CN101057541A - Chinese yam directional groove shallow cultivation method - Google Patents

Chinese yam directional groove shallow cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101057541A
CN101057541A CN 200710028266 CN200710028266A CN101057541A CN 101057541 A CN101057541 A CN 101057541A CN 200710028266 CN200710028266 CN 200710028266 CN 200710028266 A CN200710028266 A CN 200710028266A CN 101057541 A CN101057541 A CN 101057541A
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guide slot
inclined plane
groove
plane
planting
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CN100512623C (en
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林桂发
卢炎标
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Abstract

The invention relates to a yam directional groove shallow planting method, which adopts the technical scheme that the ridge body covering ditch row spacing is L1The width of the excavation inclined plane is L which is 0.9-1.7 m20.5-1.1 m, the slope of the inclined plane is alpha 12-40 degrees, and the height from the bottom of the inclined plane to the ground is H1The height of the top of the inclined plane is H from the ground28-15 cm; after conventional base fertilizer is spread on the inclined plane, small ditches matched with the directional grooves are excavated along the inclined plane according to the plant spacing of 20-25 cm, the small ditches are excavated along the inclined plane in the slope direction, then the directional grooves are placed in the small ditches, and soft filler is placed in the directional grooves; backfill thickness of H3Arranging 5-15 cm of cultivated soil into a ridge body with side ditches, and processing the width and the depth of the side ditches according to a conventional method; and (4) planting potato seeds above the position which is 1-3 cm away from the upper end of the orientation groove horizontally and 4-10 cm away from the upper end of the orientation groove vertically. The method has the advantages of suitability for planting in various soils, convenient harvesting, high yield, good quality and good commodity characters, and is suitable for planting various dioscoreaceae Chinese yams.

Description

Method for directional tank shallow planting for Chinese yam
Technical field
The invention belongs to Dioscoreaceae plant yam cultivation technical field, specifically, relate to a kind of method for directional tank shallow planting for Chinese yam.
Background technology
Because the geotropism of Chinese yam stem tuber growth, traditional cultivation all are to be planted in that soil layer is deep, subterranean water level is lower, irrigation and drainage are sandy soil easily; Chinese yam length can reach one meter in addition; the stem tuber quality is tender and crisp, and is so the labour intensity of gathering is big, time-consuming; easy damaged stem tuber also; and its output is also lower, and commodity property is poor; in hillside and sticking, harder soil property, be not suitable for plantation, limited the large-scale production of Chinese yam like this.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at the problems referred to above, a kind of plantation in the various soil, the convenience of gathering, output height, quality better, method for directional tank shallow planting for Chinese yam that commodity property is good of being adapted at is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention comprises:
1, a kind of method for directional tank shallow planting for Chinese yam comprises:
A), be L by ridge body bag ditch line-spacing 1=0.9~1.7m excavation surface width is L 2=0.5~1.1m, surface slope are α=12~40 degree, and the bottom on inclined-plane is H apart from ground level 1=13~38cm, the top on inclined-plane is risen ground and is H apart from ground level 2=8~15cm;
B), after spreading fertilizer over the fields conventional base manure on the inclined-plane, by the spacing in the rows 20~25cm excavation ditch with the guide slot coupling, this ditch then, is placed guide slot, and insert soft filler in guide slot along inclined-plane aspect excavation in ditch along the inclined-plane;
C), backfill thickness is H 3The mold of=5~15cm, and the arrangement become the ridge body that has gutter, the width and the degree of depth of this gutter are handled routinely;
D), level apart from guide slot upper end 1~3cm, vertically locate above the 4~10cm of guide slot upper end kind under the potato kind.
Guide slot of the present invention, adopting flute length 50~110cm, groove depth 1.8~4.5cm, the wide 3~7cm of groove face, groove arc length 7~14cm, groove arc radius of curvature is the plastic channel of 1.5~5cm, the upper end closed of this groove, the lower ending opening of this groove, the lower end of this groove also can be sealed, during lower end closed, generally several apertures should be set at the bottom land place.
The present invention, soft filler generally is the mixed fillers that adopts fine sand, ash and wood chip, also can adopt the mixed fillers of fine sand, ash and cavings, its volume ratio is fine sand: ash: wood chip or cavings=70~80: 5: 15~25.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1), utilize guide slot guiding Chinese yam stem tuber to grow the problem that it is inconvenient that solution is gathered at shallow soil layer;
2), in guide slot, insert soft filler, guide slot can be by the backfill soil filling, for the elongation of Chinese yam stem tuber provides fine environment, solve the directed shallow living French fries crooked problem that arches upward easily, and guide slot place can be more flat, give full play to the advantage of shallow living saving of labor's high yield, can reach in sticking, the harder soil property at hillside and plant, breaking traditions can only be in the limitation of dark soil layer blanket sand quality plantation, and favourable large tracts of land is promoted, and forms large-scale production;
3), guide slot is set, when gathering, can stay potato head and guide slot, often regulate reason and can normally gather once more the coming year, also can only stay guide slot, plants when waiting for favorable season, makes the plastics guide slot reusable, so can reduce planting cost;
4), shallow planting plantation, can make full use of the day and night bigger characteristics of the temperature difference of shallow soil layer, the growth of potato piece is fast, output is high, quality better, commodity property are good.
So the present invention has and is adapted at plantation in the various soil, the convenience of gathering, output height, quality better, advantage that commodity property is good, is applicable to various Dioscoreaceae yam cultivations plantations.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the present of invention.
Among the figure, 1, guide slot, 2, the potato kind, 3, the inclined-plane, 4, gutter, 5, the ridge body, 6, mold; L 1, ridge body bag ditch line-spacing, L 2, surface width, H 1, the inclined-plane the bottom apart from ground level, H 2, the inclined-plane the top apart from ground level, H 3, mold backfill thickness, α, surface slope.
Embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of concrete steps of method for directional tank shallow planting for Chinese yam are:
1), select the potato kind: selecting the potato piece of the sturdy health that new garden gathers is the potato kind;
2), be ready to the plastics guide slot: according to length, the size of Chinese yam different cultivars stem tuber, customization flute length 50~110cm, groove depth 1.8~4.5cm, groove arc length 7~14cm, groove arc radius of curvature are the plastics guide slot 1 of 1.5~5cm, the upper end closed of this groove, the lower end of this groove is also sealed, and the aperture of three diameter 2~3mm is set at the bottom land place;
3), wholely put groove: building road and irrigation and drainage system in the garden well, use lime 25kg by every mu, evenly sprinkle pulverized limestone, is L by ridge body bag ditch line-spacing 1=0.9~1.7m excavates inclined-plane 3, and surface width is L 2=0.5~1.1m, surface slope are α=12~40 degree, and the bottom on inclined-plane is H apart from ground level 1=13~38cm, the top on inclined-plane is risen ground and is H apart from ground level 2=8~15cm; On the inclined-plane, spread fertilizer over the fields superphosphate 50kg, composite fertilizer 30kg, the fertile 1000kg of decomposed organic matter by every mu, the ditch that mates by spacing in the rows 20~25cm excavation and guide slot along the inclined-plane, this ditch excavates along the inclined-plane aspect, then, place guide slot in ditch, and insert soft filler in guide slot, soft filler adopts the mixed fillers of fine sand, ash, wood chip or cavings, its volume ratio is fine sand: ash: wood chip or cavings=70~80: 5: 15~25;
4), backfill becomes the ridge: backfill thickness is H 3The mold of=5~15cm, and arrangement becomes the ridge body 5 that has gutter 4, the width and the degree of depth of this gutter are handled routinely, and that gutter is used for is hydrophobic, pour water etc., and mark is buried the position of guide slot underground on ridge body 5;
5), plantation: the burial place of corresponding guide slot, level apart from guide slot upper end 1~3cm, vertically locate above the 4~10cm of guide slot upper end kind under potato kind 2;
6), field management: staking, carry out water management, the fertilizing management and the extermination of disease and insect pest;
7), pruning is pinched: to sowing and stay the Chinese yam of potato head, the pruning of pinching in spring;
8), gather: select fine day when gathering, after soil opens, cut off at the about 12cm of distance potato head place, the potato piece is taken out and stay the potato head, can normally gather once more in order to often regulating reason the coming year with pocket knife; Also can only stay the plastics guide slot, plant when waiting for favorable season; Also French fries and guide slot together can be taken out, store in indoor, French fries can be preserved the long period like this, are difficult for rotting or rotten.
Concrete cultivation briefing of the present invention:
On chiltern ground, kind is local Huai Shan, purposes is a medicine dish dual-purpose, and French fries are longer, and on July 5th, 2005 is externally openly plantation not, on March 10th, 2006 gathered, French fries reach 100cm most, middle part diameter 8.1cm, and stem tuber is well-balanced, per mu yield is 3620kg, than the traditional cultivation per mu yield 3010kg volume increase 20% of not adopting the inventive method; Planting method for planting is: the plastics guide slot with length 100cm, arc length 9.5cm, degree of depth 3.3cm, be layered on the soil layer that the degree of depth is 5~15cm, and become gradient 20 degree with horizontal plane, spacing in the rows 23cm, line-spacing 1.6m is by the normal method fertilizing management.
At the paddy field warrant, kind is an iron Kun Chinese yam, and purposes is medicinal, and French fries are short and small and quality is good, and on April 18th, 2006 is externally openly plantation not, gathers on October 25th, 2006, and French fries reach 45cm most, middle part diameter 3.2cm, and stem tuber is well-balanced, per mu yield 1820kg.Planting method for planting is: with the plastics guide slot of length 50cm, arc length 7cm, degree of depth 1.8cm, be layered on the soil layer of the degree of depth 5~15cm, become gradient 40 degree with horizontal plane, and spacing in the rows 20cm, wide row space 1.2m, little line-spacing 60cm is by the normal method fertilizing management.
At the nonirrigated farmland red clay, kind is the Huaihe River potato, and purposes is that dish is used, French fries are grown greatly, the output height, May 15 in 2006 is externally openly plantation not, and on December 10th, 2006 gathered, French fries reach 108cm most, middle part diameter 10.1cm, stem tuber is well-balanced, per mu yield 3920kg, than the traditional cultivation per mu yield 3110kg volume increase 26% of not adopting the inventive method, and quality and commodity rate obviously improve.Planting method for planting is: with the plastics guide slot of length 110cm, arc length 12cm, degree of depth 4.5cm, be layered on the soil layer of the degree of depth 5~15cm, become gradient 12 degree with horizontal plane, and spacing in the rows 25cm, line-spacing 1.7m is by the normal method fertilizing management.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of method for directional tank shallow planting for Chinese yam comprises:
A), be L by ridge body bag ditch line-spacing 1=0.9~1.7m excavation surface width is L 2=0.5~1.1m, surface slope are α=12~40 degree, and the bottom on inclined-plane is H apart from ground level 1=13~38cm, the top on inclined-plane is risen ground and is H apart from ground level 2=8~15cm;
B), after spreading fertilizer over the fields conventional base manure on the inclined-plane, by the spacing in the rows 20~25cm excavation ditch with the guide slot coupling, this ditch then, is placed guide slot, and insert soft filler in guide slot along inclined-plane aspect excavation in ditch along the inclined-plane;
C), backfill thickness is H 3The mold of=5~15cm, and the arrangement become the ridge body that has gutter, the width and the degree of depth of this gutter are handled routinely;
D), level apart from guide slot upper end 1~3cm, vertically locate above the 4~10cm of guide slot upper end kind under the potato kind.
2, by the described method for directional tank shallow planting for Chinese yam of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guide slot is that flute length 50~110cm, groove depth 1.8~4.5cm, groove arc length 7~14cm, groove arc radius of curvature are the plastic channel of 1.5~5cm, the upper end closed of this groove, the lower ending opening of this groove; Perhaps, the lower end closed of this groove, and several apertures are set at the bottom land place.
3, by claim 1 or 2 described method for directional tank shallow planting for Chinese yam, it is characterized in that: described soft filler is the mixed fillers of fine sand, ash and wood chip, perhaps, mixed fillers for fine sand, ash and cavings, its volume ratio is fine sand: ash: wood chip or cavings=70~80: 5: 15~25.
CNB2007100282667A 2007-05-26 2007-05-26 Chinese yam directional groove shallow cultivation method Expired - Fee Related CN100512623C (en)

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CN101595797A (en) * 2009-06-29 2009-12-09 方孙调 A kind of standardized planting method for common yam rhizome
CN101422112B (en) * 2008-12-18 2010-08-11 栗贵臣 Yam rail-cultivating method
CN101803523A (en) * 2010-04-12 2010-08-18 利川市汇川现代农业有限公司 Cultivation method of Chinese yam
CN101473749B (en) * 2009-01-22 2011-01-05 河北农业大学 Pocket type cultivation method for yam
CN102172137A (en) * 2011-01-19 2011-09-07 徐州市农业科学院 Mechanical directional half sleeve pipe yam ridge cultivation method
CN102550274A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-11 徐州市农业科学院 Xunong purple yam big-ridge two-row whole-process mechanized cultivation method
CN102687633A (en) * 2012-01-15 2012-09-26 河南科技大学 Chinese yam cultivation method
CN103210825A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-07-24 淮安柴米河农业科技发展有限公司 Chinese yam matrix transverse cultivation method
CN103535181A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-01-29 邹建运 Yam planting method
CN103563625A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-12 杨树东 Method for cultivating Chinese yams in no-tillage tuberization manner
CN103609284A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-05 邹建运 Cultivation method of Chinese yam using shallow directional PVC boards
CN103609283A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-05 邹建运 Method for planting yams
CN103999651A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-08-27 陈秋 Cultivation method for early season rice interplanted yams
CN103999652A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-08-27 陈秋 Shallowly-growing directional cultivation method for Chinese yam
CN104255266A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-01-07 范茂瑄 Soil isolation method beneficial to Chinese yam tuberization and isolator production method thereof
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CN104770176A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-15 广西悦绿源农业科技发展有限公司 Chinese yam cultivation method
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