CN100565603C - Lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods and system thereof - Google Patents

Lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods and system thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100565603C
CN100565603C CNB2006101048662A CN200610104866A CN100565603C CN 100565603 C CN100565603 C CN 100565603C CN B2006101048662 A CNB2006101048662 A CN B2006101048662A CN 200610104866 A CN200610104866 A CN 200610104866A CN 100565603 C CN100565603 C CN 100565603C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
line monitoring
lightning arrester
sensor
system
lightning
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CNB2006101048662A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101178838A (en
Inventor
叶德平
杨筱安
王宝刚
陈敬
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西安神电电器有限公司
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Priority to CNB2006101048662A priority Critical patent/CN100565603C/en
Publication of CN101178838A publication Critical patent/CN101178838A/en
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Publication of CN100565603C publication Critical patent/CN100565603C/en

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Abstract

A kind of lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods and system thereof, its on-line monitoring instrument is arranged at the lightning arrester place, and the sensor of on-line monitoring instrument is arranged at the earth terminal of lightning arrester.Sensor is handled on the sheet be delivered to the on-line monitoring instrument micro-system with the lightning arrester operation information and is discerned processing through line monitor signal, the lightning arrester operation information is sent in real time the real-time supervisory computer system of far-end by wireless transmission method, the PC of supervisory computer system is analyzed the lightning arrester operation information in real time, and analysis result is handled.The invention solves that Centralized Monitoring analyzing and processing inconvenience in the background technology, real-time are poor, complex structure, operation is unreliable and cost is high technical matters.The present invention monitors the efficient height, be particularly useful for quantity many, install to disperse, the lightning arrester on-line monitoring of distance, can effectively avoid the generation of accident.

Description

Lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods and system thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of method and apparatus of monitoring the lightning arrester operation, be specifically related to a kind of lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods and system thereof.

Background technology

At present, monitoring device for lightning arrester is to be installed on the lightning arrester next door mostly, and the operation conditions that understand lightning arrester must arrive the scene and watch, and mainly there is following defective in it:

1. work under hard conditions monitoring inconvenience.Watch to the scene, the condition of work of feasible observations such as extraneous weather, physical environment is relatively poor, especially many in lightning arrester quantity, install disperse, during distance, the observation operation is more inconvenient, and observation is leaked because of carelessness in regular meeting.

2. the real-time of discovery, processing accident is poor.Artificial scene is watched, periodical inspection observation, and the time is interrupted, lag behind, and can not in time find, the processing accident, more can't prevent trouble before it happens.

3. existing monitoring device for lightning arrester, or for the information that is monitored can not analyzing and processing, record, function is few; Or structure, composition are unreasonable, manipulate inconvenience.

Existing monitoring device for lightning arrester with certain Centralized Monitoring performance, it adopts Wireline communication, and the usage space distance is limited, especially the lightning arrester many for quantity, that installation disperses, spacing is far away is realized Centralized Monitoring very difficulty, not only complex structure, it is unreliable to move, and the cost height.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods and system thereof, it has solved, and background technology Centralized Monitoring analyzing and processing inconvenience, real-time are poor, complex structure, operation is unreliable and cost is high technical matters.

Technical solution of the present invention is:

A kind of lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods, its special character are that its performing step comprises:

(i) the on-line monitoring instrument is arranged at the lightning arrester place, the sensor of on-line monitoring instrument is arranged at the earth terminal of lightning arrester;

(ii) sensor is handled micro-system on the sheet that is delivered to the on-line monitoring instrument with its lightning arrester operation information of monitoring and lightning arrester numbering through line monitor signal;

After (iii) micro-system is discerned processing to the lightning arrester operation information on the sheet, the lightning arrester operation information is sent in real time the real-time supervisory computer system of far-end by wireless transmission method;

(iv) supervisory computer system receives the lightning arrester operation information by wireless transmission method in real time, and the lightning arrester operation information is analyzed;

(v) the analysis result of lightning arrester operation information is handled.

Above-mentioned lightning arrester operation information mainly comprises normal operation information, action message and failure message; Described line monitor signal is handled and is mainly comprised with the normal operation processing of lightning arrester operation information corresponding online monitoring, the on-line monitoring actuating signal is handled and the on-line monitoring failure message is handled.

Above-mentioned line monitor signal is treated to on-line monitoring and normally moves and handle or on-line monitoring failure message when handling, and this on-line monitoring normally moves to be handled or the on-line monitoring failure message is handled and all can be comprised overvoltage protection, filtering and amplify amplitude modulation and handle.

When above-mentioned line monitor signal was treated to the processing of on-line monitoring actuating signal, this on-line monitoring actuating signal is handled can comprise rectification, overvoltage protection and isolation processing.

Above-mentioned isolation processing can adopt photoelectricity isolation, triode isolation, transformer isolation or relay isolation etc.

Above-mentioned analysis result to the lightning arrester operation information is treated to storage, warning, demonstration, one of prints, or its any two kinds to four kinds.

The earth terminal that the sensor is arranged at lightning arrester is meant that sensor directly is serially connected with the earth terminal of lightning arrester or adopts induction mode to be arranged at the ground wire outside of arrester ground end.

A kind of system that realizes above-mentioned lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods comprises monitoring instrument and supervisory system, and its special character is: described monitoring instrument is the on-line monitoring instrument, and described supervisory system is real-time supervisory computer system; Described on-line monitoring instrument comprises the sensor 1 that is arranged at the arrester ground end, be connected in the signal processing circuit 2 of sensor 1 output terminal, be connected in micro-system 3 on the sheet of signal processing circuit 2 output terminals, be connected in the wireless transport module 4 of micro-system PORT COM on the sheet; Described real-time supervisory computer system comprises the wireless transport module 4 wireless transmission of signal modules 6 that can receive online monitoring instrument, is connected to the PC 8 of wireless transport module 6 output terminals.

Go up micro-system 3 for above-mentioned and mainly comprise central processor CPU, analog to digital converter AD, storer EEROM, digital signal processing DSP and serial ports controller UART etc.

The sensor 1 can adopt electromagnetic sensor, clearance-type sensor or non-linear resistance formula sensor etc.; Described signal processing circuit 2 comprises the overvoltage protection device 10 that is connected to sensor 1 output terminal, be connected to the wave filter 11 of overvoltage protection device 10 output terminals, be connected to the amplification amplitude modulator 12 of wave filter 11 output terminals, the output terminal of described amplification amplitude modulator 12 inserts the analog to digital converter AD port of micro-system 3 on the sheet; Described signal processing circuit 2 also comprises the rectifier 13 that is connected to sensor 1 output terminal; be connected to the overvoltage protection device 14 of rectifier 13 output terminals; be connected to the isolator 15 of overvoltage protection device 14 output terminals, the output terminal of described isolator 15 inserts micro-system 3 input ports on the sheet.

The present invention has the following advantages:

1. operating personnel need not the scene and watch, and monitoring efficient height can be saved a large amount of human and material resources.

2. but lightning arrester operation information real-time Transmission is to control center, and Centralized Monitoring in time is transmitted to the person in charge with relevant information and handles in real time, effectively avoids the generation of accident.

3. realize the full-automation that monitoring information is handled, be convenient to analysis, retrieval and inquisition.

4. simple in structure, be easy to realize, be particularly useful for quantity many, the lightning arrester on-line monitoring of dispersion, distance is installed.

5. reliable, failure rate is low, and part replacement is convenient.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of on-line monitoring instrument of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the real-time supervisory computer system of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the theory diagram of signal processor in the on-line monitoring instrument of the present invention.

Drawing reference numeral explanation: 1-sensor, 2-signal processing circuit, micro-system on the 3-sheet; the 4-wireless transport module, 5-power supply, 6-wireless transport module; the 7-display, 8-PC machine, 9-printer; the 10-overvoltage protection device; the 11-wave filter, 12-amplifies amplitude modulator, 13-rectifier; the 14-overvoltage protection device, the 15-isolator.

Embodiment

Referring to Fig. 1,2, the performing step of lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods of the present invention is as follows:

(i) the on-line monitoring instrument is arranged at the lightning arrester place, the sensor 1 of on-line monitoring instrument is arranged at the earth terminal of lightning arrester.Sensor 1 can directly be serially connected with the earth terminal of lightning arrester or adopt induction mode to be arranged at the outside of earth terminal ground wire.

(ii) sensor 1 is handled micro-system 3 on the sheet that is delivered to the on-line monitoring instrument with its lightning arrester operation information of monitoring and lightning arrester numbering through line monitor signal.Lightning arrester operation information mainly make a comment or criticism normal operation information, action message and failure message etc.Line monitor signal is handled mainly finger and the normal operation processing of lightning arrester operation information corresponding online monitoring, the processing of on-line monitoring actuating signal and the processing of on-line monitoring failure message etc.Normal operation and failure operation all are to judge by the leakage current of lightning arrester.

When normal operation or failure operation, the information that sensor is exported is handled by overvoltage protection, filtering and amplification amplitude modulation, after micro-system on the sheet is carried out signal identification processing, is transferred to real-time supervisory computer system by wireless transport module again.After in real time supervisory computer system receives information by wireless transport module, discern processing, the result is stored, show then or processing such as printing.

During the lightning arrester action; the information of sensor output is delivered on the sheet micro-system through rectification, overvoltage protection and isolation processing and is carried out signal identification and handle, again by wireless transport module lightning arrester number, the information transmission such as the time that reaches mutually of lightning arrester action are to real-time supervisory computer system.After in real time supervisory computer system receives actuating signal by wireless transport module, discern processing, the result is stored, the alert notice person in charge shows or processing such as printing.Isolation processing of the present invention specifically can adopt photoelectricity isolation, triode isolation, transformer isolation or relay isolation etc.

After (iii) 3 pairs of lightning arrester operation informations of micro-system are discerned processing on the sheet, the lightning arrester operation information is sent in real time the real-time supervisory computer system of far-end by wireless transmission method.

(iv) supervisory computer system receives the lightning arrester operation information by wireless transmission method in real time, and the lightning arrester operation information is analyzed.

(v) the analysis result of lightning arrester operation information is handled.For example: storage, warning, demonstration, printing etc., specifically can set as required.

Arrester on-line monitoring system of the present invention is made of on-line monitoring instrument and real-time supervisory computer system two parts.Referring to Fig. 1, the sensor 1 of on-line monitoring instrument can adopt electromagnetic sensor, clearance-type sensor or non-linear resistance formula sensor etc., is arranged at the arrester ground end.The output of sensor 1 inserts signal processing circuit 2.The output of signal processing circuit 2 is connected to the input port of micro-system 3 on the sheet.Micro-system 3 is to have micro-system on the sheet of central processor CPU, analog to digital converter AD, storer EEROM, digital signal processing DSP and serial ports controller UART etc. on the sheet, specifically can adopt SPCE061A, SPCE062, SPMC75 series etc.The output of micro-system sends out through wireless transport module 4 on the sheet.Wireless transport module 4 specifically can be adopted homemade WAVECOM, the DIP-T05 that produce in Chinese Xi'an, the WM0D2 that GuangZhou, China produces etc. of TC35, method that Siemens produces.The power supply 5 of on-line monitoring instrument adopts solar panel, common batteries, AC power etc. all can.

Referring to Fig. 2, supervisory computer system mainly is made of wireless transport module 6 and PC 8 in real time.Wireless transport module 6 can adopt the wireless transport module identical with wireless transport module 4, and the output of wireless transport module 6 is connected to the input interface of PC 8.After supervisory computer system receives information by wireless transport module in real time, discern processing, the result is stored, print or the alert notice persons in charge by display 7 demonstrations, printer 9 then.

Referring to Fig. 3, the overvoltage protection device 10 of signal processing circuit 2 is connected to sensor 1 output terminal, and the output signal of overvoltage protection device 10 inserts micro-system 3 on the sheet through wave filter 11 filtering, amplification amplitude modulator 12 after amplifying amplitude modulation.The rectifier 13 of signal processing circuit 2 also is connected to sensor 1 output terminal, and the output signal of sensor 1 inserts micro-system 3 on the sheet through rectifier 13 rectifications, overvoltage protection device 14, isolator 15 after isolating.

Claims (10)

1. a lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods is characterized in that, its performing step comprises:
(i) the on-line monitoring instrument is arranged at the lightning arrester place, the sensor of on-line monitoring instrument is arranged at the earth terminal of lightning arrester;
(ii) sensor is handled micro-system on the sheet that is delivered to the on-line monitoring instrument with its lightning arrester operation information of monitoring and lightning arrester numbering through line monitor signal;
Lightning arrester operation information mainly make a comment or criticism normal operation information, action message and failure message;
Normal operation and failure operation all are to judge by the leakage current of lightning arrester;
When normal operation or failure operation, the information that sensor is exported is handled by overvoltage protection, filtering and amplification amplitude modulation, after micro-system on the sheet is carried out signal identification processing, is transferred to real-time supervisory computer system by wireless transport module again; After supervisory computer system receives information by wireless transport module in real time, discern processing, the result is stored, show then or print processing;
During the lightning arrester action, the information of sensor output is delivered on the sheet micro-system through rectification, overvoltage protection and isolation processing and is carried out signal identification and handle, again by wireless transport module lightning arrester number, the time that reaches the mutually information transmission of lightning arrester action is to real-time supervisory computer system; After supervisory computer system receives actuating signal by wireless transport module in real time, discern processing, the result is stored, the alert notice person in charge shows or print processing;
After (iii) micro-system is discerned processing to the lightning arrester operation information on the sheet, the lightning arrester operation information is sent in real time the real-time supervisory computer system of far-end by wireless transmission method;
(iv) supervisory computer system receives the lightning arrester operation information by wireless transmission method in real time, and the lightning arrester operation information is analyzed;
(v) the analysis result of lightning arrester operation information is handled.
2. lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described line monitor signal is handled and comprised with the normal operation processing of lightning arrester operation information corresponding online monitoring, the on-line monitoring actuating signal is handled and the on-line monitoring failure message is handled.
3. lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods according to claim 1 and 2; it is characterized in that; described line monitor signal is treated to on-line monitoring and normally moves and handle or on-line monitoring failure message when handling, and this on-line monitoring normally moves to be handled or the on-line monitoring failure message is handled and included overvoltage protection, filtering and amplify amplitude modulation and handle.
4. lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods according to claim 3 is characterized in that, when described line monitor signal was treated to the processing of on-line monitoring actuating signal, this on-line monitoring actuating signal was handled and comprised rectification, overvoltage protection and isolation processing.
5. lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described isolation processing is that photoelectricity isolation, triode isolation, transformer isolation or relay are isolated.
6. lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described analysis result to the lightning arrester operation information is handled and comprised one of storage, warning, demonstration, printing, or comprises its any two kinds to four kinds.
7. lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods according to claim 6, it is characterized in that the earth terminal that described sensor is arranged at lightning arrester is meant that sensor directly is serially connected with the earth terminal of lightning arrester or adopts induction mode to be arranged at the ground wire outside of arrester ground end.
8. a system that realizes the described lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods of claim 1 comprises monitoring instrument and supervisory system, it is characterized in that: described monitoring instrument is the on-line monitoring instrument, and described supervisory system is real-time supervisory computer system;
Described on-line monitoring instrument comprises the sensor (1) that is arranged at the arrester ground end, be connected in the signal processing circuit (2) of sensor (1) output terminal, be connected in micro-system (3) on the sheet of signal processing circuit (2) output terminal, be connected in the wireless transport module (4) of micro-system PORT COM on the sheet;
Described real-time supervisory computer system comprises wireless transport module (4) the wireless transmission of signal module (6) that can receive online monitoring instrument, is connected to the PC (8) of wireless transport module (6) output terminal.
9. arrester on-line monitoring system according to claim 8 is characterized in that: go up micro-system (3) for described and comprise central processor CPU, analog to digital converter AD, storer EEROM, digital signal processing DSP and serial ports controller UART.
10. arrester on-line monitoring system according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described sensor (1) is electromagnetic sensor, clearance-type sensor or non-linear resistance formula sensor; Described signal processing circuit (2) comprises the overvoltage protection device (10) that is connected to sensor (1) output terminal, is connected to the wave filter (11) of overvoltage protection device (10) output terminal, is connected to the amplification amplitude modulator (12) of wave filter (11) output terminal; The output terminal of described amplification amplitude modulator (12) inserts micro-system (3) analog to digital converter AD port on the sheet; Described signal processing circuit (2) also comprises the rectifier (13) that is connected to sensor (1) output terminal; be connected to the overvoltage protection device (14) of rectifier (13) output terminal; be connected to the isolator (15) of overvoltage protection device (14) output terminal, the output terminal of described isolator (15) inserts micro-system (3) input port on the sheet.
CNB2006101048662A 2006-11-07 2006-11-07 Lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods and system thereof CN100565603C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006101048662A CN100565603C (en) 2006-11-07 2006-11-07 Lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods and system thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006101048662A CN100565603C (en) 2006-11-07 2006-11-07 Lightning arrestor on-line monitoring methods and system thereof

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CN100565603C true CN100565603C (en) 2009-12-02

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101833051A (en) * 2010-04-20 2010-09-15 武汉新电电气技术有限责任公司 Electrified tester for zinc oxide arrester

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GB0919699D0 (en) * 2009-11-11 2009-12-30 Kitchener Renato Fault diagnostics, surge detection and failure prediction method
CN102169135A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-08-31 南京世都科技有限公司 Resistive current remote online monitoring system for power transmission line arrester
CN102033184B (en) * 2011-01-20 2013-03-27 辽宁省电力有限公司 Voltage distribution wireless measurement system of lightning arrester
CN102866311A (en) * 2012-08-21 2013-01-09 深圳市科威电子测试有限公司 Method and device for testing lightning protection component
US20140176336A1 (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-06-26 eLuminon, LLC. System, method, and apparatus for remotely monitoring surge arrester conditions
CN103235214A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-08-07 武汉新电电气技术有限责任公司 Online monitoring system for zinc oxide lightening arrestor of transmission lines
CN105703491A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-22 微动公司 Transmitter and transmitter group
CN105223446A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-06 河南开启电力实业有限公司 Lightning arrester remote online monitoring device
CN105259443A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-20 安徽中普防雷科技有限公司 Intelligent lightning-protection online real-time monitoring system
CN105353257A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-02-24 国网浙江省电力公司绍兴供电公司 High voltage device fault early warning device and control method
CN109004633A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-14 合肥联宝信息技术有限公司 A kind of protective device of lightning surge

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101833051A (en) * 2010-04-20 2010-09-15 武汉新电电气技术有限责任公司 Electrified tester for zinc oxide arrester
CN101833051B (en) * 2010-04-20 2012-03-28 武汉新电电气技术有限责任公司 Electrified tester for zinc oxide arrester

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