CN100596355C - Intelligent management system for coal mine production safety - Google PatentsIntelligent management system for coal mine production safety Download PDF
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- CN100596355C CN100596355C CN200710195013A CN200710195013A CN100596355C CN 100596355 C CN100596355 C CN 100596355C CN 200710195013 A CN200710195013 A CN 200710195013A CN 200710195013 A CN200710195013 A CN 200710195013A CN 100596355 C CN100596355 C CN 100596355C
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- radio communication
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- wireless substation
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The present invention relates to a kind ofly to collect personnel positioning, work attendance, search, monitoring of hazardous gas, voice communication, the production process monitoring is the intelligent and safe management system of one.
Underground Wireless Communication in Coal Mine is subjected to the constraint of radio wave propagation characteristic in " restriceted envelope ", the frequency that communication is used will be higher than " cut-off frequency " of mine, can not use the short frequency of diffraction better performances, and the ultrashort wave of straightline propagation, the microwave equifrequent is subjected to the influence of down-hole irregular terrain profiles again, transmission range significantly reduces, therefore what use basically in the down-hole is wired communication mode that combines with communication (as: leak communicate by letter with inductive communication etc.), this type of mode actual needs utilizes cable network to set up fixing basic communications facility in advance, the coverage of cable network that has been suitable expansion, than large working area (especially driving face), can not well provide communication service in the change of underground work zone.
The self-configuration of wireless ad hoc network technology, multi-hop formula radio relay communication connect, do not need basic communications facility, low-power consumption and lower characteristics such as cost just in time to adapt to the characteristics of underground radio communication.Can with the mode configuration communication node (this relatively-stationary pure communication node, its cost may be lower than mobile node) that sighting distance connects, just can realize wireless connections preferably with higher frequency.Because the node communication that each communication node just is adjacent, thereby not needing bigger transmitting power, the cost that has promptly reduced each communication node reduces power consumption again, can adopt the powered battery scheme fully, increase the flexibility of communication system, be convenient to installation and maintenance.
At present, personnel in the pit location, locate to realize that in development end and coal face etc. the gas of wireless online formula monitors in real time, provide itself and aboveground voice call, help production management and safety supervision near the personnel the mining face under mine; So utilize the wireless self-organization network technology to realize that the safety in production under the coal mine is had very realistic meanings.
Formulation along with 802.11 series standards, the continuation of computer product performance improves, one tunnel downward modulation of price, popularizing of portable computer, the radio communication dealer of American-European developed country, software vendor, the active development self-organizing network Related product when stepping up wireless local area network (WLAN) system research that the hardware vendor all does one's utmost is in the hope of occupying catbird seat in the competition in future.Self-organization network product price is suitable, use is flexible, and networking can be widely used in a plurality of fields such as burst scene of military affairs, family, company, incident rapidly.
Because self-organization network has very high survivability and flexibility, and is applied to the Strategy ﹠ Tactics integrated communication by each military power.As far back as 1981, the U.S. was just for naval's task force has proposed a kind of high frequency self-organization network, and U.S. army had studied a kind of " modified model high-frequency data net " again in 1991, had fully used shortwave self-organization network technology.US Army's Communications-Electronics Commands in 1994 have carried out the demonstration of survival adaptive system by name, and this demonstration has improved the mobility and the survival ability of tactical communication based on broadband technology.The self-organization network technology also provides technical foundation and guarantee for the individual combat system that various countries are developing with all strength.NATO various countries have all worked out corresponding development plan for the round-the-clock fight capability that improves the individual soldier, for example: ground warrior (LW) plan of the U.S., the FIST plan of Britain, the SC system of France, the D2S2 system of Holland etc.And following main developing direction of individual soldier's communication system is broadband, hand-held or Portable, personal portable terminal, and the self-organization network technology is set up the core technology of perfect individual soldier's communication system just, and it has played crucial effect to development individual combat system.
Self-organization network is inestimable equally in the application of civil area.Along with radio network technique in the rise in each field and the formation gradually in China ad-hoc network market, the application prospect of self-organization network is very optimistic, it can spread to each organizations, each family, and be that domestic wireless communication arena opens vast market, and produce immeasurable economic benefits.
Summary of the invention
The technical issues that need to address of the present invention just are to overcome the defective of intelligent and safe management system under the existing coal mine, utilize the wireless networking technology to realize a kind of intelligent management system for coal mine production safety, make into well operations personnel's information and in time gathered and tracking and monitoring, energy is the positioning operation personnel positions in real time, and the data of gathering each production process monitoring unit, and data are sent to the ground monitoring center, for the rescue work of burst accident of mine disaster provides the essential information of being badly in need of most.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of intelligent management system for coal mine production safety, this system is made up of hardware system and software systems two parts, it is characterized in that: hardware system is made up of monitoring central server, operating terminal, IC-card card reader, switch, intelligent wireless substation, radio communication device, hand-held search engine, Raido speakerphone, production process monitoring unit and intelligent locator card; The intelligent wireless substation links to each other with switch by optical cable, between intelligent wireless substation and the locator card, between radio communication device and the locator card, all can set up radio communication between intelligent wireless substation and the radio communication device and be connected, constitute a mobile Ad hoc network cog region; The production process monitoring unit links to each other with switch by intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device; Communicate by letter between each intelligent wireless substation and near a plurality of radio communication devices, intelligent wireless substation and radio communication device all have the unique ID address of oneself, its ID is corresponding with its installation site and communication coverage area, and intelligent locator card is communicated by letter with any one intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device by intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device just can locate its zone of living in; Software systems comprise embedded software and application software two parts composition, are used to finish information gathering, identification, transmission, dynamic monitoring, the reproduction of moving target track and management.
The intelligent wireless substation comprises intrinsic safety plate, ARM plate, communication antenna and identification aerial in the described intelligent management system for coal mine production safety; The intrinsic safety plate links to each other with identification aerial and finishes the transmitting-receiving of identifying information, and the intrinsic safety plate links to each other with communication antenna, is responsible for the radio communication between the intelligent wireless substation; The ARM plate links to each other with optic fiber converter with the intrinsic safety plate, and the intelligent wireless substation links to each other with the ground monitoring central server by optic fiber converter, and the intelligent wireless substation is installed in the mining flame-retardant explosion-proof tank.
They are delivered to detected intelligent wireless locator card information in the main frame on ground, make system finish the function of personnel in the pit's work attendance and location tracking.And can not rely on aboveground central apparatus management mobile Ad hoc network work to a certain extent; Storage battery in the explosion-proof tank is responsible for giving intrinsically safe circuit and intrinsically safe circuit for the 5V power supply respectively; Storage battery is responsible for giving the power supply of whole substation when the 127V alternating current interrupts.
Each intelligent wireless substation and a plurality of radio communication device constitute a radio communication cog region in the described intelligent management system for coal mine production safety, constitute a mobile Ad hoc network by intelligent wireless substation, radio communication device and intelligent locator card in this radio communication cog region.Intelligent wireless substation, radio communication device, intelligent locator card, hand-held search engine, Raido speakerphone each other communications band between 900MHz-6GHz, wherein the intelligent wireless substation is provided with two identical operating frequency F1 and F2 with radio communication device, wherein F1 is used as with intelligent locator card and communicates by letter with hand-held search engine foundation, F2 is used as with Raido speakerphone foundation and communicates by letter, and the channel spacing of F1 and F2 should be greater than 100MHz.
The hand-held search engine of described intelligent management system for coal mine production safety, mobile Ad hoc network under the coal mine not necessarily covers all places, down-hole, after perhaps running into unexpected the generation, possible its also can be subjected in various degree destruction, a transportable hand-held search engine is very essential, the intelligent locator card that not only can the searching personnel carries, and, also communicate by letter with the intelligent wireless substation, the radio communication device that set in advance automatically, search-and-rescue work is effectively carried out.
The Raido speakerphone of described intelligent management system for coal mine production safety is realized conversation mutually by intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device or converses with aboveground control centre that its verbal system is the bone conduction receiver.
Intelligent locator card in the described intelligent management system for coal mine production safety is made up of antenna, transmission circuit, high-energy battery and flush bonding processor and software thereof; The unique information of identification code of intelligence locator card emission is given intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device, realize and just can determine its present position after communicating by letter in intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device, its movement locus can show by software, or realize the reproduction of its movement locus by calling data file, intelligent locator card is an intrinsic safety type.
Hazardous gas transducer in the described intelligent management system for coal mine production safety can transfer to operating terminal with Monitoring Data by intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device, determines the hazardous gas data in this zone; The hazardous gas transducer is the mining flame-retardant antiknock device.
Personnel's monitoring management software and database are realized collection, track and localization, analyzing and processing, demonstration in real time, database storage, the report printing function to personnel in the pit's information and all kinds of monitor messages in the described intelligent management system for coal mine production safety.
Main feature of the present invention is:
1) it be a kind ofly collect personnel positioning, work attendance, search, monitoring of hazardous gas, voice communication, the production process monitoring is the intelligent and safe management system of one;
2) system adopts modularized design, can dispose according to the different application needs; Permanent plant is safe and reliable, is convenient to installation and maintenance; Mobile device is convenient for carrying;
3) system adopts the wireless Ad Hoc network technology, function such as realize that coal mine downhole safety is monitored, communicated by letter with production information;
4) this system replenishes at present " coal mine safety monitoring system " and locates the not enough weakness of security information monitoring at mining face under mine etc., further improves the coal mine safety monitoring level;
5) by the research and the enforcement of this project, tunnel monitoring and alert data transmission all utilize wireless transmission to replace the application and the way to manage of monitoring cable in the coal mine safety monitoring system, reach the purpose that reduces the system consumption expense and reduce maintenance workload;
6) research and the enforcement by this project, set up one be enclosed within the coal mine can independent operating (adopting the wireless Ad Hoc network technology) intelligent management system for coal mine production safety, for the safety that realizes the China's coal-mine down-hole, the modernization of production management are contributed.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows can monitor accurately, staff's information such as quantity, present position, personal considerations and tunnel situation under location and the pit for managing, improve the ability that the control mine disaster takes place, reduce the number of times that mine disaster takes place; Also can back solution accurate in time making, science take place at accident of mine disaster provides full and accurate data, improves the efficiency of management under the coal mine.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is intelligent and safe management system main assembly block diagram under the coal mine of the present invention.
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Be illustrated in figure 1 as a kind of intelligent management system for coal mine production safety main assembly block diagram, this system is made up of hardware system and software systems two parts, it is characterized in that: hardware system is made up of monitoring central server, operating terminal, IC-card card reader, switch, intelligent wireless substation, radio communication device, hand-held search engine, production process monitoring unit and intelligent locator card; The intelligent wireless substation links to each other with switch by optical cable, between intelligent wireless substation and the locator card, between radio communication device and the locator card, all can set up radio communication between intelligent wireless substation and the radio communication device and be connected, constitute a mobile Ad hoc network cog region; The production process monitoring unit links to each other with switch by intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device; Communicate by letter between each intelligent wireless substation and near a plurality of radio communication devices, intelligent wireless substation and radio communication device all have the unique ID address of oneself, its ID is corresponding with its installation site and communication coverage area, and intelligent locator card is communicated by letter with any one intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device by intelligent wireless substation or radio communication device just can locate its zone of living in; Software systems comprise embedded software and application software two parts composition, are used to finish information gathering, identification, transmission, dynamic monitoring, the reproduction of moving target track and management.
Wherein the operation principle of the personnel's attendance checking system in the application software is: the well head place in the colliery is provided with safety cap, mine lamp is got the place, and the miner that goes into the well arrives this, gets miner's intelligence locator card with miner's ID card; The simultaneity factor of swiping the card will write down receiptor's identity information, temporal information and intelligent locator card information, from this moment personnel in the pit's navigation system will be this miner with being connected by the intelligent locator card got, judge whether it goes into the well and it is implemented the location follow the tracks of and various information processing; When leaving, the last well of miner need swipe the card and give back intelligent locator card.
Personnel's attendance checking system is mainly used to write down same day miner and goes into the well, goes out the well temporal information, is used for every month work attendance consolidated statement of generation personnel.Be the main means of statistics down-hole number when running into accident, these data also can be the same level security supervision unit report and submit, make them can understand relevant situations such as down-hole number in real time.
Wherein the operation principle of the personnel in the pit's navigation system in the application software is: (as the crossheading porch) sets up the fixed terminal (intelligent wireless substation, radio communication device) of wireless self-networking in advance on the key node of well head, down-hole, by the wireless signal strength on their induced intelligent locator cards, calculate personnel's moving direction and track, realize positioning function.
Personnel location system is used for collecting the positional information of underground operators, in case security incident takes place, can know scope of operation staff's quantity and distribution situation at once by this system, guarantees the effective operation of rescue and relief work and safe rescue; This system also is the supplementary means of production management simultaneously.
Wherein the operation principle of the underground safety monitoring system in the application software is: (can set up intelligent wireless substation, radio communication device in necessary place) on the fixed terminal of mobile Ad hoc network that the down-hole is arranged the hazardous gas transducer is installed, and probe value reported aboveground safe operator on duty by network, in time tackle various accidents.
Wherein the operation principle of speech communication system is: at present, the downhole wireless phone system mainly contains two classes, the one, leak communication system, the 2nd, " Personal Handyphone System " system, but they are the communication systems that can not leave center base station, are difficult for installing and fixing the formula base station in the bigger place of changes such as driving face, coal-face, therefore can be not good in these local results of use, we can utilize mobile Ad hoc network, use Raido speakerphone to realize the voice communication of no center base station; And use the bone conduction receiver-transmitter to overcome the problem that influences of face noise, improve calling quality and reliability greatly.
Wherein the operation principle of downhole production PMS is: subsystem data such as digging production equipment supervisory control system, belt transport monitor system, supplement production equipment monitoring system are carried out centralized monitor, and realize the statistics of production and all kinds of operational factors of supplement production and be uploaded to mining area office local area network (LAN), make that like this Coal Production and management are more scientific and efficient.The one-level management department that simultaneously some main creation datas and security situation made progress is reported, and upper level administrative department can carry out remote real-time monitor to the colliery by these data.
Existing downhole production PMS can be right: operating states such as down-hole portable blower, belt transportation, down-hole electric substation, down-hole pump house, coal-winning machine are monitored, but the monitoring of equipment to mobile vehicle and working face place is not enough, after wireless self-networking has been laid in the down-hole, these equipment can be monitored, their residing places are positioned, and can gather more equipment state information (many import equipments all have special equipment state acquisition interface), make the Coal Production scheduler can understand the operation conditions of equipment.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, and other any identical with the present invention or akin systems that anyone draws under enlightenment of the present invention all drop within protection scope of the present invention.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN200710195013A CN100596355C (en)||2007-12-10||2007-12-10||Intelligent management system for coal mine production safety|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN200710195013A CN100596355C (en)||2007-12-10||2007-12-10||Intelligent management system for coal mine production safety|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN101175007A CN101175007A (en)||2008-05-07|
|CN100596355C true CN100596355C (en)||2010-03-31|
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|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN200710195013A CN100596355C (en)||2007-12-10||2007-12-10||Intelligent management system for coal mine production safety|
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|CN (1)||CN100596355C (en)|
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- 2007-12-10 CN CN200710195013A patent/CN100596355C/en not_active IP Right Cessation
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Addressee: Beijing Jinaowei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Document name: Notification of Termination of Patent Right
|C17||Cessation of patent right|
|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee||
Granted publication date: 20100331
Termination date: 20131210