CN100464968C - Biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine - Google Patents

Biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100464968C
CN100464968C CNB2007101146759A CN200710114675A CN100464968C CN 100464968 C CN100464968 C CN 100464968C CN B2007101146759 A CNB2007101146759 A CN B2007101146759A CN 200710114675 A CN200710114675 A CN 200710114675A CN 100464968 C CN100464968 C CN 100464968C
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China
Prior art keywords
tractor
equipment
straw
power
pressure roller
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CNB2007101146759A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101168299A (en
Inventor
董磊
董玉平
景元琢
李景东
强宁
刘艳涛
张兆玲
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山东大学
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Priority to CNB2007101146759A priority Critical patent/CN100464968C/en
Publication of CN101168299A publication Critical patent/CN101168299A/en
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Publication of CN100464968C publication Critical patent/CN100464968C/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an instantaneous associating collecting shaping machine of biology straws which comprises a tractor, wherein the front portion of the tractor is provided with a collecting equipment and a straw disintegrating equipment which is connected with a dust cleaning equipment arranged above the back portion of the tractor via a pneumatic transport equipment I, the dust cleaning equipment is connected with a straw shaping mechanism arranged below the back portion of the tractor via a pneumatic transport equipment II, a power input equipment of the straw shaping equipment is connected with a power equipment of the tractor via a retarding equipment, an output equipment of the straw shaping mechanism is connected with a collector of shaped bars via a transport equipment of shaped bars. The invention employs a cyclic module-extrusion forming technique integrating with harvesting, collecting, disintegrating and shaping of straws, and depends on a motor car to provide power, and the working members of the invention are mainly corn straws which are still vertical in the field after corns are harvested and the like. The invention achieves the field instantaneous compressing and shaping of the straws, thereby reducing the space of transporting and storing and greatly decreasing the costs caused by the space of transporting and storing.

Description

Biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biomass moulding machinery, especially a kind of biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine.
Background technology
We know that at present, global non-renewable energy resources constantly reduce, and especially in recent years, along with the increase of expanding economy and population, non-renewable energy resources phenomenon in short supply was more and more serious.This phenomenon is particularly outstanding in China.From energy total amount, China is the second-biggest-in-the-world production of energy state and the second energy-consuming state.So far the main energy sources of China remains coal.Although the coal in China total amount is abundant, per capita rate is low, and the exploitation of coal and directly burning can cause serious ecology and problem of environmental pollution, according to interrelated data demonstration, the SO more than 70%-80% 2, NOx, mercury, particle, C0 2Deng all is that directly burning is caused owing to coal.On the other hand, China's oil shortage.About 1.3 hundred million tons of China's imported crude oil in 2005 and product oil thereof are estimated 2010 with 2.5 hundred million tons of Imported oils, and externally interdependency will be above 50%.China's present situation requires us must seek new alternative regenerative resource.And biomass energy just in time meets this requirement.
At present, China especially rural area is increasing to the demand of the energy, and the populous widely distributed energy supply that is unfavorable for concentrating of China, this just requires us must take to adapt to the energy supply mode of China's present situation.China's rural area biomass resource is abundant, and related data shows that the stalk amount in the present annual rural area is 6.5 hundred million tons, to reach 7.26 hundred million tons by 2010, be equivalent to 500,000,000 tons of standard coals (" biomass energy modernization reason technology " front page in 2005, Wu creates it, chief editors such as Ma Longlong).But China's agricultural production mode mainly is to be the working in dispersion production of unit with the family, and adding stalk is low density loose material, and this just makes the agricultural crop straw scattered not easily collecting that distributes, and store difficult, transportation is difficult, fire prevention is difficult.Again at coal in recent years, being extensive use of of natural gas makes the peasant no longer utilize stalk and takes the directly mode of burning of field.This has wasted resource on the one hand, the more important thing is ambient air has been caused serious pollution.Biomass straw also has the low shortcoming of fuel value.We should take distributed utilization to this, develop new technology, new method that various living beings are processed on the spot, used on the spot.The biomass solid instant-forming can be good at addressing the above problem.
At present, the technical equipment of relevant biomass solid shaping is mature on the whole both at home and abroad, but all is the fixed mode of production of factory building.The biggest problem that faces is the problems such as collection, storage, airing place, fire prevention fire-fighting and management of biomass straw.And problem such as equipment generally has that scale is big, input and operating cost height, power consumption are high, easy care and service life is not short.Therefore, the cost of factory building fixed type biological matter curing molding is generally very high at present.At the actual conditions of China, be difficult to make the factory building formula mode of production generally to be promoted.
Difference according to biomass moulding mechanism can be divided into the make-up machine of living beings screw extrusion molding machine, rolling and forming machine and single lead screw ex truding briquetting machine.Spiral is extruded and only is used for machine-processed carbon, and roller-compaction is used to produce granular fuel, and extrusion modling is widely used in produces the stalk fuel piece.Spiral is extruded, the roller-compaction investment is big, and parts depreciation is fast, output capacity is low.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is for overcoming above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of small scale, energy consumption is low, simple to operate, efficient is high, easy to maintenance, life-span length, raw material wide accommodation, collection straw harvesting, collection, pulverize, take shape in the biomass straw instant-forming machine of one.
The objective of the invention is to adopt following technical proposals to realize: a kind of biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine, comprise tractor, the front portion of tractor is equipped with gathering-device and straw millstone, straw millstone is connected with the dust arrester that is positioned at top, tractor rear portion by wind-force conveyer I, dust arrester by wind-force conveyer II be positioned at tractor lower rear stalk forming mechanism and be connected, the power input device of stalk forming mechanism is connected with the power set of tractor by deceleration device, and the output device of stalk forming mechanism is connected with moulding bar gatherer by moulding bar conveyer.
Described gathering-device is arranged at the front end of straw millstone by fixed bar, it comprises a plurality of minutes ridge devices and the harvester of being located on the fixed bar, harvester is positioned at the compartment of device bottom, a plurality of minutes ridges, the curved shape of the cutter of harvester, harvester is connected with the power set of tractor by worm screw.
Described straw millstone comprises gatherer, chain-wheel mechanism and pulverizing cutting knife, and gatherer is fixed in the tractor front end, pulverizes cutting knife and is positioned at gatherer, and it is coaxial with chain-wheel mechanism to pulverize cutting knife, and chain-wheel mechanism is connected with the tractor dynamic power device.
Described stalk forming mechanism comprises ring mould, main shaft, bracing frame and pressure roller, and main shaft is connected with bracing frame, and bracing frame is provided with pressure roller, and bracing frame and pressure roller are positioned at and encircle mould, encircle mould and are provided with nib.
Described nib upper edge pressure roller rotation direction is provided with the chamfering that a size is 5~20 degree with one side that pressure roller contacts earlier.
What the present invention adopted is ring model extrusion technology, collection straw harvesting, collection, pulverizes, takes shape in one, relies on motor vehicle that power is provided, and its target mainly is the maize straw etc. that still stands upright on the field after the harvesting corn.Realize the instant compression forming in field of stalk.Thereby reduced to transport the space of storing and greatly reduce so and generation expense.The present invention can be widely used in the instant-forming of crops such as maize straw, Chinese sorghum, promptly can be used for the instant-forming of farmings such as weeds, wheat stalk, woods discarded object after harvesting tine angle and chopping tooth tooth pitch are changed.
Technical characterstic of the present invention is as follows:
1) instant-forming has greatly reduced compiling costs;
2) collection, chopping, former are integrated, and compact equipment, energy consumption are low;
3) provide power by tractor, reduced equipment cost; Realized mobile operation;
4) harvesting mechanism width-adjustable joint is fit to carry out the collection operation of different row spacings;
5) the living beings bar after the moulding, combustibility is greatly improved;
6). easy and simple to handle, safe and reliable.
The present invention compares with traditional factory building formula forming technique has following advantage:
1, biomass straw forming technique of the present invention is greatly simplified traditional technical process; The instantaneous combination collection moulding;
What 2, the present invention adopted is that collection is pulverized the equipment that feeding is compressed in one, and original traditional dispersing apparatus: haulage vehicle, airing place, dryer, pulverizer, compacting shape machine, storage repository etc. are compared greatly and are simplified.
3, this equipment has small scale, low, simple to operate, the efficient advantages of higher of energy consumption.The power resources of this equipment are the united reapers of harvesting crops, be about 50 horsepowers to the requirement of power, so energy consumption are low.This equipment operating efficiency is 1t/h, so high efficiency.This equipment is integration apparatus, and the size of the interim briquetting storage box that can carry according to equipment unloads the moulding bar at regular intervals automatically to the edge of a field, therefore simple to operate.
4, compare with existing former method, the great advantage of this equipment can realize mobile instant-forming.It adapts to small-sized scattered equalization, and this makes, and its scope of application is extensive, and market applicability is stronger.Thereby the suitable commercial operations of carrying out of this equipment.
5, compare with traditional factory building formula production equipment, this equipment has saved haulage vehicle, drying plant, airing memory space etc., and this just greatly reduces the expense of cost and maintenance.
6, this equipment is strong to the adaptability of raw material.The wide humidity range that can adapt to crushing straw, and the wide content range requirement of energy adapted biomass impurity (as earth, the grains of sand etc.).
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a gathering-device structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the side partial schematic diagram of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a straw millstone structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a shaped device structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the left view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the nib structure for amplifying schematic diagram of shaped device;
Wherein 1, gathering-device; 2, straw millstone; 3, tractor; 4, wind-force conveyer I; 5, dust arrester; 6, wind-force conveyer II; 7, stalk forming mechanism; 8, deceleration device; 9, moulding bar conveyer; 10, moulding bar gatherer; 11, divide the ridge device; 12, harvester; 13, gatherer; 14, chain-wheel mechanism; 15, pulverize cutting knife; 16, ring mould; 17, pressure roller; 18, connecting axle; 19, nib.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Among Fig. 1, the front portion of tractor 3 is equipped with gathering-device 1 and straw millstone 2, straw millstone 2 is connected with the dust arrester 5 that is positioned at top, tractor 3 rear portions by wind-force conveyer I4, dust arrester 5 by wind-force conveyer II 6 be positioned at tractor 3 lower rear stalk forming mechanisms 7 and be connected, the power input device of stalk forming mechanism 7 is connected with the power set of tractor 3 by deceleration device 8, and the output device of stalk forming mechanism 7 is connected with moulding bar gatherer 10 by moulding bar conveyer 9.
The power source of this equipment is the diesel engine of tractor 3 self, and all the power of parts all has this diesel engine directly or indirectly to provide.The diesel engine of this plant equipment is installed between 3 liang of trailing wheels of operating seat below tractor.
As Fig. 1-shown in Figure 7, the basic craft course of this equipment is as follows: machine earlier and to receive the ridge by the stalk that minute ridge device 11 will gather in, again by harvester 12 to its cut-out, this moment, the stalk lodging entered gatherer 13, the 15 pairs of stalks of pulverizing cutting knife that driven by chain-wheel mechanism 14 place axles are pulverized again, and then fall into wind-force conveyer I 4, by blower fan stalk is transported to and carries out dedusting in the dust arrester 5, dust is discharged after dust arrester 5 dedustings, and the stalk after pulverizing is the most at last sent in the stalk forming mechanism 7 by wind-force conveyer II 6, because ring mould 16 relatively rotates with pressure roller 17, stalk material after the pulverizing is extruded from nib 17, and the moulding bar of extruding is sent in the moulding bar gatherer 10 through moulding bar conveyer 9.Biomass block after the moulding is deposited in the latter half of moulding bar gatherer 10 temporarily, when hopper fills with by the time equipment is walked to the edge of a field moulding bar gatherer 10 inclination certain angles are carried out discharging.
Wind-force conveyer II6 mainly is made up of blower fan that is installed in tractor 3 rear portions and additional transfer canal.Suction by blower fan is sent fluid into the go forward side by side transfer of row space position of transfer canal by force.
Dust arrester 5 is to carry out the dedusting operation by the heavier biological particles and the lighter rotation principle of stratification of impurity in deduster.Dust after the layering is discharged naturally on dust arrester top, and biological particles falls under gravity in the transfer canal of wind-force conveyer II6.
Among Fig. 2, Fig. 3, gathering-device 1 is arranged at the front end of straw millstone 2 by fixed bar, gathering-device 1 is made up of minute ridge device 11 and harvester 12, harvester 12 is positioned at the compartment of a plurality of minutes ridge device 11 bottoms, the curved shape of the cutter of harvester 12, harvester 12 is connected with the power set of tractor by worm screw.The have a down dip A word tip of branch ridge device 11 by front end stretches in the middle of the growth stalk in the fields, and the stalk effect of being squeezed is divided into multi beam, and moves to harvester 12 directions along two A interword gaps, finishes and forces to divide the ridge culture industry; The power resources of harvester are from the line shaft of tractor dynamic power beam warp by the worm and gear break-in, and harvester rotates at a high speed along this vertical axes, by the cutter that is installed in the cutter border stalk bundle cut off.Be in running status forward owing to equipment when gathering in operation, thereby the maize straw of harvesting is poured automatically in the gatherer 13 owing to inertia force into.
The axial spacing of branch ridge device 11 and harvester 12 can be regulated, and regulates to finish the back and tighten locked in case play vertically, thereby is applicable to the location operation that the nature row spacing is different.
Among Fig. 4, gatherer 13 is fixed in tractor 3 front ends, pulverize cutting knife 15 and be positioned at gatherer 13, it is coaxial with chain-wheel mechanism 14 to pulverize cutting knife 15, chain-wheel mechanism 14 is connected with tractor 3 power set, thereby rotatablely moving of the tractor dynamic power device can being spread out of changed into via chain-wheel mechanism 14 and pulverized cutting knife 15 rotatablely moving along trunnion axis.Pulverize cutting knife 15 rotation at a high speed, the spiral cutter that distributes along the reducing mechanism border will be poured the crushed work before the maize straw Shu Jinhang moulding of reducing mechanism automatically into.Stalk particle after the pulverizing enters among the wind-force conveyer I 4.
Can control the grinding particle size size of Different Crop by regulating the cutting spiral distance of pulverizing cutting knife 15.
Among Fig. 5-Fig. 7, stalk forming mechanism 7 comprises ring mould 16, main shaft 18, bracing frame and pressure roller 17, and main shaft 18 is connected with bracing frame, and bracing frame is provided with pressure roller 17, and bracing frame and pressure roller 17 are positioned at ring mould 16, and ring mould 16 is provided with nib 19.
The operation principle of shaped device is as follows: the power that is passed over by tractor 3 rear axles rotates via the main shaft 18 that deceleration device 8 drives the compound stalk forming machine, main shaft 18 drives the pressure roller 17 that is fixed on the bracing frame again and rotates, the stalk particle that is sent by wind-force conveyer II6 enters ring mould 16 and is clamp-oned moulding nib 19 by force with relatively rotating of pressure roller 17 like this, carry out the moulding extruding, and finally be compressed into piece by nib 19.The moulding bar after reaching the length suitable with ring mould 16 width since inertia force rupture voluntarily with the physical compression characteristic of biomass straw.
Bar after the compressed moulding and falls in the moulding bar gatherer 10 by conveyer 9 automatically because the effect of the extruding force of pressure roller and gravity is fallen to ring mould 16 exterior bottom.Moulding bar gatherer 10 is the container that can rotate around bottom axis, convenient inclination discharging when moulding bar gatherer 10 fills with.
Among Fig. 7, the present invention improves the nib 19 of biomass block moulding, one side along pressure roller rotation direction and pressure roller contact earlier to have done a size be the chamferings of 5~20 degree, expect to enter nib 19 thereby make things convenient for living beings to pulverize, be convenient to moulding.

Claims (5)

1. biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine, comprise tractor, it is characterized in that: the front portion of tractor is equipped with gathering-device and straw millstone, straw millstone is connected with the dust arrester that is positioned at top, tractor rear portion by wind-force conveyer I, dust arrester by wind-force conveyer II be positioned at tractor lower rear stalk forming mechanism and be connected, the power input device of stalk forming mechanism is connected with the power set of tractor by deceleration device, and the output device of stalk forming mechanism is connected with moulding bar gatherer by moulding bar conveyer.
2. biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described gathering-device is arranged at the front end of straw millstone by fixed bar, it comprises a plurality of minutes ridge devices and the harvester of being located on the fixed bar, harvester is positioned at the compartment of device bottom, a plurality of minutes ridges, the curved shape of the cutter of harvester, harvester is connected with the power set of tractor by worm screw.
3. biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described straw millstone comprises gatherer, chain-wheel mechanism and pulverizing cutting knife, gatherer is fixed in the tractor front end, pulverize cutting knife and be positioned at gatherer, it is coaxial with chain-wheel mechanism to pulverize cutting knife, and chain-wheel mechanism is connected with the tractor dynamic power device.
4. biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stalk forming mechanism comprises ring mould, main shaft, bracing frame and pressure roller, main shaft is connected with bracing frame, bracing frame is provided with pressure roller, bracing frame and pressure roller are positioned at the ring mould, and the ring mould is provided with nib.
5. biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that: one side described nib upper edge pressure roller rotation direction is 5~20 chamferings of spending with the size that is provided with that pressure roller contacts earlier.
CNB2007101146759A 2007-11-28 2007-11-28 Biomass straw instantaneous combination collection forming machine CN100464968C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN100464968C true CN100464968C (en) 2009-03-04

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Families Citing this family (11)

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CN101361431B (en) * 2008-09-01 2010-09-29 珠海慧生能源技术发展有限公司 Cotton stalk harvesting and biomass fuel manufacturing combination device
CN101863138A (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-10-20 杨盛发 Mobile straw granulator
CN102090222B (en) * 2011-02-23 2013-07-17 淮安市苏通市政机械有限公司 Compressed straw collecting and transporting vehicle
CN102241153A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-11-16 赵兴朋 Complete equipment for crushing, compressing and forming straws
CN104175592B (en) * 2014-02-28 2016-05-25 王全红 A kind of new-type mobility biomass block-making machine
CN103949399A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-07-30 绵阳西金科技发展有限公司 Full-automatic crop straw powder preparation system
CN104001600B (en) * 2014-05-30 2019-05-17 徐州市江川农业发展科技有限公司 A kind of broken compressor of agricultural crop straw
CN104303719B (en) * 2014-10-20 2017-01-11 格薪源生物质燃料有限公司 Comprehensive crop straw harvesting machine
CN104984796A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-21 苏细调 Pulper with built-in spiral compressor
CN105850381B (en) * 2016-06-10 2018-01-05 辽阳市永福新农机有限公司 Straw field pickup, except soil dust processing integrated machine
CN110692369A (en) * 2019-09-10 2020-01-17 长沙中能装备制造有限公司 Walking type straw extrusion forming machine and field straw extrusion forming method

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CN2270351Y (en) * 1996-12-17 1997-12-17 宝鸡市农机技术管理推广站 Small corn combine-harvester
CN2325964Y (en) * 1997-10-07 1999-06-30 淄博众晶工贸有限责任公司 Horizontal hydraulic front-fully-suspending maize harvester
CN2367066Y (en) * 1999-04-07 2000-03-08 新疆联合机械(集团)有限责任公司 Improved maize harvestor matched with combined harvestor
CN1623354A (en) * 2004-01-20 2005-06-08 洪建龙 Straw grinding recovery machine
JP2006051040A (en) * 2005-09-26 2006-02-23 Yanmar Agricult Equip Co Ltd Combine harvester
US20060090443A1 (en) * 2004-10-25 2006-05-04 Desnijder Dirk J Crop processor roll assembly

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2270351Y (en) * 1996-12-17 1997-12-17 宝鸡市农机技术管理推广站 Small corn combine-harvester
CN2325964Y (en) * 1997-10-07 1999-06-30 淄博众晶工贸有限责任公司 Horizontal hydraulic front-fully-suspending maize harvester
CN2367066Y (en) * 1999-04-07 2000-03-08 新疆联合机械(集团)有限责任公司 Improved maize harvestor matched with combined harvestor
CN1623354A (en) * 2004-01-20 2005-06-08 洪建龙 Straw grinding recovery machine
US20060090443A1 (en) * 2004-10-25 2006-05-04 Desnijder Dirk J Crop processor roll assembly
JP2006051040A (en) * 2005-09-26 2006-02-23 Yanmar Agricult Equip Co Ltd Combine harvester

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