CN100560757C - A kind of process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method - Google Patents

A kind of process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100560757C
CN100560757C CNB2007100346419A CN200710034641A CN100560757C CN 100560757 C CN100560757 C CN 100560757C CN B2007100346419 A CNB2007100346419 A CN B2007100346419A CN 200710034641 A CN200710034641 A CN 200710034641A CN 100560757 C CN100560757 C CN 100560757C
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China
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vanadium
process
wet method
fluoride
acid
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CNB2007100346419A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101275187A (en
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颜文斌
高峰
彭清静
钟勇
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吉首大学
湘西自治州高新技术创业服务中心
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/20Process efficiency
    • Y02P10/21Process efficiency by recovering materials
    • Y02P10/212Recovering metals from waste
    • Y02P10/234Recovering metals from waste by hydro metallurgy

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method, it is operations production Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES products such as (adding additive), acidleach, oxidation, ion-exchange, precipitation, calcining that bone coal is sieved, prepares burden through broken ball milling.It is characterized in that said additive is the processable fluorochemical, as Sodium Fluoride, Potassium monofluoride, Neutral ammonium fluoride etc., the consumption of additive is the 1-10% that contains navajoite stone flour weight, the leaching yield of vanadium reaches more than 95%, comprehensive recovery is compared with existing technology greater than 80%, and leaching yield has improved 15-30%.This technology is saved the bone coal roasting process, has eliminated HCl, Cl 2To the pollution of environment, simplified technical process, reduced production cost, improved the rate of recovery of vanadium greatly.

Description

A kind of process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method

Technical field:

The present invention relates to a kind of process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method.

Background technology:

China's navajoite resource is very abundant, from contain the scherbinaite colliery, extract vanadium, traditional technology mostly is the roasting of flat kiln sodium method, its advantage is that Production Flow Chart is more stable, when workable, reduced investment, shortcoming are flat kiln roastings, produce oxious components such as chlorine-containing gas, environmental pollution is serious, for country prohibites.Simultaneously this traditional technology vanadium transformation efficiency, the rate of recovery are low, cause the resource serious waste, and this also is another reason that China does not advocate flat kiln roasting.At present, China has focused on the hydrometallurgy vanadium extraction.Main method has two kinds of acid system and alkaline process, though leaching yield increases than roasting method, effect is also undesirable, exists in shortcomings such as extraction time is long simultaneously.Therefore, improving the vanadium leaching yield, shorten extraction time, is an important problem of vanadium hydrometallurgy.

Summary of the invention:

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of passing through and select suitable additive and reaction conditions, significantly improve the process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method of the leaching yield of vanadium.

Vanadium mainly is present in the mica body lattice with pictograph formula six coordinate trivalent aluminium of displacement with V (III) matter in clay mineral, and molecular formula is (Al, V) [SiO 10] (OH) 2For, make vanadium can be from the mica structure molten leaching come, must destroy the mica structure, just and make it oxidation may be by solvent extraction, so belong to the vanadium that difficulty is soaked.Break the mica structure and change into the vanadium of solubility except adopting sodium roasting, also can directly destroy its mica structure with acid, under certain temperature and acidity, hydrogen ion enters mica structure replacing Al, ionic radius is changed, be oxidized to after the tetravalence by the acid dissolving thereby vanadium discharged.Its reaction formula is:

(V 2O 3)·X+2H 2SO 4·1/2O 2=V 2O 2(SO4) 2+2H 2O+XO

V 2O 2(OH) 4+2H 2SO 4=V 2O 2(SO 4)+2H 2O

Obtain the vanadium sulfate acyl blue solution.Compare with class matter homophase, the vanadium of absorption state will easily soak manyly, does not exist as long as vanadium is not three valence states, just can be leached by sulfuric acid.

Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows: will contain scherbinaite coal crushing raw ore, ball milling is dried (water content is controlled at below 10%) after crossing 80 mesh sieves, the weight ratio of pressing 1-10% adds a kind of processable fluorochemical (Sodium Fluoride in original ore powder, Potassium monofluoride, Neutral ammonium fluoride, sodium hydrogen fluoride, potassium bifluoride or ammonium acid fluoride) additive and mix be even, the breeze metering that mixes is dropped into the acidleach pond, mineral acid (the sulfuric acid that adds breeze weight 5-30%, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid adds hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid adds nitric acid or sulfuric acid adds phosphoric acid), press solid-to-liquid ratio 2-5: the add-on of 1 control water, stir frequently, (temperature 10-100 ℃) leached 1-10 hour under heating condition, filtering separation; Add a certain amount of sodium chlorate solution in the vanadium solution of acidleach, make the tetravalence vanadium be oxidized to the pentavalent vanadium, will contain vanadium (V) liquid and adsorb with the strong basicity macroporous anion exchange resin, absorption back solution carries out desorb with 10% NaOH and 5%NaCl mixed solution.The vanadium elutriant that contains after the ion-exchange enrichment is generated the ammonium meta-vanadate precipitation with the ammonium chloride precipitation, the ammonium meta-vanadate that is settled out is embathed three times with the 1-2% aqueous ammonium chloride solution again remove impurity, liquid recycles after treatment.With after the ammonium meta-vanadate filter cake oven dry, send into calcining furnace, at the 400-600 ℃ of calcining and decomposing Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES product that is orange.Tail gas salt acid recovery generates ammonium chloride and returns the use of precipitation operation.The product purity that this explained hereafter goes out is greater than 98%, and the vanadium total yield is greater than 80%.

Because the present invention contains navajoite stone and need not pass through the direct acidleach of roasting, technology is simple, has reduced energy consumption and production cost, has eliminated HCl, Cl that sodium roasting produces 2Flue gas belongs to process for cleanly preparing to the pollution of environment and the corrosion of equipment.And vanadium leaching yield and total yield have been improved greatly, the resource utilization height.

Description of drawings:

Accompanying drawing is the production scheme of this technology.

Embodiment:

Embodiment one:

(1) pulverizing ball milling sieves: will contain the former mining fragmentation of vanadium, ball milling to crossing 80 mesh sieves, oven dry (water content is controlled at below 10%).

(2) batching

By the consumption of additive be the 3% dosage ratio that contains navajoite grain weight amount add Sodium Fluoride and mix even.

(3) acidleach

The breeze metering that mixes is dropped into the acidleach pond, add the mineral acid of breeze weight 5-30%, press solid-to-liquid ratio 2-5: the add-on of 1 control water.Stir frequently, (temperature 10-100 ℃) leached 1-10 hour under heating condition, filtering separation.

(4) oxidation

In the vanadium solution of acidleach, add a certain amount of sodium chlorate solution, make the tetravalence vanadium be oxidized to the pentavalent vanadium.

(5) ion-exchange

To contain vanadium (V) liquid and adsorb with the strong basicity macroporous anion exchange resin, absorption back solution carries out desorb with 10% NaOH and 5%NaCl mixed solution.

(6) precipitation

The vanadium elutriant that contains after the ion-exchange enrichment is generated the ammonium meta-vanadate precipitation with the ammonium chloride precipitation.The ammonium meta-vanadate that is settled out is embathed three times with the 1-2% aqueous ammonium chloride solution again remove impurity, liquid recycles after treatment.

(7) calcining and decomposing

With after the ammonium meta-vanadate filter cake oven dry, send into calcining furnace, at the 400-600 ℃ of calcining and decomposing Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES that is orange.Tail gas salt acid recovery generates ammonium chloride and returns the use of precipitation operation.As additive, the leaching yield of vanadium is 92% in the bone coal with Sodium Fluoride.

Embodiment two:

According to above-mentioned broken ball milling sieve, steps in sequence operations such as batching, acidleach, oxidation, ion-exchange, precipitation, calcining, wherein in burden process, the additive that is added in the bone coal breeze is a Potassium monofluoride, and weight is 5% of breeze, and the leaching yield of vanadium is 96% in the bone coal.

Embodiment three:

According to above-mentioned broken ball milling sieve, steps in sequence operations such as batching, acidleach, oxidation, ion-exchange, precipitation, calcining, wherein in burden process, the additive that is added in the bone coal breeze is a Neutral ammonium fluoride, and weight is 6% of breeze, and the leaching yield of vanadium is 95% in the bone coal.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method, it is characterized in that to contain and dry after vanadium crushing raw ore, ball milling are extremely crossed 80 mesh sieves, the weight ratio of pressing 1-10% in original ore powder, add a kind of processable fluoride additive and mix even, the breeze metering that mixes is dropped into the acidleach pond, the mineral acid that adds breeze weight 5-30%, press solid-to-liquid ratio 2-5: the add-on of 1 control water, stir frequently, under 10-100 ℃ of temperature, leached 1-10 hour filtering separation; In the vanadium solution of acidleach, add a certain amount of sodium chlorate solution, to contain vanadium (V) liquid then adsorbs with the strong basicity macroporous anion exchange resin, absorption back solution carries out desorb with 10% NaOH and 5%NaC1 mixed solution, the vanadium elutriant that contains after the ion-exchange enrichment is generated the ammonium meta-vanadate precipitation with the ammonium chloride precipitation, the ammonium meta-vanadate that is settled out is embathed three times with the 1-2% aqueous ammonium chloride solution again remove impurity, liquid recycles after treatment; With after the ammonium meta-vanadate filter cake oven dry, send into calcining furnace, at the 400-600 ℃ of calcining and decomposing Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES product that is orange.
2,, it is characterized in that vanadium crushing raw ore, ball milling oven dry back water content are controlled at below 10% according to the said process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method of claim 1.
3,, it is characterized in that said processable fluoride additive is Sodium Fluoride, Potassium monofluoride, Neutral ammonium fluoride, sodium hydrogen fluoride, potassium bifluoride or ammonium acid fluoride according to the said process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method of claim 1.
4, according to the said process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method of claim 1, it is characterized in that said mineral acid is a sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid adds hydrochloric acid, and sulfuric acid adds nitric acid, or sulfuric acid adds phosphoric acid.
CNB2007100346419A 2007-03-26 2007-03-26 A kind of process for extracting vanadium by stone coal wet method CN100560757C (en)

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CN101649397B (en) * 2009-09-23 2011-01-05 攀钢集团研究院有限公司 Method for extracting vanadium from sodium salt roasting clinker
CN101798113B (en) * 2010-02-26 2011-12-07 中钢矿业开发有限公司 Metallurgical method for extracting vanadium pentexide from low-grade stone coal vanadium ores
CN101935755B (en) * 2010-09-15 2012-09-05 长沙达华矿业技术开发有限公司 Two-stage leaching method for vanadium in vanadium-containing ore
CN101928830A (en) * 2010-09-25 2010-12-29 吉首大学 Method for extracting vanadium from vanadium-containing liquid
CN102146513A (en) * 2011-03-26 2011-08-10 吉首大学 Method for extracting vanadium from vanadium-containing ore by oxidation acid-leaching wet method
CN102296192B (en) * 2011-09-20 2014-01-22 武汉工程大学 Composite roasting additive for extracting vanadium pentoxide from vanadium-containing stone coal and application of composite roasting additive
CN102337409A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-02-01 攀钢集团攀枝花钢铁研究院有限公司 Method for recovering vanadium from dephosphorization bottom flow residues
CN102560105B (en) * 2012-02-07 2013-05-15 九江佰盾钒技术贸易有限公司 Elution leaching method for recovering vanadium from stone coal vanadium ore
CN102583402B (en) * 2012-02-27 2013-08-21 南通汉瑞实业有限公司 Method for simultaneously extracting vanadium and silicon from stone coal
CN102732739B (en) * 2012-06-08 2013-09-18 武汉理工大学 Method for extracting V2O5 from vanadium-containing shale by using chlorination evaporation
CN103205570B (en) * 2013-04-26 2015-07-29 吉首大学 Bone coal navajoite and pyrolusite together produce the method for Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES by-product manganese sulfate
CN104152723B (en) * 2014-08-22 2016-06-22 武汉工程大学 A kind of method of Leaching Vanadium from high calcium magnesium types Rock coal containing alum
CN104261473B (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-12-30 彭海泉 A kind of preparation method of Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES
CN106048260A (en) * 2016-08-15 2016-10-26 陕西华源矿业有限责任公司 Technology of extracting vanadium from stone coal by resin adsorption in strong acid system
CN106435177A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-02-22 武汉科技大学 Method for leaching vanadium from vanadium-containing stone coal
CN109536721A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-03-29 孙昕 A kind of method of discarded SCR denitration comprehensive utilization of resources

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