CN100531830C - Method, apparatus and article for determining an initial hand in a playing card game, such as blackjack or baccarat - Google Patents

Method, apparatus and article for determining an initial hand in a playing card game, such as blackjack or baccarat Download PDF

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CN100531830C
CN100531830C CN 200480034901 CN200480034901A CN100531830C CN 100531830 C CN100531830 C CN 100531830C CN 200480034901 CN200480034901 CN 200480034901 CN 200480034901 A CN200480034901 A CN 200480034901A CN 100531830 C CN100531830 C CN 100531830C
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card
dealer
cards
park
hand
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CN 200480034901
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1890005A (en
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理查德·索尔特斯
理查德·赫伊津哈
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百利娱乐国际公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F1/00Card games
    • A63F1/06Card games appurtenances
    • A63F1/18Score computers; Miscellaneous indicators
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F1/00Card games
    • A63F1/06Card games appurtenances
    • A63F1/14Card dealers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F1/00Card games
    • A63F2001/003Blackjack; Twenty one
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/24Electric games; Games using electronic circuits not otherwise provided for
    • A63F2009/2401Detail of input, input devices
    • A63F2009/2411Input form cards, tapes, discs
    • A63F2009/2413Magnetic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/24Electric games; Games using electronic circuits not otherwise provided for
    • A63F2009/2401Detail of input, input devices
    • A63F2009/2411Input form cards, tapes, discs
    • A63F2009/2419Optical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63FCARD, BOARD, OR ROULETTE GAMES; INDOOR GAMES USING SMALL MOVING PLAYING BODIES; VIDEO GAMES; GAMES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/24Electric games; Games using electronic circuits not otherwise provided for
    • A63F2009/2483Other characteristics
    • A63F2009/2488Remotely playable
    • A63F2009/2489Remotely playable by radio transmitters, e.g. using RFID

Abstract

方法和设备确定扑克牌的初始手牌的点数,诸如确定庄家是否具有二十一的点数、和/或在庄家接收第二张牌之前的一些点上确定游戏的结果。 Method and apparatus for determining the initial hand of poker points, such as determining whether a dealer has twenty-one points, and / or determine the outcome of the game at some point before the dealer receives a second card. 可在扑克牌被加载到发牌器中之前、当扑克牌存在于发牌器中时、或当扑克牌从发牌器中被取出时任选地以磁方式或无线的方式从扑克牌上的标识符读取初始次序。 Before the playing cards can be loaded into the card shoe, when present in the cards in the card shoe, or when the playing card is withdrawn from the card shoe optionally be magnetically or wireless manner from the playing cards reading the initial sequence identifier. 作为替代方案,初始次序可与诸如在计算上伪随机的次序的计算产生的次序对应。 Alternatively, the initial sequence may correspond to the order, such as in the calculation of the pseudo-random sequence generated.

Description

用于确定诸如21点或百家乐的朴克牌游戏中的初始手牌的方法、设备 Means for determining as blackjack or baccarat game cards Park g initial hand a method, apparatus

和物品 And articles

技术领域 FIELD

本说明书一般涉及使用朴克牌的游戏,特别涉及例如诸如21点(Blackjack)或百家乐(Baccarat)的纸牌游戏的某些方面的自动化。 The present specification generally relates to the use of the card game Park g, particularly to certain aspects of automation, such as, for example, 21:00 (Blackjack) or Baccarat (Baccarat) card game.

背景技术 Background technique

紙牌游戏是公知的消遣娱乐方式。 Card games are well-known pastime entertainment. 一般用一副或更多副朴克牌进行游戏,其中,每副一般包含四种花色(即、红桃、方块、梅花和黑 General game with one or more vice Park grams of licensing, in which each pair generally includes four suits (ie, hearts, diamonds, plum and black

桃)共52张朴克牌,每种花色包含不同等级(即,2~10、 J、 Q、 K 和A)的13张朴克牌,基于游戏的结果纸牌游戏可包含或不包含下注。 Peach) Total 52 g Pu cards, each containing a different color levels (i.e., 2 ~ 10, J, Q, K and A), 13 g of Pu cards, card game based on the game results may or may not contain wager.

一个被称为21点的流行的纸牌游戏,一个或更多个玩家分别与庄家比赛。 Blackjack is known as a popular card game, one or more players are the game with the dealer. 参赛者(participant)(即玩家和庄家)设法收集总点数等于或尽可能接近但不超过二十一点的手牌。 Participants (participant) (ie the player and the dealer) attempt to collect the total number of points equal to or as close as possible but not more than blackjack hand. 该手牌的点数由朴克牌的等级决定。 The hand points determined by the Park grams of licensing level. 因此,真有等级2~10的朴克牌分别具有点数2~10。 Thus, there is really Park Level 2 to 10 g of each card having from 2 to 10 points. 花牌(即J、 Q、 K)具有点数IO,而A可由参赛者随意决定具有点数l 或10。 Wreath (i.e. J, Q, K) has a point IO, and A may be at the discretion runners having l or 10 points. 初始手牌(initial hand )的具有点数二十一(即A加上十或乾牌)的两张朴克牌被称为天生的"21点"或黑杰克,并且击败具有二十一的点数的其它手牌。 Initial hand (initial hand) has points twenty-one (ie A plus for ten or dry cards) of two grams of Park cards are called natural "blackjack" or Black Jack, and beat with twenty-one points other hand.

在21点中,庄家一开始从在庄家最左端(far left)的参赛者(即, 第一台(first base))开始、 一直到庄家最右端的参赛者(即,第三台)、并最后到庄家自己沿桌子在两轮中向各个参赛者发两张朴克牌。 In blackjack, the dealer start from dealer participants in the extreme left (far left) of (ie, the first stage (first base)), has been to the far right of the dealer participants (ie, a third), and and finally to the dealer himself along the table dealt two cards to each participant Pak grams in two rounds. 在从发牌器(shoe)中发朴克牌的游戏中,所发的玩家的纸牌牌面朝上,在手持(hand-held)游戏(即,由手发牌的游戏)中牌面朝下。 From the card shoe (shoe) issued in the Park grams of licensing the game, the player's card issued by the card face up, in hand (hand-held) game (ie, by the hand of the dealer's game) in the face cards under. 对于庄家的游戏规则被严格规定,使得几乎不给庄家留下决定权。 For the rules of the game makers are strict rules that leave little to the decision makers. 由此,庄家和其它参赛者在不影响游戏的结果的情况下可以看到玩家的 As a result, bookmakers and other participants in the case does not affect the outcome of the game can see the player

5手牌。 5 hands.

庄家翻开庄家的前两张牌中的一张或在发牌时使其中一张牌面朝 The dealer turn over two cards in front of a dealer's or make one of those cards face down when the dealer

上(即,明牌(topcard)),该朴克牌的等级对桌上的参赛者可见。 (Ie, winning numbers (topcard)), the Park grams of licensing of participants to rank the table visible. 庄家使笫二张牌保持牌面朝下或在发牌时使其牌面朝下(即,暗牌 Zi so that the dealer card holding two cards face down cards face down, or so (i.e., when the hidden card licensing

(hole card)),该朴克牌的等级对桌上的参赛者不可见。 (Hole card)), the Park grams of licensing level participants to the table is not visible. 在21点的一些变化中,庄家将立即确定暗牌的点数,而在游戏的其它变化中, 在检查暗牌的点数前庄家等待直到所有的玩家打完他们的手牌。 In some variations of blackjack, the dealer will determine the number of points card dark immediately, while in other variations of the game, before the check points hidden cards the dealer waits until all players have finished their hands. 由于庄家的黑杰克击败所有的其它牌或与其平牌,因此立即检查暗牌的优点是,如果庄家具有黑杰克,可迅速结束游戏并收走下注,而不必打出所有的手牌而浪费时间。 Because the dealer's blackjack beat all the other cards or cards with its flat, dark therefore immediately check card advantage is that if the dealer has blackjack, the game is over and can be quickly taken away bet, without having to play all the cards in hand and a waste of time .

庄家然后从庄家的左侧到右侧依次为各玩家提供接收追加的朴克牌的机会。 Makers and from the left to the right of the dealer's order for the players to receive additional Park grams of licensing opportunities. 各玩家的手牌在庄家向下一个玩家提供接收追加的朴克牌的机会之前完成。 Each player's hand is completed before making the next to receive additional Park grams of licensing opportunities for players. 接收朴克牌一般被称为"要牌,,或"拿牌"。在轮到各玩家时,该玩家可一次一张地接收朴克牌,由此尝试形成点数尽可能接近但不超过二十一点的手牌。玩家可随时停止进一步要牌,这一般被称为"停牌"。如果玩家的手牌点数超过二十一点,这一般被称为"爆牌"或"爆掉",那么玩家的手牌立即中止。如果玩家爆牌,或具有天生的二十一点(即,黑杰克),那么庄家结束玩家的手牌并将玩家的朴克牌放在废牌托架(discard holder)中.在发初始手牌后接收第三张朴克牌之前,玩家可将玩家的初始手牌分开。这一般被称为分牌。玩家使用最初的朴克牌中的一张,以形成新的一手牌,为新的一手牌下注,并保留最初的朴克牌中的另一张作为初始手牌的一部分。 Park grams receiving cards generally known as "card ,, or to" get a license. "In turn, each player, the player can receive once a Park grams of licensing, which attempts to form a point as close as possible, but not more than two eleven hand. players may at any time to stop the further card, which is generally referred to as "suspended." If the player's hand size is greater than blackjack, which is generally known as the "bust" or "ringing off the hook" then the player's hand suspended immediately. If the player busts, or has a natural blackjack (ie, black Jack), then the player's hand end of the dealer and the player's cards on the discard Park grams bracket (discard holder ) in. prior to receiving a third Pu g cards, the player can be separated in the hair player's initial hand initial hand. this is commonly referred scoreboard. g player using the original card in a Park, to form a new hand, a new hand bet, and keep another original Pu grams cards as part of the initial hand.

在轮到的各玩家停止进一步接收朴克牌后,庄家可从该副牌中进一步接收朴克牌。 After each player's turn to stop further reception Park grams of licensing, the dealer may further receive from the Park grams of licensing in the deck. 娱乐场具有规定什么时候庄家必须从该副牌取追加的朴克牌(即,要牌)和什么时候庄家必须停止进一步取追加的朴克牌(即,停牌)的、基于庄家的手牌的点数的规则。 Casino has specified when the dealer must (ie, to cards) from the deck to take additional Park grams of licensing and when the dealer must stop further take additional Park grams of licensing (ie, suspension) is based on the dealer's hand is rule points. 例如,许多娱乐场规定,如果庄家的手牌具有大于或等于十七的点数,则要求庄家停牌。 For example, many casinos provides that if the dealer's hand has a count greater than or equal to seventeen, the dealer is required suspension. 一些娱乐场规定,如果庄家的手牌是软十七,即,如果庄家拿到的A计为十一点时庄家的手牌的点数是十七点,那么允许庄家取追加的朴克牌。 Some casinos provides that if the dealer's hand is a soft seventeen, that is, if the dealer to get the A count is eleven o'clock when the dealer's hand points seventeen point, allowing the dealer to take additional cards gram Park.

如果庄家爆牌,那么没有爆牌的玩家赢。 If the dealer busts, then there is no bust the player wins. 如果庄家没有爆牌,那么所有剩下的玩家和庄家必须显示他们的手牌,以使得庄家可以将各玩家的手牌的点数与庄家的手牌的点数相比.具有比庄家的手牌点数大且不超过二十一点的手牌的那些玩家赢.赢的玩家基于他们的下注大小和赔率(odds)得到支付。 If the dealer does not bust, all remaining players and the dealer must show their hands, so that the dealer can be compared to the dealer's points with each player's hand the hand points having a large number of points than the dealer's hand and not more than twenty players who win a little hand. the winning players based on their size and odds betting (odds) get paid. 输的玩家的下注被收走,并且庄家以特定的次序收走在牌桌上剩余的朴克牌。 The player's bet is taken away to lose, and the dealer in a particular order in the table taking away the remaining cards Park g. 21点包括诸如"加倍下注,,和"保险,,玩法的额外的规则,并且,玩21点的人通常知道其它变化,为了简洁将不对其进一步说明。 21:00 including such as "doubling down ,, and" Insurance ,, additional rules of play, and play blackjack usually know other changes, for brevity will not be further explained.

可以用一副或多副朴克牌玩21点.当使用多副时,这些朴克牌被加载到"发牌器,,中.使用多副朴克牌有助于减少尝试算牌的参赛者可能得到的任何不公平的优势。大量的算牌系统是公知的,且一般依赖于对已玩的一些或全部朴克牌保持心智计算的参赛者。例如,在二十一点的游戏中,确定等级为5的所有朴克牌在什么时候已被发出是有利的(即,五点术(Fives strategy))。由于具有十点的朴克牌对场内的(over the house )的玩家有利,因此确定该副(这些副)中剩余的具有十点的朴克牌的数量(即,十点术(Tens strategy))也是有利的。算牌的其它变化在本领域中是公知的。 You can play blackjack with one or more decks Park grams of licensing. When using multiple decks, Park grams of these cards are loaded into the "card shoe ,, in using multiple decks of cards to help reduce Pak grams attempt to count cards competition any unfair advantage might get a large number of card counting systems are well known and generally relies on some or all of Park grams of licensing to maintain mental calculation contestants have to play. for example, in blackjack game to determine the grade of 5 grams of Park all cards have been issued at what time it is advantageous (ie, five o'clock surgery (Fives strategy)). Since the brand has over ten grams of Pak players on the field of point (over the house) of advantageously, it is determined that the sub (which sub) number of Pu g of cards having ten o'clock in the remaining (i.e., the ten-point technique (Tens strategy)) is also advantageous. other variations of card counting in this art are well known.

朴克牌的洗牌一般由庄家手工或用机械洗牌器完成。 Park g card shuffling typically completed by hand or by a dealer with a mechanical shuffler. 在发牌器结束前,朴克牌一般被重洗并且/或者使用新牌中的若千张纸牌,以进一步防止算牌,当仅剩下几手朴克牌时这种算牌特别有效(即,尾牌术(end game strategy))。 Before the end of the card shoe, Park generally shuffled cards g and / or using the new card in the card if one thousand, to further prevent card counting, which is particularly effective card counting (i.e., when only a few hands remaining cards Park g tail Poker (end game strategy)). 发出的朴克牌的数量与发牌器或牌中剩余的朴克牌的总数的比例一般被称为牌穿(deck penetration ), The ratio of the number of the total number or the dealer cards remaining in the card Pu Pu g g cards issued through card is generally referred to as (deck penetration),

另一流行的纸牌游戏称为百家乐,它起源于European Baccarat 和chemin de fer。 Another popular card game called baccarat, which originated in European Baccarat and chemin de fer. 有三种标准变化的百家乐:标准或大型百家乐、中型百家乐和小型百家乐。 There are three standard variations of Baccarat: Baccarat standard or large, medium and small Baccarat Baccarat. 三种版本的重要不同在于,在大型百家乐中, 各在座的参赛者轮流发朴克牌,在中型百家乐中,各游戏参赛者仅轮流发玩家的手牌,在小型百家乐中,任何一个在座的参赛者都不接触朴克牌—指定的娱乐场庄家操作朴克牌。 Three versions of the important differences is that in large Baccarat, each contestant in turn sent here Park grams of licensing, in the medium-Baccarat, each contestant only turn the game player's hand made in small Baccarat in any one of the contestants here are not in contact Park grams of licensing - designated casino dealer operating Pak grams cards. 在百家乐中,仅发两手牌, 一手代表庄家的手牌,另一手代表玩 In Baccarat, only two hands hair in one hand and representatives of the dealer's hand, the other hand on behalf of play

家的手牌。 House's hand. 游戏中的参赛者是坐在百家乐桌边的实际个人(actual individual)。 Game participants are sitting in a real personal baccarat table (actual individual). 娱乐场一般扮演庄家的角色。 Casino general role of the dealer. 游戏的目的是,参赛者对玩家的手牌或庄家的手牌两手牌中的哪一个手将最接近总点数九点或两手牌是否平牌(tie)下注。 The purpose of the game is that contestants on which player's hand or the dealer's two hands hand in hand closest point total nine o'clock or whether both hands flat card (tie) bets. 手牌的点数由朴克牌的等级确定。 Hand the number of points determined by the Park grams of licensing level. 因此, 具有等级A〜10的紙牌分别具有点数1〜10.花牌(即,J、 Q、 K) 分别具有点数IO。 Therefore, the card has a rating A~10 each have points 1~10. Wreath (ie, J, Q, K) each have a point IO. 拥有8或9点的手牌一般被称为天生。 Has 8 or 9 points is generally referred to as a natural hand. 总数为九点的手牌更是被特别称为le grand天生,而总数八点的手牌被称为le petit天生。 A total of nine of the hand is more particularly known as le grand natural, while the total number of eight hand is known as le petit natural. 如果手牌的总点数超过"十,,点,那么该手牌的得分减十位整数(tens-place integer)。例如,如果手牌由总点数是十五的五和K 构成,那么在减十位整数后,该手牌的点数是五点。在具有总点数是二十的十点和Q的手牌中,该手牌的点数是零。花色对百家乐游戏没有影响。每手牌由至少两张朴克牌构成,但不多于三张。玩家的初始手牌由所发的笫一张和笫三张朴克牌构成。庄家的初始手牌由所发的笫二张和笫四张朴克牌构成。根据以下所示的固定规则可以或不可以 If the total number of points a hand over "ten ,, point, the hand scores minus ten integers (tens-place integer). For example, if the hand is the total number of points-five fifth and K constitute, then subtract after ten integer, the hand points is five points. having total points is ten twenty and Q's hand, the hand is zero points. suit has no effect on the game of Baccarat. each hand brand consists of at least two Park grams of licensing, but no more than three. player's initial hand consists issued by the undertaking of one and a sleeping mat three Park grams of licensing. dealer's initial hand by the issued by the undertaking of two and a sleeping mat four Park grams card configuration may or may not be according to fixed rules shown below

拿各手牌的第三张朴克牌。 Take each hand's third Park grams of licensing.

针对玩家的手牌的规则: For the player's hand rule:

玩家的初始牌的总点数 基于玩家的初始牌的总点数,玩家必须: The total number of points a player's initial card based on the total number of points a player initial cards, the player must:

0、 1、 2、 3、 4或5 拿第三张牌 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5, draws a third card

6或7 停牌 6 or 7 suspension

8或9 停牌(天生)针对庄家的手牌的规则: 8 or 9 suspension (born) for the dealer's hand rule:

庄家的初始牌的总 玩家的笫三牌是: 基于庄家的初始牌的 The dealer's cards total undertaking of the player's initial three cards is: based on the dealer's initial licensing of

点数 总点数和玩家的第三 Points total points and the player's third

牌的点数,庄家必须: Card points, the dealer must:

0、 l或2 0~9 拿牌 0, l, or 2 0-9 DRAW

3 0~7或9 拿牌 30 to 7 or 9 DRAW

8 停牌 8 suspension

4 2~7 拿牌 42 to 7 DRAW

0~1、 8或9 停牌 0-1, 8 or 9 suspension

5 4~7 拿牌 54 to 7 DRAW

0~3、 8或9 停牌 0-3, 8 or 9 suspension

6 6~7 拿牌 66 to 7 DRAW

0~3、 8或9 停牌 0-3, 8 or 9 suspension

7 0~9 停牌 70 ~ 9 suspension

8~9 0~9 停牌(天生) ~ 8 ~ 90 9 suspension (natural)

除了以上规则,百家乐还包括用于放置下注和显示玩家和庄家的手牌的专用的牌桌,但是,为了简洁将不进一步说明整个百家乐环境。 In addition to the above rules, also including Baccarat for placing bets and display tables dedicated player and the dealer's hand, but for brevity will not be further described throughout Baccarat environment. 紙牌游戏在娱乐场和其它游戏机构中特别流行,参赛者在进行纸 Especially popular card games in casinos and other gaming establishments, the participants carrying paper

牌游戏时用大量的金钱下注,因此,希望保证进行游戏的人不作弊, 这种作弊例如利用算牌术、将一张或更多张纸牌替换到牌或手牌中或 With plenty of money bet during a card game, therefore, we want to ensure that people are not cheating the game, such as the use of such cheating card counting technique to replace one or more sheets or cards to cards in hand or

给纸牌作标记,并且,希望以相对不会引起反感的方式监视游戏,以使得娱乐场顾客可感觉到环境舒适。 To mark the cards, and in the hope that will not cause objectionable manner relative to monitor the game, so that customers can feel comfortable casino environment.

发明内容 SUMMARY

在一个方面中,用于在由包含至少一个玩家以及庄家的多个参赛者进行的紙牌游戏中自动确定庄家是否具有自动赢的手牌的设备包 In one aspect, for automatically determining at least one player card games and more participants carried out by the dealer whether a dealer has included in an automatically winning hand equipment package

括:朴克牌读取装置,该朴克牌读取装置用于在朴克牌被纸牌游戏中的参赛者接收之前从多张朴克牌读取标识符;处理器,该处理器与朴 Comprising: Pu g card reading device, the reading means Park g card for reading identifiers from a plurality of cards before Pu Pu g g card is received in the card game participants; a processor and Park

9克牌读取装置耦合,以接收指示读取的标识符的信号并接收指示纸牌游戏中的手牌的数量的信号,该处理器还被配置为基于接收的信号确定由发牌给庄家的前两张朴克牌构成的庄家的初始手牌的点数,并确 9 g card reading device coupled to a signal indicative of the read identifiers and to receive signals the number of hands in the card game receives an indication, the processor is further configured to determine based on signals received by the dealer to the dealer initial hand points the first two cards constitute Park grams of bookmakers, and indeed

定所确定的庄家的初始手牌的点数是否等于限定的点数;和指示器, 该指示器与用于控制的处理器耦合,由此提供指示庄家的初始手牌的点数等于限定的点数的人可觉察的指示。 Whether a given initial hand of the determined dealer's equal to a defined value; and an indicator coupled to the processor for control thereby to provide initial hand is equal to the number indicated dealer who defined points It may indicate noticeable.

在另一方面中,用于在由包含至少一个玩家以及庄家的多个参赛者进行的纸牌游戏中自动确定庄家是否具有自动赢的手牌的方法包括以下步骤:在朴克牌被纸牌游戏中的参赛者接收之前从多张朴克牌读取标识符;至少部分基于在朴克牌被纸牌游戏中的参赛者接收之前从多张朴克牌读取的标识符、并至少部分基于参与纸牌游戏的手牌的数量,确定由发牌给庄家的前两张朴克牌构成的庄家的初始手牌的点数; 确定所确定的庄家的初始手牌的点数是否等于限定的点数;提供指示庄家的初始手牌的点数等于限定的点数的人可觉察的指示。 In another aspect, a method for automatically determining in a card game by a player and comprising at least a plurality of participants in the dealer whether a dealer has an automatically winning hand comprises the steps of: g Pak card is a card game participants read before receiving cards from more than one gram Park identifier; at least in part on the Park g card is a card game participants prior to receiving the identifier read from a plurality of Park grams of licensing, and at least in part on hand to participate in card games number, determined initial hand points before the two Park g cards constituted dealer by the dealer to the dealer; whether the initial hand is determined that the determined dealer's equal to a defined value; providing initial hand indicating the dealer's equal to the defined points human perceptible indication.

在另一方面中,用于确定朴克牌的初始手牌的点数的方法包括以下步骤:确定纸牌游戏中的多个参赛者,以包括至少一个玩家和一个庄家;确定根据纸牌游戏的一套规则向各参赛者提供朴克牌的初始手牌所必需的多张朴克牌;通过从该多张朴克牌读取标识符确定该多张朴克牌的初始次序;确定从初始次序发牌的朴克牌的至少一手初始手牌的点数。 In another aspect, a method for determining the points Pu g initial hand card comprising the steps of: determining a plurality of participants in the card game to include at least one player and one dealer; determined according to a set of card game rule respective runners provided Park g card initial hand required for a plurality of Pu g card; by determining that the plurality of the initial sequence Pu g of cards from the plurality of Pu g card reading identifiers; determining licensing from the initial order Park g card at least one initial point of hands.

在另一方面中,用于确定朴克牌的初始手牌的点数的系统包括: 用于确定用于当前的纸牌游戏的初始手牌的数量的装置;容纳至少用于当前的纸牌游戏的若干手初始手牌的外壳,这些纸牌选择性地可从外壳中取出;用于从至少形成初始手牌的多张纸牌中的每一张读取标记的装置,该用于读取的装置被定位为读取至少外壳内的多张手初始手牌;用于处理从读取标记获得的大量数据的装置;和用于在所有的初始手牌被发出之前确定至少一手初始手牌的点数的装置。 In another aspect, the means for determining the number of points Pu g initial hand card system comprising: means for determining the number of initial hands for a current card game; for receiving at least a number of the current card game hand initial hand housing, these cards can be selectively removed from the housing; means for reading indicia from a plurality of playing cards forming at least initial hand for each one, the means for reading positioned reading at least a plurality of initial hand to hand within the housing; means for processing a large number of data obtained from a reading of the indicia; and means for determining the initial hand before all sent by the at least one initial point of the hand apparatus .

附图说明在附图中,相同的附图标记表示相似的元件或动作。 In the drawings, like reference numerals indicate similar elements or acts. 附图中绘制的元件的尺寸和相对位置未必按比例。 Sizes and relative positions of elements in the drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale. 例如,所绘制的各元件的形状未按比例,这些元件中的一些被任意放大和定位,以提高附图的易读性。 For example, the shape of the various elements not to scale drawing, these elements are arbitrarily enlarged and positioned to improve drawing legibility. 并且,特定形式和元件的目的不在于传达关于特定元件的实际形状的任何信息,并且对它们的选择只是为了它们在附图中的简易性和可识别性。 Further, the purpose of the particular form and elements that do not convey any information regarding the actual shape of the particular elements, and their selection is for the purpose of their ease and recognition in the drawings.

图l是根据一个实施例的发牌器的俯视图。 Figure l is a plan view of a card shoe according to an embodiment.

图2是图l的发牌器的前视图。 FIG 2 is a front view of the card shoe of FIG l.

图3是图l的发牌器的断面图,表示被定位为从发牌器中的朴克牌读取标识符的纸牌读取器。 FIG 3 is a sectional view of the card shoe of Figure l showing the card reader positioned to read identifiers from the card shoe of cards Park g.

图4是根据另一实施例的发牌器的俯视图,表示被定位为当一次一张地从发牌器取出朴克牌时从朴克牌读取标识符的纸牌读取器。 FIG 4 is a plan view of a card shoe according to another embodiment, showing the positioning time when a card taken out from the Park g card shoe when the read identifier to the card from the card reader Park g.

图5是叠层的一摞朴克牌的前视图,朴克牌中的每一张在朴克牌的牌面上承栽机器可读标记。 FIG 5 is a front view of a stack of laminated cards g Pu, Pu g of each card in a readable indicia bearing plant Pak g card surface of the card machine.

图6是朴克牌中的初始手牌的前视图, FIG 6 is a front view of the initial hand of cards Park g,

图7是表示根据一个实施例的操作纸牌和相关的处理器以确定朴克牌中的至少一手初始手牌的点数的方法的流程图。 FIG 7 is a diagram showing the operation of one embodiment of the card and associated processor to determine a flowchart illustrating at least one initial point of the hand of cards in the Park Method g.

图8是表示使用发牌器、处理器和图7的方法操作21点游戏的方法的流程图。 FIG 8 is a graph showing the card shoe flowchart of a method blackjack game processor and method of operation of Fig.

图9是表示使用发牌器、处理器和图7的方法操作百家乐游戏的方法的流程图。 FIG 9 is a graph showing the card shoe, a flowchart of a method of Baccarat processor 7 and the method of operation.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

在以下的说明书中,为了提供使得全面理解本发明的各实施例的说明,阐迷某些特定的细节。 In the following description, so that in order to provide a thorough understanding of the description of the embodiments of the present invention, certain details explain fans. 但是,本领域技术人员可以理解,在没有这些细节的情况下可以实施本发明。 However, those skilled in the art will be appreciated, without these details of the present invention may be practiced. 在其它情况下,没有详细说明与照相机、成像仪、扫描仪、光学装置、计算机、计算机网络、数据结构、数据库和诸如因特网的网络相关的公知的结构,以避免不必要地混淆本发明的实施例的说明, In other instances, detailed description cameras, imagers, scanners, optical devices, computers, computer networks, data structures, databases, and such network-related well-known Internet configuration, to avoid unnecessarily obscuring the present invention embodiment described embodiment,

ii除非上下文另有要求,在整个说明书和后面的权利要求书中,应以开放的、范围广的意义解释"包括"及其诸如"包含,,的变化,即,将其解释为"包括而不限于"。 ii unless the context requires otherwise, throughout the specification and in the claims, should be open, wide range of interpretation of the meaning "includes" and as "comprises ,, changes, i.e., be interpreted as" including but not limited to".

在说明书通篇中提到的"一个实施例"或"实施例"意思是,关于该实施例说明的特定特征、结构或特性包含于本发明的至少一个实施例中。 Mentioned throughout the specification to "one embodiment" or "an embodiment" means that a particular feature of the embodiments described embodiment, structure, or characteristic is included in at least one embodiment of the present invention embodiment. 因此,在本说明书通篇的各个位置出现的"在一个实施例中"或"在实施例中"不一定都指的是相同的实施例,并且,可以在一个或更多个实施例中以任意适当的方式组合特定的特征、结构或特性。 Thus, in various locations throughout this specification appear "in one embodiment" or "in an embodiment" are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment, and may be in one or more embodiments any suitable combination of the particular features, structures, or characteristics.

这里提供的标题仅为了方便,并不解释要求权利的发明的范围或意思。 The headings provided herein are for convenience only and do not interpret the scope or meaning of the claimed invention.

本说明书通篇提到的术语"庄家"、"玩家"和"参赛者,,仅用于参考, 以识别各方。如果亊实上特定的纸牌游戏设有庄家,那么说明书和权 The term "dealer" Reference throughout this specification, a "player" and "runners ,, for reference only to identify the parties. If the real Shi particular card game has a dealer, the specification and

利要求书中使用的术语"参赛者,,可以包括玩家以及庄家。例如,在21 点游戏中,由于庄家主动地基于庄家的手牌的当前的点数接收和做出决定,因此庄家可被认为是参赛者。 Lee claims the term "contestants ,, may include player and the dealer. For example, in blackjack, the dealer initiative because of the current number of points based on the dealer's hand to receive and make a decision, the dealer may therefore be considered the entrant.

可以用各种装置实现用于确定朴克牌的初始手牌的点数的方法。 The method may be implemented by various means for determining Park grams of initial hand of cards points. 例如,发牌器可包括如下面所迷的纸牌读取器,以在从发牌器取出朴克牌之前或随着从发牌器取出朴克牌从朴克牌读取标识符。 For example, a card shoe may include, for example below fans card reader to the card prior to removal from the dealer Pak gram or grams Pak extraction as cards from the card shoe identifier is read from Pak g cards. 作为替代方案,其它装置可产生伪(pseudo)随机朴克牌次序,并对朴克牌进行分类、洗牌、打印或另外产生朴克牌,使得以伪随机朴克牌次序从发牌器分发朴克牌。 Alternatively, other devices may generate a pseudo (pseudo) random sequence Pu g card, and the card classification Park g, shuffle, print or otherwise produce Park g card, so that a pseudo-random sequence Pak g card from the card shoe distribution Park grams of licensing. 在任一种情况下,朴克牌的初始次序在所有的朴克牌到达特定的参赛者的手牌中之前是已知的,由此能够在最后的朴克牌到达特定的参赛者的手牌中之前的点确定特定参赛者的手牌的点数,这种确定不影响游戏或押在游戏上的下注的结果,在许多种情况下会是有利的,例如,这种装置可以确定21点游戏中的庄家的初始手牌是否构成黑杰克(即,初始的两张牌共为二十一点),使得游戏在各玩家拿牌之前被确定,并由此增加可发牌(deal)的游戏的次数。 In either case, the initial sequence of the cards in all Pu g g Pak before reaching a particular brand of hand participants are known, it is possible to reach specific participants in the final hand of cards Pak g before determining the point in hand contestants specific points, such a determination does not affect the game or bet on the game bet on the outcome, and in many cases it may be advantageous, for example, such a device can be determined 21:00 whether the game the dealer's initial hand consists blackjack (ie, the initial two cards for a total of nine p.m.), making the game to be determined prior to each player get a license, and thus increase the licensing (deal) of the number of games. 这种装置可以代替当前在许多21点桌上使用的"无峰(no peak),,装置。(用于读取朴克牌的初始次序的装置) Such devices can replace currently used in many Blackjack tables "no peak (no peak) ,, means. (Initial sequence means for reading cards Pak g)

图1~3表示根据一个实施例的用于分发用于纸牌游戏中的一套朴克牌12的发牌器10。 1 to 3 shows an embodiment for distributing a set of card game card Park card shoe 10 g of 12. 发牌器10包含具有大小和尺寸被^t定为容纳一套朴克牌12的容器(receptacle) 16的外壳14。 Comprising a card shoe 10 are sized and dimensioned to receive a ^ t as Pu g card container (receptacle) 12 14 of the housing 16. 发牌器一般容纳两到八副标准朴克牌(即每副52张朴克牌),但本领域技术人员可以理解,该容器的尺寸可被设定为接收更多或更少的数量的朴克牌12。 Receiving licensing generally two to eight standard card Park g (i.e. 52 grams per sub Pu cards), those skilled in the art will appreciate, the size of the container may be set to receive more or less in number Park g Label 12. 朴克牌12被斜面18承栽,并且发牌器10 —般包括在重力的作用下将朴克牌12推向发牌器10的前面的开口22的重块或楔形体20。 Park g cards bearing 12 is planted inclined surface 18, and the card shoe 10 - generally comprises a gravity will push Pak 12 g of cards in front of the card shoe 10, or the weight of the wedge body 22 the opening 20. 发牌器10可使用包含向开口22推进朴克牌12的机械传输器或驱动器的其它机构。 The card shoe 10 may employ other mechanisms comprises a mechanical propulsion Park g card or drive transmission 12 to the opening 22. 开口22使得庄家,或使得百家乐游戏中的玩家,可容易地从发牌器10取出朴克牌12. —般地,庄家或玩家从发牌器IO—次一张地取出朴克牌12。 Opening 22 so that the dealer, or so Baccarat a player, can be easily removed from the card shoe 12. The card 10 g of Pu - camel, the dealer or player IO- times a card taken out from the Park g card shoe 12. 作为替代方案,庄家或玩家可以以例如在从手持牌发牌的纸牌游戏中使用的多套或多组的形式取出朴克牌12。 Alternatively, the dealer or player may remove the card 12 in the form of Park grams sets or groups, for example for use in hand-held cards from the dealer card game. 在使用中, 发牌器10可被放在牌桌(未示出)的表面,可位于牌桌的表面之中或下面,或可处于与牌桌接近的一些其它位置。 In use, the card shoe 10 may be placed on the table (not shown) of the surface, may be located in or below the table surface, or at some other location close to the table.

发牌器10可包括用户界面24,以从庄家和/或玩家接收信息并/ 或向其提供信息。 The card shoe 10 may include a user interface 24, to receive information from the dealer and / or players and / or provide information. 用户界面24可采用诸如一个或更多个发光二极管(LED)、液晶显示器(LCD)、白炽灯、扬声器、铃错或用于产生人可察觉的信息的其它装置的多种形式中的任意一种。 Any of a variety of forms other device 24 may employ a user interface such as one or more light emitting diodes (the LED), a liquid crystal display (LCD), an incandescent lamp, a speaker, bell or wrong information used to generate human perceptible in species. 用户界面24 可包含用户激活的开关,诸如按钮、键、跟踪球、操纵杆和/或触摸敏感屏。 The user interface 24 may include user-activated switches such as buttons, keys, trackball, joystick, and / or a touch sensitive screen. 用户界面24可如图1~3所示被发牌器10承栽,或者,作为替代方案,可如图4所示与发牌器IO分开。 FIG user interface 24 may be planted bearing 10 shown licensing 1 to 3, or, alternatively, may be separate as shown in FIG. 4 and the card shoe IO. 用户界面24可被定位为仅对庄家是可见的,或被定位为对所有参赛者都是可见的。 The user interface 24 may be positioned to be visible only to the dealer, or positioning are visible to all participants. 用户界面24 可例如提供特定的初始手牌具有某个点数的通知。 The user interface 24 may for example provide a particular initial hand with a notification that some points. 例如,用户界面24 可提供初始手牌26(图6)具有某个点数的通知。 For example, user interface 24 may provide initial hand 26 (FIG. 6) having a notification points. 例如,在21点游戏中,用户界面24可指示庄家的初始手牌26是否具有二十一的点数。 For example, 21-point game, the user interface 24 may indicate the dealer's initial hand 26 whether the twenty-one points. 作为替代方案,在百家乐游戏中,用户界面24可向所有的游戏参赛者提供玩家或庄家(banker)中的一个或两个的初始手牌的点数是否构成"天生"(即九点)的通知。 Alternatively, in Baccarat, the user interface 24 may provide the player or the dealer (banker) to all participants in the game's initial hands of one or two points constitutes "natural" (ie, nine) announcement of.

13发牌器10可包括用于从朴克牌12读取标识信息(即,等级、花色、序列号、唯一的a数字标识符等)的纸牌读取器28,纸牌读取器28可根据对补克牌12上的标识信息进行编码的方法或结构采用多种形式。 13 card shoe 10 may include 28, card reader 28 according to the identification information read from (i.e., rank, suit, serial number, a unique numeric identifier, etc.), Park card reader 12 cards g the method or structure identification information on the card 12 g of complement encode a variety of forms. 例如,纸牌读取器28可采取用于读取光学编码的标识信息的一个或更多个光学传感器的形式,该标识信息例如被编码为诸如朴克牌12承栽的条形码符号的机器可读符号的标识信息。 For example, the card reader 28 may take the form of one or more identification for reading optically encoded information of the optical sensor, for example, the identification information is encoded as a machine, such as a bar code symbol Pak 12 g card readable bearing plant identification information symbol. 并且,例如,纸牌读取器28可釆取的一个或更多个磁性传感器(未示出)的形式,其中朴克牌12包含对标识信息进行编码的磁性粒子(例如,剩余 And, for example, in the form of one or more magnetic sensors (not shown) of the card reader 28 may take the Bian, wherein Pak 12 g of cards containing magnetic particles encode identification information (e.g., remaining

(remanent)或磁条)。 (Remanent) or magnetic stripe). 作为另一例子,纸牌读取器28可采取无线接收器和/或收发器(未示出)的形式,例如,其中朴克牌12承栽诸如射频标识(RFID)电路的有源或无源谐振器或应答器。 As another example, the card reader 28 may take the wireless receiver and / or transceiver (not shown) in the form of, for example, where the card 12 g of Pu bearing plant such as radio frequency identification (RFID) circuit is active or passive resonator or transponder.

如图3所示,纸牌读取器28可被定位为当朴克牌12处于容器16 中时从朴克牌12读取标识信息,例如,朴克牌12可以以与图5类似的方式被堆叠在容器16中,其中,沿两个方向错开的量均被夸大,使得各朴克牌12的至少一个标有标识信息的边被露出。 3, the card reader 28 may be positioned when the card 12 is in Park g of container 16 from Pak g card 12 reads the identification information, e.g., Park g card 12 may be similar to the manner of FIG. 5 stacked in the container 16, wherein the volume displaced in both directions is exaggerated, so that at least one card for each gram Park side marked with the identification information 12 is exposed. 纸牌读取器28 可包含光学部件和/或光电部件,以例如在从发牌器IO取出朴克牌中的第一张之前,对来自容器16中的一些或全部朴克牌12的标识符进行扫描、成像和/或另外光学感测。 Card reader 28 may include optical components and / or optoelectronic components, for example, before the first card Pu g of the IO withdrawn from the card shoe, all or some of Pu g card identifier 16 from the container 12 scanning, imaging, and / or further optical sensing. 光学部件可包含一个或更多个透镜、 镜子、棱镜、反光镜、折射透镜和/或其它光学部件。 The optical component may comprise one or more lenses, mirrors, prisms, mirrors, refractive lenses and / or other optical components. 光电部件可包含一个或更多个扫描仪,如激光扫描仪,或成像器,如例如为电荷耦合器件(CCDS)的一维或二维阵列的感光器件、光倍增器管 Optoelectronic component may comprise one or more scanners such as a laser scanner or an imager, such as for example a photosensitive device array or two-dimensional charge coupled device (the CCDS), the photomultiplier tube

(photo-multiplier tube)、光导摄像管、CMOS成《象器,并可通过静 (Photo-multiplier tube), vidicon, the CMOS to "image, a static and through

像。 image. 、 二'… 一- , Two '... a -

作为替代方案,如图4所示,纸牌读取器28可被定位为当朴克牌12从发牌器10被取出时从朴克牌12读取标识信息。 Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 4, card reader 28 may be positioned when the card 12 g Pak 10 is taken out from the dealer identification information read from the card 12 g Pak. 例如,纸牌读取器28可被定位为,当朴克牌以与美国专利No. 5374061和美国专利No. 5722893中教导的方式类似的方式从发牌器10被取出时, 一次一个地从各朴克牌12读取标识符,发牌器10可包括例如在印刷电路板30上承栽的一个或更多个例如微处理器、数字信号处理器(DSP)的处理器29或应用特定集成电路(ASIC )和相关的随机存取存储器(RAM )和/或只读存储器(ROM )。 For example, the card reader 28 may be positioned, when in Park g card with the teachings in U.S. Patent No. 5374061 and U.S. Patent No. 5722893 in a manner similar to 10 is taken out from the card shoe one at a time from each Park g card 12 reads the identifier 10 may include licensing on the printed circuit board 30 bearing one or more plant such as a microprocessor, a digital signal processor (DSP) or application specific processor 29 is integrated e.g. circuit (ASIC) and associated random access memory (RAM) and / or read only memory (ROM). 处理器可执行用于控制诸如纸牌读取器28的各种部件和用于对从朴克牌12读取的标识符进行解码和/或译码或用于另外处理朴克牌12 的初始次序的适当的软件或固件指令。 The processor may perform various controls such as a card reader 28 and the member for reading the identifier from Pak 12 g of cards to decode and / or the initial sequence coding for additional processing, or Park cards 12 g the appropriate software or firmware instructions. 虽然图3示出处理器29被发牌器10容纳,但在一些实施例中处理器29可远离发牌器10,例如,可位于牌桌下,或甚至在远离娱乐场的场地的安全区域中。 While Figure 3 illustrates the processor 29 being housed card shoe 10, in some embodiments, processor 29 may be remote from the card shoe 10, for example, can be located in the table, or even in the casino remote from the site of the security zone in. 在这种实施例中,处理器可采取诸如个人计算机、工作站、微型计算机或大型计算机的编程的通用计算系统的形式。 In such embodiments, the processor may take the form of a general purpose computing system, such as a programmed personal computer, workstation, minicomputer, or mainframe computer.

发牌器IO还可包括一个或更多个诸如通信端口31的通信器件, 该通信端口31用于发送和/或接收例如朴克牌12的标识信息和/或初始次序的数据。 IO card shoe may further comprise one or more communication means, such as a communications port 31, the communication port 31 for transmitting and receiving data and / or a card identification information, for example, 12 g of Pu and / or of the initial sequence. 通信端口31可例如使得处理器29的位置可与发牌器IO分开。 Communications port 31 may, for example, such that the position of the processor 29 may be separate from the card shoe IO. 如自动数据收集(ADC)领域中的典型情况那样,处理可包含放大来自检测器的信号、放大信号的模数转换或"波整形"、和将转换的信号解码成由形成机器可读标记的符号代表的字符。 FIELD The automatic data collection (ADC) that is typically the case, the processing may include amplifying the signal from the detector, analog to digital conversion of the amplified signal or "wave-shaping", and the decoded signals are converted into a machine-readable marking is formed character symbols represent. 在标识数据被编码成机器可读符号的情况下,处理一般包含将代表反射率的变化的模拟信号转换成数字数据,并基于基础的符号表示法将数字数据解释为有意义的信息(即,将通常关于反射率的图案定义的机器可读标记映射到人可理解的字符)。 In the case where the identification data is encoded into a machine-readable symbol, the processing typically comprises converting the change in reflectance of the representative analog signal into digital data, and on the basis of notation interpreted digital data as meaningful information (i.e., the pattern is typically defined by the reflectance of the machine-readable indicia are mapped to human-understandable characters).

发牌器10还可为可与纸牌读取器28的一个或更多个部件分开, 另外,发牌器读取器10可与牌桌(未示出)耦合,或只是放在牌桌上或牌桌附近。 The card shoe 10 may also be separate from a card reader 28 or more components. In addition, the card shoe reader 10 may be tables (not shown) coupled to, or simply placed on the table or near the table. 在于2003年9月5日提交的发明名称为"SYSTEMS, That the title of the invention September 5, 2003, filed as "SYSTEMS,

METHODS, AND DEVICES FOR MONITORING CARD GAMES, SUCH AS BACCARAT,,的美国临时专利申请No. 60/500898中详细讨论了发牌器10的各种配置、读取器28的配置和功能等以及使发牌器与牌桌连接或不连接的优点。 METHODS, AND DEVICES FOR MONITORING CARD GAMES, SUCH AS BACCARAT ,, U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/500898 discusses the various configurations of the card shoe 10, the configuration and function of the reader 28 and the like of the licensing with the table whether to connect advantages. (朴克牌) (G Park cards)

图5和图6分别示出一摞朴克牌12和两张朴克牌12a、 12b的初 Figures 5 and 6 illustrate a stack of cards 12 and two Pu Pu g g cards First 12a, 12b of the

15始手牌26,如上所述,标识符可采取沿朴克牌12的一个或更多个边承载的机器可读符号32的形式。 15 beginning hand 26, as described above, the identifier may take a readable symbol 32 along Park card 12 g or more sides of the carrier in the form of a machine. 另外,或作为替代方案,标准等级标记34和/或花色标记36可包舍标识符。 Additionally, or alternatively, the standard rank marking 34 and / or suit markings 36 may be rounded packet identifier. 在于2001年12月13日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR That the name of the invention, December 13, 2001, filed as "METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR

RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION"的美国专利申请No. 10/017276、于2003年2月5 曰提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE EMPLOYING MULTIPLE MACHINE-READABLE INDICIA ON PLAYING CARDS,,的美国专利申请No. 10/360846、和于2003年9 月5日提交的发明名称为"SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND DEVICES FOR MONITORING CARD GAMES, SUCH AS BACCARAT,,的美国专利申请No. 60/500898中更全面地讨论了用于读取和处理标识符的方法和结构。 RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION "US Patent Application No. 10/017276, entitled 2003 February 5, saying filed" METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE EMPLOYING MULTIPLE MACHINE-READABLE INDICIA ON PLAYING CARDS ,, US Patent application No. 10/360846, and the name was invented in 2003 September 5 filed US Patent application No. is "SYSTEMS, METHODS, aND DEVICES fOR MONITORING CARD GAMES, SUCH aS BACCARAT ,, more fully in 60/500898 It discusses a method and structures for reading and processing the identifiers.

作为替代方案,在一些实施例中,可以用具有预定或已知的次序的一套朴克牌12加栽发牌器10。 Alternatively, in some embodiments, it may be predetermined or known sequence having a set of 12 cards plus planted Park g card shoe 10. 由于娱乐场中的一般实际情况是, 在从新的或更换的发牌器10发出第一张紙牌12之前,从其中取出几张朴克牌(即"烧牌(burn card )"),因此优选在发牌器中包含纸牌读取器28。 Because casinos typically reality is that, before the 12 issues the first card in a new or replacement card shoe 10, out of which a few Park g card (i.e., "burn cards (burn card)"), it is preferable in the hair the sign contains card reader 28. 所选的烧牌的数量一般是个别娱乐场政策的问题,并且一般对一套新的朴克牌12执行烧牌处理。 The selected number of burn cards are generally individual casino policy issues, and generally on a new set of 12 Park grams of licensing perform burn card processing. 纸牌读取器28可规定在烧牌被取出后确定次序,否则,烧牌可说明其中烧牌的数量是固定的,或否则诸如由庄家通过用户界面输入提供。 Card reader 28 may determine the order specified in the license after burning is taken out, otherwise, that the number of burn cards which can burn cards is fixed, or otherwise provided as input by the dealer via a user interface.

在替代性实施例中,发牌器10可采取纸牌分发装置的形式,该紙 In an alternative embodiment, the card shoe 10 may take the form of a card distribution device, the paper

朴克牌的洗牌装置。 Park grams of licensing shuffling device. 在于2003年10月8日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION,,的美国临时专利申请No. 60/509802、和于2004年2 月10日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR COMPUTATIONAL SEQUENCE GENERATION ANDPLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION"的美国临时专利申请No. 60/543856中详细说明了这种装置。简言之,洗牌装置利用处理器以计算产生伪随机朴克牌次序,并使用机电系统以对朴克牌进行分类或洗牌并根据计算产生的伪随机次序分发朴克牌。因此,该次序的至少一部分在相应的朴克牌12被发出(deal)之前被确定。在参赛者的数量为已知的情况下,将形成初始手牌26的朴克牌的标识符可在参赛者接收初始手牌中的最后的纸牌(例如21点中的第二张朴克牌)之前的任何时候被确定。 That the name of the invention, October 8, 2003, entitled "US Provisional Patent METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION ,, Application No. 60/509802, and was invented in 2004, filed February 10 U.S. provisional Patent entitled "METHOD, aPPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR COMPUTATIONAL SEQUENCE gENERATION ANDPLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION" application No. 60/543856 such apparatus is described in detail. in short, the shuffling device utilizes a processor to calculate the pseudo-random Park g card order, and electromechanical systems used to classify Pak g card shuffling or card and distributed Pak g calculated to produce a pseudo-random order Accordingly, at least a portion 12 of the order is issued (Deal) in the respective card Pak g before being determined. the number of participants is known, will form the initial hand of cards Park grams identifier 26 may receive an initial hand of playing cards in the last (for example, 21:00 in the second runners at any time before Zhang Pu g card) is determined.

在另一替代方案中,发牌器IO可采取可产生伪随机朴克牌次序、 打印、并以伪随机次序的次序分发朴克牌12的紙牌打印和分发装置的形式。 In a further alternative, the card shoe IO can be taken to produce a pseudo-random sequence Pu g card, print, and the order of the pseudo-random sequence of playing card distribution form Pak 12 g card printing and distribution device. 在于2001年12月13日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION,美国专利申请No. 10/017276中详细说明了这种装置。 (确定朴克牌的初始手牌的点数的方法) That the name of the invention, December 13, 2001, filed as "METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION, US Patent Application No. 10/017276 Such a device is described in detail. (Initial Park grams of licensing determined points of hand method)

如上所述,存在确定朴克牌12将被分发或发出的初始次序的至少一部分的各种方法,包括光学读取标识符、以磁方式读取标识符;无线询问应答机或诸如RFID芯片的其它RF电路,并计算产生伪随机次序。 As described above, to determine the presence of gram Park cards 12 will be distributed in various ways or the initial sequence of at least a portion of the emitted, including optically reading identifiers, magnetically reading identifiers; interrogation radio transponder or RFID chip, such as other RF circuitry, and calculates the pseudo-random sequence. 初始次序28包含至少足够数量的朴克牌12,使得各个参赛者, 如果庄家在特定的游戏中接收朴克牌也包括庄家,可接收朴克牌的初 28 g of the initial sequence Park card comprising at least a sufficient number of 12, so that the respective participants, if the dealer receives a particular card game also includes a dealer g Pu, Pu may receive early card g

始手牌26,其中,初始手牌26由至少两张朴克牌构成。 Beginning hand 26, wherein the initial hand 26 consists of at least two cards Park g. 例如,21点游戏中的初始次序由至少四张纸牌(即,庄家和至少一个玩家的两张朴克牌的初始手牌)构成。 For example, the initial order of the 21:00 game by at least four cards (ie, at least one player and the dealer's two cards Park grams of initial hand) constituted. 作为替代方案,在百家乐中,初始次序28 只由四张纸牌(即,发给玩家和庄家的两张朴克牌的初始手牌)构成。 Alternatively, in Baccarat, the initial order of 28 consists of four cards (ie, to the player and the dealer's two cards Park grams of initial hand). 通过确定朴克牌12的初始次序,初始手牌26中的至少一手或所有的初始手牌26的点数可被确定。 By determining an initial sequence of 12 cards Park g, the initial hands 26 or all of the at least one hand initial hand 26 points can be determined. 但是,在一些纸牌游戏中,本领域技术人员可以理解,可能仅需确定特定的初始手牌26的点数。 However, in some card games, one skilled in the art will appreciate, it may be only a specific number of points determined initial hand 26. 例如, 确定21点游戏中的庄家的初始手牌26的点数可确定是否必须进行剩下的游戏(例如,玩家是否必须拿牌),初始手牌26的点数取决于正 For example, to determine the initial hand count blackjack dealer 26 may determine whether you must make the rest of the game (for example, whether the player must get a license), the initial hand 26 is dependent on positive points

17在进行的纸牌游戏的类型和游戏的规则。 The rules of the game and the type of card games during the 17's.

图7示出在102开始的、用于操作发牌器10和相关的处理器29 以确定朴克牌12的至少一手初始手牌26的点数30的方法100。 FIG. 7 shows the start 102, for operating the card shoe 10 and associated processor 29 to determine the method of Park g of at least one initial card hand 12 points 26 30 100. 图8 示出使用发牌器IO、在步骤202开始的搮作21点游戏的方法200。 Figure 8 shows a method of using the card shoe IO, in step 202 the blackjack as Li 200. 图9示出使用发牌器10、在步骤302开始的操作百家乐游戏的方法300。 Figure 9 illustrates the use of the card shoe 10, a method of operating a Baccarat game starting in step 302 300. 为了解释操作发牌器10的各种方法,但也为了解释发牌器10的操作和21点和百家乐的特定示例性游戏的操作之间的各种可能的相互作用,以下讨论将参照图7〜9。 To explain the operation of the various methods of the card shoe 10, but in order to explain the card shoe various possible interactions between the operation of the operation 10 and the particular exemplary games of Blackjack and Baccarat, with reference to the following discussion Figure 7~9. 方法200和300共用许多类似的步骤, 从以下说明可清楚地看出,这由使用共用相同的最后两个数字的附图标i己才旨示。 Methods 200 and 300 share many similar steps, may be apparent from the following description, which share the same last two digits of numerals shown by the i-hexyl only purpose use.

在204、 304,庄家或一些其它娱乐场员工加栽发牌器10。 At 204, 304, the dealer or some other casino employees plus 10 plant licensing. 一般地, 娱乐场员工最初用多副朴克牌12加栽发牌器10。 In general, the first casino employee with multiple decks of 12 cards plus grams Park plant licensing 10. 加载可发生在安全区域.然后发牌器IO被放在牌桌上,用于在一个或更多个倒换(shift) 中使用,在发牌器10包括用于实时或几乎实时在朴克牌12上打印或否则形成标准标记的打印机的情况下,加栽发牌器10可采取加栽空白卡片材料或将部分打印的卡片材料加栽到发牌器10中的形式。 Loading may take place in a secure area. IO card shoe is then placed on the table is for use in one or more switching (Shift), the card shoe 10 includes a real-time or near real time at Pak card g the case of printing on the standard mark 12 is formed or otherwise printer, plus planted card shoe 10 may take the blank card plant material added or will be added plummeted partially printed card stock card shoe 10 in the form.

在206、 306,庄家可从发牌器IO取出若干烧牌。 At 206, 306, the dealer may remove a number of burn cards from the card shoe IO. 一般地,娱乐场有标准政策,以在游戏开始前从各发牌器IO"烧掉"几张朴克牌或一副朴克牌12。 In general, the resort has a standard policy to "burn off" from each card shoe IO before the start of the game a few grams Pak Pak brand or a brand 12 grams.

在104,纸牌读取器和/或处理器29确定至少一些朴克牌12的初始次序。 At 104, the card reader and / or processor 29 determines an initial sequence of at least some of the cards 12 g of Pu. 例如,纸牌读取器28可在从发牌器10中取出一张或更多张朴克牌12之前对来自容器16中的朴克牌12中的若干张或全部的标识符进行扫描或成像.处理器29可接收来自纸牌读取器28朴克牌标识信息,并对纸牌标识信息进行解码和/或另外处理,以确定各朴克牌12 的身份和/或点数,例如,紙牌读取器28可对以人眼可见的墨打印在各朴克牌12的边缘的条形码、迭层码(stacked code)或区域代码符号进行扫描或成像.处理器29可将读取的符号解码成唯一地标识各朴克牌12并可从中确定等级和/或点数的字母数字序列号。 For example, the card reader 28 may remove one or more sheets or Pu g card scan image 12 in all of the number of sheets or cards from the container identifier Pak 16 g of the previous 12 in the card shoe 10 from the processing Pak 29 may receive 28 g of card identification information from the card reader, and the card identification information is decoded and / or otherwise processed to determine the identity of each card Pak 12 g and / or points, e.g., card reader 28 may be visible to the human eye in the barcode printing ink of each edge plate 12 grams of Park, laminated code (stacked code) or area code symbol scanning or imaging processor 29 can decode the read symbols into a uniquely identify Pak 12 g of each card and an alphanumeric serial number which is determined level and / or points. 作为替代方案,各朴克牌12可在朴克牌12如图4所示从发牌器10取出时被扫描 Alternatively, each of the cards 12 may Pak g Pak 12 g card 4 when the card shoe 10 is removed from the scanning shown

18或成像, 18 or imaging,

确定初始次序104的其它方法可包括以下步骤:例如通过磁性传感器或读头以磁方式读取磁条或剩余(remanent)粒子,或例如通过射频标识(RFID)询问器或其它无线收发器或接收器从朴克牌12无线读取标识信息。 Other methods of determining the initial sequence 104 may include the steps of: reading, for example, by a magnetic sensor or a magnetic stripe read head is magnetically or residual (remanent) particles, for example, or through radio frequency identification (RFID) interrogator or other wireless transceiver or receiver reads the identification information from Pak 12 g wireless cards.

作为替代方案,或者,另外,例如在发牌器10使用分类或洗牌机构的情况下,或在发牌器IO使用打印或图像形成机构的情况下,处理器29可通过产生或接收计算产生的伪随机次序的形式的初始次序确定初始次序104。 As an alternative case, or in addition, for example, in the case where classification shuffling mechanism or card shoe 10, or using printing or image forming mechanism in the IO card shoe, processor 29 may generate or receive generated by computing initial sequence in the form of pseudo-random order to determine the initial sequence 104. 在另一替代方案中,在初始次序例如通过通信端口31被提供给处理器29的情况下,确定初始次序104可发生在朴克牌12被加栽204、 304之前。 In yet another alternative, for example, is provided in the initial sequence through the communication port 31 to the processor 29 in the case of determining the initial sequence 104 may occur before the card 12 is applied Pak g plant 204, 304.

任选地,处理器29在106确定紙牌游戏中的参赛者或初始手牌的数量。 Optionally, the processor 29 in the card game number 106 participants or initial hands is determined. 在参赛者或初始手牌的数量被固定或被预先知道的某些纸牌游戏中,例如在在游戏中总是只进行两手牌的百家乐中,这种确定会是不必要的。 The number of participants or initial hands is fixed or known in advance of certain card games, for example, always only two hands of baccarat in the game, such a determination would be unnecessary. 但是,在21点中,初始手牌26的数量在游戏与游戏之间变化。 However, in 21:00, the number of initial hands 26 varies from game to game. 一般的21点牌桌容纳包括庄家在内的两到八个参赛者,每个参赛者分别接收初始手牌。 Blackjack tables accommodate generally two to eight participants, including the dealer including, each player receives the original hand. 因此,为了确定庄家的初始手牌26的点数, 必须知道玩家的数量。 Therefore, in order to determine the number of points the dealer's initial hand 26, it is necessary to know the number of players. 由于一些玩家离开牌桌以及新的玩家加入,因此玩家的数量从一个游戏到下一个游戏变化。 Because some players leave the table and new players to join, so the number of players from one game to the next game change.

确定参赛者的数量106的一个方法是庄家在各纸牌游戏开始之前数一下参赛者的数量,如果庄家将发牌(dealahand),那么参赛者的总数包含庄家。 One way to determine the number of participants is 106 bookmakers count the number of participants in each card before the game starts, the dealer if the dealer (dealahand), then the total number of participants included bookmakers. 庄家可通过用户界面24向处理器29提供该计数, 或传达该计数使得其它人可向处理器29提供该计数。 Making the user interface 24 may be provided by the processor 29 to count, the count, or to convey such other parties may provide the count to the processor 29.

作为替代方案,或者,另外,系统可例如通过依靠电、机电和/ 或光学传感装置使用确定参赛者的数量106的自动方法。 Alternatively, or additionally, the system may, for example, by relying on electrical, electromechanical and / or optical sensing devices using the method of the number of runners 106 automatically determined.

在一个实施例中,传感装置可位于牌桌的各参赛者座位上。 In one embodiment, the sensing means may be located on each of the runners seat table. 例如, 玩家标识读取器可位于各座位上,该玩家标识读取器从一般被称为"comp"卡(card)的玩家标识卡读取玩家标识信息。 For example, a player identification reader may be located on each seat, the player identification reader is referred to "comp" card (Card) player identification information from a player identification card reader in general. 并且,例如,光源和检测器对可与各座位相关,例如,位于牌桌中的、玩家为了下注 And, for example, a light source and detector pair may be associated with each seat, for example, located in the table, the players to wager

19或下赎金放置筹码(chip)的下注或下注围(wager circle)。 19 or the ransom placed bet chips (Chip) or enclosed bet (wager circle). 检测器可检测光的存在和/或不存在,由此确定是否已下注,并因此确定纸牌是否将被发出。 Light detector may detect the presence and / or absence, thereby determining whether the bet, and thus determines whether the card is to be issued. 作为另一例子,RFID询问器可在各座位或下注團中设有天线,并可对在下注團中被作为下注放置的筹码进行询问。 As another example, the RFID interrogator may be provided in each seat or wager antenna groups, and may be an inquiry to the bets placed in groups as betting chips.

在另一实施例中,传感装置可位于中央,以对牌桌的各参赛者座位检测玩家在场或缺席。 In another embodiment, the sensing means may be located centrally, in each of the participants to the table seat detecting the presence or absence of a player. 例如,至少一个光学传感装置可被配置为对牌桌的给定座位光学检测参赛者的在场/缺席。 For example, the at least one optical sensing device may be configured to tables presence / absence of a given optical detecting seat participants. 例如,位于牌桌上的筹码盘(chiptray)中或转台(turret)中的一个或更多个静态照相机或摄像机可对一般在牌桌的表面上发现的下注或赎金團进行成像,并可检测筹码形式的下注的放置情况。 For example, one of the chip tray is located in the table (chiptray) or turret (Turret) one or more still camera or a video camera may be imaged on the surface of the table is generally found bet or ransom group, and detecting the placement of the wager chips form. 具有筹码的各下注團将接收朴克牌的初始手牌。 Bet chips in each group having the received card g Pu initial hand. 根据这里的教导,确定参赛者的数量106的其它方法对于本领域技术人员将变得显而易见。 According to the teachings herein, other methods of determining the number of participants 106 to those of skill in the art will become apparent.

在108,处理器29确定至少一手初始手牌的点数。 At 108, the processor 29 determines at least one initial point of the hand. 处理器29可基于发牌器10中的朴克牌的初始次序、游戏的规则和/或参赛者的数量,确定形成初始手牌26的朴克牌12a、 12b的身份。 The processor 29 may be based on the initial sequence number in the card shoe 10 grams Park cards, rules of the game and / or participants, to determine the initial hand 26 is formed Pak g cards 12a, 12b identity. 处理器29可从形成初始手牌26的朴克牌12a、 12b的身份确定初始手牌26的点数。 The processor 29 may be formed from the initial hand 26 Park g cards 12a, 12b to determine the identity of the initial hand 26 points.

例如,对于21点游戏,给定参赛者的数量n,处理器29可确定庄家将接收初始次序中的第n张和第2*n张朴克牌作为庄家的初始手牌26。 For example, for a game of Blackjack, given a number of participants n, the processor 29 may determine that the dealer will receive the initial sequence of the n-th and the 2 * n ZHANG Pu g card the dealer's initial hand as 26. 这基于初始次序、参赛者的数量和21点的规则,该规则限定发牌模式(pattern)为,发一张牌给从庄家左边的玩家开始的各参赛者,然后沿庄家右边的方向依次给各在座的参赛者,最后给庄家,然后重复该过程发第二张朴克牌给各参赛者。 This is based on the initial sequence, the number of participants, and the rules of blackjack, the rule defining licensing mode (pattern), for each of the card for the player participants starting from the left of the dealer, and then turn to the right in the direction of the dealer each contestant here, and finally to the dealer, then repeat the process Pu grams fat second card to each participant.

处理器29可类似地为各个玩家确定初始手牌的身份和点数。 The processor 29 may similarly determine initial hand identity and number of points for each player. 给定庄家和玩家的初始手牌的点数,处理器29在一些情况下能够如任选的动作110所示确定游戏的结果。 Given initial hand points at the dealer and the player, the processor 29 can be in some cases such as optionally determined outcome of the game action 110 shown in FIG. 例如,如果庄家具有黑杰克,那么, 如果玩家也具有黑杰克,那么玩家期望的最佳结果是平牌或平手。 For example, if the dealer has blackjack, then, if the player also has blackjack, the players expect the best result is a flat plate or tie. 处理器29可确定玩家是否有黑杰克,由此确定游戏的结果。 The processor 29 may determine whether the player has blackjack, thus determining the outcome of the game.

确定至少一手初始手牌108和/或确定游戏的结果110的动作可发生在庄家发初始手牌208之前或之后。 Determining at least one initial hands 108 and / or the determination of a game result of the operation 110 may occur before the initial hand 208 The dealer or later. 例如,确定108、 IIO可出现在从发牌器10取出第一张牌之前、参赛者中的全部或任何一个接收第一张牌之前;或参赛者中的全部或任何一个接收形成初始手牌的最后一张牌之前。 For example, it is determined 108, IIO may occur before a first card is withdrawn from the card shoe 10, before a first card or any of all participants in a receiver; or any or all of the participants in a received initial formed hand the last card before.

在112,处理器29可指示确定的结果。 At 112, the processor 29 may indicate the result of the determination. 例如,处理器29可使用户界面24显示信息或另外指示庄家具有黑杰克。 For example, user interface 24 enables the processor 29 to display information or otherwise indicating the dealer has blackjack. 在210庄家可确定它们具有黑杰克,并与此响应可立即或在一段时间后中止游戏,由此避免庄家需要进一步向玩家发朴克牌(即,要牌(hitcard)),并由此增加庄家轮换期间内的可发牌的手牌的次数。 In 210 the dealer may determine that they have blackjack, and in response to this suspended game immediately or after a period of time, thereby avoiding the need to further develop the dealer cards to the player Park g (i.e., for a license (hitcard)), and thereby increasing the You may license number in the rotation period of the dealer's hand. 在中止游戏时,庄家可收走输掉的下注212并收走朴克牌214,这些朴克牌可返回发牌器10, 以备一些实施例中的最终的重新利用,此时,方法200在216中止。 When aborting the game, the dealer losing wagers to be received and taken away Pak 212 g of 214 cards, these cards Park g card shoe 10 can be returned to prepare for final reuse some embodiments, the time, method 200 stop at 216.

如果庄家没有黑杰克,那么在218庄家依次向各玩家发牌(hit card)。 If the dealer does not blackjack, then turn each player is dealt cards (hit card) at 218 bookmakers. 然后在220庄家确定庄家是否具有大于或等于十七的点数。 220 then determines whether a dealer has the dealer points equal to or greater than seventeen. (注意, 一些娱乐场区分硬十七和软十七,在所述的方法中可容易地包含这一点)。 (Note that some casinos differentiate soft and hard seventeen seventeen, can be easily included in the method of this). 如杲庄家小于十七点,那么在222庄家给自已发牌, 直到庄家的手牌的点数大于或等于十七点, Gao less than five p.m. The dealer, the dealer then at 222 for their own dealer until the dealer's hand points greater than or equal to five p.m.,

在224,庄家通过将各玩家的手牌的点数与庄家的手牌的点数相比确定游戏的结果.在226,庄家支付赢的下注,在212收走输掉的下注,并在214收走朴克牌并将其返回发牌器。 In 224, the dealer by hand and the dealer's points points each player's hand is compared to determine the outcome of the game. In 226, the dealer pays off winning bets, closing at 212 losing wagers, and 214 Park grams of cards taken away and returned the card shoe. 方法260在216结束或重复。 The method 260 ends or repeats at 216.

例如,对于百家乐游戏,接收朴克牌的参赛者的数量总是两个, 由此处理器29可按照108确定玩家将接收初始次序中的第一张和第三朴克牌作为玩家的初始手牌26,而庄家将接收初始次序中的第二张和笫四张朴克牌作为庄家的初始手牌26,由此,处理器29基于初始次序和百家乐的规则确定各初始手牌的点数108,该规则限定参赛者的数量并将发牌模式限定为,发一张牌给从玩家开始以庄家结束的各参赛者,并然后重复该过程发第二朴克牌给各参赛者。 For example, for a game of Baccarat, the number of participants receiving Park g cards is always two, thus the processor 108 determines that the player 29 in accordance with the initial sequence received in the first and third cards as the players Pu g initial hand 26, while the banker will receive the initial order of the second and the undertaking of the dealer's cards four grams Pak initial hand 26 act, thereby, the processor 29 determines the respective initial hand based on the initial sequence and the rules of Baccarat 108 points, the rules define the number of participants and the licensing model is defined, for each of the card for the player starts from a competitor to the end of the dealer, and then repeating the process to send a second license for each contestant Park g.

并且,由于在百家乐中用于拿牌的规则是固定的,玩家或庄家的任何一方都不做决定,因此处理器29可在从发牌器10取出和/或玩家或庄家接收朴克牌之前或之后的任何时候,基于初始次序确定将从发牌器IO发牌的各手牌和每一手牌的身份和点数。 Further, since the rules for DRAW in Baccarat are fixed, either the player or the dealer does not make a decision, so the processor 29 may be removed from the card shoe 10 and / or player or the dealer receives Park g at any time before or after the license, based on the initial order determine from the card shoe IO licensing each hand and each hand and points of identity. 因此,处理器29可按照IIO基于发牌器10中的朴克牌12的初始次序确定将从发牌器10 发牌的各个游戏的结果110。 Thus, processor 29 may determine the result of each game from the card shoe 10 in accordance with the licensing of the initial sequence Pak 110 g of cards 12 in the card shoe-based IIO 10.

确定至少一手初始手牌108和/或确定游戏的结果110的动作可出现在庄家发初始手牌308之前或之后。 Determining at least one initial hands 108 and / or the determination result of the operation of the game 110 may occur before the initial hand 308 The dealer or later. 例如,确定108、 IIO可出现在从发牌器10取出第一张牌之前、参赛者中的全部或任何一个接收第一张牌之前;或参赛者中的全部或任何一个接收形成初始手牌的最后一张牌之前。 For example, it is determined 108, IIO may occur before a first card is withdrawn from the card shoe 10, before a first card or any of all participants in a receiver; or any or all of the participants in a received initial formed hand the last card before.

在317,召集方(caller)或庄家基于玩家的手牌的总点数确定玩家是否需要要牌.如果根据百家乐的规则玩家需要要牌,那么在318 庄家向玩家发牌。 In the 317, called party (caller) or banker determine whether the player cards need to be based on the player's hand point total. According to the rules, if a player needs to baccarat cards, then deal to the player in the dealer 318. 在321,召集方或庄家基于庄家的手牌的总点数确定庄家是否需要要牌,如果根据百家乐的规则需要要牌,那么在322 向庄家发牌。 In 321, convener or banker determine whether the banker requires a hit card based on the total points of the dealer's hand, if the rules need to be based on baccarat cards, then the dealer to dealer at 322.

在324,召集方通过将各玩家的手牌的点数与庄家的手牌的点数相比确定游戏的结果,在326,召集方支付赢的下注,在312收走输掉的下注,并在214收走朴克牌并将其返回发牌器。 In 324, convened by the party compared to the dealer's points with each player's hand the hand points to determine the outcome of the game, at 326, convener pay winning bets, closing at 312 losing wagers, and 214 g of the cards taken away and returned to the Park card shoe. 方法300在316 结束或重复。 The method 300 ends or repeats at 316.

在112,处理器29可指示确定的结果。 At 112, the processor 29 may indicate the result of the determination. 例如,处理器29可使用户界面24显示信息或另外指示玩家或庄家是否赢或是否存在平牌或平手,使得结果可被核实。 For example, user interface 24 enables the processor 29 to display information or otherwise indicate whether the player or the dealer to win or whether there is a flat plate or tie, so that the result can be verified. 由于玩家和观众会监视游戏并保证宣布的结果与由用户界面24指示的结果相匹配,因此这一点特别有利。 As the players and the audience will monitor the game and ensure that the results announced by the user interface with the results indicated 24 matches, so this is particularly advantageous. (结论) (in conclusion)

由此,处理器29能够在参赛者接收形成参赛者的初始手牌的最后一张朴克牌之前为任何参赛者确定初始手牌的点数108。 Accordingly, processor 29 is able to receive an initial hand to form the final contestants determining initial hand before any cards Park g entrant points 108 participants. 处理器29还能够在参赛者接收任何朴克牌之前为任何参赛者确定初始手牌的点数。 The processor 29 can also receive any determine initial hand before any cards Park g entrant points in the runners. 并且,对于21点中的特定局或轮的手牌,处理器29能够在从发牌器10发任何朴克牌12之前为任何参赛者确定初始手牌的点数,并且,对于将从发牌器IO发牌的百家乐中的所有局或轮的手牌,处理器29能够在从发牌器IO发任何朴克牌12之前为任何参赛者确定初始手 And, for the particular local or blackjack hand wheel, the processor 29 can be made from the card shoe 10 is determined before any cards 12 g Pak any initial hand entrant points, and for licensing from IO is baccarat licensing office or all of the hand wheel, the processor 29 can issue any IO from the card shoe Park g cards determined before any participants in the initial hand 12

22牌的点数。 22 card points.

对于在本说明书中提及和/或在申请数据表(Application Data Sheet)中列出的以上所有的美国专利、美国专利申请公开、美国专利申请、外国专利、外国专利申请和非专利公开,包括而不限于于2001 年12月13日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION"的美国专利申请No. 10/017276、 于2003年2月5日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND For reference and / or listed in all of the above U.S. Patent Application Data Sheet (Application Data Sheet), the U.S. Patent application publications, U.S. patent applications, foreign patents, foreign patent applications and non-patent publications, in the present specification includes but not limited to name invented in 2001 December 13 entitled "METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE fOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION" US Patent application No. 10/017276, invented in 2003, filed February 5 the name "METHOD, APPARATUS AND

ARTICLE EMPLOYING MULTIPLE MACHINE-READABLE INDICIA ON PLAYINGCARDS"的美国专利申请No. 10/360846、于2001年2月21日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE EMPLOYING MULTIPLE MACHINE-READABLE INDICIA ON PLAYINGCARDS "US Patent Application No. 10/360846, entitled 2001 February 21 entitled" METHOD, APPARATUS AND

ARTICLE FOR EVALUATING CARD GAMES, SUCH AS BLACKJACK,,的美国专利申请No. 09/790480、于2001年5月4日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR VERIFYING CARD GAMES, SUCH AS BLACKJACK,,的美国专利申请No. 09/849456、于2001年12月13日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION"的美国专利申请No. 10/017277、于2003年9月5 日提交的发明名称为"SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND DEVICES FOR MONITORING CARD GAMES, SUCH AS BACCARAT"的美国专利申请No. 60/500898、于2003年10月8日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, ARTICLE FOR EVALUATING CARD GAMES, SUCH AS BLACKJACK ,, US Patent Application No. 09/790480, entitled to May 4, 2001, filed as "METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR VERIFYING CARD GAMES, SUCH AS BLACKJACK ,, the US Patent application No. 09/849456, entitled to December 13, 2001, filed as "METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE fOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION" US Patent application No. 10/017277, in September 2003 Title 5 February filed "SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND DEVICES fOR MONITORING CARD GAMES, SUCH aS BACCARAT" US Patent application No. 60/500898, entitled to October 8, 2003, filed as "METHOD,

APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION"的美国临时专利申请No. 60/509802、于2004年2月10日提交的发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR COMPUTATIONAL SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION"的美国临时专利申请No. 60/543856、和发明名称为"METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FORDETERMINING AN INITIAL HAND IN A PLAYING CARD GAME, SUCH AS BLACKJACK OR BACCARAT,,的美国临时专利申请No. 60/511931,在此加入它们的全部内容作为参考。 APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR RANDOM SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION "US Provisional Patent Application No. 60/509802, entitled on February 10, 2004 entitled" METHOD, APPARATUS AND ARTICLE FOR COMPUTATIONAL SEQUENCE GENERATION AND PLAYING CARD DISTRIBUTION " U.S. provisional Patent application No. 60/543856, application No. 60/511931 and is entitled "METHOD, APPARATUS aND ARTICLE FORDETERMINING AN INITIAL HAND iN a PLAYING CARD GAME, SUCH aS BLACKJACK OR BACCARAT ,, U.S. provisional patent, in this added their entirety by reference.

相关领域技术人员可以认识到,虽然这里出于解释目的说明了本发明的特定实施例和例子,但在不背离本发明的精神和范围的情况下, 可以进行各种等同修改。 Relevant art will recognize that, although for the purposes of explanation of the invention specific embodiments and examples, but without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various equivalent modifications. 本发明的这里提供的教导可被应用于用于进行纸牌游戏的其它系统或开发纸牌游戏系统,不必是上面一般说明的21点或百家乐游戏系统。 Other systems or developing card game systems teachings provided herein of the invention can be applied for card games, not necessarily the above-described general 21:00 or Baccarat gaming systems. 例如,教导可使用诸如因特网上的万维网的 For example, the teachings can be used, such as the World Wide Web on the Internet

网络,以将各个说明的部件互连,或执行方法步骤中的至少一些。 Network to interconnect the various described components or to perform at least some of the method steps. 上述的各个实施例可被组合为提供另外的实施例。 Each of the above embodiments may be combined to provide further embodiments. 例如,所说明的方法 For example, the method described

可被组合,或被连续执行。 It may be combined, or performed continuously. 所说明的方法可忽略一些动作,可添加其它动作,并可以以与所说明的次序不同的次序执行动作,以实现本发明的优点。 The illustrated method can omit an operation, other actions may be added, and may perform actions in the order described in a different order to achieve the advantages of the present invention.

鉴于上述说明,可以对本发明进行这些和其它变化, 一般地,在以下的权利要求书中,使用的术语不应被解释为将本发明限定为在说明书中公开的特定实施例,而应被解释为包括根据权利要求书操作的所有计算机、网络和紙牌读取和估算系统。 In view of the above description, these and other changes may be made to the present invention, in general, in the following claims, the terms used should not be construed to limit the invention to the specific embodiments disclosed in the specification, but should be construed operation for all computers including books according to claim, and the network card reading and evaluation systems. 因此,本发明不被本公开限制,相反,其范围应完全由以下的权利要求书确定。 Accordingly, the present invention is not limited to the present disclosure, on the contrary, its scope should entirely by the following claims to determine.

Claims (25)

1. 一种用于在由包含至少一个玩家以及庄家的多个参赛者进行的纸牌游戏中自动确定庄家是否具有自动赢的手牌的设备,该设备包括:扑克牌读取装置,该扑克牌读取装置用于在扑克牌被纸牌游戏中的参赛者接收之前从多张扑克牌读取标识符;处理器,该处理器与扑克牌读取装置耦合,以接收指示读取的标识符的信号并接收指示纸牌游戏中的手牌的数量的信号,所述处理器还被配置为基于接收的信号确定由发牌给庄家的前两张扑克牌构成的庄家的初始手牌的点数,并确定所确定的庄家的初始手牌的点数是否等于限定的点数;和指示器,该指示器与用于控制的处理器耦合,由此提供指示庄家的初始手牌的点数等于限定的点数的人可觉察的指示。 CLAIMS 1. A card game for at least one of the plurality of players and the dealer runners performed by comprising automatically determining whether a dealer has the hand automatically winning device, the apparatus comprising: a playing card reading means, the playing cards reading means for reading the identifier from the plurality of playing cards before the playing cards are received in the card game participants; a processor means coupled to the processor and the playing card reading, to receive an indication of the read identifier the received signal and a signal indicative of the number of hands in the card game, the processor further configured to receive a signal to determine initial hand of two playing cards before the dealer constituted by the dealer to the dealer's, and based on determining whether the determined dealer's initial hand is equal to a defined point; and an indicator coupled to the processor for control thereby to provide initial hand is equal to the number indicated dealer who defined points It may indicate noticeable.
2. 根据权利要求l的设备,其中,处理器在第一张牌在当前的纸牌游戏中被发牌之前确定庄家的初始手牌的点数。 2. The apparatus as claimed in claim l, wherein the processor is determined initial hand before the dealer's first card the dealer in the current card game.
3. 根据权利要求l的设备,其中,处理器在庄家在当前的纸牌游戏中接收第一张牌之前确定庄家的初始手牌的点数。 3. l An apparatus according to claim, wherein the processor determines the dealer's initial hand before the dealer receives the points in the first card in the current card game.
4. 根据权利要求l的设备,其中,处理器在庄家在当前的纸牌游戏中接收第二张牌之前确定庄家的初始手牌的点数。 4. The apparatus as claimed in claim l, wherein the processor determines the initial hand before the dealer's second card the dealer received in the current card game.
5. 根据权利要求l的设备,其中,朴克牌读取装置包含光学成像器或扫描仪中的至少一个。 5. l The apparatus according to claim, wherein the card reading device comprises Park g of an optical imager or a scanner at least a.
6. 根据权利要求l的设备,还包括:发牌器,该发牌器形成尺寸被设定为容纳至少两副标准的朴克牌的容器。 6. The apparatus of claim L, further comprising: sized to receive at least two standard cards container Park g card shoe, the dealer is formed.
7. 根据权利要求6的设备,其中,朴克牌读取装置被设置为当朴克牌从发牌器被分发时读取朴克牌。 7. The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the card reading device Park g is arranged to read cards when Pu Pu g g cards are distributed from the card shoe.
8. 根据权利要求6的设备,其中,朴克牌读取装置被设置为在朴克牌从发牌器被分发之前读取朴克牌。 8. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the card reading device Park g is arranged to read before the cards are distributed from Pak g card shoe Park g card.
9. 根据权利要求6的设备,其中,朴克牌读取装置容纳于发牌器中。 9. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the card reading device Park g housed in the card shoe.
10. 根据权利要求l的设备,还包括: 用于确定纸牌游戏中的手牌的数量的装置。 10. l The apparatus according to claim, further comprising: a number of hands in the card game apparatus determined.
11. 根据权利要求10的设备,其中,用于确定纸牌游戏中的手牌的数量的装置包含被定位为对牌桌的多个玩家位置中的每一个检测玩家在场或缺席的多个传感器。 11. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the means for determining the number of hands in the card game apparatus comprising a detector is positioned to each of the plurality of player positions on the tables of the plurality of sensors in the presence or absence of players.
12. 根据权利要求10的设备,其中,用于确定纸牌游戏中的手牌的数量的装置包含能够由娱乐场员工操作以输入纸牌游戏中的手牌的数量的数据输入键盘。 12. The apparatus according to claim 10, wherein the means for determining the number of hands in the card game comprises a casino employee can be operated to input the number of hands in the card game data entry keyboard.
13. 根据权利要求10的设备,其中,用于确定纸牌游戏中的手牌的数量的装置包含被配置为从各个玩家标识卡读取玩家标识信息的多个玩家标识卡读取器。 13. The apparatus according to claim 10, wherein the means for determining the number of hands in the card game comprises a device configured to read player identification information from each of the plurality of player identification card player identification card reader.
14. 根据权利要求l的设备,其中,所述纸牌游戏是21点,所述限定的点数是二十一,所述自动赢的手牌是庄家的初始手牌的点数等于二十一点的黑杰克。 14. l The apparatus according to claim, wherein the card game is blackjack, the defined value was twenty-one, the automatically winning hand is the initial hand is equal to the dealer's blackjack black Jack.
15. —种用于在由包含至少一个玩家以及庄家的多个参赛者进行的纸牌游戏中自动确定庄家是否具有自动赢的手牌的方法,该方法包括以下步骤:在朴克牌被纸牌游戏中的参赛者接收之前从多张朴克牌读取标识符;,至少部分基于在朴克牌被纸牌游戏中的参赛者接收之前从多张朴克牌读取的标识符、并至少部分基于参与纸牌游戏的手牌的数量,,确定由发牌给庄家的前两张朴克牌构成的庄家的初始手牌的点数; 确定所确定的庄家的初始手牌的点数是否等于限定的点数; 提供指示庄家的初始手牌的点数等于限定的点数的人可觉察的指示。 15. - for automatically determining the kind of card game at least one of the plurality of players and the dealer participants performed by the method comprising the whether a dealer has an automatically winning hand of cards, the method comprising the steps of: g card is a card game Pak the participants read before receiving cards from more than one gram Park identifier; at least in part on an identifier Park grams of licensing is before receiving a read from multiple cards card game Park grams of participants, and at least in part on the participation card game the number of hands ,, determining initial hand points dealer by the dealer to the dealer's first two Park g cards configuration; if the initial hand is determined that the determined dealer's equal to a defined value; providing initial hand indication dealer cards equal to the defined points human perceptible indication.
16. 根据权利要求15的方法,其中,确定所确定的庄家的初始手牌的点数是否等于限定的点数发生在在当前的纸牌游戏中第一张牌被发出之前。 16. The method according to claim 15, wherein the initial hand is determined whether the determined dealer's equal to a defined value occurs before a first card is issued in the current card game.
17. 根据权利要求15的方法,其中,确定所确定的庄家的初始手牌的点数是否等于限定的点数发生在在当前的纸牌游戏中庄家接收第一张牌之前。 17. The method according to claim 15, wherein the initial hand is determined whether the determined dealer's equal to a defined value occurs before receiving the first card in the current card game dealer.
18. 根据权利要求15的方法,其中,确定所确定的庄家的初始手牌的点数是否等于限定的点数发生在在当前的纸牌游戏中庄家接收第二张牌之前。 18. The method of claim 15, wherein the initial hand is determined whether the determined dealer's equal to a defined value occurs before receiving a second card in the current card game dealer.
19. 根据权利要求15的方法,其中,在朴克牌被纸牌游戏中的参赛者接收之前从多张朴克牌读取标识符包含对各张朴克牌的至少一部分进行成像或扫描中的至少一个。 19. The method of claim 15, wherein, prior Pak g card is received in the card game from a plurality of participants Pu g card identifier comprises reading at least a portion of the sheets of card Pu grams imaging or scanning at least one.
20. 根据权利要求15的方法,其中,在朴克牌被纸牌游戏中的参赛者接收之前从多张朴克牌读取标识符包含当各张朴克牌从发牌器被分发时从各张朴克牌读取标识符。 20. The method of claim 15, wherein, prior Pak g card is received card game participants from a plurality of Pu g card read identifier includes when the sheets of Pu g cards are distributed from the card shoe read from the sheets of Pu g card identifier.
21. 根据权利要求15的方法,其中,在朴克牌被纸牌游戏中的参赛者接收之前从多张朴克牌读取标识符包含在各张朴克牌从发牌器被分发之前从各张朴克牌读取标识符。 21. The method of claim 15, wherein, prior Pak g card is received card game participants from a plurality of Pu g card identifier is read includes reading from the sheets of Pu g cards before the sheets of Pu g cards are distributed from the card shoe identifier.
22. 根据权利要求15的方法,还包括以下步骤: 确定参与纸牌游戏的手牌的数量。 22. The method of claim 15, further comprising the step of: determining the number of hands participating in the card game.
23. 根据权利要求22的方法,其中,确定参与纸牌游戏的手牌的数量包舍对牌桌的多个玩家位置中的每一个检测玩家在场或缺席。 23. The method of claim 22, wherein determining the number of hands participating in the card game absence packet round table of a plurality of player positions each of a detected presence or player.
24. 根据权利要求22的方法,其中,确定参与纸牌游戏的手牌的数量包含接收娱乐场员工在键盘上输入的数据。 24. The method according to claim 22, wherein determining the number of hands participating in the card game comprises a casino employee receives data entered on the keyboard.
25. 根据权利要求15的方法,其中,所述纸牌游戏是21点,所述限定的点数是二十一,所述自动贏的手牌是庄家的初始手牌的点数等于二十一点的黑杰克。 25. The method of claim 15, wherein the card game is blackjack, the defined value was twenty-one, the automatically winning hand is the initial hand is equal to the dealer's blackjack black Jack.
CN 200480034901 2003-10-16 2004-10-14 Method, apparatus and article for determining an initial hand in a playing card game, such as blackjack or baccarat CN100531830C (en)

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AT383188T (en) 2008-01-15
PT1677879E (en) 2008-04-17

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