CN100544586C - A kind of automatic fruit bag opener - Google Patents

A kind of automatic fruit bag opener Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100544586C
CN100544586C CNB2007101190408A CN200710119040A CN100544586C CN 100544586 C CN100544586 C CN 100544586C CN B2007101190408 A CNB2007101190408 A CN B2007101190408A CN 200710119040 A CN200710119040 A CN 200710119040A CN 100544586 C CN100544586 C CN 100544586C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit bag
notch
leading screw
tooth bar
workbench
Prior art date
Application number
CNB2007101190408A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101066031A (en
Inventor
徐丽明
Original Assignee
中国农业大学
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Application filed by 中国农业大学 filed Critical 中国农业大学
Priority to CNB2007101190408A priority Critical patent/CN100544586C/en
Publication of CN101066031A publication Critical patent/CN101066031A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100544586C publication Critical patent/CN100544586C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of automatic fruit bag opener, it is characterized in that: it comprises fruit bag discharge and separating mechanism automatically, and screw type is carried fruit bag machine structure and electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism; Described fruit bag is discharged automatically and separating mechanism comprises: one is provided with the workbench of a notch, one fruit bag box is set below described notch, the friction roller of one driven by motor is set by support on the workbench of described notch both sides, and described friction roller is positioned at the notch place near hang plate one side; Described screw type carries the fruit bag machine structure to comprise: a leading screw support, on described leading screw support, connect two feed rods and a leading screw by the spindle motor drive by fixed head, and connect a slide block that can on described two feed rods, move at spiral on the described leading screw; Described electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism comprises: one is connected the gripper shoe of described slide block bottom, and described gripper shoe is provided with the tooth bar by gear driven, and the bottom of described tooth bar is provided with a pair of fruit bag and struts manipulator.The present invention can be widely used in the process of automatic bagging of various fruits.

Description

A kind of automatic fruit bag opener
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is a kind of agricultural machinery, particularly about a kind of automatic fruit bag opener.
Background technology
Fruit bag is a new technology of developed recently, and main purpose is to reduce the pesticide pollution of fruit, reduces the bird pest insect pest, improves fruit color and luster and outward appearance, reaches and reduces the fruit residue of pesticide, improves fruit quality and grade, increases the purpose of orchard worker's income.At present, the fruit bag is produced and has been realized automation, and specification is varied, can satisfy the demand of different fruit.But the fruit bag operation still relies on manually, 1000~1200 of each workman's every workday (8 hours) about baggings.The height of fruit tree is generally about 3 meters, manually need carry out operation by ladder, also needs mobile operating position constantly simultaneously, and labour intensity and danger are very big, therefore realizes that automation fruit bag technology is imperative.
Automatically overlap bag technique for fruit, present Japanese M.Monta etc. have developed a kind of multi-function robot that grape is produced that is used for, and this robot only need change paw, just can carry out operations such as fruit thinning, bagging, spray medicine.The bagging paw adopts motor-driven, is made up of fruit bag feed rake and support bag finger.Under motor-driven, fruit bag feed rake is delivered to suitable position with the fruit bag, by finger it is strutted, entangle fruit after, when finger opened, the fruit bag was own closed.Domestic aspect, the applicant of the application's patent adopts the strength type of drive to design " automatic opening device for fruit bag ", and result of the test is better, and obtains patent of invention in 2006.But whole device is driven by strength, adopts 2 suckers, 5 cylinders and 1 gas pawl, its structure more complicated, and cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
At the problems referred to above, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of automatic fruit bag opener that the fruit bag can be strutted and is transported to assigned address automatically.
For achieving the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme: a kind of automatic fruit bag opener is characterized in that: it comprises fruit bag discharge and separating mechanism automatically, and screw type is carried fruit bag machine structure and electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism three parts; Described fruit bag is discharged automatically and separating mechanism comprises: one is provided with the workbench of a notch, one fruit bag box is set below described notch, be provided with a push pedal in the described fruit bag box, described push pedal one end is rotatably connected on described fruit bag box bottom, the other end is supported on a spring top, on the workbench at the described notch place of close described spring one side a hang plate is set, the friction roller of one driven by motor is set by support on the workbench of described notch both sides, and described friction roller is positioned at the notch place near hang plate one side; Described screw type carries the fruit bag machine structure to comprise: a leading screw support, on described leading screw support, connect two feed rods and a leading screw by the spindle motor drive by fixed head, and connect a slide block that can on described two feed rods, move at spiral on the described leading screw; Described electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism comprises: one is connected the gripper shoe of described slide block bottom, described gripper shoe is provided with tooth bar moving up and down, one by gear motor that drive with described tooth bar meshed gears, gear shaft on it is connected on the described gripper shoe rotationally, a pair of fruit bag is set in the bottom of described tooth bar struts manipulator.
Described fruit bag struts manipulator and comprises, one is fixed on the electromagnet of described tooth bar lower end, the mechanical paw of two V-shaped settings in bottom, the top of described mechanical paw is with being hinged on the described tooth bar, one end of two connecting plates is the middle part of hinged described two mechanical paws respectively, and the other end is on the projecting shaft that inverted V-shaped is hinged on described electromagnet.
Be provided with respectively on the two side of the corresponding other end of axle in the described fruit bag box one with described be the cambered way at center, the both sides of described push pedal end are slidingly arranged in the described cambered way.
The hang plate that described workbench notch place is provided with is a poly (methyl methacrylate) plate.
The present invention is owing to take above technical scheme, it has the following advantages: 1, the present invention adopts friction roller that the interior stacked fruit bag of fruit bag box is discharged one by one, adopt the solenoid actuated mechanical paw that fruit bag inner chamber is strutted maximum, and adopt leading screw will support good fruit bag to move to suitable position, thereby realized that the present invention adopts mechanical system to strut the goal of the invention of fruit bag automatically.2, the present invention adopts the compression spring automatically the fruit bag upwards to be pushed, and adopts friction roller that stacked fruit bag is exported from fruit bag box one by one, is sent on the hang plate, makes fruit bag course of conveying simple, and transfer position is accurate.3, the present invention adopts rack-and-pinion that mechanical paw is delivered in the fruit bag, and the effect by electromagnet is opened mechanical paw, and the fruit bag is strutted maximum, thereby can satisfy the demand of automatic bagging.4, the present invention adopts leading screw and slide block, and the fruit bag that support is good moves to the appropriate location, and is simple in structure, the efficient height, and the position is accurate.The present invention adopts driven by power, and is simple in structure, and cost is low, and it can be widely used in the process of automatic bagging of various fruits.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the integrally-built schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the fruit bag box side schematic view among the present invention
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 2
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the electromagnetic type among the present invention struts the fruit bag machine structure
Fig. 5 is the end view that the electromagnetic type among the present invention struts the fruit bag machine structure
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in detail.
The present invention mainly comprises fruit bag discharge and separating mechanism automatically, and screw type is carried fruit bag machine structure and electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism three parts.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention fruit bag is discharged automatically and separating mechanism comprises: a workbench 1, have a notch 2 on the workbench 1, one fruit bag box 3 is installed below notch 2, one friction roller fixed support 4,4 ' is installed respectively on the workbench 1 of notch 2 both sides, a motor fixed rack 5 is also installed in the outside of one of them fixed support 4 ', and a motor 6 is installed on the motor fixed rack 5, and the output of motor 6 connects an optical axis 8 that is erected on the fixed support 4,4 ' by shaft coupling 7.Be positioned at and connect a friction roller 9 on the optical axis 8 of notch 2 tops, friction roller 9 is provided with near the rear end of notches 2, and the workbench 1 of notch 2 back edges tilts a poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 10 is set.
As Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, be installed in the fruit bag box 3 below workbench 1 notch 2 and be provided with a push pedal 11, an end of push pedal 11 is by one 12 end that is fixed on fruit bag box 3 bottoms, and push pedal 11 can be rotated around axle 12; Being respectively arranged with one in the fruit bag box 3 on the two side of the other ends is the cambered way 13 at center with axle 12, the other end both sides of push pedal 11 are slidingly arranged in the cambered way 13, push pedal 11 can be moved along cambered way 13 is upper and lower, one compression spring 14 is installed below the push pedal 11, the other end of spring 14 is fixed on the base plate of fruit bag box 3, and the push pedal 11 with spring 14 1 ends is positioned at the below of friction roller 9.
As shown in Figure 1, screw type of the present invention carries the fruit bag machine structure to comprise: a leading screw support 15, on leading screw support 15, fix two leading screw fixed heads 16,16 ', the two ends that connect a leading screw 17 on two leading screw fixed heads 16,16 ' respectively by a bearing also are provided with two feed rods 18 between two leading screw fixed heads 16,16 '.One slide block 19 is located on leading screw 17 and two feed rods 18, at leading screw fixed head 16 ' arranged outside one spindle motor fixed head 20, one spindle motor 21 is connected on the spindle motor fixed head 20, the output of spindle motor 21 connects leading screw 17 by a shaft coupling 22, when leading screw 17 rotates, can drive slide block 19 and slide along two feed rods 18.
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 3, electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism of the present invention comprises: one is connected the gripper shoe 23 of slide block 19 bottoms, two guide plate of gear racks 24,24 ' are set on gripper shoe 23, between two guide plate of gear racks 24,24 ', a tooth bar 25 is set, a gear gripper shoe 26,26 ' that is fixed on the guide plate of gear rack 24,24 ' is set respectively in tooth bar 25 both sides, with one with tooth bar 25 meshed gears 27 by the gear shaft on it, be connected in gear gripper shoe 26,26 ' the bearing.On the guide plate of gear rack 24 ' in the gear gripper shoe 26 ' outside gear motor gripper shoe 28 is set, a gear motor 29 is installed on gear motor gripper shoe 28, the output of gear motor 29 connects the gear shaft of gear 27 by a shaft coupling 30.Gear motor 29 driven gears 27 rotate, and gear 27 drives tooth bar 25 when rotating and moves downward or upward.In the lower end of tooth bar 25 manipulator is set, manipulator of the present invention comprises that one connects the electromagnet 31 of tooth bar 25, the mechanical paw 32 of two V-shaped settings in bottom, the top of mechanical paw 32 is connected on the tooth bar 25 with screw 33 or other fixture, and can rotate around screw 33.One end of two connecting plates 34 connects the middle part of two mechanical paws 32 respectively, the other end of two connecting plates 34 is on the projecting shaft 35 that inverted V-shaped is connected electromagnet 31, after electromagnet 31 energisings, the projecting shaft 35 of electromagnet 31 stretches out, and drives two mechanical paws 32 by two connecting plates 34 and opens around screw 33.
In the foregoing description, the poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 10 that is arranged on the workbench 1 of notch 2 edges also can be the hang plate that other material is made.The manipulator that above-mentioned tooth bar 25 bottoms are provided with also can adopt other structure and type of drive.
The present invention is earlier filling the fruit bag of opening towards friction roller 9 one ends before use in fruit bag box 3, under the effect of spring 14, push pedal 31 pops up automatically, the fruit bags of placing in the fruit bag box 3 are upwards pushed, and the opening that makes the fruit bag is towards poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 10.Simultaneously, motor 6 drives friction roller 9 by optical axis 8 and rotates, friction roller 9 and the friction of fruit bag, a fruit bag is rolled, the fruit bag can be moved upward along poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 10, thereby make this fruit bag forward the vertical tilt state that is positioned on the poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 10 to, and make fruit bag opening up by the level in the fruit bag box 3.Then, start the gear motor 29 in the electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism, rotating band carry-over bar 25 by gear 27 moves down, two mechanical paws 32 of tooth bar 25 bottoms are moved down thereupon, after moving to certain position, two mechanical paws 32 are inserted in the fruit bag opening on poly (methyl methacrylate) plate 10, two mechanical paw 32 centers are overlapped with fruit bag center, stop gear motor 29 runnings then, electromagnet 31 energisings thereupon, the projecting shaft 35 of electromagnet 31 stretches out, and two connecting plates 34 drive two mechanical paws 32 and rotate around screw 33, makes open two mechanical paws 32 that the fruit bag is strutted maximum.Then spindle motor 21 starts, rotating band movable slider 19 by leading screw 17 slides along two feed rods 18, thereby drive the electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism that is fixed on slide block 19 bottoms and move to the opposite side of workbench 1 or suitable position, wait for that bagging mechanism receives the fruit bag together with the fruit bag that is strutted by mechanical paw 32; When the fruit bag is received by bagging mechanism, electromagnet 31 outages, mechanical paw 32 unclamps, and after the fruit bag was removed, spindle motor 21 and gear motor 29 backward rotation made slide block 19 and fruit bag spreading mechanism get back to initial position together, and a running of the present invention finishes.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of automatic fruit bag opener is characterized in that: it comprises fruit bag discharge and separating mechanism automatically, and screw type is carried fruit bag machine structure and electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism three parts;
Described fruit bag is discharged automatically and separating mechanism comprises: one is provided with the workbench of a notch, one fruit bag box is set below described notch, be provided with a push pedal in the described fruit bag box, described push pedal one end is rotatably connected on described fruit bag box bottom, the other end is supported on a spring top, on the workbench at the described notch place of close described spring one side a hang plate is set, the friction roller of one driven by motor is set by support on the workbench of described notch both sides, and described friction roller is positioned at the notch place near hang plate one side;
Described screw type carries the fruit bag machine structure to comprise: a leading screw support, on described leading screw support, connect two feed rods and a leading screw by the spindle motor drive by fixed head, and connect a slide block that can on described two feed rods, move at spiral on the described leading screw;
Described electromagnetic type fruit bag spreading mechanism comprises: one is connected the gripper shoe of described slide block bottom, described gripper shoe is provided with tooth bar moving up and down, one by gear motor that drive with described tooth bar meshed gears, gear shaft on it is connected on the described gripper shoe rotationally, a pair of fruit bag is set in the bottom of described tooth bar struts manipulator.
2, a kind of automatic fruit bag opener as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fruit bag struts manipulator and comprises, one is fixed on the electromagnet of described tooth bar lower end, the mechanical paw of two V-shaped settings in bottom, the top of described mechanical paw is with being hinged on the described tooth bar, one end of two connecting plates is the middle part of hinged described two mechanical paws respectively, and the other end is on the projecting shaft that inverted V-shaped is hinged on described electromagnet.
3, a kind of automatic fruit bag opener as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with respectively on the two side of the corresponding other end of axle in the described fruit bag box one with described be the cambered way at center, the both sides of described push pedal end are slidingly arranged in the described cambered way.
4, a kind of automatic fruit bag opener as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: be provided with respectively on the two side of the corresponding other end of axle in the described fruit bag box one with described be the cambered way at center, the both sides of described push pedal end are slidingly arranged in the described cambered way.
5, as claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 described a kind of automatic fruit bag openers, it is characterized in that: the hang plate that described workbench notch place is provided with is a poly (methyl methacrylate) plate.
CNB2007101190408A 2007-06-18 2007-06-18 A kind of automatic fruit bag opener CN100544586C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007101190408A CN100544586C (en) 2007-06-18 2007-06-18 A kind of automatic fruit bag opener

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007101190408A CN100544586C (en) 2007-06-18 2007-06-18 A kind of automatic fruit bag opener

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101066031A CN101066031A (en) 2007-11-07
CN100544586C true CN100544586C (en) 2009-09-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103058777B (en) * 2013-01-25 2014-04-16 北京林业大学 Seed coating agent and coated seeds for desert control and aerial seeding, and preparation method of agent
CN108000949A (en) * 2013-06-26 2018-05-08 杭州跟策科技有限公司 Upper bag body mechanism and bag body charging method
CN105165495B (en) * 2015-09-23 2017-08-04 中国农业大学 A kind of fruit tree bag cover device
CN105292601B (en) * 2015-10-21 2017-08-11 上海大学 A kind of automatic bag opener
CN105766498B (en) * 2016-04-14 2018-07-06 燕山大学 One seed pod bag automatic opening device
CN105947277B (en) * 2016-06-27 2018-06-26 宁波大学 A kind of citrus packing machine
CN106348013B (en) * 2016-11-02 2018-09-25 合肥龙图腾信息技术有限公司 A kind of spherical fruit bottom painting sugared machine fruit crawl mobile mechanism
CN108207442B (en) * 2017-12-18 2020-07-03 华南农业大学 Bag taking and opening device and method suitable for single-layer or multi-layer paper fruit bagging

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