CN100474475C - Input device, key structure and elastic mechanism thereof - Google Patents

Input device, key structure and elastic mechanism thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100474475C
CN100474475C CN 200510006448 CN200510006448A CN100474475C CN 100474475 C CN100474475 C CN 100474475C CN 200510006448 CN200510006448 CN 200510006448 CN 200510006448 A CN200510006448 A CN 200510006448A CN 100474475 C CN100474475 C CN 100474475C
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link
position
movable
key
portion
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CN 200510006448
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1815651A (en )
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许建士
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达方电子股份有限公司
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Abstract

一种按键结构,包括一键帽、一底座、一第一连杆、一第二连杆以及一可移动弹性装置。 One kind of key structure includes a keycap, a base, a first link, a second link, and a movable resilient means. 上述第一、第二连杆以可活动的方式连接键帽以及底座。 The first and second link connected to a movable manner keycap and the base. 当前述可移动弹性装置位于一第一位置时提供一侧向弹性预力于第一连杆,使键帽相对于该底座具有一第一高度处于一可操作状态;当可移动弹性装置位于第二位置时释放第一连杆,使键帽相对于底座具有一第二高度而处于一非操作状态,其中前述第一高度大于第二高度。 Providing the aforementioned movable side of the elastic means is in a first position to an elastic prestressing force on the first link, relative to the base so that the keycap having a height in a first operative condition; when the resilient means is located on the movable releasing the second position when the first link relative to the base so that the keycap having a second height in a non-operating state, wherein the first height is greater than the second height.

Description

输入装置、按键结构及其弹性机构技术领域本发明涉及一种按键结构,特别是涉及一种可使按键或键盘以较省力的方式下降,同时可节省空间并可方便收納的按键结构。 Input means, resilient structure and key mechanism Technical Field The present invention relates to a key structure, particularly to a keypad or keys to make more effort way down button while saving the installation space and can be easily accommodated. 背景技术首先请参阅图1A,该图表示一现有按键结构处于一可操作状态的示意图。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Referring first to Figure 1A, a schematic view of a conventional key structure is a view showing the operable state. 如图1A所示, 一现有按键结构可通过一滑块S于水平方向推移而使按键下降。 1A, a conventional key button structure can be lowered by passage of the slider S in a horizontal direction. 上述按键结构主要包括一底座B、 一第一连杆L1、 一第二连杆L2、 一弹性元件E、 一滑块S以及一键帽C。 The above-described key structure includes a base B, a first link L1, a second link L2, an elastic member E, a slider S and a keycap C. 其中,第一连杆L1具有一第一端Lll以及一第二端L12、第二连杆L2具有一第三端L23以及一第四端L24。 Wherein the first link L1 having a first end and a second end Lll L12, a second link L2 having a third end and a fourth end L23 L24. 又,上述第一连杆L1以及第二连杆L2是通过枢轴P枢接,其中第一端Lll 活动地枢接下方底座B,第四端L24活动地枢接上方键帽C;此外,第二端L12以及第三端L23则分別枢接上方键帽C以及下方底座B。 And the first link L1 and the second link L2 by pivoting the pivot axis P is connected, wherein a first end pivoted downward Lll active base B, the fourth end movably pivoted upward L24 keycap C; in addition, a second terminal and a third terminal L12 L23 are respectively pivotally connected above and below the base B. keycap C 再请同时参阅图1B,当滑块S由^立置A1朝方向A移动至位置A2时, 滑块S推动第一连杆L1的第一端Lll沿方向A移动,并迫使键帽C由高度H下降至高度H,,此时按键处于一非操作状态。 Please also refer again to FIG. 1B, when the direction A1 by a slider S ^ A is moved to the upright position A2, the slider S is pushed a first end of the first link L1 is moved in the direction A Lll, and forcing the key cap C height down to a height H H ,, in this case a non-operating state key. 前述的按键结构可应用于笔记型计算机上的键盘,其中当按键结构处于高度H时,使用者可正常地敲击按键;然而,当不使用键盘时则可通过移动滑块S,使键帽C下降至高度H', 此时弹性元件E受到压缩而使按键处于非操作状态,以降低键盘的整体高度。 The key structure may be applied to a notebook keyboard, wherein the keys when the structure is in the height H, the user may tap the keys normally; however, when not using the keyboard can be moved through the slider S, so that the keycap C down to a height H ', at this time the resilient member is compressed the E key in the non-operation state, to reduce the overall height of the keyboard. 然而,当通过滑块S推动第一连軒Ll迫使上述按键结构由可操作状态(高度H)变换至非操作状态(高度H')时,必须克服弹性元件E因受压缩所产生垂直于底座B表面的弹性回复力,因此在推动滑块S时往往较为费力。 However, even when the first force Ll Xuan converted by the above-described button structure operable state (height H) to the non-operating state (height H ') pushed through the slider S, the elastic member E must be overcome due to compression perpendicular to the base generated B-surface elastic restoring force, and therefore tend to be more laborious when the push slider S. 发明内容有鉴于上述缺点,本发明的目的在于提供一种按键结构,可以通过较为 SUMMARY OF INVENTION In view of the above disadvantages, an object of the present invention is to provide a key structure, it can be more

省力的方式调整键帽C的高度,可使按键下降以方便收藏。 Effortless way to adjust the height of the keycaps C, and can drop the keys for easy collection. 本发明提供一种按键结构,包括一键帽、 一底座、 一第一连杆、 一第二连杆以及一可移动弹性装置。 The present invention provides a key structure includes a keycap, a base, a first link, a second link, and a movable resilient means. 上述第一、第二连杆以可活动的方式连接键帽以及底座,该第一连杆连的一端以可滑动方式连接于底座,上迷可移动弹性装置具有一滑块及一弹性元件,上述弹性元件具有一弹性变形部及一连接^ 部。 The first and second link connected to a movable key top and the base, even the end of the first link is slidably connected to the base, the fan means having a resilient movable slider and an elastic member, The elastic member has an elastic deformable portions and a connecting portion ^. 当前述可移动弹性装置位于一第一位置时,弹性变形部提供一側向弹性预力于第一连杆,使键帽相对于底座具有一第一高度而处于一可操作状态;当操作按键时,使用者施力于键帽使第一连杆连接于底座的一端相对于底座滑动,并抵接推动可移动弹性装置上的弹性变形部,使弹性变形部产生一侧向弹性回复力,而使按键可产生回弹所需之弹力;当施力于键帽的外力消失时,前述側向弹性回复力迫使按键恢复为第一高度而呈可操作状态;当前述可移动弹性装置位于第二位置时,可移动弹性装置释放第一连杆,使键帽及第一、第二连杆无受力而呈可溃落状态,此时可移动弹性装置推动第一连4干或第二连杆,迫使键帽朝底座方向下降至第二高度而处于一非操作状态,其中前述第一高度大于第二高度。 When the aforementioned movable resilient means is located at a first position, the elastic deformation portion provided to one side of the elastic prestressing force on the first link, relative to the base so that the keycap having a height in a first operative condition; when the operation key when the user applies a force to the key cap so that one end connected to the base of the first link with respect to the slide base, and promote the elastic deformation portion abuts on the movable elastic means, generate elastic deformation portion side of the elastic restoring force, the key to produce the desired resilience of the spring force; force on the keycap when external force disappears, the elastic restoring force of the lateral force recovery key as a first operable state height; the aforementioned elastic means located on the movable second position, the resilient means releases the first movable link, so that the keycap and the first and second link was not forced to be shedding state in which the elastic means pushing the movable first or second dry even 4 rod, forcing the keycap decrease towards the base to a second height direction in a non-operating state, wherein the first height is greater than the second height. 在一较佳实施例中,前述滑块具有一抵接部,并可相对于底座于第一位置以及第二位置间移动,其中弹性变形部的一端与滑块连接,另一端则与上述抵接部抵接,当滑块移动时,弹性变形部的一端与抵接部保持抵接。 In a preferred embodiment, the slider has a contact portion, and movable in respect to the base between a first position and a second position, wherein one end of the elastically deformable portion is connected to the slider, the other end of the abutting abutting portion when the slider is moved, one end portion is elastically deformed and the contact holding portion abuts. 此外,当前述可移动弹性装置位于第一位置时,弹性元件的连接部大致抵接第一连杆,进而使键帽处于第一高度。 Further, the aforementioned elastic movable means in the first position, the elastic member connecting portion substantially abuts the first link, thereby enabling the key top at a first height. 其中弹性变形部提供的側向弹性预力使键帽不致轻易晃动。 Wherein the lateral spring bias force of the elastic deformation portion provided keycap will not easily shake. 当操作按键时,施力下压于键帽,使第一连杆抵接推动弹性元件的连接部,进而带动弹性变形部产生弹力变化,并而使按4建产生回弹力。 When the operation key, the pressing force on the keycap, the connecting portion abuts the first link pushes the elastic member, thereby bringing the elastic deformation of the elastic force generating unit changes, and the repulsive force generated by the building 4. 当可移动弹性装置于第一位置往第二位置移动时,该弹'f生变形部提供一侧向弹性预力,使连接部的一端保持抵接于滑块的抵接部,而连接部另一端则随滑块移动而不再与第一连杆4氐接,此时弹性元件未施力于第一连杆,故可以较轻易(较省力)的方式改变按键的高度;当可移动弹性装置由第二位置往第一位置移动时,连接部随滑块移动并再度抵接于第一连杆,同时推动第—连杆而使键帽上升;当可移动弹性装置移动回到第一位置时,连接部的一端大致抵接于第一连杆,并使键帽上升至第一高度而成可操作状态。 When the movable elastic means move toward the second position to the first position, the missile 'f are deformed to provide a side portion of the elastic prestress, connecting one end portion abuts against the holding portion of the slider, and the connecting portion the other end is connected with the slider instead of the first link 4 Di, in this case the elastic member is not urging the first link, it is possible to more easily change the height of the keys (more effort) manner; when the movable the resilient means moves from the second position to the first position, with the connection portion and the slider is moved again abuts against the first link, while pushing the first - the link keycap increased; when the movable resilient movement back to the first device when a position connected at one end portion substantially abuts against the first link, and the height of the key top from rising to a first operable state. 在一较佳实施例中,前述可移动弹性装置还包括一突出部,当滑块由第 In a preferred embodiment, the movable means further comprises a resilient projection, when the first slider

一位置移动至第二位置时,突出部推动第一连杆或第二连杆以迫使键帽朝底座方向下降至第二高度;当滑块由第二位置移动至第一位置时,前述突出部释放前迷第一或第二连杆,此时可移动弹性装置上之连接部推动第一连軒而使键帽上升。 A moved position to the second position, pushing the protruding portion of the first link or the second link to a second lowered to force the keycap height direction towards the base; when the slider is moved from the second position to the first position, the projection a first fan unit or the second release link before, when the movable part is connected on the first elastic means push the keycap Hin even increased. 在一较佳实施例中,前述第一、第二连杆呈剪刀状结构。 In a preferred embodiment, the first and second link scissor-like structure. 在一较佳实施例中,前述第一连杆及第二连杆以可转动的方式连接。 In a preferred embodiment, the first link and the second link is rotatably connected to. 在一较佳实施例中,前述弹性变形部为一弹簧。 In a preferred embodiment, the elastically deformable portion is a spring. 在一较佳实施例中,前述第一连杆还包括一滑槽,其中连接部具有一滑动部,当可移动弹性装置由第一位置移动至第二位置时,滑动部于前述滑槽内滑动。 In a preferred embodiment, the first link further comprises a chute, wherein the connecting portion has a sliding portion, when the movable elastic means from the first position to the second position, the chute portion slides in slide. 在一较佳实施例中,前迷滑块具有一第一抵接部,前述连接部具有一第二抵接部,当按键结构处于非操作状态时,第一抵接部抵接于第二抵接部, 并使前述弹性元件呈一预压状态,此时弹性变形部提供一侧向弹性预力。 In a preferred embodiment, the front fan having a first slide contact portion, the connecting portion having a second contact portion, when the key structure is in non-operating state, the first abutting portion abuts against the second the contact portion, and the elastic element form a pre-pressed state, then the elastically deformable portion provided to the side of the elastic prestress. 在一较佳实施例中,当按键结构处于可操作状态,且键帽受一外力按压时,前述连接部的滑动部持续抵接第一连杆。 In a preferred embodiment, when the key structure in the operable state, and the keycap receive an external press, the sliding portion continuously connecting portion abuts the first link. 在一较佳实施例中,前述第二抵接部由弹簧的一部分弯折而成。 In a preferred embodiment, the second contact portion formed by the bent portion of the spring. 在一较佳实施例中,前述底座还包括一导槽,其中第一连杆在导槽中滑动。 In a preferred embodiment, the base further comprises a guide groove, wherein the first link slide in the guide groove. 在一较佳实施例中,前述滑块还包括一突出部,当滑块由第一位置移动至第二位置时,突出部推动第一连杆以迫使键帽朝底座方向下降至第二高度。 In a preferred embodiment, the slider further comprising a projecting portion when the slider is moved from the first position to the second position, pushes the second projection height down to the first link to urge the direction towards the base keycap . 在一较佳实施例中,前述第一连軒还包括一延伸部,前述突出部可推3氐第一连杆的延伸部。 In a preferred embodiment, the first connection further comprises an extending portion Hin, the pushable projection extending portion of the first link 3 Di. 在一较佳实施例中,前迷可移动弹性装置还包括一挡块,当可移动弹性装置由第一位置移动至第二位置时,挡块推动第二连杆,以迫使键帽朝底座方向下降至第二高度。 In a preferred embodiment, the front fan movable resilient means further comprises a stopper, when the movable elastic means by a first position to a second position, the stopper pushes the second link, to urge the base towards the keycap direction down to the second height. 在一较佳实施例中,前述按键结构还包括一开关元件,设置于第一、二连杆下方,当可移动弹性装置位处于第一位置且键帽下降至特定高度时,第—、第二连杆及键帽其中之一者触动前述开关元件;当可移动弹性装置处于第二位置时,该开关元件随的移动,使第一、第二连杆以及键帽无法触动前迷开关元件。 In a preferred embodiment, the key structure further comprises a switching element disposed in the first and second link below, when the movable resilient means located in a first position and lowered to a certain height of the key top, the first - the first wherein the key top link and two one who touches the switching element; when the movable elastic means in the second position, with movement of the switching element, the first and second links and can not touch the front fan switch key top element .

在一较佳实施例中,前述按键结构还包括一弹性臂,设置于滑块上,当可移动弹性装置处于第一位置,且键帽被下压时,弹性臂可受第一、第二连杆及键帽其中之一者按压而触动下方开关元件,当可移动弹性装置处于第二位置时,该弹性臂随的移动,以使第一、第二连杆以及键帽都无法触动开关元件。 In a preferred embodiment, the key structure further comprises a resilient arm disposed on the slide, when the movable elastic means in the first position, and the key top is depressed, the resilient arms by a first, a second wherein one link and the keycap presses and touches the bottom of the switching element, when the movable elastic means in the second position, with movement of the resilient arm, so that the first and second links and can not touch the switch keycap element. 在一较佳实施例中,前述弹性臂也可以由橡胶等弹性材料构成的弹性结构体取代。 In a preferred embodiment, the elastic arm elastomeric structure may be made of an elastic material such as rubber substituent. 在一较佳实施例中,前述按键结构还包括一薄膜电路板,前迷开关元件i殳置于薄月莫电路;f反(membrane circuit board)上。 In a preferred embodiment, the key structure further comprises a membrane circuit board, the switching element i Shu front fan disposed months Mo thin circuit; inverse of f (membrane circuit board). 在一较佳实施例中,前述按键结构的可移动弹性装置还包括一作动臂, 设置于前述弹性元件的连接部上,且前述开关元件设置于可移动弹性装置下方。 In a preferred embodiment, the key structure of the movable means further comprises a resilient actuating arm is provided on the connecting portion of the elastic member, and the switching element is provided below the movable elastic means. 当可移动弹性装置位于第一位置时,键帽被使用者下压时,前迷作动臂可受第一、第二连杆及键帽其中之一者按压而触动下方开关元件;当可移动弹性装置处于第二位置时,前述第一、第二连杆及键帽无法按压前述作动臂, 因此开关元件不会被触动。 When the elastically movable means in the first position, the user presses the key top, the front fan may be subject to a first actuation arm, a second link and the one of the key cap presses and touches the lower switching element; when the movable the resilient means is in the second position, the first and second link, and the key top can not be pushed actuation arm, the switching element is not touched. 在一较佳实施例中,前述第一连杆与第二连杆之一者具有一枢轴,另一连杆则有一枢接孔,上述第一连杆与第二连杆是以可转动方式连接成剪刀状结构,其中第一连杆与第二连杆于枢轴的一轴心线二侧分别具有一第一接触部与一第二接触部,当第一、第二连杆产生相对转动时,前迷第一、第二接触部大致相互抵接于轴心线,用以减少第一、第二接触部的动磨擦,并可承受前述侧向弹性回复力,进而可降低前迷枢轴与枢接孔的转动磨擦力,同时減低转轴承受的侧向弹性回复力。 In a preferred embodiment, the first link and the second link having a pivot axis by one, the other link has a pivot hole, said first link and the second link is rotatable connected to the scissor-like structure, wherein the first link and the second link to the two sides of a pivot axis of each portion having a first contact and a second contact portion, when the first and second link generating when the relative rotation of the first fans before the second contact portions substantially abutting each other in the axis line, to reduce friction moving the first and second contact portion, and can withstand the lateral elastic restoring force, and thus the former can be reduced fan rotational friction of the pivot and the pivot hole, while reducing the elastic restoring force of the rotary shaft to bear laterally. 本发明还提供一种输入装置,包括多个如前所述的按键结构。 The present invention further provides an input device comprising a plurality of key structures described above. 在一较佳实施例中,上述输入装置还包括一底座模块以及一可移动弹性装置模块,前述底座设置在底座模块上,且前述可移动弹性装置设置于可移动弹性装置模块上,其中可移动弹性装置模块可选择性地沿第一方向于一第三位置以及一第四位置之间切换。 In a preferred embodiment, the input means further comprises a base module and a movable resilient device module, the base module is provided on the base, the movable and resilient means disposed on the movable elastic device module, wherein the movable elastic device module selectively switchable between a third position and a fourth position in the first direction. 当可移动弹性装置模块位于第三位置时,前述按键结构处亍可操作状态;当可移动弹性装置位于第四位置时,前述按键结构处于非操作状态。 When the movable elastic device module in the third position, the key structure of the right foot operable condition; when the movable resilient means is in the fourth position, the key structure in a non-operating state. 在一较佳实施例中,前述输入装置还包括一推板,沿第二方向相对底板模块移动,并可带动可移动弹性装置模块沿第一方向于第三位置与第四位置之间移动,其中上述推板具有一导块。 In a preferred embodiment, the input means further comprises a push plate moves in a second direction relative to the floor module, and the resilient means to drive the movable block moves between the third position and a fourth position in a first direction, wherein the pushing plate has a guide block. 前述可移动弹性装置模块上具有一z形导引槽,上述Z形导引槽具有一第五端及一第六端,第五端与第六端相通且在第一方向上相隔一间距。 Elastic means on the movable block having a z-shaped guide groove, the Z-shaped guide groove having a fifth end and a sixth end, the fifth end and a sixth end communication and spaced a distance in the first direction. 此外,上述导块设突出于推板,并可于z形导引槽的第五端以及第六端之间移动。 Further, the guide projection provided on the push plate, and to move between a fifth terminal and a sixth terminal z-shaped guide groove. 当导块位予第五端时,可移动弹性装置模块位于第三位置;当导块位于第六端时,可移动弹性装置模块位于第四位置。 When the guide block to the fifth end position, the resilient means may be a mobile module in a third position; when the guide block is located in the sixth end, the resilient means movable module positioned in the fourth position. 在一较佳实施例中,前述推板的移动方向与可移动弹性装置模块的移动方向相互垂直。 Embodiment, the moving direction of the moving direction of the push plate and movable perpendicular to each other resilient device module in a preferred embodiment. 在一较佳实施例中,前迷输入装置还包括一支臂、 一壳体以及一上盖, 其中上盖与壳体或底板模块枢接,可相对于壳体转动且可选择性地与上迷壳体形成一闭合状态或一开启状态。 In a preferred embodiment, the input device further comprises a fan before an arm, a housing and a cover, wherein the cover and the base plate or housing pivotally connected to the module, and may be rotated relative to the housing and selectively the fan housing form a closed state or an open state. 前述支臂的一端以可转动的方式与上盖连接,另一端则以可转动的方式与前述推板连接。 One end of the support arm is rotatably connected to the cover and places the other end is rotatably connected to said push plate. 其中,当上盖与壳体处于开启状态时,前述支臂带动推板使可移动弹性装置模块位于第三位置;当上盖与壳体处于闭合状态时,前述支臂带动推板使可移动弹性装置模块位于第四位置。 Wherein, when the cover and housing in the open state, the push plate driving arm so that the movable resilient device module in a third position; when the cover and housing in the closed state, the arm driving the movable push plate resilient means positioned in the fourth position of the module. 前述可移动弹性装置模块也可通过其它动力,如电动马达或电磁装置直接推动该可移动弹性装置模块,或间接通过推板推动该可移动弹性装置模块。 The movable elastic device module can also be other power, such as an electric motor or electromagnetic means directly pushes the movable resilient device module, or indirectly pushing the movable pushing plate by the resilient device module. 本发明同时也提供一种弹性机构,可作用一弹性回复力于一按键,上述弹性机构包括一底座、 一可移动弹性装置、 一第一连杆以及一第二连軒。 The present invention also provides a resilient means, a resilient force can act on a key, the elastic means includes a base, a movable resilient means, a first and a second link connected Hin. 前述第一连杆的一端以可滑动的方式相对于底座运动,第二连杆则与第一连杆以可连动方式连接,且第二连一f的一端以可活动方式连4妻底座。 One end of the first link so as to be slidably moving relative to the base, the second link is connected to the first link so as to be interlocked manner, and a second end connected to a f movably connected wife base 4 . 前迷可移动弹性装置可选择性地位于一第一位置或一第二位置,其中当可移动弹性装置位于第一位置时,上述可移动弹性装置大致抵接第一连軒,此时可移动弹性装置提供一侧向弹性回复力于第一连杆,并使第一连杆及第二连軒形成一第一角度;当可移动弹性装置位于第二位置时,可移动弹性装置释放第一连杆, 此时第一连杆及第二连杆可受一外力或重力而溃落,并使第一连軒及第二连杆形成一第二角度,其中第一角度大于第二角度。 Fans movable front elastic means selectively located at a first position or a second position, wherein when the movable resilient means in the first position, said movable contact abutting a first resilient means substantially even Xuan, the movable case resilient means to provide a resilient force to one side of the first link, and the first link and the second communication Hin forming a first angle; when the movable elastic means in the second position, the resilient means releases the first movable link, the first link and the second link at this time may be affected by an external force or gravity shedding, and the first and second link Hin even form a second angle, wherein the first angle is greater than the second angle. 为使本发明的上述及其它目的、特征和优点能更明显易懂,下文特举具体的较佳实施例,并配合所附图式做详细说明。 To make the above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be more fully understood by reading the following detailed preferred embodiments and accompanying figures are described in detail. 附图说明图1A、图IB为现有按键结构的示意图;图2A为本发明第一实施例中按键结构的分解图;图2B为本发明第一实施例中可移动弹性装置的分解图;图3A为本发明第一实施例中按键结构处于一操作状态时的示意图;图3B为图3A中按键结构受外力按压的示意图;图3C〜图3E为图3A中的按键结构切换为非操作状态的示意图;图4为本发明中通过一弹簧连接滑块以及第一连杆的示意图;图5A为本发明第二实施例中按键结构的分解图;图5B为本发明第二实施例中作动臂连接于连接部的分解图;图6A为本发明第二实施例中按键结构处于一操作状态时的示意图;图6B为图6A中按键结构受外力按压的示意图;图6C〜图6D为图6A中的按键结构切换为非操作状态的示意图;图7A为本发明第三实施例中按键结构的分解图;图7B为本发明第三实施例中弹性臂与滑块滑块连接的分解图; BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIGS. 1A, FIG. IB is a schematic view of the conventional key structure; FIG. 2A present an exploded view of the key structure of the first embodiment of the invention; exploded view of the movable elastic means of the present invention the first embodiment of FIG. 2B; FIG 3A is a schematic view of an embodiment of the key structure is in the operating state of the first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 3B is a schematic view of FIG. 3A key structure pressed by an external force; FIG 3C~ FIG 3E is a non-operating switch of FIG. 3A key structure showing a state; FIG. 4 of the present invention is connected by a spring, and a schematic view of a first slide link; FIG. 5A present in an exploded view of a second embodiment of the invention, the key structure; 5B, a second embodiment of the present invention. actuating arm is connected to an exploded view of the connection portion; a schematic view of the operating state of the key structure in a second embodiment embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 6A; FIG. 6B is a schematic diagram of an external force pressed by the key structure in FIG. 6A; FIG. 6D FIG 6C~ schematic switched to the non-operating state of the key structure of FIG. 6A; Fig 7A exploded view of the key structure of the third embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 7B the third embodiment, the resilient arm connected to the slider and the slider of the present invention. exploded view; 8A为本发明第三实施例中按键结构处于一操作状态时的示意图;图8B为图8A中按键结构受外力按压的示意图;图8C〜图8D为图8A中的按键结构切换为非操作状态的示意图;图9为本发明中输入装置的分解图;图10A〜图10B为本发明的输入装置处于一开启状态时的示意图; 图11A〜图11B为本发明中输入装置处于一闭合状态时的示意图; 图12A为本发明第四实施例中的弹性机构处于可操作状态的示意图; 图12B为图12A的弹性机构受外力按压的示意图; 图12C为图12A的弹性机构在非操作状态时的示意图; 图13A为本发明中第五实施例的按键结构在可操作状态时的示意图; 图13B为本发明中图13A的按键结构受外力按压的示意图;以及图13C〜图13D为图13A中的按键结构切换为非操作状态时的示意图..具-沐实施方式第一实施例请参阅图2A,本发明主要的按键结构K主要包括一弹性机 A schematic view of the operating state of the key structure in a third embodiment of the present invention, 8A embodiment; FIG. 8B is a schematic diagram of an external force pressed by the key structure in FIG 8A; FIG. 8D FIG 8C~ non-operating state of the switching keys in the configuration in FIG. 8A schematic; FIG. 9 is an exploded view of an input device according to the invention; and FIG 10A~ input device of the present invention. FIG. 10B is a schematic view of an open state; the present invention, when the input device is in a closed state in FIG. 11B to FIG 11A~ schematic; FIG. 12A is a schematic view of an elastic means in an operable state in the embodiment of the fourth embodiment of the present invention; Figure 12A FIG. 12C is a resilient means in the non-operating state; FIG. 12B is a schematic view of an elastic force of the pressing mechanism of FIG. 12A by schematic; key structure of the present invention, FIG. 13A is a schematic view of the fifth embodiment when the operable state; FIG. 13B is a schematic view of an external force pressing the key structure in Fig. 13A by the present invention; FIG. 13D and FIG 13C~ FIG 13A schematic view of the non-operating state of the key structure having the switching .. - Mu embodiment Referring to FIG. 2A a first embodiment embodiment, the main key structure according to the present invention mainly comprises K an elastic machine G以及一 And a G

按键60,其中弹性机构G可提供一弹性回复力于上述按键60。 Button 60, wherein the resilient means G may be provided a resilient force to the button 60. 如图所示, 前迷弹性机构G主要包括一底座10、 一薄膜电路板20、 一可移动弹性装置M、 一第一连杆40、 一第二连杆50以及一键帽60,其中可移动弹性装置M 则系由一滑块30以及一弹性。 As shown, the front fan resilient mechanism G includes a base 10, a thin-film circuit board 20, a movable resilient means M, a first link 40, a second link 50, and a key cap 60, in which M is a mobile-based elastic means composed of a slider 30 and an elastic. 元件R所組成。 Element R formed. 请一并参阅图2A、图3A,前述第一连杆40通过枢轴401枢接于第二连杆50的枢接孔501内而形成一剪刀状支撑结构。 Referring to FIGS. 2A, 3A, the first link 40 through the pivot shaft 401 is pivotally connected to the second link 50 is pivotally connected to a hole 501 formed in a scissor-like support structure. 其中,第一连杆40的两端41、 42分别活动地连接底座上导槽101以及上方键帽60,而第二连杆50 的两端53、 54则分别活动地连接底座10的枢接部103以及上方键帽60。 Wherein the first link ends 40 and 41, 42 are pivotally movably connected to the upper guide groove 101 and the key cap 60 on the base 50 and the second link ends 53, 54 are respectively connected to the base 10 movably connected key cap 103 and the upper portion 60. 如图2A所示,組装时前述导槽101与枢接部103分别穿过薄膜电路板20上的开孔20'、 20"以及滑块30上的开孔30'、 30',并活动地与第一、第二连軒40、 50连接。接着请一并参阅图2B以及图3A,前述弹性元件R包括一弹性变形部Rl以及一连接部R2,其中弹性变形部Rl连接上迷滑块30与连接部R2。 为了有效地提高弹性元件R在方向上的控制与效能,在本实施例中采用「拉伸式」的弹性变形部R1,例如一拉伸弹簧。 2A, upon assembly the guide groove 101 and the pivot portion 103, respectively, through the opening 20 on the film circuit board 20 ', 20 "of the slider 30 and the openings 30', 30 ', and activities with the first, second and even Xuan 40, 50 is connected. Referring next to FIG 2B and Figs. 3A, the elastic member comprises an elastically deformable portion R and a connecting portion Rl R2, wherein Rl elastically deformable portion connecting the above-slide block 30 and the connecting portion R2. in order to improve control and performance of the elastic member in the direction R, employed in the present embodiment "stretch type" R1 embodiment of the elastically deformable portion, such as a tension spring. 在图2B中,上述滑块30具有一第一抵接部303,上述连接部R2则具有一滑动部R21以及一第二抵接部R22,其中滑动部R21以可滑动的方式连接第一连杆40,而第一抵接部R22 则以可分离的方式抵接于滑块30上的第二抵接部303 。 In Figure 2B, the slider 30 has a first contact portion 303, the connecting portion having a sliding portion R2 is R21, and a second contact portion R22, wherein R21 sliding portion slidably connected to a first even rod 40, and the first abutting portion R22 places detachably abuts against the second abutting portion 303 on the slider 30. 再请参阅图3A,该图表示本发明的按键结构K处于一可操作状态的示意图,在本实施例中,前述可移动弹性装置M可沿X轴方向移动。 Referring again to Figure 3A, which shows the structure of the present invention, the key K is a schematic operable state, in the present embodiment, the movable resilient means M may be moved in the X-axis direction. 如图所示,当滑块30位于第一位置X1时,连接部R2末端的滑动部R21位于第一连杆40中的滑槽402内,并与滑槽402内侧的一抵接端402'大致抵接。 As shown, when the slider 30 is in the first position X1, the sliding tip portion R21 R2 connecting the first link portion 40 positioned within the chute 402, and a slide slot 402 abuts the inner end 402 ' roughly abutment. 如图3所示,当按键结构K处于可操作状态时,前述滑动部R21位于滑槽402内倒并持续地大致抵接第一连杆40,同时弹性变形部R1由于受到一些微小拉伸而给第一连杆40提供一朝左方向的侧向弹性预力f,如此一来可支撑上方键帽60,并使得键帽60不致轻易晃动。 3, when the key structure K in the operable state, the slide down the chute portion 402 positioned R21 and substantially continuously abuts the first link 40, while being elastically deformed due to the minor portion R1 stretching to provide a first link 40 toward the left side of the elastic prestress F, a result may be supported above the keycap 60 and the keycap 60 such that will not easily shake. 此时键帽60相对于底座10具有--第一高度hl,且第一、第二连軒40、 50之间则形成一第一角度91。 At this time, the key top 60 relative to the base 10 having - a first height HL, and the first, second and even Xuan 40, the angle 91 is formed between a first 50. 在图3B中显示当按键结构K处于一可操作状态时,键帽60受到外力按压下降(使用中)的示意图。 In Figure 3B shows that when the key K is a structure operable state, the keycap 60 is pressed by an external force decreased schematic (in use) a. 如图所示,当键帽60受外力按压而由前述第一高度hl下降至一特定高度h3时,第一连杆40是朝一第一方向A1位移, 其中弹性变形部R1由于受到进一步地拉伸进而产生一侧向弹性回复力F, 其中F〉f;此时滑动部R21仍持续地抵接第一连杆40,然而一旦外力释放时, 通过上迷侧向弹性回复力F可使得键帽60回复至前述第一高度hi,即如图3A所示的状态。 As shown, when the keycap 60 is pressed by an external force is lowered by the time the first height hl to H3, the first link 40 is displaced towards a first direction A1, wherein R1 is elastically deformed portion further pulled due to a certain height generating projects into one side of the elastic restoring force F, where F> f; R21 continued case portion slidably abuts the first link 40, however, once the external force is released, the fans side by an elastic restoring force F may cause the bond the cap 60 is returned to a first height hi, i.e., the state shown in Figure 3A. 特别地是,在键帽60受外力按压而由前迷第一高度hl下降至特定高度h3的过程中,侧向弹性预力f是以逐渐增大的方式转变成为側向弹性回复力F,其中侧向弹性预力f与侧向弹性回复力F的比值一般是大于10%。 In particular, the keycap 60 is pressed by an external force is lowered by the front fan to a specific first height hl height h3 of the process, the lateral spring bias force f is increased gradually transformed into a lateral manner the elastic restoring force F., wherein the lateral spring bias force f and the lateral elastic restoring force F ratio is generally greater than 10%. 若要让使用者感受到较佳的段落感,可将弹性预力f与侧向弹性回复力F的比<直加大至30%以上。 To allow users to feel better sense of the paragraph, the lateral spring bias force f can be an elastic return force F ratio <linear increase to 30% or more. 由于本实施例中采用拉伸弹簧,因此在操作状态时拉伸弹簧本身可始终保持在两端的直线方向上,且并可稳定地随着抵接端402,的高低变化而改变方向。 Since the present embodiment uses the tension spring, thus stretching the spring when the operating state itself may remain in a linear direction across, and with changes in the level and stably abuts end 402, the direction is changed. 如此一来,前述弹性回复力F也可稳定地随着抵接端402,的髙低变化而改变方向,不会具有其它方向的分力。 Thus, the elastic restoring force F can be stably with low variation Gao abutment end 402, the direction is changed, without having a force component in the other direction. 在本实施例中,前述薄膜电路板20是与滑块30连接并一起移动,如图3B所示, 一弹性结构体201设置于薄膜电路板20上的一开关元件202上。 In the present embodiment, the thin-film circuit board 20 is connected to and moves together with the slider 30, shown in Figure 3B, an elastic structure body 201 is provided on a switching element 202 on the circuit board 20 is a thin film. 当滑块30位处于第一位置X而键帽60被按压下降至特定高度h3时,第二连杆50即压迫前迷弹性结构体201朝下变形,进而可触动下方的开关元件202,此时则通过薄膜电路板20立即传递一电子信号至外部电路。 When the slider 30 is in the first position X while the key top 60 is pressed down to a specific height H3, i.e. fans elastomeric structure 50 before compression of the second link 201 is deformed downward, and thus may be a tact switch element 202 below, this when the circuit board 20 by the film immediately transmitting an electrical signal to an external circuit. 在本发明中,除了可利用第二连杆50来触动开关元件202之外,也可通过第一连杆40或者键帽60压迫弹性结构体201来触动开关元件202,以达到相同的功效。 In the present invention, in addition to using the second link member 50 than to the tact switch 202 but also by the first link 40 or the key cap 60 by forcing the resilient structure 201 tact switch element 202 to achieve the same effect. 虽然开关元件202在本实施例中为薄膜电路板20上的一元件,然而在设计上也可不使用薄膜电路板20,而以一独立的开关元件202取代前述薄膜电路板20。 Although the switching element 202 is an embodiment of the element 20 on the membrane circuit board, however, also be used without a thin film 20 on the circuit board design, to a separate switching element 202 substituted the membrane circuit board 20. In the present embodiment 接着请一并参阅图3C〜图3E,前述滑块30可沿着第一方向Al由X轴上的第一位置X1移动至第二位置X2 ,此时按键结构K则对应地由图3A所示的可操作状态变换成为图3E所示的非操作状态,其中薄膜电路板2.0与上方的滑块30连接并一起移动。 Referring next to FIG 3C~ 3E, the Al the slider 30 may be moved to the second position X2 in the X axis from the first position X1 along a first direction, when the key K corresponding to the structure of FIG. 3A operational state illustrated in FIG. 3E converted into a non-operating state shown, wherein the thin-film circuit board 2.0 is connected to the upper slider 30 and moves together. 如图3C所示,在滑块30沿第一方向Al移动的过程中,第二抵接部R22持续抵接第一抵接部303,此时右側的滑动部R21随滑块30在第一连杆40的滑槽402内滑动,此外由于第一连杆40不再受到弹簧力约束,故上方键帽60可通过重力自然溃落或通过外力下降至第二高度h2,其中h2〈hl;此时按键结构K则处于非操作状态,且第一、第二连杆40、 50之间形成一第二角度62,其中02<01。 3C, during the first slider 30 is moved in the direction of Al, the second abutting portion abuts R22 continuous first abutment portion 303, this time with the right side of the sliding portion R21 in the first slider 30 sliding chute 40 in the rod 402, Furthermore, since the first link 40 is no longer constrained by a spring force, so that the top of the key cap 60 may be natural or shedding down to the second height h2 by an external force by gravity, where h2 <hl; at this time, the key structure K in a non-operating state, and the first, second link 40, an angle 62 is formed between the second 50, where 02 <01. 更进一步地,在弹性变形部Rl受到释放时,为了确保键帽60可确实下降至第二高度h2 (如图3E所示),在本实施例中的滑块30上方还设有挡块302,在滑块30由第一位置XI沿第一方向Al移动至一第二位置X2的过程中,挡块302抵接并推动第二连杆50 (如图3D所示),由此可迫使键帽60朝底座10方向下降。 Further, when the elastically deformable portion subjected to release Rl, in order to ensure the key cap 60 can be surely lowered to the second height H2 (FIG. 3E), the upper slider 30 in the present embodiment is also provided with a stopper 302 , the slider 30 is moved from the first position Al XI first direction to a second position X2 the process, the stopper 302 abuts and pushes the second link 50 (FIG. 3D), thereby forcing the keycap 60 of the chassis 10 toward the drop. 此外,在滑块30下方另设有突出部301,当滑块30由第一位置XI移动至第二位置X2的过程中,突出部301可进一步地朝第一方向Al推动第一连杆40下方的延伸部411 (如图3E所示),并迫使第一连杆40在导槽101内滑动,如此可利于键帽60朝底座IO方向下降至第二高度h2。 Further, below the slider 30 is provided with another projecting portion 301, when the slider 30 is moved from the first position to the second position X2 XI process, the projecting portion 301 can be further pushed toward a first direction, the first link 40 Al downward extending portion 411 (FIG. 3E), and forces the first link 40 to slide within the guide groove 101, the keycap 60 may facilitate such a decrease direction toward the base to a second height IO h2. 请参阅图3A,虽然在本实施例中延伸部411与突出部301之间相隔一特定距离,在设计上也可使延伸部411与突出部301保持大致抵接, 以降低操作按键时因碰撞所产生的噪音。 Please refer to Figure 3A, although the embodiments in the present embodiment, the extension portion 411 a specific distance apart and between the projecting portion 301, the design also allows the extension portion 411 and the projection 301 remains substantially abut, in order to reduce the operation key due to the collision noise generated. 当按键结构位处于图3E所示的非操作状态时,第一、第二连杆40、 50 以及键帽60虽然朝底座10下降,但是由于前述薄膜电路板20此时已随滑块30从第一位置X1移动至第二位置X2,因此无论第一、第二连軒40、 50 或者是键帽60都不会触动前述开关元件202,由此可避免在非操作状态时产生误触的情形。 When the key structure is located in the non-operating state shown in FIG. 3E, a first, a second link 40, the keycap 50 and 60 towards the base 10, although decreased, but since the thin-film circuit board 20 with the slider 30 at this time from the a first position X1 to the second position X2, so regardless of the first, second Xuan even 40, 50 or 60 will not touch the key top switching member 202, thereby inadvertently can be avoided in the non-operation state situation. 在本实施例中,前述第一连杆40通过将枢轴401以可转动的方式枢接于第二连杆50的枢接孔501内,其中枢接孔501的尺寸大于枢轴401 (如图3C所示),由此可减少两者在相对转动时的摩擦力,以方便使用者按压。 In the present embodiment, the first link 40 by the pivot shaft 401 is rotatably pivoted to the pivot link 50 of the second contact hole 501, which is connected to the central pivot hole 501 of a size greater than 401 (e.g. FIG. 3C), thereby reducing friction during relative rotation of both to facilitate the user presses. 接着请一并参阅图2A以及图3C,在两枢轴401之间具有一虚拟的轴心线40r, 且第一连杆40具有第一接触部405,第二连杆50具有一第二接触部505 (如图2A、 3C所示),当第一、第二连杆40、 50相互转动时,前述第一、第二^接触部405、 505大致相互抵接于轴心线401,,如此可有效地减少迷第一、 第二接触部405、 505的动摩擦,并可有效减低枢轴401所承受的侧向弹力。 Referring next to FIG. 2A and 3C, the axial center with a virtual line 40r between the two pivots 401, and the first link 40 has a first contact portion 405, a second link 50 having a second contact section 505 (FIG. 2A, 3C shown), when the first and second links 40, 50 during mutual rotation, the first, second contacting portions 405 ^, 505 abut against each other substantially at the axial center line 401 ,, such fan can effectively reduce the first and second movable friction contact portion 405, 505, 401 may effectively reduce the withstand lateral pivot spring force. 其中,上述用以減少第一、第二接触部405、 505摩擦力的设计也可运用于第二连4干50的一端53与枢接部103之间。 Wherein said means for reducing a first, 405, 505 design of friction between the second contact portion 103 may be applied to one end portion 53 and the pivot 50 of the second connection 4 dry. 此外,在图2B中的弹性元件R也可为如图4所示的单一弹簧R 1',其中通过将弹簧Rl'的一部分弯折可形成前述第一抵接部R22以及滑动部R21 结构,如此一来可省去设置前述的连接部R2以使机构更为简化,且同祥地可达成上述功效。 Further, the elastic element R in FIG. 2B may also be a single spring R shown in FIG. 1 ", by which the spring Rl 'may form a bent portion of the first contact portion and the slide portion R22 R21 structure, result may be omitted provided the connecting portion R2 so that the mechanism is more simplified, and the above-described effect can be achieved with the Cheung. 如前所述,本发明的按键结构通过设置可移动弹性装置M,如此一来可在非使用状态时使键帽60下降,进而有效地节省空间。 As previously described, the key structure of the present invention by providing a movable resilient means M, so that the key top 60 can result in a lowered non-use state, thus effectively save space. 此外,在本实施例 Further, the present embodiment

的按键结构中,前述可移动弹性装置M也可设置于按键结构外侧(未图标), 此时弹性变形部R1则可采用「压缩式」弹性装置取代前述的「拉伸式」弹簧。 Key structure, the movable resilient means may be provided outside the M key structure (not shown), when the elastic deformation portion can be adopted R1 "compression" of the elastic means substituted "stretch type" spring. 第二实施例请参阅图5A以及图5B,不同于第一实施例的是,在本实施例中的按键结构K中还包括一作动臂R3,其中作动臂R3设置于前述弹性元件R中的连接部R2 (如5B图所示)。 Second Embodiment Referring to FIGS. 5A and 5B, the embodiment differs from the first embodiment is the structure of the key K in the present embodiment further comprises an actuating arm R3, wherein R3 actuation arm is provided on the elastic member in R connecting portion R2 (as shown in FIG. 5B). 并请同时参阅图6A以及图6B,其中图6B显示当按键结构K处于一可操作状态时,键帽60受到外力按压下降(使用中) 的示意图。 And when Please refer to FIG. 6A and 6B simultaneously, wherein when the key 6B shows a structure in the operable state K, the keycap 60 is pressed by an external force decreased schematic (in use) a. 如图6B所示,当按键结构K位处于可操作状态下,且键帽60 受外力按压而由前述第一高度hl下降至特定高度h3时,此时第一连軒40 沿第一方向Al位移,且弹性变形部Rl因受到拉伸而产生一侧向弹性回复力F,在此状态下一旦外力释放时,可通过上迷侧向弹性回复力F使得键帽60回复前述第一高度hl。 6B, the structure of the K-bit key when in the operable state, and the key cap 60 by an external force when pressed down from the first height hl to a specific height H3, the first case 40 in the first direction and even Al Hin displacement, and the elastic deformation portion Rl is stretched by the restoring force F is generated to one side of an elastic, in this state once the stress is released, the restoring force by the fan F side such that the resilient return the key top 60 first height hl . 特别是,当按键结构K受外力按压而形成图6B所示的状态时,位于连接部R2左侧的作动臂R3是受到下降中的第一连杆40压迫,进而向下抵接并触动薄膜电路板20中的开关元件202,然而前述开关元件202也可通过第二连杆50或者键帽60触动以达到相同的功效。 In particular, when the key structure K is formed by an external force pressed state shown in 6B, the actuation arm R3 R2 located in the left side connecting portion is lowered by the compression of the first link 40, and turn the contact touches down 20, the switching element thin-film circuit board 202, but the switching element 202 can also achieve the same effect by the second link 50 or 60 touches the key top. 接着请参阅图6C〜图6D,当前述滑块30沿着第一方向Al移动时,本发明的按键结构K可由图6A所示的可操作状态变换成如图6E所示的非操作状态,其中薄膜电路板20固定于底座10而并不会随滑块30移动。 Next, please refer to FIG 6C~ 6D, the the aforementioned slider 30 is moved along a first direction Al, K is the key structure of the present invention may be operable condition shown in FIG. 6A converting non-operating state as shown in FIG. 6E, wherein the thin film circuit board 20 is fixed to the base 10 with the slider 30 does not move. 如图6C所示,在滑块30沿第一方向Al移动的过程中,第二抵接部R22持续抵接第一抵接部303。 6C, during the movement of the slider 30 Al in the first direction, the second abutting portion abuts R22 continuous first abutment portion 303. 右侧的滑动部R2随滑块30在第一连杆40的滑槽402 内移动,且由于第一连杆40不再受到弹簧力约束,因此上方键帽60可通过重力自然溃落或通过外力下降至第二高度h2,进而使得按键结构K处于非操作状态(如图6E所示)。 R2 sliding portion moves with the right slider 30 in the chute 40 of the first link 402, and since the first link 40 is no longer constrained by a spring force, so the upper key cap 60 can be naturally by gravity, or by shedding an external force is lowered to a second height h2, thereby making the structure of the key K in the non-operating state (FIG. 6E). 特别是,当按键结构位处于如图6D所示的非操作状态时,第一、第二连杆40、 50以及键帽60虽然朝底座10下降,但是由于前述作动臂R3己随着滑块30朝右方移动,因此在非操作状态时无论第一、第二连杆40、 50或者键帽60都不会压迫到作动臂R3,也无法触动下方的开关元件202,如此可避免发生误触的情形。 In particular, when the key structure is located in the non-operating state shown in FIG. 6D, the first, second link 40, the keycap 50 and 60 towards the base 10, although decreased, but since the actuation arm with the spool R3 hexyl block 30 moves rightward, so the non-operating state, whether the first and second links 40, 50 or 60 will not oppress the keycap actuation arm R3, can not touch the bottom of the switching element 202 that can prevent the the situation of inadvertently occur. 第三实施例接着请一并参阅图7A以及图7B,不同于第二实施例的是,本实施例中的按键结构K通过一弹性臂R4取代前述的作动臂R3,其中弹性臂R4设置在前述滑块30上(如图7B所示)。 Third Embodiment Next Referring to FIGS. 7A and 7B, the second embodiment differs from that of the key structure of the present embodiment of the substituted K actuation arm by a resilient arm R3 R4, wherein R4 resilient arm disposed on the slider 30 (shown in FIG. 7B). 再请一并参阅图8A以及图8B,其中图8B显示当按键结构K处于一可操作状态时,键帽60受到外力按压下降(使用中)的示意图。 Referring again to FIG 8A and FIG 8B, in which FIG. 8B shows that when the key K is a structure operable state, the pressing force drops schematic keycap 60 (in use) is subjected. .如图8B所示,当按键结构K位处于可操作状态时,键帽60受一外力按压而由前述第一高度hl下降至一特定高度h3时,此时第一连杆40沿第一方向A1位移,且弹性变形部R1因受到拉伸而产生一侧向弹性回复力F, 在此状态下一旦外力释放时,可通过上述侧向弹性回复力F使得键帽60自然地回复前述第一高度hl。 As shown in Figure 8B, when the K-bit key structure in the operable state, the keycap 60 is pressed by an external force is lowered by said first height hl to a specific height H3, the first link 40 in the first case displacement direction A1, and the elastic deformation portion is stretched R1 generated by the side F of the elastic restoring force, in this state once the stress is released, the restoring force F can be laterally through said keycap 60 such that the elastic nature of the reply a height hl. 特别是,当按键结构K位处于图8B所示的状态时,下降中的键帽60 通过突出于键帽60下方的一凸柱601压迫弹性臂R4,进而触动下方薄膜电路板20中的开关元件202,然而前述开关元件202也可通过第二连軒50或者键帽60触动以达到相同的功效。 In particular, when a K-bit key structure in the state shown in FIG. 8B, the keycap 60 is lowered below the key cap 60 by projecting the protrusion 601 forcing the resilient arms a column R4, in turn tact switch 20 below the thin film circuit board element 202, but the switching element 202 can also achieve the same effect by a second key cap 60, or even 50 Xuan touched. 其中,凸柱601可以与键帽60—体成型制作,也可为具弹性的材质并固定于键帽60下方。 Wherein the stud 601 may be molded to the body with the key top 60, it may also be a flexible material and is fixed to the bottom of the keycap 60. 接着请参阅图8C〜图8D,当前迷滑块'30沿着第一方向Al移动时,本发明的按键结构K可由图8A所示的可操作状态变换成如图8D所示的非操作状态,在本实施例中薄膜电路板20固定于底座10而仅滑块30单独移动。 Next, please refer to FIG 8C~ FIG. 8D, when the current fan Al '30 slider moves along a first direction, the operational state of the key structure of the present invention shown in FIG. 8A K may be converted into a non-operating state shown in FIG. 8D , for example, the thin film in the present embodiment the circuit board 20 is fixed to the base 10 and the slider 30 moves only a single. 如图8C所示,在滑块30沿第一方向Al移动的过程中,第二抵接部R22持续抵接第一抵接部303,右侧的滑动部R2随滑块30在第一连軒40的滑槽401内滑动,此时由于第一连杆40不再受到弹簧力约束,故上方鍵帽60可通过重力自然溃落或通过外力下降至第二高度h2,进而使得按键结构K处于非操作状态(如图8D所示)。 8C, the slider 30 during the movement in the first direction Al, the second contact portion 303 comes into sustained R22, R2 to the right of the sliding portion of the first slider 30 with a first contact portion connected 401 Xuan sliding chute 40, since the first link 40 at this time is no longer bound by the spring force, so that the top of the key cap 60 may be natural or shedding down to the second height h2 by gravity by an external force, thereby making the structure of the key K in a non-operating state (FIG. 8D). 特别是,当按键结构位处于如图8D所示的非操作状态时,第一、第二连杆40、 50以及键帽60虽然朝底座IO方向下降,但是由于前述弹性臂R4 已随着滑块80朝右方移动,因此无论第一、第二连杆40、 50或者鍵帽60 皆不会压迫到弹性臂R4 ,也不会触动下方的开关元件202,如此可避免在非操作状态时产生误触的情形。 In particular, when the key structure is located in the non-operating state shown in FIG. 8D, a first, a second link 40, the keycap 50 and 60 decrease while the base toward the IO direction, but because the elastic arm R4 is as slippery when block 80 moves rightward, so both the first and second links 40, 50, or key top 60 does not press the resilient arms are R4, it does not touch the bottom of the switching element 202, so in a non-operating state can be avoided the case generated inadvertently. 此外,弹性臂R4也可由第一实施洌中的弹性结构体20i取代,其中弹性结构体201可采用具有弹性的材质,例如橡胶。 Furthermore, R4 may also be an elastic resilient arm structure of the first embodiment in pure 20i substituted, wherein the elastomeric structure 201 may employ an elastic material such as rubber. 又,前迷弹性结抅体201 也可设置一导体部(未图示),并利用此导体部构成前述开关元件202的一部 Further, the elastic before junction Ju fans 201 may also be provided a conductive portion (not shown), and using a portion of this conductor constituting the switching element 202

前述按键结构K可适用于一具备有按键结构的输入装置,如图9所示, 本发明的输入装置为一笔记型计算机的键盘装置,其包括一底座模块70、 一可移动弹性装置模块80、 一推板卯以及多个前述的按键结枸K,其中推板90位于底座模块70与可移动弹性装置模块80之间,而按键结构K的结构已在前面揭露,在此不再赘述。 K applied to the key structure comprises a key input device has a structure, shown in Figure 9, the input device of the present invention is a notebook computer keyboard apparatus, which includes a base module 70, a movable module 80, resilient means , a push plate and a plurality of sockets of the node keys K citrate, wherein the push plate 90 is located in the base module 70 between the resilient means and the movable module 80, and K is a key structure as disclosed earlier, are not repeated here. 请参阅第9图,多个前述的底座10设置在底座模块70上,而多个前述的可移动弹性装置M则设置在可移动弹性装置模块80上,其中可移动弹性装置模块80可在X轴上的一第三位置X3以及一第四位置X4之间移动,当可移动弹性装置模块80位于第三位置X3时,前述多个按键结构K呈一可操作状态,当可移动弹性装置模块80位于第四位置X4时,前述多个按键结构K的键帽(未图示)即下降而呈一非操作状态。 See FIG. 9, a plurality of the base 10 is disposed on the base module 70, and a plurality of the movable elastic means M is provided on the movable elastic device module 80, wherein the resilient device module 80 may be movable in the X X3 movable between a third position and a fourth position of the axis X4, the resilient means when the movable block 80 is in the third position X3, the structure of the K form of a plurality of keys operable state, when the movable elastic device module 80 at the fourth position when X4, K of the plurality of key structures keycaps (not shown), i.e., a decline in the form of a non-operating state. 如图所示,可移动弹性装置模块80具有一个或一个以上Z形导引槽800,导引槽800具有一第五端801以及一第六端802,其中第五端801与第六端802相通并且在前述第一方向Al上相隔一间距D。 , The movable module 80 shown in FIG resilient means one or more Z-shaped guide grooves 800, 800 having a guide groove 801 having a fifth end and a sixth end 802, wherein the fifth terminal 801 and sixth terminal 802 communication and separated by a distance in the first direction Al D. 前述推板90可于垂直X轴的水平方向移动,其中推板90上设有突出的导块901,穿过Z形导引槽800,通过推板卯可带动导块901于第五、第六端801、 802之间移动, 当导块位于第五端801时,可移动弹性装置模块位于第三位置X3;当导块位于第六端802时,可移动弹性装置模块位于第四位置X4。 The thrust plate 90 may be perpendicular to the horizontal X-axis direction, wherein the guide protrusion 901 provided on the push plate 90, through the Z-shaped guide groove 800, may be driven by the push plate guide sockets 901 in the fifth, six ends 801, 802 move between, when the guide block is located in the fifth terminal 801, the movable elastic device module in the third position X3; when the guide block 802 is located in the sixth end, the movable module is located in a fourth position the resilient means X4 . 接着请一并参阅图IOA、图10B以及图IIA、图IIB,本发明的输入装置还包括一上盖U、 一壳体T以及一支臂J,其中上盖U可作为一笔记型计算机屏幕(monitor)的框体结构。 Referring next to FIG IOA, 10B, and IIA, FIG IIB, the input device according to the present invention further comprises a cover U, T, and an arm a casing J, where U may cover a screen of a notebook computer (monitor) frame structure. 前述支臂J的一端是与上盖U枢接,另一端则枢接于前述推板90。 One end of the arm of the U J is pivotally connected to the upper cover, the other end pivotally connected to the push plate 90. 此外,前述底座模块70固定在壳体T上,而上盖U 則与底座模块70或壳体T枢接,并可选择性地相对于底座模块70或壳体T 处于一闭合状态或一开启状态。 In addition, the base module 70 is fixed to the housing T, U and the upper cover 70 with the base module or housing pivotally connected to T, and is selectively with respect to the base module housing 70 or a T in an open or closed state status. 当输入装置由闭合状态(如图11A以及图IIB所示)变换为开启状态时(如图10A以及图10B所示),上盖U通过支臂J带动推板90沿一第二方向A2'移动,使导块901位于Z形导引槽800 的第五端80】,此时可移动弹性装置80则沿第一方向Al的反向Al'移动至前述第三位置X3,并使得多个按键结构K位处于一可操作状态。 When the input means from a closed state (shown in FIG. 11A and FIG. IIB) into the open state (FIG. 10A and FIG. 10B), the upper cover U J by the push plate driving arm 90 in a second direction A2 ' moving the guide block 901 on the Z-shaped end 80 of the guide groove 800] fifth, when the movable elastic means 80 in the first reverse direction Al Al 'is moved to the third position X3, and such that a plurality of a K-bit key structure in the operable state. 其中,第二方向A2与前述第一方向Al垂直。 Wherein the second direction A2 perpendicular to the first direction Al. 反之,当输入装置由开启状态变换成为闭合状态时(如图11A以及图IIB所示),上盖U是朝底座模块70或壳体T闭合,此时支臂J则会带动推板90沿第二方向A2的反向A2,移动,并使导块901由Z形导引槽800的第五端801移动到第六端802,此时可移动弹性装置80则沿第一方向Al移动至于第四位置X4 ,并使得多个按键结构K位处于一非操作状态。 Conversely, when the input apparatus is converted by the opened state into the closed state (shown in FIG. 11A and FIG. IIB), U is the upper cover 70 towards the base module or a closed housing T, then J will drive the arm 90 along the push plate a second reverse direction A2 A2, movement, and the guide block 901 by the fifth mobile terminal 801 of the Z-shaped guide groove 800 to the sixth terminal 802, when the movable elastic means 80 as to move in a first direction Al a fourth position X4, and K such that a plurality of key structures is located in a non-operating state. 在本实施例中,前迷可移动弹性装置模块80可利用电动马达或电磁装置间接通过推板90驱动以产生位移,然而也可通过电动马达或电磁装置直接推动上述可移动弹性装置模块80以产生位移。 In the present embodiment, the front fan movable elastic device module 80 may use an electric motor or electromagnetic means indirectly by driving the push plate 90 to be displaced, but may directly push said movable elastic device module by an electric motor or an electromagnetic means 80 displacement. 第四实施例请参阅图12A及图12B,本实施例与第一实施例的差别仅在于省略了键帽60 ,其作动原理则与第一实施例相同。 Fourth Embodiment Referring to FIGS. 12A and 12B, the embodiment of the present embodiment from the first embodiment only difference is that the key cap 60 is omitted, the actuation principle is the same as that of the first embodiment. 如图所示,弹性机构G通过枢接或抵接等可活动的方式连接一按压面Q或者一键帽(未图示),以提供一弹性回复力于上述键帽或按压面Q。 As shown, a resilient means connected to the pressing surface G Q or a key top, or by means of pivoting the movable abutting the like (not shown), to provide a resilient force to the pressing surface keycap or Q. 其中,前述可移动弹性装置M可选择性地位于一第一位置X1或一第二位置X2,当可移动弹性装置M位于第一位置XI时呈可操作状态,此时前述可移动弹性装置M大致4氏接第一连杆40,并使第一连杆40及第二连杆50形成一第一角度ei,如图12B所示,当弹性机构G受压迫时可提供一弹性回复力F于按压面Q或前述键帽。 Wherein the movable M resilient means is selectively positioned in a first position and a second position X1 or X2, were operational state of the resilient means when the movable XI M in the first position, the movable case the resilient means M 4 & apos substantially connected to the first link 40, and the first link 40 and second link 50 form a first angle ei, 12B, when the elastic compression means G may be provided by a resilient force F the pressing surface Q or the keycaps. 此外,当可移动弹性装置M位于第二位置X2时,前述可移动弹性装置M释放第一连杆40,此时第一连杆40及第二连杆50可受一外力或重力而溃落(如图12C所示)。 Further, when the movable elastic means M in the second position X2, the resilient means may be movable to release the first link 40 M, while the first link 40 and second link 50 may be affected by an external force or gravity shedding (FIG. 12C). 此时弹性机构G处于非操作状态而不提供弹性回复力于该按键或按压面Q,其中第一连杆40及第二连杆50形成一第二角度62,且第一角度ei大于第二角度e2。 At this time, the resilient mechanism G non-operating state without providing the elastic restoring force to the key or the pressing plane Q, where the first link 40 and second link 50 form a second angle 62, and the first angle is greater than a second ei angle e2. 第五实施例接着请参阅图13A〜图13D,不同于第二实施例的是,在本实施例的按键结构K中,滑槽402可设计为如图13A〜图13D所示的特定形状,其中靠近抵接端402,的部分较狭隘,远离抵接端402'的部分则较宽敞,此外滑动部R2i也可对应于滑槽402而设计为如图13A〜图13D所示的特定形状,当按键结构K处于可操作状态时(如图13A所示),滑动部R21抵接于滑槽402 内侧的抵接端402'。 Fifth Embodiment Next, please refer to FIG 13A~ FIG. 13D, the second embodiment differs from that in the structure of the key K in the present embodiment, the chute 402 can be designed for a specific shape shown in FIG. FIG. 13D 13A~, wherein the abutment near the end 402, a narrower portion, remote from the abutment end 402 'is more spacious portion, in addition R2i sliding portion corresponding to the chute 402 may be designed for the particular shape shown in FIG. FIG. 13D 13A~, when the key structure K in an operable state (FIG. 13A), the sliding portion R21 abuts against the inner side of the chute 402 is connected to terminal 402 '. 如图13B所示,当使用者按压按键结构K时,作动臂R3可随着第一连杆40在下降过程中摆动,进而触动开关元件202。 As shown in FIG. 13B, when the user presses the key structure K, R3 may be the actuation arm 40 with a first pivot rod during the descent, and thus the tact switch element 202. 其中,当可移动弹性装置M朝第一方向A1移动时,滑动部R21由滑槽402的较狭隘部分移动至较宽 Wherein, when the movable elastic means moved in a first direction M A1, R21 sliding portion to a narrower portion of a wider chute 402 is moved by

敞的部分,由此可改变作动臂R3的摆动范围,并可避免作动臂R3在切换至非操作状态的过程中(如图13C到图13D所示)误触开关元件202。 Open portions, thereby changing the oscillating range of the actuating arms R3, R3 and avoid actuation arm in the process of switching to the non-operating state (FIG. 13C to FIG. 13D) inadvertently switching element 202. 此外, 抵接端402,与滑动部R21之间也可形成一特定形状的接触面,以达成改变作动臂R3摆动范围的效果。 Moreover, an abutting end 402, between the sliding portion R21 and the contact surface may be formed in a specific shape to achieve the effect of changing the actuation arm swing range R3. 第六实施例请参阅图2A,在第一实施例中的可移动弹性装置M也可简化为一固定式弹性装置(未图标),此时按键结构K仅能处于可操作状态,而无法切换为非操作状态。 Sixth Embodiment Referring to Figure 2A, in a first embodiment of the movable elastic means M to be simplified to a resilient fixing means (not shown), only this time the key structure K in an operable state, and can not switch non-operating state. 上述固定式弹性装置可仅由前述的弹性变形部Rl所构成,其中弹性变形部Rl的一端抵接或连接第一连杆40(未图示),而另一端则连接或固定于底座IO(未图示),由此于键帽可提供一侧向弹性回复力。 The fixing resilient means may be constituted by only the elastic deformation portion Rl, Rl wherein one end of the elastic deformation portion abuts the first link or connection 40 (not shown), and the other end connected or fixed to the base IO ( not shown), to thereby provide the key top side to the elastic restoring force. 其中,前述弹性变形部R1可为一拉伸弹簧,或者基于空间上的考虑,前述拉伸弹簧也可设计成各种形状,如平面式或非巻绕式的拉伸弹簧。 Wherein the elastically deformable portion R1 may be a tension spring, or based on space considerations, the tension spring may also be designed in various shapes, such as planar or Volume wound tension spring. 此外,虽然上述实施例都以一层底座10为例,实施上也可将底座10设置于薄膜电路板20上方,并将另一底座(未图示)设置于薄膜电路板20下方, 即形成「两层式底座」的结构。 Further, although the above embodiments are to the base layer 10 as an example, the embodiment of the base 10 may be disposed above the membrane circuit board 20, and the other base (not shown) disposed below the membrane circuit board 20, i.e., formed structural "two-tier base" of. 有关于「两层式底座」的剪刀式按键结构, 可参阅台湾专利申请号088208239的图1。 There are about scissor key structure "two-tier base", refer to Taiwan Patent Application No. 088 208 239 Figure 1. '综上所述,本发明的输入装置及其按键结构可在非使用状态时使键帽下降,进而可有效地节省空间。 'In summary, the key input device and the structure of the present invention may be that the non-use state when the keycap decreased, and thus the space can be effectively saved. 此外,本发明通过弹性元件提供一侧向弹性回复力,可以较轻易(省力)的方式让按键下降至第二高度h2(非操作状态)。 Further, the present invention provides a side by an elastic restoring force of the elastic member, can be more easily (effort) way for keys down to the second height H2 (non-operating state). 虽然结合以上较佳实施例揭露了本发明,然而其并非用以限定本发明, 任何熟悉此项技术者,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围内,仍可作一些更动与润饰,因此本发明的保护范围应以权利要求所界定的为准。 Although the preferred embodiment disclosed above in connection with the embodiment of the present invention is, however, not intended to limit the present invention, any person skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention can still make some modifications and variations so this the scope of the invention should be defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (23)

  1. 1. 一种按键结构,包括:一键帽;一底座;一第一连杆,该第一连杆的一端以可活动方式连接该键帽,另一端以可滑动的方式相对于该底座运动;一第二连杆,与该第一连杆以可连动的方式连接,该第二连杆的一端以可活动方式连接该键帽,另一端以可活动方式连接该底座;以及一可移动弹性装置,可选择性地位于一第一位置或一第二位置,该可移动弹性装置还包括:一滑块,该滑块可相对于该底座于该第一位置与该第二位置之间移动;一弹性元件,包括一弹性变形部与一连接部,该连接部与该第一连杆以可滑动的方式连接,该弹性变形部连接该滑块与该连接部;其中当该可移动弹性装置位于该第一位置时,该可移动弹性装置大致沿一第一方向A1抵接该第一连杆,而使该键帽相对于该底座具有一第一高度,且该可移动弹性装置于该第一连杆提供一 A key structure comprising: a keycap; a base; a first link, one end of the first link movably connected to the key cap, the other end slidably moving relative to the base ; a second link, so as to be interlocked with the first connecting rod, one end of the second link is movably connected to the key top, and the other end movably connected to the base; and a can moving the resilient means is selectively located at a first position or a second position, the movable resilient means further comprises: a slider which is movable relative to the base in the first position and the second position between the mobile; a resilient member, comprising a elastically deformable portion and a connecting portion, the connecting portion is connected to the first link in a slidable manner, the slider connected to the elastic deformation portion and the connecting portion; wherein when the can the resilient means moves in the first position, the movable elastic means A1 substantially abuts the first link in a first direction, so that the key cap relative to the base having a first height, and the elastically movable It means providing a link to the first 向弹性预力,使该按键结构处于一可操作状态;当该可移动弹性装置位于该第二位置时,该可移动弹性装置释放该第一连杆,而使该键帽可受一外力或重力而溃落,使该按键结构处于一非操作状态,且该键帽相对于该底座具有一第二高度,其中,该第一高度大于该第二高度。 The spring bias force so that the structure is in an operable state key; when the movable elastic means in the second position, the moveable link of the first resilient means is released, so that the key cap by an external force or shedding of gravity, so that the key structure in a non-operating state, and the key cap relative to the base having a second height, wherein the first height is greater than the second height.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的4务睫结构,该第一、第二连杆呈剪刀状结构。 2. 4 Service eyelashes structure according to claim 1, the first, second link scissor-like structure.
  3. 3. 如权利要求1所述的按键结构,该第一连杆及该第二连杆以可转动的方式连接。 The key structure as claimed in claim 1, the first link and the second link is rotatably connected.
  4. 4. 如权利要求1所述的按键结构,该弹性变形部为一弹簧。 The key structure as claimed in claim 1, the elastically deformable portion is a spring.
  5. 5. 如权利要求1所述的按键结构,其中该第一连杆还包括一滑槽,且该连接部具有一滑动部,当该可移动弹性装置由该第一位置移动至该第二位置时,该滑动部于该滑槽内滑动。 5. The key structure according to claim 1, wherein the first link further includes a sliding slot, and the connecting portion having a sliding portion, when the resilient means moves the moveable from the first position to the second position when the sliding portion slides in the sliding slot.
  6. 6. 如权利要求1所述的按键结构,其中该滑块具有一第一抵接部,该连接部具有一第二抵接部,当该按键结构处于非操作状态时,该第一抵接部抵接于该第二抵接部,并使该弹性元件呈一预压状态。 6. The key structure according to claim 1, wherein the slider has a first contact portion, the connecting portion having a second contact portion, when the key structure is in non-operating state, the first abutment section abuts against the second abutting portion, and the resilient element is in a preload state.
  7. 7. 如权利要求6所述的按键结构,当该^#;结构处于该可操作状态, 且该键帽受一外力按压时,该连接部的滑动部持续抵接该第一连杆。 7. The key structure according to claim 6, when the ^ #; when the structure is in the operable state, and the keycap receive an external press, the sliding portion of the connection portion continuously abuts the first link.
  8. 8. 如权利要求1所述的按键结构,其中该弹性元件为一弹簧。 The key structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the elastic member is a spring.
  9. 9. 如权利要求8所述的按键结构,该第一抵接部是由该弹簧的一部分弯4斤而成。 9. The key structure according to claim 8, the first contact portion is a portion bent from the spring 4 pounds.
  10. 10. 如权利要求l所述的按键结构,其中该底座还包括一导槽,该第一连杆于该导槽中滑动。 10. The key structure as claimed in claim l, wherein the base further comprises a guide groove, the first link to the slide guide grooves.
  11. 11. 如权利要求1所述的4^l定结构,其中该滑块还包括一突出部,当该滑块由该第一位置移动至该第二位置时,该突出部推动该第一连杆,以迫使该键帽朝该底座方向下降至该第二高度。 11. 4 ^ l given structure according to claim 1, wherein the slider further comprises a projecting portion when the slider is moved from the first position to the second position, the first projecting portion pushes the connected bar, to force the key top down to the base towards the second height direction.
  12. 12. 如权利要求11所述的按键结构,该第一连杆还包括一延伸部,该突出部可推抵该第一连杆的延伸部。 12. The key structure as claimed in claim 11, which further comprises a first link extending portion, the protruding portion of the extension portion can be pushed against the first link.
  13. 13. 如权利要求1所述的按键结构,其中该可移动弹性装置还包括一挡块,当该可移动弹性装置由该第一位置移动至该第二位置时,该挡块推动该第二连杆,以迫使该键帽朝该底座方向下降至该第二高度。 13. The key structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the movable means further comprises a resilient stopper, when the movable elastic means in the second position from the first position to the second stop pushes the link, to force the key top down to the base towards the second height direction.
  14. 14. 如权利要求7所述的4#建结构,还包括一开关元件,可与该移动弹性装置一起移动,当该可移动弹性装置位处于该第一位置且该键帽降至该第二高度时,该第一、第二连杆及该键帽其中之一者触动该开关元件;当该可移动弹性装置处于该第二位置时,该第一、第二连杆以及该键帽都无法触动该开关元件。 14. The building structure according to # 4 as claimed in claim 7, further comprising a switching element, is movable together with the movable resilient means, the resilient means when the movable position in the first position and the second lowered keycap when the height of the first, second link and the one of the key top element of the switch by touch; when the movable resilient means is in the second position, the first and second links and the keycap can not touch the switching element.
  15. 15. 如权利要求14所述的按键结构,还包括一弹性结构体,设置于该开关元件上,该弹性结构体可受一外力按压而触动该开关元件。 15. The key structure as claimed in claim 14, further comprising an elastic structure disposed on the switching element, the elastomeric structure may be affected by an external force pressed to touch the switching element.
  16. 16. 如权利要求14所述的按键结构,还包括一薄膜电路板,该开关元件设置于该薄膜电路板上。 16. The key structure as claimed in claim 14, further comprising a thin film circuit board, which switching element is disposed on the membrane circuit board.
  17. 17. 如权利要求7所述的按键结构,还包括: 一开关元件,设置于该底座上;以及一作动臂,设置于该连接部上;其中当该可移动弹性装置位于该第一位置时,该作动臂可触动该开关元件;当该可移动弹性装置处于该第二位置时,该作动臂无法触动该开关元件。 Wherein when the movable resilient means in the first position; a switching element disposed on the base; and an actuating arm, is provided on the connecting portion: 17. The key structure as claimed in claim 7, further comprising the actuating arm may touch the switching element; when the movable resilient means is in the second position, the actuation arm can not touch the switching element.
  18. 18. —种输入装置,该输入装置包括多个如权利要求1所述的按键结构。 18. - types of input means, the input means comprises a plurality of key structure according to claim 1.
  19. 19. 如权利要求18所述的输入装置,还包括: 一底座模块,该各底座设置于该底座模块上;以及一可移动弹性装置模块,该各可移动弹性装置设置于该可移动弹性装置模块上,该可移动弹性装置模块可选择性地在一第三位置以及一第四位置之间切换;其中当该可移动弹性装置模块位于该第三位置时,该各按键结构处于该可操作状态;当该可移动弹性装置位于该第四位置时,该各按键结构处于该非操作状态。 19. The input device according to claim 18, further comprising: a base module, the base of each module is provided on the base; and a movable resilient device module, each of the movable elastic means disposed in the movable resilient means module, the device module elastically movable between a third position and a fourth position may be selectively switched; wherein the resilient means when the movable module is located at the third position, each of the key structures in the operable state; when the movable resilient means located the fourth position, each of the key structures in the non-operating state.
  20. 20. 如权利要求19所述的输入装置,还包括:一推板,可带动该可移动弹性装置模块于该第三位置与第四位置之间移动,其中该推板与该可移动弹性装置模块分别具有一导块以及一Z形导引槽,该导引槽具有一第五端及一第六端,该第五端与该第六端相通且在该第一方向上相隔一间距,该导块可在该导引槽的该第五端以及该第六端之间移动;其中,当该导块位于该第五端时,该可移动弹性装置模块位于该第三位置;当该导块位于该第六端时,该可移动弹性装置模块位于该第四位置。 20. The input device according to claim 19, further comprising: a push plate may be driven by the movable resilient device module and movable between a fourth position to the third position, wherein the push plate and the moveable elastic means each module has a guide block and a Z-shaped guide groove, the guide groove having a fifth end and a sixth end, the fifth end and the sixth end in communication with and spaced apart a distance in the first direction, the guide block is movable between the fifth terminal and the sixth end of the guide groove; wherein, when the guide block is located in the fifth end, the movable resilient means located in the third module position; when the when the guide block is located in the sixth end, the movable resilient means located at the fourth position module.
  21. 21. 如权利要求20所述的输入装置,该推板的移动方向与该可移动弹性装置模块的移动方向相互垂直。 21. The input device according to claim 20, the moving direction of the push plate and the moving direction of the movable elastic device module perpendicular to each other.
  22. 22. 如权利要求21所述的输入装置,还包括:一壳体;一上盖,与该壳体或底座模块枢接,可相对于该壳体或底座模块转动, 且可选择性地与该壳体或底座模块形成一闭合状态或一开启状态;以及一支臂,该支臂的一端以可转动的方式与该上盖连接,另一端则以可转动的方式与该推板连接;其中,当上盖与壳体处于该开启状态时,该可移动弹性装置模块位于该第三位置;当上盖与壳体处于该闭合状态时,该可移动弹性装置模块位于该第四位置。 22. The input device according to claim 21, further comprising: a housing; an upper cover pivotally connected with the base module or housing, or the housing relative to said base module is rotated, and optionally with the housing or base module to form a closed state or an open state; and an arm, one end of the arm is rotatably connected to the upper cover, it places the other end rotatably connected to the push plate; wherein, when the cover and housing in the open state, the movable resilient means located in the third module position; and when the cover and housing in the closed state, the movable resilient means located at the fourth position module.
  23. 23. —种弹性机构,提供一弹性回复力于一按键或一按压面,包括: 一底座;一第一连杆,该第一连杆的一端以可滑动的方式相对于该底座运动;一第二连杆,与该第一连杆以可连动方式连接,该第二连杆的一端以可活动方式连4妻该底座;以及一可移动弹性装置,可选择性地位于一第一位置或一第二位置,该可移动弹性装置还包括:一滑块,该滑块可相对于该底座于该第一位置与该第二位置之间移动;一弹性元件,包括一弹性变形部与一连接部,该连接部与该第一连杆以可滑动的方式连接,该弹性变形部连接该滑块与该连接部;其中当该可移动弹性装置位于该第一位置时,该可移动弹性装置大致抵接该第一连杆,且该可移动弹性装置提供一侧向弹性回复力于该第一连杆, 该第一连杆及第二连杆形成一第一角度;当该可移动弹性装置位于该第二位置 23. - kind of resilient means, providing an elastic restoring force in a key or a pressing surface, comprising: a base; a first link, one end of the first link so as to be slidably moving with respect to the base; a a second link, the linkage may be connected to the first link, one end of the second link movably attached to the base 4 wife; and a movable resilient means selectively in a first position or a second position, the movable resilient means further comprises: a slider which can move relative to the base between the second position to the first position; a resilient member, comprising a elastically deformable portion and a connecting portion, the connecting portion is slidably connected to the first link, the elastically deformable portion connecting the connecting portion of the slider; wherein when the movable resilient means in the first position, which can be elastic means moving substantially abuts the first link, and the movable side elastic means to provide elastic restoring force to the first link, the first link and the second link forming a first angle; when the resilient means movable in the second position 时,该可移动弹性装置释放该第一连杆,该第一连杆及该第二连杆可受一外力或重力而溃落,该第一连杆及第二连杆形成一第二角度,其中该第一角度大于该第二角度。 When, the movable resilient means releasing the first link, the first link and the second link may be affected by an external force or gravity shedding, the first link and the second link forming a second angle wherein the first angle is greater than the second angle.
CN 200510006448 2005-02-01 2005-02-01 Input device, key structure and elastic mechanism thereof CN100474475C (en)

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CN103165322A (en) * 2011-12-19 2013-06-19 联想(北京)有限公司 Keyboard and assembling method for keyboard
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