CN100488418C - Means for ladling food from cooker automatically, and said cooker - Google Patents

Means for ladling food from cooker automatically, and said cooker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100488418C
CN100488418C CNB031370594A CN03137059A CN100488418C CN 100488418 C CN100488418 C CN 100488418C CN B031370594 A CNB031370594 A CN B031370594A CN 03137059 A CN03137059 A CN 03137059A CN 100488418 C CN100488418 C CN 100488418C
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China
Prior art keywords
control
connector
cooking
cooking appliance
automatic
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB031370594A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1461622A (en
Inventor
刘小勇
李伟光
刘水波
郭雨荣
黄文波
张锈娟
张金
董海平
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Shenzhen Aike Robot Technology Co., Ltd.
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SHENZHEN AIKE ROBOT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN02115320.5 priority
Application filed by SHENZHEN AIKE ROBOT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical SHENZHEN AIKE ROBOT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CNB031370594A priority patent/CN100488418C/en
Publication of CN1461622A publication Critical patent/CN1461622A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100488418C publication Critical patent/CN100488418C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

An automatic ladling unit of cooker is composed of a supporter, a main body, a connecting body between said supporter and main body, and a driver. Said connecting body may be rigid structure, flexible structure or their combination, has a connecting arm with controllable joint, and is connected with said main body in detachable mode.

Description

The automatic getting-out device and the cooking appliance of cooking appliance
[technical field]
The present invention relates to the field of cooking appliance, specifically, the present invention relates to a kind of cooking facility and cook automatic getting-out device.
[background technology]
The cooking method especially skill and technique of chinese-style cuisine changes various, wherein main cooking method comprise stir-fry, quick-fried, fry in shallow oil, explode, burn, steam, slip, boil etc., the essence of various cooking methods be adopt various mode of heatings make different by gratin through different collocation and various expection duration and degree of heating state after, the cooking obtains Protean various cuisines with different taste characteristics and local flavor effect; From taste have sweet, sour, bitter, peppery, salty respectively, said perfume (or spice), crisp, crisp, tender effect from local flavor.
Up to now, the cooking still mainly is a kind of experience and is main skill by hand, China's cooking method especially like this, why cooking method has so big experience characteristic and difficulty, key is the especially Chinese cooking method of the skill and technique of cooking, except materials collocation has the special cultural and historical characteristic, play therein play the leading role in the effect of commanding the still especially Chinese cooking method of various cooking methods to original grasp and the utilization of the cooking duration and degree of heating; Because, static materials collocation is easy to acquire, also be easy to realize automation, and dynamic according to the corresponding duration and degree of heating feed intake opportunity, stir, shift out, cooling etc. is the technology grasped of being difficult to very much, also be difficult to sum up, therefore up to the present, the cooking machine that does not also occur a kind of real automation on the market is the Chinese style automatic cooking machine especially, promptly overall process need not people's hand operated, automatically realize various main cooking methods especially the chinese-style cuisine skill and technique, producing reaches the device for cooking of cooking method requirement and stay in grade.
The inventor has carried out long-term analysis and thinking with great concentration to " duration and degree of heating ", finds that the cooking " duration and degree of heating " notion mainly comprises following two big relevant difficult points:
First heating intensity and process: heating intensity and process are one of key contents of cooking duration and degree of heating notion: say superficially, heating intensity is the product effect of heating-up temperature/heat and heat time heating time, and heating process is speed or the acceleration and the stage of temperature/thermal change; Under the situation former, that auxiliary material is identical, the just right quality for dish and other cooked food of heating intensity and process plays a decisive role.Heating intensity and process are improper, and " overdoing " or " having not been cooked or heated long enough " then is not to be exactly to give birth to always.Can say for certain, heating intensity and process are to determine the opportunity that feeds intake, the multiple cooking method of realization and the differently flavoured most important condition, heating intensity and process are not sure, it is out of turn to feed intake, various cooking methods can't be realized, the local flavor effect also can't reach, thereby loses the characteristic of various skill and technique and local flavor.Heating intensity and process are first technology of cook's duration and degree of heating fire merit, also are the technology of the most difficult grasp, are the major criterions of weighing cook's technical merit, also are the keys that can automatic-cooking successful.Therefore, if will realize automatic-cooking, what at first need to solve is exactly how to make the automatic-cooking function control heating intensity and process in the duration and degree of heating automatically.
It two is duration and degree of heating opportunity and operation: on the heating intensity in the control duration and degree of heating and the basis of process, carry out various cooking basic operations, the notion of promptly so-called duration and degree of heating opportunity and operation the opportunity of response heating intensity and process creation; Duration and degree of heating opportunity and operation are another critical aspects of realizing main cooking method, must make automatic cooking machine carry out various cooking basic operations according to the requirement of the cooking method and the kind of cooking, for example according to correct order carrying out material on the opportunity of correct heating intensity and process creation under the condition according to the requirement of the cooking method and the kind of cooking throws in automatically, turn so that similar cook is normally used, for a short time turn over, turn over greatly and draw and loose to wait the cooking to stir mode substantially, and in gastronomical process, contain out and throw in again quilt automatically and cook material etc. according to the requirement of cooking method automatically to being stirred by gratin.
Say that as above heating intensity and process, the duration and degree of heating are clear and definite with operation two broad aspect contents opportunity in about duration and degree of heating notion, carry out the cooking of various dish, what next mainly must solve is exactly the problem that a series of devices cooperate duration and degree of heating operation.
A lot of cooking method, especially chinese-style cuisine skill and technique, operation need that therebetween one or more are played pot by gratin and contain out often in two steps even multistep, drop in the pot under a certain duration and degree of heating state then again.Zha skill and technique for example, the first step are just fried, pull out after ripe to raw material with lower oil temperature is fried, and very hot oven heats paramount oily temperature to carry out for second step multiple fried then, and the appearance fast dewatering is become fragile.In addition, thicken soup is an important content of the cooking, all will use in most cooking methods.It is exactly will be played pot by gratin earlier that the branch that thicken soup has the thicken soup of feeding intake and thicken soup to feed intake, wherein so-called thicken soup feed intake, and has colluded being dropped into by gratin of will before having picked up again behind the Gorgon euryale in pot.When some cooking method is cooked some complicated dish, can occur containing out twice or situation repeatedly.
The situation that needs in the cooking to contain out mainly is in the gastronomical process material in the pot temporarily to be contained out/thrown in and with being contained out by gratin that the cooking finishes.
According to the result that the above-mentioned in-depth analysis that various cooking methods especially China's cooking agent are sent out obtains, we study following prior art:
Making on the full automatic cooking machine problem, there is the people once to propose in the bottom of a pan or the outer wall of wall mounting temperature sensor.For example No. 99224470.6, of China national Department of Intellectual Property bulletin is called the utility model patent of " microcomputerized control frying pan ", proposes mounting temperature sensor on the external wall of pot.But owing to reasons such as the thermal conductivity factor difference of the existence of thermal resistance, each object and diabatic process hysteresis, different with the temperature of outer wall of wall in the pot by the temperature of gratin and heat transfer medium, and also linearity not necessarily of the cause and effect variation relation between them.Be installed in the temperature sensor of pot on the external wall and can only measure the temperature of outer wall of wall, can not accurately and timely measure in the pot by the temperature of gratin.Thereby can not accurately and timely measure by the duration and degree of heating state of gratin.A typical example steams exactly, is steamed the temperature of article and the temperature and the variation of variation and outer wall of wall and differs greatly.The control of duration and degree of heating control is interior by gratin to liking pot, rather than outer wall of wall.Have only directly accurately to measure in the pot simultaneously and just can be reached the purpose of accurately and timely judging and controlling the duration and degree of heating by the temperature of gratin.
Similarly shortcoming No. 98109123.7, that see China national Department of Intellectual Property bulletin is called the patent of invention of " automatic rice and dish cooker ", this patent proposes in the switch joining procedure controllers such as electromagnetic clutch, magnetic valve, electric cooker, motor, general supply, need program according to the cooking, instruct to control whole gastronomical process with the key transmission.According to above-mentioned we can find for the in-depth analysis of " duration and degree of heating " notion, the defective of the existing essence of these control modes, be not find to by the accurate detection method of gratin duration and degree of heating state and the accurate effective means of control firepower, so that material input, the manner of execution that device such as stirs, contains out and action moment just carry out according to the program of subjective static setting, do not have dynamically to follow the tracks of the duration and degree of heating state by gratin;
In addition, above-mentioned No. 98232677.7 patent proposes with photo-electric control card control feeder work drive motor and frying pan work drive motor, drive that feeder cooks by dish that program time will respectively be joined a portion dish successively, the material package bag is opened and will the dish in interior, expect that five equilibrium delivers in the pot, and drive frying pan and at the uniform velocity rotate along pot dynamo-electric shaft, make a pot interior dish material be able to fully be stir-fried and thermally equivalent.This scheme has recognized that other devices make the notion of the cooking operation of conformability, but still be to carry out cooking operation control according to fixing formula, shortage is done responsive, response accurately to the real-time status that changes all the time, and all above-mentioned technology all do not consider, often will be halfway in gastronomical process or Sheng such as material, condiment, fluid are transported/gone out temporarily pot body that heating to obtain special cooking local flavor effect.
In a word, cooking stove of the prior art can't realize that all cooking method is to being carried out dynamically the accurately requirement of cooking operation by the duration and degree of heating state of cooking material.
[summary of the invention]
Above-mentioned shortcoming at prior art, technical problem to be solved by this invention be to provide a kind of can be according to the requirement of different dish, accurately, dynamically the state of the duration and degree of heating is cooked in response, according to heating intensity and process thereof, be adapted to the automatic automatic getting-out device and the cooking appliance of containing out operation of the pot body of different shape exactly.
For this reason, solution of the present invention provides a kind of automatic getting-out device of cooking appliance, and this automatic getting-out device comprises supporting mass, contain out body, be connected supporting mass and contain out connector and drive unit between the body; Wherein, containing out between body and the connector is to removably connect; Supporting mass is rigid base that fix or movable, scaffold or hangs framework; Drive unit is connected with control system, this control system is the autonomous control system of automatic getting-out device or the control system shared with cooking appliance, drive unit is accepted the instruction of this control system, drives connector, contains out body and supporting mass and implement the action of containing out automatically.
Among the present invention, connector can be rigid structure or the flexible structure or the structure of hard and soft combination, and wherein, the rigid structure connector can be to have linking arm/bar that controlled ring changes the joint, and the flexible structure connector can be cable or telescopic arm/bar.
Among the present invention, connector and/or supporting mass can be the structures of segmented, and each section can be single or many structures; Each section of connector/between, connector is with supporting mass and/or contain out between the body, contain out and be provided with rigidity or flexible or the hard and soft joint that combines between the different parts of body, the coordinated movement of various economic factors is carried out in each above-mentioned joint of driving device controls driving.
Contain out between body and the connector and/or connector and supporting mass between be relative rotary the connection; Automatically getting-out device also can comprise aspirator, the dripping and leaking device of powder or liquid material; And, contain out the curved bottom portion that body can have curvature-adjustable.
Described automatic getting-out device carry and/or the input of shared control system is connected with the sensor of the physical/chemical parameter of the relevant duration and degree of heating that detects described cooking appliance; Described sensor is to described control system output measurement data, and described control system is sent operational order to described drive unit after measurement data is handled it.
Described sensor comprises the measurement heat transfer medium, is cooked the duration and degree of heating state sensor of the physical/chemical parameter of material, and the Sheng fortune system sensor of monitoring the physical/chemical ginseng of the described automatic getting-out device and the course of work thereof.
Described drive unit comprise motor or/and the mechanism that hot machine directly drives or/and through mechanical, electrical, magnetic, hydraulicdriven indirect drive mechanism.
Technical solution of the present invention also comprises a kind of cooking appliance, is equiped with aforesaid automatic getting-out device on the described cooking appliance, and these cooking appliances comprise Chinese style combustion gas cooking appliance, electromagnetic oven, electrothermal furnace, micro-wave oven, electric oven etc.
At first, automatic getting-out device of the present invention, it carries or the input of shared control system is connected with the sensor of the physical/chemical parameter of the relevant duration and degree of heating that detects described cooking appliance: measure heat transfer medium, cooked the duration and degree of heating state sensor of the physical/chemical parameter of material, and the Sheng of monitoring the physical/chemical parameter of the described automatic getting-out device and the course of work thereof is transported system sensor.These sensors are to described control system output measurement data, described control system is sent operational order to described drive unit after measurement data is handled it, such structure arrangement has guaranteed that automatic getting-out device of the present invention dynamically responds the variation of duration and degree of heating state, transport operation to being carried out just right Sheng, thereby ensured the local flavor of cooking dish by cooking material.
In addition, the of the present invention Sheng out between body and connector is designed to removably connect, and can be fit to different cooking needs and changes different stirring and contain out body, implements the multiple operation task of containing out; Flexible operation structures such as the structure of the rigid structure of connector or flexible structure or hard and soft integrated structure, segmented, each Duan Weidan or many, contain out between body and the connector and/or connector and supporting mass between between relative rotaryly a series of architecture advances such as be connected and be convenient at above-mentioned connector and bearing support or hang framework, contain out mounted movable device on the body joint, can make stir contain out body around connector or with connector around bearing support, hang framework rotation, so that splendid attire material and overturning material; And the pot body is placed or is installed on the supporter, pot body can be rotated on this supporter, and the mounted movable device drive the pot rotation; Even primary like this shovel action can not all scoop up material in the pot, after current shovel action is finished, can rotate, stir getting-out device or a pot body is rotated to an angle, or both rotate to an angle together, thereby improve greatly for the second time or the later effect that scoops up.Above-mentioned getting-out device drives by electronic, hydraulic pressure or pneumatic direct driving or through drive disk assembly under the control of computer or other control system, can guarantee to contain out operation accurately, efficient.
A kind of device embodiment that stirs that can adopt is: a shovel is installed on one or a pair of connector, shovel is installed in the rotating shaft on the connector, can make shovel rotate or be installed on the connector at an angle and with respect to the connector adjustable angle around the rotating shaft of its connector, connector is installed in bearing support or hangs in the rotating shaft of framework, connector can rotate around the axis, bearing support or hang and on the framework guide rail is housed or volume draws, hang drawing device or other telecontrol equipment, make connector contain out body with respect to bearing support or hang framework and make straight line with stirring, curvilinear motion.Bearing support or hang framework and be installed on guide rail or other telecontrol equipment, but make its translation, connector and stir and contain out body and can or hang the framework translation with bearing support.
Sheng is set out to do will to be shoveled by gratin or place in fact exactly to contain out body, promotes the action of leaving pot body, contains out the back according to cooking needs, refunds in the pot again or puts into other container.The above-mentioned getting-out device that stirs can be realized these actions, uses to realize containing out/throwing in function respectively or jointly so can be used as getting-out device.
When an automatic cooking machine need be installed more than two or two same or different when stirring getting-out device simultaneously, but then can be installed on the above-mentioned guide rail or above-mentioned straight line with stirring getting-out device more than two or two, on one or more telecontrol equipments of curvilinear motion and rotation, drive transmission control by computer or the control of other control system is stirred getting-out device along guide rail movement, or do straight line with above-mentioned telecontrol equipment, curvilinear motion and rotation, or aggregate motion, then can realize stirring more than two or two getting-out device respectively and co-operating, finish more complicated work, for example contain out for twice, containing out another for one stirs etc.
In addition, can outside pot, one or more containers be set the appropriate location, place a pot limit, pot top or other position, or be installed on the telecontrol equipment, make it can move to the appropriate location and accept the material that getting-out device puts down, and install and can make container refund in the pot content or other local automatic tilting device, control its motion by the drive transmission of computer or the control of other control system.These containers can be contained out material for interim the placement, drop in the pot when needing again.These containers also can supply placement to cook the dish that finishes or other is by gratin, to adapt to the continuous cooking or other needs.
In order to guarantee that getting-out device has perfect Sheng fortune efficient, the present invention is except at above-mentioned connector, supporting mass, beyond intention on the big syndeton such as relation of other system, aspect the perfect interactive relationship of containing fortune body and pot body, the present invention has also made the intention with practicality: adopt the Sheng of the curved bottom portion with curvature-adjustable for example to transport body: girder structure or the flexible shell structure that can significantly adjust curvature, shovel shape body structure, but embodiment such as the leaf lobe body of many lobes of folding or single-lobe, the Sheng of this spline structure fortune body only need to make the Sheng of material in pot body that very little adjustment just can adapt to many kinds of shapes and occasion to be gone out; In addition, getting-out device of the present invention also comprises aspirator, the dripping and leaking device of containing fortune powder or liquid material, with the Sheng fortune of the material that adapts to difformity, states of matter.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of automatic getting-out device of the present invention is: this automatic getting-out device can be realized the operation of full automatic high-quality Sheng fortune, cooperate the action of other operating systems, the packaged cooking that the user only need will buy from market is former, auxilliary jacking and semi-finished product are placed on the automatic Dispensing system of material, start this automatic cooking machine, cooking kind recognition device on the automatic Dispensing system of material is the distinguishing mark loaded onto of automatic recognizate material package and identifying information is delivered to computer or other control system, computer or other control system access corresponding operating software, control sensing system induction also the transmission signal to computer or other control system, and by computer or other control system control combustion gas or, electromagnetism heating automatic regulating system, automatic Dispensing system of material, automatically stirred system by gratin, by the gratin system of containing out and other system works automatically.Whole gastronomical process, from igniting feed intake, the centre contains out Sheng and advances, finishes and finish product to the cooking and contain out, carry out fully automatically.Owing to can accurately control the duration and degree of heating automatically, therefore can realize especially chinese-style cuisine skill and technique of multiple main cooking method.
This automatic cooking machine not only can automatic-cooking, and can cook out dish and other cooked food of high-quality and stay in grade, reaches with various different cooking methods to be heated to expection duration and degree of heating state by gratin, realizes the cooking purpose of its peculiar taste.
Below in conjunction with the specific embodiment of accompanying drawing and Chinese style combustion gas automatic cooking machine etc., the present invention is described further.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is the front elevational schematic that is equiped with the automatic cooking machine embodiment of automatic getting-out device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional schematic of combustion gas automatic regulating system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional schematic of another embodiment of combustion gas automatic regulating system of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic side view of material packages such as former, auxilliary jacking of the cooking of the present invention and semi-finished product.
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the schematic side view of automatic Dispensing system of material of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the front view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the schematic side view of another embodiment of material packages such as former, auxilliary jacking of the cooking of the present invention and semi-finished product.
Fig. 9 is the vertical view of Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is the schematic side view of another embodiment of automatic Dispensing system of material of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the vertical view of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is that the present invention stirs the front elevational schematic with getting-out device.
Figure 13 is the side view of Figure 12.
Figure 14 is that the present invention stirs the front elevational schematic with another embodiment of getting-out device.
Figure 15 is the side view of Figure 14.
Figure 16 be the present invention stir and getting-out device between the pot body when mobile, the schematic top plan view when it moves to a certain position.
Figure 17 is stirring/the getting-out device schematic diagram of a kind of flexible structure.
Figure 18 is the front elevational schematic that is equiped with the another kind of embodiment of automatic cooking machine of automatic getting-out device of the present invention.
[specific embodiment]
The present invention stirs with one of getting-out device embodiment and is a kind of stirring and getting-out device as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13.Stirring/contain out body 420 is a shovel, and one side is the shovel mouth, and three is inclined-plane or curved surface in addition, and its bottom is a curved surface shaped, and is similar to form of pot bottom, is fixed on rotating shaft 421 and 434.Motor 436 drives turning cylinder 421,434 by gear 437, chain 438 and gear 435 and rotates together with shovel 420.Motor 432 drives turning cylinder 431,418 and rotates, and drives connector 419,433 and shovel 420 and rotates together.Motor 424 drives turning cylinder 431,418 by gear 425,422,427, chain 423 and leading screw 416,429 and moves up and down along support 417,430 together with connector 419,433 and shovel 420.Rack beam 426 moves along the chute (not label) of a pair of chute-type guide rail 415,428, and whole stirring/getting-out device can be moved to pot outer with retract.Computer or other control system move in the mode of motion combination according to the needs of cooking method control said apparatus, the cooking such as can realize turning, turn over for a short time, turn over greatly, stirring and stir and move and action such as contain, shift out, move into and pour into.Displacement, angular displacement and other sensor can be installed assists computer accurately to control.
Figure 14, Figure 15 shows that another kind stirs and getting-out device.Form a class ellipsoid container when top-surface camber thing 444 and lower surface camber thing 443 close, the shape of top and bottom is similar to the bottom of a pan, is fixed on rotating shaft 421 and 434.Motor 436 is by gear 437, chain 438 and gear 435 drives rotating shaft 421,434 and class ellipsoid thing rotates together.Motor 432 drives rotating shaft 431,418 and rotates, and drives connector 419,433 and class ellipsoid thing and rotates together.Motor 424 drives rotating shaft 431,418 by gear 425,422,427, chain 423 and leading screw 416,429 and moves up and down along support 417,430 together with connector 419,433 and class ellipsoid thing., rack beam 426 moves along the chute (not label) of a pair of chute-type guide rail 415,428, and whole stirring/getting-out device can be moved to pot outer with retract.When connector 419,433 keep plumbness and class ellipsoid thing keeps level along support 417,430 rise to protrusion 440 when contacting with half moon 439, half moon, 439 oppressed retractions, by linkage 441 tooth bar 442 is stretched out forward, with last, the lower surface camber thing connects gear 447 engagements in the rotating shaft 445, make axle 445 rotate 90 °, top-surface camber thing 444 is opened, connector 419,433 continue to rise to protrusion 440 and half moon 439 when disengaging, spring 446 resets half moon 439, tooth bar 442 retractions, break away from gear 447, fan-shaped protrusion 448 on the axle 445 has rotated 90 ° to position shown in 449 at this moment, ratchet 450 turns to position shown in 451, and the edge that blocks fan-shaped protrusion 448 can not turn round it, and the top-surface camber thing stays open state.When connector 419,433 descended, same action repetitive reverse was carried out, and the top-surface camber thing closes, and ratchet 453 turns to position shown in 452, and the top-surface camber thing is kept closed.When not needing the folding of top-surface camber thing, can before rise and fall, connector 419,433 be departed from the upright position certain angle, protrusion 440 is not contacted in ascending and descending process with half moon 439, can keep opening or close state before the rise and fall.Computer or other control system move in the mode of motion combination according to the needs of cooking method control said apparatus, can realize required the stirring action and action such as contain, shift out, move into and pour into of various cooking methods.Displacement, angular displacement and other sensor can be installed assists computer accurately to control.
For clarity sake see also shown in Figure 16, stir with getting-out device and be installed on the chute-type guide rail 403, motor 401 drives 402 pullings of mild steel lines and is fixed on and stirs/tripod 454 on the getting-out device rack beam 426, drive stirs/getting-out device is along the guide rail transverse movement, thereby realize its shift out pot outer, retract the action that moves on to another pot in the pot, from a pot.There is a plurality of pots situation also can adopt the same manner setting.
Figure 17 shows that stirring/getting-out device of a kind of flexible structure, motor 468 drives shovel 412 by angular wheel 469,470, the rotating shaft rotation on connector 410.Motor 457 drives connector 410 together with the axle rotation of shovel 412 on inner sleeve 460 by worm gear 456 and worm screw 455.Motor 466 drives rolling wheel 467, rolls up, puts hoist cable 459, and the pulley 458 that drives on the inner sleeve 460 moves up and down, and connector 410 moves up and down along outer sleeve 464 with inner sleeve 460 together with shovel 412.The gear 462 that motor 463 drives on the suspension bracket 465 rotates, and suspension bracket 465 is moved along guide rail 461 together with inner and outer sleeves, connector and shovel.The aggregate motion of above-mentioned motion realize cooking method required stir and contain out action.When occur interfering between shovel and the pot, the stirring of this kind flexibility/getting-out device can whole freely rise, has avoided pot and shovel to damage because of collision, also can make the pot that shovels the adaptation different curve simultaneously.Motor 455 drives pot 702 rotations by gear 471,456, changes the position that shovel enters, and makes the better effects if that scoops up.
Further, it is as follows to be equiped with the embodiment of automatic cooking machine of cooking combustion gas firepower of the present invention system:
Automatic cooking machine shown in Figure 1 by pot body, sensing system, combustion gas or electricity, electromagnetism heating automatic regulating system, automatic Dispensing system of material, stirred system automatically by gratin and the system of containing out and computer or other control system are formed automatically.
Sensor 102,101 is a noncontacting proximity sensor, sensor 102 is installed on the support of material feeding device, sensor 101 is installed in the pot cover, measures in the pot by the temperature of gratin or other parameter, for computer provides feedback data when pot cover is opened and close respectively.Sensor 105 is a touch sensor, is installed in to stir/the shovel mouth of getting-out device shovel, directly measures in the pot by the parameters such as temperature of gratin, for computer provides feedback data.Sensor 107 provides feedback data such as gas flow and pressure for computer.Sensor 106 feedback data such as flame temperature are provided for computer and monitor the combustion of flame, state goes out.Sensor 103 is installed in the material dispensing port, and feedforward data such as material initial temperature are provided for computer.Sensor 104 provides feedforward data such as environment temperature for computer.Sensor 108 provides feedforward data such as the flow of gas source and pressure for computer.Certainly, can also adopt the sensor of other form and sensing system, be placed on diverse location, reach accurate measurement by the purpose of the duration and degree of heating state of gratin as the variation of said apparatus.These variations all drop within protection scope of the present invention.
Still see also shown in Figure 1ly, when using the present invention to cook, the user is that the material package box 303 hot pressing films 311 that will buy from market earlier insert chutes 302 downwards, tongue is inserted in the slotted opening of rotating shaft 305.Identification bar code 314 on the barcode scanner 304 scanning packing boxes 303 passes to the control computer with identifying information then, and computer is from storage device or the corresponding cooking software of network call.During cooking beginning, computer sends signal, opens magnetic valve 204, combustion gas enters combustion gas automatic regulating system 203 from air inlet pipe 202 by magnetic valve 204, the feedforward data that computer provides according to sensor 104 and 108, control motor 205 rotates, and regulates gas flow.Combustion gas flows into burning seat 501 from escape pipe 201, and automatic ignition device 502 is lighted flame.The feedback data control gas flow that provides of the feedforward data that provides according to sensor 103,104 and 108 of computer and sensor 101,102,105,106 and 107 and the work of each system afterwards.In the time of need feeding intake, driven by motor rotating shaft 305 rotations, volume draws hot pressing film 311 that it is separated with packing box 303, and material falls into pot 702 from opening part.But in the container 308 of heat tracing three lattice are arranged, contain oil, water and soup respectively.Three magnetic valves 307 are controlled the Kai Heguan of oil, water and Tang Sange respectively.Oil, water, soup can inject respectively in the pot by thribble road 306.Groove 302 is installed in the rotating shaft 301 with pot cover 701.As shown in the figure, when feeding intake, automatic Dispensing system of material is to be in lower position, and pot cover is positioned at its top position.In the time of need covering pot cover, 301 rotations of motor 414 driving shafts make pot cover turn to the below.Motor 404 moves downward along support 408 by chain 413, gear 406, leading screw 407 driving shafts 301, automatic Dispensing system of material is delivered to the optimum position or cover pot cover of feeding intake, finish in the time of maybe need opening pot cover when feeding intake, axle 301 moves upward, abdicate the space to be stirred/getting-out device carries out work.Shovel 412 as mentioned above, under the control of computer or other control system, by around axle 411 rotation, with connector 410 around axle 409 rotations and along the aggregate motion that support 405 moves up and down realize cooking method required stir and contain out action.Need to stir/that getting-out device moves on to pot is outer or when retracting.Motor 401 moves along chute guide rail 403 by mild steel line 402 driving arms 405.The 603rd, computer control system panel, the 602nd, CD drive, the 604th, input keyboard, the 601st, display.703 is smoke exhaust ventilator.
Combustion gas or electricity, electromagnetism heating automatic regulating system can be the combustion gas self-checking devices of Flow-rate adjustment formula as shown in Figure 2.Combustion gas enters from air inlet 206, the restriction on duct 207, valve core 210, duct 209, and 216 flow out from the gas outlet., promote valve core 210 by push rod 211 and move axially by gear 213 and 214 driving shaft 212 spinning in and out vertically by the motor under the computer control 205, change the long-pending size of valve core restriction flow section, reach the purpose of regulating flow.Valve core 210 abuts against on the push rod 211 under the thrust of spring 217 all the time.Straight-line displacement and angular displacement that sensor 215 is measured axle 212,208 of sensors are measured the outlet gas flow, for computer provides feedback data with accurate control gas flow.
Combustion gas or electricity, electromagnetism heating automatic regulating system also can be the combustion gas self-checking devices of pressure adjustable type as shown in Figure 3.Combustion gas enters from air inlet 223, and radial hole 224, axial aperture 226 enter the sensitive cavity 225 of valve core lower end on valve core 229, and valve core is produced thrust upwards.When there not being combustion gas to enter, or combustion gas just begun to enter, and when pressure was low, the thrust that makes progress was not enough to overcome the active force of spring 230, and valve core is in lowest positions, and air inlet 223 and gas outlet 227 are cut off, and valve port is closed.Along with combustion gas constantly flows into, inlet pressure constantly increases, and the air pressure in chamber 225 also constantly increases thereupon, and when the air pressure in the chamber 225 was increased to active force greater than spring 230, valve core 229 was by jack-up, and stopped on a certain equilbrium position.Air inlet 223, gas outlet 227 are connected at this moment, and combustion gas is 227 outflows from the gas outlet.And the air pressure in chamber 225 no longer raises, and balances each other with spring 230 power at this moment.By gear 220,221 and driving shaft 222 spinning in and out vertically, change the pretightning force of spring 230 by the motor 218 under computer or the other control system control, thereby regulate the atmospheric pressure of jack-up valve core.Straight-line displacement and angular displacement that sensor 219 is measured axle 222,228 of sensors are measured the outlet gaseous-pressure, for computer provides feedback data with accurate control gaseous-pressure.
As a reference, see also Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, it is a kind of packaged form of cooking material.Former, auxiliary material and semi-finished product are contained in respectively in the not apposition 313 of plastic casing 303 according to throwing in order.Plastic casing top is with plastic foil 311 hot-press sealed, and hot pressing film front portion is a ligule 310, outside box, stretch out, on a strip projection 309 is arranged.Delivery device with matching such as Fig. 6, shown in Figure 7.During use the hot pressing film of plastic casing sealed and face down, the strip projection 312 that the box mouth edge of plastic casing is formed pushes along groove 302, and it can be slided along groove.Slotted opening 315 with ligule 310 inserts on the turning cylinder 305 makes spring pressuring plate 316 block strip projection 309.Identification bar code 314 on the barcode scanner 304 automatic scans packings, and information passed to computer, computer accesses corresponding cooking software according to identifying information from memory or network.When throwing in material, computer or other control system control motor 317 drive turning cylinder 305 and rotate, and hot pressing film 311 is separated with plastic box body 303, and box body is to front slide, and material falls in the pot of box below in the box.Computer control rotating shaft 305 in position stops operating, and the edge that is separated between the lattice 313 of hot pressing film 311 and box body 303 stops, and makes to have only this material that need throw in to be dropped in the pot.Displacement, angular displacement and other sensor can be installed assists computer accurately to control.
As a reference, see also Fig. 8, shown in Figure 9 again, it is the another kind of packaged form of cooking material.Former, auxiliary material and semi-finished product are contained in respectively in the not apposition of plastic casing 303 according to throwing in order.Seal with plug-type lid 318 on plastic casing top, and the lid front portion is a ligule 319, outside box, stretch out, on slotted hole 320 is arranged.Automatic Dispensing system of material with matching such as Figure 10, shown in Figure 11.Lid with plastic casing during use faces down, and the strip projection 312 that the box mouth edge of plastic casing is formed pushes along groove 302, and the hook on the mild steel line 321 322 is hooked slotted hole 320.Identification bar code 314 on the barcode scanner 304 automatic scans packings, and information passed to computer, computer accesses corresponding cooking software according to identifying information from memory or network.When throwing in material, computer control motor 317 drives turning cylinder 305 and rotates, make retractable cable wheel 324 volumes draw mild steel line 321, stop that 323 can not travel forward box body 303, plug-type lid 318 is to front slide, separate with plastic casing box body 303, material falls in the pot of box below by the box rear aperture in the box.Computer or other control system control rotating shaft 305 in position stop operating, and lid 318 back edge are parked in the edge between the lattice, make to have only this material that need throw in to be dropped in the pot.Displacement, angular displacement and other sensor can be installed assists computer accurately to control.
Figure 18 shows that the front elevational schematic of the another kind of embodiment of automatic cooking machine of the present invention.The 203rd, the combustion gas automatic regulating system.The 501st, the burning seat.The 703rd, smoke exhaust ventilator.The projecting teeth on the spool 305 of feeding intake articulates the hole on the encapsulating film 311 of material package box 303, and motor 317 drives rotating shafts 305 rotations, and volume draws the hot pressing film that it is separated with packing box 303, and material falls into pot 702 from opening part.Motor 325 driven wheels 326 rotate, and the material automatic release device is moved along guide rail 327 together with material package box 303, and the material automatic release device is delivered to the optimum position that feeds intake.But in the container 308 of heat tracing three lattice are arranged, contain oil, water and soup respectively.Oil, water, soup can inject respectively in the pot by thribble road 306.Motor 468 drives shovel 412 by angular wheel 469,470, the rotating shaft rotation on connector 410.Motor 457 drives the axle rotation on inner sleeve 460 together by worm gear 456 and worm screw 455.Motor 466 drives rolling wheel 467 volumes, puts cable wire 459, and the pulley 458 that drives on the inner sleeve 460 moves up and down, and connector 410 moves up and down along outer sleeve 464 with inner sleeve 460 together with shovel 412.The gear 462 that motor 463 drives on the suspension bracket 465 rotates, and suspension bracket 465 is moved along guide rail 461 together with inner and outer sleeves, connector and shovel.The aggregate motion of above-mentioned motion realize cooking method required stir and contain out action.Motor 455 drives pot 702 rotations by gear 456, changes the position that shovel enters.Motor 706 is by driving pot cover 701 rotation foldings by gear 705,704.Pot cover also can be other along guide rail movement to pot.Sensor 109 is installed in the turning joint 110, and when pot cover closed, it hung down to the measuring position automatically.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of automatic getting-out device of cooking appliance is characterized in that: described automatic getting-out device comprises supporting mass, contains out body, is connected described supporting mass and described connector and the drive unit of containing out between the body; It is wherein, described that to contain out between body and the described connector be to removably connect; Described supporting mass is rigid base that fix or movable, scaffold or hangs framework; Described drive unit is connected with control system, this control system is the autonomous control system of described automatic getting-out device or the control system shared with described cooking appliance, described drive unit is accepted the instruction of this control system, drives described connector, contains out body and supporting mass and implement the action of containing out automatically; The input of described control system is connected with the Sheng fortune system sensor of the physical/chemical parameter of the described automatic getting-out device of monitoring and the course of work thereof; Described sensor is to described control system output measurement data, and described control system is sent operational order to described drive unit after measurement data is handled it.
2, the automatic getting-out device of cooking appliance as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the input of described control system also further is connected with and measures heat transfer medium, cooked the duration and degree of heating state sensor of the physical/chemical parameter of material.
2, the automatic getting-out device of cooking appliance as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described connector is the structure of rigid structure, flexible structure or hard and soft combination.
4, the automatic getting-out device of cooking appliance as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: described rigid structure connector is to have linking arm/bar that controlled ring changes the joint.
5, the automatic getting-out device of cooking appliance as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: described flexible structure connector is cable or telescopic arm/bar.
6, the automatic getting-out device of cooking appliance as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described connector and/or supporting mass are the structures of segmented, and each Duan Weidan props up or many structures.
7, as the automatic getting-out device of the described cooking appliance of arbitrary claim among the claim 1-6, it is characterized in that: described contain out between body and the described connector and/or described connector and described supporting mass between be relative rotary the connection.
8, the automatic getting-out device of cooking appliance as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: described automatic getting-out device also comprises the aspirator and/or the dripping and leaking device of powder or liquid material.
9, the automatic getting-out device of cooking appliance as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described drive unit comprises mechanism that motor and/or hot machine directly drive and/or through mechanical, electrical, magnetic, hydraulicdriven indirect drive mechanism.
10, a kind of cooking appliance is characterized in that: be equiped with on the described cooking appliance as the described automatic getting-out device of arbitrary claim in the claim 1~9.
CNB031370594A 2002-05-31 2003-05-31 Means for ladling food from cooker automatically, and said cooker Expired - Fee Related CN100488418C (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN02115320 2002-05-31
CN02115320.5 2002-05-31
CNB031370594A CN100488418C (en) 2002-05-31 2003-05-31 Means for ladling food from cooker automatically, and said cooker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB031370594A CN100488418C (en) 2002-05-31 2003-05-31 Means for ladling food from cooker automatically, and said cooker

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CN100488418C true CN100488418C (en) 2009-05-20

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007062587A1 (en) * 2005-11-29 2007-06-07 Xiaoyong Liu Automatic or semi-automatic cooking system and cooking method
CN105768833B (en) * 2014-12-16 2018-05-01 佛山市顺德区美的电热电器制造有限公司 Device of stirring for cooker
CN110051228A (en) * 2018-01-19 2019-07-26 李亚锐 A kind of bundling processing method of material for cooking, material for cooking and intelligent cooking machine
CN109124367B (en) * 2018-09-10 2020-07-31 瑞安市华嘉机械制造有限公司 Automatic frying machine turns over speed size controlling means that fries

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