CN100564726C - A kind of shuttering member - Google Patents

A kind of shuttering member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100564726C
CN100564726C CNB2007100064732A CN200710006473A CN100564726C CN 100564726 C CN100564726 C CN 100564726C CN B2007100064732 A CNB2007100064732 A CN B2007100064732A CN 200710006473 A CN200710006473 A CN 200710006473A CN 100564726 C CN100564726 C CN 100564726C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
shoe
sidewall
plate
cavity
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CNB2007100064732A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100999930A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB2007100064732A priority Critical patent/CN100564726C/en
Publication of CN100999930A publication Critical patent/CN100999930A/en
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Publication of CN100564726C publication Critical patent/CN100564726C/en

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Abstract

A kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, lower shoe (3), upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, lower shoe (3) is enclosed cavity body, lower shoe (3) stretches out from least one sidewall (2) on every side and constitutes bridging piece (4), it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, be superimposed with a slice overlapping layers (5) at least at least one basic unit of lower shoe (3), overlapping layers (5) is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, be provided with bracing boom (17) in the cavity body, in upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, be provided with carrying working carrying part (6) at least one of lower shoe (3) or bridging piece (4), overlapping layers (5) is originally as two-layer at least superimposed compound overlapping layers.The hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.

Description

A kind of shuttering member
The application for the applying date be that August 4, application number in 2003 are 200310100967.9, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of shuttering member ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.
(2) background technology
At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and cavity former component.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, characteristics such as that this cavity former component has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.Simultaneously, this kind polyhedron cavity former component in order to save construction formwork, is gone to the bottom also and can be stretched out the formation bridging piece from sidewall on every side, and bridging piece can be used as the stay in place formwork of the Cast-in-place concrete rib between the cavity former component, helps improving speed of application, reduces construction cost.But, when producing, makes this class shuttering member inconvenience, and production efficiency is low, is not easy to streamline production, corresponding cost height, simultaneously, shuttering member is inconvenient in production, carrying, work progress, influence speed of application, therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have characteristics such as make easily, production efficiency is high, cost is low, carrying, easy construction, speed of application are fast.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall on every side, lower shoe, upper plate, sidewall on every side, lower shoe is enclosed cavity body, lower shoe stretches out the formation bridging piece from least one sidewall on every side, it is characterized in that upper plate, sidewall on every side, be superimposed with a slice overlapping layers at least at least one basic unit of lower shoe, overlapping layers and basic unit are overlapped into integral body, be provided with bracing boom in the cavity body, at upper plate, sidewall on every side, be provided with the working carrying part of carrying at least one of lower shoe or bridging piece, overlapping layers is originally as two-layer at least superimposed compound overlapping layers.Like this, when shuttering member is made, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, can make the shuttering member of an opening earlier, then, with opening surface up, overlapping layers is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, shutoff opening surface again, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that basic unit is superimposed with overlapping layers to stipulating the length of time, it is made easily, production efficiency is high, corresponding cost is low, and the overlapping layers that is composited by multilayer build-up has favorable shock resistance, can reduce the proportion of goods damageds of shuttering member significantly, it is easier, convenient to make simultaneously, helps reducing cost.Simultaneously, because at the upper plate of shuttering member, be provided with the working carrying part of carrying at least one of sidewall, lower shoe on every side, thereby shuttering member production, carrying, construction are very convenient, speed of application is fast, and can reduce breakage rate in shuttering member carrying, the work progress, further reduce and produce and construction cost.In addition, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, resistance to deformation, anti-vibration performance are good, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described carrying part is suspension hook, suspension ring, handle, rope, reinforcing bar or steel wire.Like this, the variation of carrying part can be satisfied the requirement of the different production of product, design, construction, helps reducing and produces and construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described carrying part is fixed or movable carrying part.Like this, when the carrying part was the carrying part of fixing, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, carrying part and Cast-in-place concrete combined, and can be used as the structure stiffener and used the fellowship structure stress; If the carrying part is movable carrying part, but then repeated multiple times is used, can reduce the consumption of material, save cost of manufacture, simultaneously, make things convenient for the laying of reinforcing bar in the Cast-in-place concrete rib between the shuttering member, help reducing construction cost.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, contains reinforce at least one in sidewall, lower shoe, bridging piece or the overlapping layers on every side, perhaps has reinforce to expose, and perhaps the reinforce in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Owing to upper plate, contain reinforce in sidewall, lower shoe, bridging piece or the overlapping layers on every side, thereby their intensity height, rigidity are big; If there is reinforce to expose, then more firm with the Cast-in-place concrete bonding, the cast-in-situ concrete hollow structural integrity of corresponding formation is better; If reinforce stretches into mutual drawknot in the adjacent matrix, then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers and basic unit's material are identical or different.Like this, when overlapping layers was identical with the basic unit material, both binding affinities were better, and the two can be combined together better, make shuttering member have the better overall performance; When overlapping layers and basic unit's material not simultaneously, be convenient to select more economic material as overlapping layers, help reducing production costs, improve the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Like this, can make things convenient for manufacturing of shuttering member, reduce the production difficulty, enhance productivity, help reducing cost.
Feature of the present invention also be between described overlapping layers and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw, riveted is overlapped into integral body.Like this, the superimposed mode variation between overlapping layers and the basic unit makes to be connected superimposed conveniently between overlapping layers and the basic unit, can satisfy the application need under the various different occasions.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers and lower shoe are superimposed.Like this, the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, manufactures more convenient simply, and can reduce the manufacture difficulty of shuttering member greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.Like this, the overlapping layers intensity height that adopts light aggregate concrete to make, rigidity is big, and shuttering member is in light weight.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.Like this, the weight of shuttering member is lighter, intensity is bigger.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a foam layer.Like this, the manufacture craft of shuttering member is simpler, and speed of production is faster, and cost is lower, is convenient to applying of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, hole, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, hole, raised line self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, chamfering on the shuttering member, inner corner trim, groove, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the enclosed cavity of described cavity body is provided with at least one in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib, perhaps there be in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib at least one to expose outside the cavity body, perhaps also have reinforce to expose on stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib, perhaps muscle, net reinforce are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib and basic unit, and perhaps stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib are superimposed with overlapping layers.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib that is provided with in the shuttering member or the stiffening rib that exposes, bracing boom, reinforcing rib can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then shuttering member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better; If be superimposed with overlapping layers, then the making of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib is more convenient, and intensity is also higher.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Like this, improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Simultaneously, also make shuttering member have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall or lower shoe be light material.Like this, the shuttering member of the wall that light material is made is in light weight, when it is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, and transportation, easy for installation, difficulty of construction and labour intensity reduce greatly, help improving speed of application, reduce the cost of manufacture of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall for or dismountable movable part arranged.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Like this, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side, improved the adhesion between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity body.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by fixed or movable connector, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the internal-rib die cavity, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, had improved the mechanical property of superstructure; Simultaneously, shuttering member is connected as one by connector, has constituted the shuttering member assembly, thereby, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss.Like this, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, and then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.Like this, go to the bottom, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, at least one in sidewall, lower shoe or the overlapping layers is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, sidewall, lower shoe or overlapping layers on every side by multilayer, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.Like this, overlapping layers is formed by stacking by at least two kinds of materials, thereby making is easier, convenient, helps reducing cost.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, and upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, thereby each parts of shuttering member can be manufactured respectively, can be assembled into shuttering member integral body each other by the overlapping layers on each parts, both can assemble, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby can enhance productivity greatly in manufacturer, convenient carrying and construction, the proportion of goods damageds of reduction shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and surround shuttering member integral body on every side, can produce each parts in advance, enhance productivity, make things convenient for the carrying of each building block of shuttering member, shuttering member both can be assembled when producing, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby enhance productivity, reduce spillage of material, reduce production costs.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 be lower shoe, 4 be bridging piece, 5 is overlapping layers, 6 be to carry part, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, is superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, and simultaneously, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, simultaneously, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its carrying part 6 is a suspension hook.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its carrying part 6 is movable carrying part.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its upper plate 1, be provided with reinforce 7 simultaneously in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, also protruding on the bridging piece 4 that its lower shoe 3 stretches out have a reinforce 7, diagram upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforces 7 in the sidewall 2 be fleece, reaching the reinforces 7 that stretch out on the bridging piece 4 in the lower shoe 3 is gauze wire cloth.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its overlapping layers 5 is identical with the basic unit material.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 below the upper plate 1, simultaneously, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its overlapping layers 5 is positioned at the inboard of upper plate 1 basic unit.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, simultaneously, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, is superimposed as integral body in bonding mode between its overlapping layers and basic unit.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, also is provided with chamfering 9, groove 10, pit 11, hole 12, boss module 13 and external corner 15 on its cavity body simultaneously.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, also is provided with inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 and raised line 14 on its cavity body simultaneously.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, be provided with stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17 and reinforcing rib 18 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, stiffening rib 16 and bracing boom 17 have part to be exposed to outside the cavity former component.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, is provided with light material 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall that light material 19 is made, the diagram light material 19 be the haydite concrete.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and wherein upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be plucking shape exasperate external surface.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 and bridging piece 4 are provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, simultaneously, upper plate 1 is provided with align member 20, and illustrated position member 20 is for supporting angle.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its cavity body is provided with and is used for connector 21 connected to one another between the cavity body.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by the connector 21 of activity, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 4, and the spacing between the adjacent vacant cavity constitutes internal-rib die cavity 22.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking for the netted reinforce 7 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, 5 compound overlapping layerss as multilayer build-up of its overlapping layers.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, overlapping layers 5 is arranged, and the integral body that is formed in one on the upper plate 1, its upper plate 1 and interconnect by overlapping layers 5 between the sidewall 2 and enclose cavity body on every side.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and 3 each parts of going to the bottom interconnect by overlapping layers 5 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, lower shoe 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, lower shoe 3 is enclosed cavity body, lower shoe 3 stretches out from least one sidewall 2 on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, it is characterized in that upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, be superimposed with a slice overlapping layers 5 at least at least one basic unit of lower shoe 3, overlapping layers 5 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, be provided with bracing boom 17 in the cavity body, at upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, be provided with the working carrying part 6 of carrying at least one of lower shoe 3 or bridging piece 4,5 of overlapping layerss are as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 be lower shoe, 4 be bridging piece, 5 is overlapping layers, 6 be to carry part, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, is superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, and simultaneously, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, 5 compound overlapping layerss as multilayer build-up of its overlapping layers.
Feature of the present invention is that also described carrying part 6 is suspension hook, suspension ring, handle, rope, reinforcing bar or steel wire.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, simultaneously, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its carrying part 6 is a suspension hook.
Feature of the present invention is that also described carrying part 6 is fixed or movable carrying part.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its carrying part 6 is movable carrying part.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, contains reinforce 7 at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 or the overlapping layers 5 on every side, perhaps has reinforce 7 to expose, and perhaps the reinforce 7 in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.Reinforce 7 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 7.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its upper plate 1, be provided with reinforce 7 simultaneously in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, also protruding on the bridging piece 4 that its lower shoe 3 stretches out have a reinforce 7, diagram upper plate 1 and on every side the reinforces 7 in the sidewall 2 be fleece, reaching the reinforces 7 that stretch out on the bridging piece 4 in the lower shoe 3 is gauze wire cloth.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 5 is identical or different with basic unit's material.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its overlapping layers 5 is identical with the basic unit material.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 5 is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 below the upper plate 1, simultaneously, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its overlapping layers 5 is positioned at the inboard of upper plate 1 basic unit.
Feature of the present invention also be between described overlapping layers 5 and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw, riveted is overlapped into integral body.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, simultaneously, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, is superimposed as integral body in bonding mode between its overlapping layers and basic unit.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 5 and lower shoe 3 are superimposed.As shown in Figure 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, simultaneously, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its overlapping layers 5 is superimposed with lower shoe 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 5 is cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.As shown in Figure 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, simultaneously, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its overlapping layers 5 is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 5 is cementitious material aerating concrete layer.As shown in Figure 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, are superimposed with overlapping layers 5 below the upper plate 1, and its overlapping layers 5 is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 5 is foam layer.As shown in Figure 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, is superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its overlapping layers 5 is a foam layer.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10, pit 11, hole 12, boss module 13, raised line 14, the external corner 15.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, also is provided with chamfering 9, groove 10, pit 11, hole 12, boss module 13 and external corner 15 on its cavity body simultaneously.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, also is provided with inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10 and raised line 14 on its cavity body simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim 8, chamfering 9, groove 10, hole 12, raised line 14 self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.As shown in figure 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, the inner corner trim 8 that is provided with on its cavity body, chamfering 9, groove 10 and raised line 14 self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form the grid setting.
Feature of the present invention is that also the enclosed cavity of described cavity body is provided with at least one in stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17, the reinforcing rib 18, perhaps there be in stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17, the reinforcing rib 18 at least one to expose outside the cavity body, perhaps also have reinforce 7 to expose on stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17, the reinforcing rib 18, perhaps muscle, net reinforce 7 are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17, reinforcing rib 18 and basic unit, and perhaps stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17, reinforcing rib 18 are superimposed with overlapping layers 5.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, be provided with stiffening rib 16, bracing boom 17 and reinforcing rib 18 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, stiffening rib 16 and bracing boom 17 have part to be exposed to outside the cavity former component.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material 19 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, is provided with light material 19 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 be light material 19.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall that light material 19 is made, the diagram light material 19 be the haydite concrete.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 for or dismountable movable part arranged.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and wherein upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2 is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be plucking shape exasperate external surface.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member 20.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 and bridging piece 4 are provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, simultaneously, upper plate 1 is provided with align member 20, and illustrated position member 20 is for supporting angle.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector 21 connected to one another between the cavity body.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its cavity body is provided with and is used for connector 21 connected to one another between the cavity body.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by fixed or movable connector 21, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by the connector 21 of activity, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the cavity body.
Feature of the present invention is that also described plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss 4.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, its a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by bridging piece 4, and the spacing between the adjacent vacant cavity constitutes internal-rib die cavity 22.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate 1 of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.As shown in figure 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, is superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its lower shoe 3 is the concrete plate.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the overlapping layers 5 is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 7 of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking for the netted reinforce 7 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
Feature of the present invention is that also 5 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.As shown in figure 21, overlapping layers 5 is the compound overlapping layers that cement mortar cementitious matter and two kinds of different materials multilayer build-ups of fibrous mesh cloth form.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall 2, the lower shoe 3 and overlapping layers 5 on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers 5 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, upper plate 1 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, overlapping layers 5 is arranged, and the integral body that is formed in one on the upper plate 1, its upper plate 1 and interconnect by overlapping layers 5 between the sidewall 2 and enclose cavity body on every side.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 5 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround the formation cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 stretches out for 2 times from sidewall on every side and constitutes bridging piece 4, be superimposed with overlapping layers 5 on its lower shoe 3, bridging piece 4 is provided with the carrying part 6 of construction carrying usefulness, and its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and 3 each parts of going to the bottom interconnect by overlapping layers 5 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
During the invention process, can adopt cement mortar and fibrous mesh cloth make earlier by upper plate 1 and on every side the band of an opening surrounding of sidewall 2 carry the shuttering member of the layer structure of part 6, then, with opening surface up, plastics overlapping layers 5 is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, again the shutoff opening surface, go to the bottom 3 with what ferro-cement or concrete were made band bridging piece 4 then, after treating slip sclerosis, maintenance is to stipulating the length of time, and 3 the basic unit of can obtaining going to the bottom is superimposed with the shuttering member of overlapping layers 5.

Claims (39)

1, a kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, lower shoe (3), upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, lower shoe (3) is enclosed cavity body, lower shoe (3) stretches out from least one sidewall (2) on every side and constitutes bridging piece (4), it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, be superimposed with a slice overlapping layers (5) at least at least one basic unit of lower shoe (3), overlapping layers (5) is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, be provided with bracing boom (17) in the cavity body, in upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, be provided with carrying working carrying part (6) at least one of lower shoe (3) or bridging piece (4), overlapping layers (5) is originally as two-layer at least superimposed compound overlapping layers.
2, shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described carrying part (6) is suspension hook, suspension ring, handle, rope, reinforcing bar or steel wire.
3, shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described carrying part (6) is fixed or movable carrying part.
4, shuttering member according to claim 2 is characterized in that upper plate (1), contains reinforce (7) at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3), bridging piece (4) or the overlapping layers (5) on every side.
5, shuttering member according to claim 4, expose (7) to it is characterized in that reinforce is arranged.
6, shuttering member according to claim 4 is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3), bridging piece (4) or overlapping layers (5) reinforce (7) in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually on every side.
7, shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (5) and basic unit's material are identical or different.
8, shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (5) is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.
9, shuttering member according to claim 1, it is characterized in that between described overlapping layers (5) and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw, riveted is overlapped into integral body.
10, shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (5) and lower shoe (3) are superimposed.
11, shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (5) is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.
12, shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (5) is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.
13, shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (5) is a foam layer.
14,, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
15, shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that polygon is rectangle, square, arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon.
16,, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim (8), chamfering (9), groove (10), pit (11), hole (12), boss module (13), raised line (14), the external corner (15) according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
17, shuttering member according to claim 16 is characterized in that described inner corner trim (8), chamfering (9), groove (10), hole (12), raised line (14) self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.
18, according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13, the enclosed cavity that it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with at least one in stiffening rib (16), the reinforcing rib (18).
19, shuttering member according to claim 18, at least one in it is characterized in that stiffening rib is arranged (16), bracing boom (17), the reinforcing rib (18) exposed outside the cavity body.
20, shuttering member according to claim 18, reinforce (7) exposes to it is characterized in that going up stiffening rib (16), bracing boom (17), reinforcing rib (18) in addition.
21, shuttering member according to claim 18 is characterized in that stiffening rib (16), bracing boom (17), reinforcing rib (18) and basic unit are superimposed.
22, shuttering member according to claim 21 is characterized in that stiffening rib (16), bracing boom (17), reinforcing rib (18) and basic unit superimposed back dew muscle, net reinforce (7).
23, shuttering member according to claim 18 is characterized in that stiffening rib (16), bracing boom (17), reinforcing rib (18) are superimposed with overlapping layers (5).
24,, it is characterized in that being provided with light material (19) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
25, shuttering member according to claim 24, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) be light material (19).
26, according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) be dismountable movable part.
27, according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) dismountable movable part is arranged.
28,, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2) is corrugated, zigzag or plucking shape external surface on every side according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
29,, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2) is the exasperate external surface on every side according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
30,, it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with align member (20) according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
31,, it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another (21) between the cavity body according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
32, shuttering member according to claim 31 is characterized in that at least two cavity body are connected as one by fixed or movable connector (21), constitutes internal-rib die cavity (22) between the cavity body.
33,, it is characterized in that at least two cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by toss (4) according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
34, according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template.
35, according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is the going to the bottom of lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of lightweight concrete.
36,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (5) is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net (7) is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
37,, it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (5) is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
38, according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall (2), the lower shoe (3) and overlapping layers (5) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers (5) each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
39,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) interconnect by overlapping layers (5) each other and enclose cavity body on every side according to the described shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 13.
CNB2007100064732A 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 A kind of shuttering member CN100564726C (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105513980A (en) * 2010-03-31 2016-04-20 Ev集团E·索尔纳有限责任公司 Method for permanent connection of two metal surfaces

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5016411A (en) * 1987-09-24 1991-05-21 A/S Selvaagbygg Building structure and method and element for making same

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5016411A (en) * 1987-09-24 1991-05-21 A/S Selvaagbygg Building structure and method and element for making same

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105513980A (en) * 2010-03-31 2016-04-20 Ev集团E·索尔纳有限责任公司 Method for permanent connection of two metal surfaces
CN105513981A (en) * 2010-03-31 2016-04-20 Ev集团E·索尔纳有限责任公司 Method for permanent connection of two metal surfaces

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