CN100504882C - Method and system for implementing acquisition data sharing - Google Patents

Method and system for implementing acquisition data sharing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100504882C
CN100504882C CN 200710074260 CN200710074260A CN100504882C CN 100504882 C CN100504882 C CN 100504882C CN 200710074260 CN200710074260 CN 200710074260 CN 200710074260 A CN200710074260 A CN 200710074260A CN 100504882 C CN100504882 C CN 100504882C
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data
server
sharing
collected
central server
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CN101042710A (en
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廖澍华
张卫华
强 李
江志勇
磊 谢
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深圳市高正软件有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了实现采集数据共享的方法、系统。 The present invention discloses a method for sharing the collected data and the system. 其中,所述方法包括步骤:采集装置获取基础数据和/或业务数据;其中,基础数据包括采集装置运行的必要数据、和一个以上数据采集表中的相同部分,业务数据为所述数据采集表中的相异部分;采集装置更新所述获取的数据,将所述更新后的数据上传到中心服务器;中心服务器将所述上传的数据进行保存。 Wherein said method comprising the steps of: acquiring basic data acquisition device and / or service data; wherein, the necessary basic data comprises operation data acquisition device, and one or more data collection form part of the same, the traffic data for the data collection table the distinct portions; data acquisition means for updating the data acquired, uploads the update to the center server; central server, the uploaded data is stored. 本发明中基础数据采集后上传到中心服务器,避免了重复采集工作;其次,采集装置在上传数据时,还可以将数据上传到有需要的业务服务器,实现了采集端的数据共享;再次实现了采集数据的共享;最后,中心服务器可以开放数据接口,将数据发送到有需要的业务服务器上,实现了系统级的数据共享。 After the present invention, the basic data acquisition uploaded to the central server, to avoid duplication of collection work; Secondly, collection device when uploading data, further data can be uploaded to the need of a service server to achieve data sharing collection terminal; again achieve acquisition shared data; and finally, the central server can open data interface, data is sent to the server business need to achieve a system-level data sharing.

Description

实现釆集数据共享的方法、系统 Bian-implemented method of sharing data set, the system

【技术领域】 TECHNICAL FIELD

本发明涉及信息管理与数据共享领域,尤其涉及实现采集数据共享的方法、 系统。 The present invention relates to information management and data sharing, and more particularly relates to a method of collected data and shared system. 【背景l支术】 BACKGROUND l branch surgery]

在政府信息化建设的过程中,多个部门的工作例如民政、出租屋管理、计划生育等都是服务于广大人民群众的,均需要翔实、准确的人口资料。 In the process of information technology in government, such as the work of a number of departments of civil affairs, rental management, family planning and other services to all the masses, require detailed, accurate population data. 人口数据的釆集是一项基础性的工作,工作量大,耗费人力、物力多,而且经常需要进行核对与跟踪。 Preclude the collection of demographic data is a basic work, the heavy workload, cost of manpower, material and more, and often need to be checked and tracked.

传统的人口采集中,大部分人口数据采集工作以纸张为记录载体,并且在录入信息系统前需经过几次抄写,很容易出错导致信息不准确。 Traditional gathering of the population, the majority of the population in paper data collection for the record carrier, and prior to being recorded information systems subject to several scribes, error-prone lead to inaccurate information.

电子信息技术的快速发展,尤其是个人数字助理(Personal Digital Assistant, PDA)的出现和应用,给数据采集工作带来了新的指导方向。 The rapid development of electronic information technology, especially personal digital assistant (Personal Digital Assistant, PDA) and the emergence of applications to bring new data collection guidance direction. 中国专利"在PDA上实现人口与计划生育信息管理的方法及信息宝"(申请号为200510021228.X)中提出了一中利用PDA采集人口数据的方法,该方法主要包括以下步骤: Chinese patent "method of population and family planning information management and information on the PDA treasure" (Application No. 200510021228.X) proposes a method for utilizing a PDA collect demographic data, the method includes the following steps:

从计划生育管理部门的计算机上下载已有的人口与计划生育相关信息,并存储到PDA上; It has been downloaded from the computer family planning management and population and family planning information, and stored on the PDA;

工作人员到本辖区走访时,采集相关人口数据信息,并到PDA上进行存储更新上述人口与计划生育相关信息; When staff to visit this area, collect relevant demographic data, and to store the PDA updating the population and family planning information;

每月开例会时,将上述更新后的人口与计划生育相关信息输入到计划生育管理部门的计算机信息库当中。 When the monthly regular meetings, the population and family planning-related information into a computer to update the repository of family planning management among.

上述方法利用PDA代替纸张进行数据的采集工作,只是改变了记录的工具,使采集到的数据更加准确,但是该方法仍不能从根本上解决数据采集的工作量大、耗费人力等问题。 The above method using the PDA instead of paper data collection work, just change the tool records the data collected more accurate, but the method still does not solve the workload data collection fundamentally, labor-intensive and other issues.

因为历史原因,政府多个部门的信息化系统没有进行统一的规划,人口数据采集工作由各个部门组织完成,再由专人录入各自的系统。 For historical reasons, the government departments of information systems is no unified planning, population data collection work done by the various organizational departments, by hand and then entered their system. 例如,民政部门进行民政管理,要派民政工作人员去采集相关人口数据;同一区域的计生部门进行计生工作,需要再派计生工作人员对该区域的人口数据进行采集。 For example, the civil affairs department of civil administration, civil administration to send staff to collect relevant demographic data; the health department in the same area were planning work, need to send another planning staff to collect data of the population of the region. 而往往在这些采集过程中,要采集的数据信息中有相当多是相同的,比如民政工作中要记录某人的姓名、身份证号码,计生工作也要采集某人的姓名和身份证号码, But often in these collection process, data to be collected in a considerable number are the same, such as civil affairs work to record the person's name, ID number, birth control work should capture a person's name and ID number,

这样,造成了多次采集, 一方面增加了政府的工作量;另一方面多次采集扰乱 In this way, resulting in multiple acquisitions, on the one hand increases the workload of the government; on the other hand disrupt multiple acquisitions

了居民的正常生活,容易造成居民的不满情绪。 The normal life of the residents, likely to cause discontent residents. 【发明内容】 [SUMMARY]

本发明的发明目的是提供实现采集数据共享的方法、系统,达到釆集数据共享的目的。 Object of the invention of the present invention is to provide a method to achieve data sharing collection system, to achieve the purpose of sharing the data set Bian.

为达到上述目的,本发明提出了以下技术方案: 一种实现釆集数据共享的方法,包括以下步骤: To achieve the above object, the present invention proposes the following technical solution: A method to achieve data sharing preclude set, comprising the steps of:

A、 采集装置获取基础数据和/或业务数据,中心服务器将业务数据写入数据緩冲表,检测基础数据是否发生变化,如果发生变化,将基础数据和业务数据发送到采集装置;否则,将业务数据发送到采集装置; A, the acquisition means acquires the basic data and / or service data, the service center server cache table write data, detecting whether a change in the underlying data, if a change occurs, the basic data and transmits the service data to the acquisition device; otherwise, transmitting traffic data to the acquisition device;

B、 采集装置更新获取的数据,将更新后的数据上传到中心服务器; B, acquires update data acquisition device to upload the updated data to the center server;

C、 中心服务器将上传的数据进行保存。 C, central server to upload data to be saved. 其中,步骤A包括: Wherein the step A comprises:

A1、采集装置登录中心服务器,输入用户名和密码,并发送数据下载请求; 中心服务器通过认证后,返回用户管辖的数据表; A1, the center server log acquisition device, a user name and password, and sends the data download request; central server after certification, the user returns the data table jurisdiction;

A2、采集装置根据所述用户管辖的数据表和本次采集需要,发送指定数据下载的请求至个人电脑(Personal computer, PC), PC根据PC监听程序,向 A2, the data collection device and the current collecting table requires the user's jurisdiction, the transmission data download request to the designated PC (Personal computer, PC), PC The PC listener to

中心服务器发送数据下载请求; Data download request to the center server;

A3、中心服务器根据所述数据下载请求向所述PC发送数据;所述PC接收所述数据,对所述数据进行整理,生成采集装置认可的数据文件,发送到采集装置。 A3, according to the central server a request to download data to the PC sending data; receiving the data of the PC, to organize the data, to generate recognition data file acquisition device, transmitting to the acquisition device.

其中,步骤A3中的中心服务器根据所述数据下载请求向所述PC发送数据具体包括: Wherein the step A3, the central server sends data to the PC according to the data download comprises:

中心服务器通过验证后,将业务数据写入数据緩冲表,检测基础数据是否发生变化,如果发生变化,将基础数据和业务数据发送到PC;否则,将业务数据发送到PC。 After verification by the central server, the traffic data for the write data buffer table, detecting whether the underlying data changes, if a change occurs, the basic data and transmits the service data to the PC; otherwise, send the service data to the PC.

其中,步骤B中采集装置更新获取的数据包括:在更新数据时引入逻辑审核功能。 Wherein step B of collecting update data acquiring apparatus comprises: introducing auditing logic function update data.

其中,步骤B中采集装置更新获取的数据包括:在更新数据时自动切换输入法。 Wherein step B of collecting update data acquiring apparatus comprising: input automatic switching when updating data.

其中,步骤B中采集装置更新获取的数据包括:当更新的数据为照片时,将照片自动与相应的人口数据进行关联。 Data wherein step B comprises acquisition means acquires update: when the updated picture data, the picture is automatically associated with the appropriate demographic data.

其中,步骤B中采集装置更新获取的数据之后,还进一步包括:将更新后的数据上传到业务服务器。 Wherein after step B acquired update data acquisition device, further comprising: uploading the updated data to the service server.

其中,步骤B中将更新后的数据上传到中心服务器包括:将更新后的数据中有变化的部分上传。 Wherein the data is updated in step B uploaded to a central server comprising: a data update section changes uploaded.

其中,步骤C包括: Wherein step C comprises:

中心服务器将上传的数据与所述数据緩冲表中的数据进行对比,并对其中变化的部分进行修改,将修改后的数据緩沖表中的数据存入正式数据表。 Part of the data center server to upload data to the data buffer table are compared, and wherein the change in the modification, the cache table data in the modified data is stored in the official table.

其中,步骤C之前,进一步包括: Wherein, prior to step C, and further comprising:

中心服务器根据数据审核机制对上传的数据进行审核,将审核通过的数据保存到中心服务器的正式数据表,将未通过审核的数据发送到指定的采集装置进行核实,或丟弃所述未通过审核的数据。 The central server data auditing mechanism audit data upload, save the data to the official approval of the data table of the center server, will not be sent to the designated data acquisition device is verified by the audit, or discard the not approved The data.

其中,所述中心服务器根据数据审核机制对上传的数据进行审核包括:根据人口查重处理机制、数据逻辑检验机制或数据完整性检验机制进行审核。 Wherein said central server includes a review of data uploaded from the data audit mechanism: The audit population re-check processing mechanism, or a mechanism for data logic test data integrity check mechanism.

其中,步骤C包括:设置重点业务类型的条件;将符合条件的数据保存到重点对象表。 Wherein step C comprises: setting the service type of focus condition; qualified data saved to the focus table.

其中,步骤C之后,还进一步包括:中心服务器开放数据接口,根据业务服务器的请求向该业务服务器发送该业务服务器所需的数据。 Wherein, after step C, and further comprising: a data center server open interfaces, send data to the service server required service server according to the request of the service server.

一种实现采集数据共享的系统,包括采集装置和中心服务器; One implementation, data collection sharing system, comprising a collecting means and a central server;

采集装置用于获取基础数据和/或业务数据,还用于更新获取的数据,还用于上传更新后的数据; Acquisition means for acquiring the basic data and / or service data, for updating further acquiring data further configured to upload the updated data;

中心服务器用于将业务数据写入数据緩冲表,检测基础数据是否发生变化, 如果发生变化,将基础数据和业务数据发送到釆集装置,否则将业务数据发送到采集装置;中心服务器用于接收更新后的数据,还用于将上传的数据进行保存。 Central server traffic data for the write data buffer table, detecting whether the underlying data changes, if a change occurs, the basic data and transmits traffic data collection means to preclude, or to transmit traffic data to the acquisition device; a central server receiving updated data, further data for uploading saved.

其中,实现采集数据共享的系统还包括:业务服务器,用于接收采集装置或中心服务器发送的数据。 System wherein the sharing of the collected data and further comprising: a service server, means for receiving data sent by the server or central collection.

其中,实现采集数据共享的系统还包括个人电脑;个人电脑,用于接收采集装置所管辖的数据,所述采集装置所管辖的数据是中心服务器通过验证后向采集装置发送的数据;个人电脑还用于将所述采集装置所管辖的数据进行整理, 生成采集装置认可的数据文件,发送到采集装置。 System wherein the sharing of the collected data and further comprising a personal computer; a personal computer, for receiving the data acquisition means governed by said data acquisition means is governed by verification data center server transmits to the collection device; a personal computer also means governed by a data acquisition collate the generated recognized data file acquisition device, transmitting to the acquisition device.

其中,所述采集装置包括: Wherein said collecting means comprises:

下载单元,用于从中心服务器上获取基础数据和/或业务数据; 更新单元,用于更新获取的数据; Download means for obtaining the basic data and / or traffic data from the center server; updating means for updating the acquired data;

逻辑审核单元,用于对更新单元更新的数据进行逻辑审核; 上传单元,用于上传审核后的数据至中心服务器或业务服务器。 Audit logic unit for the data updating unit updates the logical audit; upload unit for uploading the audit data to a central server or a service server. 其中,所述采集装置还包括:输入法自动切换单元,用于在更新单元更新数据时切换中文输入法或英文输 Wherein said collecting means further comprises: input automatic switching means for switching input Chinese or English input method when the data updating unit updates

入法;和/或 The method; and / or

照片关联单元,用于当更新单元更新的数据为照片时,将照片自动与该照片相应的人口数据进行关联。 Photo association unit configured to, when the data updating unit updates the picture when the picture is automatically associated with the corresponding picture data population.

其中,所述釆集装置集成于个人数字助理PDA。 Wherein said collector means preclude integrated personal digital assistant PDA.

其中,所述PDA配备有摄像头、照明灯或闪光灯。 Wherein the camera is equipped with a PDA, or flash lamp.

其中,所述中心服务器包括: Wherein said central server comprises:

发送单元,用于将业务数据写入数据緩冲表,向采集装置发送基础数据和/ 或业务数据;还用于开放数据接口,向业务服务器发送数据; 接收单元,用于接收采集装置更新后的数据; Transmitting means for writing data service data cache table, the basic data transmission means and / or service data collection; After receiving means, receiving means for updating the acquisition; open data interface is further configured to send data to the service server The data;

审核单元,用于根据数据审核机制对接收单元中的数据进行审核,还用于将审核通过的数据发送到保存单元,将未通过审核的数据发送到指定的采集装置进行核实,或丢弃所述未通过审核的数据; Auditing means for performing the data verification mechanism to review the data receiving unit, further configured to send the audit data to the storage unit through, not sent to the designated data acquisition device is verified by the audit, or discarding the by the audit data is not;

保存单元,用于接收所述审核通过的数据,并将所述审核通过的数据与数据緩冲表的数据进行比较,并将不同之处进行更改;还用于将更改后的数据緩冲表的数据保存到正式数据表中。 Storage means for receiving the approval of the data, and compare the data to the data buffer of the approval of the table, and is different from the change; for further buffering data table changes after save the data to the official data table.

其中,所述审核单元为人口查重单元、数据逻辑检验单元或数据完整性检验单元。 Wherein the audit unit for population re-check means, data logic or data integrity checking unit checking unit.

其中,所述中心服务器还包括重点对象单元,用于设置重点监视数据类型的条件,还用于将所述接收单元接收的符合条件的数据标记为重点对象。 Wherein said central server further comprises the focus unit for setting the focus condition monitoring data type, the data is also used to meet the requirements of the receiving unit receives the focus labeled.

从以上技术方案可以看出,在本发明中,将各个部门需要采集的数据进行 As it can be seen from the above technical solutions, in the present invention, the various departments need to collect data

整理,把相同的部分作为基础数据,把不同的数据作为业务数据。 Finishing, the same parts as basic data, the traffic data as different data. 基础数据被 Basic data

采集之后,上传到中心服务器上,当釆集工作再需要该基础数据时,可以从中 After the acquisition, uploaded to a central server, when preclude the need to work to set the basic data from which you can

心服务器上调出,避免了重复采集,实现了采集端的数据共享。 Heart server called up, to avoid duplication of acquisition, acquisition to achieve data sharing terminal. 采集装置在向 Collection means to

中心服务器上传采集数据的同时,还可以上传到其他的业务服务器上,因此在业务服务器上也可以实现自动化的录入,进一步加强了采集端的数据共享。 Central server to upload data collected at the same time, can be uploaded to other business server, so the server can also automate business entry, data sharing to further strengthen the collection side. 采集端的数据共享,大大减少了采集次数、减轻了数据录入工作的劳动强度,一方面大大减轻了基层工作人员的负担,提高了工作的效率,避免了数据的重复录入,减少人力、物力,降低成本,另一方面也可以减轻扰民现象。 Data sharing acquisition side, greatly reducing the number of acquisitions, reducing the labor intensity of data entry work, while greatly reducing the burden on the grassroots workers, improve work efficiency, avoid duplication of data entry, reduce manpower, material resources, reduce costs, on the other hand can also reduce the disturbing phenomenon.

此外,由于中心服务器上保存了所有业务部门的数据,并且开放数据接口, 根据需要可以向各个部门的业务服务器发送各部门所需的数据,各个部门的系统可以从中心服务器上获取所需数据,实现了系统级的数据共享。 In addition, since the data stored on a central server for all business units, and open data interface, you can send data required by each department to various departments of the business servers as needed, the various departments of the system can obtain the required data from the central server, to achieve a system-level data sharing. 这样一来, 各个业务部门将不再需要亲自进行采集工作,可以仅当需要数据的时候从中心服务器下载所需数据,而采集数据的工作可以由中心服务器派专人进行采集, 有利于采集工作的专业化,提高采集工作的质量。 As a result, each business unit will no longer need to personally collect work, time may need the data from the central server to download data only when required, and data collection work can send someone to collect from a central server, in favor of the acquisition work specialization, to improve the quality of the collection work.

【附图说明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明实现采集数据共享的方法的具体流程图; 图2为本发明实现采集数据共享的方法的实施例中,PDA所执行步骤的流程图; A detailed flowchart implemented method of sharing data collection of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a flowchart of steps of a method of the present invention enables acquisition of data sharing embodiment, PDA is executed;

图3为本发明实现采集数据共享的方法的实施例中,中心服务器所执行步骤的流程图; Example 3 of the present invention enables a method of sharing data collection, the central server performs the steps of the flowchart;

图4为本发明实现釆集数据共享的系统的基本框架图。 Figure 4 is a basic framework of the invention the system of FIG preclude data sharing set. 【具体实施方式】 【Detailed ways】

本发明的基本技术构思是,将各个部门需要采集的数据进行整理,4e^目同的部分作为基础数据,把不同的数据作为业务数据;基础数据进行一次采集,并把采集到的基础数据存入数据中心,在以后的采集工作中,只要将该基础数据调出来就可以避免要再次采集基础数据;而对于各个部门所需业务数据,也可 The basic technical concept of the present invention, data of each sector to be collected to collate, 4e ^ with partial entry as basic data, the various data as service data; basic data to make an acquisition, and to collect the basic data memory into the data center, after the acquisition work, as long as the underlying data out of tune can avoid the basic data to be collected again; and for each department required business data, but also

ii以整合在一起, 一次上门就可以采集完所有所需的凝:据。 ii. integrated, a door can collect all required finished condensate: data.

数据采集后,可以将数据上传到多个中心服务器,包括数据中心所在的中心 After data collection, data can be uploaded to a plurality of central servers, including the center of the data center

服务器或某一需要该数据的部门的业务服务器上;并且各个部门的业务服务器可以与数据中心的中心服务器相连,从数据中心的中心服务器上获取所需的数据,实现系统级的数据共享。 On a server or some of the data sectors need service server; and each sector of the service server may be connected to the central server of the data center, obtain the required data from the central server of the data center, the data sharing system level.

本发明中实现上述技术构思提出了一种实现采集数据共享的方法,其主要步骤如下: Proposed a method for sharing the collected data and the present invention is to achieve the above technical concept, the main steps are as follows:

采集装置获取基础数据和/或业务数据;其中,基础数据包括:为运行采集装置所需的必要数据,和一个以上数据采集表中的相同部分;业务数据为所述数据采集表中的相异部分; Acquiring basic data acquisition device and / or service data; wherein the basic data comprises: data necessary to run the acquisition means, the same portions and one or more data acquisition table; traffic data for the data collection form dissimilar section;

采集装置更新所述获取的数据,将所述更新后的数据上传到中心服务器; Updating said data acquisition means acquired upload the updated data to the center server;

中心服务器将所述上传的数据进行保存。 The central server to upload data to be saved.

参阅图1,本发明方法的具体过程包括以下步骤: Referring to Figure 1, the specific process of the method of the present invention comprises the steps of:

步骤S1、采集装置登录中心服务器,输入该采集装置的用户名和密码,并发送数据下载请求;验证通过后中心服务器返回所述用户管辖的数据表。 Step S1, the central server log collecting apparatus, the collecting apparatus input user name and password, and sends the data download request; central server returns the data table after the user authentication by the jurisdiction.

启动采集装置上的人口釆集系统,连接到中心服务器,通过PC与中心服务器进行数据同步的工作。 The population of the starting current collecting apparatus Bian system, connected to the central server, operate in synchronization by the data center server PC.

步骤S2、所述采集装置选择所述数据表中的部分数据,发送数据下载请求 Step S2, the data acquisition part to select the data table means, transmission data download request

到PC, PC根据PC监听程序,向中心服务器发送数据下载请求。 To PC, PC according to PC monitor program, send a request to download data to a central server.

PC客户端运行一个监听程序用来与采集装置进行通讯,在接收到采集装置下载数据的请求后,由PC客户端负责与中心服务器进行联系,并发送采集装置的请求。 PC client runs a listener to communicate with the collection device, after receiving a request for downloading data acquisition device, the PC client is responsible for contact with the central server, and the device sends a request collection.

其中,在采集装置下载数据时,引入数据校验机制,该机制用于保证采集装置上的数据不^皮覆盖,同时提高下载速度,在人口采集系统运行时引入数据緩存机制,提高软件运行速度和执行效率。 Wherein, when the apparatus is downloading data acquisition, data validation introduction mechanism that is used to ensure that the data collection device on the skin not covered ^, while improving the download speed, the data caching mechanism incorporated in the population acquisition system is running, the speed increase software and efficiency.

步骤S3、中心服务器通过验证后,根据所述用户名将其所管辖的数据向所述PC发送。 Step S3, the central server is verified, transmitting data to the PC according to the user name of its jurisdiction.

其中,步骤S3中所述发送数据时,还可以根据本次采集的需要,发送采集 Wherein the step S3, the data transmission may also be needed for this acquisition, transmission collection

装置指定的要下载数据。 Specifies the device to download data.

中心服务器才艮据采集装置的下载请求,判断采集员负责的片区,发送数据时,只发送该采集装置登录的用户名下负责的部分,并且由于采集员可以指定数据归属的楼栋,因此可以根据采集装置本次采集的需要只下载部分数据,提高了数据下载速度。 User name servers responsible for the central portion was Gen collecting apparatus according to the download request, the determination is responsible for collecting lobe, when transmitting data, transmitting only the log collecting apparatus, and since the data collection may specify the home BAN, can be the collecting apparatus collecting the current only needs to download some data, the data download speed increase.

其中,中心服务器通过验证后,将业务数据写入数据緩冲表,还检测基础数 Wherein the center server Once verified, the write data buffer table service, also detects the number of base

据是否发生变化,如果发生变化,将基础数据和业务凄t据发送到PC;否则,将业务数据发送到PC。 According to whether changes, if changes occur, the underlying data and business data is sent to the desolate t PC; otherwise, traffic data is sent to the PC.

一般情况下,采集装置中可以预存有基础数据,因此只有当中心服务器上的基础数据发生变化时,才需要将基础数据传输到采集装置,如果基础数据没有发生变化则只传输业务数据。 In general, the collection device may be pre-stored in the data base, only when the underlying data changes on the central server only needs to transmit the base data acquisition unit, if only the basic data does not change the data transmission service. 中心服务器发送人口数据给采集装置前,会自动检测基础数据是否有变化,如果有变化,那么中心服务器会把基础数据从数据库读取出来, 一并传送给釆集装置,以保证采集装置上的基础数据和中心服务器保持一致;如果没有变化,则中心服务器就不再发送基础数据,这样加快了数据的传输速度。 Demographic data to the center server before acquisition device, automatically detects whether the underlying data has changed, if there is a change, then the central server will basic data read out from the database, together with the transfer means to preclude set to ensure that the collection device basic data center server and consistency; if there is no change, the central server does not send the data base, so to speed up data transmission speed.

步骤S4、所述PC接收上述数据,对所述数据进行整理,生成采集装置认可的数据文件,发送到釆集装置。 Step S4, the PC receives the data, the data collation, generating recognition data file acquisition device, transmission means to preclude set.

由于目前实现采集功能的装置的处理速度较慢,性能较弱,在这里,充分利用了PC机远高于采集装置的性能优势,把耗时的数据整合工作放在PC机上,大大缩短了处理的时间。 Due to the current processing speed capture capabilities of the device is slow, weak performance, here, take advantage of the performance benefits of a PC is much higher than the acquisition device, the time-consuming data integration work on the PC, greatly reducing the processing time. 经实验证实,PC机处理数据的速度是采集装置的70至100倍;另外,采集装置接收到数据文件后,对数据文件进行解析,并启用采集装置的数据緩冲机制,把数据保存到緩存中,这样在采集装置上对数据进行读写时,可以直接操作緩存,大大提高了数据处理速度。 Confirmed by experiments, the data processing speed of the PC is 70 to 100 times the acquisition device; Further, the data collection device receives the file, the data file is parsed, and enable data buffering acquisition device, the data stored in the cache in time so that read and write data on a collecting device, can directly manipulate the cache, greatly improving the data processing speed.

步骤S5、采集装置根据采集到的信息,更新数据, 一般更新数据为增加数据、更改数据或删除数据。 Step S5, the collecting apparatus according to the collected information, the update data, the update data is typically data increases, data change, or delete data. 其中,所述删除数据包括:将需要删除的数据标记为删除。 Wherein said deleting data comprising: data will need to remove marked for deletion. 在采集装置中,并不是真正意义上的删除数据,而是将需要删除的数据标记为删除,上传到中心服务器后,由中心服务器进行删除。 In the collection device, the data is not deleted in the true sense, but will need to delete the data marked for deletion, uploaded to a central server, to delete from the central server.

其中,在更新数据时采集装置引入了逻辑审核功能;在输入数据时采集装置可以自动切换输入法;当更新数据为照片类型数据时,照片类型数据可以和与该照片相关的其他数据(如文字消息)进行关联。 Wherein the acquisition update data device into logical audit function; acquisition device can automatically switch the input method when the input data; when the update data is picture type data, picture type data can be other data (such as text associated with the photograph message) association.

在采集装置上进行数据采集时,引入了逻辑审核功能,当录入数据之间存在逻辑错误时,系统会自动进行提示,大大提高数据录入的准确性,并且系统会自动判断需要输入数字还是中英文,会自动切换不同的输入法,提高数据采集效率。 When data collection on the collection device, the introduction of the logical audit function, when there is an error between a logical data input, the system will automatically prompt, greatly improving the accuracy of data entry, and the system will automatically determine to enter a number or English automatically switch between different input methods to improve the efficiency of data acquisition. 拍照时,照片信息自动和采集的人口信息关联起来,避免了照片和人口信息张冠李戴现象。 When taking pictures, photos and information is automatically collected demographic information associated to avoid the phenomenon of mistaken identity photographs and demographic information.

步骤S6、釆集装置将所述更新后的数据上传到中心服务器。 Step S6, the apparatus sets preclude the updated data is uploaded to the central server. 其中,采集装置可以将所述更新后的数据上传到中心服务器,还可以将数据传输到业务服务器上。 Wherein the collection device can upload the updated data to a central server, the data can also be transmitted to the service server.

数据采集工作结束后,再次把采集装置连接到PC机,通过PC机把采集到的数据上传到中心服务器,由于采集装置可以进行多向上传,因此可以指定把数据上传到多个部门的业务服务器,真正做到了一处采集,多处共享。 After data collection, again collecting device is connected to a PC, uploaded to a PC via the collected data to a central server, due to the acquisition device can be multi-directional upload, so you can specify multiple departments to upload the data to the server business , truly an acquisition, many share. 鉴于多个部门的业务服务器都需要人口数据作为业务基础,因此采集装置上实现了多向传输的功能,根据实际要求可以选择把釆集的数据上传到多个信息管理系统。 In view of the plurality of sectors are required demographic data service server as a business basis, to achieve a multi-functional transmission, may be selected according to actual requirements preclude the upload data to a plurality of sets of information management systems therefore collecting device.

其中,中心服务器接收所述数据后,还可以将采集装置上的业务数据删除,只保留基础数据。 Wherein the central server after receiving the data, further data can be collected on the traffic means deleted, leaving only the basic data.

其中,在上传所述将更新后的数据时,可以只上传有变化的那一部分数据。 Wherein, when the data is uploaded to the update, it may have only part of the data upload changes. 采集装置上传数据时,如果只上传变动的数据,由于数据量相对较少,可以采取采集装置直接与中心服务器进行数据同步的方式,把变动的数据直接上传至中心服务器。 When uploading data acquisition means, if only upload data changes, due to the relatively small amount of data, can take a collection device for synchronizing pattern data directly to the central server, the data fluctuation uploaded directly to the central server.

步骤S7、中心服务器将所述上传的数据写入数据緩冲表;中心服务器根据数据审核机制对所述数据进行审核,将审核通过的数据保存到中心服务器的正式数据表,将未通过审核的数据发送到指定的采集装置进行核实,或丟弃该数据。 Step S7, the central server write data uploaded cache table; central audit server data according to the data verification mechanism, the audit data stored by the central server the data table to the official will not approved of sent to the designated data acquisition device to verify or discard the data.

其中,中心服务器将所述上传的数据写入数据缓冲表的过程可以是,将所述上传的数据与所述数据緩冲表中的数据进行对比,并对其中变化的部分进行修改。 Process wherein the central server to upload data table write data buffer may be, for uploading data to the data buffer with the data in the table are compared, and wherein the modification portion changes.

其中,所述审核包括:根据人口查重处理机制、数据逻辑检验机制、或数据完整性检验机制进行审核。 Wherein the audit comprising: re-check processing mechanism based on population, data logic test mechanisms, or data integrity verification mechanism for review.

中心服务器采用数据审核机制,任何由采集装置进入中心服务器的数据必须经过数据审核,该审核包括:人口查重处理,数据逻辑校验,数据完整性校验等。 Audit mechanism using a data hub server, any data entered by the acquisition means through the central server of the data must be reviewed, the review comprising: Population rechecking processing, data check logic, data integrity checking. 另外将未通过审核的数据发送到指定的采集装置进行核实,或丟弃该数据,如果指派给采集装置进行核实,那么当采集装置再次下载数据时,这些数据将被发送到采集装置中,进入重点核实人群,使数据得到特别关注。 In addition to the audit data is not transmitted through to the specified collection device to verify or discard the data, if the verification is assigned to the acquisition device, then when the data acquisition device to download again, the data will be transmitted to the acquisition apparatus into focus groups to verify the data given special attention.

步骤S8、中心服务器将所述审核后的数据进行分类保存。 Step S8, the data center server classifies the review saved.

步骤S9、设置重点业务类型的条件;将数据库中符合所述条件的数据保存到重点对象表。 Step S9, the service type provided focus condition; the saved data in the database that match the criteria to the focus table. 采集装置上的重点对象监控功能可以让重点对象中的数据得到更多的关注。 The focus on monitoring data acquisition device that allows the focus of more attention.

步骤S10、中心服务器开放数据接口,根据业务服务器的请求向该业务服务器发送其所需的数据。 Step S10, the central server open a data interface, the data required to transmit its service server according to the request of the service server.

由于中心服务器上保存了所有业务部门的数据,并且开放数据接口,根据需要可以向各个部门的业务服务器发送各部门所需的数据,各个部门的系统可以从中心服务器上获取所需数据,实现了系统级的数据共享。 Because the data stored on a central server for all business units, and open data interface, you can send data required by each department to various departments of the business servers as needed, the various departments of the system can obtain the required data from the central server to achieve system-level data sharing. 这样一来,各个业务部门将不再需要亲自进行釆集工作,可以仅当需要数据的时候从中心服务器下载所需数据。 As a result, each business unit will no longer need to set work Bian personally can only when needed data from the central server to download the required data.

以上是本发明中一种实现数据共享的方法的具体步骤,下面结合实施例对该方法进行具体的描述。 The above is the specific step of the present invention a method to achieve data sharing, combined with the method of the following embodiment example will be specifically described.

本实施例中,以现有的PDA作为本发明中的采集装置的具体应用。 In this embodiment, as in the conventional PDA particular application of the present invention, the acquisition means. PDA为Personal Digital Assistant的缩写,译为个人数字助理,PDA可细分为电子词典、掌上电脑、手持电脑设备、个人通讯助理机,在本发明中,对这几类统称为PDA,因此凡利用这几类设备作为采集工具的都在本发明所述范畴之内。 PDA is an abbreviation for Personal Digital Assistant, and translated into a personal digital assistant, PDA can be divided into electronic dictionaries, PDAs, handheld computers, personal communications assistant, in the present invention, these types are collectively referred to as a PDA, so any use these types of apparatus are as harvesting tool within the scope of the present invention.

本实施例包括以下步骤: This embodiment comprises the steps of:

(一)参见图2, PDA执行的步骤主要包括下载、采集数据和上传数据大部分,具体包括以下步骤: (A) 2, the step of performing see FIG PDA includes downloading, uploading collected data, and most of the data, comprises the steps of:

步骤101:打开PDA上的人口釆集系统; Step 101: the population of the PDA Open preclude collection system;

步骤102:系统自动检测是否有人口楼栋数据存在,如果有人口楼栋数据存在,执行步骤103,这个时候可以进入人口采集系统。 Step 102: The system automatically detects the presence of a population of BAN data, if data exists BAN population, step 103, this time the system can enter the acquisition population. 如果人口楼栋数据不存在,执行步骤105,必须先到中心服务器上下载人口楼栋数据,然后再登入人口采集系统; If the data does not exist BAN population, step 105, must first to download the demographic data on the BAN server center, then sign population acquisition system;

步骤103-104:登入人口采集系统后,就可以拿着PDA上门挨家挨户进行人口数据采集,完成后,执行步骤108、 109。 Step 103-104: Login population collection system, they can get a house to house door PDA demographic data acquisition, after completion, step 108, 109. 人口采集系统中提供了重点人群的跟踪,工作人员可以对这类人群重点调查;并且PDA自带闪光灯或照明灯,可以拍照。 Population acquisition system provides tracking focus groups, staff can focus on the investigation of this population; and PDA comes with flash or lights, you can take pictures. 为了提高运行时速度,采集系统采用数据緩冲机制,预先把所有数据读取到緩存中保存,这样克服为了PDA性能低下的问题,提高了运行速度。 In order to increase the speed of operation, the data acquisition system uses buffering mechanism, the pre-read all the data stored in the cache, so that in order to overcome the problem of low performance PDA, execution speed is improved.

步骤105:下载数据时,把PDA连接到电脑上,该电脑需要能够访问中心服务器,并且运行了监听程序,该监听程序可以侦测到PDA的接入,并且为PDA和中心服务器的数据同步架设桥梁; Step 105: when downloading data, the PDA is connected to the computer, the computer needs to be able to access a central server, and running the listener, the listener can detect access to the PDA, and the PDA and the data center server synchronization Erection bridge;

步骤106 ~ 107:由PDA发送请求到中心服务器,验证通过后中心服务器返 Step 106 ~ 107: the PDA sends a request to the central server, after verification by the central server returns

回PDA用户管辖的楼栋列表,然后用户选择相应楼栋后,发送到PC监听程序, After BAN list back to the jurisdiction of the PDA user, then the user selects the appropriate BAN, sent to the PC listener,

PC监听程序从中心服务器下载数据,并生成PDA可认的数据文件,然后再把此 PC listener data center server to download from the PDA can recognize and generate data files, then put this

数据文件发送给PDA,此后,转入步骤103;在这里通过PC来生成数据文件, The data file to the PDA, thereafter, proceeds to step 103; where the PC to generate the data files,

是因为PC的性能比PDA要高,这样一来就缩短了PDA处理数据的时间,节约了 PC is because the performance is higher than the PDA, such an action would shorten the processing time PDA data, saving

系统资源。 system resource.

步骤108-109:采集数据的工作完成以后,需要把采集来的数据上传到中心服务器,采集员可以根据实际需要把采集的数据上传至多个业务服务器,这 Step 108-109: after work to collect data, you need to upload the collected data to a central server to collect members according to actual needs to upload the collected data to multiple business servers, which

样就在数据源头上实现了数据的共享; Just like on the data source to achieve data sharing;

步骤110:上传数据成功以后,系统将自动把PDA上的人口和楼栋数据删除,这样PDA又回到了初始状态,再次采集数据可以重复执行步骤101~110。 Step 110: After successfully uploading data, the system will automatically BAN population and data on the PDA deleted, PDA back to the initial state, the data collected can again repeat steps 101 to 110.

(二)参见图3,中心服务器执行的步骤主要包括数据下载、数据上传和系统级数据共享三部分,具体包括以下步骤: (Ii) 3 main steps performed by the center server includes data see FIG downloads, data uploading and sharing system level data of three parts, specifically includes the following steps:

步骤201 ~202:中心服务器接收到PDA下载数据的请求,先验证其用户是否授权用户,如果是授权用户,执行步骤203,如果不是,则该请求终止,并把信息传送回PDA; Step 201 ~ 202: the central server receives a request to download data to PDA, to verify whether the user authorized user, if the user is authorized, step 203, and if not, the request is terminated, and transmits the information back to the PDA;

步骤203:中心服务器检查该授权用户管理的楼栋,把楼栋的列表发送到PDA,这里这样做是为了提高PDA下载的速度,PDA可以只下载本次采集的楼栋内的人口数据,而不必下载用户管理的全部的楼栋数据; Step 203: BAN central server checks the user authorization management, send the list to the BAN PDA, so do here is to improve the speed of downloading PDA, PDA can download only demographic data collected in this storied building, and BAN data without having to download the entire user management;

步骤204 ~ 205:中心服务器根据选择的楼栋从数据緩冲表取出该楼栋内的人口数据,同时检测基础数据是否发生变化,如果发生变化,则同时取出基础数据,然后把人口数据写入中心服务器的数据緩冲表作为存档,最后把人口数据和基础数据发送到PC; Step 204 ~ 205: The central server is extracted from the data buffer BAN selected data in the table Loudong population, while the underlying data detecting whether a change occurs, if a change occurs, the basic data are simultaneously removed, and the population data write data center server cache table as an archive, and finally sends demographic data and basic data to PC;

步骤206 ~ 207:中心服务器接收到PDA上传数据的请求,首先验证该请求的用户名和密码是否授权用户,如果是,则执行步骤208;如果不是,则该请求终止,并4巴信息传送回PDA; Step 206 ~ 207: the central server receives a request PDA uploading data, first validates the request of a user name and password are authorized user, if yes, step 208 is performed; if not, the request is terminated, and 4 bar information back to the PDA ;

步骤208:接收到PDA数据后,中心服务器把数据写入数据緩沖表,先前PDA下载数据时,数据緩冲表中已经有该楼栋的人口数据存在,那么如果PDA针对数据作了修改,则更新数据緩冲表即可,如果新增了数据,那么就在数据緩冲表新增一条同样的纪录; Step 208: after receiving the PDA data, the write data center server cache table, a previous data downloading PDA, the data in the cache table have the BAN population data exists, then if the PDA for the data has been modified, then it can update the data cache table, if the new data, then the data buffer in the same table a new record;

步骤209:上传到数据緩冲表的数据,经过审核后可以保存到中心服务器的业务数据表中,就成为真实数据。 Step 209: The data uploaded to the data buffer table after auditing business data tables can be saved to a central server, the data becomes real. 根据采集的数据的分类,可以分别保存到中心服务器相应的业务数据表,实现不同数据的分离。 According to the classification of data collected can be saved to a central server respectively corresponding service data table, separation of different data. 步骤210-211:数据保存到中心服务器数据库后,还可以实现系统级的数据共享,通过一个WebService服务或者是数据交换服务器,就可以把中心服务器中的人口数据发布出来,这样需要这些数据的业务服务器只需要通过访问WebService接口或者是数据交换服务器,就可以获得所需要的数据。 Step 210-211: After saving the data to a central server database, you can achieve system-level data sharing, through a WebService service or data exchange server, you can publish population data center servers out, so the data needs of business only need to access the server via WebService interface or data exchange server, you can obtain the required data.

根据以上方法的技术构思,本发明还提供了一种实现采集数据共享的系统, 参阅图4,该系统包括采集装置402和中心服务器401,采集装置402用于获取基础数据和/或业务数据;还用于更新所述获取的数据;还用于上传所述更新后的数据; The technical concept of the above methods, the present invention also provides a system for implementing the acquisition of data sharing, refer to FIG. 4, the system includes the acquisition device 402 and central server 401, acquisition means 402 for acquiring the basic data and / or service data; It is also used to update the acquired data; further configured to upload the updated data;

中心服务器401用于接收所述更新后的数据;还用于将所述上传的数据进行保存。 The central server 401 is configured to receive the updated data; said data further configured to upload saved.

实现采集数据共享的系统还包括:业务服务器404,用于接收采集装置402 或中心服务器401发送的数据。 Collected data and sharing system further comprises: a service server 404, device 402 or the central data server 401 for receiving the transmitted acquisition.

实现采集数据共享的系统还包括:个人电脑403,用于接收中心服务器401 通过验证后,才艮据用户名向所述采集装置402发送的,所述采集装置402所管辖的数据;还用于将所述数据进行整理,生成釆集装置402认可的数据文件, 发送到采集装置402。 Collected data and sharing system further comprises: a personal computer 403, the central server 401 for receiving the validated only Gen according to the user name transmitted from the collection device 402, device 402 served by the data acquisition; for further organize the data, generating a data set file preclude recognition apparatus 402 transmits to the acquisition device 402.

在实现釆集数据共享的系统中,所述采集装置402包括: 下载单元,用于从中心服务器401上获取基础数据和/或业务数据; 更新单元,用于更新所述获取的数据; 逻辑审核单元,用于对更新单元更新的数据进行逻辑审核; In the system to achieve data sharing set Bian, the acquisition device 402 comprises:; data updating means for updating the acquired; downloading unit, configured to obtain the basic data and / or traffic data from the central server 401 logical audit means for updating unit updates the logical data review;

上传单元,用于上传所述审核后的数据至中心服务器401或业务服务器404。 Uploading means for uploading the data to the audit server 401 or the service center server 404.

在实现采集数据共享的系统中,所述采集装置402还包括: 输入法自动切换单元,用于在更新单元更新数据时切换中文输入法或英文输入法;和/或 In the data sharing system implemented in the acquisition, the acquisition device 402 further comprises: input automatic switching means for switching input Chinese text input method or the data updating unit updates; and / or

照片关联单元,用于当更新单元更新的数据为照片时,将照片自动与其相应 Photo association unit, when a data updating unit is updated pictures, photos automatically its respective

18的人口数据进行关联。 Demographic data of 18 associates.

在实现采集数据共享的系统中,所述采集装置402集成于个人数字助理PDA。 In the data sharing system implemented in the acquisition, the acquisition device 402 is integrated in a personal digital assistant PDA. 其中,所述PDA配备有4聂像头、照明灯、或闪光灯。 Wherein, the PDA is provided with a head 4 Nie like, lighting, or flash. 考虑到信息采集员手持PDA上户进行数据采集的时间大部分是晚上,光线不好,特制的PDA中配备了高亮度的照明灯(闪光灯),以便于采集工作。 Taking into account the information collection staff handheld PDA user data acquisition time is mostly at night, poor lighting, a PDA equipped with a special high brightness lighting (flash), to facilitate collection. 为便于采集工作中进行拍照,本发明还在特制的PDA上配备高分辨率的摄像头。 Photographed in order to facilitate the collection work, with a high-resolution camera, the present invention also the special PDA.

在实现采集数据共享的系统中,所述中心服务器401包括: In the collected data and shared system, the central server 401 comprises:

发送单元,用于将业务数据写入数据緩冲表,向采集装置402发送基础数据和/或业务数据;还用于开放数据接口,向业务服务器404发送数据; A transmission unit, the traffic data cache table for writing data to the basic data collection device 402 sends and / or traffic data; open data interface is further configured to send data to the service server 404;

接收单元,用于接收采集装置402更新后的上述数据; Receiving means for receiving said data collecting means 402 updates;

审核单元,用于根据数据审核机制对接收单元中的数据进行审核,还用于将审核通过的数据发送到保存单元,将未通过审核的数据发送到指定的采集装置进行核实,或丢弃该数据; Auditing means for performing the data verification mechanism to review the data receiving unit, further configured to send the audit data to the storage unit through, not sent to the designated data acquisition device is verified by the audit, or discard the data ;

保存单元,用于接收将所述审核单元的审核后的数据,并将所述数据与数据緩沖表的数据进行比较,并将不同之处进行更改;还用于将更改后数据緩冲表的数据保存到正式数据表中。 Storage unit, for receiving data review the audit unit and the data buffer is compared with the data table and is different from the change; further configured to change the data after the buffer table save the data to the official data table.

在实现采集数据共享的系统的中心服务器401中,所述审核单元为人口查重单元或数据逻辑检验单元或数据完整性检验单元。 In the collected data and shared system central server 401, the audit unit for population re-check logic unit or data or data integrity checking unit checking unit.

在实现采集数据共享的系统中,所述中心服务器401还包括重点对象单元, 用于设置重点监视数据类型的条件,还用于将所述接收单元接收的,符合所述条件的数据标记为重点对象。 In the collected data and shared system, the central server 401 further includes the focus unit for setting priority monitoring data type condition for the further receiving unit receives the data satisfies the condition focus mark object.

利用本发明的技术方案,能够使得人口数据釆集方便、规范、准确, 一处采集、多处共享使用,并且大幅度提高了系统性能,使得大规模的应用成为可能。 Use aspect of the present invention, it is possible that the population data set Bian convenient, standardized, accurate, an acquisition, multiple shared and greatly improve the system performance, so that large-scale application is possible. 本发明的技术方案为申请人辛勤的劳动成果,经过多次的试验和实践,具有很强的实用性和商业价值。 Aspect of the invention is the applicant hard labor, after testing and practice many times, has a strong practical and commercial value.

以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的几种实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对本发明专利范围的限制。 The above embodiments are only expressed several embodiments of the present invention, and detailed description thereof is more specific, but can not therefore be understood as limiting the scope of the present invention. 应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various changes and modifications, which fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。 Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (23)

1、一种实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:A、采集装置获取基础数据和/或业务数据,中心服务器将业务数据写入数据缓冲表,检测基础数据是否发生变化,如果发生变化,将基础数据和业务数据发送到采集装置;否则,将业务数据发送到采集装置;B、采集装置更新获取的数据,将更新后的数据上传到中心服务器;C、中心服务器将上传的数据进行保存。 1. A method for collecting data sharing implemented, characterized by comprising the steps of: A, acquiring basic data collection device and / or service data, the service center server write data buffer table, the underlying data is changed or not is detected, If a change occurs, the transmission basic data and service data to the acquisition device; otherwise, send the service data to the acquisition device; B, collecting means for updating the acquired data, upload the updated data to the center server; C, the central server will upload the data to be saved.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤A 包括:A1、采集装置登录中心服务器,输入用户名和密码,并发送数据下载请求; 中心服务器通过认证后,返回用户管辖的数据表;A2、采集装置根据所述用户管辖的数据表和本次采集需要,发送指定数据下载的请求至个人电脑,个人电脑根据个人电脑监听程序,向中心服务器发送数据下载请求;A3、中心服务器根据所述数据下载请求向所述个人电脑发送数据;所述个人电脑接收所述数据,对所述数据进行整理,生成釆集装置认可的数据文件, 发送到采集装置。 2, Implementation collected data sharing according to claim 1, wherein step A comprises: A1, collection device log central server, a user name and password, and sends the data download request; central server passes the authentication, returns a user data table jurisdiction; A2, Territories acquisition device based on the user data table and this requires collection, sends the specified data download request to the PC, the PC transmits the data request to the central server according to the downloading PC listener; A3, according to the central server a request to download data to the PC data transmission; the personal computer receives the data, the sorting data, generating a data set file preclude recognition apparatus, transmits to the collection device.
3、 根据权利要求2所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤A3 中的中心服务器根据所述数据下载请求向所述个人电脑发送数据具体包括:中心服务器通过验证后,将业务数据写入数据緩冲表,检测基础数据是否发生变化,如果发生变化,将基础数据和业务数据发送到个人电脑;否则,将业务数据发送到个人电脑。 3, implement the method of collecting data sharing according to claim 2, wherein the step A3 a central server sends data to the personal computer in accordance with the data download comprises: after validation by the central server, the service write data buffer table, the underlying data is changed or not is detected, if a change occurs, the basic data and transmits the service data to the PC; otherwise, send the service data to the PC.
4、 根据权利要求1所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤B 中采集装置更新获取的数据包括:在更新数据时引入逻辑审核功能。 4. The method of claim implement sharing of data collected in claim 1, wherein the update data acquiring step B comprises acquisition device: introducing auditing logic function update data.
5、 根据权利要求1所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤B 中釆集装置更新获取的数据包括:在更新数据时自动切换输入法。 5. The method of claim implement sharing of data collected in claim 1, wherein step B preclude data set obtaining means for updating comprises: automatically switch the input method when updating data.
6、 根据权利要求1所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤B中采集装置更新获取的数据包括:当更新的数据为照片时,将照片自动与相应的人口数据进行关联。 6, implemented method according to claim collected data sharing in claim 1, wherein the update data acquiring step B comprises acquisition device: when updating data, photos automatically associated with the respective data is a photograph of the population.
7、 根据权利要求1所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤B 中采集装置更新获取的数据之后,还进一步包括:将更新后的数据上传到业务服务器。 7. A method according to claim collected implement data sharing according to claim 1, wherein, after updating the data acquired in the acquisition means, step B, further comprising: uploading the updated data to the service server.
8、 根据权利要求1所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤B 中将更新后的数据上传到中心服务器包括:将更新后的数据中有变化的部分上传。 8. The method of claim collected implement data sharing according to claim 1, wherein, in the step of uploading data to a central server B updates comprising: updating the data upload in some variations.
9、 根据权利要求3所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤C 包括:中心服务器将上传的数据与所述数据緩冲表中的数据进行对比,并对其中变化的部分进行修改,将修改后的数据緩沖表中的数据存入正式数据表。 9. The method of claim realize the sharing of data collected in claim 3, wherein the step C comprises: uploading the data center server comparing the data with the data in the cache table, and wherein the change in the part modify the data buffer table the revised official data stored in tables.
10、 根据权利要求1所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤C 之前,进一步包^":中心服务器根据数据审核机制对上传的数据进行审核,将审核通过的数据保存到中心服务器的正式数据表,将未通过审核的数据发送到指定的采集装置进行核实,或丢弃所述未通过审核的数据。 10. The method of claim implement sharing of data collected in claim 1, characterized in that, prior to step C, and further packet ^ ": review of the data center server based on uploaded data auditing mechanisms, preserved by the audit data to a central official data table server will not send the data to the specified review acquisition device to verify or discard the data not through the audit.
11、 根据权利要求10所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,中心服务器根据数据审核机制对上传的数据进行审核包括:根据人口查重处理机制、 数据逻辑检验机制或数据完整性检验机制进行审核。 11. The method of claim realize the sharing of data collected in claim 10, characterized in that the central server comprises a review of data uploaded from the data audit mechanism: The population re-check the integrity verification processing mechanism, or a mechanism for data logic test data mechanism for review.
12、 根据权利要求1所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤C 包括:设置重点业务类型的条件;将符合条件的数据保存到重点对象表。 12. The method of claim implement sharing of data collected in claim 1, wherein step C comprises: setting the service type of focus condition; qualified data saved to the focus table.
13、 根据权利要求1至12中任一项所述的实现采集数据共享的方法,其特征在于,步骤C之后,还进一步包括:中心服务器开放数据接口,根据业务服务器的请求向该业务服务器发送该业务服务器所需的数据。 13, 1 to 12 implemented method of collecting a data sharing according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that, after step C, and further comprising: a data center server open interfaces, sending the request to the service server according to the service server the business required server data.
14、 一种实现采集数据共享的系统,包括采集装置和中心服务器,其特征在于:采集装置用于获取基础数据和/或业务数据,还用于更新获取的数据,还用于上传更新后的数据;中心服务器用于将业务数据写入数据緩冲表,检测基础数据是否发生变化, 如果发生变化,将基础数据和业务数据发送到采集装置,否则将业务数据发送到采集装置;中心服务器用于接收更新后的数据,还用于将上传的数据进行保存。 14. A collected data and shared system, comprising a collecting means and a central server, wherein: acquisition means for acquiring the basic data and / or service data, for updating further acquiring data, but also for uploading the updated transactions; center server traffic data for the write data buffer table, detecting whether the underlying data changes, if a change occurs, the basic data and transmits the service data acquisition means, or to transmit traffic data to the acquisition device; central server with to receive updated data, further data for uploading saved.
15、 根据权利要求14所述的实现采集数据共享的系统,其特征在于,还包括:业务服务器,用于接收采集装置或中心服务器发送的数据。 15, according to claim collected data and shared system according to claim 14, characterized in that, further comprising: a service server, means for receiving data sent by the server or central collection.
16、 根据权利要求14所述的实现采集数据共享的系统,其特征在于,还包括个人电脑;个人电脑用于接收采集装置所管辖的数据,所述采集装置所管辖的数据是中心服务器通过验证后向采集装置发送的数据;个人电脑还用于将所述采集装置所管辖的数据进行整理,生成采集装置认可的数据文件,发送到采集装置。 16, according to claim collected data and shared system according to claim 14, characterized in that, further comprising a personal computer; personal computer for receiving data acquisition means governed by said data acquisition means is governed by a central authentication server after the data transmitted to the collection; personal computer for further data acquisition means under the jurisdiction of the collation, to generate recognition data file acquisition device, transmitting to the acquisition device.
17、 根据权利要求15所述的实现采集数据共享的系统,其特征在于,所述采集装置包括:下载单元,用于从中心服务器上获取基础数据和/或业务数据; 更新单元,用于更新获取的数据;逻辑审核单元,用于对更新单元更新的数据进行逻辑审核; 上传单元,用于上传审核后的数据至中心服务器或业务服务器。 17, according to the collected data and shared system according to claim 15, characterized in that said collecting means comprises: a download unit configured to acquire the basic data and / or traffic data from the center server; updating means for updating the acquired data; auditing logic means for performing a data update unit updates the logical audit; upload unit for uploading the audit data to a central server or a service server.
18、 根据权利要求17所述的实现采集数据共享的系统,其特征在于,所述釆集装置还包括:输入法自动切换单元,用于在更新单元更新数据时切换中文输入法或英文输入法;和/或照片关联单元,用于当更新单元更新的数据为照片时,将照片自动与该照片相应的人口数据进行关联。 18, according to claim collected data and shared system according to claim 17, characterized in that said set means preclude further comprising: an automatic input switching means for switching input Chinese text input method or the data updating unit updates ; and / or photograph associated unit for, when the data updating unit updates the picture when the picture is automatically associated with the corresponding picture data population.
19、 根据权利要求14至18中任一项所述的实现采集数据共享的系统,其特征在于:所述采集装置集成于个人数字助理。 19, realized according to claim 14 to 18 according to a data collection system according to any shared claims, characterized in that: said acquisition means integrated in a personal digital assistant.
20、 根据权利要求19所述的实现采集数据共享的系统,其特征在于:所述个人数字助理配备有摄像头、照明灯或闪光灯。 20, data collection system according to claim realize sharing of claim 19, wherein: the personal digital assistant equipped with a camera, or flash lamp.
21、 根据权利要求15所述的实现采集数据共享的系统,其特征在于,所述中心服务器包括:发送单元,用于将业务数据写入数据緩冲表,向采集装置发送基础数据和/ 或业务数据;还用于开放数据接口,向业务服务器发送数据;接收单元,用于接收采集装置更新后的数据;审核单元,用于根据数据审核机制对接收单元中的数据进行审核,还用于将审核通过的数据发送到保存单元,将未通过审核的数据发送到指定的采集装置进行核实,或丢弃所述未通过审核的数据;保存单元,用于接收所述审核通过的数据,并将所述审核通过的数据与数据緩冲表的数据进行比较,并将不同之处进行更改;还用于将更改后的数据緩冲表的数据保存到正式数据表中。 21, according to claim collected data and shared system according to claim 15, wherein said central server comprises: a sending unit, traffic data for writing data cache table, transmitting the basic data acquisition means and / or business transactions; open data interface is further configured to send data to the service server; receiving unit for receiving updated data acquisition means; the audit means configured to audit the data receiving unit based on the data audit mechanism is further configured to by transmitting data to the audit storage unit, the data have not been sent to the designated audit collection device to verify or discard the data not through the audit; storage unit, for receiving said approval data, and the audit data table and the data buffer by comparing, make changes and differences; further configured to save the data table to change the data buffer formal data table.
22、 根据权利要求21所述的实现采集数据共享的系统,其特征在于:所述审核单元为人口查重单元、数据逻辑检验单元或数据完整性检验单元。 22, according to claim collected data and shared system according to claim 21, wherein: the audit unit cell population re-check, the data checking unit, or a logical unit of data integrity verification.
23、 根据权利要求21或22所述的实现釆集数据共享的系统,其特征在于: 所述中心服务器还包括重点对象单元,用于设置重点监视数据类型的条件,还用于将所述接收单元接收的符合条件的数据标记为重点对象。 23. The system according to claim preclude achieve data sharing set of claim 21 or 22, characterized in that: said server further comprises a central focus of unit for setting priority monitoring data type condition, said further means for receiving means for receiving data qualified as the focus marker.
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