CN100565073C - Circular heat transfer method and set with phase change heat medium - Google Patents

Circular heat transfer method and set with phase change heat medium Download PDF

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CN100565073C
CN100565073C CN 200610038347 CN200610038347A CN100565073C CN 100565073 C CN100565073 C CN 100565073C CN 200610038347 CN200610038347 CN 200610038347 CN 200610038347 A CN200610038347 A CN 200610038347A CN 100565073 C CN100565073 C CN 100565073C
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liquid
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heat
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heat medium
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CN1811326A (en
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杨家华
王伟强
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杨家华
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种热媒相变的循环传热方法,将液相热媒置于相通的存液管和蒸发管内;同时加热蒸发管和存液管内的液相热媒,蒸发管的导热系数大于存液管的导热系数,蒸发管内的液相热媒与存液管内的液相热媒产生温度差,当液相热媒的温度等于或大于汽化温度,蒸发管内的液相热媒相变成气相热媒向上蒸发,存液管内的液相热媒与蒸发管内的液相热媒存在相变温度差;存液管内的液相热媒进入蒸发管内;相变成蒸汽的气相热媒进入换热器的冷凝管,放热冷凝相变成的液相热媒在其重力作用下自动流入下部的存液管内,向下流动的液相热媒产生的势能作为热媒的循环动力。 The present invention relates to a method for circulating a heat transfer phase change heat transfer medium, the liquid phase heat medium disposed within the reservoir communicating pipe and the evaporation pipe; while heating the evaporator tubes and the liquid heat medium inside the reservoir pipe, the thermal conductivity of the evaporation tube greater than the thermal conductivity of the reservoir tube, the liquid phase heat medium in the heat medium pipe and the reservoir in the evaporator tube temperature difference, when the temperature of the liquid heat medium is greater than or equal to the vaporization temperature of the liquid heat medium in the evaporator tube relative change into a vapor phase heat medium evaporated upwardly liquid heat medium and liquid phase heat medium is present in the evaporator tube within the reservoir tube transformation temperature difference; liquid heat medium inside the reservoir tube into the evaporator tubes; phase becomes steam vapor phase heat medium into the condenser heat exchanger, heat is condensed into liquid phase heat medium automatically flow into the lower portion of the reservoir tube under the action of gravity, the potential energy of the downwardly flowing liquid heat transfer medium cycle power generation as heat medium. 本发明具有无外加动力实现大流量、远距离传热,传热系统简单,成本低,热效率稳定的特点。 The present invention has no external power flow to achieve a large, long-distance heat transfer, the heat transfer system is simple, low cost, stable thermal efficiency.

Description

热媒相变的循环传热方法及其装置 Circulating heat transfer method and apparatus of phase change heat transfer medium

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及到一种热能的传输技术,特别是涉及通过热媒的相变将热能循环传输的方法及其装置。 The present invention relates to a heat transmission technique, particularly to a method and apparatus for thermal energy transfer cycle by the phase change heat transfer medium. 背章技术 Back Chapter Technology

众所周知,在热能供给系统中,需要如容积式水加热器、快速水加热器、燃气加热器、电水加热器以及太阳能水加热器等加热设备对液体进行加热。 It is well known in the thermal energy supply systems, such as heating equipment required volumetric water heaters, instantaneous water heaters, gas heaters, electric water heaters and the like, and a solar water heater for heating the liquid. 上述的加热设备都是利用水受热后的密度变化实现对流换热,而这种对流换热存在着热交换对流速度低、循环速度慢等缺陷。 The above-described heating apparatus is the use of the water density change after heating to achieve convection heat, and this heat exchanger convective heat transfer exists convection velocity is low, a slow cycle defects. 因此当用于人流量供热时,就必须通过增加换热面积来达到使用要求,这势必要求一个庞大的加热设备。 So when the time for heating the flow of people, it is necessary to achieve the requirements by increasing the heat transfer area, which will require a large heating equipment. 再则上述加热设备以及换热方法是直接对液体加热并对液体进行传输,由于液体的流动阻力大,循环速度慢,当需要远距离传输热能时,必需增设外部动力,通过外部动力来实现热能的强制循环,但随之需配套一系列的控制系统,这样既增加了热能供给系统的复杂性,同时也增加了制造成本和使用成本,给热能供给系统的维护带来不便,降低了供热系统的可靠性。 Furthermore the heat exchanger and the heating apparatus and a method for directly heating liquid transfer liquid, due to the flow resistance of the liquid is large, slow circulation, long-distance transmission of thermal energy required when necessary additional external power, external power is achieved by heat It forced circulation, but will be supporting a series of control systems, so as to enhance the complexity of the energy supply system, but also increases the manufacturing costs and the use of cost, to maintain the energy supply system of inconvenience, reducing heating reliability of the system. 此外,供热系统中的热能传输都是以液相流体作为传热媒介进行输送和循环,由于液体的流动阻力大,因此在传热系统的布置过程中,通过减少弯管来降低液体的流动阻力和损失,施工操作受到较大的制约,增加了施工的复杂性。 Further, heat is transferred to the heating system is a liquid phase fluid as a heat transfer medium circulation and conveyance, because of the large flow resistance of the liquid, so the process of heat transfer in the system is arranged to decrease liquid flow by reducing the elbow resistance and losses, construction operations subject to greater constraints, increases the complexity of construction. 再则,是对管内的液体加热、传输以及使用,不是作为循环的热媒,当直接加热水时,因各地区的水质不同,会随着水温的升高,使水中的钙、镁、盐类溶解度降低,易形成水垢而沉积在输送管上,降低热能的导热系数和传输能力,影响传热效率,同时也加速了输送管道的腐蚀,縮短使用寿命。 Furthermore, the liquid is heated, and provided with a transfer tube, not as a heating medium circulation, when the water is directly heated, because of different quality of each area, will increase as the temperature of the water, calcium, magnesium, salt class solubility decreases, forming easy to scale deposited on the delivery tube, to reduce the thermal conductivity and heat transfer capability, affect the heat transfer efficiency, but also accelerate the corrosion of pipeline, and shorten the service life. 发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是提供一种无外加动力实现大流量、远距离传热,传热系统简单,成本低,热效率稳定的热媒相变的循环传热方法及其装置。 Object of the present invention is to provide a high flow rate achieved without external power, method and apparatus for remotely circulating heat transfer heat transfer, the heat transfer system is simple, low cost, stable thermal efficiency of thermal phase change medium.

本发明为达到上述目的的技术方案是: 一种热媒相变的循环传热方法, The purpose of the present invention to achieve the above technical solution: A method for circulating a heat transfer phase change heat transfer medium,

3K特征在于- 3K wherein -

(1) 、将液相热媒置于相通的存液管和蒸发管内; (1), the liquid phase heat medium disposed within the reservoir communicating pipe and the evaporation pipe;

(2) 、加热蒸发管内的液相热媒,同时加热存液管内的液相热媒,且蒸发管的导热系数大于存液管的导热系数,蒸发管内的液相热媒与存液管内的液相热媒产生温度差,致使液相热媒的温度等于或大于汽化温度,蒸发管内的液相热媒相变成气相热媒而向上蒸发,使存液管内的液相热媒与蒸发管内的液相热媒存在相变温度差; (2), the liquid heat medium inside the heat evaporation tube while heating the stored liquid heat medium inside the pipette, and the thermal conductivity of the evaporation tube is greater than the thermal conductivity of the reservoir tube, the liquid phase heat medium in the evaporator tube within the reservoir tube liquid phase heat medium to generate a temperature difference, so that the temperature of the liquid heat medium is greater than or equal to the vaporization temperature of the liquid heat medium in the evaporator tube relative to the heat medium is evaporated into gas upwardly, so that the liquid heat medium inside of the evaporator tube within the reservoir tube the presence of liquid phase transition temperature difference between the heating medium;

(3) 、存液管内的液相热媒进入蒸发管内以补充蒸发的液相热媒量; (3), the liquid heat medium inside the heat tube into the liquid reservoir amount of liquid medium to supplement the evaporator evaporation tube;

(4) 、相变成蒸汽的气相热媒进入换热器的冷凝管,放热冷凝相变成液相热媒在其重力作用下自动流入下部的存液管内,冷凝管内向下流动的液相热媒产生的势能作为热媒的循环动力,使热媒在存液管、冷凝管和蒸发管之间进行相变循环传热。 (4), into steam vapor phase heat transfer medium into the heat exchanger of the condenser, radiates heat and condenses into liquid in the reservoir with liquid heat medium pipe into the lower automatically under its gravity, the flow within the condenser phase as a heat transfer medium cycle power generation potential of a heat medium, the heat transfer medium circulating in the phase change memory between the liquid pipe, condenser and evaporator tubes.

本发明的热媒相变的循环传热装置,包括集热器和换热器,其特征在于:所述的集热器由蒸发管和存液管构成,该存液管与蒸发管相通,蒸发管与换热器内的冷凝管连接相通,且冷凝管位于蒸发管的上部,冷凝管与存液管连接相通,存液管置于蒸发管内,存液管的底部与蒸发管相通,且存液管的表面涂有隔热层,或存液管自身具有隔热性能。 Heat transfer medium circulating apparatus of the present invention, a phase change, including collectors and a heat exchanger, characterized in that: said collector tube is constituted by an evaporator and the reservoir tube, said tube communicating with the reservoir evaporation tube, condenser in the evaporator tube is connected in communication with the heat exchanger, and a condenser located in the upper portion of the evaporation tube, a condenser in communication with the liquid reservoir pipe connection, the reservoir tube disposed within the tube was evaporated, and the evaporation tube bottom liquid reservoir communicating pipe, and deposit surface coated with a liquid pipe insulation, pipe or the reservoir itself has insulating properties.

本发明采用上述技术方案后的优点在于: The advantage of the present invention, the above technical solutions that:

1、 热交换速度快。 1, heat exchange fast speed. 本发明利用热媒在不同温度时相变而实现热能的输送,3液相热媒加热相变成气相热媒时,因气态热媒在传输过程中的阻力较小、流动快,能大幅度地提高传热速度,热媒循环速度快,所以换热效率高,因此在配套较小体积的加热设备下,可实现在大流量和需要远距离传输热能的场所。 When using the present invention, the heat medium at different temperatures to achieve a phase change heat transport, heat transfer medium 3 heated liquid into vapor phase heat medium, the heat medium due to less resistance in the gaseous transmission process, the flow speed can be greatly increased heat transfer rate, the heat medium circulation speed and heat transfer efficiency is high, thus supporting a smaller volume under heating apparatus can be realized at high flow rate and long-distance transmission of thermal energy required place. 另外,也因气态热媒在传输过程中的阻力较小,能量损失小,因此在管道的布置过程中,可根据施工要求而布置,管道布置灵活、 力便,提高了施工效率。 Further, due to less resistance in the gaseous heat transfer medium in the process, energy loss, and therefore during deployment of the conduit may be arranged according to the construction requirements, flexible piping, power will improve the efficiency of construction.

2、 无外加动力实现传输循环。 2, no external power to achieve transfer cycle. 本发明通过冷凝管内的液相热媒在其重力作用下自动向下流动所产生的势能作为热媒的循环动力,传输热能的热媒无需外加动力就能实现循环,不仅满足了实用要求,而且简化供热系统, 提高了供热系统工作的可靠性。 The present invention, by a liquid heat medium inside the condenser under its gravity flows down automatically generated potential as a power cycle heat medium, the heat transfer medium of the heat cycle can be achieved without external power, not only to meet practical requirements, and simplify the heating system, improve the reliability of the heating system works.

3、 供热系统使用寿命长。 3, the heating system and long service life. 本发明供热系统中的热能传输是通过传热媒介进行输送和循环,由于输送管内是热媒是循环使用,有效地减少了输送管内的水垢,热效率较为稳定,同时也减缓了输送管道的腐蚀现象,延长 Heat transfer heating system according to the present invention are transported and circulated through the heat transfer medium, since the delivery pipe is the heat medium is recycled, effectively reducing the scale within the delivery tube, the thermal efficiency is more stable, but also slows down the corrosion of pipeline of phenomenon, extended

使用寿命。 Life.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

F面结合附图对本发明的实施例作进一步的详细描述。 The face F of the present embodiment in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the invention will be further described in detail. 图1是本发明的结构示意图之一。 FIG 1 is a schematic view of one configuration of the present invention.

图2是本发明的结构示意图之二。 FIG 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention is two. 图3是本发明的结构示意图之三。 FIG 3 is a structural diagram of three of the present invention.

其中:1—存液管;2—隔热层;3—热媒;4一蒸发管;5—冷凝管;6 Wherein: the reservoir tube 1-; 2- insulating layer; 3- thermal medium; 4 an evaporation tube; 5- condenser; 6

一换热器。 A heat exchanger. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

本发明的热媒相变的循环传热方法,(1)、将液相热媒置于相通存液管和蒸发管内;(2)、加热蒸发管内的液相热媒,同时对存液管内的液相热媒进行加热,由于蒸发管的导热系数大于存液管的导热系数,使蒸发管内的液相热媒与存液管内的液相热媒产生温度差。 The heat transfer medium circulating method of the present invention is a phase change, (1), the liquid phase heat medium pipe disposed in communication with the reservoir and the evaporation pipe; (2), the liquid heat medium is heated in the evaporator tube, while the tube of the reservoir the liquid heat medium is heated, since the thermal conductivity greater than the thermal coefficient of evaporation tube of the reservoir tube, the liquid phase within the liquid phase heat medium and the heat storage medium in the evaporator tubes liquid pipe temperature difference. 致使液相热媒的温度等于或大于汽化温度,蒸发管上部的液相热媒相变成气相热媒而蒸发,使存液管内的液相热媒与蒸发管内的液相热媒存在相变温度差;(3)、存液管内的液相热媒进入蒸发管内以补充蒸发的液相热媒量;相变成蒸汽的气相热媒进入换热器的冷凝管,放热冷凝相变成的液相热媒在其重力作用下自动流入下部的存液管内,冷凝管内向下流动的液相热媒所产生的势能作为热媒的循环动力,使热媒在存液管、冷凝管和蒸发管之间进行相变循环传热。 Causing the temperature of the liquid heat medium is greater than or equal to the vaporization temperature of the liquid heat medium into the upper portion of the evaporator tube relative to the gas phase heat medium is evaporated, the liquid phase heat medium to heat the liquid medium is present in the evaporator tube within the phase change memory pipette temperature difference; (3), the liquid heat medium inside the inner tube into the reservoir to supplement the evaporation tube heat medium liquid phase is evaporated; condenser into steam vapor phase heat transfer medium entering the heat exchanger, the condensed phase into an exothermic the liquid phase heat medium flows automatically under its gravity tube within the lower portion of the reservoir, the potential energy of flowing liquid heat transfer medium within the condenser as the circulating power generated heat medium, the heat storage medium in the liquid pipe, a condenser, and phase change heat transfer loop between the evaporator tubes.

在上述的第二步中,也能单独对蒸发管内的液相热媒进行加热,使蒸发管内的液相热媒与存液管内的液相热媒产生温度差。 In the second step, it is possible to separate the liquid phase heat medium is heated in the evaporator tube, the liquid phase heat medium in the heat medium pipe and the liquid stored in the liquid evaporation tube a temperature difference.

本发明的热媒相变的循环传热装置,包括集热器和换热器6,本发明的集热器由蒸发管4和存液管1构成,该存液管1与蒸发管4相通,冷凝管5 位于蒸发管4的上部,冷凝管5内的液相热媒3在其重力作用下自然下落进入存液管1内,而自然下落的液相热媒3产生的势能作为热媒传输的循环动力,实现无外加动力而能远距离传输,蒸发管4与换热器6的冷凝管5 连接相通,换热器6内的冷凝管5与存液管1连接相通,热媒在蒸发管4、 冷凝器5以及存液管1内进行相变循环传热,本发明的热媒可采用水、液胺、乙二醇、甲醇或氟里昂等。 Circulating the heat transfer medium of the present invention means a phase change, including the heat exchanger 6 and a collector, the collector of the present invention is constituted by the evaporator tube 4 tube 1 and the liquid reservoir, the liquid reservoir 1 and the pipe 4 communicating evaporation tube potential, condenser evaporator in the upper part 5 of the tube 4, the liquid heat medium inside the condenser 53 which fall naturally under gravity into the liquid storage tube 1, and the natural falling liquid heat medium as a heat medium generated 3 loop transmission power, external power and can be realized without long-distance transmission, the heat exchanger 4 is connected in communication with the evaporation pipe condenser 56, a condenser 65 in the heat exchanger tube 1 is connected with the reservoir in communication, in the hot medium the evaporation pipe 4, condenser 5 and the reservoir tube 1 is a phase change heat transfer loop, the present invention can be heat medium water, an amine solution, ethylene glycol, methanol, freon or the like.

见图1所示的一种热媒相变的循环传热装置,集热器由蒸发管4和存液管1构成,存液管1置于蒸发管4内,存液管1的表面涂有隔热层2,或存液管1是由具有隔热性能的管材制成,使蒸发管4的导热系数大于存液管1的导热系数,存液管1的底部与蒸发管4相通,本发明的蒸发管4可釆用导热金属管,当把蒸发管4和存液管1同时置于太阳能真空管内或其它加热装置内,同时对蒸发管4和存液管1内的液相热媒加热,由于蒸发管4的导热系数与存液管1的导热系数不同,使蒸发管4内的液相热媒3 与存液管1内的液相热媒3产生一定的温度差。 A heat transfer medium circulating apparatus shown in Figure 1 a phase change, the collector is constituted by the evaporator tube 4 tube 1 and the liquid reservoir, the reservoir tube 1 disposed within the evaporator tubes 4, a surface coated catheter deposit heat-insulating layer 2, or the reservoir tube 1 is made of a pipe having insulating properties, thermal conductivity of the evaporation tube 4 is greater than the thermal conductivity of the reservoir tube 1, the bottom liquid pipe storage tube 4 communicates with the evaporator 1, evaporation tube 4 of the present invention can preclude the use of thermally conductive metal tube, when the tube 4 and the evaporator 1 while the reservoir tube disposed within the vacuum tube solar or other heating device, while the evaporation pipe 4 and the liquid phase thermal storage fluid within a pipe heating the media, due to the different thermal conductivity and thermal conductivity of the evaporator liquid reservoir tube 1 tube 4, the liquid phase heat medium in the evaporator tubes 3 4 a certain temperature difference with the liquid phase heat medium pipe in a liquid reservoir 3. 当蒸发管4内的液相热媒3 相变成气相热媒时就会向上蒸发,送到换热器6内的冷凝管5内,冷凝管5 内的气相热媒3放热与换热器6内的低温水进行换热,而再次相变成液相热媒作为循环动力进入存液管1内,补充蒸发管4蒸发损失的液量,以此进行相变循环传热。 When the liquid heat medium inside the evaporator tube 4 into three-phase vapor heat transfer medium evaporates up to the condenser 6 of the heat exchanger 5, the heat medium in vapor condenser 53 and heat exchanger 6 low-temperature water in the heat exchange, the liquid phase becomes again as a heat transfer medium circulating power enters the reservoir tube 1, the amount of added liquid evaporation loss evaporation pipe 4, in order for the phase change heat transfer loop. 本发明由于将存液管1设置在蒸发管4内, 一方面可减小加热装置的体积,另一方面由于能对存液管1内的液相热媒3进行预加热,可充分利用热量,迅速实现热能的传输循环。 The present invention, since the liquid storage tube 1 disposed within the evaporator tube 4, one can reduce the size of the heating device, on the other hand due to the pre-heated 3 can be kept liquid phase heat medium in the pipe 1, can take advantage of the heat quickly realize the transmission cycle heat.

见图2所示是本发明另一种结构的热媒相变的循环传热装置,集热器由蒸发管4和存液管1构成,存液管1与蒸发管4相通并呈U形,存液管1的管壁上涂有隔热层2或包裹有隔热层,因此可将蒸发管4和存液管1置于太阳能真空管内或其它加热装置中,同时对蒸发管4和存液管1内的液相热媒3加热,由于蒸发管4的导热系数大于存液管1的导热系数,使蒸发管4内的液相热媒3与存液管1内的液相热媒3产生温度差,当蒸发管4 内的液相热媒3相变成气相热媒时就会向上蒸发,送到换热器6内的冷凝管5内,使冷凝管5内的气相热媒3放热与换热器6内的低温水进行换热, 再次相变成液相热媒进入存液管1,不仅补充蒸发管4所蒸发损失的液量, 使热媒以此进行循环传热。 Figure 2 shows a heat transfer medium circulating heat transfer device of another structure of the present invention, a phase change, the collector is constituted by the evaporator tube 4 tube 1 and the liquid reservoir, the reservoir tube 1 communicates with the evaporation pipe 4 and a U-shape coated with insulating layer 2 is wrapped with insulating layer or the wall of the reservoir tube 1, therefore the evaporation pipe 4 and the tube 1 is placed in a liquid reservoir vacuum tube solar or other heating device, while the evaporation tube 4 and the liquid heat medium inside the reservoir tube 3 of the heating, since the thermal conductivity of the evaporation tube 4 is greater than the thermal conductivity of the reservoir tube 1, the liquid phase heat medium in the liquid phase heat pipe 3 and the memory 4 evaporated liquid in a pipe 3 medium temperature difference, when the liquid heat medium inside the evaporator tubes 4 into three-phase vapor heat transfer medium evaporates up to the condenser 6 of the heat exchanger 5 within the hot gas in the condenser 5 3 medium temperature water in the heat exchanger and the heat exchanger 6, heat medium liquid phase becomes again enters the reservoir tube 1, not only the amount of added liquid evaporation pipe 4 evaporative loss, the heat medium circulates in this heat transfer.

见图3本发明再一种结构的热媒相变的循环传热装置,存液管1和与蒸发管4相通并呈U形,只把蒸发管4置于太阳能真空管内或其它的加热装置中,对蒸发管4内的液相热媒3加热,由于蒸发管4内的液相热媒3 温度大于存液管1内的液相热媒3温度,使蒸发管4内的液相热媒3与存液管1内的液相热媒3产生温度差,当蒸发管4内的液相热媒3相变成气相热媒就会向上蒸发,送到换热器6内的冷凝管5内,使冷凝管5内的气相热媒3放热与换热器6内的水进行换热,再次相变成液相热媒进入存液管1内,补充蒸发管4所蒸发损失的液量,使热媒循环传热。 Figure 3 of the present invention still another heat medium circulating heat transfer apparatus of the configuration of a phase transition, a liquid reservoir and a tube 4 communicating with the evaporator tube and is U-shaped, only the solar evaporation tube 4 disposed within a vacuum or other heating means , the liquid phase heat medium 3 is heated evaporation pipe 4, the liquid heat medium due to the evaporation tubes 3 is greater than the storage temperature in the liquid phase heat medium 4 3 1 the temperature in the liquid pipe, so that heat in the liquid phase evaporation tube 4 liquid heat medium liquid in the memory medium 3 and a temperature difference of 3, when the evaporation of the liquid heat medium pipe 4 into the vapor phase heat transfer medium 3 will evaporate upwardly in the condenser to the heat exchanger 6 5, 6, the water vapor within the heat medium and the 3 heat exchanger for heat exchange in the condenser 5, again into the liquid phase heat medium entering the reservoir tube 1, four supplementary evaporation tube evaporative loss the amount of fluid, the heat transfer medium circulation.

Claims (2)

1、一种热媒相变的循环传热方法,其特征在于: (1)、将液相热媒置于相通的存液管和蒸发管内; (2)、加热蒸发管内的液相热媒,同时加热存液管内的液相热媒,且蒸发管的导热系数大于存液管的导热系数,蒸发管内的液相热媒与存液管内的液相热媒产生温度差,致使液相热媒的温度等于或大于汽化温度,蒸发管内的液相热媒相变成气相热媒而向上蒸发,使存液管内的液相热媒与蒸发管内的液相热媒存在相变温度差; (3)、存液管内的液相热媒进入蒸发管内以补充蒸发的液相热媒量; (4)、相变成蒸汽的气相热媒进入换热器的冷凝管,放热冷凝相变成液相热媒在其重力作用下自动流入下部的存液管内,冷凝管内向下流动的液相热媒产生的势能作为热媒的循环动力,使热媒在存液管、冷凝管和蒸发管之间进行相变循环传热。 1, the heat medium circulating heat transfer method of phase transition, characterized in that: (1), the liquid phase heat medium disposed within the reservoir communicating pipe and the evaporation pipe; (2), the liquid heat medium is heated in the evaporator tube while heating the heat storage medium in liquid phase fluid tube, and the thermal conductivity greater than the thermal coefficient of evaporation tube of the reservoir tube, the liquid within the liquid phase heat medium to the heat medium stored in the liquid pipe temperature difference evaporation tube, resulting in a liquid phase heat medium temperature equal to or above the vaporization temperature of the liquid heat medium in the evaporator tube relative to the heat medium is evaporated into gas upwardly, so that the liquid heat medium and the heat medium liquid present in the evaporator tube within the memory phase transition temperature difference between the liquid pipe; ( 3), the liquid heat medium inside the heat tube into the liquid reservoir amount of liquid medium to supplement the evaporator tube evaporated; (4), a condenser vapor phase heat transfer medium into the steam entering the heat exchanger, the condensed phase into an exothermic memory pipette into the lower liquid phase heat medium is automatically under its gravity, the potential energy of flowing liquid heat transfer medium within the condenser cycle power generation as heat medium, the heat storage medium in the liquid pipe, a condenser, and an evaporator tube circulating heat transfer between the phase change.
2、 一种热媒相变的循环传热装置,包括集热器和换热器,其特征在于: 所述的集热器由蒸发管和存液管构成,该存液管与蒸发管相通,蒸发管与换热器内的冷凝管连接相通,且冷凝管位于蒸发管的上部,冷凝管与存液管连接相通,存液管置于蒸发管内,存液管的底部与蒸发管相通,且存液管的表面涂有隔热层,或存液管自身具有隔热性能。 2. A heat transfer medium circulation apparatus a phase change, including collectors and a heat exchanger, characterized in that: said collector tube and the liquid reservoir from the evaporator tubes, the tube and the liquid reservoir communicates evaporation tube , a condenser in the evaporator tube is connected in communication with the heat exchanger, and a condenser located in the upper portion of the evaporation tube, a condenser in communication with the liquid reservoir pipe connection, the reservoir tube disposed within the tube was evaporated, and the evaporation tube bottom liquid reservoir communicating tube, and the reservoir tube is coated with a heat insulating layer, or the liquid reservoir tube itself has insulating properties.
CN 200610038347 2006-02-17 2006-02-17 Circular heat transfer method and set with phase change heat medium CN100565073C (en)

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CN102620583B (en) * 2011-02-01 2015-06-03 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Sub-control phase change heat transfer tube and sub-control phase change heat transfer method
CN102116587B (en) * 2011-02-10 2012-06-27 重庆大学 Comprehensive utilization system for phase-change material
US20160061532A1 (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-03-03 Aavid Thermalloy, Llc Evaporator and condenser section structure for thermosiphon
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