CN100491668C - 地板块 - Google Patents

地板块 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100491668C
CN100491668C CNB200610090323XA CN200610090323A CN100491668C CN 100491668 C CN100491668 C CN 100491668C CN B200610090323X A CNB200610090323X A CN B200610090323XA CN 200610090323 A CN200610090323 A CN 200610090323A CN 100491668 C CN100491668 C CN 100491668C
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floorboard
floorboards
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upper
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CN101016797A (zh
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斯蒂芬·S·G·莫里奥
贝马德·P·J·梯也尔
马克·G·M·卡佩勒
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尤尼林管理私营公司
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02038Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements characterised by tongue and groove connections between neighbouring flooring elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27FDOVETAILED WORK; TENONS; SLOTTING MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES
    • B27F1/00Dovetailed work; Tenons; Making tongues or grooves; Groove- and- tongue jointed work; Finger- joints
    • B27F1/02Making tongues or grooves, of indefinite length
    • B27F1/06Making tongues or grooves, of indefinite length simultaneously along opposite edges of a board
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/04Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of flooring elements, e.g. parqueting blocks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02011Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips with joint fillings integrated in the flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02016Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips with sealing elements between flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/10Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements of other materials, e.g. fibrous or chipped materials, organic plastics, magnesite tiles, hardboard, or with a top layer of other materials
    • E04F15/107Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements of other materials, e.g. fibrous or chipped materials, organic plastics, magnesite tiles, hardboard, or with a top layer of other materials composed of several layers, e.g. sandwich panels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/0004Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship
    • F16B5/0008Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edge
    • F16B5/0012Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edge a tongue on the edge of one sheet, plate or panel co-operating with a groove in the edge of another sheet, plate or panel
    • F16B5/0016Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edge a tongue on the edge of one sheet, plate or panel co-operating with a groove in the edge of another sheet, plate or panel with snap action
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/0004Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship
    • F16B5/008Joining sheets, plates or panels in abutting relationship by a rotating or sliding and rotating movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02033Joints with beveled or recessed upper edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • E04F2201/0115Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0138Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane
    • E04F2201/0146Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • E04F2201/0161Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/023Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with a continuous tongue or groove
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/026Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with rabbets, e.g. being stepped
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/16Two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/163Next to unitary web or sheet of equal or greater extent
    • Y10T428/164Continuous two dimensionally sectional layer
    • Y10T428/167Cellulosic sections [e.g., parquet floor, etc.]

Abstract

本发明提供了一种由地板块(1)作成的地板,所述地板块(1)至少在两个相对边(2,3;26,27)的边缘上提供有相互啮合的连接部分(4,5;28,29),基本上是一舌状物(9,31)和一槽(10,32)的形式,其特征为连接部分(4,5;28,29)具有防止两个啮合地板块沿一方向(R)分离开的结合式的机械锁定装置(6),所述方向(R)与相应的边(2,3;26,27)相垂直,并与啮合地板块(1)的底边(7)平行。

Description

地板块

本申请是申请日为1997年6月7日,申请号为02123006.4 (其分案 申请的申请号为200410057586.1名称为"由硬;kk^块构成的i^以及制 itil种^L块的方法")的发明专利申请的分案申请。

技术领域

本发明涉及一种^b违的i^块。在第一个实施例中,4^发明适用于 所谓的层状;^,但通常也可以适用于由硬;MM1块构成其它形式的地 板,如滚面地板,预制^UMk^SL,或其它的可以与层^k^目比的i^ 块。

背景技术

众所周知,这样的地;tl块可以有多种布置方式。 第一种可能的方式是将^SL块连接在支撑^1上,用粘结剂粘在一 起,或用钉子将它们钉在,。这种技术的缺点是相当复杂,而且只有

通过损:^k^块才能进行顺序的变化。

第二种可能的方式是将i^块爭;^t^安装在地面上,地^^块之间利 用由舌状物和槽组成的连接部分^bNl互结合,通常也用粘结剂在舌状 物和槽的部位上将它们粘结起来。以此方式得到的^1,也称作铰接式 ^«1,它的优点是安装方《更,整个M^面可以移动,i^J"接J^ 板可能产生的膨»收缩是大有益处的。

上述型式iiMl的缺点最主要的是,如i(Ml块被术iH^地安装在地面 上,则在i^的膨胀和连续的收缩期间,^L块本身会分离开,因为, 例如。如果粘结剂连"^;ML损坏,则会形成不希望出现的连接点。

为了改善这-^陷,已针对连接元件进行了 一定的研究,在单个的 ^SL块之间,提供由金属制成的连接元件,以保持它们连接在^。然目当贵,而且它们的准备和安装^U艮浪费时间。

寸吏用这样的金属连接元件的实施例在文件W094/26999和 WO93/13280中有所描述。

而且从文件W094/1628、 W096/27719和W096/27721中还可 以看到连接部^f吏i^块咬合在一^的情况,这些实施例形式中的相互 咬合不能百^^之百地/^iiB^块之间不产生间隙,特别是,由于为了保 "^目互咬合的可能性,必须提供精确限定的活动空间。

从GB424.057中可以看出,可以作出^MUlMSL块的连接部分,但 考虑到连接部分的特性,仅适用于大型的木制镶木地板。

在文件GB2.117.813、 GB2.256.023和DE3.544.845中也描述了板 块的连接部分。然而,这些连接部分不适用于连接^1块。

发明内容

本发明的一个目的A^:供一种^的^l块,用于形成^M1, 所i^SL块具有有限的WSU^f度(F),其厚度范围为5 mm至15

mm;

所述地板块进一步由选自中密度纤维板(MDF)和高密度纤维板 (HDF)的所述中心部分材料组成;

所iB^块至少在两个相对的边的边缘上设置有连接部分,所i^ 接部分"上为舌状物和槽的形式,所述槽由上部凸出部分(22, 42) 和下部凸出部分界定,从而这些连接部分使两个这样的AM1块(1)能够 彼此连接;

其特4iE^于,所述下部凸出部分延伸超出所iiJi部凸出部分,从而,

所述下部凸出部分包括位于所iCJi部凸出部分下面的部分、以;sj^f申超

出所iiJi部凸出部分的部分;

所i^接部分没置有务体的积^l锁定装置,防止两个连接的«1块 在垂直于相对的边并平行于所i^接的^l块的底边的方向上移动分离;

所述锁定装置包括在所述下部凸出部分中的凹槽、以及在所述舌状 物的下部边上的突出物,从而,在两个这样的W1块连接状态下,所述 «^块中的一个的突出物能够与另 一个所iii^块的凹槽相配合;

用选自中密度纤維板(MDF)和高密度纤舉tl (HDF)的中心部分

材料M形成所^接部分;^斤述锁定元件;

所述凹槽一部分处于所述下部凸出部分的位于所iLh部凸出部分下 面的所述部分中, 一部分处于这个下部凸出部分的超出所iiJi部凸出部 分的所述部分中。

而且,根据本发明的地板块还可以具有多个附加的特征,更具体 地,这些的本块可以具有下列特征中的一个或多个:

-所iii^块为包,脂浸渍的装饰层的层^U1类型;

-在所iiJWL块的平面内测量,所iOi部凸出部分延伸超出所述下 部凸出部分的可能长度(E)小于所ii^块的厚度(F)的一倍,因而 总是小于15 mm;

-所述锁定元件包M水平活动锁定表面作用的接触表面分别位于 所述舌状物以及所述槽上,相互配合将两个这样的i^块连接,其中, 设置在所述槽上的所述接触表面位于延伸超过所迷上部凸出部分的所述 下部凸出部分的所述部分上;

-所^接部分和所述锁定装置能够使两个这样的^1块以不能活 动的方式连接;

-所述地板块包括所述中密度纤维板(MDF)或高密度纤维板

(HDF)的单块中心部分;

-在两个这样的^1块的连接状态下,它们确定了其中所i^i^块

(1)以它们的上部ii^目互配合的一个垂直平面,其中所述上部凸出部分 的下部边以及所述舌状物的上部边提供相应的平坦接触表面,在两个这 样的相互配合的Ak^块连接的状态下,由所述g5合的平坦接触表面面;

-在所述槽的入口处,所iiJi部凸出部^i殳置有斜面; -所述凹槽具有向内倾斜的边,所述ii^所述凹槽的底部朝向所iiiik^ 块的内ii^/f申,所述向内倾斜的#所述向内的方向上是由所述槽的底部邻 接的,所i^部l^水平或至少斜度通常小于所述凹槽的所述向内倾斜的边; -所述舌状物的下部边具有一曲率;

过转动一块i^块^v到另 一块iiMl块中而可以连4^在4。

本发明的目的是^l供一种上述类型的改进的g,其中的i^块可以一

种优化的方式彼此结合,和/或i^块可以一种平滑的方式加工出来,以此

最好可以排除上述的一个或多个缺陷。

根据本发明允许W1块在一起移动的咬合连接可以用MDF/HDF中心

部分制成一体,换言之,用中密度纤维板或高密度纤,制成,这个亊实提

供了优点, 一方面这样的«^块可以一种优化的方式连接,这样的咬合连接

当与其它优选的特征组合时提供有益的可能性。

另一方面,本发明的AM1块可以一种很有竟争力的方式制造。

而且,##本发明,上述的i^可以具有多个附加的特征,如详细描述

的。更具体地,这些iiMl可以具有下列特征中的一个或多个:

-连接部分^1供了一互相锁定,4吏i^块在与前述边^L垂直的平面内的所

有方向上不能活动;

-下部凸出部分的厚度比上部凸出部分小;-下部凸出部分比上部凸出部分更易弯曲;

-锁定装置基本上包括一个^L在舌状物的下边的、凸起形式的锁定 元件,以及一个在界定槽的下边的凸出部分上形成的凹槽形式的锁定元

件;

一所迷的凸起具有一个沿所迷舌状物的下表面延伸相当 一段长度 的基面;

-下部凸出部分伸出上部凸出部分以外,提供锁定效果的凹槽,具 体地讲接触表面设置于至少部分地超出上部凸出部分的外端处;

-销定装置由销定元件构成,销定元件完^t直于下部凸出部分的 伸出上部凸出部分的部分上,以^t锁定元件啮合的最低点定位于携带着 舌状物的g块的顶层的下方处;

-位于上部凸由部分以外的下部凸出部分的部分完全位于上部凸 出部分的下边所限定的水平面的下方;

-所迷的下部凸出部分的部分完全位于AMl块的中心钱的下方;

-下部凸出部分伸出上部凸出部分的距离小于地板块的总厚度的

一倍;

-界定橫的下边的凸出部分能萍^fc弯曲;

—下部凸出都分的厚度从凹槽的乘深点向橫的最内点逐渐増加;

-界定橫的下边的下部凸出部分具有一个接触表面,该接触表面向

内倾斜;

-在下部凸出部分处的接触表面与在舌状物的下边的接触表面配 合,两个接触表面均是倾斜的;

-两个揍触表面都是倾斜的并具有相应的斜度;

—下部凸出部分具有倾斜的铺定部分,该傾斜的销定部分以这样一 种方式延伸,使得到iiJ4^块上部必象的距离在从下向上的方向减小;

-销定装里配设有锁定元件,该销定元件以这样一种方式实现,使 得由所述的镇定元件的接触表面限定的切线与地板块的下边形成一个 角,该角不等于90。;

-切线与iMl块的下边形成的角度是30°-70e;-每个^块的总厚度大于或等于Smm;

-锁定装置包括一个在界定榜的下边的下部凸出郜分上的凹槽,以 及在舌状浙的下边的一个凸起,上迷凸起的下表面由至少两个部分界

定,分别是一个用于提供铺定效果具有较大斜率的部分和一个使连接部 分更容易啮合的具有较小斜芈的部分; -舌状物的下边具有一个曲牟;

—在下部凸出部分,换玄之界定橫的下边的凸出都分的上il^有一 个曲率,当转动两个Afe^块互相iitX时该曲率枸成导向;

-在被沐橫向相对地啮合的地板块的所有的边之间设有灰尘腔室 或类似装置;

-在啮合方向,在两个连接的地板块之间仅存在一个重要的接触 点,其由位于J4^块顶部的一部分构成;

-所^fcl块具有接触表面,具体地讲是邻接表面,其由舌状物的 上边和橫的上边构成,其在它们的长庋的很大一部分上平行于由地板块 限定的平面;

-界定橫钓上边的上部凸出部分的下边具有一个腔室;

-锁3Mt里包括位于统ii^块的上逸緣的半径上的接触表面,这些

半径之间的差为零或不大于2mni;

-锁定装置、更具体地讲下部凸出部分的上边和/或舌状物的下边 具有一个部分,该部分具有主要带有一个半径的曲率,所迷曲率有一个 中心,该中,"位于以3m迈的半径绕有关的地板块的上边ML?1神的圃环

内;

-上部凸出部分的上边与M块的上表面处在同 一平面内; -舌状物和槽使地板块可以通过统A^L块的上边缘的转动而连接, 以此,在转动^中,舌状物能自由地滑i^t内;

-ifefeL块有短边和长边,锁定装置包^^接触表面,接触表面在短边 的斜皮比在长边大;

-地板块被制造成层压M,因此,在中心郜分上设置一层或多层,

其中一个装饰层构成所迷的装饰表面,在下边设一底层;- :Mfe^块具有木基的中心部分,包括^L木制品,^L木制品与粘

结剂一^a成单一組分和/成由带细切屑的切屑板制成;

-地板块的木基中心部分&括离密庋纤堆板成中密度纤堆板,因此

连接都分和锇定装里用这种板构成;

一连接部分在它们的表面,换t^^L块的边缘处用 一种表面致

密介质、特别是一种表面硬化介质处理;

-M块不用胶而被连接,以便可以被拆卸重复使用;

-连接部分和镇定装皇由被挽出轮廊的边,成,该边緣沿脉块

的相关边的全长连续地延伸;

-连接部分和锁定装置被构成使得它们使两个地板块至少通过转

动或至少通J44t此相对杏动而接合在一起;

-连接装置,包括铺定装置JM^上用中,"部^t制成一体; -所述连接装置,包括锁定装置由铣出的轮廊构成; -M块是矩形,具有长边和短边,连接装置,包括^(定装置M

少WUiMJL块的银边上;

-铺定装jt包括一个在界定橫的下边的凸出部分上的凹槽,以及一

个在AM^下M的凸起,舌状物和橫具有一个形状,以致在两个J^

块的连痴R态在凸起和凹槽的那些逸之间存在一个腔室,凸起和凹槽位

于其上形成有接触面的边的相对倒;

-铺定装Jt包括一界定槽的下边的凸出部分上的曰槽,以及一个在

g块的下边处的凸起,在所迷凸起和所迷下部凸出部分的一部分之间

有一个空间,具"fl^讲在所迷凸起的下面,需要时该空间使凸起能进一

步穿入凹槽内;

-^WL块&括提供^一起的效果的邻^J:置; -A^Ubt矩形,在所有四个边上,*#讲两两成对,它们设有连 接部分,连接部分提供在水平;jr向和竖直方向的销定;

-在一对逸緣处的连接部分和镇定装置具有与在另 一对逸珠处的

连,部^销定装里相同的特扭;

- J^^块以及更具体地下部凸出部分,即界定槽的下边的凸出部分没有附加的元件,且结构上仅由地板块自身的板制成;

-下部分凸出部分的下边与地板块的下边共面。

由于在一优选实施例中提供内部锁定的连接部分不能活动,而且这 些连接部分与地板块的主要材料制成一体,因而总可以保证在相邻的地 板块之间存在良好的连接,即使是在地板表面反复膨胀和收缩的情况 下。

在要求保护的实施例中,要求保护的连接部分设在至少一个边缘 上,在一个优选的方案中,以此地板块包括纵长的元件,这些连接部分 将沿这些地板块的纵向边施加。

根据本发明的一个特殊实施形式,连接部分也提供在其它的两边 上,可以是另一种结构或不是。

在一个优选的实施例中的本发明地板块采用的主要材料包括上述 材料的事实提供出了本发明的优点,即此材料的加工可以得到非常光滑 的表面,由此可以实现非常精确的配合,在第一个例子中,这一点对于 不能活动的相互咬合连接和/或转动连接是很重要的。而且因为上述种类 的材料的加工特别容易进行,所以很特别的连接部分形式也可以用一非 常简单的方式加工出。

用高密度纤维板(HDF)和中密度纤维板(MDF)得到的表面也 具有优点,即地板块在内部锁定条件下彼此可以流畅地并排移动,即使 是在以一压力结合的情况下。

发明者发现上述材料,特别是HDF和MDF,显示出理想的特性, 因为这些材料显示出有利于弹性变形的特性,便于实现连接。由于一方 面可实现一相互咬合连接效果,而另一方面,可以弹性地接受膨胀和收 缩力,由此可以避免地板块断开或不可<务复地损坏。

地板最好不用粘结剂将地板块粘结在一起而构成,这样的连接特性 可使得地板块被拆卸卡来,而不致于损坏。例如,需要移动时,可以将 它们取下,以便重新安装。然而,显然不排除在舌状和槽之间使用粘结 剂。

从详细的说明中,将更清楚地了解优选实施例的其它特征。当然,本发明也涉及用来构成上述地板的地板块。

在生产时,所述舌状物和/或槽由一个铣削工序加工制成,所述铣 削工序至少有两个连续的铣削循环,利用位于与相应的地板块成不同角 度位置上的铣刀来完成此工序。在每一个上述的铣削循环过程中,无论 是所述舌状物还是所述槽,每一次都能基本上完成一个侧面的最终形 状。

对于上述的两个铣削循环,所用的铣刀分别在所述槽和舌状物的外

部延伸,特别是这些铣刀的直径至少比所述地板块的厚度大5倍,甚至 大20倍更好。

具有上述直径的铣刀的使用具有一个优势,即可以得到正常的生产 速度,对传统的直的舌状物和槽的铣削也适用,还有一个优势就是这样 的铣刀的安装仅需要很少或不需要附加费用,因为这样的铣刀可以直接 安置在一个电机轴上和/或可以使用常用的机器设备。

附图说明

为了更好地显示本发明的特性,下面将参照附图描述本发明的几个 非限定的实施倒,附图包括:

图l示出了 一个本发明地板的地板块;

图2是沿图1中II-II线所作的横断面的放大视图;

图3和图4示出了具有图2所示的连接部分的两个地板块如何配合 在一起;

图5是沿困1中V-V线所作的横断面的放大视图;

图6和图7示出了具有图5所示的连接部分的两个地板块如何配合 在一起;

图8至图11示出了本发明地板块的连接部分的几种不同的形式; 图12示出了如何为地板提供连接部分; 图13示出了沿图12中XIII-XIII线所作的橫断面; 图14至图21以放大的横断面的形式,示出了图12中用箭头F14 至F21表示的铣刀的进入;图22示出了 一个本发明的地板块;

图23以放大的形式,示出了两个图22的地板块的配合; 图24和图25示出了图22所示地板块相互配合的两种方式。

具体实施方式

本发明涉及一种地板,该地板由如图l中所示的硬的地板块l组成。 这些地板块l可以是各种形状的,例如矩形、方形,或其它的形状。 在实施例的最佳形式中,它们被加工成细长形,例如,如图l中所

示,长度为1至2米,厚度也可以变化,但最好为0.5至1.5cm,并且

0.8cm更好。

每一个地板块1至少在其两个相对边2, 3的边缘部具有连接部分4, 5,以4吏两个相邻地板块1可以相互配合在一起。

如图2至图4中所示,本发明的连接部分4, 5提供有结合式机械 锁定部分6,该机械锁定部分6可以防止两个配合地板块在垂直于各自的 边2, 3并平行于配合地。板块1的底边7的D方向上的分离;连接部分4, 5和机械锁定部分6与地板块1的中心部分8作成一体;连接部分4, 5 的形状使其能与下一个地板块l通过咬合和/或旋转唯一地相互嵌入,由 此每一个地板块1都可以从侧面^皮插入到上一个地板块中;连接部分4,定。

在地板块l具有细长形状的情形下,如图1中所示,其备自的连接 部分4, 5位于纵向的边2, 3上。

虽然连接部分4, 5的基本形式一般是由一舌状物9和一槽10构成, 但是连接部分4, 5可以是各种形式。

在图2至图4所示的实施例中,其中的地板块1具有连接部分4, 5 和机械锁定装置6,使得两个地板块l可以借助旋转运动互啮合,而无 需其它的咬合运动。

在所示的实施例中,机械锁定装置6包括一个第一锁定元件11和 一个第二锁定元件13,其中第一锁定元11由在舌状物9的底边12处的弯曲的圆形突出物组成,而第二锁定元件13由在槽10的底部壁面14 处的一个弯曲凹形槽构成。

锁定元件11 、 13使得两个相互配合的地板块1不会在其间的水平 平面内产生横向运动。

为了使两个地板块l可以借助于转动方式相互插入,弯曲部分最好 是圓形的。底边12的弯曲部分的半径为R1,其中心位于地板块l的上 边15上,而底部壁面14的弯曲部分的半径R2等于半径R1,但其中心 位于相应的上边16上。半径R1和R2也可以大于或小于距各自的上边 15、 16的5巨离,和/或其尺寸可以不同。

舌状物9的上边17和槽10的上壁面18最好是平的,而且最好位 于水平面内。

两个内部锁定地板块l的舌状物9和槽10的前边19和20的相互 配合最好不是很紧密,以便在其间留有一间隙21,该间隙21使得其间 的灰尘或其它残物可以被舌状物9推出。

舌状物9和槽10最好具有相互补的形状,以l更在两个地板块l相 配合情形下的舌状物9精确地靠在槽10的上壁面18和下壁面14上, 借此施加在上凸部分22上的一个压力P不仅由此凸出部分22承担,而 是由整个结构承担,因为此压力可以通过舌状物9和下凸出部分23传 递。

显然这些互补形式之间会有多个较小的偏差出现,但这些小偏差对 压力的接收和传递几乎没有影响。例如,如图2至4所示,可以提供一 个斜面24和一个槽25,使下一块地板块可以^艮容易地净皮推入与其相邻 的上一块内,这样就不会出现隆起,给插入带来困难。

如图5-7中所示,本发明地板块1也可以沿与边2,3成直角的边26, 27提供带有锁定装置30的连接部分28, 29。连接部分28, 29也最好 具有一个舌形物31。和一个槽32,因此锁定装置30不必具有与机械锁定 装置6相同的特性。

最好在边26, 27仅通过平移运动T使锁定装置实现啮合和内部锁 定,如图6和7中所示。为达到此目的,锁定装置30包括一个咬合连接,锁定元件33和34在后部相互咬合。

如图5至7所示,锁定元件33最好包括舌状物31的下边的一个凸 起部分,嵌入在槽32的下壁面内的凹槽36内。锁定元件34由限定凹 槽36的指向上方的部分组成。

在此情形下,锁定元件33, 34有接触平面38, 39,接触平面38, 39相互平行,并最好根据一简化相互咬合的方向,沿一倾斜方向延伸。 由接触平面38, 39确定的切线L因此而与底边7形成一小于90。的角度 A。

锁定元件33, 34最好具有倾斜部分40和41,当两个地板块l相配 合时,倾斜部分40和41的相互作用4吏锁定元件33, 34可以^艮容易被推 入,直到它们在后面借助相互咬合作用紧密结合在一起。

舌状物31的厚度Wl最好等于槽32的宽度W,以便当承受一压力 P时,上部凸出部分42由舌状物31支撑,而舌状物31又由下部凸出部分 43支撑。

与斜面24和槽25类似,在端部28, 29上也提供一个槽44和一个 斜面45。

值得注意的是,这样的相互咬合式配合也可以用在端部2, 3上,从 而得到与图5至图7中所示的类似的一个相互咬合式配合,也可以应用在 其它形式的配合部件上得到一种相互咬合式配合,例如,如图8和图9中 所示。与具有局部凸起部分的锁定元件33, 34相反,在图8和图9所示的 实施例形式中,所用的锁定元件46, 47相对于配合的整个宽度8向外延伸 了相当大的距离。

在此情形下,锁定元件46, 47也提供在舌状物9的下部边12和槽 10的下部壁面14上。

如困8所示,锁定元件46, 47的接触表面48, 49与地板块1的平面 成一定角度。由此,所得到的配合是以一特别稳固的方式达到的内部锁定。

如围9中所示,锁定元件46, 47之间的接触可能基本上仅是一个 线性接触。因为彼此相对的接触表面具有不同的曲率。锁定元件46, 47的彼此相对的表面由弯曲表面组成。其切线L所 形成的角度A小于9(T,更好的甚至小于70°。

因此,锁定元件46最好包括具有不同曲率的两个部分, 一方面, 部分50具有较大的曲率,另一方面,部分51具有一较小曲率。具有较 大曲率的部分50提供一紧密配合,而具有较小曲率的部分51可以使连 接部分4, 5很容易地彼此进入。中间空隙S形成了一个腔室,为两块 地板块l相啮合时可能进入的灰尘及类似物提供了空间。

在相互咬合式连接情形中,例如,如图7至9中所示的一个连接, 最好舌状物9, 31的形状向下逐渐加厚,可与槽IO中的一个加宽的部 分相配合。

图IO中给出了一种变形,其中至少在上部边15, 16的高度上, 提供了一种密封材料52,从而可以保证防水密封。这种密封材料52可 以是预先提供在地板块l上的带或覆盖物,在上部边15, 16的其中之一 上或两个上。

图ll中给出了另一个变化形式,其中机械锁定装置6在舌状物9 上有一个指向上的部分53,该部分53在一转动之后,将位于上部壁面 18上的指向下的部分54的前面。特别是,上部边17和上部壁面18具 有一曲率R3,其中心位于边15, 16上,下部边12和下部壁面14具有 一曲率R4,其中心也位于上部边15, 16上,这些使得这一转动得以实现。 这些半径R3, R4也可以另外选择。

根据本发明。通常两者之间的差值, 一方面,是半径Rl、 R3,另 一方面,是半4圣R2、 R4,最好不应该大于2mm。

这些半径的中心最好也分别位于圆形C1、 C2的内部,该圓形以一 3mm的半径R5延伸,分别围绕上部边15、 16,例如,如图2中所示。

最后需指出的是,根据本发明,如图2至7所示,下部凸出部分 23, 43可以比上部凸出部分22, 42长一些。这有一个优势,即连接部 分4, 5, 28, 29可以一较容易的方式借助于铣刀等加工成。而且,这简 化了两块地板块l的啮合,因为每下一个地板块1在安装期间可以M 置在突出的下部凸出部分23, 43上,因为舌状物9, 31和槽10, 32自动地布置在彼jtb的前面

地板的端部没有突出的凸出部分23存在,这些凸出部分在修整中可能 会带来麻烦。

为了安装平滑,保证必要的稳定性和密封性并限定需切割的材料的 量,上部凸出部分22, 42和下部凸出部分23, 43之间的差值E,在地 板块的平面内并垂直于槽10的纵向方向上测量,最好应该保持小于地 板块l的总厚度F的一倍。为稳定性起见,该总厚度F通常不小于5mm。

差值E的小尺寸的优势是下部凸出部分不必用一个加强带或类似 物来加强。

根据本发明实施例的一个特殊形式,通过舌状物9和槽IO的中心 线Ml的位置要^f氐于地板块l的中心M2,这样上部凸出部分22, 42 的厚度要大于下部凸出部分23, 43的厚度。在第一个实施例中,这种连 接方式是很重要的,因为此时是下部凸出部分23, 43弯曲,借此地板块 l的上部边就可能避免损坏。

由于前面所描述的原因,在第一个实施例中,本发明最好用在层状 地板上。

如图2至11中所示的实施例,这样的层状地板最好包括一个由 MDF板、HDF板或类似物制成的中心部分8,其中至少在此中心部分8 的上部边上提供一层或多层材料。

特别是,最好层状地板具有一装饰层55和一保护顶层56。装饰层 55是一层,由树脂浸渍,例如用纸制成,用各种模型刻出各样的痕迹, 如一个木制模型, 一个石头、软木或类似物形式的模型,或甚至一个想 象的模型。保护顶层56也最好包括由树脂浸渍的一层,例如三聚酰胺 树脂,由一种透明的材料制成。

显然,还可以铺设其它层,如在装饰层55的下面铺设中间层57。

最好,在底边7上也铺i更一底层58,以与顶层相配重,进而保证 地板块l的稳定性,此底层58可以包括一种材料,例如纸,由树脂浸 渍,例如一种三聚酰胺树脂。如图12中简要示出的,舌状物9和槽10,最好也包括舌状物31 和槽32,是借助于铣削过程加工成的。在此情形中,在所有的四个面上 都要加工出轮廊,地板块l最好应该借助于两个垂直运动VI和V2产 生位移,在第一个运动期间,两个相对边的轮廓被加工成,其中纵向边 利用铣削装置59, 60,而在笫二个运动期间,其它边的轮廓被加工成, 其中的较小边利用铣削装置61, 62 。在此过程中,地板块l最好带有 指向下的装饰层。

根据本发明的一个重要特性,每一个舌状物9, 31和槽10, 32都 经由一铣削工序加工完成,谈铣削工序具有至少两个连续的铣削循环, 利用在相对于相应的地板块1成不同角度的位置上放置的铣刀完成此 工序。

图13、 14和15中示出了上述工序,其中示出了槽10是怎样利用 两个铣刀63和64,经由两个铣削循环被加工成的。图16和图17示出 了舌状物9是怎样利用两个铣刀65和663f皮加工完成的。

图18-19和20-21给出了相似的视图,示出了槽32和舌状物31是 如何利用放置在一定角度的铣刀67, 68和69, 70被加工成的。

在前述的每一个铣削循环期间,基本上每一次都能完成一个侧面的 最终形状,例如,图14中的铣刀63确定了槽IO的下部侧面71最终形 状,而铣刀64确定了上部侧面72的最终形状。

如前所述,最好所用的铣刀63至72的直径G至少比地板块l的厚 度F大5倍,甚至大20倍更好。

除了上述的铣刀之外,最好还使用其它的铣刀,例如,为了去除在 第一个预加工循环中已被去掉的材料的一部分。

在图22至25中,示出了本发明地板块的实施例的一个特别的最佳 形式。其中,与前述的实施例形式中相同的部分都以相应的参考数字来 表示。

在此当中有一个重要的特性,其要点是所提供的连接部分4, 5具 有机械锁定装置6,在啮合状态下,机械锁定装置6在彼此之间一施加 压力,作为啮合地板块l相互施加压力的结果。如图所示,这最好由提供具有可弹性弯曲部分的连接部分来实现,在此情形下是凸出部分43, 在啮合状态下,至少部分地弯曲,以此方式所产生的应力用于使啮合 的地板块互相施加压力。由此而产生的变形V和从中所得到的应力K在 图23中以 一放大的形式表示出。

为了使应力K导致所啮合的地板块1相互挤压,弯曲部分,在此 情形下是凸出部分43,最好具有一向内倾斜的接触表面73,能与一个 相应的接触表面74相配合,如图所示。这些接触表面73, 74与前述的 接触表面39, 38相似,而且也与图2至4中的下部凸出部分的倾斜部分 相似。

在图2和图5中,所述部分形成互补配合的形状,显然,通过修改 也可以产生与图23中类似的应力效应。

由于, 一方面,在角度A下接触,而另一方面,产生了一个应力 K,因此在地板块l相互拉开时,有一个分力K1产生。

最好接触表面73, 74相对于水平面的角度A介于30和70度之间。 在采用此情形的第一个实施例中,被施加了一个应力K, 30至70度的 角度A是理想适用的,这样一方面能够在地板块l之间产生优化的挤压 效果,另一方面还能够使地板堤l之间容易安装和拆卸。

虽然挤压力Kl由上述的凸出部分43传递,但是本发明不排除该 力由其它的可弯曲部分传递的实施例形式。

值得注意的是,变形量V是相对很小的,例如,百分之几到十分 之几毫米,对地板的布置不会产生影响。而且这样的地板通常被放置在 一底基层的上面,而这个底基层是可以弹性压缩的,凸出部分43的变 形量V只会导致此处的底基层被压缩得稍微多一点。

由于凸出部分43向外弯曲,而且在啮合位置时仍有些向外弯曲, 这样就产生了一个优势,当向地板上施加压力时,比如在其上放置一物 体,相互的挤压力被增强了,甚至更多地抵消了间隙的产生。

要指出的是,发明者已经发现,与所有的期待相反, 一个理想的应 力可以通过制造包括锁定元件33, 34。的连接部分4一5来得到,最好还 具有HDF板或MDF板的完整的中心部分8,虽然这些材料仅允许很小的弹性变形。

HDF和MDF的优点是可以提供光滑的表面,因为锁定元件可以 4艮容易地彼jfc移动。

根据本发明的一个变4匕形式,应力也可以利用连接部分的材料的弹 性压缩来传递,被传递到这些连接部分的端部,并且最好完整的中心部 分8由弹性可压缩材料制成。

图22至25所示实施例的另一个特征为地板块1可利用转动嵌入, 如图24中所示,也可以利用相对移动嵌入,如图25所示,最好的方式 是,在利用转动相互嵌入的过程中,在连接部分中产生一个最大的变形 量Vm,特别是在凸出部分43中,变形量Vm是;f艮少产生的,如果存在, 如图2至4中所示,与地板块l在利用相对移动嵌入时所产生的变形量 Vm谇目t匕。

该方式的优点主要是地板块l可以很容易地利用一转动被嵌入,不 必使用工具,而它还有可能利用相互移动来嵌入。在第一个实施例中, 当最后的地板块必须部分地^^t置在门框或其它类似物的下面时,后者 是很有用的。在此情形下,地板块l的不必被嵌入的那端可以被推到门 框的下面,而后,可能利用工具,将其与相邻的地板块1结合在一起。

要指出的是,图22至25中示出的连接部分4, 5的形状也可以被 用于短边的连接部分28, 29。

根据本发明,在四个边2, 31, 26, 27具有连接部分4, 5, 28, 29 的情形下,这些连接部分可以如下的方式实现,即在一个方向上的啮合 效果要强于另一个方向上的啮合效果。对于细长地板块1,例如在图1 中所示的地板块,在短边26, 27上的锁定最好应该比长边2, 3上的锁 定更牢固。短边上的配合长度比较短,原则上,牢固性差,通过提供一 个更牢固的锁定给予补偿。

这种啮合的差别可以通过构造在不同的角度下的接触表面73, 74 来得到。

上述的凸起部分,特别是锁定元件33,由至少两个部分75, 76界 定,其中部分75的斜率较大,用于锁定,而部分76的斜率较小,使连接部分的啮合更容易实现。在图22至25所示的实施例中,部分75, 76 都是由直平面构成的,但在上述的图9所示的实施例中,也可以^使用曲 面部分50, 51。在图5中,它们是接触表面38和倾斜部分40。

在本发明的最佳实施例形式中,地板块1包括连接部分4, 5和/或28, 29,显示出了下述特征中的一个,或两个或多个的组合:

-位于舌状物9的下部的一个弯曲部分77和/或位于凸出部分43 上的一个弯曲部分78在两个地板块l彼此转动进入时形成一个导向, 其优点是地板块1在安装期间可以很容易地彼此啮合;

-锁定元件33, 34边上的圓形部位79, 80使得锁定元件在地板块 1的安装和拆卸期间可以很容易地相互移动,并且锁定元件不会被损坏, 例如,其边缘被碰碎,即使在地板块被反复地安装拆卸的情况下;

-灰尘室81,或如图4中所示的间隙21,位于啮合地板块l彼此 相对的所有的橫向端面之间,它使得在啮合期间在地板块l之间形成的夹 杂物不会对啮合产生不利的影响;

-舌状物9的形状,例如斜面82的存在,使得地板块l在同一平 面内彼此相对推动时,舌状物9的上部边缘已位于上部凸出部分42的 下部边缘上,首先产生接触,如图25中所示,其优点是当地板块1在 同一平面内彼此相对推动时,舌状物9的前边缘不会对上部凸出部分42 的前边造成挤压;

- 一斜面83,上文中也称作倾斜部分41,在下部凸出部分43的自 由末端上形成,其优点是可使得锁定元件。33, 34彼此光滑移动,下部 凸出部分43均弯曲;

-在啮合方向上,仅一个重要的接触点由一部分84形成在地板块 l的顶部,其优点是上述的应力以最优的方式被。传递给地板块l的上端, 并能抵消地板块l之间的开口的产生;

-接触表面85, 86,特别是由舌状物9的上部和槽10的上部形 成的支撑表面,占其长度的绝大部分,与地板块1所确定的平面相平 行,以及由:弯曲部分77, 78形成的相互配合的接触表面,优点是可使 得在两个啮合地板块l之间,在高度方向上不会有相互的位移,即使是在舌状物9插入槽10内的插入深度由于各种原因而改变的情况下, 换言之,在相邻的地板块之间不会出现高度差。

在图22至25所示的实施例形式中,结合了所有的这些特征;但是, 显然,如在图2至11中明确示出的,这些特征也可以是单独地,或以 有限组合的方式被体现出来。

从图5至7和图22至25中可以看出,本发明实施例的最佳形式的 一个重要特征为机械锁定装置6,换言之,提供相互咬合和啮合效果的 部分,位于延伸超过上部凸出部分22, 42的下部凸出部分23, 43上, 特别是,锁定元件33的最底点87位于地板块1的顶层的下面。为表述 方<更,在图22至25中,此顶层仅以一单层表示。

要i兌明的是,特征的组合,即下部凸出部分23, 43延伸超过上部 凸出部分22, 42,所形成的机械锁定装置6至少有一个向内的朝下倾斜 的部分,并且该部分至少部分地位于延伸超过上部凸出部分22, 42的下 部凸出部分23, 43上,尤其与文件WO 9401628, WO 9426999, W09627719和W09627721所述的地板块连接部分相比较,是具有优越 性的。倾斜部分的优点是使得地板块l可以再次拆卸。该倾斜部分位于 下部凸出部分23, 43的超出延伸部分上的结构方式还具有一个优点,即 在配合期间不会有突出于顶层上的变形出现。

根据本发明的一个最佳特征,前述部分,即接触表面39或73的延 伸方式最好是距上部边缘16的距离从下向上逐渐减小,换言之,如图 22中所示,距离X2小于距离X1。图7中所示也是这样的情形。

而且,该部分最好仅从一个距上部凸出部分4 2的距离为El的位 置处开始。

显然,连接部分22, 25也可以利用所述的铣削工序加工成。 根据本发明的一个特征,地板块1的边2, 3和/或26, 27都用一种 表面致密介质,特别是一种表面硬化介质,进行处理。该介质最好从下 述的产品中选择:浸渍介质,孔隙密封介质,油漆,树脂,油,石蜡等。 在图22中,示出了这样浸渍过的部位88,可以对边2, 3和/或26, 27的所有表面都进行这样的处理,或也可以仅对限定的部位进^f亍处理,例如仅对舌状物9和槽IO的表面进行。

用表面致密介质进行处理与相互咬合作用的结合使其在多方面具 有良好的配合特性。由此连接部分4, 5和/或28, 29即使是在地板块反 复安装拆卸的情况下都能够更好地保持它们的形状和强度。特别是,当

中心部分8是由HDF、 MDF或其类似物制成的情形下,利用此处理方式, 可以得到更好的表面质量,在反复安装和拆卸过程中也不会出现材料的 擦伤、破损。

该处理还有一个优势,即经过表面硬化,上述的弹性应力效果被加 强了。

本发明不局限于实施例和附图中所描述的形式,在不偏离本发明范 围的条件下,可以制造出其它多种形式和尺寸的地板和所附属的地板块 1。

例如,所述实施例中所描述的各种特征可以相互组合或不组合。 而且,前述的配合元件的所有的实施形式可以应用在长边上,也可 以用在短边上。

Claims (11)

1. 一种地板块,用于形成地板,所述地板块(1)具有有限的地板块厚度(F),其厚度范围为5mm至15mm;所述地板块(1)由选自中密度纤维板和高密度纤维板的中心部分材料组成;所述地板块(1)至少在两个相对的边(2,3)的边缘上设置有连接部分(4,5),所述连接部分为舌状物(9,31)和槽(10,32)的形式,所述槽(10,32)由上部凸出部分(22,42)和下部凸出部分(23,43)界定,从而这些连接部分(4,5)使两个这样的地板块(1)能够彼此连接;其特征在于,所述下部凸出部分(23,43)延伸超出所述上部凸出部分(22,42),从而,所述下部凸出部分(23,43)包括位于所述上部凸出部分(22,42)下面的部分、以及延伸超出所述上部凸出部分(22,42)的部分;所述连接部分(4,5)设置有整体的机械锁定装置(6),防止两个连接的地板块(1)在垂直于相对的边(2,3)并平行于所述连接的地板块(1)的底边(7)的方向上移动分离;所述机械锁定装置(6)包括在所述下部凸出部分(23,43)中的凹槽(13,36)、以及在所述舌状物(9,31)的下部边(12,35)上的突出物(11,33),从而,在两个这样的地板块(1)连接状态下,所述地板块(1)中的一个的突出物(11,33)能够与另一个所述地板块(1)的凹槽(13,36)相配合;用选自中密度纤维板和高密度纤维板的中心部分材料整体形成所述连接部分(4,5)及所述机械锁定装置(6);所述凹槽(13,36)一部分处于所述下部凸出部分(23,43)的位于所述上部凸出部分(22,42)下面的部分中,一部分处于这个下部凸出部分(23,43)的超出所述上部凸出部分(22,42)的部分中。
2. 根据权利要求1所述的地板块,其特征在于,所述地板块(1 ) 为包括树脂浸渍的装饰层(55)的层状地板类型。
3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的地板块,其特征在于,在所述地板 块(1)的平面内并且在垂直于所述凹槽的纵轴的方向上进4亍 测量,所述上部凸出部分(22, 42)延伸超出所述下部凸出部 分(23, 43)的长度(E)小于所述地板块(1 )的厚度(F) 的一倍,因而总是小于15mm。
4. 根据权利要求1或2所述的地板块,其特征在于,所述机械锁 定装置(6)包括起水平活动锁定表面作用的接触表面(38, 39; 73, 74)分别位于所述舌习犬物(9, 31)以及所述冲曹(10, 32)上,相互配合将两个这样的地板块(1)连接,其中,设 置在所述槽(10, 32)上的所述接触表面(39, 73)位于所述 下部凸出部分(23, 43 )延伸超过所述上部凸出部分(22, 42) 的部分上。
5. 根据权利要求1或2所述的地板块,其特征在于,所述连接部 分(4, 5)和所述机械锁定装置(6)能够使两个这样的地板 块(1 )以不能活动的方式连4妄。
6. 根据权利要求1或2所述的地板块,其特征在于,所述地板块(1 )包括所述中密度纤维板和高密度纤维板的单块中心部分 (8)。
7. 根据权利要求1或2所述的地板块,其特征在于,在两个这样 的地板块(1 )连冲妄状态下,它们确定了其中所述地4反块(1 ) 以它们的上部边相互配合的一个垂直平面,其中所述上部凸出 部分(22, 42)的下部边以及所述舌状物(9, 31)的上部边 提供相应的平坦接触表面(85, 86),在两个这样的相互配合的 地板块(1 )连接的状态下,由所述配合的平坦接触表面(85, 86)限定的接触结束的位置在朝向所述槽(10, 32)的最深点 的方向上横向偏离所述垂直平面。
8. 根据权利要求1或2所述的地板块,其特征在于,在所述槽(10, 32)的入口处,所述上部凸出部分(22, 42H殳置有斜面(24, 45 )。
9. 根据权利要求1或2所述的地板块,其特征在于,所述凹槽(13, 36)具有向内倾斜的边,所述边从所述凹槽(13, 36)的底部 朝向所述地板块(1)的内边延伸,所述向内倾斜的边在所述 向内的方向上是由所述槽(10, 32)的底部邻4姿的,所述底部 是水平的或至少倾斜的程度小于所述凹槽(13, 36)的所述向 内倾斜的边的倾斜程度。
10. 根据权利要求1或2所述的地板块,其特征在于,所述舌状物(9, 31)的下部边(12, 35)具有一曲线形状。
11. 纟艮据一又利要求1或2所述的地纟反块,其特4i在于,所述连4妾部 分(4, 5 )被构造为使得两块这样的地板块(1 )通过相应的 边(2, 3 )至少通过转动一块地板块(1 )嵌入到另一块地板 块中而可以连4妻在一起。
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CNB2006100903189A CN100540820C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 用于构成地板的地板块
CN2006100903314A CN1880702B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNA2006100999177A CN1932203A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNA2006100999143A CN1928295A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CN2006100999209A CN1932204B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2006100903210A CN100453759C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CNA2006100999158A CN1928296A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2004100575861A CN100406666C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNA2006100999162A CN1928297A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB021230064A CN1195141C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2006100999228A CN100543253C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CNB200610090323XA CN100491668C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CN200610090478A CN100580204C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CN2011100020552A CN102051973B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 用于形成地板的硬地板块
CN200610090334.8A CN1880703B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 用于构成地板的硬的地板块
CNB2006100999247A CN100526579C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 用于设置地板的地板块
CNA2006100999196A CN1932209A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2006100999213A CN100529299C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CN97190692A CN1087056C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNA2006100999181A CN1932208A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CN2006100999139A CN1928294B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2006100999232A CN100526578C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CNB2006100904779A CN100491669C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 硬的地板块及地板

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2006100903189A CN100540820C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 用于构成地板的地板块
CN2006100903314A CN1880702B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNA2006100999177A CN1932203A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNA2006100999143A CN1928295A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CN2006100999209A CN1932204B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2006100903210A CN100453759C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CNA2006100999158A CN1928296A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2004100575861A CN100406666C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNA2006100999162A CN1928297A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB021230064A CN1195141C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2006100999228A CN100543253C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN200610090478A CN100580204C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CN2011100020552A CN102051973B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 用于形成地板的硬地板块
CN200610090334.8A CN1880703B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 用于构成地板的硬的地板块
CNB2006100999247A CN100526579C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 用于设置地板的地板块
CNA2006100999196A CN1932209A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2006100999213A CN100529299C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CN97190692A CN1087056C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNA2006100999181A CN1932208A (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CN2006100999139A CN1928294B (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 由硬地板块构成的地板以及制造这种地板块的方法
CNB2006100999232A CN100526578C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 地板块
CNB2006100904779A CN100491669C (zh) 1996-06-11 1997-06-07 硬的地板块及地板

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