CN100546071C - Universal battery case - Google Patents

Universal battery case Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100546071C
CN100546071C CN 200710122367 CN200710122367A CN100546071C CN 100546071 C CN100546071 C CN 100546071C CN 200710122367 CN200710122367 CN 200710122367 CN 200710122367 A CN200710122367 A CN 200710122367A CN 100546071 C CN100546071 C CN 100546071C
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Prior art keywords
battery
module
provided
accommodating
outer casing
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CN 200710122367
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101118957A (en )
Inventor
孙逢春
军 张
张建平
成 朱
程 林
王震坡
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北京理工大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries

Abstract

一种用于电动车辆的通用电池箱,包括外箱体和内箱体,所述外箱体能够与电动车辆形成电连接和机械连接,所述内箱体以可滑动的方式设置在所述外箱体内。 For a universal electric vehicle battery case, comprising an outer casing and an inner casing, the outer casing is capable of forming an electrical and mechanical connection with the electric vehicle, said inner housing slidably disposed in the outside cabinets. 内箱体外部设置有滑道,外箱体内部设置有滚轮;或者,内箱体外部设置有滚轮,外箱体内部设置有滑道。 The outside of the housing is provided with a slide, is provided with a roller inside the outer casing; or the outside of the housing is provided with rollers, the interior of the outer box is provided with a chute. 其中所述内箱体包括三个独立的模块,分别是:电池容放模块,电池容放在所述电池容放模块中;插接模块,所述电池容放模块内的电池通过所述插接模块导电地连接到所述外箱体;以及附件模块,其中设置有用于监控所述电池容放模块内的电池的工作状态的电池管理系统。 Wherein said inner casing comprises three separate modules, namely: accommodating the battery module, a battery housed in the battery accommodating module; plug-in module, the battery in the battery accommodating the insertion module connection module connected to the outer conductive housing; and the accessory module, which is provided with a battery management system for monitoring the operating state of the battery within the battery accommodating module. 从而,本发明的电池箱可以实现通用化,安全方便地实现电池的快装快换,保证电池的安全工作,便于维修,解决了现有技术中存在的问题。 Thus, the battery case of the present invention can be made common, safe and convenient to realize quick quick battery to ensure the battery safety, ease of maintenance, solves the prior art problems.

Description

通用电池箱 Common battery box

技术领域 FIELD

【011本发明涉及一种电池箱,特别涉及一种在电动车辆上使用的通用电池箱。 [011 invention relates to a battery case, and particularly relates to a universal battery case for use in an electric vehicle.

背景技术 Background technique

[02]电动车辆是主要以电池为动力源,全部或部分由电机驱动的车辆,是涉及到^、电子、电力、微机控制等多学科的高科技技术产品。 [02] In the electric vehicle battery is the main power source, all or part of a vehicle driven by a motor, in relation to the ^, electronics, electrical, computer control of multi-disciplinary high technology products. 它属于"零排放,,车辆,是21世纪取代燃油汽车最理想、最有希望的绿色交通工具。然而,在电动车辆上放置电池有以下几个难点:1)电池体积大,重量大,在车内难于布置;2)电池工作环境恶劣,泥、水、外界温差的变化以及车身的振动都容易影响电池的工作特性以及电池的安全性;3)电池工作中发热量4艮大,对整车的安全性造成隐患;4)电池箱重量大,难以实现快速更换,从而增加电动车辆的维护保养难度。因此,迫切需要一种可以很好地保护电池、同时可以实现电池快速更换的通用电池箱。目前,国内外的电动车辆均进行了电池箱的设计,但是都并不能完全解决以上的几个问 It belongs to the "zero emission vehicles ,, is the best car to replace the fuel in the 21st century, the most promising green vehicles, however, on the electric vehicle has the following difficulties leave the battery: 1) the battery bulky, heavy, in car arrangement is difficult; 2) the harsh battery environment, mud, water, changes in the external temperature difference and a vibration of the vehicle body are likely to affect the safety of the operating characteristics of the battery and the battery; 3) of the battery 4 Gen large amount of heat, the entire safety car cause problems; 4) battery box heavy, difficult to achieve rapid replacement, thus increasing the difficulty of maintenance of electric vehicles is therefore an urgent need for a battery can be well protected, and can achieve universal battery quick-change battery. box. currently, electric vehicles at home and abroad have been designed battery box, but can not completely solve more than a few asked

发明内容[03】本发明的一个目的在于提供一种通用电池箱,4吏得可以在电动车辆内安全方便地实现电池的装卸与更换。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION [03] An object of the present invention is to provide a universal battery case, to give 4 officials may be implemented safe handling and convenient to replace the battery in the electric vehicle.

[04】根据本发明的一个方面,提供一种通用电池箱,其包括外箱体和内箱体,所述外箱体能够与电动车辆形成电连接和;M^连接,所述内箱体以可 [04] In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a common battery box, comprising an outer casing and an inner casing, the outer casing and capable of forming an electrical connection with the electric vehicle; M ^ connector, said inner housing to be

滑动的方式设置在所述外箱体内。 Slidably disposed in the outer housing. 其中,所述内箱体的外部设置有滑道,所述外箱体的内部设置有滚轮;或者,所述内箱体的外部设置有滚轮,外箱体的内部设置有滑道。 Wherein the inner housing is provided with a guide rail external, inside the outer casing is provided with a roller; or the inner casing disposed outside the wheel, there is provided inside the outer box chute. 所述滑道上装有定位条,所述滚轮上装有定位槽。 Positioning said strip with slide, with a positioning groove on said roller. 所述内箱体包括三个独立的模块,分别是:电池容放模块,电池容放在所述电池容放模块中;插接模块,所述电池容放模块内的电池通过所述插接模块导电地连接到所述外箱体;以及附件模块,其中设置有用于监控所述电池容放模块内的电池的工作状态的电池管理系统。 The inner housing comprises three separate modules, namely: accommodating the battery module, a battery housed in the battery accommodating module; plug-in module, the battery module within the battery accommodating through the plug module is connected to the outer electrically conductive housing; and the accessory module, which is provided with a battery management system for monitoring the working status of the battery module within the battery accommodating.

【05】进一步地,在内箱体的外面板上设置有电磁铁。 [05] Further, outside the inner cabinet plate is provided with an electromagnet. 进一步地,所述通用电池箱还包括锁止装置,以相对于所述外箱体锁Jjil所述内箱体。 Further, the universal battery box further comprises locking means relative to the outer casing of the inner box locking Jjil. 所述锁止装置可以是电磁锁装置,其包括分别设置在所述内箱体和外箱体上的电磁锁挡块和电磁锁。 The locking device may be an electromagnetic locking device, which locks the stopper including an electromagnetic solenoid and the lock are provided on the inner housing and the outer housing.

进一步地,所述附件模块设置有风扇,且所述外箱体相应地设置有通风口。 Further, the accessory module is provided with a fan, and the outer casing is provided with a vent respectively. 所述风扇和通风口均可设置有过滤棉网。 The fan and vents can be provided with a filter fleece.

进一步地,形成所述内箱体的材料可以局部地挖孔。 Further, the material forming the inner casing may be locally digging holes.

从而,本发明的电池箱可以实现通用化,安全方便地实现电池的快装快决,保证电池的安全工作,便于维修,解决了现有技术中存在的问题。 Thus, the battery case of the present invention can be made common, safe and convenient to realize fast cell quick summary, to ensure battery safety, ease of maintenance, solves the prior art problems.

附闺说明 Description attached Gui

图l是电池箱的整体结构打开示意图;图2是电池箱内箱体的结构示意图;图3是电池箱外箱体的结构示意图;以及图4是电池箱内箱体的仰视图。 Figure l is an overall schematic structure of the battery box is opened; FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a battery box housing; FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the outside of the battery box body; and Figure 4 is a bottom view of the battery box housing.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

如图l所示,电池箱包括内箱体1和外箱体2。 As shown in FIG. L, the battery case 1 comprises an inner casing and an outer casing 2. 在本发明中采用的是一种抽屉式设计,其中内箱体l的外部设置有滑道6,而外箱体2的内部设置有滚轮8,因此,内箱体1可相对于外箱体2滑动。 Employed in the present invention is a drawer-type design, wherein the outer casing l are disposed within the slide 6, inside the outer casing 2 is provided with rollers 8, therefore, may be within the housing relative to the outer casing 1 2 slide. 在内箱体l上施加一个向外的拉力即可抽出内箱体1对电池进行更换,方便快捷。 Applying a tensile force to be pulled outwardly of the housing 1 to replace the battery, the inner housing convenient l. 滑道6上装有定位条,滚轮8上装有定位槽,从而保证内箱体1与外箱体2只有一个自由度,即只能拉出推回。 6 with the positioning bar slide, with a positioning groove on the roller 8, so that the inner casing and the outer casing 1 to ensure that only a 2 degree of freedom, i.e. pulled out or pushed back only. 可以设想,其它的设计也是可能的,例如也可以在内箱体l的外部设置滚轮8,而在外箱体2的内部设置有滑道6。 It is contemplated that other designs are also possible, including, for example, may be provided outside of the casing l a roller 8, and the outer casing 2 is internally provided with a slide 6.

电池箱内箱体l分成三个独立的部分:附件模块3、电池容放模块4、插接模块5。 L battery case housing is divided into three separate parts: the accessory module 3, module 4 accommodating the battery, plug-in module 5. 这三个部分可以拆开而分别地安装。 The three parts can be disassembled separately mounted. 当需要把电池箱安装到电动车辆上时,首先把电池安装到电池容放模块4内。 When it is desired the battery box is mounted to the electric vehicle, the battery is first installed into the battery accommodating module 4. 电池容放模块4的g可以根据所安装的电池的数量来确定。 G 4 accommodating the battery module may be determined according to the number of installed battery. 然后,插接模块5连接到电池容放模块4。 Then, the plug 5 is connected to the battery module accommodating module 4. 电池容放模块4内的电池的高压电地報棒和低压控制线路通过插"^模块5连接到外箱体2,从而与整车相联。随后安装其中设置有用吁监控电池工作状态的电池管理系统的附件模块10 ,使得可以监控容放在电池容放模块4内的电池的工作状态。当需要增减电池数量时,只需效变电池容放模块4的长短即可,而不需要改变电池箱其他部分,从而实现了电池箱的通用性。 Battery in the high voltage module 4 accommodating the low-voltage control circuit and packet rod "^ module 5 is connected by inserting into the outer casing 2, so as to be associated with the vehicle. Calls then mounted in which it is useful to monitor battery status of the accessory module 10 of the battery management system, making it possible to monitor the battery housed in the battery accommodating module 4 operating state when it is desired increase or decrease the number of batteries, the battery accommodating variable effect only the length of module 4 can be, without We need to change other parts of the battery case, thereby realizing the versatility of the battery box.

内箱体1和外箱体2之间需要一个锁止装置,以防止两者之间尤其是在车辆运动时的相对运动。 It requires a locking means between the inner casing 1 and outer casing 2, in particular, to prevent relative movement therebetween when the vehicle is moving. 这种锁止通过电磁锁9和电磁锁挡块11相配合来实现。 Such electromagnetic lock by the lock latch 9 and the stopper solenoid 11 cooperate to achieve. 电磁锁挡块11和电磁锁9分别地设置在内箱体1和外箱体2J:。 Electromagnetic lock locks the stopper 11 and the solenoid 9 are respectively provided inner casing 1 and outer casing 2J :. 当内箱体1推入外箱体2中时,电磁锁9和电磁锁挡块U自动配合锁止。 When the housing 1 is pushed into the outer casing 2, the electromagnetic solenoid and the lock latch 9 U automatic stop counter locking. 如果需要将内箱体l拉出时,只需要控制打开电磁锁9即可。 If you need to pull out the inner casing l, only need to control the electromagnetic lock 9 can be opened.

此外,附件模块3还带有电池箱的快速更换装置,在前面板处安装有电磁铁7。 In addition, the accessory module 3 further quick-change device with a battery box, at the front panel 7 is attached to the electromagnet. 因此,电池箱内箱体1除可以手动地拉出以外,还可以通过吸附电磁铁7将其拉出。 Thus, in addition to the battery box housing 1 can be pulled out manually, which can be pulled out by adsorption 7 electromagnet.

当电池箱需要更换时,首先打开电>#锁9,手动拉出电池箱内箱体l,或者用带吸附装置的^通过吸附电磁铁7将电池箱内箱体1拉出,方便快捷。 When the battery case needs to be replaced, open the first electrical> # 9 locks, manually pull out the battery box housing and l, or suction belt device 7 ^ battery case housing a suction drawn through the electromagnet, convenient.

此外,为了排出电池工作时所产生的热量以免对车辆的安全性造成威胁,附件模块3还安装有风扇10。 Further, in order to heat generated when the battery is discharged so as not to pose a threat to the safety of the vehicle, the accessory module 3 is also mounted a fan 10. 电池箱通风散热是通过内箱体l的风扇IO向外吹风来实现的,外箱体2后部^M目应地设有通风口。 Battery case ventilation by fan within the housing l IO hair to achieve outward, the outer casing 2 ^ M rear entry should be provided with vents. 通风口和风扇口处均装有过滤棉网,以防止灰尘等颗粒1电池箱。 Mouth and fan vents are equipped with filter fleece, in order to prevent dust or other particles a battery case.

为了进一步地利于快速更换,电池箱还采用了轻量化设计,箱体全部采用钢板折弯并焊接而成,在保证了强度的基础上减轻了箱体的重量。 To further facilitate quick replacement of the battery box further using a lightweight design, and box plate bending in all welded, to ensure the casing to reduce the weight on the basis of intensity. 同时,除受力部件采用方钢支撑之外,其余部分均用挖孔的薄板连接。 Meanwhile, in addition to the force receiving member with square steel support, is connected with the rest of the sheet digging holes.

虽然已经参照优选实施方式对本发明进行了描述,应当理解,本发明并不限于所公开的实施方式。 While the present invention has been described, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments disclosed with reference to preferred embodiments. 本领域内的普通技术人员可以在不偏离本发明的精神和范畴的情况下做出对上文示例性实施方式的多种改进。 Of ordinary skill in the art that various modifications may be made to the exemplary embodiments above without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 所有的这些改进都落在本发明的权利要求所确定的保护范围之内。 All such modifications are within the scope of the claims of the present invention of identified.

Claims (4)

1.一种通用电池箱,包括外箱体(2)和内箱体(1),所述外箱体(2)能够与电动车辆形成电连接和机械连接,所述内箱体(1)以可滑动的方式设置在所述外箱体(2)内, 其特征在于,所述内箱体(1)包括三个独立的模块,分别是: 电池容放模块(4),电池容放在所述电池容放模块(4)中,电池容放模块(4)的规格根据所安装的电池的数量来确定,当需要增减电池数量时,只需改变电池容放模块(4)的长短,而不需要改变电池箱其他部分; 插接模块(5),所述电池容放模块(4)内的电池的高压电池极棒和低压控制线路通过所述插接模块(5)导电地连接到所述外箱体(2),从而与整车相联;以及附件模块(3),其中设置有用于监控所述电池容放模块(4)内的电池的工作状态的电池管理系统, 其中,所述内箱体(1)的外部设置有滑道(6),所述外箱体(2)的内部设置有滚轮(8);或者,所述内箱 A universal battery case, comprising an outer casing (2) and an inner casing (1), said outer box (2) capable of forming an electrical and mechanical connection, said inner casing (1) and the electric vehicle slidably disposed within said outer casing (2), characterized in that the inner casing (1) comprises three separate modules, namely: accommodating the battery module (4), the battery accommodating accommodated in said battery module (4), accommodating the battery module (4) is determined according to the specifications of the number of installed battery, when the battery needs to increase or decrease the number, simply by changing the battery accommodating module (4) length, without changing other parts of the battery case; plug-in module (5), the battery (4) of the battery module accommodating the high voltage battery and low-voltage electrode rod through said control line plug-in module (5) conductively is connected to the outer casing (2) so associated with the vehicle; and the accessory module (3), which is provided for accommodating the battery module to monitor the battery management system operating in the state of the battery (4), wherein said inner casing (1) disposed outside the chute (6), inside said outer casing (2) is provided with a roller (8); or the inner box (1)的外部设置有滚轮(8),外箱体(2)的内部设置有滑道(6),并且所述滑道(6)上装有定位条,所述滚轮(8)上装有定位槽, 其中,在所述内箱体(1)和外箱体(2)上分别设置有电磁锁挡块(11)和电磁锁(9),并且其中,所述附件模块(3)设置有风扇(10),且所述外箱体(2)相应地设置有通风口。 (1) disposed outside the roller (8), an outer casing (2) is internally provided with a chute (6), and fitted on said slide lock bar (6), with said positioning roller (8) grooves, wherein said inner casing (1) and the outer casing (2) are provided with an electromagnetic lock stopper (11) and electromagnetic lock (9), and wherein the accessory module (3) is provided with a fan (10), and the outer casing (2) is provided with a vent respectively.
2. 如权利要求l所述的通用电池箱,其中在所述内箱体(1)的外面板上设置有电磁铁(7)。 2. The universal battery case according to claim l, wherein said inner casing is provided (1) of the outer panel has an electromagnet (7).
3. 如权利要求1所述的通用电池箱,其中所述风扇(10)和通风口均i殳置有过滤棉网。 General battery case according to claim 1, wherein the fan (10) and vents are placed i Shu a filter fleece.
4. 如权利要求1所述的通用电池箱,其中形成所述内箱体(1)的材料局部地挖孔。 4. The universal battery case according to claim 1, wherein the forming of the inner tank (1) Excavated material locally.
CN 200710122367 2007-09-24 2007-09-24 Universal battery case CN100546071C (en)

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CN2677221Y (en) 2003-12-31 2005-02-09 万向钱潮股份有限公司 Sliding self-locking battery box component used for electric automobile
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CN1949559A (en) 2005-10-11 2007-04-18 戴尔维动力系统有限公司 Universal battery module and controller therefor
CN2917194Y (en) 2006-06-16 2007-06-27 得意精密电子(苏州)有限公司 Drawer type battery case
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5390754A (en) 1992-01-16 1995-02-21 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Battery box for an electric vehicle
CN1294994A (en) 1999-10-25 2001-05-16 雅马哈发动机株式会社 Electric motor car and its universal diagnostic device
CN2677221Y (en) 2003-12-31 2005-02-09 万向钱潮股份有限公司 Sliding self-locking battery box component used for electric automobile
CN2734540Y (en) 2004-08-04 2005-10-19 北京有色金属研究总院 Battery case
CN1949559A (en) 2005-10-11 2007-04-18 戴尔维动力系统有限公司 Universal battery module and controller therefor
CN101034737A (en) 2006-03-09 2007-09-12 中国南车集团南京浦镇车辆厂 Sliding accumulator box
CN2917194Y (en) 2006-06-16 2007-06-27 得意精密电子(苏州)有限公司 Drawer type battery case

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