain limit and/or connecting portion etc. all can adjust.For example, wheelbase, the wheelspan of wheel traveling gear 3, the specification of 9b of crawler travel portion and support portion thereof, size, length etc.

The non-characteristic of the present invention comprises the non-characteristic in the characteristic, can adopt corresponding prior art.For example: wheel traveling gear 3 can adopt technology such as truck mounted, the suspension of industrial wheeled equipment formula, transmission, control; Control part can adopt CAN bussing technique etc.

Be noted that the above only is the preferred specific embodiment of the present invention.Therefore according to creation principle of the present invention, many distortion, change, improvement be can also carry out, distortion, change, the improvement done according to equivalent constructions scope and/or implication comprised; But these distortion, change, improvement all fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a wheel is fulfiled away mechanism, comprising: main body, take turns four fulcrums and/or twin axle wheel traveling gear, and two fulcrum types and/or a pair of or two creeper undercarriages is characterized in that:
A. described creeper undercarriage be furnished with can make at least its crawler travel portion comprise its part outside between the described wheel of taking turns traveling gear or between the wheel and the support portion of external movement, above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this support portion at least;
Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part is furnished with arm-type support portion, above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this arm-type support portion at least;
Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part is furnished with: but can swing, collapsible lifting, scalable, can turn to or the rotary type support portion, have swing part, folding part, lifting portion, pars contractilis, turning part or rotating part formula support portion, arm-type, T shape, U-shaped or frame type support portion, perhaps, hybridly comprise above-mentioned two or more hybrid support portion, above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this support portion at least;
Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part and main body bonded assembly hinge are to have vertical hinge or vertical peaceful hinge to hinge, perhaps, described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part is by having vertical hinge or vertical peace is connected with main body to the hinge of hinge, this creeper undercarriage comprises the form that has the support portion, and this support portion has the appropriate section of hinge usually;
Described creeper undercarriage comprise that its part is furnished with or with described take turns traveling gear comprise its part be furnished with comprise shared be furnished with the trigonometric expression that has mobile device and/or have at least at 3 be connected and/or supported at three point formula support portion above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this support portion at least;
Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part captives joint with main body by subframe, strut member, fixed support portion or movable support portion at least;
Described creeper undercarriage comprises that its part is furnished with: comprise its part collection at this creeper undercarriage, launch or collection and deployed condition under can support the support portion that it comprises that its part supports at least, walks or turns to;
Described creeper undercarriage is furnished with at least to adjust its distance and comprises mobile device and/or be connected with main body by this device at least;
Perhaps, have above-mentioned one or more structures, and the described traveling gear of taking turns has following b structure and is included as the described traveling gear of taking turns of b;
B. the described traveling gear of taking turns comprises that its part passes through at least: but can swing, collapsible lifting, can turn to or the rotary type support portion, have swing part, folding part, lifting portion, turning part, rotating part, arm-type or hydraulic suspension formula support portion, perhaps, hybridly comprise that above-mentioned two or more hybrid support portion is connected with described main body, this is taken turns traveling gear and comprises: the form of being furnished with drive division and/or turning part;
The described traveling gear of taking turns comprises that its part comprises that by having bracing or strutting arrangement the support portion that has supporting leg is connected with described main body, and this is taken turns traveling gear and comprises: the form of being furnished with drive division and/or turning part;
The described wheel taken turns two fulcrums and/or shaft type wheel traveling gear at least and is furnished with at least to adjust its distance and comprises mobile device and/or be connected with main body by this device at least in the traveling gear;
It is described that to take turns traveling gear be single shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axis structure, and/or, be less than or more than wheel four fulcrum type structures;
Perhaps, have above-mentioned one or more structures, and described creeper undercarriage has above-mentioned a structure and is included as the described creeper undercarriage of a, at this moment, this is taken turns traveling gear and comprises and can adopt: single shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axis structure, and/or, be less than or more than wheel four fulcrum type structures;
C. the described traveling gear of taking turns is used instead or is adopted: take turns three fulcrums and comprise single shaft, twin shaft or do not distinguish shaft type and take turns three fulcrums, take turns above many fulcrums of four fulcrums and/or single shaft, twin shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axle, take turns trapezoidal four fulcrums or many fulcrums and/or single shaft, twin shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axle, perhaps, wheel many fulcrums of rhombus and/or single shaft, twin shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish axis structure has at least two fulcrum types of above-mentioned a structure and/or a pair of or two described creeper undercarriages and comprises that its part is positioned at or lays respectively at monocycly at least this structure and/or this wheel traveling gear, wheelspan is little, the wheel traveling gear that bridge length is little or shaft length is little comprises that the sidepiece of its part comprises both sides;
D. described creeper undercarriage is to have three fulcrum types of above-mentioned a structure and/or three, perhaps at least four fulcrum types and/or at least two pairs or four creeper undercarriages, it usually in the same way, oppositely or mix to and being connected at a distance of certain distance with main body, wherein, a fulcrum type and/or a creeper undercarriage are vertical usually in three fulcrum types and/or three creeper undercarriages roughly is connected when seeing between two parties with outside body end or the end, this moment, described principal length can corresponding adjustment comprise lengthening, the described traveling gear of taking turns adopts the wheel traveling gear of above-mentioned b to comprise its structure when perhaps, having this structure;
E. described creeper undercarriage have above-mentioned a structure be included as the described creeper undercarriage of a comprise with body end and/or end outside be connected, at least one traveling gear, of taking turns is taken turns running part, and is taken turns support portion or and take turns and the support portion in the described wheel type traveling mechanism, at least be connected with described main body by mobile device, at this moment, this is taken turns traveling gear and comprises: be less than or more than wheel four fulcrums and/or single shaft, twin shaft, multiaxis or do not distinguish the form of axle;
Perhaps, described creeper undercarriage comprise its part with described take turns traveling gear comprise its part be furnished with comprise shared be furnished with the trigonometric expression that has mobile device and/or have at least at 3 be connected and/or supported at three point formula support portion above-mentioned comprising: and be connected with main body by this support portion at least;
F. described creeper undercarriage has above-mentioned a structure and is included as the described creeper undercarriage of a, and adopt: but forward is connected with main body and reverse operation and/or inoperative structure, but forward is connected with main body and forward work and/or inoperative structure, but oppositely be connected and forward work and/or inoperative structure with main body, perhaps, but oppositely be connected and reverse operation and/or inoperative structure with main body, above-mentioned work, inoperative includes and launches and/or collection, perhaps, has above-mentioned a kind of structure and the described traveling gear of taking turns has above-mentioned b structure and is included as the described traveling gear of taking turns of b;
G. the described traveling gear of taking turns is connected with the main body movable and comprises the wheel traveling gear that can adopt above-mentioned b and the movable type of attachment of main body, described creeper undercarriage is connected with the main body fixed type or rotary type connects, this moment, this creeper undercarriage comprised: be less than or more than two fulcrums and/or a pair of or twos' form, this creeper undercarriage is connected with the main body fixed type and/or the rotary type connection accordingly;
H. or, have above-mentioned a kind of structure at least, and described creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise its part:
One, comprises hinge with main body bonded assembly position, when side is seen, comprise that the top, bottom, inside, outside, end, front portion, front middle part, middle part, postmedian, rear portion, left part, right part or the mixing portion that are positioned at main body at least comprise above-mentioned two or more mixing portion;
Two, comprise hinge with main body bonded assembly position, during vertical seeing, comprise that the top, bottom, inside, outside, middle part, sidepiece, the sidepiece that are arranged in main body at least comprise that both sides or mixing portion comprise above-mentioned two or more mixing portion;
Comprise when three, work, inoperative, expansion or collection through and/or be positioned at: the described top that comprises the part wheel of taking turns the wheel of traveling gear, front portion, rear portion, between, sidepiece, outside, inside or mixing portion comprise above-mentioned two or more mixing portion, the end of described main body, front portion, front middle part, middle part, postmedian, rear portion, left part, right part, top, bottom, outside, sidepiece or mixing portion comprise above-mentioned two or more mixing portion; This process, be positioned at respectively and comprise: symmetrical, asymmetric, in the same way, reverse, oblique or hybridly comprise above-mentioned two or more hybrid process and/or be positioned at;
Four, comprise hinge with main body bonded assembly position, comprise being higher than main body, being lower than main body or identical with body height;
Five or, adopt above-mentioned two or more structure;
The above: at least, comprise equal or more than; Connect, comprise that movable connects; Creeper undercarriage comprise also be, hold concurrently for or as the crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement; The support portion of creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement, wheel traveling gear includes: have lifting unit, turning part, angle portion, wheel or crawler travel portion strut member or above-mentioned two or more structural form.
2. a wheel is fulfiled away mechanism, has the structure of claim 1, and its feature also comprises:
A. described main body is for having the main body of rotating part and/or equipment at least, and this rotating part can be used for comprising being provided with at least gets on the bus and/or equipment;
B. described creeper undercarriage is supporting leg type creeper undercarriage or crawler type supporting leg;
C. described creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise that crawler travel portion is furnished with the turning part, this turning part comprise be furnished with gear mechanism, hydraulic efficiency gear, pneumatic shuttle, electric device or above-mentioned two or more comprise and mixing or compound type mechanism and/or device;
D. describedly take turns traveling gear, creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement or wherein two or more is furnished with cannula portion, comprise and being furnished with: the telescopic jacking system of sleeve pipe comprise have the turning part, tumbler or can connect the telescopic jacking system of sleeve pipe of turning part or tumbler, perhaps, the structure that has this structure and above-mentioned c;
E. described the wheel fulfiled away mechanism and had pedal position, comprise: described creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise the double pedal position of doing of its part, and described creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise on its part and/or object nearby is provided with pedal position; Pedal position comprises ladder, step, ladder, staircase, be used for pin steps on portion, is used for the people top and the bottom;
F. described the wheel fulfiled away mechanism and at least also is furnished with the thing of pushing away device and/or supporting leg;
G. or, adopt above-mentioned two or more structure.
3. a wheel is fulfiled away mechanism, has the structure of claim 1 or 2, and its feature also comprises:
A. described the wheel fulfils away that mechanism is furnished with or part is furnished with driving system, speed control system or transmission with speed control system comprises described this system of claim 4, but complete or this system partly can or need described take turns to fulfil away embodied when mechanism places complete machine, main frame or chassis;
B. described the wheel fulfils away that mechanism is furnished with or part is furnished with steering swivel system and comprises the described synchronous control system that turns to of claim 5, but this system complete or part can or need described take turns to fulfil away embodied when mechanism places complete machine, main frame or chassis;
C. the described movable wheel traveling gear and/or the movable creeper undercarriage of fulfiling away mechanism of taking turns is furnished with flexible transmission and/or control part, this flexibility transmission and/or control part comprise transmission and/or control flexible pipe, flexible cord that this control comprises travel controls, work control, turns to control;
D. or, adopt above-mentioned two or more structure.
4. a traveling gear driving system, speed control system, transmission and speed control system comprise: wheel traveling gear driving system, and/or the creeper undercarriage driving system is characterized in that:
A. the described traveling gear driving system of taking turns is connected with the creeper undercarriage driving system or with crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement driving system, comprise: be in transmission connection, at least comprise by power part and/or the connection of corresponding driving section being in transmission connection, constitute described driving system;
B. the described traveling gear driving system of taking turns is connected with wheeled or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement driving system with wheeled or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement driving system or described creeper undercarriage driving system, comprise: be in transmission connection, at least comprise by power part and/or the connection of corresponding driving section being in transmission connection, constitute described driving system;
C. or, structure and its two kinds of driving system control linkages of comprising above-mentioned a or b, comprise: by control part connection, contact control linkage, contactless control linkage, contact and the hybrid control linkage of noncontact, being provided with control system between this two driving system comprises wired and/or the wireless type control system, constitute described speed control system and/or transmission and speed control system, above-mentioned control comprises the synchronous and/or speed synchronization control of transmission, and above-mentioned transmission and speed comprise that respectively transmission is synchronous, speed synchronization.
A traveling gear turn to synchronous control system, comprising: wheel traveling gear steering swivel system, the creeper undercarriage steering swivel system is characterized in that:
Described take turns traveling gear steering swivel system and creeper undercarriage steering swivel system or and wheeled or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement steering swivel system be furnished with the synchronous control system of turning to and be included in to be provided with between these two kinds of steering swivel systems and turn to synchronous control system, or these two kinds of steering swivel system control linkages comprise: by control part connection, contact control linkage, contactless control linkage, contact and the hybrid control linkage of noncontact, be provided with control system and comprise wired and/or the wireless type control system between these two kinds of steering swivel systems, above-mentioned control comprises and turns to synchro control.
6. wheel traveling gear, corresponding comprise wheel, suspension part, axletree, vehicle bridge or wherein two or more, it is characterized in that:
A. described suspension part is a hydraulic lift hitch, and described the wheel have drive division and comprise that axletree and/or vehicle bridge are provided with drive division, and when this hydraulic lift hitch was furnished with rotating part, this takes turns the transmission of traveling gear and/or control part can be through in this rotating part and/or outer;
B. described axletree is at least two axletrees, and wherein the length of at least one axletree is less than the length of some other axletrees, and an above-mentioned axletree can be made of axletree more than a section or a section, and above-mentioned axletree is axletree and/or vehicle bridge;
C. described axletree is at least two axletrees, and wherein at least one axletree wheel traveling gear or its part have moving part, and an above-mentioned axletree can be made of axletree more than a section or a section, and above-mentioned axletree is axletree and/or vehicle bridge;
D. describedly take turns employing and take turns four fulcrums at least and support the walking structure, wherein at least one wheelspan is less than some other wheelspans, and this takes turns four fulcrums at least, and to support fulcrum in the walking structure can be to take turns or one take turns above the wheel and comprise folded wheel;
E. or, the described traveling gear of taking turns adopts described the wheel to be at least wheel four fulcrums support walking structure, wherein take turns two fulcrums at least and support walking wheel traveling gear and comprise that its part has moving part, it can be to take turns or one take turns above the wheel and comprise folded wheel that this at least four fulcrum supports a fulcrum in walking structure.
7. a creeper undercarriage, crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement, crawler type are got off, and comprise crawler travel portion, it is characterized in that:
A. described crawler travel portion adopts: can be oppositely or the movable that can be used for its reverse collection, work or inoperative comprise the oscillating type support portion, liftable oscillating type, swing telescopic, elevating and telescopic type, flat or have turning gear formula support portion tiltedly telescopic, collapsible or rotary comprising, perhaps, adopt frame, T shape, U-shaped, telescopic boom or emanant comprising to fix and/or movable emanant support portion;
The described crawler travel portion of b. described crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement is furnished with fixed type and/or movable support portion;
C. adopt above-mentioned a kind of structure at least, and described crawler travel portion is provided with the turning part, and this turning part comprises can be provided with gear mechanism, hydraulic efficiency gear, pneumatic shuttle, electric device or wherein two or more comprises and mixing or compound type mechanism and/or device; And/or, can be furnished with cannula portion, comprise and being furnished with: the telescopic jacking system of sleeve pipe comprise have the turning part, tumbler or can connect the telescopic jacking system of sleeve pipe of turning part or tumbler,
D. or, two or more described crawler travel portions by the support portion comprise respectively by the support portion, together by support portion, part together by the support portion, comprise that fixed type and/or movable support portion are connected with main body and/or comprise that its part is connected and/or comprise that with the turning gear supporter corresponding bearing or support are connected that this connection comprises with turning gear by the support portion with part is together hybrid respectively: emanant comprise fix and/or movable emanant, in the same way, oppositely or mixing to the layout connection mode.
8. a wheel-pedrail machinery, construction machinery and equipment transmission and/or control system, comprise: relate to two-part at least transmission and/or control system, this at least two parts comprise: get on the bus and get off, equipment and main frame, device and main frame, it is characterized in that: described transmission and/or control system have: contactless control part, contact and the hybrid control part of noncontact, contact transmission and contactless control part, perhaps, the hybrid control part of contact transmission, contact and noncontact;
Perhaps, has above-mentioned a kind of structure, and be provided with control setup on getting off comprising on described two-part at least at least a portion, this control setup comprises: the control setup of described transmission and/or control system, relevant with transmission and/or control system at least control setup, be used for the control setup of transmission and/or control at least, above-mentioned control setup comprises control cock and/or controller.
9. one kind comprises the wheel-pedrail machinery of taking turns shoe vehicle, wheel shoe construction machinery and equipment, and comprising: traveling gear is characterized in that:
A. described traveling gear is that claim 1,2 or 3 described wheels are fulfiled away mechanism, and the main body that the main body of described wheel-pedrail machinery and wheel are fulfiled away mechanism can be same main body or shared main body;
B. has above-mentioned a structure, and have driving system, speed control system or transmission and speed control system and comprise the synchronous and/or speed synchronous control system of transmission, comprise described this system of claim 4, at this moment, above-mentioned each system and the described homogeneous system of claim 3 can be same systems;
C. have above-mentioned a, b or a and b structure, and have steering swivel system and comprise and turn to synchronous control system that comprise described this system of claim 5, at this moment, the described homogeneous system of this steering swivel system and claim 3 can be a same system;
D. two parts at least of described wheel-pedrail machinery have: contact, contactless, or contact and the hybrid control part of noncontact, contact transmission and contact control part, contact transmission and contactless control part, the contact transmission with contact and the hybrid control part of noncontact, perhaps, has above-mentioned a kind of structure, and be provided with control setup on getting off comprising on described two-part at least at least a portion, this control setup comprises: the control setup of described transmission and/or control system, at least relevant with transmission and/or control system control setup, at least the control setup that is used for transmission and/or control, above-mentioned control setup comprises control cock and/or controller, this at least two parts comprise: get on the bus and get off, equipment and main frame, device and main frame;
E. the creeper undercarriage of described wheel-pedrail machinery and/or crawler type bracing or strutting arrangement comprise comprising of its componental movement and/or non-motion: work, inoperative, expansion or collection, swing, flexible, lifting, rotation or above-mentioned two or more mix the path of action and/or scope through and/or have: the top that comprises its part of described wheel-pedrail machinery, bottom, end, front portion, middle part, rear portion, between, sidepiece, outside, lining portion or mixing portion;
F. get on the bus to be furnished with and to make this mobile mobile device and/or be furnished with the packaged type counterweight of getting on the bus;
G. or, adopt above-mentioned two or more structure.
10. one kind comprises the wheel-pedrail machinery of taking turns shoe vehicle, wheel shoe construction machinery and equipment, the structure with claim 9, and its feature also comprises: the equipment of described wheel-pedrail machinery setting is at least:
A. simple function equipment, and/or the multi-functional two function operation devices that comprise;
B. one, two or more equipment;
C. or, have the structure of above-mentioned a and b.
CN 200710108508 2007-05-18 2007-05-18 Transmission and control system for wheel-pedrail machinery and walking mechanism, wheel and pedrail walking mechanism, supporting device and engineering machinery CN101058320A (en)

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CN 200710108508 CN101058320A (en) 2007-05-18 2007-05-18 Transmission and control system for wheel-pedrail machinery and walking mechanism, wheel and pedrail walking mechanism, supporting device and engineering machinery

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101716955B (en) * 2009-12-24 2011-11-02 三一电气有限责任公司 Steering device for tracked vehicle and tracked vehicle with steering device
CN102296652A (en) * 2011-06-16 2011-12-28 周田雪昊 Crawler-type multifunctional engineering machine
CN102320331A (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-01-18 郑州新大方重工科技有限公司 Traveling vehicle chassis
CN102849133A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-01-02 中联重科股份有限公司 Hoisting equipment
CN102862615A (en) * 2012-09-05 2013-01-09 西北工业大学 Wheel-crawler-variable chassis
CN102923100A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-13 郑州新大方重工科技有限公司 Crane landing leg provided with caterpillar track traveling mechanism and wheel suspension traveling mechanism
CN102951130A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-03-06 湖南恒润高科股份有限公司 Track supporting leg for bridge detection vehicle
CN102966794A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-03-13 上海中联重科桩工机械有限公司 Guide clamp of hose and crawler travelling mechanism
CN102979130A (en) * 2011-09-05 2013-03-20 上海市基础工程有限公司 Long-distance soil cube conveying machinery
CN103057613A (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-04-24 大连华锐重工集团股份有限公司 Lateral three-support-point multiple-caterpillar-band guiding support device
CN103407491A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-11-27 常雪阳 Intelligent car and control method thereof
CN103590608A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-19 三一汽车制造有限公司 Concrete pumping equipment
CN104260795A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-01-07 广西大学 Chassis capable of freely switching between crawler type walking mode and wheel type walking mode
CN104326380A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-02-04 中国十九冶集团有限公司 Dual-purpose wheel-type crawler-type crane
CN109433397A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-03-08 湖南三快而居住宅工业有限公司 Removable support base, moving type sieving-sorting machine and movable crusher

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101716955B (en) * 2009-12-24 2011-11-02 三一电气有限责任公司 Steering device for tracked vehicle and tracked vehicle with steering device
CN102320331A (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-01-18 郑州新大方重工科技有限公司 Traveling vehicle chassis
CN102296652A (en) * 2011-06-16 2011-12-28 周田雪昊 Crawler-type multifunctional engineering machine
CN102979130B (en) * 2011-09-05 2015-08-19 上海市基础工程集团有限公司 Long distance earthwork conveying machinery
CN102979130A (en) * 2011-09-05 2013-03-20 上海市基础工程有限公司 Long-distance soil cube conveying machinery
CN102862615B (en) * 2012-09-05 2014-10-29 西北工业大学 Wheel-crawler-variable chassis
CN102862615A (en) * 2012-09-05 2013-01-09 西北工业大学 Wheel-crawler-variable chassis
CN102849133B (en) * 2012-09-27 2016-04-06 中联重科股份有限公司 Weight-lifting equipment
CN102849133A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-01-02 中联重科股份有限公司 Hoisting equipment
CN102951130A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-03-06 湖南恒润高科股份有限公司 Track supporting leg for bridge detection vehicle
CN102923100A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-13 郑州新大方重工科技有限公司 Crane landing leg provided with caterpillar track traveling mechanism and wheel suspension traveling mechanism
CN102966794A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-03-13 上海中联重科桩工机械有限公司 Guide clamp of hose and crawler travelling mechanism
CN102966794B (en) * 2012-11-26 2015-04-29 上海中联重科桩工机械有限公司 Guide clamp of hose and crawler travelling mechanism
CN103057613A (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-04-24 大连华锐重工集团股份有限公司 Lateral three-support-point multiple-caterpillar-band guiding support device
CN103057613B (en) * 2012-12-14 2016-03-16 大连华锐重工集团股份有限公司 A kind of side three fulcrum multi-track guiding support device
CN103407491A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-11-27 常雪阳 Intelligent car and control method thereof
CN103407491B (en) * 2013-04-28 2015-09-30 常雪阳 A kind of intelligent vehicle and control method thereof
CN103590608A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-19 三一汽车制造有限公司 Concrete pumping equipment
CN104260795A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-01-07 广西大学 Chassis capable of freely switching between crawler type walking mode and wheel type walking mode
CN104326380A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-02-04 中国十九冶集团有限公司 Dual-purpose wheel-type crawler-type crane
CN109433397A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-03-08 湖南三快而居住宅工业有限公司 Removable support base, moving type sieving-sorting machine and movable crusher

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