CN100515100C - System and method for exchanging modules in switch - Google Patents

System and method for exchanging modules in switch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100515100C
CN100515100C CN 200510067880 CN200510067880A CN100515100C CN 100515100 C CN100515100 C CN 100515100C CN 200510067880 CN200510067880 CN 200510067880 CN 200510067880 A CN200510067880 A CN 200510067880A CN 100515100 C CN100515100 C CN 100515100C
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module
maintenance
router
switch
switching
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CN 200510067880
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CN1856123A (en )
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孟宪杰
王国华
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明提供一种交换机中交换模块的维护系统和维护方法,以解决现有远端维护交换模块时通信可靠性差、成本高的问题。 The present invention provides a switch maintenance system and method for maintaining switch module to solve the conventional remote maintenance when exchanging communication module poor reliability, high cost. 一种交换机中交换模块的维护系统,包括:该交换机的管理模块和该管理模块侧局域网,从远端对所述交换模块进行维护的第一维护模块,以及第一路由器和第二路由器;所述第一维护模块通过所述第一路由器连接所述交换模块侧话路接口,所述第二路由器连接所述管理模块侧话路接口和所述管理模块侧局域网,使该第一维护模块和该管理模块通过该交换机的内部话路实现通信。 An exchange switch module in the maintenance system, comprising: a switch management module and the management module of the LAN side, a first maintenance service module, and the first router and the second router from the distal end of the switching module; the maintaining said first module via the first router is connected to the switching module side session interface and the second router module connected to the management-side interface and the session management module of the LAN side, so that the first maintenance module and the management module of the communication session through the internal switch. 所述方法通过交换机内部话路进行远端维护操作。 The method for remote maintenance operations by an internal speech path switch. 本发明提高了维护交换模块时通信的可靠性,降低了维护系统的成本。 The present invention improves the reliability of the communication switching module maintenance, reduces the cost of maintenance of the system.

Description

一种交换机中交换模块的维护系统和维护方法 An exchange system module exchange maintenance and service method

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及通信设备,尤其涉及一种交换机中交换模块的维护系统和维护方法。 The present invention relates to communication devices and more particularly relates to a method for maintaining a system and maintain the exchange switch module.

背景技术 Background technique

程控数字交换机(以下简称交换机) 一般采用管理模块加交换模块的架构。 Program-controlled digital switch (hereinafter referred to as switches) plus the general architecture management module switching module. 管理模块位于母局, 一般只有一个,负责管理交换模块并提供与交换模块间的话路,交换模块负责进行基本的交换业务的处理,根据需要可以有多个,可以和母局放在一起,也可以放在离母局较远的地方,比如管理冲莫块在市区,交换模块可能在县城和乡镇。 Agency management module located on the motherboard, usually only one responsible for the management and switching module that provides session between the switching module, the switching module is responsible for handling the basic switching service, according to need can have multiple, and home office can be put together, too It can be placed farther away from the host office, such as managing overshoot Mo block in urban areas, switching module may be in the county and township. 随着交换机技术的发展,交换机的容量越来越大,管理模块所能带的交换模块越来越多,交换模块的容量也越来越大。 With the development of technology switch, switch capacity is growing, more and more switching module management module can bring the capacity of the switching module is also growing. 有些新兴的电信运营商,在初期用户量不大的情况下,为了方便维护和管理,可能全省上一台交换机,把管理模块建在省会,而把交换模块放在地市。 Some emerging telecom operators, in the case of small initial amount of users, in order to facilitate maintenance and management, the province may be on a single switch, the management module built in the capital, while the switching module in cities.

通常交换机的维护工作站设在管理模块侧,如图1所示,维护工作站中设置有进行交换机操作知维护的计算机终端,该计算机终端通过局域网连接管理模块,交换机的维护人员是通过管理模块下达维护指令对交换模块进行操作、维护,并建立维护数据库保存维护用的数据。 Usually provided in the switch management module maintenance station side, shown in Figure 1, is provided with a maintenance station operates in known switch maintenance computer terminal, the computer terminal through the LAN connection management module, maintenance personnel switch is released by the maintenance management module instruction to the switching module is operating, maintenance, and the establishment, maintenance database stored data for maintenance. 采用这种集中管理的方式能够降低交换机的维护成本,但是,交换模块的维护人员有时也需要对交换模块进行维护,当交换模块和管理模块距离较近时还比较方便,可是当交换模块和管理模块相距较远的情况下,比如交换模块在地市、管理模块在省会时,维护工作就有些不方便了,这就提出了在交换模块侧如何对交换模块进行维护的问题。 With this centralized approach to reduce the maintenance costs of the switch, however, the maintenance personnel may need to switch module to switch module for maintenance management module when the switching module, and the close proximity Shihai more convenient, but when switching and management module case far away from the module, such as switching modules in the cities, the management module in the provincial capital, maintenance work a bit inconvenient, this raises the question of how to maintain the switching module in the switch module side.

现有在交换模块侧的维护方法有两种: 一是利用电话网通过调制解调器将交换模块的维护工作站同管理模块的局域网连接起来;二是利用DDN网通过 The maintenance method in the conventional switching module side, there are two: First, the use of telephone network through a modem with a maintenance station management module LAN switch modules connected; DDN network through the use of two

4路由器将交换模块的维护工作站同管理模块的局域网连接起来。 4 router will maintain the same workstation management module, LAN switching modules are connected.

现有技术一如图2所示,利用电话网通过调制解调器将交换模块的维护工作站同管理模块的局域网连接起来,调制解调器是进行电话网音频信号和计算机串口信号转换的一种设备,交换模块的维护工作站通过串口连接调制解调 A prior art shown in Figure 2, using the telephone network through a modem with a maintenance station management module LAN switch module connected, the modem is a device for audio signals and computer network telephone serial converted signal, the maintenance switch module workstation modem serial connection

器,调制解调器通过电话线连接电话网,在母局側需要一台连接母局局域网的计算机(或维护工作站)通过串口连接母局侧调制解调器,再通过电话线连到电话网。 , A modem connected to a telephone line through a telephone network, a computer needs to connect the host office LAN host office side (or maintenance station) through serial host office side modem is connected, and then connected to a telephone network through the telephone line. 交换模块的维护工作站通过交换模块侧的调制解调器拨号到母局側的调制解调器,建立交换模块维护工作站同母局管理模块的连接,从而进行交换机的维护操作。 Maintenance station switching module via dial-up modem to the switching module side modem host office side, a swap station module is connected with the host office maintenance management module so as to perform maintenance operation of the switch.

现有技术一的缺陷在于: A drawback of the prior art:

1、 受调制解调器接入速率的限制,交换模块的维护工作站同管理模块的速度比较低, 一般低于33.6kbps,当需要大量的通信如从管理模块取话单文件时,需要的时间很长,几乎无法忍受; 1, is limited by the access speed of a modem, a maintenance station with a speed management module switching module is relatively low, generally lower than 33.6Kbps, when a large amount of communication such as a file taken from the bill management module, a long time is required, almost unbearable;

2、 当需要多个维护连接时,管理模块侧必须配置多个调制解调器; 2, when it is necessary to maintain a plurality of connection management module must be configured to a plurality of modems side;

3、 电话网通信线路易受干扰,因此连接可靠度不高; 3, telephone network line susceptible to interference, so that the connection reliability is not high;

4、 当交换;漠块的维护工作站无法建立同管理-漠块的连接时,无法进行交换模块的维护。 4, when the exchange; desert maintenance station can not be established with the administering blocks - blocks desert connection, the switching module can not be maintained.

现有技术二如图3所示,利用DDN网通过路由器将交换模块的维护工作站同管理模块的局域网连接起来。 Two prior art shown in Figure 3, using the DDN network through the router with the maintenance station management module LAN switch modules connected. 路由器能够进行多种网络接口或协议的转换,DDN网的中文名称数字数据网,可对外提供数字信号接入。 Router can convert a variety of network protocols or interfaces, DDN network name in Chinese digital data network, may provide external access to a digital signal. 交换模块的维护工作站通过局域网连接路由器,路由器通过DDN专线连接DDN网,在母局侧需要一台路由器连接母局局域网,路由器另一段通过DDN专线连接到DDN网。 Maintenance station switching module connected to the LAN via a router, the router is connected via DDN line DDN network, need a host office LAN router host office side router is connected to another segment by the DDN network DDN line. 交换才莫块的维护工作站需要维护时,通过交换模块侧的路由器和母局侧的路由器经DDN网建立交换模块维护工作站同母局管理模块的连接,从而进行交换才几的维护才喿作。 When the maintenance station exchange only Mo block requires maintenance, a swap module maintains a connection station with the host office management module via the router via DDN network routers and home-office switching module side, so that exchange only maintain a few only Qiao made.

现有技术二的缺陷在于: Drawback of the prior art II:

51、 采用路由器连接DDN网的方式,需要铺设DDN专线到DDN网,成本较高; 51, a router connected DDN network, it is necessary to lay DDN line DDN network, high cost;

2、 DDN网通信线路易受干扰,因此连接可靠度不高; 2, DDN network communication line susceptible to interference, so that the connection reliability is not high;

3、 当交换模块的维护工作站无法建立同管理模块的连接时,无法进行交换模块的维护。 3, when the switching module is maintenance station not establish a connection with the management module, the module can not be exchanged for maintenance.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明提供一种交换机中交换模块的维护系统和维护方法,以解决现有远端维护交换模块时通信可靠性差、成本高的问题。 The present invention provides a switch maintenance system and method for maintaining switch module to solve the conventional remote maintenance when exchanging communication module poor reliability, high cost.

一种交换机中交换模块的维护系统,包括:该交换机的管理模块和该管理模块侧局域网,从远端对所述交换模块'进行维护的第一维护模块,以及笫一路由器和第二路由器;所述第一维护才莫块通过所述第一路由器连接所述交换模块侧话路,接口,所述管理模块侧话路4妄口通过所述第二路由器连接所述管理模块侧局域网,使该第一维护模块和该管理模块通过该交换机的内部话路实现通信。 An exchange module exchange maintenance system, comprising: a switch management module and the management module of the LAN side from the distal end of the switching module 'maintenance of the first maintenance module, and a router and a second router Zi; Mo before the first maintenance block by the first router connected to the switching module side session, the interface, the path management module 4 side, then jump to the second router connected port through the management LAN module side, so that the first maintenance module and the management module through the internal communication path if the switch.

所述第一路由器和所述第二路由器为支持路由协议的单板,所述第一路由 The first router and the second router is a routing protocol to support the board, the first routing

器置于交换才莫块内,所述第二i?各由器置于管理模块内。 Mo was placed within the switch block, said second I? Placed within each of the management module.

当所述第一维护模块并行设置为多个时,通过交换模块侧局域网接入所述 When the first service module is set to a plurality of parallel, by said switching module side LAN access

交换模块,所述第一路由器连接在该局域网和交换模块之间。 Switching module, the first router connected to the LAN and switching between modules.

所述第一维护模块和所述交换模块通过通信电缆形成通信连接。 Maintaining said first switching module and said communication module is formed by connecting a communication cable.

所述通信电缆通过一个接口转换插卡连接所述第一维护才莫块。 The communication cable is connected via the first maintenance interface conversion card was a Mo block.

所述接口转换插卡并刊-设置为互为备用的两个。 The interface conversion card and TV - Set of two mutually alternate.

所述话鴻4妄口为E1、 Tl、 DSL或V.35才妄口。 The port is then hung jump 4 E1, Tl, DSL, or V.35 port before jump.

一种交换机中交换模块的维护方法,所述方法包括下列步骤: A method of maintaining switch switching module, the method comprising the steps of:

将交换模块侧维护模块的维护指令通过第一路由器转换为话路信号; The switching module side Maintenance instruction signals to the module, then converted by a first router;

将所述话路信号通过交换模块的话路接口送入交换机内部话路;在所述内部话路中将所述话路信号交换到与第二路由器相连接的管理模 The session interface into the signal path, then if the internal path through the switching module switches; in the session, then in the signal path inside the exchanger to the management module and a second router is connected

块的话路接口; Session interface block;

由第二路由器将所述话路信号还原为所述维护指令送入管理模块; 所述管理模块执行所述维护指令对所述交换模块进行维护。 A second signal path, then the router is the reduction of the maintenance management module into the command; the maintenance management module executes the instructions of said switching modules for maintenance. 所述的方法还包括步骤:所述管理模块记录维护结果并将该维护结果返回给交换模块侧维护模块。 The method further comprising the step of: recording said management module maintains the maintenance results and returns the result to the switching module side maintenance module.

本发明所述系统和方法具有以下有益的技术效果: The system and method of the present invention has the following advantageous technical effects:

1、 本发明所述技术方案利用路由器使交换模块和远端维护模块通过交换机的内部话路和对外话路接口实现通信连接,并利用内部话路作为维护通道交互维护信息的方法,提高了维护时通信的可靠度、降低了维护成本,并且可以通过调整话路数来动态调整通信带宽,满足不同使用情况的需要; 1, the aspect of the present invention makes use of routers and remote switching module maintains internal and external session voice path through the switch interface module communication connection and as a method of using the internal session maintenance channel interactive maintenance information to improve maintenance the reliability of communication, reduces maintenance costs, and can be dynamically adjusted by adjusting the communication bandwidth, then large ones to meet different needs of use;

2、 进一步,本发明所述技术方案还利用通信电缆建立交换模块和远端维护工作站的通信连接,作为内部话路异常时的备用维护通道,实现了紧急情况下交换模块的维护,提高了交换模块的可靠性; 2, further, a further aspect of the present invention using a communication cable for exchanging module communication connection and remote maintenance workstations, as an internal abnormality alternate session maintenance channel, in emergency situations to achieve the maintenance of the exchange modules, improved exchange reliability of the module;

3、 本发明所述技术方案在通过内部话路进行维护时,可以在管理模块侧灵活设定远端维护工作站的权限,具有灵活的权限管理和授权机制,提高了系统运行的安全性。 3, the aspect of the present invention, when it is maintained through the internal passage, can be flexibly set permissions management module side remote maintenance station, having a flexible rights management and authorization mechanisms, improving the security of the system operation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为在管理^t块侧进行交换机维护的系统结构示意图; FIG 1 is a schematic system configuration of the switch is maintained in the management-side block ^ t;

图2为现有技术采用电话网加调制解调器的交换模块维护系统结构示意 FIG 2 plus modem using the telephone network to the prior art switching module maintains a schematic system configuration

图; Figure;

图3为现有技术采用DDN网加路由器的交换模块维护系统结构示意图; 图4为本发明所述通过路由器实现交换模块本地维护的系统一结构示意 Figure 3 is a prior art applied using DDN network routers exchange module maintenance system structure diagram; Figure 4 a schematic structure of a system for implementing the present invention, the switching module to maintain locally by the router

图; Figure;

图5为本发明所述通过内置路由器实现交换模块本地维护的系统二结构示 FIG 5 illustrates the structure of the system for implementing two local exchange module built-in router maintained by the present invention.

意图具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION intent

实施例一、使用内部话路进行交换模块的维护 One embodiment, the use of internal maintenance sessions embodiment of the switching module

如困4所示,由于数字程控交换机交换模块和管理模块存在着一定数量的语音传送话路,可以^使用这部分话路进行交换机的维护。 As trapped 4, since the digital PBX switch module and the management module transmits voice speech path exists a certain amount, this part may be ^ used to maintain the switch sessions. 利用话路进行维护时, 需要利用路由器将远端维护工作站、话路和管理模块侧局域网连接起来,路由器的作用是进行交换机维护的局域网信号和话路上的话路信号的相互转换。 When using a maintenance session, the router will need to use remote maintenance workstations, and the session management module to connect the LAN side, the role of the router is carried out conversion of the LAN signal switch maintains the speech path and speech path signal. 局域网的作用是连接局域网上各工作站和管理模块,管理模块侧和交换模块侧都有局域网,通过路由器可以把管理模块侧的局域网和交换模块的局域网连接起来。 Action LAN workstations on the LAN is connected to the management module and the management module and the switching module side has a LAN side, LAN management module can switch module side and the LAN connected through a router.

具体连接如图4所示,交换模块的远端维护工作站通过交换模块侧的局域网同路由器相连,路由器通过交换机对外话^^妄口,如E1、 Tl、 DSL (Digital Subscriber Line )、 V.35等接口同交换模块相连,然后经交换机内部话路连到管理模块,管理才莫块通过对外话路接口,如E1、 Tl、 DSL、 V.35等接口与管理模块侧路由器相连,管理模块侧路由器同管理模块側局域网相连。 DETAILED connection 4, remote switching module is connected with the maintenance station router via the LAN side of the switching module, the router through the switch, then the external port ^^ jump, such as E1, Tl, DSL (Digital Subscriber Line), V.35 interfaces connected with the switching module is connected, then by the internal switch connected to the session management module, managed by the external block only Mo session interfaces, such as E1, Tl, DSL, V.35 interface management module other side of the router, the management module side LAN router side is connected with the management module. 连接成功后, 相当于把管理模块的局域网拉远到交换模块,使得交换模块的维护工作站可以进行交换模块的维护。 Once connected, the LAN corresponding to the management module to remote switching module, the switching module such that the maintenance station may be maintained in the switching module. 其中:El接口为一种数字中继,接入速率为2Mbps, 主要用于中国和欧洲;Tl接口为一种数字中继,接入速率为1.5Mbps,主要用于北美和日本;V.35接口为一种数字信号接口协议,接口速率为n*64kbps; DSL接口为数字用户线,采用数字接入技术,在一条普通电话线上支持2B+D, 即两条64kbps的B通路和一条16kbps的D通路。 Wherein: El is a digital relay interfaces, the access rate is 2Mbps, mainly used in Europe and China; Tl interface of a digital relay, the access rate of 1.5Mbps, mainly used in North America and Japan; V.35 a digital signal interface interface protocol, the interface rate of n * 64kbps; DSL digital subscriber line interface, digital access technique, in an ordinary phone line 2B + D, i.e. the two B channels and one 64kbps 16kbps the D channel.

当远端维护工作站只有一台时,可以省掉局域网,将远端维护工作站直接连到^各由器上。 When only one remote maintenance workstations, local area network can be dispensed with, the distal end of the maintenance station is connected directly to the device by the respective ^.

利用上述系统,交换模块的远端维护工作站对交换模块进行远端维护的方法包括下列步骤: ' With the above system, remote switching module maintenance method comprises the steps of maintaining the distal end of the exchange station modules: '

SI:远端维护工作站的维护指令通过交换模块侧的局域网,由交换模块侧路由器转换成话路信号;S2:该话路信号经交换模块侧的El、 Tl或DSLV.35等话路接口送入交换才/L内部话路; SI: Maintenance instructions distal end station through the LAN side of the switching module, the switching module side is converted by the router into voice channel signal; S2: El the signal path, then the switching module side, Tl, or the like, then line interface to send DSLV.35 before the exchange / L, then the internal passage;

S3:通过交换机的内部话路将话路信号交换到管理模块侧的El、 Tl、 DSL、 V.35等话路-接口; S3: voice path through the internal switch of the handshake session management module to the side of the El, Tl, DSL, V.35 and other session - an interface;

S4:再经管理模块侧路由器将话路信号转化为维护指令通过局域网到达管理模块; S4: and then by the router management module side session maintaining command signal into a LAN reaches management module;

S5:管理模块收到维护指令后调用相关的数据进行维护操作; S5: management module receives data relating to call maintenance after the maintenance instruction;

S6:管理模块记录操作结果并将该结果反向传回交换模块侧的维护工作站。 S6: record management module and the operation result returned result of the reverse side of the switching module maintenance station.

利用交换机内部话路进行交换机维护时, 一个话路的通信带宽是64kbps, 进行维护时的话路可以是一条,也可以是多条,可以通过设定交换机和路由器的运行数据来增加或减少话路以调整通信带宽。 When the switch maintained by the internal speech path switches, a communication bandwidth voice channel is 64kbps, session time for maintenance can be one, or may be multiple, may be increased by setting the operating data of switches and routers or decrease session to adjust the communication bandwidth.

并且,具有管理4莫块权限的维护工作站通过维护命令设置远端维护工作站的权限,对远端维护工作站可以只授予其维护交换模块的权限,实现按照模块进行灵活的权限管理和授权,防止了非法操作,提高了系统运行的安全性。 Further, the block having management rights Mo 4 Maintenance station disposed remote maintenance by the maintenance command authority station, for remote maintenance workstation may only grant permission for the maintenance of the exchange modules, implemented, and flexible rights management module in accordance with the authorization, prevents illegal operation, improve the security of system operation.

一种替代方式如图5所示,在交换机上开发支持路由协议的单板,相当于把路由器嵌入交换机。 An alternative embodiment shown in FIG. 5, the development board supports routing protocols on the switch, corresponding to the embedded switch router. 这个单板相当于一台路由器,连接交换网和局域网,完成话路信号和局域网信号的转换,这样也可以完成正常时交换机的维护。 The board serves as a router, connected to the switching network and a local area network, to complete the conversion, then the LAN signal and the signal path, which can also be done to maintain normal switch.

实施例二、通过应急通道进行交换模块的维护 According to the second embodiment, maintenance passage through the emergency switching module

紧急情况下,如果交换模块的维护工作站无法利用交换机内部话路进行交换机维护时,可以直接建立交换模块维护工作站同交换模块之间的应急通道, 由远端维护模块利用备用数据库进行交换模块的维护。 An emergency, if the switching module switches the maintenance station can not be maintained by the internal switch session can establish a direct channel between the switching module maintains the station with the emergency switch module, the remote maintenance using the maintenance module standby switch module database .

此时交换模块侧的维护工作站直接与交换模块进行通信,不经过管理模块。 At this time, the switching module side maintenance station communicates directly with the exchange module, without passing through the management module. 由于有些维护指令需要查询数据库,因此需要在远端维护模块上保存管理模块的数据库,即备用数据库,在维护时使用备用数据库中的数据进行维护。 Because some instructions require maintenance database queries, it is necessary to maintain the distal end of the storage management module database module, i.e. the standby database, the data used to maintain the standby database during maintenance.

备用数据库由管理模块定期的进行更新,应急通道由通信电缆构成,远端维护工作站和交换;漠块通过通信电缆直接连接,如果位于远端维护工作站中的计算机没有直接连接的接口,可以通过一个接口转换插卡来实现,该插卡插在计算机的插槽上, 一般通用的插槽为PCI插槽,电缆连线一头插在交换模块的通信接口上,另一头插在插卡上,使远端维护模块和交换模块形成通信连接。 Standby database by the management module to be updated on a regular basis, the emergency channel is constituted by a communication cable, and exchange of remote maintenance workstation; desert blocks are directly connected via a communication cable, if the interface is located remote maintenance workstation computer is not directly connected, via a implemented interface conversion card, the card inserted in the slot machine, the slot is generally common PCI slot, a connection cable is inserted in the switching module of a communication interface, a card inserted in the other end, so remote maintenance module and the switching module to form a communication connection. 为增加可靠性,插卡可以设置为互为备用的两块。 To increase reliability, the card may be provided in two mutually alternate.

应急维护时,远端工作站通过上述插卡和电缆连线同交换机进行通信,交换模块侧的维护工作站发出的维护指令依次经维护工作站计算机上的插卡、交换模块和交换模块的维护工作站连接的通信电缆,传到交换模块,在交换模块根据维护指令进行维护操作后,将结果经过该通道返回交换模块的维护工作 Emergency maintenance, the distal end of the stations communicate via the switch cards and a cable connection with the maintenance instructions Maintenance station switching module side are sequentially emitted by the maintenance card on a computer workstation, switch module and switch module connected to the maintenance station a communication cable, spread switching module, in accordance with the maintenance instructions for the maintenance operation, will return the results through the maintenance channel switching module in the switching module

站,从而完成交换模块的维护。 Station, thereby completing the maintenance switch module. 例如:当交换模块的话单池话单较多时,自动将交换模块的话单通过应急通道送到远端维护工作站上,避免交换模块的话单池容量不够造成话单丟失;还可以通过应急通道将交换模块的告警信息送到远端维护工作站上,便于维护人员进行故障定位和维护。 For example: When the local exchange module of a single cell, then a single large, automatically switching module of the bill to the distal end through the emergency channel maintenance workstations, avoiding exchange module bill pool capacity is not caused, then a single lost; can also be exchanged via the emergency channel module alarm information to the remote maintenance workstations, maintenance personnel to facilitate maintenance and fault location.

本发明所述技术方案在现有维护系统的基础上,通过路由器使交换模块侧的维护模块和管理;f莫块侧的维护模块通过交换机的内部话路通信,实现了交换 The technical solution of the present invention, in the conventional maintenance system, the router by making the maintenance management module and the switching module side; Mo F block through the internal side of the service module session communication exchange, the exchange realized

模块的本地维护,提高了交换模块本地维护的可靠性,降低了维护系统的成本。 Local module maintenance, improve the reliability of the local switching module maintenance, reduces the cost of maintenance of the system.

明的精神和范围。 The spirit and scope of the Ming. 这样,倘若本发明的这些修改和变型属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本发明也意图包含这些改动和变型在内。 Thus, if these modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the claims of the invention and the scope of equivalents thereof, the present invention intends to include these modifications and variations.

10 10

Claims (9)

  1. 1、一种交换机中交换模块的维护系统,包括:该交换机内的管理模块和该管理模块侧局域网,从远端对所述交换模块进行维护的第一维护模块,以及第一路由器和第二路由器;其特征在于:所述第一维护模块通过所述第一路由器连接所述交换模块侧话路接口,所述管理模块侧话路接口通过所述第二路由器连接所述管理模块侧局域网,使该第一维护模块和该管理模块通过该交换机的内部话路实现通信。 A switching module in the switch maintenance system, comprising: a management module and the management module side of the LAN switch, a first maintenance service module, and the first router and the second switching module from the distal end router; characterized in that: said first module is maintained by the first router connected to said switching module side interfaces session, the session management module side of the second interface via the router module connected to the management LAN side, the first maintenance module and the internal session management module implemented by the exchange communication.
  2. 2、 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述第一路由器和所述第二路由器为支持路由协议的单板,所述第一路由器置于交换模块内,所述第二路由器置于管理才莫块内。 2. The system as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said first router and the second router is a routing protocol to support the board, the first router disposed within the switch module, the second router Mo was placed in administration in the block.
  3. 3、 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,当所述第一维护模块并行设置为多个时,通过交换模块侧局域网接入所述交换模块,所述第一路由器连接在该局域网和交换模块之间。 3. The system of claim 1, wherein, when the first service module is set to a plurality of parallel, by switching the switching module side LAN access module, the first router connected to the LAN and switching between modules.
  4. 4、 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述第一维护模块和所述交换模块通过通信电缆形成通信连接。 4. The system of claim 1, wherein the communication connection of the first switching module and the maintenance module is formed by a communication cable.
  5. 5、 如权利要求4所述的系统,其特征在于,所述通信电缆一头插在交换模块的通信接口上,另一头通过接口转换插卡连接所述第一维护模块。 5. The system as claimed in claim 4, wherein said cable is a communication interface for exchanging inserted on the communication module, the other end is connected by the first maintenance card interface conversion module.
  6. 6、 如权利要求5所述的系统,其特征在于,所述接口转换插卡并行设置为互为备用的两个。 6. The system as claimed in claim 5, wherein said two interface conversion card parallel to each other spare.
  7. 7、 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述话路接口为El、 Tl、 DSL 或V.35接口。 7. The system of claim 1, wherein said interface is a session El, Tl, DSL, or V.35 interface.
  8. 8、 一种交换机中交换模块的维护方法,所述交换机包括和交换模块之间连接有内部话路的管理4莫块,其特征在于,所述方法包括下列步骤:将交换模块侧维护模块的维护指令通过第一路由器转换为话路信号;将所述话路信号通过交换模块的话路接口送入交换机内部话路;在所述内部话路中将所述话路信号交换到与第二路由器相连接的管理模块的话g口;由第二路由器将所述话路信号还原为所述维护指令送入管理模块;所述管理模块扭^于所述维护指令对所述交换4莫块进行维护。 8, a method for maintaining the modules exchange switch, said switch comprising a switching module and connected between the internal management session mo block 4, characterized in that, said method comprising the steps of: switching module side Maintenance Module maintenance instruction conversion by the first router then signals; the interface into the telephone channel signal path through the internal switching module session, then the switch; the session, then in the signal path inside the exchanger to a second router the management module connected to port then g; manufactured by a second router, then the reduction of the signal path into the maintenance management module instruction; ^ twist to the management module of the maintenance instruction to the switch block 4 is maintained Mo .
  9. 9、如权利要求8所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括步骤: 所述管理模块记录维护结果并将该维护结果返回给交换模块侧维护模块。 9. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that, further comprising the step of: recording said management module maintains the maintenance results and returns the result to the switching module side maintenance module.
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Citations (2)

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US5261061A (en) 1988-08-31 1993-11-09 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Remote maintenance and administration method in a switchboard system
CN1154030A (en) 1996-10-22 1997-07-09 北京市电话局 Centralized operation and maintenance system of program-controlled exchanger

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5261061A (en) 1988-08-31 1993-11-09 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Remote maintenance and administration method in a switchboard system
CN1154030A (en) 1996-10-22 1997-07-09 北京市电话局 Centralized operation and maintenance system of program-controlled exchanger

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建立数字X.25连接实现NOKIA MSC、BSC各网元的远端集中维护. 杜青军.电信技术,第9期. 2000

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