CN100558464C - Branch crushing machine - Google Patents

Branch crushing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100558464C
CN100558464C CNB2006100702866A CN200610070286A CN100558464C CN 100558464 C CN100558464 C CN 100558464C CN B2006100702866 A CNB2006100702866 A CN B2006100702866A CN 200610070286 A CN200610070286 A CN 200610070286A CN 100558464 C CN100558464 C CN 100558464C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed hopper
branch
crushing machine
tool rest
branch crushing
Prior art date
Application number
CNB2006100702866A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101190421A (en
Inventor
朱绍远
朱风军
徐京伟
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朱绍远
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Priority to CNB2006100702866A priority Critical patent/CN100558464C/en
Publication of CN101190421A publication Critical patent/CN101190421A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100558464C publication Critical patent/CN100558464C/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of branch crushing machine, comprise the pulverizer body, body is provided with pulverizing chamber, be communicated with pulverizing chamber and be provided with feed hopper and discharge bucket, be provided with the tool rest that can rotate under the drive unit that is provided with on the body drives in the described pulverizing chamber, described feed hopper comprises circumferential feed hopper that is positioned at tool rest week side and the side feed hopper that is positioned at tool rest one side; Described tool rest is provided with the topping machanism that can cut circumferential feed hopper and side feed hopper importing branch respectively; Be provided with drawing-in device between described circumferential feed hopper and the pulverizing chamber.The present invention not only can pulverize tiny branch, simultaneously also can pulverize processing to thick branch, has made things convenient for people to the pulverizing of branch with to the use of branch crushing machine.

Description

Branch crushing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of size reduction machinery, especially relate to a kind of branch crushing machine that branch is pulverized of can be used for.
Background technology
Current people generally abandon or adopt combustion system to handle to the processing of branch as waste material, also have directly to act as a fuel, to these processing modes of branch, not only serious pollution environment, also wasted resource.Continuous progressive innovation along with development of producing and science and technology, people utilize plant branch manufacture product or as the organic fertilizer of crops more and more widely, this makes the plant branch power be taken as waste material originally or only be used as fuel turn waste into wealth, and effectively raises the utilization rate of living resources.Could be but these plant branches generally must be ground into behind the particle that varies in size through section when utilizing as the manufacture product or as the raw material use of the organic fertilizer of crops, thus realize the effective value that it utilizes again.The current branch crushing machines that adopt of people pulverize branch with convenient utilization again to branch more, promptly adopt branch is delivered in the branch crushing machine, by the some cutters that are arranged on the rotary knife base branch are cut into tiny fragment.But owing to need the thickness of the branch of pulverizing to differ in size, therefore it is also different that being used to of being provided with on the pulverizer cut the device of different branches, can only cut some tiny branches and the branch crushing machine that current people use is many, can pulverize inconvenience very by pulverizer after then needing to decompose for thick branch.And in that being pulverized, branch adds man-hour, mostly branch is to adopt external force to be delivered in the branch crushing machine to pulverize, and for convenience of reaching safety, be provided with drawing-in device on the branch crushing machine more, by drawing-in device branch being delivered into branch crushing machine pulverizes, but these drawing-in devices can only feed some tiny branches mostly, pulverize and also only can feed in the pulverizer by drawing-in device after decomposition thick branch.These use branch crushing machine to bring great inconvenience to people, have hindered the use of people to branch crushing machine.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention has provided a kind of branch crushing machine, and it not only can pulverize tiny branch, simultaneously also can pulverize processing to thick branch, has made things convenient for people to the pulverizing of branch with to the use of branch crushing machine.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is: branch crushing machine, comprise the pulverizer body, body is provided with pulverizing chamber, be communicated with pulverizing chamber and be provided with feed hopper and discharge bucket, be provided with the tool rest that can rotate under the drive unit that is provided with on the body drives in the described pulverizing chamber, described feed hopper comprises circumferential feed hopper that is positioned at tool rest week side and the side feed hopper that is positioned at tool rest one side; Described tool rest is provided with the topping machanism that can cut circumferential feed hopper and side feed hopper importing branch respectively; Be provided with drawing-in device between described circumferential feed hopper and the pulverizing chamber.
As a kind of improvement, described drawing-in device comprises the feeding-passage that is communicated with circumferential feed hopper and pulverizing chamber respectively, is respectively equipped with the arcuation chute on the two side of feeding-passage, and the arcuation chute is that the circumferencial direction of the circle in the center of circle extends along the center of rotation with tool rest; Be provided with material-guiding wheel between the two side, the parallel raised lines that are provided with some along its axial direction extension of material-guiding wheel outer surface, the material-guiding wheel two ends are respectively equipped with the rotating shaft of inserting two chutes, a described rotating shaft is stretched out chute and is provided with the sprocket wheel that is in transmission connection with drive unit, is provided with carriage between described rotating shaft and the chute.
As further improvement, described carriage comprises bearing sheathed in the rotating shaft, is provided with slide block between bearing and the chute.
As further improvement, described circumferential feed hopper and described feeding-passage are fixed together by grafting.
As further improvement, described topping machanism comprises that described tool rest is circumferentially with some mount pads and the end is provided with mounting disc, mounting disc is provided with at least one installing hole that radially extends along mounting disc, installing hole circumferentially evenly distributes and lays respectively between each mount pad along mounting disc, be provided with in described mount pad and the installing hole and be respectively equipped with cutting knife, described mount pad upper cutter is parallel with the tool rest pivot center, and described installing hole inner cutter is vertical with the tool rest pivot center.
As further improvement, described cutting knife comprises that cutter hub and cutter hub two ends extend the blade that is provided with respectively, is provided with some blade installing holes on the described cutter hub between two blades.
As further improvement, described blade installing hole is the bar hole that extends along perpendicular to the blade direction.
As further improvement, described cutting knife is flat shape quadrangle shape perpendicular to the cross section of blade.
As further improvement, described side feed hopper inlet is provided with the rubber protective cover.
As further improvement, described body is provided with road wheel and draw-gear.
The technique scheme branch crushing machine, owing to be to have adopted to comprise the pulverizer body, on body, be provided with pulverizing chamber, be communicated with pulverizing chamber and be provided with feed hopper and discharge bucket, be provided with the tool rest that can rotate under the drive unit that is provided with on the body drives in pulverizing chamber, feed hopper comprises circumferential feed hopper that is positioned at tool rest week side and the side feed hopper that is positioned at tool rest one side; Tool rest is provided with can cut respectively by circumferential feed hopper and imports tiny branch and imported the topping machanism of thick branch by the side feed hopper; Circumferentially be provided with drawing-in device between feed hopper and the pulverizing chamber, such structure, drive the tool rest rotation by the drive unit that is arranged on the body, thereby driving topping machanism rotates, to cutting pulverizing by the tiny branch by the drawing-in device feeding in the circumferential feed hopper, and the thick branch that is imported by the side feed hopper is cut pulverizing, the inconvenience that feeds by drawing-in device again after avoiding to decompose thick branch, to the inconvenience of the adjustment of topping machanism, made things convenient for people during the branch also having avoided simultaneously differing in size to the pulverizing of branch with to the use of branch crushing machine because of needs cutting thickness.Drawing-in device adopts by the material-guiding wheel that is arranged on arcuation chute guiding on the feeding-passage two side, and by between the rotating shaft of material-guiding wheel and arcuation chute, being provided with carriage, so that drawing-in device can according to how many automatic sizes of adjusting the feeding passage of the branch that feeds, to adapt to the actual job environment of pulverizer.Topping machanism adopts in the installing hole of circumferential some mount pads of tool rest and end mounting disc and is respectively equipped with cutting knife, and the mount pad upper cutter is parallel with the tool rest pivot center, the mode that described installing hole inner cutter is vertical with the tool rest pivot center, realize cutting pulverizing by the cutting knife that mount pad is provided with to importing tiny branch by circumferential feed hopper, and pulverize by the cutting that the side feed hopper imports thick branch by the realization of the cutting knife in the installing hole in the mounting disc, simple in structure, easy to use, and to the crush efficiency height of branch.Cutting knife adopts and extends the blade that is provided with respectively at cutting knife cutter hub two ends, and between two blades, be provided with the bar shaped installing hole that extend perpendicular to the blade direction on some edges, and adopt cutting knife to be flat shape quadrangle shape perpendicular to the cross section of blade, not only made things convenient for the installation of cutting knife, also convenient adjustment to cutter location, simultaneously, also improve the intensity of cutting knife blade, prolonged the service life of cutting knife.Be provided with the rubber protective cover at side feed hopper inlet, prevented spilling of when branch is cut chip, protected personal safety.Be provided with road wheel and draw-gear at body, made things convenient for the transposing of people the mobile and operating location of pulverizer.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of branch crushing machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that branch crushing machine of the present invention is removed structural representation behind the side case;
Fig. 3 is a branch crushing machine topping machanism structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of branch crushing machine feeding device of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a branch crushing machine side feed hopper entrance structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is a branch crushing machine cutter structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is Fig. 6 vertical view.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, branch crushing machine, comprise pulverizer body 1, on body 1, be provided with pulverizing chamber 13, drive unit, be communicated with pulverizing chamber 13 and be provided with feed hopper and discharge bucket 14, in pulverizing chamber 13, be provided with the tool rest 3 that can under drive unit drives, rotate, drive unit can adopt the gear that drives as motor or diesel engine etc., on body 1, also be provided with road wheel 16 and draw-gear 15 being convenient for people to, and can change lead by draw-gear 15 to pulverizer to the moving and the transposing of operating location of pulverizer.And the feed hopper that is communicated with pulverizing chamber 13 comprises circumferential feed hopper 11 that is positioned at tool rest 3 all sides and the side feed hopper 12 that is positioned at tool rest 3 one sides; And on tool rest 3, be provided with topping machanism, topping machanism can cut respectively by circumferential feed hopper 11 and import tiny branch and import thick branch by side feed hopper 12, the inconvenience of feeding again after need decomposing thick branch when so just having avoided cutting thick branch, the inconvenience of during branch also having avoided simultaneously differing in size topping machanism being adjusted because of needs cutting thickness, made things convenient for people to the pulverizing of branch with to the use of branch crushing machine, the convenience of for convenience tiny branch feeding circumferentially is being provided with drawing-in device between feed hopper 11 and the pulverizing chamber 13.
Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 4, drawing-in device comprises feeding-passage 2, feeding-passage 2 two ends are communicated with pulverizing chamber 13 and circumferential feed hopper 11 respectively, on the two side 4 of feeding-passage 2, be respectively equipped with chute 41, and chute 41 is that the center of rotation with tool rest 3 is the arcuation chute that extend in the center of circle, between two side 4, be provided with material-guiding wheel 7, at the parallel raised lines that are provided with some along the extension of material-guiding wheel axial direction of material-guiding wheel 7 outer surfaces, and be respectively equipped with the rotating shaft 71 of inserting two chutes 41 at material-guiding wheel 7 two ends, wherein a rotating shaft 71 is stretched out chute 41 and is provided with the sprocket wheel that is in transmission connection with drive unit, like this, rotate by be in transmission connection chain wheel drive material-guiding wheel 7 of drive unit chain, make under the rotation guiding of the raised lines that tiny branch to be pulverized in the circumferential feed hopper 11 is provided with on the extruding of material-guiding wheel 7 dead weights and material-guiding wheel 7 surfaces, along cutting pulverizing in the passage feeding pulverizing chamber 13 of the formation between material-guiding wheel 7 and feeding-passage 2 diapires, and can be according to what of feeding branch amount, material-guiding wheel 7 can be along 41 liftings of two chutes to adjust the size of feeding passage, thereby the extruding that improves branch for the weight that improves material-guiding wheel 7 feeds with convenient, material-guiding wheel 7 can adopt cast iron or the bigger metal material of steel isodensity to make, also can between pulverizer body and material-guiding wheel 7, be provided with and promote the thrust unit that material-guiding wheel 7 is pressed to branch, as spring.In order to improve the feeding service behaviour, between rotating shaft 71 and chute 41, be provided with carriage 6, as shown in Figure 4, carriage 6 can adopt and comprise bearing sheathed in the rotating shaft 71, and is provided with slide block between bearing and chute 41, like this, rotate in just can be in the rotating shaft 71 sheathed bearing of material-guiding wheel 7, and rely on slide block oscilaltion in chute 41, like this, improved the matching property between material-guiding wheel 7 and the chute 41.And, can be respectively equipped with the block plate that is solidified as a whole with raised line at the two ends of material-guiding wheel 7, to improve the linking intensity between the raised line, improved the functional reliability of material-guiding wheel 7.It is to be installed on the material-guiding wheel 7 by bolt that raised line also can adopt, to make things convenient for the replacing after raised line weares and teares.And for can be in the break down convenience of dismounting need keep in repair the time of drawing-in device, circumferentially feed hopper 11 can be to be fixed together by grafting with feeding-passage 2.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, topping machanism is included in the some mount pads 31 that circumferentially are provided with on the tool rest 3, with the mounting disc 32 that is provided with in tool rest 3 ends, with be located at body on be provided with the installing hole 321 that at least one radially extends along mounting disc 32 in the mounting disc 32 of the side feed hopper 12 corresponding sides that are communicated with pulverizing chamber 13, these installing holes 321 circumferentially evenly distribute along mounting disc 32, and these installing holes 321 lay respectively between each mount pad 31, promptly lay respectively in two mounting discs 32 between the mount pad 31, in mount pad 31 and installing hole 321, be respectively equipped with cutting knife 5, the cutting knife 5 that is installed on the mount pad 31 is parallel with the pivot center of tool rest 3, and the cutting knife 5 that is installed in the installing hole 321 is vertical with tool rest 3 pivot centers, consider the real work situation, installing hole 321 can be provided with two, be symmetricly set in the mounting disc 32, certainly, also can adopt one, the installing hole of three or other number, mount pad 31 then can be provided with six, also can adopt four, five or other number; Cut pulverizing by 5 pairs of the tiny branches of cutting knife that are arranged on the mount pad 31 by circumferential feed hopper 11 feedings that are positioned at its all side, and the cutting knife 5 that is positioned at installing hole 321 in the mounting disc 32 just can cut the thick branch that is imported by side feed hopper 12, and by the row of the space between the mount pad 31 from installing hole 321 places, the branch chip after cutting is pulverized is just by discharge bucket 14 discharge pulverizers.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, cutting knife 5 can adopt and comprise that cutter hub and cutter hub two ends extend the form of the blade 51 that is provided with respectively, and be provided with some blade installing holes 52 on the cutter hub between two blades 51, install by 52 pairs of cutting knifes 5 of blade installing hole, like this, pulverizer is along with the rotation of rotary knife base 3 51 pairs of branches of blade by cutting knife 5 two ends cut, if occur blade 51 wearing and tearing in use or damage phenomenon, only need cutting knife 5 pulled down and reinstall and to use after the blade 51 at two ends exchanged, this has prolonged the service life of cutting knife 5 greatly, convenience for dismounting, can guarantee again simultaneously that cutting knife 5 installations are firm, blade installing hole 52 can be set to 3, certainly, also can adopt two, the installing hole of four or other number to be being adapted to different operating environments, and can directly adopt set bolt by blade installing hole 52 cutting knife 5 to be fixedly mounted, to be convenient for people to the dismounting to cutting knife 5; In order to adjust cutting knife 5 upper knife edges 51 overhang when mounted easily, thereby convenient cutting to branch, blade installing hole 52 adopts the bar hole that extends along perpendicular to the direction of blade 51, like this, when adjusting blade 51 overhangs, only need unclamp the bolt of fastening cutting knife 5, move forward and backward cutting knife 5, with blade 51 be transferred to suitable position more again fastening bolt get final product; Certainly, it is to be parallel to the bar hole that blade 51 directions are extended in the cutter hub upper edge that blade installing hole 52 also can adopt, to make things convenient for the adjustment of position, blade 51 left and right sides.And cutting knife 5 is flat shape quadrangle perpendicular to the shape in the cross section of blade 51, not only made things convenient for the installation after the blade 51 at cutting knife 5 two ends exchanged, strengthened the intensity of blade 51 simultaneously, prolonged the service life of blade 51, certainly, cutting knife 5 also can be trapezoidal perpendicular to the shape in the cross section of blade 51, to be convenient for people to the selection use to cutting knife.
When cutting pulverizing owing to the thick branch that imports by side feed hopper 12; the branch chip is easily by spilling in the side feed hopper 12; the safety of influence operation; as shown in Figure 5; be provided with rubber protective cover 121 at side feed hopper 12 inlets; can be provided with many on the rubber protective cover 121 by cracking of extending around the middle mind-set of protective cover 121 covers; like this; promptly do not hinder the importing of branch; avoided spilling of branch chip again; and the material of rubber protective cover 121 also can adopt textile fiber material or plastic material etc. to make.

Claims (10)

1, branch crushing machine, comprise pulverizer body (1), body (1) is provided with pulverizing chamber (13), be communicated with pulverizing chamber (13) and be provided with feed hopper and discharge bucket (14), be provided with the tool rest (3) that can rotate under the drive unit that is provided with on the body (1) drives in the described pulverizing chamber (13), it is characterized in that: described feed hopper comprises the circumferential feed hopper (11) that is positioned at all sides of tool rest (3) and is positioned at the side feed hopper (12) of tool rest (3) one sides; Described tool rest (3) is provided with the topping machanism of the thick branch that can cut the tiny branch that imported by circumferential feed hopper (11) respectively and be imported by side feed hopper (12); Be provided with drawing-in device between described circumferential feed hopper (11) and the pulverizing chamber (13).
2, branch crushing machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described drawing-in device comprises the feeding-passage (2) that is communicated with circumferential feed hopper (11) and pulverizing chamber (13) respectively, be respectively equipped with arcuation chute (41) on the two side (4) of feeding-passage (2), arcuation chute (41) is that the circumferencial direction of the circle in the center of circle extends along the center of rotation with tool rest (3); Be provided with material-guiding wheel (7) between the two side (4), the parallel raised lines that are provided with some along the extension of material-guiding wheel axial direction of material-guiding wheel (7) outer surface, material-guiding wheel (7) two ends are respectively equipped with the rotating shaft (71) of inserting two chutes (41), a described rotating shaft (71) is stretched out chute (41) and is provided with the sprocket wheel that is in transmission connection with drive unit, is provided with carriage (6) between described rotating shaft (71) and the chute (41).
3, branch crushing machine as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described carriage (6) comprises upward sheathed bearing of rotating shaft (71), and bearing and chute are provided with slide block between (41).
4, branch crushing machine as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described circumferential feed hopper (11) is fixed together by grafting with feeding-passage (2).
5, branch crushing machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described topping machanism comprises that described tool rest (3) is circumferentially with some mount pads (31) and the end is provided with mounting disc (32), the mounting disc (32) that is positioned at described side feed hopper (12) side is provided with the installing hole (321) that at least one radially extends along mounting disc (32), installing hole (321) circumferentially evenly distributes and lays respectively between each mount pad (31) along mounting disc (32), be respectively equipped with cutting knife (5) in described mount pad (31) and the installing hole (321), described mount pad (31) upper cutter (5) is parallel with tool rest (3) pivot center, and described installing hole (321) inner cutter (5) is vertical with tool rest (3) pivot center.
6, branch crushing machine as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: described cutting knife (5) comprises that cutter hub and cutter hub two ends extend the blade (51) that is provided with respectively, is provided with some blade installing holes (52) on the described cutter hub between two blades (51).
7, branch crushing machine as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that: the bar hole that described blade installing hole (52) extends perpendicular to blade (51) direction for the edge.
8, branch crushing machine as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: described cutting knife (5) is flat shape quadrangle shape perpendicular to the cross section of blade (51).
9, branch crushing machine as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described side feed hopper (12) inlet is provided with rubber protective cover (121).
10, as each described branch crushing machine in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that: described body (1) is provided with road wheel (16) and draw-gear (15).
CNB2006100702866A 2006-11-27 2006-11-27 Branch crushing machine CN100558464C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100702866A CN100558464C (en) 2006-11-27 2006-11-27 Branch crushing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100702866A CN100558464C (en) 2006-11-27 2006-11-27 Branch crushing machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101190421A CN101190421A (en) 2008-06-04
CN100558464C true CN100558464C (en) 2009-11-11

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2006100702866A CN100558464C (en) 2006-11-27 2006-11-27 Branch crushing machine

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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101722090B (en) * 2009-11-03 2012-06-27 朱明江 Excrement fiber pulverizer
CN101786035B (en) * 2010-03-25 2011-10-05 浙江亚特电器有限公司 Branch grinder
CN101961669B (en) * 2010-09-30 2012-03-21 浙江亚特电器有限公司 Improved structure for branch crusher
DE102011121972A1 (en) 2011-12-21 2013-06-27 Thermo Electron (Karlsruhe) Gmbh granulator
CN102864670B (en) * 2012-09-27 2016-03-02 郑州运达造纸设备有限公司 A kind of pulper
CN104884171B (en) * 2012-12-24 2016-08-17 车战斌 Pulverizer
CN104541806A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-04-29 邹中霞 Tool bit of straw pulverizer
CN109127039A (en) * 2018-08-21 2019-01-04 安徽工程大学 Green grass feed cutting method
CN109453872B (en) * 2018-12-27 2020-06-26 常思远 Traditional chinese medicine powder making appearance

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