CN100547306C - Package AC plant and header board thereof - Google Patents

Package AC plant and header board thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100547306C
CN100547306C CNB2004100282930A CN200410028293A CN100547306C CN 100547306 C CN100547306 C CN 100547306C CN B2004100282930 A CNB2004100282930 A CN B2004100282930A CN 200410028293 A CN200410028293 A CN 200410028293A CN 100547306 C CN100547306 C CN 100547306C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
conditioner
package
plant
indoor
Prior art date
Application number
CNB2004100282930A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1598415A (en
Inventor
朴海用
金明洙
金泳模
Original Assignee
Lg电子株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR63980/03 priority Critical
Priority to KR63980/2003 priority
Priority to KR1020030063980A priority patent/KR20050027639A/en
Priority to KR68590/2003 priority
Priority to KR1020030068590A priority patent/KR100553040B1/en
Priority to KR68590/03 priority
Application filed by Lg电子株式会社 filed Critical Lg电子株式会社
Publication of CN1598415A publication Critical patent/CN1598415A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100547306C publication Critical patent/CN100547306C/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/20Casings or covers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0011Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by air outlets
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/02Self-contained room units for air-conditioning, i.e. with all apparatus for treatment installed in a common casing
    • F24F1/022Self-contained room units for air-conditioning, i.e. with all apparatus for treatment installed in a common casing comprising a compressor cycle
    • F24F1/027Self-contained room units for air-conditioning, i.e. with all apparatus for treatment installed in a common casing comprising a compressor cycle mounted in wall openings, e.g. in windows

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of package AC plant and header board thereof.Air-conditioner comprise compressor, with air-conditioner be divided into indoor unit and outdoor unit air guide member, make by means of the indoor heat converter and the outdoor heat converter that carry out heat exchange between the working fluid of described compressor cycle and extraneous air, be positioned at the motor and the casing that are used to form the fan of forced draft near the heat exchanger, rotary power is provided for fan.Front component comprises the side draught hand-hole that is formed on its sidepiece, make the air of introducing air-conditioner by and discharge the steam vent of air, selectively block the exhaust valve of steam vent and be used for the door On/Off device of On/Off exhaust valve.Package AC plant of the present invention be can't see internal part from the outside, when air-conditioner does not move, because exhaust valve has blocked the indoor exhaust hole, makes the profile of air-conditioner more attractive in appearance, and is convenient to clean header board.

Description

Package AC plant and header board thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of air-conditioner, specifically, relate to a kind of air-breathing and header board discharged air of being used for that is formed on the package AC plant front.The invention particularly relates to the inlet/outlet structure of the header board of package AC plant.

Background technology

In the package AC plant of routine, because indoor unit part and outdoor unit are partly made one, do not need very long flexible pipe, installation and transportation etc. are all very convenient, thereby the demand of this air-conditioner is increased to some extent.In addition, indoor unit partly is contained in indoor air cooled off, outdoor unit partly is contained in outdoor the thermal technology is cooled off as fluid.

Fig. 1 is the decomposition diagram of traditional integral formula air-conditioner.

The structure and the operation of traditional package AC plant are described in conjunction with Fig. 1 now.

Earlier traditional integral formula air-conditioner is described.This air-conditioner comprises: be formed on the base plate 1 on the air-conditioner bottom surface; Be formed on the indoor indoor unit part that is used for air in the cooling chamber; And be formed on the outdoor outdoor unit part that is used to discharge hot-air.

Indoor unit partly comprises: be formed on the preceding grid 3 on the indoor front surface of base plate 1; Suction grille 4 before being formed on the front surface of grid 3; Indoor heat converter 5 before being formed on grid 3 inboards; Be formed on the air guide member 7 of indoor heat converter 5 inboards; Be formed on the volute pipe 9 of air guide member 7 inboards; Be formed on the front surface of volute pipe 9 the air inlet guide 11 corresponding with indoor heat converter 5; And be formed on indoor fan 13 in the volute pipe 9.

Detailed structure and operation to the indoor unit part is described below.

Form induction part 31 as passage at the downside of preceding grid 3, room air flows into by this passage, forms to make in the indoor heat converter 5 at the upside of preceding grid 3 to be discharged into indoor air discharge grille 32 again by the air of heat exchange.

Indoor heat converter 5 is arranged on the inboard of preceding grid 3.Indoor heat converter 5 makes between the air that enters by induction part 31 and the working fluid and carries out heat exchange.

Air guide member 7 is used for air-conditioner is separated into indoor section and outdoor section.Therefore, make indoor cold air avoid the influence of hot outdoor air by air guide member 7.In addition, the upper brace (upper stage) at air guide member 7 forms the support member 8 that links to each other with hood 18 described below.

In volute pipe 9, form one and become the movement-oriented surperficial 91 of certain radian from a side to opposite side, thereby can guide indoor air flows reposefully.In addition, orifice plate (orifice) 11 comprises the 12 and exhaust guides 111 in an aperture (orificehole), the aperture will be directed to indoor fan 13 by the room air of indoor heat converter 5, the exhaust guide is formed on the upper brace place of orifice plate 11, is used for the air through heat exchange is directed to air discharge grille 32.

Indoor fan 13 is by induction part 31, indoor heat converter 5 and aperture 12 inspiration room airs.In addition, can be air-breathing for the indoor fan 13 of centrifugal fan by aperture 12, the air with inspiration blows out along centrifugal direction then.Be directed into discharging guide 111 from the air longshore current action-oriented surface 91 that indoor fan 13 is discharged.

Indoor unit at package AC plant partly is described above, will describe the structure and the operation thereof of the outdoor unit part that is partly separated by air guide member 7 and indoor unit below.

Outdoor unit partly comprises the motor 15 that is formed on air guide member 7 outsides; Be fixed to the fan 17 in the outdoor rotating shaft of motor 15; Be formed on and be used for hood 18 that the air-flow that fan 17 forms is led on the base plate 1; Be formed on the outdoor base plate 1 and in the face of the outdoor heat converter 19 of hood 18; And the shell 21 that forms the air-conditioner outer cover.

Motor 15 stretches out along the opposed facing direction of rotating shaft.In these rotating shafts, the center that air guide member 7 extends to volute pipe 9 is passed in a side rotating shaft, and indoor fan 13 is rotated.In addition, the opposite side rotating shaft is formed on the fan 17, thereby produces outdoor airflow.Fan 17 comprises that also makes the interconnective ring 171 of its wing tip.

Hood 18 comprises that inside is equipped with the through hole 181 of fan 17.In addition, hood 18 guiding are forced outdoor air to flow to outdoor heat converter 19 by the air of fan 17 inspiration from the outside.Hood 18 links to each other with the both side ends of outdoor heat converter 19, and its upper brace also supports with support member 8.

Outdoor heat converter 19 makes the air of inspiration from the outside and the working fluid of air-conditioning circulation carry out heat exchange each other.

To be arranged on as the compressor 20 of air conditioning circulating member on the base plate 1 between air guide member 7 and the hood 18.The compressor mounting portion 10 of above on base plate 1, forming one compressor 20 being housed.

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of conventional air conditioner under user mode.

Referring to Fig. 2, if air-conditioner brings into operation, the indoor unit part is introduced air by the induction part on grid 3 downside surfaces before being arranged on 31, then the air of introducing is cooled off, and the air that will cool off enters indoor by the air discharge grille 32 on grid 3 uper side surfaces before being arranged on again.In addition, outdoor unit partly passes through the through hole suck air of the outer peripheral face of shell 21, makes the air of inspiration carry out heat exchange, and will be discharged into outdoor through the air of heat exchange by the other access opening that is arranged on shell 21 rear surfaces.Arrow is represented airflow direction in the accompanying drawing.

But there is following defective in above-mentioned traditional package AC plant.

The air discharge grille that is used for sucking the suction grille of room air and is used to exhaust air to the interior space all is arranged on header board.Therefore, if header board is exposed always, then exist granulometric impurity as dust and so on will be deposited in defective on the header board.

Specifically, the defective of traditional package AC plant is that the granulometric impurity of dust and so on will be deposited on a plurality of suction holes on the suction grille and on a plurality of steam vents on the air discharge grille, this not only influences specious, and also unfavorable to personnel's health.

In addition, the defective of traditional package AC plant is because the size of suction hole and steam vent is very little, so be difficult to clean.

In addition, the defective of traditional package AC plant also is because can see internal part by suction hole and steam vent, so the header board profile of air-conditioner is not attractive in appearance.

Summary of the invention

Therefore, the present invention aims to provide the package AC plant and the header board thereof of one or more problems that a kind of restriction and the defective that can eliminate substantially because of prior art cause.

One object of the present invention is to provide a kind of header board of package AC plant, wherein can not see the inboard of header board from the front side of air-conditioner.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of air-conditioner, wherein can the steam vent of indoor unit part selectively be blocked, thereby when air-conditioner did not move, air-conditioner is more attractive in appearance.

To provide other advantage of the present invention, purpose and feature in the following description, the part in these advantages, purpose and the feature can obviously be learnt after having read hereinafter to those skilled in the art, maybe can learn from enforcement of the present invention.Purpose of the present invention and other advantage, the structure that specifically provides in can word segment, claims and accompanying drawing by specification realizes and finishes.

The invention provides a kind of front component that is formed on the casing front side, this front component is used for package AC plant, and described air-conditioner comprises: a compressor; One is used for this air-conditioner is divided into the air guide member of indoor unit part and outdoor unit part; Be used to make the indoor heat converter and the outdoor heat converter that carry out heat exchange by means of between the working fluid of described compressor cycle and the extraneous air; One is positioned near the fan that is used to form forced draft the described heat exchanger; One provides the motor of revolving force for described fan; And the casing of the described air-conditioner profile of a formation, define outdoor unit part and indoor unit part in the described casing;

Described front component comprises:

One is formed on the side draught hand-hole of its sidepiece, so that the air of requisite space is introduced;

One steam vent, the air that is introduced into described air-conditioner is discharged through this steam vent;

One selectively blocks the exhaust valve of described steam vent; And

One is used for the door On/Off device of the described exhaust valve of On/Off; Door On/Off device is installed on the front component.

In order to realize these purposes of the present invention and other advantage, according to purpose of the present invention, as description concrete and that summarize, the header board that is used for package AC plant that is provided comprises: one is formed on the side draught pore of this header board sidepiece, so that the air of requisite space is introduced; One steam vent, the air that is inhaled into described air-conditioner is by this steam vent discharging; One selectively blocks the exhaust valve of described steam vent; An and door On/Off device that is used for the described exhaust valve of On/Off.

An aspect of of the present present invention provides a kind of package AC plant, and this air-conditioner comprises: a compressor; One is used for described air-conditioner is divided into indoor unit part and outdoor unit partly and to the air guide member of air-flow channeling conduct; Be used to make the indoor heat converter and the outdoor heat converter that are carried out heat exchange between the working fluid of described compressor cycle and the extraneous air; One forces to produce the fan of air-flow in described indoor heat converter and outdoor heat converter; One for making the motor that described fan rotates provides rotary power; One forms the casing of air-conditioner profile; And a header board that is formed on this casing front side, this header board has a side draught hand-hole and a steam vent, and air sucks by the described inlet hole that is positioned at the casing sidepiece, and described steam vent is formed on a predetermined position, and cooled air is discharged through this steam vent.

The present invention provides a kind of package AC plant on the other hand, and this air-conditioner comprises: a compressor; The base plate of described compressor is installed above one; One is used for described air-conditioner is divided into indoor unit part and outdoor unit partly and to the air guide member of air-flow channeling conduct; Be used to make the indoor heat converter and the outdoor heat converter that are carried out heat exchange between the working fluid of described compressor cycle and the extraneous air; One forces to produce the fan of air-flow in described indoor heat converter and outdoor heat converter; One for making the motor that described fan rotates provides rotary power; One forms the casing of described air-conditioner profile; One is formed on this casing front side and the header board of a steam vent is arranged, and cooled air is discharged through this steam vent; One can face upward or downward the exhaust valve of the described steam vent of On/Off; An and door On/Off device that is used for the described exhaust valve of On/Off.

One side more of the present invention provides a kind of package AC plant, and this air-conditioner comprises: a compressor; The base plate of described compressor is installed above one; One is used for described air-conditioner is divided into indoor unit part and outdoor unit partly and to the air guide member of air-flow channeling conduct; Be used to make the indoor heat converter and the outdoor heat converter that are carried out heat exchange between the working fluid of described compressor cycle and the extraneous air; One forces to produce the fan of air-flow in described indoor heat converter and outdoor heat converter; One for making the motor that described fan rotates provides rotary power; One forms the casing of described air-conditioner profile; One is formed on this casing front side and the header board of a steam vent is arranged, and cooled air is discharged through this steam vent; One can face upward or downward the exhaust valve of the described steam vent of On/Off; An and door On/Off device that is used for the described exhaust valve of On/Off.

According to the present invention, the whole efficiency of this air-conditioner is expected to be improved.

In addition, on header board, do not form grid owing to do not resemble the conventional art, so can not see inside from the outside.In addition, owing to being deflated door, indoor exhaust hole when not using air-conditioner blocks, so can improve the aesthetic measure of air-conditioner front side appearance.

Moreover, because the middle part of header board front side is the arc-shaped protrusions structure, so profile is more attractive in appearance.Therefore, be expected to make the consumer interested.

In addition, owing to there is not traditional grid, do not polluted so header board can not be deposited in because of the granulometric impurity as dust and so on the inlet hole of grid or the steam vent, and be convenient to header board is cleaned.In other words, when not using air-conditioner or during with air cleaning, because exhaust valve shielded room inner vent, so can avoid granulometric impurity to flow through steam vent, thereby can prevent that basically header board from being polluted.

Should be understood that general introduction above the present invention and following detailed description all are exemplary and explanat, purpose is claims the present invention for required protection is further explained.

Description of drawings

The accompanying drawing that the invention provides step explanation and formation the application part is shown embodiments of the present invention, and these accompanying drawings and specification word segment one are used from explains principle of the present invention.In the accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is the decomposition diagram of traditional package AC plant;

Fig. 2 is the perspective view of conventional air conditioner under user mode;

Fig. 3 is the biopsy cavity marker devices perspective view of the package AC plant of the preferred embodiment for the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the decomposition diagram of package AC plant of the present invention;

Fig. 5 and 6 is rear views of package AC plant header board of the present invention, and specifically, Fig. 5 shows the pent situation of exhaust valve, and Fig. 6 shows the situation that exhaust valve is opened;

Fig. 7 shows the gas circulation structure in the package AC plant indoor unit part of the present invention;

Fig. 8 shows the contour structures of package AC plant of the present invention; With

Fig. 9 and 10 is longitudinal sectional views of package AC plant of the present invention, specifically, and the ruuning situation when Fig. 9 represents not carry out air-cleaning function, the ruuning situation when Figure 10 represents to carry out air-cleaning function.

The specific embodiment

To describe preferred implementation of the present invention in detail now, i.e. the example of some shown in the accompanying drawing.

Fig. 3 is the package AC plant biopsy cavity marker devices perspective view of the preferred embodiment for the present invention, and Fig. 4 is the decomposition diagram of package AC plant of the present invention.

Referring now to Fig. 3 and 4,, package AC plant comprises the base plate 100 that constitutes this air-conditioner bottom; Constitute the casing 700 of this air-conditioner profile, the various parts that constitute heat exchange loop are housed in this casing; Be contained in the indoor unit part of the indoor of casing 700, indrawn hot-air flows through the indoor unit part, and discharges cold air; And be contained in outdoor unit part in the outdoor unit part of casing 700, so that working fluid is cooled off.

The structure of indoor unit part is described below.

In air-conditioner of the present invention, the structure of indoor unit part comprises: be arranged on air-conditioner header board 200 foremost, so that form the outer cover component of front side, be arranged in the exhaust valve 230 of header board 200 rear sides, this exhaust valve is used for the selectively discharge portion of opening and closing header board; Be arranged in the air guide member 300 on the base plate 100, this air guide member is divided into indoor unit part and outdoor unit part with air-conditioner, air guide member comprises upper air guide 350 and bottom air guide member 310, so that the air-flow in the guiding indoor unit part; Be formed on the inner bottom plating 320 of bottom air guide member 310 bottoms, this inner bottom plating and bottom air guide member 310 become one; Be formed on the left baffle 312 at the middle part of bottom air guide member 310 front surfaces along the vertical direction; Be formed on the discharge-channel 352 of upper air guide 350 front sides, this passage arrives header board 200 with the guiding cool air that indoor fan 420 gives off; The filter mounting portion 360 that on upper air guide 350, protrudes upward; Be installed in the control box 380 that upper air guide 350 right sides are used to control the air-conditioner overall operation; Be arranged in air guide member 300 front sides and be used for the indoor heat converter 400 of cooled interior air; Be formed on the guide 410 that becomes a mandarin between indoor heat converter 400 and the air guide member 300, this guide forms air and flows into path; Be arranged in bottom air guide member 310 inboards and be used to make the indoor fan 420 of indoor air flows; And be arranged in the fan electromotor 450 that indoor fan 420 rear sides are used to make indoor fan 420 to rotate.

The structure of outdoor unit part is described below.

The structure of outdoor unit part comprises: rear side and air guide member 300 preset distance of being separated by is used for air-flow is imported outdoor unit hood 500 partly; Be arranged in the through hole 502 of hood 500 and be used to force to blow outdoor air so that carry out the outdoor fan of heat exchange; Be arranged in the outdoor heat converter 550 of hood 500 rear sides; Be installed on the base plate 100 of outdoor unit part and constitute the compressor 560 of heat exchange circulation; And the back plate 600 that is arranged in outdoor heat converter 550 rear sides, the hot-air of heat exchange is plate discharging after this.

Describe the structure of the indoor unit part of package AC plant of the present invention below in detail.

Header board 200 comprises: be formed on the preceding air-breathing part 210 of header board 200 downsides, this part is corresponding with the inlet that is used for the air of conditioned space is sucked the air conditioner chamber inboard; And the discharge unit 220 that is formed on header board 200 upsides, the air of heat exchange is discharged to conditioned space through this part.Can selectively the air of heat exchange be discharged by above-mentioned discharge unit 220 or filter mounting portion 360.In addition, a filter can be installed in the filter mounting portion 360, so that the contaminant particles in the discharged air is filtered.

In addition, discharge unit 220 can be formed on the both sides of header board 200.In other words, in order when side direction is discharged cold air, fully to cool off,, can form the air-breathing part 215 of side direction in the two side ends of header board 200 in order to improve the aesthetic measure of air-conditioner appearance to the indoor in front side with respect to air-conditioner.The air-breathing part 215 of side direction can be formed together with preceding air-breathing part 210, also can separate formation with preceding air-breathing part.In addition, can make the front side of header board 200 is convex, thereby makes profile more attractive in appearance.

Exhaust valve 230 can be installed in the rear side of header board 200, so that opening and closing discharge unit 220 selectively.According to user's wish, selectively open or close discharge unit 220 by sliding up and down exhaust valve 230.

Also be provided for the discharging guide 222 that the discharge direction to air discharged leads at the front end of discharge unit 220.

On the rear surface of header board 200, can be provided for facing upward or downward the door On/Off device of opening and closing exhaust valve 230.Fig. 5 shows this On/Off device, below with described.

Inner bottom plating 320 made make its shape of stretching out forward, and make its front end corresponding, and this inner bottom plating is fixed on the base plate 100 with base plate 100 from the downside of bottom air guide member 310.The top of inner bottom plating 320 is corresponding to collecting by the condensed water of indoor heat converter 400 condensations and discharging condensation water to outdoor position.The guiding rib 321 of collecting condensed water is formed at the top at inner bottom plating 320.

Form the left baffle 312 of vertical length at the front center position of bottom air guide member 310.In other words, left baffle 312 is stretched out from the front center position of bottom air guide member 310 along direction forward, and the front space of air guide member 310 is divided into left space and right space.Because indoor fan 420 and motor 450 are arranged in left side and right side, so the gravity balance of left baffle 312.In addition, can be by each indoor fan 420 independent air quantity that form.

Two positions at bottom air guide member 310 form indoor fan mounting groove 314.The diameter of the size of formed indoor fan mounting groove 314 and indoor fan 420 is corresponding, and the periphery of mounting groove preferably stretches out predetermined portions towards the front side.

The discharge-channel 352 that forms stretches out predetermined portions from the rear end of upper air guide 350 towards the front side, makes the discharge unit 220 of the front end of this discharge-channel corresponding to header board 200.

On upper air guide 350, form the filter mounting portion 360 that protrudes upward.The high quality of filter 370 that can filter the air that is discharged into the interior space is installed on the filter mounting portion 360 from upside.

High quality of filter 370 is high efficiency particulate air filters that filter used in a kind of and the conventional air-conditioning device has identical strained volume, and it can all filter out airborne impurity.In order to obtain high efficiency filter effect, use the big as far as possible filter of volume usually.In order to adapt to the large volume of high quality of filter 370, be provided with filter mounting portion 360, grid mounting portion 742 and filter grid 740.

Control box 380 is made preliminary dimension, though do not illustrate among the figure, this control box is equipped with a plurality of capacitors and as the control element of the wiring board of control air-conditioner operation and so on.The whole service of air-conditioner can be by control box 380 controls.

The position of carrying out heat exchange between the working fluid of indoor heat converter 400 and heat exchange circulation and the air in the inspiration conditioned space is corresponding.Though do not illustrate among the figure, it is very common forming the pipeline that working fluid is flowed into or discharge.

The effect of guide 410 of becoming a mandarin is the air of heat exchange in the indoor heat converter 400 is led.Form a pair of through hole 412 on the guide 410 that becomes a mandarin, this a pair of through hole is corresponding to the indoor fan mounting groove 314 of bottom air guide member 310.Indoor fan 420 is installed in the air guide member 300, so that provide power for the air in the indoor unit side flows.Indoor fan 420 is in the left and right sides in couples.In other words, indoor fan 420 lays respectively in the indoor fan mounting groove 314 that is formed on bottom air guide member 310 left and right sides.

One front end of the central shaft 452 of each fan motor 450 is inserted in the indoor fan 420, and the rear end that it is other is inserted in the outdoor fan 460.Therefore, fan electromotor 450 can be simultaneously provides rotary power for indoor fan 420 and outdoor fan 460.In other words, the rotating shaft of fan electromotor 450 is extended to both direction, and an end links to each other with indoor fan 420, and the other end links to each other with outdoor fan 460.In addition, can directly fan electromotor 450 be installed on the rear surface of air guide member 300, also can be with a bracket support independently.

In addition, at discharge-channel guider that discharged air is led of discharge-channel 352 inboard formation.

Specifically, the major function of discharge-channel guider is realized by fluid passage guide plate 354.The fluid passage guide plate is made the shape of rectangular slab, the air conducting of this guide plate to forcing to blow, and the inboard of air being introduced upper air guide 350 along suitable direction according to air conditioning function or air filtering function.

In detail, the front end hinge formula of fluid passage guide plate 354 is fixed to the bottom front end of filter mounting portion 360, a stepper motor that is used for drive fluid path guide plate 354 (see Fig. 8 356) is installed in the predetermined position of standing part.Therefore, when stepper motor (see Fig. 8 356) rotated according to user's selection, the rear end of fluid passage guide plate 354 moved up and down, thereby selectively blocks discharge-channel 352.

In detail, selection according to the user, be incorporated into discharge unit 220 dischargings (be air conditioning function) of air by being positioned at discharge-channel 352 front sides of upper air guide 350 inboards by indoor fan 420, perhaps introduce air by the top of discharge-channel 352, and up by high quality filter 370 dischargings (air-cleaning function), wherein emission direction is determined by fluid passage guide plate 354.

In other words, if behavior is gone up when smooth in the rear end of fluid passage guide plate 354 because stepper motor 356 rotates forward, then fluid passage guide plate 354 blocks the bottom of filter mounting portion 360, and the air by indoor fan 420 forced discharges is discharged along the place ahead of discharge-channel 352.At this moment, only carry out air conditioning function.

Otherwise, if the rear end of fluid passage guide plate 354 is descending because stepper motor 356 rotates backward, and when contacting with the bottom of discharge-channel 352, then the front of discharge-channel 352 is blocked, and the air of being forced to blow by indoor fan 420 discharges through high quality filter 370 up.At this moment, not only carry out air-cleaning function but also carry out air conditioning function.

Then, can form an air vent again at the predetermined position of the air guide member 300 and the guide 410 that becomes a mandarin, but this does not illustrate in the drawings.Extraneous air selectively is inhaled into by this air vent, so that make room ventilation.Therefore, an air door is installed, is made this air door action with independent drive motors, so that the opening and closing air vent at the predetermined position of air guide member 300.

Simultaneously,, can also be formed for guiding the air channel of outdoor air, extraneous air is introduced by air vent although do not illustrate in the drawings.In other words, the air channel that is used for that the rear portion air is directed to the front side and makes the air of guiding enter air vent can also be formed on below the upper end and the pillar (not shown) between the hood 500 that is connected air guide member 300.

Describe the structure of the outdoor unit part of package AC plant of the present invention below in detail.

Form through hole 502 respectively corresponding to the indoor fan mounting groove 314 of air guide member 300 at the position, the left and right sides of hood 500.In addition, can also form guiding beading 504 on the top of hood 500, this beading is used for the condensed water by 422 guiding of the ring on the periphery that is formed on outdoor fan 460 is led.

Encircle 422 sputters and stay the condensed water of bottom, so that the water of sputter is sprayed on the outdoor heat converter 550.The temperature of outdoor heat converter 550 had improved cooling effect thus when the use of ring 422 had reduced the cooling operation.

The effect of outdoor heat converter 550 is when air-conditioner moves according to refrigerating mode, the working fluid by making the heat exchange circulation and indoor heat is discharged into the outside from carrying out heat exchange between the outside inhaled air.

By pipeline compressor 560 is linked to each other with indoor heat converter 400 and outdoor heat converter 550, so that make the cold-producing medium circulation.Specifically, compressor is installed between air guide member 300 and the hood 500, in more detail, when compressor being installed between air guide member and the hood, also is located between left fan electromotor 450 and the right fan electromotor 450.Thus, say always that compressor 560 is positioned at the center of outdoor unit part with respect to right and left.

On the plate 600 of back, form the grill vents 610 that is used to discharge inner air of a plurality of along continuous straight runs.In other words, by form a plurality of triangular hills on the plate of back, along continuous straight runs excises the trench portions between each projection, makes grill vents 610 with this.

Fig. 5 and 6 is rear views of the header board of package AC plant of the present invention, and specifically, Fig. 5 shows the pent situation of exhaust valve, and Fig. 6 shows the situation that exhaust valve is unlocked.

In conjunction with Fig. 5 and 6 door On/Off device is described now.

Door On/Off device comprises: the motor mounting part that is fixed on former board part 200 rear surfaces divides 242; Be installed in motor mounting part and divide drive motors 244 on 242 rear surfaces; Extend the rotating shaft 246 of the central shaft of drive motors 244; Be installed in the rotation pinion 248 in the rotating shaft 246; And has a tooth bar with the tooth of the tooth of rotation pinion 248 engagement.

In addition, tooth bar 232 longitudinally is formed on the rear surface of exhaust valve 230, and becomes one with it, and this tooth bar can make exhaust valve 230 move up and down according to the rotation of rotation pinion 248.In other words, if drive motors 244 is driven by additional power source, then the rotation pinion 248 with drive motors 244 interlockings rotates, and exhaust valve 230 faces upward or downward slip thus.

Under situation shown in Figure 5, move on the exhaust valve 230, thereby block discharge unit 220, therefore can observe tooth bar 232 by discharging guide 222.Otherwise under the situation of Fig. 6, exhaust valve 230 moves down, and opens discharge unit 220, therefore only just can observe tooth bar 232 at the downside of discharging guide 222.

Fig. 7 represents the room air loop structure of package AC plant of the present invention.

Referring to Fig. 7, when indoor fan 420 rotates, suck room air by preceding air-breathing part 210 and side draught gas part 215, so that it flows through indoor heat converter 400.The air that the temperature of heat exchange is lower in indoor heat converter 400 is inhaled into indoor fan 420 backs and discharges.

The air of discharging from indoor fan 420 flows along air guide member, is sent to passing away 352.The air that is sent to passing away 352 is discharged in the conditioned space by discharge unit 220.

In Fig. 7, arrow represents to be divided into the room air cyclic process of breathing process and exhaust process.

Certainly, can not produce under the dysgenic prerequisite gettering efficiency, air-breathing part 210 before also can omitting only forms side draught gas part 215 in two side ends.In addition, also can be only in the preceding air-breathing part 210 shown in the formation of lower end.

Yet, more attractive in appearance for the front that can make header board, preferably only form side draught gas part 215.

Fig. 8 is the contour structures of package AC plant of the present invention.

Describe the structure and the operation of package AC plant casing of the present invention now in detail in conjunction with Fig. 8.

Casing 700 covers all parts except that following side/front and rear, so that block the parts of air-conditioner, and at the inner air duct that forms of air-conditioner.

Specifically, the predetermined position on the upper surface of casing 700 forms the installation targeting part 710 of along continuous straight runs.Targeting part 710 is installed from the recessed desired depth of the upper surface of casing 700,, groups of shades component etc. can be installed on this installation targeting part 710 so that along the window frame of the building device that firmly installs an air-conditioner.

Form a plurality of side draught pores 720 at the rear portion of casing 700 both sides, by these holes from the side direction suck air.And the rear on the top of casing 700 selectively form a plurality of on suction hole 730, by these holes from the top suck air.

In addition, in the top of casing 700 leading edge, that is to say filter grid 740 of installed in front of targeting part 710 is being installed, this grid leads to the discharged air by high quality of filter 370.The installation position of filter grid 740 is corresponding with the upper surface of high quality of filter 370 on being contained in upper air guide 350.Thus, can the outside will be discharged into the air trim by high quality of filter 370.In addition, because high quality of filter 370 forms a stand-alone assembly,, also can removably install so this high quality of filter can fixedly mount.The predetermined portions of casing 700 upper surfaces is protruded and passed in the grid mounting portion 742 that filter grid 740 is installed above.From the top filter grid 740 is contained on the grid mounting portion 742.Therefore, when needs filter rinsed grid 740, it upwards can be carried, itself and casing 700 are separated, clean then.Form one in the both sides of casing 700 and be convenient to the hand card 750 installing and move.

The operation of the package AC plant of the present invention with said structure is described below.What should remind is to move the operation of describing package AC plant by the standard of refrigerating mode.

Fig. 9 and 10 is vertical cross-sectional schematic of package AC plant of the present invention.What should remind is for describing the operation of air-conditioner, only to show some critical pieces among these figure, and all parts are not shown.

Specifically, shown in Fig. 9 is ruuning situation when not carrying out air-cleaning function, and shown in Figure 10 is ruuning situation when carrying out air-cleaning function.

If the air-conditioner operation, then left and right sides fan electromotor 450 work are rotated left indoor fan 420 and right ventricle's internal fan 420.Make working fluid flow through heat exchange loop when in addition, compressor (referring to the Reference numeral 560 of Fig. 4) moves.Specifically, what meet the requirements is that indoor fan 420 adopts centrifugal fan, so that effectively utilize the interior space, and outdoor fan 460 adopts tube-axial fan, so that increase air quantity.

The rotation that is separately positioned on the indoor fan 420 of left and right sides makes room air suck through preceding air-breathing part 210, and makes air pass through indoor heat converter 400.The lower air of temperature through indoor heat converter 400 heat exchanges is sucked into indoor fan 420, discharges along the circumferencial direction of indoor fan.For this reason, indoor fan 420 can be used centrifugal fan, and specifically, indoor fan 420 can be a turbine fan, thereby can increase air quantity.

The air of discharging along the peripheral direction of indoor fan 420 flows along air guide member 300.In addition, be the direction of guiding discharged air, can distinguish the number of times of carrying out air-cleaning function and not carrying out air-cleaning function.

Ruuning situation under the situation of not carrying out air-cleaning function is at first described.

Under the situation of air being discharged forward by discharge-channel, stepper motor rotates, and makes the rear end of path guide plate 354 up, and the bottom surface of filter mounting portion 360 is closed in the front of Open from This Side discharge-channel 352.

Therefore, as shown in Figure 9, do not flow into high quality of filter 370 by indoor fan 420 force ventilated air, but all be discharged to the front through discharge-channel 352 by discharge unit 220.At this moment, must make exhaust valve 230 descending, open discharge unit 220 with this.Solid arrow is represented the running status of exhaust valve 230 and path guide plate 354.Air-flow when in addition, hollow arrow is represented not carry out air-cleaning function.

Ruuning situation under the situation of carrying out air-cleaning function is described below.

In order to purify the air that is discharged in the conditioned space, the driving of stepper motor 356 makes the rear end of path guide plate 354 descending.As shown in figure 10, block discharge-channel 352 thus, forced the lower surface of the air inflow filter mounting portion 360 that blows out by indoor fan 420.

The air that enters the inner space of filter mounting portion 360 from the bottom is purified after by high quality of filter 370, and the air that purified is discharged into the top by filter grid 740.Certainly, because air is not discharged to the front by discharge-channel 352, thus require exhaust valve 230 to be up to the top this moment, so that block discharge unit 220.

If above-mentioned discharged air is by high quality of filter 370, then airborne impurity obtains filtering, and is indoor thereby the air that will more clean offers.Therefore, owing to offer the air process purified treatment and the cooling processing of conditioned space, so more comfortable environment can be provided.

The driving of outdoor fan 460 is sucked in the air-conditioner outdoor air.In other words, the rotation of outdoor fan 460 makes extraneous air pass through the side draught pore 720 and the last suction hole 730 inflow air-conditioners of casing 700.The air that enters air-conditioner flows along hood 500, to be drawn onto in the outdoor fan 460.In addition, the air that is discharged into the back through outdoor fan 460 carries out heat exchange with the working fluid of heat exchange circulation in by outdoor heat converter 550.At this moment, the Hot air quilt of working fluid passes to and need be discharged in the outdoor exhaust.

At this moment, the air with lower temperature that is introduced into air-conditioner inside under room temperature state flows through the neighboring of compressor 560, and the temperature of compressor 560 is reduced.

By a separate bracket (not shown) fan electromotor 450 is connected on the rear surface of bottom air guide member.Certainly, the method that provided is provided connected mode.In other words, also fan electromotor 450 can be directly connected on the air guide member.Specifically, just the driving shaft of fan electromotor is not inserted in the air guide member of bottom, but is inserted into the integral body of fan electromotor 450 in the air guide member of bottom and installs.

In addition, a picture frame can be contained in the front surface of header board 200, improve the outward appearance of package AC plant with this.Moreover, can form a display panel at the idle position of the front surface of header board 200, for example LCD monitor or PDP plate are as electronic image, monitor or television.

In addition, compressor is contained in the middle part of package AC plant of the present invention, so that move.Although be provided with two outdoor fans 460, that is to say a pair of outdoor fan, compressor not necessarily will be arranged between them.In other words, although compressor is set at the either side of outdoor member, as long as, improve heat exchanger effectiveness and just be out of question to spreading all over all area air-supplies of heat exchanger.

In package AC plant of the present invention, owing to comprehensive be inhaled into of room air from the indoor unit part, so can expect, the whole efficiency of air-conditioner can improve.

In addition, because the front at header board forms grid unlike prior art, so can't see internal part from the outside.In addition, when air-conditioner did not move, because exhaust valve has blocked the indoor exhaust hole, institute was so that the positive appearance of air-conditioner is more attractive in appearance.

Moreover because the header board front side is the curved raised structures in middle part, so appearance is more attractive in appearance.To make the consumer interested so can expect this.

In addition because do not form traditional grid, so header board can be owing to contaminant particles, for example be deposited in the suction hole of grid or the dust on the steam vent and polluted, and be convenient to header board is cleaned.In other words, when not using air-conditioner or during with air cleaning,, passing through steam vent so can prevent contaminant particles, thereby avoided the pollution of header board substantially because exhaust valve has blocked the indoor exhaust hole.

It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that, can make various improvement and conversion the present invention.Therefore, the present invention has covered improvement and the conversion that the present invention is made in the scope of the equivalent that falls into appending claims and they.

Claims (25)

1. front component that is formed on the casing front side, this front component is used for package AC plant, and described air-conditioner comprises: a compressor; One is used for this air-conditioner is divided into the air guide member of indoor unit part and outdoor unit part; Be used to make the indoor heat converter and the outdoor heat converter that carry out heat exchange by means of between the working fluid of described compressor cycle and the extraneous air; One is positioned near the fan that is used to form forced draft the described heat exchanger; One provides the motor of revolving force for described fan; And the casing of the described air-conditioner profile of a formation, define outdoor unit part and indoor unit part in the described casing;
It is characterized in that described front component comprises:
One is formed on the side draught hand-hole of its sidepiece, so that the air of requisite space is introduced;
One steam vent, the air that is introduced into described air-conditioner is discharged through this steam vent;
One selectively blocks the exhaust valve of described steam vent; And
One is used for the door On/Off device of the described exhaust valve of On/Off; Door On/Off device is installed on the front component.
2. front component according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described door On/Off device comprises:
One fixed position that is arranged on described header board is used to produce the drive motors of rotary power;
One passes through the central shaft of described drive motors is extended the rotating shaft that forms;
One is installed in the pinion in the described rotating shaft; And
One is driven and is fixed to tooth bar on the described exhaust valve with described pinion.
3. front component according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described pinion and tooth bar are combined type.
4. front component according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described door On/Off device is formed on the rear surface of described exhaust valve.
5. front component according to claim 1 is characterized in that, this front component comprises that also one is formed on the preceding inlet hole of its front side.
6. front component according to claim 1 is characterized in that described steam vent is formed on the front upper part of this header board.
7. front component according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described header board has the curved front surface of direction forward.
8. front component according to claim 1 is characterized in that, this front component comprises that also one is formed on the preceding inlet hole of its preceding bottom.
9. a package AC plant comprises: the compressor of a compression working fluid; One makes the expansion gear that is compressed the working fluid expansion; And one make the fluid evaporator that expanded or the heat exchanger of condensation, and the indoor and outdoors heat exchanger forms monolithic entity,
It is characterized in that this air-conditioner comprises:
One compressor;
One is used for described air-conditioner is divided into indoor unit part and outdoor unit partly and to the air guide member of air-flow channeling conduct;
Be used to make the indoor heat converter and the outdoor heat converter that carry out heat exchange by means of between the working fluid of described compressor cycle and the extraneous air;
One forces to produce the fan of air-flow in described indoor heat converter and outdoor heat converter;
One for making the motor that described fan rotates provides rotary power;
One forms the casing of described air-conditioner profile;
One is formed on the header board of described casing front side, and this header board has a side draught hand-hole that is positioned at the casing sidepiece, air suck by described side draught hand-hole and
One is formed on the steam vent in a precalculated position, and cooled air is discharged through described steam vent.
10. package AC plant according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described air-conditioner also comprises the exhaust valve of the described steam vent of On/Off selectively.
11. package AC plant according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described air-conditioner also comprises:
One is used for the exhaust valve of the described steam vent of On/Off; With
One can make the door On/Off device of described exhaust valve running.
12. package AC plant according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described air-conditioner also comprises: one is used for up and the exhaust valve of the described steam vent of On/Off down.
13. package AC plant according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described air-conditioner also comprises:
One is used for the exhaust valve of the described steam vent of On/Off;
One comprises that one is fixed on the door On/Off device that the tooth bar and that is used for the described exhaust valve of On/Off on the described exhaust valve is fixed to the pinion on the fixed position of described header board.
14. package AC plant according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described air-conditioner also comprises: a long preceding inlet hole of horizontal direction that forms in the preceding bottom of described header board.
15. package AC plant according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described air-conditioner also comprises: a long preceding inlet hole of horizontal direction that forms in the front portion of described header board.
16. package AC plant according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described side draught hand-hole is formed on both sides.
17. package AC plant according to claim 9 is characterized in that, longitudinally forms long side draught hand-hole.
18. package AC plant according to claim 9 is characterized in that, an air guide member comprises:
One be installed on the base plate, be used for described air-conditioner is divided into indoor unit part and the outdoor unit part bottom air guide member with steering current;
One be installed on the air guide member of described bottom, be used for upper air guide that the emission direction of discharging air is led.
19. package AC plant according to claim 18 is characterized in that, described upper air guide makes the described front surface/upper surface discharging of air towards this air-conditioner.
20. package AC plant according to claim 18 is characterized in that, this air-conditioner comprises that also one is formed on the filter that described upper air guide top is used for the filtering emission air.
21. package AC plant according to claim 18 is characterized in that, described upper air guide comprises a passage guider, and this device can conversion be discharged into the flow direction of the air of the interior space.
22. a package AC plant comprises: the compressor of a compression working fluid; One makes the expansion gear that is compressed the working fluid expansion; And one make the fluid evaporator that expanded or the heat exchanger of condensation, and the indoor and outdoors heat exchanger forms monolithic entity,
It is characterized in that this air-conditioner comprises:
The base plate of described compressor is installed above one;
One is used for described air-conditioner is divided into indoor unit part and outdoor unit partly and to the air guide member of air-flow channeling conduct;
Be used to make the indoor heat converter and the outdoor heat converter that carry out heat exchange by means of between the working fluid of described compressor cycle and the extraneous air;
One forces to produce the fan of air-flow in described indoor heat converter and outdoor heat converter;
One for making the motor that described fan rotates provides rotary power;
One forms the casing of described air-conditioner profile;
One is formed on described casing front side and the header board of a steam vent is arranged, and cooled air is discharged through this steam vent;
One faces upward or downward the exhaust valve of the described steam vent of On/Off; And
One is used for the door On/Off device of the described exhaust valve of opening and closing;
Described door On/Off device comprises:
One is fixed to the passive exercise parts on the described exhaust valve; With
One is formed on the initiative moving component of a fixed position of described header board.
23. package AC plant according to claim 22 is characterized in that, it is the position at middle part that described compressor is positioned at respect to described outdoor unit part left and right directions.
24. package AC plant according to claim 22 is characterized in that, described fan is two or many.
25. package AC plant according to claim 22 is characterized in that, described fan is two or many, and described compressor is formed near the middle part of described two or many outdoor fans.
CNB2004100282930A 2003-09-16 2004-03-09 Package AC plant and header board thereof CN100547306C (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR63980/03 2003-09-16
KR63980/2003 2003-09-16
KR1020030063980A KR20050027639A (en) 2003-09-16 2003-09-16 Front panel of air conditioner
KR68590/03 2003-10-02
KR68590/2003 2003-10-02
KR1020030068590A KR100553040B1 (en) 2003-10-02 2003-10-02 Front panel of air conditioner

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CN1598415A CN1598415A (en) 2005-03-23
CN100547306C true CN100547306C (en) 2009-10-07

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CNU2004200079157U CN2694154Y (en) 2003-09-16 2004-03-09 Integral air conditioner and its front plate

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CN (2) CN100547306C (en)
BR (1) BRPI0400898A (en)
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CN1598415A (en) 2005-03-23
TWI280338B (en) 2007-05-01
US20050056037A1 (en) 2005-03-17
BRPI0400898A (en) 2005-05-24
CN2694154Y (en) 2005-04-20
TW200512425A (en) 2005-04-01

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