CN100473273C - Method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb - Google Patents

Method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100473273C
CN100473273C CNB2006101721883A CN200610172188A CN100473273C CN 100473273 C CN100473273 C CN 100473273C CN B2006101721883 A CNB2006101721883 A CN B2006101721883A CN 200610172188 A CN200610172188 A CN 200610172188A CN 100473273 C CN100473273 C CN 100473273C
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China
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seed
soil
fritillary bulb
sichuan fritillary
processing fall
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CNB2006101721883A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101015251A (en
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刘潮
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四川阿坝天贝生物有限责任公司
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Abstract

The invention belongs to crude drug cultivation field, which in detail relates to a method for treating Sichuan fritillary bulb seed for autumn sowing. The method comprises following steps: (1) selecting plump seed harvested in the same year, mixing treated seed with soil, storing at dark and humid condition for 3- 15 weeks; (2) immersing seed with activol solution with concentration of 10 -80 ppm; (3) airing and sowing immersed seed. The method is characterized in that the rate of emergence is as high as 88%, the survival rate of seedlings in one year reaches above 75%, the seed availability rate is increased, Sichuan fritillary bulb production is increased and it is simple and suitable to be used in field.

Description

Handle the method for fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb
Technical field
The invention belongs to the plant cultivation field, especially relate to a kind of autumn sowing method for treating seeds of Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae.
Background technology
Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae is the dry bulb of Liliaceae Liliaceae Fritillaria Fririllaria L. various plants.Be rare traditional Chinese medicine commonly used, bitter, sweet, cold nature, have clearing heat and moistening lung, preventing phlegm from forming and stopping coughing function, it is different from other bulb of fritillary class medicinal material with its unique curative effect, at home and abroad enjoys high reputation, and is one of birth canal ground, the most representative river traditional Chinese medicine.The Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China is gone through version and is recorded the dry bulb that Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae is liliaceous plant Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae F.cirrhosa D.Don, dark violet bulb of fritillary Fritillaria unibracteata Hsiao et K.C.Hisa, Gansu bulb of fritillary Fritillaria przewalskii Maxim. or Bulbus Fritillariae cirrhosae Fritillaria delavayi Franch., and the plant of these several product Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosaes also is Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae in this area, also all is called Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae in the present invention.Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae mainly is distributed in former shrubbery, the grassy marshland area of river Western Hills of 3200~4200 meters of height above sea level, belongs to Qinghai-Tibet southeast edge part.Because the Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae commodity are mainly derived from wild plant resource, long-term excessive excavating, the Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae that once abounds with in the high-quality Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae zone is disappeared in flakes, and this not only directly has influence on the output and the quality of relevant Chinese patent medicine preparation, even its species have been constituted real threat.Protection Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae resource, it has been instant important process that this traditional Chinese medicinal materials assortment in imminent danger is carried out the large-scale artificial cultivation and production.
Artificial cultivation to Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae mainly is to carry out to carry out vegetative mode with its bulb at present, but this method cost height, technical difficulty is big, and is unfavorable for the maintenance of Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae self varietal character.And use its seed to carry out that though sexual propagation is subjected to that its seed dormancy difficulty is broken, emergence rate is low, the neat seedling time is long, the growth of seedling situation is undesirable, the puzzlement of problem such as 1 year survival rate of seedlings is low, but still be the important development direction of the artificial cultivation technique of current Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae.Fritillaria cirrhosa seeds gibberellin treatment research provides a kind of usefulness 20~40ppm to handle fritillaria cirrhosa seeds improving emergence rate and to shorten neat seedling time method in (1994 the 8th the 1st phases of volume of basic unit's Chinese medicine magazine), but this method also have the neat seedling time still long, the growth of seedling situation is undesirable, 1 year survival rate of seedlings is low etc., and problem exists.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of autumn sowing method for treating seeds of Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae.This method may further comprise the steps: a, choose then the full seed of results, with the native mixing of seeds treated, place the lucifuge wet condition to store following 3-15 week; B, taking-up seed are that the 10-80ppm Gibberellins solution is soaked with concentration; C, the seed after will soaking dry, sowing.
Wherein, the seed storage condition among the said method step a is a temperature-4 ℃~12 ℃, humidity 15%~20%.Said temperature and damp condition all are temperature and humidity conditions of the soil layer that closely contacts with seed.
Further, the seed storage condition among the said method step a is for to be embedded in seed in the seed bed of dark 15-60cm, blinding 50cm~20cm on the Seed Layer.Further, cover one deck heat and moisture preserving material again on the soil layer that is covered on the Seed Layer.Using of heat and moisture preserving material is to be temperature-4 ℃~12 ℃, humidity 15%~20% in order to ensure the temperature and humidity condition of the soil layer that closely contacts with seed.
Wherein, the usage amount of the soil among the said method step a is 2~6 times of volumes of seed volume, and described soil is at least a in yellow soil, detritus soil or the peat soil.
Wherein, the Gibberellins solution concentration among the said method step b is 10ppm~80ppm.Preferred Gibberellins solution concentration is 20ppm~60ppm.
Wherein, the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment time among the said method step b is 12 hours~72 hours.The preferred Gibberellins solution immersion treatment time is 24 hours~48 hours.
Wherein, the seed density of sowing among the said method step c is 2000~4000/square metre.
Gibberellin treatment, seed storage processing, storage have significant effects with aspects such as soil selections to last effect in the inventive method, as long as method is proper, land for growing field crops seed germination rate, neat seedling time, 1 year indexs such as survival rate of seedlings all have higher level, and the growth of seedlings situation is better.
The step of gibberellin treatment is important.Experiment shows that simultaneously the former germination rate is high by about 15% by imbedding seed that seed bed handles after handling with the debita spissitudo plant growth regulator and testing without the autumn sowing that plant growth regulator is handled the seed of just imbedding seed bed.Improve the availability of seed greatly, and also there has been certain help the neat seedling time that shortens seedling simultaneously.
The inventive method is creatively handled fritillaria cirrhosa seeds gibberellin treatment and storage then the align shortening of seedling time, the raising of survival rate of seedlings, the healthy and strong degree of seedling of combining significant collaborative facilitation.When carrying out the processing of fritillaria cirrhosa seeds storage, seed is mixed with the fine earth processing of sieving, handle back-set bed in the rectangle seed treatment bed of dark 20cm, wide 40cm, seed lamination thickness is 10cm, blinding 10cm on the Seed Layer, institute's blinding layer can be smashed the back use with the common soil that digs the seed bed generation with soil on the Seed Layer, also can be to handle the used soil of seed, and the used soil of seed is handled in preferred use.The threshing seed nuzzle seed bed finish in the ground in warm form after-ripening and low temperature physiology after-ripening stage, the storage back of finishing dealing with is taken out and to be carried out growth regulator and handle, and then in normal autumn sowing time sowing.(fineness of used soil is the fineness commonly used of general gardening or field of planting in addition storage to be handled employed soil, be advisable mixing with seed) kind carry out preferably also obviously improving germination rate, can select for use in common plantation according to actual conditions with soil (being generally yellow soil), detritus soil or peat soil.In the inventive method, use different soil, its germination rate: common yellow soil<detritus soil<peat soil in the condition of equating.Wherein, peat soil on the plateau or marsh wetland content than horn of plenty, be a kind of content of organic matter height, the uniform high-quality soil of grain structure also can be bought in market at present and obtain.Be the preferred of the inventive method, use the effects such as raising germination rate, survival rate of seedlings and growth of seedling level that reached to be difficult to predict in the methods of the invention.
Problems such as beneficial effect of the present invention is: the inventive method has overcome the seed dormancy difficulty that the artificial cultivation method of existing Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae plant exists to be broken, and emergence rate is low, and the neat seedling time is long, and the growth of seedling situation is undesirable, and 1 year survival rate of seedlings is low.The inventive method emergence rate can reach more than 86%, and survival rate of seedlings can reach more than 75% in 1 year, the growth of seedling stalwartness, and resultant effect is better than prior art greatly.The inventive method has improved the seed availability greatly, has increased Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae output, and method is very easy, is suitable for the land for growing field crops and promotes, and has fabulous application prospect.
Below by detailed description, illustrate but do not limit the present invention better embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment one usefulness the inventive method is handled fritillaria cirrhosa seeds
This experiment is chosen dark violet fritillaria thunbergii as experimental subjects, and the gibberellin of use and various soil are common commercially available.
The seed of A for handling by the inventive method.
A1: get 2000 pieces of seeds that health is full at random, be embedded in the seed bed behind the yellow soil mixing with 2 times of seed volumes, the soil that loam cake 10cm is thick takes out in 3 week backs, drains after 72 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 10ppm.
A2: get 2000 pieces of seeds that health is full at random, be embedded in the seed bed behind the yellow soil mixing with 5 times of seed volumes, the soil that loam cake 15cm is thick takes out in 6 week backs, drains after 48 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 20ppm.
A3: get 2000 pieces of seeds that health is full at random, be embedded in the seed bed behind the yellow soil mixing with 5 times of seed volumes, the soil that loam cake 15cm is thick takes out in 6 week backs, drains after 48 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 30ppm.
A31: get 2000 pieces of seeds that health is full at random, be embedded in the seed bed behind the detritus soil mixing with 5 times of seed volumes, the soil that loam cake 15cm is thick takes out in 6 week backs, drains after 48 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 30ppm.
A32: get 2000 pieces of seeds that health is full at random, be embedded in the seed bed behind the peat soil mixing with 5 times of seed volumes, the soil that loam cake 15cm is thick takes out in 5 week backs, drains after 48 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 30ppm.
A4: get 2000 pieces of seeds that health is full at random, be embedded in the seed bed behind the yellow soil mixing with 4 times of seed volumes, the fine earth that loam cake 20cm is thick takes out in 8 week backs, drains after 32 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 40ppm.
A5: get 2000 pieces of seeds that health is full at random, be embedded in the seed bed behind the yellow soil mixing with 3 times of seed volumes, the soil that loam cake 10cm is thick takes out in 10 week backs, drains after 24 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 60ppm.
A6: get 2000 pieces of seeds that health is full at random, be embedded in the seed bed behind the yellow soil mixing with 6 times of seed volumes, the soil that loam cake 15cm is thick is in the back taking-up of 15 weeks.Gibberellins solution immersion treatment with 80pmm drained after 12 hours.
B imbeds 2000 pieces in the seed that seed bed stored for 6 weeks for just handling without plant growth regulator with the detritus soil mixing of 5 times of seed volumes.
C is for storing with imbedding seed bed, 2000 pieces in the seed that drains after 32 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 20ppm.
D is for storing with imbedding seed bed, 2000 pieces in the seed that drains after 32 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 30ppm.
E is for storing with imbedding seed bed, 2000 pieces in the seed that drains after 32 hours with the Gibberellins solution immersion treatment of 40ppm.
F handles without plant growth regulator, does not also imbed 2000 pieces in the seed of seed bed storage.
It is in the temperature-4 ℃~12 ℃, in the humidity 15%~20% that the storage condition of each group of wherein handling in seed bed all keeps the temperature and humidity condition of the soil layer that closely contacts with seed, institute's blinding layer can be smashed the back use with the common soil that digs the seed bed generation with soil on the Seed Layer, also can be to handle the used soil of seed, all use in each group of present embodiment and handle the used soil of seed, the fineness of used soil is the fineness commonly used of general gardening or field of planting, is advisable mixing with seed.
Each organizes the seed natural seasoning to essentially identical degree, admix ash respectively and be mixed into the seed ash with the fine earth that sieves, at the close height above sea level in aspects such as fertility, flatness is autumn sowing time sowing respectively simultaneously routinely in the level land about 3500 meters, blinding 2-5cm after planting, paste plantation cover sunshade net again, treat that lifting sunshade net height degree is 30~40cm behind the neat seedling of the bulb of fritillary, each group is all carried out same field management simultaneously.Write down whether index such as stalwartness of emergence rate (%), neat seedling time, 1 year survival rate of seedlings (%), seedling outward appearance in experimentation, experimental result sees Table 1.
Table 1 the inventive method is handled the fritillaria cirrhosa seeds experimental result
Germination rate (%) The neat seedling time 1 year survival rate of seedlings (%) The seedling outward appearance
A1 80 7-10 days 72 Healthy and strong
A2 86.8 7-10 74 Healthy and strong
A3 87.6 7-10 days 75 Healthy and strong
A31 88.4 7-10 days 75.5 Healthy and strong
A32 89.5 7-10 days 76.2 Healthy and strong
A4 88.6 7-10 days 75.5 Healthy and strong
A5 85.5 7-10 days 73.6 Healthy and strong
A6 84.7 7-10 days 72.5 Healthy and strong
B 80.5 12-17 days 70.8 Healthy and strong
C 85 12-17 days 65 Healthy and strong
D 85.8 12-17 days 65.8 Healthy and strong
E 86 12-17 days 68 Healthy and strong
F 48 15-20 days 59 {。##.##2},
By above-mentioned example as can be seen, the inventive method with HORMONE TREATMENT and storage method in conjunction with after, the emergence rate height, the neat seedling time is short, seedling stalwartness, survival rate height.The inventive method emergence rate can reach more than 89%, and survival rate of seedlings can reach more than 76% in 1 year, and growth of seedling is more healthy and strong, has improved the seed availability, has saved time and cost, has improved output, far above existing technology, has fabulous application prospect.
Obviously, above detailed description of the present invention does not limit the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make various changes or distortion according to the present invention, only otherwise break away from spirit of the present invention, all belongs to the defined scope of claims of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of method of handling fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
A, choose then the full seed of results,, place under the lucifuge wet condition and store 3-15 week the native mixing of seeds treated;
B, taking-up seed are that the 10-80ppm Gibberellins solution is soaked with concentration;
C, the seed after will soaking dry, and can sow.
2, the method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the seed storage condition among the step a is a temperature-4 ℃~12 ℃, humidity 15%~20%.
3, the method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the seed storage condition among the step a is for to be embedded in seed in the seed bed of dark 15-60cm, Seed Layer loam cake soil layer 50cm~20cm.
4, the method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb according to claim 3 is characterized in that: cover one deck heat and moisture preserving material on the described soil layer again.
5, the method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the usage amount of the described soil of step a is 2~6 times of volumes of seed volume, and described soil is at least a in yellow soil, detritus soil or the peat soil.
6, the method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the described Gibberellins solution concentration of step b is 10ppm~80ppm.
7, the method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the described Gibberellins solution concentration of step b is 20ppm~60ppm.
8, according to the method for claim 6 or 7 described processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb, it is characterized in that: the described Gibberellins solution immersion treatment time of step b is 12 hours~72 hours.
9, the method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb according to claim 8 is characterized in that: the described Gibberellins solution immersion treatment time of step b is 24 hours~48 hours.
CNB2006101721883A 2006-05-19 2006-12-31 Method for processing fall seeding seed of Sichuan fritillary bulb CN100473273C (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104285748A (en) * 2014-09-10 2015-01-21 吴晖 Method for improving survival rate of pachira macrocarpa seed seedling

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CN101248730B (en) * 2008-04-02 2011-01-19 四川新荷花中药饮片股份有限公司 Cultivation method for completing two up-growth periodic of sichuan fritillary bulb in one year
CN101248746B (en) * 2008-04-02 2011-01-19 四川新荷花中药饮片股份有限公司 Rice seedling raising disk of sichuan fritillary bulb or sprout cultivation pocket type sexual multiplication cultivation method
CN101999265B (en) * 2009-09-03 2012-08-08 薛永新 Method for processing unibract fritillary bulb seeds
CN103597928B (en) * 2013-11-21 2015-02-25 薛刚 Dormancy after-ripening treatment method for seeds of bulbus fritillariae cirrhosae
CN104067790B (en) * 2014-06-19 2016-04-13 安徽百卉园林有限公司 A kind of storage method of postponing llex cornuta lindl planting seed
CN105103853A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-12-02 玉龙县凤翔旺生态养殖有限责任公司 Method of cultivating fritillaria cirrhosa
CN106489470A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-03-15 玉龙县金旺中药材种植有限公司 A kind of Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae method for culturing seedlings

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CN104285748A (en) * 2014-09-10 2015-01-21 吴晖 Method for improving survival rate of pachira macrocarpa seed seedling

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