CN100582337C - Production method of corn fibre and bamboo fibre blended and home textile fabrics - Google Patents

Production method of corn fibre and bamboo fibre blended and home textile fabrics Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN100582337C
CN100582337C CN200410025174A CN200410025174A CN100582337C CN 100582337 C CN100582337 C CN 100582337C CN 200410025174 A CN200410025174 A CN 200410025174A CN 200410025174 A CN200410025174 A CN 200410025174A CN 100582337 C CN100582337 C CN 100582337C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fiber
production
bamboo
zein fiber
spinning
Prior art date
Application number
CN200410025174A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1712595A (en
Inventor
胡继红
殷庆永
Original Assignee
上海市纺织科学研究院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 上海市纺织科学研究院 filed Critical 上海市纺织科学研究院
Priority to CN200410025174A priority Critical patent/CN100582337C/en
Publication of CN1712595A publication Critical patent/CN1712595A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100582337C publication Critical patent/CN100582337C/en

Links

Abstract

A process of preparing cospinning plus material for family with maize fiber and bamboo fiber. Produce plus material as certain warp dense and weft dense using certain ratio of maize and bamboo fiber. Fabric structure of plus material is flat grain, cross grain or jacquard ribbon. The process contains spinning, looming, printing and dyeing, arrangement.

Description

The production method of zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to the production method of a kind of family textile fabric, particularly a kind of production method that adopts zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric.
Background technology
Corn (polylactic acid PLA) fiber from raw material, to produce, use discarded be the process of a Natural Circulation, this fiber is a kind of environmentally safe, the ecological fiber of nonhazardous is so zein fiber is called as " the environment recycled material of 21st century ".Add cost of material that it is cheap and good performance, make it to have high exploitation and be worth.
The research and development zein fiber is an important component part of research ecological textile, has good social benefit and higher economic value.Result of study shows that zein fiber has following premium properties:
This fiber production lining is slim and graceful, elegant, and its volume mass is 1.27g/cm 3, than terylene (1.388g/cm 3) little.Its regain (0.5%), more approaching with terylene, but it has wicking, and good moisture transported permeable is arranged, and good wearing comfort is arranged.Its fracture strength and extension at break and terylene are approaching, but modulus is little, and be close with polyamide fibre, belong to high-strength, in stretch, low model fibre, the fabric strength deep drawing quality after making is good, soft, drapability is good, resilience is good.Have crimpiness and curling persistence preferably, good spinnability.Has good ultraviolet stability, acidproof but not alkaline-resisting.Good heat resistance, flame retardancy is similar with wool, is better than the polyester cotton, limited oxygen index>26, the combustion heat has only 16% of polyester cotton, and the burning fuming amount has only 57% of polyester cotton, avirulence.This fiber is good for the applicability of processing after dyeing or resin finishing.
Bamboo fibre is to be the regenerated celulose fibre that raw material is made with the bamboo, with compare with fiber cotton, wooden one-tenth, original gas permeability, hygroscopicity, dyeability, characteristics that drapability is good have been kept, fiber is soft, the toughness antifriction, gloss is beautiful and have antibiotic property and the deodorization performance, is " green fiber " of new generation.The patent of invention that China Intellectual Property Office announces weaving handkerchief by using bamboo fiber on May 7th, 2003 (application number is 02137638.7), what it adopted is exactly pure bamboo fibre.But the bamboo pulp fiber brute force is low, and cohesive force is poor between fiber, and the shrinkage that is made into behind the fabric is big, and shape-retaining ability is poor.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides the production method of a kind of zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric according to the characteristic of bamboo fibre and zein fiber.
The production method of a kind of zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric, comprise spinning, weave cotton cloth, printing and dyeing and postfinishing process, it is characterized in that: adopting a certain proportion of zein fiber and bamboo fibre is the raw material production lining, described spinning process is: blowing---comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning---drafting---rove---spun yarn---winder, described weaving process is: warping, and------denting---is weaved---repair and knit---packing, described printing and dyeing to sizing, postfinishing process is: turn over cloth, and---------oven dry------dyeing---oven dry---soft tentering---preshrunk---RESIN FINISH---preshrunk---finished product of singing is boiled and floated to destarch---to margin to seam.
Preferable, blowing process is in the described spinning process: described zein fiber and described bamboo fibre are separated into volume when blowing, and zein fiber carries out preliminary treatment, adopt during the bamboo fibre blowing quantitatively light, thin feeding, tip-tap is combed more, fully shredding.
Preferable, carding process is in the described spinning process: the Bearded-needle knitted cloth specification selects 2520 * 1560 for use, the doff clothing specification selects 4527 * 2028 for use, suitably tighten up each carding isolation distance on the Process configuration, lengthening feed plate face length is to 34mm, and the licker-in speed drop is to 600-750 rev/min, 260-340 rev/min of cylinder rotating speed, cylinder and licker-in rotating ratio are 1.9-2.1: 1, and the mixed method control of described and strip adoption mixing ratio, the first break draft multiple of described process of roving is at 1.20-1.30.
Preferable, what the described slashing technique in the described weaving process adopted is high concentration, medium viscosity, heavily Jia Ya sizing technique.
Preferable, the described slashing technique in the described weaving process is, sizing speed 60m/min, sizing are based on phosphoric acid fat starch, and PVA, polyester starch are auxilliary.
Preferable, the described weaving process in the described weaving process is, adopts Rapier looms to weave, and knitting technology is a high tension, little opening, hand-to-hand fight in tights latitude.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, a kind of zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended environment-friendly plus material are provided, this lining is under the prerequisite of antibiotic, ventilative, the nice and cool advantage that keeps bamboo fibre, powerful height with zein fiber, the good characteristics that conformality is good, it is low to have remedied the bamboo fibre brute force, and drapability is big, the shortcoming of conformality difference.
The specific embodiment
Below illustrate the present invention.
The production method of a kind of zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric is selected a certain proportion of zein fiber and bamboo fibre and certain fabric structure, spins, weaves cotton cloth, prints and dyes and technology such as back arrangement etc., and its technology detailed step is as follows,
One, spinning process: blowing---comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning---drafting---rove---spun yarn---winder,
During blowing, because corn and bamboo fibre difference of specific gravity are big, two kinds of fibers separate rolling blowing, and zein fiber will carry out preliminary treatment.The bamboo fibre brute force is low, and blowing is adopted quantitatively light, thin feeding, and tip-tap is combed more, the abundant technological principle of shredding, the disk handbag machine hired roughneck 3mm that at every turn descends, little turning insert stretches out rib 3mm.Suitably reduce each hired roughneck of speed, adopt kirschner beater, reduce fibre damage and cotton knot;
During comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, carding step is in order to reduce cotton knot, and the Bearded-needle knitted cloth specification selects 2520 * 1560 for use, and the doff clothing specification selects 4527 * 2028 for use.Suitably tighten up each carding isolation distance on the Process configuration, be beneficial to the separation of fiber, be lengthened to 34mm through cotton plate face length, licker-in speed drop to 679 rev/min, 300 rev/mins of cylinder rotating speeds, cylinder and licker-in rotating ratio are 2.0: 1;
During drafting, adopt drafting mixed method control mixing ratio;
During rove, rove first break draft multiple is reasonably controlled tension in the roving about 1.25, roving twist factor is answered grasp bigger than normal, suitably increases the weight of cradle spring pressure, prevents out hardhead, ratch adopts 43 * 27mm, and back zone drafting multiple is controlled at about 1.25, and used rubber roll is middle hardness.
Two,------denting---is weaved---repair and knit---packing to sizing to weaving process: warping
During sizing, sizing is the important step of weaving cotton cloth and producing, and zein fiber, bamboo fibre surface are all brighter and cleaner, filoplume is easy to generate, so sizing is at ease with filoplume as far as possible, otherwise very easily causes the longitude and latitude broken end, what slashing technique adopted is high concentration, medium viscosity, heavily Jia Ya sizing technique; Wherein, sizing speed 60m/min, sizing are based on phosphoric acid fat starch, and PVA, polyester starch are auxilliary.Prescription is phosphoric acid fat starch 50kg, PVA1799 22kg, polyester rubber powder 15kg, acrylic size 6kg, sizing paste 12kg, glycerine 4kg, cured 4kg, in the sizing technique, rate of sizing 10%-11%, solid content 7.5%-9.5%, stock tank viscosity 6.57 seconds-7.5 seconds, winding tension grasp less than normal, the wet elongation of control, and control moisture regain.
When weaving, utilize Rapier looms to weave, adopt high tension, little opening, the knitting technology of hand-to-hand fight in tights latitude, the warp thread brute force will be got well, warp tension is wanted suitably the board state to be adjusted before the start, had better not transfer midway, because the tension force size directly influences the style of grey cloth, tension force is uneven difference can to occur when dyeing.Woven technological parameter is speed: 400 rev/mins, and back rest horizontal level: the 3rd hole, opening time: 320 seconds, back rest upright position :+1, open height: 29mm, heald frame traverse grade :+2, back rest position: 1, menopause tablet is combined distance: 440mm from rear panel.
Three, printing and dyeing, postfinishing process
---------oven dry------dyeing---oven dry---soft tentering---preshrunk---RESIN FINISH---preshrunk---finished product of singing is boiled and floated to destarch---to margin to seam to turn over cloth
During margin to seam, stitch is tight, and joint is smooth, and the margin to seam brute force will be got well under the hygrometric state;
During destarch, greater than 50%, use the cellulose fibre desizing agent as bamboo fibre; Greater than 50%, use the Dystar refining agent as zein fiber, 55-60 ℃ of destarch temperature can not adopt caustic soda and high temperature, and zein fiber is wanted hydrolysis under high temperature and caustic soda effect;
Boil when floating, highly basic is regulated PH=4-5,98 ℃ of temperature, 50 minutes time;
During the hot blast tentering, 140 ℃ of temperature, 50 seconds time;
When singing, bristle is even, allows the cloth cover filoplume hold up as far as possible, and flame is evenly strong, guarantees the quality of singing, and reduces the friction of fabric and equipment room, improves the fineness of fabric face;
During dyeing, greater than 50% and dye middle light color, can adopt the REACTIVE DYES single bath process, as dye dark color and then must adopt two-bath process as bamboo fibre; Recommend Dystar, middle warm type Dispersol Palaoil to dye PLA as zein fiber greater than 50%, last reduction cleaning, reduction cleaning preferably adopt acidic reduction to clean, and recommend BASF liquid reduction cleaner;
During the softness tentering, softener one soaks one and rolls, 140 ℃ of tenterings, and suitable overfeeding, 40 seconds tentering time, give smooth outward appearance of fabric and soft smooth hand feeling, do not lose sucting wet air permeability again;
During RESIN FINISH, make cloth cover very flat, washing shrinkage is stable;
During preshrunk, be controlled in 5%, can make fabric have softness, sliding glutinous feel by preshrunk according to the washing shrinkage that requires fabric of product.

Claims (6)

1, the production method of a kind of zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric, comprise spinning, weave cotton cloth, printing and dyeing and postfinishing process, it is characterized in that: adopting a certain proportion of zein fiber and bamboo fibre is the raw material production lining, described spinning process is: blowing---comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning---drafting---rove---spun yarn---winder, described weaving process is: warping, and------denting---is weaved---repair and knit---packing, described printing and dyeing to sizing, postfinishing process is: turn over cloth, and---------oven dry------dyeing---oven dry---soft tentering---preshrunk---RESIN FINISH---preshrunk---finished product of singing is boiled and floated to destarch---to margin to seam.
2, the production method of zein fiber according to claim 1 and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric, it is characterized in that: blowing process is in the described spinning process: described zein fiber and described bamboo fibre are separated into volume when blowing, and zein fiber carries out preliminary treatment, adopt quantitatively light during the bamboo fibre blowing, thin feeding, tip-tap is combed more, fully shredding.
3, the production method of zein fiber according to claim 1 and 2 and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric, it is characterized in that: carding process is in the described spinning process: the Bearded-needle knitted cloth specification selects 2520 * 1560 for use, the doff clothing specification selects 4527 * 2028 for use, suitably tighten up each carding isolation distance on the Process configuration, lengthening feed plate face length is to 34mm, the licker-in speed drop is to 600-750 rev/min, 260-340 rev/min of cylinder rotating speed, cylinder and licker-in rotating ratio are 1.9-2.1: 1, the mixed method control of described and strip adoption mixing ratio, the first break draft multiple of described process of roving is at 1.20-1.30.
4, the production method of zein fiber according to claim 1 and 2 and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric is characterized in that: what the described slashing technique in the described weaving process adopted is high concentration, medium viscosity, heavily Jia Ya sizing technique.
5, the production method of zein fiber according to claim 1 and 2 and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric, it is characterized in that: the described slashing technique in the described weaving process is, sizing speed 60m/min, and sizing is based on phosphoric acid fat starch, PVA, polyester starch are auxilliary.
6, the production method of zein fiber according to claim 1 and 2 and bamboo fiber blended family textile fabric is characterized in that: the described weaving process in the described weaving process is, adopts Rapier looms to weave, and knitting technology is a high tension, little opening, hand-to-hand fight in tights latitude.
CN200410025174A 2004-06-15 2004-06-15 Production method of corn fibre and bamboo fibre blended and home textile fabrics CN100582337C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200410025174A CN100582337C (en) 2004-06-15 2004-06-15 Production method of corn fibre and bamboo fibre blended and home textile fabrics

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200410025174A CN100582337C (en) 2004-06-15 2004-06-15 Production method of corn fibre and bamboo fibre blended and home textile fabrics

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1712595A CN1712595A (en) 2005-12-28
CN100582337C true CN100582337C (en) 2010-01-20

Family

ID=35718375

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN200410025174A CN100582337C (en) 2004-06-15 2004-06-15 Production method of corn fibre and bamboo fibre blended and home textile fabrics

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100582337C (en)

Families Citing this family (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101775686B (en) * 2010-03-03 2012-05-30 淄博奈琦尔纺织科技发展有限公司 Production method of corn fiber, bamboo fiber and cotton fiber blending pant fabric
CN101818405B (en) * 2010-04-09 2012-07-11 淄博奈琦尔纺织科技发展有限公司 Zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric
CN102154761B (en) * 2011-03-29 2012-07-04 浙江舒美特纺织有限公司 Multi-element commingled yard comfortable leisure fabric and production process thereof
CN102733040B (en) * 2011-04-14 2013-12-18 淄博奈琦尔生物科技有限公司 Polylactic acid fiber blended fabric and production method
CN102358976A (en) * 2011-08-21 2012-02-22 绍兴县舒丽乐纺织品有限公司 Environmentally-friendly blended functional fabric
CN102443932A (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-05-09 苏州创宇织造有限公司 Fine-spinning woolen fabric containing PLA (polylactic acid) fiber and bamboo fiber
CN102517744A (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-06-27 苏州创宇织造有限公司 Production method of corn fiber environment-friendly fabric
CN102443956A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-05-09 常熟新诚鑫织造有限公司 Fabric of nightclothes and processing method for same
CN103266498A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-08-28 晋江市闽高纺织科技有限公司 Naturally-degradable environmentally-friendly fiber fabric and processing technology thereof
CN103306007A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-18 凯盛家纺股份有限公司 Production technology of corn fiber environmental-friendly fabric
CN103382609A (en) * 2013-07-30 2013-11-06 常熟市新达纬编厂 Preparation method for cotton fiber/vegetable protein modified regenerated cellulose fiber fabric
CN103526376B (en) * 2013-10-31 2015-08-05 上海婉静纺织科技有限公司 Anti-mite polylactic acid fiber fabric
CN104060477A (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-09-24 南通纺科纺织科技有限公司 Blended fabric of coffee carbon fiber, bamboo modal fiber and corn fiber
CN104060461A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-09-24 南通纺科纺织科技有限公司 Whitening sunscreen fabric
CN105316844A (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-02-10 泰州市中纺织造有限公司 Weaving process of twill
CN104452161A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-25 常熟市天辰针织有限公司 After-finishing method of home textile fabric
CN104947285B (en) * 2015-07-08 2016-07-20 江苏工程职业技术学院 A kind of production technology of aloe fibre small jacquard latitude stretch yarn dyed fabric
CN105533876A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-04 王璐 Fiber shell fabric for air permeability textile
CN107460721A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-12-12 南通唐盛纺织有限公司 The production finishing technique of color cotton fabric
CN107379662A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-11-24 苏州凤霓绣叶文化艺术有限公司 A kind of warming personal cheongsam fabric
CN110644107A (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-01-03 际华三五四二纺织有限公司 Blended high-count functional fabric and production process thereof
CN111349999A (en) * 2020-04-28 2020-06-30 山东宏儒纺织科技有限公司 Corn fiber and bamboo fiber blended yarn and spinning process

Non-Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
新型再生纤维素纤维-竹纤维. 孙宝芬等.山东纺织科技,第2003卷第2期. 2003
新型再生纤维素纤维-竹纤维. 孙宝芬等.山东纺织科技,第2003卷第2期. 2003 *
玉米纤维性能与用途的探讨. 刘森.产业用纺织品,第2002卷第4期. 2002
玉米纤维性能与用途的探讨. 刘森.产业用纺织品,第4期. 2002
玉米纤维性能与用途的探讨. 刘森.产业用纺织品,第2002卷第4期. 2002 *
玉米纤维性能与用途的探讨. 刘森.产业用纺织品,第4期. 2002 *
竹及其纤维的研究开发状况和发展前景. 黄知清等.广西化纤通讯,第2003卷第2期. 2003
竹及其纤维的研究开发状况和发展前景. 黄知清等.广西化纤通讯,第2003卷第2期. 2003 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1712595A (en) 2005-12-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103614842B (en) Coffee carbon multi-component fiber weaving fabric and preparation method thereof
CN102560930B (en) Production method of wool/Coolmax/mulberry silk/polyester fiber blended fabric
CN103046200B (en) Natural bamboo fiber shirt fabric and manufacture method thereof
CN101787598B (en) Phase-changing and temperature-regulating blended yarn and production process thereof
CN102851845B (en) High-count smooth double-faced wool and production process thereof
CN102383235B (en) Ecological bacteriostatic breathable smooth tatting fabric
CN203320225U (en) Shell fabric containing mint fibers for summer quilt
CN101070656B (en) Super-high-grade knitted pure ramie fabric preparing method and product
CN100540771C (en) Fine-denier Modal fiber blended color yarn and production method thereof
CN105970462A (en) Method for producing stretch knit warm fabric with high shape preservation property
CN103205835B (en) Nano-silver antibacterial shirt fabric and preparation method for same
CN101545157B (en) St. hemp multi-fiber blended yarn and application thereof
CN1865559B (en) Milk protein fiber or its filament or its blended fabric weaving and dyeing method
CN104131408B (en) A kind of containing cotton warp-knitted face fabric and processing method thereof
CN102080295B (en) Cotton-diacetate cellulose fiber jacquard fabric and processing method thereof
CN201952573U (en) Cotton tencel spun silk blending high-countwcol heavy-twist jacquard fabric
CN101775686B (en) Production method of corn fiber, bamboo fiber and cotton fiber blending pant fabric
CN104026781B (en) High-strength wearable, the high row of high suction, crease-resistant uvioresistant duty dress fabric and production technology
CN107119372A (en) Efficiently permanent graphene uvioresistant fabric and preparation method thereof
CN104452034B (en) High branch colored bunchy yarn bed necessaries fabric and preparation method thereof
CN1483877B (en) High-count bamboo-fibril fabric and dyeing-finishing technology thereof
CN105908325B (en) Compact spinning milk/pearl/tencel shirt fabric and its production method
CN101705552B (en) Snowflake melange yarn and processing method
CN106012214B (en) Jacquard weave cellulose acetate filament man textile fabric and its production method
CN105369446B (en) A kind of production technology for washing viscous imitative woollen style fabric

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100120

Termination date: 20120615

C17 Cessation of patent right