CN100573026C - Pull valve type heat-exchanging surface real-time on-line cleaning heat-exchanging device - Google Patents

Pull valve type heat-exchanging surface real-time on-line cleaning heat-exchanging device Download PDF

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CN100573026C
CN100573026C CN 200710144334 CN200710144334A CN100573026C CN 100573026 C CN100573026 C CN 100573026C CN 200710144334 CN200710144334 CN 200710144334 CN 200710144334 A CN200710144334 A CN 200710144334A CN 100573026 C CN100573026 C CN 100573026C
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set
right
left
chamber
heat transfer
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CN 200710144334
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CN101122450A (en
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孙德兴
张承虎
肖红侠
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孙德兴
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拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置,它涉及一种换热表面在线清洁换热装置。 Pull valve heat exchanger means to clean the surface of the real time, it relates to a surface cleaning line heat exchanger means. 针对机械除垢、除冰结构复杂、体积大,流通面积大导致流速和传热系数减小问题。 For the mechanical cleaning, de-icing structure complex, bulky, large flow, resulting in reduced heat transfer coefficient and flow problems. 方案一:左、右腔内由上至下设置有一组左、右转向传动轮组,主、从动传动轮组固装在右腔(5)内,主动传动轮组与驱动装置(2)连接,换热管(15)内装有镂空阀体(13),镂空阀体(13)通过拉索串连并绕过左、右转向传动轮组以及主、从动传动轮组构成封闭拉阀;另一种方案是:第一、二绞轮组取代主、从动传动轮组,装在换热管上的绳索或钢索(26)与镂空阀体(13)串连,且两端与第一、二绞轮组(36)固接构成开式拉阀。 Scheme One: the left and right from top to bottom the cavity is provided with a set of left and right steering gear wheel group, the main driven gear wheel set is secured to the right inner chamber (5), and the active drive gear wheel set (2) connection, the heat transfer tubes (15) with a hollow interior of the valve body (13), hollow body (13) in series through bypass cable and the left and right wheel set, and a main steering gear, the driven gear wheel set forms a closed pull valves ; another embodiment is: the first and second groups substituted primary sheave, a driven transmission pulley, mounted on the heat transfer tubes rope or cable (26) and the hollow body (13) in series, and both ends and first and second sheave set (36) constituting the fixed open pull valve. 本发明具有机械精度要求不高,制造加工简易、体积小、流速和传热系数大,可实现机械联动的优点。 The present invention has the mechanical accuracy is not required, the manufacturing process is simple, small size, flow rate and heat transfer coefficient, the mechanical linkage can be achieved an advantage.

Description

拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置 Pull valve heat exchanger means to clean the surface of the real time

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种换热表面在线清洁换热装置。 The present invention relates to a surface cleaning line heat exchanger means. 背景技术 Background technique

城市污水和地表水(如江河湖海水)等都可作为热泵的低位冷热源而加以利用,它们都属于开式水源,水质较差,含有大量微生物、溶解质和悬浮物; 而且地表水在我国绝大部分地区的冬季水温都很低,甚至水面出现封冻现象。 Urban sewage and surface water (such as rivers, lakes and sea water) and the like can be used as the lower heat pump heat source, they all belong to the open water, poor water quality, comprising a large number of microorganisms, suspended solids and dissolved matter; and surface water winter water temperatures in most areas of our country are very low, or even appear frozen water phenomenon. 因此城市污水和地表水在热能利用过程中存在如下两个现象: 一是显热换热时,换热面上容易生长污垢;二是潜热换热时换热面上冻结冰层。 Thus municipal wastewater and surface water in the energy utilization during the following two phenomena: First, the sensible heat exchanger, the heat transfer surface easily grows dirt; two frozen ice latent heat exchanger heating surface. 无论是污垢还是冰层,它们的存在导致了如下两个缺点: 一是增加了换热热阻,降低了换热效率,增大了换热面积和投资;二是增加了流道的粗糙度,增加了流动阻力, 增大了水泵能耗和运行费用。 Whether dirt or ice, their presence leads to the following two drawbacks: First, the heat transfer resistance increases, reducing the heat transfer efficiency, increased heat transfer area and investment; second is to increase the roughness of the flow passage increase the flow resistance, increases the pump energy consumption and operating costs. 要解决上述两个问题,必须即时地清除换热面上的污垢和冰层。 To solve these two problems, we must instantly remove dirt and ice heat exchange surface. 目前除垢的方法主要有化学除垢(对于开式水源必然造成水体二次污染)、物理除垢(如超声波除垢等)、机械除垢(如毛刷、胶球冲刷等); 除冰的方法主要有热融法、机械除冰(包括压碾法、刮削法两种)等。 Current methods are mainly chemical descaling Descaling (for open water will inevitably lead to secondary pollution of water), the physical cleaning (such as ultrasonic cleaning, etc.), a mechanical cleaning (such as brush, rubber ball scour); deicing the methods are hot melt process, mechanical de-icing (including crushing method, a scraping method, two) and the like. 就机械除垢和除冰而言,目前主要存在的问题和难点是:机械装置要求精度高、结构复杂、体积庞大,流通面积太大导致流速和传热系数减小。 On the de-icing and mechanical descaling, the main problems and difficulties are: high precision mechanical device requirements, complex structure, huge volume, the flow area is too large to reduce the flow rate and heat transfer coefficient. 当换热面单元(如一根换热管、 一片换热板等)较多时,很难实现机械联动,因此无法应用于大面积的换热器中。 When the heat transfer surface units (e.g., a heat transfer tube, a plate heat exchanger, etc.) are more difficult to achieve the mechanical linkage, and therefore it can not be applied to a large area of ​​the heat exchanger.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是提供一种拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置,它可解决机械除垢、除冰,机械装置要求精度高、结构复杂、体积庞大,流通面积太大导致流速和传热系数减小,难以实现机械联动的问题。 Object of the present invention is to provide a valve surface heat exchanger cleaning apparatus to pull the real time, which can solve the mechanical cleaning, de-icing, the requirements of high precision mechanical device, complex structure, huge volume, and the flow area is too large to flow heat transfer coefficient is reduced, the problem is difficult to achieve the mechanical linkage.

本发明的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置的第一种技术方案是:本发明包括壳体、驱动装置;所述壳体包括左腔、壳腔和右腔,所述壳腔内设置换热管簇,由壳体和换热管簇构成横截面为矩形的管壳式换热器;本发明还包 The first aspect of the real time means of cleaning the heat exchanger surface of the heat exchanger pull the valve of the present invention are: the present invention includes a housing, a drive means; said housing comprises a left chamber and the right chamber housing chamber, said housing chamber heat exchange tubes disposed within the cluster, the cluster configured by the housing and the heat transfer tubes of rectangular cross-section shell and tube heat exchanger; the present invention further

括传动装置,所述传动装置包括拉阀、左转向传动轮组、右转向传动轮组、主动传动轮组、从动传动轮组;所述拉阀由镂空阀体和拉索组成,所述左腔内由上至下设置有一组左转向传动轮组,所述右腔内由上至下设置有一组右转向传动轮组,所述主动传动轮组和从动传动轮组固装在右腔内,主动传动轮组与设置在壳体外的驱动装置传动连接,换热管簇的每根换热管内装有镂空阀体,装在每列换热管内的镂空阀体通过拉索串连并绕过相应的左转向传动轮组、右转向传动轮组以及从动传动轮组和主动传动轮组构成封闭拉阀。 Comprising drive means comprises a gear pull the valve, the left steering gear wheel set, the right wheel set the steering gear, the active gear wheel set, the driven gear wheel set; pull the valve from the hollow body and cable composition, the left top to bottom chamber provided with a set steering transmission wheel group left, top to bottom of the right chamber is provided with a set of right steering gear wheel set, the driving gear and the driven gear wheel set fixedly mounted on the right wheel set cavity, the active transmission wheel set is provided with driving means connected to the transmission outer housing, each of the heat transfer tubes built cluster of heat transfer tubes are hollow valve body mounted in the hollow body of the heat exchange tubes of each column in series by cable and bypass the respective left steering gear wheel set, the right wheel set the steering gear and the driven gear wheel set and the driving wheel group consisting of active pull-closing valve. 本发明的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置的第二种技术方案是:本发明包括壳体、驱动装置;所述壳体包括左腔、壳腔和右腔,所述壳腔内设置换热管簇,由壳体和换热管簇构成横截面为矩形的管壳式换热器;本发明还包括传动装置,所述传动装置包括拉阀、左转向滑轮组、右转向滑轮组、第一绞轮组、第二绞轮组、 第一转向滑轮总成、第二转向滑轮总成;所述壳体还包括左分隔板和右分隔板; 所述左分隔板沿垂直于换热管簇的方向设置在左腔内,且把左腔分隔成左分程腔和左传动腔,所述右分隔板沿垂直于换热管簇的方向设置在右腔内且把右腔分隔成右分程腔和右传动腔,所述拉阀由镂空阀体和拉索组成,所述拉索是绳索或钢索;所述一组左转向滑轮组设置在左传动腔内,所述一组右转向滑轮组、 第一绞轮.组、第一转向滑轮组设置在右传 A second aspect of pull valve surface heat exchanger of the present invention on-line cleaning of heat exchanger device are: the present invention includes a housing, a drive means; said housing comprises a left chamber and the right chamber housing chamber, said housing chamber heat exchange tubes disposed within the cluster, the cluster configured by the housing and the heat transfer tubes of rectangular cross-section shell and tube heat exchanger; present invention further comprises a transmission means, the transmission means comprises a pull valve, deflection pulleys left and right steering pulleys , a first set of sheaves, the second sheave set, a first diverting pulley assembly, the second diverting pulley assembly; said housing further includes a left and a right partition plate partitioning plate; partition plate in the left perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer tubes disposed in the left cluster cavity, and the cavity into the left chamber and the left drive points left transmission chamber, in the direction of the right partition plate heat exchange tube disposed in the right cluster and in the vertical cavity the right chamber is divided into a right and a right sub-transmission process chamber cavity, the hollow body of the valve and pull the cable composition, the cord is a cable or wire rope; left the group of pulleys provided in the left steering actuator chamber the set of right steering pulleys, sheaves first. groups, a first group of pulleys provided in the right steering transmission 腔内,所述第二绞轮组和第二转向滑轮组设置在右传动腔内或设置在左传动腔内,第一绞轮组或第二绞轮组与设置在壳体外的驱动装置传动连接,第一转向滑轮组位于第一绞轮组的上方,第二转向滑轮组位于第二绞轮组的下方,所述装在每一列换热管上的拉阀的两端分别与第一绞轮组和第二绞轮组固接,且装在每一列换热管上的绳索或钢索与镂空阀体串连并绕过第一转向滑轮组、第二转向滑轮组、左转向滑轮组、右转向滑轮组构成开式拉阀;所述驱动装置是转动手柄。 Cavity, said second sheave set and a second set of diverting pulley transmission means provided in the drive chamber or right transmission gear provided in the left chamber, the first or second sheave sheave set arranged outside the housing and connected two ends, a first set of diverting pulley sheaves positioned above the first set, a second set of diverting pulley sheaves positioned below the second set, each column of said heat exchange tubes mounted on pull valve with the first sheave set and a second cutter wheel set fixed and mounted on the heat transfer tubes of each column with a rope or cable and around the first hollow body in series of deflection pulleys, the second deflection pulleys, pulleys left turn, right turn pulley group consisting of pull valve open; the drive means is a rotating handle.

本发明具有以下有益效果: 一、本发明是依靠简易的拉阀沿换热管内做轴向运动进行在线除垢、除冰的,拉阀所要求的机械精度不高,制造加工简易、 体积小,通过拉索和滑轮可以保证其可靠的运行。 The present invention has the following advantages: First, the present invention relies on the valve in a simple pulling movement of the heat exchange tubes axially-line cleaning, de-icing, the valve pulling the required mechanical accuracy is not high, a simple manufacturing process, a small volume , by cable and pulley can ensure reliable operation. 二、换热管直径可以和传统管壳式换热器的换热管直径相同,因此本发明比其它传统机械除垢、除冰换热装置具有更合理的体积面积比和性价比。 Second, the diameter of the heat transfer tubes and heat exchange tubes may be conventional shell and tube heat exchanger of the same diameter, thus the present invention has a more reasonable price and the volume ratio of the area other than the conventional mechanical descaling, heat deicing means. 三、镂空阀体通过拉索串连,拉索通过左、右转向滑轮组转向,从而保证所有换热管均可利用拉阀进行除垢、除冰, 实现了大型换热器的机械联动运行。 Third, the hollow body through the series cable, cable through the left and right steering deflection pulleys, so as to ensure that all the heat exchange tubes can use pull valve descaling, de-icing of the heat exchanger to achieve a large mechanical linkage operation. 四、采用管壳式换热器,易于拆装和更换拉索,维护简单。 Fourth, the use of shell and tube heat exchangers, easy disassembly and replacement of the cable, and simple maintenance. 五、阀体采用镂空形式,不影响换热管内水的正常流动及管壳式换热器的正常运行,可以做到实时在线除垢、除冰。 Fifth, the use of hollow body form, does not affect the normal operation of the heat exchange water and normal flow of shell and tube heat exchanger, it can be done on-line cleaning, de-icing. 六、本发明具有除垢与除冰一体化的功能,既可用于显热换热,也可用于凝固相变换热,既可用于水质极其恶劣的城市污水,也可用于水温偏低的地表水,适用面广。 Sixth, the present invention has the function of cleaning and de-icing integration, both for sensible heat transfer may also be used for phase change heat coagulation, both for the extremely poor quality of the urban sewage, also be used for low temperature surface water, wide range of applications. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1本发明的整体结构主视图(壳体1为三个腔);图2是图1的俯视图, 图3是图,1的AA剖视图,图4是图1的BB剖面图,图5是发明的整体结构主视图(壳体l为五个腔),图6是图5的俯视图,图7是图5的DD剖面图,图8是图5的CC剖面图,图9是图5的EE剖面图,图10是图5的FF 剖面图,图11本发明的整体结构主视图(壳体1为五个腔,拉索全部为链条), 图12是图11的俯视图,图13是本发明的整体结构主视图(壳体1为三个腔, 拉索全部为链条),图14是图13的俯视图,图15是本发明的整体结构主视图 Overall configuration of the invention in a front view an FIG (housing a three chamber); FIG. 2 is a plan view of FIG. 1, FIG. 3 is a view, AA a cross-sectional view, FIG. 4 is a BB sectional view of FIG. 1, FIG 5 is a front view of the overall configuration of the invention (five chamber housing l), FIG. 6 is a plan view of FIG. 5, FIG. 7 is a cross-section DD of FIG. 5, FIG. 8 is a sectional view CC of FIG. 5, FIG. 5, FIG. 9 is FIG sectional EE, FF in FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 5, the overall structure of the present invention FIG 11 is a front view (a five chamber housing, all cable chain), FIG. 12 is a plan view of FIG. 11, FIG. 13 the overall structure of the present invention, a front view (of the housing 1 into three chambers, all cable chain), FIG. 14 is a plan view of FIG. 13, FIG. 15 is an overall view of the main structure of the present invention

(增加有辅助链轮组),图16是本发明的整体结构主视图(增加有辅助链轮组, 无拉阀导轨),图17是本发明的整体结构主视图(增加有两个绞轮组,且两个绞轮组均设置在同一腔内),图18是本发明的整体结构主视图(增加有两个绞轮组,且两个绞轮组分别设置在两个腔内),图19是本发明的整体结构主视图 (Increasing auxiliary sprocket set), FIG. 16 is an overall configuration according to the present invention, a front view (increased auxiliary sprocket set, no pull valve guide), FIG. 17 is an overall configuration according to the present invention, a front view (increased two winches groups, sheave and two groups were provided in the same chamber), FIG. 18 is an overall configuration according to the present invention, a front view (with two sheaves increases groups, sheave and the two groups are disposed at two cavity), FIG 19 is an overall view of the main structure of the present invention.

(驱动装置是转动手柄),图20是环片形镂空阀体的立体图,图21是锥形镂空阀体的立体图,图22是球形镂空阀体的立体图,图23是短管形镂空阀体的立体图,图24是拉阀导轨与换热管固接在一起的立体图(采用四根拉阀导轨), 图25是拉阀导轨与换热管固接在一起的立体图(采用三根拉阀导轨)。 (Driving means is a rotary handle), FIG. 20 is a perspective view of a ring-shaped hollow body of sheet, FIG. 21 is a perspective view of a tapered hollow body, FIG. 22 is a perspective view of a spherical hollow body, FIG. 23 is a short tube-shaped hollow body a perspective view of FIG. 24 is a perspective view of the guide rail and the pull valves heat exchange tubes fixed together (using the four pull valve guide), FIG. 25 is a perspective view of the guide rail and the pull valves heat exchange tubes fixed together (using three pull valve guide ). 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

具体实施方式一:结合图1〜图4和图20~图23说明本实施方式,本实施方式由壳体l、驱动装置2、传动装置组成;所述壳体l由左腔3、壳腔4和右腔5组成,所述壳腔4内设置换热管簇6,由壳腔4和换热管簇6构成横截面为矩形,的管壳式换热器,壳腔4靠近右腔5 —侧的上端面上设有中介载热体进口7,壳腔4靠近左腔3—侧的上端面上设有中介载热体出口8;所述传动装置由拉阀、左转向传动轮组、右转向传动轮组、主动传动轮组、从动传动轮组组成;所述拉阀由镂空阀体13和拉索组成,所述左腔3内由上至下设置有一组左转向传动轮组,所述右腔5内由上至下设置有一组右转向传动轮组,所述主动传动轮组和从动传动轮组固装在右腔5内,主动传动轮组与设置在壳体 DETAILED DESCRIPTION a: 1 ~ 4 in conjunction with FIG. 20 to FIG. 23 and described embodiment of the present embodiment, the present embodiment by the housing l, 2, gear drive means consisting of; l by the left chamber of the housing 3, the housing cavity 4 and 5 consisting of the right chamber, the heat exchange tube disposed shell 4 the inner chamber 6 cluster, composed of a cluster of heat transfer tubes 4 and the housing chamber 6 rectangular cross-section, the shell and tube heat exchangers, shell chamber 4 near the right chamber 5 - the upper end surface side of the interposer is provided with heating medium inlet 7, close to the upper end face of the left side of the cavity 3- interposer housing chamber 4 is provided with a heating medium outlet 8; the transmission by the draw valve, the left steering gear wheel group, the right steering gear wheel set, the active transmission pulley, the driven transmission wheel group consisting of; pull the valve from the hollow body 13 and cable composition, from top to bottom of the left chamber 3 is provided with a set of left steering gear wheel set, from top to bottom within the right chamber 5 is provided with a set of right steering gear wheel set, the driving gear and the driven gear wheel set wheel set fixedly mounted within the right chamber 5, and the active transmission pulley disposed in the housing body

1外的驱动装置2传动连接,换热管簇6的每根换热管15内装有镂空阀体13, 装在每列换热管内的镂空阀体13通过拉索串连并绕过相应的左转向传动轮组、右转向传动轮组以及从动传动轮组和主动传动轮组构成封闭拉阀,所述左腔3的底.端面上和上端面上分别设有水源水进口16和水源水出口17,镂空阀体13是环片形缕空阀体41、对锥形镂空阀体42、球形镂空阀体43或短管形镂空阀体44,可根据需要选择。 Driving a second transmission means connected to the outside, the heat transfer tubes 15 built cluster of heat transfer tubes 6 are each hollow body 13, the heat transfer tubes, and in each column of the hollow body 13 by a cable in series and respective bypass left steering gear wheel set, the right wheel set the steering gear and the driven gear wheel set and the driving wheel group consisting of active pull valve closed, the bottom of the left chamber 3. the end face of the upper end face and are provided with source water inlet 16 and water water outlet 17, the valve body 13 is a hollow ring-shaped sheet thread space 41 of the valve body 42, the spherical valve body 43 or short hollow tubular hollow body 44, may be selected according to the pair of tapered hollow body.

本实施方式中,在左腔3和右腔5内水平设置一组分程隔板39,且一组分程隔板39沿纵向排列,换热管的流程划分,从而提高流速和换热效率,所有拉阀的往复运动,实现了每根换热管内壁面的除垢或除冰。 In the present embodiment, the chamber 3 in the left and right chamber 5 provided with a horizontal pass partition component 39, and a longitudinal component aligned along the pass partition 39, the process into heat transfer tubes, thereby improving the efficiency of heat transfer and the flow rate All the pull valves to reciprocate, each of the heat transfer tubes to achieve the inner wall surface cleaning or de-icing.

镂空阀体之间的拉索长度应满足如下条件:当某换热管内的镂空阀体处于换热管最左端时,与之相邻的换热管内的镂空阀体处于换热管的最右端(即装在相邻两个换热管内的镂空阀体之间的距离等于换热管管长)。 Cable length between the hollow body should meet the following conditions: the hollow valve body when the heat transfer tubes in the heat transfer tubes of a leftmost end, the valve body within the hollow heat exchange tubes adjacent thereto at the rightmost heat exchange tubes (i.e., the distance between two adjacent heat transfer tubes contained within the hollow body is equal to the heat transfer tubes of the tube length). 镂空阀体从换热管的^端走向另一端称为一个行程。 ^ Hollow body from an end of the heat exchange tubes to the other end is called a stroke. 主动传动轮组在驱动装置的作用下作正、反转转动,正转或反转的圈数必须保证主动传动轮组拖动镂空阀体刚好走完一个行程。 Active drive wheel set, the reverse rotation of the drive means acting mainly as positive or reverse rotation of the number of turns must ensure that the active transmission pulley drag hollow body just completed a stroke.

具体实施方式二:结合图5〜图IO说明本实施方式,本实施方式与具体实施方式一的不同点是:本实施方式的壳体1还增加有左分隔板18和右分隔板19;所述左分隔板18沿垂直于换热管簇6的方向设置在左腔3内,且把左腔3分隔成左分程腔20和左传动腔21 ,所述右分隔板19沿垂直于换热管簇6 的方向设置在右腔5内且把右腔5分隔成右分程腔22和右传动腔23,所述一组左转向ft动轮组设置在左传动腔21内,所述一组右转向传动轮组、主动传动轮组、从动传动轮组均设置在右传动腔23内,所述左分隔板18和右分隔板19对应换热管簇6的位置处均设有通孔,所述装在每列换热管内的镂空阀体13通过穿过所述通孔内的拉索串接在一起。 DETAILED Embodiment 2: FIG IO described in conjunction with FIG -5 to the present embodiment, the present embodiment and the exemplary embodiment is a difference: a housing 1 of this embodiment also increases the partition plate 18 has a left and a right partition plate 19 ; the left partition plate 18 in a direction perpendicular heat transfer tube 6 is disposed within a cluster left chamber 3, and the left chamber 3 is partitioned into a left chamber 20 and a left split-range transmission chamber 21, of the right divider plate 19 direction perpendicular to the heat exchange tube 6 is disposed in the cluster right chamber 5 and the right chamber 5 is divided into the right chamber 22 and the right split-range transmission chamber 23, a set of the left steering wheel ft group disposed in the left transmission chamber 21 the set of right steering gear wheel set, the active set of the drive wheel, the driven gear wheel set are disposed in the right driving chamber 23, the left partition and the right partition plate 18 corresponding to plate 19 of the heat exchange tube cluster 6 are provided with through holes at positions, each row of said heat transfer tubes contained within the hollow valve body 13 by passing through the through hole of the cable strung together.

本实施方式中,可根据需要在左分程腔20或左传动腔21内沿纵向和横向设置分隔板45,可提高每根换热管内的流速和换热效率。 In the present embodiment, the left division according to the need or the process chamber 20 within the drive chamber 21 in the left lateral and longitudinal partition plate 45 is provided, and can increase the flow rate in each heat exchange efficiency of heat transfer tubes.

具体实施方式三:结合图1~图4和图5〜图6说明本实施方式,本实施方式的左转向传动轮组是左转向滑轮组9,所述右转向传动轮组是右转向滑轮组10,所述主动传动轮组是主动链轮组ll,所述从动传动轮组是从动链轮组12, DETAILED Embodiment 3: in conjunction with Figs. 1 to 4 and -5 to FIG. 6 described in this embodiment, the left the present embodiment is a steering gear wheel set is a left side deflection pulleys 9, the right steering gear wheel set is a right side steering pulleys 10, the active group is a drive sprocket transmission wheel group ll, the driven gear wheel set is driven sprockets 12,

所述拉索'由链条25和绳索或钢索26组成;装在同一列换热管内最上端的所述镂空阀体27的左端与绳索或钢索26的一端固接,绳索或钢索26的另一端与装在同一列换热管内的镂空阀体13串连并交替绕过相应的左转向滑轮组9和右转向滑轮组10与装在同一列换热管内最下端的镂空阀体28的左端固接,装在同一列换热管内最下端的镂空阀体28的右端与链条25的一端固接,链条25的另一端绕过相应的从动链轮组12和主动链轮组11与装在同一列换热管内最上端的镂空阀体27的右端固接,每个左转向滑轮组9和每个右转向滑轮组10均由两个第一轴承46、 一组凹槽滑轮47和一根转向滑轮轴48组成,一组凹槽滑轮47固装在转向滑轮轴48上,转向滑轮轴48的两端通过第一轴承46与壳体1固接,且凹槽滑轮47位于相邻两个换热管之间,且凹槽滑轮47 轮缘的切线与相邻两个换热管的轴线重合 The cable 'by a chain or cable 25 and the cable 26 composed; column packed in the same heat transfer tubes of the uppermost end of the hollow valve element 27 and the left end of rope or cable 26 is fixed to the rope or wire rope 26 the other end of the heat transfer tubes contained within the same column of the hollow valve body 13 alternately in series to bypass the respective left and right deflection pulleys 9 of deflection pulleys 10 and the left end of the lowermost end of the hollow valve body mounted in the heat exchange tubes 28 within the same column of the solid then, the heat transfer tubes installed in the same column of the lowermost hollow body 28 of the right end of the chain 25 is fixedly connected, the other end of the chain 25 to bypass the corresponding group 12 and the driven sprocket 11 and a drive sprocket mounted in groups the uppermost row in the same heat exchange tubes 27 of the hollow body is fixed to a right end, each of the left deflection pulleys 9 and pulleys 10 of each right steering by two first bearing 46, a pulley 47 and a set of grooves diverting pulley shaft 48 composed of a set of grooves the pulley 47 fixedly mounted on the steering wheel shaft 48, both ends of the steering shaft pulley 48 through a first bearing 46 fixed to the housing 1 and the pulley groove 47 positioned adjacent two heat exchange tubes between tangent line 47 and the sheave grooves of two adjacent heat transfer tubes of the rim coincides with the axis 主动链轮组11和从动链轮组12均由两个第二轴承49、 一组第一链轮50和一根第一链轮轴51组成, 一组第一链轮50固装在第一链轮轴51上,第一链轮轴51的两端通过第二轴承49与壳体1固接,且第一链轮50的上轮缘切线与每一列换热管的最上端换热管的轴线重合,凹槽滑轮47和转向滑轮轴48分体组装或加工成为一体。 Group drive sprocket 11 and the driven sprocket set 12 consists of two second bearing 49, a set of first sprockets 50 and a sprocket shaft 51 consisting of a first, a set of first sprocket 50 is secured to the first the axis of the sprocket shaft 51, both ends of the first sprocket shaft 51 by a second bearing 49 secured to the housing 1, and the first sprocket 50 and the tangential line on the rim of the uppermost end of the heat exchange tubes of the heat exchange tubes of each column coincides pulley groove pulley shaft 47 and the steering assembly 48 separately or integrated processing.

本实施方式中,左转向滑轮组9、右转向滑轮组IO、主动链轮组ll和从动链轮组.12的轮径等于每一列换热管的相邻两根换热管的中心距,这样可保证链条25和绳索或钢索26与换热管同轴,提高除垢、除冰效果。 The present embodiment, the left deflection pulleys 9, the IO right steering pulleys, groups ll drive sprocket wheel and the driven sprocket set equal to .12 of the diameter of each column of two adjacent heat transfer tubes of the heat exchange tubes of the center distance, so ensure that the chain or wire rope may be a rope with the heat transfer tubes 26 and 25 coaxially to improve cleaning, de-icing effect. 其它组成'及连接关系与具体实施方式一或二相同。 Other composition 'and the connection relation with the description, the same one or two.

具体实施方式四:结合图11~图14说明本实施方式,本实施方式的左转向传动轮组是左转向链轮组29,所述右转向传动轮组是右转向链轮组30,所述主动传动轮组是主动链轮组11,所述从动传动轮组是从动链轮组12,所述拉索是链条25;装在每列换热管内的镂空阀体13通过链条25串连并绕过相应的左转向链轮组29、右转向链轮组30以及从动链轮组12和主动链轮组11 构成封闭拉阀,左转向链轮组29、右转向链轮组30的具体结构与具体实施方式三中的关动链轮组11和从动链轮组12的具体结构相同。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION IV: in conjunction with FIGS. 11 to 14 according to the present embodiment described embodiment, the present embodiment is the left steering gear wheel set deflection chain wheel set 29 is a left side, the right steering gear wheel set deflection chain wheel set 30 is a right side, the active drive wheel set 11 is a set of drive sprocket, the driven gear wheel set 12 is a set of driven sprocket, the chain 25 is a cable; heat transfer tubes contained within each column 13 of hollow body 25 through a chain train and even bypasses the corresponding sprocket set 29 left turn, right turn sprocket set 30 and the driven sprocket 12 and drive sprocket set 11 form a closed pull valves set, left steering sprocket set 29, the right steering sprockets 30 the specific configuration of the embodiment of the three groups and the driven sprocket off specific configuration of the driven sprocket 12 of the same group 11. 本实施方式中,完全采用链传动,其传动平稳、可靠,可提高除垢、除冰效果。 In the present embodiment, completely the chain drive, which transmission smooth, reliable, and can improve cleaning, de-icing effect. 其它组成及连接关系与具'体实施方式一或二相同。 Other composition and connection relation with 'the same manner as embodiment one or two thereof. 具体实施方式五:结合图15和图16说明本实施方式,本实施方式的传动装置还包括辅助链轮组31;所述辅助链轮组31设置在右腔5或右传动腔23 DETAILED DESCRIPTION Five: FIGS. 15 and 16 in conjunction with the present embodiment described embodiment, the transmission according to the present embodiment further includes an auxiliary sprocket set 31; the auxiliary sprocket set 31 disposed right transmission right chamber cavities 23 or 5

内,且辅助链轮组31位于主动链轮组11和从动链轮组12 二者之间,装在每一列换热管上的链条25绕过相应的辅助链轮组31。 Inside, and the auxiliary sprocket set 31 is located between the two drive sprocket set 11 and the driven sprocket set 12 mounted on the heat transfer tubes of each column of the chain sprocket 25 to bypass the corresponding auxiliary group 31. 如此设置,可防止链条打滑,并起到紧固链条、消除安装和伸縮误差的作用。 So arranged to prevent slippage of the chain, tightening the chain and functions, and the elimination action of the telescopic mounting errors. 其它组成及连接关系与具体实施方式三相同。 The other three components and connection relation between the specific embodiments.

具体实施方式六:结合图2、图6、图12、图14和19说明本实施方式, 本实施方式的驱动装置2是电机32或转动手柄33,所述电机32的输出轴或转动手柄33的输出端与主动链轮组11的输入端传动连接。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION VI: in conjunction with FIGS. 2, 6, 12, 14 and 19 of the present embodiment described embodiment, the driving device of the present embodiment 2 is turning the handle 33 or motor 32, the motor output shaft 32 rotating the handle 33 or the output terminal of the drive sprocket set 11 is connected to the input of the transmission. 由于清除污垢的间隔周期较长,设置电机导致成本增加和操作不便,可改为转动手柄进行人工手动操作。 Since long decontamination cycle intervals, the motor is provided resulting in increased costs and inconvenience of operation, manual rotation of the handle can be changed manually. 其它组成及连接关系与具体实施方式三相同。 The other three components and connection relation between the specific embodiments.

具#>实施方式七:结合图1、图2、图5、图6、图11~图15、图17〜图19、 图24和图25说明本实施方式,本实施方式与具体实施方式一或二的不同点是: 本实施方式还增加有拉阀导轨34;所述每根换热管15两端的圆周端面上均固有至少三根拉阀导轨34,且拉阀导轨34平行于换热管15的轴线设置。 With #> Embodiment seven: in conjunction with FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 5, FIG. 6, FIG. 11 to FIG. 15, FIG. 17~ 19, 24 and 25 of the present embodiment described embodiment, the present embodiment and the exemplary embodiment of a or two different points are: the present embodiment also has increased pull valve guide 34; each of said heat transfer tubes 15 at both ends of each circumferential end surface of the at least three pull inherent valve guide 34, and pull the valve guide 34 parallel to the heat exchange tubes the axis 15 are provided. 如此设置,可保证拉阀返程时能顺利进入换热管内。 So arranged ensure a smooth return valve is pulled into the heat transfer tubes.

本实施方式中的每根换热管15两端的圆周端面上均固有四根拉阀导轨34。 Circumferential end face 15 at both ends of each of the present embodiment are inherent four heat transfer tubes pull the valve guide 34. 在不安装拉阀导轨34的情况下,适用于短管形镂空阀体44或者拉阀安装非常精确的场合。 Pull valve without mounting rail 34 is to be applied to the short tubular hollow body 44 mounting a valve or pull very precise applications.

具体i施方式八:结合图5、图6、图ll、图15~图18说明本实施方式, 本实施方'式与具体实施方式二的不同点是:本实施方式还增加有密封胶圈40; 所述密封胶圈40分别设置在左分隔板18和右分隔板19上的通孔内。 DETAILED eight embodiment Shi i: in conjunction with FIG. 5, FIG. 6, FIG. Ll, FIGS. 15 to 18 according to the present embodiment described embodiment, the present embodiment 'specific embodiment of formula II is different from Embodiment: This embodiment also has increased gasket 40; the gasket 40 are provided in the through hole 19 on the left and right partition plates 18 partition plate. 如此设置,可起到密封的作用。 Arranged such, can function as seal.

具体实施方式九:结合图17、图18说明本实施方式,本实施方式由壳体1、驱动装置2、传动装置组成,所述壳体l由左腔3、壳腔4、右腔5、左分隔板18和右分隔板19组成,所述壳腔4内设置换热管簇6,由壳体l和换热管簇6构成横截面为矩形的管壳式换热器,壳腔4靠近右腔5 —侧的上端面上设有中介载热体进口7,壳腔4靠近左腔3 —侧的上端面上设有中介载热体出口8;所述传动装置由拉阀、左转向滑轮组9、右转向滑轮组IO、第一绞轮组35、第二绞轮组36、第一转向滑轮组37、第二转向滑轮组38组成,所述左分隔板18沿垂直于换热管簇6的方向设置在左腔3内,且把左腔3分隔成左分程腔20和左传动腔21,所述右分隔板19沿垂直于换热管簇6的方向设置在右腔5内且把右腔5分隔成右分程腔22和右传动腔23,所述拉阀由镂空阀体13和拉索组成,所述拉索是绳索或钢索26,所述一 DETAILED DESCRIPTION IX: in conjunction with FIG. 17, FIG. 18 illustrates an embodiment according to the present embodiment, the present embodiment by the housing 1, 2, gear drive means consisting of, from the left chamber of the housing 3 l, shell chamber 4, right chamber 5, a left and a right partition plate 18 composed of the partition plate 19, disposed within the housing cavity 4 clusters heat exchange tube 6, by the housing l and the heat transfer tubes 6 constitute a cluster of rectangular cross-section shell and tube heat exchangers, shell chamber 4 near the right chamber 5 - is provided with an upper surface side of the interposer heating medium inlet 7, close to the left chamber housing chamber 4 3 - side of the upper end face of the interposer is provided with heating medium outlet 8; the transmission by the draw valve , left deflection pulleys 9, the IO right steering pulleys, first sheave assembly 35, second sheave set 36, a first set of diverting pulley 37, the second diverting pulley set 38 consisting of the left partition plate 18 in a direction perpendicular to the heat exchanger direction of the tube 6 disposed within the cluster left chamber 3, and the left chamber 3 is partitioned into a left chamber 20 and a left split-range transmission chamber 21, of the right divider plate 19 in a direction perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer tubes disposed in the right cluster 6 5 and the right chamber partition 5 into the chamber 22 and the right division process chamber right driving chamber 23, the valve is pulled by a cable and consisting of hollow body 13, the cable 26 is a cable or rope, the one 左转向滑轮组9设置在左传动腔21内,所述一组右转向滑轮组10、第一绞轮组35、第一转向滑轮总成37设置在右传动腔23内,所述第二绞轮组36和第二转向滑轮组38设置在右传动腔23内或设置在左传动腔21内,第一绞轮组35或第二绞轮组36与设置在壳体1外的驱动装置2传动连接,第一转向滑轮组37位于第一绞轮组35 的上方,第二转向滑轮组38位于第二绞轮组36的下方,所述装在每一列换热管上的拉阔的两端分别与第一绞轮组35和第二绞轮组36固接,且装在每一列换热管上的绳索或钢索26与镂空阀体13串连并绕过第一转向滑轮组37、第二转向滑fe组38、左转向滑轮组9、右转向滑轮组IO构成开式拉阀;所述驱动装置2是转动手柄33。 Left deflection pulleys 9 disposed in the left drive chamber 21, the right steering a set of pulleys 10, a first set of sheaves 35, the first diverting pulley assembly 37 disposed within the right driving chamber 23 and the second sheave set a second set of diverting pulleys 36 and 38 disposed within the second transmission means 23 or the drive gear chamber is provided in the left and right drive chamber 21, the first cutter wheel set 35 or the second set of sheaves 36 provided at the outside of the housing 1 is connected, ends widen a first set of diverting pulley 37 positioned above the first sheave set 35, a second set of diverting pulley 38 positioned below the second set of sheaves 36 mounted on each of the heat transfer tubes, respectively in the first column cutter wheel set 35 and the second cutter wheel set 36 is fixed to and mounted on the heat transfer tubes each column rope or cable 26 connected in series with the hollow valve body 13 and around the first set of diverting pulley 37, the second steering slide fe group 38, group left diverting pulley 9, the right deflection pulleys IO open pull valve configuration; the drive means 33 rotating the handle 2 is.

本实施方式中的第一转向滑轮组37、第二转向滑轮组38的具体结构与具体实施方式三的左转向滑轮组9和右转向滑轮组10结构相同。 A first embodiment according to the present embodiment of the deflection pulleys 37, a specific configuration of the second deflection pulleys 38 and three specific embodiments of the left and right deflection pulleys 9 rotates in the same group 10 pulley configuration. 当换热管一列的根数为奇数时,两绞轮分装于两侧传动腔内;当换热管一列的根数为偶数时, 则两绞轮安装于同一侧传动腔内。 When the number of the heat transfer tubes of an odd number, two on both sides of the dispensing sheave drive cavity; when the number of heat transfer tubes is an even number, the two winches mounted on the same side of the transmission chamber.

工作时,其中一个主动绞轮主动转动并缠绕回收拉索时,另一个被动绞轮被动转动并释放拉索,当镂空阀体走完一个单向行程后,被动绞轮将主动地反向转动并回收拉索,而主动绞轮被动地反向转动并释放拉索,如此,两绞轮交替行使主劫转动权,从而带动镂空阀体作往复运动。 In operation, when one active rotatable sheave active and recovery cable is wound, the other passive load sheave to rotate and release the cable passive, one-way completed when the hollow body after the trip, the passive sheave will initiate reverse rotation and recovering the cable, the sheave active and passive release cable reverse rotation, so, two main winches robbery rotated alternately exercise the right, so as to drive the hollow body to reciprocate.

具体实施方式十:结合图17和图18说明本实施方式,本实施方式与具体实施方式九的不同点是:本实施方式还增加有拉阀导轨34;所述每根换热管15两端的圆周端面上均固有至少三根拉阀导轨34,且拉阀导轨34平行于换热管15的轴线设置。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION ten: in conjunction with FIGS. 17 and 18 illustrate embodiments of the present embodiment differs from the embodiment according to the present embodiment are nine DETAILED DESCRIPTION: The present embodiment further increases pull valve guide 34; each of said heat transfer tubes 15 at both ends each circumferential end surface of the at least three pull inherent valve guide 34, and pull the valve guide 34 disposed parallel to the axis 15 of the heat exchange tubes. 拉索的变形伸长和设备制造加工的误差,镂空阔体可能被拉出换热管外,为保证返程时镂空阀体顺利进入换热管内,设置拉阀导轨,可保证镂空拉阀返程时能顺利进入换热管内。 Elongation error processing and the cable manufacturing apparatus, the hollow body may be pulled out wide heat transfer tubes, the hollow body in order to ensure the smooth return journey into the heat transfer tubes, is provided to pull the valve guide, the valve can return guarantee hollow pull can successfully enter the heat exchange.

Claims (10)

1、一种拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置,它包括壳体(1)、驱动装置(2);所述壳体(1)包括左腔(3)、壳腔(4)和右腔(5),所述壳腔(4)内设置换热管簇(6),由壳体(1)和换热管簇(6)构成横截面为矩形的管壳式换热器,其特征在于它还包括传动装置,所述传动装置包括拉阀、左转向传动轮组、右转向传动轮组、主动传动轮组、从动传动轮组;所述拉阀由镂空阀体(13)和拉索组成,所述左腔(3)内由上至下设置有一组左转向传动轮组,所述右腔(5)内由上至下设置有一组右转向传动轮组,所述主动传动轮组和从动传动轮组固装在右腔(5)内,主动传动轮组与设置在壳体(1)外的驱动装置(2)传动连接,换热管簇(6)的每根换热管(15)内装有镂空阀体(13),装在每列换热管内的镂空阀体(13)通过拉索串连并绕过相应的左转向传动轮组、右转向传动轮组以及从动传动轮组和主动 A pull valve surface heat exchanger on-line cleaning device, comprising a housing (1), driving means (2); the housing (1) comprises a left chamber (3), housing chamber (4) and a right chamber (5), said heat exchange tube housing chamber disposed cluster (6) (4), by the housing (1) and a cluster of heat transfer tubes (6) of rectangular cross-section configured shell and tube heat exchanger characterized in that it further comprises a transmission means, the transmission means comprises a pull valve, the left steering gear wheel set, the right wheel set the steering gear, the active gear wheel set, the driven gear wheel set; pull the valve from the hollow body ( 13) and a cable composed of the left chamber) (3 from top to bottom is provided with a set of left steering gear wheel set, the right top to bottom disposed within said chamber (5) there is a set of a right steering gear wheel set, the said active transmission pulley train and the driven gear wheel set is secured to the right inner chamber (5), the active transmission wheel set is provided with a transmission means connecting the drive housing (2) (1) outside the heat transfer tubes cluster (6) each of heat transfer tubes (15) with a hollow interior of the valve body (13), mounted in the hollow body of each column of the heat exchange tubes (13) by a cable in series and bypass the respective left steering gear wheel set, the right turn transmission pulley train and the driven gear wheel set and an active 动轮组构成封闭拉阀。 Pulling the group consisting of a closed wheel valve.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置,其特征在于所述壳体(1)还包括左分隔板(18)和右分隔板(19);所述左分隔板(18)沿垂直于换热管簇(6)的方向设置在左腔(3)内,且把左腔(3)分隔成左分程腔(20) 和左传动腔(21),所述右分隔板(19)沿垂直于换热管簇(6)的方向设置在右腔(5) 内且把右'腔(5)^^隔成右分程腔(22)和右传动腔(23),所述一组左转向传动轮组设置在左传动腔(21)内,所述一组右转向传动轮组、主动传动轮组、从动传动轮组均设置在右传动腔(23)内,所述左分隔板(18)和右分隔板(19)对应换热管簇(6)的位置处均设有通孔,所述装在每列换热管内的镂空阔体(13)通过穿过所述通孔内的拉索串接在一起。 2, the pull valve surface heat exchanger on-line cleaning apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the housing (1) further comprises a left divider plate (18) and a right partition plate (19); the left divider plate (18) along a direction perpendicular to the heat transfer tubes cluster (6) is disposed in the left chamber (3), and the left chamber (3) is divided into a left sub-process chamber (20) and left transmission chamber (21), of the right divider plate (19) along a direction perpendicular to the heat transfer tubes cluster (6) is disposed in the right chamber (5) and the Right 'chamber (5) is partitioned into a right sub ^^ process chamber ( 22) and a right driving chamber (23), a set of the left steering actuator disposed in the left wheel set gear chamber (21), a set of the right steering gear wheel set, the active set of the drive wheel, the driven transmission gear are set disposed in the right driving chamber (23), the left partition plate (18) and a right partition plate (19) at a location corresponding to the cluster of heat transfer tubes (6) are provided with through holes, said means in each column wide hollow body (13) strung together in the heat transfer tubes passing through said cable through-hole.
3、 根据权利要求1或2所述的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置, 其特征在于所述左转向传动轮组是左转向滑轮组(9),所述右转向传动轮组是右转向滑轮组(IO),所述主动传动轮组是主动链轮组(ll),所述从动传动轮组是从动链轮组(12),所述拉索由链条(25)和绳索或钢索(26)组成;装在同一列换热管内最'上端的所述镂空阀体(27)的左端与绳索或钢索(26)的一端固接,绳索或钢索(26)的另一端与装在同一列换热管内的镂空阀体(13)串连并交替绕过相应的左转向滑轮组(9)和右转向滑轮组(10)与装在同一列换热管内最下端的镂空阀体(28)的左端固接,装在同一列换热管内最下端的镂空阀体(28)的右端与链条(25)的一端固接,链条(25)的另一端绕过相应的从动链轮组(12)和主动链轮组(11)与装在同一列换热管内最上端的镂空阀体(27)的右端固接。 3. The pull valve or the heat exchange surfaces of the heat exchanger 12 on-line cleaning device as claimed in claim, wherein said left drive wheel set is a left steering deflection pulleys (9), the right steering transmission wheel group is right steering pulleys (the IO), the active group is a drive sprocket driving wheel group (LL), a group of driven transmission gear group is driven sprocket (12), said cable by a chain (25) and rope or wire rope (26) composition; column packed in the same heat exchange tubes most 'end of said hollow body (27) of the upper end of the left end of the rope or cable (26) is fixed to the rope or wire rope (26) the other end of the heat transfer tubes contained within the same column of the hollow body (13) in series and bypass the respective left alternately diverting pulley (9) and a right deflection pulleys (10) mounted to the heat transfer tubes in the same row of the lowermost hollow One end of the valve body (28) fixed to the left end, the heat transfer tubes installed in the same column of the lowermost hollow body (28) and the right end of the chain (25) is fixed, a chain (25) from the other end of a respective bypass group driving sprocket (12) and drive sprocket set (11) mounted on the right end of the top row of heat transfer tubes within the same hollow body (27) is fixed.
4、 根据权利要求1或2所述的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置, 其特征在于所述左转向传动轮组是左转向链轮组(29),所述右转向传动轮组是右转向链轮组(30),所述主动传动轮组是主动链轮组(ll),所述从动传动轮组是从动链轮组(12),所述拉索是链条(25);装在每列换热管内的镂空阀体(13) 通过链条(25)串连并绕过相应的左转向链轮组(29)、右转向链轮组(30)以及从动链轮组(12)和主动链轮组(11)构成封闭拉阀。 4. The valve as claimed pull line cleaning of heat exchanger surfaces in real-time device of claim 1 or 2, characterized in that said left steering actuator group is left steering wheel sprocket set (29), the right steering gear wheel group is a right turn sprockets (30), the active group is a drive sprocket driving wheel group (LL), a group of driven transmission gear group is driven sprocket (12), said cable is a chain ( 25); the heat transfer tubes, and in each column of the hollow body (13) in series through a chain (25) and bypass the respective left steering sprocket set (29), right turn sprockets (30) and the driven chain wheel set (12) and drive sprocket set (11) form a closed pull valves.
5、 根据权利要求3所述的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置,其特征在于所述传动装置还包括辅助链轮组(31);所述辅助链轮组(31)设置在右腔(5)或右传动腔(23)内,且辅助链轮组(31)位于主动链轮组(11)和从动链轮组(12) 二者之间;装在每一列换热管上的链条(25)绕过相应的辅助链轮组(31)。 5, pull valve according to claim 3, said heat exchanger surface of the heat exchanger on-line cleaning device, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises an auxiliary gear sprocket set (31); said auxiliary sprocket set (31) disposed right chamber (5) or the right driving chamber (23), and the auxiliary sprocket set (31) located at the drive sprocket set (11) and the driven sprocket set (12) therebetween; a heat exchanger mounted in each column chain on the pipe (25) bypassing the respective auxiliary sprocket set (31).
6、 根据权利要求1或2所述的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置, 其特征在于所述驱动装置(2)是电机(32)或转动手柄(33),所述电机(32)的输出轴或转动手柄(33)的输出端与主动链轮组(11)的输入端传动连接。 6. The pull valve or the heat exchange surfaces of the heat exchanger 12 on-line cleaning device as claimed in claim wherein said drive means (2) is a motor (32) or turn the handle (33), said motor ( 32) or the output shaft rotation of the handle (33) and the output terminal of the drive sprocket set (11) connected to the input of the transmission.
7、 根据权利要求1或2所述的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置, 其特征在于它还包括拉阀导轨(34);所述每根换热管(15)两端的圆周端面上均固有至少三根拉阀导轨(34),且拉阀导轨(34)平行于换热管(15)的轴线设置。 7. The pull valve or the heat exchange surfaces of the heat exchanger 12 on-line cleaning device as claimed in claim, characterized in that it comprises a pull valve guide (34); each said peripheral heat transfer tubes (15) across the each end surface of the at least three pull inherent valve guide (34), and pull the valve guide (34) parallel to the heat exchange tubes (15) axis.
8、 根据权利要求2所述的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置,其特征在于它还包括密封胶圈(40);所述密封胶圈(40)分别设置在左分隔板(18)和右分隔板(19)上的通孔内。 8, the pull valve according to claim heat exchanger surface of the real time cleaning apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that it comprises a sealing gasket (40); said gasket (40) are provided in the left partition plate the through hole (18) and a right partition plate (19).
9、 了种拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置,它包括壳体(l)、驱动装置(2);所述壳体(1)包括左腔(3)、壳腔(4)和右腔(5),所述壳腔(4)内设置换热管簇(6),由壳体(1)和换热管簇(6)构成横截面为矩形的管壳式换热器;其特征在于它还包括传动装置,所述传动装置包括拉阀、左转向滑轮组(9)、右转向滑轮组(IO)、第一绞轮组(35)、第二绞轮组(36)、第一转向滑轮组(37)、第二转向滑轮组(38);所述壳体(1)还包括左分隔板(18)和右分隔板(19);所述左分隔板(18) 沿垂直于换热管簇(6)的方向设置在左腔(3)内,且把左腔(3)分隔成左分程腔(20) 和左传动腔(21),所述右分隔板(19)沿垂直于换热管簇(60的方向设置在右腔(5)内且把右腔(5)分隔成右分程腔(22)和右传动腔(23),所述拉阀由镂空阀体(13) 和拉索组成,所述拉索是绳索或钢索(26),所述一组左转向滑轮组(9)设置在左传动腔(21)内, 9, the kind of pull on-line valve surface heat exchanger cleaning apparatus comprising a housing (L), drive means (2); the housing (1) comprises a left chamber (3), housing chamber (4) and a right chamber (5), said heat exchange tube housing chamber disposed cluster (6) (4), by the housing (1) and a cluster of heat transfer tubes (6) of rectangular cross-section configured shell and tube heat exchanger ; characterized by further comprising transmission means, the transmission means comprises a valve pull, left deflection pulleys (9), the right deflection pulleys (the IO), a first sheave set (35), a second sheave set (36), a first set of diverting pulleys (37), a second set of diverting pulleys (38); the housing (1) further comprises a left divider plate (18) and a right partition plate (19); the left partition plate (18) cluster direction perpendicular to the heat transfer tube (6) is disposed in the left chamber (3), and the left chamber (3) is divided into a left sub-process chamber (20) and a left drive chamber (21), the partition of the right plate (19) in a cluster of heat transfer tubes (60 arranged in the vertical direction in the right chamber (5) and the right chamber (5) into the right division process chamber (22) and a right driving chamber (23), said pull a hollow valve body (13) and cable composition, the cord is a cable or wire rope (26), a set of the left deflection pulleys (9) disposed in the left drive chamber (21), 述一组右转向滑轮组(IO)、第一绞轮组(35)、第一转向滑轮组(37)设置在右传动腔(23)内,所述第二绞轮组(36)和第二转向滑轮组(38)设置在右传动腔(23)内或设置在左传动腔(21)内,第一绞轮组(35)或第二绞轮组(36)与设置在壳体(1)外的驱动装置(2)传动连接,第一转向滑轮组(37)位于第一绞轮组(35)的上方,第二转向滑轮组(38)位于第二绞轮组(36)的下方,所述装在每一列换热管上的拉阀的两端分别与第一绞轮组(35)和第二绞轮组(36)固接,且装在每一列换热管上的绳索或钢索(26)与镂空阀体(13)串连并绕过第一转向滑轮组(37)、第二转向滑轮组(38)、左转向滑轮组(9)、右转向滑轮组(10)构成开式拉阀;所述驱动装置(2)是转动手柄(33)。 A set of a right of said deflection pulleys (the IO), a first sheave set (35), a first set of diverting pulleys (37) disposed in the right driving chamber (23), said second sheave set (36) and a second steering pulley block (38) disposed in the right driving chamber (23) is provided in the left or the drive chamber (21), a first sheave set (35) or the second sheave set (36) provided in the housing (1) outside below the top of the drive device (2) drivingly connected to a first diverting pulley (37) located between the first sheave set (35), a second deflection pulleys (38) located in the second sheave set (36), said means both ends of the pull valves on each column heat transfer tubes are secured to the first sheave set (35) and a second sheave set (36), and mounted on the heat transfer tubes each column rope or cable ( 26) and the hollow body (13) and bypassing the first series of deflection pulleys (37), a second set of diverting pulleys (38), the left deflection pulleys (9), the right deflection pulleys (10) configured to pull the valve open; the said drive means (2) is a rotary handle (33).
10、根据权利要求9所述的拉阀式换热表面实时在线清洁换热装置,其特征在于它还包括拉阀导轨(34);所述每根换热管(15)两端的圆周端面上均固有至少三根拉阀导轨(34),且拉阀导轨(34)平行于换热管(15)的轴线设置。 10, the pull valve according to claim 9, the heat exchanger surface of the heat exchanger on-line cleaning device, characterized in that the valve further comprises a pull guide (34); circumferential end face of each of said heat transfer tubes (15) across the at least three are inherent pull valve guide (34), and pull the valve guide (34) parallel to the heat exchange tubes (15) axis.
CN 200710144334 2007-09-19 2007-09-19 Pull valve type heat-exchanging surface real-time on-line cleaning heat-exchanging device CN100573026C (en)

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CN102012189A (en) * 2010-07-09 2011-04-13 邹杰 Self-rotating and cleaning device of dirt in heat transfer tube
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