CN101008389B - Sealed rotary compressor and refrigerating circulation device comprising same - Google Patents

Sealed rotary compressor and refrigerating circulation device comprising same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101008389B
CN101008389B CN2007100077658A CN200710007765A CN101008389B CN 101008389 B CN101008389 B CN 101008389B CN 2007100077658 A CN2007100077658 A CN 2007100077658A CN 200710007765 A CN200710007765 A CN 200710007765A CN 101008389 B CN101008389 B CN 101008389B
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China
Prior art keywords
rotary compressor
tap hole
cylinder chamber
cylinder
area
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Application number
CN2007100077658A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101008389A (en
Inventor
小野田泉
北市昌一郎
青木俊公
富永健
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东芝开利株式会社
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Priority to JP2006019650A priority Critical patent/JP4909597B2/en
Priority to JP2006-019650 priority
Priority to JP2006019650 priority
Application filed by 东芝开利株式会社 filed Critical 东芝开利株式会社
Publication of CN101008389A publication Critical patent/CN101008389A/en
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Publication of CN101008389B publication Critical patent/CN101008389B/en

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Abstract

A sealed type rotary-compressor, discharge holes (14a, 14b) for discharging refrigerant compressed in the cylinder chambers (5a, 5b) are provided on the main bearing (11) and auxiliary bearing (12), when displacement volume of the cylinder chambers (5a, 5b) is A, sectional area of compression chambers (9a, 9b) is B and sectional area of discharge holes (14a, 14b) is C, when vanes (10a, 10b) are located in the bottom dead point, the discharge holes (14a, 14b) are set to 200<=A/C<=280, C/B<=0.15, and length of the discharge holes (14a, 14b) is set to <=3mm, area ratio of the discharge holes (14a, 14b) facing to the cylinder chambers (5a, 5b) is set to <= 87% of the sectional area of the discharge holes (14a, 14b), the cylinders (6a, 6b) are not provided with notch grooves for discharging therefrigerant. Using the invention without providing with notch grooves for discharging the refrigerant on the cylinders can reduce overcompression and improve compressive performance.

Description

Hermetic rotary compressor and have the refrigerating circulatory device of hermetic rotary compressor
Technical field
The present invention relates to the hermetic rotary compressor that uses in for example refrigerating circulatory device such as air conditioner and refrigerating circulatory device, relate in particular to exhaust structure is improved, improves the coefficient of performance and improves the hermetic rotary compressor of reliability.
Background technique
In hermetic rotary compressor, for example as shown in figure 11, set the 1st and the 2nd lid member 102 (only illustrating a side) of the bearing that covers cylinder chamber 100 etc. in cylinder 101 both ends of the surface that form cylinder chamber 100, at least one side of these the 1st and the 2nd lid members, be provided with the tap hole 103 that makes the discharge of the refrigeration agent after compression usefulness in cylinder chamber 100.Tap hole 103 forms greatly as far as possible, so that its sectional area is big more, the discharge resistance is more little, can prevent overcompression.
Because compressed refrigerant leaks during interior all spatial communication of tap hole 103 and roller (not shown), refrigerating capacity reduces, so tap hole 103 is near the radial direction outside, with not with roller in all spatial communication, result, the only about half of or long-pending outside of exposing of multiaspect more of tap hole 103 in cylinder chamber 100.Therefore, in the past, for example in the Japanese kokai publication hei 10-103275 communique, on cylinder 101, be provided with the discharge gap slot 104 that the refrigeration agent of cylinder chamber 100 is directed to tap hole 103 usefulness.
And, make tap hole 103 complete faces in the structure of cylinder chamber 100 for example also is disclosed in Japanese kokai publication hei 5-133363 communique in order to prevent the caused expansion-loss again of gap slot.
But in the prior art, although can reduce overcompression, 104 liang of sides of tap hole 103 and gap slot are invalid volume, because expansion-loss becomes big again, so in general, the problem that can not fully improve the coefficient of performance are arranged.
In addition, because the discharging refrigerant tilting action is in expulsion valve 105, so act on the power that torsional direction is arranged, the reliability decrease of expulsion valve 105 on the expulsion valve 105 that is formed by thin plate.
In addition, because of burr takes place machining gap groove 104, this burr has the anxiety that comes off in cylinder chamber 100.
Because if gap slot 104 is located near the blade accommodating groove of cylinder 101, then the blade accommodating groove is out of shape because of machining gap groove 104,, thereby make decreased performance so gap slot 104 and tap hole 103 can not close blade accommodating grooves.
For preventing that the caused expansion-loss again of described gap slot from making tap hole 103 complete faces in the such described patent documentation 2 of cylinder chamber 100, do not record the concrete structure that improves the coefficient of performance.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above problems, the objective of the invention is to, a kind of hermetic rotary compressor and refrigerating circulatory device are provided, refrigeration agent is set on the cylinder discharges the gap slot of usefulness and just can reduce overcompression and fully improve the coefficient of performance thereby not be used in.
To achieve these goals, hermetic rotary compressor of the present invention has in seal casinghousing: motor part; Cylinder, it will be accommodated by the rotary compressor structure portion that running shaft is connected with this motor part, and described rotary compressor structure portion forms cylinder chamber; The the 1st and the 2nd lid member, they are located on the described cylinder both ends of the surface and cover described cylinder chamber; And the roller and the blade of pressing chamber and suction chamber will be divided in the described cylinder chamber, at least one side at the described the 1st and the 2nd lid member is formed with the tap hole that the refrigeration agent after the compression in described cylinder chamber is discharged, and is made as A mm at the discharge volume with described cylinder chamber 2, the described pressing chamber sectional area when described blade is positioned at lower dead centre is made as Bmm 2The time, if the sectional area of described tap hole is made as Cmm 2, the sectional area C mm of this tap hole then 2Satisfy:
200≤A/C≤280
C/B≤0.15
And the length of described tap hole is smaller or equal to 3mm, described tap hole towards the area of cylinder chamber more than or equal to 87% of the sectional area of tap hole, described cylinder does not have the gap slot that refrigeration agent is discharged usefulness.
Adopt the present invention, can improve the coefficient of performance and improve compression performance, in addition, do not have drop phenomenon in cylinder chamber of damage expulsion valve or foreign matter, can prevent the fault that produces because of these.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the refrigerating circulatory device of expression one embodiment of the invention reaches the hermetic rotary compressor that is had on this refrigerating circulatory device a diagrammatic sketch.
Fig. 2 is the sectional elevation of compression mechanical part of the hermetic rotary compressor of presentation graphs 1.
Fig. 3 is the eliminating volume A mm of cylinder chamber of the compression mechanical part of presentation graphs 2 2Each area C mm with tap hole 2A/C and the relation of COP.
Fig. 4 is the diagrammatic sketch that does not promptly depart from the relation of the ratio of area of part and COP in the sectional area of tap hole of compression mechanical part of presentation graphs 2 towards cylinder chamber's part.
Fig. 5 is the blade of compression mechanical part of presentation graphs 2 and the roller tap hole sectional area C mm when being positioned at lower dead centre 2With respect to pressing chamber sectional area B mm 2Ratio C/B and the diagrammatic sketch of the relation of COP.
Fig. 6 is the diagrammatic sketch that the operating frequency of the compression mechanical part of Fig. 2 and performance COP relation are compared with conventional art.
Fig. 7 is the generation frequency of expression air conditioning load and the diagrammatic sketch of the operating frequency of the compressor of this moment.
The diagrammatic sketch of noise properties when Fig. 8 is the expression air-conditioning.
Fig. 9 is the tap hole of compression mechanical part of presentation graphs 2 and the diagrammatic sketch of expulsion valve relation.
Figure 10 is the diagrammatic sketch of hermetic rotary compressor major component of the single casing of expression the present invention another example.
Figure 11 is the tap hole of expression conventional art and the diagrammatic sketch of expulsion valve relation.
Embodiment
Below, present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying.
(the 1st embodiment)
Fig. 1 is the diagrammatic sketch of refrigerating circulatory device with hermetic rotary compressor of the present invention the 1st embodiment.
Refrigerating circulatory device has hermetic rotary compressor 1, condenser 50, expansion gear 60 and vaporizer 70.Hermetic rotary compressor 1 is a two-cylinder type, has seal casinghousing 1a.Taken in motor part 2 and rotary compressor structure portion 3 in the seal casinghousing 1a, motor part 2 is connected by the running shaft 4 with eccentric part 4a, 4b with rotary compressor structure portion 3.
Motor part 2 comprises rotor 2a and stator 2b, also the brushless DC synchronous motor that is driven by frequency variator, AC motor or by the source power supply drive electric motor.
Bottom storage at seal casinghousing 1a has refrigerating machine oil 40.As refrigerating machine oil 40, be the occasion of HFC refrigeration agent at refrigeration agent, use polyatomic alcohol polybasic alcohol ester oil or ethers oil (according to the refrigeration agent kind, also mineral oil, alkyl phenyl ring oil, PAG and fluorine class oil).
Rotary compressor structure portion 3 comprises the 1st compression mechanical part 3a and the 2nd compression mechanical part 3b, and each compression mechanical part 3a, 3b have the cylinder 6a, the 6b that form the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b also as shown in Figure 2.In the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b, be provided with the roller 7a, the 7b that carry out eccentric rotation (revolution).Be equipped with blade 10a, 10b in cylinder 6a, 6b, its outer circumferential face with roller 7a, 7b contacts and moves back and forth, the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b are separated into suction chamber 8a, 8b and pressing chamber 9a, 9b.
The 5a of cylinder chamber of the 1st compression mechanical part 3a is covered by main bearing 11 and the dividing plate 12 as the lid member, and the 5b of cylinder chamber of the 2nd compression mechanical part 3b is covered by supplementary bearing 13 and the dividing plate 12 as the lid member.On main bearing 11 and supplementary bearing 13, be respectively equipped with tap hole 14a, 14b and expulsion valve 15a, 15b.Different with the conventional art example on cylinder 6a, 6b, be not provided with gap slot.
The facial discharge tube 16 that compression refrigerant gas is discharged that is connected with is connected with suction pipe 17 and storage 18 in the side of seal casinghousing 1a lower side on seal casinghousing 1a.
Be located at the tap hole 14a on main bearing 11 and the supplementary bearing 13, the diameter of 14b, select optimum diameter according to the eliminating volume of each 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b, the whole or major part of its area is set as towards the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b.
Below, size and the position of described tap hole 14a, 14b described.
Fig. 3 is that the volume of respectively getting rid of of the expression 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b is made as A mm 2, tap hole 14a, 14b each sectional area be made as C mm 2The time A/C and the coefficient of performance (below be called COP.COP is the abbreviation of the coefficient of performance " coefficient of performance ") relation.Test conditions is as follows.
Condensing temperature: 26.5 °,
The preceding temperature of dress valve expands: 23.0 °,
Evaporating temperature: 3.5 °,
Inlet temperature: 7.5 °,
Get rid of volume: 11cc.
As can be seen from Figure 3, have the hermetic rotary compressor of the conventional art of gap slot, A/C be near 170 COP for maximum.On the contrary, the hermetic rotary compressor of the present invention of cylinder 6a, 6b non-notch groove, A/C are in 200~280 scope, and COP improves than the hermetic rotary compressor of the conventional art with gap slot.
In addition, if A/C is that the ratio of tap hole becomes big less than 200, then the tap hole ratio of getting rid of the invalid volume of volume with respect to cylinder chamber becomes big, and COP descends because of expansion-loss again.On the contrary, if A/C is greater than 280, and then tap hole is too small, and the stream loss becomes big, and COP descends.
Therefore, the A/C of the hermetic rotary compressor of the present invention of the last non-notch groove of cylinder 6a, 6b is made into 200~280 scope, compares with the hermetic rotary compressor of conventional art, can improve COP.
Fig. 4 represent with respect to the sectional area of tap hole 14a, 14b not towards the ratio of the area of the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b (exposing) and the relation of COP from the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b.
As can be seen from Figure 4, for the present invention of non-notch groove on cylinder 6a, 6b, certainly along with it does not become big and its flow path resistance becomes big towards the area ratio of tap hole 14a, the 14b of the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b, especially, if surpass 13%, COP sharply descends.
Therefore, on cylinder 6a, 6b among the present invention of non-notch groove, by will be not making 13% towards the area ratio of the tap hole of the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b, in other words, tap hole 14a, 14b are made more than 87% of tap hole sectional area towards the ratio of the area of the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b, then can improve COP.
Fig. 5 represents as blade 10a, 10b and roller 7a, when 7b is in lower dead centre (position shown in Figure 2), the sectional area C mm of tap hole 14a, 14b 2The sectional area B mm of pressing chamber 9a, the 9b that surrounds with inwall and blade 10a, 10b by roller 7a, 7b periphery, the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b 2Ratio C/B and the relation of COP.
As can be seen from Figure 5, by C/B is made smaller or equal to 15%, then can improve COP.
In addition, the length of tap hole 14a, 14b is during smaller or equal to 3mm, can obtain higher COP.
In addition, preferably, make smaller or equal to 5 ° and improve performance by the angle θ (θ is 0 ° among Fig. 2) that straight line X and straight line Y are constituted, and straight line X is the straight line that the center A with pressing chamber 9a, 9b side end 21a, 21b and the 5a of cylinder chamber, the 5b of blade accommodating groove 20a, the 20b of cylinder 6a, 6b couples together, and straight line Y is the straight line that the center A with the point of the most close blade accommodating groove 20a of tap hole 14a, 14b, 20b side and the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b couples together.
When the diameter with tap hole 14a, 14b be made as dmm, when the sealed width of roller 7a, 7b is made as Lmm, by making d+0.1≤L, as can be known: can prevent that leak in all spaces in refrigeration agent way roller 7a, the 7b, can improve performance.
In order to increase the sealed width L of roller 7a, 7b, preferably do the chamfering of all ends in roller 7a, the 7b little.
On the other hand, slippage loss becomes big with the sealed width of roller 7a, 7b with being directly proportional.Therefore, the chamfering towards interior all ends of main bearing 11 and supplementary bearing 13 sides that preferably only will form tap hole 14a, the 14b of roller 7a, 7b is made the chamfering less than the opposing party end.
For the sealing of keeping roller 7a, 7b, prevent that the inside all spaces of refrigeration agent from leaking, it is favourable using the refrigerating machine oil that viscosity is high to a certain degree, as refrigeration agent, when using HFC refrigeration agent (R410A, R407C, R404A), viscosity is 74mm/s when using 40 ℃ 2Polyatomic alcohol polybasic alcohol ester oil as the hermetic rotary compressor of refrigerating machine oil, its performance is better than other hermetic rotary compressor.
In addition, the hermetic rotary compressor of twin-tub type can not be done the offset of eccentric part too big because of the restriction on being made.Its result, the internal diameter of cylinder chamber and the sealed width of roller the cylinder chamber's internal diameter than the hermetic rotary compressor of single cylinder type usually are big, so implement said structure easily.
Fig. 6 represents the hermetic rotary compressor of the present invention and the operating frequency of the hermetic rotary compressor of the conventional art with gap slot and the relation of COP of said structure.
Refrigeration agent uses R410A, and viscosity is 74mm/s when having used 40 ℃ as refrigerating machine oil 2Polyatomic alcohol polybasic alcohol ester oil.
As can be seen from Figure 6, hermetic rotary compressor of the present invention is compared with the hermetic rotary compressor of conventional art in its performance of gamut roughly and is improved.Especially when operating frequency is low, remarkable result is arranged.
Fig. 7 represents the generation frequency of air conditioning load and the operating frequency of the compressor of this moment.
In the dwelling house in recent years that airtight, high heat insulationization of height constantly develops, compressor often turns round in the low scope of operating frequency, therefore, in the low part of operating frequency, there is the hermetic rotary compressor of the present invention of remarkable result can obtain significantly to economize the energy effect.
Fig. 8 represents noise properties.As can be seen from Figure 8, hermetic rotary compressor of the present invention also can reduce the effect that produced and compares with the hermetic rotary compressor of conventional art and to have the reduction effect for noise by expansion-loss again.
Fig. 9 represents the relation of tap hole 14a, 14b and expulsion valve 15a, 15b.
In the hermetic rotary compressor of the present invention, vertically act on expulsion valve 15a, 15b from the discharging refrigerant of the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b, the result does not have the masterpiece of torsional direction to be used for expulsion valve 15a, 15b, can improve reliability.
(the 2nd embodiment)
Table 1 expression has the 1st above-mentioned example structure, the eliminating volume of the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b is made the D/E of occasion certain and that the D/E of the diameter Dmm of the 5a of cylinder chamber, 5b and height Emm is changed and the relation of COP.
Table 1
??D/E ??COP
??1.7 ??0.85
??1.8 ??0.91
??1.9 ??0.96
??2.0 ??0.97
??2.2 ??0.98
??2.4 ??0.99
??2.6 ??1.00
??2.8 ??1.00
As known from Table 1, D/E can obtain higher COP more than or equal to 1.9 o'clock.Especially, D/E is greater than obtaining the highest COP greater than 2.6 o'clock.
(the 3rd embodiment)
Figure 10 represents the major component of the hermetic rotary compressor of single cylinder type.
Cover the 81a of cylinder chamber ground in the both ends of the surface of cylinder 81 and set main bearing 82 and the supplementary bearing 83 that covers member as the 1st and the 2nd, on these main bearings 82 and supplementary bearing 83, be respectively equipped with tap hole 84,85 and expulsion valve 86,87.The tap hole that illustrates in tap hole 84,85 and the foregoing description constitutes equally.
In this 3rd embodiment, owing on main bearing 82, supplementary bearing 83, be respectively equipped with tap hole 84,85, so big or small less the getting final product of 1 tap hole.Therefore, though the sealed width of the diameter (internal diameter) of the 81a of cylinder chamber and roller form usually in the little single cylinder type than the hermetic rotary compressor of twin-tub type, also can implement the structure of above-mentioned tap hole 84,85 easily.
The present invention is not limited to the foregoing description, the implementation phase, in the scope that does not break away from its aim, can be out of shape and specialize structural element.In addition, in the above-described embodiments, can carry out various changes by a plurality of structural elements are carried out appropriate combination and implement.For example, also can from all structural elements that the above embodiments are represented, delete some structural elements.In addition, also different embodiments' structural element can be given appropriate combination.

Claims (4)

1. hermetic rotary compressor has in seal casinghousing:
Motor part;
Cylinder, it will be accommodated by the rotary compressor structure portion that running shaft is connected with this motor part, and described rotary compressor structure portion forms cylinder chamber;
The the 1st and the 2nd lid member, they are located on the both ends of the surface of described cylinder and cover described cylinder chamber;
With being divided into the roller and the blade of pressing chamber and suction chamber in the described cylinder chamber, it is characterized in that,
At least one side at the described the 1st and the 2nd lid member is formed with the tap hole that the refrigeration agent after the compression in described cylinder chamber is discharged,
Be made as A at discharge volume with described cylinder chamber, when the sectional area of described pressing chamber when described blade is positioned at lower dead centre is made as B, if the sectional area of described tap hole is made as C, then the sectional area C of this tap hole satisfies:
200≤A/C≤280
C/B≤0.15
And the length of described tap hole is smaller or equal to 3mm, described tap hole towards the area of cylinder chamber more than or equal to 87% of the sectional area of tap hole,
Described cylinder does not have the gap slot that refrigeration agent is discharged usefulness.
2. hermetic rotary compressor as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, when the height that is made as D, cylinder chamber at the diameter with described cylinder chamber is made as E, and D/E 〉=1.9.
3. hermetic rotary compressor as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, when the sealed width that is made as dmm, roller at the diameter with described tap hole is made as Lmm, and d+0.1≤L.
4. a refrigerating circulatory device is characterized in that having: each described hermetic rotary compressor in the claim 1 to 3; The condenser, expansion gear and the vaporizer that are connected with described hermetic rotary compressor ring-type by refrigerant pipe.
CN2007100077658A 2006-01-27 2007-01-26 Sealed rotary compressor and refrigerating circulation device comprising same CN101008389B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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JP2006019650A JP4909597B2 (en) 2006-01-27 2006-01-27 Hermetic rotary compressor and refrigeration cycle apparatus
JP2006-019650 2006-01-27
JP2006019650 2006-01-27

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CN103727038B (en) * 2013-12-26 2017-01-11 广东美芝精密制造有限公司 Rotary compressor, air cylinder and refrigerating system thereof, and air conditioner
KR20160001467A (en) * 2014-06-27 2016-01-06 엘지전자 주식회사 Compressor
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CN105003436B (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-12-12 广东美芝制冷设备有限公司 For rotary compressor compression mechanism and there is its rotary compressor
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CN104976126A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-10-14 广东美芝制冷设备有限公司 Compressor and air conditioner system with same
CN105041649A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 广东美芝制冷设备有限公司 Compressor and air conditioning system with same
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JP2017025837A (en) * 2015-07-24 2017-02-02 東芝キヤリア株式会社 Hermetic compressor and refrigeration cycle device
WO2017212598A1 (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-12-14 三菱電機株式会社 Hermetic compressor and air-conditioner
JP6703921B2 (en) * 2016-09-14 2020-06-03 東芝キヤリア株式会社 Rotary compressor and refrigeration cycle device
CN107120275A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-09-01 广东美芝制冷设备有限公司 Compression mechanism and rotary compressor

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CN101008389A (en) 2007-08-01
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