CN100485075C - High-carbon high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller and heat treatment method thereof - Google Patents

High-carbon high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller and heat treatment method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN100485075C
CN100485075C CNB2007100176121A CN200710017612A CN100485075C CN 100485075 C CN100485075 C CN 100485075C CN B2007100176121 A CNB2007100176121 A CN B2007100176121A CN 200710017612 A CN200710017612 A CN 200710017612A CN 100485075 C CN100485075 C CN 100485075C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
roll
speed steel
vanadium
carbon
steel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB2007100176121A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101037760A (en
Inventor
符寒光
邢建东
高义民
李明伟
张轶
蒋志强
皇志富
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xian Jiaotong University
Original Assignee
Xian Jiaotong University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xian Jiaotong University filed Critical Xian Jiaotong University
Priority to CNB2007100176121A priority Critical patent/CN100485075C/en
Publication of CN101037760A publication Critical patent/CN101037760A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100485075C publication Critical patent/CN100485075C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-carbon high-vanadium high-speed-steel complex roll. The outer layer of the high-carbon high-vanadium high-speed-steel complex roll comprises, based on weight percent, C: 1.8%-3.0%, V: 3.0%-6.0%, Cr: 4.0%-6.0%, Mo: 3.0%-6.0%, W: 1.0%-3.0%, Nb: 1.0%-5.0%, Co: 1.0%-5.0%, Si: <1.0%, Mn: <1.5%, P: <0.04%, S: <0.04%; Y: 0.05%-0.20%, Ti: 08%-0.25%, Mg: 0.03%-0.12%, Zr: 0.04%-0.18%, Te: 0.02%-0.12%, the residuel of Fe, the total of 100%. The roll is produced by smelting using electric furnace, casting and forming using centrifugal casting, heat treatment comprising quenching and tempering treatment. The high-speed-steel roll has high rigidity and strength, good toughness and wear resistance, and good anti-thermal fatigue, without roll breakage and desquamation in use. The application of the inventive roll can reduce the consumption of roll, improve the work rates of roll, prolong roll changing cycle, improve the surface quality of roll, with good economic and social effect.

Description

A kind of high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller and heat treating method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the metal technical field of steel rolling, relate to a kind of roll and treatment process thereof, particularly a kind of high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll and heat treating method thereof.
Background technology
Roll is one of main consumption spare part during steel rolling is produced, and roll consumption is about 5%~15% of steel rolling production cost.Shut down, fall factors such as product and maintenance of the equipment increase if consider the production that brings because of roll consumption, then the proportion of its shared production cost can be higher.Roll quality not only is related to steel rolling production cost and milling train production operational availability, also influences mill bar quality to a great extent.Along with the development of steel rolling technology, rolling mill speed and level of automation improve constantly, and breaker roll quality particularly wear resistance, intensity and the toughness etc. of roll is had higher requirement.In recent years, because to the specific demand of rolling stock, the performance of the size of stocking, surface accuracy, stocking is all had higher requirement.In addition, along with the development of rolling technique, the Working environment of roll is also more and more harsher, is example with the hot continuous rolling, and roll is under high temperature, high loading, the high-speed mal-condition for a long time, and the performance requriements of breaker roll is higher.How improving roller performance to adapt to the needs of milling train, is the new problem that roll development person faces.
In common rapid steel, increase carbon content and content of vanadium, can increase the quantity of high rigidity MC type carbide, improve the wear resistance of rapid steel.Replacing rich chromium cast iron, infinitely chilled ductile cast iron and casting half steel to make roll with high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel at present is one of main developing direction.Chinese invention patent CN1631565 discloses a kind of High Vanadium Rapid Steel Composite Roll And Production Technology, roll is divided into roller core and roll wearing layer, roller core adopts toughness low alloy steel or mild steel material making preferably, the roll wearing layer adopts the high-vanadium high-speed steel material, the principal element content of this high-vanadium high-speed steel is: C:1.8~3.5%, V:7~12%, Cr:4~5%, Mo:2~4%, Ni:0.5~1.5%, surplus are iron.Its production technique is: roller core and roll wearing layer are one by the compound founding of induction heating consecutive solidification crystallization method.The content of vanadium of this invention roll is too high, is prone to the M of soft 3C type carbide, reduce rapid steel wear resistance (the palace slope kind and, sheet Gang Righteousness is great, soup field great two. the plain high-speed steel carbide of high charcoal forms To and Pot The バ Na ジ ウ system adds influence, casting engineering, 1997,69 (3): 201~206).Chinese invention patent CN1807671 discloses a kind of continuous composite high speed steel roll formula, roller core adopts the alloy forged steel material of high tenacity, the rapid steel composition that the outer body of roll adopts is (weight %): 1.5~3.5C, 2.0~7.0Cr, 2.0~7.0Mo, 4.0~10.0V, 4.0~10.0W, 0~10.0Co, Ni<2.0, surplus is Fe.Adopt this prescription can develop W, V content height, segregation is light, wear resistance is good composite high-speed steel roller, can satisfy the hot continuous rolling technology requirement.This material high-speed steel roll can only adopt continuous recombining process to be shaped, and equipment complexity and production efficiency are low, and when adopting centre spinning method to be shaped, element segregation is serious, reduces the roll wear resistance.Chinese invention patent CN1803325 discloses a kind of compound high speed steel roll and preparation method thereof, and the cladding material that it is characterized in that this composite roll is a rapid steel, and the core of the roll material is a graphitized steel, the chemical ingredients of skin of the roll high speed steel material (weight %) is: 1.2~2.5C, 0.3~1.5Si, 0.4~1.0Mn, 3.0~8.0Cr, 2.0~7.0Mo, 2.0~7.0V, 1.0~5.0W, 0.01~0.5RE, P<0.05, S<0.05, surplus is Fe.The chemical ingredients (weight %) of core of the roll graphitized steel material is: 1.2~2.0C, 1.5~2.5Si, 0.3~1.0Mn, 0.5~1.5Ni, Cr<0.2, Mo<0.2, P<0.05, S<0.05,0.01~0.2RE, 0.05~0.5Ca, surplus is Fe, and outer high speed steel material of composite roll and core graphitized steel material are metallurgical binding.Its manufacture method is after adopting centrifugal casting technique with two kinds of metallic substance cast moldings, again composite roll is carried out roughing and quenching heat treatment, adopt this method to make roll, have core of the roll intensity height, anti-accident ability is strong and improve characteristics such as online work-ing life of roll and the rate of manufacturing a finished product significantly improve.But it is thick that this roller body is organized, and partially carbonized thing is continuous net-shaped distribution, and the roll thermal fatigue resistance is poor, is prone to be full of cracks during roll uses and peels off, and influences the normal use of roll.Chinese invention patent CN1339342 discloses a kind of manufacture method of high speed steel roll ring, its main points are to make the quick-cutting steel electrode hollow billet earlier, be placed on then in the roller shell esr equipment with Quench crystallizer and carry out esr, make blank, heat-treat again and machining.Its advantage is: roll sleeve crystal grain is tiny, homogeneous microstructure, inclusion is few, there are not defectives such as shrinkage cavity, loose, element segregation, performances such as wear resistance, obdurability are improved, increase the service life, can overcome the weak point that present centrifugal casting and CPC method etc. are made roll or roller shell, further improve wear resistance and obdurability, can be used for making roller shell and rolls such as pipe-mill, high-speed rod pre-finishing mill, arrowband finishing mill and small section mill.There are deficiencies such as complex process, energy consumption height and efficient are low in this method.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is, a kind of high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll and heat treating method thereof are provided.The present invention adopts high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel to make skin of the roll, in high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel, add microalloy elements such as Y, Ti, Mg, Zr and Te, thinning solidification structure, improve carbide morphology and distribution, improve high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel obdurability and thermal fatigue resistance, thereby prolong the work-ing life of high-speed steel roll.In addition, after the body of roll employing high temperature solid solution processing to the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll, the compound cooling of spray-drying is with the further wear resistance of improving roll.
In order to realize above-mentioned task, the present invention is achieved by following technical measures:
A kind of high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller, the chemical ingredients and the weight percent thereof that it is characterized in that this high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel skin of the roll of making are: C:1.8%~3.0%, V:3.0%~6.0%, Cr:4.0%~6.0%, Mo:3.0%~6.0%, W:1.0%~3.0%, Nb:1.0%~5.0%, Co:1.0%~5.0%, Si<1.0%, Mn<1.5%, P<0.04%, S<0.04%, Y:0.05%~0.20%, Ti:0.08%~0.25%, Mg:0.03%~0.12%, Zr:0.04%~0.18%, Te:0.02%~0.12%, surplus is Fe, and the summation of chemical ingredients is 100%.
The preparation method of above-mentioned high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller adopts electric furnace production, it is characterized in that its processing step is:
1. ordinary scrap steel, the pig iron or carburelant, ferrochrome, ferrotungsten, molybdenum-iron, ferro-niobium and cobalt metal are according to chemical composition required to mix, put into the stove heat fused, the molten clear back of molten steel adds ferromanganese, adds vanadium iron before coming out of the stove;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1550 ℃~1600 ℃ after qualified, adds to account for the Al of molten steel weight 0.10%~0.20% and 0.05%~0.15% Si-Ca alloy, comes out of the stove behind the complex deoxidization;
3. yttrium base magnesium rare earth, ferrotianium, ferrozirconium and tellurium iron are crushed to the fritter of granularity less than 12mm, after oven dry below 220 ℃, place the casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in the bag molten steel is carried out composite inoculating and handle;
4. will come out of the stove molten steel with the whizzer skin of the roll of casting, the molten steel casting temperature is 1430 ℃~1450 ℃;
5. after the skin of the roll casting is finished, press any one preparation compound high speed steel roll base of following dual mode:
First kind, when the internal surface temperature of skin of the roll molten steel reaches 1130 ℃~1170 ℃, the direct pouring roller core, the roller core molten iron is selected magnesium iron or meehanite cast iron for use, and the cooling back obtains the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller base;
Second kind, the skin of the roll molten steel directly is frozen into roller shell on whizzer, roller shell is made the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller base with roller core by the machinery combination after processing;
6. the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller base promptly obtains high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller through mechanical workout and thermal treatment.
Above-mentioned thermal treatment comprises quench hot and temper, 1000 ℃~1050 ℃ of quenching temperatures, soaking time 2~4 hours.During quench cooled, elder generation's spray cooling 10~20 minutes, air blast cooling subsequently 20~40 minutes, when air cooling to roll surface temperature is lower than 200 ℃, go into process furnace and carry out the temper first time, tempering heat-up rate<80 ℃/h, 520 ℃~560 ℃ of tempering Heating temperatures are incubated air cooling after 5~8 hours, when roll surface temperature is lower than 200 ℃, go into process furnace and carry out the temper second time, tempering heat-up rate<120 ℃/h, 500 ℃~540 ℃ of tempering Heating temperatures, it is cold to be incubated after 8~12 hours stove, after furnace temperature is lower than 200 ℃, come out of the stove, and be refined to specified dimension.
High-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller of the present invention compared with prior art has following technical characterstic:
1. it is simple to make the high-speed steel roll production technique with the present invention, contains 12~20% high rigidity carbide in the metallographic structure, causes the roll hardness height, reaches 63~67 HRC, and wear resistance is good.Be used for the merchant bar mill finished frame, it is 900~1050t/mm that the present invention makes the high-speed steel roll result of use, and the high-chromium white cast iron roll only is 120~150t/mm; Be used for the mill coil finished frame, it is 1500t/mm~1800t/mm that the present invention makes the high-speed steel roll result of use, and high nickel chromium triangle infinitely chilled ductile cast iron roll only is 250t/mm~300t/mm.
2. add microalloy elements such as Y, Ti, Mg, Zr and Te in the high-speed steel roll of the present invention, refinement solidified structure, improved carbide morphology and distribution, improved high-speed steel roll intensity and toughness, its tensile strength reaches 950MPa~1100MPa, and impelling strength reaches 15J/cm 2~18J/cm 2
3. after high-speed steel roll high temperature solid solution of the present invention was handled, the perlite in the roll tissue had been eliminated in the compound cooling of a blowing of spraying, make high-speed steel roll from show and in all have good wear resistance.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the compound high speed steel roll simplified schematic diagram.
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment that the contriver provides.
Embodiment
The performance of high-speed steel roll is by the metallographic structure decision, and certain tissue depends on chemical ingredients and thermal treatment process, and high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll chemical ingredients of the present invention is to determine like this:
C:C is the fundamental element that forms wear-resisting phase carbide in the high-speed steel roll, and C causes carbide quantity few very little, and the roll wear resistance is low; But the C amount too much can increase the fragility of material.And in roll when work, contact with the rolled piece of temperature up to 1100 ℃, and the roller surface top temperature can reach 600 ℃, and then is subjected to the cooling of high pressure water.Therefore, if the C too high levels, increase the danger that be full of cracks appears in roller surface, caused peeling off and breaking of roll the most at last, therefore C content has been controlled at 1.8~3.0%.
W and Mo: the main purpose that adds W and Mo in the high-speed steel roll is in order to improve Red Hardness of High Speed Steel, improve the high temperature resistance polishing machine of high-speed steel roll, and the carbide density of tungsten and formation thereof is big, under effect of centrifugal force, be prone to segregation, therefore the wear resistance of infringement roll is controlled at 1.0%~3.0% with W content, and Mo content is controlled at 3.0%~6.0%.
V: the purpose that adds V in the high-speed steel roll is in order to obtain the MC type carbide of high rigidity, to improve the wear resistance of roll, and the V too high levels is prone to the M of soft in the roll tissue 3C type carbide, the wear resistance of reduction high-speed steel roll, and also the high-speed steel roll grinding performance of V too high levels is poor, therefore V content is controlled at 3.0%~6.0V%.
Cr:Cr adds and partly is present in M in the high-speed steel roll 6C and M 7C 3In the type carbide, also can form M 23C 6The type carbide also has about 40% to be present in the matrix.The M that contains Cr 23C 6The type carbide is just dissolving fully when lower quenching temperature, and Cr can impel M equally 6C type carbide is dissolved in the austenite better, makes rapid steel produce higher hardenability and through hardening ability.The Cr too high levels, the formation of the carbide that precipitation was separated out when unnecessary Cr participated in tempering, this Cr of containing carbide is separated out when lesser temps easily, has reduced the thermostability of steel.Take all factors into consideration Cr content is controlled at 4.0%~6.0%.
Nb: primary crystallization VC density is little in the high-speed steel roll, in centrifuge field, easily produce segregation, add an amount of Nb, promote to form (Nb, V) C double carbide improves carbide density, alleviates the segregation that centrifugal force causes, impel the high-speed steel roll wear resistance to improve, suitable Nb content is controlled at 1.0%~5.0%.
Co:Co is non-carbide forming element, and entering matrix can obviously improve Red Hardness of High Speed Steel, improves high temperature wear resistance, help prolonging the work-ing life of high-speed steel roll, add-on is too much, will reduce the toughness of high-speed steel roll, therefore, Co content is controlled at 1.0%~5.0%.
Y:Y has the effect that purifies crystal boundary, and the weak part of crystal boundary when being alloy high-temp work, crystal boundary purifies can improve anti-grain boundary oxidation ability, thus the hot strength of raising high-speed steel roll.Y can also promote the refinement of rapid steel solidified structure, improves the obdurability of high-speed steel roll.Excessive Y will cause inclusion to increase, and reduce the obdurability of rapid steel on the contrary, therefore Y content will be controlled at 0.05%~0.20%.
Ti: in the rapid steel process of setting, C reacts in Ti and the molten steel, generates the TiC particle of a large amount of disperses, and TiC and austenite and MC carbide are face-centered cubic lattice, and lattice parameter is close, a TiC=0.432nm, a MC=0.415nm, a γ=0.357nm, the lattice misfit degree is very little, TiC can be used as the heterogeneous core of austenite and MC, refine austenite dendrites, promote isolated block MC type carbide to form in a large number, the form and the distribution of eutectic carbides are improved, improve the mechanical property and the thermal fatigue resistance of high-speed steel roll, suitable Ti content should be controlled at 0.08%~0.25%.
Mg:Mg can reduce S in the molten steel, O content, increase the condensate depression of eutectic solidification, make the eutectic structure refinement, Mg also has the effect of refinement dendrite in rapid steel, because the later stage is being solidified in the refinement of austenite dendrites, the eutectic molten steel molten bath that forms between austenite dendrites diminishes, thereby make eutectic carbides obtain refinement, strong in the thermal fatigue resistance that improves high-speed steel roll, suitable Mg content should be controlled at 0.03%~0.12%.
Zr: but add both crystal grain thinnings of an amount of Zr in the rapid steel, improve the obdurability of high-speed steel roll, the also easy and C chemical combination formation ZrC of Zr, ZrC has good thermostability and exists with the disperse form, help improving the thermal fatigue resistance of high-speed steel roll, suitable Zr content should be controlled at 0.04%~0.18%.
Has the intensive super cooling effect in the Te:Te adding rapid steel, help thinning solidification structure, the solid solution capacity of Te in matrix is few in addition, and be enriched in mostly near the crystal boundary, hinder growing up of austenite crystal consumingly, thus refinement the austenite primary crystal, increased the grain boundary, Te also helps carbide refinement and group's nodularization, improves the obdurability and the wear resistance of high-speed steel roll, and suitable Te content should be controlled at 0.02%~0.12%.
The performance of high-speed steel roll also has direct relation with thermal treatment process, and it is worked out according to being:
Except carbide, matrix mainly is martensite, perlite and austenite in the high-speed steel roll as-cast structure, and hardness is low, and uniformity of hardness is poor.Carry out the high temperature austenite processing at 1000 ℃~1050 ℃, make partially carbonized thing dissolving and enter high temperature austenite, improve the hardening capacity and the hardenability of high-speed steel roll, austenitizing temperature is low excessively, the hardening capacity and the hardenability of high-speed steel roll are poor, quenching structure is prone to the perlite of soft, the wear resistance of infringement high-speed steel roll.Austenitizing temperature is too high, and retained austenite sharply increases in the quenching structure, also is unfavorable for the improvement of high-speed steel roll wear resistance, and austenitizing temperature is too high, and roll is organized thick, reduces the intensity and the toughness of roll.Carry out austenitizing at 1000 ℃~1050 ℃ and handle, quenching structure is tiny, and easily obtains the martensitic matrix of high rigidity, makes high-speed steel roll have good wear resistance.The high-speed steel roll quench cooling rate is too fast, is prone to quenching crack, and quench cooling rate is low excessively, and roll inside is prone to the perlite of soft, the wear resistance of infringement high-speed steel roll.During quench cooled, first spray cooling 10~20 minutes, air blast cooling subsequently 20~40 minutes can prevent to occur in the quenching structure perlite of soft also can prevent the generation of quenching crack.High-speed steel roll need carry out temper after quenching, and mainly is in order to reduce retained austenite in the high-speed steel roll, stabilizing tissue, elimination quenching stress.For the first time temper can obviously reduce retained austenite in the high-speed steel roll, and temper can stabilizing tissue for the second time, eliminates roll stress, guarantees the safe handling of high-speed steel roll.
Below being the specific embodiment that the contriver provides, need to prove that these embodiment are more excellent examples, be used to understand the present invention, never is to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
The high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll of present embodiment preparation, with the medium-frequency induction furnace production of 500 kg capacity, its manufacturing technology steps is:
1. ordinary scrap steel, the pig iron, ferrochrome, ferrotungsten, molybdenum-iron, ferro-niobium and cobalt metal are according to chemical composition required to mix, put into the stove heat fused, the molten clear back of molten steel adds ferromanganese, adds vanadium iron before coming out of the stove;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1580 ℃ after qualified, comes out of the stove after adding the Si-Ca alloy complex deoxidization of the Al that accounts for molten steel weight 0.16% and 0.08%;
3. yttrium base magnesium rare earth, ferrotianium, ferrozirconium and tellurium iron are crushed to the fritter of granularity less than 12mm, after oven dry below 220 ℃, place the casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in the bag molten steel is carried out composite inoculating and handle;
4. will come out of the stove molten steel with whizzer casting skin of the roll 1, the pouring temperature of molten steel is 1442 ℃.
5. after outer 1 casting is finished, when the internal surface temperature when outer 1 reaches 1130 ℃~1170 ℃, direct pouring roller core 2, the molten iron of roller core 2 is a magnesium iron, can obtain the compound high speed steel roll base after the cooling;
6. the high-speed steel roll base carries out quench hot and temper after mechanical roughing, 1020 ℃ of quenching temperatures, soaking time 3 hours.During quench cooled, elder generation's spray cooling 15 minutes, air blast cooling subsequently 32 minutes, when air cooling to roll surface temperature is lower than 200 ℃, go into process furnace and carry out the temper first time, tempering heat-up rate<80 ℃/h, 540 ℃ of tempering Heating temperatures are incubated air cooling after 6 hours, when roll surface temperature is lower than 200 ℃, go into process furnace and carry out the temper second time, tempering heat-up rate<120 ℃/h, 520 ℃ of tempering Heating temperatures, it is cold to be incubated after 10 hours stove, after furnace temperature is lower than 200 ℃, come out of the stove, and be refined to specified dimension.
The chemical ingredients of the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll that makes sees Table 1, and its mechanical property sees Table 2.
Table 1 high-speed steel roll composition (weight %)
Element C V Cr Mo W Nb Co Si
Composition 1.97 3.85 5.49 5.26 1.92 1.88 3.35 0.93
Mn Y Ti Mg Zr Te P S Fe
1.04 0.17 0.23 0.06 0.08 0.11 0.033 0.026 Surplus
Table 2 high-speed steel roll mechanical property
Hardness/HRC Tensile strength/MPa Impelling strength/J.cm -2
64~66 1030~1080 16~18
Embodiment 2:
The high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll of present embodiment is with the medium-frequency induction furnace production of 750 kg capacity, and its manufacturing technology steps is:
1. ordinary scrap steel, carburelant, ferrochrome, ferrotungsten, molybdenum-iron, ferro-niobium and cobalt metal are according to chemical composition required to mix and put into the stove heat fused, the molten clear back of molten steel adds ferromanganese, adds vanadium iron before coming out of the stove;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1593 ℃ after qualified, comes out of the stove after adding the Si-Ca alloy complex deoxidization of the Al that accounts for molten steel weight 0.18% and 0.12%;
3. yttrium base magnesium rare earth, ferrotianium, ferrozirconium and tellurium iron are crushed to the fritter of granularity less than 12mm, after oven dry below 220 ℃, place the casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in the bag molten steel is carried out composite inoculating and handle;
4. will come out of the stove molten steel with whizzer casting skin of the roll 1, the molten steel casting temperature is 1447 ℃.
5. after skin of the roll 1 casting is finished, directly be frozen into roller shell on whizzer, roller shell is made the compound high speed steel roll base with the roller core of making in addition 2 by mechanical array mode after processing.
6. carry out quench hot and temper after the roughing of high-speed steel roll base, 1045 ℃ of quenching temperatures, soaking time 2.5 hours.During quench cooled, elder generation's spray cooling 12 minutes, air blast cooling subsequently 26 minutes, when air cooling to roll surface temperature is lower than 200 ℃, go into process furnace and carry out the temper first time, tempering heat-up rate<80 ℃/h, 550 ℃ of tempering Heating temperatures are incubated air cooling after 5.5 hours, when roll surface temperature is lower than 200 ℃, go into process furnace and carry out the temper second time, tempering heat-up rate<120 ℃/h, 525 ℃ of tempering Heating temperatures, it is cold to be incubated after 9 hours stove, after furnace temperature is lower than 200 ℃, come out of the stove, and be refined to specified dimension.
The high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll chemical ingredients that makes sees Table 3, and its mechanical property sees Table 4.
Table 3 high-speed steel roll composition (weight %)
Element C V Cr Mo W Nb Co Si
Composition 2.47 5.14 5.82 4.66 1.71 3.45 2.80 0.84
Mn Y Ti Mg Zr Te P S Fe
1.25 0.08 0.19 0.07 0.11 0.06 0.035 0.022 Surplus
Table 4 high-speed steel roll mechanical property
Hardness/HRC Tensile strength/MPa Impelling strength/J.cm -2
65~67 980~1040 15~17
Use the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll that the present invention makes, on merchant bar mill finished frame and mill coil finished frame, carried out industrial test run(s), be used for the merchant bar mill finished frame, the millimeter steel transportation amount of high-speed steel roll of the present invention has reached 900~1050t, and the millimeter steel transportation amount of high-chromium white cast iron roll only is 120t~150t; Be used for the mill coil finished frame, the millimeter steel transportation amount of this high-speed steel roll has reached 1500t~1800t, and the millimeter steel transportation amount of high nickel chromium triangle infinitely chilled ductile cast iron roll only is 250~300t.
Use the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel roll that the present invention makes, the hardness height, wear resistance is good, and intensity height, good toughness, high-speed steel roll of the present invention also has good thermal fatigue resistance ability, no roll breakage and peeling phenomenon appearance during high-speed steel roll of the present invention uses, the high-speed steel roll of the present invention compound cooling of spray-drying, eliminated the perlite in the roll tissue, make high-speed steel roll from the table and in all have good wear resistance.Use roll of the present invention, can reduce roll consumption, improve the rolling mill operating rate, prolong the roll change cycle, improve the stocking surface quality, have good economic and social benefit.

Claims (3)

1. high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller, the chemical ingredients and the weight percent thereof that it is characterized in that this high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel skin of the roll of making are: C:1.8%~3.0%, V:3.0%~6.0%, Cr:4.0%~6.0%, Mo:3.0%~6.0%, W:1.0%~3.0%, Nb:1.0%~5.0%, Co:1.0%~5.0%, Si<1.0%, Mn<1.5%, P<0.04%, S<0.04%, Y:0.05%~0.20%, Ti:0.08%~0.25%, Mg:0.03%~0.12%, Zr:0.04%~0.18%, Te:0.02%~0.12%, surplus is Fe, and the summation of chemical ingredients is 100%.
2. the preparation method of the described high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller of claim 1 adopts electric furnace production, it is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
1. ordinary scrap steel, the pig iron or carburelant, ferrochrome, ferrotungsten, molybdenum-iron, ferro-niobium and cobalt metal are according to chemical composition required to mix, put into the stove heat fused, the molten clear back of molten steel adds ferromanganese, adds vanadium iron before coming out of the stove;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1550 ℃~1600 ℃ after qualified, adds to account for the Al of molten steel weight 0.10%~0.20% and 0.05%~0.15% Si-Ca alloy, comes out of the stove behind the complex deoxidization;
3. yttrium base magnesium rare earth, ferrotianium, ferrozirconium and tellurium iron are crushed to the fritter of granularity less than 12mm, after oven dry below 220 ℃, place the casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in the bag molten steel is carried out composite inoculating and handle;
4. will come out of the stove molten steel with the whizzer skin of the roll of casting, the molten steel casting temperature is 1430 ℃~1450 ℃;
5. after the skin of the roll casting is finished, press any one preparation compound high speed steel roll base of following dual mode:
First kind, when the internal surface temperature of skin of the roll reaches 1130 ℃~1170 ℃, the direct pouring roller core, the roller core molten iron is selected magnesium iron or meehanite cast iron for use, and the cooling back obtains the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller base;
Second kind, molten steel directly is frozen into roller shell on whizzer, roller shell combines the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller base with roller core by machinery after processing;
6. the high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller base promptly obtains high-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller through mechanical workout and thermal treatment.
3, method as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, described thermal treatment comprises quenches and temper 1000~1050 ℃ of quenching temperatures, soaking time 2~4 hours; During quench cooled, elder generation's spray cooling 10~20 minutes, air blast cooling subsequently 20~40 minutes, when air cooling to roll surface temperature is lower than 200 ℃, go into process furnace and carry out the temper first time, tempering heat-up rate<80 ℃/h, 520 ℃~560 ℃ of tempering Heating temperatures, be incubated air cooling after 5~8 hours, when roll surface temperature is lower than 200 ℃, inserts process furnace and carry out the temper second time, tempering heat-up rate<120 ℃/h, 500 ℃~540 ℃ of tempering Heating temperatures, it is cold to be incubated after 8~12 hours stove, comes out of the stove after furnace temperature is lower than 200 ℃.
CNB2007100176121A 2007-04-03 2007-04-03 High-carbon high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller and heat treatment method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN100485075C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100176121A CN100485075C (en) 2007-04-03 2007-04-03 High-carbon high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller and heat treatment method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100176121A CN100485075C (en) 2007-04-03 2007-04-03 High-carbon high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller and heat treatment method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101037760A CN101037760A (en) 2007-09-19
CN100485075C true CN100485075C (en) 2009-05-06

Family

ID=38888931

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2007100176121A Expired - Fee Related CN100485075C (en) 2007-04-03 2007-04-03 High-carbon high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller and heat treatment method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100485075C (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101705430B (en) * 2009-11-13 2012-12-19 江苏大学 High-speed steel roll and preparation method thereof by centrifugal compounding in electromagnetic field

Families Citing this family (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101215628B (en) * 2008-01-11 2010-11-17 北京工业大学 High speed steel composite roller heat treatment method
CN101624680B (en) * 2009-08-14 2013-12-04 北京工业大学 Material of intermediate layer for centrifugally casting boracic high-speed steel composite rolls
CN101773935B (en) * 2010-01-08 2012-05-30 北京工业大学 High speed steel compound roll and manufacture method thereof
EP2570507A1 (en) 2011-09-19 2013-03-20 Sandvik Intellectual Property AB A method for producing high speed steel
US9757779B2 (en) * 2011-09-21 2017-09-12 Hitachi Metals, Ltd. Centrifugally cast composite roll for hot rolling and its production method
BR112014009103A2 (en) * 2011-10-19 2017-04-18 Jfe Steel Corp hot-rolled roll surface layer material with excellent fatigue strength produced by centrifugal casting and hot rolled composite roll produced by centrifugal casting
CN102634733B (en) * 2012-04-06 2013-07-31 北京工业大学 Composite roll having uniform roll surface hardness and made of high-speed steel containing boron and method for manufacturing composite roll
CN102873307B (en) * 2012-09-25 2015-07-01 马鞍山市晨光高耐磨科技发展有限公司 Method for remelting roller surface of crush roller and casting abrasion-resistant alloy layer
CN103028719B (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-10-16 河北磨倒山粉磨设备有限公司 Centrifugal composite high-wear-resistance cone-type vertical mill roller sleeve
CN102909744A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-06 江苏通用科技股份有限公司 Wrapping film compression roller of cutting machine
CN102925643B (en) * 2012-11-27 2014-11-12 青岛武晓集团股份有限公司 Heat treatment device for large-diameter flanges
CN103215526B (en) * 2013-04-25 2015-02-18 西南石油大学 Centrifugally-cast high-carbon high-alloy steel and heat treatment method thereof
CN103243196B (en) * 2013-05-15 2015-10-07 中国科学院金属研究所 A kind of intermediate frequency furnace adds the method that rare earth sublimate is smelted
CN103589962B (en) * 2013-11-05 2016-06-15 中联重科股份有限公司 Composite abrasion resistance material that a kind of casting obtains and preparation method thereof
CN103938112B (en) * 2014-04-10 2016-05-18 铜陵南江鑫钢实业有限公司 A kind of superhigh carbon steel
CN104060157B (en) * 2014-06-24 2016-07-06 广东省工业技术研究院(广州有色金属研究院) A kind of hypereutectic high-chromium white cast iron and preparation method thereof
CN104152806B (en) * 2014-08-19 2016-04-20 常州凯达重工科技有限公司 A kind of large mould steel shaping roll casting production process
CN104313292A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-01-28 江苏共昌轧辊股份有限公司 Differential temperature heat treatment method of D2 steel centrifugal composite roller
CN104532106B (en) * 2014-12-18 2017-01-11 黑龙江科技大学 Preparation method of superfine crusher hammer wear-resistant material
CN105177437A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-23 安庆市灵宝机械有限责任公司 Wear resistant and corrosion resistant alloy steel
CN105296859A (en) * 2015-11-15 2016-02-03 丹阳市蓝锐粉末合金制品有限公司 High-speed steel containing chromium
CN105618715B (en) * 2016-01-12 2017-11-21 安徽环渤湾高速钢轧辊有限公司 A kind of wear-resistant high speed steel composite roll and preparation method thereof
CN106367671B (en) * 2016-08-31 2019-02-22 中钢集团邢台机械轧辊有限公司 A kind of spheroidal graphite cast-iron edger roll and its manufacturing method suitable for universal mill
KR102234330B1 (en) * 2016-09-07 2021-03-30 제이에프이 스틸 가부시키가이샤 Outer roll material for hot rolling and composite roll for hot rolling
CN107723421A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-02-23 湖北工程职业学院 A kind of heat treatment quenching process of high-carbon chrome molybdenum vanadium powder bubbing steel precision component
CN108193127A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-22 芜湖市金贸流体科技股份有限公司 A kind of casting and molding method of rail traffic sleeve type casting
CN108251755A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-07-06 西安交通大学 A kind of high red hardness boracic high-speed steel and preparation method thereof
CN108359774A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-08-03 湖州中杭轧辊有限公司 A kind of production technology improving chilled cast iron ribbon steel working roll comprehensive performance
CN109576561A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-04-05 铜陵市大明玛钢有限责任公司 A kind of chilled cast iron roll compound modification treatment technique
CN111118276A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-05-08 太仓市五洲轧辊有限公司 Heat treatment process for ultra-deep quench-hardened cold roll
CN111957925B (en) * 2020-07-24 2021-10-29 枣庄光研工业科技有限公司 Wear-resistant roller for rolling stainless steel and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
高碳高速钢轧辊中合金元素的作用及成分设计. 叶江,符寒光,李明伟,张轶.现代铸铁,第1期. 2007
高碳高速钢轧辊中合金元素的作用及成分设计. 叶江,符寒光,李明伟,张轶.现代铸铁,第1期. 2007 *
高速钢轧辊的研究和应用. 符寒光,刘金海.中国铸造装备与技术,第5期. 2002
高速钢轧辊的研究和应用. 符寒光,刘金海.中国铸造装备与技术,第5期. 2002 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101705430B (en) * 2009-11-13 2012-12-19 江苏大学 High-speed steel roll and preparation method thereof by centrifugal compounding in electromagnetic field

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101037760A (en) 2007-09-19

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN100485075C (en) High-carbon high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller and heat treatment method thereof
CN100465324C (en) Low-alloy high speed steel roll material and preparation method thereof
CN100369681C (en) Compound high speed steel roll and its making process
CN101831590B (en) High-boron low-alloy high-speed steel roll and preparation method thereof
CN100494447C (en) Centrifugal composite modified infinite chilled cast iron roller and preparation method thereof
CN100370050C (en) Guide and guard roller for guiding steel billet in high speed wire rolling machine and its making process
CN100587099C (en) Medium carbon bearing steel and its preparation method
CN101775558B (en) Fe-Cr-B cast abrasion-resistant alloy and manufacturing method thereof
CN102766824B (en) Abrasion-resistant high-speed-steel roller ring and preparation method thereof
CN101407891B (en) Boron-containing semi-high speed steel cold roller and manufacturing method thereof
CN100404152C (en) High speed steel composite roll and its preparing method
CN103014516B (en) Borated low-alloy high-speed steel roller and manufacturing method thereof
CN100478478C (en) As-cast state high-carbon high-chromium cast iron and method for producing the same
CN101805869B (en) Boron-contained high-chromium high-speed steel roller material and heat treatment method thereof
CN103526125B (en) A kind of semisteel roll and manufacture method thereof
CN100415924C (en) High carbon high-speed steel of containing granular carbide, and preparation method
CN101016603A (en) High-boron cast steel containing granular boride and preparing method thereof
CN101412050A (en) Abrasion-proof cast iron roll collar for straightening steel rail and preparation method thereof
CN101773935B (en) High speed steel compound roll and manufacture method thereof
CN104018096A (en) High-speed steel roll collar and preparation method thereof
CN105088091A (en) High-carbon graphitic steel roller ring for profile steel universal mill and manufacturing method of high-carbon graphitic steel roller ring
CN108277443A (en) 4200mm or more wide and heavy plate mills backing roll and its manufacturing process
CN103233168A (en) Powder metallurgy high-toughness cold-work mould steel and preparation method thereof
CN109252104A (en) A kind of high-speed steel and its production method
CN102234734A (en) Production process of modified alloy ball iron roller

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Zhejiang Xiehe thin thread Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Xi'an Jiaotong University

Contract record no.: 2010330001946

Denomination of invention: High-carbon high-high-vanadium high-speed steel composite roller and heat treatment method thereof

Granted publication date: 20090506

License type: Exclusive License

Open date: 20070919

Record date: 20100926

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090506

Termination date: 20160403