CN100545393C - A kind of cavity form component for concrete filling - Google Patents

A kind of cavity form component for concrete filling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100545393C
CN100545393C CNB2007100845402A CN200710084540A CN100545393C CN 100545393 C CN100545393 C CN 100545393C CN B2007100845402 A CNB2007100845402 A CN B2007100845402A CN 200710084540 A CN200710084540 A CN 200710084540A CN 100545393 C CN100545393 C CN 100545393C
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
component
cavity
precast slab
sidewall
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CNB2007100845402A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101012690A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB2007100845402A priority Critical patent/CN100545393C/en
Publication of CN101012690A publication Critical patent/CN101012690A/en
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Publication of CN100545393C publication Critical patent/CN100545393C/en

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Abstract

A kind of cavity form component for concrete filling, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower plate (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower plate (3) surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate (1) is an independently precast slab (4), it is characterized in that described enclosed cavity formwork all is put together by precast segment, precast segment is at least two precast slabs (4), and cloudy shape structure (9) is arranged on a slice precast slab (4) at least.Like this, be applicable to the structure of various Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and road and bridge engineering, be specially adapted to hollow arch without beam.

Description

A kind of cavity form component for concrete filling

The application for the applying date be that December 9, application number in 2003 are 200310121939.5, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling ".

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling.

(2) background technology

At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and cavity former component.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, characteristics such as that this cavity former component has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But, when producing, makes this shuttering member inconvenience, and production efficiency is low, is not easy to streamline production, and therefore corresponding cost height, develops a kind of novel cavity form component for concrete filling for being badly in need of.

(3) summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling, have characteristics such as make easily, production efficiency is high, good integrity, cost are low.

Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall, lower plate on every side, upper plate, sidewall, lower plate surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate is an independently precast slab, it is characterized in that described enclosed cavity formwork all is put together by precast segment, precast segment is at least two precast slabs, and cloudy shape structure is arranged on a slice precast slab at least.Like this, because hollow mould shell all is put together by precast segment, each precast segment can be made in advance, thereby the making of cavity former component is easy, cost is low; Simultaneously, cavity former component also can be put together by each precast segment at the construction field (site), constructs, carries more convenient; When cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, concrete pours in the cloudy shape structure, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete stiffener that formed, improved the intensity of the inner force structure of superstructure greatly, in addition, characteristics such as that cavity former component also has is simple in structure, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, speed of application is fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.

Feature of the present invention is that also described independently precast slab periphery has reinforce to stretch out.

Feature of the present invention is that also described upper plate stretches out reinforcing bar or steel mesh reinforcement.

Feature of the present invention is that also described upper plate than ambient side wall thickness stretches out reinforcing bar or steel mesh reinforcement.

Feature of the present invention is that also described upper plate than ambient side wall thickness is extended with toss.

Feature of the present invention is that also the thickness of described upper plate is than ambient side wall thickness.

Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is that prefabricated upper plate, prefabricated sidewall, prefabricated lower plate on every side are put together.

Feature of the present invention also is have connector to interconnect between the described precast slab.Like this, it is very convenient, simple that cavity former component is manufactured, and connects because of connector is arranged between the precast slab, in transportation, deposit in the process and can supportingly in bundle, can not cause because of disappearance and cause the infull situation of cavity former component.

Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork is made of prefabricated upper plate, prefabricated sidewall, prefabricated lower plate amalgamation on every side, and every precast slab is interconnected by connector.Like this, be interconnected to form cavity former component by connector between prefabricated upper plate, prefabricated sidewall on every side and the prefabricated lower plate, have that production technology is simple, speed of production is fast, efficient is high, can realize the mechanization production in enormous quantities, thereby reduced the cost of production of cavity former component effectively, made it easier and apply.

Feature of the present invention is that also described connector is at least a in iron wire, metalwork, thin band, working of plastics, net, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch.Also can adopt the connector of other form, as weldment, connecting bolt etc.Like this, unit in charge of construction is convenient in the variation of connector and designing unit selects for use.

Feature of the present invention also is to be connected to a little between the described precast slab or the stressed joint of line or face contact.Like this, the cavity former component good seal performance that adopts above-mentioned mating face to engage, in application process, the concrete slurry is difficult for infiltrating in the cavity former component, can not cause the seepage of cement slurry and causes the pouring quality of floor to descend.

Feature of the present invention also is to be connected between the described precast slab connection of coming to nothing that leaves the filling gap.Like this, adopt between the precast slab and leave the connected mode of coming to nothing of filling the gap, can insert binding material, the precast slab bonding is become integral body, increased substantially the globality and the sealing performance of cavity former component at the position of coming to nothing.

Feature of the present invention also is to be connected between the described precast slab stressed joint and the combination of coming to nothing and being connected.Like this, cavity former component is connected the mode that combines by the precast slab stressed joint with coming to nothing, and its stressed joint can be to positioning between each precast slab, and the position of coming to nothing then can be inserted binding material and bond fixing.

Feature of the present invention is that also the connecting portion between the described precast slab has cement.Like this, the cement that the connecting portion between the precast slab is provided with connects, and has improved the overall performance and the sealing performance of cavity former component, and it is more solid and reliable that cement connects cavity former component, greatly reduces its breakage rate.

Feature of the present invention is that also described precast slab is upper plate, at least two kinds or at least a portion of at least two kinds in sidewall, the lower plate on every side.Like this, cavity former component by prefabricated upper plate, sidewall and lower plate combine and are spliced on every side, have advantages such as firm and reliable connection, convenient transportation.

Feature of the present invention is that also there are fixing or locating structure in the junction of described precast slab.Like this, the junction of precast slab or cast-in-place plate is provided with fixing or locating structure, has reduced the difficulty of the location that is engaged with each other significantly, and making is engaged with each other more accurately makes things convenient for.

Feature of the present invention is that also described sidewall on every side is the precast slab formation more than two.Like this, sidewall is that polylith is made around the cavity former component, has simplified production technology, has reduced manufacture difficulty, has improved the standardized degree and the speed of product, has saved cost of production.

Feature of the present invention is that also described each face of sidewall on every side is a precast slab.Like this, each face of sidewall is a precast slab around the cavity former component, helps realizing that mechanization produces in enormous quantities, and simultaneously, the transportation plate can reduce and takies transport space, has reduced cost of transportation.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described precast slab of sidewall on every side on the corner splices.Like this, the precast slab of sidewall on the corner splices around the cavity former component, and accurate positioning is easy to connect, simple, thereby has improved the quality of cavity former component.

Feature of the present invention also is all splicings on the corner of described precast slab.Like this, all precast slabs of cavity former component are splicing on the corner all, and accurate positioning is easy to connect, simple, thereby has improved the quality of cavity former component.

Feature of the present invention also is on the described precast slab of a slice at least convex configuration is arranged.Like this, precast slab is provided with convex configuration, when making cavity former component in being applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, convex configuration can be emptied the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further reduce the consumption of concrete, reduced dead load, increased substantially the supporting capacity of superstructure.

Feature of the present invention is that also described convex configuration is at least one in reinforcing rib, raised line or the projection.Like this, convex configuration is reinforcing rib, raised line or projection, has strengthened the cavity former component integral intensity greatly, makes its anti-pressure ability stronger.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cloudy shape is configured at least one in groove, hole or the pit.Like this, when cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in groove, hole or the pit on the cavity former component, corresponding cast-in-place reinforcing rib, bracing boom or the piece of putting more energy into of having formed in Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, improved the supporting capacity of superstructure greatly, made its structure firmer.

Feature of the present invention is also that the described precast slab of a slice at least is provided with bracing boom, in put more energy into floor or the rope at least one.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the bracing boom that is provided with in the shuttering member or put more energy into floor or rope can form composite construction with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described precast slab of a slice at least is provided with at least one in inner corner trim or chamfering or arc angle or the unfilled corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim or chamfering or arc angle or the unfilled corner, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; Further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, saved the consumption of concrete, reduced the cost of superstructure, also improved the performance of superstructure simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is to have at least on the described precast slab of a slice at least waters overlapping layers behind one deck.Like this, water overlapping layers after being provided with in the cavity former component, strengthened the intensity of cavity former component itself greatly, its shock resistance damage capability is greatly strengthened, survivable, reduced the breakage rate of shuttering member significantly, reduced cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described precast slab of a slice at least is the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE layer.Like this, the precast slab that is provided with in the cavity former component is the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE layer, has strengthened the intensity of cavity former component itself greatly, and its shock resistance damage capability is greatly strengthened, and is survivable, reduced the breakage rate of shuttering member significantly, reduced cost.

Feature of the present invention also is in a slice precast slab reinforce is arranged at least, perhaps have reinforce to expose, reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band or the strap.Like this, the diversity of reinforce, reinforce is drawn materials nearby when being convenient to manufacture cavity former component, reduces material cost, can satisfy different intensity needs simultaneously, makes things convenient for selecting for use of different designs.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described precast slab junction or the gap location that comes to nothing have connector to expose or reinforce exposes.Like this, when cavity former component is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, intensity and toughness that connector that exposes or reinforce combine with Cast-in-place concrete and improved superstructure greatly, make its shock resistance and supporting capacity obtain significantly improving, be difficult for being damaged, improved the combination property of superstructure.

Feature of the present invention is that also described at least one precast slab is provided with at least one in junction box, fire detector, airduct, spool, suspender member, carrying part, the adjacent formwork connector.Like this, help unit in charge of construction's construction, be convenient to selecting for use of production unit and designing unit.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated upper plate or the prefabricated upper plate thickness of slab of overlapping layers are greater than or less than the sheet of sidewall on every side.Like this, when cavity former component was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the prefabricated upper plate thickness of slab of prefabricated upper plate or overlapping layers can make cavity former component can fully satisfy the working load requirement in application process greater than the sheet of sidewall on every side.The prefabricated upper plate thickness of slab of prefabricated upper plate or overlapping layers then can reduce the weight of cavity former component during less than the sheet of sidewall on every side significantly, makes it lighter.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described upper plate of a slice at least is extended with the bridging piece of bridging piece or dew reinforce.Like this, when cavity former component was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the alternative construction formwork of the bridging piece that stretches out had reduced the construction material cost significantly.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two formworks are connected as one by bridging piece, constitutes the gang mould mould component.Like this, a plurality of formworks connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, and then the efficiency of construction of cavity former component is higher, and construction cost is lower.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two formworks connect as one at interval, constitutes the gang mould mould component.Connector between formwork and the formwork can be the support idler arm.Like this, the construction of shuttering member is laid more convenient, can improve the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.

(4) description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for lower plate, 4 for precast slab, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and its described enclosed cavity formwork all is put together by precast segment, and the diagram precast segment is six precast slabs 4.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, have connector 5 to interconnect between its described precast slab 4.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, is interconnected by connector 5 between its precast slab 4.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, are connected to the stressed joint of line contact between its described each precast slab 4.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, is connected between its described precast slab 4 to leave the connection of coming to nothing of filling the gap.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, are connected to stressed joint and the combination of coming to nothing and being connected between its described precast slab 4.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and the connecting portion between its described precast slab 4 has cement 6.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, there are fixing or locating structure 7 in the junction of its described precast slab 4, and diagram stationary positioned structure 7 is the tenon positioning and fixing.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and sidewall 2 was that two precast slabs 4 engage and constitute around it was described.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and each face of sidewall 2 was a precast slab 4 around it was described.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and precast slab 4 of sidewall 2 on the corner spliced around it was described.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described all precast slabs 4 are splicing on the corner all.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 is provided with convex configuration 8.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 is provided with cloudy shape structure 9.

Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 is provided with the floor 11 of putting more energy into.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also are provided with bracing boom 10 and rope 12 simultaneously on its described precast slab 4.

Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also are provided with inner corner trim 13, chamfering 14, arc angle 15 and unfilled corner 16 simultaneously on its described precast slab 4.

Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, waters overlapping layers 17 after on its described precast slab 4 one deck being arranged.

Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 is the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE layer.

Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also be provided with reinforce 18 in its described precast slab 4, have reinforce 18 to expose simultaneously, diagram reinforce 18 is a steel mesh reinforcement.

Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 gap location that comes to nothing has connector 5 to expose.

Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also are provided with junction box 19, fire detector 20, spool 22, suspender member 23 and carrying part 24 on its described precast slab 4 simultaneously.

Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also are provided with airduct 21 and adjacent formwork connector 25 on its described precast slab 4 simultaneously.

Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and prefabricated upper plate 1 thickness of slab of its described overlapping layers is greater than the sheet of sidewall 2 on every side.

Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described upper plate 1 is protruding bridging piece 26.

Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described a plurality of formworks are connected as one by bridging piece 26, constitute the gang mould mould component.

Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, its described a plurality of formworks connect as one at interval, constitute the gang mould mould component, the connector 25 between formwork and the formwork is the support idler arm.

(5) specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1 is an independently precast slab 4, it is characterized in that described enclosed cavity formwork all is put together by precast segment, precast segment is at least two precast slabs 4, and cloudy shape structure 9 is arranged on a slice precast slab 4 at least.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for lower plate, 4 for precast slab, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and its described enclosed cavity formwork all is put together by precast segment, and the diagram precast segment is six precast slabs 4.As shown in figure 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 is provided with cloudy shape structure 9.

Feature of the present invention is that also described independently precast slab 4 peripheries have reinforce 18 to stretch out.As shown in figure 21, independently precast slab 4 peripheries have reinforce 18 to stretch out.

Feature of the present invention is that also described upper plate 1 stretches out reinforcing bar or steel mesh reinforcement.As shown in figure 21, upper plate 1 stretches out reinforcing bar.

Sidewall 2 thick upper plates 1 stretched out reinforcing bar or steel mesh reinforcement around feature of the present invention also was described ratio.As shown in figure 21, stretch out reinforcing bar than sidewall 2 thick upper plates 1 on every side.

Sidewall 2 thick upper plates 1 were extended with toss around feature of the present invention also was described ratio.As shown in figure 26, be extended with toss than sidewall 2 thick upper plates 1 on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also the thickness of described upper plate 1 is than sidewall 2 is thick on every side.As shown in figure 25, the thickness of upper plate 1 and lower plate 3 is than sidewall 2 is thick on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow mould shell is that prefabricated upper plate, prefabricated sidewall, prefabricated lower plate on every side are put together.As shown in Figure 1, hollow mould shell is that prefabricated upper plate, four prefabricated sidewalls, prefabricated lower plates are put together.

Feature of the present invention also is have connector 5 to interconnect between the described precast slab 4.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, have connector 5 to interconnect between its described precast slab 4.

Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork is made of prefabricated upper plate 1, prefabricated sidewall 2,3 amalgamations of prefabricated lower plate on every side, and every precast slab 4 is interconnected by connector 5.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, is interconnected by connector 5 between its precast slab 4.

Feature of the present invention also is at least a in iron wire, metalwork, thin band, working of plastics, net, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch of described connector 5.As shown in Figure 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and hollow mould shell is made of above-mentioned prefabricated plate amalgamation, every precast slab 4 is interconnected by connector 5, and its described connector 5 is that iron wire is stranded.

Feature of the present invention also is to be connected to a little between the described precast slab 4 or the stressed joint of line or face contact.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, are connected to the stressed joint of line contact between its described each precast slab 4.

Feature of the present invention also is to be connected between the described precast slab 4 connection of coming to nothing that leaves the filling gap.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, is connected between its described precast slab 4 to leave the connection of coming to nothing of filling the gap.

Feature of the present invention also is to be connected between the described precast slab 4 stressed joint and the combination of coming to nothing and being connected.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, are connected to stressed joint and the combination of coming to nothing and being connected between its described precast slab 4.

Feature of the present invention is that also the connecting portion between the described precast slab 4 has cement 6.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and the connecting portion between its described precast slab 4 has cement 6.

Feature of the present invention is that also described precast slab 4 is upper plate 1, at least two kinds or at least a portion of at least two kinds in sidewall 2, the lower plate 3 on every side.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also there are fixing or locating structure 7 in the junction of described precast slab 4.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, there are fixing or locating structure 7 in the junction of its described precast slab 4, and diagram stationary positioned structure 7 is the tenon positioning and fixing.

Feature of the present invention is that also described sidewall 2 on every side is precast slab 4 formations more than two.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and sidewall 2 was that two precast slabs 4 engage and constitute around it was described.

Feature of the present invention is that also described each face of sidewall 2 on every side is a precast slab 4.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and each face of sidewall 2 was a precast slab 4 around it was described.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described precast slab 4 of sidewall 2 on every side on the corner splices.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and precast slab 4 of sidewall 2 on the corner spliced around it was described.

Feature of the present invention also is all splicings on the corner of described precast slab 4.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described all precast slabs 4 are splicing on the corner all.

Feature of the present invention also is on the described precast slab of a slice at least 4 convex configuration 8 is arranged.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 is provided with convex configuration 8.

Feature of the present invention is that also described convex configuration 8 is at least one in reinforcing rib, raised line or the projection.As shown in figure 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and precast slab 4 is provided with convex configuration 8, and its described convex configuration 8 is a raised line.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cloudy shape structure 9 is at least one in groove, hole or the pit.As shown in figure 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and precast slab 4 is provided with cloudy shape structure 9, and its described cloudy shape structure 9 is a pit.

Feature of the present invention is also that the described precast slab of a slice at least 4 is provided with bracing boom 10, in put more energy into floor 11 or the rope 12 at least one.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 is provided with the floor 11 of putting more energy into.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also are provided with bracing boom 10 and rope 12 simultaneously on its described precast slab 4.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described precast slab of a slice at least 4 is provided with at least one in inner corner trim 13 or chamfering 14 or arc angle 15 or the unfilled corner 16.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also are provided with inner corner trim 13, chamfering 14, arc angle 15 and unfilled corner 16 simultaneously on its described precast slab 4.

Feature of the present invention also is to have at least on the described precast slab of a slice at least 4 waters overlapping layers 17 behind one deck.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, waters overlapping layers 17 after on its described precast slab 4 one deck being arranged.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described precast slab of a slice at least 4 is the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE layer.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 is the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE layer.

Feature of the present invention also is in a slice precast slab 4 reinforce 18 is arranged at least, perhaps have reinforce 18 to expose, reinforce 18 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band or the strap.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also be provided with reinforce 18 in its described precast slab 4, have reinforce 18 to expose simultaneously, diagram reinforce 18 is a steel mesh reinforcement.

Feature of the present invention is that also described precast slab 4 junctions or the gap location that comes to nothing have connector 4 to expose or reinforce 18 exposes.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described precast slab 4 gap location that comes to nothing has connector 5 to expose.

Feature of the present invention is that also described at least one precast slab 4 is provided with at least one in junction box 19, fire detector 20, airduct 21, spool 22, suspender member 23, carrying part 24, the adjacent formwork connector 25.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also are provided with junction box 19, fire detector 20, spool 22, suspender member 23 and carrying part 24 on its described precast slab 4 simultaneously.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, also are provided with airduct 21 and adjacent formwork connector 25 on its described precast slab 4 simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention is that also described prefabricated upper plate 1 or prefabricated upper plate 1 thickness of slab of overlapping layers are greater than or less than the sheet of sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and prefabricated upper plate 1 thickness of slab of its described overlapping layers is greater than the sheet of sidewall 2 on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described upper plate of a slice at least 1 is extended with the bridging piece 26 of bridging piece 26 or dew reinforce 18.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described upper plate 1 is protruding bridging piece 26.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two formworks are connected as one by bridging piece 26, constitutes the gang mould mould component.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, and its described a plurality of formworks are connected as one by bridging piece 26, constitute the gang mould mould component.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two formworks connect as one at interval, constitutes the gang mould mould component.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower plate 3 are precast slab 4 on every side, its described a plurality of formworks connect as one at interval, constitute the gang mould mould component, the connector 25 between formwork and the formwork is the support idler arm.

During the invention process, earlier make the upper plate 1 of cavity former component, sidewall 2 and lower plate 3 on every side respectively by model and specification, treat that its maintenance is to regulation after the length of time, remove the precast slab 4 that mould can obtain making shuttering member, then each precast slab 4 is pieced together one, can obtain cavity former component.

Claims (34)

1, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower plate (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower plate (3) surround the enclosed cavity formwork on every side, upper plate (1) is an independently precast slab (4), it is characterized in that described enclosed cavity formwork all is put together by precast segment, precast segment is at least two precast slabs (4), and cloudy shape structure (9) is arranged on a slice precast slab (4) at least.
2, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described independently precast slab (4) periphery has reinforce (18) to stretch out.
3, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described upper plate (1) stretches out reinforcing bar or steel mesh reinforcement.
4, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that stretching out reinforcing bar or steel mesh reinforcement than the upper plate (1) that sidewall (2) is thick on every side.
5, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that being extended with toss than the upper plate (1) that sidewall (2) is thick on every side.
6, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1, the thickness that it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) is than sidewall (2) is thick on every side.
7, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described hollow mould shell is that prefabricated upper plate, prefabricated sidewall, prefabricated lower plate on every side are put together.
8, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 7 is characterized in that described formwork is made of prefabricated upper plate, prefabricated sidewall, prefabricated lower plate amalgamation on every side, and every precast slab (4) is interconnected by connector (5).
9, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 7 is characterized in that at least a in the metalwork, working of plastics, net of described connector (5).
10, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 9 is characterized in that at least a in iron wire, thin band, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch of described connector (5).
11, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that being connected to a little between the described precast slab (4) or the stressed joint of line or face contact.
12, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that being connected between the described precast slab (4) connection of coming to nothing that leaves the filling gap.
13, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that being connected between the described precast slab (4) stressed joint and the combination of coming to nothing and being connected.
14,, it is characterized in that the connecting portion between the described precast slab (4) has cement (6) according to claim 11,12 or 13 described a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling.
15, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described precast slab (4) is upper plate (1), at least two kinds or at least a portion of at least two kinds in sidewall (2), the lower plate (3) on every side.
16, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that there are fixing or locating structure (7) in the junction of described precast slab (4).
17, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described sidewall (2) on every side is precast slab (4) formation more than two.
18, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described each face of sidewall (2) on every side is a precast slab (4).
19, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 18 is characterized in that the described precast slab (4) of sidewall (2) on every side on the corner splices.
20, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 18 is characterized in that all splicings on the corner of described precast slab (4).
21, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that convex configuration (8) is arranged on the described precast slab of a slice at least (4).
22, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 21 is characterized in that described convex configuration (8) is at least one in reinforcing rib, raised line or the projection.
23, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described cloudy shape structure (9) is at least one in groove, hole or the pit.
24, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described precast slab of a slice at least (4) is provided with at least one in bracing boom (10), the floor of putting more energy into (11) or the rope (12).
25, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described precast slab of a slice at least (4) is provided with at least one in inner corner trim (13) or chamfering (14) or arc angle (15) or the unfilled corner (16).
26, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that having on the described precast slab of a slice at least (4) at least and waters overlapping layers (17) behind one deck.
27, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described precast slab of a slice at least (4) is the MULTILAYER COMPOSITE layer.
28, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that in a slice precast slab (4) reinforce (18) being arranged at least, perhaps have reinforce (18) to expose, reinforce (18) is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band or the strap.
29, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 28 is characterized in that described precast slab (4) junction or the gap location that comes to nothing have connector (5) to expose or reinforce (18) exposes.
30, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described at least one precast slab (4) is provided with at least one in junction box (19), fire detector (20), airduct (21), spool (22), suspender member (23), carrying part (24), the adjacent formwork connector (25).
31, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 26 is characterized in that the prefabricated upper plate of prefabricated upper plate or overlapping layers (1) thickness of slab is greater than or less than the sheet of sidewall (2) on every side.
32, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that a slice upper plate (1) at least is extended with bridging piece (26) or reveals the bridging piece (26) of reinforce (18).
33, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 32 is characterized in that at least two formworks are connected as one by bridging piece (26), constitutes the gang mould mould component.
34, a kind of cavity form component for concrete filling according to claim 1 is characterized in that at least two formworks connect as one at interval, constitutes the gang mould mould component.
CNB2007100845402A 2003-12-09 2003-12-09 A kind of cavity form component for concrete filling CN100545393C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100845402A CN100545393C (en) 2003-12-09 2003-12-09 A kind of cavity form component for concrete filling

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100845402A CN100545393C (en) 2003-12-09 2003-12-09 A kind of cavity form component for concrete filling

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2003101219395A Division CN1304705C (en) 2003-12-09 2003-12-09 Component part in cavity die body for filling concrete

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN101012690A CN101012690A (en) 2007-08-08
CN100545393C true CN100545393C (en) 2009-09-30

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