CN100551845C - Circular granular sludge reactor - Google Patents

Circular granular sludge reactor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100551845C
CN100551845C CNB2007100140897A CN200710014089A CN100551845C CN 100551845 C CN100551845 C CN 100551845C CN B2007100140897 A CNB2007100140897 A CN B2007100140897A CN 200710014089 A CN200710014089 A CN 200710014089A CN 100551845 C CN100551845 C CN 100551845C
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China
Prior art keywords
water
pipe
biogas
separator
anaerobic reactor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2007100140897A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101066804A (en
Inventor
乔壮明
杨永和
张科
王平
任雪亭
朱杰高
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SHANDONG MEIQUAN ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION SCI-TECH Co Ltd
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SHANDONG MEIQUAN ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION SCI-TECH Co Ltd
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Priority to CNB2007100140897A priority Critical patent/CN100551845C/en
Publication of CN101066804A publication Critical patent/CN101066804A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of circular granular sludge reactor.It has solved present anaerobic reactor fluctuation of service, influence problems such as its sewage treatment capacity, have simple in structure, easy to use, duty ratio is higher, floor space is little, energy consumption is low, advantage such as stable, its structure is: it has many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies, bottom is provided with water-distributing device and mud discharging device in it, and water-distributing device is communicated with water inlet pipe, is provided with one deck triphase separator at least in described many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies, its top is provided with steam separator, it is connected with the biogas-lift device with inner circulating tube, and the outside top of the anaerobic reactor tank body of loading is communicated with water inlet pipe by the external reflux pipe more, also is provided with external circulating device and granule sludge circulation device simultaneously.

Description

Circular granular sludge reactor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water treatment anaerobic reactor, relate in particular to a kind of dependence internal recycle and the coefficient circular granular sludge reactor of outer circulation.
Background technology
Along with the develop rapidly of industry and the continuous increase of population, problems such as the energy, resource and environment are on the rise, and over nearly 30 years, it is more outstanding that shortage of energy sources becomes.Adopt traditional aerobic biological process for treating to handle waste water and will consume a large amount of energy, the energy consumption that developed country is used for wastewater treatment has accounted for about 1% of national total power consumption.The essence of waste water aerobic bioremediation is to utilize the consumption of electric energy to reach to improve the waste water quality to make it meet a kind of technical measures of water environment specification of quality.So the waste water aerobic biological treatment is the wastewater processing technology of energy-dissipating type.Countries in the world are third world countries especially, feel day by day constantly studying and exploring the novel wastewater processing technology of high-level efficiency less energy-consumption in order to solve the required heavy burden of paying a large amount of energy consumptions of environmental problem.In numerous biological process of wastewater treatment, people are familiar with the importance that adopts anaerobic biological treatment industrial treatment organic waste water and organic waste again, and attempt is a kind of alternative treatment process of anaerobic biological process as aerobe method.This not only can save the too high energy consumption of aerobe method, and anaerobic biological process can be converted into bioenergy to organism---biogas.Hence one can see that, and anaerobic biological process is the biological process of wastewater treatment of a kind of not only energy-conservation but also production capacity.Simultaneously because original anaerobic technique bacterial classification leakage is more serious, problems such as common water distribution manner exists all that water distribution is inhomogeneous, have the dead band in the reactor, the bacterial activity performance is insufficient, can often have an accident in the operational process, influence the processing power of anaerobic reactor.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly to influence problems such as its sewage treatment capacity in order to solve present anaerobic reactor fluctuation of service, provide a kind of have simple in structure, easy to use, duty ratio is higher, and floor space is little, the circular granular sludge reactor of advantages such as energy consumption is low, and is stable.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of circular granular sludge reactor, it has many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies, bottom is provided with water-distributing device and mud discharging device in it, water-distributing device is communicated with water inlet pipe, be provided with one deck triphase separator at least in described many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies, its top is provided with steam separator, and it is connected with the biogas-lift device with inner circulating tube, the outside top of many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies is communicated with water inlet pipe by the external reflux pipe, also is provided with external circulating device and granule sludge circulation device simultaneously.
Described external circulating device comprises the rising pipe II that is communicated with many load anaerobic reactor tank body outside top, and its lower end is communicated with separator for mud and water, and separator for mud and water then is communicated with rising pipe I and water inlet pipe respectively.
Described granule sludge circulation device is a separator for mud and water.
Described water-distributing device is a water distributor.
Described mud discharging device is a shore pipe.
Described triphase separator has two-layer, is respectively the first layer triphase separator and second layer triphase separator.
Described biogas-lift device is that an end is communicated with steam separator, the biogas-lift pipe of the other end and triphase separator position corresponding, and wherein biogas-lift pipe I end is positioned at the first layer triphase separator, and biogas-lift pipe II end is positioned at second layer triphase separator place.
Described inner circulating tube end is provided with the spiral water distributor.
Described steam separator top is provided with the biogas vent pipe.
Working process of the present invention is: water inlet enters reactor uniformly by water distribution system, and the mud mixture that water inlet and inner circulating tube descend makes internal flow become the fast rotational suspended state through spiral water distributor secondary distribution, and the organism processing efficiency improves.Liquid is retained in the reactor most of bacterial classification by triphase separator, and biogas and part of contaminated water, bacterial classification enter steam separator by the biogas upcast, and biogas is discharged from the top, and sewage and part bacterial classification then enter into reactor bottom by downtake.The part effluent recycling is to reactor bottom simultaneously, and the part water outlet makes effusive bacterial classification come back to anaerobic reactor through separator for mud and water, and sewage then enters the next stage treatment process.Make under the upflow velocity of high water and gas into that water and granule sludge keep good admixture, system can reach higher load.The maximum characteristics of this reactor are that duty ratio is higher, and floor space is little, and energy consumption is low, and is stable.
The maximum characteristics of this reactor are that duty ratio is higher, and floor space is little, and energy consumption is low, and is stable.The volumetric loading of reactor is not 5~8kg/m before improving 3.d, improving afterwards, volumetric loading can reach 30~40kg/m 3.d; The upper reaches speed that outer circulation need provide before not improving is 8~12m/h; Outer circulation only need provide the upper reaches speed of 3~5m/h after improving, and energy consumption reduces by 30%~40%; Biogas output in the unit volume can reach original 3~5 times.But in the reactor granules mud prolonged preservation reactor of the present invention, prevent that bacterial classification runs off, bacterial classification can be sold simultaneously.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, by internal recycle, outer circulation, sewage backflow, the bacterial classification multiple mode that refluxes, muddy water good mixing effect, processing efficiency height.
2, adopt novel secondary spiral water distributor, help carbonated drink separation, prevent the obstruction of water distribution pipe.
3, adopt separator for mud and water to prevent that as far as possible bacterial classification runs off, and has optimized effluent quality simultaneously.
4, triphase separator 14 is different with the water yield, water quality with 15, and structure changes to some extent.
5, traditional anaerobic reactor does not add the mud return-flow system, and the utilization of sewage backflow system is also insufficient, except causing bacterial classification loss seriously.Relatively harmonic(-)mean is about 70% for the clearance of pollutent, and at many load anaerobic reactor system's adding mud return-flow systems and sewage external circulating system, the clearance of system can fully keep anaerobic grain sludge, and move more stable on average more than 85%.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a spiral water distributor vertical view.
Wherein, 1 water inlet pipe, 2 shore pipes, 3 water distributors, 4 inner circulating tubes, 5 external reflux pipes, 6 biogas-lift pipe I, 7 biogas-lift pipe II, 8 steam separators, 9 biogas vent pipes, the anaerobic reactor of load more than 10 tank body, 11 rising pipe I, 12 separator for mud and water, 13 spiral water distributors, 14 the first layer triphase separators, 15 second layer triphase separators, 16 rising pipe II.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.
Among Fig. 1, the bottom is provided with water distributor 3 and shore pipe 2 in the anaerobic reactor tank body 10 of loading more, and water distributor 3 is communicated with water inlet pipe 1.Many load anaerobic reactor tank body 10 inner the first layer triphase separator 14 and second layer triphase separators 15, its top is provided with steam separator 8, and it is communicated with inner circulating tube 4, and inner circulating tube 4 ends are provided with spiral water distributor 13.Steam separator 8 is communicated with biogas-lift pipe I6 and biogas-lift pipe II7 one end respectively, and the other end of biogas-lift pipe I6 is positioned at the first layer triphase separator 14 places, and the other end of biogas-lift pipe II7 is positioned at second layer triphase separator 15 places.Steam separator 8 tops then are biogas vent pipe 9.Outside top at many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies 10 is communicated with water inlet pipe 1 by external reflux pipe 5, outside top at many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies 10 is communicated with rising pipe II16 simultaneously, its lower end is communicated with separator for mud and water 12, and 12 of separator for mud and water are communicated with rising pipe I11 and water inlet pipe 1 respectively.
Water inlet enters first reaction chamber by pump by reactor bottom by water inlet pipe 1, be evenly distributed to inside reactor by water distributor 3, water inlet mixes with internal recycle water, the recirculation water in the external reflux pipe 5, the bacterial classification of bottom in the inner circulating tube 4 simultaneously, by secondary spiral water distributor 13, sewage curl attitude, improved the processing efficiency of reactor, violent disturbance makes the biogas of generation be easier to separate with mud.Most of organism contained in the waste water is converted into biogas here, and the biogas that is produced is separated by the first layer triphase separator 14, and biogas and part muddy water rise to steam separator 8 by biogas-lift pipe I6.Second layer triphase separator 15 isolating biogas rise by biogas-lift pipe II7.Sewage after the processing has often carried the part bacterial classification from rising pipe II 16 water outlets in the sewage, water outlet makes the bacterial classification of loss converge by water inlet pipe 1 and water inlet through separator for mud and water 12, and refluxing enters anaerobic reactor.Total water outlet is then discharged anaerobic reactor by rising pipe I 11.Separate biogas and discharge anaerobic reactor by the biogas vent pipe 9 at steam separator 8 tops, mud is discharged from the shore pipe 2 of bottom.
As certain starch factory sewage, the water yield is 1000m 3/ d adopts the carbon steel cylindrical tank, and anaerobism influent quality COD is 6000mg/L, and BOD is 4000mg/L, and water outlet COD is that clearance is about 86.7% about 800mg/L.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of circular granular sludge reactor, it has many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies (10), the interior bottom of many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies (10) is provided with water-distributing device and mud discharging device, water-distributing device is communicated with water inlet pipe (1), it is characterized in that: be provided with one deck triphase separator at least in described many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies (10), many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies (10) top is provided with steam separator (8), steam separator (8) is connected with the biogas-lift device with inner circulating tube (4), the outside top of many load anaerobic reactor tank bodies (10) is communicated with water inlet pipe (1) by external reflux pipe (5), also is provided with external circulating device and mud circulation device simultaneously; Wherein, external circulating device comprises the rising pipe II (16) that is communicated with many load anaerobic reactor tank body (10) outside top, and rising pipe II (16) lower end is connected with the mud circulation device, and the mud circulation device is communicated with rising pipe I (11) and water inlet pipe (1) respectively; Described mud circulation device is separator for mud and water (12); Be provided with spiral water distributor (13) at inner circulating tube (4) end.
2, circular granular sludge reactor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described water-distributing device is water distributor (3).
3, circular granular sludge reactor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described mud discharging device is shore pipe (2).
4, circular granular sludge reactor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described triphase separator has two-layer, is respectively the first layer triphase separator (14) and second layer triphase separator (15).
5, circular granular sludge reactor according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described biogas-lift device is that an end is communicated with steam separator (8), the biogas-lift pipe I (6) of the other end and triphase separator position corresponding and biogas-lift pipe II (7), wherein biogas-lift pipe I (6) end is positioned at the first layer triphase separator (14), and biogas-lift pipe II (7) end is positioned at second layer triphase separator (15) and locates.
6, circular granular sludge reactor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described steam separator (8) top is provided with biogas vent pipe (9).
CNB2007100140897A 2007-04-03 2007-04-03 Circular granular sludge reactor Expired - Fee Related CN100551845C (en)

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Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101870518B (en) * 2010-07-19 2011-11-16 江苏泽宇环境工程有限公司 Anaerobe reactor for treating sewage
WO2012042581A1 (en) * 2010-09-27 2012-04-05 株式会社エイブル Apparatus for methane fermentation treatment
CN102040280B (en) * 2010-12-10 2013-03-06 马翠忠 Pulse ejection internal-circulation anaerobic reactor
CN102139955B (en) * 2011-04-12 2012-08-29 山东建筑大学 Multistage recirculation reactor for anaerobic sludge
CN102381759B (en) * 2011-09-21 2013-03-13 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Anaerobic reactor
CN102616928B (en) * 2012-03-21 2013-07-31 天津科技大学 Anaerobic fermentation reactor with efficient sedimentation backflow function
CN103224288B (en) * 2013-05-23 2014-09-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Device for treating industrial wastewater by using composite double-circulation anaerobic reactor
CN103523916B (en) * 2013-10-18 2015-09-09 东华大学 A kind of strengthening cycle efficient anaerobic bio-reactor being applicable to dyeing and finishing wastewater process
CN104129848B (en) * 2014-07-02 2016-01-20 山东太平洋环保有限公司 Cassava alcohol waste water full wine with dregs anaerobic high temperature fermentor tank water distribution system
CN105776528A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-07-20 山东中新环境工程有限公司 Dual-reflux efficient anaerobic reaction device and wastewater treatment method
CN106045021B (en) * 2016-06-08 2018-02-02 陈征宙 Ultromotivity backflow aerobic inner circulation bioreactor and its system, method
CN106517674A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-22 嘉园环保有限公司 Leachate swirling flow anaerobic reaction device
CN108455726B (en) * 2018-04-09 2021-02-12 四川四通欧美环境工程有限公司 Double-circulation anaerobic reactor

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EP0808805A1 (en) * 1996-05-22 1997-11-26 CT Umwelttechnik AG Process and reactor for anaerobic purification of waste water in a sludge-bed
CN2600438Y (en) * 2003-01-01 2004-01-21 陈协 Swirl auto-driven mass transfer anaerobic reactor
CN2732729Y (en) * 2004-09-01 2005-10-12 帕克环保技术(上海)有限公司 Internal-circulation anaerobic reactor
CN1699218A (en) * 2005-06-09 2005-11-23 西安交通大学 High-load self-circulating in vitro anaerobic granular sludge suspended bed reactor
CN201031176Y (en) * 2007-04-03 2008-03-05 山东美泉环保科技有限公司 Circulation type grain sludge reactor

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0808805A1 (en) * 1996-05-22 1997-11-26 CT Umwelttechnik AG Process and reactor for anaerobic purification of waste water in a sludge-bed
CN2600438Y (en) * 2003-01-01 2004-01-21 陈协 Swirl auto-driven mass transfer anaerobic reactor
CN2732729Y (en) * 2004-09-01 2005-10-12 帕克环保技术(上海)有限公司 Internal-circulation anaerobic reactor
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