CN100525068C - Method for driving synchronous machine to operation using power source type frequency converter - Google Patents

Method for driving synchronous machine to operation using power source type frequency converter Download PDF

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CN100525068C
CN100525068C CNB2006100894758A CN200610089475A CN100525068C CN 100525068 C CN100525068 C CN 100525068C CN B2006100894758 A CNB2006100894758 A CN B2006100894758A CN 200610089475 A CN200610089475 A CN 200610089475A CN 100525068 C CN100525068 C CN 100525068C
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synchronous machine
frequency converter
synchronous
source type
frequency
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CN101098122A (en
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马永健
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Beijing Leader and Harvest Electric Technologies Co. Ltd
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Beijing Leader and Harvest Electric Technologies Co. Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for using voltage source frequency converter to drive a synchronous motor, comprising a control method on the start synchronization of synchronous motor, a control method in continuous operation, a control method on normal stop and emergency stop, a method cooperated controlling the excitation device of the synchronous motor, and an accident protect method in the operation of the synchronous motor. The invention is characterized in that the invention can use voltage resource frequency-converter to drive synchronous motor, to stably start, stop and operate at high-frequency of frequency conversion. And in emergency, the invention can reliably protect synchronous motor, frequency converter and the excitation device.

Description

A kind of working voltage source type frequency converter drives the method for synchronous machine operation
Technical field
The present invention relates to the method that a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter drives the synchronous machine operation, specifically, the present invention relates to the method that a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter drives synchronous motor startup, shutdown, operation adjusting and error protection.
Background technology
High pressure (middle pressure) synchronous machine is owing to have the power factor height, and running speed is stable, and the slow-speed of revolution designs advantages such as easy, has obtained in fields such as metallurgy, chemical industry using widely.Owing to reason such as design margin is excessive, there is a large amount of synchronous machines operational efficiency in practical work process lower, wasted a large amount of energy.
High pressure (middle pressure) Inverter Application makes the operation of synchronous machine energy-saving speed regulating become possibility.Since synchronous machine physical model complexity, control difficulty height, and the frequency converter of existing driving high pressure (middle pressure) synchronous machine operation is generally ac-ac frequency converter and load current-change formula (LCI) current-mode converter that has the speed/positional transducer.Wherein the former is only applicable to the occasion (occasion in most reducing energy consumptions all inapplicable) of working speed less than 1/2nd power frequency rotating speeds, and torque pulsation is bigger, the harmonic pollution bigger to having of electrical network; The latter is owing to structurally belong to current source inverter, the peak voltage that is applied on the motor is higher, the motor shaft electric current is bigger, damage motor bearing easily, maintenance cost is higher, owing to used the relatively poor speed/positional transducer of reliability, make the system works less stable in addition, failure rate is higher.
The voltage-source type frequency converter is meant and uses the friendship orthogonal type frequency converter of capacitor as dc energy storage/flat ripple link.The many level type frequency converter (as shown in Figure 1) that is made of a plurality of power unit cascades is a kind of novel high pressure (middle pressure) voltage-source type frequency converter.The voltage-source type frequency converter of this structure is owing to have the harmonic pollution of electrical network little, the set end voltage aberration rate is low, torque pulsation is little, characteristics such as cost is low, be widely used in the asynchronous motor frequency-changing speed-regulating field, and obtained the height approval in user and market, but such frequency converter is applied to synchronous machine frequency control field seldom.
Summary of the invention
In view of the foregoing; the objective of the invention is to solve guardian technique problems such as synchronous machine variable frequency starting, shutdown, operation adjusting and error protection; the method that provides a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter to drive the synchronous machine operation, making the voltage-source type frequency converter drive synchronous machine frequency control operation becomes possibility.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is by the following technical solutions: a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter drives the method for synchronous machine operation, and the process that this method starts synchronous machine may further comprise the steps:
1) excitation unit passes to exciting current to the synchronous machinery excitation winding, on the rotor magnetic pole of synchronous machine, sets up stronger magnetic field;
2) then, start frequency converter and apply an alternating voltage, the V/F value the when ratio of the voltage magnitude of this alternating voltage and frequency is higher than synchronous machine and normally moves to the armature winding of synchronous machine; On the stator of synchronous machine, set up the magnetic field of a strong slow rotation of comparing during with normal operation;
Under the effect of electromagnetic force between stator and rotor, synchronous machine enters the synchronous operation state;
3) the frequency converter frequency and the amplitude that raise gradually and be added in voltage on the synchronous machine armature winding, and reduce the V/F value of frequency converter output gradually, the driving synchronous machine accelerates to the setting rotating speed gradually, and the synchronous motor startup process is finished.
The V/F value of described frequency converter output is calculated according to following formula:
VF ( f ) = ( 1 + M f / f N ) × VF N - - - ( 1 )
In the formula, the V/F value when VF (f) is f for frequency; VF NBe the specified V/F value of motor, equal the ratio of motor rated voltage and rated frequency; f NRated frequency for synchronous machine; M is for adjusting coefficient, and representative value is 0.01.
After synchronous motor startup was finished, frequency converter adopted the V/F control mode, applies voltage according to predefined V/F curve to the armature winding of synchronous machine.
When synchronous machine stable operation, frequency converter is adjusted the exciting current that excitation unit applies to the synchronous machinery excitation winding according to the power factor or the reactive power of detected synchronous machine.
Frequency converter is adjusted excitation unit and is the reactive power minimum of frequency converter output or is set-point to the principle that the synchronous machinery excitation winding applies exciting current.
It is that the power factor of frequency converter output is the highest or be set-point that frequency converter is adjusted principle that excitation unit applies from exciting current to the synchronous machinery excitation winding.
When synchronous machine stable operation, suitably reduce frequency converter and be applied to the amplitude of the voltage on the synchronous machine armature winding and the value of the ratio of frequency, to reduce the fluctuation range of synchronous machine active power.
The process that this method control synchronous machine is shut down may further comprise the steps:
1) the voltage-source type frequency converter reduces earlier output frequency gradually, and adjusts output voltage according to the V/F curve, drives synchronous machine and slows down;
2) after frequency dropped to the lower limit of the speed regulating section that load behavior needs, frequency converter stopped the armature winding output voltage to synchronous machine, and the notice excitation unit stops excitation, entered the demagnetization state, and synchronous machine stops according to the inertia art skating.
Lose same leg speed, the electric network fault relevant at fault, electrical fault, the motor of finding the excitation unit report with frequency converter, or during the inner heavy fault of frequency converter, frequency converter stops immediately to synchronous machine armature winding output voltage, order excitation unit to stop excitation simultaneously, enter the demagnetization state, the exciting current of the synchronous machine of decaying fast.
When frequency converter orderly closedown or emergency shutdown, frequency converter notice excitation unit stops excitation, enters the demagnetization state, the exciting current of the synchronous machine of decaying fast.
Characteristics of the present invention are: can the working voltage source type frequency converter drive synchronous machine start reposefully, shut down, with higher efficient converting operation; When being in an emergency, protect synchronous machine, frequency converter and excitation unit reliably.Expand voltage-source type Inverter Application scope, increased the range of choice of synchronous machine frequency conversion speed-adjusting system, also reduced the cost that the synchronous machine frequency conversion is transformed.Because the present invention uses the V/F open loop control mode, need not the speed/positional transducer, thereby has improved motor reliability of operation and stability, has reduced the failure rate of system.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is many level type high pressure (middle pressure) frequency changer schematic diagram that existing a plurality of power unit module series connection constitutes;
Fig. 2 encourages the start-up course schematic diagram for the synchronous machine band;
Fig. 3 is a predefined V/F curve in the voltage-source type frequency converter;
When Fig. 4 moved for synchronous machine, the voltage-source type frequency converter was regulated the program flow diagram of synchronous machinery excitation electric current.
Embodiment
The frequency converter that the present invention uses is the voltage-source type frequency converter, it by multi winding transformer, ac-dc-ac inverter device, control system and optionally auxiliary body's (as bypass cabinet etc.) form.Controlled synchronous machine is the common synchronous machine that excitation winding is arranged, and it can be a motor, also can be generator; Structurally can be salient pole type synchronous motor, also can be the hidden pole type synchronous machine.Cooperate by sequential between Frequency Converter Control system and the exciting device of synchronous motor and/or the mode of communication, realize Collaborative Control synchronous machine.
One, principle explanation
Through the runtime verification of theory analysis, simulating, verifying and physical system, the present invention adopts following control method that startup, shutdown, running and the fault of synchronous machine are controlled:
1, use band to encourage Starting mode and start synchronous machine:
Before the synchronous motor startup, earlier the excitation winding to synchronous machine passes to certain exciting current, and the size of electric current generally is slightly larger than synchronous machine exciting current during normal operation under the unity power factor condition; Start frequency converter then, frequency converter begins the armature winding output AC voltage to synchronous machine; Band is encouraged start-up course as shown in Figure 2.
When starting, frequency converter is that predefined stationary phase (can select arbitrarily by this phase place to the initial phase of the alternating voltage that synchronous machine applies, the phase voltage initial phase of generally selecting the A phase for use is zero, in addition two-phase each differ from 120 degree), the rotor magnetic pole position of synchronous machine is irrelevant when starting.Under band is encouraged Starting mode, after frequency converter starts, synchronous machine will enter the synchronous operation state through about 1 second of short duration synchronizing process.
When starting, in order to strengthen stator field, strengthen synchronizing torque, shorten the synchronizing process, the voltage magnitude of the alternating voltage that the rush of current when reducing synchronizing, frequency converter apply to synchronous machine is big during than the normal operation of synchronous machine with the ratio (being that voltage-frequency is than V/F) of frequency.Because the voltage that frequency converter is exported when low frequency only is used for start-up course very much, so, in frequency converter, in the default V/F curve, select bigger V/F value for use in low-frequency range, along with the rising of frequency, the V/F value is reduced to the specified V/F value of motor gradually.The V/F curve of the actual use of frequency converter as shown in Figure 3.
2, synchronous machine is shut down control
When synchronous machine is shut down; frequency converter at first reduces the frequency of output voltage; after arriving predefined shutdown frequency; frequency converter stops the armature winding output voltage to synchronous machine; notify excitation unit to stop excitation simultaneously; enter the demagnetization state, synchronous machine comes to a complete stop gradually by the inertia art skating.
3, synchronous machine running control
When synchronous machine stable operation, in order to improve electric efficiency, frequency converter is regulated exciting current automatically according to detected motor power factor or reactive power.The program flow diagram of adjusting synchronous machinery excitation electric current as shown in Figure 4.
For the load of periodicity fluctuation, in order to improve system robustness, weaken power fluctuation, the fluctuation range according to the active power of frequency converter output reduces being added in the V/F value of voltage on the armature winding and the exciting current of motor.
4, error protection in the synchronous machine running
When reasons such as running into the system failure needed emergency shutdown, frequency converter stopped the armature winding output voltage to synchronous machine immediately, notified excitation unit to stop excitation simultaneously, entered the demagnetization state, and synchronous machine comes to a complete stop gradually by the inertia art skating.
It is unusual that frequency converter detects excitation unit, perhaps during the synchronous machine step-out, stops the armature winding output voltage to synchronous machine immediately, notifies excitation unit to stop excitation simultaneously, enters the demagnetization state, and synchronous machine comes to a complete stop gradually by the inertia art skating.
Describe the method for working voltage source type frequency converter control synchronous motor startup, shutdown, operation and error protection below in detail.
1, the band of synchronous machine encourage, the variable frequency starting method
Different with the frequency converter of other types such as load current-change inverter (LCI) type frequency converter, the equivalence under the V/F control mode of voltage-source type frequency converter is an alternating-current voltage source, in the synchronizing process of synchronous motor startup, if control improperly, over current fault very easily takes place cause synchronizing failure.When common frequency power network drives synchronous motor startup in the past, also there is same problem, just the ability of the anti-over-current shock of electrical network is stronger, can bear (7~15 seconds) in short-term over-current shock of 5~7 times, and frequency converter generally can only bear maximum 1.5 times overcurrent in short-term.Therefore, select suitable control mode, make the synchronizing process of synchronous motor startup produce the key issue that the less current impact is a voltage-source type frequency converter driving synchronous machine.
Working voltage source type frequency converter of the present invention drives that the synchronous machine band is encouraged, variable frequency starting and synchronizing method are as follows:
1) at first, excitation unit passes to certain exciting current to the synchronous machinery excitation winding, and the general choosing of its size is slightly larger than the exciting current of synchronous machine when normally moving.At this moment, on the rotor magnetic pole of synchronous machine, set up stronger magnetic field.
2) then, starting frequency converter, to apply a frequency to the armature winding of synchronous machine be 0.5Hz, initial phase is zero alternating voltage, and the V/F value of the amplitude of voltage when being higher than synchronous machine and normally moving, its typical value are 2 times of the V/F value of synchronous machine when normally moving.At this moment, under the effect of low-frequency ac voltage higher on the armature winding, on the stator of synchronous machine, set up the magnetic field of a strong slow rotation of comparing during with normal operation.
, at the beginning of synchronous machine armature winding applies voltage, the position of synchronous electric motor rotor magnetic pole is not measured at frequency converter, be applied to the voltage initial phase on the synchronous machine armature winding and the location independent of synchronous electric motor rotor magnetic pole.In fact, when synchronous machine armature winding applied voltage, the direction of stator field and rotor field was misalignment at frequency converter.Under the effect of the electromagnetic force between stator and rotor magnetic field, rotor begins to rotate towards the direction of stator field.Along with the rotation of rotor and the rotation of stator field, in the short time (about 1 second), the magnetic direction of stator and rotor is aimed at and is sucked mutually.Then, under the effect of electromagnetic force between stator and rotor, after the angle between rotor magnetic pole and stator field (being called rotor angle) carries out the swing of a spot of decay, arrive poised state, promptly synchronous machine enters the synchronous operation state, and synchronizing is finished.
3) last, frequency and amplitude that frequency converter raises gradually and is added in voltage on the synchronous machine armature winding, and reduce the V/F value gradually, and driving synchronous machine and accelerate to the setting rotating speed gradually, the synchronous motor startup process is finished.
The key of this method is to select suitable frequency converter V/F value.
If the V/F value is too small before the synchronizing, electromagnetic torque deficiency in the time of then can causing synchronous machine synchronizing, stator field can't reliably suck rotor magnetic pole when the stator and rotor magnetic direction overlaps for the first time, rising along with the armature voltage frequency, when the stator and rotor magnetic direction overlapped once more, relative velocity was bigger, more was difficult to suck mutually, finally cause the synchronizing failure, the frequency converter overcurrent.
If the V/F value is excessive before the synchronizing, then can causes the synchronous motor stator iron core saturated, and then cause the preceding frequency converter generation overcurrent fault of synchronizing.
After the synchronizing success,, suppress the rotor angle swing at synchronizing success initial stage, still need keep bigger stator magnetic flux for bigger initial acceleration torque is provided; And when synchronous machine moved with higher rotation speed after startup is finished, stator magnetic flux should be approximately equal to the specified magnetic flux of motor, thereby the V/F value should progressively be reduced to specified V/F value along with the rising of frequency.
In order to simplify control logic, reduce failure rate, the present invention adopts fixedly V/F curve, the adaptive method of start-up course.Promptly select suitable V/F curve, make that the demand of V/F value and start-up course is complementary when the slow-speed of revolution very, when rotating speed was higher, the V/F value was approximately equal to the rated value of motor.The V/F curve that the present invention adopts is determined by following formula:
VF ( f ) = ( 1 + M f / f N ) × VF N - - - ( 1 )
In the formula, the V/F value when VF (f) is f for frequency; VF NBe the specified V/F value of motor, equal the ratio of motor rated voltage and rated frequency; f NRated frequency for synchronous machine; M is for adjusting coefficient, and representative value is 0.01.
M=0.01, f NDuring=50Hz V/F to the curve of frequency as shown in Figure 3, ordinate is the V/F value and the ratio of specified V/F among the figure.As can be seen, when frequency was low, frequency converter was exported higher V/F value among the figure; After frequency was elevated to certain value (as 5Hz), the V/F value of frequency converter output was reduced to rapidly near the rated value of motor.
2, the shutdown of synchronous machine control
Owing to adopted above-mentioned V/F curve, in stopping process, when rotating speed drops to when to a certain degree following, frequency converter will be exported excessive voltage, and will be unfavorable to motor, should avoid the generation of this situation.
The shutdown control method that the present invention adopts is: the voltage-source type frequency converter reduces earlier output frequency gradually, and adjusts output voltage according to the V/F curve, drives synchronous machine and slows down; When dropping to certain value, frequency (is generally the lower limit of the speed regulating section of load behavior needs, representative value is 10Hz) afterwards, frequency converter stops the armature winding output voltage to synchronous machine, and the notice excitation unit stops excitation, enter the demagnetization state, synchronous machine stops according to the inertia art skating.
3, the converting operation process control of synchronous machine
The present invention adopts the V/F control mode, apply voltage according to predefined V/F curve to the armature winding of synchronous machine, its characteristic can be equivalent to stable alternating-current voltage source, its stability approaches common frequency power network most, thereby compare with the frequency converter of other control mode and other type, have higher job stability and reliability.
Because the reactive current of synchronous machine only flows between the armature winding of synchronous machine and frequency converter, do not enter common frequency power network, in order to reduce the output current of frequency converter, reduce loss, raise the efficiency, in the application of reality, often need by automatic control, make the reactive current/reactive power minimum of frequency converter output, power factor is the highest.
When synchronous machine stable operation, in order to improve electric efficiency, frequency converter is regulated exciting current automatically according to detected motor power factor or reactive power, and motor is moved under power factor of expecting or reactive power.The program flow diagram of adjusting synchronous machinery excitation electric current as shown in Figure 4.Wherein, the communication of the exciting current set-point between frequency converter and the excitation unit realizes by 4~20mA analog current passage.
4, the synchronous machine power fluctuation and the inhibition method thereof that cause of the fluctuation of load
When synchronous machine dragged the load (as reciprocating compressor) of torque periodicity fluctuation, the fluctuation of load torque can cause the swing at synchronous electric motor rotor angle, and then caused the electric current of frequency converter output and the fluctuation of active power.
For the voltage-source type frequency converter of non-energy feedback, when the lower limit of active power of output fluctuation during less than zero (motor is instantaneous to the anti-power that send of frequency converter), the inner dc bus overvoltage of frequency converter fault will take place.Therefore, need take certain measure to avoid the generation of this situation.
The present invention is the method that suitably reduces the motor magnetic flux to this employing, promptly suitably reduces the V/F value of motor, just the VF in the formula (1) NValue, then minimum or make the power factor of synchronous machine or principle that reactive power is desired value adjust the exciting current of motor according to frequency converter output reactive current.
After the magnetic flux of motor reduced (being the stator and rotor field weakenings), on the one hand, the rotor angle hunting range that identical load torque fluctuation causes had increased; On the other hand, identical rotor angle hunting range has weakened the influence of stator, i.e. the fluctuation of the power of motor (frequency converter active power of output) that rotor angle swing causes has reduced.Experiment shows that the latter's effect is stronger, and the magnetic flux that reduces motor can effectively reduce the fluctuation range of frequency converter active power of output.
But, the magnetic flux that reduces motor can cause the breakdown torque (being pull-out torque) of synchronous machine output to reduce, the magnetic flux of too much reduction motor can cause synchronous machine to lose same leg speed in load torque fluctuation during to higher value, and then causes frequency converter generation over current fault, and equipment is stopped transport.
Therefore, adjust the magnetic flux of rear motor and need specifically judge according to the actual conditions at scene, the representative value of the motor V/F value after the reduction is 85% of value before reducing.
5, synchronous machine fault protecting method
Different with asynchronous machine, synchronous machine when run with load, the armature winding sudden power, if exciting current remains unchanged, synchronous machine will induce higher voltage on its armature winding, and this voltage can not decayed fast.This high pressure will damage the armature winding of synchronous machine, also can cause frequency converter to damage.
Therefore be necessary when synchronous machine armature winding cut off the power supply that its exciting current of decaying fast makes the voltage of responding on the armature winding decay to safety value in the shortest time or below the rated value, protects motor and frequency converter.
The present invention adopts electromagnetic relay and excitation unit to carry out communication, stops in synchronous machine armature winding output voltage at frequency converter, and the order excitation unit enters the demagnetization state, the exciting current of the synchronous machine of decaying fast.
Lose same leg speed, the electric network fault relevant at fault, electrical fault, the motor of finding the excitation unit report with frequency converter, or during the inner heavy fault of frequency converter, frequency converter will stop immediately to synchronous machine armature winding output voltage, order excitation unit to enter the demagnetization state simultaneously, the exciting current of the synchronous machine of decaying fast.Described heavy fault is meant that the necessary state out of service of frequency converter is to guarantee the fault of frequency converter safety, for example serious over current fault, serious overheating fault.
Characteristics of the present invention are: can the working voltage source type frequency converter drive synchronous machine, start reposefully, shut down, with higher efficient converting operation; When being in an emergency, protect synchronous machine, frequency converter and excitation unit reliably.
The above is specific embodiments of the invention and the know-why used, and is any based on the equivalent transformation on the technical solution of the present invention basis, all belongs within the protection range of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter drives the method for synchronous machine operation, and the process that this method starts synchronous machine may further comprise the steps:
1) excitation unit passes to exciting current to the synchronous machinery excitation winding, on the rotor magnetic pole of synchronous machine, sets up stronger magnetic field; The size of this exciting current is slightly larger than synchronous machine exciting current during normal operation under the unity power factor condition;
2) then, start frequency converter and apply an alternating voltage, the V/F value the when ratio of the voltage magnitude of this alternating voltage and frequency is higher than synchronous machine and normally moves to the armature winding of synchronous machine; On the stator of synchronous machine, set up the magnetic field of a strong slow rotation of comparing during with normal operation;
Under the effect of electromagnetic force between stator and rotor, synchronous machine enters the synchronous operation state;
3) the frequency converter frequency and the amplitude that raise gradually and be added in voltage on the synchronous machine armature winding, and reduce the V/F value of frequency converter output gradually, the driving synchronous machine accelerates to the setting rotating speed gradually, and the synchronous motor startup process is finished.
2, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 1 drives the method for synchronous machine operation, it is characterized in that: the V/F value of described frequency converter output is calculated according to following formula:
VF ( f ) = ( 1 + M f / f N ) × VF N - - - ( 1 )
In the formula, the V/F value when VF (f) is f for frequency; VF NBe the specified V/F value of motor, equal the ratio of motor rated voltage and rated frequency; f NRated frequency for synchronous machine; M is for adjusting coefficient, and representative value is 0.01.
3, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 1 and 2 drives the method for synchronous machine operation, it is characterized in that: after synchronous motor startup is finished, frequency converter adopts the V/F control mode, applies voltage according to predefined V/F curve to the armature winding of synchronous machine.
4, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 3 drives the method for synchronous machine operation, it is characterized in that: when synchronous machine stable operation, frequency converter is adjusted the exciting current that excitation unit applies to the synchronous machinery excitation winding according to the power factor or the reactive power of detected synchronous machine.
5, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 4 drives the method for synchronous machine operation, it is characterized in that: frequency converter is adjusted excitation unit and is the reactive power minimum of frequency converter output or is set-point to the principle that the synchronous machinery excitation winding applies exciting current.
6, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 4 drives the method for synchronous machine operation, it is characterized in that: it is that the power factor of frequency converter output is the highest or be set-point that frequency converter is adjusted principle that excitation unit applies from exciting current to the synchronous machinery excitation winding.
7, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 3 drives the method for synchronous machine operation, it is characterized in that: when synchronous machine stable operation, suitably reduce frequency converter and be applied to the amplitude of the voltage on the synchronous machine armature winding and the value of the ratio of frequency, to reduce the fluctuation range of synchronous machine active power.
8, drive the method that synchronous machine moves according to claim 1 or 2 or 5 or 6 or 7 described a kind of working voltage source type frequency converters, it is characterized in that: the process that this method control synchronous machine is shut down may further comprise the steps:
1) the voltage-source type frequency converter reduces earlier output frequency gradually, and adjusts output voltage according to the V/F curve, drives synchronous machine and slows down;
2) after frequency dropped to the lower limit of the speed regulating section that load behavior needs, frequency converter stopped the armature winding output voltage to synchronous machine, and the notice excitation unit stops excitation, entered the demagnetization state, and synchronous machine stops according to the inertia art skating.
9, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 4 drives the method for synchronous machine operation, it is characterized in that: the process that this method control synchronous machine is shut down may further comprise the steps:
1) the voltage-source type frequency converter reduces earlier output frequency gradually, and adjusts output voltage according to the V/F curve, drives synchronous machine and slows down;
2) after frequency dropped to the lower limit of the speed regulating section that load behavior needs, frequency converter stopped the armature winding output voltage to synchronous machine, and the notice excitation unit stops excitation, entered the demagnetization state, and synchronous machine stops according to the inertia art skating.
10, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 8 drives the method for synchronous machine operation, it is characterized in that: lose same leg speed, the electric network fault relevant with frequency converter at fault, electrical fault, the motor of finding the excitation unit report, or during the inner heavy fault of frequency converter, frequency converter stops immediately to synchronous machine armature winding output voltage, order excitation unit to stop excitation simultaneously, enter the demagnetization state, the exciting current of the synchronous machine of decaying fast.
11, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 9 drives the method for synchronous machine operation, it is characterized in that: lose same leg speed, the electric network fault relevant with frequency converter at fault, electrical fault, the motor of finding the excitation unit report, or during the inner heavy fault of frequency converter, frequency converter stops immediately to synchronous machine armature winding output voltage, order excitation unit to stop excitation simultaneously, enter the demagnetization state, the exciting current of the synchronous machine of decaying fast.
12, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 8 drives the method for synchronous machine operation; it is characterized in that: when frequency converter orderly closedown or emergency shutdown; frequency converter notice excitation unit stops excitation, enters the demagnetization state, the exciting current of the synchronous machine of decaying fast.
13, a kind of working voltage source type frequency converter according to claim 9 drives the method for synchronous machine operation; it is characterized in that: when frequency converter orderly closedown or emergency shutdown; frequency converter notice excitation unit stops excitation, enters the demagnetization state, the exciting current of the synchronous machine of decaying fast.
CNB2006100894758A 2006-06-28 2006-06-28 Method for driving synchronous machine to operation using power source type frequency converter Active CN100525068C (en)

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CN103001569B (en) * 2012-11-13 2015-10-07 安徽颐和新能源科技股份有限公司 High-pressure frequency-conversion motor idler revolutions tracking
CN103701374B (en) * 2013-12-17 2016-04-06 上海发电设备成套设计研究院 A kind of soft-start method of high-voltage frequency conversion and speed-adjusting device
CN104270061A (en) * 2014-10-13 2015-01-07 哈尔滨工业大学 Submersible motor energy-saving control method based on optimal voltage-frequency ratio control
CN104460503B (en) * 2014-11-11 2017-02-15 武汉钢铁(集团)公司 Alternating-current asynchronous motor excitation control method of strip steel leveling production line
CN104373294B (en) * 2014-11-28 2017-04-26 东元总合科技(杭州)有限公司 Full-power control and operation method applied to wind power converter
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