CN100580091C - Zoonosis tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit - Google Patents

Zoonosis tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit Download PDF

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CN100580091C
CN100580091C CN200710176890A CN200710176890A CN100580091C CN 100580091 C CN100580091 C CN 100580091C CN 200710176890 A CN200710176890 A CN 200710176890A CN 200710176890 A CN200710176890 A CN 200710176890A CN 100580091 C CN100580091 C CN 100580091C
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seq
mycobacterium
tuberculosis
primer
probe
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CN101168780A (en
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陈茹
高小博
杨国海
刘中勇
曾碧健
林志雄
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Beijing Yingjiusi Sci & Tech Dev Co Ltd
Inspection and Quarantine Technology Center of Guangdong Entry Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau
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Beijing Yingjiusi Sci & Tech Dev Co Ltd
Inspection and Quarantine Technology Center of Guangdong Entry Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau
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Abstract

The invention discloses a fluorescence PCR quick diagnosis reagent box of the zoonosis tuberculosis, which belongs to the biological technology field. A group of nucleotide sequence for detecting the zoonosis tuberculosis is the nucleotide sequence shown from the sequence table SEQ ID No.1 to the sequence table SEQ ID No.12. The content disclosed by the invention comprises a fluorescence PCR primer and a probe sequence for a mycobacterium tuberculosis composite group, mycobacterium tuberculosis, cow mycobacterium and fowl mycobacterium, a fluorescence PCR reaction system, a detection program, a reaction parameter and a judging method of various reagent boxes, and the preliminary treatment and the nucleic acid extraction method of various clinic samples of bacteria fluid, milk sample, blood sample, sputum, fecal sample and lymph nodes. The invention provides diagnosis reagent for the zoonosis tuberculosis diagnosis of which the technology method is special, sensitive and quick and the quality is reliable. The adoption of the reagent box provided by the invention can accomplish the whole process from the sample treatment to the fluorescence PCR detection within a day, and the detection sensitivity can reach the single gene copy or the signal bacterial cell.

Description

People and animal suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of people and animal and suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether, more specifically saying so provides real-time fluorescence PCR method for quick and diagnostic reagent at various pathogenic bacterias that cause people, animal, fowl tuberculosis or the compound group of pathogenic bacteria, comprise the real time fluorescent PCR method and the reagent that detect mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, avian tuberculosis mycobacterium and mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, belong to biological technical field.
Background technology
Tuberculosis is the serious infectious diseases that threaten the mankind and animal health.The World Health Organization (WHO) has issued global tuberculosis control strategy specially, and being decided to be the World Tuberculosis Prevention and Cure Day annual March 24.Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, MTC) be people and mammiferous tuberculosis pathogenic bacteria, comprise that mycobacterium tuberculosis (claims human-like mycobacterium tuberculosis again, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M.tuberculosis), Mycobacterium bovis (mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium bovis, M.bovis), bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine BCG (Mycobacterium bovis BCG, BCG), mycobacterium africanum (Mycobacterium africanum, M.africanum) and mycobacterium microti (Mycobacterium microti, M.microti).Wherein, mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis are main people and animals' tuberculosis pathogenic bacterium.
The human tuberculosis is mainly caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tuberculosis claims human-like mycobacterium tuberculosis again).According to statistics, about 1/3 population in the world infects mycobacterium tuberculosis, and annual about 3,000,000 people die from people's tuberculosis.China's tuberculosis patient quantity occupies the second place of the world.But animals such as mycobacterium tuberculosis infected cattle, pig cause animal tuberculosis, exist by animal further to enlarge infectious danger between people and animals.
Mycobacterium bovis (M.bovis claims mycobacterium bovis again) is the main pathogenic bacterium of bovine tuberculosis.But Mycobacterium bovis is about 50 kinds of warm-blooded animals and more than 20 kind of birds such as infected person, pig, monkey, deer also.Bovine tuberculosis is classified as the category-B eqpidemic disease by OIE (OIE), is one of the eqpidemic disease of animal emphasis quarantine of passing in and out.It is reported that the loss that bovine tuberculosis caused is greater than the loss summation that other various diseases caused of ox, the financial loss that annual bovine tuberculosis causes to the world reaches more than 30 hundred million dollars.Bovine tuberculosis all has generation in countries in the world, still be modal multiple disease in China.Developed country formulates bovine tuberculosis elimination plan one after another, and China is also by carrying out the prapes epidemic preventing working in annual spring of NGO, autumn.
The tuberculosis that the Mycobacterium bovis and the m tuberculosis infection mankind or animal cause is clinical can not be distinguished.Investigation shows that the tuberculosis morbidity has direct correlation among prapes infection in the cows and the crowd, particularly in the developing country that does not carry out prapes elimination plan.Mycobacterium bovis is propagated the infection mankind and causes a public health difficult problem.Infecting the people's pulmonary tuberculosis that causes by Mycobacterium bovis can reach more than the 5%-10%.The WHO Committee of Experts once pointed out: " unless put out bovine tuberculosis, otherwise human control lungy can be not successfully ".In addition, the situation of AIDS patient's concurrent infection Mycobacterium bovis is just obtaining more and more many concerns.On the other hand, because Mycobacterium bovis can discharge by milk, the pollution of Mycobacterium bovis and obtain already paying attention in the milk preparation with the phthisical developed country that is associated in of people, and take the specific aim measure.
Fowl tuberculosis mainly takes place in poultry, is classified as the category-B eqpidemic disease by OIE, is classified as three class animal epidemics by China.This disease is caused by avian tuberculosis mycobacterium (Mycobacterium avium, M.avium claim mycobacterium avium again, fowl type mycobacterium tuberculosis).But avian tuberculosis mycobacterium is large animal such as infected pigs, ox also, removes the harm animal health, and bovine tuberculin skin test (PPD) result is also disturbed in its infection, causes false positive, influences bovine tuberculosis control, the Animal Quarantine of eradicating and pass in and out.
Avian tuberculosis mycobacterium, mycobacterium paratuberculosis all belong to the compound group of avian tuberculosis mycobacterium (Mycobacterium aviumcomplex, MAC).This group also comprises Mycobacterium intracellulare (Mycobacteriumintracellulare) and Mycobacterium scrofulaceum (Mycobacterium scrofulaceum) except that above-mentioned two kinds of pathogenic bacterias.In recent years, the infection of MAC in the crowd is in rising trend, and numerous clinical examples shows that MAC is the main non-tuberculous mycobacteria with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) concurrent infection.
In sum, the tuberculosis of people and animal, johne's disease relate to multiple pathogenic bacteria, and they all belong to Mycobacterium, structural similitude, and antigenicity has intersection, and ordinary method is difficult to differentiate.Set up discriminating, authenticate technology reliably at relevant pathogenic bacteria or the compound group of pathogenic bacteria, it is the important technology guarantee of effective prevention and control and diagnosis and treatment tuberculosis, johne's disease, for public health, aquaculture sound development, animal foreign trade and milk preparation food safety are all significant.
Be used at present the method for inspection of diagnosis of tuberculosis both at home and abroad, can be divided into 3 classes substantially: the first kind is the bacteriological analysis method, as dyeing microscopic examination, microbial culture and animal inoculation pvaccination etc.; Second class is to adopt the specific antibody of immunological method detection tubercule bacillus, as intracutaneous transformation reactions, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and complement fixation test (CFT) (CF) method etc.; The 3rd class is to adopt the molecular biology method of inspection, as PCR-RFLP, PCR-nucleic acid probe, multiplex PCR etc.
Because slow growing mycobacteria, in the bacterium separation and Culture cycle long (often needing time several weeks), traditional bacteriology checking method is difficult to adapt to the inspection and quarantine of the passing in and out demand that speeds passage through customs, and also is unfavorable for the disease clinic diagnosis.The intracutaneous transformation reactions is the diagnosing bovine tuberculosis method that OIE (OIE) is recommended, it also is the method that often adopts at aspects such as the Animal Quarantine of passing in and out, the prevention and control of bovine tuberculosis disease, eliminations at present, but, often cause nonspecific reaction owing to the reasons such as interference of reagent quality and anonymous mycobacteria.Immunological methods such as ELISA and CF method remain aspect specificity in dispute, domesticly still lack reliable immunological diagnostic reagent at present.Along with the development of Protocols in Molecular Biology, tuberculosis, the research of paratuberculosis PCR method have been carried out in the lot of domestic and foreign laboratory, but detection method and test kit lack standardization, stdn is to influence the PCR key of accuracy as a result.The World Health Organization delivers report in October, 2006 and points out, the world presses for the more effective and lower diagnosis of tuberculosis method of expense of investment research, find that as early as possible the state of an illness treats as early as possible, with reduce this disease to human, particularly to the harm of developing country's population.
The inventive method adopts the TaqMan real-time fluorescence PCR, its concrete principle is to add a specific fluorescent probe when pcr amplification when adding a pair of primer, this probe is an oligonucleotide, and two ends are mark report fluorophor and a cancellation fluorophor respectively.When probe was complete, the reporter group fluorescent signal emitted was absorbed by quenching group; During pcr amplification, 5 '-3 ' 5 prime excision enzyme activity of Taq enzyme is cut degraded with the probe enzyme, the report fluorophor is separated with the cancellation fluorophor, thereby the fluorescence monitoring system can receive the fluorescent signal that reporter group sends, it is DNA chain of every amplification, just there is a fluorescence molecule to form, realized that the accumulation of fluorescent signal and PCR product form fully synchronously.
Fluorescent PCR equimolecular biological method has fast, the advantage of sensitive, high specificity.Along with the commercialization of the development of Protocols in Molecular Biology and pertinent instruments equipment, matched reagent is promoted, real-time fluorescence PCR obtains using more and more widely at people, animals and plants transmissible disease diagnostic field as a kind of detection technique rapidly and efficiently.It is more quicker, responsive than conventional PCR method, and can effectively avoid crossed contamination and be convenient to realize automatization, has been applied to person poultry diseases' such as bird flu, suis, foot and mouth disease, hepatitis B quick diagnosis so far and has set up the detection method standard at home.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provides one group of surveyor and animal is total to tuberculous nucleotide sequence.
Another technical problem that the present invention will solve provides a kind ofly suffers from the detection kit of the various pathogenic bacterias of tuberculosis altogether at people and animal, and mycobacterium tuberculosis fluorescence PCR detection reagent, Mycobacterium bovis fluorescence PCR detection reagent, avian tuberculosis mycobacterium fluorescence PCR detection reagent and mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescence PCR detection reagent particularly are provided.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
One group of surveyor and animal be tuberculous nucleotide sequence altogether, sum up the specific nucleic acid sequence of pathogenic agent to be measured by the document analysis of having delivered, adopt Primer expess 2.0 software designs to obtain: be sequence table SEQ IDNo.1 to the nucleotide sequence shown in the sequence table SEQ ID No.12, wherein:
SEQ ID No.1 and SEQ ID No.2 are right for the primer of check mycobacterium tuberculosis, and SEQ ID No.3 is the probe sequence of check mycobacterium tuberculosis;
SEQ ID No.5 and SEQ ID No.6 are right for the primer of check Mycobacterium bovis, and SEQ ID No.7 is the probe sequence of check Mycobacterium bovis;
SEQ ID No.9 and SEQ ID No.10 are right for the primer of check avian tuberculosis mycobacterium, and SEQ ID No.11 is the probe sequence of check avian tuberculosis mycobacterium;
SEQ ID No.13 and SEQ ID No.14 are right for the primer of check mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, and SEQ IDNo.15 is the probe sequence of check mycobacterium tuberculosis complex.
Described sequence also comprises following derived sequence and extension increasing sequence:
(1) primer formed of primer SEQ ID No.1 and SEQ ID No.2 is to the complementary sequence of, SEQ ID No.1 and SEQ IDNo.2, and primer SEQ ID No.1 extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases to 5 ' end, primer SEQID No.2 extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases to 3 ' end, the nucleic acid sequence SEQ ID No.4 of primer SEQ ID No.1 and primer SEQ ID No.2 amplification, extension increasing sequence SEQ ID No.4 respectively extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases and complementary sequence separately to 5 ' end and 3 ' end;
(2) primer formed of primer SEQ ID No.5 and SEQ ID No.6 is right, the complementary sequence of SEQ ID No.5 and SEQ IDNo.6, and primer SEQ ID No.5 extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases to 5 ' end, primer SEQID No.6 extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases to 3 ' end, the nucleic acid sequence SEQ ID No.8 of primer SEQ ID No.5 and primer SEQ ID No.6 amplification, extension increasing sequence SEQ ID No.8 respectively extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases and complementary sequence separately to 5 ' end and 3 ' end;
(3) primer formed of primer SEQ ID No.9 and SEQ ID No.10 is right, the complementary sequence of SEQ ID No.9 and SEQ IDNo.10, and primer SEQ ID No.9 extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases to 5 ' end, primer SEQ ID No.10 extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases to 3 ' end, the nucleic acid sequence SEQ ID No.12 of primer SEQ ID No.9 and primer SEQ IDNo.10 amplification, extension increasing sequence SEQ ID No.12 respectively extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases and complementary sequence separately to 5 ' end and 3 ' end;
(4) primer formed of primer SEQ ID No.13 and SEQ ID No.14 is right, the complementary sequence of SEQ ID No.13 and SEQID No.14, and primer SEQ ID No.13 extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases to 5 ' end, primer SEQ ID No.14 extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases to 3 ' end, the nucleic acid sequence SEQ ID No.16 of primer SEQ ID No.13 and primer SEQ IDNo.14 amplification, extension increasing sequence SEQ ID No.16 respectively extends the nucleotide sequence of 10 bases and complementary sequence separately to 5 ' end and 3 ' end;
(5) the probe sequence SEQ ID No.3 of mycobacterium tuberculosis, the complementary sequence of SEQ ID No.3, and probe 5 ' hold and extend upward 10 bases and 3 ' end extends downwards probe sequence and the complementary sequence thereof that obtains in 10 base zone scopes;
(6) the probe sequence SEQ ID No.7 of Mycobacterium bovis, the complementary sequence of SEQ ID No.7, and probe 5 ' hold and extend upward 10 bases and 3 ' end extends downwards probe sequence and the complementary sequence thereof that obtains in 10 base zone scopes;
(7) the probe sequence SEQ ID No.11 of avian tuberculosis mycobacterium, the complementary sequence of SEQ ID No.11, and probe 5 ' hold and extend upward 10 bases and 3 ' end extends downwards probe sequence and the complementary sequence thereof that obtains in 10 base zone scopes;
(4) the probe sequence SEQ ID No.15 of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the complementary sequence of SEQ ID No.15, and probe 5 ' hold and extend upward 10 bases and 3 ' end extends downwards probe sequence and the complementary sequence thereof that obtains in 10 base zone scopes.
The fluorescence dye of 5 ' end mark of described probe sequence includes but not limited to dyestuffs such as FAM, JOE, TET and HEX, and the cancellation fluorescence dye of 3 ' end mark includes but not limited to TAMARA, Eclipse and BHQ.
People and animal suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether and comprise:
1) 4 kinds of PCR reaction solutions respectively contain: 1 * PCR damping fluid; 0.2 μ mol/L primer I; 0.2 μ mol/L primer I I, 0.1 μ mol/L probe; 200 μ mol/L d NTP, MgCl 22.5mmol/L;
2) Taq enzyme 2.5U/ μ l;
3) negative control: physiological saline
4) positive control: the plasmid DNA that carries amplified production
4 kinds of RT-PCR reaction solutions are respectively: mycobacterium tuberculosis reaction solution, Mycobacterium bovis reaction solution, avian tuberculosis mycobacterium reaction solution and mycobacterium tuberculosis complex reaction solution;
Primer I in the mycobacterium tuberculosis reaction solution is SEQ ID No.1, and primer I I is SEQ ID No.2, and probe is SEQ ID No.3;
Primer I in the Mycobacterium bovis reaction solution is SEQ ID No.5, and primer I I is SEQ ID No.6, and probe is SEQ ID No.7;
Primer I in the avian tuberculosis mycobacterium reaction solution is SEQ ID No.9, and primer I I is SEQ ID No.10, and probe is SEQ ID No.11;
Primer I in the mycobacterium tuberculosis complex reaction solution is SEQ ID No.13, and primer I I is SEQ ID No.14, and probe is SEQ ID No.15,
Fluorescence dyes such as described probe 5 ' end flag F AM, HEX, TET, JOE, ROX or VIC, probe 3 ' end mark TAMARA, Elcipse or BHQ cancellation mark.
By to primer and concentration and probe concentration, Mg 2+The suitableeest PCR reaction system and PCR reaction conditions have been set up in the optimization of concentration, Taq enzyme concn and PCR sex change and annealing temperature.The suitableeest PCR reaction system of fluorescence PCR detection reagent kit sees the following form 1.
The suitableeest PCR reaction system of table 1 fluorescence PCR detection reagent kit
The suitableeest PCR reaction conditions of mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, avian tuberculosis mycobacterium and mycobacterium tuberculosis complex is:
The first step: 50 ℃ 3 minutes; Second the step: 95 ℃ 4 minutes; The 3rd the step: 95 ℃ 10 seconds, 60 ℃ 30 seconds, 40 circulations are provided with collection fluorescence in the time of 60 ℃.
Result of the present invention judges that adopting amplification curve and Ct value is criterion:
(1) negative control is negative, and the Ct value is shown as None, and the Ct value of positive control should be smaller or equal to 28.0.
Otherwise it is invalid that experiment this time is considered as.
(2) the Ct value is shown as the negative sample of sample of None, and the sample of Ct value≤33.0 is positive.
(3) the Ct value is reformed greater than 33.0 sample suggestion.It is negative that the result that reforms is shown as None, otherwise positive.
The concrete steps of the inventive method:
(1) design synthetic primer and probe.
(2), collected specimens, extract nucleic acid.But sample that the present invention's bacterial detection nutrient solution, living animal are gathered such as blood, milk liquid, sputum and ight soil etc., and by cuing open the tissue sample that inspection is gathered are as lymphoglandula etc.Adopt protease K digesting, steps such as Pintsch process, chloroform extracting are extracted nucleic acid from above-mentioned sample.
(3), application of sample.By above-mentioned reaction solution system, in reaction tubes, add reaction solution and nucleic acid respectively, record sample number into spectrum and respective tube number.
(4), go up machine testing.On the fluorescent PCR instrument, by above-mentioned amplification cycles condition enactment reaction parameter, put into reaction tubes, start detects.
(5), analysis, result of determination.According to amplification curve and Ct value result of determination
Whole process can finish in 5 hours.
The present invention adopts real-time fluorescence PCR diagnosis humans and animals to suffer from tuberculosis altogether, can adopt mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescence PCR detection reagent and avian tuberculosis mycobacterium fluorescence PCR detection reagent to detect whether there is the tuberculosis pathogenic bacteria simultaneously earlier, by mycobacterium tuberculosis fluorescence PCR detection reagent and Mycobacterium bovis fluorescence PCR detection reagent mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescence PCR detection reagent male sample is carried out somatotype then, can quick and precisely diagnose.The present invention is applicable to that the inspection and quarantine of passing in and out carries out tuberculosis investigation, people and the prevention and control of animal tuberculosis epidemic situation, food safety and diagnosis and epidemiology survey field rapid detection, monitoring and control that mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, avian tuberculosis mycobacterium are infected fast to personnel, animals and animal product.
Advantage of the present invention is: (1) specificity is good, and the real-time fluorescence PCR technology differentiates to have very high accuracy by primer or with the specific hybrid of probe to template, and false positive is low; (2) highly sensitive, adopt the sensitive fluorescence detecting system that fluorescent signal is monitored in real time; (3) simple to operate, the level of automation height does not need the steps such as product electrophoresis detection after conventional P CR increases; (4) be difficult for polluting, the stopped pipe amplification does not need to uncap, and crossed contamination and contaminate environment chance are few.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention's invention is described further; it is not limitation of the invention; according to prior art well known in the art; embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this; therefore all this areas of having done according to present disclosure be equal to replacement, all belong to protection scope of the present invention.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is for adopting the detection figure of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescent PCR kit to people's sputum sample.
Fig. 2 behaves and animal suffers from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit mycobacterium tuberculosis fluorescence PCR reaction solution specificity test detection figure altogether: 1. positive plasmid sample; 2. mycobacterium tuberculosis reference culture; 3. mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical separation strain.
Fig. 3 behaves and animal suffers from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit Mycobacterium bovis fluorescent PCR reaction solution specificity test detection figure altogether: 1. positive plasmid sample; 2. Mycobacterium bovis reference culture; 3.BCG bacterial strain.
Fig. 4 behaves and animal suffers from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit avian tuberculosis mycobacterium fluorescent PCR reaction solution specificity test detection figure altogether: 1. the positive plasmid sample 1; 2. the positive plasmid sample 2; 3. avian tuberculosis mycobacterium reference culture.
Fig. 5 behaves and animal suffers from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescent PCR reaction solution specificity test detection figure altogether: 1. positive plasmid sample; 2. mycobacterium tuberculosis reference culture; 3. Mycobacterium bovis reference culture; 4.BCG bacterial strain; 5. mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical separation strain.
Fig. 6 behaves and animal suffers from the sensitivity test detection figure of tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit mycobacterium tuberculosis fluorescence PCR reaction solution to the positive plasmid template altogether.
Fig. 7 behaves and animal suffers from the sensitivity test detection figure of tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit Mycobacterium bovis fluorescent PCR reaction solution to the positive plasmid template altogether.
Fig. 8 behaves and animal suffers from the sensitivity test detection figure of tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit avian tuberculosis mycobacterium fluorescent PCR reaction solution to the positive plasmid template altogether.
Fig. 9 behaves and animal suffers from the sensitivity test detection figure of the compound group of tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit nuclear mycobacterium fluorescent PCR reaction solution to the positive plasmid template altogether.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: people and animal suffer from the preparation of tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit primer and probe altogether
According to the specific 229bp sequence of mycobacterium tuberculosis, select a sequence (GeneBank No.CP000611) wherein, adopt Primer express2.0 software, according to the annealing temperature of primer the annealing temperature principle higher about 10 ℃ than the annealing temperature of primer at 60 ℃ and probe, primer SEQ ID No.1, SEQ ID No.2 and probe SEQ ID No.3 have been selected, the Blast homology analysis shows, primer and the probe selected are the specific sequence of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, do not have homology with other sequence.The length of primer extension product SEQ ID No.4 is 91bp.
Deletion sequence according to the specificity 12.7kb of Mycobacterium bovis, select a sequence (GeneBank No.AM408590) wherein, adopt Primer express2.0 software, according to the annealing temperature of primer the annealing temperature principle higher about 10 ℃ than the annealing temperature of primer at 60 ℃ and probe, primer SEQ ID No.5, SEQ ID No.6 and probe SEQ ID No.7 have been selected, the Blast homology analysis shows, primer and the probe selected are the specific sequence of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, do not have homology with other sequence.The length of primer extension product SEQ ID No.8 is 90bp.
Consensus sequence IS1245 insertion sequence according to avian tuberculosis mycobacterium, select a sequence (GeneBank No.L33879) wherein, adopt Primer express2.0 software, according to the annealing temperature of primer the annealing temperature principle higher about 10 ℃ than the annealing temperature of primer at 60 ℃ and probe, primer SEQ ID No.9, SEQ ID No.10 and probe SEQ ID No.11 have been selected, the Blast homology analysis shows, primer and the probe selected are the specific sequence of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, do not have homology with other sequence.The length of primer extension product SEQ ID No.12 is 94bp.
Consensus sequence IS6110 insertion sequence according to mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, select a sequence (GeneBank No.DQ217928) wherein, adopt Primer express2.0 software, according to the annealing temperature of primer the annealing temperature principle higher about 10 ℃ than the annealing temperature of primer at 60 ℃ and probe, primer SEQ ID No.13, SEQ ID No.14 and probe SEQ ID No.15 have been selected, the Blast homology analysis shows, primer and the probe selected are the specific sequence of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, do not have homology with other sequence.The length of primer extension product SEQ ID No.16 is 125bp.
The fluorescence dye FAM of 5 ' end mark of probe, the cancellation fluorescence dye TAMARA of 3 ' end mark.The nucleotide sequence of primer, probe and amplified production is seen sequence table.
Probe and primer entrust Dalian precious biotechnology company limited synthetic.
Embodiment 2: people and animal suffer from the foundation and the optimization of tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit PCR detection reaction system altogether
One. method
1. the optimization of primer, concentration and probe concentration
In the experiment primer concentration is increased progressively with 0.1 μ mol/L from 0.1 μ mol/L to 0.6 μ mol/L, concentration and probe concentration increases progressively with 0.025 μ mol/L from 0.025 μ mol/L to 0.2 μ mol/L.Adopt matrix method to compare test, other conditionally complete unanimity of simultaneous test.
2.Taq the optimization of archaeal dna polymerase (Taq enzyme)
The definition of a unit of Taq enzyme: 74 ℃ act on 30 minutes, the dNTPs of 10 μ mol/L can be mixed needed enzyme amount in the acid soluble material.
The active requirement: tool dna polymerase activity and 5 ' → 3 ' exonuclease activity, do not have 3 ' → 5 ' exonuclease activity and endonuclease activity; The tool thermostability, 94 ℃ still kept 50% activity after 1 hour.
3.Mg 2+The optimization of concentration
Mg 2+Can influence the specificity and the amplification efficiency of PCR reaction, fix under the constant situation of other reacted constituent, adopt Mg 2+Concentration gradient is to Mg 2+Concentration is optimized, Mg 2+Concentration is progressively increased with 0.5mmol/L from 1.5mmol/L, up to 6mmol/L.
4.PCR the optimization of reaction conditions
In order to improve the sensitivity and the specificity of PCR reaction, according to the primer and the probe annealing temperature of design,, progressively increase with 0.5 ℃ based on 57 ℃, up to 62 ℃, carry out annealing temperature optimization on this basis.
The reaction system that adopts is as follows:
10 * PCR damping fluid, 3 μ l, 25mmol/L MgCl 23 μ l, 2.5mmol/L dNTPs 2.4 μ l, 10 μ mol/L primer Is, 0.6 μ l, 10 μ mol/L primer I I, 0.6 μ l, 10 μ mol/L probes, 0.6 μ l, 5U/ μ l Taq enzyme 1 μ l, distilled water 13.7 μ l, template 3 μ l.On MJ research Opticon 1, detect, press following reaction conditions setting: 50 ℃ of the first steps, 3 minutes; 94 ℃ of second steps, 5 minutes; 94 ℃ of the 3rd steps, 10 seconds, 57-62 ℃, 40 seconds, 40 circulations.MJ researchOpticon 1 possesses the grads PCR function, can carry out the thermograde experiment simultaneously.
Two. the result
1. the optimization of primer, concentration and probe concentration
Repeatedly primer concentration is 0.2 μ mol/L in the repeated experiments, fluorescence amplification was higher when concentration and probe concentration was 0.1 μ mol/L, the Ct value is less, so selected primer concentration is 0.2 μ mol/L, concentration and probe concentration is 0.1 μ mol/L suffers from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether as people and animal primer and a concentration and probe concentration.
2.Taq the optimization of archaeal dna polymerase (Taq enzyme)
The optimization experiment of Taq enzyme dosage (in the Unit of unit, writing a Chinese character in simplified form U) is in same reaction conditions, but carries out under the different condition of the consumption of enzyme, and test-results sees Table 2.According to the optimum dose of the selected 1U of experimental result as enzyme.
Table 2:Taq enzyme dosage optimization experiment result
3.Mg 2+The optimization of concentration
The result shows Mg 2+The concentration specificity of low reaction more is strong more, but amplification efficiency descends, otherwise, Mg 2+Concentration is high more, and amplification efficiency increases, but specificity is affected the actual Mg that the present invention is finally selected 2+Concentration is 2.5mmol/L.
4.PCR the optimization of reaction conditions
Experimental result represents that annealing temperature is high more, and the specificity of reaction is strong more, but amplification efficiency descends to some extent, otherwise temperature is low more, and amplification efficiency increases, but specificity decreases.The present invention selects 60 ℃ as actual annealing temperature, and specificity and amplification efficiency can both reach optimum combination.
Embodiment 3: people and animal suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether
Test kit comprises following component, and the preservation temperature is-20 ℃
1) four kinds of PCR reaction solutions (mycobacterium tuberculosis fluorescence PCR reaction solution, Mycobacterium bovis fluorescent PCR reaction solution, avian tuberculosis mycobacterium fluorescent PCR reaction solution and mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescent PCR reaction solution) contain: 1 * PCR damping fluid; 0.2 μ mol/L primer I; 0.2 μ mol/L primer I I, 0.1 μ mol/L probe; 200 μ mol/L d NTP, MgCl 22.5mmol/L;
2) Taq enzyme 2.5U/ μ l;
3) negative control: sterile saline
4) positive control: the plasmid DNA that carries amplified production
The preparation method of positive control:
Adopting primer SEQ ID No.1 and primer SEQ ID No.2, is template with the DNA of mycobacterium tuberculosis, adopts primer SEQ ID No.5 and primer SEQ ID No.6, is template with the DNA of Mycobacterium bovis; Adopting primer SEQID No.9 and primer SEQ ID No.10, is template with the DNA of avian tuberculosis mycobacterium; Adopt primer SEQ ID No.13 and primer SEQ ID No.14, DNA with mycobacterium tuberculosis is a template, carry out pcr amplification respectively, reclaim and purified pcr product, be connected with pEASY-Blunt flush end carrier (purchasing) in the Beijing Quanshijin Biotechnology Co., Ltd, and transformed into escherichia coli, adopt conventional PCR and order-checking that recombinant plasmid is verified.Recombinant plasmid is called after pEASY-MT (positive control of mycobacterium tuberculosis fluorescence PCR reaction solution) respectively; PEASY-MB (positive control of Mycobacterium bovis fluorescent PCR reaction solution); PEASY-MA (positive control of avian tuberculosis mycobacterium fluorescent PCR reaction solution) and pEASE-IS6110 (positive control of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescent PCR reaction solution).The intestinal bacteria that will contain recombinant plasmid increase bacterium cultivate after, adopt plasmid extraction kit (purchase in Dalian precious biotechnology company limited) purification of Recombinant plasmid DNA, survey OD 260Absorbance is according to formula: plasmid copy number/μ l={ total content (μ g/ μ l) }/{ plasmid molecule base number * 10 -15μ g} is converted into corresponding gene copy number.Plasmid behind the purifying is diluted to 2000 copy/ml, as the positive control of test kit.
Embodiment 4: people and animal suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether and detect clinical sample
One. sample collecting
1. anticoagulated whole blood: extract in animal blood and Trisodium Citrate or the EDTA anticoagulant tube.
2. urinate: gather and urinate mud-stream urine morning for the first time.
3. milk sample: the last milk bacteria containing amount of extruding is more, and the milk bacteria containing amount of extruding morning is the highest.Normal breast was collected in 14~25 days minute puerperiums, during sampling, earlier nipple was cleaned sterilization 3~4 times with 75% alcohol swab swab, discarded formerly behind the beginning breasts, collected the newborn sample of 200ml approximately in aseptic container.
4. ight soil: choose the ight soil that is mixed with mucus, blood, mucous membrane or, contain in sterilising vessel with scraping key from animal rectum deep (about 30cm) mucus that takes a morsel ight soil.
5. phlegm: ox is coughed up phlegm seldom, should gather in the morning with rubber hose in the oral cavity stretches to tracheae, and outer the forging connects syringe and draw sputum.Also can take out the phlegm piece of ox expectoration.
Two. the transportation of sample and preservation
Sample to be tested should be above 24 hours 2-8 ℃ of preservation;-20 ℃ of preservations are no more than three months;-80 ℃ of following prolonged preservation.Sample transportation adopts the on the rocks or bubble chamber sealing on the rocks of curling stone to carry out.
Three. the processing of sample (district carries out in the sample preparation)
1. the treatment process of anticoagulated whole blood, serum, urine and cerebrospinal fluid: (1) gets 1.2mL anticoagulated whole blood or urine or CSF sample, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm abandons supernatant.(2) add equal-volume sterilization distilled water and fully vibrate precipitation is suspended, 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm abandons supernatant.(3) repeating step (2).Serum can omit step (2) and (3).(4) add the 1mL sterile saline, fully vibration suspends precipitation, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm abandons supernatant.(5) add 30 μ l DNA extraction liquid, the vibration mixing, the centrifugal 5s of 4000rpm, 56 ℃ of temperature are bathed 30min, and 98 ℃ of temperature are bathed 10min.(6) the centrifugal 5s of 4000rpm treats liquid cooling, adds the equal-volume chloroform, behind the vibration mixing, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm.(7) get supernatant, be directly used in PCR or be stored in-20 ℃ standby.
2. the treatment process of milk sample: (1) gets 1.5ml milk sample, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm inhales and abandons liquid, keeps upper strata oil layer and precipitation.(2) add sterile saline 1mL, the mixing that fully vibrates suspends precipitation, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm abandons supernatant.(3) repeating step (2).(4) add 50 μ l DNA extraction liquid, the vibration mixing, 4, the centrifugal 5s of 000rpm, 56 ℃ of temperature are bathed 30min, and 98 ℃ of temperature are bathed 10min.The centrifugal 5s of (5) 4,000rpm treats liquid cooling, adds the equal-volume chloroform, behind the vibration mixing, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm.(6) get supernatant, be directly used in PCR or be stored in-20 ℃ standby.
3. the treatment process of phlegm: (1) adds the NaOH solution of 2~3 times of volumes 4% in sample, shakes up, and room temperature liquefaction 20min, it is fully liquefied (does not have when not having obvious decorating film and sucking-off and drags a phenomenon to be liquefaction fully; If liquefaction not exclusively, can suitably add a small amount of 4% NaOH solution again until liquefying fully).(2) this 1.5ml that takes a sample, 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm abandons supernatant.(3) add sterile saline 1mL, the mixing that fully vibrates suspends precipitation, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm abandons supernatant.(4) repeating step (3).(5) add 50 μ l DNA extraction liquid, the vibration mixing, 4, the centrifugal 5s of 000rpm, 56 ℃ of temperature are bathed 30min, and 98 ℃ of temperature are bathed 10min.The centrifugal 5s of (6) 4,000rpm treats liquid cooling, adds the equal-volume chloroform, behind the vibration mixing, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm.(7) get supernatant, be directly used in PCR or be stored in-20 ℃ standby.
4. the treatment process of tissue samples: (1) gets tissues such as lymphoglandula (rejecting outside fat) 1g, adds 2ml Trisodium Citrate phosphoric acid buffer [1], fully grinds to form emulsion.(2) add 4%NaOH solution 2ml, continue to grind 5-10min, make tissue liquefaction.(3) fully vibration, 75 ℃ of temperature are bathed 0.5-1hr.(4) get 1.5ml suspension (avoiding drawing thick slag), 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm abandons supernatant.(5) add sterile saline 1mL, the mixing that fully vibrates suspends precipitation, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm abandons supernatant.(6) repeating step (5).(7) add 50 μ l DNA extraction liquid, the vibration mixing, 4, the centrifugal 5s of 000rpm, 56 ℃ of temperature are bathed 30min, and 98 ℃ of temperature are bathed 10min.The centrifugal 5s of (8) 4,000rpm treats liquid cooling, adds the equal-volume chloroform, behind the vibration mixing, and 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm.(9) get supernatant, be directly used in PCR or be stored in-20 ℃ standby.
5. the treatment process of excrement sample: (1) gets excrement sample 1-2g, adds 4% sulphuric acid soln (routine 1g excrement sample adds 5mL liquid) vibration mixing in 1: 5 ratio, and 37 ℃ of temperature are bathed 0.5~1hr.(2) get in, upper strata supernatant body 1.5mL, the centrifugal 1min of 800rpm carefully draws supernatant.The centrifugal 10min of (3) 10,000rpm abandons supernatant.(4) add the 1mL sterile saline, with suction nozzle mixing and fully vibration, 10, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm.(5) repeating step (4).(6) abandon supernatant, add 100 μ l DNA extraction liquid, with suction nozzle mixing and fully vibration, 56 ℃ of temperature are bathed 30min, and 98 ℃ of temperature are bathed 10min.The centrifugal 5min of (7) 10,000rpm gets supernatant.(8) add the equal-volume chloroform, the vibration mixing, 12, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm carefully draws supernatant.(9) add the long-pending Virahol (20 ℃ of precoolings) of diploid, put upside down mixing, place 5-10min.(10) 4 ℃, 12, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm abandons supernatant.(11) add 300 μ l, 70% ethanol (4 ℃ of precoolings), the vibration washing.(12) 4 ℃, 12, the centrifugal 10min of 000rpm, the careful suction abandoned supernatant, and suction nozzle is not run into the precipitation one side, is inverted on the thieving paper, is stained with dry liquids (different samples need to be stained with dried in the different places of thieving paper), at clean bench drying at room temperature 5min as far as possible.(13) add 30 μ l sterilization distilled water, mixing gently, the nucleic acid on the dissolving tube wall, room temperature is placed 10min, be directly used in PCR or be stored in-20 ℃ standby.
Four. augmentation detection
1. amplifing reagent is prepared (carrying out at the reaction mixture preparation area)
Take out mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) fluorescent PCR reaction solution, after at room temperature melting, centrifugal 5 seconds of 6000rpm, each PCR reaction is prepared PCR reaction mixture (needing preparation reaction solution quantity=number of samples+negative control+positive control) by following consumption: fluorescent PCR reaction solution 26.6 μ l, Taq enzyme 0.4 μ l.
Above PCR reaction reagent is drawn in the centrifuge tube by usage quantity, abundant mixing, packing 27 μ l in each PCR pipe are transferred to the sample process district then.
2. application of sample (sample process district)
Add the nucleic acid that has extracted in dividing the PCR pipe that the PCR reaction mixture is housed respectively, the lid upper tube cap is put into the fluorescent PCR detector with the PCR pipe, record sample placement order.
3.PCR augmentation detection (augmentation detection district)
Reaction conditions is set: the first step: 50 ℃ 3 minutes; Second the step: 95 ℃ 4 minutes; The 3rd the step: 95 ℃ 10 seconds, 60 ℃ 30 seconds, 40 circulations are provided with collection fluorescence in the time of 60 ℃.
4. fluorescein is set: Report Dye is set at FAM, and Quench Dye is set at Tamara, and Referencedye is set at None.
Five. analysis condition is set and the result judges
Every result that composite analyser provides, the default value that baseline (baseline) provides with instrument as a reference, threshold value (Threshold) setting principle is as the criterion with the vertex of threshold line just above normal negative control product amplification curve, specifically also need to adjust, select the FAM passage to analyze according to instrument noise situation.
(1) quality control standard: negative control is negative, and the Ct value is shown as None, and the Ct value of positive control should be smaller or equal to 28.0.Otherwise it is invalid that experiment this time is considered as.
(2) interpretation of result and judgement: the Ct value is shown as the negative sample of sample of None, and the sample of Ct value≤33.0 is positive, shows the mycobacterium tuberculosis complex positive.The Ct value is reformed greater than 33.0 sample suggestion.It is negative that the result that reforms is shown as None, otherwise positive.
Six. to the detection example of clinical sample
By above-mentioned sample preparation and fluorescence PCR detecting method, adopt people and animal to suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether, outpatient service crowd's sputum sample is detected test, the result detects the many cases positive, sees accompanying drawing 1.
Embodiment 5 people and animal suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit specificity and sensitivity test altogether
One. method:
1. specificity test
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria bacterial strain such as the mycobacterium tuberculosis reference culture of extract cultivating and clinical separation strain, Mycobacterium bovis reference culture, avian tuberculosis mycobacterium, mycobacterium paratuberculosis, tortoise, toad, grass, Kansas, born of the same parents are interior, shame is dirty, stomach, scrofula, mycobacterium fortutitum and the positive recombinant plasmid that contains the pcr amplification template detect test.
2. sensitivity test 1
Adopting primer SEQ ID No.1 and primer SEQ ID No.2, is template with the DNA of mycobacterium tuberculosis, adopts primer SEQ ID No.5 and primer SEQ ID No.6, is template with the DNA of Mycobacterium bovis; Adopting primer SEQ ID No.9 and primer SEQ ID No.10, is template with the DNA of avian tuberculosis mycobacterium; Adopt primer SEQ IDNo.13 and primer SEQ ID No.14, DNA with mycobacterium tuberculosis is a template, carry out pcr amplification respectively, reclaim and purified pcr product, be connected with pEASY-Blunt flush end carrier (purchasing) in the Beijing Quanshijin Biotechnology Co., Ltd, and transformed into escherichia coli, adopt conventional PCR and order-checking that recombinant plasmid is verified.Recombinant plasmid is called after pEASY-MT (positive control of mycobacterium tuberculosis fluorescence PCR reaction solution) respectively; PEASY-MB (positive control of Mycobacterium bovis fluorescent PCR reaction solution); PEASY-MA (positive control of avian tuberculosis mycobacterium fluorescent PCR reaction solution) and pEASE-IS6110 (positive control of mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescent PCR reaction solution).The intestinal bacteria that will contain recombinant plasmid increase bacterium cultivate after, adopt plasmid extraction kit (purchasing) purification of Recombinant plasmid DNA in Dalian treasured biotechnology company limited, survey the OD260 absorbance, according to formula: plasmid copy number/μ l={ total content (μ g/ μ l) }/{ plasmid molecule base number * 10-15 μ g} is converted into corresponding gene copy number.Plasmid DNA is adopted no RNase, no DNase water carries out 10 times of serial dilutions, get each extent of dilution sample 3 μ l, adopt people and animal to suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether and detect test, with the detection sensitivity (gene copy number) of test kit according to the augmentation detection step of example 3 descriptions.
3. sensitivity test 2
Get BCG lyophilized powder (the bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine lyophilized powder is purchased in the national drug biological products assay institute), fully dissolve as BCG stoste with sterile saline and (contain greater than 5 * 10 5Mycetocyte/ml).BCG stoste is carried out 10 times of serial dilutions with sterile saline.Get BCG stoste or each extent of dilution sample and add in negative ox blood sample, milk sample, the excrement sample by a certain amount of, the vibration mixing is put 4 ℃ of backs of spending the night and is extracted DNA, according to embodiment 4 described methods, carries out nucleic acid extraction and augmentation detection.
Two. the result
1. specificity test: mycobacterium tuberculosis fluorescence PCR reaction solution all is typical positive reaction to mycobacterium tuberculosis reference culture and clinical separation strain and recombinant plasmid pEASY-MT, and the detected result of other mycobacterium strain is negative reaction, sees accompanying drawing 2; Mycobacterium bovis fluorescent PCR reaction solution is typical positive reaction to Mycobacterium bovis reference culture, bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine (BCG) and recombinant plasmid pEASY-MB, and the detected result of other mycobacterium strain is negative reaction, sees accompanying drawing 3; Avian tuberculosis mycobacterium fluorescent PCR reaction solution is typical positive reaction to avian tuberculosis mycobacterium bacterial strain and recombinant plasmid pEASY-MA, and the detected result of other mycobacterium strain is negative reaction, sees accompanying drawing 4; Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescent PCR reaction solution all is typical positive reaction to mycobacterium tuberculosis reference culture and clinical separation strain, Mycobacterium bovis reference culture and recombinant plasmid pEASY-MTC.Detected result conforms to theoretical the derivation, sees accompanying drawing 5.To intestinal bacteria O:157, streptomycete, swine streptococcus, streptococcus aureus, Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, cause multiple common microbial nucleic acids samples such as rushing down colon bacillus, Enterobacter sakazakii, yersinia entero-colitica, bacillus cereus, the augmentation detection step that adopts this test kit to describe according to example 4 detects test, and result's demonstration all is typical negative reaction.It is strong to show that people and animal suffer from the tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit detection specificity altogether.
2. sensitivity test 1: detected result shows that the detection sensitivity of mycobacterium tuberculosis fluorescence PCR reaction solution can reach 10 12The plasmid extent of dilution is equivalent to 0.3 gene copy, sees accompanying drawing 6; The detection sensitivity of Mycobacterium bovis fluorescent PCR reaction solution can reach 10 11The plasmid extent of dilution is equivalent to 2.5 gene copies, sees accompanying drawing 7; Avian tuberculosis mycobacterium fluorescent PCR reaction solution reach 10 11The plasmid extent of dilution is equivalent to 1.8 gene copies, sees accompanying drawing 8; Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex fluorescent PCR reaction solution reach 10 12The plasmid extent of dilution is equivalent to 0.24 gene copy, sees accompanying drawing 9.
3. sensitivity test 2: detected result show to adopt fluorescent PCR kit that the detection sensitivity of blood sample, milk sample is all reached 0.15-1.5 mycetocyte of each reaction, the detection sensitivity of excrement sample is reached each react 15 mycetocytes.
Sequence table
<110〉Inspection and Quarantine Technic Center, Guangdong Entry-Exit Inspection and Qu
Beijing Yingjiusi Sci. ﹠ Tech. Dev. Co., Ltd.
<120〉people and animal suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether
<130>
<160>16
<170>PatentIn?version?3.3
<210>1
<211>21
<212>DNA
<213〉mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
<400>1
cggtgtaatc?agttttgaag?c 21
<210>2
<211>20
<212>DNA
<213〉mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
<400>2
gcggacccat?tttcgatcaa 20
<210>3
<211>28
<212>DNA
<213〉mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
<400>3
taggtagtcc?agtagagccc?catagcca 28
<210>4
<211>91
<212>DNA
<213〉mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
<400>4
cggtgtaatc?agttttgaag?ccacgcgcat?ctaggtagtc?cagtagagcc?ccatagccac 60
agcctagatc?gttgatcgaa?aatgggtccg?c 91
<210>5
<211>21
<212>DNA
<213〉Mycobacterium bovis (Mycobacterium bovis)
<400>5
gacgccttcc?taaccagaat?t 21
<210>6
<211>18
<212>DNA
<213〉Mycobacterium bovis (Mycobacterium bovis)
<400>6
ggagagcgcc?gttgtagg 18
<210>7
<211>28
<212>DNA
<213〉Mycobacterium bovis (Mycobacterium bovis)
<400>7
aattcataca?agccgtagtc?gtgcagaa 28
<210>8
<211>90
<212>DNA
<213〉Mycobacterium bovis (Mycobacterium bovis)
<400>8
gacgccttcc?taaccagaat?tgtgaattca?tacaagccgt?agtcgtgcag?aagcgcaaca 60
ctcttggagt?ggcctacaac?ggcgctctcc 90
<210>9
<211>17
<212>DNA
<213〉avian tuberculosis mycobacterium (Mycobacterium avium)
<400>9
tccgcgtgag?tctctgt 17
<210>10
<211>17
<212>DNA
<213〉avian tuberculosis mycobacterium (Mycobacterium avium)
<400>10
cgagcacctc?cagcaag 17
<210>11
<211>27
<212>DNA
<213〉avian tuberculosis mycobacterium (Mycobacterium avium)
<400>11
acgaccaaga?atcactaccg?agaggaa 27
<210>12
<211>94
<212>DNA
<213〉avian tuberculosis mycobacterium (Mycobacterium avium)
<400>12
tccgcgtgag?tctctgtggt?gaaacgacca?agaatcacta?ccgagaggaa?catcgcgatg 60
gccctggacc?agtctgcctt?gctggaggtg?ctcg 94
<210>13
<211>18
<212>DNA
<213〉mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex)
<400>13
gcagggttcg?cctacgtg 18
<210>14
<211>18
<212>DNA
<213〉mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex)
<400>14
cgggtccaga?tggcttgc 18
<210>15
<211>22
<212>DNA
<213〉mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex)
<400>15
tgtcaccgac?gcctacgctc?gc 22
<210>16
<211>125
<212>DNA
<213〉mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex)
<400>16
gcagggttcg?cctacgtggc?ctttgtcacc?gacgcctacg?ctcgcaggat?cctgggctgg 60
cgggtcgctt?ccacgatggc?cacctccatg?gtcctcgacg?cgatcgagca?agccatctgg 120
acccg 125

Claims (2)

1. one group of surveyor and animal tuberculous nucleotide sequence altogether, it is characterized in that: be the nucleotide sequence shown in sequence table SEQ IDNo.1 to SEQ ID No.3, SEQ ID No.5 to SEQ ID No.7, SEQ ID No.9 to SEQ ID No.11 and SEQ ID No.13 to the SEQ ID No.15, wherein:
SEQ ID No.1 and SEQ ID No.2 are right for the primer of check mycobacterium tuberculosis, and SEQ ID No.3 is the probe sequence of check mycobacterium tuberculosis;
SEQ ID No.5 and SEQ ID No.6 are right for the primer of check Mycobacterium bovis, and SEQ ID No.7 is the probe sequence of check Mycobacterium bovis;
SEQ ID No.9 and SEQ ID No.10 are right for the primer of check avian tuberculosis mycobacterium, and SEQ ID No.11 is the probe sequence of check avian tuberculosis mycobacterium;
SEQ ID No.13 and SEQ ID No.14 are right for the primer of check mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, and SEQ IDNo.15 is the probe sequence of check mycobacterium tuberculosis complex.
2. people and animal suffer from tuberculosis fluorescence PCR rapid diagnosis kit altogether, it is characterized in that comprising:
1) 4 kinds of PCR reaction solutions respectively contain: 1 * PCR damping fluid; 0.2 μ mol/L primer I; 0.2 μ mol/L primer I I, 0.1 μ mol/L probe; 200 μ mol/L d NTP, MgCl 22.5mmol/L;
2) Taq enzyme 2.5U/ μ l;
3) negative control: physiological saline
4) positive control: the plasmid DNA that carries amplified production
4 kinds of RT-PCR reaction solutions are respectively: mycobacterium tuberculosis reaction solution, Mycobacterium bovis reaction solution, avian tuberculosis mycobacterium reaction solution and mycobacterium tuberculosis complex reaction solution;
Primer I in the mycobacterium tuberculosis reaction solution is SEQ ID No.1, and primer I I is SEQ ID No.2, and probe is SEQ ID No.3;
Primer I in the Mycobacterium bovis reaction solution is SEQ ID No.5, and primer I I is SEQ ID No.6, and probe is SEQ ID No.7;
Primer I in the avian tuberculosis mycobacterium reaction solution is SEQ ID No.9, and primer I I is SEQ ID No.10, and probe is SEQ ID No.11;
Primer I in the mycobacterium tuberculosis complex reaction solution is SEQ ID No.13, and primer I I is SEQ ID No.14, and probe is SEQ ID No.15,
Described probe 5 ' end flag F AM, HEX, TET, JOE, ROX or VIC fluorescence dye, probe 3 ' end mark TAMARA, Elcipse or BHQ cancellation mark.
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