CN101007684A - Anerobic ammoxidation and denitrification synergistic denitrification method for garbage leachate - Google Patents

Anerobic ammoxidation and denitrification synergistic denitrification method for garbage leachate Download PDF

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CN101007684A
CN101007684A CN 200710026418 CN200710026418A CN101007684A CN 101007684 A CN101007684 A CN 101007684A CN 200710026418 CN200710026418 CN 200710026418 CN 200710026418 A CN200710026418 A CN 200710026418A CN 101007684 A CN101007684 A CN 101007684A
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denitrification
anaerobic
water
cod
anammox
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CN100526233C (en
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周少奇
张鸿郭
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method of garbage percolation water anaerobic ammoxidation and denitrifying synergic denitrify, which comprises the following steps: mixing garbage waste-water with COD, NH4+,NO2- and NO3- and nitrated nitrogenous water; leading organic wastewater into activated sludge and garbage percolation water; enriching anaerobic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and denitrifying bacteria on the tamed anaerobic sludge bed; removing COD, ammonia nitrogen and nitrated nitrogen synchronously through cooperating knife-bar of anaerobic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and denitrifying bacteria; controlling temperature of waste-water under 26-36 deg.c. The invention realizes denitrifying reaction, which removes partial COD effectively.

Description

The method of a kind of percolate Anammox and denitrification synergistic denitrification
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of percolate Anammox and denitrification synergy denitrogenation method, specifically be to adopt improved anaerobic mud bed reactor, behind percolate while aerobic-anaerobic activated sludge acclimatization, directly garbage loading embeading percolation liquid is fed bio-reactor, Anammox and denitrification synergy by microorganism system promote that the Anammox in the bio-reactor is removed NH 4 +And NO 2 -, and remove the NO of Anammox generation by denitrification 3 -And organic pollutant (COD).
Background technology
1977, Broda calculated according to the thermodynamical reaction free energy, inferred that occurring in nature may exist two kinds of autotrophic microorganisms can be with NH 4 +Be oxidized to N 21994, people such as Mulder found that there is NH in sewage water denitrification fluidized-bed reactor of Dutch Deflt university 4 +Disappear, and with NH 4 +And NO 3 -Consumption, N is arranged 2Generate.Because ammonia nitrogen is under anaerobic oxidized, therefore be known as Anammox (ANAMMOX-Anaerobic AMMoniaOxidation).Test subsequently confirms to have taken place with NH by N balance and redox equilibrium 4 +Make electron donor, NO 3 -Be the redox reaction of electron acceptor(EA), thereby confirmed the supposition of Broda.
So far, the research document that reaches domestic relevant ANAMMOX reaction process abroad has tens of pieces of writing, and the metering equation that appears in the newspapers is obtained by nearly 200 days ANAMMOX testing data is accounted in 1994 by people such as Van der Heijiden, as the formula (1):
NH 4 ++1.32NO 2 -+0.0066HCO 3 -+0.13H +→0.0066CH 2O 0.5N 0.15+1.02N 2
+0.26NO 3 -+2.03?H 2O (1)
In the formula, CH 2O 0.5N 0.15Cellular elements formula (empirical formula) for the ANAMMOX bacterium.
The contriver adopts the electronics metrology method from wound, with NH 4 +For electron donor, with NO 2 -Be electron acceptor(EA), the cellular elements formula of establishing the ANAMMOX bacterium is C αH βO εN δ, establishing electron donor, to be used for cell synthetic component be f sSynthetic nitrogenous source is NO 2 -, the electronics metering equation of deriving the Anammox reaction is:
Compare with traditional nitration denitrification technology or while nitration denitrification technology, Anammox has outstanding advantage.Mainly show: (1) need not to add organism and makes electron donor, but both cost savings can prevent secondary pollution again; (2) the every oxidation 1mol of nitration reaction NH 4 +Oxygen consumption 2mol, and in the Anammox reaction, every oxidation 1molNH 4 +Only need 0.75mol oxygen, not oxygen consumption decline 62.5% (when not considering that cell synthesizes), so, the oxygen consumption energy consumption is greatly reduced; (3) traditional nitration reaction oxidation 1molNH 4 +Can produce 2molH +, denitrification reduction 1molNO 3 -Or NO 3 -To produce 1molOH -, and the bio-acidification amount of Anammox greatly descends, and produces alkali number and is reduced to zero, can save considerable neutralization reagent.
Anti-nitration reaction is under anaerobic, and denitrifying bacteria is with organism (itrogenous organic substance C aH bO cN d, hydrocarbon polymer C aH bO c, organic acid C aH bO c -Deng) be electron donor, with NO 3 -, NO 2 -Be electron acceptor(EA), finally change nitric nitrogen into N 2Process.Its electronics metrology is instead sent out and is answered general formula to be:
The COD/N ratio of reaction needed is respectively:
COD N - NO 3 = 2.86 1 - 1.628 Y - - - ( 5 )
COD N - NO 2 = 1.714 1 - 1.628 Y - - - ( 6 )
So far, study the ANAMMOX biological denitrificaion both at home and abroad and carry out bench-scale testing with ammonia salt and nitrite artificial distribution mostly, achieve success and high processing efficient, but because actual nitrogenous effluent mostly contains organic pollutant, and use NH 4 +And NO 2 -The ANAMMOX process that water distribution is carried out all can produce a certain amount of NO 3 -So,, under organic environment, may there be two kinds of main anaerobic denitrification reactions of Anammox and denitrification simultaneously.
By as can be known: the inorganic carbon source CO of ANAMMOX reaction consumes to the electronics bibliometric analysis of ANAMMOX reaction and anti-nitration reaction 2, and produce a certain amount of NO 3 -And anti-nitration reaction consumes organic carbon source (COD), but produces CO 2, can be the ANAMMOX reaction certain carbon source is provided, help the carrying out of ANAMMOX.Therefore, if can in same reactor assembly, realize the synergy of Anammox and denitrification denitrogenation, then significant to the exploitation of biological denitrificaion new technology.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to mainly be limited to the shortcoming of carrying out bench-scale testing with ammonia salt and nitrite artificial distribution, a kind of percolate Anammox and denitrification synergy denitrogenation method is provided at domestic and international Anammox research.
To achieve the above object of the invention, the present invention has taked following technical scheme:
The method of a kind of percolate Anammox and denitrification synergistic denitrification:, pending waste water is become contain COD, NH earlier with pending garbage, waste-water with contain nitre nitrogen water and mix 4 +, NO 2 -And NO 3 -Organic waste water, organic waste water is entered introduce active sludge and percolate carries out the anaerobic mud bed of anaerobic ammonia oxidizing bacteria and denitrifying bacteria enrichment and domestication then, to the COD in the organic waste water, NH 4 +, NO 2 -Or NO 3 -By the synergy of anaerobic ammonia oxidizing bacteria and denitrifying bacteria, remove to take off COD, ammonia nitrogen and nitre nitrogen synchronously, the temperature of anaerobic mud bed processing waste water is controlled to be 26~36 ℃.
The advantage that the present invention has for prior art earlier:
The present invention adds the waste water of active sludge and percolate preparation in bio-reactor, with the technology of existing report is visibly different both at home and abroad so far be: the waste water of prior art research does not contain organism substantially, and test water of the present invention contains large amount of organic-COD (more can meet the actual requirement of environmental engineering like this).The present invention adopts the sludge acclimatization of special processing, under organic environment, can realize the Anammox and the denitrifying synergy of percolate in anaerobic mud bed reactor.Anaerobic ammoxidation activity steady stage (120d begins), the average removal rate of ammonia nitrogen and nitrite nitrogen is respectively 94.79% and 98.17%; The highest clearance of COD can reach 51.68%, and in the anaerobic ammoxidation activity steady stage, the COD average removal rate is 23.51%, and corresponding average volume is removed load and is respectively 84.53mg/ (L.d).After entering stable operation stage, on the 19th to the 57th, the ratio of nitrite nitrogen removal amount and ammonia nitrogen removal amount fluctuateed between 2.77~7.67, and mean ratio is 4.17, greatly increases than 1.32 of bibliographical information, illustrated to have stronger anti-nitration reaction.On the 58th to the 125th, the ratio of nitrite nitrogen removal amount and ammonia nitrogen removal amount fluctuateed between 1.17~3.28, and mean ratio is 2.03, still is higher than 1.32 of bibliographical information, has certain anti-nitration reaction.On the 128th to the 202nd, the ratio of nitrite nitrogen removal amount and ammonia nitrogen removal amount fluctuateed between 1.22 to 1.64, and mean ratio is 1.37,1.32 quite approaching with under the inorganic environment of bibliographical information.Explanation when anaerobic ammonia oxidation reactor can successfully be realized the Anammox reaction, also successfully realizes anti-nitration reaction under organic environment, make unnecessary nitric nitrogen become nitrogen by denitrification, has both removed nitrogen fully, can remove a part of COD again.Solved in the world in the difficult problem in this field, had important engineering application value.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is used anaerobic mud bed bioreactor construction synoptic diagram and the flow process of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the quick removal effect of method therefor of the present invention to ammonia nitrogen;
Fig. 3 is that method therefor of the present invention is to NO 2 -The removal effect of-N;
Fig. 4 is that method therefor of the present invention is to NO 2 -The NO of-N 2 --N/NH 4 +-N compares changing conditions;
Fig. 5 is the removal effect of method therefor of the present invention to garbage, waste-water COD.
Embodiment
Come below in conjunction with Figure of description that the invention will be further described, but the present invention's scope required for protection is not limited to the scope described in the embodiment.
The testing apparatus that the present invention adopts as shown in Figure 1, anaerobic ammonia oxidation reactor comprises columnar reactor shell 1, bottom in the cylindrical shell 1 is provided with anaerobic mud bed 2, cylindrical shell 1 bottom has water-in 7, water-in 7 to be communicated with distribution reservoir 5 by pump 6, cylindrical shell top is provided with water outlet 3, the anaerobic ammonia oxidation reactor outside is positioned at anaerobic mud bed 2 thermostatic control system 4 is set on every side.This device makes circle into, and at top cancellation triphase separator, in anaerobic mud bed outer setting thermostatic control system.Anaerobic mud bed 2 is to add active sludge and percolate in reactor, by anaerobic acclimation, cultivates anaerobic ammonia oxidizing bacteria and denitrifying bacteria gained.
Test waste water is taken from Guangdong refuse landfill dosing chamber, for alleviating the impact of water distribution immediately to active sludge, adopts landfill percolate and sbr reactor pond (1500m thereof before the 18th day 3) water outlet mixes as the anaerobic ammonia oxidation reactor water inlet, makes it both to contain NH 4 +, contain COD and NO again 2 -With NO 3 -, dilute percolate to the suitable ammonia nitrogen concentration of reactor with tap water after the 19th day, be equipped with an amount of Sodium Nitrite to provide Anammox required electron acceptor(EA).This test takes the startup method of lower concentration, underload to tame, and the temperature of anaerobic mud bed processing waste water is controlled to be 30 ℃, has moved 203 days, and reactor start-up and operation result are shown in Fig. 2-5.
Aerobic-anaerobic was handled active sludge when mud was taken from Guangdong refuse landfill processing percolate.This mud is sorrel, and the ordinary optical microscope microscopy shows that the mud structure is in small, broken bits, and fine worm of campanularian, Parapet and wheel animalcule are arranged, and thread fungus is few.MLSS is 15.4g/L, and inoculum size is 1-3L, is 65% of reactor useful volume.
Implementation result:
1, the denitrification effect of Anammox reaction
Accompanying drawing 2, Fig. 3 show: anaerobic ammoxidation activity steady stage (120d begins), the average removal rate of ammonia nitrogen and nitrite nitrogen is respectively up to 94.79% and 98.17%.Illustrate and occurred tangible Anammox phenomenon in the bio-reactor.As seen from Figure 4, enter stable operation stage after, on the 19th to the 57th, the ratio of nitrite nitrogen removal amount and ammonia nitrogen removal amount fluctuates between 2.77~7.67, mean ratio is 4.17, greatly increases than 1.32 of bibliographical information, illustrates to have stronger anti-nitration reaction.On the 58th to the 125th, the ratio of nitrite nitrogen removal amount and ammonia nitrogen removal amount fluctuateed between 1.17~3.28, and mean ratio is 2.03, still is higher than 1.32 of bibliographical information, has certain anti-nitration reaction.On the 128th to the 202nd, the ratio of nitrite nitrogen removal amount and ammonia nitrogen removal amount fluctuateed between 1.22 to 1.64, and mean ratio is 1.37,1.32 quite approaching with under the inorganic environment of bibliographical information.
2, denitrification denitrogenation reaction
Fig. 5 shows: in the process of the test, the highest clearance of COD can reach 51.68%, and the average removal rate of entire reaction only is 26.28%., in the anaerobic ammoxidation activity steady stage, the COD average removal rate is 23.51%, corresponding average volume is removed load and is respectively 110.50mg/ (L.d) and 84.53mg/ (L.d).Explanation when anaerobic ammonia oxidation reactor can successfully be realized the Anammox reaction, also successfully realizes anti-nitration reaction under organic environment, make unnecessary nitric nitrogen become nitrogen by denitrification, has both removed nitrogen fully, can remove a part of COD again.Solved in the world in the difficult problem in this field, had important engineering application value.

Claims (2)

1, the method for a kind of percolate Anammox and denitrification synergistic denitrification is characterized in that earlier pending garbage, waste-water and contains nitre nitrogen water mixing, and pending waste water is become contain COD, NH 4 +, NO 2 -Or NO 3 -Organic waste water, organic waste water is entered introduce active sludge and percolate carries out the anaerobic mud bed of anaerobic ammonia oxidizing bacteria and denitrifying bacteria enrichment and domestication then, to the COD in the organic waste water, NH 4 +, NO 2 -Or NO 3 -By the synergy of anaerobic ammonia oxidizing bacteria and denitrifying bacteria, remove to take off COD, ammonia nitrogen and nitrite nitrogen synchronously, the temperature of anaerobic mud bed processing waste water is controlled to be 26~36 ℃.
2, the method for percolate Anammox according to claim 1 and denitrification synergistic denitrification is characterized in that the temperature of anaerobic mud bed processing waste water is controlled to be 30 ℃.
CNB200710026418XA 2007-01-19 2007-01-19 Anerobic ammoxidation and denitrification synergistic denitrification method for garbage leachate Expired - Fee Related CN100526233C (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102765847A (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-07 北京新国创环能工程有限公司 Coking wastewater combined biological denitrogenation and reusing method
CN102992539A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-03-27 杭州创达环境工程有限公司 Method for treating high-concentration ammonia-nitrogen landfill leachate
CN103121752A (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-05-29 北京工业大学 Method for processing urban sewage nitrifying liquid by sludge fermentation and denitrification coupled with anaerobic ammonia oxidation
CN103880177A (en) * 2012-12-19 2014-06-25 财团法人工业技术研究院 Wastewater treatment method
CN104150590A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-11-19 浙江大学 Bioreactor for efficiently and economically synchronously removing nitrate nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen
CN105271515A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-01-27 重庆大学 Method for degrading benzene homologues through cooperation of anaerobic ammonium oxidation and denitrification and application of method
CN107129037A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-09-05 华南理工大学 It is quick to start the method that Anammox coupling denitrification cooperates with denitrification reactor
CN110451641A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-11-15 南京大学 A kind of short-cut denitrification couples the starting method of denitrogenation Intergration system with Anammox
CN111573821A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-25 盐城工学院 Electrode denitrification system based on autotrophic short-cut denitrification-anaerobic ammonia oxidation module
CN111573834A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-25 盐城工学院 Reactor based on short-cut denitrification electrode is in coordination with anaerobic ammonia oxidation denitrogenation

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CN1207216C (en) * 2002-01-25 2005-06-22 浙江大学 Process for bio-denitrifying sewage
CN100381374C (en) * 2005-01-21 2008-04-16 浙江大学 Method for starting anaerobic ammoxidation reactor

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102765847A (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-07 北京新国创环能工程有限公司 Coking wastewater combined biological denitrogenation and reusing method
CN102992539A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-03-27 杭州创达环境工程有限公司 Method for treating high-concentration ammonia-nitrogen landfill leachate
CN102992539B (en) * 2012-10-31 2014-04-23 杭州创达环境工程有限公司 Method for treating high-concentration ammonia-nitrogen landfill leachate
CN103880177A (en) * 2012-12-19 2014-06-25 财团法人工业技术研究院 Wastewater treatment method
CN103880177B (en) * 2012-12-19 2015-09-16 财团法人工业技术研究院 Method of wastewater treatment
CN103121752A (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-05-29 北京工业大学 Method for processing urban sewage nitrifying liquid by sludge fermentation and denitrification coupled with anaerobic ammonia oxidation
CN104150590A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-11-19 浙江大学 Bioreactor for efficiently and economically synchronously removing nitrate nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen
CN104150590B (en) * 2014-07-17 2016-01-06 浙江大学 The synchronous removal nitre nitrogen of efficient economy and the bio-reactor of ammonia nitrogen
CN105271515A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-01-27 重庆大学 Method for degrading benzene homologues through cooperation of anaerobic ammonium oxidation and denitrification and application of method
CN105271515B (en) * 2015-11-25 2018-07-24 重庆大学 Anammox cooperates with the method and its application of denitrification degrading benzene object
CN107129037A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-09-05 华南理工大学 It is quick to start the method that Anammox coupling denitrification cooperates with denitrification reactor
CN110451641A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-11-15 南京大学 A kind of short-cut denitrification couples the starting method of denitrogenation Intergration system with Anammox
CN110451641B (en) * 2019-08-29 2020-09-18 南京大学 Starting method of short-cut denitrification and anaerobic ammonia oxidation coupling denitrification integrated system
CN111573821A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-25 盐城工学院 Electrode denitrification system based on autotrophic short-cut denitrification-anaerobic ammonia oxidation module
CN111573834A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-25 盐城工学院 Reactor based on short-cut denitrification electrode is in coordination with anaerobic ammonia oxidation denitrogenation

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