CN101050107A - Ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character, and fabricating technique - Google Patents

Ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character, and fabricating technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101050107A
CN101050107A CN 200710027150 CN200710027150A CN101050107A CN 101050107 A CN101050107 A CN 101050107A CN 200710027150 CN200710027150 CN 200710027150 CN 200710027150 A CN200710027150 A CN 200710027150A CN 101050107 A CN101050107 A CN 101050107A
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China
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ultrathin
polished brick
porcelain character
raw
brick
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CN 200710027150
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100469734C (en
Inventor
刘一军
母军
汪庆刚
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萧华
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Abstract

This invention discloses a technique for producing ultrathin ceramic polished bricks. The raw materials comprise: feldspar flux 20-40 wt.%, clay 20-30 wt.%, Ca-Mg raw material 0-8 wt.%, anti-brittle agent 10-30 wt.%, and strengthening agent 0.1-1 wt.%. Ceramic powder that can generate far-IR and anions 1-20 wt.% can also be added. The method comprises: preparing the raw materials, ball-milling, sieving, removing Fe, spray-drying to obtain 800X1800X(3-6) mm ceramic polished bricks. The introduction of a large amount of anti-brittle agent can ensure enough strength of the sintered ultrathin ceramic polished bricks. The ultrathin ceramic polished bricks have such advantages as light weight and low energy consumption. The ultrathin ceramic polished bricks can generate far-IR and anions, thus are an environmentally friendly construction and decoration material.

Description

A kind of ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character and manufacture craft thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to technical field of construction and decoration materials, refer in particular to a kind of functional ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character and manufacture craft thereof.
Background technology:
When pursuing the large-sized ceramic brick, the thickness of brick also constantly increases at present, and the raw material that the unit surface ceramic tile is consumed is more and more, and energy consumption is also high, has increased the weight of the carrying of buildings as face brick.Ultra-thin brick economizes in raw materials to cut down the consumption of energy becomes the ceramic industry developing tendency in future.The ceramic articles for use that a kind of energy continues to discharge negatively charged ion and far infrared rays have appearred at the daily-use health-care ceramic field.They mainly are to have added with tourmalinite or other mixed calcining thing of anionic natural crystal can take place.Negatively charged ion can sterilization, purify air, and far infrared rays also has a lot of benefits to human body.Can allow people be subjected to the health-care effect of negatively charged ion, far infrared rays unconsciously in the polished brick in porcelain character so be introduced into.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part, a kind of ultra-thin environmental protection is provided, can continues polished brick in porcelain character that discharges negatively charged ion and far infrared rays and preparation method thereof.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme provided by the invention is: raw material mainly is made up of the component of following ratio: feldspar flux 20~40%, one of clay raw materials 20~30%, calcium magnesia raw material 0~8%, anti-crisp dose 10~30%, base substrate toughener 0.1~1%.The base substrate chemical composition is: SiO 250%~70%, Al 2O 320%~38%, Fe 2O 3+ TiO 2<1%, CaO+MgO 0.5%~4%, K 2O+Na 2O+Li 2O 2%~6%, ZrO 20~5%.Add the ceramic powder 1~20% that to launch negatively charged ion and far infrared rays.
Anti-crisp dose of the present invention can be one or more combination in aluminum oxide powder, calcining bauxitic clay, aluminium hydroxide, bauxitic clay, the zirconium white.Calcium magnesia raw material can be the one or more combination of burning in talcum, magnesiumcarbonate, magnesite or the wollastonite.The base substrate toughener can be the one or more combination of polyvinyl alcohol, Xylo-Mucine or Sumstar 190.
Described polished brick in porcelain character manufacture craft process is: batching-ball milling-sieve-deironing-spraying drying powder process-old-compression moulding-drying-burn till-polish-assortment.It is characterized in that: 0.5% fineness of blank ball milling to 10000-hole sieve will being surplused in the ball-milling technology is below the mark; In deferrization process, strengthen deironing 2~3 times; Clinkering zone shortens for the previous period as far as possible in firing process,, can cool off fast during cooling to promote the generation of secondary mullite in the base substrate in high temperature firing zone proper extension soaking time.
The present invention is by introducing more clay with high cohesive force and comparatively special composite ceramics base substrate toughener and increase the intensity of green compact, so that guarantee can be damaged on the glaze line of base substrate before entering dry kiln.Add anti-crisp dose of a large amount of intensity that improves finished bricks.According to the aluminum oxide dispersion toughening mechanism, select aluminum oxide powder or calcining bauxitic clay for use, latter's price is comparatively cheap contains aluminum oxide and mullite mutually.And aluminium hydroxide and bigger without incinerating bauxitic clay reactive behavior is easy to be dissolved in react in the glassy phase and separates out the secondary mullite phase, because loss on ignition is big, consumption is unsuitable too many.Selecting zirconium white for use mainly is the transformation toughening mechanism of utilizing it.Have the intensity height after adopting the ceramic body of the present invention's preparation to burn till, area is big, in light weight and can continues the characteristics of release negatively charged ion and far infrared rays.
Embodiment:
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with preferred embodiment:
Embodiment one:
Raw material mainly is made up of the component of following ratio: washed sodium stone grain 20%, high alumina potassium sand 15%, lithium porcelain stone 6%, washing mud 20%, black mud 6%, talcum 3%, calcining bauxitic clay 20%, bauxitic clay 6%, zirconium white 4%, Sumstar 190 0.5%, Xylo-Mucine 0.2%.Add the ceramic powder 5% that to launch negatively charged ion and far infrared rays
Embodiment two:
Raw material mainly is made up of the component of following ratio: washed sodium stone grain 25%, high alumina potassium sand 10%, lithium porcelain stone 6%, washing mud 20%, black mud 6%, talcum 3%, aluminum oxide powder 20%, aluminium hydroxide 6%, zirconium white 4%, polyvinyl alcohol 0.3%, Xylo-Mucine 0.1%.Add the ceramic powder 8% that to launch negatively charged ion and far infrared rays
Embodiment three:
Raw material mainly is made up of the component of following ratio: washed sodium stone grain 23%, high alumina potassium sand 10%, lithium porcelain stone 8%, washing mud 20%, black mud 6%, talcum 3%, calcining bauxitic clay 20%, aluminum oxide powder 10%, polyvinyl alcohol 0.3%, Xylo-Mucine 0.1%.Add the ceramic powder 15% that to launch negatively charged ion and far infrared rays
Embodiment four:
Raw material mainly is made up of the component of following ratio: washed sodium stone grain 25%, high alumina potassium sand 15%, composite soil 20%, black mud 6%, wollastonite 4%, calcining bauxitic clay 20%, high alumina sand 10%, polyvinyl alcohol 0.3%, Xylo-Mucine 0.1%.Add beautiful yellow agent 0.8%.
The making method of above-mentioned polished brick in porcelain character:
To prepare burden into ball mill by forklift in the starting material of above-mentioned requirements ratio prescription, add the water of gross weight 43% and 0.2% water reducer tripoly phosphate sodium STPP simultaneously to improve grinding efficiency.The ball milling fineness is controlled at 10000-hole sieve and tails over 0.2~0.5%.Mud through three roads repeatedly deironing sieve, guarantee to remove not levigated raw material and impurity iron.Spray-dried moisture 5~7% the powder that makes of gained mud.Require powder particle slyness, good fluidity, tap density is big.Grain composition is: greater than 30 orders 6~12%; 30~60 orders 〉=70; 60~80 orders≤12; Less than 80 orders≤5.This powder is passed through ceramic brick press compression moulding after old 24 hours, make the only remaining moisture below 0.4% of base substrate through 150 ℃~200 ℃ dryings.The dry tenacity of base substrate reaches 2.2~3.0Mpa like this, can stand glaze line operation and back operation processing and does not split brick.Because base substrate is than thin many of it common polished brick in porcelain character, base substrate conducts heat fast, the temperature difference is little in the table, substantially the problem that does not have evil mind, so clinkering zone can be foreshortened to 6~15 minutes for the previous period as far as possible, to promote the generation of secondary mullite in the base substrate, can cool off (5~10 minutes) in high temperature firing zone proper extension soaking time (15~30 minutes) during cooling fast.The gained sintered compact promptly gets product through polishing.

Claims (5)

1. ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character, it is characterized in that its blank raw material mainly is made up of the component of following ratio: feldspar flux 20~40%, one of clay raw materials 20~30%, calcium magnesia raw material 0~8%, anti-crisp dose 10~30%, base substrate toughener 0.1~1%, and the ceramic powder 1~20% that can launch negatively charged ion and far infrared rays.
2. a kind of ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described anti-crisp dose can be one or more combination in aluminum oxide powder, calcining bauxitic clay, aluminium hydroxide, bauxitic clay, the zirconium white.
3, a kind of ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character according to claim 1 is characterized in that: calcium magnesia raw material can be the one or more combination of burning in talcum, magnesiumcarbonate, magnesite or the wollastonite.
4. a kind of ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described base substrate toughener can be the one or more combination of polyvinyl alcohol, Xylo-Mucine or Sumstar 190.
5. technology of making the described ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character of claim 1, the manufacture craft process is: batching-ball milling-sieve-deironing-spraying drying powder process-old-compression moulding-drying-burn till-polish-assortment is characterized in that: it is below the mark blank ball milling to 10000-hole sieve will to be tailed over 0.5% fineness in the ball-milling technology; Will be in the deferrization process through 2~3 deironing repeatedly, clinkering zone is 6~15 minutes for the previous period in firing process, is 15~30 minutes in high temperature firing zone soaking time, be 5~10 minutes the cooling time during cooling.
CNB2007100271501A 2007-03-14 2007-03-14 Ultrathin polished brick in porcelain character, and fabricating technique CN100469734C (en)

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CN100469734C CN100469734C (en) 2009-03-18

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101838140A (en) * 2010-05-09 2010-09-22 骆水根 Thin porcelain brick and production method thereof
CN101898892A (en) * 2009-05-31 2010-12-01 广东蒙娜丽莎陶瓷有限公司 Stoneware sheet and preparation method thereof
CN102351555A (en) * 2011-07-01 2012-02-15 佛山欧神诺陶瓷股份有限公司 Fiber reinforced stoneware ceramic thin brick and production method
CN102910893A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-02-06 岑溪市新建球陶瓷有限公司 Production method of ultrathin outer wall full-body brick
CN103011785A (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-04-03 广东顺祥陶瓷有限公司 Daily refined porcelain with negative ion function and preparation method thereof
CN103420680A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-12-04 北京工业大学 Ceramic body reinforcing agent and application thereof
CN103708811A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-09 广州锦盈新型材料有限公司 Polished tile, and preparation method and application thereof
CN104261783A (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-01-07 朱奎 Self-cleaning brick
CN104649679A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 陶正武 High-whiteness ceramic tile and preparation method thereof
CN105294057A (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-02-03 四川白塔新联兴陶瓷集团有限责任公司 Preparation process for ultrathin ceramic brick
CN105294086A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-02-03 陕西科技大学 Ceramic tile blank and preparation method
CN107311615A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-11-03 高安市陶瓷工程中心 Large size ceramic thin plate match somebody with somebody preparation method for material and its detection method
CN107542230A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-05 万锦标 A kind of production technology of continuous production light ceramics base material solar tile
CN107587679A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-16 万锦标 A kind of continuous production lightweight is exempted to paste the production technology of Ceramic Tiles
CN110511011A (en) * 2019-10-28 2019-11-29 佛山淼图科技有限公司 A kind of resistant polished bricks and its manufacturing method

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101898892B (en) * 2009-05-31 2013-11-06 广东蒙娜丽莎陶瓷有限公司 Stoneware sheet and preparation method thereof
CN101898892A (en) * 2009-05-31 2010-12-01 广东蒙娜丽莎陶瓷有限公司 Stoneware sheet and preparation method thereof
CN101838140B (en) * 2010-05-09 2012-11-07 杭州诺贝尔集团有限公司 Thin porcelain brick and production method thereof
CN101838140A (en) * 2010-05-09 2010-09-22 骆水根 Thin porcelain brick and production method thereof
CN102351555A (en) * 2011-07-01 2012-02-15 佛山欧神诺陶瓷股份有限公司 Fiber reinforced stoneware ceramic thin brick and production method
CN102910893A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-02-06 岑溪市新建球陶瓷有限公司 Production method of ultrathin outer wall full-body brick
CN102910893B (en) * 2012-11-02 2014-08-27 岑溪市新建球陶瓷有限公司 Production method of ultrathin outer wall full-body brick
CN103011785B (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-05-21 广东顺祥陶瓷有限公司 Daily refined porcelain with negative ion function and preparation method thereof
CN103011785A (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-04-03 广东顺祥陶瓷有限公司 Daily refined porcelain with negative ion function and preparation method thereof
CN103420680A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-12-04 北京工业大学 Ceramic body reinforcing agent and application thereof
CN103708811B (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-09-30 广州锦盈新型材料有限公司 Polished tile and its preparation method and application
CN103708811A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-09 广州锦盈新型材料有限公司 Polished tile, and preparation method and application thereof
CN104261783A (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-01-07 朱奎 Self-cleaning brick
CN105294057A (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-02-03 四川白塔新联兴陶瓷集团有限责任公司 Preparation process for ultrathin ceramic brick
CN105294057B (en) * 2014-12-04 2017-08-22 四川白塔新联兴陶瓷集团有限责任公司 A kind of preparation technology of ultra-thin pottery brick
CN104649679A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-05-27 陶正武 High-whiteness ceramic tile and preparation method thereof
CN105294086A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-02-03 陕西科技大学 Ceramic tile blank and preparation method
CN107311615A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-11-03 高安市陶瓷工程中心 Large size ceramic thin plate match somebody with somebody preparation method for material and its detection method
CN107542230A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-05 万锦标 A kind of production technology of continuous production light ceramics base material solar tile
CN107587679A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-16 万锦标 A kind of continuous production lightweight is exempted to paste the production technology of Ceramic Tiles
CN110511011A (en) * 2019-10-28 2019-11-29 佛山淼图科技有限公司 A kind of resistant polished bricks and its manufacturing method
CN110511011B (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-02-07 佛山淼图科技有限公司 Stain-resistant polished brick and manufacturing method thereof

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