CN100494818C - Solar energy heat energy lithium bromide absorption type central air conditioner with seawater desalination device - Google Patents

Solar energy heat energy lithium bromide absorption type central air conditioner with seawater desalination device Download PDF

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CN100494818C
CN100494818C CNB031100619A CN03110061A CN100494818C CN 100494818 C CN100494818 C CN 100494818C CN B031100619 A CNB031100619 A CN B031100619A CN 03110061 A CN03110061 A CN 03110061A CN 100494818 C CN100494818 C CN 100494818C
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generator
heat
condenser
solar energy
water
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CN1538128A (en
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徐宝安
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Beijing Huanneng Hikeen Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/138Water desalination using renewable energy
    • Y02A20/142Solar thermal; Photovoltaics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/208Off-grid powered water treatment
    • Y02A20/212Solar-powered wastewater sewage treatment, e.g. spray evaporation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/62Absorption based systems

Abstract

A lithium bromide absorption type centralized air conditioner with seawater desalinater by use of solar energy and thermal energy is composed of solar heat collector, thermal energy generator, refrigerant vapour generator, vapour-liquid separator, thermal capillary lifting tube, condenser, evaporator, absorber, solution heat exchanger, liquid level barrel, heating liquid sealing, vacuumizing pump, and seawater desalinater including cooling well communicated with sea.

Description

A kind of solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit, belong to Application of Solar Energy and field of air conditioning.
Background technology
Present solar energy lithium bromide air-conditioning and sea water desalinating unit are because the backwardness of its thermal-arrest mode, problems such as the circulation efficiency of heating surface and cooling effectiveness are low, making that solar energy lithium bromide air-conditioning and sea water desalinating unit efficient are low, and, can not move at no solar time lithium bromide air-conditioning system.Be subjected to the serious of inside even from weather, be difficult to vigorously promote the use.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is solar energy is heated in conjunction with other heat energy is auxiliary, realize the multiple-effect lithium bromide refrigerating, also can utilize heat energy to keep the operation of air-conditioning in the no solar time.In refrigeration, produce hot water, and be used for desalinization, also can heat simultaneously with auxiliary other heat energy of solar energy.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit comprises solar energy heating generator, heat energy generator, refrigerant vapour generator, vapour liquid separator, thermal siphon stalk, condenser, evaporimeter, absorber, solution heat exchanger, fluid level tube, heating fluid-tight, vavuum pump, seawater desalination system.Heat energy generator is a high pressure generator, heat energy generator is connected with vapour liquid separator by the thermal siphon stalk, the refrigerant vapour that heat energy generator produces is as the thermal source of refrigerant vapour generator, heat energy generator vapour liquid separator refrigerant vapour outlet conduit is connected with the refrigerant vapour generator, the refrigerant vapour outlet of the vapour liquid separator of refrigerant vapour generator is connected with the refrigerant vapour gland steam exhauster of solar energy heating generator, and the outlet of its gland steam exhauster connects condenser; Or heat energy generator is a high pressure generator, heat energy generator is connected with vapour liquid separator by the thermal siphon stalk, the refrigerant vapour that heat energy generator produces is as the thermal source of refrigerant vapour generator, the refrigerant vapour that the solar energy heating generator produces, also as the thermal source of refrigerant vapour generator, heat energy generator vapour liquid separator refrigerant vapour outlet conduit is connected with the refrigerant vapour generator jointly with the refrigerant vapour outlet conduit that the solar energy heating generator produces, the refrigerant vapour outlet of the vapour liquid separator of refrigerant vapour generator is connected with gland steam exhauster, the outlet of its gland steam exhauster connects condenser, the solution efferent duct of each vapour liquid separator is connected with the spray equipment of absorber overhead by solution heat exchanger, the condensed water outlet pipe of condenser is connected with the spray equipment of evaporimeter by throttling arrangement, the cooling medium of absorber and evaporimeter can be a water, or with condenser, the heat-carrying agent that absorber and evaporimeter fill is that covert medium is made heat pipe form absorber and evaporimeter places in the cavity of swash partition, condenser places on absorber and the evaporimeter, absorber and evaporimeter place on the generator, the bromize lithium dilute solution of absorber bottom is connected with solution heat exchanger by pipeline, solution heat exchanger and heat energy generator, the solar energy heating generator, refrigerant vapour generator solution conduit connects, evaporimeter, absorber, on the circulation line of solution heat exchanger, can be provided with circulating pump, also the height of available installation site is set, realize the no pump circulation of whole system, its no pump circulation must be located at condenser the highest, evaporimeter and absorber are located at the centre position, heat energy generator, the solar energy heating generator, refrigerant vapour generator and the terminal air heat exchanger that carries out air conditioning are located at minimum position, all are connected with the thermal siphon stalk between each generator and the vapour liquid separator separately; The steam pipework that is connected between condenser and the absorber is provided with U-shaped pipe heating fluid-tight, bromize lithium concentrated solution is communicated with U-shaped pipe heating fluid-tight bottom pipe, its bromize lithium concentrated solution mouth spray is positioned under the U-shaped pipe heating fluid-tight opening, be communicated with the pipeline that is connected with vavuum pump at condenser, evaporimeter and absorber, and between the pipeline of vavuum pump connection by-pass valve control is arranged, solution heat exchanger is series between generator and the absorber, the concentrated solution countercurrent flow of heated weak solution and heat release; Fluid level tube is that lithium-bromide solution stores device, can adjust liquid level automatically by pressure inside, on the fluid level tube liquid level peep hole can be installed; Air-conditioning condenser, evaporimeter, absorber heat transfer medium carrier can be liquid or gas, can add the hot-air heat release or heat-pipe heat exchanger adds the hot-air heat release by liquid cycle heat exchange device, thermal siphon self-circulating water vaporising device is equipped with water inlet pipe, drainpipe, tedge, down-comer, the incondensable gas automatic exhaust device, thermal siphon self-circulating water vaporising device top is a vapour liquid separator, vapour liquid separator is connected with seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser by pipeline, be connected with vavuum pump on the condenser device, the bottom of condenser is equipped with condensation water tank, and condensation water tank is connected with water pump.
The solar thermal collector of solar energy heating generator is bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe or vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube, be built-in with anti-crystallization guiding device in the bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe, it is fixed in the solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe tube chamber of double-deck corrugated glass pipe formation with one heart, on the bilateral ripple solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe inner tubal wall, be fixed with the bar-shaped antifreeze air deflector of bubble elasticity that closes by elastic support, on the conventional vacuum thermal-collecting tube inner tubal wall, be fixed with tubulose by elastic support and close the anti-crystallization air deflector of bubble elasticity, the bar-shaped bubble elasticity of closing prevents that the crystallization air deflector places the interface of normally close valve bellows part.Reduced the circulation area of glass tube by it, simultaneously, the upper and lower fixedly connected cavity of the thermal-collecting tube of heat collector seals skeleton, is connected the unique construction that securing member is formed with the cushion rubber positioning and fixing for the O-ring seal pad that is equipped with that is supported the location by certain strength support body.The bilateral ripple solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe horizontal spacing that appropriate design makes is very little, and the thermal-collecting tube that unit are can be arranged is many.
Solar energy heat collection pipe is that surface conductive directly heats lithium-bromide solution or solar heat pipe thermal-collecting tube surface conductive directly heats lithium-bromide solution.Between the solar collection element for being connected in parallel, solution constitutes circulation by solar energy heating generator and air-conditioning system, bromize lithium dilute solution is mended from solar energy heating generator bottom, discharge from the vapour liquid separator at solar energy heating generator top, between solar thermal collector and its vapour liquid separator stalk is installed, the stalk top is a vapour liquid separator.The concentrated solution that vapour liquid separator separates connects solution heat exchanger, and the steam of generation is connected to refrigerant vapour generator or condenser by pipeline.Lithium-bromide solution in solar thermal collector for wait the flow path diagonal angle or etc. flow path isosceles triangle mode connect the distribution dosing.
The bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe of solar energy heating generator is by the O-ring seal pad, and fixing seal is installed on the normally close valve bellows part, and the normally close valve bellows part is installed in parallel on liquid dispenser.Vacuum heat collection pipe is by the O-ring seal pad, fixing seal is installed on the normally close valve bellows part, the normally close valve bellows part is installed in parallel on injection well downhole flow regulator, pass through the insulation material support and connection between injection well downhole flow regulator outer surface and the injection well downhole flow regulator pipeline, gap between the junction of normally close valve bellows part and vacuum heat collection pipe and injection well downhole flow regulator outer surface insulation material support is filled with thermal-insulating sealing spare, corresponding injection well downhole flow regulator assembly is formed rectangle thermal-arrest frame by at least two limit muscle that are parallel to vacuum heat collection pipe, rectangle thermal-arrest frame is fixedlyed connected with injection well downhole flow regulator assembly diagonal angle by the rigid support muscle, form the stiff rectangular heat collecting module, the injection well downhole flow regulator assembly is provided with the intake-outlet of at least one pair of.
Thermal-insulating sealing spare is placed in the insulation complex of the multiple shape of making in the soft overcoat of seal high-strength for the resilient flexible insulation material, on the insulation complex exhaust tube is arranged, by locking that the insulation complex is bled, make its volume-diminished, can be useful on the slide fastener or the snap close of connection on the insulation complex.The normally close valve bellows part is installed in parallel on injection well downhole flow regulator, and the gap between the junction of normally close valve bellows part and vacuum heat collection pipe and injection well downhole flow regulator outer surface insulation material support has thermal-insulating sealing spare to fill.
The normally close valve bellows part is anti corrosion high strength degree elastomeric material, and ripple ring-type duct ligation forms the elastic telescopic knot.Elastic telescopic is tied static end and is fixed with anti corrosion high strength degree materials for support face, and anti corrosion high strength degree materials for support face is connected by the fixing stationary seal face of the anti corrosion high strength degree material connecting rod and the other end.The flexible sealing surface of having tied is corresponding with sealing surface on the connecting rod by seal washer.Flexible two sealing surfaces that mutual isolation can be arranged of tying, corresponding by seal washer with sealing surface on two corresponding connecting rods, flexible knot stressed boil down to flexible knot sealing surface and stationary seal face are formed the unlatching shape of valve, and flexible knot freely flicks the shape of closing for valve.The elastic telescopic knot is used for the bilateral pipe, and is afterburning fixing by an end, compresses its elastic telescopic and ties the pressure bearing and seal installation that realizes thermal-collecting tube.On the tubular fluid heat exchange cavity pore, be connected with ripple bourdon tube normally close valve sealing device pipe joint.Elastic telescopic knot can be unidirectional extension, also can be two-way extension, on the fixedly injection well downhole flow regulator of unidirectional extension, two-way extension be fixed in two vacuum heat collection pipe links.When the empty set heat pipe of taking seriously was broken, flexible knot lost support, and the elastic force of flexible knot self makes its rapid ejection, combine with stationary seal face, under the effect of himself elastic force and water pressure, realize excellent sealing, prevented single vacuum heat collection pipe breakage, the drawback of whole system paralysis.
The tubular fluid heat exchange cavity of the solar energy evacuated heat collector tube pipe circulation usefulness of solar energy heating generator is with vertical or horizontal layout, relative two walls of tubular fluid heat exchange cavity have two coaxial pores relative, sealing device is all arranged in two pores, and vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube release end of heat seals from beginning to end and is installed on it.The release end of heat of vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube is inserted in another pore through a pore, and sealing device is all arranged in two pores, to prevent to manage the seepage of interior solution.The end horizontal of the release end of heat of vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube or arrange up and down.The full glass metal heat-pipe vacuum heat collecting pipe of shell can realize that efficient heat-collecting, thermal starting speed are fast, but plurality of advantages such as freeze proof, high bearing operation of vacuum.
The sealing device that two mouths of pipe of the heat release tube chamber that the vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube is fixing are installed has multiple mounting means, can be welded with tube head, the movable duct ligation that passes through the nut bolt can be set, can be welded with flexible knot, or bolt has flexible knot, and flexible knot protrudes or depression is installed on the suitable position of tubular fluid heat exchange cavity pipeline.
The method has been used the principle that pressure balance is offset, and makes the pressure at two ends of heat release pipe equate that balance is offset mutually, and has made full use of the Circular glass pipe again and bear the big characteristics of static pressure ability, can the vacuum heat-collecting tube glass pipe be made pressure restraining element with very low cost.This installs the bottom that all circulation tube chamber water inlets all place tube chamber, and delivery port places the top of tube chamber.Tube chamber can vertical or horizontally be placed, and can combination be installed arbitrarily with certain angle of internal friction of going up.This pipeline must have certain intensity, and the connector of its pipeline can connect in a conventional manner.The vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube places the both sides of pipe tunnel, the downside of horizontal pipeline, and the release end of heat of vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube must pass pipeline, is horizontally placed in the relative tube wall pore of circulating line.Vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube release end of heat height, heat absorbing end is low, or both ends horizontal, can make the hot liquid in the heat pipe flow automatically to the heat absorbing end bottom, also can realize the gravity flow of its liquid to heat absorbing end with the hair suction phenomenon by the heat transfer core of settling in the heat pipe.The length of the vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube that this pipe is connected can random variation be arranged with the change in size of building.Tubular fluid heat exchange cavity pipeline can be by its many group series and parallels, to realize the expansion of collector area.Can be provided with corresponding communication valve and draining valve on the circulation tube chamber, in case the locking system internal pressure is too high or emit liquid when maintenance.The sealing device that system adopted can be rubber sealing, also can be other materials and carries out mechanical seal.
Heat energy generator is a high pressure generator, heat energy generator is fuel oil, combustion vapour generator or steam generator, be connected with the thermal siphon stalk on the heat energy generator, thermal siphon stalk top is equipped with vapour liquid separator, the isolated dense lithium-bromide solution of separator connects the pyrosol interchanger, the steam that heat energy generator produces is as the thermal source of refrigerant vapour generator, and the vapour liquid separator installation site on the refrigerant vapour generator thermal siphon stalk is higher than the vapour liquid separator on the heat energy generator.
Heat energy generator is a high pressure generator, and heat energy generator is fuel oil, combustion vapour generator or steam generator etc.Be connected with the thermal siphon stalk on the heat energy generator, thermal siphon stalk top is equipped with vapour liquid separator, the isolated dense lithium-bromide solution of separator connects the pyrosol interchanger, the steam that heat energy generator produces is as the thermal source of refrigerant vapour generator, and vapour liquid separator installation site on the refrigerant vapour generator thermal siphon stalk and the vapour liquid separator on the heat energy generator be the end pressure balance not.Between generator and solution heat exchanger, be in series with the flue gas heater of boiler exhaust gas heating or the condensed water heater of heating steam heat release condensation; The heat that air-conditioning generator and absorber need discharge imports by heat-carrying agent medium in the heat exchanger of the thermal siphon self-circulating water vaporising device in the seawater desalination system.
Refrigerant vapour generator and other generator are installed in parallel on the pipeline after solution heat exchanger or other heat exchanger, be connected with the thermal siphon stalk on the refrigerant vapour generator, thermal siphon stalk top is equipped with vapour liquid separator, the solution efferent duct of vapour liquid separator is connected with solution heat exchanger, and solution heat exchanger is connected with the spray equipment of absorber overhead by pipeline; The condensate draining pipe of refrigerant vapour generator imports condenser by U-shaped pipe pressure balancer, the steam that vapour liquid separator produces imports condenser by pipeline, the condensed water outlet pipe of condenser is connected with the spray equipment of evaporimeter, on the heating water vapor condensation water drainage pipeline of refrigerant vapour generator or serial connection condensed water heat exchanger, on the blow-off line of vapour liquid separator or the serial connection vapor heat exchanger, heating steam, condensed water connect condenser by pipeline.
The thermal siphon stalk is to be tightly connected to be installed in the anticorrosion bearing pipe that enough height are arranged at solar energy heating generator and heat energy generator top, have two openings on the thermal siphon stalk at least, be connected with vapour liquid separator with generator respectively, pass through the insulation material support and connection between thermal siphon stalk outer surface and the anticorrosion bearing pipe of thermal siphon stalk.The aircondition that the thermal siphon stalk makes is without mechanical pump, but rely on is that thermosyphon action is delivered to certain altitude with hot body, overcome resistance by liquid level, make solution be circulated, for this reason the position of absorber be provided with than generator height, absorber pressure in the lithium bromide system is lower than generator pressure, needs to rely on potential difference to make weak solution by the absorption generator that enters.Thermal siphon stalk road connects vapour liquid separator, and the concentrated solution behind the steam bleeding descends by another pipeline and air-conditioning system constitutes circulation.Thermal siphon stalk road can be that the upper end is connected or is connected by the keying normal closed gate that opens and closes with hydraulic control freely that can be provided with between two pipes with concentrated solution decline pipeline, its formation can be two pipes that are sleeved on together, or the upper end interconnects two pipes side by side, or is divided into two pipes that the upper end communicates by inserting dividing plate in the pipe.
Lithium bromide air-conditioning plant is when heat supply, need to interrupt the cooling water of condenser and absorber, the condensing pressure of condenser is raise, the break-through of U-shaped pipe, the high temperature refrigerant steam that is come by separator directly enters in the absorption evaporimeter by the U-shaped pipe, be used for medium in the heating fumigators, this moment, evaporimeter played the condenser effect, condensed steam is condensed into water after emitting heat, flow to absorber by evaporimeter, and in absorber with heat exchanger in the concentrated solution of coming mix weak solution mutually, weak solution is utilizing its potential difference to flow to generator its circulation fully by heat exchanger.
Condenser is conventional shell-and-tube or board-like or various ways such as finned pipe type, plate-fin or spiral heat exchanger, and it is arranged on the evaporimeter; Condenser places the bottom of the seawater thermal siphon self-loopa cooling well of enough degree of depth, and the bottom of well is connected with the sea by pipeline, and the top of well is connected with seawater by pipeline, and its delivery port can float on the sea by the water float; Heat carrier in the condenser can be a liquid, also can be gas; Condenser can be two-way serial or parallel connection formula, and wherein one the tunnel can be used for heat hot water; The employed cooling device of its release end of heat can be the thermal siphon water-cooling apparatus.
Evaporimeter can be conventional shell-and-tube, or it is board-like, or finned pipe type, various ways such as plate-fin or spiral heat exchanger, itself and absorber are arranged in the same cavity, the splashproof barrier is arranged between evaporimeter and the absorber, the heat carrier of evaporimeter can be a liquid, also can be gas, water as refrigerant can spray in its outer surface or inner surface and make its evaporation heat absorption, evaporimeter is installed under the condenser, the spray water-distributing device is mounted thereon, evaporimeter is connected with air heat exchanger, the air heat exchanger that air-conditioning convection current Natural Circulation is inhaled the heat release system is installed under the evaporimeter, and air heat exchanger is equipped with condensed water collecting device.
Absorber is conventional shell-and-tube or various ways such as finned pipe type, plate-fin or spiral heat exchanger, itself and evaporimeter are arranged in the same cavity, the splashproof barrier is arranged between absorber and the evaporimeter, the heat carrier of absorber can be a liquid, also can be gas, bromize lithium concentrated solution can spray in outside its surface or inner surface make it absorb steam, absorber is installed under the condenser, spray bromize lithium concentrated solution device is mounted thereon, and the employed cooling device of its release end of heat can be the thermal siphon water-cooling apparatus.
Solution heat exchanger is conventional shell-and-tube or board-like or various ways such as finned pipe type, plate-fin or spiral heat exchanger, it is arranged under the absorber, be series between generator and the absorber, heat carrier in the solution heat exchanger is bromize lithium concentrated solution and bromize lithium dilute solution, by pump or the circulation of convection current self-loopa construction system.Heat exchanger is high low temperature two-stage heat exchanger, make weak solution and concentrated solution series connection classification heating, heated weak solution is before entering heat energy generator, can heat once more by flue gas heater or condensed water heater, the flue gas that generator produces by vapour-liquid heat exchanger and bromize lithium dilute solution heat exchange after temperature reduce discharge.
Seawater desalination system is that the seawater desalination system with air-conditioning is the bottom that the cartridge element of the condenser cartridge element of air-conditioning and absorber is placed the cavity that certain altitude is arranged of sealing, the absorber cartridge element is following, the condenser cartridge element is on the absorber cartridge element, seawater feeds from the cartridge element bottom of absorber, cartridge element by absorber, the cartridge element heating of condenser, the vapour liquid separator that arrives the cavity top along tedge is discharged, the seawater of steam bleeding enters the water inlet of the cartridge element of absorber by the backflow of decline pipeline, constitute thermal siphon convection current Natural Circulation, be mounted with float on the container and control automatic incondensable gas tapping equipment, the bottom of cavity is equipped with the inverted U pipe drainage arrangement of valve control, the moisturizing of container by the pipeline that has ball-cock assembly control that places the cavity top mend into, the feedwater that float valve is controlled is in the state that certain pressure is arranged all the time, the top of chamber receptacle is connected with blow-off line, pipeline is connected in the tube chamber of built-in heat exchanger, feedwater is by the floating control water-supply valve in the pipeline connection chamber receptacle, steam, the condensed water mixture inserts in the thermal siphon cooled with seawater condenser, the cooled with seawater condenser places in the tube chamber of certain depth, refrigerated sea water feeds from the bottom of condenser, enter condenser by filter, the water of condenser heating is discharged into water surface top layer by thermal siphon, the top layer of thermal siphon can be equipped with the float drainage arrangement, the float drainage arrangement is connected with the moisturizing water source of feed pipe as distilling apparatus, condenser is mounted with water storage box, is mounted with water pump in the water storage box; Heat exchanger is a static good antiscale property heat exchanger.
Solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air in the solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit can be routine pump circulation air-conditioning, also can be no pump convection current Natural Circulation air-conditioning, air-conditioning is by the solar energy heating generator, heat energy generator, the refrigerant vapour generator heats generation simultaneously, be generating process repeatedly, heat energy generator and refrigerant vapour generator operate to secondary generation economic benefits and social benefits running, the solar energy heating generator takes place separately, it is a generating process, the solar energy heating generator takes place and the refrigerant vapour generator operates to secondary generation economic benefits and social benefits running, be single-action, economic benefits and social benefits, can in this air-conditioner, the different controls according to weather and needs change, wherein there is not pump convection current Natural Circulation air-conditioning, can arrange by solid makes solar energy heating generator and heat energy generator following, solution heat exchanger is serially connected with on the pipeline between absorber and the generator, evaporimeter and absorber are installed on the generator, condenser is installed on evaporimeter and the absorber, cooling device is installed on the condenser, condenser can be two road strings, parallel connection, the one tunnel is water heater.The heating fluid-tight is the disconnected cooling water of determining must heat in the winter time the time, and the air pressure that heater is produced raises, and fluid-tight is opened, and to realize the heat exchange heating of vapo(u)rization system, each U-shaped pipe that system settled is an auto-control of realizing the pressure between each cavity.
Lithium-bromide solution is introduced heat energy generator respectively, in sun ripple bilateral thermal-collecting tube or heat collector tube pipe generator and the water as refrigerant steam generator, solar energy heat collector directly heats lithium-bromide solution with the heat energy of conversion of solar energy in solar energy generator, it is concentrated, lithium-bromide solution after being heated separates by the thermal siphon vapor-liquid separating device, the refrigerant liquid that concentrates enters into the cold-producing medium cryogenic heat exchanger by down-comer, and the dense lithium bromide refrigerating agent of cooling off after the heat exchange enters into spray absorption in the lithium bromide absorber.The water as refrigerant steam that vapor-liquid separating device produces enters condenser condenses and becomes water as refrigerant, spray through U-shaped tube coupling stream device and to produce water vapour on the evaporimeter, water vapour is absorbed by dense lithium bromide refrigerating agent and makes self concentration reduction, the lithium bromide refrigerating agent that concentration reduces enters heat exchanger again, enter the buffering refrigerant case after the intensification, enter flue gas heater by the buffering refrigerant case, its temperature is further raise, the lithium-bromide solution of flue gas heater heating divides three the tunnel, one the tunnel enters heating generation formation circulation in the solar thermal collector, the second the tunnel enters the heat energy generator heating realizes taking place to concentrate by the thermal siphon device, the steam that heat energy generator produces enters into the water as refrigerant steam generator, realizes that circulation takes place to constitute its secondary.The steam that solar energy generator thermal siphon vapor-liquid separating device produces enters into heat release in the condenser, steam after the heat release self temperature reduces, mode with the vapour-liquid coexistence enters the thermal siphon water-cooled condenser, the distilled water of water as refrigerant steam and condensation enters into the condenser heat release, enter into the water storage box of condenser bottom then, condensed water as refrigerant enters into spraying and sprinkling evaporation in the lithium bromide evaporimeter by pipeline and throttling arrangement, and the rare solution of dense lithium-bromide solution absorption becoming that the steam of generation is absorbed the spray in the device enters next circulation.Recirculated water in absorber endothermic temperature in absorber raises, be introduced in the thermal siphon cooling device, water in the thermal siphon water-cooled condenser is heated, and then heat through condenser, ocean temperature after being heated raises, rise rapidly by thermal siphon, again by down-comer backflow chiller system, realize the circulation of water behind the steam bleeding chamber discharge water steam at arrival top.In order to make the cooling device boiling, the cooled with seawater apparatus system is the negative pressure operation, the steam that the negative pressure cooling device produces enters into Steam Heating seawater preheating device, after the water vapour process vapor preheater precooling of generation, enters the heat release of cooled with seawater condenser and produces distilled water.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air can well realize solar energy heat collector and architecture-integral design and installation, fundamentally solves the drawback that solar energy heat collector and building can not well combine.Can form and the incorporate Natural Circulation air-conditioning system of building constructions, realized that solar energy heat collector is not subjected to the restriction of building shape design, it can be used as realize that solar energy lithium bromide refrigerating, heating, building heat preserving, self thermal-arrest production drinks the corollary apparatus of function such as distilled water.As cooperate solar cell to drive vavuum pump, and assemble unmanned operating system, then air-conditioning system can utilize solar energy to realize operation under the prerequisite of not having other energy.Utilize air-cooled or utilize thermosiphon principle to use cooled with seawater, the employed thermal source of sea water desalinating unit is the heat of the discharging of lithium bromide solar energy equipment generation, condenser device is equipped with vavuum pump to realize the negative pressure of system, realize low boiling boiling in the container, be mounted with automatic incondensable gas tapping equipment on the container, the water as refrigerant steam of palpus condensation can be connected with heat exchanger, in order to the heating for water of implement device system.Provide the aspects such as comfortable life on island that extremely significant military, economic, life value is arranged for the desalinization coastal and territory, island.Being used for family and can realizing well that natural energy resources is family's refrigerating and heat-supplying, is the developing direction of following energy-saving and environmental protection Application of Solar Energy.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the no pump self-loopa lithium bromide air-conditioning sea water desalinating unit of solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe thermal-arrest generator compound combustion formula generator;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the no pump self-loopa lithium bromide air-conditioning sea water desalinating unit of solar energy evacuated bilateral thermal-collecting tube thermal-arrest generator compound combustion formula generator;
Fig. 3 is cooled with circulating water for absorber, and the structural representation of the lithium bromide air-conditioning sea water desalinating unit of the compound hot gas generator of pump circulating solar energy vacuum bilateral thermal-collecting tube thermal-arrest generator is arranged;
Fig. 4 is cooled with circulating water for absorber, and the structural representation of putting the lithium bromide air-conditioning sea water desalinating unit of hot junction thermal-arrest generator compound combustion formula generator on the pump circulating solar energy vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube is arranged.
Among the figure: 1 combustion-type generator, 2 vacuum heat collection pipe cloth sap cavities, 3 vacuum heat collection pipe sealing and fixing assemblies, 4 bilateral ripple vacuum heat collection pipes, 5 vacuum heat collection pipe air deflector fixed supports, 6 vacuum heat collection pipe air deflectors, 7 refrigerant vapour generators, 8 solar energy heating generators, No. 1 control valve of 9 refrigerant vapour pipes, 10 thermosyphon circulation assemblies, 11 refrigerant vapour generator vapour liquid separators, 12 fresh-water tanks, 13 solar energy heating generator vapour liquid separators, 14 condensate pumps, 15 combustion-type generator vapour liquid separators, No. 2 control valves of 16 refrigerant vapour pipes, No. 3 control valves of 17 refrigerant vapour pipes, 18 salt water bodies, 19 floatation type water traps, 20 salt water water storage boxes, 21 filters, 22 air pressure balance valves, 23 floatation type device for fetching water, 24 salt water feed pumps, 25 steam heaters, 26 ball floats control feed feeder, 27 air inlet and exhaust valves, 28 float-ball type incoagulable gas automatic discharge devices, 29 thermal siphon vapour liquid separators, 30 vavuum pumps, 31 evaporimeters, the fluid-tight of 32U shape pipe, 33 absorbers, 34 outdoor heat exchangers, 35 indoor heat exchangers, 36 condensers, 37 heat exchanger condensate water recovery devices, 38 absorber heat pipe radiators, 39 cryogenic fluid heat exchangers, 40 pyrosol heat exchangers, 41 hold fluid cylinder, 42 inverted U-shaped blow-off pipes, 43 hot-water heaters, 44 cryogen water tanks, 45 salt water cooler condensers, 46 static good antiscale property anodes, 47 cooling salt water by-pass valve controls, 48 salt water filters, 49 fresh water water storage boxes, 50 flue gas heaters, 51 solar vacuum heat-collecting pipes, 52 condensed water heaters, 53 Steam Heating generators, 54 heat pipe absorber plate tube core assemblies, 55 vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube sealing and fixing assemblies, 56 solar energy heating generators
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1: the bromize lithium dilute solution after 1 heating of combustion-type generator, being risen liquid by the boiling of thermal siphon stalk exits in combustion-type generator vapour liquid separator 15, concentrated solution after the venting, enter into pyrosol heat exchanger 40 by the solution down-comer, by the concentrated solution that refluxes with 13 venting of solar energy heating generator vapour liquid separator after 39 heat releases of cryogenic fluid heat exchanger, the concentrated solution that 11 venting of refrigerant vapour generator vapour liquid separator reflux is mixed in the cryogenic fluid heat exchanger 39, insert U-shaped pipe fluid-tight 32 by pipeline, and spray on absorber 33 by spray equipment, absorbed the steam of evaporimeter 31 evaporations and thinning lithium-bromide solution enters cryogenic fluid heat exchanger 39 through the decline pipeline, pyrosol heat exchanger 40, hold fluid cylinder 41, flue gas heater 50 backs divide three the tunnel, one the tunnel enters combustion-type generator 1, one the tunnel enters solar energy heating generator 8, one the tunnel enters 7 heating of refrigerant vapour generator takes place, combustion-type generator vapour liquid separator 15, the steam of generation takes place in solar energy heating generator vapour liquid separator 13, enter 7 heating of refrigerant vapour generator through pipeline, the steam that the vapour liquid separator 11 of the water as refrigerant of condensation and refrigerant vapour generator produces confluxes by pipeline through No. 1 control valve 9 of refrigerant vapour pipe, hot-water heater 43, enter condenser 36 heat release condensations, the water as refrigerant that produces is stored in the cryogen water tank 44, water as refrigerant enters evaporimeter 31 spraying and sprinkling evaporations by pipeline, and the water that spray falls mixes with weak solution.Salt water in the heat heat hot siphon salt water heat exchanger of absorber heat pipe radiator 38, condenser 36, the water that temperature raises is emitted on-condensable gas through float-ball type incoagulable gas automatic discharge device 28, water after the venting enters 29 venting of thermal siphon vapour liquid separator along increase in pipeline, dense water is through inverted U-shaped blow-off pipe 42 dischargings, moisturizing mends in the thermal siphon vapour liquid separator 29 through ball float control feed feeder 26, and the salt water after the venting enters absorber heat pipe radiator 38 inlets through down-comer and constitutes circulation.
The steam that thermal siphon vapour liquid separator 29 produces is after steam heater 25 heat releases, enter the 45 condensation heat releases of salt water cooling good antiscale property condensing heat exchanger, the electric conductor in dc static good antiscale property dc source and water receiving positive electrode static good antiscale property anode 46 and the salt water cooler condenser 45 and the negative electrode good antiscale property negative electrode of the dc source good antiscale property condensing heat exchanger 45 that is electrically connected to form is realized its cooling, non-scaling.Be discharged into the salt water top layer through the salt water of the salt water cooler condenser 45 heating floatation type water trap 19 by the thermal siphon tedge, the salt water that salt water feed pump 24 extracts heating is added in the salt water water storage box 20 by filter 21 filtrations, air bleeding valve 22 is communicated with atmosphere, constitutes the breathing of salt water water storage box 20.Floatation type device for fetching water 23 extracts the higher salt water of temperature from salt water water storage box 20 top layers, after steam heater 25 heating, be added into the thermal siphon evaporator by ball float control feed feeder 26, absorber heat pipe radiator 38, condenser 36 can be the anticorrosion heat exchanger, also can be static direct current good antiscale property heat exchanger.The condensed water that salt water cooler condenser 45 produces is flowed in the fresh water water storage box 49, water is fed in the fresh-water tank 12 through condensate pump 14, realizes the supply of producing of fresh water.Native system once takes place through combustion-type generator 1, solar energy heating generator 8, refrigerant vapour generator 7 secondaries take place, also can once take place through combustion-type generator 1, refrigerant vapour generator 7 secondaries take place, or solar energy heating generator 8 once takes place, and refrigerant vapour generator 7 secondaries move.Also can realize the once generation of solar energy heating generator 8 by opening valve, heat exchanger 34,35 will produce a large amount of condensed waters when refrigeration, can collect through heat exchanger condensate water recovery device 37 and utilize.During heat supply, can close the valve of absorber heat pipe radiator 38 in the winter time by closing No. 1 control valve 9 of refrigerant vapour pipe that enters condenser 36, through evaporimeter 31, heat exchanger 36 heat supplies.
The refrigerant vapour that combustion-type generator vapour liquid separator 15 produces enters refrigerant vapour generator 7, and the steam of generation converges the refrigerant vapour condensed water that refrigerant vapour generator 7 produces, and introduces condenser 36 coolings.Solar energy heating generator vapour liquid separator 11 separated steam are introduced condenser 36 coolings.Realize that combustion-type generator 1 constitutes economic benefits and social benefits with refrigerant vapour generator 7 kind of refrigeration cycle that 8 single-action of solar energy heating generator take place takes place.
The refrigerant vapour that combustion-type generator vapour liquid separator 1 produces is introduced condenser 36 coolings.Solar energy heating generator vapour liquid separator 13 separated steam are introduced condenser 36 coolings.Realize the kind of refrigeration cycle that combustion-type generator 1 and 8 single-action of solar energy heating generator take place.
Solar energy heating generator 8 is introduced refrigerant vapour generator 7 with refrigerant vapour, and combustion vapour water heater 1 is not worked, and can realize that the solar energy heating generator 8 and the dual-effect refrigeration of refrigerant vapour generator 7 circulate.
The refrigerant vapour that combustion-type generator 1 produces is introduced the dual-effect refrigeration circulation that refrigerant vapour generator 7 can be realized the combustion-type generator.
The refrigerant vapour that solar energy heating generator 8 produces is directly introduced condenser 36 and is solar energy single-action kind of refrigeration cycle.
It is the single-action kind of refrigeration cycle of combustion-type generator that combustion-type generator 1 produces refrigerant vapour introducing condenser 36.
Close the pipeline valve that enters condenser and the valve on the absorber circulation line, refrigerant vapour will penetrate the fluid-tight of U-shaped pipe, and air-conditioning system is the heat supply running mode.
The heat that heat exchanger 34,35 absorbs enters into heat release in the evaporimeter 31, and the cooling back descends, and enters heat exchanger 34,35 and constitutes circulation.33 heat absorptions of heat pipe absorber, the gas after the covert medium temperature in the heat pipe raises enters heat pipe release end of heat 38 heat release condensation in thermal siphon, and reflux absorber 33 constitutes circulation.
The same Fig. 1 of its technological process of Fig. 2, solar thermal collector are solar energy evacuated bilateral thermal-collecting tube thermal-arrest generator.
The same Fig. 1 of its technological process of Fig. 3, solar thermal collector are solar energy evacuated bilateral thermal-collecting tube thermal-arrest generator.
The same Fig. 1 of its technological process of Fig. 4 for absorber is cooled with circulating water, has the lithium bromide air-conditioning sea water desalinating unit of putting hot junction thermal-arrest generator compound combustion formula generator on the pump circulating solar energy vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit, comprise the solar energy heating generator, heat energy generator, the refrigerant vapour generator, vapour liquid separator, the thermal siphon stalk, condenser, evaporimeter, absorber, solution heat exchanger, fluid level tube, the heating fluid-tight, vavuum pump, seawater desalination system, it is characterized in that: heat energy generator is a high pressure generator, heat energy generator is connected with vapour liquid separator by the thermal siphon stalk, the refrigerant vapour that heat energy generator produces is as the thermal source of refrigerant vapour generator, heat energy generator vapour liquid separator refrigerant vapour outlet conduit is connected with the refrigerant vapour generator, the refrigerant vapour outlet of the vapour liquid separator of refrigerant vapour generator is connected with the refrigerant vapour gland steam exhauster of solar energy heating generator, and the outlet of its gland steam exhauster connects condenser; Or heat energy generator is a high pressure generator, heat energy generator is connected with vapour liquid separator by the thermal siphon stalk, the refrigerant vapour that heat energy generator produces is as the thermal source of refrigerant vapour generator, the refrigerant vapour that the solar energy heating generator produces, also as the thermal source of refrigerant vapour generator, heat energy generator vapour liquid separator refrigerant vapour outlet conduit is connected with the refrigerant vapour generator jointly with the refrigerant vapour outlet conduit that the solar energy heating generator produces, the refrigerant vapour outlet of the vapour liquid separator of refrigerant vapour generator is connected with gland steam exhauster, the outlet of its gland steam exhauster connects condenser, the solution efferent duct of each vapour liquid separator is connected with the spray equipment of absorber overhead by solution heat exchanger, the condensed water outlet pipe of condenser is connected with the spray equipment of evaporimeter by throttling arrangement, the heat-carrying agent of absorber and evaporimeter is a liquid, or with condenser, absorber and evaporimeter are made the heat pipe form, fill covert medium in the heat pipe, absorber and evaporimeter place in the cavity of swash partition, condenser places on absorber and the evaporimeter, absorber and evaporimeter place on the generator, the bromize lithium dilute solution of absorber bottom is connected with solution heat exchanger by pipeline, solution heat exchanger and heat energy generator, the solar energy heating generator, refrigerant vapour generator solution conduit connects, evaporimeter, absorber, on the circulation line of solution heat exchanger, can be provided with circulating pump, also the height of available installation site is set, realize the no pump circulation of whole system, its no pump circulation must be located at condenser the highest, evaporimeter and absorber are located at the centre position, heat energy generator, the solar energy heating generator, refrigerant vapour generator and the terminal air heat exchanger (25) that carries out air conditioning are located at minimum position, all are connected with the thermal siphon stalk between each generator and the vapour liquid separator separately; The steam pipework that is connected between condenser and the absorber is provided with U-shaped pipe heating fluid-tight, bromize lithium concentrated solution is communicated with U-shaped pipe heating fluid-tight bottom pipe, its bromize lithium concentrated solution mouth spray is positioned under the U-shaped pipe heating fluid-tight opening, be communicated with the pipeline that is connected with vavuum pump at condenser, evaporimeter and absorber, and between the pipeline of vavuum pump connection by-pass valve control is arranged, solution heat exchanger is series between generator and the absorber, the concentrated solution countercurrent flow of heated weak solution and heat release; Fluid level tube is that lithium-bromide solution stores device, can adjust liquid level automatically by pressure inside, on the fluid level tube liquid level peep hole can be installed; Condenser, evaporimeter, the heat-carrying agent of absorber is a liquid, or gas, can add the hot-air heat release or heat-pipe heat exchanger adds the hot-air heat release by liquid cycle heat exchange device, thermal siphon self-circulating water vaporising device is equipped with water inlet pipe, drainpipe, tedge, down-comer, the incondensable gas automatic exhaust device, thermal siphon self-circulating water vaporising device top is a vapour liquid separator, the vaporium of vapour liquid separator is connected with the steam condensation side of thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser in being arranged at seawater by pipeline, condensation side on the seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser is connected with vavuum pump, the bottom of seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser is equipped with condensation water tank, and condensation water tank is connected with water pump.
2, solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the solar thermal collector of solar energy heating generator is bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe or vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube, be built-in with anti-crystallization guiding device in the bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe, it is fixed in the bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe tube chamber of double-deck corrugated glass pipe formation with one heart, and bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe surface conductive directly heats lithium-bromide solution or vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube surface conductive directly heats lithium-bromide solution; Between the solar energy heating generator for being connected in parallel, solution constitutes circulation by solar energy heating generator and air-conditioning system, bromize lithium dilute solution is mended from solar energy heating generator bottom, discharge from the vapour liquid separator at solar energy heating generator top, between solar thermal collector and its vapour liquid separator stalk is installed, the stalk top is a vapour liquid separator, the concentrated solution that vapour liquid separator separates connects solution heat exchanger, the steam that produces is connected to refrigerant vapour generator or condenser by pipeline, lithium-bromide solution in solar thermal collector for wait the flow path diagonal angle or etc. flow path isosceles triangle mode connect the distribution dosing; The bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe of solar energy heating generator is by the O-ring seal pad, and fixing seal is installed on the normally close valve bellows part, and the normally close valve bellows part is installed in parallel on liquid dispenser; The tubular fluid heat exchange cavity of the vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube circulation usefulness of solar energy heating generator is with vertical or horizontal layout, relative two walls of tubular fluid heat exchange cavity have two coaxial pores relative, sealing device is all arranged in two pores, and vacuum heat-pipe thermal-collecting tube release end of heat seals from beginning to end and is installed on it; Pass through the insulation material support and connection between liquid dispenser outer surface and the liquid dispenser pipeline, gap between the junction of normally close valve bellows part and bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe and liquid dispenser outer surface insulation material support is filled with thermal-insulating sealing spare, corresponding liquid dispenser assembly is formed rectangle thermal-arrest frame by at least two limit muscle that are parallel to the bilateral vacuum heat collection pipe, rectangle thermal-arrest frame is fixedlyed connected with liquid dispenser assembly diagonal angle by the rigid support muscle, form the stiff rectangular heat collecting module, the liquid dispenser assembly is provided with the liquid in-out mouth of at least one pair of; The liquid dispenser assembly is provided with the control draining valve, and the thermal siphon stalk supports filling by insulation material at least two logical anticorrosion bearing pipes that certain altitude is arranged between thermal siphon stalk outer surface and the anticorrosion bearing pipe of thermal siphon stalk.
3, solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: heat energy generator is a fuel oil, combustion vapour generator or steam generator, be connected with the thermal siphon stalk on the heat energy generator, thermal siphon stalk top is equipped with vapour liquid separator, the dense lithium-bromide solution of the isolated high temperature of separator connects the pyrosol interchanger, the steam that heat energy generator produces is as the thermal source of refrigerant vapour generator, and the terminal fluid pressure between fluid pressure that the vapour liquid separator setting height(from bottom) on the refrigerant vapour generator thermal siphon stalk produces and the vapour liquid separator on the heat energy generator keeps balance; Between generator and solution heat exchanger, be in series with the flue gas heater of boiler exhaust gas heating or the condensed water heater of heating steam heat release condensation; The heat that generator and absorber need discharge imports by heat-carrying agent in the heat exchanger of the thermal siphon self-circulating water vaporising device in the seawater desalination system.
4, solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: refrigerant vapour generator and other generator are installed in parallel on the pipeline after solution heat exchanger, be connected with the thermal siphon stalk on the refrigerant vapour generator, thermal siphon stalk top is equipped with vapour liquid separator; The condensate draining pipe of refrigerant vapour generator imports condenser by U-shaped pipe pressure balancer, on the heating steam condensate draining pipe road of refrigerant vapour generator or serial connection condensed water heat exchanger, on the blow-off line of vapour liquid separator or the serial connection vapor heat exchanger.
5, solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser is shell-and-tube or board-like or finned pipe type, plate-fin or spiral heat exchanger various ways, and seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser is arranged on the evaporimeter; Seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser places the bottom of seawater thermal siphon self-loopa cooling well, the bottom of well is connected with the sea by pipeline, the top of well is connected with seawater by pipeline, and seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser delivery port can float on the sea by the water float; Seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser can be two-way serial or parallel connection formula, and wherein one the tunnel can be used for heat hot water; The employed cooling device of its release end of heat can be the thermal siphon water-cooling apparatus.
6, solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: evaporimeter can be shell-and-tube, or it is board-like, or finned pipe type, plate-fin or spiral heat exchanger various ways, water as refrigerant can spray in outer surface or inner surface and make its evaporation heat absorption, evaporimeter is installed under the condenser, the spray water-distributing device is mounted thereon, evaporimeter is connected with the terminal air heat exchanger, the terminal air heat exchanger that air-conditioning convection current Natural Circulation is inhaled the heat release system is installed under the evaporimeter, and the terminal air heat exchanger is equipped with condensed water collecting device.
7, solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: absorber is shell-and-tube or finned pipe type, plate-fin or spiral heat exchanger various ways; Bromize lithium concentrated solution can spray in its outer surface or inner surface and make it absorb steam, and the employed cooling device of its release end of heat can be the thermal siphon water-cooling apparatus.
8, solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: solution heat exchanger is shell-and-tube or board-like or finned pipe type, plate-fin or spiral heat exchanger various ways, and it is arranged under the absorber.
9, solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: seawater desalination system is the bottom that the cartridge element of the condenser cartridge element of air-conditioning and absorber is placed closed container, the absorber cartridge element is following, the condenser cartridge element is on the absorber cartridge element, seawater feeds from the cartridge element bottom of absorber, cartridge element by absorber, the cartridge element heating of condenser, the vapour liquid separator that arrives container top along tedge is discharged, the seawater of steam bleeding enters the water inlet of the cartridge element of absorber by the backflow of decline pipeline, constitute thermal siphon convection current Natural Circulation, be mounted with float on the container and control automatic incondensable gas tapping equipment, the bottom of container is equipped with the inverted U pipe drainage arrangement of valve control, the moisturizing of container by the pipeline that has ball-cock assembly control that places container top mend into, the feedwater that float valve is controlled is in the state that certain pressure is arranged all the time, the top of container is connected with blow-off line, pipeline is connected in the container of built-in heat exchanger, feedwater is by the floating control water-supply valve in the pipeline connection container, steam, the condensed water mixture inserts in the seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser, seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser places in the container, refrigerated sea water feeds from the bottom of seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser, enter seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser by filter, the water of seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser heating is discharged into water surface top layer by thermal siphon, the top layer of thermal siphon can be equipped with the float drainage arrangement, the float drainage arrangement is connected with the moisturizing water source of feed pipe as distilling apparatus, seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser bottom is mounted with water storage box, is mounted with water pump in the water storage box; Seawater thermal siphon self-circulation cold cooler condenser is a static good antiscale property heat exchanger.
10, solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air sea water desalinating unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the solar energy lithium bromide absorbing central air can be pump circulation air-conditioning, also can be no pump convection current Natural Circulation air-conditioning, air-conditioning can be by the solar energy heating generator, heat energy generator, the refrigerant vapour generator heats generation simultaneously, can take place by heat energy generator and refrigerant vapour generator, can take place separately by the solar energy heating generator, can take place and the generation of refrigerant vapour generator by the solar energy heating generator, wherein not having pump convection current Natural Circulation air-conditioning arranges for three-dimensional, wherein, solar energy heating generator and heat energy generator are in the package unit bottom, cooling device is installed on the condenser, condenser can be two road serial or parallel connections, and wherein one the tunnel is hot water heat exchanger.
CNB031100619A 2003-04-15 2003-04-15 Solar energy heat energy lithium bromide absorption type central air conditioner with seawater desalination device Expired - Fee Related CN100494818C (en)

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