CN100528429C - Vertical and horizontal processing center main-shaft box system - Google Patents

Vertical and horizontal processing center main-shaft box system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100528429C
CN100528429C CNB2007100254648A CN200710025464A CN100528429C CN 100528429 C CN100528429 C CN 100528429C CN B2007100254648 A CNB2007100254648 A CN B2007100254648A CN 200710025464 A CN200710025464 A CN 200710025464A CN 100528429 C CN100528429 C CN 100528429C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main
shaft
power transmission
vertical
box system
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2007100254648A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101100003A (en
Inventor
夏春铭
张海滨
王树凤
张力辉
张海见
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YANGZHOU SUPER MACHINE TOOL CO Ltd
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YANGZHOU SUPER MACHINE TOOL CO Ltd
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Priority to CNB2007100254648A priority Critical patent/CN100528429C/en
Publication of CN101100003A publication Critical patent/CN101100003A/en
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Publication of CN100528429C publication Critical patent/CN100528429C/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to machining center technology, and is especially one kind of main spindle box system for vertical/horizontal machining center. The main spindle box system includes one spindle head, and one driving assembly comprising one spindle box, one driving shaft, one locating unit and spindle head tensioning unit. The main spindle box system has one 45 deg inclined main motor to drive the spindle or the spindle head via a timing belt. It can realize vertical/horizontal conversion via driving the spindle head to rotate by 180 deg with the main motor and other steps. The main spindle box system with inclined main motor has simplified driving structure, capacity of miniaturizing the main spindle head, lowered production cost. The present invention may match relevant equipment for high efficiency and high precision machining of small parts.

Description

Main-shaft box system in the vertical and horizontal machining center
Technical field
The present invention relates to the main-shaft box system in a kind of vertical and horizontal machining center, is the important part of vertical and horizontal machining center, and convenient vertical, horizontal conversion processing belongs to the machining center technical field.
Background technology
At industrial circle, part processing is increasingly sophisticated, the end face of numerous parts and a plurality of side all need processing, the machining center that present domestic lathe market possesses the upright auto-conversion function that crouches based in, large-scale, its workbench all more than 630mm * 630mm reaches, is perhaps realized the upright conversion of crouching with five heads of gantry machining center configuration or five spindle noses.Be converted to the master and external small-sized vertical and horizontal machining center is many with upright the crouching of workbench, and cost an arm and a leg.
Existing vertical and horizontal machining center main-shaft head structure has following two kinds, 1) adopt electric main axle structure as main transmission, realize the upright conversion of crouching of main tapping with torque motor or hydraulic pressure, the technology of torque motor driving at present is domestic to be grasped as yet, and because of the prematurity still of electric main shaft domestic technique, state's dispatch from foreign news agency main shaft costs an arm and a leg, and the therefore this upright transformational structure that crouches is mainly used in high-grade machining center; 2) main transmission is passed through two pairs of 45 ° of bevel gear transmissions by main motor, main motor level or vertical placement, its complex structure, the volume of main tapping is also bigger, be configured on the junior machine very difficultly, be generally and grind spiral bevel gear in order to improve speed of mainshaft bevel gear, corresponding cost is higher.This upright conversion head that crouches generally is used to be equipped with on the gantry machining center of ram and the large-size horizontal machining center realizes five, multiaspect processing.Because the quality of main tapping is bigger, the main tapping revolution generally can't realize with main motor, adopt hydraulic-driven more.
Possess the domestic main dependence import of main tapping of the upright translation function that crouches, domestic in recent years part producer is by making great efforts also to develop the main tapping that possesses this function, but its complex structure cost is very high.In small-sized low price, also be not applied on the popular machining center.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to be converted to the master with upright the crouching of workbench at external small-sized vertical and horizontal machining center is many, and expensive deficiency, and the present situation of the domestic main dependence import of main tapping, provide and to realize simple, practicality, with low cost, help raising the efficiency, reduce clamping times, the main-shaft box system in a kind of vertical and horizontal machining center of raising machining accuracy.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions, main-shaft box system in a kind of vertical and horizontal machining center, comprise main motor, by the main tapping of the main shaft in main tapping body, the main tapping body, pull bar, dish spring and loose knife oil cylinder, it is characterized in that described system also comprises the transmission component that is made of the power transmission shaft in main shaft casing, the main shaft casing, positioner and main tapping take-up device; Main motor is skewed to be fixed on the main shaft casing of transmission component, and the output of main motor drives power transmission shaft in the transmission component through band synchronously; The solid spiral bevel gear of cover on the main shaft in the described main tapping, power transmission shaft one end connects solid spiral bevel gear engagement in spiral bevel gear on the main shaft and the transmission component.
Described main motor relatively level to being 45 ° of tilting being fixed on the main shaft casing.
The two ends of described power transmission shaft place the bearing block and the axle sleeve of corresponding position in the main shaft casing, power transmission shaft is made up of with the driven power transmission shaft that is connected through spline final drive shaft, main motor is fixed on synchronous pulley on the final drive shaft through band transmission synchronously, is fixed on the end of driven power transmission shaft with the spiral bevel gear in the transmission component of spiral bevel gear engagement on the main shaft.
Described positioner is made of intermeshing location fluted disc, and location one side of fluted disc and the end of main shaft casing are fixed, and opposite side is fixed with the end of corresponding main tapping body.
Described main tapping take-up device is made of main tapping drawing cylinder, disk spring, engageable gear, axle sleeve and tension dish, the external tooth of engageable gear is arranged on the driven power transmission shaft end near final drive shaft, the tension dish is nested with outside engageable gear, disk spring is nested with outside the tension dish, axle sleeve is nested with on the driven power transmission shaft below the tension dish, the upper end of axle sleeve and tension dish connect solid, and the lower end of axle sleeve and main tapping body connect solid, and the outer main shaft casing of main tapping drawing cylinder and axle sleeve is fixed.
The final drive shaft upper end link position encoder of described power transmission shaft.
The present invention is tilting with 45 ° in main motor, drive main shaft or main tapping motion by timing belt, upright crouching when changing, main shaft is earlier in the dislocation orientation, the main tapping drawing cylinder unclamps the location fluted disc and throws off, simultaneously inside and outside gears engaged, main motor is connected with main tapping, main driven by motor main tapping Rotate 180 ° is to another working position, the signal that puts in place is detected by encoder, automatic tool changer can be realized in vertical position, behind the upright conversion head that crouches of main motor inclined type, has simplified drive mechanism greatly, the miniaturization of main tapping is achieved, also greatly reduce production cost, the present invention can be supporting with relevant device, solves the efficient of domestic miniature parts, a high accuracy processing difficult problem.
Description of drawings
Structural representation when Fig. 1 is vertical for main tapping of the present invention;
Structural representation when Fig. 2 is horizontal for main tapping of the present invention;
Among the figure, 1 main shaft, 2 spiral bevel gears, 3 location fluted discs, 4 main shaft drawing cylinders, 5 loose knife oil cylinders, 6 gears, 7 disk springs, 8 are with 9 position coders, 10 main motors synchronously, 11 final drive shafts, 12 driven power transmission shafts, 13 synchronous pulleys, 14 top chocks, 15 axle sleeves, 16 main shaft casings, 17 main tapping bodies, 18 spiral bevel gears, 19 tension dishes.
The specific embodiment
Further specify the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention includes main motor 10, transmission component and main tapping; Main motor 10 is on 45 ° of skewed main shaft casings 16 that are fixed on transmission component, and the output of main motor 10 is through synchronously with 8 final drive shafts 11 that drive in the transmission components; Transmission component is made of power transmission shaft, positioner and the main tapping take-up device in main shaft casing 16, the main shaft casing 16; The solid spiral bevel gear 18 of cover on the main shaft 1 in the main tapping, power transmission shaft one end connects 2 engagements of solid spiral bevel gear in spiral bevel gear 18 on the main shaft 1 and the transmission component.
The two ends of power transmission shaft place top chock 14 and the axle sleeve 15 in the main shaft casing 16, power transmission shaft is made up of with the driven power transmission shaft 12 that is connected through spline final drive shaft 11, main motor 10 is through being fixed on synchronous pulley 13 on the final drive shaft 11 with 8 transmissions synchronously, is fixed on the end of driven power transmission shaft 12 with the spiral bevel gear 2 in the transmission component of 18 engagements of spiral bevel gear on the main shaft 1.
Positioner is made of intermeshing location fluted disc 3, and location one side of fluted disc 3 and the end of main shaft casing 16 are fixed, and opposite side is fixed with the end of corresponding main tapping body 17.
The main tapping take-up device is made of main tapping drawing cylinder 4, disk spring 7, engageable gear 6, axle sleeve 15 and tension dish 19, the external tooth of engageable gear 6 is arranged on driven power transmission shaft 12 ends near final drive shaft 11, tension dish 19 is nested with outside engageable gear 6, disk spring 7 is nested with outside tension dish 19, axle sleeve 15 is nested with on the driven power transmission shaft 12 of tension dish below 19, the upper end of axle sleeve 15 and tension dish 19 connect solid, the lower end of axle sleeve 15 and main tapping body 17 connect solid, and main tapping drawing cylinder 4 is fixing with the main shaft casing 16 outside the axle sleeve 15.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, under the upright state that crouches of main tapping during processing parts, be main motor 10 by be with 8 synchronously, synchronous pulley 13, final drive shaft 11, driven power transmission shaft 12, spiral bevel gear 2 and spiral bevel gear 18 drive main shafts 1 rotation, external gear 6 is thrown off in this moment, 4 tensions of main shaft drawing cylinder, location fluted disc 3 closures.
When main tapping stands conversion for sleeping in, main shaft is earlier in the dislocation orientation, system is after detecting signal, main tapping drawing cylinder 4 throws off location fluted disc 3 by oil pressure, external gear 6 engagements simultaneously, make main motor 10 by being with 8 synchronously, synchronous pulley 13, final drive shaft 1, interior external gear 6, tension dish 19, axle sleeve 15 is connected with main tapping body 17, when detect main tapping drawing cylinder 4 unclamp put in place after, main motor 10 drives the spindle assemblies Rotate 180s ° to another working position, and the signal that puts in place is detected by encoder 9, main tapping drawing cylinder 4 tensions then, external gear 6 is thrown off in making, 3 engagements of location fluted disc, main tapping navigates to the position of setting, enters the part processing state.

Claims (6)

1, the main-shaft box system in a kind of vertical and horizontal machining center, comprise main motor, by the main tapping that the main shaft in main tapping body, the main tapping body, pull bar, dish spring and loose knife oil cylinder constitute, it is characterized in that described system also comprises the transmission component that is made of the power transmission shaft in main shaft casing, the main shaft casing, positioner and main tapping take-up device; Main motor is skewed to be fixed on the main shaft casing of transmission component, and the output of main motor drives power transmission shaft in the transmission component through band synchronously; The solid spiral bevel gear of cover on the main shaft in the described main tapping, power transmission shaft one end connects solid spiral bevel gear engagement in spiral bevel gear on the main shaft and the transmission component.
2, the main-shaft box system in the vertical and horizontal machining center according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described main motor relatively level to being 45 ° of tilting being fixed on the main shaft casing.
3, the main-shaft box system in the vertical and horizontal machining center according to claim 1, the two ends that it is characterized in that described power transmission shaft place the bearing block and the axle sleeve of corresponding position in the main shaft casing, power transmission shaft is made up of with the driven power transmission shaft that is connected through spline final drive shaft, main motor is fixed on synchronous pulley on the final drive shaft through band transmission synchronously, is fixed on the end of driven power transmission shaft with the spiral bevel gear in the transmission component of spiral bevel gear engagement on the main shaft.
4, the main-shaft box system in the vertical and horizontal machining center according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described positioner is made of intermeshing location fluted disc, location one side of fluted disc and the end of main shaft casing are fixed, and opposite side is fixed with the end of corresponding main tapping body.
5, main-shaft box system in the vertical and horizontal machining center according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described main tapping take-up device is by the main tapping drawing cylinder, disk spring, external gear in engageable, axle sleeve and tension dish constitute, the external tooth of external gear is arranged on the driven power transmission shaft end near final drive shaft in engageable, the tension dish is nested with outside engageable gear, disk spring is nested with outside the tension dish, axle sleeve is nested with on the driven power transmission shaft below the tension dish, the upper end of axle sleeve and tension dish connect solid, the lower end of axle sleeve and main tapping body connect solid, and the outer main shaft casing of main tapping drawing cylinder and axle sleeve is fixed.
6, the main-shaft box system in the vertical and horizontal machining center according to claim 3 is characterized in that the final drive shaft upper end link position encoder in the described power transmission shaft.
CNB2007100254648A 2007-08-01 2007-08-01 Vertical and horizontal processing center main-shaft box system Expired - Fee Related CN100528429C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100254648A CN100528429C (en) 2007-08-01 2007-08-01 Vertical and horizontal processing center main-shaft box system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100254648A CN100528429C (en) 2007-08-01 2007-08-01 Vertical and horizontal processing center main-shaft box system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101100003A CN101100003A (en) 2008-01-09
CN100528429C true CN100528429C (en) 2009-08-19

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI803302B (en) * 2022-04-28 2023-05-21 安禾精密工業有限公司 Improved structure of processing head of multi-axis processing machine

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103273088A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-09-04 宁波海天精工股份有限公司 Vertical and horizontal dual-purpose special angle head suitable for special machining
CN105171005A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-23 江门市奥斯龙机械有限公司 Separate cutter release spindle box
CN105618794B (en) * 2016-03-17 2017-12-26 浙江德迈机械有限公司 A kind of main shaft device of puncher
CN105922364A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-09-07 哈尔滨理工大学 Electric main shaft transposition device of woodworking milling machine
CN106964829A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-07-21 广东工业大学 A kind of vertical sleeping conversion head of lathe
CN109702624A (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-05-03 枣庄北航机床创新研究院有限公司 A kind of polishing wheel buff unit and its application method
CN112719465A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-04-30 扬州力创机床有限公司 Spiral bevel gear oil-gas lubricating system of vertical-horizontal conversion milling machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI803302B (en) * 2022-04-28 2023-05-21 安禾精密工業有限公司 Improved structure of processing head of multi-axis processing machine

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Granted publication date: 20090819

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