CN101015814A - Technique for coal-grinding and drying - Google Patents

Technique for coal-grinding and drying Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101015814A
CN101015814A CN 200710051499 CN200710051499A CN101015814A CN 101015814 A CN101015814 A CN 101015814A CN 200710051499 CN200710051499 CN 200710051499 CN 200710051499 A CN200710051499 A CN 200710051499A CN 101015814 A CN101015814 A CN 101015814A
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CN
China
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coal
drying
grinding
medium
hot
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CN 200710051499
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100486711C (en
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陈钢
黄学群
杜国庆
杨建国
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五环科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

A coal grinding drying method is characterized in that the broken coal chamber and the inertia dry medium heated by the hot wind furnace are fed into the coal grinder, to be grinded into coal powder and dried by the dry medium, while the qualified coal powder is brought by the dry medium to the coal powder bag collector be separated and fed to the coal powder chamber via a transmitter, and the separated dry medium is pressurized by a circular fan to be discharged some via an adjusting valve and fed most into the hot wind furnace to be heated and circulated. The circulate line is fed with diluted dry air to control the water content, and fed inertia gas to control the oxygen content, to control the inertial function of line. The invention can combine grinding and drying processes, with high-effect separation and balance air discharge.

Description

A kind of coal-grinding and drying process method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of pulverized coal preparation process, specifically a kind of coal-grinding and drying process method that raw coal is ground into qualified coal dust.

Background technology

Both at home and abroad normal pulverized coal preparation (coal-grinding and the drying) technological process of adopting has middle bunker formula or direct-firing two kinds, the open circuit flow process that routine does not circulate for drying medium in industries such as electric power, metallurgy, building materials, chemical industry.Coal dust gasification, the used coal dust of DCL/Direct coal liquefaction all have strict requirement to moisture and granularity in the chemical industry, for producing the qualified coal dust that meets the demands, coal dust preparation system needs deactivation to prevent to catch fire, explode, and do not possess abundant thermal inertia gasification source condition, and adopt conventional open circuit flow process to be difficult to realize.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is provides higher coal-grinding of a kind of reliability and drying process method at above-mentioned technical problem, this method adopts the closed cycle flow process, have and satisfy the system qualified coal dust, the deactivation gas source condition that produces, easy and simple to handle, little, the small investment of occupation of land.

Technical scheme of the present invention is: send in the coal pulverizer with the broken coal in the broken coal storehouse with through the drying medium of the deactivation of hot-blast stove heating respectively, the broken coal medium drying that is dried when being milled into to coal dust, qualified coal dust bring to the coal dust bag collector by drying medium and separate the back and be delivered to the coal dust bunker by feed and conveying equipment; After drying medium after the separation pressurizes by circulating fan, fraction through control valve directly to airborne release, major part enters hot-blast stove and reheats, recycle, therebetween, replenish the dilution dry gas and control its water content on recycle circuit, topping up is controlled its oxygen content, to guarantee the deactivation of recycle circuit.

Also send into milling at least a mixing the in filter cake that grey water treatment reclaims, lime stone, the circulation flying dust in the said coal pulverizer simultaneously.

Said drying medium is the hot flue gas of hot-blast stove generation and the mixed flue gas of inert gas and dilution dry gas, coal pulverizer is with medium-speed pulverizer rotary or sound combined type separator, the coal dust bag collector is the explosion-proof bag filter of large-scale long bag low pressure winding-up high concentration pulverized coal, described inert gas preferred nitrogen or carbon dioxide, described dilution dry gas is the dry gas of dilution, preferred air, nitrogen or dirty nitrogen.

Wind-warm syndrome degree of said coal pulverizer inlet is at 150~350 ℃, the coal pulverizer outlet temperature is 100~120 ℃, dew-point temperature is 50~75 ℃, the coal pulverizer outlet is little negative pressure, the hot blast import is a malleation, oxygen content in the system is lower than 8%, is 20~35%: 65~80% to the drying medium and the drying medium ratio that recycles of airborne release.

For high-volatile bituminous coal and brown coal, the oxygen content in the said system preferably is lower than 6%.

Said qualified coal dust is to satisfy coal dust gasification in the chemical industry, the used coal dust to moisture and granularity requirements of DCL/Direct coal liquefaction, for example the coal dust typical case as coal dust gasification requires to be moisture content≤2%, wherein, granularity is greater than 90 microns coal dust 〉=90%, and granularity is less than 5 microns coal dust≤10%.According to parameter index such as detected raw coal water content and as the difference that the raw material coal dust of coal dust gasification or DCL/Direct coal liquefaction requires, can make moisture content and corresponding granularity in the coal dust reach the regulation requirement by regulating the relevant temperature in the process.

Drying medium of the present invention adopts by the deactivation of hot-blast stove heating, the hot mixed flue gas of low oxygen concentration, because most of drying medium participates in circulation, constitutes a closed circuit circulatory system.Can when oxygen content exceeds standard, regulate by the oxygen content in system's online oxygen analyzer mensuration closed circuit circulatory system by topping up; Can measure dew-point temperature by the online dew point detector of system, when dew-point temperature is too high, replenish dilution dry gas control water content, reduce dew point.The acid corrosion that the sulfur trioxide dewfall that produces for fuel in the work of the explosion-proof bag filter of the large-scale long bag low pressure winding-up high concentration pulverized coal of anti-locking system medium dewfall influence and the hot-blast stove produces, dew-point temperature should be controlled at 50~75 ℃.The fuel that hot-blast stove uses can be common fuel gas (as synthesis gas) or fuel oil (as diesel oil).Coal pulverizer adopt have better energy-conserving and environment-protective performance with medium-speed pulverizer rotary or sound combined type separator, wind-warm syndrome degree of its inlet is at 150~350 ℃, outlet temperature is 100~120 ℃, come the fuel metering amount by the coal pulverizer outlet temperature, guarantee the stable of coal pulverizer outlet temperature, and regulate unlike the inlet temperature of conventional pulverized coal preparation system control coal pulverizer.The coal pulverizer outlet is little negative pressure, and a wind inlet is a malleation, both has been different from the full negative pressure of middle bunker formula flow process, also is different from the full malleation of direct-firing flow process, and the discharge capacity that is controlled to adjust the valve regulation drying medium by the coal pulverizer outlet pressure is kept balance.Gas emissions with advance grind materials moisture content direct relation arranged, to the drying medium of airborne release and the drying medium that recycles than 20~35%: 65~80%, the closed cycle flow process of the present invention's employing can greatly be reduced to the addition of inert gas.The coal dust bag collector adopts the explosion-proof bag filter of large-scale long bag low pressure winding-up high concentration pulverized coal, one-level is separated the mode of gathering dust, flow process is greatly simplified, equipment is few, resistance reduces, operation troubles is few, and the dust concentration in the drying medium (waste gas) that can guarantee to discharge reaches the environment protection emission requirement.

In a word, the present invention has realized that abrasive dust and drying combine, the requirement of deactivation, closed cycle, efficient separation, exhaust balance, middle bunker, satisfied the requirement of coal gasification apparatus, the coal dust of producing reaches the requirement to moisture and granularity of coal dust gasification in the chemical industry, the used coal dust of DCL/Direct coal liquefaction fully.

Description of drawings

Accompanying drawing is a process flow diagram of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is further explained explanation.

Embodiment 1: hot flue gas and the inert gas that the broken coal in the broken coal storehouse and hot-blast stove are produced respectively, the mixed flue gas of dilution dry gas is that the drying medium of deactivation is sent into outlet and is little negative pressure (1~-5k pa), one time wind inlet is in the medium-speed pulverizer with rotary or sound combined type separator of malleation (3~8k pa), wherein, granularity≤the 38mm of broken coal, medium-speed pulverizer with rotary or sound combined type separator enters the mouth a wind-warm syndrome degree at 150~350 ℃, outlet temperature is 100~120 ℃, dew-point temperature is 50~75 ℃, hot-blast stove fuel adopts the synthesis gas after washing, going into operation with fuel is diesel oil, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is adopted in igniting, the broken coal medium drying that when being milled into, is dried to coal dust, coal dust brings to the explosion-proof bag filter of large-scale long bag low pressure winding-up high concentration pulverized coal by drying medium to be separated, and the coal dust after the separation is delivered to the storage of coal dust bunker by the feed and the conveying equipment of rotary feeder and its underpart; Drying medium after the separation is directly discharged moisture to airborne release by control valve by circulating fan pressurization back 20~35%, 65~80% enter hot-blast stove reheats, recycle, therebetween, on recycle circuit, replenish the water content in dilution dry gas (as air, nitrogen, dirty nitrogen) the control drying medium, topping up (as nitrogen or carbon dioxide) control oxygen content is lower than 6%, guarantees the deactivation of recycle circuit.

Embodiment 2: filter cake, lime stone and the circulation flying dust of also sending into grey water treatment recovery in the medium-speed pulverizer with rotary or sound combined type separator simultaneously mix mills, wherein, the filter cake that the ash water treatment is reclaimed, limestone granularity all≤38mm, and place broken coal storehouse and lime stone storehouse respectively, the circulation flying dust places the flying dust surge bunker, and other is with embodiment 1.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of coal-grinding and drying process method, it is characterized in that respectively sending in the coal pulverizer with the broken coal in the broken coal storehouse with through the drying medium of the deactivation of hot-blast stove heating, the broken coal medium drying that is dried when being milled into to coal dust, qualified coal dust bring to the coal dust bag collector by drying medium and separate the back and be delivered to the coal dust bunker by feed and conveying equipment; After drying medium after the separation pressurizes by circulating fan, fraction through control valve directly to airborne release, major part enters hot-blast stove and reheats, recycle, therebetween, replenish the dilution dry gas and control its water content on recycle circuit, topping up is controlled its oxygen content, to guarantee the deactivation of recycle circuit.
2,, it is characterized in that also sending into simultaneously in the said coal pulverizer milling at least a mixing the in filter cake that grey water treatment reclaims, lime stone, the circulation flying dust by described a kind of coal-grinding of claim 1 and drying process method.
3, by claim 1 or 2 described a kind of coal-grinding and drying process methods, it is characterized in that said drying medium is the mixed flue gas of hot flue gas, inert gas and the dilution dry gas of hot-blast stove generation, coal pulverizer is with medium-speed pulverizer rotary or sound combined type separator, the coal dust bag collector is the explosion-proof bag filter of large-scale long bag low pressure winding-up high concentration pulverized coal, described inert gas is nitrogen or carbon dioxide, and described dilution dry gas is air, nitrogen or dirty nitrogen.
4, by claim 1 or 2 described a kind of coal-grinding and drying process methods, it is characterized in that wind-warm syndrome degree of said coal pulverizer inlet is at 150~350 ℃, the coal pulverizer outlet temperature is 100~120 ℃, dew-point temperature is 50~75 ℃, the coal pulverizer outlet is little negative pressure, the hot blast import is a malleation, and the oxygen content in the system is lower than 8%, is 20~35%: 65~80% to the drying medium and the drying medium ratio that recycles of airborne release.
5, by claim 1 or 2 described a kind of coal-grinding and drying process methods, it is characterized in that the oxygen content in the said system is lower than 6%.
CNB2007100514999A 2007-02-08 2007-02-08 Technique for coal-grinding and drying CN100486711C (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102438731A (en) * 2009-05-08 2012-05-02 阿尔斯通技术有限公司 Heat recovery from a carbon dioxide capture and compression process for fuel treatment
CN102719292A (en) * 2012-07-03 2012-10-10 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Process and system for preparing blast furnace pulverized coal injection by utilizing waste gas of hot blast stove only
CN103047836A (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-04-17 中国五环工程有限公司 Lignite pre-drying process and lignite pre-drying device
CN103146454A (en) * 2013-02-18 2013-06-12 上海锅炉厂有限公司 High-moisture brown coal pulverizing and drying apparatus and method thereof
CN103421568A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-12-04 中国五环工程有限公司 High-water-content low-rank-coal pulverizing and drying process and system thereof
CN103438687A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-11 黄石市建材节能设备总厂 Explosion-proof safe energy-saving and emission-reducing fluidization oxygen-controlling drying system
CN103920573A (en) * 2013-01-14 2014-07-16 耐驰-康多克斯研磨技术有限责任公司 Method for jet milling and jet mill therefor
CN104549693A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-29 西安西热锅炉环保工程有限公司 Medium-speed coal mill and medium-speed coal milling method suitable for high-moisture lignite
CN104801416A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-29 东南大学 Control system and control method for outlet temperature of novel coal mill
CN105180665A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-23 北新集团建材股份有限公司 Method and system for using waste heat of ebullition furnace
CN105806069A (en) * 2016-05-01 2016-07-27 沈阳远大科技实业有限公司 Lignite machining system with smashing and drying functions
CN106179685A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 哈尔滨锅炉厂有限责任公司 The fan mill arrangement system of tower 350MW super critical boiler and method for arranging
CN106439885A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-22 江苏省冶金设计院有限公司 Raw coal direct blowing type pulverizing device
CN106669940A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-17 安徽特维工程科技有限公司 Coal powder preparation process method based on vertical mill
CN107189819A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-22 航天长征化学工程股份有限公司 A kind of fine coal preparation method
CN109252006A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-01-22 武汉钢铁有限公司 The coal powder injection apparatus of blast furnace and its control method of controllable medium-speed pulverizer entrance oxygen content
CN109340809A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-02-15 东华工程科技股份有限公司 The control system and method for high volatile fine coal preparation and drying process

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CN1076636C (en) * 1999-12-29 2001-12-26 宝山钢铁股份有限公司 Tail gas recirculation system for coal injection and pulverization of blast furnace and its control method

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102438731A (en) * 2009-05-08 2012-05-02 阿尔斯通技术有限公司 Heat recovery from a carbon dioxide capture and compression process for fuel treatment
CN102719292A (en) * 2012-07-03 2012-10-10 中冶赛迪工程技术股份有限公司 Process and system for preparing blast furnace pulverized coal injection by utilizing waste gas of hot blast stove only
CN103047836A (en) * 2012-12-21 2013-04-17 中国五环工程有限公司 Lignite pre-drying process and lignite pre-drying device
CN103920573B (en) * 2013-01-14 2017-01-04 耐驰干法研磨技术有限公司 Method for jet grinding and the jet mill for the method
CN103920573A (en) * 2013-01-14 2014-07-16 耐驰-康多克斯研磨技术有限责任公司 Method for jet milling and jet mill therefor
CN103146454B (en) * 2013-02-18 2015-02-18 上海锅炉厂有限公司 High-moisture brown coal pulverizing and drying apparatus and method thereof
CN103146454A (en) * 2013-02-18 2013-06-12 上海锅炉厂有限公司 High-moisture brown coal pulverizing and drying apparatus and method thereof
CN103438687A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-11 黄石市建材节能设备总厂 Explosion-proof safe energy-saving and emission-reducing fluidization oxygen-controlling drying system
CN103421568A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-12-04 中国五环工程有限公司 High-water-content low-rank-coal pulverizing and drying process and system thereof
CN104549693A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-29 西安西热锅炉环保工程有限公司 Medium-speed coal mill and medium-speed coal milling method suitable for high-moisture lignite
CN104801416A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-07-29 东南大学 Control system and control method for outlet temperature of novel coal mill
CN105180665A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-23 北新集团建材股份有限公司 Method and system for using waste heat of ebullition furnace
CN105806069A (en) * 2016-05-01 2016-07-27 沈阳远大科技实业有限公司 Lignite machining system with smashing and drying functions
CN106179685A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 哈尔滨锅炉厂有限责任公司 The fan mill arrangement system of tower 350MW super critical boiler and method for arranging
CN106439885A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-02-22 江苏省冶金设计院有限公司 Raw coal direct blowing type pulverizing device
CN106669940A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-17 安徽特维工程科技有限公司 Coal powder preparation process method based on vertical mill
CN107189819A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-22 航天长征化学工程股份有限公司 A kind of fine coal preparation method
CN109340809A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-02-15 东华工程科技股份有限公司 The control system and method for high volatile fine coal preparation and drying process
CN109252006A (en) * 2018-11-12 2019-01-22 武汉钢铁有限公司 The coal powder injection apparatus of blast furnace and its control method of controllable medium-speed pulverizer entrance oxygen content

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