CN100508091C - Intelligent remote control locking method and apparatus for preventing electric misoperation - Google Patents

Intelligent remote control locking method and apparatus for preventing electric misoperation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100508091C
CN100508091C CNB2006100707446A CN200610070744A CN100508091C CN 100508091 C CN100508091 C CN 100508091C CN B2006100707446 A CNB2006100707446 A CN B2006100707446A CN 200610070744 A CN200610070744 A CN 200610070744A CN 100508091 C CN100508091 C CN 100508091C
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China
Prior art keywords
unit
palmtop
lockset
bluetooth
lockaid gun
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CNB2006100707446A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101013635A (en
Inventor
刘全亮
韩志刚
黄先明
王有军
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淄博微联电子有限公司
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Publication of CN101013635A publication Critical patent/CN101013635A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides one intelligent remote close method and device to avoid electrical error operation, which comprises PAD computer, blue teeth opener and intelligent lock ware, wherein, the PAD computer is imbedded with relative operation software and blue teeth module for communication by blue teeth opener to collect relative information; it judges and sends operation order according to the rules to drive blue teeth opener; the intelligent lock ware has automatic opening and feedback information for display and relative operations by persons.

Description

Prevent the intelligent remote control locking method and the device thereof of electric misoperation
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical measures field that electrical system prevents electric misoperation, be specifically related to a kind of intelligent remote control locking method and device thereof that prevents electric misoperation.
Background technology
For preventing electric fault-operation accident, be referred to as " five is anti-" in electric power system: promptly prevent the mistake branch, close circuit breaker; Prevent the on-load branch, close isolating switch; Prevent charged extension (closing) earth connection (earthed switch); Prevent to be with earth connection (earthed switch) to close circuit breaker (isolating switch); Prevent mistakenly entering charged chamber, and the general version of the microcomputer type anti-misoperation locking device that grows up is made up of following four parts:
By the operation on intelligent simulation board, operational order is sent into industrial computer, get operation order, simultaneously by serial communication, operation order is imported among the computer key, remove to open the coding lock that is loaded on each operating position again with computer key then, operate.
Its existing problems mainly contain:
1, the structure link is many, and overhead time is long, and service speed is slow, and transformer station's interruption maintenance time is long.
2, computer key is only realized by given order lockset inspection sign indicating number being unblanked, to whether having the such condition of unblanking of high-tension electricity not judge on the operation route or at interval, can not prevent charged splice grafting ground disconnecting link and prevent mistakenly entering charged chamber, can not all realize " five is anti-" function, therefore still have accident potential.
3, used lockset mostly is the coding padlock, and on-fixed is installed forced blocking, " walking idle stroke " (after promptly opening locking device, do not carry out practical operation, promptly change unblanking and operating of next step content of operation over to) phenomenon may occur, and cause misoperation fault.
4, cost is too high, is fit to above transformer station of 110KV and big power station and uses, and the following transformer station of 35KV One's name is legion is if a large amount of configuration must cause great waste.
The January 10 calendar year 2001 day for announcing, the Chinese patent of notification number CN2414457Y discloses a kind of improved on this basis microcomputer linkage fastener, comprise computer key and lockset, wherein computer key comprises that microprocessor and photoelectricity adopts a yard module, lockset is provided with photoelectric coding, mechanical variable code and electro-optical feedback, the operating sequence and the anti-error rule of the operation order regulation of electric power system all are solidificated in the computer key with the means of software programming, adopt non-contact type photoelectricity to adopt sign indicating number, system controlled by computer is unblanked, and has saved intelligent simulation board and industrial control microcomputer, simple in structure, easy to operate.
September 20 2006 day for announcing, the Chinese patent of notification number CN1276445C discloses a kind of further improved microcomputer linkage fastener, comprise lockset and with the electron key of its coupling, lockset is provided with the information output unit that is used to detect lockset and on off state thereof, and electron key is provided with collecting unit, control unit, display unit, solenoid actuated unit, power subsystem and the programmable logic device unit that is used to accept above-mentioned state information.Its lockset adopts the mode of mechanical contact that each lockset is carried out the lockset coding, lockset provides an electro-optical feedback signal and a mechanical variable code signal simultaneously, thereby make electron key can not only discern lockset (lockset coding), and can obtain the state (electro-optical feedback signal) of the switch that links with lockset and the state (mechanical variable code) of lockset self; Electron key and the lockset and the control loop formation closed loop that match and use with it read lock status by electro-optical feedback, utilize mechanical variable code to stop " walking idle running " phenomenon, can prevent that charged ground connection and solution from preventing problems such as mistakenly entering charged chamber; Compare with conventional microcomputer linkage lock scheme, have more technology and cost advantage.
The structure chart of above-mentioned two kinds of modified model shutting device to prevent mistakes in microcomputer is:
Its main feature is:
1, according to the electric operation ticket and the anti-error rule of transformer station, programming is stored among the computer key, directly lockset is carried out unlock operation, and is quick and convenient, and the operation auxiliary movement is few, has shortened the power failure operating time greatly.
2, computer key is gathered lockset coding, the condition of unblanking and the operation information that puts in place by infrared-ray communication, has realized lockset is realized that " be docile and obedient preface, according to condition " unblank, and has caught the basic of electric anti-misoperation; The lockset fixed installation, " walking idle stroke " phenomenon is avoided in forced blocking; Five anti-perfect in shape and functions.
Its major defect is: adopt mechanical coding or coding chip group/cording quantity limited, computer key need insert unlock operation and the auxiliary operation action that lockset carries out artificial contact, make troubles to operating process, computer key can only provide some warnings and demonstration simultaneously, can not initiatively instruct personnel operation according to " five is anti-" rule.
The technology path of the another kind of online anti-misoperation system of electric anti-error locking system is: realize anti-error control with the installation network controller, pass through cabling, be connected with anti-error main frame being loaded on on-the-spot electromagnetism lockset, lockset situation and operating position information aggregating are arrived anti-error main frame, judge by anti-error main frame and assign unlock instruction.Though these system's five anti-perfect in shape and functions have overcome " walking idle stroke " phenomenon, system complex needs to lay a large amount of cables and external power supply at the transformer station scene, and difficulty of construction is big, long in time limit, cost is high, uses in medium and small sized substation, and difficulty is bigger.
Palmtop PC is applied to electric anti-error locking system, mainly concentrate at present and strengthen the computer key function, with the anti-error main control microcomputer of palm, communication, adapter and three zoariums of computer key, form the PDA computer key, utilize palmtop PC to replace the partial function of little process chip in the computer key, promptly utilize palmtop PC to simulate the industrial control microcomputer and the intelligent simulation board function of conventional microcomputer block sytem, add parts such as manual contact unlocking mechanism, thereby form the PDA computer key.The improvement product that also has is delivered to lockset with the power supply of palmtop PC with the way of contact, set up the electromagnetism unlocking mechanism in each lockset, but in any case, the said goods all rests on and strengthens the computer key functional plane, still need to be equipped with many computer key, its mode of unblanking is still manually unblanking of contact.
Open day on September 20th, 2006, the Chinese patent of publication number CN1835145A discloses a kind of error proof locking system of palm microcomputer, still adopt pincers to hold the computer key of formula unlocking mechanism, only increase the PDA assembly newly, can not gather the lockset state and the conditional information of unblanking, can not carry out the control of long distance automated closed-loop to on-the-spot lockset, can only carry out the conventional simulation preview and the generation of operation order, revise, output, show, also do not have and computer key and lockset communication function, lock structure still is a mechanical coding lock, can only guarantee the order of unblanking according to the work ticket that palmtop PC generates, do not possess the condition judgment of unblanking and the operation information that puts in place and detect and operate back automatic blocking function, utilization to palmtop PC rests on very low aspect, realizing also not having essence to improve and raising on perfect " five is anti-", can not initiatively press " five is anti-" regular guiding operation personnel operation.
Bluetooth (Bluetooth) technology is an opening, short-distance wireless communication technology standard, it can be used in small range mode by wireless connections and realize network interconnection between permanent plant and the mobile device, can realize between various digital devices flexibly, the speech and the data communication of safety, low cost, low power consumption.As (also claiming PDA by the city's product palmtop PC that has adopted Bluetooth technology, personal digital assistant Personal Digital Assistant), the user can be easily adopts the digital device such as notebook computer of Bluetooth technology or the industrial digital equipment of embedded bluetooth module to communicate or link the internet with other, Bluetooth technology has been developed fast at wireless communication field and various industrial circle since 1998 come out, and can provide complete PDA software and hardware solution as market, the end product of bluetooth PDA and the practical embedded bluetooth module of industrial digital equipment.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present invention is: overcome the deficiency that prior art exists, adopt palmtop PC and Bluetooth technology, new a kind of general lockaid gun of design and a kind of supporting intelligent lock, with general lockaid gun is " bridge ", palmtop PC is adopted sign indicating number in the mode of wireless telecommunications to intelligent lock and is accepted and believed, remote control coding, thereby realize the control of long distance automated closed-loop, all " five is anti-" information of the intelligent lock storage position of the switch, place, only need to insert general lockaid gun, and operation palmtop PC, can thoroughly realize contactless auto-unlocking operation, not only be docile and obedient preface, and according to condition unblank, further, can require the guiding operation personnel operation in strict accordance with " five is anti-", operating process is exercised supervision and automatic inspection, automatically error correction fundamentally provides a kind of epoch-making intelligent remote control locking method and device thereof of round Realization electric anti-misoperation.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of intelligent remote control locking method that prevents electric misoperation is provided, it is characterized in that: comprise palmtop PC, bluetooth lockaid gun and intelligent lock; Adopt palmtop PC to simulate by the embedded electric misoperation application software that prevents, instruct, the policer operation process, operating personnel show according to palmtop PC and the voice commander finishes associative operation, palmtop PC is accepted and believed by with public bluetooth lockaid gun wireless telecommunications intelligent lock being adopted sign indicating number, carry out sending operational order after the logic determines according to " five is anti-" rule, remote control drives the action of bluetooth lockaid gun and unblanks, after operation is finished, the intelligent lock feedback operation information after the locking that puts in place, palmtop PC carries out logic determines and screen and voice indication is carried out in operating process and next step operation.
The present invention also provides a kind of intelligent remote control locking device that prevents electric misoperation that adopts said method, it is characterized in that: comprise the palmtop PC, bluetooth lockaid gun and the intelligent lock that have bluetooth module; The embedded electric misoperation application software that prevents of palmtop PC; Intelligent lock comprises that the lockset coding and the switching information that are provided with in lockset mechanical mechanism and the lock body detect processing unit; The bluetooth lockaid gun comprise can with lockset coding and switching information detect the processing unit communication micro controller unit able to programme, can with lockaid gun bluetooth module, the electromagnetism of palmtop PC communication unblank unit and power subsystem; The electromagnetism unit of unblanking is connected with micro controller unit able to programme respectively with the lockaid gun bluetooth module, and power subsystem is connected with said units respectively.
Further, the described electric misoperation application software that prevents is write by the operating sequence of anti-error regular defined according to transforming plant primary winding diagram and all operations point device, and the additional simultaneously condition of unblanking, operation put after the locking information in place as the criterion of logic determines.
Described palmtop PC and public bluetooth lockaid gun are by the bluetooth approach communication.
The described electric misoperation application software that prevents is carried out electric operation with palmtop PC voice mode guiding operation personnel.
Described micro controller unit able to programme also is connected with power supply supervision unit with the state indicating member.
Described state indicating member is indicated by a tri-colour LED completion status.
The described electromagnetism unit of unblanking is made up of switching circuit, current-limiting circuit and solenoid.
It is its power supply by bluetooth lockaid gun insertion intelligent lock that described lockset coding and switching information detect processing unit.
Described lockset coding and switching information detect processing unit and comprise programmable microprocessor unit, switching information detecting unit, communication unit and power subsystem, and switching information detecting unit, communication unit are connected with the programmable microprocessor unit respectively; Power subsystem is connected power supply respectively with said units.
Described switching information detecting unit comprises Hall element and external binding post.
The present invention has following advantage compared with the prior art:
1, intelligent remote control locking method that prevents electric misoperation of the present invention and device can detect and error correction lockset coding and operating mechanism state and the conditional information of unblanking automatically by " five is anti-" rule, commander operating personnel operate, and to operating process and the result detection that exercises supervision, the information of operating result is fed back, realized closed-loop control, multiple problem, the generation of thoroughly stopping misoperation fault such as prevent that effectively circuit breaker " tripping ", isolating switch, ground connection cutter, earth connection operation " walking idle stroke " and door of switch cabinet " are left unlocked or unlatched ".
2, high-new intellectual technology is used in overall process voice commander of the present invention operation, guarantees finishing of operating process and task, thereby operating personnel are not slipped up by detection, monitoring means.This with the measure of technological means enhanced tissue, replace and strengthen tutorial effect, really embodied the developing direction of electric " five is anti-", realized the important breakthrough on the electric anti-error theory: promptly not only reach the carrying out that when the operator slips up, stops misoperation with technical measures, and realized instructing the effect of organiztion measure with technical measures, promptly the guiding operation personnel carry out correct operation simultaneously, are fundamentally to solve the outlet place that prevents electric misoperation.
3, the palmtop PC operating procedure on the massage voice reading operation order and content of operation in operating process, realize the tutorial effect of calling out the names of those voted for while counting ballot-slips of operation, operating process become " very impressive ", large scale display, friendly interface, can arbitrarily carry, the operator only need listen to voice suggestion and the calm operation in order of alarm, and it is easily smooth that operating process becomes.
Realized that 4, " be docile and obedient preface, according to condition " unblank, as the necessary condition of unblanking, that height is pressed with is whether electric, whether previous action puts the adequate condition that conduct is unblanked in place order, has realized that real perfect five prevent functions.
5, the intelligent remote control locking device formed of palmtop PC Bluetooth technology, Promethean bluetooth lockaid gun and intelligent lock, make the method that realizes wireless telecommunications and control between PDA and the numerous intelligent lock with a lockaid gun, the new structure of collection information gathering, transmission and electromagnetism auto-unlocking system zoarium, simply, efficiently, realized that auxiliary operation action is minimum, easy to operate, quick, reached the high unity of functional, the reliability of knowing clearly, convenience.
6, the present invention has realized the perfect adaptation of employing permanent magnet (lockset mechanical structure) and electromagnetism (lockaid gun electromagnetism unblank unit) technology, reach the auto-unlocking new technology of low-voltage, little electric current, low-power consumption, the lockaid gun that this employing is public, electromagnetism unlocking system (lockaid gun electromagnetism unblank unit) and blocking mechanism (lockset) separated structures form have simplified being installed on on-the-spot lockset mechanical structure greatly.
7, the technology of the present invention advanced person, realize " three do not have ":
No repeated code, to the Remote Control Automatic coding of intelligent lock, the built-in single-chip microcomputer of lock body, group/cording quantity can reach 65536 to palmtop PC by the bluetooth lockaid gun;
Wireless telecommunications only need to insert the bluetooth lockaid gun, can carry out touchless long distance and adopt sign indicating number automatically and accept and believe the wireless messages transmission;
Controlled in wireless, long distance auto-unlocking, the electromagnetism unlocking mechanism of employing dispense with outer connecting power and cabling.
8, because the coding of lockset is to realize by remote control with PDA, give lockset on switch cubicle and the scene in the transformer station install and bring very big convenience, promptly in making installation process, needn't take operating sequence and numbering into account, only need the logical disposable concentrated solution of timing before transformer station puts into operation, these characteristics are to " three simultaneously " of anti-error system: " design is simultaneously installed simultaneously, puts into operation simultaneously " brings great convenience.
9, mode of operation is very flexible: can vertically operate, but also lateral operation; " be docile and obedient preface, according to condition " unblanks owing to be, even the leapfrog operation can not cause fault yet.In large-scale substation, can start two cover anti-misoperation systems simultaneously, to accelerate to stop sending the process of electricity.Within 15 meters, can realize data interaction and wireless telecommunications between two PDA.
10, can carry out forward and reverse data interaction and wireless telecommunications between PDA and the intelligent simulation board: carry out simulated operation on intelligent simulation board, operating position and order are received by PDA in the mode of wireless telecommunications.PDA operates lockset by the bluetooth lockaid gun, and operating result is returned to intelligent simulation board by wireless telecommunications by PDA, and the virtual condition that makes dish go up on off state and scene is consistent.
11, can carry out data wireless communication by network adapter between PDA and the Desktop Computer.Simulated operation carries out in desktop computer, PDA is by given operating sequence, LY-K stops sending electricity and grid switching operation to lockset by the bluetooth lockaid gun, the result of its operation passes back to desktop computer by wireless telecommunications, and the situation that itself and execute-in-place are crossed is consistent and can prints operation order in simulated operation.
12, possess the tour function, elder generation sets and makes an inspection tour point and make an inspection tour route in software, and operating personnel cover specific tour point in order, can finish the tour work of transformer station, and the time of each tour point of tour personnel can record in making an inspection tour record.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 prevents the schematic diagram of the intelligent remote control locking method of electric misoperation for the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural principle block diagram of bluetooth lockaid gun of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural principle block diagram of the embodiment of bluetooth lockaid gun;
Fig. 4 is the line map of the embodiment of bluetooth lockaid gun;
Fig. 5 is the structural principle block diagram of intelligent lock of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the embodiment lockset coding of intelligent lock and the structural principle block diagram that switching information detects processing unit;
Fig. 7 is the line map that intelligent lock embodiment lockset coding and switching information detect processing unit;
Fig. 8 is an intelligent lock embodiment mechanical mechanism part-structure schematic diagram;
Among the figure: 1-lock body, 2-lock shaft, 3-keeper, 4-lockweight, 5-spring, 6-Hall element, 7-permanent-magnet steel
Fig. 9 is the operating process schematic diagram that prevents the intelligent remote control locking method of electric misoperation of the present invention.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 the present invention prevents in the schematic diagram of intelligent remote control locking method of electric misoperation:
1, palmtop PC:
Palmtop PC PDA is the core and the command centre of anti-misoperation system, it adopts the prior art of embedded bluetooth communication module, a kind of low energy consumption, low cost and high performance embedded processing platform are provided, and it is the platform commonly used of mobile communication, hand-held portable devices and embedded solution.Operating system can adopt the WINCE operating system of Microsoft's exploitation, this system has multithreading, multitask, deterministic enforcement, the try to be the first characteristics of formula priority fully, have the good communication ability, graphic user interface is outstanding, PDA prevents that the electric misoperation application software from adopting Embedded Programming Methodology, and OO modular construction is utilized functions such as drawing experiment that the multithreading, multitask characteristics of system realize the simulated operation of figure, equipment and on-the-spot unlocking operation.
Palmtop PC of the present invention is embedded prevents electric misoperation application software design: according to the operating sequence programming by anti-error regular defined of transforming plant primary system wiring figure and all operations point device, additional especially unlock operation condition, operation put after the locking information in place as the criterion of logic determines; On this basis, software can generate equipment contraposition analog demenstration chart board, through the examination of " five is anti-" rule, automatically generate correct operation order, outside the routine operation order, operation order additional operations condition, and operation puts after the locking information in place as the operation permissive condition, after changing operational state over to, not only require the operator " to be docile and obedient preface " and progressively carry out unlocking operation by the massage voice reading work ticket, and the instant condition of unblanking that detects, require operator's " according to condition " to unblank, palmtop PC is operated in strict accordance with operation order by voice commander operating personnel, simultaneously operating process is exercised supervision,, promptly send alarm and stop the continuation operation if the condition of unblanking does not satisfy, and the condition of unblanking indicated in voice, in other words, as long as the full terms of unblanking is met, just misoperation can not take place.Therefore its five anti-function be can reach conscientiously, be that similar microcomputer block sytem is the most perfect.This carrying out that not only reaches prevention misoperation when the operator slips up with technical measures, and with the measure of technical measures enhanced tissue, with voice guiding operation person proper operation, use the monitoring and detection means, guarantee the correct of operating process and task, thereby making thinking that operating personnel do not slip up and method should be important breakthrough on the anti-error theory, is fundamentally thoroughly to have solved an industry difficult problem that prevents electric misoperation.
This software is equivalent to the database of transformer station's electric anti-misoperation, utilize the contactless long distance of blue tooth wireless communication technology of original creation to detect the intelligent lock coding and the condition of unblanking, and carry out logic determines, thereby send unlock instruction, realize long distance touchless electromagnetic lock auto-unlocking function and accept the feedback information that the operating mechanism operation puts in place that whether correctly, finish decision operation step task comprehensively.The realization of above-mentioned functions, not only on display panel, manifest immediately, phonic warning during operating mistake is also operated the condition that should satisfy with the voice indicating correct simultaneously, thereby is made the operator in operating process, not necessarily see the demonstration on the screen, need only listen to the voice indication, get final product the complete operation task, PDA reads aloud operating procedure and the content of operation on the operation order in operating process, reach tutorial the calling out the names of those voted for while counting ballot-slips effect of operation, this kind effect be similar microcomputer locking device inaccessiable.
The window graphical interfaces of WINDOWS system is adopted at the interface of this program, and the primary connection figure of transformer station is shown to the user, and the user utilizes touch-screen to finish the graphic simulation operation task; When the simulated operation task is determined, when beginning to operate, utilize the enforcement of WINCE system try to be the first formula characteristics and blue teeth wireless function, in real time, apace with bluetooth lockaid gun communication detection user's operational circumstances, when detecting the user and need operating equipment, start " five is anti-" the release logic determines condition that prevents in the electric misoperation application software, judge whether to allow operating equipment and operation logic whether correct, when having only simulated operation equipment and five anti-logics all correct, system sends unlock command to the bluetooth lockaid gun, and commander operating personnel's complete operation task.
Prior art is all adopted in realization about the graphical display of commercially available palmtop PC and embedded programming thereof, warning, phonetic function, does not repeat them here.
2, bluetooth lockaid gun:
Bluetooth lockaid gun design of the present invention reaches Information Monitoring, the transitional information transmission means also realizes the effect of long distance auto-unlocking, owing to be provided with the bluetooth module that can carry out wireless telecommunications with palmtop PC, microprocessor and related circuit thereof, form one and can carry out wireless data communication with PDA, can receive unlock instruction again, lockset is realized " relay station " of the anti-misoperation system of auto-unlocking, as long as with a bluetooth lockaid gun, can make and realize wireless telecommunications and the control of long distance automated closed-loop between palmtop PC and the numerous intelligent lock, that is: the bluetooth lockaid gun can carry out cable data and information gathering by operating sequence and all lockset, through its processed, received by PDA in the mode of wireless telecommunications; Whether PDA is correct according to unblanking in proper order, encoding, whether the condition of unblanking satisfies as criterion and assign unlock instruction, PDA receives the electric switch signal that puts in place of lock operation again when end of operation, send this operating procedure end of operation and enter the indication of next step operation, thereby cooperate detection and the control of palmtop PC realization the contactless long distance of lockset.This by a public lockaid gun, include the electromagnetism unlocking system that separates with blocking mechanism, as information, instruction " relay station ", no matter insert the hard-wired intelligent lock of which blocking mechanism, palmtop PC just can be realized the unique thinking to its communication, remote control, by the present invention is created.
3, intelligent lock:
Lockset is an executive component of realizing anti-error function.The present invention has satisfied architectural feature and performance that intelligent lock should possess: at first, lockset adopts microcomputer coding, the communication transmission, and sign indicating number is adopted in remote control, and its encoding amount satisfies (or a regional network is interior) the no repeated code phenomenon in the station that is coded at position, lockset place far away; Secondly, lockset can realize that the position, place removes the information detection of other conditions of unblanking the order (for example whether high pressure has electricity, previous action whether put in place etc.); Once more, lockset can be after operation be finished automatic blocking once more, realize the concurrent signal after the locking of putting in place of going out for drill of counter force blocking function.The present invention is by inserting single chip circuit in lockset, built-in Hall element carries out information and detects, and is provided with and accepts outside connected switch accordingly or external other conditional information port is realized above-mentioned functions.
Example: in transformer and distribution power station transmission or not operating process, according to " five is anti-" regulation, when disconnecting switch operation, its pairing circuit breaker must be in off-state, and promptly isolating switch must not carry out branch, closing operation under electriferous state.So, before disconnecting switch operation, must check and verify branch, the "on" position of its pairing circuit breaker, Here it is " condition " that isolating switch is operated.If the mechanical coding padlock is adopted in the locking of isolating switch, can only realize utilizing and touch sign indicating number and polarize its job site, and all can not feed back for itself operating mode, ambient conditions and execution result, can only unlock the same operation in order, but have no way of carrying out condition judgment; If the mechanical coding padlock is also adopted in the locking of corresponding circuit breaker before this, do not carry out practical operation after the release, " walking idle running " taken place, and not obtaining alarm corrects, when continuing that then isolating switch carried out unlocking operation, even coding checking " in proper order " is correct, also misoperation will take place.Therefore, adopt intelligent lock, " condition " information of introducing is as unblanking criterion, and " five is anti-" necessarily requires exactly, and the mechanical coding padlock that extensively adopts can not be realized perfect " five is anti-" requirement at present.
Intelligent lock of the present invention, because the mentality of designing that has adopted the electromagnetism unlocking system to separate with blocking mechanism, therefore lock structure obtains simplifying, be easy to different requirements according to the locking position, can be designed to switch locking device, the different structure form that knife switch lock, ground connection lock and door lock etc. and console switch structure adapt.Lockset is installed on the operating mechanism of switchgear with fixed form, the lock shaft of lockset is installed in the movable position of operating mechanism, the lock body of lockset is installed in the fixed position of equipment, during the lockset locking, the displacement of lock shaft makes movable position of equipment and not movable position can't relatively move at blocking, thus the whole locking of the equipment of realization.During the lockset release, insert the bluetooth lockaid gun, detect processing unit by lockset coding and switching information and detect the lockset coding and the condition of unblanking, the palmtop PC wireless receiving also carries out five anti-logic determines according to this, confirms whether this operation is eligible, if ineligible, then can't release, and carry out fault alarm, if eligible, then provide unlock command, drive electromagnetism by the bluetooth lockaid gun and separate the lock loop action, the lockset automatic unlocking, operating personnel allow to carry out operation of equipment by mobile lock shaft.After operation is finished, intelligent lock is locking once more automatically under the lock shaft spring action, lockset coding and switching information detect processing unit and detect the operation information after the locking that puts in place of sending, palmtop PC provides " operation is finished " voice suggestion, can take off the bluetooth lockaid gun, according to the palmtop PC indication, carry out the next item down operation.
In the structural principle block diagram of Fig. 2 bluetooth lockaid gun of the present invention, the bluetooth lockaid gun comprise can with lockset coding and switching information detect the processing unit communication micro controller unit able to programme, can with lockaid gun bluetooth module, the electromagnetism of palmtop PC communication unblank unit and power subsystem; The electromagnetism unit of unblanking is connected with micro controller unit able to programme respectively with the lockaid gun bluetooth module, and power subsystem is connected with said units respectively.The lockaid gun bluetooth module is realized the wireless data communication between bluetooth lockaid gun and the palmtop PC, both can receive the operational order of palmtop PC, convert thereof into to micro controller unit able to programme and can discern, handle, the information of carrying out, send micro controller unit able to programme to by the I/O port between lockaid gun bluetooth module and the micro controller unit able to programme, again can with micro controller unit able to programme from the lockset of intelligent lock coding and switching information detect processing unit detect obtain and handle after the lockset coding, the condition of unblanking, data-signals such as operational feedback information are converted to wireless signal transmission and are transmitted to palmtop PC.When the bluetooth lockaid gun inserts intelligent lock, micro controller unit able to programme is finished regularly and to be detected processing unit to the lockset coding of intelligent lock and switching information and detect its lockset coding, the condition of unblanking obtained, and is transmitted to palmtop PC by the lockaid gun bluetooth module to detect the data-signal that processing unit processes crosses through lockset coding and switching information after interconnected plug (seat) receives, handles; Further,, finish and send actuating signal after the signal processing and send to the electromagnetism unit of unblanking, finish contactless auto-unlocking by the electromagnetism unit of unblanking through the I/O of micro controller unit able to programme port according to the palmtop PC unlock instruction; Power subsystem is connected with said units and is its power supply.
Promethean bluetooth lockaid gun of the present invention, make between palmtop PC PDA and the numerous intelligent lock with a public lockaid gun and to have realized wireless telecommunications and control, the new structure of its collection information gathering, Bluetooth transmission and electromagnetism auto-unlocking system zoarium, simply, efficiently, reach the high unity of functional, the reliability of knowing clearly, convenience.
In the structural principle block diagram of the embodiment of Fig. 3 bluetooth lockaid gun of the present invention, the I/O port of micro controller unit able to programme also is connected with power supply supervision unit with the state indicating member; Wherein the state indicating member is finished when setting up communication between bluetooth lockaid gun energized and the palmtop PC, carrying out unlocking action and supply voltage is low provides different state indications when reporting to the police; Power supply supervision unit is finished the detection to supply voltage, when supply voltage reaches the low-voltage alarm setting value, by and micro controller unit able to programme between the I/O port send alarm signal; Power subsystem is connected power supply respectively with said units.
In the line map of the embodiment of Fig. 4 bluetooth lockaid gun of the present invention:
Micro controller unit able to programme comprises integrated circuit U1 (adopting single-chip microcomputer, i.e. MCU-Micro Controller Unit), crystal oscillating circuit, lockset information acquisition circuit and peripheral circuit.Crystal oscillating circuit is made up of crystal-vibration-chip X1 and capacitor C 5, C6, provides clock frequency to single-chip microcomputer, makes it enter operating state; The lockset information acquisition circuit is made up of connector assembly JP1, resistance R 12, R13, when the bluetooth lockaid gun inserts intelligent lock, sets up information wire transmission passage between bluetooth lockaid gun and the lockset by connector assembly JP1; Peripheral circuit comprises capacitor C 1 etc., satisfies U1 work and is provided with.
The lockaid gun bluetooth module comprises integrated circuit U2 and peripheral circuit thereof, wherein light-emitting diode DS1 and resistance R 3 are formed bluetooth module connection status indicating circuit, resistance R 2, button S1 form removing module parameter circuit, resistance R 1 is a biasing resistor, it when switch S 2 pushes the R4 position normal operating conditions, be that parameter is provided with state when switch S 2 pushes the R5 position, capacitor C 2 is formed voltage stabilizing circuit, and the lockaid gun bluetooth module is realized the wireless data communication between bluetooth lockaid gun and the palmtop PC.
The electromagnetism unit of unblanking comprises the switching circuit of being made up of resistance R 6, triode DS2 and relay K 1, by the current-limiting circuit that resistance R 7, R8, triode DS4 and relay K 2 are formed, solenoid L1.When satisfying when unblanking condition, the bluetooth lockaid gun is accepted unlock instruction, drives unblank switching circuit 1,3 conductings be made up of triode DS2 and relay K 1 in the unit of electromagnetism, and solenoid L1 starts under full voltage, automatically keeper and the lockweight on the sucking-off lockset opened lockset.After keeper and lockweight sucking-off, through setting-up time, the actuating of relay that DS4 and K2 formed seals in the electromagnetism circuit of unblanking with resistance R 8, and to reach big electric current adhesive, little electric current keeps, the purpose of saves current consumption.
The state indicating member is made up of a tri-colour LED DS3 and resistance R 9.After energized, the tri-colour LED DS3 light that takes on a red color, when system enters operate as normal, when setting up communication contact between bluetooth module and the palmtop PC PDA, DS3 becomes blue passage of scintillation light, and when unlock circuit was worked, DS3 was green flicker light, when cell voltage dropped to certain numerical value, DS3 transferred the flash red light to.
Power supply supervision unit is formed the voltage testing circuit by resistance R 10 and R11, U1 accepts data by its I/O interface, when cell voltage drops to certain numerical value, drives DS3 and transfers the flash red light to, prompting bluetooth lockaid gun can not guarantee operate as normal, should carry out charging process.
Power subsystem comprises minitype high-performance lithium battery and connector assembly JP4, both being connected to bluetooth lockaid gun electric loop power supply with aforementioned each unit, is that lockset coding and switching information detect processing unit and power by its connector assembly JP4 when the bluetooth lockaid gun inserts intelligent lock again.
Wherein:
The RC6/TX/CK (17) of micro controller unit integrated circuit U1 able to programme and RC7RX/DT (18) pin respectively with the TXD (5) and RXD (6) the corresponding connection of pin of bluetooth module integrated circuit U2; RA0/AN0 (2) and RA1/AN1 (3) pin are unblanked corresponding connection of resistance R 7, R6 of unit with electromagnetism respectively; RB0 (21), RB1 (22), RB2 (23) pin respectively with 1 end BLUE, 3 end GREEN, the corresponding connection of 4 end RED of the tri-colour LED DS3 of state indicating member; RA2/AN2 (4) pin is connected with the mid point of R11 series circuit with power supply supervision unit R10; OSC1/CLK1 (9) is connected with 2 ends are corresponding with 1 end of crystal oscillating circuit crystal-vibration-chip X1 respectively with OSC2/CLK0 (10) pin, connects power supply ground by capacitor C 5, C6 respectively simultaneously; RC3/SCK/SCL (14) is connected with 2 ends are corresponding with 1 end of lockset information gathering connector assembly JP1 respectively with RC4/SDI/SDA (15) pin, is connected to power positive end by resistance R 12, R13 respectively simultaneously; VDD (20) pin is connected with power positive end, is connected with VSS (8,19) pin with power supply ground by capacitor C 1 simultaneously;
The CLR (1) of lockaid gun bluetooth module integrated circuit U2 end connects power positive end and ground respectively after by switch S 2 contacts and resistance R 4, R5; LNK (2) end is connected to light-emitting diode DS1 positive pole by resistance R 3, and the DS1 minus earth is connected to resistance R 1 between CTS (3) and RTS (4) end; VCC (23,24) holds and is connected to positive source, and GND (19,20,21,22) holds and be connected to power cathode, is connected to capacitor C 2 between VCC end and the GND end; Sleep (15) end is received positive source by resistance R 2, can pass through button S1 ground connection simultaneously;
The unblank triode DS2 base stage connecting resistance R6 of unit of electromagnetism, grounded emitter connects positive source behind the coil of collector electrode by relay K 1; Triode DS4 base stage connecting resistance R7, grounded emitter connects positive source behind the coil of collector electrode by relay K 2; When the bluetooth lockaid gun is accepted unlock instruction, when solenoid L1 starts under full voltage, solenoid L1 one end is through relay K 1 contact 3 and 1 ground connection, one end connects positive source through relay K 2 contacts 1 and 2, relay K2 action behind the setting-up time, resistance R 8 is sealed in the electromagnetism circuit of unblanking, and solenoid L1 connects positive source through resistance R 8;
2 ends of the tri-colour LED DS3 of state indicating member are connected to power positive end by resistance R 9, and 1,3,4 ends are distinguished corresponding connection with RB0, RB1, the RB2 pin of integrated circuit U1;
Mid point after the resistance R 10 of power supply supervision unit and the R11 series connection is connected to the RA2/AN2 end of integrated circuit U1, another termination power positive end of R10, another termination power ground of R11.
The AT89C2051 that integrated circuit U1 in the bluetooth lockaid gun of the present invention adopts Atmel company to produce also can adopt the singlechip chip of the models such as PIC Series P IC16F73 of 89 series of Philips company and Microchip company; Integrated circuit U2 adopts the baseband processor of built-in read-only memory (ROM), and bluetooth modules such as LMX9830 all can.
The typical element parameter:
Resistance: R1:1K, R2:10K, R3:1K, R4:10K, R5:10K, R6:1K, R7:1K, R8:50 Ω/3W, R9:1K, R10:100K, R11:51K; Electric capacity: C1:0.1 μ F, C2:0.1 μ F, C5:15pF, C6:15pF, power supply 3.3V.
In the structural principle block diagram of Fig. 5 intelligent lock of the present invention, intelligent lock comprises that the lockset coding and the switching information that are provided with in lockset mechanical mechanism and the lock body detect processing unit.When the bluetooth lockaid gun inserts intelligent lock, lockset coding and switching information detect processing unit finish to lockset coding, lockset unblank the collection of data-signals such as condition and operational feedback information and processing and with the micro controller unit communication able to programme of bluetooth lockaid gun; The lockset mechanical mechanism can be received unlock instruction at the bluetooth lockaid gun, drives electromagnetism and unblanks the unit when sending unlocking action, under electromagnetism is unblanked the electromagnetic force of unit, realizes contactless auto-unlocking reliably.The lockset mechanical mechanism can be designed to switch locking device, knife switch lock according to the different requirements at locking position, there are the mechanical fixed relation in ground connection lock and door lock etc. and fixed installation with operating mechanism, have overcome the deficiency of coding padlock, can realize forced blocking, avoid " walking idle stroke ".
The embodiment lockset coding and the switching information of Fig. 6 intelligent lock detect in the structural principle block diagram of processing unit, lockset coding and switching information detect processing unit and comprise programmable microprocessor unit, switching information detecting unit, communication unit and power subsystem, and power subsystem is connected power supply respectively with said units; The programmable microprocessor unit is connected with switching information detecting unit, communication unit by the I/O port respectively.
The programmable microprocessor unit is finished and is encoded in the position of lockset place switch, simultaneously the data processing of the on off state information that the switch information detecting unit is collected, switching manipulation conditional information etc. and by communication unit and the communication of bluetooth lockaid gun.Coding to lockset utilizes the embedded coded program of palmtop PC to carry out Remote Control Automatic coding by the bluetooth lockaid gun, can be chosen in unified the finishing of debug phase before system such as transformer station puts into operation, by the bluetooth lockaid gun sign indicating number and storage are write in its remote control by palmtop PC, in the manufacturing and installation process of lockset, then needn't take operating sequence and coding into account, thereby be that lockset brings great convenience in the installation of the scene of transformer station.
On off state and locking information after the switching information detecting unit both can have been finished operation finished detect, to realize supervision detection to operating process and result, effectively at " tripping " of circuit breaker, isolating switch, the ground connection cutter, " walking idle stroke " and the problems such as " being left unlocked or unlatched " of door of switch cabinet of earth connection operation, by accurately, timely feedback information, stop further the carrying out of operation, thereby effectively stop the generation of misoperation fault, can finish the condition such as the height that should possess again and whether be pressed with electricity switching manipulation, previous action whether puts in place or the acquisition testing of other signal specific, on the basis that " being docile and obedient preface " unblanks, further realization " according to condition " is unblanked, thereby realizes five perfect anti-functions.
Communication unit provides lockset coding and switching information to detect adapter circuit and the plug (seat) of setting up communication between processing unit and the bluetooth lockaid gun micro controller unit able to programme.When the bluetooth lockaid gun inserted intelligent lock, supporting socket (head) was inserted in corresponding attachment plug (seat), sets up the communicating circuit passage.
Power subsystem provides the bluetooth lockaid gun to be the adapter circuit and the plug (seat) of intelligent lock power supply and to carry out power supply and indicate.When the bluetooth lockaid gun inserts intelligent lock, supporting socket (head) is inserted in corresponding attachment plug (seat), sets up the power supply passage, and the intelligent lock circuit board is powered, power subsystem is connected with programmable microprocessor unit, switching information detecting unit, communication unit respectively simultaneously, is its power supply.
Fig. 7 intelligent lock embodiment lockset coding and switching information detect in the line map of processing unit:
The programmable microprocessor unit comprises the peripheral circuit that integrated circuit U1 (adopting single-chip microcomputer Microcomputer Unit), program are write incoming interface JP2, reversal of power protection diode D1 and be made up of resistance R 1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R7, R8, R9; the group/cording quantity of single-chip microcomputer U1 chip can reach 65536; realize the coding at position, lockset place technically, (or a regional network in) no repeated code phenomenon in a station.
The switching information detecting unit comprises Hall element U2, U3, U4 and external binding post JP3.Adopting the hall device of prior art is a kind of Magnetic Sensor, is its working foundation with Hall effect, can be various with magnetic field and change in the relevant occasion and use.When electric operation is finished and put in place, the magnetic field and the variation thereof of location Hall element detecting operation mechanism, send and operate the signal that puts in place, its effect is to rely on the correspondence of lockset internal circuit to detect when utilizing operation to put in place to obtain to put in place signal, and the miscellaneous function that need not detecting element to be set outside lockset or to utilize operating mechanism forms external switching circuit.Also be provided with external binding post JP3 on the lock body of lockset, the switching information when being used to insert electrification in high voltage, previous action other signal specific such as put in place as the conditional information input of unblanking, realize the feedback collection of multiple conditional information.External information such as whether the switching information circuit breaker lock information that also can external input operation puts in place of terminals JP3 simultaneously, or position detecting element is set outside lockset, the cabinet door of sense switch cabinet shut.
Communication unit comprises connector assembly JP1 and related circuit, and lockset coding and switching information detect the processing unit circuit board and be positioned at the lock body chamber, and when the bluetooth lockaid gun inserted intelligent lock, intelligent lock was set up communication channel by connector assembly JP1 and bluetooth lockaid gun.
Power subsystem comprises power indicating circuit and the connector assembly JP4 that is made up of capacitor C 1, resistance R 6 and light-emitting diode DS1, when the bluetooth lockaid gun inserts intelligent lock, set up the power supply passage by JP4, for the lockset coding and switching information detects the power supply of processing unit circuit board and by the luminous indication of DS1.
Wherein:
The RA2/AN2/Vref-(1) of programmable microprocessor unit IC U1, RA3/AN3/Vref+ (2), RA4/AN4/TOCK1 (3) pin are connected with OUTPUT (3) end of Hall element U3, U2, U4 respectively, are connected with positive source by resistance R 2, R1, R3 respectively simultaneously; RA5/MCLR/Vpp (4) pin is connected with 1 end of connector assembly JP2, is connected with positive source by resistance R 7 simultaneously, is connected with power supply ground by capacitor C 2; Vss (5,6) two pins and ground connection; RB1/SDI/SDA (8) is connected with 1 end is corresponding with 2 ends of connector assembly JP1 respectively with RB4/SCK/SCL (11) pin; RB6/TIOSO/TICKI/PGC (13) RB7/TIOSI/PGD (14) pin is connected with 4 ends are corresponding with 5 ends of connector assembly JP2 respectively; Vdd (15,16) two pins also are connected to positive source; RA6/OSC2/CLKO (17) pin is connected with 1 end of connector assembly JP3, is connected with positive source by resistance R 9 simultaneously; RA7/OSC1/CLKI (18), RA0/AN0 (19), RA1AN1R4 (20) pin respectively with the corresponding connection of 2 ends, 5 ends, 6 ends of connector assembly JP3, be connected with positive source by resistance R 8, R5, R4 respectively simultaneously;
Vdd (1) end of Hall element U2, the U3 of switching information detecting unit, U4 is connected with positive source respectively, and GND (2) end is connected with power supply ground respectively, and OUTPUT (3) end connects with pin two, pin one, pin 3 correspondences of integrated circuit U1 respectively; With 7,18,19,20 corresponding connections of pin one of integrated circuit U1,3 ends and 4 ends of connector assembly JP3 connect power supply ground and positive source respectively to 1,2,5,6 ends of connector assembly JP3 respectively;
1 end of communication unit connector assembly JP1 is connected with pin one 1 and pin 8 correspondences of integrated circuit U1 respectively with 2 ends;
1 end of power subsystem connector assembly JP4 is connected with power positive end with the power supply ground of lockset coding and switching information detection processing unit circuit board respectively with 2 ends, the negativing ending grounding of power indicating circuit light-emitting diode DS1, anode is connected with power positive end by resistance R 6, and is in parallel with capacitor C 1 after resistance R 6 is connected with DS1;
With 4,14,13 corresponding connections of pin of integrated circuit U1,3 ends and 2 ends of connector assembly JP2 connect power supply ground and positive source respectively to 1,4,5 ends of connector assembly JP2 respectively; The negative terminal of diode D1 connects power positive end, positive termination power ground.
The AT89C2051 that integrated circuit U1 among the intelligent lock embodiment of the present invention adopts Atmel company to produce also can adopt the low-power scm chip of the models such as PIC Series P IC6C61 of 89 series of Philips company and Microchip company.
The typical element parameter:
Resistance R 1:1K, R2:1K, R3:1K, R4:1K, R5:1K, R6:1K, R7:1K, R8:1K, R9:1K; Capacitor C 1:104pF, C2:104pF; D1:IN4001.
In Fig. 8 intelligent lock embodiment mechanical mechanism part-structure schematic diagram, under the elastic force effect at spring 5 under the situation of normal no external force, lockweight 4 gos deep into being in blocking in the hole of lock shaft 2.Lockweight 4 top consubstantiality designs have keeper 3, when the bluetooth lockaid gun inserts lock body 1 and sends unlock instruction as PDA, when connecting the circuit of electromagnetism unlocking mechanism, the polarity that solenoid produces is opposite with the polarity of keeper 3, magnetic attraction needs only the elastic force greater than case spring mutually, keeper 3 sucking-offs can be driven lock pin and make lock pin be in released state.Because the lock pin top is equiped with solenoid and produces the opposite keeper 3 of magnetic pole, as long as making, this kind structure have less magnetic force can realize automatic unlocking in the solenoid loop, therefore the complex technique of this employing permanent magnet of the supporting electromagnetism lockset of bluetooth lockaid gun and electromagnetism can be worked under the situation of low-voltage, little electric current, low-power consumption, can satisfy the far distance automatic requirement of unblanking with compact lithium cell.
Insert the circuit board of being made up of single-chip microcomputer U1 and Hall element U2, U3, U4 etc. in lock body 1 chamber, it is corresponding with the installation site of Hall element 6 to be embedded with permanent-magnet steel 7 on the lock shaft 2.Its effect is to utilize the position probing principle, connects when the electromagnetism unlock circuit, and lockweight 4 is opened automatically, operating personnel extract lock shaft, operating mechanism is moved when operating in accordance with regulations, and permanent-magnet steel 7 shift positions cause changes of magnetic field, and Hall element 6 sends unlocking signal; When operation puts in place and under the spring mechanism effect on the lock shaft once more after the automatic blocking, permanent-magnet steel 7 shift positions cause changes of magnetic field once more, Hall element 6 sends operates the block signal that puts in place, above-mentioned signal is through the data processing of single-chip microcomputer U1 and pass back to the bluetooth lockaid gun, processing through the lockaid gun bluetooth module becomes wireless signal again, be transmitted to PDA, in order to information after the locking that puts in place as operation signal and operation, palmtop PC carries out corresponding control and finishes criterion as operating process and operating condition and operation bluetooth lockaid gun solenoid loop in view of the above.
The mechanical mechanism of intelligent lock of the present invention is designed to lean on the one hand the spring force effect of self, locking reliably; Only need less external magnetic force (the not needing external powerful power supply) mechanism of auto-unlocking (keeper structure) reliably designing on the armature when unblanking on the other hand.The mechanical mechanism of this lockset has been owing to adopted the complex technique of permanent magnet (keeper) and electromagnetism (bluetooth lockaid gun electromagnetism unlocking system), reached the auto-unlocking level of low-voltage, little electric current, low-power consumption.
Spring mechanism on this lockset lock shaft makes automatic blocking after operations of equipment such as switch are finished, and meets the forced blocking principle in " the preventing the administrative provisions of electric misoperation device " of the up-to-date promulgation of State Grid Corporation of China.
Owing to adopt public lockaid gun, the version of electromagnetism unlocking system and locking machinery separate from mechanism makes that being installed on on-the-spot lockset mechanical mechanism obtains simplifying.
This lockset can be designed to switch locking device, knife switch lock according to the different requirements at locking position, there are the mechanical fixed relation in ground connection lock and door lock etc. and fixed installation with operating mechanism, have overcome the deficiency of coding padlock, can realize forced blocking, avoid " walking idle stroke ".
Fig. 9 is of the present invention to be prevented in the operating process schematic diagram of intelligent remote control locking method of electric misoperation: beginning at first accesses tie lines figure one time with palmtop PC PDA, carry out simulated operation, thereby determine operating sequence and scope, generating run sequence and operation order, start-up operation then, palmtop PC begins to read aloud operating procedure and the content of operation on the operation order, the bluetooth lockaid gun is inserted intelligent lock to power on to intelligent lock, computer instruction is issued the bluetooth lockaid gun by bluetooth module, intelligent lock detects the lockset coding and the condition of unblanking, after handling information returned the bluetooth lockaid gun, the bluetooth lockaid gun carries out being transmitted to palmtop PC by the bluetooth module wireless telecommunications after the information processing, palmtop PC carries out logic determines, if code error or the satisfied condition of unblanking, then send the fault alarm sound, if coding is correct and the condition of unblanking satisfies, then send unlock instruction, provide the indication of " can operate " voice simultaneously, after the bluetooth lockaid gun is received unlock instruction by wireless telecommunications, the electromagnetism unlock circuit is connected automatically, lockweight is opened automatically, operating personnel extract lock shaft, operating mechanism moved in accordance with regulations operate, when operating mechanism operation put in place and automatic blocking after, operation behind the circuit breaker lock that intelligent lock sends the Hall element signal that puts in place carries out data processing and passes back to the bluetooth lockaid gun, the bluetooth lockaid gun further is transmitted to palmtop PC after to information processing, palmtop PC is received that operation puts in place and is provided the indication of " operation is finished " voice after the locking after the information, this step operation is finished, and voice suggestion enters next step operation.
The present invention can directly adopt city's product palmtop PC, embed the anti-error software of compiling, by original creation bluetooth lockaid gun, in the mode of wireless telecommunications designed intelligent lock being adopted sign indicating number accepts and believe, the control of long distance automated closed-loop, round Realization prevents the method and the device thereof of electric misoperation, can be widely used in the electric anti-misoperation locking device of 6-500KV change, power distribution station (institute) various indoor and outdoor circuit breaker, isolating switch, also can constitute new wired distributing error proof locking system of microcomputer by transforming traditional microcomputer type error-proof device.As the palmtop PC PDA of embedded bluetooth module and installed additional between the intelligent simulation board of bluetooth module and can carry out forward and reverse data interaction and wireless telecommunications: carry out simulated operation on intelligent simulation board, operating position and order are received by PDA in the mode of wireless telecommunications.PDA operates intelligent lock by the bluetooth lockaid gun, and operating result is returned to intelligent simulation board by wireless telecommunications by PDA, and the virtual condition that makes dish go up on off state and scene is consistent; Also can carry out data wireless communication between PDA and the Desktop Computer simultaneously by installing network adapter additional, simulated operation carries out in desktop computer, PDA is by given operating sequence, stop sending electricity and grid switching operation by the bluetooth lockaid gun to intelligent lock, the result of its operation passes back to desktop computer by wireless telecommunications, and the situation that itself and execute-in-place are crossed is consistent and can prints operation order in simulated operation; The present invention also possesses the tour function, makes an inspection tour point and makes an inspection tour route as long as preestablish in software, and operating personnel cover specific tour point in order, can finish the tour work of transformer station, and the time of each tour point of tour personnel can record in making an inspection tour record.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of intelligent remote control locking method that prevents electric misoperation, it is characterized in that: comprise palmtop PC, bluetooth lockaid gun and intelligent lock, palmtop PC is simulated by the embedded electric misoperation application software that prevents, instruct, the policer operation process, operating personnel show according to palmtop PC and voice commander complete operation, palmtop PC is accepted and believed by with public bluetooth lockaid gun wireless telecommunications intelligent lock being adopted sign indicating number, carry out sending operational order after the logic determines according to " five is anti-" rule, remote control drives the action of bluetooth lockaid gun and unblanks, after operation is finished, the intelligent lock feedback operation block signal that puts in place, palmtop PC carry out logic determines and screen and voice indication are carried out in operating process and next step operation.
2, the intelligent remote control locking method that prevents electric misoperation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described electric misoperation application software that prevents is write by the operating sequence of anti-error regular defined according to transforming plant primary winding diagram and all operations point device, the additional simultaneously condition of unblanking, the switching manipulation criterion of block signal as logic determines that put in place.
3, adopt a kind of intelligent remote control locking device that prevents electric misoperation of the described method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: comprise the palmtop PC, bluetooth lockaid gun and the intelligent lock that have bluetooth module; The embedded electric misoperation application software that prevents of palmtop PC; Intelligent lock comprises that the lockset coding and the switching information that are provided with in lockset mechanical mechanism and the lock body detect processing unit; The bluetooth lockaid gun comprise can with lockset coding and switching information detect the processing unit communication micro controller unit able to programme, can with lockaid gun bluetooth module, the electromagnetism of palmtop PC communication unblank unit and power subsystem; The electromagnetism unit of unblanking is connected with micro controller unit able to programme respectively with the lockaid gun bluetooth module, and power subsystem is connected with micro controller unit able to programme, lockaid gun bluetooth module and the electromagnetism unit of unblanking respectively.
4, the intelligent remote control locking device that prevents electric misoperation according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the described electric misoperation application software that prevents is carried out electric operation with palmtop PC voice mode guiding operation personnel.
5, the intelligent remote control locking device that prevents electric misoperation according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described micro controller unit able to programme also is connected with power supply supervision unit with the state indicating member.
6, the intelligent remote control locking device that prevents electric misoperation according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described state indicating member is indicated by a tri-colour LED completion status.
7, the intelligent remote control locking device that prevents electric misoperation according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the described electromagnetism unit of unblanking is made up of switching circuit, current-limiting circuit and solenoid.
8, the intelligent remote control locking device that prevents electric misoperation according to claim 3 is characterized in that: it is its power supply by bluetooth lockaid gun insertion intelligent lock that described lockset coding and switching information detect processing unit.
9, the intelligent remote control locking device that prevents electric misoperation according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described lockset coding and switching information detect processing unit and comprise programmable microprocessor unit, switching information detecting unit, communication unit and power subsystem, and switching information detecting unit, communication unit are connected with the programmable microprocessor unit respectively; Power subsystem is connected power supply with programmable microprocessor unit, switching information detecting unit, communication unit respectively.
10, the intelligent remote control locking device that prevents electric misoperation according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: described switching information detecting unit comprises Hall element and external binding post.
CNB2006100707446A 2006-12-13 2006-12-13 Intelligent remote control locking method and apparatus for preventing electric misoperation CN100508091C (en)

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智能防误系统的分析. 吴竞.福建电力与电工,第23卷第4期. 2003
智能防误系统的分析. 吴竞.福建电力与电工,第23卷第4期. 2003 *

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