CN100524383C - Navigation equipment capable of updating traffic rules promptly - Google Patents

Navigation equipment capable of updating traffic rules promptly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100524383C
CN100524383C CN 200510046550 CN200510046550A CN100524383C CN 100524383 C CN100524383 C CN 100524383C CN 200510046550 CN200510046550 CN 200510046550 CN 200510046550 A CN200510046550 A CN 200510046550A CN 100524383 C CN100524383 C CN 100524383C
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means
road
rules
traffic
navigation
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CN 200510046550
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CN1873724A (en
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周宇弘
姜新农
锋 李
韩家金
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东软集团股份有限公司
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Abstract

一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备,包括操作输入装置、现在地检测装置、图像数据采集装置、导航控制装置、数据存储装置、显示装置、声音引导装置,操作输入装置将用户下达的指令和请求、现在地检测装置将其获取的当前汽车现在位置和现在时刻、图像数据采集装置将其获取的汽车行驶过程中的道路信息传送给导航控制装置,则交通规则变更获知手段将获知交通规则的变更,交通规则更新手段把更新的交通规则信息保存在数据存储装置中,交通规则应用手段将从数据存储装置中提取数据,并把数据提供给导航控制装置进行道路探索、道路引导信息制作和地图显示,上述信息通过显示装置或声音引导装置告知用户,实现本导航设备对用户的导航。 Capable of real-time updates of traffic rules navigation apparatus includes an operation input means now detecting device, an image data acquisition device, a navigation control apparatus, a data storage device, a display device, the sound guide means, the operation input device and the instructions issued by the user request, now the detecting means acquires the current vehicle current location and the current time, the image data acquisition device transmits road information acquiring vehicle travel process to the navigation control apparatus, the traffic regulation changes known means to know traffic rules change traffic rules update means to update the rules of the road information stored in the data storage device, the application of rules of the road means of extracting data from the data storage device and the data to the navigation control device to explore the road, a road map to guide information production and displaying the information by the display means to inform the user or the voice guidance device, a navigation device implementing the navigation to the user.

Description

能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备技术领域本发明属于汽车导航技术领域,特别涉及一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备。 Traffic rules can be updated in real navigation Technical Field The present invention belongs to the technical field of car navigation, in particular, it relates to a real-time updates of traffic rules navigation device. 背景技术在汽车导航设备中,以光盘或硬盘等形式保存的地图数据库中包含交通规则信息。 BACKGROUND In car navigation devices, such as stored in the form of CD-ROM or hard disk map database contains information on traffic rules. 以数据种类区分,交通规则信息主要包括两类:行驶方向交通规则和转折方向交通规则。 Type-specific data, traffic regulation information includes two types: the traveling direction of the traffic regulations and rules turning direction of the vehicle. 行驶方向交通规则包括禁行规则、单向通行规则等信息;转折方向交通规则包括左转、右转、调头、 直行等信息;同时行驶方向交通规则和转折方向交通规则都具有时间带规则。 Direction of travel information including traffic rules forbidding rule, one-way traffic rules; turning direction of traffic rules, including turn left, turn right, turn around, go straight and other information; traffic rules while driving direction and turn the direction of traffic rules have a time zone rules. 导航设备会使用上述交通规则信息进行道路探索及道路引导,如果某条道路的交通规则发生了变更,而导航地图数据库中存储的交通规则信息没有得到及时的更新,那么,导航设备还会使用旧的交通规则进行道路探索与道路引导,这样就会导致计算的最优路不正确或提供给用户错误的引导信息,给用户带来很大的麻烦。 Navigation device uses the traffic regulation information and road guide to explore the road, a road traffic rules if the occurrence of these changes and rules of the road navigation map information stored in the database have not been updated in time, then, will be using the old navigation equipment road traffic rules and road exploration guide, this will result in an optimal way computing is not correct or provide guidance to user error message to the user a great deal of trouble. 下面举例予以说明:例如用户通过图一的输入设备设置了一个目的地,并指定了到达时间最短的探索原则,导航设备开始进行道路探索,当探索到某条道路时,从导航地图数据库中取得这条路的交通规则信息,发现这条道路是步行街,机动车不可以在这条路上行驶,所以对于机动车而言,这条道路是禁行的。 The following example is the following: for example, a user input device settings through a diagram of a destination and specify the shortest time to explore the principles of arrival, navigation equipment began to explore the road, when a road to explore, obtained from the navigation map database rules of the road traffic information, find this road is a pedestrian street, the vehicle may not be driven on this road, so for motor vehicles, this road is forbidden lines. 那么,虽然选择这条道路可以使车辆到达目的地的时间最短,导航设备也会放弃这条道路,而另外选择其它的道路。 So, although this path allows the vehicle to reach the shortest time to the destination, the navigation device will give up this path, while others choose a different path. 如果以后的某个时间,这条步行街被重新规划变成机动车可通行的道路,而导航地图数据库中没有能够及时把这条道路的交通规则从禁行状态更新成可通行状态, 那么在进行上述设置目的地的道路探索时,导航设备依然会放弃这条道路而选择其它的道路, 这样探索出来的道路就不是可以在最短的时间内到达目的地的最优路。 If a later time, this pedestrian street is again planning to become passable road vehicle, and a navigation map database is not able to put in time road traffic rules forbidding updates from state to state can pass, then making when the destination is set above the road exploration, navigation devices will still give up this path and choose another path, this is not the way out to explore the best way to reach the destination in the shortest possible time. 由此可见,是否能够及时更新交通规则对于道路探索质量以及道路引导信息的准确性起着至关重要的作用。 Thus, the ability to update the rules of the road to guide plays a vital role for the road to explore the accuracy of the information and the quality of the road. 在目前的汽车导航产品中,通常利用更新导航数据地图盘的方式更新交通规则信息,这种方式的缺点:数据的更新周期过长,从而导致交通规则的更新不及时,无法适应交通规则变更频繁的状况;另外一种获得实时交通信息的方式是通过在车载导航设备中安装一种红外线/电波收发器,用于接受电波beacon、光beacon以及FM波,通过这种方式可以获知动态的道路交通信息,但是这种方式目前用于获知某条道路由于工事、事故、强风的原因所引起的禁行的通知,而不包括更复杂的道路交通规则的变更;另外目前的导航设备中还可以使用网络通信的方式更新交通规则信息,但是这种更新方式需要较高的成本来完成及维护交通信息4更新功能。 In the current automotive navigation products, usually using the updated way navigation map data disk traffic rules update information, the disadvantage of this approach: the data update interval is too long, resulting in not timely updated traffic rules, unable to adapt to the frequent changes in traffic rules condition; another way of obtaining real-time traffic information by installing an infrared / radio transceiver in-vehicle navigation device, for receiving a radio wave beacon, a light beacon and FM waves, can be known through road traffic dynamically in this way information, but this approach is currently configured to obtain a notice forbidding certain roads because of fortifications, accidents, strong winds caused, not including the more complex changes to road traffic regulations; also the navigation device may also be used way network communication traffic rules update information, but the way this update requires higher costs to complete and maintain traffic information 4 update feature.

目前中国的道路情况变更很频繁,这就需要我们能够及时更新导航设备中保存的交通规则,以便在道路探索以及道路引导时,能够使用最新的交通规则,增加汽车导航产品的可靠性。 China's current road conditions change very frequently, which requires us to be able to update the navigation device to save the traffic rules, so that when the road and explore the road guidance, can use the latest rules of the road, increase the reliability of car navigation products.

发明内容 SUMMARY

针对道路交通规则常有变化的情况以及现有导航设备中更新交通规则技术的不足,本发明提供一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备。 For the case of road traffic rules often change and the lack of updated traffic rules technologies existing navigation device, the present invention provides a real-time updates of traffic rules of navigation equipment.

本导航设备包括现在地检测装置、图像数据采集装置、操作输入装置、导航控制装置、 数据存储装置、显示装置、声音引导装置。 This navigation apparatus includes current detecting means, the image data acquisition means, the operation input device, the navigation control apparatus, a data storage device, a display device, the sound guide.

操作输入装置用于将用户的指令和请求输入导航设备。 Operation input means for a user's instruction and request input navigation device.

图像数据采集装置用于提供汽车行驶过程中获取的道路图像信息。 Image data acquisition means for providing image information of a road vehicle was acquired.

现在地检测装置用于提供当前汽车的现在位置信息和现在时刻。 Now the means for detecting current position information of the present time and provide the current car.

导航控制装置中设有交通规则变更获知手段、交通规则更新手段和交通规则应用手段。 Navigation control device is provided with means to learn traffic rules change, update means traffic rules and traffic regulations apply means.

交通规则变更获知手段采用用户提供获知手段、图像识别获知手段或车辆行驶状态检测获知手段中的至少一种获知手段;其中,用户提供获知手段通过操作输入装置获知交通规则变更信息;图像识别获知手段,将导航控制装置根据图像数据采集装置采集的信息和现在地检测装置提供的信息获得的道路交通规则,与数据存储装置中存储的道路交通规则进行比较, 来获知道路交通规则的变更;车辆行驶状态检测获知手段,将导航控制装置根据现在地检测装置提供的信息而获得的汽车当前行驶状态所依据的道路交通规则,与数据存储装置中存储的道路交通规则进行比较,来获知道路交通规则的变更。 Changing traffic rules using known means to provide users with known means, known means of image recognition or the vehicle travel condition detection means of at least one known known means; wherein the means known users know the traffic regulation information is changed by operating the input means; image recognition means known the rules of the road information navigation control apparatus provides information of the image data acquisition device and current detecting means obtained in accordance with the data storage device stores the rules of the road compared to know the change rules of the road; the vehicle is traveling state detecting known means, the navigation control unit according to the information provided by the device are now detected and obtained automobiles current driving state is based on the rules of the road, the road traffic rules store the data storage means by comparing known road traffic rules change.

交通规则更新手段采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段;其中,用户提供获知手段获知的交通规则变更信息采用用户更新手段进行更新,图像识别获知手段获知的交通规则变更信息采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段进行更新,车辆行驶状态检测获知手段获知的交通规则变更信息采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段进行更新。 Traffic rules updating means uses the user updating means or automatically updating means; wherein users know means known rules of the road change information using the user updating means for updating the image recognition known means known rules of the road change information using the user updating means or automatically updating means is updated, the vehicle travel condition detection means known change information acquired by the traffic regulation using the user or automatically updating means updating means updates.

交通规则应用手段从数据存储装置中提取数据,并将数据提供给导航控制装置进行道路探索、道路引导信息制作和地图显示。 Traffic rules are applied means of extracting data from the data storage device, and provides the data to explore for road navigation control device, a road map to guide information production and display.

存储装置用于存储数据,数据中包括原始地图数据和更新后的交通规则数据。 Storage means for storing data, traffic regulation data includes original map data and updating data.

显示装置用于显示导航控制装置制作的地图信息、道路探索信息、道路引导信息以及需要用户确认的信息。 Display means for displaying map information device making navigation control, to explore the road information, road information and the need to guide the user to confirm the information.

声音引导装置用于发出声音完成导航控制装置制作的道路引导信息以及提示用户操4乍。 Voice guidance means for emitting a sound to navigate and control means making a road guide information and prompting the user 4 at first operation. 本导航设备采用以下三种交通规则获知手段中的至少一种获知手段,具体工作过程如下: This navigation apparatus is known the following three rules of the road in at least one of means known means, specifically works as follows:

(1) 、用户输入获知手段 (1), a user input means known

当用户得知了某些道路的交通规则变更的信息,通过本导航设备的操作输入装置主动将变更的道路交通规则输入给导航控制装置。 When the user knows some traffic regulation information of the road changed by operating the input device of the present navigation device actively change rules of the road input to the navigation control apparatus.

(2) 、图像识别获知手段 (2), the image recognition means known

当汽车行驶在道路上时,利用安装在汽车前部的图像数据采集装置获得道路图像数据, 并可以通过现在地检测装置获知道路图像数据的采集地点,导航控制装置采用模式识别方法获得道路上的车线数、车线标志以及道路交通规则标志,使导航控制装置能够识别道路上的交通规则。 When the vehicle is traveling on a road, by the mounting the image data acquisition apparatus front of the vehicle to obtain a road image data, and may be learned capture location road image data by current detecting means, the navigation control unit pattern recognition method obtained on path car number of lines, lane markers and road traffic regulation signs, so that the navigation apparatus to recognize the control traffic rules on the road. 根据采集道路图像数据的地点信息,导航控制装置会在数据存储装置中存储的更新后的交通规则数据中查找此地点的更新交通规则,如果更新后的交通规则数据中存储了此地点的更新交通规则数据,则导航控制装置会对图像数据采集装置识别出的交通规则与更新后的交通规则数据中的此地点的更新交通规则进行比较,来自动获知二者不一致的情况;如果更新后的交通规则数据中没有此地点的更新交通规则数据,则导航控制装置会对图像数据采集装置识别出的交通规则与数据存储装置中存储的原始地图数据中的此地点的交通规则进行比较,来自动获知二者不一致的情况。 Depending on the location information collected road image data, the navigation controller looks for updated traffic rules this place in traffic rules updated data stored in the data storage device, traffic regulation data if the update is stored in the updated traffic this location traffic regulation data traffic rules and updating rule data, the navigation control unit will recognize the image data acquisition means update the traffic rules in this location compared to automatically know where disagreement therebetween; traffic if a later original map data rule data traffic regulation data is not updated in this place, the device will store the traffic regulation image data storage means and data acquisition means identifies the navigation control traffic rules in this location compared to automatically learn inconsistency of both.

(3) 、车辆行驶状态检测获知手段 (3), the vehicle travel condition detection means known

在车辆行驶状态下,导航控制装置会根据原始地图数据以及更新后的道路交通规则数据中存储的道路交通规则制作引导信息,在这些引导信息中会提示用户汽车的行驶方向。 In the vehicle running state, the navigation control apparatus will create traffic regulation information based on the road guidance data and the original rules of the road map data stored in the updated, of these prompts the user guidance information car traveling direction. 存在最优路的情况下,在汽车的行驶过程中,如果汽车的行驶偏离了最优路,导航控制装置会根据偏离时的地点信息在数据存储装置中存储的更新后的交通规则数据中查找此地点的更新交通规则,如果更新后的交通规则数据中存储了此地点的更新交通规则数据,则导航控制装置会将汽车的当前行驶状态所依据的交通规则与更新后的交通规则数据中的此地点的更新交通 In the presence of an optimal path, traveling in a car, if the car deviates from the optimum running path, according to the navigation control apparatus finds the location of data traffic regulation deviation information stored in a data update in the storage means update traffic rules this place, traffic regulation data traffic rules and updated if the traffic regulation data stored in the updated update the traffic regulation data for this location, the car navigation apparatus will control current driving state is based on the this location update traffic

规则进行比较,来自动获知二者不一致的情况;如果更新后的交通规则数据中没有存储此地点的更新交通规则数据,则导航控制装置会将汽车的当前行驶状态所依据的交通规则与数据存储装置中存储的原始地图数据中的此地点的交通规则进行比较,来自动获知二者不一致的情况。 Comparing the rules to automatically know where disagreement therebetween; if the traffic regulation data is not updated in the updated traffic regulation data stored in this location, the navigation device will control the running state of the vehicle based on the current traffic rules and data storage means original map data stored in the traffic rules this location compared to automatically knows inconsistencies therebetween. 没有最优路的情况下,在汽车的行驶过程中,当导航控制装置判断出汽车当前所在位置发生变更的情况下,导航控制装置会根据位置变更后的地点信息在更新后的交通规则数据中査找此地点的更新交通规则,如果更新后的交通规则数据中存储了此地点的更新交通S1则数据,则导航控制装置会将汽车的当前行驶状态所依据的交通规则与更新后的交通规则娄女据中的此地点的更新交通规则进行比较,来自动获知二者不一致的情况;如果更新后的交通规则数据中没有存储此地点的更新交通规则数据,则导航控制装置会将汽车的当前行驶状态所依据的交通规则与原始地图数据中的此地点的交通规则进行比较,来自动获知二者不一Sl的情况。 Without the optimal path, the process of moving the car, in the case where the current location of car navigation changed control means determines that the navigation control apparatus will be in the traffic regulation data according to the updated location information after the location change Find the updated rules of the road for this place, if traffic rules updated data stored in the data S1 traffic updates for this place, the navigation system will control the car's current driving state is based on traffic rules and traffic regulations Lou update According to the female update this location comparing traffic rules, automatically know where disagreement therebetween; if the current traffic rules with the updated data is not updated in this traffic regulation data memory location, then the car navigation control means will rules of the road map data to the original state in accordance with the rules of the road in this place compares to automatically learn the two different cases of Sl.

本导航设备更新交通规则时,采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段。 This navigation apparatus updates the traffic rules, using the user or automatically updating means updating means. 当采用用户提供获知手段获知交通规则变更信息时,仅采用用户更新手段进行更新。 When informed of the means adopted to provide users learn traffic rules when changing information using only the user updating means to update.

当采用图像识别获知手段获知交通规则变更信息时,采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段进行更新,并由用户事先在导航设备中选择设定具体采用其中的某一种方式,具体工作过程如下: When informed that the image recognition means known traffic regulation information is changed using the user or automatically updating means updating means for updating preselected by the user to set the specific use in a certain way in which the navigation device, particularly the working process is as follows:

Cl)用户更新 Cl) user updates

当根据图像识别获知手段得到交通规则的变更信息后,导航控制装置会向用户询问是否需要更新道路交通规则信息,如果用户确认需要更新,则导航控制装置会将此项变更交通规则保存到更新后的交通规则数据中。 When informed that according to the image recognition means to get traffic rules change information, navigation controller asks the user whether to update the rules of the road information, if the user confirms the need to update, the navigation control device will be saved to this change traffic rules update the rules of the road data.

(2)自动更新 (2) Automatic Updates

当根据图像识别获知手段得到某一地点的交通规则的变更信息后,导航控制装置会暂时保存根据图像识别获知手段得到的此地点的交通规则变更信息,当根据图像识别获知手段多次得到此地点的交通规则变更信息,达到既定的更新条件后,导航控制装置会自动将根据图像识别获知手段得到的此地点的交通规则变更信息作为更新的交通规则保存到更新后的交通规则数据中。 When informed of image recognition means to obtain modification information of a location of the traffic regulation, the navigation control means temporarily stored traffic regulation means to get to know this location change information of the image recognition, image recognition means as learned multiple times to give this location after changing traffic regulation information, reaches a predetermined update condition, the navigation control unit will automatically learn the traffic regulation means to get this location change information to the traffic regulation data stored in the updated rules of the road as the updated image recognition.

当采用车辆行驶状态检测获知手段获知交通规则变更信息时,采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段进行更新,并由用户事先在导航设备中选择设定具体采用其中的某一种方式,具体工作过程如下: When using the known vehicle travel state detecting means when informed of the traffic regulation information is changed using the user or automatically updating means updating means for updating preselected by the user to set the specific use in a certain way in which the navigation device, particularly the working process is as follows :

(l)用户更新 (L) updating user

当根据车辆行驶状态检测获知手段得到某一地点的交通规则的变更信息后,导航控制装置会向用户询问是否需要更新道路交通规则信息,如果用户确认需要更新,则导航控制装置会将此项变更交通规则保存到更新后的交通规则数据中。 When informed that according to the vehicle travel condition detection means to get information about traffic rules change a particular place, the navigation controller asks the user whether to update the rules of the road information, if the user confirms the need to update, the navigation control device will this change rules of the road traffic rules to save data after the update.

7(2)自动更新 7 (2) Automatic Updates

当根据车辆行驶状态检测获知手段得到某一地点的交通规则的变更信息后,导航控审u装置会暂时保存根据车辆行驶状态检测获知手段得到的此地点的交通规则变更信息,当根据车辆行驶状态检测获知手段多次得到此地点的交通规则变更信息,达到既定的更新条件后,导航控制装置会自动将根据车辆行驶状态检测获知手段得到的此地点的交通规则变更信息^^为更新的交通规则保存到更新后的交通规则数据中。 When informed of the detection means according to the vehicle running state change information of traffic regulation to obtain a location of the navigation device will control trial u temporarily stored traffic regulation means obtained according to this known location detecting vehicle running state change information, according to when the running state of the vehicle after detection of traffic rules known methods to give many times this location change information, to achieve a predetermined update condition, the navigation control unit will automatically learn the traffic regulation means to get this location according to the vehicle driving state detecting change of the traffic regulation information updated ^^ save the rules of the road data update.

导航控制装置将更新的交通规则信息保存在更新后的交通规则数据中。 Navigation control means updates the traffic regulation information stored within the traffic regulation data after the update. 交通规则应用手段工作过程如下:在进行道路计算、制作引导信息或者地图显示时,导航控制装置中的交通规则应用手段会首先在更新后的交通规则数据中査找当前的探索地点是否存在更新的交通规则,如果存在,则使用更新的交通规则进行地图显示、道路计算、制作引导信息,如果不存在,则使用原始地图数据中的交通规则。 Traffic rules are applied means works as follows: when the road is calculated, making the boot information or map display, navigation control device in the application of rules of the road means will first find the current location to explore whether there is an updated traffic data in the traffic rules in the updated rule, if there is, then use the updated rules of the road map display, roads calculation, production guidance information, and if not, use the original map data traffic rule.

本发明所述导航设备可以提高汽车导航设备的道路探索的质量,实时获取、更新并应用变更的道路信息,提供给用户较准确的路线引导信息,最大限度地适应道路交通信息频繁变更的情况,提高导航产品的可信度。 The present invention can improve road car navigation device navigation device to explore quality, real-time access, updated road information and application changes, available to users more accurate route guidance information to maximize the adaptation of road traffic information frequently changes, improve the credibility of navigation products.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明导航设备的硬件结构示意图; Figure 1 is a schematic view of the hardware structure of the navigation apparatus of the present invention;

图2为采用用户自行提供方式获知变更交通规则的流程图; FIG 2 is a flowchart of changing the way users use traffic regulation itself known;

图3为采用图像识别方式获知变更交通规则并通过用户确认方式更新交通规则的流程 3 is the image recognition using the known way traffic regulation changes and updates the user to confirm the traffic regulation by way of a flow

图; Figure;

图4为采用图像识别方式获知变更交通规则并通过导航设备自动保存方式更新交通规则的流程图; FIG 4 is a known way of using the image recognition traffic regulation changes and automatically save mode flowchart traffic rules by updating the navigation apparatus;

图5为采用行车路线的自动识别方式获知变更交通规则并通过用户确认方式更新交通规则的流程图; FIG 5 is a route using the known automatic recognition mode is changed by the user to confirm the traffic regulation flowchart update the traffic rules;

图6为采用行车路线的自动识别方式获知变更交通规则并通过导航设备自动保存方式更新交通规则的流程图; FIG 6 is a route using the known automatic recognition mode and automatically changes the traffic regulation save mode flowchart traffic rules by updating the navigation apparatus;

图7为使用已经更新的交通规则的流程图; 7 is a flowchart of the traffic regulation has been updated usage;

图8为车辆行驶路线示意图。 8 is a schematic diagram of the vehicle travel route. 具体实施方式如图1所示,用于实现本发明的导航设备包括现在地检测装置Sl、图像数据采集装置S2、 导航控制装置S5、数据存储装置S6、显示装置S3、声音引导装置S4、操作输入装置S9。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION As shown in FIG. 1, a navigation apparatus for implementing the invention includes a current detecting means Sl is, the image data acquisition apparatus S2, the navigation control unit S5, S6 the data storage means, display means S3, S4 voice guidance device, the operation input means S9.

现在地检测装置Sl通过接收从多个GPS卫星发射的无线电波,按照接受的波的吋间差计算三维(3D)位置(例如纬度、经度、高度),并通过检测出的用户的移动方向的方位及当前车辆的速度,可以较精确的计算出当前汽车的现在位置和现在时刻,同时将这些信息提供给导航控制装置。 Now detecting means Sl by receiving radio waves transmitted from a plurality of GPS satellites, in accordance with the received wave between inch difference calculating three-dimensional (3D) position (e.g., latitude, longitude, height), and moving direction detected by the user's velocity and current position of the vehicle, can be more accurately calculate the current vehicle location and current time now, and provide this information to the navigation control apparatus.

操作输入装置S9采用携带式遥控器、触摸屏式的液晶面板、面板按键或Multi-Jog,通过用户的操作,将必要的信息例如地图显示、设置路径探索条件、设置道路引导信息以及需要用户确认的信息等提供给导航控制装置。 The operation input device S9 uses a portable remote control, touch-screen liquid crystal panel, panel buttons or Multi-Jog, by a user's operation, the necessary information such as map display, set route search conditions, provided a road guide information and user confirmation is required to provide information to the navigation control apparatus.

导航控制装置S5通过从存储装置中读入的地图数据、用户利用输入装置生成的目的地以及现在地检测装置提供的信息,来探索一条经路,生成道路引导信息;导航控制装置S5具备交通规则获知手段、交通规则更新手段和交通规则应用手段,用户提供获知手段获知的交通规则变更信息采用用户更新手段进行更新,车辆行驶状态检测获知手段获知的交通规则变更信息采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段进行更新,图像识别获知手段获知的交通规则变更信息采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段进行更新。 Navigation control means through S5 from the storage device reads map data generated by the user using the input means and the destination information is now provided by the detecting means, to explore a path through, generating a road guide information; S5 navigation control apparatus comprising traffic rules known means, traffic rules updating means and traffic rules application means, to provide users with known means known rules of the road change information using the user updating means to update the vehicle running state detecting known means known rules of the road change information using the user updating means or automatically updating means update the image recognition means known change information acquired by the traffic regulation using the user or automatically updating means updating means updates. 导航控制装置根据数据存储装置中存储的道路交通规则,通过交差点扩大图、车线信息、路线行程图等手段向导航设备的使用者提供道路引导信息。 Navigation control means in accordance with rules of the road data stored in the storage means, by means of expanding FIG intersection, lane information, route travel FIG provide road guidance information to the user of the navigation device.

图像数据采集装置S2采用摄像设备采集装置,用于提供汽车行驶过程中获取的道路信息。 The image data acquisition device to capture the image pickup apparatus S2 using means for providing information about road vehicle was acquired.

显示装置S3是显示导航控制装置提供的信息,例如地图、车辆位置,探索经路、引导信息等,以及需要用户确认的信息。 S3 is a display device of the navigation control information provided by the device, such as a map, the vehicle position, by exploring the road, guidance information, and the need for the user to confirm information.

声音引导装置S4是利用引导声音数据来完成道路指引以及提示用户完成操作,例如导航信息的声音提示、警告音等。 Voice guidance means using sound data S4 to complete the road guidance and prompts the user to complete the operation, such as voice navigation information prompt, a warning sound or the like.

存储装置S6釆用硬盘、Flash Rom、 SRAM、 PC Card、 CD、 DVD,用于保存静态的原始导航地图信息以及更新后的交通规则信息。 S6 preclude the use of hard disk storage devices, Flash Rom, SRAM, PC Card, CD, DVD, for storing static original navigation map information and traffic regulation information updated.

下面结合附图通过实例来对本导航设备做详细说明: The following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the present navigation apparatus by way of example:

如图8所示,当用户(如汽车司机)使用上述导航设备,从A地出发前往B地,途中的C地发生了交通规则的变更,即C地为交通规则变更地,并适用于下述所有实施例。 8, when a user (e.g., automobile drivers) using the above-described navigation apparatus, access from the A to B, C to the way traffic regulation changes occurred, i.e. C for changing the rules of the road, and adapted to All embodiments described later.

如果C地的一条将要通过道路原先是可以双向通行的,现在交通部门通知这条路规划成了单向通行道路。 If C is a place to be by the original road is two-way traffic, and now the road transport sector to inform planning has become a one-way road. 用户得知这一交通规则变更信息后,其更新本导航设备中的交通规则的过程如图2所示。 After learning of the user to change the traffic regulation information, the navigation device which updates the present process traffic regulation shown in FIG. S20中,当用户获知了这个消息后,该用户通过操作输入装置告知导航设备将要进行交通规则的更新;S21中,本导航设备通过显示装置向用户提供检索手段使用户能够找到要进行交通规则更新的C地道路;S22中,用户通过操作输入装置输入更新的交通规则的详细信息,包括更新的内容及其有效时限,交通规则的有效时限通过用户输入,当用户没有输入确定数值时则没有有效时限的限制;S23中,用户判断是否需要保存此更新的交通规则内容;S24中,如果用户确定需要保存,则根据S22的输入内容,会将交通规则变更地点、最新记录时间、更新后的交通规则内容及其有效时限等信息保存到更新后的交通规则数据S8中。 S20, when the user informed of this message, the user operates the input means to inform the navigation apparatus to be subjected to traffic rules updated; S21, the navigation apparatus providing access means to the user through the display device enables the user to find to be the traffic rule updating C to the road; S22, the detailed information about the user input device of the traffic rules updating, including updated content and the effective time, the effective time traffic rules input by a user, when the user does the input operation to determine the value is not valid limit time limit; S23, the user determines whether to save the contents of this update traffic rules; S24, if a user decides to save, then based on the input S22, the rules of the road will change locations, the latest recording time, the updated traffic save time and other rules of content and effective traffic regulation information to the updated data S8. 导航控制装置应用上述已经更新的交通规则的处理过程如图7所示。 Navigation control means has been updated traffic rules apply the processing procedure shown in Fig. 用户设置了目的地后,S5的导航控制装置开始进行道路探索。 After the user sets the destination, the navigation control device S5 of the road began to explore. 在S70中,取得每条探索道路后,导航控制装置会根据此道路的地点信息在更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找此道路的更新交通规则; S71中,导航控制装置会判断在更新后的交通规则数据S8中是否存在此道路的更新交通规则; S72中,如果S71判断存在此道路的更新交通规则,导航控制装置则使用更新的交通规则进行道路探索;S73中,S71判断不存在此道路的更新交通规则,导航控制装置则使用原始地图数据S7中的交通规则进行道路探索。 After S70, each made to explore the road, the navigation controller looks for updates to this road traffic regulations in traffic rules in the updated data S8 based on the location of the information in this way; S71, the navigation control unit determines when the update for updates of traffic rules of this road traffic regulation data in S8; S72, if S71 is determined there is an update of traffic rules this way, the navigation control apparatus using traffic regulations update is performed to explore the road; S73, the S71 is determined not to exist in this way the updated rules of the road, navigation control device is used in the original map data S7 exploration road traffic rules. 在计算出最优路之后,S5的导航控制装置开始制作道路的引导信息,同样也会根据每条道路的地点信息在更新交通规则数据中查找是否存在此道路的更新交通规则,如果存在,则使用更新的交通规则制作道路引导信息,如果不存在,则使用原始地图数据中的交通规则制作道路引导信息。 After calculating the optimal path, the navigation control apparatus S5 is started making a road guide information, will also find whether this updated road traffic regulations in the update data based on the traffic regulation information of each road location, if present, using updated traffic rules to make road guidance information, and if not, then use the information to guide traffic rules to make the original road map data.

通过图像识别获知手段获知了交通规则变更信息,及对交通规则信息的更新和应用如图3所示。 Learned by the image recognition means known rules of the road change information, traffic regulation information, and updates and applications as shown in FIG. 如果该用户在导航设备中将通过图像识别获知手段获知交通规则变更的更新方式设置为用户确认时,S30中,通过导航设备的图像数据采集装置S2采集车线图像的数据流;S31 中,导航控制装置采用模式识别方法得知该道路的车线数、车线信息以及道路交通规则标志, 例如根据图8中所示的汽车行驶路线,如果在C地导航控制装置通过图像数据采集装置采集的图像进行模式识别之后得知C地的交差路口的交通规则包括左转、直行、调头和右转;S33 中,根据C地的地点信息,导航控制装置会在更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找C地的更新交通规则;S34中,如果在更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找到了C地的更新交通规则记录, 导航控制装置会判断更新后交通规则数据中存储的C地的更新交通规则与通过图像识别方式识别出的C地的交通规则是否一致,在本例中,如果更 If the user knows the traffic regulation changes to update the user to confirm the known manner by means of image recognition in a navigation apparatus, S30, the flow of data through the image data acquisition apparatus S2 of the line image capture car navigation device; S31, the navigation the control device that uses pattern recognition methods lane number of the road, lane information and rules of the road signs, for example, according to the travel route shown in FIG. 8 cars, if the image data acquired by the control means C navigate collected the image of an intersection C that the traffic rules comprises left, straight, right turn, and U-turn followed by pattern recognition; S33, the location information C to the navigation control apparatus in accordance with the traffic regulation will find the updated data S8 C to update the traffic rules; S34, if found update the traffic regulation record C to the traffic regulation data S8 updated, the navigation control apparatus determines updating traffic rules after update the traffic regulation data stored in the C to the whether identified by the image recognition of the traffic rules manner consistent C, in this embodiment, if more 后的交通规则数据S8中记录了此路口只可以直行、调头及右转,并没有可以左转的交通规则,所以导航控制装置会判断出更新后交通规则数据S8中存储的C地的更新交通规则与通过图像识别方式识别出的C地的交通规则不一致;S36中,导航控制装置会提示用户导航控制装置识别出更新后交通规则t^据S8中存储的C地的更新交通规则与通过图像识别方式识别出的C地的交通规则不一致,并且在S37中还会提示用户准备用于更新的交通规则信息;S38中,如果用户确定要进行交通规则的更新操作,则在S39中会将C地的地点信息、最新记录时间、增加了左转的更新交通规则及其有效时限等信息保存到更新后的交通规则数据S8中。 After S8, the traffic regulation data can be recorded only this junction straight, U-turn and right turn, left turn and no traffic rules, the navigation control unit C determines to update after the stored traffic regulation data S8 to update the traffic rules identified by the image recognition mode C to the traffic rules are inconsistent; S36, the navigation control unit prompts the user of the navigation control unit recognizes that the update of traffic rules t ^ data updates traffic rules and the image C to S8, stored in identification embodiment to identify the traffic rules are inconsistent C, and prompts the user to prepare for the traffic regulation information updated in the step S37 will be; S38, if the user is determined to be traffic rules update operation, then in S39, will C location information to the latest recording time, an increase of traffic rules and update the effective time left to save information such as traffic regulation data S8 after the update. 如果根据S33中的判断,获知更新后的交通规则数据S8中没有C地的更新交通规则,在S32中,导航控制装置会在原始地图数据中査找C地的交通规则信息;S35中,导航控制装置会判断原始地图数据S7中存储的C地的更新交通规则与通过图像识别方式识别出的C地的交通规则是否一致;如果导航控制装置判断出S35中的内容不一致,则其后的处理过程如S36-S39中所述。 If according to S33 is judged learns the traffic regulation data S8 updated is not updated in traffic rules C land, the navigation control apparatus finds the traffic regulation information C to the original map data in S32,; S35, the navigation control updating means determines whether the traffic regulation original map data stored in the C to S7 and recognized by the image recognition of the traffic rules manner consistent C; inconsistent if the navigation control means determines that the contents in S35, the processing thereafter as described in S36-S39. 导航控制装置应用上述已经更新的交通规则的处理过程如图7所示。 Navigation control means has been updated traffic rules apply the processing procedure shown in Fig. 用户设置了目的地后,S5的导航控制装置开始进行道路探索。 After the user sets the destination, the navigation control device S5 of the road began to explore. 在S70中,取得每条探索道路后,导航控制装置会根据此道路的地点信息在更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找此道路的更新交通规则;S71中,导航控制装置会判断在更新后的交通规则数据S8中是否存在此道路的更新交通规则;S72中,如果S71判断存在更新的交通规则,导航控制装置则使用更新的交通规则进行道路探索;S73中,S71判断不存在更新的交通规则,导航控制装置则使用导航地图数据S7中的交通规则进行道路探索。 After S70, each made to explore the road, the navigation controller looks for updates to this road traffic regulations in traffic rules in the updated data S8 based on the location of the information in this way; S71, the navigation control unit determines when the update for updates of traffic rules of this road traffic regulation data in S8; S72, if S71 determines the presence of traffic rules updated, the navigation control apparatus using traffic regulations update is performed to explore the road; S73, the S71 is determined traffic rule to be updated does not exist , navigation control system is used in navigation map data S7 exploration road traffic rules. 在计算出最优路之后,S5的导航控制装置开始制作道路的引导信息,同样也会根据每条道路的地点信息在更新交通规则数据中查找是否存在此道路的更新交通规则,如果存在,则使用更新的交通规则制作道路引导信息,如果不存在,则使用导航地图数据中的交通规则制作道路引导信息。 After calculating the optimal path, the navigation control apparatus S5 is started making a road guide information, will also find whether this updated road traffic regulations in the update data based on the traffic regulation information of each road location, if present, using updated traffic rules to make road guidance information, and if not, then use the information to guide traffic rules to make road navigation map data.

上述是通过图像识别获知手段获得交通规则变更信息的导航设备,如果该用户在此导航设备中,将通过图像识别方式获知交通规则变更的更新方式设置为设备自动更新,则处理过程如图4所示。 Is to obtain the above-described navigation device is informed of the traffic regulation information is changed by means of the image recognition, if the user in this navigation device, updating the traffic regulation changes the device mode is set to automatically update the learned by the image recognition mode, then the process in FIG. 4 shows. S401-S403的处理过程与用户更新方式处理过程相同,在S404中,在更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找到C地的更新交通规则数据,在S406中,如果在更新后的交通规则数据S8中存在C地的更新交通规则数据,则需要判断通过模式识别方式识别出的道路交通规则与更新后的交通规则数据S8中存储的C地的更新交通规则是否不一致,如果不一致,在S406 中,根据发生交通规则变更的地点信息和交通规则更新信息,在临时数据中查找此地点的更新记录,如果在临时数据中找到此地点的更新记录,则在S408中,将此记录的记录次数加l, 如果S409判断结果是已经达到了预定的学习条件,则导航控制装置会认为C地的交通规则已经发生了变更;S410中,导航控制装置会自动将暂时保存在临时数据中的C地的地点信息、 最新记录时间、记录次数、增加了左转交通规则的更新交通规则 S401-S403 of the process and the user update mode processing same, in S404, the found update the traffic regulation data C to the traffic regulation data S8 after updated, in S406, if the traffic regulation data in the updated S8 presence of C to the updated traffic regulation data, it is necessary to determine to update the traffic regulation C to the traffic regulation data identified by the pattern recognition embodiment rules of the road and to update S8 stored are inconsistent, if not, in S406, according to the occurrence of traffic rules changed locations and the number of recorded traffic rules update information, update records to find this place in the provisional data, if the update records found in this place of temporary data, then in S408, this record by l If S409 the determination result to have reached the predetermined learning condition, the navigation control means considers C to traffic rules has occurred changed; S410, the navigation control unit automatically temporarily saved C be in a temporary data location information, the latest recording time, record number, the update adds the rules of the road turn left traffic rules 息及其有效时限等信息移动到更新后的交通规则数据S8中保存下来。 Traffic regulation data rate and the time until the update information saved to move in S8. 如果在S406中没有在临时数据信息中查找到C地的更新交通规则记录,则导航控制装置会暂时保存C地的更新交通规则,即将C地的地点信息、 最新记录时间、记录次数、更新交通规则及其有效时限等信息暂时保存到数据存储装置中的临时位置。 If you do not find in the temporary data information to update the rules of the road record C ground in S406, the navigation controller will temporarily save the updated rules of the road C to the upcoming location information C to the latest recording time, recording the number of times, traffic updates rule and its effective time and other information temporarily stored in the temporary position data storage means. 其后的处理过程如S409-S410。 The subsequent process S409-S410. 导航控制装置应用上述已经更新的交通规则的处理过程如图7所示。 Navigation control means has been updated traffic rules apply the processing procedure shown in Fig. 用户设置了目的地后,S5的导航控制装置开始进行道路探索。 After the user sets the destination, the navigation control device S5 of the road began to explore. 在S70中,取得每条探索道路后,导航控制装置会根据此道路的地点信息在更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找此道路的更新交通规则;S71中,导航控制装置会判断在更新后的交通规则数据S8中是否存在此道路的更新交通规则;S72中,如果S71判断存在更新的交通规则,导航控制装置则使用更新的交通规则进行道路探索;S73中,S71判断不存在更新的交通规则,导航控制装置则使用导航地图数据S7中的交通规则进行道路探索。 After S70, each made to explore the road, the navigation controller looks for updates to this road traffic regulations in traffic rules in the updated data S8 based on the location of the information in this way; S71, the navigation control unit determines when the update for updates of traffic rules of this road traffic regulation data in S8; S72, if S71 determines the presence of traffic rules updated, the navigation control apparatus using traffic regulations update is performed to explore the road; S73, the S71 is determined traffic rule to be updated does not exist , navigation control system is used in navigation map data S7 exploration road traffic rules. 在计算出最优路之后,S5的导航控制装置开始制作道路的引导信息,同样也会根据每条道路的地点信息在更新交通规则数据中查找是否存在此道路的更新交通规则,如果存在,则使用更新的交通规则制作道路引导信息,如果不存在,则使用导航地图数据中的交通规则制作道路引导信息。 After calculating the optimal path, the navigation control apparatus S5 is started making a road guide information, will also find whether this updated road traffic regulations in the update data based on the traffic regulation information of each road location, if present, using updated traffic rules to make road guidance information, and if not, then use the information to guide traffic rules to make road navigation map data.

在存在最优路的情况下,如果在C地距离交差路口一定距离的时候,导航设备通过显示交差点扩大图来提示用户前方路口右转,但车辆到达路口后并没有按照扩大图的提示右转, 而选择了直行,这样导航控制装置就可以识别出汽车当前的行驶状态已经偏离了最优路。 In the case where there is an optimal path, if intersections C in some distance from the ground, when the navigation apparatus FIG enlarged almost to prompt the user by displaying the front post turn right, but not in accordance with the vehicle reaches the intersection enlarged view of the right turn tips , and the choice of straight, so that the navigation control means can recognize the current driving state of the car has deviated from the optimal path. 当导航控制装置识别出汽车当前的行驶状态已经偏离了最优路的情况下,如果该用户在导航设备中将行车路线自动识别获知交通规则变更的更行方式设置了由用户确认更新,则处理过程如图5所示。 In the case where the navigation control apparatus recognizes the current driving state of the car has deviated from the optimal path, if the user in the route navigation apparatus in the automatic recognition of traffic rules learned more line mode is changed to confirm the update is provided by the user, the process process as shown in FIG. 在S50中,导航控制装置会通过现在地检测装置采集一段时间内的车辆行驶轨迹数据;在S51中,通过S50中得到的轨迹数据,导航控制装置会获知车辆当前行驶状态所依据的交通规则信息,即直行通过路口,并已经行驶在前方道路上;在S52中,导航控制装置从更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找C地的更新交通规则记录,如果在更新后的交通规则数据S8中査找到C地的更新交通规则记录,假如通过更新的交通规则记录,导航控制装置获知这条路存在时间带规则,规则规定每天的7点至9点的时间段内机动车禁行,而车辆在这条道路上的当前行驶时间恰好位于机动车禁行时间内;则在S54中,导航控制装置判断当 In S50, the navigation control unit will data now track of the vehicle in the detecting apparatus to collect a period of time; in S51, the track data S50 obtained, the navigation control apparatus will be notified of traffic regulation information that the vehicle is currently traveling state is based , i.e. straight through the intersection, and has been traveling on the road ahead; in S52, the navigation control apparatus searches updating the traffic regulation record C to from the traffic regulation data S8 updated in the search if the traffic regulation data in the updated S8 found C to update records of the traffic rules, if the record is updated by the traffic rules, this route navigation control apparatus is known with present time rules, rules No traffic period day 7 to 9:00, and the vehicle this current travel time on road motor vehicle just in time forbidding; then in S54, the control device determines when the navigation

12前车辆的行驶状态所依据的交通规则与更新后的交通规则数据S8中保存的C地的的交通规则不一致;S56中,导航控制装置会提示用户当前实际行走状态所依据的交通规则与更新后的交通规则数据S8中的C地的交通规则信息不一致;S57中,导航控制装置会提示用户即将用于更新的交通规则信息;S58中,导航控制装置会询问用户是否需要进行交通规则的更新; S59中,如果用户确认需要更新,则根据S56的确认结果导航控制装置将C地的地点信息、 最新记录时间、更新交通规则及其有效时限等信息保存到更新交通规则数据中,这个数据可以存储在更新后的交通规则数据S8中。 12 prior to the vehicle driving state is based on the traffic regulation data S8 stored in C ground after the traffic rules and updating traffic regulations inconsistent; S56, the navigation control unit prompts the user to the current actual running state based on the traffic rules and updates the traffic regulation information of traffic regulation data S8 to inconsistencies C; S57, the navigation control unit prompts the user for the upcoming traffic regulation information updated; S58, the navigation control unit asks whether the user needs to update the traffic rules ; S59, if the user needs to confirm the update, the confirmation result S56 navigation control apparatus according to the locations C, the latest recording time, and save the updated traffic rules valid time information to update the traffic regulation data, this data may be traffic regulation data stored in the updated S8. 如果在S52中获知在更新交通规则数据中没有C地的更新交通规则记录,则在S53中,取得原始地图数据S7中存储的C地的交通规则信息, 在S55中判断用户当前实际行走状态所依据的交通规则与原始地图数据S7中的C地的交通规则是否一致,如果不一致,则其后的处理如S56-S59中所述。 If known in S52 is not updated in the traffic regulation record C to the updating the traffic regulation data, then at S53, acquired traffic regulation information C be stored in the original map data S7, it is determined in S55, the user's current actual running state based on traffic rules to the original map data S7 C to the traffic rules are the same, if not, the subsequent process as described in S56-S59. 导航控制装置应用上述已经更新的交通规则的处理过程如图7所示。 Navigation control means has been updated traffic rules apply the processing procedure shown in Fig. 用户设置了目的地后,S5的导航控制装置开始进行道路探索。 After the user sets the destination, the navigation control device S5 of the road began to explore. 在S70中,取得每条探索道路后,导航控制装置会根据此道路的地点信息在更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找此道路的更新交通规则;S71中,导航控制装置会判断在更新后的交通规则数据S8中是否存在此道路的更新交通规则;S72中,如果S71判断存在更新的交通规则,导航控制装置则使用更新的交通规则进行道路探索;S73中,S71判断不存在更新的交通规则,导航控制装置则使用导航地图数据S7中的交通规则进行道路探索。 After S70, each made to explore the road, the navigation controller looks for updates to this road traffic regulations in traffic rules in the updated data S8 based on the location of the information in this way; S71, the navigation control unit determines when the update for updates of traffic rules of this road traffic regulation data in S8; S72, if S71 determines the presence of traffic rules updated, the navigation control apparatus using traffic regulations update is performed to explore the road; S73, the S71 is determined traffic rule to be updated does not exist , navigation control system is used in navigation map data S7 exploration road traffic rules. 在计算出最优路之后,S5的导航控制装置开始制作道路的引导信息,同样也会根据每条道路的地点信息在更新交通规则数据中查找是否存在此道路的更新交通规则,如果存在,则使用更新的交通规则制作道路引导信息,如果不存在,则使用导航地图数据中的交通规则制作道路引导信息。 After calculating the optimal path, the navigation control apparatus S5 is started making a road guide information, will also find whether this updated road traffic regulations in the update data based on the traffic regulation information of each road location, if present, using updated traffic rules to make road guidance information, and if not, then use the information to guide traffic rules to make road navigation map data. 如果用户确认不需要更新,则继续使用导航地图数据中的交通规则制作道路引导信息提供给用户。 If the user does not need to confirm the update, continue to use the traffic rules to make road navigation map data guide information to the user.

上述是通过车辆行驶状态检测获知手段获得交通规则变更信息的导航设备,如果该用户在此导航设备中设置了由设备自动更新,则处理过程如图6所示。 The above is obtained by means known to change the traffic regulation information detected by the vehicle running state of the navigation device, if the user is provided in this navigation apparatus automatically updated by the device, then the process shown in Fig. 在存在最优路的情况下, 如果导航控制装置己经获知汽车的行驶状态已经偏离了最优路,则S600中,导航控制装置会通过现在地检测装置会采集一段时间内的车辆行驶轨迹数据;S601中,通过S600中得到的轨迹数据,导航控制装置会获知车辆是直行通过路口,并已经行驶在直行后的C地点的道路上;S603中,导航控制装置从更新后的交通规则变更数据S7中查找C地的交通规则变更信息,如果更新后的交通规则变更数据S7中已经存在了C地的交通规则变更信息,并且信息显示这条路是步行街,机动车是禁行的;在S604中,如果在更新后的交通规则数据S8中存在C地的更新交通规则数据,则需要判断当前汽车走行状态道路所依据的交通规则与更新后 In the case where there is an optimal path, if the navigation control apparatus has informed the car running state has deviated from the optimum path, then in S600, the navigation device can control data in the track of the vehicle will now be collected for some time detecting means ; S601, by the trajectory obtained S600, the data, the navigation control apparatus will be notified of the vehicle is straight through the intersection, and has traveled on the road point C of the straight; S603, the navigation control unit data changing from traffic regulation updated Find S7 in C to change the rules of the road information, traffic rules changed after the data S7 if the update already exists in the C to change the rules of the road information, and information display this road is a pedestrian street, motor vehicles are forbidden line; in S604 after, if there is an update to the C data traffic rules in the traffic regulation data S8 after the update, you need to determine the current state of the traveling road car is based on traffic rules and update

13的交通规则数据S8中存储的C地的更新交通规则是否不一致,如果不一致,在S606中,根据发生交通规则变更的地点信息和交通规则更新信息,在临时数据中查找此地点的更新i己录, 如果在临时数据中找到C地的交通规则更新记录,则在S608中,将此记录的记录次数力口1, 如果S609判断结果是已经达到了预定的学习条件,则导航控制装置会认为C地的交通规则已经发生了变更;S610中,导航控制装置会自动将暂时保存在临时数据中的C地的地点信息、 最新记录时间、记录次数、更新交通规则信息及其有效时限等信息移动到更新后的交通规则数据S8中保存下来。 Traffic regulation data 13, S8, updates the stored traffic regulations C to whether the inconsistency, if not, in S606, according to occurrence of traffic rule change location information and traffic regulation update information, find updated i-hexyl this location in the temporary data recorded, if the traffic rules to update the record C is found in the temporary data, then in step S608, the recording of this record power port number 1, if the result of S609 is determined to have reached the predetermined learning condition, the navigation control means considers C to the rules of the road have already changed; S610, the navigation control unit automatically temporarily stored in the temporary data in the C location information to the latest recording time, record number, update information and traffic rules valid time information such as mobile traffic rules to update the data saved in S8. 如果在S606中没有在临时数据信息中査找到C地的更新交通规则"i己录, 则导航控制装置会暂时保存C地的更新交通规则,即将C地的地点信息、最新记录时间、记录次数、更新交通规则及其有效时限等信息暂时保存到数据存储装置中的临时位置。其后的处理过程如S609-S610。导航控制装置应用上述已经更新的交通规则的处理过程如图7所示。 用户设置了目的地后,S5的导航控制装置开始进行道路探索。在S70中,取得每条探索道路后,导航控制装置会根据此道路的地点信息在更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找此道路的更新交通规则;S71中,导航控制装置会判断在更新后的交通规则数据S8中是否存在此道路的更新交通规则;S72中,如果S71判断存在更新的交通规则,导航控制装置则使用更新的交通规则进行道路探索;S73中,S71判断不存在更新的交通规则,导航控制 If you do not find in the temporary data information to the C to the updated rules of the road "i have been recorded in S606, the navigation controller will temporarily save the updated rules of the road C to the upcoming location information C to the latest recording time, recording the number of updating the traffic regulation information, and the time until the position data temporarily stored in the temporary storage means. the subsequent process S609-S610. the control device navigation application process described above has been updated traffic regulation shown in FIG. 7. after the user sets the destination, the navigation control device S5 of the road began to explore. in S70, the road made after each exploration, navigation controller will find this data S8 road traffic regulations in the updated location information based on this road updating traffic rules; S71, the navigation control unit determines whether there is an update of traffic rules of this road traffic regulation data S8 the updated; S72, if S71 is determined traffic rules there is an update, the navigation control means use the updated road traffic rules exploration; S73 in, S71 to determine traffic rules update does not exist, cruise control 置则使用导航地图数据S7中的交通规则进行道路探索。在计算出最优路之后,S5的导航控制装置开始制作道路的引导信息,同样也会根据每条道路的地点信息在更新交通规则数据中查找是否存在此道路的更新交通规则,如果存在,则使用更新的交通规则制作道路引导信息,如果不存在,则使用导航地图数据中的交通规则制作道路引导信息。 Set using the navigation map data S7 exploration road traffic rules. After calculating the optimal path, the navigation control apparatus S5 is started making a road guide information, will also update the data in accordance with the traffic regulation information of each road location find updated traffic rules whether this road, if there is, the boot information using the updated rules of the road to make way, and if not, then use the information to guide traffic rules to make road navigation map data.

上述实施例是在存在最优探索道路的情况下进行交通规则即时更新的方法,如果不存在最优探索道路的情况下,即如果用户没有设定目的地,导航设备也可以应用此交通规则即时更新方法。 The above embodiment is a method for real-time updates of traffic rules in case there is an optimal way to explore the case if there is no optimal explore the road, that is, if the user does not set a destination, the navigation device can also be applied to this instant traffic rules update method. 在不存在最优探索道路的情况下,导航设备利用车辆行驶状态检测获知手段更新道路交通规则的方法如下所述。 In the absence of an optimal path exploration, navigation apparatus using a vehicle travel condition detection means known method of updating the rules of the road as follows. 当在汽车的行驶过程中,导航控制装置通过现在地检测装置可以获知汽车的当前位置,这样就可以获知一段时间内汽车的走行轨迹,由此可得到在这段时间内,汽车行驶过程中所依据的交通规则。 When traveling in a car, the navigation controlling device may know the current position of the vehicle by the current detecting means, so that a period of time can acquire car traveling locus, thereby to obtain at this time, the vehicle is in motion according to the rules of the road. 例如通过上述方法,导航控制装置识别出在某一个交差路口汽车左拐通过了此路口,然后导航控制装置从更新后的交通规则数据S8中查找此交差路口的交通规则信息,如果更新后的交通规则数据S8中存储了此交差路口的交通规则信息,并且保存的更新交通规则是直行和右拐;这样导航控制装置就会判断出汽车当前走行状态所依据的道路交通规则和更新后的交通规则数据S8中存储的此地点的交通规则是不一致的,导航控制装置将提示用户汽车当前走行状态所依据的道路交通规则与导航地图数据中存储的交通规则不一致,并提示用户汽车当前走行状态所依据的道路交通规则与更新后的交通规则数据S8中存储的此地点的交通规则是不一致的,然后询问用户是否将此道路的交通规则变更信息作为交通规则更新信息保存下来;如果用户确认需要更新,导航控制 For example, by the method described above, in the navigation control device recognizes a certain intersections car left through this intersection, the navigation and control means find this intersection traffic regulation information from the intersection traffic regulation in the updated data S8, if the updated traffic after the traffic rules so that the navigation control device will determine the current traveling state of the automobile is based on the rules of the road and updates; S8 rule data stored this information, intersection traffic rules, and save the updated rules of the road is straight and turn right traffic regulation data S8 stored in this place is inconsistent, navigation control unit will prompt the user for cars currently go traffic regulations road traffic rules and navigation map data row status is based on the stored inconsistent, and prompts the user cars currently traveling state is based rules of the road traffic data with traffic rules after the update S8 traffic rules stored in this place is inconsistent, and then asks the user if this road traffic rules change information saved information as traffic rules update; if the user confirms the need to update, navigation control 置会a每此道路的地点信息、最新记录时间、更新交通规则及其有效时限等信息保存到更新交通规则数据中,这个数据可以存储在更新后的交通规则数据S8中,以备使用;如果用户确认不需要更新,则保持原有的交通规则不变。 Each home will be a place of information this way, the latest record time, update the traffic rules and their effective time and other information saved to update the traffic rules in the data, the data can be stored in the traffic rules in the updated data S8, ready for use; if users do not need to confirm the update, maintain the original traffic rules unchanged.

Claims (8)

1、一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备,包括操作输入装置、现在地检测装置、图像数据采集装置、导航控制装置、数据存储装置、显示装置、声音引导装置,其特征在于:操作输入装置,用于将用户的指令和请求输入导航设备;图像数据采集装置,用于提供汽车行驶过程中获取的道路图像信息;现在地检测装置,用于提供当前汽车的现在位置信息和现在时刻;导航控制装置,设有交通规则变更获知手段、交通规则更新手段和交通规则应用手段;数据存储装置,用于存储数据;显示装置,用于显示导航控制装置制作的地图信息、道路探索信息、道路引导信息以及需要用户确认的信息;声音引导装置用于发出声音完成导航控制装置制作的道路引导信息以及提示用户操作;其中,操作输入装置将用户下达的指令和请求、现在地检测装置将其获取的当 1, the navigation apparatus capable of real-time updates of traffic regulations, comprising operation input means now detecting device, an image data acquisition device, a navigation control apparatus, a data storage device, a display device, the sound guide means, wherein: operation input means for the user's instruction and request input navigation device; image data acquisition means for providing image information road vehicle was acquired; current detecting means for providing the current vehicle position information and now current time; navigation control devices, has informed the traffic rules change means, updating means traffic rules and traffic regulations apply means; data storage means for storing data; display means for displaying the navigation map information control device fabrication, to explore the road information, road guide information and information of the user to confirm; voice sound guide means for controlling the navigation device fabrication is completed road guide information and prompting a user operation; wherein the operation input device and the instructions issued by the user request, detecting means now it acquires when 前汽车现在位置和现在时刻、图像数据采集装置将其获取的汽车行驶过程中的道路信息传送给导航控制装置,则交通规则变更获知手段通过地图信息以外的方式获知交通规则的变更,交通规则更新手段把更新的交通规则信息保存在数据存储装置中,交通规则应用手段将从数据存储装置中提取数据,并把数据提供给导航控制装置进行道路探索、道路引导信息制作和地图显示,上述道路探索、道路引导信息制作和地图显示信息通过显示装置或声音引导装置告知用户,实现本导航设备对用户的导航,其中所述交通规则变更获知手段通过地图信息以外的方式知交通规则的变更,具体包括:采用用户输入获知手段、图像识别获知手段或车辆行驶状态检测获知手段中的至少一种获知手段。 Before the car is now the location and the current time, the image data acquisition device transmits road information acquiring a vehicle is in motion to the navigation control device, traffic rules changed informed means to learn traffic rules change by means other than the map information, traffic rules update means to update the rules of the road information stored in the data storage device, the application of rules of the road means of extracting data from the data storage device and the data to the navigation control device to explore the road, the road map display and guidance information to make the road to explore , road guidance and the map display information generation information or notify the user via the display device guiding apparatus of a sound, a navigation device implementing the navigation of the user, wherein said traffic regulation changes known means known to change traffic regulation by means other than the map information, specifically including : a user input using known means, known means of image recognition or the vehicle travel condition detection means of at least one known means is known.
2、 如权利要求1所述的一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备,其特征在于所述交通规则更新手段采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段。 2, as claimed in claim 1, one of the navigation device can be updated in real time traffic rules, wherein said means for updating the traffic regulation using the user or automatically updating means updating means.
3、 如权利要求l所述的一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备,其特征在于所述用户输入获知手段,通过用户从操作输入装置直接输入变更的交通规则信息来获知道路交通规则的变更;所述图像识别获知手段,将导航控制装置根据图像数据采集装置采集的信息和现在地检测装置提供的信息而获得的道路交通规则,与数据存储装置中存储的道路交通规则进行比较,来获知道路交通规则的变更;所述车辆行驶状态检测获知手段,将导航控制装置根据现在地检测装置提供的信息而获— 得的汽车当前行驶状态所依据的道路交通规则,与数据存储装置中存储的道路交通规则进行比较,来获知道路交通规则的变更。 3. The one of claims l navigation apparatus capable of real-time updates of traffic rules, wherein the user input means is known, traffic regulation information input from the operation input device is changed directly by a user to change the rules of the road is known ; the known image recognition methods, the rules of the road rules of the road in accordance with the navigation control means and present information to the image data detection means provided acquisition device is obtained, the data stored in the storage device is compared to known changing the rules of the road; a known vehicle travel state detecting means, the control means according to the navigation information providing apparatus will now be detected and obtained - automobiles obtained with the current rules of the road state is based, the data stored in the storage means rules of the road are compared, to learn the rules of the road of change.
4、 如权利要求1或3所述的一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备,其特征在于所述用户输入获知手段获知的交通规则变更采用用户更新手段进行更新。 4, as claimed in one or more of the claims 1 or 3 can be real-time updates of traffic rules navigation device, wherein the user input means known using known traffic regulation changes updating means to update the user.
5、 如权利要求1或3所述的一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备,其特征在于所述图像识别获知手段获知的交通规则变更采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段进行更新。 5, as claimed in one or more of the claims 1 or 3 can be real-time updates of traffic rules navigation apparatus, wherein said image recognition means known using known rules of the road user to change or update means updating means automatically updates.
6、 如权利要求1或3所述的一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备,其特征在于所述车辆行驶状态检测获知手段获知的交通规则变更采用用户更新手段或自动更新手段进行更新。 6, as claimed in one or more of the claims 1 or 3 can be real-time updates of traffic rules navigation device, wherein the known vehicle travel state detecting means is changed using the known rules of the road user or automatically updating means updating means updates.
7、 如权利要求1所述的一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备,其特征在于所述数据存储装置存储的数据中包括原始地图数据和更新后的交通规则数据。 7, as claimed in claim 1, one of the navigation device can be updated in real time traffic rules, wherein said data storage means for storing traffic regulation data included in the original map data and updates.
8、 如权利要求1所述的一种能够即时更新交通规则的导航设备,其特征在于所述交通规则应用手段从数据存储装置中提取数据时,首先在更新后的交通规则数据中查找是否存在更新的交通规则。 8, as claimed in claim 1, one of the navigation device can be updated in real time traffic rules, characterized in that the means for traffic regulation is applied to extract data from the data storage means, first looks at whether there is traffic regulation data in the updated updated traffic rules.
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