CN100468480C - Traffic dynamic and static management and intelligent monitoring & alarming commanding system - Google Patents

Traffic dynamic and static management and intelligent monitoring & alarming commanding system Download PDF

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CN100468480C
CN100468480C CN 200410060264 CN200410060264A CN100468480C CN 100468480 C CN100468480 C CN 100468480C CN 200410060264 CN200410060264 CN 200410060264 CN 200410060264 A CN200410060264 A CN 200410060264A CN 100468480 C CN100468480 C CN 100468480C
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vehicle
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warning
controller
traffic
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CN1779733A (en )
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林贵生
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林贵生
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一种交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,它由车辆探测警示器或车辆探测器、前端控制器或集中控制器/中心计算机系统及现场总线传输媒介构成。 A traffic management dynamic and static intelligent monitoring and warning command system, which alert the vehicle or vehicle detector probe tip centralized controller or controller / center computer system and configured Fieldbus transmission medium. 可用作大规模高速公路、铁路监控防追尾事故警示指挥系统、城市交通智能监控指挥管理系统或停车场监控引导管理系统等,也可用作大中小规模红绿灯绿波带交通指挥、电子警察、门禁、监控防盗、车速检测、车流量检测、咪表及车辆收费站系统,车辆探测/警示器体积小、多功能、可靠性高,不破坏路面,系统造价低、安装方便、系统维修和扩展容易、探测和控制具有实时性、应用面广、通用性好,全天候应用条件。 Can be used as a large-scale highway, railway monitoring anti-rear-end collision warning command system, intelligent urban traffic management command and monitoring system or monitoring parking guidance management system, can be used as medium and small-scale traffic lights green wave traffic control, electronic police, access control, alarm monitoring, detecting a vehicle speed, traffic flow is detected, the vehicle and the toll system meter, vehicle detection / warning small size, versatility, reliability, without damaging the road surface, the system is low cost, easy installation, maintenance and expansion easy, with real-time detection and control, a wide range of applications, common good, all-weather application conditions.

Description

交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统 Dynamic and static traffic management and intelligent alarm monitoring command system

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,该系统可用于城市交通的指挥和管理、高速公路的监控防追尾警示和管理、铁路交通的的监控防追尾警示和指挥调度管理,并可用于车辆静态管理。 The present invention relates to a dynamic and static traffic management and intelligent alarm monitoring command system, the system can be used to monitor anti-rear-end collision warning and command and dispatch management command and management of urban transport, monitoring anti-rear-end collision warning and management of highways, railway traffic of and it can be used for vehicles static management. 背景技术 Background technique

随着经济的发展和人民生活水平的提高,陆路交通发展越来越快,车辆保有量更是膨胀发展,城市交通和公路交通拥堵现象时有发生,髙速公路上恶性追尾事故发生不断,铁路运力远远落后于时代的要求,在大中型城市的泊车问题也逾显突出。 With economic development and improvement of people's living standards, land transport development faster and faster, vehicle ownership is the expansion of development have occurred urban transport and road traffic congestion, road speed vicious rear-end accidents continue to occur Gao, railway capacity is far behind the demands of the times, but also more obvious than in the parking problems and medium-sized cities. 总的来说交通问题已是政府、民众关注的焦点问题之--,使得大量的人力、物力、资金投入到道路改造和道路建设方面,即便如此,也跟不上交通压力的高速增长,这种情况非常普遍,特别是经济越发达的地区,交通问题越严重。 Overall traffic problem is the government, the focus of public concern - that a lot of manpower, material and money into road improvement and road construction, even so, to keep up with the rapid growth of traffic pressure, which case is very common, especially in the more developed economies of the region, the more serious traffic problems. 有些地区,由于资金不足、道路改造和道路建设客观上也有难度,面对交通压力的不利局面将会较长时期的存在。 In some areas, due to insufficient funds, road improvement and road construction objectively difficult, the adverse situation facing the traffic pressure will exist longer period. 另--方面,由于交通管理这--重要环节比较薄弱,如红绿灯自动智能分时及泊车引导系统还比较落后,使得道路资源和停车场资源没有充分利用和挖潜,出租汽车呼叫平台还不健全,使得空载率居高不下, Another -, since this traffic management - the important aspect is weak, such as traffic lights and auto-sharing smart parking guidance system is still relatively backward, making roads and parking resources underutilized resources and potential, taxi call platform yet sound, so that the load rate is high,

造成资源的很大浪费;超载车辆对路面破坏严重;能见度较低情况下的高速公路恶性追尾事故,交通路况突发事件得不到及时处理而造成事故频发和事故蔓延也相当严重,诸如此类屡见不鲜,让人倍感痛惜。 Cause a great waste of resources; overloading of vehicles on the road severely damaged; highway vicious rear-end collisions at low visibility conditions, traffic conditions emergencies caused by lack of timely treatment of frequent accidents and incidents spread is quite serious, and so uncommon , people feel deplored. 因此,怎样充分利用和挖潜道路和泊车场地资源,低成本地、有效地改善和提高道路(包括城市道路、高速公路和铁路)车流量和泊车场地的使用率,减少高速公路追尾事故的发生,是值得考虑和追求的目标,解决这-问题需要建立完善的、高效的和低成本的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统。 Therefore, how to take full advantage of tapping the potential of road and parking space and resources, low cost, effectively improve and enhance road (including urban roads, highways and railways) utilization of traffic flow and parking space, reduce highway rear-end accidents, It is worth considering and pursuing goals, solve - problems to establish a sound, efficient and low cost of dynamic and static traffic management and intelligent alarm monitoring command system.

目前,真正高效的、低成本的和完善的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统还不多见,已建和在建的交通指挥系统不同程度地存在着造价高、安装不便、大面积破坏路面、维修和系统扩展困难、实时性差或通用性差等缺点,功能强大的视频信息交通指挥系统在能见度恶劣的天气(如大雾、大风沙或雨雪天) At present, truly efficient, low-cost and improve the dynamic and static traffic management and intelligent alarm monitoring command system is also unusual, there is a high cost, inconvenience installation, a large area to varying degrees, stabling traffic control system damage difficult road, maintenance and system expansion, poor real-time or generic defects and poor, powerful video traffic control system visibility in bad weather (such as fog, rain or snow or sand large)

条件下也不能发挥正常功能,同时它们也不具备对高速公路和铁路全程达到实时 Under conditions may not function properly, while they do not have the full reach of highways and railways in real time

智能监控、防追尾警示功能。 Intelligent monitoring, anti-rear-end collision warning function. 本人已申报的《车辆探测装置》、《微型地埋式车辆 He declared "vehicle detection device", "micro buried vehicle

探测器》、《地埋式集成探测器》、《地埋式多功能车辆探测器》和《地埋型智能车 Detector "," buried integrated detector "," buried utility vehicle detector "and" buried smart car

辆探测器》专利为构建完善的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统打下 Vehicle detectors "patent is to build a sound dynamic and static traffic management and intelligent alarm monitoring command system lay

了基础。 The foundation.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是提供一种交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,通用于城市交通动态和静态指挥管理、高速公路智能监控防追尾事故警示指挥管理及铁路交通的防追尾警示和指挥调度管理,以解决现有交通指挥管理系统的不足。 The purpose of the invention is to provide a dynamic and static traffic management and intelligent alarm monitoring command system, common in urban traffic static and dynamic command and management, intelligent monitoring highway warning anti rear-end collisions and rear-end command and management of rail traffic alerts and Command and Control management, in order to solve the problem of existing traffic control management systems.

为实现上述目的,本发明采用如下技术方案: To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solution:

一种交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,它由车辆探测警示器或车辆探测器、前端控制器或集中控制器/中心计算机系统及现场总线传输媒介构成,前端控制器或集中控制器/中心计算机系统上设有至少一路可进行数字化、 串行、双向、多变量、多节点的智能互联通信或控制的现场总线接口,每路现场总线上可并联远程接驳或无线接驳多个车辆探测器或车辆探测警示器。 A traffic management dynamic and static intelligent monitoring and warning command system, which alert the vehicle or vehicle detector probe tip centralized controller or controller / center computer system and the Fieldbus transmission medium constituting the front end of the controller or the central controller intelligent Internet communication with at least one line may be digital, serial, two-way, multi-variable, or a multi-node interface control fieldbus / center computer system, or wireless connection may be connected in parallel a plurality of remote on each channel fieldbus vehicle or the vehicle detector to detect warning device.

如上所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,车辆探测器由车辆探测单元、智能信号处理/逻辑处理单元和嵌入式现场总线接口单元构成,车辆探测警示器由车辆探测单元、智能信号处理/逻辑处理单元、嵌入式现场总线接口单元、控制信号输出单元和发光警示器构成,车辆探测器或车辆探测警示器中的车辆探测单元、控制信号输出舉元和嵌入式现场总线单元分别与智能信号处理/逻辑处理单元的相应数据/控制线相连,车辆探测警示器中的控制信号输出单元设有电平输出、集电极输出或触点输出电路,可接驳至少--组、 每组至少4发光警示器,发光警示器由单,'多色或红黄绿—三色半导体发光元件、 高亮度发光二极管或彩灯构成,发光警示器根据需要设置有定向聚光罩/透光外壳,车辆探测警示器分为带警示功能的探测警示一 As described above, the dynamic and static traffic management intelligent monitoring and warning command system, characterized in that the probe vehicle by the vehicle detection unit, a signal processing intelligence / logic processing unit and embedded field bus interface units, vehicle detection by the vehicle warning device detection unit, intelligent signal processing / logic processing unit, an embedded field bus interface unit, and a control signal output unit is constituted by emitting a warning, or a vehicle detector to detect the vehicle warning device in a vehicle detection unit, a control signal output and embedded lifting element fieldbus data units corresponding respectively intelligent signal processing / logic processing unit / control line is connected, the vehicle warning device to detect the control signal output unit is provided with level output, or collector output contact output circuit, can be connected to at least - - groups of at least 4 light emitting warning devices, a single light emitting warning devices, 'multicolor or red yellow - tri-color light emitting semiconductor element, high-brightness light emitting diode or lantern configuration, the light emitting warning device provided with an orientation converging necessary cap / transmissive envelope, the vehicle warning device probing into the detection zone a warning function warning 式或分体式,车辆探澳機或车辆探测警示器从结构上分道路侧装式、路面贴装式和地埋式,路面贴装式和地埋式分为单车道型和双车道型。 Or remote, machine or vehicle O probe detection alerts lane road vehicle-mounted from the side of the structure, and the road surface mount buried, and the road surface-mount-type buried-channel type and a bicycle into a two-lane type.

如上所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,前端控制器和集中控制器/中心计算机系统上设有相应的互联通讯接口/卡,前端控 Dynamic and static traffic management as described above, intelligent monitoring and warning command system, characterized in that a corresponding Internet communication interfaces / cards, front-end control on front-end controller and centralized controller / central computer system

制器之间、集中控制器/中心计算机之间或集中控制器/中心计算机系统与前端控制器之间通过对应的现场总线、局域互联网、国际互联网或以太网的互联传输媒介相联接,以完成系统中的集中控制器/中心计算机、前端控制器和总线节点设备之间的数字化、双向、多变量、多设备、实时性优良的智能互联通信或控制, 并能完成上下级集中控制器/中心计算机之间的互联通信或控制。 Between the system device, between the centralized controller / between a central computer or central controller / central computer system and the front end through a corresponding field bus controller, a local Internet, the Internet or Ethernet network transmission medium coupled to complete digital between centralized controller system / central computer, and the front end of the controller bus node device, two-way, multi-variable, multi-device, excellent in real-time intelligent network communication or control, and can complete the lower centralized controller / hub Internet communication or control between the computer.

如上所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,前 Dynamic and static traffic management as described above, intelligent monitoring and warning command system, characterized in that the front

端控制器或集中控制器/中心计算机系统中设有170接口板/组件,I/O接口板,/ 组件由开关量输入/输出接口、模拟量输入/输出接口、音/视频/图文信息输入/ 输出接口、触点输入/输出接口或通用外部设备串/并行接口构成,]70接口板/ 组件可接驳传感器、信号变送/调制/解调器、执行机构、车型/车牌识别装置、 电子身份证无接触识别装置或车辆称重装置,信号变送/调制/解调器为电平信号传输、音频/视频信号或图文信息传输装置,执行机构为交通指挥信号灯、图文信息显示板/屏、照像机/探头、摄像机/探头、切换器、声/光报警器、事故广播、 应急电话、挡杆机、门控系统、收费系统、照明系统、控制开关/按钮/键盘或相应的应急联动装置。 Terminal of the controller or the central controller / hub in a computer system 170 is provided with an interface panel / module, I / O interface boards / components from the digital input / output, analog input / output interfaces, audio / video / graphic information The input / output interface, a contact input / output interface to an external device or a universal serial / parallel interface configuration] 70 interface board / component can be connected to the sensor, the signal transmitter / modulator / demodulator, actuators, vehicle / license plate recognition device , contactless electronic identification means or card vehicle weighing device, the signal transmitter / modulator / demodulator as a signal transmission level, an audio / video signal or graphics information transmission means, the actuator is a traffic control light, graphic information display panel / screen, camera / sensor, the camera / sensor, switch, sound / light alarm, accident broadcasting, emergency phones, lever machines, gated system, charging system, lighting system, control switches / buttons / keyboard or a corresponding emergency linkage.

如上所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,每条现场总线上可接驳至少一个带有现场总线接口的I/O模块,该I/O模块上设有用于系统接收所需信号参量及输出控制信号的开关量输入/输出接口、模拟量输入/输出接口、数码音频/视频/图文信息输入/输出接口或触点输入/输出接口。 Static and dynamic traffic management as described above, intelligent monitoring and warning command system, characterized in that, can be connected to I / O module having at least one field bus interface on each of the field bus, the I / O module is provided for the system receives signal parameters, and outputs a control signal required for digital input / output, analog input / output interface, a digital audio / video / graphics information input / output interface or the contact input / output interface.

如上所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,现场总线上接驳有带现场总线通讯接口的用于分B、t/实时监视所在路段交通状况的天气/路?W能见度检测传感或违章抓拍装置,以便系统进行工作模式或状态的调整、发布警示信息或进入事件突发预案,天气/路况/能见度检测传感或违章抓拍装置为视频探头、智能化路面温度、能见度或气象检测传感装置。 Dynamic and static traffic management as described above, intelligent monitoring and warning command system, characterized in that the field bus connection there with a fieldbus communication interface points B, t / real-time monitoring of weather conditions where road traffic / road? W visibility detecting illegal capture or sensing means in order to adjust the system operating mode or state, issues an alert or event burst into the plan, weather / road / visibility detecting illegal capture or sensing device is a video probe, intelligent pavement temperature , or meteorological visibility detecting sensing means.

如上所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,现场总线上设有用于扩展通信/供电距离或节点设备数量的中继器,根据需要在现场总线上可接驳带有现场总线通讯接口的应急/报警/呼叫按钮或电话。 Static and dynamic traffic management as described above, intelligent monitoring and warning command system, characterized in that the field bus is provided for the extension communication / power supply or the number of nodes from the relay device, if necessary can be connected to the fieldbus with fieldbus communication interfaces emergency / alarm / call button or phone.

如上所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,现场总线传输媒介可分别根据需要采用双绞线、供电电源线、电缆、光缆、射频或复合异质无线/有线的集成,控制器之间的互联传输媒介玎分别根据需要采用有线/无线电话网络、电力线、双绞线、电缆、光缆、射频或复合异质无线/有线的集成。 As described above, the dynamic and static traffic management intelligent monitoring and warning command system, characterized in that the fieldbus transmission medium may be twisted-pair, respectively, power supply lines, cables, optical cables as needed, the composite radio frequency or heterogeneous wireless / wired integration, interconnection between the transmission medium Ding controllers are wired / wireless telephone network as needed, power lines, twisted pair, cable, optical cable, radio or complex heterogeneous wireless / wired integration.

如上所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,王见场总线上的节点设备和前端供控制器的供电结构可分别根据需要采用独立供电结构、现场总线供电结构或电源线集中供电结构,供电电源可分别根据需要采用蓄能电池、太阳能电池组、交/直流或混合式供电电源。 Static and dynamic traffic management as described above, intelligent monitoring and warning command system, characterized in that the feeding structure WONG node device and a controller for the front end on the field bus can be respectively independent power supply structure as needed, or the fieldbus feeding structure centralized power supply line structure, the power supply may be employed as desired energy storage cells, respectively, a solar battery, AC / DC power supply or hybrid.

一种无线通讯智能交通警示指挥系统,它由相互独立分散安装的无线通讯车辆探测警示器构成,无线通讯车辆探测警示器由车辆探测单元、智能信号处理/' 逻辑处理单元、嵌入式无线传输现场总线接口单元、控制信号输出单元、发光警示器和太阳能/蓄能电池组供电电源构成,无线通讯车辆探测蝥示器中的车辆探测单元、控制信号输出单元和嵌入式无线传输现场总线单元分别与智能信号处理 A wireless communication intelligent traffic warning command system, which is detected by the wireless communication vehicle mounted warning independent dispersion constituted, wireless communication warning device probing vehicle by the vehicle detection unit, intelligent signal processing / 'logic processing unit, an embedded radio transmission field bus interface unit, a control signal output unit, and a light emitting warning device solar / battery energy storage constituting the power supply, the wireless communication device in the vehicle to detect a vehicle shown beetle detection unit, and a control signal output unit embedded wireless transmission field bus unit, respectively intelligent signal processing

z逻辑处理单元的相应数据/控制线相连,无线通讯车辆探测警示器中的控制信号 Z logic processing unit corresponding data / control line is connected, the radio communication control signal of the vehicle detection warning device

输出单元可接驳至少--组、每组至少一个发光警示器,发光警示器由单/多色或红黄绿三色半导体发光元件或高亮度发光二极管构成,太阳能电池组的光/电转换板或发光警示器根据需要设置有定向聚光罩/透光外壳,无线通讯车辆探测警示器之间、相距较近的无线通讯车辆探测警示器之间或者设定的/自适应的车辆探测警示器之间的通信/控制由无线传输现场总线联通,可构成无线接力棒式或链条式无线通讯智能交通警示指挥系统,无线通讯车辆探测警示器分为道路侧装式、路面贴装式和地埋式,路面贴装式和地埋式分为单车道型和双车道型。 The output unit can be connected to at least - groups of the at least one light emitting warning devices, light emitting warning device constituted by a single / multi-colored or red-yellow-green light emitting semiconductor element or a high-brightness light-emitting diodes, optical / electrical conversion of solar cell board or light emitting warning devices have oriented polyethylene reticle / transmissive envelope, the wireless communication between the vehicle warning device detection, the wireless communication between the vehicle's proximity probe set or a warning / alarm detecting vehicle adaptive provided as necessary the communication between the / field bus is controlled by the wireless transmission link, or may constitute a chain of formula baton wireless communication wireless intelligent traffic warning command system, wireless communication is divided into a road vehicle warning detection side-mounted, and the buried pavement mount type, road mount and buried into a single lane and double-lane type. 本发明的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统各部分的工作机理 Traffic dynamic and static management of the present invention and the working mechanism of the various parts of the intelligent monitoring system warning command

阐述如下: Described as follows:

车辆探测器可采用《车辆探测装置》、《微型地埋式车辆探测器》、《地埋式集成探测器》、《地埋式多功能车辆探测器》或《地埋型智能车辆探测器》专利技术方案,以完成车辆行驶、停车、行驶方向、车速或车型信号的探测或接受现场总线发来的控制信息,经分析处理后.向现场总线上发送本车辆探测器的数字化的地址、探测、工作状态和控制信息。 Vehicle detector can be "vehicle detection device", "micro-buried type vehicle detector", "buried integrated detector", "buried utility vehicle detector" or "intelligent vehicle detector buried" Patent aspect, to complete the vehicle is traveling, to detect or receive fieldbus sent control information parking, driving directions, a vehicle speed or vehicle signals. transmits address digitized present vehicle detector to the fieldbus after analysis, detection , working status and control information.

车辆探测瞥示器除具有车辆探测器的功能之外,还能控制本身警示器进行智能灯光警示。 Vehicle detection glance is shown a vehicle has a function in addition to the detector, the control itself can also be intelligent lighting warning alerts. 它有两种工作方式, 一是车辆探测警示器独立工作方式,智能信号处理/逻辑处理单元在收到车辆探测单元的车辆探测信号,以此为依据,得到驶经此处车辆的车速参数或及车型参数,经计算、分析得出本身警示器的控制信息(包括灯的颜色、闪烁/长亮模式、控制时序、起始/停止/延时时间等),控制本 It has two modes, one independent vehicle warning device probing mode of operation, the intelligent signal processing / logic processing unit receives a detection signal of the vehicle in a vehicle detection unit, as a basis, obtained by driving the vehicle or the vehicle speed parameter here and model parameter, was calculated to obtain the control information itself analyzed warning device (including the color of the lamp, flashing / long bright mode, control of the timing, the start / stop / delay time, etc.), control of the present

身的发光警示器工作;二是车辆探测警示器总线联动工作方式,智能信号处理/ 逻辑处理单元在收到车辆探测单元的车辆探测信号或现场总线发来的控制信息(如与本车辆探测警示器的地理位置相邻/相近的车辆探测警示器发来的、与本 The warning light emitting operating body; Second probe vehicle warning device works in conjunction bus, intelligent signal processing / logic processing unit in the vehicle receives vehicle detection unit or a detection signal sent from the field bus control information (e.g., the host vehicle detection warning location adjacent filter / close detecting vehicle warning device sent, and this

车辆探测警示器同一条现场总线上的节点设备发来的、前端控制器发来的或中心控制器/计算机系统发来的控制信息)后,经综合计算、分析得出驶经车辆的车速参数、车型参数及其警示器的控制信息,控制发光警示器工作,同时向现场总线上发送本车辆探测器的数字化的地址信息、探测信息、工作状态信息和控制信息。 After the vehicle warning device probing with a node device on the fieldbus sent, sent by the controller or the front end of the central controller / control information sent by the computer system), calculated by comprehensive analysis reveals that the vehicle speed parameter of vehicles passing the control information and warning device of the model parameters, to control the work of the light emitting warning devices, while transmitting address information digitized according to the probe vehicle on the field bus, probe information, operation state information and control information. 例如,如果判断此车辆的行驶速度较慢、停车、超速或逆行,则通过现场总线向前端控制器或中心控制器/计算机系统发送警示信息(包括地址、违章代码等),同时向地理位置相邻/相近的一些车辆探测警示器发出警示控制信息(包括控制地址、闪烁/长亮模式、控制时序、起始/停止/延时时间等),来控制相应的车辆探测警示器上的警示器工作。 For example, if the vehicle speed is determined for this slow, stop, or reverse speeding, warning information is sent to the front-end controller or central controller / computer system via a field bus (including an address, the violation code, etc.), while the location phase o / close detecting some vehicles warning indicator to alert the control information (including address control, flashing / long bright mode, control of the timing, the start / stop / delay time, etc.), to control the respective vehicle detection warning on the warning device jobs.

前端控制器,用于现场总线的信息通讯、处理、智能控制和系统设备管理以及分组/分片联网,以及与中心控制器/计算机系统之间信息通讯和处理,兼或现场总线节点设备的集中供电。 Front controller, information for the fieldbus communication, processing, intelligent control and management system device and a packet / fragmentation networking, and between the central controller / computer system and information communication processing, and the node or centralized fieldbus devices powered by.

中心控制器/计算机系统,具有更强大的信息处理、远程联网、智能控制和系统管理能力,用于与前端控制器和更高级别中心控制器/计算机系统之间的远程联网、综合信息处理、智能控制和管理或人机对话,也可作为前端控制器使用。 Center controller / computer system, a more powerful information processing, remote networking, intelligent control and system management capabilities for remote networking between the front controller and higher-level central controller / computer systems, integrated information processing, intelligent control and management or man-machine dialogue can also be used as a front-end controller.

现场总线,ffi于完成总线节点设备、控制器之间的数字化、双向、多变量、 多设备、实时性优良的智能互联通信,目前国内外流行的现场总线约有40多种, 并以迅猛之势推向市场,巳有大量的、低成本的实际应用,达到了众多分散节点设备的远距离、双向实时通讯和控制,具有可扩展互联、低成本、高可靠性的优秀特性,还有多种协议型号的现场总线支持节点设备集中供电。 Fieldbus, ffi to complete the bus node equipment, digital between controllers, two-way, multi-variable, multi-device, real-time intelligent Internet communication excellent, popular at home and abroad are about 40 kinds of field bus, and to the rapid potential market, had a large, low-cost practical application, reach a large number of distributed nodes equipment, remote, real-time two-way communication and control, scalable connectivity, low cost, high reliability and excellent features, there are more than kind of protocol types of fieldbus node supports centralized power supply equipment. 具有代表性的现场总线如:LonWorks、 CAN、 ARCneU INTE附iUS、 i平基金会、l)eviceN'et、 PROFIBUS、 嵌入式工业以太网、ControlNet、 WarldFIP、 P-NET、 HAKT、 SERCOS和SDS现场总线,以及R-fieldbus和Bluet.ooth无线现场总线等,对传输距离相对较短、 节点较少、实时性要求不高及对成本要求更低的场合,可选用RS485、 RS422等 Representative fieldbus such as: LonWorks, CAN, ARCneU INTE attached iUS, i flat foundation, l) eviceN'et, PROFIBUS, embedded industrial Ethernet, ControlNet, WarldFIP, P-NET, HAKT, SERCOS and SDS-site bus, and R-fieldbus and Bluet.ooth wireless field bus, transmission distance is relatively short, small nodes, less demanding real-time and lower cost requirement, the choice of RS485, RS422, etc.

简易现场总线。 Simple fieldbus.

1/o接n板/组件和[/o模块,用于系统扩展,及接驳系统组成所需要的标准/非标设备。 1 / o n contact plate / assembly and [/ O module for system expansion, and connection system components required standard / non-standard equipment.

应急/报警/呼叫按钮或电话,用于紧急情况下人工报警、通讯,或者用于红绿灯交通应急按钮,或者用于构建出租车寻呼调度平台,如出租车停靠站的"打的"按a/呼叫电话等。 "Playing" emergency / alarm / call button or phone for an emergency alarm manually, communications, traffic or for traffic lights panic button, or used to build the taxi dispatch paging platform, such as by a taxi stand / call telephone.

本发明的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统具有如下特点: Traffic dynamic and static present invention intelligent monitoring and alert management command system has the following characteristics:

口J'用作大规模高速公路监控防追尾事故警示指挥系统、铁路监控防追尾事故警^指挥调度系统、城市交通监控指挥管理系统、城市出租汽车呼叫系统或停车场监控31导管理系统使用等,也可用作大中小规模红绿灯绿波带^ffl指挥系统、 电子瞀察系统、门禁系统、道路车流量检测装置、车速检测装置、监控防盗系统、 停车场管理和车辆泊车引导系统、咪表系统及车辆收费站系统。 Port J 'as a massive highway monitoring anti-rear-end collision warning command system, monitoring anti-rear-end accident railway police ^ dispatching system, urban traffic control system command and management, urban taxi call system or parking monitoring system and other management guide 31 , can be used as medium and small scale green wave of traffic lights ^ ffl command system, electronic dim observing systems, access control systems, road traffic flow detecting means, a vehicle speed detecting means, monitoring anti-theft system, parking management system and a vehicle parking guidance, imidazole table toll station systems and vehicle systems. 适用于多系统融合,构成键全的、多功能的、综合的交通管理系统。 For multi-system integration, constitute a key wide, multi-functional, comprehensive traffic management systems.

车辆探测瞥示器体积小、多功能、可靠性高,安装基本上不破坏路面。 Small vehicle shown glance detection volume, versatility, reliability, mounted substantially without damaging the road surface. 系统造价低、安装方便、维修和系统扩展容易、探测和控制具有实时性、 Low system cost, easy installation, maintenance and system expansion easy, with real-time detection and control,

用面广、通用性好,在能见度恶劣的天气(如大雾、大风沙或雨雪大)条件卜也 Wide surfaces, common good, in bad weather visibility (such as fog, rain and snow big sand or large) conditions also Bu

能发挥正常功能。 It can function properly.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明实施例1的组成原理图。 Example 1 Composition 1 a schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.

图2为本发明实施例2的组成原理图。 Figure 2 Schematic Composition Example 2 of the present invention. 图3为本发明实施例3的组成原理图。 Example 3 Composition 3 of the schematic embodiment of the present invention. 图4为本发明实施例4的组成原理图。 FIG 4 Schematic composition of Example 4 of the embodiment of the present invention. 图5为本发明实施例5的组成原理图。 Example 5 Composition 5 of the schematic embodiment of the present invention. 图6为本发明实施例6的组成原理图。 Example 6 Composition 6 of the schematic embodiment of the present invention. 图7为本发明实施例7的组成原理图。 Example 7 Composition 7 of the schematic embodiment of the present invention. 具体实施方式实施例i DETAILED DESCRIPTION Example embodiments i

如图1为高速公路智能防追尾警示系统,它由一体化地埋式或贴装式车辆探测警示器(1)、前端控制器(2)、双绞线(3)及中继器(4)构成,前端控制器(2)设有两路现场总线,用双绞线(3)作为现场总线通讯传输媒介,并给车辆探测警示器(1)供电,两路现场总线沿高速公路相反方向敷设,在现场总线上 1 is a rear-end intelligent highway warning system, warning device which detects a buried or integrated vehicle mount (1), the front end of the controller (2), UTP (3) and the relay (4 ), and the front end of the controller (2) is provided with two field bus, twisted pair (3) as a field bus communication transmission medium, and a warning device to detect the vehicle (1) powered, two opposite directions along the highway fieldbus laying on the bus at the scene

每隔一段距离15米-一:30米并联接驳一个车辆探测警示器,每条现场总线上间隔64 -- UO个车辆探测警示器或间隔1.200 — i900米双绞线接驳一个中继器, 至多接驳6个中继器,车辆探测警示器(1)埋设或贴装于左车道(5)与右车道(.6)之间的路中央,其上的警示器露出路面或与路面处于同一平面。 Distance of 15 meters at intervals - a: 30 m connected in parallel to detect a vehicle warning device, each field interval 64 on the bus - a UO detecting a vehicle interval alarm or 1.200 - i900 m UTP a feeder repeater , connected up to the central passage 6 repeaters, vehicle detection warning device (1) is embedded or mounted between the left lane (5) and the right lane (.6), the warning device which is exposed on the road or the road surface in the same plane.

现场总线采用LonWorks现场总线技术,车辆(包括停靠或正在行驶的车辆) 后方的车辆探测警示器与该车辆之间的距离在(.)一50米时,此路段上的车辆探测警示器红灯闪烁;车辆后方的车辆探测警示器与车辆之间的距离在65 — 100 米时,此路段上的车辆探测警示器黄灯闪烁警示;车辆后方的车辆探测警示器与车辆之间的距离在.115 — 200米时,此路段上的车辆探测警7J^器绿灯闪烁提^; 车辆后方的车辆探测警示器与车辆之间的距离在200米以外时,此路段上的车辆探测警示器不亮;若车辆逆行行驶,则车辆前方10()米以内的车辆探测警示器的红灯长亮警示。 Fieldbus using LonWorks Fieldbus, a vehicle (including a vehicle is traveling or stopping) the distance between the rear of the vehicle to detect the vehicle warning indicator (.) Is a 50 m, this section of the vehicle on detecting red warning device scintillation; vehicles behind the vehicle to detect a distance between the vehicle and the warning indicator 65 - 100 meters of the vehicle on this section of the probe flashing yellow warning alerts; the distance between the vehicle and the warning device probing vehicles behind the vehicle. 115 - 200 meters, the vehicle detection warning on this link. 7J ^ ^ mention is the green light flashes; the distance between the vehicles behind the vehicle with a warning detection at 200 meters away from the vehicle, the vehicle on this link does not detect warning light ; If the vehicle is traveling reverse, the front of the vehicle 10 () of the vehicle warning device probing meters long bright red light warning.

该系统可有效警示车辆驾驶人员避免追尾事故的发生及车辆逆行违章事件的发生。 The system can effectively alert vehicle drivers avoid rear-end accidents and vehicle retrograde occurrence of a violation. 实施例2 Example 2

如图2为高速公路智能监控防追尾警示指挥系统,它由一体化地埋式或贴装式车辆探测警示器U)、路况/违章抓拍视频探头U3X报瞀按钮U4)、前端控制器(2)、太阳能蓄电池组(7)、路段信息显示屏(9)、中央控制器(10)、 综合信息显示屏(l])、车辆超载计量装置(12)、同轴电缆或双绞线(3)及一太网传输媒介(8)构成,前端控制器(2)设有两路现场总线,用同轴电缆或双绞线(3)作为现场总线通讯传输媒介,并给车辆探测警示器(1)、路况/违章抓拍视频探头(13)和报瞥按钮(14)供电,两路现场总线沿高速公路相反方向敷设.,车辆探测警示器H)埋设或贴装于左车道(5)与»道(.6.)之间的路中央,其上的警示器露出路面或与路面处于同一平面,太阳能蓄电池组(7)给远更巨离的前端控制器(2)供电,路段信息显示屏(9)接驳于前端控制器(2)的1./()通用外设接口上 2 is a rear-end warning highway intelligent monitoring command system, which is detected by integration or buried mount the U-vehicle warning device), traffic / packet illegal capture video probe U3X dim button U4), the front end of the controller (2 ), a solar battery (7), the link information display screen (9), the central controller (10), the display integrated information (L]), overloaded vehicles metering device (12), a coaxial cable or twisted pair (3 ) and an Ethernet transmission medium (8), and the front end of the controller (2) is provided with two fieldbus, a coaxial cable or twisted pair (3) as a field bus communication transmission medium, and to detect vehicle warning device ( 1), road / illegal capture video probe (13) and message glance button (14) powered, two-way fieldbus laying along the highway in the opposite direction. the vehicle warning device probing H) is embedded or mounted in the left lane (5) central Road between »channel (.6), which warning device is exposed on the road or the road surface in the same plane, a solar battery (7) to a front end controller is further away from the cytomegalovirus (2) power, link information display screen (9) connected to the front end of the controller (2) ./ 1 () on the common peripheral interface ,综合信息显示屏(11)和车辆超载计量装置(12)驳于中央控制器U().)的! Comprehensive information display (11) and overloaded vehicles metering device (12) to split the central controller U ().) The! /0板卡的相应接口上,所有前端控制器(2)和中央控制器U0)通过一太网传输媒介(.8〉相联。 The respective interface / 0 boards, all the front-end controller (2) and the central controller U0) (.8> Ethernet linked by a transmission medium.

现场总线釆用LonWorks现场总线技术,除具有实施例l的功能外,该系统还具有在雾天、风沙天、雨雪天、路面高温或低温条件下,若车辆前方无车辆或车辆相距较远,车辆前方l()O米以内的车辆探测警示器黄灯智能闪烁警示;若路 Fieldbus LonWorks Fieldbus preclude the use, in addition to having the functions of the embodiments l, this system also has the fog, sand days, rain and snow, high or low temperature condition of the road surface, when no vehicle or a preceding vehicle far away , the vehicle front l () O meters of vehicle detection intelligent warning indicator blinks in yellow; when the passage

况适合车辆高速行驶,则车辆前方KX)米以内的车辆探测警示器的绿灯闪烁提示;若车辆超高速行驶,则车辆前方1()0米以内的车辆探测警示器的红、黄灯交替闪烁警示,并向控制器发送报警信息或在设定路段抓拍或摄录违章场景做备案处理;系统还设有逆行、超载、违章停车和堵车智能监控/报警功能;系统可提供设定路段的车流量数据、堵车路段位置、堵车路段长度、设定路段的路况分时/实时监控信息、系统故障诊^f/容错/故障报警、自动化信息管理和事件应急处理等。 Condition for high-speed driving, the front of the vehicle the KX) meters vehicle warning device probing tips of the green light flashes; ultra high speed if the vehicle, the vehicle in front of the vehicle 1 (0) meters warning device probing red, yellow flashing alternately alerts, and sends alarm controller or illegal capture or video scenes to do the record in the process setting section; the system also has a retrograde, overloading, illegal parking and traffic jams intelligent monitoring / alarm function; the system can be set to provide road car traffic data, road traffic jam location, the length of road traffic jam, set sections of the road timeshare / real-time monitoring information, fault diagnosis system ^ f / fault tolerance / fault alarm, automation and information management event emergency treatment.

实施例3 Example 3

如图3为铁路智能监控防追尾警示调度系统,它由侧装式车辆探测,示器(15)、 1/0模块(17)、前端控制器(2)、路段交通信号灯(16)、中央控制器(10〉、双绞线(3)及一太网传输媒介(8)构成,前端控制器(2)设有两路现场总线,用双绞线(3)作为现场总线通讯传输媒介,并给车辆探测/警示器(15)、 i/()模块(17)供电,两路现场总线沿高速公路相反方向敷设,,探测器(15) 侧装于铁道(27)的一侧,路段交通信号灯(16)接驳于前端控制器(2)上的I/O接口上和现场总线上的1A)模块(17)上,前端控制器(2)和中央控制器(10)通过一太网传输媒介(8)相联。 3 is a rear-end warning intelligent monitoring railway scheduling system, which is detected by the side-mounted vehicle, a device (15), 1/0 module (17), the front end of the controller (2), road traffic signal (16), the central The controller (10>, twisted pair (3) and an Ethernet transmission medium (8), and the front end of the controller (2) is provided with two field bus, twisted pair (3) as a field bus communication transmission medium, and the vehicle detection / warning device (15), I / () module (17) powered, two opposite directions along the highway fieldbus ,, laid side detector (15) mounted on the side rail (27), the sections traffic lights (16) connected to the front end of the I controller (2) / O 1A) module and the field bus interface (17), the front-end controller (2) and the central controller (10) by a too network transmission medium (8) is associated.

现场总线采用U)N或l)eviceNet现场总线技术,列车(包括停驶或正在行驶的列车)后方的车辆探测/警示器与该列车之间的距离小于0 — 1000米时,此路段上的车辆警示器或交通指挥系统红灯闪烁;列车后方的车辆警示器与该列车 Fieldbus using U) N, or l) Fieldbus eviceNet vehicle, trains (including suspended or the moving train) behind the detection / warning device and the train is less than the distance between 0 - 1000 meters, this segment vehicle alarm or flashing red traffic control system; the rear train of the vehicle warning the train with

之间的距离在1050 — 1500米时,此路段上的车辆警示器或交通指挥系统黄灯闪烁,列车后方的车辆探测警示器与该列车之间的距离在1550 — 2000米时, The distance between 1050 - 1500 meters, the vehicle traffic control system alerts or yellow flashing on this link, the distance between the train and the warning indicator in the vehicle train detection rearward 1550 - 2000 m

此路段上的车辆警示器或交通指挥系统绿灯闪烁,列车后方的车辆探测警示器与车辆之间的距离在2000米以外时,此路段上的车辆警示器或交通指挥系统无灯光W烁,若列车前方无列车或列车相距较远、路况适合列车髙速行驶,则列车前方5(K)米以内的车辆警示器或交通指挥系统的绿灯闪烁提示;系统设有列车逆行、错道/错误行驶、违章停车智能报警;列车前^f 1000/500米处的铁路、公路交义路口预警、门禁智能控制;系统可提供设定路段的列车流量数据、列车所处位置、设定路段的路况分时/实时监控信息、系统故障诊断/容错/报警、列车调度、道义监控/控制、自动化信息管理和事件应急处理等。 Vehicle traffic control system or warning flashing green light on this segment, the distance between the rear of the vehicle train detection and warning device in the vehicle 2000 meters away, a warning or vehicle traffic control system no light on this segment W sparkle, if no front of the train or train far distance train, the train traffic for Gao speed driving, the front of the train 5 (K) meters green vehicle traffic control system or warning flashing prompts; retrograde system for trains, wrong channel / error with , illegal parking intelligent alarm; ^ f 1000/500 railway meters in front of the train, highway crossing warning cross Yi, intelligent access control; flow rate setting system may provide road data train, the train location, the road link is set points when / real-time monitoring information, system fault diagnosis / fault tolerance / alarm, train scheduling, moral monitoring / control, automation and information management event emergency treatment.

该系统可有效警示列车驾驶人员避免追尾事故、列车错行、道岔执行错误及公路铁路交叉口交通事故的发生,较有效地提高铁路的运行效率和运输能力。 The warning system can be effectively train drivers avoid rear-end accidents, train the wrong line, turnout execution errors and railroad crossing road traffic accidents, more effectively improve the efficiency and capacity of the railways.

实施例4 Example 4

如图4为城市交通监控、指挥和管理系统,它由地埋式车辆探测器(18)、 IZO模块(17)、路口交通指挥信号灯(16)、照相机(28)、手动按钮(19)、前端控制器(2)、中央控制器(10)、双绞线(3)及一太网传输媒介(8)构成, 前端控制器(2)设有现场总线,用双绞线(3)作为现场总线通讯传输媒介,并给车辆探测器(18)、 1/0模块(17)和手动按钮(19)供电,车辆探测器(18) 埋设于左行道(20)、直行道(21)和右行道(22)的中央,车辆探测器(18)、 I/O模块(17)和手动按钮(19)均并接于双绞线(3)上,路口交通指挥信号-灯(16)和照相机(28)分别与相应的I/0模块(17)相连,前端控制器(2) 和中央控制器(10)通过一太网传输媒介(8)相联。 4 is a urban traffic control, command and control systems, it is buried by the vehicle detector (18), IZO module (17), directing intersection traffic lights (16), a camera (28), a manual button (19), front-end controller (2), the central controller (10), UTP (3) and an Ethernet transmission medium (8), and the front end of the controller (2) is provided with field bus, twisted pair (3) as fieldbus communication transmission medium, and a vehicle detector (18), 1/0 module (17) and a manual button (19) powered vehicle detector (18) embedded in the left carriageway (20), the straight channel (21) and Right way street (22) a central, vehicle detector (18), I / O modules (17) and a manual button (19) and are connected to the UTP (3), the intersection traffic control signal - the lamp (16) and the camera (28) are connected to a respective I / 0 module (17), the front end of the controller (2) and the central controller (10) linked by an Ethernet transmission medium (8).

现场总线采用CAN 、LON或DeviceNet现场总线技术或者采用RS485总线技术,系统根据各车道上的车辆探测器获取的交通路口各车道上的车流量及等待通行信号的车辆数量,对交通路口交通指挥信号灯进行智能分时控制,同时对车辆违章(逆行、闯红灯)进行抓拍,实现交通干道、支千道绿波带智能交通指挥和管理,系统还可提供设定路段的车流量数据、堵车路段位置、堵车路段长度、设定路段的路况分时/实时监控信息、系统故障诊断/容错/报警、自动化信息管理和事件应急处理等。 Fieldbus using CAN, LON or DeviceNet fieldbus or RS485 bus technology, systems based on the number of vehicles on the traffic on each lane of traffic crossing detector to obtain each lane and vehicles waiting for traffic signals, traffic lights intersection traffic control intelligent sharing control, while the vehicle violation (retrograde, red light) were to capture, to achieve main roads, one thousand branches with green wave intelligent traffic control and management system also provides traffic data set sections, road traffic jam location, traffic jam link length, set sections of the road timeshare / real-time monitoring information, system fault diagnosis / fault tolerance / alarm, automation and information management event emergency treatment.

该系统可有效地提髙城市交通的运行效率和车辆平均行驶速度。 The system can be effectively put Gao urban transport efficiency and average vehicle speed.

实施例5 Example 5

如图5为停车场管理、车辆泊车引导系统,它由地埋式车辆探测器(18)、 车辆牌照识别装置(31)、泊车引导信息显示屏(11)、计算机系统(25)、双绞线(3)及一太网传输媒介(8)构成,计算机系统(25)设有现场总线接口卡, 用双绞线(3)作为现场总线传输媒介并给车辆探测器(18)供电,探测器(18) 埋设于停车场(23)的每个停车位(24)的中央,每路总线上的车辆探测器(18) 均并接于双绞线(3)上,车辆牌照识别装置(:U)与计算机系统(25)的相应接口相联,各个停车场的计算机系统(25)通过一太网传输媒介(8)联网。 5 is a parking management, vehicle parking guidance system, which buried by the vehicle detector (18), the vehicle license plate recognition device (31), the parking guidance display information (11), the computer system (25), UTP (3) and an Ethernet transmission medium (8), and the computer system (25) is provided with field bus interface cards, twisted pair (3) as the fieldbus transmission medium to the vehicle and the detector (18) power supply , the detector (18) embedded in the parking lot (23) in the center of each parking space (24), a vehicle detector (18) on each bus path and are connected to the UTP (3), the vehicle license plate recognition means (: U) with the computer system (25) associated respective interfaces, each parking system computer (25) through an Ethernet network transmission medium (8).

现场总线采用CAN 、3L0N或DeviceNet现场总线技术或者采用RS485总线技术,系统可根据每个停车位上的车辆探测器探测到的车辆存在/不存在信号,给出每个停车位的忙/闲信息、停车时长,应收费总额、设定时段的停车位利用率等,并完成相应的统计和管理工作,同时该系统综合与之相互联网的其他停车场系统的泊车信息,向泊车引导信息显示屏上及时更新或发布泊车引导信息,并通 Fieldbus using CAN, 3L0N or DeviceNet field bus or RS485 bus technology, the system can detect a vehicle according to each of the detectors on the vehicle parking presence / absence of signals, each parking space is given free / busy information , parking duration, total charges should be set parking utilization period of time, and complete the appropriate statistical and management, while other parking information parking system integrated with the Internet phase of the system, parking guidance information to update or release the parking guidance information on the display, and pass

过-太网传送出有关本停车场的相关信息, Over - Ethernet transmit the relevant information about this parking lot,

该系统可有效地提高大中城市停车场的运行效率及解决泊车难的问题。 The system can effectively improve the efficiency of cities parking lot and parking difficult to solve the problem.

实施例6 Example 6

如图6为集中咪表系统,它由地埋式车辆探测器(i8)、双绞线(3)、带RS485 接口和K-fi eldbus射频总线接口的集中咪表型前端控制器(26)及带R-i'i eldbus 射频总线接口的手持式前端控制器(30)构成。 6 is a centralized meter system, it is buried by the vehicle detector (I8), UTP (3), and with a centralized meter type RS485 interface front-end controller (26) K-fi eldbus RF bus interface hand-held controller, and a front end with R-i'i eldbus RF bus interface (30) configured. 咪表型前端控制器(26)上的RS485现场总线,采用双绞线(3)作为现场总线的通讯传输媒介并给车辆探测器(18)供电,车辆探测器08)埋设于每个停车位(24)的中央,车辆探测器(18)均并接于双绞线(3)上,集中咪表型控制器(26)和手持式前端控制器(30)通过R-fieldbus无线现场总线(29)进行实时通信、并对系统进行操作。 RS485 field bus type on the meter front controller (26), twisted-pair (3) as the communication transmission medium to a field bus and a vehicle detector (18) powered vehicle detector 08) embedded in each of the parking (24) a central, vehicle detector (18) are connected to the twisted pair and (3), metered centralized controller (26) and a hand-held controller front end (30) by the R-fieldbus wireless field bus ( 29) communicate in real time, and the system is operating. 咪表控制器根据每个停车位上的车辆探测器探测到的车辆存在/不存在信号,给出每个停车位的忙/闲信息、停车时长,应收费总额,在停车超过一定时长并且不刷卡交费时,咪表控制器自动声/光报警,并设有车辆不正常移动或防盗报警等功能,同时通过无线射频现场总线向管理员的手持前端控制器发出报警信息。 Meter controller detects a vehicle according to each of the detectors on the vehicle parking presence / absence signal, given free / busy information of each parking space, the parking duration, the total chargeable, the parking is not more than a certain length of time and when the credit card payment, the controller automatically metered sound / light alarm, and a vehicle is not moving or the normal burglar alarm functions, an alarm message to the administrator at the same time holding the front end of the radio frequency field by the bus controller. 实施例7 Example 7

如图7为无线通讯智能车辆探测警示系统,它由单车道型地埋式或贴装式无线通讯车辆探测警示器(35)构成,无线通讯车辆探测警示器(35)埋设或贴装于左车道/上行道(5)和右车道Z下行道(6)的路中央,其上的警示器露出路面或与路面处于同一平面,如同目前大量使用的道路反光块--样,每个车辆探测警示器间隔3 — IOO米设置。 7 is a wireless communication intelligent vehicle detection warning system (35) configured by a warning device which detects lane type buried or vehicle mount wireless communication, the wireless communication vehicle detection warning device (35) embedded in or mounted on the left lane / the carriageway (5) and a right lane Z downlink channel (6) of the middle of the road, warning device which is exposed on the road or the road surface in the same plane, reflective road blocks as currently widely used - like, each probe vehicle warning spacing 3 - IOO meters provided.

现场总线采用Bluetooth现场总线技术,车辆(包括停靠或正在行驶的车辆) 后方的车辆探测警示器与该车辆之间的距离在()一50米时,此路段上的车辆探测警示器红灯闪烁;车辆后方的车辆探测警示器与车辆之间的距离在53— 100 米时,此路段上的车辆探测警示器黄灯闪烁警示;车辆后方的车辆探测警示器与车辆之间的距离在100 —- 20()米时,此路段上的车辆探测警示器绿灯闪烁提示; 车辆后方的车辆探测警示器与车辆之间的距离在2()()米以外时,此路段上的车辆探测警示器不亮;若车辆逆行行驶,则该车辆前方i()0米以内的车辆探测警示器的红灯长亮警示。 Fieldbus field bus using Bluetooth technology, a vehicle (including a vehicle is traveling or stopping) the distance between the rear of the vehicle to detect the vehicle warning device () is a 50 m, this section of the vehicle on detecting red light flashing warning device ; vehicles behind the vehicle to detect a distance between the vehicle and the warning device when 53-100 meters on this link detecting vehicle warning device warning flashing yellow; the distance between the vehicles behind the vehicle to detect the vehicle with a warning 100-- --20 () m, the vehicle on this section of the probe tips alerts the green light flashes; the distance between the vehicles behind the vehicle to detect the vehicle warning device is outside 2 () () m, this section of the vehicle on the detection warning device Off; If the vehicle is traveling reverse, the front of the vehicle I () 0 m within the vehicle warning device probing a long bright red warning.

该系统由于具备主动式、亮度明显及红绿灯法定交通指挥信号的智能警示功能,安装维护方便、性能可靠,可广泛应用于公路交通的安全防范,有效警示车辆驾驶人员避免追尾事故的发生及车辆逆行违章事件的发生。 Because the system has an active, brightness and obvious intelligence warning lights statutory functions of traffic control signals, easy installation and maintenance, reliable performance, can be widely used in road transport security, an effective warning vehicle drivers avoid rear-end accidents and vehicle retrograde illegal event occurred.

Claims (9)

  1. 1、一种交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,它由车辆探测警示器或车辆探测器、前端控制器或集中控制器/中心计算机系统及现场总线传输媒介构成,其特征在于,前端控制器或集中控制器/中心计算机系统上设有至少一路可进行数字化、串行、双向、多变量、多节点的智能互联通信或控制的现场总线接口,每路现场总线上可并联远程接驳或无线接驳多个车辆探测器或车辆探测警示器,车辆探测器由车辆探测单元、智能信号处理/逻辑处理单元和嵌入式现场总线接口单元构成,车辆探测警示器由车辆探测单元、智能信号处理/逻辑处理单元、嵌入式现场总线接口单元、控制信号输出单元和发光警示器构成,车辆探测器或车辆探测警示器中的车辆探测单元、控制信号输出单元和嵌入式现场总线单元分别与智能信号处理/逻辑处理单元的相应数据/ A dynamic and static traffic management intelligent monitoring and warning command system, which alert the vehicle or vehicle detector probe tip centralized controller or controller / center computer system and the Fieldbus transmission medium configuration, wherein the distal end intelligent Internet communication with at least one line may be digital, serial, two-way, multi-variable, multi-node, or a control field bus interface controller or central controller / central computer system, may be connected in parallel on each channel remote fieldbus or a wireless connection or a plurality of vehicle detector to detect the vehicle warning device, a vehicle detector, intelligent signal processing / logic processing unit and embedded fieldbus interface unit is constituted by the vehicle detecting unit, a vehicle detection by the vehicle detection unit warning device, intelligent signal processing / logic processing unit, an embedded field bus interface unit, and a control signal output unit is constituted by emitting a warning, or a vehicle detector to detect the vehicle warning device in a vehicle detection unit, and a control signal output unit are respectively embedded with the smart field bus unit the corresponding data / signal processing / logic processing unit 控制线相连,车辆探测警示器中的控制信号输出单元设有电平输出、集电极输出或触点输出电路,可接驳至少一组、每组至少一个发光警示器,发光警示器由单/多色或红黄绿三色半导体发光元件、高亮度发光二极管或彩灯构成,发光警示器设置有定向聚光罩/透光外壳,车辆探测警示器分为带警示功能的探测警示一体式或分体式,车辆探测器或车辆探测警示器从结构上分道路侧装式、路面贴装式和地埋式,路面贴装式和地埋式分为单车道型和双车道型。 Control lines connected to the vehicle warning device to detect the control signal output unit is provided with level output, or collector output contact output circuit, can be connected to at least one set, each at least one light emitting warning devices, a single light emitting warning device / multicolor red or yellow-green light emitting semiconductor device, the high brightness light emitting diode or lantern configuration, the light emitting warning device provided with a reticle oriented polyethylene / transmissive envelope, the vehicle warning detection warning function is divided into probe with integrated warning or split, vehicle detector or road vehicle detection warning indicator points from the side-mounted configuration, and road surface-mount-type buried, and the road surface-mount-type buried-channel type and a bicycle into a two-lane type.
  2. 2、 如权利要求1所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统, 其特征在于,前端控制器和集中控制器/中心计算机系统上设有相应的互联通讯接口/卡,前端控制器之间、集中控制器/中心计算机之间或集中控制器/中心计算机系统与前端控制器之间通过对应的现场总线、局域互联网、国际互联网或以太网的互联传输媒介相联接,以完成系统中的集中控制器/中心计算机、前端控制器和总线节点设备之间的数字化、双向、多变量、多设备、实时性优良的智能互联通信或控制,并能完成上下级集中控制器/中心计算机之间的互联通信或控制。 2, as claimed in claim 1 and the dynamic traffic management static intelligent monitoring and warning command system headend controller, characterized in that a respective communication network interface / controller card and the front end of the centralized controller / center computer system, between the system, between the centralized controller / between a central computer or central controller / central computer system and the front end through a corresponding field bus controller, a local Internet, the Internet or Ethernet network transmission medium coupled to complete digital between the centralized controller / computer center, and front-end controller bus node device, two-way, multi-variable, multi-device, excellent in real-time intelligent network communication or control, and can complete the lower central controller / hub computers Internet communication or control between.
  3. 3、 如权利要求1或2所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控蝥示指挥系统,其特征在于,前端控制器或集中控制器/中心计算机系统中设有I/O 接口板/组件,1/0接口板/组件由开关量输入/输出接口、模拟量输入/输出接口、音/视频/图文信息输入/输出接口、触点输入/输出接口或通用外部设备串/并行接口构成,1/0接口板/组件可接驳传感器、信号变送/调制/解调器、执行机构、车型/车牌识别装置、电子身份证无接触识别装置或车辆称重装置,信号变送/调制/解调器为电平信号传输、音频/视频信号或图文信息传输装置,执行机构为交通指挥信号灯、图文信息显示板/屏、照像机/探头、摄像机/探头、切换器、声/光报警器、事故广播、应急电话、挡杆机、 门控系统、收费系统、照明系统、控制开关/按钮/键盘或相应的应急联动装置。 3, as claimed in static and dynamic traffic management and intelligence in claim 1 or the monitoring system the command shown beetle, characterized in that the front end of the controller or the central controller / hub in a computer system is provided with I / O interface boards / components, 1/0 panel / module by a digital input / output, analog input / output interfaces, audio / video / graphics information input / output interfaces, contact input / output interface to an external device or a universal serial / parallel interface including, 1/0 panel / module can be connected to the sensor, the signal transmitter / modulator / demodulator, actuators, vehicle / license plate recognition device, an electronic card or a contactless identification means vehicle weighing device, the signal transmitter / modulation / The demodulator of level signals, the audio / video signal or graphics information transmission means, the actuator is a traffic control light, graphic information display panel / screen, camera / sensor, the camera / sensor, a switch, acoustic / light alarm, accident broadcasting, emergency phones, lever machines, gated system, charging system, lighting system, control switches / buttons / keyboard or a corresponding emergency linkage.
  4. 4、 如权利要求1或2所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,每条现场总线上可接驳至少一个带有现场总线接口的I/O 模块,该1/0模块上设有用于系统接收所需信号参量及输出控制信号的开关量输入/输出接口、模拟量输入/输出接口、数码音频/视频/图文信息输入/ 输出接口或触点输入/输出接口。 4, or as claimed in traffic dynamics and the 12 static management intelligent monitoring and warning command system, characterized in that, can be connected to I / O module at least one field bus interface with the field bus on each of the 1 / 0 is provided a system for receiving a desired digital input variables and the output signal of the control signal / output interfaces, analog input / output interface, a digital audio / video / graphics information input / output interface or the contact input / output module interface.
  5. 5、 如权利要求1或2所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控瞀示指挥系统,其特征在于,现场总线上接驳有带现场总线通讯接口的用于分时/实时监视所在路段交通状况的天气/路况/能见度检测传感或违章抓拍装置,以便系统进行工作模式或状态的调整、发布警示信息或进入事件突发预案,天气/路况/能见度检测传感或违章抓拍装置为视频探头、智能化路面温度、能见度或气象检测传感装置。 5, as claimed in dynamic and static traffic management and intelligence in claim 1 or the monitoring system of dim command shown, wherein the field bus connection with a fieldbus communication interface for time-division / real-time road traffic monitoring where Weather conditions / road / visibility detecting illegal capture or sensing means in order to adjust the system operating mode or state, issues an alert or event burst into the plan, weather / road / visibility detecting illegal capture or sensing device is a video probe intelligent road surface temperature, the weather visibility or detection sensing means.
  6. 6、 如权利要求1或2所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,现场总线上设有用于扩展通信/供电距离或节点设备数量的中继器,在现场总线上可接驳带有现场总线通讯接口的应急/报警/呼叫按钮或电话。 6, dynamic traffic as claimed in claim 1 or 2, and static management command and smart warning monitoring system of claim, wherein the field bus is provided for the extension communication / power supply node distance number of devices or repeaters, fieldbus It can be connected to the emergency / alarm communication with the fieldbus interface / call button or phone.
  7. 7、 如权利要求1或2所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,现场总线传输媒介采用双绞线、供电电源线、电缆、光缆、射频或复合异质无线/有线的集成,控制器之间的互联传输媒介采用有线/无线电话网络、电力线、双绞线、电缆、光缆、射频或复合异质无线/有线的集成。 7, traffic dynamics as claimed in claim 1 or 2, and static management command and smart warning monitoring system of claim, wherein the Fieldbus transmission medium (twisted pair) power supply lines, cable, optical cable, wireless RF or hetero compound / wired integration, interconnection between the transmission media controller using wired / wireless telephone networks, power lines, twisted pair, cable, optical cable, radio or complex heterogeneous wireless / wired integration.
  8. 8、 如权利要求1或2所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统,其特征在于,现场总线上的节点设备和前端供控制器的供电结构采用独立供电结构、现场总线供电结构或电源线集中供电结构,供电电源采用蓄能电池、太阳能电池组、交/直流或混合式供电电源。 8, traffic dynamics as claimed in claim 1 or 2, and static management structure and intelligent power monitoring requirements Fieldbus alert command system, characterized in that the feeding structure node device on the fieldbus and the controller for the front end of the independent power supply structure, centralized power supply or power line structure, power supply with energy storage battery, a solar battery, AC / DC power supply or hybrid.
  9. 9、如权利要求1所述的交通动态和静态管理及智能监控警示指挥系统, 其特征在于,所述车辆探测警示器为无线通讯车辆探测警示器,无线通讯车辆探测瞥示器之间的通信/控制由无线传输现场总线联 9, as the traffic dynamics of a static management and intelligent monitoring and warning command system as claimed in claim, wherein said vehicle detecting probe warning alerts the vehicle is a wireless communication, the wireless communication between the vehicle communication glance detection device shown / controlled by the wireless transmission with the fieldbus
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