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CN100548529C - Device for line-returnedly bending a continuous wire rod - Google Patents

Device for line-returnedly bending a continuous wire rod Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100548529C
CN100548529C CN 200710091673 CN200710091673A CN100548529C CN 100548529 C CN100548529 C CN 100548529C CN 200710091673 CN200710091673 CN 200710091673 CN 200710091673 A CN200710091673 A CN 200710091673A CN 100548529 C CN100548529 C CN 100548529C
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device
line
returnedly
bending
continuous
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CN 200710091673
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101077514A (en )
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H·鲁什
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库格勒·沃马科有限责任公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21FWORKING OR PROCESSING OF METAL WIRE
    • B21F45/00Wire-working in the manufacture of other particular articles
    • B21F45/16Wire-working in the manufacture of other particular articles of devices for fastening or securing purposes

Abstract

本发明涉及将线材弯曲成线材梳的装置,其具有销承载件,销承载件分别具有一排销,这两个销排的销在销承载件的运动方向上彼此错开,该装置还具有回线拉拔器,用于绕销铺设线材,该装置还具有用于驱动回线拉拔器的第一驱动装置。 The present invention relates to a wire bent into the wire comb means which carries a pin member, each pin carrier having a row of pins, two rows of pins of the pin in the direction of movement of the carrier pin offset from each other, the apparatus further includes a back puller wire for laying the wire around the pin, the apparatus further comprising a first driving means for driving the loop puller. 该第一驱动装置具有行星传动装置,其具有基本上恒定地被驱动的第一轮、至少一个与该第一轮处于啮合的并且可转动地支承在行星轮支架上的作为行星轮的第二轮及相对于第一轮同轴地、可转动地被支承的、与所述至少一个第二轮处于啮合的并且可转动地驱动回线拉拔器的第三轮,行星轮支架绕着相对于第一及第三轮同轴地设置的旋转轴可转动地被支承;该第一驱动装置还具有用于可逆地使该行星轮支架摆动的驱动器。 The first driving device has a planetary gear having a first gear being driven is substantially constant, at least one wheel in engagement with the first and rotatably mounted on the planet carrier of the second planetary gear relative to the first gear wheel and the coaxially rotatably supported, with the at least one second wheel and rotatably driven in a loop puller engaged with a third gear, a planetary gear carrier around the opposite three rotary shaft coaxially arranged first and second rotatably supported; the first driving means further has a reversibly oscillating the planet carrier drives.

Description

用于回线形地弯曲一种连续的线材的装置 A continuous loop shape bent wire means for

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种用于将一种连续的线材回线形(Schleifen仍rmig) 地弯曲成线材梳的装置,线材梳具有由基本上发叉状弯曲的并且并排布置的齿构成的回线形的区段及连接这些回线形区段的、沿着线材梳的纵向方向延伸的并且彼此前后布置的线材区段,该装置具有两个彼此间距的并且彼此同步地运动的销承栽件,这些销承栽件分别具有一排在运动方向上前后布置的销,其中,这些销排具有基本上相同的分度,然而这两个销排的销在销承载件的运动方向上彼此错开,该装置还具有一个可转动地被支承的回线拉拔器,用于将该线材相继交替地回线形地围绕一个销排的一个销及另一个销排的一个销铺设,该装置还具有一个用于可转动地驱动回线拉拔器的驱动装置。 The present invention relates to a back for the linear region of a continuous wire loop shape (Schleifen still RMIG) bent into the wire comb device, a wire having a substantially comb hair fork curved and arranged side by side configuration of the teeth and line segment connecting the back section, the wire comb along the longitudinal direction are arranged one behind the other and extending in the wire section, the device having two spaced pin receiving member planted each other and moving in synchronization with each other, these pin receiving each member having a planted row in the movement direction are arranged before and after the pin, wherein the rows of pins having substantially the same degree of points, but the two rows of pins of the pin in the direction of movement of the carrier pin offset from each other, the apparatus further having a rotatably supported loop puller for successively alternately linearly back the wire around a pin of a pin row laying a pin and the other pin row, the apparatus further has a for a drive means for rotationally driving the puller wire.

背景技术 Background technique

上述类型的线材梳尤其是用于捆扎纸块(Papierblock),其方式是,这些线材梳在其通过一个前述类型的装置制造完后在一些随后的或连接在其后的装置中首先C形的预弯曲并且在线材梳区段中被划分,然后插入并封闭在开设在纸块的侧边缘区域中的孔中。 Wire comb type described above in particular for bundling pieces of paper (Papierblock), in such a manner that these wires by comb means for producing a type of the exhausted or in some subsequent first C-shaped connecting means in the subsequent and it is divided in a pre-bent wire comb section, and then inserted into the opening and closing region of the side edges of the paper in the hole in the block.

在构成最接近的现有技术的、本发明所基于的US4, 047, 544 A 中公开了一种本文开头所述类型的装置,该装置具有两个可转动的销轮及一个可转动地被支承的双臂式回线拉拔器。 Discloses a method of the type mentioned herein means constituting the closest prior art, the present invention is based US4, 047, 544 A, the device having two rotatable wheel and a pin rotatably a double-arm support loop puller. 该双臂式回线拉拔器借助于两个凸块使线材预成形。 The double-arm by means of two loop extractors preformed the wire bumps. 接着,这样构成的线材回线被由该回线拉拔器的两个凸块之一转移到两个销轮之一的一个销上,这借助于两个相应同步工作的、相反地运动的卸料器循环地进行。 Subsequently, the wire loop thus constructed is transferred from the one of the two projections of the loop is drawn to one of the two pin wheels on a pin, which by means of two respective synchronous operation, the opposite movement tripper cyclically.

由US3, 670, 781 A公开了一种具有两个相继地设置的销轮对的线材弯曲机,其中, 一个线材在第一销轮对中首先被之字形预弯曲, 接着在第二销轮对中对该线材进行矩形弯曲。 By the US3, 670, 781 A discloses a wire bending machine having two pin wheels successively arranged pairs, wherein one wire pair in first round pin is first pre-bent zigzag, followed by a second round pin in the wire rod of the rectangle is bent.

在US3, 691, 808 A、 US3, 805, 579 A及DE 22 34 293 C3中分别公开了一种具有两个可转动的、并排布置的销轮的线材弯曲机。 In US3, 691, 808 A, US3, 805, 579 A and DE 22 34 293 C3 discloses a respectively having two rotatable pin wheel arranged side by side wire bending machine. 还设置了一个具有两个通过曲线来控制的臂的回线敷设器,该回线敷设器将该线材敷设在销轮的销的前面。 Is also provided having two arms controlled by curve loop applicators, applicators of the loop wire is laid in front of the pin of the pin wheel. 线材的从回线敷设器到所述销上的循环的转移借助于一个相反地运动的卸料器及一个同样相反地运动的活塞进行。 Laying the wire loop from the loop is transferred to the pin on a contrary motion by means of a stripper and opposite movement of the piston for the same.

在DE 29 08 223 C2中描述了一种具有两个可转动的、平行设置的销轮的线材弯曲机。 It describes a two rotatable pin wheel arranged in parallel in a wire bending machine in DE 29 08 223 C2. 此外,该公开的线材弯曲机具有一个回线敷设器,后者使线材预成形并且将该线材松弛地围绕着销轮的销敷设。 Further, the bending machine disclosed having a wire loop applicators, the wire which is preformed and the wire is laid loosely around the pin of the pin wheel. 在销轮旋转期间,通过一个设置在这些销轮之间的弯曲成形轮将该线材拉紧,由此得到所需的线材梳形状。 During rotation of the pin wheel, the tension in the wire between the bending wheel through a setting wheel pin, whereby the desired wire comb shape. 一个设置在圃周上的压紧装置避免了线材梳被弯曲成形轮从销轮的销上向下压掉。 A pressing means disposed on the periphery of the nursery to avoid the wire is bent comb-shaped wheel pin from the pin wheel pressed downward out. 在弯曲成形过程之后,使线材梳松弛,由此保证了可将成形好的线材从销上摩擦小地取下,以便将该线材梳输送到其他加工装置。 After the bending process, the wire comb relaxation, thereby ensuring a good molding can be removed from the wire to the small friction pin, so that the wire comb conveyed to further processing apparatus.

由DE 32 40 341 C2公开了一种用于回线形地弯曲连续的线材的 From the DE 32 40 341 C2 discloses a method for the continuous loop shape bent wire

装置,该装置具有可转动的承载件,这些承载件分别承载四个弯曲芯棒。 It means having a rotatable carrier, which carriers each carry four curved mandrel. 对每个承栽件都配置了一个可摆动的杠杆,后者将线材压在相应地起作用的弯曲芯棒上。 Each bearing member are arranged planting a pivotable lever, which pushes the wire rod act on the respective curved mandrel. 在这些承载件旋转期间,不起作用的弯曲芯棒缩回。 During the rotation of the carrier member, the bending mandrel is retracted inoperative. 线材梳的这样制成的区段接着通过一个线性的、水平的导向装置导出。 Such wire comb section formed next, level derived by means of a linear guide.

为了驱动回线拉拔器或回线敷设器,需要一个驱动装置。 In order to pull the drive loops or loop applicators, one drive means. 但是在 But when

现有技术中的驱动装置具有昂贵的结构并且要求复杂的控制及操作。 Drive means having a prior art structure expensive and require complicated operation and control. 这导致制造时及运行期间的高成本。 This leads to high cost of operation and during the time of manufacture. 此外,公开的驱动装置缺少必要的运行可靠性。 Further, the drive device disclosed lack the necessary operational reliability.

发明内容 SUMMARY

因此,本发明的任务在于,对于回线拉拔器提出一种驱动装置, 该驱动装置精确及可靠地工作,可被简单地控制并且无需结构上的高耗费就可实现。 Accordingly, the object of the present invention is to provide a puller loop drive means, the drive means accurate and reliable operation, can be easily controlled and the high cost of the structure can be achieved without.

该任务通过一种装置解决,该装置用于将一个连续的线材回线形地弯曲成线材梳,线材梳具有由基本上发叉状弯曲的并且并排布置的齿构成的回线形的区段及连接这些回线形区段的、沿着线材梳的纵向方向延伸的并且彼此前后布置的线材区段,该装置具有两个彼此有间距的并且彼此同步地运动的销承栽件,这些销承栽件分别具有一排在运动方向上前后相继地布置的销,其中,这些销排具有基本上相同的分度,然而这两个销排的销在销承载件的运动方向上彼此错开,该装置还具有一个可转动地被支承的回线拉拔器,用于将该线材相继交替地回线形地绕一个销排的一个销及另一个销排的一个销铺设,该装置 This object is solved by an apparatus, which means for a continuous wire bent into a loop shape wire comb, wire having a comb back from the substantially linear portion and a curved hair fork teeth arranged side by side and connected to constitute these linear sections of the back, extending in the longitudinal direction of the wire comb and are arranged one behind the other wire section, the device having two pins with a pitch bearing member planted synchronization with each other and the movement of each other, these pin receiving member planted each row having a longitudinal direction of movement of the pin sequentially arranged, wherein the rows of pins having substantially the same degree of points, but the two rows of pins of the pin in the direction of movement of the carrier pin offset from each other, the apparatus further the device has a rotatably supported loop puller for the loop shape wires sequentially alternately about a pin to a pin laying a row of pin and another pin row,

还具有一个用于可转动地驱动回线拉拔器的驱动装置,其特征在于: 该第一驱动装置具有一个行星传动装置,行星传动装置具有一个基本上恒定地被驱动的第一轮、至少一个与该第一轮处于配合的并且可转动地支承在行星轮支架上的作为行星轮的第二轮及一个相对于第一轮同轴心地可转动地被支承的、与所迷至少一个第二轮处于配合的并且可转动地驱动回线拉拔器的笫三轮,其中,行星轮支架可绕着一个相对于第一及第三轮同轴心地设置的旋转轴可转动地被支承,还具有一个用干可逆地摆动该行星轮支架的驱动器。 Further comprising a drive means for rotatably driving the loop puller, characterized in that: the first driving means having a planetary gear, a first planetary gear device having a substantially constant wheel being driven, at least in a mating with the first wheel and rotatably supported on a planet wheels of the planet carrier relative to the second wheel and a first gear coaxially rotatably supported, and at least one of the fans two fit and is supported in the rotary shaft of the first and second three coaxially arranged rotatably rotatably driven Zi three loop puller, wherein the planet carrier is rotatable about a relative, further comprising a dry reversibly oscillating the planet carrier drives.

根据本发明,回线拉拔器由一个行星传动装置驱动。 According to the present invention, a loop puller is driven by a planetary gearing. 为此,第一轮由一个电机或其他的、属于第一驱动装置的一部分的驱动器进行一个基本上恒定的旋转运动,而动力输出通过第三轮进行,该第三轮与可转动地被支承的回线拉拔器的旋转轴联接。 To this end, a first round performed by a substantially constant rotational motion of a motor or the other, drive means belonging to the first part of the drive, the power output for the third round, the third round and is rotatably supported the loop puller rotary shaft coupling. 行星传动装置的第三轮与回线拉拔器之间的联接可选择地直接进行或通过一个相应设定尺寸的减速传动装置或增速传动装置进行。 Coupling between the loop and the third wheel of the planetary gear puller selectively directly or through a reduction gear set accordingly overdrive or size. 第一轮构成空心轮,第三轮构成行星传动装置的太阳轮;替代地也可考虑,第三轮设为空心轮, 而第一轮被设为太阳轮。 Constituting the first round of the ring gear, the third planetary gear wheel constituting a sun gear; alternatively also conceivable to third ring gear wheel and the first wheel is set to the sun gear. 因此,通过空心轮或太阳轮(第一轮)进行驱动,通过太阳轮或空心轮(第三轮)进行动力输出。 Thus, by driving the sun gear or the ring gear (first round), to output power via the sun gear or the ring gear (third round). 在此,驱动功率在空心轮与太阳轮之间的传递通过所迷至少一个行星轮(第二轮) 进行,该行星轮支承在行星轮支架上。 Here, the drive power transfer between the sun gear and the ring gear of the at least one planet gear (second round) is performed by the fans, the planet carrier of the planetary gear is supported.

这种行星传动装置的运行的传统的方式为:行星轮支架是固定的,而本发明与该公知理论相背离,其方式是,在空心轮及太阳轮旋转期间,行星轮支架可逆地摆动。 The traditional way of operating such a planetary gearing is: planetary carrier is stationary, and the present invention is the well-known theory departing such a manner that, during the ring gear and the sun gear rotates, the planetary gear carrier reversibly swings.

通过行星轮支架的摆动,相对于第一轮产生一个相对运动。 By swinging the planet carrier relative to the first round generating a relative movement. 该相对运动导致:当行星轮支架沿着第一轮的旋转方向摆动时,第三轮的转速被降低;当行星轮支架逆着第一轮的旋转方向摆动时,第三轮的转速将升高。 This relative movement results: When the planetary carrier swings in the direction of rotation of the first wheel, a third wheel rotation speed is reduced; when the planet carrier against rotation of the swing direction of the first wheel, a third wheel speed will rise high. 根据本发明的该措施允许以结构上特别合适的方法实现回线拉拔器的所希望的运动过程相对于销承载件的运动的最佳调节。 It allows a particularly suitable way to achieve structural loop during movement of the puller relative to the desired optimal adjustment pin according to the movement of the carrier member of this measure according to the invention. 由此可以以最佳的方式实现从回线拉拔器到两个销承栽件之一的相关销上的无摩擦的过渡。 Whereby friction can be achieved without the transition from the return line to one of two puller member associated pin receiving pin planted in an optimal manner. 此外,本发明的行星传动装置基本上对于每种规格都能调节到最佳的工作点上。 Further, the planetary gear device of the invention for each specification can be substantially adjusted to the optimum operating point.

理论上也可考虑无传动装置的直接驱动,由此,该回线拉拔器可直接地被驱动。 Theoretically conceivable gearless direct drive, whereby the loop puller can be driven directly. 但是结果证明,由于必要的速度改变及由此导致的负载转换的非常高的次数,对于适合于此的驱动电机的结构提出了极高的结构方面要求,这与极高的成本相关联,至少为了足够地满足可靠性及长使用寿命的要求。 But the results demonstrate that, due to the necessary speed and frequency change resulting in very high conversion load, the driving motor is suitable for a structure of this proposed structure of high demand, which is associated with high costs, at least in order to sufficiently satisfy reliability and long service life. 为此,在这种直接驱动的方案中,需要附加地设置相应的控制装置。 For this reason, in such a direct drive embodiment, an additional set of respective control means. 因此,本发明通过在一个恒定的驱动器与回线拉拔器之间中间连接一个行星传动装置虽然提供了一个机械的方案,但是结果证明,本发明的行星传动装置导致明显更稳固的结构及导致明显更小的制造成本。 Accordingly, the present invention is connected through an intermediate between a constant drive loop puller and a planetary gear, while providing a mechanical embodiment, but the results show, the planetary gear device of the invention results in significant and results in a more solid structure significantly smaller manufacturing costs. 本发明的行星传动装置对于回线拉拔器的运动过程构成自动的强制控制装置。 Planetary gear according to the invention for moving the puller loop process control means configured to automatically forced. 这具有其优点,即,可使用一个简单的、恒定工作的驱动电机作为驱动器,该驱动电机的特征在于简单的结构及由此小的制造成本,而不需要附加的、昂贵的控制装置。 This has the advantage that, using a simple, constant operating drive motor as a drive, characterized in that the drive motor of simple construction and hence low production cost, without the need for additional, expensive control means. 此外,在本发明的行星传动装置中,惯性矩的较大部分位于恒定的相对运动中并且由此用作一种用于回线拉拔器的附带运动的能量储存器,这以合适及由此有利的方式支持了在其运动过程方面的控制效果。 Further, the planetary gear device of the present invention, a larger part of the moment of inertia is constant positioned relative movement and thereby used as a return line for incidental movement puller energy storage, and which by a suitable this beneficial way to support the control effect in terms of its movement.

尽管如此,本发明以结构上合适并且同时成本有利的方式对于回线拉拔器的附带运动提供所需的运动过程,同时对于所选择的规格实现了最佳的适配。 Nevertheless, the present invention is suitable structurally and cost-effective manner while providing the desired motion to return motion puller wire included, while for the selected specification for an optimal adaptation.

优选该驱动器使行星轮支架在一个有限的角度范围上可逆地摆动,其中,行星轮支架的角度范围和/或角速度是可调节的,以便将回线拉拔器的旋转调整到销承栽件的销的速度上并且由此找到最佳的工作点。 Preferably, the driver causes the planet carrier reversibly pivoted in a limited angular range, which angular range of the planet carrier and / or the angular velocity is adjustable, so that the loop puller to a pin bearing rotation regulating member planted speed of the pin and thus to find the optimal operating point. 如果回线拉拔器设有至少一个相对其旋转轴有径向间距地设置的弯曲芯棒,弯曲芯棒从后面作用在线材上用于进行回线形地敷设,则行星轮支架的角度范围和/或角速度应被调节,使得回线拉拔器的所述至少一个弯曲芯棒的速度被调整到销承载件的销的速度上。 Angle range and if the loop puller is provided with at least one relative to its rotational axis radially disposed a distance from the bending mandrel, the mandrel is bent back from the back line for acting on the wire laying, the planet carrier / or an angular velocity should be adjusted so that the loop puller least one curved mandrel speed is adjusted to the speed of the pin of the pin carrier. 为了将弯曲后的线材区段特别无摩擦地从回线拉拔器转移到两个销承载件之一的相关销上,该行星轮支架的角度范围和/或角速度应被调节,使得驱动回线拉拔器的第三轮的角速度在至少一个确定的角 In order to bend the wire section after the particular friction-free transfer from the loop puller to a pin on the associated one of the two pins carrier member, the planet carrier angular range and / or the angular velocity should be adjusted so that the back drive third round puller wire angular velocity in at least one determined angular

度位置中降低到一个最小值,优选降低到o。 It lowered to a position of the minimum value, preferably to o. 因此,回线拉拔器的角速度的减小或其停机状态在确定的角度位置上通过对该角度范围和/或角速度的相应调节来实现。 Thus, an angular velocity loop puller is reduced or stopped state to achieve the appropriate adjustment angle range and / or angular velocity of the angular position is determined by. 由此,本发明的行星传动装置对于每种规格都能调节到最佳的工作点上。 Accordingly, the planetary gear device of the invention can be adjusted to the optimum operating point for each specification. 然而, 如果规格更换要求这些销排的分度需被改变,则必须附加地更换这些销承载件。 However, if the specifications required to replace rows of pins indexing these needs is changed, the pins must be attached to the replacement carrier. 为了改变线材回线,两个销承栽件的间距必须相应地彼此适配。 In order to change the wire loop, two bearing pins planted spacing member must be adapted to each other accordingly.

此外,行星轮支架的可逆摆动运动的调节也允许即使在连续的运行期间进行适配。 In addition, the reversible pivoting movement of the adjusting planet carrier also allows adaptation even during continuous operation. 通过角速度和/或角度范围的针对性的可调节性, 可能的是,在转移区域中,回线拉拔器的弯曲凸块的速度被调节到直 Angular velocity and / or angular adjustability of the targeted range, it is possible, in the transfer region, the curved bump loop puller speed was adjusted to a linear

接与销承载件的销的速度相一致。 The speed of the pin coincides with the contact pin of the carrier member.

合乎目的的是,第一轮是空心轮,第三轮被构造为该空心轮内部的太阳轮并且所述至少一个第二轮位于第一及第三轮之间。 Expediently, the first gear wheel is hollow, that the third wheel is configured inside the ring gear and the sun gear of the at least one second wheel located between the first and second three. 但原则上也可考虑,第一轮被构造为太阳轮,而第三轮被构造为空心轮。 But in principle also be considered, the first round is configured as a sun gear, and a third round is configured as a hollow wheel. 如普通的行星传动装置那样,优选在行星轮支架上设置多个行星轮(第二轮)。 The conventional planetary gear device, and is preferably a plurality of planet gears (second round) on the planet carrier.

同样有利的是,行星传动装置的轮应由齿轮构成。 It is also advantageous that the gear wheel of the planetary gearing should be configured. 当第一轮被构造为空心轮而第三轮被构造为太阳轮时,该第一轮在其内圆周上具有内齿结构,而被设置为行星轮的所述至少一个第二轮及所述第三轮分别在其圆周上设有外齿结构。 When the first wheel is configured as a hollow gear wheel is configured as the third sun gear, the first wheel having an inner toothing on its inner circumference, is provided to the at least one planet wheel and the second wheel said third wheel are provided with external teeth on its circumference. 但是,原则上不必非得使用齿轮,而是可设置相应的摩擦轮。 However, in principle, it will have to use a gear, but may be set corresponding friction wheel.

另一优选的实施形式的特征在于:所述第一驱动装置具有一个可旋转地被支承的小齿轮及一个驱动器,该小齿轮与第一轮处于啮合并且其旋转轴基本上平行于第一轮的旋转轴,该驱动器将小齿轮进行旋转。 Another preferred embodiment is characterized in that: said first drive means has a rotatably supported and a drive pinion gear, the pinion gear is in engagement with the first wheel and its rotation axis is substantially parallel to the first round a rotary shaft, the drive pinion is rotated. 在一个改进构型中,该小齿轮可与第一轮的外圆周处于啮合;为此,第一轮可在其外圆周上设置外齿结构并且该小齿轮具有一个齿圏,该齿圏与第一轮的外齿结构处于啮合。 In an improved configuration, which is in mesh with the pinion outer circumference of the first wheel; to this end, a first outer wheel toothing may be provided on its outer circumference and having a pinion tooth rings of the rings of teeth and external teeth of the first gear in engagement.

小齿轮的驱动器优选由第一驱动装置的驱动器构成,以使得该驱动器不仅使行星轮支架转动,而且同时也使该小齿轮旋转。 The drive pinion is preferably constituted by a first drive means driving, so that the driver not only the rotation of the planet carrier, but also so that the rotation of the pinion.

另一优选的实施形式的特征在于:该第一驱动装置具有一个往复运动杆,其用其一个端部相对于行星轮支架的旋转轴有径向距离地铰接在该行星轮支架上,并且该伺服驱动器使该往复运动杆沿着其纵向方向可逆运动。 Another preferred embodiment is characterized in that: the first driving means has a reciprocating motion of the rod, with its axis of rotation with respect to one end portion of the planetary carrier in radial distance from the hinge planet carrier, and the servo driver causes reversible motion of the reciprocating rod along its longitudinal direction. 这种往复运动杆构成结构上简单的方案,以便使行星轮支架根据本发明进行可逆的摆动。 Such reciprocating rod structure composed of a simple embodiment, the planetary gear carrier to be reversibly oscillating according to the invention.

在该实施形式的一个改进方案中,该第一驱动装置具有一个偏心装置,偏心装置绕着一个旋转轴可旋转地被支承,并且往复运动杆的另一端部相对于该旋转轴径向有间隔地铰接在该偏心装置上,该驱动器使该偏心装置绕着其旋转轴的恒定的旋转。 In this embodiment in the form of a refinement, the drive device having a first eccentric means, an eccentric means about a rotation shaft is rotatably supported, and the other end portion of the reciprocating movement of the rod with respect to the rotary shaft radial spaced articulated on the eccentric, the eccentric means constant rotation about its axis of rotation allows the drive. 合乎目的的是,该偏心装置的旋转轴基本上平行于行星传动装置的第一及第三轮的旋转轴地延伸。 Expediently, the rotational axis of the eccentric means is substantially parallel to the rotation axis of the first and second three planetary gear extends. 在这种偏心装置设置的情况下,可以以结构上特别简单的方式将一个基本上恒定旋转的运动转换为一个平移运动,该平移运动是往复运动杆的往复运动,该往复运动杆由此根据一个连杆的方式运动。 In the case of such an eccentric means is provided, it is possible in a structurally particularly simple manner a substantially constant rotational motion is converted into a translational movement of the translational motion is a reciprocating motion of the reciprocating motion of the rod, whereby the reciprocating rod according a connecting rod movement way.

只要该驱动器不仅使行星轮支架摆动,而且根据前面所述的实施例同时也使小齿轮旋转,那么为了共同地驱动小齿轮及偏心装置,该伺服驱动装置应与该小齿轮及偏心装置优选通过一个传动装置和/或一个环绕运行的无缝带机械地联接。 As long as the drive is only the planetary gear holder oscillating, and in accordance with the embodiment previously described while the pinion gear is rotated, then in order to jointly drive pinion and the eccentric means, the servo drive should be adopted with the pinion and the eccentric means preferably a transmission and / or a seamless belt around the running mechanically coupled.

为了调节行星轮支架的摆动运动的角度范围并且由此调节该往复运动杆的行程,该往复运动杆离该偏心装置的旋转轴的径向间距应是可相应改变的,和/或为了调节行星轮支架的摆动运动的角速度并且由此调节该往复运动杆的往复行程速度,该偏心装置的转速应是可相应改变的。 In order to adjust the angular range of the swing motion of the planet carrier and thereby regulate the stroke of the reciprocating rod, the reciprocating rod radial axis of rotation of the eccentric means from the corresponding spacing should be changed, and / or to adjust the planetary the angular velocity of the swinging movement of the wheel support and thereby regulate the reciprocating rod reciprocating stroke speed, rotational speed of the eccentric device should be corresponding changed.

根据另一优选的实施形式,可设置两个并排设置的、彼此间隔开并且彼此同步地运动的销轮作为销承栽件,这些销轮基本上具有相同的直径并且在圆周上设有一排径向向外延伸的销,其中,这些销排基本上具有相同的分度,但是这两个销排的销在销轮的旋转方向上彼此错开,同时两个销轮的旋转轴彼此以一个角度设置。 According to a further preferred embodiment, may be provided two juxtaposed, spaced apart from one another and the pin wheel moving in synchronization with each other as the pin receiving member planted, the pins have substantially the same wheel diameter and with a row in the circumferential path the pin extending outwardly, wherein the rows of pins having substantially the same degree of points, but the two rows of pins of the pin in the rotational direction of the pin wheels offset from each other, while the rotation axes of the two pin wheels at an angle to one another settings. 此外,在该实施形式中,为了驱动回线拉拔器设置第一驱动装置为了驱动两个销轮设置第二驱动装置。 Further, in this embodiment in order to drive the loop puller is provided a first driving means for driving the two pin wheels disposed second drive means. 在该构成本发明的独立构思的实施形式中,根据本发明设置了用于将两个销轮的旋转轴无相对转动地联接的机构,用于以结构上简单的方式可靠地保证两个销轮的同步运行。 In the embodiment as separate concepts constituting the invention, according to the present invention is provided for the rotary shaft of the two pin wheels non-rotatably coupled to the means for structurally simple manner reliably ensured two pins synchronous operation of the wheel.

通过两个销轮的旋转轴彼此以一个角度——该角度的值一般仅 Two pin wheels through the rotating shaft at an angle to one another - in general only of the angle

有几度,通常不大于3°——设置,在销轮旋转期间连续地、以交替的方式进行两个销排之间的间距的增大及减小。 Few degrees, typically no more than 3 ° - arranged successively in an alternating manner and to reduce the increase in spacing between the two rows of pins in the pin during rotation of the wheel. 在此,在间距首先变大时,敷设在这些销轮的销排上的线材被张紧,由此得到预先确定的线材梳形状。 Here, when the first pitch is large, a wire laid in a row pins pin wheels is tensioned, thereby to obtain a predetermined shape of the wire comb. 随后变小的间距使得成形好的线材能从销排上摩擦小地取下,以便将该线材梳输送用于进一步加工。 Subsequently becomes small distance from the wire so that good molded low friction pin row to remove, so that the wire comb conveyor for further processing.

优选第二驱动装置应仅驱动两个销轮之一的旋转轴,并且两个销轮的旋转轴应构成一个共同的弯折轴,由此该联接机构由该弯折轴的弯曲的连接区段构成。 Preferably, the second drive means drives only the rotation shaft to be one of the two pin wheels, and the rotational axes of the two pin wheels should constitute a common folding axis, whereby the coupling means are connected by a curved region of the bent shaft segment constituted.

也可考虑,使用一个十字铰链作为联接机构,该十字铰链使两个销轮的旋转轴彼此连接,其中,该第二驱动装置仅驱动这些销轮之一的旋转轴。 It may also be considered, using a cross-coupling mechanism as a hinge, which hinge the rotary shaft cross pin two wheels connected to one another, wherein the second drive means drives only the rotation shaft of one of the pin wheel. 替代地也可考虑,该联接机构由一个弯曲弹性的、抗扭的中间件构成。 Alternatively it is also conceivable, the coupling means consists of a flexurally elastic, torsion middleware configuration.

该实施形式的一个替代的改进方案的特征在于:第二驱动装置具有两个驱动电机,其中一个驱动电机驱动一个销轮的旋转轴,而另一驱动电机驱动另一销轮的旋转轴;并且设有一个控制装置,该控制装置控制两个驱动电机,使得它们一起根据一个共同的电动轴的方式起作用,由此,联接机构由该控制装置构成。 This embodiment features an alternative form of a refinement in that: the second drive means has two drive motors, wherein a drive motor drives a rotating shaft of the pin wheel and the other drive motor rotating shaft of a further round pin; and is provided with a control means, the control means controls the two drive motors such that they together act in the manner of a common electric shaft, whereby the coupling mechanism is constituted by the control means.

用于驱动两个销轮的第二驱动装置可通过一个共同的控制装置与用于驱动回线拉拔器的第一驱动装置联接,其中,这种控制装置优选是电动的节拍轴(Taktwelle)。 Second drive means for driving the two pin wheels via a common control device coupled to a first driving means for driving the loop puller, wherein this control device is preferably an electric beat axis (Taktwelle) .

在该实施形式的另一优选的改进方案中,两个销轮的旋转轴彼此间的角度设置是可调节的,这一点相对于现有技术有利地导致规格部件的简单调节及快速更换。 In a further preferred development of this embodiment, the angle between the axis of rotation to each other two pin wheels is adjustable is provided, which is adjusted with a simple and quick replacement of standard components for the prior art advantageously results. 这些旋转轴彼此间的不同角度的调节通过公知的调节机构、例如手动或电动驱动的丝杠、线性驱动器等进行。 The rotation shaft of adjusting different angles with one another, for example, manual or powered driver screw linear actuator or the like by a known adjustment mechanism. 对于第二驱动装置仅具有一个驱动电机——该驱动电机仅驱动两个 Only for the second drive means having a drive motor - the drive motor only two

销轮之一的轴一一的情况,优选应将远离这种驱动电机的销轮的旋转轴构造成可调节的,这导致结构上特别简单的方案。 If one of the eleven pin wheel shaft, preferably this should be away from the rotational axis of the pin wheel drive motor configured to be adjustable, which results in a particularly simple solution.

通常,为了将弯曲后的线材区段或者说线材回线从回线拉拔器转移到两个销轮之一的销上,设置了至少一个卸料器,根据本发明的另一优选的实施形式,该卸料器被构造为可转动地被支承的、基本上圆形的盘,该盘沿着其圆周设有一个控制曲线,该控制曲线具有至少一个突出的区段,该突出区段与回线拉拔器上的、弯曲后的边缘区段形成靠触并且在该盘继续旋转的情况下将该边缘区段从该回线拉拔器压到一个销轮的销上。 Generally, in order to bend the wire section or the wire loop is transferred from the loop puller to a pin of one of the two pin wheels, at least one stripper is provided, according to another preferred embodiment of the present invention. form, the discharge is configured to be rotatably supported, substantially circular disc which along its periphery is provided with a control curve, the control curve having at least one projecting portion, the projecting portion forming, after bending the edge portion on the loop puller and, in the case of contact against the disc continues to rotate to press the edge section from the loop puller to a pin of the pin wheel. 该实施形式提供了一个特别简单但又卓有成效的结构,用于形成卸料器,为了使该卸料器高效地工作,该卸料器的相对于回线拉拔器的角速度和/或角度位置仅需被相应地协调。 This embodiment provides a particularly simple but effective structure for forming discharge, so that the stripper in order to work efficiently, with respect to the stripper loop puller angular velocity and / or angular position only needs to be coordinated accordingly. 为此,该卸料器的旋转驱动应与用于可逆地摆动行星轮支架的伺服驱动器同步,使得当行星传动装置的第三轮的角速度达到其最小值时,控制曲线的突出的区段与回线拉拔器上的弯曲后的线材区段形成靠触并且将该线材区段从回线拉拔器上压到一个销承栽件的销上。 For this reason, the rotational driving of the stripper to be pivoted reversibly servo drive planet carrier and for synchronizing, such that when the third planetary transmission wheel angular velocity reaches its minimum value, the control section protrudes with curve after the bent wire section on the loop puller wire is formed by the contact and pressing section from the loop puller to a pin of a pin bearing member planted.

优选该卸料器被构造为碗形盘,其在轴向上突出的边缘构成所述控制曲线即至少一个突出的区段。 The unloader is preferably configured as a bowl-shaped disk, which edge protrudes in the axial direction of the control curve i.e. constituting at least one protruding section.

另一特别简单的结构的特征在于:将该卸料器构造为摆动盘(Taumelscheibe ),其圃周边缘由于摆动运动而具有控制曲线的功能并且由此构成控制曲线,然而,假如卸料器的每次旋转需要多于一 Another particularly simple structure is characterized by: the discharge tray configured to pivot (Taumelscheibe), its peripheral edge garden swing motion due to the ability to control the profile and thus constitute a control curve, however, if the unloader each rotation requires more than a

次的卸料作用,必须用比回线拉拔器高的转速驱动一个由曲柄式盘构成的卸料器,这一点例如借助于一个相应的变速机构或一个单独的驱动器来实现。 Secondary effect of the discharge, a discharge driving must be composed of a crank disc is higher than the speed loop puller, which is achieved for example by means of a respective transmission mechanism or a separate drive.

该卸料器的旋转轴应基本上平行于回线拉拔器的旋转轴地设置。 The unloader rotation shaft to be substantially parallel to the rotary axis of rotation puller wire is provided.

相对于回线拉拔器的同步驱动尤其是通过以下方式来实现,即, 第一驱动装置不仅驱动该回线拉拔器,而且也驱动该卸料器,其方式是,该第一驱动装置使该卸料器基本上连续地旋转。 With respect to the synchronous drive loop puller in particular be achieved by, i.e., only the first drive means for driving the loop puller, but also to drive the discharge, a manner that the first driving means the unloader rotation is substantially continuously.

对于每个销承载件及由此对于每个销排可设置一个单独的卸料器。 For each of the pin and thus the carrier may be provided for each of the rows of pins a separate stripper. 但是也可考虑,仅仅设置一个用于一个销排的卸料器并且使回线拉拔器附加地向着这些销排可逆运动地设置,因此由回线拉拔器承担将弯曲后的线材区段转移到另一销排的销上的任务。 But it may also be considered, only one pin is provided for a row and the stripper loop is additionally drawn toward the rows of pins movably disposed reversibly, thus bear the wire section after the bending by the loop puller transferred to another task on the pin of the pin row. 最后,原则上也可考虑,完全放弃卸料器并且附加地将回线拉拔器设置为可向着销承载件的方向可逆运动的,使得它承担将弯曲后的线材区段转移到两个销排的销上的任务。 Finally, in principle also conceivable to completely abandon unloader and additionally the loop puller to be reversible in the direction of movement of the carrier pin, so that it will assume the curved section of the wire was transferred to two pins tasks on the pins row.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

下面根据附图详细说明本发明的优选实施例。 According to the following accompanying drawings preferred embodiments of the present invention is described in detail. 图中示出: It is shown:

图la,lb,lc:以立体图示意性并且部分地示出一个由两个销轮、 一个回线拉拔器及一个卸料器构成的、在回线形地弯曲连续的线材期间处于三个不同的运行状态中的结构组件,图2:以放大的立体图示意性示出在该回线拉拔器进行圆形运动期间这些销轮的销排的一部分的设置及该回线拉拔器的弯曲凸块的径向设置, FIG. La, lb, lc: a perspective view schematically and partially shows a two pin wheels, a loop puller and a stripper constituted in a loop shape in three successive bent wires during different structural components operating state, FIG. 2: a perspective view schematically showing an enlarged portion of the pin disposed rows of pin wheels for circular movement during the loop puller and said puller is bent loop radially bump,

图3:以放大的径向视图示意性示出两个销轮的彼此稍稍倾斜的设置及一个伺服驱动器,同时,删去了回线拉拔器及卸料器, Figure 3: an enlarged radial view schematically showing two pin wheels is slightly inclined to each other and a servo drive is provided, while deleting the loop puller and the unloader,

图4:示意性地以基本上立体的图示示出具有根据本发明的一个优选实施例的、对于线材弯曲机重要的部件的组件, Fig 4: a perspective view schematically illustrating a substantially shown, wire bending machine for the important component parts of a preferred embodiment of the present invention has,

图5: —个包含在图4的组件中的用于驱动回线拉拔器的行星传 Figure 5: - a component contained in FIG. 4 for driving a planetary transmission loop pullers

动装置的示意及部分中断的视图, A schematic and partially interrupted view of the device of the movement,

图6:基本上从相对于图4不同的视角观察图4的组件,删去了祠服电机, Figure 6: assembly with respect to the substantially different perspective on FIG. 4 FIG. 4, by deleting the temple servo motor,

图7:以放大的部分视图示意性示出具有一个控制曲线的卸料器的构型及其与一个部分地示出的销轮的及回线拉拔器的齿排的共同作用。 Figure 7: a schematic enlarged partial view showing the interaction row of teeth having a control cam and the stripper configuration illustrated in part with a loop and pin wheel pullers.

具体实施方式 detailed description

为了更好地理解线材弯曲过程,图l及图2中以立体图示意性地并且部分地示出一个在附图中未完全示出的线材弯曲机的对于回线形地弯曲一种连续的线材来说重要的部件。 To better understand the wire bending process, Figure l and Figure 2 a perspective view schematically and partially shows a wire bending machine in not fully shown in the drawings for the bending back linearly by a continuous wire said the important part. 为此,设置了两个并排布置并且彼此间隔开的销轮2、 4,它们具有相同的直径并且在它们的圆周上设有一排径向向外延伸的销6或8,其中,这两个销轮2、 4 的销排具有相同的分度,但是这两个销排的这些销6、 8在销轮2、 4 的旋转方向上看去彼此错开。 For this purpose, the two are arranged side by side and spaced apart from each other pin wheel 2, 4, they have the same diameter and provided with a row of pin 6 or 8 in a radially outwardly extending circumferentially thereof, wherein the two pinwheel rows of pins 2, 4 have the same degree of points, but the pin 6, the direction of rotation 8 2, 4 in these two rows of pins pinwheel to offset from each other as seen. 此外,从图l还可看出,第一销轮2的销6在圆周方向上的宽度小于笫二销轮4的销8的宽度,因此第一销轮2的销6之间的间距大于第二销轮4的销8之间的间距。 In addition, L can also be seen from FIG, 6 pin round the first pin 2 in the width direction is smaller than the width of the circumferential Zi two wheel pin 8 of the pin 4, and thus the spacing between the pin 6 is larger than the first pin wheels 2 the second round pin between the pin 84 of spacing. 在所示的实施例中,这些销6、 8的不同造型由待被弯曲的线材10的所希望的形状来确定。 In the illustrated embodiment, the pins 6, 8 of different shapes to be determined by the shape of the bent wire 10 desirable. 然而,根据待被弯曲的线材的所希望的形状,也可考虑这些销8、 6的其他造型。 However, the wire to be bent to a desired shape, the pins 8 are also contemplated, other shapes 6. 因此例如可使用这样的销轮,其中,销的宽度和/或销之间的间距在圆周方向上相同。 Thus, for example, may be used such as a pin wheel, wherein the width of the spacing between the pin and / or the pin in the circumferential direction of the same.

如可从图1示意地看出的地,这些销轮2、 4的销6、 8的任务在于,使一个连续的线材10构成线材梳,线材梳具有由基本上发叉状弯曲的并且并排布置的齿构成的回线形的区段及连接这些回线形区 As can be, the round pin 2, pin 4, 6, 8 task is to be seen schematically from Fig 1, so that a continuous wire 10 constituting the wire comb, parallel wire combs having a substantially curved and hair fork constituting the back teeth arranged linear section and back line connecting these regions

14段的、沿着线材梳的纵向方向延伸的并且彼此前后布置的线材区段, Segment 14, extending in the longitudinal direction of the wire comb and are arranged one behind the other wire section,

该线材区段根据销轮2、 4的圃周方向或旋转方向沿着这样地成形的线材梳的纵向方向延伸。 The wire section 2, the longitudinal direction or the circumferential direction of the rotational direction of garden 4 along such a comb shaped wire extends according pinwheel.

为了将线材10拉到销6、 8上,设置了一个可旋转地被支承的回线拉拔器12,该回线拉拔器具有一个旋转轴14,该旋转轴与一个在后面还要详细说明的驱动器联接,由此使该回线拉拔器12被驱动而旋转。 In order to pull the wire 10 pins 6, 8, provided with a loop puller 12 is rotatably supported, the loop puller having a rotary shaft 14, the rotating shaft in a greater detail later Description of the drive coupling, whereby the loop puller 12 is driven to rotate. 在所示的实施例中,该回线拉拔器12设有两个在直径的相反端上设置的臂16、 18,其中,在第一臂16上设有一个第一弯曲凸块20,并且在笫二臂18上设有一个第二弯曲凸块22。 In the embodiment shown, the loop puller is provided with two arms 12 provided on opposite ends of a diameter of 16, 18, which is provided with a first curved projection 20 on the first arm 16, and provided with a second curved projection 22 on the second arm 18 Zi. 该回线拉拔器l2 被定位在两个销轮2、 4的圆周的附近,其中弯曲芯棒20、 22向销轮2、 4的圆周定向。 The loop puller l2 is positioned near the circumference of the two pin wheels 2, 4, wherein the bending mandrel 20, 22, the circumferential orientation of the pin 4 of the wheel 2. 在这种关系下,从图1及2可看出,回线拉拔器12的轴14相对于销轮2、 4大致径向地定向。 In this connection, it can be seen from Figures 1 and 2, the drawing loop 12 with the shaft 14 2, 4 are oriented substantially radially to the pin wheel.

此外,该回线拉拔器12设有一个中心的头部l9,该头部向第二销轮4的销8定向。 In addition, the loop puller head 12 is provided with a central l9, the pin head portion to the second wheel 8 directed pin 4.

在所示的实施例中,该回线拉拔器不仅可围绕轴14旋转,而且也可由一个图中未示出的驱动器在轴向方向上可逆地运动地被支承,由此该头部19可分别被带到第二销轮4的两个相邻的销8上, 以便基本上封闭位于这两个销8之间用于接收线材10的一个区段的空隙。 In the illustrated embodiment, the return line may be drawn not only rotation about the shaft 14, but also by drawing a drive (not shown) is supported reversibly movable manner in the axial direction, whereby the head portion 19 may each be taken to two second pin wheels 4 adjacent pin 8, so that the gap is located substantially closing one of the two sections between the pin 8 for receiving the wire 10.

在第一销轮2的圆周附近及回线拉拔器12的附近设有一个卸料器24,在所示的实施例中,该卸料器被构造为可旋转地被支承及被驱动的盘,其旋转轴25大致平行于回线拉拔器12的轴14地延伸。 Near the circumference in the vicinity of the first drawing line and the return pin 12 of the wheel 2 is provided with a stripper 24, in the illustrated embodiment, the stripper is configured to be rotatably supported and is driven disc, which is substantially parallel to the rotary shaft 25 to the shaft 14 pulling loop 12 extends. 该卸料器24的形状将在后面的说明中详细介绍。 The shape of the discharge device 24 will be described in the following detailed description.

为了由连续导入的线材10成形线材梳,回线拉拔器12向着第二销轮4运动,由此,回线拉拔器12的头部19将线材IO压入到两个邻近的销8之间的空隙中。 In order to wire 10 from a wire comb shaped continuously introduced, loop puller 12 toward the second pin 4 wheel movement, whereby the head 12 of the loop puller wire 19 is pressed into the IO pin adjacent two 8 the gap between the. 同时,第一弯曲块加在一个位于其上部的位置中从后面作用在线材10上。 Meanwhile, the first bending piece located at its upper applied position from behind acting on the wire 10. 图la中示出了该工况。 FIG la shows the condition.

在回线拉拔器12连续旋转时,第一弯曲凸块20带动线材10,由此进行弯曲过程。 When loop puller 12 is continuously rotated, the first bending wires 10 to drive lugs 20, whereby the bending process. 图lb中示出了该工况。 FIG lb shows the condition.

从图lc可看出,弯曲过程几乎已经结束。 As can be seen from Fig. Lc, the bending process is almost ended. 此前,相对于图la中的状态,第一弯曲凸块20几乎已经进行了一个半圓形的运动。 Previously, with respect to the state of FIG la, a first bent protrusion 20 it has nearly a semicircular motion. 如果该第一弯曲凸块20达到了一个相对于图la的位置偏转了180°的位置,则由第一弯曲凸块20弯曲的线材区段被转移到第一销轮2的相应的销6上。 If the first curved protrusion 20 reaches a position deflected by 180 ° relative to the position of FIG la, the bump 20 by first bending the bent wire section is transferred to the first wheel pin 6 of the corresponding pin 2 on. 这时卸料器24被投入使用,该卸料器将弯曲后的线材区段从第一弯曲凸块20压到相应的销6上。 At this point the stripper 24 is in use, the stripper after the wire section bent from the first bent protrusion pressed onto the corresponding pin 620. 此外,该转移可在图la 中在第二弯曲凸块方面看出。 In addition, the transfer can be seen in Figure la in the second aspect of the curved bump. 同时,第二弯曲凸块22在与图la中的弯曲凸块20的位置相同的位置上从后面作用在连续导入的线材10 上。 Meanwhile, the second curved lugs 22 at the same position of the bending effect of the bump 20 in FIG. La position continuously introduced from behind on the wire 10.

为了将线材10的弯曲后的区段或者说将这样形成的线材环从弯曲凸块20、 22转移到第一销轮2的为此准备好的销6上,回线拉拔器12必须被制动并且由此明显降低了其旋转速度,确切地说,最好在回线拉拔器12再被加速之间,使它暂时停机。 To the wire ring segment after bending or wire 10 thus formed is transferred from the curved lugs 20, 22 to the first pin 2 prepared for this round of good pin 6, the drawing loop 12 must be braking and thereby significantly reducing the rotational speed, specifically, is preferably then drawn between the acceleration loop 12, it is temporarily stopped. 因为在所示的实施例中,回线拉拔器12以两个在直径的相反端上设置的弯曲凸块20、 22工作,所以在回线拉拔器12旋转期间,该开始-停止-工况进行两次。 Because in the illustrated embodiment, the loop puller 12 20, 22 operate in two curved projections provided on opposite ends of a diameter, so that during the loop puller 12 is rotated, the start - stop - conditions twice.

如从图2可看出,这些弯曲凸块20、 22由于回线拉拔器12的旋转而在一个圆形的轨道上运行,其半径大致的等于两个销轮2、 4之间的间芟巨。 As can be seen from Figure 2, the curved lugs 20, 22 operate in a circular orbit due to the rotation of the loop puller 12, a radius substantially equal to the spacing between the two pin wheels 4 2, mow giant.

对于连续地构成线材梳来说重要的是,两个销轮2、 4彼此同步转动并且因此被同步地驱动。 For continuous wire comb is constructed important that the two pin wheels 2, 4 are thus rotated synchronously with each other and driven synchronously.

这些销轮2、 4的旋转轴26、 28彼此形成一个小的角度a,虽然从图1及图2中不能看出这一点,但在图3中却示意性示出了该角度,与图l及2相比,在图3中为了清楚起见而删去了回线拉拔器12 及卸料器24。 The pin wheel rotates the shaft 2, 4, 26, 28 to one another forming a small angle a, though not seen in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 that, but in FIG. 3, but illustrating schematically the angle, and FIG. l and 2 as compared to in FIG. 3 for clarity omitted the back drawing line 12 and the stripper 24. 其结果是,在连续旋转时,这些销6、 8之间的间距首先变大,由此,设置在销6、 8上的线材梳被延伸并且该线材梳最终得到其预定的形状。 As a result, during continuous rotation of the pins 6, the spacing between the first 8 becomes large, thereby, a predetermined shape is provided at its pin 6, the wire 8 is extended and the wire comb comb finally obtained. 随后,这些销6、 8之间的间距又变小,由此可使这样地成形的线材梳摩擦小地从销6、 8上取下,以便将该线材梳输送到其他的加工中。 Subsequently, the pins 6, 8 and the distance between becomes smaller, thereby allowing the wire comb-shaped so little friction from the pin 6, 8 is removed, so that the wire comb conveyed to other processing. 在图3中以示意性的虚线示出相对于销轮2略微倾斜角度a的销轮4的位置。 In dashed lines in FIG. 3 schematically shows the position of the pin relative to the wheel 2 is slightly inclined angle of a wheel 4 pin.

回线拉拔器12由一个在图4中示意性示出的、持续工作的第一伺服电机30驱动。 12 by the loop puller in FIG. 4 in a schematically illustrated, a first servo drive motor 30 continues to operate. 为了将由第一伺服电机30产生的连续旋转转换, 使得回线拉拔器l2以前面所迷的方式进行速度改变的旋转,在第一伺服电机30与回线拉拔器12的旋转轴14之间连接了一个行星传动装置32,该行星传动装置不仅在图4中可被看到,而且在图5及6中也可被看到。 In order to continuously rotated by the servo motor 30 generates a first converted, so that a puller loop to l2 manner previously fan rotational speed change of the rotary shaft 30 and the servo motor in a first loop 14 of the puller 12 a planetary gear 32 is connected to the planetary gear device can not be seen in FIG. 4, but may also be seen in FIGS. 5 and 6.

然而,如仅可从图4看出地,笫一伺服电机30驱动一个示意性示出的带轮33, 一个也是示意性示出的无缝带34在该带轮上运行, 该无缝带将该旋转传递到一个可旋转地被支承的小齿轮36上,其方式是该小齿轮设有一个在图4中同样是示意性示出的带轮38,所述无缝带34在该带轮38上运行。 However, as can only be seen from Figure 4, the servomotor 30 is driven Zi schematically shown a pulley 33, is shown schematically a seamless belt runs on the pulley 34, the seamless belt the rotation is transmitted to a rotatably supported pinion gear 36, in a manner that the pinion is provided with a likewise schematically illustrated in FIG. 4 the pulley 38, the seamless belt 34 in the belt round 38 on the run. 在所示的实施例中,所述小齿轮36 的旋转轴37大致平行于回线拉拔器12的轴14。 In the embodiment shown, substantially parallel to the rotational axis 37 of the pinion shaft 36 is pulled back in 1412 lines.

所述小齿轮36驱动行星传动装置32。 The drive pinion gear 36 of the planetary gear 32. 为此,该小齿轮36设有一个外齿圈40,外齿圏与一个空心轮44的外齿圏42啮合,该空心轮是行星传动装置32的一部分。 For this purpose, the pinion gear 36 is provided with an outer ring 40, the outer rings of teeth 42 mesh with external teeth rings of a ring gear 44, which is part of the ring gear 32 of the planetary gear. 该空心轮44还具有内齿圏46,内齿圈与被相应地构造为齿轮的行星轮48啮合,同样为该行星传动装置的一部分的行星轮48可旋转地支承在一个行星轮支架50上并且与一个同样被构造成齿轮的并且可转动地被支承在太阳轮S2的外齿圏啮合,该太阳轮的旋转轴53与空心轮44的旋转轴重合并且共同地构成行星传动装置32的中心的旋转轴。 The wheel 44 also has a hollow 46, the ring gear is correspondingly configured with the gear wheel 48 meshing planetary rings of internal teeth, a planet gear carrier for the same portion of the planetary gear 48 of the planetary gear 50 rotatably supported on the and with a similarly configured gear and rotatably supported by engaging an outer sun gear S2 of the gear rings of the rotary shaft of the sun gear 53 and the rotary shaft of the ring gear 44 coincide and collectively constituting the center of the planetary gear 32 the rotation shaft. 同样是该行星传动装置32的一部分的太阳轮52构成用于将旋转运动传递到回线拉拔器12上的输出装置并且在所示的实施例中与回线拉拔器12的轴14同轴地及无相对转动地直接连接。 The same planetary gear 52 of the sun gear 32 constituting a part of the for loop transmit rotational motion to the output means of the pullers 12 and in the embodiment illustrated in the drawing loop 14 with the shaft 12 axially and non-rotatably connected directly. 代替直接连接,也可考虑在行星传动装置32的太阳轮52与回线拉拔器12的轴14之间备选地设置一个增速或减速传动装置的布置。 Instead of a direct connection, it may be considered in the sun gear 52 and the loop puller planetary gear 32 is alternatively provided between the growth rate of a shaft 14 or 12 of the reduction gear arrangement.

所以,在所示的实施例中,驱动是通过空心轮42进行的,而输出是通过太阳轮52进行的。 Therefore, in the embodiment illustrated, it is driven by a ring gear 42, and the output is through the sun wheel 52. 原则上也可考虑,使驱动通过太阳轮来进行,而输出通过空心轮来进行。 Also conceivable in principle, be carried out by driving the sun gear, and the output is carried out by the ring gear. 在此,在任何情况下,空心轮44 与太阳轮52之间的驱动功率的传递通过这些可旋转地支承在行星轮支架50上的行星轮48进行。 Here, in any case, the ring gear 44 transmits the driving power between the sun gear 52 is rotatably supported by the planetary carrier 50 in the planetary gear 48.

一个行星传动装置的这种运行的传统方式为:行星轮支架是固定的,而本发明与该公知理论有所不同,其方式是,行星轮支架50不是固定的,而是可绕着一个旋转轴53摆动地被支承,该旋转轴构成行星传动装置32的中心的旋转轴,空心轮44及太阳轮52也可绕着该旋转轴旋转地被支承。 Running a conventional manner such as planetary gearing: planetary carrier is fixed, whereas the present invention is different from the known theory, a manner that the planet carrier 50 is not fixed, but rotatable about a rotation pivot shaft 53 is supported, which constitutes the rotating shaft center of the rotation shaft of the planetary gear 32, ring gear 44 and sun gear 52 is rotatable about the axis of rotation is supported. 在此,行星轮支架50可绕着该旋转轴53在一个有限的角度范围中可逆地摆动。 In this case, the planet carrier 50 is rotatable about the rotational axis 53 in a limited angular range reversibly swings. 为此, 一个往复运动杆56用其一个端部通过一个与该旋转轴53有径向间距地设置的端轴颈54铰接在该行星轮支架50上。 For this purpose, a reciprocation rod 56 through one end thereof with a rotary shaft 53 of the upper end journal 54 with a radial spacing hingedly disposed in the planet carrier 50. 该往复运动杆56用其另一端部通过一个端轴颈58偏心地铰接在一个转动轴60上,由此,该端轴颈58与转动轴60的旋转轴61以一定的径向间距设置。 The reciprocating rod 56 with its other end portion through one end hingedly journalled eccentrically in a 58 rotating shaft 60, whereby the end of the journal 58 and the rotation of the rotary shaft 61 of the shaft 60 disposed at a constant radial distance. 由于端轴颈58是被偏心地支承的,所以转动轴60与端轴颈58—起具有一个偏心装置的作用, 因此,由端轴颈58及转动轴60共同构成的构件也可被称为偏心装置。 Since the end of the journal 58 is eccentrically supported, so that the rotary shaft 60 and the end journal having an eccentric 58- acts device, therefore, by the end of the journal member 58 and the rotary shaft 60 together form may also be referred to as eccentric.

一个在图4中仅示意性示出的带轮62同轴地及无相对转动地与所述转动轴60联接,由第一伺服电机30驱动的无缝带34也在该带轮上被导引。 An only schematically in FIG. 4 shows the pulley 62 coaxially and non-rotatably coupled to the rotation shaft 60, driven by a first servo motor 30 is turned on seamless belt pulley 34 which also lead. 因此,在所示的实施例中,笫一伺服电机30不仅用于驱动小齿轮36及由此用于驱动行星传动装置32,而同时也用于驱动转动轴60。 Thus, in the embodiment illustrated embodiment, Zi is not only for the servo motor 30 and a drive pinion gear 36 thereby to drive the planetary transmission 32, and also for driving the rotary shaft 60. 由于端轴颈58的偏心布置,往复运动杆56按照图5、 6 中所示的双箭头可逆地进行往复运动。 Since the end journal 58 of the eccentric arrangement, the reciprocating motion of the rod 56 in accordance with the double arrow in FIG. 5, 6 reversibly reciprocate. 由此,往复运动杆56按照连杆的方式运动。 Thereby, the reciprocating motion of the rod 56 in the manner of a link motion. 由于往复运动杆56通过端轴颈54铰接在行星轮支架50上,该可逆的往复运动又导致行星轮支架50在一个有限的角度范围上的可逆的偏转, Since reciprocation of the rod 56 is hinged by the end journal 54 on the planet carrier 50, which in turn results in reciprocation reversible in a limited angular range reversible deflection planet carrier 50,

通过行星轮支架50的这种摆动,相对于空心轮44产生一个相对运动。 This oscillation of the planetary gear carrier 50, the ring gear 44 is generated with respect to a relative movement. 当行星轮支架50沿空心轮44的旋转方向偏转时,该相对运动导致太阳轮52的转速的降低,而当行星轮支架50逆着空心轮44的旋转方向摆动时,该相对运动导致太阳轮52的转速的升高。 When the rotation direction of the planetary carrier 50 in the ring gear 44 is deflected, the relative movement results in a reduction of the rotational speed of the sun gear 52, when the rotating direction of the planetary carrier 50 against the swing ring gear 44, the relative movement causes the sun gear speed 52 is increased. 因此, 太阳轮52进行一个速度可变的旋转,该旋转被直接地传递到回线拉拔器12的轴14上,以使得该轴14也进行相同的、速度可变的旋转。 Accordingly, the sun gear 52 a variable-speed rotation, the rotation is transmitted directly to the loop puller 14 on the shaft 12, so that the shaft 14 is also the same, a variable speed.

在此,在该实施例中,端轴颈58的偏心支承装置及承栽端轴颈58的转动轴60的转速使得在一个180°的旋转之后,回线拉拔器12 短时地达到其最小的回转速度或角速度,在确定的申请情况下,该回转速度或角速度的值也可为0,确切地说,如前面所述,在一个,可使一个弯曲后的线材区段从其弯曲凸块20、22转移到一个相应的销6 上的角位置中。 Here, in this embodiment, the support means and the end of the eccentric bearing journal end journal 58 planted speed of rotation of the shaft 60 such that after 58 a rotation of 180 °, pull loops 12 reach their short minimum revolution speed or angular velocity, in the case of the application to determine the value of the revolution speed or angular velocity can also be 0, specifically, as described above, in one, allows a bent wire section from the curved bumps 20, 22 is transferred to a respective angular position of the pin 6. 而在以前,回线拉拔器12必须被相应地制动,接着又被加速。 In the past, loop puller 12 must be correspondingly braked, then accelerated again.

通过端轴颈58沿径向方向的可选择地间距可改变的定位,偏心行程、即往复运动杆56的往复位移的长度可被调节。 By end journal 58 is positioned in the radial direction of the pitch may be selectively altered, the eccentric stroke, i.e. the length of reciprocation of the reciprocating displacement rod 56 can be adjusted. 通过该偏心行程的这种可调节性,可能的是,在回线拉拔器12的停机区域中将弯曲凸块20、 22的速度根据销6、 8的速度精确地调节到恒定转动的销轮2、 4的圆周上。 By this the eccentric stroke adjustability, it is possible, in the parking area loop puller 12 is bent lugs 20, 22 according to the speed of the pin 6, 8 speed precisely adjusted to a constant rotation of the pin wheel circumference of 2, 4 on. 因此,该行星传动装置32基本上对于所有的规格都可被调节到最佳的工作点上。 Thus, the planetary gear 32 may be adjusted to substantially the optimum operating point for all sizes.

必要时,对于规格改变也必须更换销轮2、 4,尤其是当需要销6、 8的其他分度时。 If necessary, change the specifications for the wheel must be replaced pin 2, 4, especially when 6, 8 need for other indexing pin. 代替地或附加地,两个销轮2、 4之间的间距也应是可变的,以便可调节线材梳不同的宽度。 Alternatively or additionally, 2, 4 the spacing between the two pin wheels should also be variable so as to adjust the wire comb different widths. 为此,例如使用了不同的距离套筒,但在附图中并没有示出这些距离套筒。 For this purpose, for example, different from the sleeve, but not shown in the drawings and these distances sleeve.

如前面根据图3已经简短地描述过的,这些销轮2、 4的旋转轴26、 28以一个小角度a彼此倾斜地定向。 As already described briefly treated according to FIG. 3, the wheel rotating shaft pins 2, 4, 26, 28 at a small angle a is oriented obliquely to each other. 该角度设置应该是可调节 The setting angle should be adjusted

的,这一点可有利地支持规格部件的简单调节及快速更换。 , Which is a simple adjustment can advantageously supports standard components and quick replacement. 两个销轮2、 4的旋转轴26、 28彼此间的所需角度的调节通过公知的调节机构、 例如手动或电动驱动的丝杠、线性驱动器等进行。 Rotational axes of the two pin wheels 2, 4, 26, 28 the desired angle between them adjusted by a known adjustment mechanism, manual or electric drive, for example, screw linear actuator or the like.

两个销轮2、 4的旋转轴26、 28可构成一个共同的弯折轴。 Two pin wheel 2, the rotation shaft 4 is 26, 28 may form a common folding axis. 替代 Substitute

地也可考虑,使用一个十字铰链或一个弯曲弹性的、抗扭的中间件来联接两个旋转轴26、 28,其在图3中示意性地用点划线表示的元件示出。 It is also conceivable to use a hinge or a curved cross resilient, rotationally fixed to the intermediate coupling two rotating shafts 26, 28, which elements in FIG. 3 schematically indicated by dashed-dotted lines. 在所有这些情况下,无论如何也可能的是,仅使用一个驱动器, 如在图3及4中根据在那里示出的第二伺服电机64示意示出的那样。 In all these cases, in any case possible to use only one drive, as in FIGS. 3 and 4 there is shown according to the illustrated schematically a second servo motor 64. 如还可从图3示意示出,在所示的实施例中,仅仅是远离笫二伺服电机64销轮4的旋转轴28被构造成可调节的。 As also shown schematically in FIG. 3, in the embodiment illustrated, only two servo motor 64 away from the pin Zi wheel 28 rotating shaft 4 is configured to be adjustable.

替代地,也可考虑,对于每个销轮2及4使用单独的驱动电机并且设置一个控制装置,该控制装置控制两个驱动电机,使得它们一起根据一个共同的电动轴的方式运行。 Alternatively, it is also conceivable, for each wheel 2 and the pin 4 and the separate drive motor is provided a control means, the control means controls the two drive motors, so that they run together in the manner of a common electric shaft.

在图4所示的实施例中也可考虑,使用一个控制装置,该控制装置使笫二伺服电机64与第一伺服电机30联接,在图4中,对于两个 Also conceivable in the embodiment shown in Figure 4, using a control means, the control means causes the servomotor 64 Zi two servo motors 30 is coupled to the first, in FIG. 4, the two

销轮2、 4仅设置了唯--个共同的驱动器即第二伺服电机64,此外, Wheel pin 2, 4 is only provided only - one common drive servo motor 64 that is a second, in addition,

也设置了图中未示出的测角传感器,用于检测两个伺服电机30、 64 的旋转轴的定位。 Angle measuring sensor is also provided, not shown in FIG, 30 for detecting two servo motors, positioning of the rotary shaft 64. 此外,轴彼此间的角度定位必须通过补偿值来确定,因为伺服电机30、 64的输出轴的正确的角度位置对于无问题的运行来说是必要的。 Further, the angle between the axes positioned to each other must be determined by a compensation value, because the correct angular position of the output shaft of the servo motor 30, 64 for a problem-free operation is necessary. 回线拉拔器12的弯曲芯棒20、 22在线材弯曲机被第一次接通后相对于销轮2、 4的销6、 8精确地定位。 Bending mandrel puller 12 of loop 20, the wire 22 in the bending machine is first turned on the wheel 2 relative to the pin, the pin 64, 8 accurately positioned. 因为弯曲凸块20、 22的状态一方面通过行星传动装置32的转换并且另一方面通过转动轴60及由此往复运动杆56的原则上可变的位置间接地由第一伺服电机30的输出轴的角度位置导出,所以,也由于该原因而应该设置前面提及到的测角传感器,最好这种测角传感器具有至少一个用 Because the bending state of the bumps 20, 22 on the one hand the conversion means 32 through the planetary gear and on the other by the rotation shaft 60 and the variable on the principle whereby the reciprocation of the rod 56 a position indirectly outputted by the first servomotor 30 deriving angular position of the shaft, so that also for this reason should be set to the measured angle sensor mentioned in the foregoing, it is preferable that at least one measuring angle sensor having a

于太阳轮52的绝对值传感器。 The absolute value of the sensor at the sun gear 52. 特别对于在此所述的装置来说,绝对值传感器的优点在于,在电压故障之后,驱动器的定位仍然被保存并且由此是已知的。 For particular apparatus described herein, the advantage is that the absolute value of the sensor, after a voltage failure, the positioning drive is still preserved and thus are known. 通过前面概要描述的措施保证了,回线拉拔器12 始终用其弯曲凸块20、 22之一占据正确的位置,用于无摩擦地将线材10的弯曲后的区段转移到第一销轮2的准备好的销6上。 By the foregoing general description of the measures to ensure the back drawing line 12 always with its curved, one position occupied by the bumps 20 22 correct for friction-free transfer of the bent section of the wire 10 to the first pin 2 good prepared wheel pin 6. 但是, 替代地或附加地也可考虑,借助于一个参考运行来求得及调节必要的、相对的角位置。 However, alternatively or additionally also conceivable, by means of a reference run to obtain the necessary and adjust the relative angular position.

如前面已经描述过的,卸料器24被构造为一个可绕着旋转轴25 转动地被支承的盘。 As already described, the unloader 24 is configured as a disk is rotatable about shaft 25 is rotatably supported. 如可在图7中看出地,卸料器24具有一个控制曲线66,该曲线设有一个突出的区段66a。 As can be seen, the stripper 24 has a control curve 66 in FIG. 7, the curve is provided with a projecting portion 66a. 控制曲线66的该突出的区段66a在盘形卸料器连续旋转期间靠触在线材10的由回线拉拔器12的弯曲凸块(按照图7的图示,该弯曲凸块为弯曲凸块20)保持的、构成线材环的、弯曲后的区段上并且将该线材10的弯曲后的区段压在第一销轮2的准备好的销6之上。 Wire 10 bears against the control curve during the projecting portion 66a of the disc-shaped stripper 66 in a continuous loop puller rotated by the bending of the projection 12 (as illustrated in FIG. 7, the curved projection bent on the bump 20) is held, the wire constituting the ring, the curved section and the curved section of the wire 10 is pressed against the first pin preparing good wheel 2 above the pin 6. 由此,同时将线材10的弯曲后的区段从回线拉拔器12的相应的弯曲凸块上取下。 Thus, while the section of the bent wire 10 is pulled to remove the corresponding curved projections 12 from the return line.

因为在所示的实施例中在360°的旋转期间进行两次转移,即在一个180。 Since transfer is performed twice during a rotation of 360 ° in the embodiment illustrated, i.e. a 180. 的角度间隔中进行,所以卸料器24的控制曲线66必须在一个180。 Angular intervals is performed, the control curve 66 in stripper 180 must be 24. 的角度间隔上具有两个突出的区段66a。 Having two sections 66a projecting angular intervals.

最好卸料器24被构造为碗形盘,其在轴向上突出的边缘定向在销轮2上并且构成控制曲线66。 Preferably the stripper plate 24 is configured in a bowl shape, which edge protrudes in the axial direction oriented in the wheel 2 and the pin 66 constituting the control curve.

此外,在所示的实施例中,回线拉拔器12及卸料器M彼此同步地旋转。 Further, in the embodiment shown, the drawing loop 12 and stripper M rotated synchronously with each other. 由此第一伺服电机30也可用来驱动卸料器24,但在附图中未示出这一点。 Whereby the first servo motor 30 can also be used to drive the stripper 24, but not shown in the drawings it.

20 20

Claims (28)

1.一种用于将连续的线材(10)回线形地弯曲成线材梳的装置,线材梳具有由基本上发叉状弯曲的并且并排布置的齿构成的回线形的区段及连接这些回线形区段的、沿着线材梳的纵向方向延伸的并且彼此前后布置的线材区段,该装置具有两个彼此间隔的并且彼此同步地运动的销承载件(2,4),这些销承载件分别具有一排在运动方向上前后布置的销(6,8),其中,这些销排具有基本上相同的分度,然而这两个销排的销(6,8)在销承载件(2,4)的运动方向上彼此错开,该装置还具有可转动地被支承的回线拉拔器(12),用于将该线材(10)相继交替地回线形地绕一个销排的销(6)及另一个销排的销(8)铺设,该装置还具有用于可转动地驱动回线拉拔器(12)的第一驱动装置,其特征在于:该第一驱动装置具有行星传动装置(32),其具有基本上恒定地被驱动的第一轮(44)、至少一个 1. A method for the continuous wire (10) bent into a loop shape means a wire comb, wire comb teeth having a loop shape formed of segments arranged side by side and made by a substantially fork-shaped and bent back connecting these and arranged one behind the other wire section, the wire along the longitudinal direction of the comb segment extending in line, the device having a pin carrier (2,4) and two spaced apart from each other in synchronization with the movement, the carrier pins each having a row of pins (6,8) arranged in the longitudinal direction of movement, wherein the rows of pins having substantially the same degree of points, but the two rows of pins of the pin (6, 8) in the pin carrier (2 , 4) offset from each other in the direction of movement, the apparatus further includes a loop puller (12) rotatably supported for the wire (10) in succession alternately about a pin linearly back row pin ( 6) and the other pin row of the pin (8) laid, the apparatus further comprising a first driving means for rotatably driving the loop puller (12), characterized in that: the first driving planetary gear device having means (32) having a substantially constantly driven first wheel (44), at least one 该第一轮(44)处于配合的并且可转动地支承在行星轮支架(50)上的作为行星轮的第二轮(48)及相对于第一轮(44)同轴地、可转动地被支承的、与所述至少一个第二轮(48)处于配合的并且可转动地驱动回线拉拔器(12)的第三轮(52),其中,行星轮支架(50)绕着相对于第一及第三轮(44,52)同轴心地设置的旋转轴(53)可转动地被支承;该第一驱动装置还具有用于可逆地摆动该行星轮支架(50)的驱动器(30)。 The first wheel (44) is fitted and rotatably supported on the planet gear carrier (50) as the second wheel (48) and a first wheel (44) coaxially with respect to the planet wheels rotatably is supported, with the at least one second wheel (48) is fitted and rotatably driven loop puller (12) a third wheel (52), wherein the planet carrier (50) about the relative the first and second three (44, 52) arranged coaxially rotating shaft (53) rotatably supported; the first drive means for reversibly swinging further comprises the planet carrier (50) of the drive ( 30).
2. 根据权利要求l的装置,其特征在于:该駔动器(30)使行星轮支架(50)在有限的角度范闺上可逆地摆动,其中,该行星轮支架(50)的角度范闺和/或角速度是可调节的,以便将回线拉拔器(12) 的旋转与销承栽件(2, 4)的销(6, 8)的速度协调. 2. l apparatus according to claim, wherein: the powerful horse actuator (30) of the planetary gear carrier (50) reversibly swings in a limited angular range Gui, wherein the angle of the planetary gear carrier (50) Fan Gui and / or the angular velocity is adjustable, so that the speed of the loop puller pin (12) planted with the rotation of the pin bearing member (2, 4) (6, 8) coordination.
3. 根据权利要求2的装置,其中,该回线拉拔器(12)设有至少一个与其旋转轴(14)径向间隔地设置的弯曲芯棒(20, 22),弯曲芯棒从后面作用在线材(10)上,用于进行回线形地铺置,其特征在于:可调节该行星轮支架(50)的角度范围和/或角速度,使得回线拉拔器(12)的所述至少一个弯曲芯棒(20, 22)的速度与销轮(2, 4) 的销(6, 8)速度上协调. 3. The apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the loop puller (12) is provided with at least one of its axis of rotation (14) bending mandrel (20, 22) disposed radially spaced, bent back from the mandrel acting on the wire (10), the ground floor is set for a loop shape, wherein: said adjustable wheel of the planetary carrier (50) of the angle range and / or angular velocity, so that the loop puller (12) at least a velocity coordination pin bending mandrel (20, 22) the wheel speed of the pin (2, 4) (6, 8).
4. 据权利要求2或3的装置,其特征在于:可调节该行星轮支架(50)的角度范闺和/或角速度,使得笫三轮(52)的角速度在至少一个确定的角度位置中被降低到一个最小值上或降低到o。 2 or 4. The apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the adjustable angle of the planetary carrier (50) Fan Gui and / or angular velocity, so that Zi three (52) at an angular velocity at least one determined angular position of It is reduced to a minimum or reduced to the o.
5. 根据上述权利要求l-3之一的装置,其特征在于:笫一轮(44) 为空心轮,第三轮(52)作为太阳轮设置在该空心轮的内部,而至少一个第二轮(48)位于该第一与第三轮(44, 52)之间。 L-3 5. The device according to one of the preceding claims, wherein: a sleeping mat (44) is a ring gear, the third wheel (52) a sun gear arranged in the interior of the hollow wheel and at least one second wheel (48) located between the first and third wheels (44, 52).
6. 根据上迷权利要求l-3之一的装置,其特征在于:行星传动装置(32)的这些轮(44, 48, 52)由齿轮构成。 6. The apparatus according to one of the l-3 on the fan claim, wherein: the planetary transmission (32) of the wheels (44, 48, 52) is constituted by gears.
7. 根据权利要求5的装置,其特征在于:第一轮(44)在其内圆周上具有内齿结构(46),而所述至少一个第二轮(48)及该第三轮(52)分别在圆周上设有外齿结构。 7. The apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: a first wheel (44) having an inner toothing (46) on its inner circumference, and the at least one second wheel (48) and the third wheel (52 ) respectively provided on the outer circumferential toothing.
8. 根据上述权利要求l-3之一的装置,其特征在于:所述第一驱动装置具有可旋转地被支承的小轮(36)及一个驱动器(30),该小轮与第一轮(44)配合并且其旋转轴(37)基本上平行于第一轮(44) 的旋转轴(53),该驱动器使小轮(36)旋转。 L-3 8. The apparatus according to one of the preceding claims, wherein: said first drive means has a rotatably supported small wheel (36) and a drive (30), the small wheel and the first wheel (44) and with its axis of rotation (37) substantially parallel to the first wheel (44) axis of rotation (53), the driver causes small wheel (36) is rotated.
9. 根据权利要求8的装置,其特征在于:该小轮(36)与第一轮(44)的外圆周处于啮合。 9. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein: the pinion gear (36) and the outer circumference of the first wheel (44) is in engagement.
10. 根据权利要求9的装置,其特征在于:第一轮(44)在其外圆周上设有外齿结构(42),该小轮(36)具有齿團(40),该齿團与第一轮(44)的外齿结构(42)处于啮合。 10. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein: a first wheel (44) provided with an external toothing (42) on its outer circumference, the small wheel (36) having a tooth groups (40), and the group of the tooth a first wheel (44) of the external toothing (42) in engagement.
11. 根据权利要求8的装置,其特征在于:该小轮(36)的驱动器由所述驱动器(30)构成。 11. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein: the pinion gear (36) of the driver (30) is constituted by the drive.
12. 根据上述权利要求8的装置,其特征在于:该第一驱动装置具有往复运动杆(56),其用其一个端部相对于行星轮支架(50)的旋转轴(53)径向间隔地铰接在该行星轮支架上,并且该驱动器(30) 使该往复运动杆(56)沿着其纵向方向可逆的运动。 12. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein: the first driving means has a reciprocating motion of the rod (56), which with one end thereof spaced radially with respect to the planet carrier (50) of the rotation shaft (53) articulated on the holder of the planetary gear, and the drive (30) so that the reciprocating rod (56) reversibly along its longitudinal direction.
13. 根据权利要求12的装置,其特征在于:该第一驱动装置具有偏心装置(58, 60),偏心装置可绕着旋转轴(61)旋转地被支承, 往复运动杆(56)的另一端部相对于该旋转轴(61)径向间隔地铰接在该偏心装置上,该驱动器(30)使该偏心装置(58, 60)绕着其旋转轴恒定旋转。 13. The apparatus according to claim 12, wherein: the first driving means having an eccentric means (58, 60), rotatable about an eccentric shaft (61) rotatably supported, the other reciprocation rod (56) One end portion with respect to the axis of rotation (61) articulated on the radially eccentric distance, the driver (30) so that the eccentric means (58, 60) rotating about its axis of rotation constant.
14. 根据权利要求13的装置,其特征在于:该偏心装置(58, 60) 的旋转轴(61)基本上平行于笫一及笫三轮(44, 52)的旋转轴(53) 地延伸。 14. The apparatus according to claim 13, wherein: said eccentric means (58, 60) of the rotary shaft (61) substantially parallel to Zi and Zi three (44, 52) of the rotating shaft (53) extends .
15. 根据权利要求14的装置,其特征在于:该驱动器(30)与该小轮(36)及偏心装置(58, 60)机械地联接,用于共同地驱动小轮(36)及偏心装置(58, 60)。 15. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein: the driver (30) and the small wheel (36) and the eccentric means (58, 60) is mechanically coupled, for commonly driving pinion gear (36) and the eccentric (58, 60).
16. 根据权利要求13的装置,其特征在于:为了调节行星轮支架(50)的摆动运动的角度范围,该往复运动杆(56)与偏心装置(58,60)的旋转轴(61)的径向距离是相应地可变的,和/或为了调节行星轮支架(50)的角速度,该偏心装置(58, 60)的转速是相应地可变的。 16. The apparatus according to claim 13, wherein: in order to adjust the planet carrier (50) of the angular range of pivoting movement of the reciprocating rod (56) and the eccentric means (58, 60) of the rotary shaft (61) accordingly, the radial distance is variable, and / or to adjust the planet carrier (50) of the angular velocity, rotational speed of the eccentric means (58, 60) is correspondingly varied.
17. 用于将连续的线材(10)回线形地弯曲成线材梳的装置,线段及连接这些回线形区段的、沿着线材梳的纵向方向延伸的并且彼此前后布置的线材区段,该装置具有两个并排设置的、彼此间隔并且彼此同步地运动的销轮(2, 4),这些销轮基本上具有相同的直径并且在它们的圆周上设有一排径向向外延伸的销(6, 8),其中,这些销排具有基本上相同的分度,但是这两个销排的销(6, 8)在销轮(2, 4)的旋转方向上彼此错开,其中,两个销轮(2, 4)的旋转轴(26, 28)彼此以一个角度设置,该装置还具有回线拉拔器(12),用于将线材(10)相继交替地回线形地绕一个销排的销(6)及另一销排的销(8)铺设,该装置还具有用于驱动该回线拉拔器(12)的笫一驱动装置及用于驱动这两个销轮(2, 4)的第二驱动装置(64),其特征在于:设有用于使两个销轮的旋转轴(26, 17. A continuous wire (10) bent into a loop shape means a wire comb, and line segments connecting the loop shape, and are arranged one behind the other in the longitudinal direction of the wire comb section extending along the wire, the It means having two side by side, spaced from each other in synchronization with one another and the pin wheels (2, 4), the pins have substantially the same wheel diameter and is provided with a row of pins extending radially outwardly on their circumference ( 6, 8), wherein the rows of pins having substantially the same degree of points, but the two rows of pins of the pin (6, 8) in the rotational direction of the pin wheels (2, 4) offset from each other, wherein the two pin wheels (2, 4) of the rotary shaft (26, 28) disposed at an angle to each other, the apparatus further includes a loop puller (12) for the wire (10) in succession alternately about a pin linearly back the rows of pins (6) and the other pin row of the pin (8) laid, the apparatus further has for driving the loop puller (12) of a driving device and Zi for driving the two pin wheels (2 4) second drive means (64), wherein: the rotating shaft is provided with a two pin wheels (26, 28)无相对转动地联接的机构(65)。 28) non-rotatably coupling means (65).
18. 根据权利要求17的装置,其特征在于:该第二驱动装置(64) 仅驱动两个销轮之一(2 )的旋转轴并且两个销轮(2,4)的旋转轴(26, 28)构成一个共同的弯折轴,由此,所述联接机构由该弯折轴的弯曲的连接区段构成。 18. The apparatus according to claim 17, wherein: said second drive means (64) drives only one of the two pin wheels (2) of the rotary shaft and the two pin wheels (2,4) rotation axis (26 , 28) form a common folding axis, whereby the coupling means is constituted by a curved connecting section of the bending axis.
19. 根据权利要求17的装置,其特征在于:该第二驱动装置(64) 仅驱动两个销轮(2, 4)之一的旋转轴(26)并且该联接机构(65) 由十字铰链构成。 19. The apparatus according to claim 17, wherein: said second drive means (64) drives only the rotation axis (26) of one of the two pin wheels (2, 4) and the coupling means (65) by the cross hinges constitute.
20. 根据权利要求17的装置,其特征在于:该第二驱动装置(64) 仅驱动两个销轮之一(2)的旋转轴(26)并且该联接机构(65)由弯曲弹性的、扭转刚性的中间件构成。 20. The apparatus according to claim 17, wherein: said second drive means (64) drives only one of the two pin wheels (2) of the rotation shaft (26) and the coupling means (65) by a flexurally elastic, intermediate torsionally stiff configuration.
21. 根振权利要水17的装置,其特征在于:该笫二紫动装罝具有两个驱动电机,其中一个驱动电机駔动一个销轮的旋转轴,而另一个驱动电机駔动另一个销轮的旋转轴,并且设有控制装置,该控制装置控制两个駔动电机,使得它们一起根据共同的电动轴的方式起作用, 由此,该联接机构由该控制装置构成. 21. The apparatus of 17 water root vibration claims, characterized in that: the undertaking of two purple catching rabbits movable means having two drive motors, wherein a rotary shaft drive motor powerful horse moving a pin wheel, the driving motor and the other dynamic another powerful horse pin wheel rotating shaft, and provided with control means, the control means controls the motor movable two powerful horse, such that they together act in the manner of a common electric shaft, whereby the coupling means is constituted by the control means.
22. 根据权利要求17-21之一的装置,其特征在于:该两个销轮(2, 4)的旋转轴(26, 28)的角度设置是可调节的. 22. The apparatus of one of claims 17-21, wherein: the angle of the two pin wheels (2, 4) of the rotary shaft (26, 28) is arranged adjustable.
23. 根据上述权利要求17-21之一的装置,具有至少一个卸料器(24),用于将弯曲后的弯曲区段从回线拉拔器(12)转移到两个销轮之一(2)的一个销(6)上,其特征在于:该卸料器(24)被构造为可转动地被支承的、基本上圃形的盘,该盘沿着其圃周设有控制曲线(66),该控制曲线具有至少一个突出的区段(66a),该区段与回线拉拔器(12)上的弯曲后的线材区段形成靠触,并且在该盘连续旋转时将线材区段从回线拉拔器(12)压到销轮(2)的销(6)上. 23. The apparatus according to one of the preceding claims 17-21, having at least one stripper (24), for bending the bending section is transferred from the loop puller (12) to one of the two pin wheels (2) a pin (6), characterized in that: the discharge device (24) is configured to be rotatably supported, substantially garden shaped disc which is provided with a control curve along the circumferential po (66), the control curve having at least one projecting portion (66a), after bending the wire section on the loop puller portion (12) formed by the contact, and when the disc is continuously rotated from the wire section drawing loop (12) is pressed onto pin pin wheel (2) (6).
24. 根据权利要求23的装置,其特征在于:借助驱动器(30)的卸料器(24)的旋转驱动被与行星轮支架(50)的可逆摆动同步化, 使得当行星传动机构(32)的第三轮(52)的角速度达到其最小值时, 控制曲线(66)的所迷至少一个突出的区段(66a)与回线拉拔器(12) 上的弯曲后的线材区段形成靠触并且将它从该回线拉拔器(12)压到销轮(2)的销(6)上, 24. The apparatus according to claim 23, wherein: the drive means (30) of the stripper (24) is driven by the rotation of the planet carrier (50) of the wobble sync reversible, such that when the planetary gear mechanism (32) after the bent wire section on a third wheel (52) when the angular velocity reaches its minimum value, the control curve (66) of the at least one projection of the fan section (66a) and the loop puller (12) is formed and pressing it against contact from the loop puller (12) to a pin wheel (2) on a pin (6),
25. 根据权利要求23的装置,其特征在于:该卸料器(24)被构造为碗形盘,其沿轴向突出的边缘构成控制曲线(66), 25. The apparatus according to claim 23, wherein: the discharge device (24) is configured as a bowl-shaped disk, which constitutes a control curve (66) axially projecting rim,
26. 根振权利要求23的装置,其特征在于:该卸料器被构造为摆动盘, 23 26. The apparatus as claimed in claim root vibration, characterized in that: the discharge device is configured as a swash plate,
27. 根据权利要求23的装置,其特征在于:该卸料器(24)的旋转轴(25)基本上平行于回线拉拔器(12)的旋转轴(14)地设置. 27. The apparatus according to claim 23, wherein: the discharge device (24) of the rotary shaft (25) substantially parallel to the loop puller (12) of the rotary shaft (14) is arranged.
28. 根据权利要求23的装置,其特征在于:该第一驱动装置驱动卸料器(24)并且使该卸料器基本上连续地旋转. 28. The apparatus according to claim 23, wherein: the first drive means drives the stripper (24) and that the stripper is substantially continuously rotated.
CN 200710091673 2006-04-03 2007-04-03 Device for line-returnedly bending a continuous wire rod CN100548529C (en)

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DE102008025663B3 (en) 2008-05-28 2009-12-03 Kugler-Womako Gmbh A device for loop-shaped bending of a continuous wire
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