CN100573447C - Configuration method of figure user interface - Google Patents

Configuration method of figure user interface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100573447C
CN100573447C CN 200510130091 CN200510130091A CN100573447C CN 100573447 C CN100573447 C CN 100573447C CN 200510130091 CN200510130091 CN 200510130091 CN 200510130091 A CN200510130091 A CN 200510130091A CN 100573447 C CN100573447 C CN 100573447C
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container
window
user interface
pane
desktop
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CN 200510130091
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1979412A (en
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任正麟
周钲琪
柯欣成
锺佩姗
韩忠祥
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凌群电脑股份有限公司
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Abstract

一种图形用户界面(Graphical User Interface,GUI)的组态方法,此方法通过使用各种收纳容器及功能元件来定义用户界面,并利用编辑各种收纳容器与功能元件间的相依关系,提供不同的用户,依其需要设定出个性化的用户界面,而达到有效发挥软件效能的目的。 A graphical user interface (Graphical User Interface, GUI) configuration method, which is defined by the container and the use of various functional elements of the user interface and editing using various dependencies between the storage container and the functional elements, to provide different users, according to their need to set a personalized user interface, achieve the purpose of effectively play software performance.

Description

图形用户界面的组态方法 Graphic configuration user interface

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种用户界面的组织方法,且特别涉及一种在软件执行时期,提供用户自行组织图形用户界面的方法。 The present invention relates to a method for the organization of the user interface, and more particularly relates to a method in a software run-time, to provide users organize their own graphical user interface.

背景技术 Background technique

一般市面上出售的应用软件,为了能够方便用户操作,都会在软件中设计一个用户界面,提供用户执行软件功能,完成多项特定作业。 Application software is generally available on the market, in order to facilitate user operations, will design a user interface in the software, the software provides the user to perform functions, complete a number of specific jobs. 而此用户界面主要是由软件开发人员在软件的开发时期,即预先组态、排列,以及定义好其中所包括的各个功能元件。 And this mainly in the user interface software development stages, i.e., pre-configured by the software developer, the arrangement, and a good definition of the respective functional elements included therein. 因此,用户仅需利用此用户界面, 就能够操作软件执行各项功能。 Therefore, users only need to use user interface, operating software will be able to perform various functions.

然而,随着软件功能的提高,单一软件所包含的功能动辄几十种,若将这些功能的元件全部置放于用户界面中,则会占据掉大量的窗口版面, However, with improved software features, functions contained in a single software easily dozens, if all elements of these functions placed in the user interface, it will occupy a lot out of window layout,

非常不实用;若由开发人员设计,则会因为用户工作内容或习惯的不同, 往往无法确切地符合用户的需要,而无法有效地发挥软件的最大效能。 Very practical; if designed by the developer will work content or because different user habits, often not exactly meet the needs of users, and can not effectively maximize the performance of the software.

虽然当前的某些软件有提供用户个性化的设计功能,例如软件基本设定、工具列组态或辅助窗口的空间参数等等,但仅局限于单一窗口中的功能设定,若用户需要同时执行多项软件功能时,则无法有效地整合系统资源,提供用户最方便而有效的界面完成所欲达到的特定作业。 While some current software provides users personalized design features, such as the basic software set, toolbar configuration or spatial parameters of the secondary window, etc., but only limited function set a single window, if the user needs the implementation of a number of software features, the system can not effectively integrate resources to provide the most convenient and effective user interface to complete a particular job desired to achieve.

发明内容 SUMMARY

鉴于上述情况,本发明的目的就是提供一种图形用户界面的组态方法,通过提供用户定义各种收纳容器及功能元件的排列方式与大小,而能够让不同的用户,皆能依其需要设定出个性化的用户界面,达到有效发拝软件效能的目的。 In view of the above circumstances, an object of the present invention to provide a method for configuring a graphical user interface by providing a user-defined size and a variety of storage arrangements and functional elements of the container, it is possible to allow different users, according to its need to set Jieneng fix personalized user interface, achieve effective hair Bai software performance. 本发明提出一种图形用户界面的组态方法,适于提供用户组织系统中软件的用户界面,并利用此用户界面执行至少一项特定作业,此组态方法包括下列步骤:首先,使用一个屏幕容器收纳系统的一个显示屏幕,并使用一个桌面容器收纳此显示屏幕的一个桌面,且此桌面中包括完成上述特定作业中的一项作业的所有元件。 The present invention provides a method for configuring a graphical user interface, adapted to provide user organization system software user interface, and use this user interface to perform at least one specific job, this configuration comprises the following method steps: First, a screen a container storage system display screen, and a desktop container using a desktop screen on this housing, and this table includes all the elements of a job to complete the specific job. 此外,还使用一个窗口容器收纳桌面上的一个窗口,且此窗口切分为至少一个区域,以及使用一个窗格容器收纳这些区域中的一个区域。 Furthermore, the use of a container housing a window on the desktop window, and this window is cut into at least one region, and using a container accommodating a pane in these regions. 再者,还使用一个功能元件提供一项软件功能, 且此功能元件设置于上述区域中的一个区域。 Further, also provides a functional device using a software feature, and this feature is provided in a region of the element region.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括使用多个屏幕容器收纳系统的多个显示屏幕,其中每一个屏幕容器中还包括设置有多个桌面容器,而收纳显示屏幕的多个桌面。 Example Configuration of the graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention, further comprising a display screen using a plurality of container housing a plurality of screen system, wherein each container further comprising a screen provided with a plurality of desktop container, and the housing multiple desktop display screen.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,上述之屏幕容器还包括利用页签,在桌面容器间切换使用。 Configuration in accordance with the methods described in the preferred embodiment of a graphical user interface of the present invention, the container further comprising a screen using the tab, used to switch between the desktop container.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,其中桌面容器中还包括设置有多个窗口容器,而收纳多个窗口,其中每一个窗口容器还包括设置有多个窗格容器,适于分别模拟窗口所切分出的各个区域,而窗口容器中还可包括一个主窗口容器及多个辅助窗口容器。 Example Configuration of the graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein the container further comprises a table provided with a plurality of container window, and accommodating a plurality of windows, wherein each window further includes a container provided with a plurality of panes container, adapted to simulate respective regions separated cut window, and the window may further comprise a container and a plurality of secondary container main window container window. 其中,主窗口容器适于摆放主要的功能元件,而多个辅助窗口容器则适于提供多个辅助功能。 Wherein the container is adapted to display the main window of the main functional elements, and the plurality of secondary containers windows adapted to provide a plurality of auxiliary functions.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,上述之每个窗口容器皆具有一个大小及位置,且具有惟一的图层深度,而使这些窗口容器间得以互相重叠。 In accordance with the method of Example configuration graphical user interface of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, each of said window of a container having both size and position, and has a depth of only layers, so that these windows to overlap between containers. 此外,每一个窗格容器还包括设置有多个功能元件, 适于提供多项软件功能。 Further, each container further comprises a pane provided with a plurality of functional elements adapted to provide more software features.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,上述每一个窗格容器还包括利用页签,在功能元件间切换使用。 Configuration in accordance with the methods described in the preferred embodiment of a graphical user interface of the present invention, each of said container further comprising a pane using a tab, used to switch between the functional elements.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括新增一个功能元件至桌面容器,其中包括在此桌面容器中新增一个窗口容器,并在此窗口容器中产生一个窗格容器,然后在此窗格容器中加入功能元件。 Example Configuration of the graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention further comprises a new functional element to a desktop container, which includes a new window on the desktop container vessel, and generates a window in a container pane container, followed by addition of functional elements in this pane container.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括新增一个功能元件至窗口容器,其中包括在窗口容器中产生一个窗格容器,然后在此窗格容器中加入功能元件。 Example Configuration of the graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention further comprises a new functional element to the container window, including producing a window pane in a container vessel and then adding the functions pane container element.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括新增一个功能元件至窗格容器,而直接在窗格容器中加入功能元件。 Example Configuration of the graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention further comprises a new functional element to the pane container, and addition of functional elements directly in the container pane.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括调整窗口容器及窗格容器中的一个容器的大小及位置。 Example Configuration of the graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention, further comprising adjusting the window size and position of a container and a container pane container.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括删除桌面容器、窗口容器及功能元件的其中一个。 Example Configuration of the graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein further comprising deleting a desktop container, and the container window function element.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括自窗格容器中拖曳功能元件的其中一个至桌面容器、窗口容器,以及另一个窗格容器中的一个容器之中。 In accordance with the methods described in the configuration of the preferred embodiment of a graphical user interface of the present invention, further comprising a pane in which the vessel from dragging elements to a desktop container, window container, a container and another pane container .

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括自窗口容器中拖曳窗格容器至另一个桌面容器、窗口容器,以及窗格容器中的一个容器之中。 Example Configuration of the graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention, further comprising a drag window pane from the container into the container to another desktop container, window container, a container and the container pane.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括自桌面容器中拖曳窗口容器至另一个桌面容器之中。 Example Configuration of the graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention, further comprising a towing vessel from the desktop window into the vessel to another desktop container.

依照本发明的较佳实施例所述图形用户界面的组态方法,还包括自屏幕容器中拖曳桌面容器至另一个屏幕容器之中。 In accordance with the methods described in the configuration of the preferred embodiment of a graphical user interface of the present invention, further comprising a towing vessel desktop container from the screen to another screen into the container.

本发明因釆用多个收纳容器及功能元件的结构,因此可以提供用户依其需要,增删或编辑收纳容器及功能元件的内容,而达到有效发挥软件效能的目的。 The present invention is due to preclude the container structure with a plurality of elements and functions, the user can be provided according to its needs, add or delete or edit the contents of storage container and a functional element, but the purpose of effectively play the software performance.

为让本发明的上述和其它目的、特征和优点能更明显易懂,下文特举本发明的较佳实施例,并配合附图,作详细说明如下。 To make the above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be more fully understood by referring to the preferred embodiments cited embodiment of the present invention and the accompanying drawings, described in detail below. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是依照本发明较佳实施例的图形用户界面的架构图。 FIG 1 is a schematic diagram of a graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

图2是依照本发明较佳实施例的图形用户界面之组态方法的流程图。 FIG 2 is a flowchart of a method of configuring a graphical user interface of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

图3是依照本发明较佳实施例的窗格拖曳区示意图。 FIG 3 is a schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the pane area of ​​the boxes of the present invention.

图4是依照本发明较佳实施例的屏幕容器。 FIG 4 is a screen container in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

图5是依照本发明较佳实施例的桌面容器。 FIG 5 is a table of the preferred embodiment of the container according to the present invention.

图6是依照本发明较佳实施例的窗口容器。 FIG 6 is a preferred embodiment of the container of the window according to the present invention.

图7是依照本发明较佳实施例的窗格容器。 FIG 7 is a container pane preferred embodiment according to the present embodiment of the invention.

图8是依照本发明较佳实施例的功能元件。 FIG 8 is a functional element in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

主要元件标记说明110:软件 The main element SIGNS 110: Software

120、 410、 420、 430、 500:屏幕容器130、 600:桌面容器140:窗口容器150:窗格容器160:功能元件 120, 410, 420, 430, 500: screen container 130, 600: 140 desktop container: container window 150: a pane container 160: a functional element

300、 610、 620、 630、 640、 650:窗口 300, 610, 620, 630, 640, 650: window

310、 320、 330、 340、 710、 720、 730、 740、 750、 760、 770:窗格 310, 320, 330, 340, 710, 720, 730, 740, 750, 760, 770: Pane

311:窗格拖曳区 311: pane drag area

312:窗口置物区 312: Window cargo area

313:窗格放置区 313: Pane drop zone

400:显示器 400: Display

501、 801:页签 501, 801: Tab

S210:使用屏幕容器收纳系统的显示屏幕S220:使用桌面容器收纳显示屏幕的桌面S230:使用窗口容器收纳桌面上的窗口S240:使用窗格容器收纳窗口中的区域S250:使用功能元件提供软件功能 S210: a container storage system using the screen of the display screen S220: using a desktop container housing a display screen of a desktop S230: accommodating container using the window on the desktop window S240: Use the pane container storage area S250 window: using functional elements providing the software functionality

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

图1是依照本发明较佳实施例的图形用户界面的架构图。 FIG 1 is a schematic diagram of a graphical user interface in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention. 请参照图1, 本实施例的图形用户界面釆用阶层化(Hierarchy)的设计,而其阶层由高至低依次为软件110、屏幕容器120、桌面容器130、窗口容器140、窗格容器150,以及功能元件160。 Referring to FIG 1, the present embodiment is a graphical user interface preclude the use of hierarchical (Hierarchy) design, while the descending order of hierarchical software 110, the screen container 120, desktop container 130, the window 140 of the container, the container pane 150 , and the functional element 160. 其中,附图标记1..*代表上层元件可包含一个或一个以上的下层元件,而0..*则代表上层元件可包含零个(即不包含) 或零个以上的下层元件。 Wherein reference numeral 1 .. * represents the upper member may include one or more than one lower element, and 0 .. * represents the upper member may comprise a lower element zero (i.e., not included), or zero or more. 以下则针对各个收纳容器及功能元件的内容及特性提出说明: The following description is made for contents and characteristics of each container element and functions:

屏幕(Screen):本实施例的最上层的收纳容器,可以是用户可操作的所有显示屏幕中的其中一个。 Screen (Screen): uppermost container of the present example of embodiment, wherein a user may be operable in all of the display screen. 其中,每个屏幕都有个别的操作空间。 Wherein each screen has a separate room for maneuver. 虽然功能元件或其它较次级的收纳容器可以在屏幕间拖曳或移动,但不会有一个功能元件或是收纳容器会同时出现在一个以上的屏幕中。 Although more functional elements, or other secondary storage container can drag the screen or to move, but will not have a functional element or in the storage container occur simultaneously in more than one screen.

桌面(Deskt叩):屏幕的次级收纳容器。 Desktop (Deskt knock): secondary container screen. 我们以此容器来模拟用户的桌面。 We use this container to simulate the user's desktop. 其中, 一个桌面内的所有元件代表一群可同时显示的功能元件。 Wherein the functional element representative of all elements within the group of a desktop can be simultaneously displayed. 也就是说,此桌面让用户将欲完成某特定作业时用到的所有功能元件,集中在一个桌面之中,以期在使用这些功能时,不需要来回切换桌面,降低作业效能。 In other words, this allows the desktop user will want to complete all the functional elements used when a specific job, concentrated in a table, with a view to using these features do not need to switch back and forth desktops, reduce operating efficiency. 此外,在同一个屏幕中,还可以页签的方式,来表示多个桌面,并可利用这些页签来切换于不同的桌面之间。 Further, in the same screen, the tab may also be a way to represent a plurality of the desktop, and may use these tabs to switch between different desktop.

窗口(Window):桌面的次级收纳容器。 Window (Window): Desktop secondary container. 我们以此窗口模拟桌面上的各个窗口。 We use this window of each window on the desktop simulation. 其中,每个窗口容器都具有个别的大小与位置,且具有惟一的图层深度(垂直于屏幕的方向),因此使得窗口之间还可互相重叠。 Wherein each container has a respective window size and position, and has a unique layer depth (direction perpendicular to the screen), so that windows may overlap each other.

窗格容器(Cell):窗口的次级收纳容器。 Pane container (Cell): secondary window container. 这一层并不会对应到任何现今窗口环境的组成要件,此窗格主要是在窗口容器中,切分出多个区域,而在这些切分出来的区域中,容纳多个功能元件。 This layer does not correspond to the elements of the composition of any windowing environment today, mainly in the window pane of this vessel, a plurality of separated regions cut, while during the cutting out of these regions, receiving a plurality of functional elements.

功能元件:窗格的收纳内容。 Functional elements: storing content pane. 这一层就是可以提供用户直接操作的软件功能。 This layer is the functional user software can provide direct operation. 而在一个窗格中,可以容纳一个或一个以上的功能元件,并以页签方式让用户在各个功能元件间切换。 In a pane, can accommodate one or more than one functional element, and in a manner so that the user tab to switch between the functional element.

图2是依照本发明较佳实施例的图形用户界面之组态方法的流程图。 FIG 2 is a flowchart of a method of configuring a graphical user interface of the preferred embodiment of the present invention. 本实施例提供用户组织系统中之软件的用户界面,并利用此用户界面执行至少一项特定作业。 The system provides the user the organization of the software user interface according to the present embodiment, and using this user interface to perform at least one specific job.

首先,使用一个屏幕容器收纳系统之一个显示屏幕(步骤S210)。 First, a container storage system of a screen display screen (step S210). 其中,若系统包括有多个显示屏幕时,还可使用多个屏幕容器分别收纳这 Wherein, if the system includes a plurality of display screens, the screens may also be used a plurality of containers that are accommodated

些显示屏幕。 These display screens.

接着,使用一个桌面容器收纳显示屏幕之一个桌面,且此桌面中包括完成上述特定作业的其中一个的所有元件(步骤S220)。 Next, using a desktop container housing a display screen of the desktop, and this includes all of the elements in the table (step S220) in which one of the specific job is completed. 其中,每一个屏幕容器中还包括设置有多个桌面容器,而收纳显示屏幕之多个桌面。 Wherein each container further comprising a screen provided with a plurality of desktop container, and a plurality of display screens of the receiving table. 此外,在每一个屏幕容器之中还包括利用页签的方式,在桌面容器间切换使用。 Further, in each container further comprises utilizing a screen tab manner, switching between use desktop container.

然后,使用一个窗口容器收纳桌面上的一个窗口,且此窗口切分为至少一个区域(步骤S220)。 Then, using a container housing a window on the desktop window, and this window is divided into at least a cut area (step S220). 其中,此桌面容器中还包括设置有多个窗口容器,而收纳多个窗口,而每一个窗口容器皆具有个别的大小及位置,且具有惟一的图层深度,而使这些窗口容器间得以互相重叠。 Wherein the desktop container further comprises a container provided with a plurality of windows, and accommodating a plurality of windows, each window having a container both the position and the size of the individual, and the only layers having a depth, the containers to each other between the windows overlapping. 此外,这些窗口容器之中还可以包括有一个主窗口容器及多个辅助窗口容器。 Further, among these windows container further may include a main window and a plurality of secondary containers container window. 其中,主窗口容器适于摆放主要的功能元件,而辅助窗口容器则适于提供多个辅助功能。 Wherein the container is adapted to display the main window of the main functional elements, and the auxiliary container window is adapted to provide a plurality of auxiliary functions.

下一步,使用一个窗格容器收纳上述区域中的一个区域(步骤S220)。 Next, using a container accommodating a pane area of ​​the region (step S220). 其中,每一个窗口容器还包括设置有多个窗格容器,适于分别模拟窗口所切分出的区域。 Wherein each container further comprises a window pane provided with a plurality of containers, each adapted to simulate window cut region separated.

最后,使用一个功能元件提供一项软件功能,且此功能元件设置于上述区域中的一个区域(步骤S220)。 Finally, using a functional element provides a software function, and this function member disposed on a region of the area (step S220). 其中,每一个窗格容器还包括设置有多个功能元件,适于提供多项软件功能,而每一个窗格容器还包括利用页签的方式,在功能元件间切换使用。 Wherein each container further comprises a pane provided with a plurality of functional elements adapted to provide more software features, and each pane container further comprises utilizing tab manner, switching between use of the functional element.

此夕卜,在一实施例中,本发明的图形用户界面的组态方法还包括增删或编辑收纳容器或是功能元件等操作,以提供用户设计出理想的用户界 Bu this evening, in one embodiment, the graphical user interface of the configuration method of the present invention also include additions or editing operation of the vessel housing the functional elements or the like, to provide the user over the user interface design

面,这些编辑操作兹分述如下: Surface, these editing operations it is described as follows:

首先介绍新增元件的操作,此操作可包括有新增功能元件至桌面、窗口或窗格等收纳容器之中,而启动这项操作的方式可以是由用户在软件的功能元件盒中双击功能元件,或自功能元件盒中拖曳功能元件,并放置于所欲新增之收纳容器的空白处。 Introduces additional operating element, this element may include new features and the like to the desktop, the window pane or in storage containers, this operation mode initiated by double-clicking the function may be a functional element in the cartridge by the user software elements, or drag and drop the functional element from the cartridge element, and placed in a container of the desired new blank.

其中,若所欲新增的对象为桌面时,且若用户是以双击方式新增,则系统会在桌面上左上角,产生一个新窗口,并于此新窗口中,产生一个新窗格。 Which, if desired new target is a desktop and double-click mode if the user is added, the system will be the upper left corner on the desktop, create a new window, and this new window, create a new pane. 然后再于此新窗格中,加入新产生的元件。 Then this new pane, generated new element was added. 另外,新产生之窗口大 In addition, the newly created large window

小,以新元件的最适大小为主;若用户以拖曳的方式新增,系统会在拖曳 Less to the optimum size of the new element based; if the user dragging the new way, the system will be in boxes

放置处产生一新窗口,其它操作皆相同,拖曳完成后包括醒目提示此桌面。 Generating a new window is placed at the other operations are the same, including the completion of the boxes highlighted to the desktop.

若所欲新增的对象为窗口时,则系统会在欲放置之窗格的上下左右边(依用户的放置位置而定),产生一个新窗格,并于此新窗格中,加入新产生的元件。 If the desired object is a new window, the system to be placed in the vertical and horizontal edges of the pane (by placement of a user may be), to generate a new pane, and this new pane to add new generating element. 其中,旧窗格大小例如可缩减一半,而新窗格大小则可缩减为 Among them, for example, the size of the old panes can be reduced by half, while the new pane size can be reduced to

原旧窗格的一半,最后并包括醒目提示(Highlight)此窗口与窗口所属的桌面。 Half of the original old panes, and finally the desktop include helpful tips (Highlight) This window and the window belongs.

若所欲新增的对象为窗格时,则系统在欲放置的窗格,新增一个页签, 并将新产生的元件放入此窗格中。 If desired new pane object, the system to be placed in the pane, a new tab, and the newly generated element into this pane. 此外,还隐藏此窗格原先显示的元件, 而显示新元件。 In addition, this pane to hide elements of the original show, and display the new element. 最后则醒目提示此窗格与窗格所属的窗口与桌面。 Finally, it is striking prompt window with the desktop and this pane pane belongs.

接着介绍拖曳功能元件的操作,共可包括有自一个窗格中拖曳一个功能元件至一个桌面、窗口或是另一个窗格等收纳容器之中,以及自一个窗口中拖曳一个功能元件至一个桌面、另一窗口或是另一个窗格等收纳容器之中。 Then introduced dragging operation member, a total of from one pane comprising a functional element to drag a desktop, window panes or the like stored in another container, and a drag from one functional element to a desktop window , another window panes or the like are housed in another container. 此外,还可包括自一个桌面中拖曳一个功能元件至另一个桌面,或是自一个屏幕中拖曳一个功能元件至另一个屏幕。 Moreover, further comprising a desktop drag from one functional element to another table, a functional element or drag from one screen to another screen. 其中,启动这些操作的方式可以是由用户在原收纳容器中,拖曳任一个功能元件所属的页签,并放置于标的之收纳容器的空白处。 Wherein the operation mode may be started by a user in the original storage container, a drag tab any functional element belongs to, and placed in a container of the subject of the blank.

若是自窗格拖曳一个功能元件至桌面时,则系统会先将被拖曳的功能元件自原窗格中移除,并在桌面上的拖曳放置处产生一个新窗口,然后在新窗口中产生一个新窗格。 If the drag when the pane from one functional element to the desktop, the system will first be towed from the original functional element pane is removed, and generating a new window on the desktop of the boxes are placed, and then generates a new window new pane. 最后才将此功能元件放入新窗格中。 And finally this functional elements into a new pane. 其中,还可以醒目提示此桌面、被放置的桌面与其所属屏幕,以及醒目提示被拖曳的功能元件,并不限制其范围。 Wherein further be highlighted to the desktop, it is placed with its ordinary desktop screen, and the functional element is highlighted to be towed, and do not limit the scope thereof.

若是自窗格拖曳一个功能元件至窗口时,则系统会先将被拖曳的功能元件自原窗格中移除,若此窗格已经没有功能元件时,则会将此窗格自所属的窗口中移除。 If the drag when the pane from one functional element to the window, the system will first be removed from the original pane drag functional element, if this has no functional elements of the pane, this will be the window pane from belongs removed. 若窗口也不再有任何窗格时,那么同样要自桌面删除此窗口。 If there is no longer any window pane, then the same to remove the window from the desktop. 另外,系统在欲放置的窗格之上下左右边(依用户的放置位置而定), 产生一个新窗格,并于此新窗格中,加入被拖曳的功能元件。 Further, the system side (by placement of a user may be) to be placed in the vertical and horizontal pane, the pane to produce a new, and this new pane, the functional element being towed added. 其中,旧窗格大小例如可縮减一半,而新窗格大小则缩减为原窗格的一半,并可以醒目提示被放置窗口与其所属桌面及屏幕,以及醒目提示被拖曳元件。 Among them, for example, the size of the old panes can be reduced by half, while the new pane is reduced to half the original size of the pane, and helpful tips can be placed in the window to which it belongs and the desktop screen, as well as helpful tips towed element.

若是自窗格拖曳一个功能元件至另一窗格时,则系统将被拖曳元件自原窗格中移除,若此窗格已经没有元件了,也将此窗格自所属窗口中移除。 If the drag when the pane from one functional element to another pane, the system will be removed from the original towed pane element, if this element has no pane, and also removed from this relevant window pane. 若窗口也不再有任何窗格了,那么同样要自桌面删除此窗口。 If the window is no longer any pane, and then also have to remove the window from the desktop. 另外,系统可以在欲放置的窗格,新增一个页签,并将被拖曳元件放入此窗格中。 Further, the system may be placed in the pane to be, a new tab and drag elements to be placed in this pane. 此外,还包括隐藏此窗格原先显示的元件,显示被拖曳元件,并醒目提示被放置窗格与其所属窗口、桌面、屏幕及拖曳元件。 Also included are the original hide this pane display element, the display element being dragged, and helpful tips are placed with their respective pane windows, desktop, screen and drag elements.

若是自窗口拖曳一个窗格至桌面时,则系统将被拖曳窗格自原窗口移除,若原窗口已经没有窗格了,那么同样要自桌面删除此窗口。 If the window when dragged from a pane to the desktop, the system will be towed window pane removed from the original, if the original windows have no panes, then also you have to remove the window from the desktop. 另外,系统在桌面上,拖曳放置处产生一新窗口,然后将被拖曳窗格置入新窗口中, 而新窗口大小以窗格的最适大小为主。 Further, on the desktop system, generating a new boxes placed at the window, and then will be placed in a new window pane boxes, and the new window size to the optimal size of the pane based. 此外,还包括醒目提示被放置的桌面与其所属的屏幕,并醒目提示被拖曳的窗格。 It also includes helpful tips screen is placed desktop to which it belongs, and helpful tips towed pane.

若是自一个窗口拖曳一个窗格至另一个窗口时,则系统会将被拖曳窗格自原窗口移除,若原窗口已经没有窗格了,那么同样要自桌面删除此窗口。 If when dragging a window pane from a window to another, the system will be towed window pane removed from the original, if the original windows have no panes, then also you have to remove the window from the desktop. 另外,系统在欲放置之窗格的上下左右边(依用户的放置位置而定),置入被拖曳窗格。 Further, the system to be placed in the up and down sides of the pane (depending on the placement of the user may be), it is dragged into pane. 其中,旧窗格大小可以缩减一半,而被拖曳窗格大小为原旧窗格的一半。 Among them, the old panes size can be reduced by half, while being dragged half the size of the original old pane panes. 此外,还包括醒目提示被放置窗口与其所属桌面及屏幕, 以及醒目提示被拖曳窗格。 It also includes helpful tips are placed window to which it belongs and the desktop screen, as well as helpful tips towed pane.

若是自一个窗口拖曳一个窗格至另一个窗格时,则系统会将被拖曳窗格自原窗口移除,若原窗口中已经没有窗格了,那么同样要自桌面删除此窗口。 If a window when dragging from a pane to another pane, then the system will be towed window pane removed from the original, if the original windows have no panes, then also have to remove the window from the desktop. 另外,系统在欲放置的窗格中,为被拖曳窗格中的每一个元件,新增一个页签,并将被拖曳窗格的每一个元件,置入欲放置窗格中。 Further, the system to be placed in the pane, the pane is being towed in each element, a new tab, and each element is dragged pane, to be placed into pane. 此外, 还包括隐藏欲放置窗格原先显示的元件,显示被拖曳窗格中原先显示的元件,并醒目提示被放置窗格与其所属窗口、桌面及屏幕,以及醒目提示被拖曳窗格。 Moreover, further comprising a pane element disposed to be hidden previously displayed, the display element is dragged pane previously shown, it is placed and striking prompt window pane to which it belongs, and the desktop screen, is dragged and helpful tips pane.

若是自一个桌面拖曳一个窗口至另一个桌面时,则系统会将被拖曳窗口自原桌面中移除,并将被拖曳窗口加入另一桌面的拖曳放置处。 If the desktop when a drag from one window to another desktop, the system will be dragged from the original window in the desktop removed and added to another window is dragged boxes placed at the desktop. 此外, 还包括醒目提示被放置虚拟窗口与其所属屏幕,以及醒目提示被拖曳窗□。 It also includes helpful tips is to place the virtual screen window to which it belongs, as well as helpful tips towed window □.

若是自一屏幕拖曳一个桌面至另一个屏幕时,则系统会将被拖曳桌面自原屏幕中移除,并将被拖曳窗口加入另一屏幕,以及在另一屏幕中为被拖曳桌面,增加一个页签。 If the boxes from one screen to another screen desktop, the system will be removed from the desktop towed original screen, and added to the window is dragged to another screen, and the other is dragged to the desktop screen, add a bookmark. 此外,还包括隐藏另一屏幕的原显示桌面,并显示被拖曳桌面,并醒目提示新放置的屏幕,以及醒目提示被拖曳桌面。 It also includes another screen display to hide the original desktop and displays towed desktop and eye-catching screen prompts new placement, as well as helpful tips towed desktop.

接着介绍调整大小的操作,共可包括调整窗口或是窗格等收纳容器的大小,其中调整大小的方式可以是由用户将鼠标指针,移到窗口的四个边缘或角落,并拖曳之。 Then introduced resize operation, may include a total or resize the window panes and the like of the container, which can be resized by the user to the way the mouse pointer moves four edges or corners of the window and drag it. 当调整到适当大小后,即放开鼠标。 When adjusted to the proper size, i.e., release the mouse.

若调整的是窗口,则在调整窗口大小之后,可以醒目提示此窗口与其所属的桌面与屏幕,若调整的是窗格,则在调整窗格大小之后,将会相对调整此窗格之相邻窗格之大小,并醒目提示此窗格与其所属的窗口、桌面 If after adjustment of the window, then after the window is resized, the screen can be highlighted to the desktop and the window it belongs, if the adjustment is the pane, then resize the panes will be adjusted relative to adjacent panes of this the size of the pane, the pane window and helpful tips to which it belongs, Desktop

与屏幕。 The screen.

接着介绍删除操作,共可包括删除桌面、窗口,以及功能元件。 Then introduced delete operation, a total of the desktop may include deleting, windows, and functional elements. 其中, 这些删除操作的方式可以是由用户按下所欲移除元件所对应之页签上的移除按钮,而将该元件删除。 Wherein the deletion operation mode may be desired to remove the user presses the button to remove the tab corresponding to the elements, and the elements removed. 若删除的是桌面,则自屏幕删除此桌面,并移除此桌面对应的页签。 If you delete a desktop, then remove the screen from the desktop, the desktop and remove the tab corresponding. 若此屏幕没有桌面了,则替此屏幕新增一个空白桌面。 If this screen is not a desktop, and then for this screen to add a blank desktop. 若删除的是窗口, 则直接将窗口所属桌面移除此窗口。 If you delete a window, the window directly to the desktop belongs remove this window.

若删除的是功能元件,则自元件所属窗格移除此元件。 If you delete a functional element, since the element belongs pane to remove this element. 若此窗格中巳经没有元件了,也将此窗格自所属窗口中移除。 If this element is not already started the pane, this pane also removed from the relevant window. 若窗口也不再有任何窗格了,那么同样要自桌面删除此窗口。 If the window is no longer any pane, and then also have to remove the window from the desktop.

为了更清楚表示上述在窗格中拖曳功能元件的位置和方式,在此举例 In order to more clearly represent the position and the functional element in the manner of dragging pane, in this example

说明。 Instructions. 图3是依照本发明较佳实施例的窗格拖曳区示意图。 FIG 3 is a schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the pane area of ​​the boxes of the present invention. 请参照图3, 窗口300中包括有窗格310、 320、 330及340。 Referring to FIG. 3, window 300 includes panes 310, 320, 330 and 340. 其中,窗格310中则是包括有一个窗格拖曳区311、 一个窗格的窗口置物区312及一个窗格放置区313。 Wherein pane 310 is dragged area includes a pane 311, a pane of a window pane cargo area 312 and area 313 is placed. 用户即可依以上拖曳功能元件之操作的描述,在窗格中实施拖曳。 Description of the operation by the user can drag and drop the elements of the above, in the embodiment boxes pane.

以下将配合附图介绍上述用户界面的组态、编辑方法的一个实际应用例子。 With reference to the drawings below the above-described configuration of the user interface, a method of editing practical application example. 图4是依照本发明较佳实施例的屏幕容器。 FIG 4 is a screen container in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention. 请参照图4,此屏幕容器是本发明的最上层容器。 Referring to FIG 4, this screen is the top of the container vessel of the present invention. 用户可以使用一个"三联式"的显示器400,而在此显示器中,开启三个"屏幕"收纳容器(包括410、 420及430)。 The user can use the display a "triple" type 400, and in this display, open three "display" container (including 410, 420 and 430). 其中, 此三个容器可以同时显示于显示器中,以期在同一时间,达到显示出最多元件的需求。 Wherein, the three containers may be simultaneously displayed in the display, at the same time in order to achieve the requirements show up element. 用户亦可视自己需求,仅使用一个或两个"屏幕"收纳容器, 且对于"屏幕"内的"桌面"、"窗口"、"窗格"与"功能元件",用户也可以自由地将其拖曳至其它'屏薪'内摆放。 Users may, depending on their needs, only one or two "screen" container, and for the "table" in the "screen", "window", "pane" and "functional element", the user can freely the other placed to drag 'screen pay'.

图5是依照本发明较佳实施例的桌面容器。 FIG 5 is a table of the preferred embodiment of the container according to the present invention. 请参照图5,此桌面容器是本发明的第二层容器,在一个"屏幕"容器500中,用户设置了三个"桌面"容器,分别为委托桌面、企业管理桌面与账务管理桌面。 Referring to FIG 5, the desktop container is a container of the invention the second layer, in a "screen" of the container 500, the user sets the three "desktop" container, were entrusted desktop, enterprise management and account management table desktop. 在这三个桌面中,用户将会同时使用,或是将需要相互参照的作业功能放在一起使用, 并使用屏幕容器内的页签501,在此三个桌面间进行切换操作。 In these three desktop, will use the user, or the need to cross-reference the work functions used together, and using a screen tab 501 within the container, a switching operation between these three desktop. 如此,用 So, with

户在进行作业时,就不需要在众多桌面间时常切换了。 When performing household work, they do not often switch between the computer desktop.

图6是依照本发明较佳实施例的窗口容器。 FIG 6 is a preferred embodiment of the container of the window according to the present invention. 请参照图6,此窗口容器是本发明的第三层容器,用户将五个"窗口"(包括610、 620、 630、 及650)置入一个"桌面"容器600中。 Referring to FIG 6, a third vessel is a window layer container of the present invention, the user will be five "window" (including 610, 620, 630, and 650) into a "desktop" container 600. 这一层通常是以一个主窗口,搭配多个"置顶"的辅助窗口来进行组合运用。 This layer is usually a main window with multiple "top" of the combined use of an auxiliary window. 其中,主窗口是用来摆放主要的作业元件,而辅助窗口则多半是用作参照,以及提醒等辅助功能。 Wherein, the main window is used to display the main operation member, and the auxiliary window is mostly used as a reference, and reminders and other auxiliary functions.

图7是依照本发明较佳实施例的窗格容器。 FIG 7 is a container pane preferred embodiment according to the present embodiment of the invention. 请参照图7,此窗格容器 This container pane Referring to FIG 7,

是本发明的第四层容器,用户在一个"窗口"容器中,划分了七个"窗格"(包括"0、 720、 730、 7卯、750、 760及770),每一个窗格都对应了用户需 The fourth layer is the container of the invention, a user in a "window" in the container, divided seven "pane" (including "0, 720, 730, 7 d, 750, 760 and 770), each of panes It corresponds to user needs

要"同时"使用或参考的元件。 To "simultaneous" or the use of reference elements. 此外,用户可以任意地改变窗格的大小、排列方式与个数。 Further, the user can arbitrarily change the size of the pane, arrangement and number.

图8是依照本发明较佳实施例的功能元件。 FIG 8 is a functional element in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention. 请参照图8,此功能元件是本发明的最下层容器,用户在其中一个窗格中,放置了四个委托相关的功能元件。 Referring to FIG 8, this functional element is the lowermost container of the present invention, the user in one of the panes, the functional elements are placed in four commissioned. 如此放置的用意,通常是因为这四个功能极少会同时使用,但却又会与其它窗格的功能元件,同时使用。 Intention so placed, usually because these four functions rarely used simultaneously, but will function with other elements of the pane, simultaneously. 用户可以用窗格内的页签801, 在功能元件间进行切换操作。 The user can use the tab pane 801, a switching operation between the functional elements.

值得一提的是,用户的调整须被记录下来,以便在下一次用户再度使用时,不需要用户再进行调整。 It is worth mentioning that, the user is required to adjust the recorded so again the next time the user uses, the user does not require further adjustment. 另外,在实际应用时,通常会预先安排一些常用的桌面组合(template),让用户可以直接使用,而不需要每次都要用 In addition, in practice, usually pre-arranged some common desktop composition (template), so that users can directly use without the need to use every time

户从空白桌面开始组合作业元件。 From the blank desktop user starts a combined job element.

综上所述,在本发明的图形用户界面的组态方法中,通过使用各种收纳容器及功能元件来定义用户界面,并利用编辑各种收纳容器与功能元件间的相依关系,而能够提供不同的用户,依其需要设定出个性化的用户界面,而达到有效发挥软件效能的目的。 As described above, in the configuration graphical user interface method of the present invention, by using a variety of container and functions to define the user interface element, housed and utilize edit various dependencies between the container and the functional elements, it is possible to provide different users according to their need to set a personalized user interface, achieve the purpose of effectively play software performance.

虽然本发明已以较佳实施例披露如上,然其并非用以限定本发明,任何所属技术领域的技术人员,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围内,当可作些许的更动与改进,因此本发明的保护范围当纟见汉利要求所界定者为准。 Although the present invention has been disclosed above with reference to preferred embodiments, they are not intended to limit the present invention, any person skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, may make various omissions, substitutions and improvements, Therefore, the scope of the invention as defined by Si see Hanley claims and their equivalents.

Claims (19)

1.一种图形用户界面的组态方法,适于提供用户组织一系统中一软件的用户界面,并利用该用户界面执行至少一项特定作业,其特征是该组态方法包括下列步骤: 使用屏幕容器收纳该系统之显示屏幕; 使用桌面容器收纳该显示屏幕之桌面; 使用窗口容器收纳该桌面上的窗口,且该窗口切分为至少一个区域; 使用窗格容器收纳该窗口中之上述区域中的一个区域;以及使用功能元件提供一软件功能,且该功能元件设置于上述区域中的一个区域。 A method of configuring a graphical user interface, adapted to provide a user organization system a software user interface, and uses the user interface to perform at least one specific job, characterized in that the configuration method comprising the steps of: using screen container housing a display screen of the system; using a desktop container housing the display screen of the desktop; using a window on the container housing the desktop window, and the window is segmented into at least one region; the use of the window pane container housing the above-described region a region; and the use of the functional element provides a software function, and a region of the functional element is provided in the region.
2. 根据权利要求1所述之图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括使用多个屏幕容器收纳该系统的多个显示屏幕。 2. The method of configuration of the graphic user interface according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising a plurality of storage containers using a plurality of screens of the system display screen.
3. 根据权利要求2所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是每一上述屏幕容器中还包括设置有多个桌面容器,而收纳所述显示屏幕的多个桌面。 3. The method of claim 2 configuration graphical user interface as claimed in claim, wherein each of said containers further comprising a screen provided with a plurality of desktop container, and storing the plurality of desktop screen display.
4. 根据权利要求3所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是在每一上述屏幕容器之中还包括利用页签,在上述桌面容器间切换使用。 4. The method of claim 3 configuration graphical user interface as claimed in claim, wherein each of the above screen in the container further comprises utilizing tab, used to switch between said desktop container.
5. 根据权利要求3所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是所述桌面容器中还包括设置有多个窗口容器,而收纳多个窗口。 The graphical user interface of the configuration method according to claim 3, wherein said table further comprises a container provided with a plurality of container window, and accommodating a plurality of windows.
6. 根据权利要求5所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是每一上述窗口容器还包括设置有多个窗格容器,适于分别模拟所述窗口所切分出的上述区域。 The method according to the configuration of the graphical user interface as claimed in claim, wherein each of said container further comprising a window pane provided with a plurality of containers adapted to simulate the window area above the cut are separated.
7. 根据权利要求5所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是上述窗口容器中包括:主窗口容器,适于摆放主要的多个功能元件;以及多个辅助窗口容器,适于提供多个辅助功能。 The configuration method according to a graphical user interface as claimed in claim, wherein the window above the container comprising: a container main window, adapted to display a plurality of main functional elements; and a plurality of secondary containers windows, adapted providing a plurality of auxiliary functions.
8. 根据权利要求5所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是每一上述窗口容器皆具有大小及位置,且具有惟一的图层深度,而使上述窗口容器间得以互相重叠。 The method according to the configuration of the graphical user interface as claimed in claim, wherein each of said windows has a size and position of both the container and the layer having a unique depth, the container is between said windows overlap each other.
9. 根据权利要求6所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是每一上述窗格容器还包括设置有多个功能元件,适于提供多项软件功能。 9. The method of claim 6 configuration graphical user interface as claimed in claim, wherein each of said container further comprises a pane provided with a plurality of functional elements adapted to provide more software features.
10. 根据权利要求9所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是每一上述窗格容器还包括利用页签,在上述功能元件间切换使用。 10. A method of configuring a graphical user interface according to claim 9, wherein each of said container pane further comprises utilizing tab, used to switch between the functional elements.
11. 根据权利要求1所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括:新增功能元件至该桌面容器,其中包括在该桌面容器中新增窗口容器,并在该新增的窗口容器中产生窗格容器,然后在该产生的窗格容器中加入该新增的功能元件。 11. The method of claim 1 configuration graphical user interface as claimed in claim, characterized in that further comprising: a functional element is added to the desktop container, wherein the container comprises a new window in the desktop container, and the new generating window pane container vessel, then added to the new functional elements of the container in the pane generated.
12. 根据权利要求1所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括:新增功能元件至该窗口容器,其中包括在该窗口容器中产生窗格容器,然后在该产生的窗格容器中加入该新增的功能元件。 New elements of the window to the window container, wherein the container comprises a window pane generating container, the produce is then: 12. The method of claim 1 configuration graphical user interface according to claim, characterized by further comprising grid feature element is added to the new vessel.
13. 根据权利要求1所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括:新增功能元件至该窗格容器,而直接在该窗格容器中加入该新增的功能元件。 13. The method of claim 1 configuration graphical user interface as claimed in claim, characterized in further comprising: a functional element is added to the container pane, and added to the new functional element directly in the container pane.
14. 根据权利要求1所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括:调整该窗口容器及该窗格容器的其中一个的大小及位置。 14. The method of claim 1 configuration graphical user interface according to claim, characterized by further comprising: adjusting one of the window panes of the container and container size and location.
15. 根据权利要求1所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括: 删除该桌面容器、该窗口容器及该功能元件中的其中一个。 15. The method of claim 1 configuration graphical user interface according to claim, characterized by further comprising: deleting the desktop container, wherein the window is a container and the functional elements.
16. 根据权利要求1所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括:自该窗格容器中拖曳多个功能元件中的一个元件至该桌面容器、该窗口容器、以及另一窗格容器上述容器中的一个容器之中。 16. The method of claim 1 configuration graphical user interface according to claim, characterized by further comprising: towing a plurality of functional elements in the element of the pane from the container to the desktop container, the container window, and the other a container pane container into said container.
17. 根据权利要求1所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括:自该窗口容器中拖曳该窗格容器至该桌面容器、另一窗口容器、以及另一窗格容器上述容器中的一个容器之中。 17. The method of claim 1 configuration graphical user interface according to claim, characterized by further comprising: a towing vessel to the pane of the window from the desktop container vessel, the vessel another window, and the other above the pane container a container vessel being.
18. 根据权利要求1所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括:自该桌面容器中拖曳该窗口容器至另一桌面容器之中。 18. The method of claim 1 configuration graphical user interface according to claim, characterized by further comprising: a towing vessel to another within the window from the desktop that desktop container vessel.
19. 根据权利要求1所述的图形用户界面的组态方法,其特征是还包括:自该屏幕容器中拖曳该桌面容器至另一屏幕容器之中。 19. The method of claim 1 configuration graphical user interface according to claim, characterized by further comprising: a towing vessel from the screen in the desktop container to another container screen.
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CN1390322A (en) 1999-11-24 2003-01-08 国际商业机器公司 Three-dimensional graphical user interface windows
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