CN100453686C - Casting high boron abrasion-proof stainless steel containing high hardness boride and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Casting high boron abrasion-proof stainless steel containing high hardness boride and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN100453686C
CN100453686C CNB200610105086XA CN200610105086A CN100453686C CN 100453686 C CN100453686 C CN 100453686C CN B200610105086X A CNB200610105086X A CN B200610105086XA CN 200610105086 A CN200610105086 A CN 200610105086A CN 100453686 C CN100453686 C CN 100453686C
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boron
stainless steel
steel
wear
resisting
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CN1924070A (en
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符寒光
邢建东
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Xian Jiaotong University
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Xian Jiaotong University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a forged high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel with high-hardness boride, which comprises the following parts: 0.05%-0.30% C, 0.5%-3.0% B, 17.0%-25.0% Cr, 6.0%-8.0% Ni, 0.4%-1.5% Ti, 0.08%-0.20% N, 0.04%-0.15% Y, 0.03%-0.10% Mg, 0.02 %-0.08% Ca, less than 2.0% Si, less than 2.0% Mn, less than 0.04% S, less than 0.04% P and Fe.

Description

A kind of casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel and preparation method who contains the high rigidity boride
Technical field
The invention belongs to abrasion-resistant metal corrosion-resistant material technical field, relate to a kind of casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel and preparation thereof, particularly a kind of casting wear-resistant stainless steel that contains the high rigidity boride and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Wearing and tearing and corrosion are the main failure forms of material, and corrosion has tangible promotion abrasive action, and research has well corrosion-resistant, abrasion-resistant material, satisfies the harsh requirement of corrosive wear operating mode, will be extremely important.
According to the data-searching that the applicant carried out, find following pertinent literature:
Chinese invention patent CN1249357 discloses a kind of antiwear and anticorrosion cast iron-base alloy, the weight percentage of its alloying constituent is: 1.5%~3.0%C, 10%~20%Cr, 1%~3%Mo, 0.5%~2.0%Si, 0.5%~3.0%Mn, 2%~4%Ni, Fe is surplus, and this invention has concurrently than high abrasion and solidity to corrosion.But carbon content is higher in this material, contains the bigger carbide of more fragility in the alloy structure, and carbon content is also higher in the alloy substrate tissue, and toughness is relatively poor.
Chinese invention patent CN1417360 discloses a kind of anticorrosive and antiwear cast cobalt-base alloy, the weight percentage of its alloying constituent is: 1.0%~2.5%C, 20%~35%Cr, 5%~20%W, 1%~6%Mo, 1%~8%Nb, 0.5%~2.0%Cu, 0.5%~3.0Si, 2.0~15.0Ni, 35%~65%Co.The cobalt base alloy of this invention design has excellent corrosion-proof wear performance, and its average hardness value reaches about 48HRC, but this alloy contains more expensive cobalt element, production cost height.
Chinese invention patent CN1153224 also discloses a kind of casting of wear-resistant corrosion-proof alloy, and the weight percentage of its alloying constituent is: C≤0.10%, 20%~30%Cr, 15%~25%Ni, 1.0%~2.5%Si, 1.0%~3.5%Mo, 1.0%~2.0%Cu, 0.8%~1.2%V, 0.03%~0.3%Ti, the Fe surplus, this invention wear resistant corrosion resistant, processing performance are good, but contain more expensive nickel element in this alloy, production cost is higher.Chinese invention patent CN1083121 discloses wear-and corrosion-resistant Ni-base alloy, the weight percentage of its alloying constituent is: 1.0%~2.0%C, 20%~25%Cr, 10.5%~20.0%Fe, 2.1%~2.5%Mo, 1.0%~1.5%Si, 1.0%~1.5%Mn, Y or Ce0.02%~0.10%, surplus is Ni.This invention makes itself and elements such as chromium, molybdenum, iron, manganese form the eutectic carbides and the primary carbide of a large amount of densifications with high carbon content, guarantees to have wear resistance preferably, and in addition, this invention is anti-preferably glass corrosion performance in addition.This alloy is as the deflector roll in the lattice method flat glass production line, horizontal drawing roller etc., its high life.But contain more expensive nickel in this alloy, the production cost height.
Japanese Patent JP154263 discloses and has been used to make alloy material anti-corrosion, high abrasion resistance, it is in the pipe that the matrix metal of selecting a kind of composition from Fe base alloy, Co base alloy and Ni base alloy is at least made, the tubular wire that the following VC powder of filling particle diameter 10 μ m forms.Perhaps from Fe base alloy, Co base alloy and Ni base alloy, select a kind of matrix metal of composition and the powdered mixture that the VC powder mixes below the particle diameter 10 μ m forms at least, this material has good anti-corrosion and wear resistance, but contain the higher VC powder of price, and complicated process of preparation.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to provide a kind of casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel that contains the high rigidity boride and preparation method thereof.The main characteristics of the stainless steel that makes are to add more boron and titanium in chromium nickel stainless steel, and purpose is for siderochrome boron compound that obtains high rigidity and titanium boron compound, improves the wear resistance of material.Add an amount of nitrogen and Yttrium base rare earth in addition, make its structure refinement, particularly make suspension of siderochrome boron compound and isolated the distribution, also add an amount of magnesium and calcium, can change type, quantity, size, form and the distribution of inclusion in the cast steel, help increasing substantially of casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel mechanical property.
Purpose of the present invention can realize by following technical measures.
A kind of casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel that contains the high rigidity boride, it is characterized in that this casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel active chemical and the weight percent thereof that make are: C:0.05%~0.30%, B:0.5%~3.0%, Cr:17.0%~25.0%, Ni:6.0%~8.0%, Ti:0.4%~1.5%, N:0.08%~0.20%, Y:0.04%~0.15%, Mg:0.03%~0.10%, Ca:0.02%~0.08%, Si<2.0%, Mn<2.0%, S<0.04%, P<0.04%, surplus are Fe.
The above-mentioned preparation method who contains the casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel of high rigidity boride is, adopts electric furnace production, and its manufacturing technology steps is:
It is characterized in that, specifically comprise the following steps:
The first step is put into the stove heat fused with ordinary scrap steel, ferrochrome, nickel plate and stainless steel waste material by above-mentioned chemical ingredients requirement mixing, and the molten clear back of molten steel adds ferrosilicon and ferromanganese, adds ferro-boron, ferrotianium and nitrogen-containing alloy then;
In second step, the stokehold is adjusted to branchs and temperature is risen to 1620 ℃~1660 ℃ after qualified, adds the aluminium pre-deoxidation, and adding silicocalcium final deoxygenation, then comes out of the stove;
The 3rd step was crushed to the fritter of granularity less than 12mm with Yttrium base rare earth and magnesium-nickel alloy, after oven dry below 180 ℃, placed casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in wrapping to the molten steel processing of going bad;
The 4th step directly poured into foundry goods with molten steel at 1480~1520 ℃, and foundry goods carries out destressing then and handles through directly shrend after the solution treatment.
The add-on of aluminium is 0.05%~0.10% during above-mentioned liquid steel pre-deoxidizing, and the add-on of silicocalcium is 0.10%~0.30% during the molten steel final deoxygenation.
Above-mentioned solid solution temperature is 1080~1150 ℃, and the destressing treatment temp is 180 ℃~220 ℃.
High boron wear-resisting stainless steel of the present invention compared with prior art has following characteristics:
(1) use the present invention and produce wear-resisting, corrosion-resisting steel, technology is simple, and raw material sources are abundant, and valuable alloy addition is few, low production cost.
(2) use the present invention and produce wear-resisting, corrosion-resisting steel, matrix mainly is an austenite, has good solidity to corrosion, also contains 8%~15% high rigidity boron compound on matrix, can obviously improve the wear resistance of steel.
(3) the present invention carries out the composite inoculating processing with polynary microalloy to the high boron wear-resisting stainless steel, can make organize tiny, inclusion obviously reduces, and the form of inclusion and the obviously improvement that distributes, therefore mechanical properties of cast steel obviously improves, wherein tensile strength reaches 820~950MPa, and impelling strength reaches 32~40J/cm 2, fracture toughness property reaches 52~60MPa.m 1/2, hardness reaches 38~45HRC.
Embodiment
According to technical scheme of the present invention, the casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel that contains the high rigidity boride, it is characterized in that this casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel active chemical and the weight percent thereof that make are: C:0.05%~0.30%, B:0.5%~3.0%, Cr:17.0%~25.0%, Ni:6.0%~8.0%, Ti:0.4%~1.5%, N:0.08%~0.20%, Y:0.04%~0.15%, Mg:0.03%~0.10%, Ca:0.02%~0.08%, Si<2.0%, Mn<2.0%, S<0.04%, P<0.04%, surplus is Fe.
The performance of alloy material is by the metallographic structure decision, and certain tissue depends on chemical ingredients and thermal treatment process, and chemical ingredients of the present invention is to determine like this:
C:C influences high boron wear-resisting stainless steel hardness, intensity, toughness, wear resistance and corrosion proof principal element, when C content was high, the carbon of solid solution increased in the matrix, and the material solid solution strengthening effect increases, its hardness, intensity and wear resistance increase, but toughness reduces, solidity to corrosion descends.But carbon content is crossed when hanging down, and the matrix solid solution strengthening effect is poor, and hardness and intensity are low, wear no resistance, and the cast form performance are also poor, takes all factors into consideration, and C content is controlled at 0.05%~0.30%.
B:B is an alloying element main in the high boron wear-resisting stainless steel, mainly is in order to obtain the boride of high rigidity, and part of boron is dissolved in matrix, helps improving stainless hardening capacity of high boron wear-resisting and hardenability.The boron add-on is very few, and boride quantity is few, and the cast steel wear resistance is low, and the boron add-on is too much, and boride quantity is too many, and the intensity of cast steel and toughness are reduced significantly, therefore boron content is controlled at 0.5%~3.0%.
Cr:Cr is an alloying element main in the high boron wear-resisting stainless steel, and why the high boron wear-resisting stainless steel has higher corrosion resisting property, mainly is that the adding of Cr makes the alloy extexine can generate the Cr of one deck densification 2O 3Protective layer stops or the corrosion process that delayed alloy turns to internal corrosion by external corrosion.Under the corrosion operating mode owing to be subjected to the effect of stress etc., make oxide film and down the top layer crack, condition has been created in the internal corrosion that appears as alloy of crackle.High boron wear-resisting stainless steel itself has repair ability to crackle, and Cr content is high more, and is strong more to the crackle repair ability, but the Cr too high levels, material melting difficulty, castability worsens, and cost raises, so Cr content is advisable with 17.0%~25.0%.
Ni:Ni is a kind of non-carbide forming element, and its solid solution can improve the intensity of matrix in matrix, and nickel can also significantly improve stabilization of austenite, promotes easily to obtain austenite structure after the solution treatment of high boron wear-resisting stainless steel, improves the solidity to corrosion of material.The Ni add-on is very few, and a little less than the strengthening effect, add-on is too much, will significantly increase cost of alloy, so Ni content is controlled at 6.0%~8.0%.
Ti:Ti mainly plays a part aspect two in the high boron wear-resisting stainless steel, and first Ti combines with B, generates high rigidity boride (TiB 2), obviously improve the wear resistance of steel; It two is that N, C in Ti and the cast steel forms high melting compound Ti (C, N), this compound helps the grain refining of cast steel, makes carbon and alloying elements distribution in interdendritic and the dendrite even.Add-on is too much, and titanium-containing compound quantity increases and alligatoring, causes stainless intensity of high boron wear-resisting and toughness to descend on the contrary.Take all factors into consideration, Ti content is controlled at 0.4%~1.5%.
N:N adds in the high boron wear-resisting stainless steel, mainly works to improve hardening capacity, promotes easily to obtain austenite structure after the solution treatment of high boron wear-resisting stainless steel, improves the solidity to corrosion of material.Small amount of N combines formation high melting compound Ti, and (C, N), this compound helps the grain refining of cast steel, improves cast steel intensity and toughness with titanium.Add-on is too much, easily produces pore in the foundry goods, and therefore the performance of infringement cast steel, is controlled at 0.08%~0.20% with N content.
Y: rare earth adds the effect that has desulfurization, degasification in the steel, the fine particle of rare earth and liquid reactant metal generation simultaneously, the forming core effect with accelerated solidification, these characteristics energy refinement high boron wear-resisting stainless steel crystal grain of rare earth element, the segregation of restriction dentrite improves mechanical property and wear resistance.The side effect that adds rare earth is to bring to be mingled with, and in order to give full play to the beneficial effect of rare earth, overcomes its side effect, replaces cerium base light rare earths commonly used with yttrium-base heavy rare earth.Yttrium-base heavy rare earth can obtain the less deoxidation of density, desulfurization product, is beneficial to its come-up.Y content suitable in the molten steel is controlled at 0.04%~0.15%.
Mg:Mg and sulphur, oxygen have great avidity, and violent metallurgical reaction can take place, and remove oxygen and sulphur in the cast steel, reduce oxide compound and sulfide inclusion in the cast steel.When the part MgO in deoxidation, the desulfurization product and MgS have little time to float when getting rid of to the molten steel surface, just become cast steel after solidifying and be mingled with.During solidification of molten steel, at first form MgO, it can be used as MgS, MnS and other core that is mingled with after coagulation.Because MgO disperses in molten steel especially, so Mg can change type, quantity, size, form and the distribution of inclusion in the cast steel.An amount of Mg can make in the cast steel inclusion become tiny, disperse.Life size is big, the Al of band corner angle 2O 3Be mingled with by size MgO little, spherical in shape and the duplex impurity that contains MgO and replace; Life size is big, the MnS of strip is mingled with by little, subglobose MgO of size and MgSMgO duplex impurity and replaces, thereby has improved inclusion and formation of matrix opposing crackle and the ability of expanding, and improves the toughness of cast steel.The Mg add-on too much not only causes the waste of magnesium, and owing to reaction is too violent, MgO, the MgS etc. that float to the molten steel surface on making is mingled be involved in again in the molten steel, and high boron wear-resisting stainless steel performance is produced adverse influence.Therefore Mg content is controlled at 0.03%~0.10%.
Ca:Ca is the very active element of chemical property, with oxygen and sulphur stronger avidity is arranged all.Ca has remarkable effect to inclusion in the cast steel rotten, add in the cast steel The addition of C a strip sulfide inclusion in the cast steel can be changed into globular CaS or (Ca, Mn) S is mingled with, formed oxide compound of Ca and sulfide inclusion density are little, are easy to come-up and get rid of.Ca also significantly reduces S poly-partially at crystal boundary, and Ca hot-cracking resistance when reducing cast steel fragility and improving the casting of high boron wear-resisting stainless steel is very useful.To make that inclusion increases in the cast steel but add too much Ca, it is unfavorable that the cast steel flexible is improved, and appropriate C a content is 0.02%~0.08%.
Inevitably trace impurity is to bring in the raw material, and p and s is wherein arranged, and all is harmful elements, in order to guarantee the stainless intensity of high boron wear-resisting, toughness, wear resistance and solidity to corrosion, phosphorus content is controlled at below 0.04%, and sulphur content is controlled at below 0.04%.
The performance of alloy material also has direct relation with thermal treatment process, and it is worked out according to being:
High boron wear-resisting stainless steel as cast condition matrix has austenite, martensite, perlite and ferrite, and matrix is formed complicated, and wear resistance and solidity to corrosion are low.By solution treatment, make alloying elements such as alloy nickel, chromium fully dissolve in matrix, improve matrix hardening capacity, help obtaining the good austenite structure of solidity to corrosion after the shrend.In addition, after high temperature solid solution is handled, part siderochrome boron boride (Fe, Cr) 2The B dissolving, the boron solid solution can obviously improve stainless hardening capacity of high boron wear-resisting and hardenability in matrix, improves its wear resistance.High temperature solid solution is handled the improvement that also helps the boride form, improves the stainless mechanical property of high boron wear-resisting.Solid solution temperature is low excessively, and the stainless tissue of high boron wear-resisting changes not obvious, and performance is lower.Solid solution temperature is too high, organizes remarkable alligatoring, reduces material property on the contrary.The high boron wear-resisting stainless steel is directly shrend after 1080~1150 ℃ of solution treatment, can obtain ideal tissue and satisfied performance.Carrying out temper at 180~220 ℃ after the solution treatment of high boron wear-resisting stainless steel, mainly is in order to remove stress and stabilizing tissue.
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
Adopt 750 kilograms of medium-frequency induction furnace melting high boron wear-resisting stainless steels, its manufacturing step is:
1. with ordinary scrap steel, ferrochrome, nickel plate and the fusing of stainless steel waste material Hybrid Heating, the molten clear back of molten steel adds ferrosilicon and ferromanganese, adds ferro-boron, ferrotianium and nitrogen-containing alloy then;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1650 ℃ after qualified, adds to account for the Al pre-deoxidation of molten steel weight 0.08%, and adds 0.21% silicocalcium final deoxygenation, then comes out of the stove;
3. Yttrium base rare earth and magnesium-nickel alloy are crushed to the fritter of granularity less than 12mm, after oven dry below 180 ℃, place casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in wrapping to the molten steel processing of going bad;
4. molten steel is directly poured into foundry goods at 1500 ℃, foundry goods through 1120 ℃ of solution treatment after directly shrend, carry out destressing at 200 ℃ then and handle.The stainless composition of high boron wear-resisting sees Table 1, and the stainless mechanical property of high boron wear-resisting sees Table 2.
The stainless composition of table 1 high boron wear-resisting (mass percent)
Element ????C ????B ????Cr ????Ni ????Ti ????N ????Y
Composition ??0.17 ??2.13 ??18.66 ??6.39 ??1.20 ??0.14 ??0.08
Element ??Mg ??Ca ??Si ??Mn ??P ??S ??Fe
Composition ??0.05 ??0.06 ??1.37 ??0.84 ??0.036 ??0.023 Surplus
The stainless mechanical property of table 2 high boron wear-resisting
Hardness HRC Tensile strength MPa Unit elongation % Impelling strength J/cm 2 Fracture toughness property MPa.m 1/2
????42.7 ????928 ????2.69 ????35.7 ????54.2
Embodiment 2:
Adopt 500 kilograms of medium-frequency induction furnace melting high boron wear-resisting stainless steels, its manufacturing step is:
1. with ordinary scrap steel, ferrochrome, nickel plate and the fusing of stainless steel waste material Hybrid Heating, the molten clear back of molten steel adds ferrosilicon and ferromanganese, adds ferro-boron, ferrotianium and nitrogen-containing alloy then;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1628 ℃ after qualified, adds to account for the Al pre-deoxidation of molten steel weight 0.06%, and adds 0.27% silicocalcium final deoxygenation, then comes out of the stove;
3. Yttrium base rare earth and magnesium-nickel alloy are crushed to the fritter of granularity less than 12mm, after oven dry below 180 ℃, place casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in wrapping to the molten steel processing of going bad;
4. molten steel is directly poured into foundry goods at 1491 ℃, foundry goods through 1090 ℃ of solution treatment after directly shrend, carry out destressing at 190 ℃ then and handle.The stainless composition of high boron wear-resisting sees Table 3, and the stainless mechanical property of high boron wear-resisting sees Table 4.
The stainless composition of table 3 high boron wear-resisting (mass percent)
Element ????C ????B ????Cr ????Ni ????Ti ????N ????Y
Composition ??0.08 ??2.89 ??21.30 ??7.04 ??1.38 ??0.09 ??0.12
Element ??Mg ??Ca ??Si ??Mn ??P ??S ??Fe
Composition ??0.04 ??0.07 ??1.48 ??1.22 ??0.039 ??0.026 Surplus
The stainless mechanical property of table 4 high boron wear-resisting
Hardness HRC Tensile strength MPa Unit elongation % Impelling strength J/cm 2 Fracture toughness property MPa.m 1/2
????40.7 ????873 ????3.06 ????38.2 ????57.5
Embodiment 3:
Adopt 500 kilograms of medium-frequency induction furnace melting high boron wear-resisting stainless steels, its manufacturing step is:
1. with ordinary scrap steel, ferrochrome, nickel plate and the fusing of stainless steel waste material Hybrid Heating, the molten clear back of molten steel adds ferrosilicon and ferromanganese, adds ferro-boron, ferrotianium and nitrogen-containing alloy then;
2. the stokehold is adjusted to branch and temperature is risen to 1653 ℃ after qualified, adds to account for the Al pre-deoxidation of molten steel weight 0.09%, and adds 0.15% silicocalcium final deoxygenation, then comes out of the stove;
3. Yttrium base rare earth and magnesium-nickel alloy are crushed to the fritter of granularity less than 12mm, after oven dry below 180 ℃, place casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in wrapping to the molten steel processing of going bad;
4. molten steel is directly poured into foundry goods at 1516 ℃, foundry goods through 1140 ℃ of solution treatment after directly shrend, carry out destressing at 210 ℃ then and handle.The stainless composition of high boron wear-resisting sees Table 5, and the stainless mechanical property of high boron wear-resisting sees Table 6.
The stainless composition of table 5 high boron wear-resisting (mass percent)
Element ????C ????B ????Cr ????Ni ????Ti ????N ????Y
Composition ??0.28 ??0.97 ??24.18 ??7.66 ??0.55 ??0.18 ??0.05
Element ??Mg ??Ca ??Si ??Mn ??P ??S ??Fe
Composition ??0.09 ??0.04 ??1.55 ??1.36 ??0.033 ??0.021 Surplus
The stainless mechanical property of table 6 high boron wear-resisting
Hardness HRC Tensile strength MPa Unit elongation % Impelling strength J/cm 2 Fracture toughness property MPa.m 1/2
????43.8 ????934 ????2.77 ????36.8 ????55.2
Zinc liquid when having made with high boron wear-resisting stainless steel of the present invention that zinc granule prepares is carried straight tube and bend pipe, and the diameter of zinc liquid transfer lime reaches 200mm, length 1.0~1.5m.High boron wear-resisting stainless steel zinc liquid transfer lime has better wear resistance and longer work-ing life than common stainless steel pipe, and high boron wear-resisting stainless steel zinc liquid transfer lime is than carbon tube and vitrified pipe toughness height, and fragility is little, can not rupture during use.Use high boron wear-resisting stainless steel zinc liquid transfer lime, can reduce zinc liquid transfer lime and change number of times, alleviate labor strength, improve zinc granule production line operation rate, have good economic benefits.Tin liquor transporting elbow when having made with high boron wear-resisting stainless steel of the present invention that the tin grain prepares, the diameter of tin liquor transporting elbow reaches 150mm, length 800mm.High boron wear-resisting stainless steel tin liquor transporting elbow has better wear resistance and longer work-ing life than common stainless steel bend pipe, and high boron wear-resisting stainless steel tin liquor transporting elbow is than graphite bend pipe and sintered ceramic bend pipe toughness height, and fragility is little, can not rupture during use.Use high boron wear-resisting stainless steel tin liquor transporting elbow, can reduce the tin liquor transporting elbow and change number of times, alleviate labor strength, improve tin grain production line operation rate, have good economic benefits.Made Φ 125mm * 30mm steel bushing with high boron wear-resisting stainless steel of the present invention, the dip-roll that is applied in the hot-galvanized cauldron puts, have excellent abrasive and solidity to corrosion, overcome traditional stainless steel axle sleeve hardness low, wear no resistance and sintered ceramic axle sleeve fragility is big, easy cracked deficiency, improve 3~5 times than high chromium nickel stainless steel axle sleeve its work-ing life, improve 2~3 times than sintered ceramic axle sleeve, and cost reduces than sintered ceramic axle sleeve suitable with the cost of high chromium nickel stainless steel more than 60%.Use high boron wear-resisting stainless steel axle sleeve of the present invention, can obviously improve the operating rate of galvanization production line, alleviate labor strength, have remarkable economical and social benefit.

Claims (2)

1. casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel that contains the high rigidity boride, it is characterized in that this stainless steel active chemical and the weight percent thereof that make are: C:0.05%~0.30%, B:0.5%~3.0%, Cr:17.0%~25.0%, Ni:6.0%~8.0%, Ti:0.4%~1.5%, N:0.08%~0.20%, Y:0.04%~0.15%, Mg:0.03%~0.10%, Ca:0.02%~0.08%, Si<2.0%, Mn<2.0%, S<0.04%, P<0.04%, surplus are Fe.
2. the described preparation method who contains the casting high-boron abrasion-proof stainless steel of high rigidity boride of claim 1 adopts electric furnace production, it is characterized in that, specifically comprises the following steps:
The first step is put into the stove heat fused with ordinary scrap steel, ferrochrome, nickel plate and stainless steel waste material by above-mentioned chemical ingredients requirement mixing, and the molten clear back of molten steel adds ferrosilicon and ferromanganese, adds ferro-boron, ferrotianium and nitrogen-containing alloy then;
In second step, the stokehold is adjusted to branchs and temperature is risen to 1620 ℃~1660 ℃ after qualified, adds the aluminium pre-deoxidation, and adding silicocalcium final deoxygenation, then comes out of the stove;
The add-on of aluminium is 0.05%~0.10% during described pre-deoxidation, and the add-on of silicocalcium is 0.10%~0.30% during the molten steel final deoxygenation;
The 3rd step was crushed to the fritter of granularity less than 12mm with Yttrium base rare earth and magnesium-nickel alloy, after oven dry below 180 ℃, placed casting ladle bottom, with the method that pours in wrapping to the molten steel processing of going bad;
The 4th step directly poured into foundry goods with molten steel at 1480 ℃~1520 ℃, and foundry goods carries out destressing then and handles through directly shrend after the solution treatment;
Described solid solution temperature is 1080 ℃~1150 ℃, and the destressing treatment temp is 180 ℃~220 ℃.
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CN107245648B (en) * 2017-06-02 2019-03-19 江阴国润机械有限公司 High-temperature wearable fire grate segment and its casting mold and pouring technology
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CN108774716A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-09 赵云飞 One kind stainless steel material containing yttrium and preparation method thereof
CN109290698B (en) * 2018-11-20 2020-07-28 湘潭大学 Method for preparing high-boron alloy by using composite powder particles and solid welding wires as surfacing materials
CN110527924A (en) * 2019-09-26 2019-12-03 江苏兴洋管业股份有限公司 A kind of hydrogen environment 2D stainless steel bend and preparation method
CN111074137A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-04-28 江苏骏茂新材料科技有限公司 Method for manufacturing wear-resistant corrosion-resistant alloy
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