CN100488851C - Packets with tear strips and method and apparatus for producing them - Google Patents

Packets with tear strips and method and apparatus for producing them Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100488851C
CN100488851C CNB028178971A CN02817897A CN100488851C CN 100488851 C CN100488851 C CN 100488851C CN B028178971 A CNB028178971 A CN B028178971A CN 02817897 A CN02817897 A CN 02817897A CN 100488851 C CN100488851 C CN 100488851C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
line
band
tear line
tear
blank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB028178971A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1553874A (en
Inventor
海因茨·福克
马丁·施蒂勒
吉斯贝特·恩格尔
卡斯滕·克罗内
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Focke and Co GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Focke and Co GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE10145412 priority Critical
Priority to DE10145412.0 priority
Priority to DE10160025.9 priority
Priority to DE10160025A priority patent/DE10160025A1/en
Application filed by Focke and Co GmbH and Co KG filed Critical Focke and Co GmbH and Co KG
Publication of CN1553874A publication Critical patent/CN1553874A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100488851C publication Critical patent/CN100488851C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/52Details
    • B65D75/58Opening or contents-removing devices added or incorporated during package manufacture
    • B65D75/66Inserted or applied tearing-strings or like flexible elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/18Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for making package-opening or unpacking elements
    • B65B61/182Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for making package-opening or unpacking elements by applying tear-strips or tear-tapes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D77/00Packages formed by enclosing articles or materials in preformed containers, e.g. boxes, cartons, sacks or bags
    • B65D77/003Articles enclosed in rigid or semi-rigid containers, the whole being wrapped
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/07Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for compressible or flexible articles
    • B65D85/08Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for compressible or flexible articles rod-shaped or tubular
    • B65D85/10Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for compressible or flexible articles rod-shaped or tubular for cigarettes

Abstract

A parallelepiped cigarette packet of the flap-box type (10) is surrounded by an external wrapping of clear film. The above comprises a tear strip (24), running at an angle or diagonally in the region of a front wall (14) and back wall (15) and runs into curved regions in the side walls (16, 17). An optimal opening and removal of the external wrapper by means of the tear strip (24) is thus possible.

Description

The method and apparatus that has the box of tear line and produce this kind box
Technical field
The present invention relates to cuboidal box, cigarette packs especially, this box has the overpack that film is made, and has and be engaged in the terminal tear line that is opening wide on the overpack.The invention still further relates to the method and apparatus of producing this kind box.
Background technology
The box of difformity and pattern in order to protect content in the box, is usually worn the overpack of being made by film or similar packing.In order to open box or overpack, the latter usually wears tear line or tear band, and this tear line or tear band are fastened on the overpack by gluing or sealing means.Therefore this overpack can be booked and be cut off and be removed owing to the end (grip end) that holds of tear line.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is relevant with box, and is exactly especially relevant with cigarette packs, and this cigarette packs is configured to cuboidal hard box (being made by thin carboard).
In order to reach this purpose, according to the invention provides a kind of cube Cigarette Pack, this box has the overpack that film or other peelable packing are made, and have along overpack at antetheca, the tear band or the tear line that extend continuously in the zone of rear wall and narrow sidewall, it is characterized in that: a) tear band or tear line one side is in the zone of the antetheca of high surface area, and on the other hand on the regional medium dip ground of the rear wall of high surface area or extend to tiltedly right box bight, top from box bight, a bottom diagonally, b) in the zone of narrow sidewall, the horizontal expansion in the zone of next-door neighbour's end wall or diapire of tear band or tear line, c) transition from a line section to another line section is bow-shaped structural, has the tear band that forms in processing or the fillet part of tear line.
The route at (more or less) diagonal angle of being taked by the tear line at least one high surface area box wall section territory guarantees that overpack is cut off by best by means of tear band, and the result just makes the remainder of overpack easily take down from the box bight.Therefore the present invention is particularly suitable for having the cigarette packs of the hinged lid box type of shrinkable film overpack.
The line section (thread section) that tear line preferably is positioned to the straight line that makes horizontal sensing is formed in the narrow upright side surf zone, definite says, be adjacent on the one hand with end wall, adjacent with diapire on the other hand, and by means of these line sections, make and are connected to each other the antetheca of same direction extension in each case and the diagonal line section of rear wall.
A property is, has the production of (film) material band of continuous tear line or tear band, and the production of the used blank of overpack.The tear line or the tear band that meet specific embodiments, be that film, paper or similar object are made, it is applied to the material band, during the material band is transmitted continuously, tear line is mobile and consistent with the structure of the line that will produce by the line guide of accuracy control (thread guide), the direction of transfer crosscut of moving direction and (film) material band.On the material band with continuous tear line, more or less be meander-shaped (meandering configuration), intermediate location is round.
According to another important embodiment, the line section is tear line or the tear band that shape and length will be done, and is applied in to continuous (film) material band.Tear band is cut down from the wire rod strip by shaping tool (contoured cut), and is oriented to directly consistent with the position of the used blank of overpack on the material band.
Meet the present invention and continuous tear line or tear band are put on equipment on the continuous mobile material band, have the special guide that is used for tear line, promptly have guiding roller.This guiding roller has dual-use function, that is to say, it locatees tear line on the material band, and uses as guide again simultaneously.Along moving with the direction of material band direction of transfer crosscut, the result is transported on the material band with regard to making tear line become crooked shape guiding roller by controlled gear mechanism.Also under the situation that drives operation, the tear line that takes out from coil of wire axle owing to be that the material band is tear line relatively moving between these two on the other hand on the one hand, just makes tear line be controlled, and the material band preferably continuously and transmit with steady speed.
Meet the present invention and apply the line section of profiling or apply the equipment of completed tear line, (contoured) promptly crooked stripping and slicing (severing cutout) with shaping, in each operating cycle, by means of this stripping and slicing, when material band or a material tape section are temporarily paused, the tear line that is formed according to the present invention is just cut down by the wire rod strip from a lateral transfer, and be accurately positioned on (film) material band, exactly be to be positioned in the zone of the blank that will cut down from (film) material band.
This kind method and apparatus is all done to set up expediently for two material ribbon gymnastics.
Description of drawings
Below, just to other details of box according to the invention, also be useful on the method for production overpack and other details of relevant devices, more specifically be illustrated with reference to accompanying drawing of the present invention, in these accompanying drawings:
The transparent view of Fig. 1 shows that box is a cigarette packs, and this box has overpack;
A section of Fig. 2 display material band, it wears the tear line that has applied, and this tear line is used to produce the blank of doing overpack;
Fig. 3 display equipment is a wrapping machine, and it is used for overpack is engaged in cigarette packs;
Fig. 4 shows a thin portion of wrapping machine shown in Figure 3, i.e. assembly, this assembly are used for tear line is applied to (film) material band;
The view of Fig. 5 shows the thin portion of assembly shown in Figure 4 along section VI-VI;
Fig. 6 shows the thin portion of assembly shown in Figure 4 along section V-V;
Fig. 7 shows another view of assembly shown in Figure 4, and it to be this assembly along arrow VII direction that this moment is shown;
Fig. 8 shows a thin portion shown in Figure 7, is the regional VIII of up-sizing;
Fig. 9 shows another thin portion, and be the lateral plan of arrow IX indication in Fig. 7 this moment;
Figure 10 is the optional structure diagrammatic depiction of assembly, and the those shown is similar to thin portion shown in Figure 4;
Figure 11 is the transparent view of another embodiment, shows that the box that has overpack is many boxes of cigarette package (multipack);
Figure 12 shows the used blank of overpack that is used for box shown in Figure 11;
Figure 13 shows (film) material tape section, and this section has tear line or the tear band that prefabricated segmentation applies;
The lateral plan of Figure 14, a sub-region of display equipment, this sub-region are used for producing and applying tear line shown in Figure 13;
Figure 15 shows a thin portion of Figure 14 apparatus shown with horizontal cross or corresponding to the planar view of horizontal cross shown in Figure 17; And
Figure 16 and Figure 17 show a thin portion of Figure 14 apparatus shown with the upright cutaway view corresponding to Figure 14 midship section XVI-XVI, and part that this thin portion is with is on the diverse location.
The specific embodiment
Each cigarette packs shown in the drawings is a preferred embodiment, exactly is hinged lid box 10 (hinged hamper), and the used many boxes package of cigarette packs, i.e. many boxes of cigarette package 11 (seeing Figure 11).Above-mentioned box is the made hard box of (approaching) carboard, and each box all has the overpack envelope to wrap up in.Overpack is made of thin transparent plastic film, especially constitute by the made shrinkable film of glass paper, although it also can by some other packing for example paper constitute.
The blank 12,13 that is used to form overpack comprises antetheca 14, rear wall 15 and sidewall 16,17.Blank 12,13 also forms end wall 18 and diapire 19 (being that hinged lid box 10 is used).Sidewall 16 is positioned to the continuous material bar between antetheca 14 and rear wall 15, and opposite sidewall 17 comprises outside flaps (flap) 20 and inboard tabs 21.Two side tabs 20,21 overlap each other, and by gluing or sealing means and be connected to each other.End wall 18 and diapire 19 comprise distal flaps 22,23, and this tabs extends on the whole length of blank 12,13.
Resulting blank 12,13 is hinged lid box 10 or many boxes of cigarette package 11 and fold by the U-shaped mode round box in first folding step as already known.Originally give prominence to the side tabs 20,21 outside box, by each other one then one folding, make its part overlapping (seeing Fig. 1 and Figure 11).The longitudinal folded ends tabs 22,23 then, so that form end wall 18 and diapire 19 respectively.
For member (unit) or the overpack of opening box, just on box or overpack originally be equipped with tear line 24 on one's body.Can be the tear line 24 of strip, preferably be connected with the inboard of blank 12,13 with gluing or sealing means.Integrally formed grappling fixture (grip tab) 25 in an end of tear line 24, this grappling fixture forms with blank 12,13, and works as box and finish man-hour, and it just extends in the boundary of sidewall 17 or side tabs 20, and therefore can be caught by hand.By means of this grappling fixture 25, just can draw back tear line 24, in this process, overpack is that blank 12,13 just has been cut off.
Tear line 24 is engaged on the blank 12,13 with ad hoc structure, thereby on that two sides of high surface area box, overpack has just been cut off basically diagonally owing to cut off tear line 24.The bight lid (cap) of formed overpack is cut off easily diagonally.
(single-piece) tear line 24 is positioned on the blank 12,13, thereby, in antetheca 14 zones, in rear wall 15 zones, will follow a diagonal angle route (course) (in a shared imagination diagonal dominant matrices) roughly on the other hand on the one hand.Correspondingly, line section 26,27 roughly extends to the opposite box bight 29 at diagonal angle from box bight, a bottom 28.Under real embodiment situation, line section 26,27 28,29 extends a bit of distance from relevant box bight in each case, therefore, on the one hand from the bottom 19, extends a bit of distance from end wall 18 on the other hand.In connection with these 28,29 places, box bight, that is to say, the end of line section 26,27 in each case, tear line enters the straight line line section 31,32 of horizontal sensing with regard to forming a fillet part 30 as transition portion.In single-piece sidewall 16 zones, continuous line section 31 laterally extends in outside this sidewall, and directly up in connection with diapire 19.In addition that line section 32 in top area, extend one in connection with end wall 18 and be attached to below it one this be situation in the zone of sidewall 17.This line section 32 comprises two inferior sections that the part is overlapping.Correspondingly, tear line just is positioned to and makes its end overlapping.In outside flaps 20 zones, worn grappling fixture 25 on the fragment of online section 32 (segment).
A property is, blank the 12, the 13rd uses continuous strip material 33 to produce, and blank 12,13 is cut off along cutting knife (severing cut) 68 blank assembly 34 (see figure 3)s of wrapping machine from this material band.Tear line 24 is applied in continuous strip material 33, preferably along with continuous transmission is moved and applied.In the case, the tear line 24 of being fed continuously equally just is directed to, and is located on the material band 33, so that realize the shape (Fig. 2) that tear line 24 is roughly tortuous or rise and fall.The line section 31,32 that forms material band 33 vertically on extend, have different length.Because 20,21 1 of side tabs are positioned at another next door, line section 32, this section points to end wall 18, and is just longer than the line section 31 in sidewall 16 zones.
Tear line 24 is put on the operation of continuous strip material 33, involve relevant and the relevant property of device therefor with method therefor.Tear line 24 sends material band 33 to by guide, is in this example to be transmitted by the guiding roller 35 that rotates, and the latter is engaged on the support (mount).Tear line 24 is fed to such an extent that make sufficient line section abut against the periphery of guiding roller 35.The latter can laterally be moved by specific controlled gear mechanism and give the material band 33 that is transmitted, thereby tear line 24 just puts on material band 33, so that follow Fig. 2 and route shown in Figure 12, or a similar route.
Be used for tear line 24 is put on the equipment of material band 33, become a component part of wrapping machine (see figure 3) expediently.Component table is shown the thin IV of portion.Correspondingly, material band 33, this material band takes out from spool 38, is fed to line apparatus (thread unit) 39.This device is shown among Fig. 4 with way of example.
Tear line 24 takes out from coil of wire axle 40.Tear line 24 is promptly having adhesives on the one side expediently on sensing material band 33 those sides.Coil of wire axle 40 is drive owing to rotating, and exactly, under the present embodiment situation, is that the transfer rate by the tear line 24 that is taken out is driven.Tear line is directed on compensating roller (compensating roller) 41; this roller can be movable relative to each other; and can between wrapping machine startup and down period, that is to say be different under the operational scenario of standard operating procedure, do for tear line 24 and transmit compensation.
Real line apparatus comprises two wheel words 42,43.Wheel word 42 is because the transfer rate of the tear line 24 that relatively moves between material band 33 and tear line 24 is done compensation.It is guiding roller 35 controlled side travels that wheel word 43 is carried out transmission parts for tear line 24.
Owing to have lasting take-off speed in tear line 24 online spools 40 zones, wheel word 42 just must online section 26 and 27 formation during provide the transfer rate of quickening for tear line 24.In online section 31 and 32 zones, the transfer rate of tear line 24 equates with the speed of material band 33 basically.
Wheel word 42 forms line length supply alternately, and this kind supply just is reduced when transfer rate is accelerated, and then increases when transfer rate slows down.The supply of this kind line comprises one wire loop (thread loop), and this coil is owing to deflection around the dancer roll (dancer roller) 44 of activity produces.This dancer roll is engaged on the load member 45 in movable mode, promptly is engaged in the slit guide (slot guide) 46.Two other deflection roll of fixing 47,48 that is used for tear line is engaged in load member 45.Dancer roll 44 is installed in the central authorities between the deflection roll 47,48, though two deflection roll of dancer roll and this become the relation of offset manner, the result is, when dancer roll 44 displacements, the distance between itself and the deflection roll 47,48 strengthens or reduces.
Dancer roll 44 is the Be Controlled corresponding to the mobile order of material band 33 and tear line 24 accurately.In order to reach this purpose, 44 1 servomotor torque constants 49 of dancer roll have been distributed to as actuator.This actuator is connecting dancer roll 44 via gear mechanism, exactly is bonded assembly via crank mechanism 50.Fig. 9 shows a side of load member 45, has crank mechanism 50 on this side, this side towards deviating from that shown in Figure 4, connecting rod 51 is connecting dancer roll 44.Servomotor torque constant 49 acts on crank 52.
Wheel word 43 is being controlled moving of guiding roller 35, exactly be dual like this control: on the one hand, necessity at the guiding roller 35 that is transverse to material band 33 moves, be correct angle position on the other hand at guiding roller 35, thereby, guiding roller just aligns with the angle position of tear line 24, and this tear line and material band 33 have relation.
Guiding roller 35 is engaged in to be walked crosswise movably on the load member, promptly is being used for the guiding load member 53 of side travel.This guiding load member can be at laterally steering roller 54 top offsets.Driving takes place via pull bar (tie rod) 55, and this pull bar can be driven by servomotor torque constant, or via anvil roll by cam-controlled.
Guiding roller 35 is fastened to via load-carrying element (carrier component) 56 on the guiding load member 53, that is to say that it is installed on the load-carrying element 56 via forked pivot brackets (mount) 57.Support 57 can promptly be transverse to the rotational or the pivot of guiding roller 35 along with guiding roller 35 round an axis.Therefore, just can make guiding roller 35 take different angle positions.A pivoting gear mechanism cooperates to such an extent that be attached to below the load-carrying element 56, and this mechanism comprises connecting rod 58, and this connecting rod is connecting the pivotal arm 60 of support 57 via hinge axis (articulation) 59.To being controlled at this and also showing of connecting rod 58, this kind control take place similar control to pull bar 55, thereby guiding roller 35 is always towards the feeding direction of tear line 24.Fig. 6 has shown guiding roller 35 residing positions during the line section 26,27 that deflection is pointed to forms.
Guiding roller 35 is specially designed, the result, and it just can carry out dual-use function, that is to say, for the tear line guiding, on the other hand tear line is pressed against on the material band 33 on the one hand.This is because guiding roller 35 has the cause of transverse uplift portion (elevation), and this protrusion does not come into force against that zone of material band 33 at tear line 24.In order to reach this purpose, guiding roller 35 comprises 3 single rollers 61,62,63.The periphery of that single roller 62 of central authorities holds tear line 24, and simultaneously, the single roller 61,63 of side is carried out the function of flanged wheel (flangedwheel).Single roller 61,62,63 can be rotated separately one by one, and can be installed in by means of rolling-contact bearing on fixing the carrying main shaft 64.Carrying main shaft 64 comprises Offset portion, and its mode is similar in appearance to bent axle.Single roller 61,62,63 is positioned to that single roller 62 of central authorities is rotated in central authorities with respect to the axis of imagining, simultaneously, 61,63 on the single roller of side rotates with offset manner, the result, be transmitted in that zone of material band 33 at tear line 24, the periphery surface of single roller 61,62,63 is with regard to the (see figure 8) of always aliging with a circumferential plane.
In order to make tear line 24 reach guiding roller 35 abundant enclosing region on every side, just be attached to promptly to be attached to below this guiding roller and cooperate an anvil roll 36 below the load-carrying element 56, and make tear line 24 with respect to guiding roller 35 and slightly deflection some, coming like this is the tear line guiding.
The transmission of tear line 24 in that zone of transmitting to material band 33 moved, and is that the transfer rate with material band 33 reaches.Because the cause of bonding connection, the material band spurs tear line 24 with it.It is to take place in the zone of the deflection roll 65 of material band 33 that tear line 24 sends material band 33 to.Guiding roller 35 abuts against deflection roll.Deflection roll 65 is compressed spring 67 and installs in resilient mode, promptly is installed on the pivotal arm 66, and this pivotal arm is positioned on the direction of guiding roller 35.
Figure 10 shows an optional refill-unit of line apparatus 39 shown in Figure 4.43 pairs of wheel words herein equal embodiment illustrated in fig. 4 in that.Change place is in wheel word 42 regions.Have the dancer roll 44 of servomotor torque constant, substituted by compensating part, this compensating part oneself rotates separately.The compensation disk 37 of this rotation is abutted against its periphery by tear line 24, and it is an accentric, thereby, during each the rotation, just carry out with the different transfer rates of tear line 24 consistent length compensation.
Under this routine situation, wrapping machine and assembly thereof are all set up for the operation of dual material band.(dual width) material band 33 comprises two blank material bands.Correspondingly, line apparatus 39 is also set up for the operation that cooperates two tear lines 24 simultaneously.Accordingly, also dispose the coil of wire axle 40 of two just the same equipments, that is to say, they one above another.The miscellaneous part of line apparatus 39 and/or wheel word 42 and 43 is set up or by suitably forming size, or a dual installation that passes through to be disposed, and tear line 24 is handled.Therefore, especially dispose two guiding rollers 35, they are started by common component and/or regulate simultaneously.
With regard to relevant overpack, many boxes of cigarette package 11 shown in Figure 11 is produced to be similar to hinged lid box 10 such modes.Blank 12 (seeing Figure 12) be designed to be the line section 26,27 that deflection is pointed to have on ratio the length longer with respect to line section 31,32.In addition, overpack also is corresponding design-calculated.
Tear line or tear band also can be produced the piecewise, and are fed to single blank 12 or the material band of being made by film or similar object 33 (seeing Figure 13 to 17).In such cases, divide the tear line of having finished in addition 24 just to be produced and be positioned on the material band 33.In example embodiment shown in Figure 13, the tear line 24 of wall scroll has as the profile in the example embodiment illustrated in figures 1 and 2.Yet tear line but has that part of line section 32 that extends in the grappling fixture 25.Another end of line section 32 has at interval with the grappling fixture 25 of the blank 12 of adjacency, the result, and tear line 24 just entirely has been engaged on the blank 12 with offset manner.
Because the tear line 24 of this kind profile is produced with form completely, it also just has other structures, does not especially have fillet part 30, that is to say, for example, becomes zigzag, or has different bights.
The line apparatus 39 that is used to produce and cooperate tear line 24 shown in Figure 13 has (at least) cutting knife and is line cutting knife (thread cutter) 69,70 and operates, and it is that the front end of wire rod strip 71,72 downcuts from the material band that this cutting knife is used for the tear line 24 of profiling.The shape of line cutting knife 69,70 that is to say the shape of the tear line 24 that equals to downcut, and is in this example, that it is roughly V-arrangement or meander shape.
Wire rod strip 71,72 is fed to the stripping and slicing (cutting block) 73 with the line apparatus 39 of material band 33 crosscuts.Line cutting knife 69,70 can move up and down in stripping and slicing 73.As protrusion and standby, this protrusion is to the width of the tear line 24 that equals to downcut within stripping and slicing 73 for the front end of wire rod strip 71,72.In stripping and slicing 73, wire rod strip 71,72 is traveling in the slit-like guide 74 and/or between top and bottom guiding roller 75,76.In order to cut off, line cutting knife 69,70 is moved on the reference position outside the bottom (seeing Figure 17) up.Formed the coupling cutting knife of fixing 77 above wire material band 71,72, this cutting knife has the profile as cutting knife 69,70.Cut-out is the result who relatively moves, and tear line 24 is therefore with regard to the front end that is used as material band 71,72 and cut.
When (up) move to continue, line cutting knife 69,70 was directly fed tear line 24 to material band 33, located tear line 24 to such an extent that be attached to the following of material band 33 and was pressed against (seeing Figure 16) there.In order to reach this purpose, line cutting knife 69,70 is designed to (shaping, profiling) load member or rod member 85, and this rod member can move up and down in the depressed part 78 upright, same profiling of stripping and slicing 73.Hold tear line 24 in order to stay, for top one side of rod member 85 has disposed suction socket 79, and this top one side is in connection with line cutting knife 69,70.At least in the delivery phase of tear line 24, suction socket 79 is connecting negative pressure source.
Material band 33 passes stripping and slicing 73 and is transmitted in (top) guide groove 80.On that side opposite with cutting knife 69,70, in stripping and slicing 73, form (elasticity) applicator member 81, when tear line 24 was pressed against, this member was used as bearing (abutment).Applicator member 81 can be heated, so that make tear line 24 owing to sealing is adhered to.
The situation of this example embodiment is that also material band 33 is to transmit continuously.Yet, the material tape section 82 in the zone of on-line equipment 39 and/or stripping and slicing 73, but Be Controlled gets temporarily and pauses, and that is to say that this material tape section is temporarily paused when tear line 24 is engaged.In order to reach this purpose, compensation helve hammer (compensating pendulum) device 83,84 that material band 33 has been installed via two pivots and being directed to, and these two devices can synchronously move around.This mechanism itself is known, although the operation of basic continuous drive is also being carried out, this mechanism can make material tape section 82 temporarily pause.
In each case, as the profiling rod member 85 of line cutting knife 69,70 load members, its end all is engaged on (level) load bearing arm 86.The latter is installed on the machine casing, and can move up and down in slit 87, so that can cut off tear line 24 and it is fed operation to material band 33.
Figure 14 to 17 apparatus shown is established as equally that two material ribbon gymnastics do.Correspondingly, two wire rod strips 71,72 are fed to corresponding design-calculated stripping and slicing 73, exactly be with this material band be positioned to one above another mode and fed.Material band 71 on the top is introduced directly in the stripping and slicing 73, and originally beneath material band 72 be attached to and advance below the stripping and slicing 73, walks up via deflection roll 88 then, enters with that in the plane of level.Material band 33 is two width, the result, and in each case, two blanks 12 just are oriented to along the transverse direction one in another back.
Reference numerals list
10 hinged lid boxes, 50 crank structures
11 many boxes of cigarette packages, 51 connecting rods
12 blanks, 52 cranks
13 blanks, 53 guiding bearing parts
14 antethecas, 54 transverse guide
15 rear walls, 55 pull bars
16 sidewalls, 56 bearing carriers
17 sidewalls, 57 supports
18 end walls, 58 connecting rods
19 diapires, 59 hinge axis
20 side tabs, 60 pivotal arms
21 side tabs, 61 single rollers
22 distal flaps, 62 single rollers
23 distal flaps, 63 single rollers
24 tear lines, 64 carrying main shafts
25 grappling fixtures, 65 deflection roll
26 line sections, 66 pivotal arms
27 line sections, 67 compression springs
28 box bights 68 cut off cutting knife
29 box bights, 69 line cutting knifes
30 fillet parts, 70 line cutting knifes
31 line sections, 71 wire rod strips
32 line sections, 72 wire rod strips
73 strippings and slicings of 33 material bands
34 blank assemblies, 74 guides
35 guiding rollers, 75 guiding rollers
36 anvil rolls, 76 guiding rollers
37 compensation disks, 77 coupling cutting knifes
38 spools, 78 depressed parts
39 line apparatus, 79 suction socket
40 coil of wire axles, 80 guide grooves
41 compensating rollers, 81 applicator member
42 wheel words, 82 material tape section
43 line apparatus, 83 compensation helve hammer devices
44 dancer rolls, 84 compensation helve hammer devices
45 load members, 85 rod members
46 slit guides, 86 load bearing arms
47 deflection roll, 87 slits
48 deflection roll, 88 deflection roll
49 servomotor torque constants

Claims (9)

1. cube Cigarette Pack, this box has the overpack that film or other peelable packing are made, and have along overpack at antetheca (14), rear wall (15) and narrow sidewall (16,17) tear band or the tear line (24) that extend continuously in the zone is characterized in that:
A) tear band or tear line (24) one side is in the zone of the antetheca (14) of high surface area, and on the other hand on the regional medium dip ground of the rear wall (15) of high surface area or extend to tiltedly right box bight, top (29) diagonally from a box bight, bottom (28)
B) in the zone of narrow sidewall (16,17), tear band or tear line (24) horizontal expansion in the zone of next-door neighbour's end wall (18) or diapire (19),
C) be bow-shaped structural from a line section (26,27) to the transition of another line section (31,32), have the tear band that in processing, forms or the fillet part (30) of tear line (24).
2. box as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: line section (26,27) extends in the zone of antetheca (14) and rear wall (15) on the bias or diagonally, and extends with same angle of inclination, and this angle of inclination is pointed to along same direction; The end of continuous single-piece tear band or tear line (24) overlaps each other in the zone of the line section (32) of the horizontal sensing of the sidewall (17) adjacent with end wall (18).
3. method of producing blank (12,13), described blank is made with film, paper or other peelable packing, so that form the used overpack of cube Cigarette Pack that has tear line (24), this tear line is engaged on the overpack, and fed to the continuous strip of wrapping material that is transmitting (33) continuously and be located on this material band, it is characterized in that:
Tear line (24) is become at the moving direction with material band (33) in a controlled manner, and waveform is directed on the horizontal direction, and makes the tear line (24) that abuts against material band (33) have fluctuation or tortuous shapes on this moving direction temporarily.
4. method as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: at the line section (26,27) of deflection sensing and the tear line (24) in the transitional region of the line section (31,32) that the direction of transfer of material band (33) is advanced, vice versa, and the fillet part (30) of tear line (24) forms transition portion.
5. produce blank (12 for one kind, 13) method, described blank film, paper or other peelable packing are made, so that form the used overpack of cube Cigarette Pack that has tear band or tear line (24), this tear line is engaged on the overpack, and be used as the terminal line section that opens wide, by the cutting knife of horizontal sensing from wire rod strip (71,72) go up cutting-out, and be located on the continuous strip material (33) of packing, it is characterized in that: at blank (12,13) in the zone, shaping tear line (24) is by correspondingly configured line cutting knife (69,70) and from wire rod strip (71,72) cut down on, and be located on the material band (33), thereby make the line section (26 of the extension at bevelled or diagonal angle, 27) in the zone of antetheca (14) and/or rear wall (15), form, shaping tear line (24) is located in material band (33) or blank (12,13) on, make a stub area of tear line (24) extend into blank (12,13) in the grappling fixture (25), and the another one end of tear line (24) ends at the blank (12 of adjacency, 13) in and a segment distance is arranged with grappling fixture (25).
6. produce overpack blank (12 for one kind, 13) equipment, described overpack blank is made with film or paper, described overpack is used for the cube box, this blank (12,13) be equipped with tear band or tear line (24) on, it is characterized in that: with blank (12,13) be assemblied in the wrapping machine on the box, line apparatus (39) is arranged as independent assembly, by means of shaped wire cutting knife (69,70), this device is from wire rod strip (71,72) go up the waveform that downcuts corresponding configuration, tortuous or Z-shaped tear line (24), and this tear line is positioned on the strip of wrapping material (33) blank (12 that this material band will produced, 13) in the zone at wire material band (71, transversely advancing 72).
7. equipment as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: it is on the rod member (85) that shaped wire cutting knife (69,70) is assemblied on the correspondingly configured load member, this rod member has suction socket (79) and is used to keep the tear line (24) that downcuts, and the tear line of cutting-out (24) can be compressed against on the downside of material band (33) owing to continuous the moving up of rod member (85).
8. as claim 6 or 7 described equipment, it is characterized in that: for two material ribbon gymnastics are done, can be two wire rod strips (71,72) feed to stripping and slicing (73), and for will be by means of two line cutting knifes (69 within stripping and slicing, 70) downcut, and be fed to two shaping tear lines (24) of shared two width material bands (33), above-mentioned line cutting knife (up) at the same time moves, via deflection roll (88), the first wire rod strip (71) can be introduced into directly to be on the horizontal plane in the stripping and slicing (73), the second wire rod strip (72) is then by from the common stripping and slicing of following introducing (73), thereby make two wire rod strips (71,72) be located on the common horizontal surface, so that make a tear line (24) cut in each case.
9. equipment as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that: two line cutting knifes (69,70) or can be that load bearing arm (86) moves up and down by shared activation members as the rod member (85) of its load member, this load bearing arm can move up and down, and clamps the rod member (85) that two ends have cutting knife (69,70).
CNB028178971A 2001-09-14 2002-09-12 Packets with tear strips and method and apparatus for producing them Expired - Fee Related CN100488851C (en)

Priority Applications (4)

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DE10145412 2001-09-14
DE10145412.0 2001-09-14
DE10160025.9 2001-12-06
DE10160025A DE10160025A1 (en) 2001-09-14 2001-12-06 Pack of tear tape and method and apparatus for making the same

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CN100488851C true CN100488851C (en) 2009-05-20

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EP (1) EP1425232B1 (en)
JP (1) JP4184271B2 (en)
CN (1) CN100488851C (en)
AU (1) AU2002338674A1 (en)
BR (1) BR0212473B1 (en)
PL (1) PL201393B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2003024834A1 (en)

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US7588143B2 (en) 2001-09-14 2009-09-15 Focke & Co. (Gmbh & Co. Kg) Pack with tear-open thread, and process and apparatus for producing the same
CN100544620C (en) * 2006-02-27 2009-09-30 何文天 The automatic cigarette case of health, protection against the tide
US8266868B2 (en) * 2007-06-01 2012-09-18 Phillip Morris Usa Inc. Opening device for outer wrapping and method for forming
MX2012002474A (en) * 2009-08-28 2012-03-26 Treofan Germany Gmbh & Co Kg Polypropylene film comprising an opening aid.
EA201270330A1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2012-08-30 Треофан Джермани Гмбх Унд Ко. Кг POLYPROPYLENE FILM WITH AUXILIARY ELEMENT FOR OPENING
WO2011091827A1 (en) * 2010-01-28 2011-08-04 Philip Morris Products S.A. Film wrapper
USD683241S1 (en) * 2011-09-13 2013-05-28 Azionaria Construzioni Macchine Automatiche A.C.M.A. S.P.A. Tea caddy
JP2014231355A (en) * 2011-09-21 2014-12-11 日本たばこ産業株式会社 Package with opening tape
GB2499258A (en) * 2012-02-13 2013-08-14 British American Tobacco Co Various Wrappers with Tear Strips for Multiple Containers
NO2848399T3 (en) * 2013-09-13 2018-02-10
DE102017119191A1 (en) * 2017-08-22 2019-02-28 Focke & Co. (Gmbh & Co. Kg) Method and device for producing a blank from a packaging material
CN109421949B (en) * 2017-09-01 2021-04-30 江苏瑞驰机电科技有限公司 Transparent stay wire sticking device

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EP0601583A1 (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-06-15 Fabriques De Tabac Reunies S.A. Method and device for making a package with a helically disposed tear strip
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DE29715546U1 (en) * 1997-08-29 1999-01-07 Stabernack Gmbh Gustav Display packaging container

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DE8802205U1 (en) * 1988-02-20 1988-04-07 Baudisch, Wolfgang, Dipl.-Ing., 8042 Oberschleissheim, De
EP0601583A1 (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-06-15 Fabriques De Tabac Reunies S.A. Method and device for making a package with a helically disposed tear strip
DE29700830U1 (en) * 1996-11-25 1997-03-13 Ostma Maschinenbau Gmbh Outer packaging for a packaging unit consisting of several identical primary packaging
DE29715546U1 (en) * 1997-08-29 1999-01-07 Stabernack Gmbh Gustav Display packaging container

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BR0212473A (en) 2004-09-21
US20060054670A1 (en) 2006-03-16
CN1553874A (en) 2004-12-08
WO2003024834A1 (en) 2003-03-27
JP2005503296A (en) 2005-02-03
AU2002338674A1 (en) 2003-04-01
PL367999A1 (en) 2005-03-21
WO2003024834A8 (en) 2004-04-15
EP1425232A1 (en) 2004-06-09
PL201393B1 (en) 2009-04-30
BR0212473B1 (en) 2012-06-12
EP1425232B1 (en) 2010-03-24
JP4184271B2 (en) 2008-11-19

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