CN100486832C - Vehicular alcohol alarming apparatus - Google Patents

Vehicular alcohol alarming apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100486832C
CN100486832C CNB2005100165147A CN200510016514A CN100486832C CN 100486832 C CN100486832 C CN 100486832C CN B2005100165147 A CNB2005100165147 A CN B2005100165147A CN 200510016514 A CN200510016514 A CN 200510016514A CN 100486832 C CN100486832 C CN 100486832C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
alcohol
pin
micro controller
alarming
Prior art date
Application number
CNB2005100165147A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1799895A (en
Inventor
许经山
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敦化市天元机械有限责任公司
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Priority to CNB2005100165147A priority Critical patent/CN100486832C/en
Publication of CN1799895A publication Critical patent/CN1799895A/en
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Publication of CN100486832C publication Critical patent/CN100486832C/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a vehicle alcohol alarming method and device, which comprises that: testing the alcohol density of main and auxiliary driving seats; and via the communication signal of alcohol detecting module or wireless communication receiving detecting modular, attaining the alcohol density of back row; alarming according to the preset judgment standard of driver alcohol and controlling the switch of storage battery. The device comprises a program storage module, an address latching module, a sonic alarming module, a system time controlling module, a liquid crystal display module, a wireless receiving module, a alcohol sensing module, a keyboard module, a alcohol detecting module or wireless detecting module, which are connected on the main control module input. The invention has reliable property, easy operation, strong anti-disturb ability and wider application.

Description

The Vehicular alcohol alarming device
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of automobile driver alcohol-detection and automobile and automatically shut down the control technology field, be specifically related to survey exactly the alcohol concentration of each position in chaufeur and the car, in time the overproof dangerous driving situation of chaufeur is made reflection, under the situation of reporting to the police in advance, in time turn-off the device of automobile.
Background technology
Drunken driver from driving car causes traffic accident easily, social now high speed development, the society of automobile owning amount per capita is more and more, the traffic accident that drunken driver from driving car takes place is more and more frequent, have a strong impact on personal safety and order of traffic, the method that addresses this is that is to adopt usually to tighten traffic management, though also obtain the actv. preventive effect, but still a lot of traffic accidents be driving a car under the influence of alcohol cause, at present, under the situation that privately held vehicle increases rapidly, simple dealing with problems by conventional method is very difficult.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to provide a kind of alcohol concentration of surveying each position in chaufeur and the car in time, exactly, in time the overproof dangerous driving situation of chaufeur is had more reflection, under the situation of alarm in advance, in time turn-off automobile, stop the drunken driver from driving car warning device of drunken driver from driving car.
Embodiment of the present invention are as follows;
Vehicular alcohol alarming method provided by the invention, it comprises:
Alcohol concentration to main steering position, copilot station and back court position is tested, and according to the switch of overproof judgement standard warning of predefined chaufeur and Control of Automobile storage battery, finishes automobile is closed down control.It is that the port of accepting by three winding displacements connect alcohol sensors and main control module carries out signal and transmits that dual mode transmission that the transmission of back row's alcohol concentration signal is wired and wireless, wired mode are transmitted; The wireless mode transmission is by the wireless exploration module back row's alcohol concentration information of automobile to be gathered and handled, and communicates transmission back row's alcohol concentration information by wireless reception module and main control module.
The Vehicular alcohol alarming device that the present invention proposes, comprise the alcohol gas sensor, switch circuit, the language circuit, and drunken driving caution, blanket, a kind of mode is made of governor circuit and alcohol-detection module, described governor circuit is by bonded assembly program storage block on the main control module input end, the address latch module, the language alarm module, the system time control module, LCD MODULE, the wireless reception module, alcohol sensing module and Keysheet module constitute, another kind of mode is that above-mentioned governor circuit and wireless exploration module constitutes, and described wireless exploration module is the mouth connection voltage-frequency converter input end by alcohol sensor 3, the mouth of voltage-frequency converter connects the input end of PT2262 coder, the input end that the mouth of PT2262 coder connects the FM emitter of 315MHZ constitutes.
During concrete work, governor circuit and alcohol-detection module or wireless exploration module are connected the 12V direct supply of automobile storage battery simultaneously, 3 alcohol sensors processes of alcohol-detection module were carried out preheating in 0.5-1.5 minute, the alcohol sensor 1 and 2 of the major and minor steering position of governor circuit is measured the alcohol concentration value of major and minor steering position simultaneously, arrange alcohol concentration after alcohol sensor 3 measured automobiles, and transfer to the micro controller system of governor circuit by cable (or wireless mode); Micro controller system carries out the judgement of automotive interior alcohol concentration, judges whether to the position of driver alcohol concentration exceeds standard, and, the alcohol concentration value of setting major and minor steering position and back row is respectively A 1, A 2, A 3, work as A 1A 2, A 1A 3, both the alcohol concentration of main steering position was greater than the alcohol concentration value of copilot station and back court position, and judgement should make parking of automobile; Carry out liquid crystal display warning, verbal cue warning simultaneously, turn-off relay after one minute, both turn-offed the engine ignition line breaker of automobile; After the alcohol concentration value of main steering position was lower than certain numerical value, micro controller system was opened the relay that has turn-offed; When relay turn-offs, run into extraordinary circumstances (can not at once stop), chaufeur is answered the reset key on the keypad, the forced interruption parking order.
The Vehicular alcohol alarming device that the present invention proposes has characteristics such as performance is safe and reliable, easy to use, antijamming capability is strong, practicality is extensive.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the Vehicular alcohol alarming device that the present invention proposes is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is a Vehicular alcohol alarming device block scheme of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a Vehicular alcohol alarming device main control module circuit diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a Vehicular alcohol alarming device latch module circuit diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a Vehicular alcohol alarming device program storage block circuit diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a Vehicular alcohol alarming device language alarm modular circuit scheme drawing of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a Vehicular alcohol alarming apparatus system clock module circuit diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a Vehicular alcohol alarming device wireless receiving module circuit diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a Vehicular alcohol alarming device wireless exploration modular circuit scheme drawing of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Vehicular alcohol alarming device provided by the invention, comprise: the three dimensionality joint-detection that the alcohol concentration of main steering position, copilot station and back court position is tested is adjudicated, both when the alcohol concentration of three positions satisfies corresponding relation, judge that the chaufeur alcohol concentration exceeds standard and Control of Automobile firing circuit switch, finishes automobile is closed down control.Wired and wireless dual mode transmission is adopted in the transmission of back row's alcohol concentration signal, and it is to carry out signal by the receiving port that three winding displacements connect alcohol sensors and main control module to transmit that wired mode is transmitted; The wireless mode transmission is by the wireless exploration module back row's alcohol information of automobile to be gathered and handled, and communicates transmission back row's alcohol concentration information by wireless receiving module and main control module.
Embodiment 1
In Fig. 1 to Fig. 8, the Vehicular alcohol alarming device that the present invention proposes, comprise alcohol gas sensor, switch circuit, language circuit and drunken driving caution, blanket, a kind of embodiment is made of governor circuit and alcohol-detection module, and described governor circuit is made of bonded assembly program storage block, address latch module, language alarm module, system time control module, LCD MODULE, alcohol sensing module and Keysheet module on the main control module input end.
1, the concrete line connection and the principle of work of governor circuit are as follows;
A, main control module adopt micro controller system 80C196 as kernel processor chip, first pin, 67 external crystal oscillator CRYSTAL, the first capacitor C 30P1 and the second capacitor C 30P2 are connected crystal oscillator CRYSTAL two ends, second pin one 6 connects the end of resistance R ESET one end and the 3rd capacitor C 33U, power supply CVPP is connected the other end of resistance R ESET, the first capacitor C 30P1 and the second capacitor C 30P2 are as filter capacitor, second pin one, 6 input Restart Signal RESET, resistance R ESET, the 3rd capacitor C 33U and power supply CVPP constitute the Restart Signal generative circuit.
Three-prong to the ten pins 53,54,55,56,57,58,59, the 60 link address latch module 74LS373 of B, micro controller system 80C196, pin 60 to pin 53 latchs through address latch module 74LS373 for the least-significant byte A wire, through the least-significant byte address and micro controller system 80C196 pin 52 to high 4 bit address that pin 48 generates that latch program storage block 27C64 is carried out addressing, and take line (AD0-AD7) carry out data transmission with program storage block 27C64 by micro controller system 80C196 least-significant byte address/data.
The 11 pin to the ten three-prongs 13,14,15 of C, micro controller system 80C196 connect the input end of programmed array GAL16V817, and the mouth of programmed array GAL16V817 connects the input end of LCD MODULE and system clock module.
The input end of the 14 pin 62 connected system clock module DC12C887 of D, micro controller system 80C196, the sheet line signal that the 14 pin 62 generates is accepted the interrupt source signal of system clock module DC12C 887, (1 second 1 interrupt signal) by pin two 4; And read the system time signal of clock module DC12C 887 by pin 60 full pins 53.
Three-prong to the ten pins 53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60 of E, micro controller system 80C196 connect the LCD MODULE input end, to LCD MODULE input demonstration information, realize the demonstration of alarm message.
The 15 pin of F, micro controller system 80C196 is connected the input end of alcohol sensing module master steering position sensor MQJ104-1 and copilot station sensor MQJ104-2 with the 16th pin two 4,25, the alcohol concentration signal is through pin two 4,25 outputs of micro controller system 80 C 196, as the test signal of major and minor steering position alcohol concentration.
The 17 pin to the 21 pins 44,42,39,33 of G, micro controller system 80C196 and 16 (RESET) connecting key disk module, supervisory keyboard module, and the Restart Signal of reception keyboard.
2, address latch module
The address latch module adopts 74LS373, first pin to the, eight pins 3,4,7,8,13,14,17,18 connect the least-significant byte address signal input end of micro controller system 80C196, the least-significant byte address signal input end of address latch module 74LS373 mouth the 9th pin to the 16 pin twos, 5,6,9,12,15,16,19 linker memory modules, the 17 pin two 0 of address latch module 74LS373 is+the 5V power input that capacitor C 373 is a filter capacitor.
3, program storage block
Program store 2764 is as the external program memory of micro controller system 80C196, first pin to the, nine pin ones 1,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19 are as least-significant byte address signal and data multiplex, 8 pins of link address latch module 74LS373 and micro controller system 80C196, the least-significant byte address signal that the process of reception latch module 74LS373 output latchs and AD0-AD12 data transfer signal of micro controller system 80C196.
4, language alarm module
The language alarm module adopts chip I SD1420, its first pin and second pin two 4,25 connect the 22 and 20 three-prong P2.0 and the P3.0 of micro controller system 80C196, can record 20 seconds, its pin two 4 and 25 is subjected to the pin P2.0 of micro controller system 80C196, the control of P3.0, under overproof situation, the language alarm information of played pre-recorded, and 10 seconds reciprocal parking alarm of realization, the external filter capacitor of three-prong 28 (VCCd) and+the 5V power supply, as the power supply of chip, the 4th pin one 9 outer meeting resistance R14205 (47K), the 5th pin one 8 external capacitor 4.7u, form the language gain circuitry, the power consumption of language is play in control.
5, system time control module
The system time control module adopts chip 12C887, receive the control signal of micro controller system, and by pin one 4 (AS) input, simultaneously, the system clock control module is by pin 4 to 11 output system clock signals, the input micro controller system, as the time signal of liquid crystal display, the external pull-up resistor RHSIO of first pin one 9 (IQD) of system time control module and+the 5V power supply, draw feed circuit in the formation, and as the output of the interrupt signal of micro controller system, 1 interrupt signal of output in per 1 second.
6, the alcohol alarm module is made up of main steering position, copilot station and back court position three parts, and three parts are respectively by three alcohol sensors and signal transmssion line (3 winding displacements; Power supply, ground wire, signal wire (SW)) form.In the back preheating after 1 minute that powering on, alcohol sensor transmission measurement voltage, is transferred to the CH port of main control module at (alcohol concentration of measuring voltage and surrounding environment is linear change) by winding displacement.So as to collection and the transmission of finishing alcohol concentration information.
Embodiment 2
The another kind of embodiment of the Vehicular alcohol alarming device that the present invention proposes is, comprise the alcohol gas sensor, switch circuit, language circuit and drunken driving caution, blanket, constituted by governor circuit and wireless exploration module, described governor circuit is by bonded assembly program storage block on the main control module input end, the address latch module, the language alarm module, the system time control module, LCD MODULE, wireless receiving module, alcohol sensing module and Keysheet module constitute, the line connection of described governor circuit and principle of work are except that wireless receiving module, the connection mode of micro controller system 80C196 and other modules is identical with line connection among the embodiment 1, and the line connection and the principle of work of wireless receiving module and wireless exploration module are as follows;
1, wireless reception module
Wireless receiving module adopts the FM receiver of 315MHZ, receive the transmission signals of wireless detector by the antenna of 10cm, FM receiver by 315MHZ carries out radio demodulating, generate the base-band digital code signal, export by signal output part, the FM receiver mouth of 315MHZ connects the input end of PT2272 decoding circuit, the computing of decoding of code signal after the decoding circuit of being made up of PT2272 is reconciled the FM receiver of 315MHZ, the baseband digital signal of generation standard, as the alcohol concentration incoming signal of wireless exploration module, connect and export to the CH3 fracture of micro controller system 80C196 by pin 8.
2, wireless exploration module
The wireless exploration module is made of the input end of the mouth connection PT2262 coder of the mouth connection voltage-frequency converter input end of alcohol sensor 3, voltage-frequency converter, the mouth bonded assembly input end of PT2262 coder.In the alcohol signal input voltage-frequency converter of alcohol sensor 3, the impulse singla that is the corresponding relation frequency through the alcohol concentration voltage of signals value that generates after the processing of voltage-frequency converter, impulse singla is handled by the PT2262 encoder encodes, generate code signal, and the FM emitter of input 315MHZ, go out by aerial radiation.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of Vehicular alcohol alarming device, comprise alcohol gas sensor, switch circuit, language circuit and drunken driving caution, blanket, it is characterized in that constituting by governor circuit and alcohol-detection module, described governor circuit is to be made of bonded assembly program storage block, address institute storing module, language alarm module, system time control module, LCD MODULE, alcohol sensing module and Keysheet module on the main control module input end, and the line connection of governor circuit is as follows;
A, main control module adopt micro controller system 80C 196 as kernel processor chip, the external crystal oscillator of first pin (67) (CRYSTAL), first electric capacity (C30P1) and second electric capacity (C30P2) are connected crystal oscillator (CRYSTAL) two ends, second pin (16) connects an end of resistance (RESET) end and the 3rd electric capacity (C33U), and power supply (CVPP) is connected the other end of resistance (RESET);
Three-prong to the ten pins (53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60) the link address latch module 74LS373 of B, micro controller system 80C196;
The 11 pin to the ten three-prongs (13,14,15) of C, micro controller system 80C196 connect the input end of programmed array GAL16V817, and the mouth of programmed array GAL16V817 connects the input end of LCD MODULE and system clock module;
The mouth of the 14 pin (62) the connected system clock module DC12C887 of D, micro controller system 80C196;
Three-prong to the ten pins (53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60) of E, micro controller system 80C196 connect the input end of LCD MODULE;
The 15 pin of F, micro controller system 80C196 is connected the input end of alcohol sensing module master steering position sensor (MQJ104-1) and copilot station sensor (MQJ104-2) with the 16 pin (24,25);
The 17 to the 21 pin (44,42,39,33,16) the connecting key disk module of G, micro controller system 80C196.
2, Vehicular alcohol alarming device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described address latch module adopts 74LS 373, its first to the 8th pin (3,4,7,8,13,14,17,18) connects the least-significant byte address signal input end of micro controller system 80C196, the least-significant byte address signal input end of mouth the 9th to the 16 pin (2,5,6,9,12,15,16,19) the linker memory module of address latch module 74LS373, the 17 pin (20) of address latch module 74LS373 is+the 5V power input.
3, Vehicular alcohol alarming device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described program storage block is the external program memory of program store 2764 as micro controller system 80C196, first pin to the, nine pins (11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19) are as least-significant byte address signal and data multiplex, 8 pins of link address latch module 74LS373 and micro controller system 80C196.
4, Vehicular alcohol alarming device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described language alarm module is to adopt chip I SD1420, its first pin is connected the 22 and 20 three-prongs (P2.0, P3.0) of micro controller system 80C196 with second pin (24,25); The external filter capacitor of three-prong (28) and+the 5V power supply; The 4th pin (19) outer meeting resistance (R14205), the 5th pin (18) connects electric capacity 4.7u.
5, Vehicular alcohol alarming device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described system time control module adopts chip 12C887, the external pull-up resistor of first pin (19) (RHSIO) of system time control module and+the 5V power supply.
6, Vehicular alcohol alarming device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described alcohol-detection module is made up of main steering position, copilot station and back court position three parts, and three parts are made up of three alcohol sensors and signal transmssion line respectively.
CNB2005100165147A 2005-01-06 2005-01-06 Vehicular alcohol alarming apparatus CN100486832C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100165147A CN100486832C (en) 2005-01-06 2005-01-06 Vehicular alcohol alarming apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100165147A CN100486832C (en) 2005-01-06 2005-01-06 Vehicular alcohol alarming apparatus

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CN100486832C true CN100486832C (en) 2009-05-13

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Families Citing this family (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4207092B1 (en) * 2007-09-03 2009-01-14 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Drinking state detection system
CN101596864B (en) * 2009-07-10 2012-09-19 王珍美 Drunken driving controller
WO2011120353A1 (en) * 2010-04-02 2011-10-06 深圳市赛格导航科技股份有限公司 On-vehicle navigation equipment, on-vehicle drunken driving detecting device and method, safe driving service system and method for vehicle
CN102214385A (en) * 2010-04-02 2011-10-12 深圳市赛格导航科技股份有限公司 Vehicle-mounted device for detecting drunk driving and use method thereof for detecting drunk driving
CN102213706A (en) * 2010-04-02 2011-10-12 深圳市赛格导航科技股份有限公司 Vehicle-mounted drunken driving detection device and vehicle-mounted drunken driving detection method
CN102079245A (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-06-01 西西埃热能(南京)有限公司 Safety device for automatically monitoring drunk driving
CN102156418A (en) * 2010-12-09 2011-08-17 宁波保税区先锋工贸有限公司九江绕线设备分公司 Human-computer interfaces of computer numerical control winding machine
CN102826011A (en) * 2012-09-24 2012-12-19 罗丽菁 Automatic electronic door lock for forbidding drunk driving
CN102922997A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-13 魏雨婷 Drunk driving sensor
CN103112354A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-05-22 重庆电子工程职业学院 Wireless multifunctional monitoring system and monitoring method of alcohol
CN104401229A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-03-11 南京信息工程大学 Vehicle-mounted drunk-driving-preventing on-line measurement and control system based on sensor array
CN104494515A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-08 深圳市华宝电子科技有限公司 Method and device for preventing drunk driving
CN106353276B (en) * 2016-08-18 2018-10-30 深圳市大帝酒检信息系统有限公司 A kind of car alcohol quick examination device and installation method
CN108146244A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-12 南京理工大学 It is a kind of to detect major-minor driver's seat personnel and drink the device of state
CN108776196A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-09 深圳市沃特沃德股份有限公司 Drunk driving self-checking system based on short-distance wireless communication and method

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