CN100537003C - Household reverse osmosis drinking water device capable of using with waste water - Google Patents

Household reverse osmosis drinking water device capable of using with waste water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100537003C
CN100537003C CN 200710070061 CN200710070061A CN100537003C CN 100537003 C CN100537003 C CN 100537003C CN 200710070061 CN200710070061 CN 200710070061 CN 200710070061 A CN200710070061 A CN 200710070061A CN 100537003 C CN100537003 C CN 100537003C
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reverse osmosis
water
tank
osmosis membrane
booster pump
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CN 200710070061
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101143300A (en
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宋德华
方雪勇
陈恩华
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浙江沁园水处理科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种可利用废水的家用反渗透饮水装置,包括反渗透膜、增压泵、储水箱、控制器,其特征是:储水箱带有浮球阀的进水口连通原水管道,储水箱的浓缩水出口通过单向阀连通射流器,原水管道通过射流器连通净水龙头,储水箱原水出口通过增压泵连通反渗透膜进水口,反渗透膜纯水出口通过压力开关连通纯水龙头,反渗透膜的废水出口通过单向阀和废水比例控制器连通储水箱的废水进口,储水箱安装有TDS值探头、低水位开关,控制器连接并控制TDS值探头、低水位开关、压力开关和增压泵。 The present invention discloses a home reverse osmosis apparatus available waste water, comprising reverse osmosis membrane, booster pumps, storage tanks, a controller, characterized in that: raw water inlet conduit communicating with the tank float valve, tank concentrated water outlets of the ejector through a check valve in communication, the raw water conduit in communication net tap through the ejector, the raw water storage tank outlet communicating through a reverse osmosis membrane booster pump inlet, a reverse osmosis membrane purified water outlet through the pressure switch communicating pure faucet, wastewater through the waste water outlet of the reverse osmosis membrane inlet check valve and proportional controller in communication wastewater tank, the tank is attached to the probe TDS value, the low water level switch, and a controller connected to control the TDS value of the probe, the low water level switch, pressure switch, and booster pump. 本发明具有如下优点:解决了废水利用的问题;通过采用多项控制方案,提高了可靠性,保护了重要部件的正常工作;有利于家用反渗透饮水装置的普及推广。 The present invention has the following advantages: to solve the problem of wastewater use; by using a number of control schemes to improve reliability, the normal work of important protection member; facilitate the popularization of home reverse osmosis drinking water apparatus.

Description

一种可利用废水的家用反渗透饮水装置 A home reverse osmosis drinking water installations of waste water

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种水的净化器,特别是一种可利用废水的家用反渗透饮水装置。 The present invention relates to a water purifier, waste water in particular, an apparatus of the home reverse osmosis water. 背景技术 Background technique

目前,公知的反渗透装置对水源的利用率很低,反渗透装置产生的废水不能很好利用,造成对水资源的浪费。 At present, known apparatus for the utilization of the reverse osmosis water is very low, the waste water generated in the reverse osmosis apparatus are not well utilized, resulting in waste of water resources. 发明名称为"家用逆渗透分质供水机"的中国实用新型专利(专利号:02253241.2,公告日:2003.08.20)公开了一种用自来水制作软化水的家用逆渗透分质供水机,它由三级预过滤处理器、增压泵、控制阀、 压力控制开关、RO膜反渗透过滤器、压力储水罐、后置滤芯、纯水出口组成。 Entitled "home reverse osmosis water supply machine" Chinese utility model patent (patent number: 02253241.2, Issued: 2003.08.20) discloses a home reverse osmosis water supply unit of an demineralized water produced with tap water, which consists three pre-processor filter, booster pump, a control valve, a pressure control switch, the RO reverse osmosis membrane filter, a pressure storage tank, the post filter, the composition of the outlet water. 其不足之处是,当它的软化水龙头不打开时,因为没有废水排出,水只进不出,RO 膜和增压泵处于非正常工作状态,造成RO膜和增压泵的损坏。 The downside is that, when it is not opened softening faucet, because no waste water discharge, the water not only enter, and booster RO membrane in a non-normal operation, and the RO membrane damage booster pump.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的在于克服现有技术的不足,提供一种可以使RO膜反渗透过滤器产生的废水得到充分利用,且又性能可靠、使用方便的家用反渗透饮水装置。 Object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, it can be made to provide a reverse osmosis filter membrane RO wastewater produced are fully utilized, and because reliable, home reverse osmosis water means easy to use.

本发明解决上述技术问题所采用的技术方案为: The present invention is to solve the above technical problem technical solution is:

一种可利用废水的家用反渗透饮水装置,包括反渗透膜、增压泵、储水箱、控制器,其特征是:所述的储水箱带有浮球阀的进水口连通原水管道,储水箱的浓縮水出 A home reverse osmosis water using a waste water apparatus comprises a reverse osmosis membrane, booster pumps, storage tanks, a controller, characterized in that: raw water inlet conduit communicating said tank with a float valve, the tank a concentrated water

口通过第一单向阀和管道连通一射流器,原水管道通过射流器连通净水龙头,储水箱的原水出口通过增压泵连通反渗透膜进水口,反渗透膜纯水出口通过压力开关连通纯水龙头,反渗透膜的废水出口通过第二单向阀和废水比例控制器连通储水箱的废水进 A jet port communicates through a first one-way valve and pipe, the raw water through the jet pipe in communication net tap, the raw water outlet of the water storage tank communicates through a reverse osmosis membrane booster pump inlet, a reverse osmosis membrane pure water outlet in communication through the pressure switch pure tap wastewater through a reverse osmosis membrane waste outlet check valve and a second proportional controller in communication wastewater feed tank

口,储水箱上还安装有TDS值探头、低水位开关,所述的控制器电气连接并控制TDS 值探头、低水位开关、压力开关和增压泵。 Port, the tank is also mounted probe TDS value, the low water level switch, and electrically connected to said controller controls the value of TDS probe, the low water level switch, pressure switch and booster.

本发明还可以采用的技术方案为: Aspect of the present invention may also be used are:

所述的增压泵和反渗透膜的组合可以是一组,或者由多组增压泵和反渗透膜的组合并联组成。 The combination of the booster pump and a reverse osmosis membrane may be a group, or by a combination of a booster pump and a reverse osmosis membrane from the group consisting of multiple parallel.

由于本发明采取了上述的技术措施,它与现有技术相比具有如下优点: Since the present invention takes the technical measures described above, it is compared with the prior art has the following advantages:

1.解决了废水充分利用的难题,使用方便,节约了原水;2. 通过采用多项控制方案,提高了设备可靠性,保护了重要部件的长期正常工作; 1. solve the problem of waste water utilized, ease of use, saving the raw water; 2. By using a number of control schemes to improve equipment reliability, long-term protection of important parts of the work;

3. 通过以上方案,有利于家用反渗透饮水装置的普及推广使用。 3. The above program will help popularize the use of home reverse osmosis drinking water installations.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明实施例的结构示意图。 FIG 1 is a configuration diagram of an embodiment of the present invention. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

以下结合附图对本发明作进一步详细描述。 Conjunction with the drawings of the present invention will be described in further detail.

参照图l,本发明包括增压泵ll、第一单向阀15、第二单向阀16、反渗透膜10、纯水龙头6、净水龙头12、手动阀7、废水比9、射流器14、 TDS值探头5、 低水位开关2,浮球阀3,储水箱4、控制器13、压力开关8、管路等。 Referring to FIG. L, the present invention includes a booster pump ll, the first check valve 15, second check valve 16, the reverse osmosis membrane 10, pure tap 6, net tap 12, the manual valve 7, the wastewater to 9, the ejector 14, TDS value of the probe 5, the low level switch 2, the float valve 3, tank 4, the controller 13, the pressure switch 8, tubing and the like.

储水箱4带有浮球阀3的进水口21连通原水管道17,储水箱4的浓縮水出口18 通过第一单向阀15和管道连通一射流器14,原水管道17通过射流器14连通净水龙头12,储水箱4的原水出口19通过增压泵11连通反渗透膜进水口22,反渗透膜纯水出口24通过压力开关8连通纯水龙头6,反渗透膜废水出口23通过第二单向阀16 和废水比例控制器9连通储水箱4的废水进口20,储水箱4上还安装有TDS值探头5、 低水位开关2,控制器13电气连接并控制TDS值探头5、低水位开关2、压力开关8 4 with the inlet tank 21 of the float valve 3 communicating raw water pipe 17, the water tank 18 through the outlet 14 4 concentrate, the raw water conduit 17 through the ejector 14 communicates purifier first check valve 15 and a conduit communicating the ejector mixer 12, the raw water tank 19 of the outlet 4 by the pressurizing pump 11 inlet 22 communicates a reverse osmosis membrane, a reverse osmosis membrane pure water outlet 24 communicates through the pressure switch 6 faucet 8, the waste water outlet of the reverse osmosis membrane 23 through a second one-way valve 16 and the proportional controller 9 communicates waste tank inlet 4 of the waste water 20, the tank 4 is also mounted on the value of TDS probe 5, the low level switch 2, and electrically connected to the controller 13 controls the value of TDS probe 5, the low level switch 2 pressure switch 8

和增压泵11。 And the booster pump 11. TDS值探头5用于探测水中的总固体值。 Probe 5 TDS value for the detection value of the total solids in water.

原水通过三通1与储水箱4带有浮球阀3的进水口21连通,向储水箱4补水, Raw water inlet communicates with a float valve 3 and the tank 1 through tee 421, to the replenishment tank 4,

到达一定水位时浮球阀3关阀(低水位时又补水);当纯水龙头6打开时,压力开 When it reaches the water float valve off valve 3 (time and low water replenishment); when a pure tap 6 is opened, the opening pressure

关8降压,其触点接通,增压泵ll同时工作,将储水箱4的原水通过管道压向反 Off 8 down, its contact is turned on, the booster pump ll simultaneously, the raw water tank 4 by the line pressure in the reverse

渗透膜进水口22,经反渗透膜纯水出口24,再通过第二单向阀16、压力开关8 Permeable membrane inlet 22, outlet 24 through a reverse osmosis membrane pure water, and then through the second check valve 16, pressure switch 8

从纯水龙头6流出;当纯水龙头6关闭时,压力开关8升压,其触点断开,增压 6 flows out from the pure water faucet; when a pure tap 6 is closed, the booster pressure switch 8, its contacts open, pressurized

泵11即停止工作。 11 pump stops working. 另有反渗透膜10的废水通过废水比例控制器9流入储水箱4, Another wastewater through the reverse osmosis membrane 10 is proportional controller 9 into the waste water tank 4,

原水不断浓縮利用。 Raw water use continues to concentrate. 当使用净化水时,储水箱4的浓縮原水通过第一单向阀15, When using a purified water tank 4 and concentrated raw water 15 through the first check valve,

再通过射流器14被吸入自来水管网中,作为其它生活用水所用。 The ejector 14 through the water pipe network is sucked in, as another domestic water use.

为保护增压泵11与反渗透膜10,当TDS值探头5探知TDS值大于设定值时, To protect the reverse osmosis membrane 11 and the booster pump 10, when the value of TDS probe 5 ascertaining the TDS value is greater than the set value,

例如大于800,说明原水的浓度已不适应反渗透膜10的工作状态,控制器13使 For example greater than 800, indicating that the concentration of the raw water is not suited to the reverse osmosis membrane 10 in the operating state, the controller 13 causes the

增压泵ll停止工作。 Ll booster pump to stop working. 待使用净水时更换储水箱4的浓水后,TDS值降低,控制器 After replacing the concentrated water storage tank 4 to be used when the water purifier, the TDS value is reduced, the controller

13自动恢复增压泵11的工作。 13 automatically return to work the booster pump 11. 低水位开关2是用于缺水时的保护。 2 is a low-level switch for protection when dry. 当缺水时,浮球阀3的浮子下落,使低水位开关2断开,控制器13使增压泵11停止工作。 When dry, the float valve floats 3 drop and the low-level switch 2 is turned off, the controller 13 causes the booster pump 11 is stopped. 待水位恢复后,控制器13自动恢复增压泵11的工作。 After recovery level, the controller 13 automatically return to work the booster pump 11.

控制器13是采用如下工作过程控制反渗透水工作的: The controller 13 controls the work process is the use of reverse osmosis water following work:

压力开关8触点闭合时,TDS值小于设定值时,低水位开关2处于闭合时, 控制器13将使增压泵11工作,反渗透膜10制造纯水。 When the contact pressure switch 8 is closed, the TDS value is smaller than the set value, the low water level switch 2 is closed, the controller 13 will work the booster pump 11, the reverse osmosis membrane 10 for producing purified water. 如其中一个条件不能满足, 则增压泵11不能工作,反渗透膜10也不能工作。 As one of the conditions is not met, the booster pump 11 does not work, the reverse osmosis membrane 10 can not work.

原水通过三通1与储水箱4带有浮球阀3的进水口相连接,向储水箱4补水。 Raw water inlet and a water tank with a three-way ball valve 3 is connected to the 4, 4 to the replenishment tank. 储水箱4原水补满后,控制器13使压力开关8闭合,TDS值在符合工作条件值时,且低水位开关闭2合时,增压泵11将从储水箱4抽取原水并通过管道压向反渗透膜进水口22,反渗透膜纯水通过手动阀7从纯水龙头6流出,废水经过废水比例控制器9 流入储水箱4,完成制纯水过程。 4 after the raw water tank to fill up, the controller 13 causes the pressure switch 8 is closed, the TDS value when the relevant operating conditions value, and a low level switch is closed timely 2, the booster pump 11 from the raw water tank 4 through the extraction line pressure inlet 22 to the reverse osmosis membrane, a reverse osmosis membrane pure water from tap 6 7 flows through the manual valve, the wastewater flows through the waste water tank 9 ratio controller 4, to complete the process water system. 当纯水龙头6的手动阀7关闭时,压力开关8压力上升,其触点断开即停止工作。 When the manual valve faucet pure 6 7 closed, the pressure rises the pressure switch 8, which contacts are open stop working. 当使用净水时手动阀12打开,原水从净水龙头25流出,同时储水箱4的浓縮水通过第一单向阀15,再通过射流器14将储水箱4的浓缩水抽出,以达到更换储水箱4的原水,降低其TDS值,利用废水的目的。 When the manual valve 12 is opened using clean water, raw water flows from the faucet net 25, while the concentrated water tank 4 via the first check valve 15, and then concentrated water tank 14 is drawn through the ejector 4, in order to achieve the replacement raw water tank 4, reducing the TDS values, the purpose of use of wastewater. 增压泵il 和反渗透膜10的组合可以是一组,或者由多组增压泵11和反渗透膜10的组合并联组成。 Il booster pump and a combination of the reverse osmosis membrane 10 may be a set, or by a combination of the booster pump 11 and the reverse osmosis membrane 10 is composed of a plurality of sets in parallel.

还可以在本发明装置的原水进水处安装原水预处理装置,以便对水源进行预处理。 May also be installed in the water pretreatment means at the raw water intake apparatus of the present invention, in order to be pretreated water.

Claims (2)

1、一种可利用废水的家用反渗透饮水装置,包括反渗透膜(10)、增压泵(11)、储水箱(4)和控制器(13),其特征是:所述的储水箱(4)带有浮球阀(3)的进水口(21)连通原水管道(17),储水箱(4)的浓缩水出口(18)通过第一单向阀(15)和管道连通一射流器(14),原水管道(17)通过射流器(14)连通净水龙头(12),储水箱(4)的原水出口(19)通过增压泵(11)连通反渗透膜进水口(22),反渗透膜纯水出口(24)通过压力开关(8)连通纯水龙头(6),反渗透膜废水出口(23)通过第二单向阀(16)和废水比例控制器(9)连通储水箱(4)的废水进口(20),储水箱(4)上还安装有TDS值探头(5)和低水位开关(2),控制器(13)电气连接并控制TDS值探头(5)、低水位开关(2)、压力开关(8)和增压泵(11)。 1. A home reverse osmosis water using a waste water apparatus comprises a reverse osmosis membrane (10), a booster pump (11), the tank (4) and a controller (13), characterized in that: said storage tank (4) with an inlet float valve (3) (21) communicating raw water pipe (17), the tank (4) a water outlet (18) is concentrated by a first one-way valve (15) communicating the ejector and a duct (14), the raw water conduit (17) via the ejector (14) in communication net tap (12), the tank (4) of the raw water outlet (19) through a booster pump (11) communicates a reverse osmosis membrane inlet (22) , a reverse osmosis membrane pure water outlet (24) through the pressure switch (8) communicates pure faucet (6), a reverse osmosis membrane waste outlet (23) through the second check valve (16) and waste proportional controller (9) communicating the reservoir the tank (4) waste water inlet (20), the tank (4) is also attached to the TDS value of the probe (5) and a low level switch (2), the controller (13) electrically connected to and control the TDS value of the probe (5), low level switch (2), pressure switch (8) and a booster pump (11).
2、 根据权利要求1所述的可利用废水的家用反渗透饮水装置,其特征是:所述的增压泵(11)和反渗透膜(10)的组合是一组,或者由多组增压泵(11)和反渗透膜(10)的组合并联组成。 2, according to claim 1, home reverse osmosis water means may utilize wastewater, characterized in that: a combination of the booster pump (11) and a reverse osmosis membrane (10) is a set, or multiple sets of gain combination of pump (11) and a reverse osmosis membrane (10) is connected in parallel.
CN 200710070061 2007-07-18 2007-07-18 Household reverse osmosis drinking water device capable of using with waste water CN100537003C (en)

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