CN100558233C - The bio-regeneration life support system biological unit relationship simulated integrated laboratory device - Google Patents

The bio-regeneration life support system biological unit relationship simulated integrated laboratory device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100558233C
CN100558233C CNB2007101188126A CN200710118812A CN100558233C CN 100558233 C CN100558233 C CN 100558233C CN B2007101188126 A CNB2007101188126 A CN B2007101188126A CN 200710118812 A CN200710118812 A CN 200710118812A CN 100558233 C CN100558233 C CN 100558233C
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plant
animal
gas
chamber
tracheae
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2007101188126A
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CN101147471A (en
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刘红
佟玲
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Beihang University
Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics
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Beihang University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of bio-regeneration life support system biological unit relationship simulated integrated laboratory device.This device comprises between animal, three parts between plant and between air temperature modification.Wherein accessory comprises red blue light emitting diode, ventilating fan, contact type temperature sensor, moisture transducer, liquid level gauge, piezometer, water distributor, gas distribution pipe, stainless steel funnel, water pump, gas boosting pump, air valve, water valve etc. between plant; Device has uviol lamp, ventilating fan, piezometer etc. between animal; Comprise copper heat-exchange tube, oxygen sensor, gas boosting pump, air valve etc. between air temperature modification.Utilize this device can carry out plant cultivation, animal cultivation experiment separately, the gas experiment that the plant purification people breathes out, also can carry out animals and plants associating culture experiment, thereby the commutative relation of the materials such as gas in the research bioregenerative life support system (BLSS) between biological units such as plant, animal, the material balance between biological unit provides certain experiment argument in the life-support systems in order to keep.This experimental provision also can be used for carrying out experimental ecology research.

Description

The bio-regeneration life support system biological unit relationship simulated integrated laboratory device
Technical field
This patent relates to a bio-regeneration life support system biological unit relationship simulated integrated laboratory device, be mainly used in the material recurrence relation between biological units such as plant, animal in the exploratory development bioregenerative life support system (BLSS), the material balance between biological unit provides certain experiment argument in the life-support systems in order to keep.
Background technology
Bioregenerative life support system (BLSS, Biological Life Support System) is known as the basic guarantee technology of setting up the permanent moon, Mars space base by each spacefaring nation.Water and Gas reclamation among the BLSS are mainly finished by photosynthesis by higher plant, and the astronaut obtains plant food there from higher plant simultaneously.In addition, consider from astronaut's psychology physiology angle, realize the closed of the self-sufficient of astronaut's food and increase system simultaneously, the astronaut also will produce animal protein in BLSS, be that regeneration life support system comprises biological units such as plant, animal, in limited space station, certainly exist mass exchange between the animals and plants, thus the balance of the safeguards system matter and energy that earns a bare living jointly.In addition, the oxygen that needs owing to astronaut in the space station is mainly provided by higher plant, so be necessary to study the purge cases of higher plant to people's breath.Therefore, the material recurrence relation between these biological units of research exploration just becomes one of major issue of keeping material balance in the regeneration life support system.
Technology contents
This patent technical problem to be solved is, provides that a kind of structure is simple relatively, easy to observe the control, the experimental provision of mass exchange relation between the research animal and plant growth unit being convenient to operate.
For realizing that above-mentioned research purpose has designed this bio-regeneration life support system biological unit relationship simulated integrated laboratory device, this device comprises between animal 37, between plant 38, between air temperature modification 39, between logistics 3.It is characterized in that: can carry out the gas experiment that plant, animal substance conversion characteristic are tested separately, the plant purification people breathes out, also can carry out the experiment of animal and plant unit associations, the mass exchange characteristic between the research animal and plant.
37 tops are provided with uviol lamp 5 between animal, ultraviolet disinfection channel partition 9, plate hight 5-20cm, this front edge of board and casing keep the 2-10cm distance, enter uviol lamp sterilizing path 32 from the air between air temperature modification through passing through fan 10, flow out at slave plate front opening 33 places, and the both-side opening 29 of the ultraviolet light barrier 1 under the uviol lamp passage 32 flows between animals again, and the effect of ultraviolet light barrier 1 is to prevent that ultraviolet direct projection Room 38 from damaging animal wherein.Gases such as the carbonic acid gas that animal is emitted, ammonia flow out from tracheae 40, enter between plant through tracheae 41, and tracheae 41 is divided into arm 42,43.Blue perforate 2 is managed at positive middle part between animal, is used for installing the aseptic medical gloves of lengthening, and the experimenter can be by them to operating between animal.This element front also is provided with a fluorescent lamp 15 and is used for illumination, and its top is reflector 16.Be confined space from the top to the casing of supporting plate 30 between animal, between the plate face 36 of high 90-140cm and animal 37 box flange be connected, detachable.
39 tops are red and blue LED light source 25 between plant, ruddiness 70%-90% wherein, blue light 10%-30%.Top is provided with ventilative stainless (steel) wire 4, be used for exhaust fan 10 to led light source 25 coolings, corrosion resistant plate 31 around the ventilating fan; The printing opacity armorplate glass 6 of light source 25 bottoms.The middle part is provided with porous plate 20 support top plant growth mediums 35, can make that unnecessary current return in the collecting container 28 in water in the tipping bucket 23 and the matrix 34 simultaneously.Contact type temperature sensor 14 is housed, the hot and cold equipment work of control system between plant on 38 sidewalls.Water distributor 21, gas distribution pipe 19 are established in plant growth medium 34 surfaces.Gas between animal enters between plant by tracheae 40,41 and tracheae arm 42 and 43: when entering between plant by arm 44, the tracheae 19 that connects 2-12 root gas distribution pipe is evenly distributed on plant growth medium 34 surfaces with gas; When entering between plant by arm 43, gas will enter between plant by plant growth medium 34.Perforate 8 on the casing is used for connecting the sealing respirator, is used to carry out the experiment of plant purification people breath.20 be seal cavity from transparent toughened glass plate 6 to supporting plate between plant.38 box flange is connected, detachably between plate face 35 and the plant of the high 50-120cm in middle part.Ventilating fan 10 squeezes between air temperature modification 39 with gas between plant.
39 parts such as collecting container 22 that comprise heat exchanger 12, oxygen sensor 24, gas boosting pump 26, water pump 27 and flanged lid between air temperature modification.Collecting container 22 walls are marked with scale, with the variation of observing system quantity of circulating water.
On tracheae 46, be provided with two sealable holes 11 that can connect gas determinator.During refrigeration, the condensed water that gets off that condenses from air flows in the collecting container 22 by water valve 27.As required, condensed water in the collecting container 22 can flow into collecting container 28 by water valve 51, water wherein can be plant water supply by drip irrigation and flood irrigation dual mode by water pump 50, even flow into the water pipe on plant growth medium surface by water valve 49, or by water valve 48 inflow tipping buckets 23, and then submerged plant growth substrate 34, finish the flood irrigation water distribution.
Next door between animal and between plant is provided with between logistics 3, carries out between each chamber and the solid matter transmission of indoor and outdoor.39 giving vent to anger to enter on the tracheae 40 between animal and have two holes 11 between air temperature modification, carry out on-line analysis to get gas.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the vertical view of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the left view of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the right view of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the I-I profile of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the II-II profile of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the III-III profile of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the IV-IV profile of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the rearview of apparatus of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the water distributor gas distribution pipe distribution map on the plant growth substrate between apparatus of the present invention implants.
1. ultraviolet light barriers among the figure, 2. the perforate of rubber gloves is installed, 3. between logistics, 4. ventilative stainless (steel) wire, 5. uviol lamp, 6. armorplate glass, 7. corrosion resistant plate, 8. connect the perforate of breathing mask, 9. ultraviolet disinfection channel plate, 10. fan, 11. connect the perforate of online gas determinator, 12. copper heat exchanger, 13. air valves, 14. contact type temperature sensors, 15. fluorescent light, 16. the stainless steel light barrier, 17. stainless steel doors with lock, 18. exhaust outlets, 19. gas distribution pipe, 20. the porous stainless steel plate, 21. water distributors, (floor space is the square of length of side 5cm to 22. collecting containers, high 15cm), 23. the stainless steel tipping bucket, 24. oxygen sensors, 25. light emitting diodes, 26. air pump, 27. water valve, 28. collecting containers (long 70cm, wide 55cm, high 30cm), 29. ultraviolet light barrier gas outlet, 30. stainless steel supporting plates, 31. ventilating fan stainless steel outer covers, 32. ultraviolet disinfection passage, 33. ultraviolet channel plate front opening, 34. plant growth mediums, flange surface stainless steel between 35. plants, 36. flange surface stainless steel between animal, 37. between animal, between 38. plants, between 39. air temperature modification, 40. air escape pipe between animal, 41. flow to the air main between plant, 42. by the tracheae between plant growth medium inflow plant, 43. from the tracheae between plant growth medium surface inflow plant, 44. air enters the tracheae of disinfection by ultraviolet light passage, 45. escape pipe between air temperature modification, 46. moisture transducers, 47. liquid level gauges, 48. the water valve on the three-way pipe, 49. the water valve on the three-way pipe arm, following water pump between 50. plants, water valve between 51. liang of collecting containers.
Embodiment
Patent equipment of the present invention mainly by between animal 37, between plant 38 and air temperature modification between three parts such as 39 form.Wherein accessory comprises red blue light emitting diode 25, ventilating fan 10, contact type temperature sensor 14, liquid level gauge 47, moisture transducer 46, water distributor 21, gas distribution pipe 19, porous stainless steel supporting plate 20, stainless steel tipping bucket 23, gas boosting pump 26, collecting container 22 and 28, air valve 13, water valve 27 etc. between plant; Device has uviol lamp 5, ventilating fan 10 etc. between animal; Comprise copper heat exchange tracheae 12, oxygen sensor 24, gas boosting pump 26, air valve 13 etc. between air temperature modification.Utilize this device can carry out plant cultivation, animal cultivation experiment separately, the gas experiment that the plant purification people breathes out also can carry out animals and plants and unite culture experiment.
Carry out plant when testing separately, need to close gas check valve 13, through tracheae 45,41, enter between plant from arm 42 or 43 from 39 effluent airs between air temperature modification.When gas when tracheae 42 enters between plant, carry out plant growth medium and purify trace contaminants such as the ethene experiment that plant discharges.In the experimentation, on tracheae 45, connect the variation that gas determinator is measured heterotrophic respiratory rate in the wear rate of the product oxygen speed of plant, carbonic acid gas and the matrix and micropollution substrate concentration.
Take following mode that the plant between plant is supplied water.At first in collecting container 28, inject the water of q.s; Select mode simultaneously to plant water supply.When selecting the flood irrigation water distribution manner, open water valve 48 and close water valve 49 simultaneously, and liquid level gauge 48 is communicated with power supply, when moisture transducer 46 detects in the plant growth medium water deficient, send to start and irrigate instruction unlatching water pump 50, the water in the collecting container 28 will enter tipping bucket 23 and submerged plant growth substrate 34 at this moment.When liquid level gauge detects liquid level and reaches requirement, it will send and stop to irrigate instruction control pump 50 and quit work, and the free water in tipping bucket 23 and the plant growth medium 34 will flow back in the collecting container 28.When taking the water distribution manner of drip irrigation, to open water valve 49 and close water valve 48, water pump 50 continuous water supplies carry out drip irrigation for water distributor 21.
Carry out plant animal and unite when testing, need open the air valve 13 that then leads on the tracheae of ultraviolet disinfection passage, close the air valve 13 on the tracheae 45 simultaneously.To enter ultraviolet disinfection passage 32 by tracheae 40 and ventilating fan 10 from 39 effluent airs between air temperature modification, flow between animal, from ultraviolet light barrier both-side opening for animal provides fresh air through the gas of sterilizing.The waste gas that animal produces flows between plant through the tracheae 40 in the accompanying drawing 1, tracheae 41.Similar to above-mentioned situation, when this waste gas flows between plant from 42 tracheaes, can carry out the carbonic acid gas that plant growth medium purifies in trace contaminant such as wherein ammonia, ethene and this mist of plant utilization and carry out the photosynthesis experiment; When animal waste gas enters between plant by 43 tracheaes, carry out plant and directly utilize carbonic acid gas wherein to carry out the photosynthesis experiment.In the experiment, utilize the gas determinator that connects on the tracheae 39 to measure the gas main component that enters between animal.3 taking-ups such as leaf with the plant between plant between the experimenter opens the door by three-dimensional through simple process, as the animal between the food letting animals feed, are studied the material transforming relationship between animals and plants with it.
When the gas cleaning that the research plant is breathed out to the people is tested, connect the sealing breathing mask that the experimenter wears at 8 tappings, the gas that this face shield only allows the people to breathe exchanges with interior air between plant; Close the air valve 13 that is connecting on the tracheae that leads to ultraviolet disinfection passage 32 simultaneously, utilize the effect of the gas determinator investigation plant purification people breath on 45 tracheaes.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of bio-regeneration life support system biological unit relationship simulated integrated laboratory device, comprise between (37) between animal housing, plant chamber between (38), air temperature modification chamber between (39), logistics chamber (3), it is characterized in that: between animal housing and the next door between the plant chamber is provided with (3) between the logistics chamber, in order to carry out reaching solid matter transmission inside and outside between the chamber between each chamber; Described analog synthesis experimental provision can carry out the gas experiment that plant, animal substance conversion characteristic are tested separately, the plant purification people breathes out, and also can carry out the experiment of animal and plant unit associations, the commutativity of the material between research animal and plant chamber; (37) top is provided with uviol lamp (5) between animal housing, ultraviolet disinfection channel partition (9) plate hight 5-20cm, this front edge of board and casing keep the 2-10cm distance, air from (39) between the air temperature modification chamber enters ultraviolet disinfection passage (32) through passing through fan (10), slave plate front opening (33) is located to flow out, the both-side opening (29) of the ultraviolet light barrier (1) under the ultraviolet disinfection passage (32) flows between animal housing (37) again, and the effect of ultraviolet light barrier (1) is to prevent between ultraviolet direct projection animal that (37) damage animal wherein; Carbonic acid gas that animal is emitted and ammonia gas flow out from first tracheae (40), enter (38) between the plant chamber through second tracheae (41), and second tracheae (41) is divided into first arm (42), second arm (43); Have two holes (11) on give vent to anger the 3rd tracheae (44) that enters (37) between animal housing in (39) between the air temperature modification chamber, carry out on-line analysis to get gas; Blue perforate (2) is managed at (38) positive middle part between animal housing, is used for installing the aseptic medical gloves of lengthening, and the experimenter can operate (37) between animal housing by them; Around here the front also be provided with a fluorescent lamp (15) be used for the illumination, its top is reflector (16); (37) are confined space from the top to the casing of supporting plate animal housing (30) between animal housing, between the plate face (36) of high 90-140cm and animal housing the box flange of (37) be connected, detachable.
2, bio-regeneration life support system biological unit relationship simulated integrated laboratory device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: (39) comprise first collecting container (22) parts of heat exchanger (12), oxygen sensor (24), gas boosting pump (26) and flanged lid between the air temperature modification chamber; On the 4th tracheae (45), be provided with two sealable holes (11) that can connect gas determinator; During refrigeration, the condensed water that gets off that condenses from air flows in first collecting container (22) by first water valve (27), and this first collecting container wall is marked with scale, with the variation of observing system quantity of circulating water; As required, the water in first collecting container (22) can flow in bigger second collecting container (28) through second water valve (51).
CNB2007101188126A 2007-06-12 2007-06-12 The bio-regeneration life support system biological unit relationship simulated integrated laboratory device Expired - Fee Related CN100558233C (en)

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CN105638413A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-08 北京航空航天大学 Miniature artificial ecosystem experiment device for space base carrying
CN108020382B (en) * 2016-10-28 2019-07-23 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 People, fish, vegetables manned experiment device and working method
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CN109717151A (en) * 2017-10-30 2019-05-07 中国科学院城市环境研究所 Drosophila space treatment experimental provision

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