CN100547309C - Indoor air changing device and air exchanging method - Google Patents

Indoor air changing device and air exchanging method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100547309C
CN100547309C CN 200510000045 CN200510000045A CN100547309C CN 100547309 C CN100547309 C CN 100547309C CN 200510000045 CN200510000045 CN 200510000045 CN 200510000045 A CN200510000045 A CN 200510000045A CN 100547309 C CN100547309 C CN 100547309C
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China
Prior art keywords
air
outdoor
indoor
changing
conditioner
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CN 200510000045
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CN1800733A (en
Inventor
谷东照
张守信
闫建芳
樊明敬
王勇
迟君正
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Qingdao Haier Air Conditioner Gen Corp Ltd
Haier Group Corp
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Qingdao Haier Air Conditioner Gen Corp Ltd
Haier Group Corp
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Priority to CN 200510000045 priority Critical patent/CN100547309C/en
Publication of CN1800733A publication Critical patent/CN1800733A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of air interchanger and air exchanging method that makes air exchanger and air-conditioning be used, be used to improve IAQ, this method can make air interchanger and air-conditioning cooperatively interact, can improve the operating efficiency of air conditioner when making air interchanger work, air conditioner can improve the operating efficiency of ventilator again simultaneously, thereby improve the room air displacement efficiency, this method can make air-conditioning blow out firm fresh air from outdoor suction again simultaneously, really improves air quality.

Description

Indoor air changing device and air exchanging method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of air exchanger and air exchanging method, particularly a kind of and air-conditioning is used, is used to improve the air exchanger and the air exchanging method of IAQ.
Background technology
Along with air-conditioning use increasingly extensive, air conditioning chamber's inner air and outer air enthalpy difference enlarges, and the modern building air-tightness is become better and better, and also just means, the energy consumption of air conditioner is increasing, and become by the naturally osmotic ventilation by forced draft impossible; In addition, improve indoor air quality, prevent that the diffusion of virus, germ and the cry of cross-infection from growing to even greater heights, that is to say that air-conditioning has solved after the changes in temperature, room air should be fresh totally just be of value to people's health thereupon, therefore need carry out ventilation to the room by air interchanger in the room that uses air-conditioning.
Existing indoor air changing device generally all is used with air conditioner, its operation principle all is by induced-draught fan that the outdoor air suction is indoor, room air is discharged to outdoor by exhaust blower, heat exchange generally will be carried out to keep indoor temperature in the centre, because going out into of indoor-outdoor air can only pass through very thin pipeline, therefore the problem that ubiquity air displacement efficient is not high, energy consumption is big is difficult to reach the purpose of abundant ventilation, also is unfavorable for energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to, above-mentioned deficiency at prior art, a kind of air interchanger and air exchanging method that improves air displacement efficient is provided, this device and method can make air interchanger and air-conditioning cooperatively interact, can improve the operating efficiency of air conditioner when being air interchanger work, air conditioner can improve the operating efficiency of ventilator again simultaneously, thereby improve the room air displacement efficiency, this method can make air-conditioning blow out firm fresh air from outdoor suction again simultaneously, when cutting down the consumption of energy, really improve air quality.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
General air ventilator, especially the heat preservation aeration machine that has heat exchanger all has outdoor air induction port and gas outlet, and indoor air inlet and gas outlet, device provided by the present invention is to connect corresponding air inlet pipe or escape pipe at each air inlet or place, gas outlet, wherein, the outdoor air gas outlet junction chamber outer air escape pipe of ventilator, and the air outlet that makes the outdoor air escape pipe is positioned near the air inlet of indoor apparatus of air conditioner, like this, the air inlet of indoor apparatus of air conditioner can play swabbing action to the outdoor air gas outlet of ventilator, thereby can improve the intake efficiency of ventilator, indoor apparatus of air conditioner is sucked and blow out just from the outdoor fresh air that enters; Perhaps make the interior air exhaust duct of room air gas outlet junction chamber of ventilator, and the room air blast pipe is opened near the air inlet of air-conditioner outdoor unit, the air inlet of air-conditioner outdoor unit can play swabbing action to indoor air discharge port equally like this, improve exhaust efficiency, the room air blast pipe can increase the intake of air-conditioner outdoor unit air inlet again simultaneously, thereby improves the operating efficiency of air conditioner.Can certainly make the air outlet of outdoor air escape pipe be positioned near the air inlet of indoor apparatus of air conditioner simultaneously and the room air blast pipe is opened near the air inlet of air-conditioner outdoor unit, the efficient of air conditioner and ventilator is higher like this.Method provided by the present invention, no matter ventilator is installed in indoor or outdoors, no matter is cabinet air-conditioner, wall-hanging air conditioner or central air-conditioning, all is suitable for.
Indoor air changing device of the present invention adopts two-way ventilation, and with two not connected passages, promptly outdoor air inlet channel and room air exhaust passage are sent into outdoor gas respectively and indoor gas is extracted out, thereby reaches the purpose of two-way ventilation.
Indoor air changing device of the present invention also comprises a heat exchanger, described heat exchanger is a total-heat exchanger, can exchange sensible heat and latent heat simultaneously, the outdoor air that room air that desire sucks and desire are discharged carries out earlier advancing to discharge row after the exchange heat in heat exchanger.Described heat exchanger preferably adopt can not only heat conduction and also the papery that can wet thoroughly or extrusion coating paper material replace that present heat exchanger adopts can only heat conduction material, because the material that adopts has poisture-penetrability preferably, when outdoor air relative humidity is big, moisture in the outdoor air in the outdoor air inlet channel by heat exchanger wall absorption and be penetrated into the inwall of room air exhaust passage, room air in the room air exhaust passage is with moisture absorption on the inwall and discharge, thereby make outdoor air fall wet after again in the inlet chamber, otherwise, but then behind the humidification again in the inlet chamber, thereby regulate indoor humidity.
Described heat exchanger is preferably the vertical coil arrangement of handing over corrugated board structures mutually or fin being arranged, and can improve the heat exchange efficiency of heat exchanger to greatest extent.
More preferably, outdoor air induced-draught fan of the present invention and air air exhauster drive by a dual-axle motor, have therefore saved a motor, have simplified the structure of ventilator.
Heat conduction of the present invention and papery that can wet thoroughly or extrusion coating paper material, disclosed paper material in China Patent No. 97122545.1 patent specifications for example, or Chinese patent 93209878.9, name be called disclosed material in the patent documentation of " dismountable fibre paper film heat exchanger ", and paper material of the present invention includes but not limited to above material.
The detachable airstrainer that cleans, changes is installed at outdoor air induction port of the present invention place, the dust in can filter chamber's outer air etc.
During use, when air exchanger is installed in when outdoor, air intake duct in the indoor air inlet junction chamber of air exchanger, the room air air inlet pipe is passed body of wall 300 and is led to indoor; When air exchanger is installed in when indoor, the outdoor air induction port junction chamber outer air air inlet pipe of air exchanger, the outdoor air air inlet pipe is passed body of wall 300 and is led to outdoor.Preferably air exchanger is installed in outdoor, to reduce noise.
According to another aspect of the present invention, the present invention also provides a kind of room air air exchanging method, be used for air exchanger and air-conditioning is used, it is characterized in that: the outdoor air that sucks by air exchanger is thrown near the air inlet of indoor apparatus of air conditioner, or is thrown near the air inlet of air-conditioner outdoor unit by the room air that air interchanger is discharged.
Said method also is included in the outdoor air that sucks by air exchanger and is thrown near the air inlet of indoor apparatus of air conditioner, and the room air of discharging by air interchanger is thrown near the air inlet of air-conditioner outdoor unit simultaneously.
Outdoor air and room air are the air through heat exchange.
The invention has the advantages that: adopt two-way ventilation, need not other introducing cold (heat) source, device of the present invention can improve the efficient of ventilator and the efficient of air conditioner simultaneously, and can make air-conditioning blow out firm fresh air from outdoor suction.Can keep indoor temperature simultaneously during use and regulate indoor humidity, take into account and save the air-conditioning power consumption and keep indoor good air quality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that this air interchanger is loaded on the schematic diagram that cooperates with cabinet air-conditioner on the outdoor wall.
Fig. 2 is that this air interchanger is loaded on the schematic diagram that cooperates with wall-hanging air conditioner on the outdoor wall.
Fig. 3 is that air interchanger is loaded on the schematic diagram that cooperates with cabinet air-conditioner on the indoor wall.
Fig. 4 is that air interchanger is loaded on the schematic diagram that cooperates with wall-hanging air conditioner on the indoor wall.
Fig. 5 is that air interchanger is loaded on the schematic diagram that cooperates with cabinet air-conditioner on the air-conditioner outdoor unit.
Fig. 6 is that air interchanger is loaded on the schematic diagram that cooperates with wall-hanging air conditioner on the air-conditioner outdoor unit.
Fig. 7 is the internal structure and the ventilation principle schematic diagram of air interchanger
Fig. 8 is that the heat exchanger of air interchanger is taked vertical mutual corrugated board structures schematic diagram
Fig. 9 is the coil arrangement schematic diagram that the heat exchanger of air interchanger takes to have fin
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments invention is described further.
Referring to Fig. 1-7, when ventilator is installed in when outdoor, an end of air intake duct 7 in indoor air inlet 13 junction chambers of ventilator, room air air inlet pipe 7 is passed body of wall and is led to indoor, its other end is opened on indoor, an end of air exhaust duct 8 in room air gas outlet 14 junction chambers of air interchanger, the other end of room air blast pipe 8 is arranged in the air inlet (way does not show) of air-conditioner outdoor unit 100 and locates, room air under the swabbing action of air-conditioner outdoor unit 100 air inlets the row of acceleration to outdoor, the gas of room air blast pipe 8 discharges has simultaneously also strengthened the intake of air-conditioner outdoor unit 100 air inlets, thereby has improved the operating efficiency of air conditioner; One end of outdoor air gas outlet 11 junction chamber outer air escape pipes 6, outdoor air enters the outdoor air inlet channel 21 of heat exchanger from the outdoor air induction port 12 of air interchanger, carry out heat exchange with the room air that enters the room air outlet passageway 22 of heat exchanger from room air air inlet pipe 7, and through 6 discharges of outdoor air escape pipe, the other end of outdoor air escape pipe 6, its outlet just is positioned at the air inlet place of indoor apparatus of air conditioner 200 (wall-hanging air conditioner) or 210 (cabinet air-conditioners), because the swabbing action of indoor apparatus of air conditioner 200, both increased the air inflow of outdoor air, make the preferential suction of indoor apparatus of air conditioner air inlet just from the outdoor fresh air that enters again, and blow out through air conditioner refrigerating or after heating.
When ventilator is installed in when indoor, the outdoor air induction port 12 junction chamber outer air air inlet pipe 9 of ventilator, outdoor air air inlet pipe 9 is passed body of wall and is led to and be opened on outdoorly, and the position, gas outlet of the gas outlet of outdoor air escape pipe 6 and room air blast pipe 8 and operation principle are installed in outdoor identical with air interchanger.
Indoor air changing device of the present invention adopts two-way ventilation, promptly respectively indoor gas is extracted out with two not connected passages, and outdoor gas is sent into, and heat exchange reaches the purpose of two-way ventilation through heat exchanger.
Referring to Fig. 7, air exchanger of the present invention comprises that one has the casing 1 of air inlet and gas outlet, is provided with heat exchanger 2, outdoor air induced-draught fan 3, room air air exhauster 4 in the casing 1, and the dual-axle motor 5 that drives air draught, air exhauster.
Wherein said heat exchanger 2 preferred employings can not only can heat conduction and also the papery that can wet thoroughly or extrusion coating paper material replace present most heat exchanger employings can only heat conduction material, because the material that adopts has poisture-penetrability preferably, when outdoor air relative humidity is big, moisture in the outdoor air in the outdoor air inlet channel by heat exchanger wall absorption and be penetrated into the inwall of room air exhaust passage, room air in the room air exhaust passage is with moisture absorption on the inwall and discharge, thereby make outdoor air fall wet after again in the inlet chamber, otherwise, but then behind the humidification again in the inlet chamber, thereby regulate indoor humidity.
The vertical coil arrangement of handing over corrugated board structures mutually or fin being arranged that Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 preferably adopt for heat exchanger of the present invention can improve the heat exchange efficiency of heat exchanger to greatest extent.
More preferably, outdoor air induced-draught fan 3 of the present invention and room air air exhauster 4 drive by a dual-axle motor 5, have therefore saved a motor, have simplified the structure of ventilator.
The detachable airstrainer that cleans, changes is installed at outdoor air induction port of the present invention 12 places, the dust in can filter chamber's outer air etc.
During use, when air exchanger is installed in when outdoor, air intake duct 7 in indoor air inlet 13 junction chambers of air exchanger, room air air inlet pipe 7 is passed body of wall and is led to indoor; When air exchanger is installed in when indoor, the outdoor air induction port 12 junction chamber outer air air inlet pipe 9 of air exchanger, outdoor air air inlet pipe 9 is passed body of wall and is led to outdoor.Preferably air exchanger is installed in outdoor, to reduce noise.
Air exchanger of the present invention can be applied on hanging air conditioner, cabinet air conditioner, the multi-split air conditioner.This device as restaurant, supermarket etc., in conjunction with all kinds of air-conditioners, both can improve indoor air at average family and the dirty PE of various air ratio, made the people feel more comfortable in this environment; Can make full use of the temperature difference of indoor and outdoor air again, avoided common exhaust fan indoor cold air directly to be discharged outdoor (this refers to summer, winter is indoor to be hot-air), can avoid again common ventilator with hot outdoor air directly input indoor (this refers to summer, winter is outdoor to be cold air), can regulate indoor air humidity again, thereby save the energy; Also can the room air of discharging and the outdoor air that enters be delivered near the indoor and outdoor air inlet, thereby suitably increase the indoor and outdoor intake, the raising efficiency of air conditioner by scavenge trunk.
According to another aspect of the present invention, the present invention also provides a kind of room air air exchanging method, be used for air exchanger and air-conditioning is used, it is characterized in that: the outdoor air that sucks by air exchanger is thrown near the air inlet of indoor apparatus of air conditioner, or is thrown near the air inlet of air-conditioner outdoor unit by the room air that air interchanger is discharged.
Said method also is included in the outdoor air that sucks by air exchanger and is thrown near the air inlet of indoor apparatus of air conditioner, and the room air of discharging by air interchanger is thrown near the air inlet of air-conditioner outdoor unit simultaneously.
Outdoor air and room air are the air through heat exchange.
The invention has the advantages that: adopt two-way ventilation, need not other introducing cold (heat) Source, device of the present invention can be improved the efficient of ventilator and the efficient of air-conditioning machine simultaneously, and can make sky Accent blows out firm fresh air from outdoor suction. Can reclaim simultaneously latent heat and aobvious heat during use, take into account Save the air-conditioning power consumption and keep indoor good air quality.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of indoor air changing device, it is characterized in that, this indoor air changing device comprises a casing (1), have outdoor air induction port (12) and gas outlet (11) on the casing (1), indoor air inlet (13) and gas outlet (14), outdoor air gas outlet (11) the junction chamber outer air escape pipe (6) of air interchanger, the air outlet of outdoor air escape pipe (6) can reach and be installed near the air inlet of indoor apparatus of air conditioner; And/or air exhaust duct (8) in room air gas outlet (14) junction chamber of air interchanger, and the air outlet that makes room air blast pipe (8) can reach and can be installed near the air inlet of air-conditioner outdoor unit, be provided with heat exchanger (2), outdoor air induced-draught fan (3), room air air exhauster (4) in the described casing (1), and the motor (5) that drives air draught, air exhauster.
2, indoor air changing device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described indoor air changing device is arranged on outdoor.
3. indoor air changing device according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: outdoor air induced-draught fan (3) wherein and room air air exhauster (4) drive by a dual-axle motor (5).
4. indoor air changing device according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: heat exchanger (2) is can not only heat conduction and papery that can wet thoroughly or the making of extrusion coating paper material.
5. indoor air changing device according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described heat exchanger (2) is the vertical coil arrangement of handing over corrugated board structures mutually or fin being arranged.
6. indoor air changing device according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described outdoor air induction port (12) locates to install the airstrainer of detachable cleaning, replacing.
CN 200510000045 2005-01-05 2005-01-05 Indoor air changing device and air exchanging method Active CN100547309C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200510000045 CN100547309C (en) 2005-01-05 2005-01-05 Indoor air changing device and air exchanging method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200510000045 CN100547309C (en) 2005-01-05 2005-01-05 Indoor air changing device and air exchanging method
JP2005290119A JP2006189241A (en) 2005-01-05 2005-10-03 Indoor air ventilating device and method

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CN1800733A CN1800733A (en) 2006-07-12
CN100547309C true CN100547309C (en) 2009-10-07

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4996933B2 (en) * 2007-01-30 2012-08-08 三洋電機株式会社 Floor-mounted air conditioner
CN106482214A (en) * 2015-08-28 2017-03-08 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 A kind of air-conditioning, air refreshing device and inletting fresh air control method
CN107504615A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-22 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner and its control method, device
CN107504661A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-22 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner and its control method and device
CN110081510A (en) * 2018-01-23 2019-08-02 袁建国 Table drawer formula room air mediates machine
JP6407466B1 (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-10-17 株式会社 エコファクトリー Outside air conditioner and ventilation system

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JPS61142279U (en) * 1985-01-29 1986-09-02
JPH0216933U (en) * 1988-07-20 1990-02-02
JPH06341676A (en) * 1993-06-02 1994-12-13 Daikin Ind Ltd Air conditioner
JP3314200B2 (en) * 1995-12-27 2002-08-12 昭和電工株式会社 Ventilation and heat exchange device
JP2002257380A (en) * 2001-02-28 2002-09-11 Nice Corp Air conditioning system
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CN1800733A (en) 2006-07-12

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