CN100490928C - Foul ball number detection system in ball game - Google Patents

Foul ball number detection system in ball game Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN100490928C
CN100490928C CN 200510006544 CN200510006544A CN100490928C CN 100490928 C CN100490928 C CN 100490928C CN 200510006544 CN200510006544 CN 200510006544 CN 200510006544 A CN200510006544 A CN 200510006544A CN 100490928 C CN100490928 C CN 100490928C
Authority
CN
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
ball
digital
warning
game
throw
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200510006544
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1765442A (en )
Inventor
健 赵
Original Assignee
健 赵
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Abstract

本发明提供了一种球类比赛中界外球的数字检测系统。 The present invention provides a digital detection system throw-in ball games. 其特征是:本系统光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备(2),数据信息处理系统(3),数字显示和声音警示发光警示设备(4)等组成。 Characterized in that: the optical system of the present three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device (2), data processing system (3), a digital display and a warning sound by emitting a warning device (4) and the like. 当比赛用球(1)在比赛场(5)运动时,其空间位置被光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备(2)实时地不间断地捕捉到,并由其计算处理出球心的三维坐标(X,Y,Z)。 When the game ball (1) on the playing field (5) movement, which is the spatial position of the optical three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device (2) continuously captured in real time, which is calculated by the process of the three-dimensional coordinates of the sphere center ( X, Y, Z). 当球在某个位置点没有压线而出界时,球的三维坐标经由数据信息处理系统(3)计算并比较判断处理后,由数字显示和声音警示发光警示设备(4)发出警示声音或发出警示光,并显示因球触压所形成的圆形的圆上,距离边线最近的那个微小点的坐标数字。 When the ball is not at a point when the position of the pressure boundary line out, calculates three-dimensional coordinates of the ball and the comparison judgment processing via the data processing system (3), from the digital display and a warning sound by emitting a warning device (4) emits a warning sound or the warning light, and the circular in the ball contact pressure due to the formed display, digital coordinate points nearest the edge of a minute.

Description

球类比赛中界外球的数字检ss系统 Throw the ball games in the digital inspection system ss

1.技术领域本发明涉及一种球类比赛中界外球的数字检溯系统(可用于网球,羽毛球,排球等球类比赛领域)。 1. Technical Field The present invention relates to a system for digital abduction sample throw-in ball games (available for tennis, badminton, volleyball and other ball games art). 这种界外球检測系统的使用会使裁判或观众从数字上更及时更准确地判断出球类比赛中的球究竟是否压线,是否落到界外,包括发球时的球是否落于界外。 Or viewer would use such a referee throw more timely detection system more accurately determine from the numbers in the ball game ball exactly whether the pressure line, whether an outer boundary falls, including whether the ball when the ball falls outside world.

2.背景技术目前,在体育比赛中,裁判员对界外球的判罚,主要依賴于其视觉,但是对某些球的判 2. Background Currently, in sports, referee for foul penalty, mainly depends on its vision, but the sentence for some ball

罚有时不准确,尤其是界外球的判罚,界外球一般分为两种, 一种是看球的整体位置,是看球心与边线的相互位置,另一种是奢球是否压线,是奢球与边线的是否有接触。 Penalty sometimes inaccurate, especially penalty throw, throw generally divided into two types, one is watching the position of the whole, and the mutual position of the edge of watching center, the other is whether luxury ball pressure line, is extravagant ball and the sideline have any contact. 而关于压线球落点的判断, 时常导致争议,因为球的压点(其实是个圃形的点)究竞是否与边线有接触,在球速又那么快的今天,从视觉上确实裉难断定,而到目前为止,球类比赛中还没有真正意义上的这种界外球检剰系统。 In regard to the pressure line ball placement judgments, often leading to controversy, because the pressure point of the ball (actually a garden shaped points) competing research whether the sideline contact, the ball was so fast today, visually does Ken difficult to determine and so far, no such ball game in check for Surplus throw system in the true sense.

3.发明内容为了克服上面所述界外球(球是否压线)的问超,本发明提供了一种先进的界外球数字检測系统,可用于诸多球类比赛中,本发明是由光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉系统(2),数据信息处理系统(3),数宇显示和声音警示发光整示设备(4)等组成。 3. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION To overcome the above-throw (ball is line pressure) of the ultra-Q, the present invention provides a throw advanced digital detection system can be used in many ball games, the present invention is a three-dimensional optical motion capturing real-time tracking system (2), data processing system (3), the number of buildings and a warning sound emitting display device shown integrin (4) or the like. 本发明既不彩响运动员进行正常比赛, 运动员的身体千扰也不太影响本系统的检拥结果,且显示出了界外球的坐标数字,极大地提髙了球类比赛中界外球(压线球)判罚的准确性和科学性,最大限度地革新了该领域多年以来的无奈状况。 Neither color ring normal game player of the present invention, one thousand interference athlete's body also not affect the results of the present system owns the subject, and displays a digital bounds coordinates, greatly mention Gao throw the ball race (pressure line ball) penalty of accurate and scientific, to maximize innovation helpless situation for many years in the field.

4.附图说明以下结合附图对本发明傲进一步说明。 4. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The present invention is further described proud. 附图是本发明的賴视图。 BRIEF Lai view of the invention. 先对图中的编号进行对照说明:1.比赛用球,2.光学三维运动实时嚴琮捕捉设备,3.数据信息处理系统,4.数字显示和声音警示发光警示设备,5.比赛场。 Firstly drawing numbers collates described: a game ball, optical three-dimensional movement in real time Yan Cong capture device, three data processing system, four digital display and a warning sound by emitting a warning device, 5 the playing field... 见图,比赛场(5)内的是比赛用球(1),比赛场(5)外安放的是光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备(2),数据信息处理系统(3),数宇显示和声音警示发光警示设备(4)。 See, in the game field (5) is a game ball (1), the playing field (5) is placed outside the optical three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device (2), data processing system (3), and display the number of buildings a warning sound by emitting a warning device (4). 比赛中,当比赛用球(1)在已定标的场地空间运动时,球的瞬间空间位置信息实时地不断地被光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备(2)跟踪捕捉,并经过其及时处理后,将得到球的中心点的三维坐标(X, Y, Z)传输至数据倌息处理系统(3)进行综合处理。 Game, when the game space when the space has been scaled motion information of instantaneous spatial position of the ball in real time is continuously optically three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device (2) track and capture, with timely processing and after which the ball (1) after the obtained three-dimensional coordinates of the center point of the ball (X, Y, Z) groom the information transferred to the data processing system (3) for the integrated process. 如果运动中的比赛用球在比赛场的边线位置突然出界(没有压上线),其球心的的三维坐标(X, Y, Z)经过数据信息处理系统(3)的处理计算后,得到球蝕压点的直径和面积(触压点是个圆),经比较判断后由数字显示和声音警示发光警示设备(4)实时地传出球出界的警示声音或发出警示光,并显示出球所触压的圆形点上与球场边线康近的点的坐标数字。 If the movement of the game ball suddenly out of bounds (no pressure on the line) in the edge position of the playing field, the center of the sphere is three-dimensional coordinates (X, Y, Z) after treatment calculation data processing system (3), to give the ball diameter and area of ​​corrosion pressure point (contact pressure point is a circle), after comparison determination from the digital display and a warning sound by emitting a warning device (4) in real time came out of bounds warning sound or a warning light, and shows the balls digital coordinate points on a circular contact pressure near the sidelines and health point.

具体实施方式本发明是通过如下方式实施的:首先,要对光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备(2) 的各参数进行校准和比赛场地(5)空间区域迸行严谨细致的空间框架位置定标等赛前准备工作,这些工作需要多个技术人员协作进行。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION The present invention is achieved by the following embodiments: first, to an optical three-dimensional movement in real time trace capture equipment (2) various parameters for calibration and the playing field (5) spatial region into line strict and meticulous spatial frame position scaling, etc. game preparation work, which require more technical staff collaboration. 光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备(2)安放在球场外空间,数字显示和声音警示发光警示设备(4)安装在裁判或观众容易看到听到的地方即可,数据信息处理系统 The optical three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device (2) placed in the space outside the stadium, a digital display and a warning sound by emitting a warning device (4) mounted on the referee or the viewer can readily see and hear the place, data processing system

(3)置于数宇显示和声音警示发光警示设备(4)旁边。 (3) placed on the number of buildings warning display and a warning sound emitting device (4) side. 光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备(2)可以采用红外跟踪,也可以采用其它光学跟踪。 The optical three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device (2) may be employed infrared tracking, may be used other optical tracking. 比赛开始后,光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备(2)对比赛用球U)不间断地跟踪,捕捉其坐标。 After the start, the optical three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device (2) of the game ball U) continuously track, capture coordinates. 并将把比赛用球(1)球心点的不断变化的三维坐标序列 And changing the three-dimensional coordinate sequence game ball (1) of the ball center point

(X, Y, Z)迅速地传输到数据信息处理系统(3)。 (X, Y, Z) to quickly transmit data information processing system (3). 当比赛用球落地,其球心三维坐标中的Z值为某个最低最小值(这个值不是固定值,其大小与比赛中球的形变大小有关,与运动员击球的力董大小和击球高度有关),同时在赛场上产生一个圆國的触压点,通常肉眼看不淸。 When the game ball landed, the three-dimensional coordinates of the center of the sphere in which Z is one of the lowest minimum (this value is not a fixed value, the size and the size of the ball game deformed, but not with the athletes hit the ball and hit the ball the size of the force Dong For height), while generating a contact pressure point on the pitch circle of the country, the naked eye is not generally Qing. 数据信息处理系统(3) 将根据球心的坐标及球的半径大小进行数学计算和比较判断,计算出圆形接触点的直径和面积大小, Data processing system (3) will be determined according to the mathematical calculation and comparison of the sphere center coordinates and the radius of the ball, and the size of the area to calculate the diameter of the circular contact point,

(注意:接蝕点是个圃形的点,是个有一定面积大小的圆困),尤其是计算出这个圆形接触圆圈与边界线两倒的垂直距离并进行数学比较,判断出球是否触压到了边线,是否处于界外'簾后决定是否由数字显示和声音警示发光警示设备(4)传出蹇示声音或发出警示光,或显示出球所触压的圆形点上与球场边线*近的点的坐标数字,本数字检熟系统的实时性决定了从球出界始到系统发出審示并显示其坐标数宇的整个过程只有短短的瞬间,非常符合国际球类比赛中瞬间判罚的惯例, (Note: access pitting a garden shaped point, a certain size of area circle sleepy), in particular to calculate the vertical distance of this circular contact circles with the boundary line of two inverted and mathematical comparison, it is determined whether the ball contact pressure to the edge, the outer boundary is in the 'Lianhou decide whether to display numbers and a warning sound by emitting a warning device (4) shown Jian outgoing alert sound or light, or circular dot shows the contact pressure of the ball and near the sidelines * the coordinates of the point of digital, real-time digital inspection cooked this system determines the ball out of bounds from the beginning of the trial to show and display system sends only a few moments throughout the course of its number of buildings of coordinates, is consistent with international sports competitions in momentary penalty convention,

Claims (4)

  1. 1. 一种球类比赛中界外球的数字检测系统,这种界外球检测系统的使用会使裁判或观众从数字上更容易更准确地判断出一个球是否压线,是否是界外球,其特征是:本系统由光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备,数据信息处理系统,数字显示和声音警示发光警示设备组成,比赛中,当比赛用球在已???定标的场地空间运动时,光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备将捕捉到的球心的坐标信息传输到数据信息处理系统,数据信息处理系统经数学计算和比较判断后,决定是否报警,当比赛用球落地,其球心的三维坐标(X,YZ)中的Z值为某个最低最小值,数据信息处理系统将根据球心的坐标及球的半径大小进行数学计算和比较判断,计算出圆形接触点的直径和面积大小,能计算出这个圆形接触圆圈与边界线两侧的垂直距离并进行数学比较,判断出球是否触压到了边线, A throw-in ball games digital detection system, the referee or the viewer would use such a detection system throw more easily and accurately determine whether the digital pressure line a ball, whether the throw is that characterized in that: the optical system consists of a three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device, data processing system, a digital display and a warning sound a warning light emitting device composition, the game when the game ball when the space has been ??? scaled motion field, optical three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device coordinate information transmitted to the spherical center of the captured data to an information processing system, data processing system and the mathematical comparison determination, deciding whether to alarm, when the game with the ball landing, its three-dimensional coordinates of the center of the sphere (X, YZ) of the minimum Z value is a minimum value, data processing system will be determined according to the mathematical calculation and comparison of the sphere center coordinates and the radius of the ball, and the size of the area to calculate the diameter of the circular contact point, the vertical distance can be calculated on both sides of the boundary line with the circular contact circle and mathematical comparison, it is determined whether the ball contact pressure to the edge, 否处于界外,最后由数字显示和声音警示发光警示设备决定是否传出球出界的警示声音或发出警示光,并显示出因球触压场地所形成的圆形的圆上,距离边线最近的点的坐标数字。 No in bounds, and finally from the digital display and a warning sound by emitting a warning device decides whether outgoing ball out of bounds warning sound or a warning light, and exhibits a circular round due to ball contact pressure space is formed, the nearest point edge coordinate numbers.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的球类比赛中界外球的数字检测系统,其特征是:其光学三维运动实时跟踪捕捉设备用来进行实时跟踪捕捉比赛用球的运动轨迹,及三维坐标的实时数据处理,包括球落地时对其球心z坐标值是否达到最低最小值的判断处理。 The digital detection system for ball game according to claim 1 throw, characterized in that: the optical three-dimensional motion capture real-time tracking device to capture real-time tracking of the game ball trajectory, and real-time three-dimensional coordinates data processing, including its z coordinate value of the ball sphere center ground has reached the lowest minimum value determination processing.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的球类比赛中界外球的数字检测系统,其特征是:其数据信息处理系统是用来计算球落点的直径和面积,并进行综合比较判断,决定是否报警输出。 The digital detection system for ball game according to claim 1 throw, characterized in that: the information processing system whose data are used to calculate the area and placement of the ball diameter, and comprehensive comparison judgment to decide whether or not the alarm output.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求i所述的球类比赛中界外球的数字检测系统,其特征是:其数字显示和声音警示发光警示设备用来传出球出界的警示声音或发出警示光,并显示出球触压位置离边线最近的那个点的坐标数字。 The digital detection system i ball game according to claim throw-in, characterized in that: its digital display and a warning sound emitting alarm device to spread out of bounds warning sound or a warning light, and show ball contact pressure position coordinates of the nearest point of the digital edges.
CN 200510006544 2004-10-28 2005-02-03 Foul ball number detection system in ball game CN100490928C (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200410090253 2004-10-28
CN200410090253.9 2004-10-28
CN 200510006544 CN100490928C (en) 2004-10-28 2005-02-03 Foul ball number detection system in ball game

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200510006544 CN100490928C (en) 2004-10-28 2005-02-03 Foul ball number detection system in ball game

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1765442A true CN1765442A (en) 2006-05-03
CN100490928C true CN100490928C (en) 2009-05-27

Family

ID=36741687

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200510006544 CN100490928C (en) 2004-10-28 2005-02-03 Foul ball number detection system in ball game

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100490928C (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100581625C (en) 2008-12-08 2010-01-20 厦门大学 Objective assistant linesman system
CN102068807A (en) * 2010-10-24 2011-05-25 西南交通大学 Luminous border line of volleyball court

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4432060A (en) 1981-02-04 1984-02-14 Hughes Aircraft Company Earth center pointing phase locked horizon sensor electronic loop
US5489886A (en) 1992-08-07 1996-02-06 Alos-Officiating Tennis System Limited Automatic line officiating system and method thereof
US6233007B1 (en) 1998-06-22 2001-05-15 Lucent Technologies Inc. Method and apparatus for tracking position of a ball in real time
CN2462996Y (en) 2001-02-15 2001-12-05 西北轻工业学院 Detecting devioce for line ball in court

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4432060A (en) 1981-02-04 1984-02-14 Hughes Aircraft Company Earth center pointing phase locked horizon sensor electronic loop
US5489886A (en) 1992-08-07 1996-02-06 Alos-Officiating Tennis System Limited Automatic line officiating system and method thereof
US6233007B1 (en) 1998-06-22 2001-05-15 Lucent Technologies Inc. Method and apparatus for tracking position of a ball in real time
CN2462996Y (en) 2001-02-15 2001-12-05 西北轻工业学院 Detecting devioce for line ball in court

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CN1765442A (en) 2006-05-03 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Liebermann et al. Advances in the application of information technology to sport performance
US5823878A (en) Golf swing analysis apparatus and method
Miller et al. The relationship between basketball shooting kinematics, distance and playing position
Bahill et al. Why can’t batters keep their eyes on the ball
US20030054327A1 (en) Repetitive motion feedback system and method of practicing a repetitive motion
Abernethy et al. Expertise and the perception of kinematic and situational probability information
US20050239548A1 (en) Information processor having input system using stroboscope
US6991552B2 (en) Swing monitoring device
Davids et al. Understanding and measuring coordination and control in kicking skills in soccer: Implications for talent identification and skill acquisition
Miles et al. A review of virtual environments for training in ball sports
US20070238538A1 (en) Motion training apparatus and method
Witt et al. Putting to a bigger hole: Golf performance relates to perceived size
Savelsbergh et al. Visual search, anticipation and expertise in soccer goalkeepers
US5221243A (en) Para-peripheral sports training center
Knudson et al. The impact of vision and vision training on sport performance
Aguinaldo et al. Effects of upper trunk rotation on shoulder joint torque among baseball pitchers of various levels
Singer et al. New frontiers in visual search: An exploratory study in live tennis situations
US8279051B2 (en) Realtime coaching system
US6416327B1 (en) Training device
Gray Attending to the execution of a complex sensorimotor skill: expertise differences, choking, and slumps.
US8477046B2 (en) Sports telemetry system for collecting performance metrics and data
US5697791A (en) Apparatus and method for assessment and biofeedback training of body coordination skills critical and ball-strike power and accuracy during athletic activitites
US20040087366A1 (en) Interactive gaming apparel for interactive gaming
US20070021226A1 (en) Method and apparatus for tracking objects in flight such as golf balls and the like
US20110270135A1 (en) Augmented reality for testing and training of human performance

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Request of examination as to substance
C14 Granted
C17 Cessation of patent right