CN100560897C - A kind of Cavity structural member - Google Patents

A kind of Cavity structural member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100560897C
CN100560897C CNB2006100949892A CN200610094989A CN100560897C CN 100560897 C CN100560897 C CN 100560897C CN B2006100949892 A CNB2006100949892 A CN B2006100949892A CN 200610094989 A CN200610094989 A CN 200610094989A CN 100560897 C CN100560897 C CN 100560897C
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China
Prior art keywords
base plate
hollow mould
mould shell
cavity structural
structural
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CNB2006100949892A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1880691A (en
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邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB2006100065800A priority Critical patent/CN100412280C/en
Publication of CN1880691A publication Critical patent/CN1880691A/en
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Publication of CN100560897C publication Critical patent/CN100560897C/en

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Abstract

A kind of Cavity structural member, include hollow mould shell (1) and base plate (2), hollow mould shell (1) connects into integral body with base plate (2), have two hollow mould shells (1) at least alternately on the base plate (2), its side and base plate (2) constitute at least one cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity (3), other lateral surface (4) of hollow mould shell (1) constitutes the side template of cast-in-place structural external fin or beam or wall, it is characterized in that being provided with at least one hollow mould shell (1) at least one reinforcement (5), hollow mould shell (1) is vertical in-line layout on strip in-line lower raft (2) and between the strip in-line top base plate (2).The hollow building cover, roof system, sole plate, body of wall or the hollow bridges that are applicable to various cast-in-situ reinforced concretes or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are specially adapted to hollow arch without beam and use.

Description

A kind of Cavity structural member
The application for the applying date be that June 2, application number in 2003 are 200610006580.0, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of Cavity structural member ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Cavity structural member.
(2) background technology
Advantages such as at present, the building of brick mix structure and reinforced concrete structure major part adopts precast hollow slab as floor structure, and it is fast that this floor structure has speed of application, and cost is low.But, only use the cement mortar joint filling, thereby globality is poor, is unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (solid, hollow), though solved antidetonation and problems of crack, will use template in a large number during construction, have not only increased expense, and have slowed down speed of application, have prolonged the duration.Application number is " a kind of combination concrete rib floor structure " utility model patent of 00203695.9, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is placed at interval, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connects as one with dark rib.Though this floor structure can be saved a large amount of templates, accelerate construction progress, but because formwork is what to separate with prefabricated plate, its strength and stiffness are corresponding relatively poor, thereby the problem that exists formwork easily to break, simultaneously, formwork is fixed on and does not relate to concrete fixed form on the prefabricated plate, thereby fixed in place is difficult.And the patent No. is 93206310.1 shuttering member utility model patent, it constitutes hollow mould shell by sidewall and formwork upper plate and is connected to form totally-enclosed cavity polyhedral structure with lower shoe again, prefabricated ribs is arranged in it, during use member is placed on the supporter of floor gap, formation bonded to one another is whole between cast-in-place main rib, the shuttering member.When this kind member uses, be a kind of prefabricated noggin piece purely, the ribs in the die housing only is used to support formwork, can not participate in the whole stressed of superstructure.And when being applied in than the large spatial structure superstructure, its stress performance is also phase strain differential thereupon, do not have time rib between the cast-in-place main rib and connect, thereby make the size of main rib need the phase strain big, or the quantity of main rib increases, and causes material usage to increase, and cost increases.For this reason, the applicant has applied for that November 15 calendar year 2001 publication number is that CN1349028A, name are called " a kind of Comobined ribbed cavity member for spatial structure roof " patent of invention, its disclosed Cavity structural member includes formwork and structure base plate, hollow mould shell and structure base plate connect into integral body, it is characterized in that having 2 hollow mould shells on the structure base plate at least alternately, its side and structure base plate constitute at least one cast-in-place structural time rib die cavity, and other lateral surface of hollow mould shell constitutes the side template of cast-in-place structural main rib or beam or wall.Like this, because on the prior art basis, at least 2 hollow mould shells and at least 1 cast-in-place structural time rib die cavity are arranged on the structure base plate, when Cavity structural member is applied to building cover structure, on the structure base plate, just can form cast-in-situ concrete structure time rib, fellowship structure base plate, main rib, upper plate stressed, form two-way main rib time rib force structure, problems of the prior art have not only been solved, but also overall performance, the anti-seismic performance of superstructure have further been improved, reduce the thickness of superstructure, alleviated dead load, reduced cost.But this Cavity structural member is because the interior nothing of hollow mould shell adds competent structure, thereby the bulk strength of Cavity structural member and rigidity are relatively poor, be prone to the phenomenon that hollow mould shell breaks, after being applied to hollow building cover, can not participate in the stressed and power transmission of hollow building cover preferably, therefore, develop a kind of novel Cavity structural member for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Cavity structural member, have intensity height, rigidity greatly, not cracky, can participate in characteristics such as stressed and power transmission, easy construction, the cost of superstructure be low.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, include hollow mould shell and base plate, hollow mould shell and base plate connect into integral body, have two hollow mould shells on the base plate at least alternately, its side and base plate constitute at least one cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity, other lateral surface of hollow mould shell constitutes the side template of cast-in-place structural external fin or beam or wall, it is characterized in that being provided with at least one hollow mould shell at least one reinforcement, hollow mould shell vertical in-line between the base plate of on the strip in-line lower raft and strip in-line top is arranged.Like this, owing in hollow mould shell, be provided with reinforcement, thereby the intensity height of Cavity structural member, rigidity greatly, cracky not, after being applied to hollow building cover, can participate in the stressed and power transmission of hollow building cover, also have easy construction simultaneously, make characteristics such as easy, that cost is low, thereby reach purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, sole plate, body of wall or the hollow bridges that are applicable to various cast-in-situ reinforced concretes or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are specially adapted to hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement is stiffener or bracing boom.Like this, the setting of stiffener or bracing boom has improved the strength and stiffness of Cavity structural member greatly, make it not fragile, simultaneously, when Cavity structural member is applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, stiffener or the stressed and power transmission of bracing boom energy participation structure form cast-in-place, prefabricated component structure combining system, make building cover structure more reasonable.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement is hollow stiffener or hollow bracing boom.Like this, the intensity and the rigidity of Cavity structural member are big, and own wt does not increase, and is in light weight, and the construction transportation is more convenient.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement wraps up in stiffener or the bracing boom that contains light material in being.Like this, contained light material owing to wrap up in stiffener or the bracing boom, thereby the weight of Cavity structural member is lighter relatively, it is more convenient when it is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, to carry, install, construct.Simultaneously, can prevent that also cracking phenomena from appearring in Cavity structural member and Cast-in-place concrete mating face.
What feature of the present invention also was described reinforcement is truss or rack.Like this, after Cavity structural member was applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, truss in the formwork or rack reinforcement combined with Cast-in-place concrete, constituted truss or space truss structure superstructure, made that the mechanical property of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the spacing in the described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity changes.Like this, the spacing in its internal-rib die cavity is the Cavity structural member that changes, and can satisfy different construction needs.
Feature of the present invention is that also the shape of described hollow mould shell, size differ from one another.Like this, the shape of hollow mould shell, size difference can satisfy the different designs needs of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.
Feature of the present invention also is to contain reinforce in hollow mould shell or base plate or reinforcement at least one, perhaps have reinforce to expose, reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, expanded metal lath, fiber, fleece or cloth, metal foil band, braid over braid or the strap.Like this, being provided with the base plate of reinforce and the intensity of hollow mould shell has obtained improving greatly, simultaneously, the diversity of reinforce material, reinforce selects for use when being convenient to hollow mould shell production, help reducing production costs, but also can improve the rupture strength and the rigidity of base plate greatly, make it be not easy to fracture or destruction.
Feature of the present invention is that also described base plate exposes reinforce and stretches in the cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, exposes reinforce and stretch in the internal-rib die cavity and be bonded to integral body, can improve the intensity of Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, help improving the globality of superstructure with Cast-in-place concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the described hollow mould shell passes at least one internal-rib die cavity plural hollow mould shell is linked.Like this, by the binding of reinforce, improved the overall performance of Cavity structural member greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is on the described reinforce that passes the internal-rib die cavity activity or fixing applying arbitrarily or wrappage are arranged.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can effectively guarantee reinforce unlikely damage in work progress, also play the strut effect simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also the thin band reinforce in the described base plate stretches in the hollow mould shell wall body, and perhaps the thin band reinforce in the hollow mould shell stretches in the bottom-plate body.Like this, by thin band reinforce stretch into reinforcement by connection mutually, strengthened the bonding strength between hollow mould shell and the base plate, make it to have better overall.
Feature of the present invention is that also fleece or the cloth reinforce in the described hollow mould shell stretches in the base plate, with the cementitious materials formation one in the base plate.Like this, fleece or cloth are connected hollow mould shell with the base plate close adhesion, and its intensity and globality are better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity has two when above, their parallel each other or quadrature or oblique or grade separations or form grid.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can form the Cast-in-place concrete time rib of parallel to each other or quadrature or oblique or grade separation, thereby improve the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor structure.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell or base plate are provided with hole.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, if hollow mould shell is provided with hole, Cast-in-place concrete is pourable goes in the hole, and form the superimposed pier of Cast-in-place concrete or post or rod member, and play and support or the drawknot effect, can effectively improve the mechanical property of concrete hollow building cover.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity at least more than one support draw piece.Like this, improve the overall performance of Cavity structural member greatly, reduced the breakage rate in the handling process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described support draw piece is at least a in bar, pier, plate, sheet, rope or the piece.Like this, the variation of support draw piece material and structure can be satisfied the different designs requirement of product, and can be according to different needs, adopts reasonable manner to connect.
Feature of the present invention also is at least a in the support draw piece that described support draw piece is hollow or solid or porous.Like this, can be according to the design needs, corresponding employing support draw piece hollow or solid or porous rationally solves support and draws the reinforcing problem.
Feature of the present invention is that also described support draw piece is fixed or movable or detachably supports at least a in the draw piece.Like this, movable or dismountable support draw piece can be after Cavity structural member installs, and dismounting is reclaimed, and both can prevent base plate fracture or cracking, and recyclable again secondary uses, and reduces the cost of production of Cavity structural member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is provided with pit, groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, boss module, raised line, external corner or its combination, and perhaps also exposing on it has reinforce.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, pour into the concrete in pit, groove, inner corner trim, the chamfering, formed local Cast-in-place concrete and added competent structure; Boss module, raised line, external corner are found time the concrete at the position that do not stress in the cast-in-situ reinforced concrete superstructure, thereby make that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable.
Feature of the present invention also is described groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, raised line self or orthogonal thereto mutually, oblique, grade separation or forms the grid setting.Like this, Cavity structural member has the better application function, can be applicable in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor of different occasions.
Feature of the present invention is that also the position that described hollow mould shell contacts with base plate is groove or the groove that reveals reinforce.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, concrete poured into groove or reveals in the groove of reinforce, base plate and hollow mould shell firmly is mounted in together, and can forms I-shaped Cast-in-place concrete rib, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is an inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell can form cast-in-place taper type structure, made its force structure more reasonable, also can effectively prevent the generation in cast-in-place and prefabricated bonding surface crack simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also described base plate flushes with the lateral surface of hollow mould shell or stretches out bridging piece, or stretches out the bridging piece that reveals reinforce, or interior puncture angle, or in contract and reveal the re-entrant angle of reinforce, stretch out or in contract and partly be local whole or above-mentioned combination.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the alternative template of bridging piece reduced cost, and stretched out the bridging piece or the interior puncture angle of revealing reinforce, can make base plate and Cast-in-place concrete in conjunction with more firm.
Feature of the present invention is that also the surface of described hollow mould shell or toss is waveform or corrugated or zigzag or plucking or other special-shaped rough surface.Like this, the diversity on hollow mould shell surface can strengthen its external surface greatly, improve and Cast-in-place concrete between adhesion stress, simultaneously, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can build-in be firm better with Cast-in-place concrete.
Feature of the present invention also is to have on the described base plate locating structure of the downward tension that connects construction formwork.Locating structure can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, spike or other device.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, locating structure can prevent its come-up, displacement.
Feature of the present invention also is can partly or entirely fill or paste light material in the cavity of hollow mould shell.Light material can be at least a in foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or the haydite concrete.Like this, improve the shock resistance of hollow mould shell greatly, reduced breakage rate; Simultaneously, also have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; In addition, the diversity of light material can conveniently be drawn materials, and reduces the cost of production of Cavity structural member.
Feature of the present invention is that also the profile after the combination of described base plate and hollow mould shell is the square bodily form, cuboid, cylindrical, the hexagon bodily form, arc angle polyhedron, many curved bodies or other shape.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the diversity of its profile can satisfy the needs of different structure designs, helped reducing and produced and construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also the appearance and size of described Cavity structural member is ascending that gradually change or sudden change; The wide end in the chamber of the thickness of slab of base plate or cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity is relatively large, from large to small, gradually or sharp transition to the other end.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can be according to the designing requirement difference of cast-in-situ concrete structure, and adopt above-mentioned Cavity structural member that cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is done to strengthen in local, to satisfy the needs of design.
Feature of the present invention also be described hollow mould shell and base plate ways of connecting for gluedly is connected, is welded to connect, screw connects, iron wire connection, cutting ferrule connection or global formation or other connection.Like this, production has been simplified in the variation of hollow mould shell and base plate connected mode, can both be connected into integral body convenient, simple, fastly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is an outward flanging or to the hollow mould shell of in-flanges.Like this, the different requirements that can use in cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor according to hollow mould shell are provided with flanging or in-flanges, and the marginal portion of protection hollow mould shell is not damaged, make use more convenient simple.
Feature of the present invention is that also Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe, water pipe or airduct, or is fixed with junction box on the base plate.Like this, when Cavity structural member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can lays electric wire very easily and leak water and ventilate.
Feature of the present invention also be described base plate be steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete, from the base plate of stress steel bar concrete, polymer steel bar concrete or wire mesh mortar, the cementitious materials of hollow mould shell is cement, cement mortar, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or combinations thereof, and hollow mould shell, base plate are made with same material or different materials.Like this, the diversity of base plate and hollow mould shell manufacturing materials is drawn materials in the time of can conveniently producing nearby, reduces production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also the base plate at position, described hollow mould shell place is an open floor.Like this, the base plate opening can alleviate the own wt of Cavity structural member, makes it more light.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least more than one spike locating structure is arranged between described base plate and the hollow mould shell.Like this, can make between hollow mould shell and the base plate connect simple, accurately, thereby improved the quality of Cavity structural member, help guaranteeing that Cavity structural member is used after, base plate is consistent with the Cast-in-place concrete layer thickness between the hollow mould shell.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is provided with the base plate more than two or also is extended with bridging piece.Like this, Cavity structural member can be manufactured according to designing requirement, satisfies the needs of different mode of occupation.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between described hollow mould shell and the base plate spike locating structure and is attached thereto.Like this, when Cavity structural member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the spike locating structure that is provided with between hollow mould shell and the base plate can effectively accurately be controlled the Cast-in-place concrete thickness between hollow mould shell and the base plate, reaches the purpose of quality control.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is hollow mould shell, and 2 is base plate, and 3 is cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity, and 4 is lateral surface, and 5 is reinforcement, in each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, and its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, and hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 connect into integral body, are provided with a plurality of reinforcements 5 in hollow mould shell 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with a plurality of reinforcements 5 in its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and diagram reinforcement 5 is hollow reinforced plate and hollow reinforced bar.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with a plurality of reinforcements 5 in its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and stiffener 5 is for wrapping up in the stiffener that contains light material 6, and diagram light material 6 is an expanded perlite.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and alternately, the reinforcement 5 in its hollow mould shell 1 is truss or rack on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 divide two rows each other alternately on base plate 2, constitute many cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavitys 3, spacing in its cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity changes, and is illustrated as cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity between the horizontal two evacuation chamber formworks 1 from left to right by diminishing gradually greatly.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute many cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavitys 3 on base plate 2, and the shape and size of its hollow mould shell 1 are all inequality.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, two hollow mould shells 1 on base plate 2 alternately, be provided with reinforce 7 in its hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2, reinforce 7 in the hollow mould shell 1 is thin band, reinforce 7 in the base plate 2 is the combination of thin band and gauze wire cloth, there is thin band reinforce 7 to expose on the hollow mould shell 1 simultaneously, has gauze wire cloth 7 to expose around the base plate 2.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and alternately, the reinforce 7 in its hollow mould shell 1 passes internal-rib die cavity 3 adjacent two hollow mould shells 1 are connected on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and diagram reinforce 7 is thin band.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and alternately, its reinforce 7 that passes internal-rib die cavity 3 is provided with fixing applies arbitrarily 8 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and alternately, the thin band reinforce 7 in its base plate 2 stretches in the wall of hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and alternately, the fleece reinforce 7 in the wall of its hollow mould shell 1 stretches in the base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and forms one with cementitious materials in the base plate 2.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, form the internal-rib die cavity 3 of two mutually orthogonals on base plate 2.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, form many internal-rib die cavitys 3 parallel to each other on base plate 2.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and alternately, its base plate 2 is provided with a plurality of holes 8 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and diagram reinforcement 5 is a reinforcing rib.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 alternately on base plate 2, is provided with a plurality of support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3, and support draw piece 9 is integrated member with the side template of hollow mould shell 1.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 alternately on base plate 2, is provided with two sheet support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 alternately on base plate 2, is provided with two hollow support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 alternately on base plate 2, is provided with two dismountable flexible staybolt draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, two hollow mould shells 1 on base plate 2 alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 is provided with the combination of pit 10, groove 11, inner corner trim 12, chamfering 13, boss module 14, raised line 15, external corner 16, simultaneously, expose thin band reinforce 7 on the hollow mould shell 1 in addition.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and alternately, the position that its hollow mould shell 1 contacts with base plate 2 is a groove 11 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 is an inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and alternately, one side of its base plate 2 inwardly shortens re-entrant angle 18 into from the lateral surface of hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and another side stretches out lateral surface 4 and forms bridging pieces 17.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and alternately, the surface of its hollow mould shell 1 is a waveform on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, have the locating structure 19 of the downward tension that connects construction formwork on its base plate 2 on base plate 2, and illustrated position structure 19 is a drag hook.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, all are filled with light material 6 in its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and diagram light material 6 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and alternately, the appearance and size of the Cavity structural member that constitutes is ascending gradually changing on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, the changing in the opposite direction of the change direction of base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, and alternately, hollow mould shell 1 is connected for glued with the connected mode of base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, and alternately, hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 places of engaging are set to flanging 20 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, and alternately, hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 places of engaging are set to in-flanges 21 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute Cavity structural member alternately on base plate 2, and its Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe 22, water pipe 23 and airduct 24, simultaneously, is fixed with junction box 25 on the base plate 2.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, and alternately, the base plate 2 at its position, hollow mould shell 1 place is an open floor on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with a plurality of spike locating structures 19 between its hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2 on base plate 2.
Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with base plate 2 on relative two faces on its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and base plate 2 lateral surface 4 that stretches out hollow mould shell 1 forms step bridging pieces 17 simultaneously.
Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, two hollow mould shells 1 on base plate 2 alternately, be provided with base plate 2 on relative two faces on its hollow mould shell 1, the lateral surface 4 that base plate 2 stretches out hollow mould shell 1 forms bridging piece 17, simultaneously, being provided with spike locating structure 19 between hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2 is attached thereto.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, include hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2, hollow mould shell 1 connects into integral body with base plate 2, have two hollow mould shells 1 on the base plate 2 at least alternately, its side and base plate 2 constitute at least one cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3, other lateral surface 4 of hollow mould shell 1 constitutes the side template of cast-in-place structural external fin or beam or wall, it is characterized in that being provided with at least one hollow mould shell 1 at least one reinforcement 5, hollow mould shell 1 vertical in-line between on the strip in-line lower raft 2 and strip in-line top base plate 2 is arranged.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is hollow mould shell, and 2 is base plate, and 3 is cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity, and 4 is lateral surface, and 5 is reinforcement, in each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, and its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2, and hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 connect into integral body, are provided with a plurality of reinforcements 5 in hollow mould shell 1.As Figure 33, shown in Figure 34, be provided with reinforcement 5 in the hollow mould shell 1, hollow mould shell 1 vertical in-line between strip in-line top base plate 2 and lower raft 2 is arranged.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement 5 is stiffener or bracing boom.As shown in Figure 1, two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with a plurality of reinforcements 5 in its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and diagram reinforcement 5 is stiffener and bracing boom.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement 5 is hollow stiffener or hollow bracing boom.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with a plurality of reinforcements 5 in its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and diagram reinforcement 5 is hollow reinforced plate and hollow reinforced bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcement 5 wraps up in stiffener or the bracing boom that contains light material 6 in being.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with a plurality of reinforcements 5 in its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and stiffener 5 is for wrapping up in the stiffener that contains light material 6, and diagram light material 6 is an expanded perlite.
What feature of the present invention also was described reinforcement 5 is truss or rack.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and alternately, the reinforcement 5 in its hollow mould shell 1 is truss or rack on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also the spacing in the described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3 changes.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 divide two rows each other alternately on base plate 2, constitute many cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavitys 3, spacing in its cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity changes, and is illustrated as cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity between the horizontal two evacuation chamber formworks 1 from left to right by diminishing gradually greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the shape of described hollow mould shell 1, size differ from one another.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, constitute many cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavitys 3 on base plate 2, and the shape and size of its hollow mould shell 1 are all inequality.
Feature of the present invention also is described a kind of Cavity structural member, it is characterized in that containing reinforce 7 at least one in hollow mould shell 1 or base plate 2 or reinforcement 5, perhaps have reinforce 7 to expose, reinforce 7 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, expanded metal lath, fiber, fleece or cloth, metal foil band, braid over braid or the strap.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, two hollow mould shells 1 on base plate 2 alternately, be provided with reinforce 7 in its hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2, reinforce 7 in the hollow mould shell 1 is thin band, reinforce 7 in the base plate 2 is the combination of thin band and gauze wire cloth, there is thin band reinforce 7 to expose on the hollow mould shell 1 simultaneously, has gauze wire cloth 7 to expose around the base plate 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also described base plate 2 exposes reinforce 7 and stretches in the cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3.As shown in Figure 7, alternately, its base plate 2 exposes reinforce 7 and stretches in the cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 7 in the described hollow mould shell 1 passes at least one internal-rib die cavity 3 plural hollow mould shell 1 is linked.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and alternately, the reinforce 7 in its hollow mould shell 1 passes internal-rib die cavity 3 adjacent two hollow mould shells 1 are connected on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and diagram reinforce 7 is thin band.
Feature of the present invention also is on the described reinforce 7 that passes internal-rib die cavity 3 activity or fixing applying arbitrarily or wrappage 8 are arranged.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and alternately, its reinforce 7 that passes internal-rib die cavity 3 is provided with fixing applies arbitrarily 8 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also the thin band reinforce 7 in the described base plate 2 stretches in hollow mould shell 1 wall body, and perhaps the thin band reinforce 7 in the hollow mould shell 1 stretches in base plate 2 bodies.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and alternately, the thin band reinforce 7 in its base plate 2 stretches in the wall of hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also fleece or the cloth reinforce 7 in the described hollow mould shell 1 stretches in the base plate 2, with the cementitious materials formation one in the base plate 2.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and alternately, the fleece reinforce 7 in the wall of its hollow mould shell 1 stretches in the base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and forms one with cementitious materials in the base plate 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity 3 has two when above, their parallel each other or quadrature or oblique or grade separations or constitute grid.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, form the internal-rib die cavity 3 of two mutually orthogonals on base plate 2.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, form many internal-rib die cavitys 3 parallel to each other on base plate 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 or base plate 2 are provided with hole 8.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and alternately, its base plate 2 is provided with a plurality of holes 8 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and diagram reinforcement 5 is a reinforcing rib.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 3 at least more than one support draw piece 9.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 alternately on base plate 2, is provided with a plurality of support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3, and support draw piece 9 is integrated member with the side template of hollow mould shell 1.
Feature of the present invention also is at least a in bar, pier, plate, sheet, rope or the piece of described support draw piece 9.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 alternately on base plate 2, is provided with two sheet support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Feature of the present invention also is at least a in the support draw piece of hollow or solid or porous of described support draw piece 9.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 alternately on base plate 2, is provided with two hollow support draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described support draw piece 9 is for fixed or movable or detachably support at least a in the draw piece.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute internal-rib die cavity 3 alternately on base plate 2, is provided with two dismountable flexible staybolt draw pieces 9 in its internal-rib die cavity 3.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 is provided with pit 10, groove 11, inner corner trim 12, chamfering 13, boss module 14, raised line 15, external corner 16 or its combination, and perhaps also exposing on it has reinforce 7.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, two hollow mould shells 1 on base plate 2 alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 is provided with the combination of pit 10, groove 11, inner corner trim 12, chamfering 13, boss module 14, raised line 15, external corner 16, simultaneously, expose thin band reinforce 7 on the hollow mould shell 1 in addition.
Feature of the present invention also is described groove 11, inner corner trim 12, chamfering 13, raised line 15 self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique, grade separation mutually or forms the grid setting.As shown in figure 19, alternately, that its groove 11, inner corner trim 12, chamfering 13, raised line 15 are mutually is parallel on base plate 2, quadrature, oblique, grade separation form the grid setting for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also the position that described hollow mould shell 1 contacts with base plate 2 is groove 11 or the groove 11 that reveals reinforce 7.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and alternately, the position that its hollow mould shell 1 contacts with base plate 2 is a groove 11 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 is inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and alternately, its hollow mould shell 1 is an inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described base plate 2 flushes with the lateral surface 4 of hollow mould shell 1 or stretches out bridging piece 17, or stretch out the bridging piece 17 that reveals reinforce 7, or interior puncture angle 18, or in contract and reveal the re-entrant angle 18 of reinforce 7, stretch out or in contract and partly be local whole or above-mentioned combination.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and alternately, one side of its base plate 2 inwardly shortens re-entrant angle 18 into from the lateral surface of hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, and another side stretches out lateral surface 4 and forms bridging pieces 17.
Feature of the present invention is that also the surface of described hollow mould shell 1 or toss 17 is waveform or corrugated or zigzag or plucking or other special-shaped rough surface.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and alternately, the surface of its hollow mould shell 1 is a waveform on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention also is to have on the described base plate 2 locating structure 19 of the downward tension that connects construction formwork.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and a plurality of hollow mould shells 1 alternately, have the locating structure 19 of the downward tension that connects construction formwork on its base plate 2 on base plate 2, and illustrated position structure 19 is a drag hook.
Feature of the present invention also is at the cavity inside branch of hollow mould shell 1 or all fills or stickup light material 6.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, all are filled with light material 6 in its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and diagram light material 6 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention is that also the profile after described base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1 make up is the square bodily form, cuboid, cylindrical, the polygon bodily form, arc angle polyhedron, many curved bodies or other shape.As shown in figure 25, alternately, the profile after its base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1 combination is a cuboid on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also the appearance and size of described Cavity structural member is ascending that gradually change or sudden change; The wide end in the chamber of the thickness of slab of base plate 2 or cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity is relatively large, from large to small, gradually or sharp transition to the other end.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and alternately, the appearance and size of the Cavity structural member that constitutes is ascending gradually changing on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1, the changing in the opposite direction of the change direction of base plate 2 and hollow mould shell 1.
Feature of the present invention also be described hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 ways of connecting for gluedly is connected, is welded to connect, screw connects, iron wire connection, cutting ferrule connection or global formation or other connection.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, and alternately, hollow mould shell 1 is connected for glued with the connected mode of base plate 2 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 is for outward flanging 20 or to the hollow mould shell 1 of in-flanges 21.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, and alternately, hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 places of engaging are set to flanging 20 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, and alternately, hollow mould shell 1 and base plate 2 places of engaging are set to in-flanges 21 on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe 22, water pipe 23 or airduct 24, or is fixed with junction box 25 on the base plate 2.Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, and two hollow mould shells 1 constitute Cavity structural member alternately on base plate 2, and its Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe 22, water pipe 23 and airduct 24, simultaneously, is fixed with junction box 25 on the base plate 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also described base plate 2 is for steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete, from the base plate of stress steel bar concrete, polymer steel bar concrete or wire mesh mortar, the cementitious materials of hollow mould shell 1 is cement, cement mortar, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or combinations thereof, and hollow mould shell 1, base plate 2 usefulness same materials or different materials are made.
Feature of the present invention is that also the base plate 2 at position, described hollow mould shell 1 place is open floor.Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, and alternately, the base plate 2 at its position, hollow mould shell 1 place is an open floor on base plate 2 for two hollow mould shells 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least more than one spike locating structure 19 is arranged between described base plate 2 and the hollow mould shell 1.Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with a plurality of spike locating structures 19 between its hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2 on base plate 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell 1 is provided with the base plate 2 more than two or also is extended with bridging piece 17.Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, and two hollow mould shells 1 alternately, are provided with base plate 2 on relative two faces on its hollow mould shell 1 on base plate 2, and base plate 2 lateral surface 4 that stretches out hollow mould shell 1 forms step bridging pieces 17 simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also being provided with spike locating structure 19 between described hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2 is attached thereto.Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, two hollow mould shells 1 on base plate 2 alternately, be provided with base plate 2 on relative two faces on its hollow mould shell 1, the lateral surface 4 that base plate 2 stretches out hollow mould shell 1 forms bridging piece 17, simultaneously, being provided with spike locating structure 19 between hollow mould shell 1 and the base plate 2 is attached thereto.
During the invention process, can make the hollow mould shell 1 of band reinforcement 5 earlier of the cement glass fiber mesh, and an end of glass fiber mesh exposed outside the hollow mould shell 1, and then make structure base plate 2, at it not during setting and harden with the cement gauze wire cloth, the band of making is in advance exposed fibroreticulate hollow mould shell 1 to fasten on it, and the fleece that exposes on the hollow mould shell 1 is pressed in the base plate 2, be bonded to integral body, treat its setting and harden after, maintenance promptly gets Cavity structural member to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (39)

1, a kind of Cavity structural member, include hollow mould shell (1) and base plate (2), hollow mould shell (1) connects into integral body with base plate (2), have two hollow mould shells (1) at least alternately on the base plate (2), its side and base plate (2) constitute at least one cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity (3), other lateral surface (4) of hollow mould shell (1) constitutes the side template of cast-in-place structural external fin or beam or wall, it is characterized in that being provided with at least one hollow mould shell (1) at least one reinforcement (5), hollow mould shell (1) is vertical in-line layout on strip in-line lower raft (2) and between the strip in-line top base plate (2).
2, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described reinforcement (5) is stiffener or bracing boom.
3, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 2 is characterized in that described reinforcement (5) is hollow stiffener or hollow bracing boom.
4, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 2 is characterized in that described reinforcement (5) wraps up in stiffener or the bracing boom that contains light material (6) in being.
5, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 1, what it is characterized in that described reinforcement (5) is truss or rack.
6, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the spacing in the described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity (3) changes.
7, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the shape of described hollow mould shell (1), size differ from one another.
8, according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that containing reinforce (7) at least one in hollow mould shell (1) or base plate (2) or reinforcement (5), perhaps have reinforce (7) to expose, reinforce (7) is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, fiber, metal foil band or the strap.
9, according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that containing reinforce (7) at least one in hollow mould shell (1) or base plate (2) or reinforcement (5), perhaps have reinforce (7) to expose, reinforce (7) is at least a in steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, expanded metal lath, fleece or cloth, the braid over braid.
10, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 8 is characterized in that described base plate (2) exposes reinforce (7) and stretches in the cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity (3).
11, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 8 is characterized in that reinforce (7) in the described hollow mould shell (1) passes at least one internal-rib die cavity (3) plural hollow mould shell (1) is linked.
12, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 11 is characterized in that on the described reinforce (7) that passes internal-rib die cavity (3) activity or fixing applying arbitrarily or wrappage (8) being arranged.
13, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 8 is characterized in that the thin band reinforce (7) in the described base plate (2) stretches in hollow mould shell (1) wall body, and perhaps the thin band reinforce (7) in the hollow mould shell (1) stretches in base plate (2) body.
14, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 8 is characterized in that fleece or the cloth reinforce (7) in the described hollow mould shell (1) stretches in the base plate (2), with the cementitious materials formation one in the base plate (2).
15,, it is characterized in that described cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity (3) has two when above, their parallel each other or quadrature or oblique or grade separations or constitute grid according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
16,, it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) or base plate (2) are provided with hole (8) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
17,, it is characterized in that being provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity (3) at least more than one support draw piece (9) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
18, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 17 is characterized in that at least a in bar, pier, plate, sheet, rope or the piece of described support draw piece (9).
19, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 17 is characterized in that at least a in the support draw piece of hollow or solid or porous of described support draw piece (9).
20, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 17 is characterized in that described support draw piece (9) is for fixed or movable or detachably support at least a in the draw piece.
21, according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) is provided with pit (10), groove (11), inner corner trim (12), chamfering (13), boss module (14), raised line (15), external corner (16) or its combination, perhaps also exposing on it has reinforce (7).
22, a kind of Cavity structural member according to claim 21 is characterized in that described groove (11), inner corner trim (12), chamfering (13), raised line (15) self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique, grade separation mutually or forms the grid setting.
23,, it is characterized in that the position that described hollow mould shell (1) contacts with base plate (2) is groove (11) or the groove (11) that reveals reinforce (7) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
24,, it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) is an inversed taper platform shape hollow mould shell according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
25, according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that described base plate (2) flushes with the lateral surface (4) of hollow mould shell (1) or stretches out bridging piece (17), or stretch out the bridging piece (17) that reveals reinforce (7), or interior puncture angle (18), or in contract and reveal the re-entrant angle (18) of reinforce (7), stretch out or in contract and partly be local whole or above-mentioned combination.
26, according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, the surface that it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) or toss (17) is waveform or corrugated or zigzag or plucking or other special-shaped rough surface.
27,, it is characterized in that having on the described base plate (2) locating structure (19) of the downward tension that connects construction formwork according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
28,, it is characterized in that dividing or all filling or paste light material (6) at the cavity inside of hollow mould shell (1) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
29,, it is characterized in that the profile after described base plate (2) and hollow mould shell (1) make up is cylindrical, the polygon bodily form or other shape according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
30,, it is characterized in that the profile after described base plate (2) and hollow mould shell (1) make up is the square bodily form, cuboid, arc angle polyhedron, many curved bodies according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
31, according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, the appearance and size that it is characterized in that described Cavity structural member is ascending that gradually change or sudden change; The wide end in the chamber of the thickness of slab of base plate (2) or cast-in-place structural internal-rib die cavity is relatively large, from large to small, gradually or sharp transition to the other end.
32, according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) and base plate (2) ways of connecting for gluedly is connected, is welded to connect, screw connects, iron wire connection, cutting ferrule connection or global formation or other connection.
33,, it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) is for outward flanging (20) or to the hollow mould shell (1) of in-flanges (21) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
34,, it is characterized in that Cavity structural member is provided with penetration pipe (22), water pipe (23) or airduct (24), or be fixed with junction box (25) on the base plate (2) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
35, according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that described base plate (2) is a steel bar concrete, the steel mesh reinforcement concrete, the gauze wire cloth concrete, from the stress steel bar concrete, the base plate of polymer steel bar concrete or wire mesh mortar, the cementitious materials of hollow mould shell (1) is a cement, cement mortar, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, the ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or combinations thereof, hollow mould shell (1), base plate (2) is made with same material or different materials.
36,, it is characterized in that the base plate (2) at described hollow mould shell (1) position, place is open floor according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
37,, it is characterized in that at least more than one spike locating structure (19) is arranged between described base plate (2) and the hollow mould shell (1) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
38,, it is characterized in that described hollow mould shell (1) is provided with the base plate (2) more than two or also is extended with bridging piece (17) according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
39,, it is characterized in that being provided with spike locating structure (19) between described hollow mould shell (1) and the base plate (2) is attached thereto according to the described a kind of Cavity structural member of claim 38.
CNB2006100949892A 2003-06-02 2003-06-02 A kind of Cavity structural member CN100560897C (en)

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US4468911A (en) * 1982-02-12 1984-09-04 Andrew Daga System for forming structural concrete
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JP3515067B2 (en) * 1999-11-26 2004-04-05 積水化成品工業株式会社 Embedding material for hollow slab, substrate for hollow slab having the embedding material, and structure having hollow slab structure anchoring the embedding material
CN2419292Y (en) * 2000-02-23 2001-02-14 梁军 Assembling building floor with low ribs
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