CN100564328C - Culture base-material of a kind of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Culture base-material of a kind of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100564328C
CN100564328C CNB2007100161821A CN200710016182A CN100564328C CN 100564328 C CN100564328 C CN 100564328C CN B2007100161821 A CNB2007100161821 A CN B2007100161821A CN 200710016182 A CN200710016182 A CN 200710016182A CN 100564328 C CN100564328 C CN 100564328C
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China
Prior art keywords
natural pond
parts
pond slag
slag
vinasse
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CNB2007100161821A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101121616A (en
Inventor
曹德宾
刘�英
姚利
边文范
王艳芹
袁长波
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山东省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所
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Priority to CNB2007100161821A priority Critical patent/CN100564328C/en
Publication of CN101121616A publication Critical patent/CN101121616A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to culture base-material of a kind of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees and preparation method thereof.The natural pond slag dried or dry make it water ratio and reach below 15%, the vinasse airing is become the main raw material of the convenient cultivating drumstick mushroom that stores, be equipped with the culture base-material that wheat bran, lime powder, terra alba, calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate make cultivating drumstick mushroom.The present invention has farthest realized the utilization again to the natural pond slag, has widened the cultivating chicken leg mushroom raw material sources simultaneously, and more conventional cottonseed shell cultivation reduces raw materials cost about 70%, and general biology efficient is beneficial to the development of environment protection and recycling economy about 100%.

Description

Culture base-material of a kind of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of natural pond slag and utilize method, be specifically related to the culture base-material that a kind of natural pond slag cooperates the vinasse cultivating drumstick mushroom, belong to the technical field of utilizing new raw material resource cultivating drumstick mushroom.
Background technology
Along with becoming better and better of Coprinus comatus market, cultivation feeds intake rapidly to be increased, and the mushroom poultry strives material, mushroom natural pond and strives contradiction such as material and become increasingly conspicuous, and as the vinasse of wine brewing byproduct, and except that partly pig industry is done roughage utilization, processing goes out of use more; The natural pond slag is carried out after aerobic treatment and system do; cooperate with vinasse and to carry out simple process again; as the cultivating chicken leg mushroom base-material; can reach the ideal effect; this had both met the policy of new forms of energy, novel material development and use; also adapt to the requirement of protecting and improving liquor-making enterprise and peripheral rural environment thereof, also meet the comprehensive utilization direction of rural area biomass resource.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of culture base-material that utilizes cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees and preparation method thereof.
Summary of the invention
The present invention dries the natural pond slag or dry, and makes it water ratio and reaches below 15%, becomes one of main raw material of the convenient cultivating drumstick mushroom that stores; Vinasse are carried out airing to be handled, reduce its water ratio to 15 ~ 60%, the two combination, farthest realized utilization again to the natural pond slag, widened the culturing raw material source simultaneously, prolonged the recycle chain of enterprise and countryside biomass energy source, realized the popularity of cultivating chicken leg mushroom raw material sources, other technologies all get final product with ordinary method; The present invention is particularly suitable for cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees, and more conventional cottonseed shell cultivation reduces raw materials cost about 70%, and general biology efficient is about 100%.
Detailed Description Of The Invention
The culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees, component is as follows, is weight part:
100~900 parts of natural pond slags, 100~900 parts in vinasse, 100~300 parts in wheat bran, 12~108 parts of lime powders, 3~27 parts of terra albas, 4~36 parts of calcium superphosphate, 1~10 part in urea, potassium primary phosphate 0.4~5.
Described natural pond slag is the biogas waste residue of the methane-generating pit of normal gas producing, belongs to the byproduct of biogas production, through aerobic treatment, dry naturally, air-dry or the oven dry, water ratio is below 15%.The biogas production raw material is not limit, animal excrement raw material or stalk all can, one of animal excrement such as animal excrement raw material such as ox, pig, sheep, horse, chicken or mix, stalk is one of wheat straw, straw, corn stalk, wheat bran, rice husk, bacterium chaff or mixes.
Described vinasse are the remaining waste residues in raw material wine brewing back such as corn, wheat, Chinese sorghum, sweet potato.
Remaining wheat skin when described wheat bran is wheat flour milling is the byproduct of flour processing industry.
Described lime powder, terra alba, calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate are common commercially available product.
A kind of preparation method of culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees, step is as follows:
1, the natural pond slag is selected for use normal gas producing, new methane-generating pit to feed intake or is reloaded about three months methane-generating pit of back operation greatly, natural pond liquid pH value 7~7.5, get the natural pond slag that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed, the bright natural pond slag that takes out is carried out aerobic treatment, method is: bright natural pond slag muck is placed on natural draining on the hardened ground, then the natural pond slag is made thinner airing, air-dry or the oven dry, make natural pond slag water ratio below 15%, standby.
2, fresh grain stillage is spread out in the hardened ground airing, promptly the vinasse water ratio of time spent is below 60%, and the vinasse water ratio that stores for future use is below 15%.
3, above-mentioned natural pond slag and vinasse are mixed by proportioning, add wheat bran, lime powder, terra alba, calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate again, add the water spice, the water ratio that makes material promptly gets the culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom 60~65%.
The culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees of the present invention heap fermentation at first in application, and then sow and send out a bacterium.
The culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees of the present invention is not particularly limited base-material fermentation, a sowing bacterium, management of producing mushroom in application, selects to get final product by this area routine techniques.
The present invention compared with prior art excellent results is as follows:
1, utilizes natural pond slag for cultivating Coprinus comatus, belong to the comprehensive utilization of biogas byproduct, prolonged industrial chain: than the direct cultivating drumstick mushroom of stalk, prolonged the link of utilizing of resource, be beneficial to the development of recycling economy.
2, utilize the natural pond slag to substitute whole or most of stalks in the culture base-material.
3, stalk is through anaerobically fermenting output biogas, and wherein worm alive, worm's ovum and pathogenic fungi are killed substantially, have reduced the propagation of sick worm, and have reduced the incidence of disease and pest in the cultivating chicken leg mushroom.
4, with the main raw material of vinasse as cultivating drumstick mushroom, can protect and improve the rural environment of liquor-making enterprise and periphery thereof, meet the policy of new forms of energy, novel material development and use, also meet the comprehensive utilization direction of rural area biomass resource.
5, with the raw material of moss slag lees as cultivating drumstick mushroom, increased raw material sources, reduced expense, general cost descends about 40%.
6, be beneficial to increasing peasant income, be beneficial to environment protection, be beneficial to enterprise's synergy, be beneficial to the comprehensive utilization of biomass resource, be beneficial to the development of recycling economy.
Embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment, among the embodiment not in detail the explanation all by state of the art.
Embodiment 1: the culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees, and component is as follows, is weight part:
100 parts of natural pond slags, 100 parts in vinasse, 30 parts in wheat bran, 12 parts of lime powders, 3 parts of terra albas, 4 parts of calcium superphosphate, 1 part in urea, 0.4 part of potassium primary phosphate.
The preparation method, step is as follows:
1, the natural pond slag is taken from normal gas producing and the methane-generating pit of operation more than three months after reloading greatly, natural pond liquid pH value 7~7.5, the natural pond slag that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed, the bright natural pond slag muck that takes out is placed on natural draining on the hardened ground, aeration (aerobic treatment), the airing of then the natural pond slag being made thinner, air-dry or dry to water ratio 15% when following, store for future use;
2, vinasse are taken from the vinasse pond of beer distillery, and fresh grain stillage is spread out in the hardened ground airing, and the vinasse water ratio gets final product below 60%;
3, during cultivating drumstick mushroom, natural pond slag, vinasse are added wheat bran, lime powder, terra alba, calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate by prescription, adding water, to make the water ratio of material be 62%, fully mixes thoroughly.
Above-mentioned culture base-material is fermentative processing routinely, can sow and send out bacterium.Bacterium is sent out in base-material fermentation, sowing in the application, earthing is sent out bacterium, management of producing mushroom etc. and adopted the existing routine techniques in this area to get final product.
Embodiment 2: the culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees, and component is as follows, is weight part:
100 parts of natural pond slags, 900 parts in vinasse, 150 parts in wheat bran, 76 parts of lime powders, 20 parts of terra albas, 20 parts of calcium superphosphate, 4 parts in urea, 2 parts of potassium primary phosphates.
The preparation method, step is as follows:
1, the natural pond slag is taken from normal gas producing and the methane-generating pit of operation more than three months after reloading greatly, natural pond liquid pH value 7~7.5, the natural pond slag that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed, the bright natural pond slag muck that takes out is placed on natural draining on the hardened ground, aeration (aerobic treatment), the airing of then the natural pond slag being made thinner, air-dry or dry to water ratio 15% when following, store for future use;
2, vinasse are taken from the vinasse pond of white spirit brewing factory, and fresh grain stillage is spread out in the hardened ground airing, and vinasse water ratio 15% gets final product;
3, during cultivating drumstick mushroom, natural pond slag, vinasse are added wheat bran, lime powder, terra alba, calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate by prescription, adding water, to make the water ratio of material be 63%, fully mixes thoroughly.
Above-mentioned culture base-material after the fermentative processing, can be sowed and send out a bacterium routinely.Bacterium is sent out in base-material fermentation, sowing in the application, earthing is sent out bacterium, management of producing mushroom etc. and adopted the existing routine techniques in this area to get final product.
Embodiment 3: the culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees, and component is as follows, is weight part:
500 parts of natural pond slags, 300 parts in vinasse, 120 parts in wheat bran, 44 parts of lime powders, 15 parts of terra albas, 20 parts of calcium superphosphate, 5 parts in urea, 3 parts of potassium primary phosphates.
The preparation method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4: the culture base-material of natural pond slag for cultivating Coprinus comatus, and component is as follows, is weight part:
900 parts of natural pond slags, 100 parts in vinasse, 150 parts in wheat bran, 44 parts of lime powders, 15 parts of terra albas, 20 parts of calcium superphosphate, 4 parts in urea, 2 parts of potassium primary phosphates.
The preparation method is with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 5: the culture base-material of natural pond slag for cultivating Coprinus comatus, and component is as follows, is weight part:
900 parts of natural pond slags, 900 parts in vinasse, 270 parts in wheat bran, 108 parts of lime powders, 27 parts of terra albas, 36 parts of calcium superphosphate, 10 parts in urea, 5 parts of potassium primary phosphates.
The preparation method is with embodiment 1.

Claims (1)

1, the preparation method of the culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees, component is as follows, is weight part:
100~900 parts of natural pond slags, 100~900 parts in vinasse, wheat bran 100-300 part, 12~108 parts of lime powders, 3~27 parts of terra albas, 4~36 parts of calcium superphosphate, 1~10 part in urea, potassium primary phosphate 0.4~5;
Step is as follows:
(1) the natural pond slag is selected for use normal gas producing, new methane-generating pit to feed intake or is reloaded about three months methane-generating pit of back operation greatly, natural pond liquid pH value 7~7.5, get the natural pond slag that fully becomes thoroughly decomposed, the bright natural pond slag that takes out is carried out aerobic treatment, method is: bright natural pond slag muck is placed on natural draining on the hardened ground, then the natural pond slag is made thinner airing, air-dry or the oven dry, make natural pond slag water ratio below 15%, standby;
(2) fresh grain stillage is spread out in the hardened ground airing, promptly the vinasse water ratio of time spent is below 60%, and the vinasse water ratio that stores for future use is below 15%;
(3) above-mentioned natural pond slag and vinasse are mixed by proportioning, add wheat bran, lime powder, terra alba, calcium superphosphate, urea, potassium primary phosphate again, add the water spice, the water ratio that makes material promptly gets the culture base-material of cultivating drumstick mushroom 60~65%.
CNB2007100161821A 2007-07-06 2007-07-06 Culture base-material of a kind of cultivating drumstick mushroom by using moss slag lees and preparation method thereof CN100564328C (en)

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CN101844946A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-09-29 李瑞菊 Culture medium for planting pholiota adipose and preparation method thereof
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