CN100556998C - Energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid - Google Patents

Energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100556998C
CN100556998C CNB200610071370XA CN200610071370A CN100556998C CN 100556998 C CN100556998 C CN 100556998C CN B200610071370X A CNB200610071370X A CN B200610071370XA CN 200610071370 A CN200610071370 A CN 200610071370A CN 100556998 C CN100556998 C CN 100556998C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
coal
energy
potassium
magnesiumcarbonate
dust removal
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB200610071370XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101041788A (en
Inventor
程庚
李进亭
程建平
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XINJIANG TIANRONG ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co
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XINJIANG TIANRONG ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co
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Priority to CNB200610071370XA priority Critical patent/CN100556998C/en
Publication of CN101041788A publication Critical patent/CN101041788A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L10/00Use of additives to fuels or fires for particular purposes
    • C10L10/02Use of additives to fuels or fires for particular purposes for reducing smoke development

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid, it is to be raw material with potassium permanganate, potassium perchlorate, SODIUMNITRATE, sodium-chlor, rare earth chloride, lime carbonate, calcium oxide, magnesiumcarbonate, potassium bichromate, boron oxide, borax, in advance wherein lime carbonate, magnesiumcarbonate, calcium oxide powder are broken into the powder of granularity less than 1mm, then above-mentioned each component is mixed, add water and stir and get final product.Concentrated solution of the present invention is sneaked in the coal by a certain percentage, and fire coal can fully be burnt, and improves fire box temperature, improves boiler thermal output, and save energy reduces SO 2Discharging with flue dust.

Description

Energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid
Technical field
The invention belongs to and to make the fire coal that coal fully burns, reduces pollutant emission add concentrated solution, particularly energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid.
Background technology
Coal is the main disposable energy of China, but coal burning is insufficient, and efficiency of energy utilization is low, and brings serious topsoil.Present stage is to the coal clean utilization, major part is coal to be pulverized the back add solids-enriched liquid, and then be processed into moulded coal, not only increase equipment, and the solid matter that adds as: clay, lime etc. itself does not burn, in combustion processes, absorb heat, reduce the efficiency of combustion of coal, so effect is undesirable.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid, sneak into by a certain percentage fire coal can fully be burnt, improve fire box temperature, improve boiler thermal output, save energy reduces SO 2Discharging with flue dust.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid, form (consumption is a weight part) by following raw material weight proportioning:
Potassium permanganate 0.5-2 potassium perchlorate 2-6 SODIUMNITRATE 2-6
Sodium-chlor 8-13 rare earth chloride 0.2-1 lime carbonate 1-4
Calcium oxide 0.5-4 magnesiumcarbonate 0.5-2 potassium bichromate 0.2-1
Boron oxide 0.5-2 borax 0.5-2 water 70-90.
The formula optimization weight distribution ratio scope of preparation concentrated solution of the present invention is:
Potassium permanganate 1-1.5 potassium perchlorate 3-5 SODIUMNITRATE 3-5
Sodium-chlor 10-13 rare earth chloride 0.5-1 lime carbonate 1.5-3.5
Calcium oxide 0.5-3.5 magnesiumcarbonate 0.5-1.8 potassium bichromate 0.5-1
Boron oxide 0.8-2 borax 0.5-1.8 water 73-85.
The production method that above-mentioned each component is made concentrated solution of the present invention is:
Weight (part) proportioning by above-mentioned each raw material takes by weighing raw material, and wherein, lime carbonate, magnesiumcarbonate, calcium oxide are ground into the powder of granularity less than 1mm earlier, then above-mentioned each component are mixed, and adds water 70-90 weight part and stirs and get final product.
Potassium permanganate, potassium perchlorate, saltpetre, SODIUMNITRATE, potassium bichromate, boron oxide are formed the mixed type strong oxidizer, can discharge oxygen and combustible material respectively in different temperature in the coal burning process, play combustion-supporting effect, improve coal burning efficient.The molecular formula of potassium bichromate: K 2Cr 2O 7, molecular weight: 294.18.Sodium-chlor produces " microexplosion " phenomenon as raising agent in the coal burning process, reach coal is well contacted with oxygen, accelerates combustionvelocity, makes rapid, complete, the thorough incendiary purpose of coal; Rare earth chloride is as sweetening agent, and at high temperature, rare earth chloride is displaced the rare earth element that comes and can reacts with the sulphur in the coal, plays the effect of solid sulphur desulfurization.Rare earth chloride mainly refers to the rare-earth mineral based on light rare earths, through alkaline process or acidic process and pass through P 204The muriatic mixture of the light rare earths that obtains after the grouping.Wherein contain Lanthanum trichloride, Cerium II Chloride, praseodymium chloride, Neodymium trichloride etc.The chemical ingredients of rare earth chloride sees Table 1.
Table 1
Lime carbonate, calcium oxide, when magnesiumcarbonate reaches more than 1000 ℃ at coal burning, prevent that sulphate decomposition from producing secondary sulfurous gas, generates the double sulfate [CaMg (SO4) of stable phase 2], with the slag discharging, reach the discharging that reduces sulfurous gas.
Simultaneous test: concentrated solution mix raw coal of the present invention has not been carried out the contrast of flue dust, sulfur dioxide emissioning concentration and quantity discharged with having treated identical component raw coal under equal combustion conditions, shown in table 2, table 3, table 4.
One, testing method: GB5468-91 " smoke-dust measurement method ", GB/T16157-1996 " particulate matter is measured and the gaseous pollutant method of sampling in the Concentration in Fixed Pollutants Source ".
Two, the full-automatic flue dust tester of testing tool: TH880V, testo smoke detecting instrument.
Three, test position: the original soot emissions mouth of boiler, two measuring points of fly-ash separator outlet.
Four, test condition:
Table 2 fuel composition
Table 3 boiler operatiopn state
Raw coal combustion The raw coal of mix concentrated solution of the present invention
Boiler unit time output steam 8.3 ton/hour 8.3 ton/hour
Test duration 6.5 hour 8.2 hour
Coal consumption 8 tons 8 tons
Ton coal producing steam amount 6.7 ton 8.5 ton
Fire box temperature mean value ????640℃ ??715℃
Five, test result
Table 4
Test result analysis
1. on test result, sulfur dioxide emissions speed is 15.35kg/h when using raw coal on chain-grate boiler; Sulfur dioxide emissions speed is 7.22kg/h when using clean coal, reduces by 52.9%.
2. on test result, when using raw coal on chain-grate boiler, the original soot emissions speed of its boiler is 12.57kg/h: the original soot emissions speed of boiler is 6.04kg/h when using the raw coal that has added concentrated solution of the present invention, reduces by 51.9%; The soot emissions rate of fly-ash separator outlet does not almost change.
Under equal combustion conditions, do not carried out the contrast that ton is marked coal gas production rate, sulfur dioxide emissioning concentration at the raw coal of on South Mountain, Longkou, Shandong Province heat power plant of the group No. 1 WGZ-220/9.81 slag tap cyclone furnace our company being produced with there being treated identical component raw coal, shown in table 5, table 6 with concentrated solution mix of the present invention.
One, testing method: the test of sulfur dioxide emissioning concentration, according to GB5468-91 " smoke-dust measurement method " and GB/T16157-1996 " particulate matter is measured and the gaseous pollutant method of sampling in the Concentration in Fixed Pollutants Source ".
Two, the full-automatic flue dust tester of testing tool: TH880V
Three, test position: the original soot emissions mouth of boiler
Four, test condition:
Table 5
Project Raw coal Mix and stir raw coal with concentrated solution
Raw coal low heat value kJ/kg ??26.13 ??26.51
Full sulfur % ??1.5 ??1.5
Former moisture content of coal % ??6.8 ??8.8
Coal dust moisture content % ??1.33 ??2.32
Five, test result
Table 6
Raw coal Mix and stir raw coal with concentrated solution Velocity of variation %
Experimental period (h) ??24 ??72 ??/
Ton mark coal steam production (ton vapour/ton mark coal) ??9.7 ??10.47 ??7.9
Sulfur dioxide emissioning concentration (mg/m 3) ??3884 ??1947 ??49.8
Six, test result analysis
1. from test result, sulfur dioxide emissioning concentration is 3884mg/m when using raw coal on the 1#WGZ of heat power plant of the group one 220/9.81 slag tap cyclone furnaces of South Mountain, Longkou, Shandong Province 3Sulfur dioxide emissioning concentration is 1947mg/m when using the raw coal that concentrated solution of the present invention mixes and stirs 3, reduce by 49.8%.
2. from test result, 9.7 tons of vapour of ton mark coal steam production/ton is marked coal when using raw coal on the 1#WGZ of heat power plant of the group one 220/9.81 slag tap cyclone furnaces of South Mountain, Longkou, Shandong Province.Ton mark coal steam production is 10.7 tons of vapour/ton mark coal when using the raw coal that concentrated solution of the present invention mixes and stirs, raising 7.9%.
Raw coal adds concentrated solution of the present invention, mainly contains following characteristics when burning:
1, the change of flame temperature: after adding concentrated solution, charge into high-density oxygen to flame inside, thereby improved the temperature of flame internal flame, middle flame, make the flame envelope of flame obtain help (when not adding agent, has only external firing, flame kernel anoxic is not burnt and is black), reach fuel more abundant burning under the condition of high temperature, thereby improve 100 ℃ of fire box temperatures.
2, a part of water in the coal obtains utilizing: when normally moving, water is as the mediator agent of grate stable burning, but it is one of major impurity in the coal combustion, after adding concentrated solution, water in the coal evaporates water vapour after meeting heat, mix with high-temperature flue gas by strong oxidizer, moment forms inflammable gas and participates in burning increase heat energy.
3, the metallic compound of lime-ash the inside and non-oxidized substance obtain utilizing: the ash of coal the inside also is one of major impurity in the coal combustion, after adding concentrated solution, by catalysis, oxidation, process such as bulk, make metallic compound and non-oxidized substance in the lime-ash participate in burning increase heat energy, make the lime-ash total release reduce 30% again.
4, the burning area increase in density of grate: during grate firing, because fuel and mechanical characteristics institute extremely, the combustion instability of grate, inhomogeneous, branch's density of flare is indefinite, being uneven behind the grate firing has wasted effective grate area and fire coal, after adding concentrated solution, grate firing is smooth, and fire coal has obtained optimum burning.The combustion zone expansion, about 1/4-1/3 extends back.
5, making full use of of fixed carbon because the concentrated solution effect, changed original state of combustion, and flame temperature height, the grate sufficient combustion that loosens has reduced the carbon content of slag.
6, coal bed expands with loose, high than usual about more than 1 times.The workman claims: " coal has initiated as bread ".
7, lingemann blackness reduces in the flue gas.Black smoke bleaches.
8, life-time service can reduce the corrosion of boiler systems, has special provide protection for prolonging service life of equipment.
After raw coal adds concentrated solution of the present invention, can make coal-fired fully burning, improve fire box temperature, improve boiler thermal output, save energy has reduced SO 2Discharging with flue dust.
Embodiment
Example one,
Production concentrated solution proportioning raw materials of the present invention: potassium permanganate 10kg, potassium perchlorate 50kg, SODIUMNITRATE 50kg, potassium bichromate 10kg, boron oxide 20kg, borax 10kg, sodium chloride 100kg, rare earth chloride 10kg, water 740kg puts into the shears of 1800 rev/mins of rotating speeds, stirs; With lime carbonate 15kg, calcium oxide 5kg, magnesiumcarbonate 5kg, the granularity of separated pulverizing is mixed less than the powder of 1 mm then, adds 75kg water, stirs, and mixes with above-mentioned mixture again, stirs 1 hour, promptly gets concentrated solution of the present invention.When spraying toward coal, getting the 5kg energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid dilutes with 200kg water, be sprayed on the 5000kg coal, on 10T/ hour chain-grate boiler, test, fire box temperature improves 121 ℃, can make flue dust descend 51.8%, in the lingemann blackness I level, sulfurous gas descends 52.2%, and coal saving rate reaches 21.9%.
Example two,
Production concentrated solution proportioning raw materials of the present invention: potassium permanganate 15kg, potassium perchlorate 50kg, nitric acid are received 50kg, potassium bichromate 10kg, boron oxide 15kg, borax 5kg, sodium chloride 130kg, rare earth chloride 5kg, water 730kg puts into the shears of 1800 rev/mins of rotating speeds, stirs; With lime carbonate 15kg, calcium oxide 15kg, magnesiumcarbonate 10kg, the granularity of separated pulverizing is mixed less than the powder of 1mm then, adds 65kg water, stirs, and mixes with above-mentioned mixed solution again, stirs 1 hour, promptly gets concentrated solution of the present invention.When spraying coal, getting the 5kg energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid dilutes with 200kg water, be sprayed on the 5000kg coal, tested on the spreader stoker boiler at 35T/ hour, fire box temperature improves 138 ℃, can make flue dust descend 59.3%, in the lingemann blackness I level, sulfurous gas descends 65.2%, and coal saving rate reaches 20.3%.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid is characterized in that being made up of following raw material weight proportioning, and consumption is a weight part:
Potassium permanganate 0.5-2 potassium perchlorate 2-6 SODIUMNITRATE 2-6
Sodium-chlor 8-13 rare earth chloride 0.2-1 lime carbonate 1-4
Calcium oxide 0.5-4 magnesiumcarbonate 0.5-2 potassium bichromate 0.2-1
Boron oxide 0.5-2 borax 0.5-2 water 70-90, wherein: the granularity of lime carbonate, magnesiumcarbonate and calcium oxide is the powder less than 1mm.
2, energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid according to claim 1 is characterized in that wherein the weight proportion of each raw material is:
Potassium permanganate 1-1.5 potassium perchlorate 3-5 SODIUMNITRATE 3-5
Sodium-chlor 10-13 rare earth chloride 0.5-1 lime carbonate 1.5-3.5
Calcium oxide 0.5-3.5 magnesiumcarbonate 0.5-1.8 potassium bichromate 0.5-1
Boron oxide 0.8-2 borax 0.5-1.8 water 73-85.
CNB200610071370XA 2006-03-24 2006-03-24 Energy-saving sulfur-reducing dust removal concentration liquid Expired - Fee Related CN100556998C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN100556998C true CN100556998C (en) 2009-11-04

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101265429B (en) * 2008-05-05 2011-09-07 陈汉明 Fire coal energy-saving additive
CN101955833B (en) * 2009-07-20 2013-07-10 江西省祥茂环保科技有限公司 Coal combustion catalyst
CN104293410B (en) * 2014-09-10 2016-08-17 济南大学 A kind of desulfurization, dedusting, Coal combustion improver

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