CN100564607C - A kind of method of electroplating double-layer admiro film on Nd-Fe-B magnetic surface - Google Patents

A kind of method of electroplating double-layer admiro film on Nd-Fe-B magnetic surface Download PDF

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CN100564607C
CN100564607C CNB2005100484566A CN200510048456A CN100564607C CN 100564607 C CN100564607 C CN 100564607C CN B2005100484566 A CNB2005100484566 A CN B2005100484566A CN 200510048456 A CN200510048456 A CN 200510048456A CN 100564607 C CN100564607 C CN 100564607C
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passivation
zinc
seconds
admiro
minutes
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CNB2005100484566A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1955342A (en
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林福文
王岳
金建新
郭爱红
王哲
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中国船舶重工集团公司第七二五研究所
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Abstract

A kind of method of electroplating double-layer admiro film on Nd-Fe-B magnetic surface is at first plated pre-treatment; Pre-then zinc-nickel alloy; The high anti-corrosion admiro of re-plating; Plate aftertreatment at last, it has, and antiseptic property is good, combination is firm, cost is low, it is little that magnet performance is influenced, and it is had alleviate the effect that the rubidium iron boron magnet is corroded in electroplating process.

Description

A kind of method of electroplating double-layer admiro film on Nd-Fe-B magnetic surface

Technical field:

The present invention relates to metal material surface anticorrosion technique field, a kind of method of electroplating double-layer admiro film on Nd-Fe-B magnetic surface.

Background technology:

Very easily oxidation in air of Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet, all perishable in many environment, thus make magnetic property descend the lost of life.Application number is 01140118.4 patent of invention, and name is called: electroplating of Zn-Ni alloy onto surface of Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet, and it adopts the chloride soln electro-galvanizing to make bottom, and the sodium hydroxide solution electroplated zinc nickel alloy is made the protection against corrosion upper layer, and certain anticorrosion ability is arranged.

Yet carry out electro-galvanizing with chloride soln, because of containing a large amount of chlorions in such solution, heavy corrosion neodymium iron boron magnetic body in electroplating process, separate out a large amount of gases, 0.5 just made the neodymium iron boron magnetic body blackening in~1 minute, produce the loose corrosion product of one deck, influence binding force of cladding material, even can not get coating.At its electroplating of Zn-Ni alloy onto surface, bonding force is poor, influences anticorrosion ability.

Summary of the invention:

There is the problem that bonding force is poor, influence anticorrosion ability for solving the neodymium iron boron electroplated zinc nickel alloy, the method that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of electroplating double-layer admiro film on Nd-Fe-B magnetic surface, make its have antiseptic property good, in conjunction with firmly, cost is low, little to the magnet performance influence, it is had alleviate the effect that the rubidium iron boron magnet is corroded in electroplating process.

For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:

The method of this electroplating double-layer admiro film on Nd-Fe-B magnetic surface is at first plated pre-treatment; Pre-then zinc-nickel alloy; The high anti-corrosion admiro of re-plating; Plate aftertreatment at last, its concrete steps are:

A, pre-electroplating treatment:

Sealing of hole is 10~30 minutes in 140~170 ℃ Zinic stearas; At 20~60 ℃, soak oil removing 15~30 minutes in the normal temperature degreaser C solution of 30~60g/L; Nitric acid 10~50mL/L, thiocarbamide 0.5~1.5g/L, transferring pH value with ammoniacal liquor is 3~5,15~30 ℃, pickling 20~50 seconds; Sulphosalicylic acid 10~30g/L, ammonium bifluoride 8~10g/L, activates 20~40 seconds by 15~30 ℃.

B, pre-zinc-nickel alloy:

Zinc sulfate 150~250g/L, single nickel salt 50~100g/L, boric acid 20~30g/L, brightening agent A 10~20mL/L, pH value 4~7,25~30 ℃ of temperature, cathode current density 2~15A/dm 2, electroplated zinc nickel alloy 5~30 minutes.

C. electroplate the admiro overlay coating of highly corrosion resistant:

Zinc chloride 50~150 grams per liters, nickelous chloride 50~150 grams per liters, ammonium chloride 100~250 grams per liters, brightening agent B 5~20mL/L, PH 3.0~5.0,10~50 ℃ of temperature, current density 0.5~4.0A/dm 2Electroplated zinc nickel alloy 10~30 minutes.

D. plate aftertreatment: adopt rainbow passivation or blackish green passivation.

1), adopt the rainbow passivation: chromic anhydride 10~20g/L, titanium ion 5~10g/L, sulfuric acid 4~6mL/L, Sodium Fluoride 2~4g/L, 45~55 ℃,, in solution, soaked 10~15 seconds, stopped passivation after washing, air drying in the air 5~10 seconds;

2), adopt blackish green passivation: chromic anhydride 30~50g/L, phosphatase 11 0~15mL/L, nitric acid 5~3mL/L, sulfuric acid 5~8mL/L, hydrochloric acid 5~8mL/L, zine ion 0.5~1.5g/L, soaked in solution 1~3 fen PH0.5~2, stopped in the air 5~15 seconds, the passivation after washing, 50~80 ℃ are aging down.

Owing to adopted technique scheme, the present invention to have following superiority:

1), coating good heat resistance:

Not plating or the very easily oxidation in air of not surface treated Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet, especially at high temperature, the meeting promote the oxidation makes magnetic descend the lost of life.Adopt the Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet after the plating of the present invention to carry out the resistance toheat test: 150 ℃ of insulations 10 hours by following technical indicator.After the test, coating does not have foaming, rust spot, stain or bad color, and magnet open circuit flux irreversible loss≤5% illustrates with this zn-ni alloy deposits to make neodymium iron boron magnetic body have the better heat-resisting performance.

2), the anti-neutral salt spray corrosion of coating:

Adopt the Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet Z01 after the plating of the present invention, the Z02 sample carries out rainbow passivation, not dipping lacquer; Z05, Z06, Z07 number, five sour grass green Passivation Treatment, not dipping lacquers; Z03, Z04 sample carry out chromatic passivation and soak insullac once; Z08, Z09, Z10 five sour grass green Passivation Treatment, and soak insullac once, carried out neutral salt spray test 360 hours.

Table 1 zn-ni alloy deposits salt air corrosion experimental result

Test piece number (Test pc No.) Electroplate aftertreatment technology The rust spot time appears Condition of surface during off-test ??Z01 Chromatic passivation, not dipping lacquer Went out white rust in 41 hours White rust point area reached 2mm in 240 hours 2, no red rust ??Z02 Chromatic passivation, not dipping lacquer Went out white rust in 41 hours Rust white point area reached 5mm in 240 hours 2, no red rust ??Z03 Chromatic passivation, dipping lacquer ??- White rust point, no red rust were found in the sample side in 240 hours ??Z04 Chromatic passivation, dipping lacquer ??- There is not rust spot after the off-test in 240 hours ??Z05 Five sour grass green passivation, not dipping lacquers ??- There is not rust spot after the off-test in 360 hours ??Z06 Five sour grass green passivation, not dipping lacquers ??- There is not rust spot after the off-test in 360 hours ??Z07 Five sour grass green passivation, not dipping lacquers ??- There is not rust spot after the off-test in 360 hours ??Z08 Five sour grass green passivation, dipping lacquer ??- There is not rust spot after the off-test in 360 hours ??Z09 Five sour grass green passivation, dipping lacquer ??- There is not rust spot after the off-test in 360 hours ??Z10 Five sour grass green passivation, dipping lacquer ??- There is not rust spot after the off-test in 360 hours

Test-results shows, adopts this technology to execute the index that its solidity to corrosion of clad neodymium iron boron all is higher than 72 hours no red rusts of electro-galvanizing coating far away.

3), coating hot resistance test:

With the electroplating technology identical, electroplate three φ 10 * 10mm neodymium iron boron samples with the Z08-Z10 sample.Nickel content about 10~15%.In damp and hot case, temperature is 85 ℃, and humidity is 85 ± 5%, tests 500 hours.After the test, coating does not have foaming, rust spot, stain or bad color.

4), thickness of coating and coating influence the magnet magnetic property:

Measure the preceding plating of plating back sample thickness with outside micrometer, obtain thickness of coating.Draw through the test of many times statistics: use 1.5A/dm 2Current density is electroplated, and per hour can obtain the zn-ni alloy deposits of 25~30 micron thickness.Use 3.0A/dm 2Current density is electroplated, and per hour can obtain the zn-ni alloy deposits of 55~60 micron thickness.Thickness of coating depends primarily on current density and electroplating time, can control.

Table 2 magnetism testing result

Contrast as can be seen from the 12#-3-1 and the 12#-3-2F of table 2, coating is very little to the magnet influence.After adding coating, Br has increased by 1.02%, and iHc has reduced 0.048%, and BHm has increased by 0.98%.The measuring error of Magnetic Measurement instrument is: Br---± 0.8%, and iHc---± 0.8%, BHm---± 1.0%.The variation of magnetic property is in the measuring error scope substantially, thereby can judge that coating is to the essentially no detrimentally affect of magnet magnetic property.The coat-thickness that satisfies index request is controlled, and homogeneity, high conformity add that the magnet magnetic property changes≤5% after the coating.Contrast 8#-19-1 and 8#-19-1F and 8#-21-1 and 8#-21-1F, as can be seen better and the essentially no degradation phenomena of the magnetic property of magnet after oven test is arranged under the situation of coating protection in magnet self resistance toheat.

5), binding force of cladding material:

Use the thermal shock method: coating is heated to 150 ℃, and water-cooled is not found decortication, bubbling phenomenon.

Scratch method: on coating, draw cut at a distance of 1mm to matrix with cutter, do not find that coating comes off.

Embodiment one:

Normal temperature degreaser C, 50g/L solution, 30 ℃ of temperature 20 minutes, are soaked oil removing; Nitric acid 30mL/L, thiocarbamide 0.5g/L, transferring pH value with ammoniacal liquor is 4~5,20 ℃, soaks pickling in 20 seconds; Sulphosalicylic acid 20g/L, ammonium bifluoride 10g/L, 20 ℃ of temperature are soaked activation in 40 seconds; Zinc sulfate 200g/L, single nickel salt 100g/L, boric acid 30g/L, brightening agent 15mL/L, pH value 4~5,30 ℃ of temperature, cathode current density 10A/dm 2Zinc-nickel alloy 10 minutes; Zinc chloride 70 grams per liters, nickelous chloride 140 grams per liters, ammonium chloride 250 grams per liters, brightening agent B 15mL/L, PH 4.5~5.0,45 ℃ of temperature, current density 3.0A/dm 2Electroplated zinc nickel alloy 30 minutes; Chromic anhydride 20g/L, titanium ion 5g/L, sulfuric acid 4mL/L, Sodium Fluoride 3g/L, 50~55 ℃, soaked in the solution 10~15 seconds, in air, stopped passivation after washing, air drying 5~10 seconds.

The coating light, iris, bonding force is good, 240 hours no white rusts of neutral salt spray corrosion.

Embodiment two:

After pressing embodiment one technology electroplating double-layer admiro, blackish green passivation: chromic anhydride 40g/L, phosphatase 11 0mL/L, nitric acid 3mL/L, sulfuric acid 5mL/L, hydrochloric acid 5mL/L, zine ion 1.5g/L, PH~2, in solution, soaked 3 fens, and stopped 15 seconds in the air, the passivation after washing, 60 ℃ are aging down.

The coating light, deep green, bonding force is good, 360 hours no white rusts of neutral salt spray corrosion.

Embodiment three:

Plate pre-treatment by embodiment one, zinc sulfate 250g/L, single nickel salt 50g/L, boric acid 30g/L, brightening agent 20mL/L, pH value 4,20 ℃ of temperature, cathode current density 8A/dm 2Zinc-nickel alloy 20 minutes; Zinc chloride 100 grams per liters, nickelous chloride 80 grams per liters, ammonium chloride 200 grams per liters, brightening agent B 15mL/L, PH 3.5,30 ℃ of temperature, current density 2.5A/dm 2Electroplated zinc nickel alloy 30 minutes. Chromic anhydride 20g/L, titanium ion 5g/L, sulfuric acid 4mL/L, Sodium Fluoride 3g/L, 50~55 ℃, soaked in the solution 10~15 seconds, in air, stopped passivation after washing, air drying 5~10 seconds.

The coating light, iris, bonding force is good, 240 hours no white rusts of neutral salt spray corrosion.

Claims (1)

1, a kind of method of electroplating double-layer admiro film on Nd-Fe-B magnetic surface is characterized in that: at first plate pre-treatment; Pre-then zinc-nickel alloy; The high anti-corrosion admiro of re-plating; Plate aftertreatment at last, its concrete steps are:
A, pre-electroplating treatment:
Sealing of hole is 10~30 minutes in 140~170 ℃ Zinic stearas; At 20~60 ℃, soak oil removing 15~30 minutes in the normal temperature degreaser c solution of 30~60g/L; Nitric acid 10~50mL/L, thiocarbamide 0.5~1.5g/L is 3~5,15~30 ℃ with the ammoniacal liquor adjust pH, pickling 20~50 seconds; Sulphosalicylic acid 10~30g/L, ammonium bifluoride 8~10g/L, activates 20~40 seconds by 15~30 ℃;
B, pre-zinc-nickel alloy:
Zinc sulfate 150~250g/L, single nickel salt 50~100g/L, boric acid 20~30g/L, brightening agent a10~20mL/L, pH value 4~7,25~30 ℃ of temperature, cathode current density 2~15A/dm 2, electroplated zinc nickel alloy 5~30 minutes;
C. electroplate the admiro overlay coating of highly corrosion resistant:
Zinc chloride 50~150 grams per liters, nickelous chloride 50~150 grams per liters, ammonium chloride 100~250 grams per liters, brightening agent b 5~20mL/L, pH 3.0~5.0,10~50 ℃ of temperature, current density 0.5~4.0A/dm 2Electroplated zinc nickel alloy 10~30 minutes;
D. plate aftertreatment: adopt rainbow passivation or blackish green passivation:
1), adopt the rainbow passivation: chromic anhydride 10~20g/L, titanium ion 5~10g/L, sulfuric acid 4~6mL/L, Sodium Fluoride 2~4g/L, 45~55 ℃, in solution, soaked 10~15 seconds, stopped passivation after washing, air drying in the air 5~10 seconds;
2), adopt blackish green passivation: chromic anhydride 30~50g/L, phosphatase 11 0~15mL/L, nitric acid 5~3mL/L, sulfuric acid 5~8mL/L, hydrochloric acid 5~8mL/L, zine ion 0.5~1.5g/L, soaked in solution 1~3 fen pH0.5~2, stopped in the air 5~15 seconds, the passivation after washing, 50~80 ℃ are aging down.
CNB2005100484566A 2005-10-28 2005-10-28 A kind of method of electroplating double-layer admiro film on Nd-Fe-B magnetic surface CN100564607C (en)

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