CN100473538C - Valuable and security document and method for the production thereof - Google Patents

Valuable and security document and method for the production thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100473538C
CN100473538C CNB2005800116365A CN200580011636A CN100473538C CN 100473538 C CN100473538 C CN 100473538C CN B2005800116365 A CNB2005800116365 A CN B2005800116365A CN 200580011636 A CN200580011636 A CN 200580011636A CN 100473538 C CN100473538 C CN 100473538C
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China
Prior art keywords
security
seam
portion
element
value
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CNB2005800116365A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1942327A (en
Inventor
C·穆勒
D·马腾斯
F·斯特凡
M·洛茨
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联邦印刷有限公司
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Priority to DE102004026698.0 priority Critical
Priority to DE102004026698A priority patent/DE102004026698A1/en
Priority to DE102004027238.7 priority
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Publication of CN1942327A publication Critical patent/CN1942327A/en
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Publication of CN100473538C publication Critical patent/CN100473538C/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/29Securities; Bank notes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M3/00Printing processes to produce particular kinds of printed work, e.g. patterns
    • B41M3/14Security printing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42BPERMANENTLY ATTACHING TOGETHER SHEETS, QUIRES OR SIGNATURES OR PERMANENTLY ATTACHING OBJECTS THERETO
    • B42B2/00Permanently attaching together sheets, quires or signatures by stitching with filamentary material, e.g. textile threads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/24Passports

Abstract

本发明涉及一种书本形式的有价及安全文件,包括至少两页,其中各页借助于一接缝相互固定,其特征在于,一安全元件的第一部分在接缝之上和/或在接缝内设置,而安全元件的第二部分在直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的至少一部分之上和/或在该邻接区域的一部分内设置,其中用于安全保障的信息由安全元件的第一部分和第二部分产生。 The present invention relates to a book in the form of value and security documents, comprising at least two pages, wherein each page by means of a joint fixed to each other, wherein a first portion of a security element on joints and / or contact disposed within the slit, and over a part of and / or at least within a portion of the adjacent area of ​​the adjacent region of the security element in the second portion of the page is provided directly under the seam, wherein the security information is used by the secure element first and second portions to produce. 本发明还涉及一有价及安全文件的制造方法。 The present invention further relates to a method for producing a valuable and security document.

Description

有价及安全文件及其制造方法技术领域本发明涉及一种书本形式的有价及安全文件,包括至少两页,其中各页借助于一接缝相互固定。 Of value and security documents TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a book in the form of value and security documents, comprising at least two pages, wherein each page by means of a joint fixed to each other. 本发明还涉及一种用于有价及安全文件的制造方法,其中首先将至少两页重叠地设置并然后通过缝合将各页相互固定。 The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a valuable and security document, wherein the first set of at least two superimposed and then stitching the pages fixed to each other. 背景技术以下,护照、身份证、证件等文件被视为书本形式的有价及安全文件,其包括至少两页。 BACKGROUND less, passports, identity cards, certificates and other documents to be regarded as a book in the form of value and security documents, including at least two. 在这方面一板形的大多设有增厚的封皮,其例如由硬纸板构成,也被理解为书页。 In this respect often provided with a plate-shaped thickening of the cover, which is made of cardboard for example, it is also understood to pages. 一板形的塑料卡片或一包括塑料的卡片同样也被理解为书页。 A plate-shaped plastic card or a plastic card including also to be understood as pages. 各个页借助于一接缝相互固定于一书本形式的有价及安全文件中。 Each page by means of a joint fixed to each other to form a book of value and security documents. 由DE 197 32 712A1已知一种所述型式的有价及安全文件,其中一护照本的折叠区域设有代码或密码形式的印刷部。 Known from DE 197 32 712A1 one of the type of value and security document, a passport wherein the folding region is provided in the form of the code or the printing portion. 此外其描述了在接缝的区域内设置一加固带。 Furthermore it describes a reinforcing belt disposed in the region of the joint. DE 693 07 844 T3中公开一种类似的有价及安全文件,其中在纸中在接缝区域内设置一加厚部。 DE 693 07 844 T3 discloses a similar valuable and security document in which a thickened portion in the region of the seam in the paper. 在该区域也可以设置水印。 In this area you can also set the watermark. 通过在两公开文本中说明的措施不能实现接缝的可靠的保护。 By the measures described in the two publications can not be achieved seams of reliable protection. 发明内容本发明的目的在于,提供一种书本形式的有价及安全文件,其防止伪造,伪造者在伪造时拆开文件并且摘除、添加、替换或更改各书页并紧接着重新组合文件。 Object of the present invention is to provide a book in the form of value and security document to prevent counterfeiting, forged documents were open at forgery and removed, added, replaced or changed for each page file and subsequently reassembled. 还要提供一种方法用以制造这样的有价及安全文件,这种有价及安全文件是简单而价廉的。 But also provides a valuable and safe method for the manufacture of such a document, such valuable and security documents is simple and inexpensive. 上述目的按照本发明这样达到,即一安全元件的第一部分在接缝之上和/或在接缝内设置,而安全元件的第二部分在直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的至少一部分之上和/或在该邻接区域的一部分内设 The above object is achieved according to the present invention, i.e., a first portion of the safety element and / or disposed within the seam on a seam, and at least a portion of the adjacent region of the second page of the security element disposed directly under the seam over a portion of and / or adjacent to a portion of the site region

置,其中用于安全保障的信息由安全元件的第一部分和笫二部分产生。 Position, wherein the security information for a security element produced by the first portion and the undertaking of two parts. 上述目的还通过有价及安全文件的制造方法来达到,其中紧接着各页的缝合之后设置一安全元件,而使得安全元件的第一部分在接缝之上和/或在接缝内设置,而安全元件的第二部分在直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的至少一部分之上和/或在该邻接区域的一部分内设置,其中用于安全保障的信息由安全元件的第一部分和第二部分产生。 The above object is also valuable method of producing a security document and to achieve, a security element in which the suture immediately after each page, so that a first portion of the safety element and / or disposed within the seam on a seam, and the second part of the security element over at least a portion and / or a portion disposed adjacent page area disposed directly under the seam adjacent area, wherein the security information for the first portion and the security element two parts produced. 按照本发明的书本形式的有价及安全文件的优点是,通过对接缝的保护令人意想不到地简单地防止有价及安全文件被伪造,伪造者在伪造时试图在拆开文件以后摘除、添加、更改或替换各书页。 Advantage of security documents and valuable books according to the present invention is to form, through protection of the seam surprisingly simple monovalent and prevent security documents from being forged, a counterfeiter attempts to open the file after the removal of at forgery, add, change or replace each page. 同样以有利的方式为接缝材料的重新应用造成困难,因为接缝材料在设置安全元件的区域内是改变的。 Likewise advantageous manner for the jointing material reapplied cause difficulties, since the joint material is provided in the region of the security element is changed. 按照本发明的制造书本形式的有价及安全文件的方法可简单而价廉地实施。 Embodiment can be simple and inexpensive manufacturing method according to the present invention in the form of books of value and security documents. 以特别有利的方式该方法能够实现书本形式的有价及安全文件的个性的保护,其例如可以专门为文件种类、签发文件的国家或为个别的文件构成。 In a particularly advantageous manner which enables personalized book form of protection and safety of valuable documents, for example, countries could specifically for the type of document, issued documents or as a separate file. 借助各从属利要求描述本发明的有价及安全文件和本发明的制造有价及安全文件的方法的其他有利的实施形式。 By means of the dependent claims describe other embodiments of the present invention are valuable and security document and method of the present invention for producing the security document of value and advantageous. 特别有利的是,安全元件的第一部分连接于接缝,而安全元件的第二部分连接于直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的所述部分。 They are particularly advantageous that the first part of the security element is connected to the seam and the second part of the security element is connected to the adjacent portion of the page region provided directly under the seam. 由此一特别有效的防伪造是可能的。 Whereby a particularly effective anti-counterfeiting is possible. 此外有利的是,将安全元件构成为由一胶料或胶粘剂或漆或颜料或一种感光乳剂或一种这些材料的组合制成的层。 It is also advantageous that the security element constituted by a rubber material or adhesive or lacquer or paint or one or one emulsion layer made of a combination of these materials. 在这方面不仅接缝而且直接在接缝下设置的邻接接缝的页的部分,设有印刷的或其他涂覆的层。 Only partial seam layer and disposed adjacent to the seam of the page directly under the seam, or provided with other coating printed in this regard. 此时材料以有利的方式至少部分地渗入接缝和/或所述直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接的区域的被涂层的部分内。 At this time, the inner portion of material in an advantageous manner at least partially penetrates butt seam and / or disposed directly under the seam area of ​​the page to be coated. 页或接缝的改变是可容易确定的,因为安全元件在接缝上构成的第一部分不再与安全元件的第二部分互补。 The page is changed or the seam can be readily determined, since the first part of the security element constituting the seam is no longer complementary to a second portion of the security element. 如果将接缝材料应用于另一有价及安全文件,则其借助于接缝的穿过安全元件的第一部分的状态改变的区域是可识别的,其中状态改变在视觉上、触觉上或机械上是可探测的。 When the jointing material applied to another valuable and security document by means of the seam zone through the first portion of the security element state change is recognizable, wherein the state change in the visual, tactile or mechanical upper on is detectable. 在另一有利的实施例中,安全元件构成为一薄膜和/或一全息照片、另一光学可变的元件或压印的而且多级(mehrstufiges)的元件, 其以有利的方式层压或封印或粘结到接缝和直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的一部分上。 In a further advantageous embodiment, the securing element is made a film and / or a hologram, and a multi-stage (mehrstufiges) elements or other optically variable embossed element, which is advantageously laminated or or bonded to the seal portion of the seam and the adjacent area disposed directly under the seam of the page. 通过粘结或封印或层压,改变在接缝下设置的页的设有薄膜或全息照片的区域和接缝的表面。 By bonding or seal or lamination, and changing the surface area of ​​the seam is provided with a film or a hologram provided in a seam of the page. 如果进行伪造尝试, 则在该两组成部分中的这种表面变化是可识别的。 If forgery attempts, the change in the surface of this two part composition is identifiable. 在一有利的实施形式中,安全元件设有至少两种不同的粘合体系, 它们沿相同的或不同的方向涂覆,其中所述至少两种不同的粘合体系在耐寒和耐热方面具有不同的最大抵抗温度。 In an advantageous embodiment, the security element is provided with at least two different adhesion systems are in the same directions or different coating, wherein said at least two different adhesion systems having a cold resistance and heat resistance different maximum resistance temperatures. 在另一有利的实施例中,在安全元件的第一部分与第二部分之间设置至少一个预定断裂点,在伪造尝试时预定断裂点导致安全元件的破坏。 In a further advantageous embodiment, the security element between the first portion and the second portion of the at least one predetermined breaking point, at a predetermined breaking point counterfeiting attempts result in the destruction of the security element. 安全元件以有利的方式具有一光学可变的元件和/或混色纤维,其允许安全元件的视觉的和/或机械的检验。 Security element having an advantageous manner optically variable element and / or mixing the fibers, and / or mechanical testing which allows the visual security element. 当安全元件具有发磷光的和/或发荧光的颜料或其他的可机械探测的材料和物质例如导电的材料时,同样可实施安全元件的机械的检验。 When a substance such as a conductive material and a material having a security element phosphorescent and / or fluorescent pigments or other mechanically detected, the security element may be implemented similarly mechanical testing. 当信息是一预先规定的可视觉地、触觉地或机械地探测的参数的一预定的轮廓和/或一预定的面积和/或一预定的长度时,可以实现本发明的有价及安全文件的真实性的有利的视觉的、触觉的或机械的检验。 When a predetermined contour information is a predefined be visually, tactile or mechanically detected parameters or or and when / a predetermined area and / or a predetermined length, the invention may be of value and security documents , visual inspection of the authenticity of favorable tactile or mechanical. 当信息包含一图像(例如标识、紋章、符号)和/或一字母数字元件时,该元件也可以只包括字母或数字, 一特别简单的视觉的真实性检验是可能的。 When the information comprises an image (e.g., logo, coat of arms, symbols) and / or an alphanumeric element which may comprise letters or numbers only, a particularly simple visual authenticity check is possible. 当将各书页在重叠设置以后并且在缝合之前附加地折叠并将接缝设置在折叠部中时,就得到按照本发明的有利的有价及安全文件的精确制造方法。 When overlapping each page after additionally provided and prior to folding and stitching a seam disposed in a folded portion, according to an accurate method of producing advantageous security document of value and the present invention. 在其他的有利的制造方法中可以在折叠之前实现安全元件的设置,在这种情况下在设置安全元件之前实现缝合。 Set the security element can be achieved prior to folding the other advantageous manufacturing method, in this case to achieve security element is provided prior to suturing. 在另一有利的制造方法中可以在一第一位置首先提供(各页的重叠地放置、缝合和在必要时进行的折叠)有价及安全文件,并在一第二位置分散设置安全元件。 In a further advantageous production method may first provide (overlap each page placement, stapling and folding is performed if necessary) in a first position and security documents of value, and the dispersion provided in the security element a second position. 在另一实施例中在缝合和在必要时折叠以后而且在发送有价及安全文件之前,可以已将个人数据加入有价及安全文件中。 Further embodiments and before sending the security documents of value, may have personal data after stapling and folded, if necessary, addition of security documents and valuable in another embodiment. 通过两个最后提到的可能性可以直接由一签发当局在中心制造文件的过程中借助于个性化的安全元件实现最后的保护。 Can be achieved by the issuance of a final protection authorities by means of personalized security elements in the center of the manufacturing process documents directly by two last-mentioned possibility. 附图说明以下借助附图中所示的各实施例更详细地说明本发明。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION The present invention is described in more detail with the embodiments shown in the drawings means. 其中: 图l 一本发明的书本形式的有价及安全文件的打开的书本的示意俯视图;图2 本发明的有价及安全文件的另一实施例的同样打开的书本的示意俯视图;图3 打开的本发明的有价及安全文件的第二实施例的侧视图;图4 图1中的本发明的有价及安全文件的接缝和直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的一部分;以及图5 图2中所示本发明的有价及安全文件的实施例的包括接缝的一部分和直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的一部分。 Wherein: Figure l a schematic plan view of a book in the form of the invention has an open price and the security document book one; likewise open book other valuable and security document in FIG. 2 embodiment of the invention in a schematic plan view; FIG. 3 portion adjacent region of value and security documents seam in FIG. 4 and FIG. 1 of the present invention is disposed directly under the seam of the page; a side view of a second embodiment of the valuable and security document according to the present invention is opened ; and a portion of the embodiment of monovalent and have a security document comprising a portion of the page seam and disposed directly adjacent to the region at the seam shown in FIG. 5 of the present invention. FIG. 2. 具体实施方式图1中示出一本发明的有价及安全文件l,其包括多个书页3。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG 1 shows an inventive security documents and valuable l, 3 comprising a plurality of pages. 各页3重叠地放置并且借助于一接缝5相互连接。 3 are placed to overlap each page by means of a joint 5 connected to each other. 优选在一页的中间通过接缝5实现连接。 Preferably in the middle of a connection achieved by a seam 5. 接缝在各个页或全部页中也可以设置在相应的页的边缘区域内。 In various pages or all seams pages may be provided in the respective edge region of the page. 接缝可以构成为一缝纫缝或一装订缝(Heftnaht)。 Sewing a seam may be formed as a slit or a seam binding (Heftnaht). 每一页可以由纸料或硬纸板或塑料或棉织材料或这些材料的一种任意组合制成。 Each page can be made of paper or cardboard material or plastic material, or cotton, or in any combination of these materials. 在另一实施例中多个书页3通过接缝5相互连接并紧接着将所谓由多个书页3构成的书芯与封皮通过胶合相连接。 In another embodiment, a plurality of pages 3 and subsequently connected to connect the so-called book block and the book cover composed of a plurality of pages 3 through 5 are cemented by seams. 图1中所示的本发明的有价及安全文件1具有一个安全元件7,其以字母"BDr"的形式印刷到接缝5和直接在接缝5下设置的页31的邻接接缝5的区域的一部分上。 FIG 1 there is shown the present invention in price and a security document having a security element 7, which is printed onto the seam and the butt seam 5 is disposed directly under the seam 5 in the form of the letter 31 "BDr" 5 a part of the region. 同样可以类似于字母"BDr"印刷数字或图像。 The same may be similar to the letter "BDr" print or a digital image. 在图1中所述的实施例中将字母"BDr"印刷成使其在一沿接缝5的方向或在一垂直于接缝5的方向是可读的。 In the FIG. 1 embodiment in the letter "BDr" printed in a direction so that the seam 5 or in a direction perpendicular to the seam 5 is readable. 由胶料或胶粘剂或漆或颜料或一种乳剂印刷的层可以部分地或完全地渗入接缝和/或直接在接缝下设置 A rubber adhesive or lacquer or paint or an emulsion or a printed layer may be partially or completely penetrate the joint and / or disposed directly under the seam

的页31的印刷的邻接区域内。 Adjacent area 31 of the printed page. 因此安全元件7在这种情况下设置在接缝5内和/或在直接在接缝5下设置的页31的相应的页部分内。 Thus the security element 7 in this case is provided in the joint 5 and / or within a respective portion of the page, page 31 disposed directly under the seam 5. 在所述材料不完全渗入的情况下在接缝5的表面或直接在接缝5下设置的页31的邻接区域的印刷的部分上设有一相应的层。 It is provided with a corresponding portion of the printed layer on a surface of adjacent regions or pages provided directly at the seam joints 5 of 31 5 in the case of the material does not fully penetrate. 在另一实施例中在印刷的胶粘层、胶料层、漆层或颜料层中,其未完全渗入接缝5和/或直接在接缝下设置的页内,可以设有一压花。 In this embodiment the printed adhesive layer, rubber layer, lacquer or paint layer, which is not completely penetrate the joint 5 and / or pages provided directly under the seam, the embossing can be provided in a further embodiment. 为此例如采用图像和/或字母数字符号形式的成型轧辊。 For this purpose, for example, using images and / or in the form of alphanumeric characters forming roller. 在借助图2描述的实施例中安全元件8不是印刷的,而是以一薄膜和/或是一全息照片和/或一其他的光学可变的元件和/或压印的元件的形式(多级地)层压或封印或粘结到接缝5和直接在接缝5下设置的页31的邻接接缝5的区域上。 But in the film and a hologram or a form and / / or an optically variable element of other elements and / or embossing (poly means 2 described in the embodiment of FIG 8 is not printing the security element of the embodiment, of magnitude) seals or laminated or bonded to the butt seam joints 5 and 5 on page region 31 disposed directly under the seam 5. 如图2中所示, 一这样的安全元件可以具有不同的形状。 As shown in FIG. 2, such a security element may have different shapes. 例如一椭圃形、 一星形、 一圆形、 一矩形形状等。 For example, a garden elliptical shape, a star, a circle, a rectangular shape. 一这样的安全元件还可以具有一锯齿状的或波紋状的或其他成形的轮廓。 Such a security element can also have a corrugated or serrated or otherwise shaped profile. 同样一这样的安全元件8可以具有一图像和/或至少一个字母数字的符号的轮廓。 Such a same security element 8 may have a contour of an image and / or at least one alphanumeric symbol. 在另一实施例中在安全元件8上可以设置一图像和/ 或至少一个字母数字的符号。 In another embodiment, an image can be provided and / or at least one alphanumeric symbol 8 on the secure element. 图3中再次示出该实施例的侧视图。 Figure 3 again shows a side view of this embodiment. 其中可明显地看出,安全元件在接缝之上和在直接在接缝下设置的页31的邻接接缝的区域之上设置。 Which can be clearly seen, and the security element is disposed above the area adjacent to the seam at a seam disposed directly on top of page 31 of the seam. 安全元件8在这里与接缝5和直接在接缝5下设置的页31通过胶粘剂或层压或封印剂相连接。 8 where the security element is connected to the joint 31 on page 5 and disposed directly under the seam 5 by an adhesive or a seal or laminating agents. 图4示出图1中所示的本发明的有价及安全文件的实施例的接缝5和直接在接缝5下设置的页31的邻接接缝5的区域的一部分。 5 of a portion of the seam 31 adjacent the region of value and security documents and pages joints 5 disposed directly under the seam 5 in the embodiment of FIG. 4 shows the embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 安全元件7由第二部分71和第一部分72组成。 Security element 7 and by a second portion 71 composed of a first portion 72. 第二部分71设置直接在接缝下设置的页31上和/或其内。 31 and / or 71 disposed within the second portion disposed directly under the page seam. 安全元件7的第一部分72设置在接缝5上或其内。 5, or a seam in the first portion 7 of the safety element 72 is provided. 完整的安全元件7,在这里为来自"BDr"的字母"D" 的形式,只由安全元件7的两部分71和72产生。 Complete safety element 7, here in the form of "D" from the letter "BDr" is generated only by the secure element 7 in two parts 71 and 72. 如果伪造者现在在一伪造尝试的范围内拆开有价及安全文件并且在組成有价及安全文件时应用一新的接缝材料,则其可识别出,接缝5在安全元件7的第一部分72的区域内具有不同于安全元件7的第二部分71的颜色。 If the counterfeiter now open valuable and security documents in an attempt to forge a new range of application of the joint and in the composition of materials of value and security documents, it can be identified, the joints 5 in the secure element 7, security element having a color different from the second portion 7 of the part 71 in the region 72. 因此 therefore

字母"D"不再是可完整地视觉识别的或机械探测的。 The letter "D" is not completely visual recognition or mechanical detection. 图5中示出已借助图2说明的本发明的有价及安全文件中的一部分。 FIG. 5 shows a portion of the price and has means of the security document in FIG. 2 described in the present invention. 安全元件8具有第二部分81,其连接于直接在接缝下面设置的页31。 Security element 8 has a second portion 81, which is connected directly to a page in the seam 31 disposed below. 安全元件8的第一部分82连接于接缝5。 The security element 828 is connected to a first portion of the seam 5. 在安全元件8的第二部分81与安全元件8的第一部分82之间在这里所示的特别优选的实施例中设置一穿孔线形式的预定断裂点10。 A line of perforations is provided in the form shown here particularly preferred embodiment between the first portion 82 of the security element 8 8 second portion 81 of the security element and the predetermined breaking point 10. 当在接缝5处伪造有价及安全文件时,安全元件8正好在该点被损坏并因此不再能继续应用。 When the forgery of value and security documents at the joint 5, the security element 8 is just the damaged site and thus no longer able to continue to apply. 在另一实施例中预定断裂点10代替或附加于穿孔也构成为凹刻线或凹刻的图案,此时安全元件8在凹刻的区域内具有一较小的厚度。 Example 10 predetermined breaking point instead of or in addition to be configured as a perforated line or intaglio pattern engraved In another embodiment, the security element at this time 8 having a smaller thickness in the region of the recess carved. 图5中所示的安全元件还具有一全息照片或其他的光学可变的元件如体积全息照片或包括一图像信息的扫描图像。 Security element element shown in Figure 5 further has a hologram or other optically variable such as the volume hologram or a scanned image comprises image information. 全息照片在安全元件8上设置成使其越过接缝5延伸并且同样分成第二部分81和第一部分82。 On security hologram element 8 is arranged so as to extend across the joint 5 and also into the first portion 81 and second portion 82. 因此预定断裂点10同样越过全息照片延伸。 Thus the same predetermined breaking point 10 extends beyond the hologram. 在另一实施例中安全元件具有混色纤维,其例如设置于薄膜中或全息照片中或胶料、胶粘剂、漆、颜料或乳剂中。 In another embodiment, the security element having a mixing fibers, for example, is provided in the film or a hologram or glue, adhesives, paints, pigments, or emulsion. 在另一实施例中安全元件包括发磷光的和/或发荧光的颜料或其他的可机械探测的材料或物质,其设置于薄膜、全息照片、胶料、胶粘剂、漆、颜料或乳剂中。 Example security element comprises phosphorescent and / or fluorescent pigments or other material or substance may be a mechanical probe In another embodiment, provided in the film, hologram, glues, adhesives, paints, pigments, or emulsion. 在另一实施例中为了将接缝5与安全元件8和在接缝下设置的页31的连接,采用两种粘合体系。 In another embodiment, the joint 5 connected to the safety element 8 and arranged at the joint 31 of the page, using two adhesive system. 其中将一粘合体系垂直地而另一粘合体系水平地并且分别加网屏地涂覆。 Wherein a binder system binder system vertically and the other horizontally and coated screens were added. 其中第一粘合体系达到最大200x:的耐热度,而第二粘合体系的耐寒度达到最大-5or;。 Wherein the first adhesive system maximum 200x: the heat resistance, the adhesive system of the second cold maximized -5or ;. 由此在一超过或低于抵抗温度的温度时防止分层。 Thereby to prevent delamination when the temperature exceeds or falls below a resistance temperature. 在另一实施例中也可以设置多于两种的粘合体系,它们沿不同的方向涂覆。 In a further embodiment, more than two may be provided an adhesive system, which is coated in different directions. 它们在耐热和耐寒方面具有不同的最大抵抗温度。 They have different maximum resistance temperatures in terms of heat and cold. 一种本发明的有价及安全文件的安全元件的特征在于,其包含一种信息,该信息在视觉上、触觉上或机械上是可探测的。 Monovalent security element and a security document according to the present invention, one kind is characterized in that it comprises one information which visually or tactilely is mechanically detectable. 该信息由安全元件的各第一部分71、 81和安全元件的各第二部分72、 82组成。 The security information from the first portion 71 of each element, the security element 81 and the respective second portion 72, 82 components. 一可触觉探测的信息可以例如是一越过邻接接缝的区域和接缝延伸的轮廓。 A tactile detection information may, for example, a profile across the seam area adjacent the seam and extending. 具有这样的信息的安全元件在一优选的实施例中可个性化构成,件的国家或用于个别的文件本身。 Having such a security element personalization information may constitute a preferred embodiment, the member countries, or for individual files themselves. 为此安全元件所包含的信息可构成为个性化的。 For this purpose information included in the security element may be configured to be personalized. 例如印刷的安全元件可以包含护照的号码。 E.g. printed security element may comprise a passport number. 在伪造一本发明的有价及安全文件时在接缝的区域内改变该可探测的参数的轮廓或面积或一长度,从而可视觉、触觉或机械地探测这些改变。 In the area of ​​the contour or a counterfeit of the present invention can detect changes in the region of the seam and the security documents of value when the parameter or a length so as to be visual, tactile, or mechanically detect these changes. 特别是沿一空间方向或在一面积内实现规定的预定的参数的测量值的机械的探测。 In a particular spatial direction or to detect mechanical measured values ​​is achieved within a predetermined area of ​​the predetermined parameters. 随后评价探测到的测量值并且例如借助最低值算出一轮廓、 一面积和/或一长度。 Evaluation is then detected by means of the measured values ​​and the minimum value is calculated e.g. a profile, an area and / or a length. 随后将该算出的轮廓、算出的面积和/或算出的长度与测量装置的存储器中的相应的数据比较。 Subsequently comparing the respective calculated profile data memory, calculates the area and / or length measuring device is calculated. 借助该比较确定测量的有价及安全文件是否满足或不满足真实性标准。 With this comparison to determine whether the measured value and security documents have met or not met authenticity criteria. 在这方面用于探测测量值的参数可以例如包括在一规定的波长下的荧光强度或磷光强度或在一规定的波长范围内反射的电磁辐射的强度。 Parameters for detecting measurement values ​​in this regard may include, for example, fluorescence intensity or a phosphorescence intensity at a predetermined wavelength or intensity of the reflected electromagnetic radiation in a predetermined wavelength range. 在本发明的另一优选的实施例中缝线的材料设有一种或多种可人工或机械探测的材料。 In a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, embodiments of suture material may be provided with one or more manual or mechanical detection material. 作为一这样的材料可以采用一种在用电磁辐射在不同的电磁辐射波谱的范围内激发以后发荧光的或发磷光的材料,例如一种上下转换的材料(Up- Oder Down -conversion-material ), 其以颜料的形式存在。 As such a material may later use a different excitation in the range of electromagnetic radiation with electromagnetic radiation spectrum of the fluorescent or phosphorescent material, such as one down conversion material (Up- Oder Down -conversion-material) , which is present in the form of a pigment. 此外可以设置混合纤维、磁性的或导电的材料。 Further mixing fibers, magnetic or conductive materials can be provided. 这些材料在制造缝线时设置于线的材料中并且可以用作为安全特征, 其进一步提高有价值文件的安全性。 These materials are provided in the suture material during the production line and can be used as a security feature, which further improve the security of documents of value. 可探测的材料可以在缝线的整个体积上分布或只设置在缝线的一外表面层内。 Detectable material may be distributed or disposed only in an outer surface layer on the entire volume of the suture in the suture. 在多芯的或多股的缝线的情况下可以在缝线的不同的线股或芯线中设置不同的可探测的材料。 Different materials may be provided in a different detectable wire strands or sutures in the suture in the case of a multi-core or multi-strands. 在另一实施例中沿缝线的芯线或线股在规定的间距内存在可探测的材料的局部提高的或降低的浓度。 In another embodiment the suture along embodiment strand or core wire in a predetermined pitch or reduced concentrations memory locally detectable material increased. 该浓度可以在事先确定的规则的或随机的间距内改变。 The concentration can be varied within a pre-determined regular or random spacing. 最后应描述上述有价及安全文件的制造方法。 Finally, the above method for producing valuable and security documents should be described. 首先重叠地设置有价及安全文件的至少两页。 First, at least two overlapping set of value and security documents. 然后将各页通过缝合相互固定。 Then fixed to each other by stitching each page. 随后例如通过印刷、层压、封印或粘结设置一安全元件,而使安全元件的第一部分在接缝之上和/或在接缝内设置,而安全元件的第二部分在直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的至少一部分之上和/或在该邻接区域的一部分内设置,其中用作为保护的信息由安全元件的第一部分和第二部分产生。 Then, for example, a security element is provided by printing, laminating, bonding, or seal, the first portion of the safety element and / or disposed within the seam on a seam, and a second part of the security element in the seam directly an adjacent area of ​​the page over at least a portion disposed under and / or within a portion of the adjacent area is provided, which is produced by using the first and second parts of the security element as the protection information. 在一优选的实施例中将各书页在重叠设置以后并且在缝合之前附加折叠。 In each page of a preferred embodiment and additional embodiments will be folded before stitching after overlapping arrangement. 然后将接缝设置在折叠部中。 The joint is then disposed in the folded portion. 在一优选的实施例中借助于敷墨印刷(Tampondruck)、苯胶印刷(Flexodruck )或丝网印刷实现安全元件的印刷。 In a preferred embodiment, by means of printing ink applicator (Tampondruck), benzene offset printing (Flexodruck) printing or screen printing to achieve security element. 借助图1描述的安全元件也可以通过涂层、喷射、刮墨刀和其他的涂层方法例如借助于一网线辊涂覆。 By means of the security element illustrated in Figure 1 may be by coating, spraying, doctor blade coating and other methods such as roll coating by means of a network cable. 在另一优选的实施例中安全元件的第二部分在直接在接缝下设置的页的整个面积上延伸。 The second part of the security element extends a further preferred embodiment, in the entire area of ​​the page is disposed directly under the seam.

Claims (25)

1. 书本形式的有价及安全文件,包括至少两页,其中各页借助于一接缝相互固定,其特征在于,一安全元件的第一部分在接缝之上和/或在接缝内设置,而安全元件的第二部分在直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的至少一部分之上和/或在该邻接区域的一部分内设置,其中用于安全保障的信息由安全元件的第一部分和第二部分产生。 1. book form of value and security documents, comprising at least two pages, wherein each page by means of a joint fixed to each other, wherein a first portion of the safety element and / or disposed on the seam of the seam and the first portion over at least a portion and / or the inner portion of the second part of the security element is provided in the adjoining region of the page seam directly under the adjacent area, wherein the security information for the security element by and generating a second portion.
2. 按照权利要求l所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,接缝是一缝纫缝或一装订缝。 2. The according to claim l of value and security documents, wherein the seam is a sewn seam or a seam binding.
3. 按照权利要求1或2之一项所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,安全元件的第一部分连接于接缝,而安全元件的第二部分连接于直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的所述部分。 3. The claim of value and security document of one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the security element is connected to the first portion of the seam, and a second portion connected to the security element is provided directly under the seam the portion of the adjacent area of ​​the page.
4. 按照权利要求l所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,所述直接在接缝下设置的页由纸料或硬纸板或塑料或棉织材料或这些材料的一种任意的组合制成。 4. The claim l valuable and security documents, wherein said page is provided directly under the seam, or a combination of paper material or cardboard or plastic material, cotton, or one of any of these materials production.
5. 按照权利要求l所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,安全元件为一由胶料或胶粘剂或漆或颜料或一种感光乳剂制成的层。 5. according to claim l of value and security documents, wherein the security element is a rubber material or an adhesive or a lacquer or paint layer or one made of a photosensitive emulsion.
6. 按照权利要求5所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,该层是印刷的。 6. The according to claim 5 valuable and security document, characterized in that the layer is printed.
7. 按照权利要求5或6所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,胶料或胶粘剂或漆或颜料或感光乳剂部分地渗入接缝和/或所述直接在接缝下设置的页内。 7. A valuable and security document as claimed in claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the glue or adhesive or lacquer or paint or an emulsion and partially into joints pages / or disposed directly under the seam Inside.
8. 按照权利要求l所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,安全元件为一薄膜和/或一全息照片和/或一光学可变的元件和/或一压印的元件。 8. The claim as claimed in claim l valuable and security documents, wherein the security element is a film and / or one hologram and / or the variable element and / or a member of an optical platen.
9. 按照权利要求8所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,薄膜或全息照片层压或封印或粘结到接缝和直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的一部分上。 9. The claim 8 of value and security documents, characterized in that the film or laminate or a hologram seal or bonded to a portion of the seam and the adjacent area disposed directly under the seam of the page.
10. 按照权利要求9所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,涂覆至少两种不同的粘合体系,其中所述至少两种不同的粘合体系在耐寒和耐热方面具有不同的最大抵抗温度。 10. The according to claim 9 of value and security documents, wherein the adhesive coating of at least two different systems, wherein the at least two different adhesion systems having different in terms of cold and heat The maximum temperature resistance.
11. 按照权利要求8至10之一项所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,在安全元件的笫一部分与安全元件的第二部分之间设置一预定断裂点。 11. The claim of 8 to 10 is a valuable and security documents, wherein a predetermined breaking point is provided between a portion and the second portion sleeping mat security element security element.
12. 按照权利要求1所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,安全元件具有一光学可变的元件和/或混色纤维。 12. The according to claim 1 of value and security documents, wherein the security element having an optically variable element and / or mixing the fibers.
13. 按照权利要求1所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,安全 13. The claim of value and security document according to 1, characterized in that the security
14. 按照权利要求1所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,信息是一预先规定的可视觉或触觉或机械地探测的参数的一预定的轮廓和/或一预定的面积和/或一预定的长度。 14. The according to claim 1 of value and security documents, wherein the information is a predetermined contour can be visual or tactile or mechanical detection of a predefined parameters and / or a predetermined area and / or a predetermined length.
15. 按照权利要求l所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,所述信息包含一图像和/或一字母数字元件。 15. The according to claim l of value and security documents, wherein the information comprises an image and / or an alphanumeric element.
16. 按照权利要求l所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,安全元件是可个性化的。 16. The according to claim l of value and security documents, wherein the security element is individualized.
17. 按照权利要求1所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,接缝的缝线具有一种可机械或手工探测的材料作为安全特征。 17. A according to claim 1 of value and security documents, wherein a material having a seam suture may be manually or mechanically detected as a security feature.
18. 按照权利要求17所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,在缝全特征。 18. The claim 17 of value and security documents, wherein, in the whole slit feature.
19. 按照权利要求17或18所述的有价及安全文件,其特征在于,内以i部提"-i降低的;度的^式的安全特征:' 19. A according to claim 17 or 18 of value and security documents, wherein the inner portion to provide i "-i reduced; security features ^ degrees formula: '
20. 按照上述权利要求之一项所述的用于制造有价及安全文件的方法,其中首先重叠地设置至少两页,然后将各页通过缝合相互固定, 其特征在于,紧接着将一安全元件安装成使得安全元件的第一部分在接缝之上和/或在接缝内设置,而安全元件的第二部分在直接在接缝下设置的页的邻接区域的至少一部分之上和/或在该邻接区域的一部分内设置,其中用于安全保障的信息由安全元件的第一部分和第二部分产生。 20. The method for manufacturing a document of value and security of the preceding claims, wherein the first set of at least two overlap, then each page is fixed by sewing to each other, characterized in that, subsequently to a security element is mounted such that the first portion of the safety element and / or disposed within the seam on a seam, and over at least a portion adjacent region of the second part of the security element is disposed directly on the page at the seams and / or in a portion of the adjacent area is provided, wherein the security element to generate the first and second portions of information for security.
21. 按照权利要求20所述的方法,将各书页在重叠设置以后并且在缝合之前附加折叠并且将接缝设置在折叠部中。 21. A method as claimed in claim 20, and additionally the respective pages after folding are superposed before stitching the seam and the folded portion provided.
22. 按照权利要求20或21所述的方法,其特征在于,印刷、封压或层压安全元件。 22. The method of claim 20 or claim 21, wherein the printing, sealing pressure, or the laminated security element.
23. 按照权利要求22所述的方法,其特征在于,借助于敷墨印刷或苯胶印刷或丝网印刷印刷安全元件。 23. The method according to claim 22, characterized in that, by means of glue or benzyl apply ink printing or screen printing security printing element.
24. 按照权利要求20所述的方法,其特征在于,在一第一位置完成各页的重叠设置和缝合并且在必要时进行折叠,并在一第二位置分散地实施安全元件的设置。 24. The method according to claim 20, wherein the completion of each page and is provided to overlap a first stapling position and folded, if necessary, and dispersing implement security element provided in a second position.
25. 按照权利要求20所述的方法,其特征在于,将安全元件的第二部分在直接在接缝下设置的页的整个面积上延伸地设置。 25. The method according to claim 20, wherein the second part of the security element is provided extending over the entire area of ​​the page is disposed directly under the seam.
CNB2005800116365A 2004-05-28 2005-05-27 Valuable and security document and method for the production thereof CN100473538C (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102004026698.0 2004-05-28
DE102004026698A DE102004026698A1 (en) 2004-05-28 2004-05-28 Valuable and security document e.g. passport, has two sheets that are fixed to one another in book form using seam, where security information stems from different parts of document
DE102004027238.7 2004-06-03

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CN1942327A CN1942327A (en) 2007-04-04
CN100473538C true CN100473538C (en) 2009-04-01

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102012204343A1 (en) * 2012-03-19 2013-09-19 Bundesdruckerei Gmbh Method for producing a security composite body and security composite body with two optically refractive structures

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US5211424A (en) 1991-08-15 1993-05-18 Prc Inc. Secure passport document and method of making the same
FR2698108A1 (en) 1992-11-17 1994-05-20 Arjo Wiggins Sa Security sheet, usable especially as a passport cover page.
CN1172024A (en) 1996-07-30 1998-02-04 宇野忠男 Anti-counterfeit structure of passport and method for manufacturing the same
CN2324594Y (en) 1998-03-17 1999-06-16 李昕然 Identification mark capable of making contrast makeup
CN1233217A (en) 1996-10-10 1999-10-27 证券票据有限公司 Self-verifying security documents
CN1240749A (en) 1998-06-26 2000-01-12 宇野忠男 Device for adhering protective film onto personal data recording surface of identification booklet

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4928996A (en) 1987-10-23 1990-05-29 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Booklet with photograph
US5211424A (en) 1991-08-15 1993-05-18 Prc Inc. Secure passport document and method of making the same
FR2698108A1 (en) 1992-11-17 1994-05-20 Arjo Wiggins Sa Security sheet, usable especially as a passport cover page.
CN1172024A (en) 1996-07-30 1998-02-04 宇野忠男 Anti-counterfeit structure of passport and method for manufacturing the same
CN1233217A (en) 1996-10-10 1999-10-27 证券票据有限公司 Self-verifying security documents
CN2324594Y (en) 1998-03-17 1999-06-16 李昕然 Identification mark capable of making contrast makeup
CN1240749A (en) 1998-06-26 2000-01-12 宇野忠男 Device for adhering protective film onto personal data recording surface of identification booklet

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